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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-4, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551179

ABSTRACT

The compound "ADE" is an injectable oil for veterinary use which contains large amounts of vitamins A, D and E. The parenteral application in humans leads to a granuloma reaction which triggers hypercalcemia. A 42-year-old man was admitted with lower limb pain, nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis. Laboratory tests revealed creatinine 4.59 mg/dl, calcium 13.3 mg/dl and parathormone 13.8 pg/ml. He underwent an ureterolithotripsy, stent placement, intravenous crystalloid fluids, and corticosteroid. He improved symptoms, kidney function and normalized serum calcium. The "ADE"-induced hypercalcemia diagnosis can be challenging. The early diagnosis may avoid negative outcomes.


O composto "ADE'' é um óleo veterinário injetável que contém grandes quantidades de vitaminas A, D e E. A aplicação parenteral causa reação granulomatosa e hipercalcemia. Um homem de 42 anos foi admitido com dor no membro inferior, nódulos musculares endurecidos, nefrolitíase e nefrocalcinose. O laboratório revelou creatinina 4,59 mg/dl, cálcio 13,3 mg/dl e paratormônio 13,8 pg/ml. Foi tratado com ureterolitotripsia, cateter duplo-J, cristaloide intravenoso e corticoterapia. Ele apresentou melhora dos sintomas, função renal e normalizou cálcio. O diagnóstico da hipercalcemia pelo "ADE'' pode ser desafiador. O diagnóstico precoce pode evitar desfechos negativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Acute Kidney Injury , Hypercalcemia , Nephrolithiasis , Nephrocalcinosis
2.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 46-53, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006815

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of the study is to determine the association of renal impairment (AKI or CKD) with IL-6 levels on mortality, intubation, and length of hospitalization among COVID-19 positive patients. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective cohort study involving chart review of COVID-19 patients with IL-6 levels and admitted from May 2020 to April 2021. The KDIGO criteria was used for determining renal impairment. The subsequent data processing and analysis was carried out using the statistical software, Stata 13.@*Results@#A total of 1,120 charts were included with patients classified as having AKI (33%), CKD (14%), and no renal impairment (58%). Overall mortality and need for intubation were 27% and 30%, respectively, with average length of stay at 12 days. The IL-6 values were divided into low (0 to less than 51 pg/mL), intermediate (51 to 251 pg/mL), and high (greater than 251 pg/mL) tertiles, which showed acceptable sensitivity and specificity for mortality and need for intubation. @*Conclusion@#The presence of renal impairment (CKD or AKI) with increasing IL-6 levels had an effect of increasing risk of adverse outcomes; however, within tertile groups, the presence of renal impairment did not significantly change the risk of adverse outcomes. The tertile groups have acceptable sensitivity and specificity for clinical use.


Subject(s)
Interleukin-6 , Acute Kidney Injury , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013425

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Since the breakout of COVID-19 in December 2019, the virus has already affected and taken millions of lives over the past year. There is still much to learn about this disease. It has been postulated that the human kidney is a potential pathway for COVID-19 due to the presence of the ACE2 receptors found in the surfaces of kidney cells. Some studies that demonstrated acute tubular necrosis and lymphocyte infiltration among post mortem COVID-19 patients, concluding that the virus could directly damage the kidney, increasing the risk of the development of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) among patients with COVID-19. This study investigated the incidence and severity of AKI among hospitalized COVID-19 patients and the association of the degree of AKI with regards to the severity and outcomes of COVID-19 patients.@*Methods@#This was a single-center cross-sectional study retrospective chart review of COVID-19 patients who developed AKI. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the general and clinical characteristics of the patients. Frequency and proportion were used for categorical variables. Shapiro-Wilk test was used to determine the normality distribution of continuous variables. Continuous quantitative data that met the normality assumption was described using mean and standard deviation, while those that did not were described using median and range. Continuous variables which are normally distributed were compared using the One-way ANOVA, while those variables that are not normally distributed were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis H test. For categorical variables, the Chi-square test was used to compare the outcomes. If the expected percentages in the cells are less than 5%, Fisher's Exact Test was used instead.@*Results@#A total of 1441 COVID-19 in-patients from March 1, 2020 to March 1, 2021 were reviewed, 59 of whom were excluded. Among the adults with COVID-19 who developed AKI, 60% were in stage I, 10% in stage II, and 30% in stage III. The incidence of AKI among COVID-19 in-patients at Makati Medical Center was 13.10% (95% CI 11.36% - 14.99%). Among the 181 patients, 79 (43.65%, 95% CI 36.30 - 51.20) had died. The mortality rate is 22.02% for Stage I, 50% for Stage II, and 85.19% for Stage III. The median length of hospital stay was 12 days, ranging from 1 day up to 181 days. Full renal recovery on discharge was observed only in one-third of the patients. It was observed in 44.95% of those in Stage I, 27.78% of those in Stage II, and 5.56% of those in Stage III.@*Conclusion@#The study demonstrated that the incidence of AKI in hospitalized COVID-19 patients was 13.1% (95% CI 11.36% - 14.99%), which was lower than previously reported. This could be attributed to the longer study period wherein, to date, we have a better understanding of the disease and had already established a standard of care for treatment for the disease attributing to the decreased incidence of AKI among COVID-19 patients than what was initially reported. The development of AKI has a direct correlation with the degree of infection. Among patients who developed AKI, 20% required renal replacement therapy. Overall development of AKI increases the risk of mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 patients. The stage of AKI has a direct correlation with regards to mortality and has an indirect relationship with regards to renal recovery.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Renal Replacement Therapy , Mortality
4.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE02532, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533331

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar a frequência de lesão renal aguda (LRA) em pacientes hospitalizados com COVID-19, as características associadas, a mortalidade e a letalidade. Métodos Revisão realizada nas bases de dados CINAHL, Embase, LILACS, Livivo, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science e, na literatura cinzenta (Google Acadêmico) em 12 de janeiro de 2022. Foram incluídos artigos em inglês, espanhol e português, publicados a partir de novembro 2019 até janeiro de 2022, em pacientes maiores de 18 anos com COVID-19 hospitalizados e LRA conforme critério Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Os estudos selecionados foram lidos na íntegra para extração, interpretação, síntese e categorização conforme nível de evidência. Resultados 699 artigos encontrados e 45 incluídos. A idade avançada, sexo masculino, hipertensão, doença renal crônica, ventilação mecânica, aumento da proteína C reativa, uso de drogas vasoativas e de determinadas classes de anti-hipertensivos foram associados a LRA. A LRA está relacionada à maior frequência de mortalidade. Em 30% dos pacientes hospitalizados com COVID-19 houve LRA. A taxa de mortalidade por LRA foi de 5% e a letalidade de 18%. Conclusão Estes resultados ressaltam a relevância da LRA como uma complicação significativa da COVID-19 e sugerem que um controle mais cuidadoso e precoce dos fatores associados poderia potencialmente reduzir a mortalidade e a letalidade. É crucial intensificar a pesquisa nesse campo para esclarecer melhor os mecanismos envolvidos na lesão renal em pacientes com COVID-19, bem como identificar estratégias terapêuticas mais efetivas para sua prevenção e tratamento nesse contexto.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar la frecuencia de lesión renal aguda (LRA) en pacientes hospitalizados con COVID-19, las características relacionadas, la mortalidad y la letalidad. Métodos Revisión realizada en las bases de datos CINAHL, Embase, LILACS, Livivo, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science y en la literatura gris (Google Académico) el 12 de enero de 2022. Se incluyeron artículos en inglés, español y portugués, publicados a partir de noviembre de 2019 hasta enero de 2022, con pacientes mayores de 18 años con COVID-19 hospitalizados y LRA de acuerdo con el criterio Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Los estudios seleccionados fueron leídos en su totalidad para extracción, interpretación, síntesis y categorización según el nivel de evidencia. Resultados Se encontraron 699 artículos y se incluyeron 45. Los factores relacionados con la LRA fueron: edad avanzada, sexo masculino, hipertensión, enfermedad renal crónica, ventilación mecánica, aumento de la proteína C reactiva, uso de drogas vasoactivas y de determinadas clases de antihipertensivos. La LRA está relacionada con mayor frecuencia de mortalidad. En el 30 % de los pacientes hospitalizados con COVID-19 hubo LRA. La tasa de mortalidad por LRA fue de 5 % y la letalidad de 18 %. Conclusión Estos resultados resaltan la relevancia de la LRA como una complicación significativa de COVID-19 y sugieren que un control más cuidadoso y temprano de los factores asociados podría reducir potencialmente la mortalidad y la letalidad. Es crucial intensificar la investigación en este campo para explicar mejor los mecanismos relacionados con la lesión renal en pacientes con COVID-19, así como identificar estrategias terapéuticas más efectivas para su prevención y tratamiento en este contexto.


Abstract Objective To identify the frequency of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, associated characteristics, mortality and lethality. Methods Integrative review carried out in the databases CINAHL, Embase, LILACS, Livivo, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science and in the grey literature (Google Scholar) on January 12, 2022. Articles were included in English, Spanish and Portuguese, published from November 2019 to January 2022, in hospitalized patients over 18 years old with COVID-19 and AKI according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. The selected studies were read in full for extraction, interpretation, synthesis and categorization according to the level of evidence. Results A total of 699 articles were found and 45 included. Older age, male gender, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, mechanical ventilation, increased C-reactive protein, use of vasoactive drugs and certain classes of antihypertensives were associated with AKI. AKI is related to a higher frequency of mortality. AKI occurred in 30% of patients hospitalized with COVID-19. The mortality rate from AKI was 5% and the case fatality rate was 18%. Conclusion These results highlight the relevance of AKI as a significant complication of COVID-19 and suggest that more careful and early control of associated factors could potentially reduce mortality and lethality. It is crucial to intensify research in this field to better clarify the mechanisms involved in kidney injury in COVID-19 patients, as well as to identify more effective therapeutic strategies for its prevention and treatment in this context.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Inpatients , Risk Factors , Patient Acuity
5.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 775-781, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520388

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Early identification of patients at risk of AKI after cardiac surgery is of critical importance for optimizing perioperative management and improving outcomes. This study aimed to identify the association between preoperative myoglobin levels and postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing valve surgery or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: This retrospective study included 293 patients aged over 17 years who underwent valve surgery or CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass. We excluded 87 patients as they met the exclusion criteria. Therefore, 206 patients were included in the final analysis. The patients' demographics as well as intraoperative and postoperative data were collected from electronic medical records. AKI was defined according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network classification system. Results: Of the 206 patients included in this study, 77 developed AKI. The patients who developed AKI were older, had a history of hypertension, underwent valve surgery with concomitant CABG, had lower preoperative hemoglobin levels, and experienced prolonged extracorporeal circulation (ECC) times. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that preoperative myoglobin levels and ECC time were correlated with the development of AKI. A higher preoperative myoglobin level was an independent risk factor for the development of cardiac surgery-associated AKI. Conclusions: Higher preoperative myoglobin levels may enable physicians to identify patients at risk of developing AKI and optimize management accordingly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Myoglobin
6.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534852

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardíacas y renales coexisten con frecuencia. El síndrome cardiorrenal es una entidad compleja; en ella, la disfunción primaria cardíaca produce daño renal (tipos 1 y 2) y viceversa (tipos 3 y 4) o efecto de una enfermedad sistémica que afecta a ambos órganos (tipo 5). Objetivo: Actualizar el diagnóstico y tratamiento de los pacientes con síndrome cardiorrenal. Métodos: Se utilizan métodos teóricos y empíricos para realizar análisis del conocimiento actualizado sobre el tema. Se ha definido la existencia de un síndrome cardiorrenal que compromete a ambos órganos, con interacción bidireccional. En su detección, el diagnóstico clínico es insuficiente y requiere marcadores bioquímicos; estas herramientas, junto con la medición del sodio urinario, permite vigilar la efectividad terapéutica. Otro recurso es la ultrafiltración, según complicaciones. Conclusiones: Se debe indicar tratamiento con base en la evidencia para mejorar la calidad de vida, reducir la mortalidad y retrasar el deterioro de la función renal y cardíaca a largo plazo; el trasplante renal se debe considerar en pacientes en diálisis con disfunción ventricular severa. Idealmente, deberían recibir un trasplante combinado: cardíaco y renal, lo cual es difícil; algunos pacientes sometidos exclusivamente a trasplante renal presentan una mejoría notable en su fracción de eyección y en la sobrevida.


Introduction: heart and kidney diseases frequently coexist. Cardiorenal syndrome is a complex entity in which primary cardiac dysfunction causes a kidney damage (types 1 and 2) and vice versa (types 3 and 4) or an effect of a systemic disease that affects both organs (type 5). Objective: to update the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cardiorenal syndrome. Methods: theoretical and empirical methods are used to carry out the analysis of updated knowledge on the subject. The existence of a cardiorenal syndrome that compromises both organs has been defined with bidirectional interaction. In its detection, clinical diagnosis is insufficient and requires biochemical markers; these tools, together with the measurement of urinary sodium, allow us to monitor therapeutic effectiveness. Another resource is ultrafiltration, according to complications. Conclusions: evidence-based treatment should be indicated to improve quality of life, reduce mortality, and delay the deterioration of renal and cardiac function in the long term; kidney transplantation should be considered in dialysis patients with severe ventricular dysfunction. Ideally, they should receive a combined transplant: heart and kidney, which is difficult; some patients undergoing exclusively a renal transplantation show a notable improvement in their ejection fraction and survival.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Acute Kidney Injury
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1191-1197, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514363

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The toxic effects of thioacetamide (TAA) and carbon tetrachloride on the human body are well recognized. In this study, we examined whether TAA intoxication can induce kidney leukocyte infiltration (measured as leukocyte common antigen CD45) associated with the augmentation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS)/tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) axis, as well as biomarkers of kidney injury with and without metformin treatment. Rats were either injected with TAA (200 mg/kg; twice a week for 8 weeks) before being sacrificed after 10 weeks (experimental group) or were pre-treated with metformin (200 mg/kg) daily for two weeks prior to TAA injections and continued receiving both agents until the end of the experiment, at week 10 (protective group). Using basic histology staining, immunohistochemistry methods, and blood chemistry analysis, we observed profound kidney tissue injury such as glomerular and tubular damage in the experimental group, which were substantially ameliorated by metformin. Metformin also significantly (p0.05) increase in kidney expression of CD45 positive immunostaining cells. In conclusion, we found that TAA induces kidney injury in association with the augmentation of ROS/TNF-α axis, independent of leukocyte infiltration, which is protected by metformin.


Son bien conocidosos los efectos tóxicos de la tioacetamida (TAA) y el tetracloruro de carbono en el cuerpo humano. En este estudio, examinamos si la intoxicación por TAA puede inducir la infiltración de leucocitos renales (medida como antígeno leucocitario común CD45) asociada con el aumento de las especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS)/factor de necrosis tumoral-alfa (TNF-α), así como biomarcadores de daño renal con y sin tratamiento con metformina. A las ratas se les inyectó TAA (200 mg/kg; dos veces por semana durante 8 semanas) antes de sacrificarlas a las 10 semanas (grupo experimental) o se les pretrató con metformina (200 mg/kg) diariamente durante dos semanas antes de las inyecciones de TAA y continuaron recibiendo ambos agentes hasta el final del experimento, en la semana 10 (grupo protector). Usando tinción histológica básica, métodos de inmunohistoquímica y análisis químico de la sangre, observamos una lesión profunda del tejido renal, como daño glomerular y tubular en el grupo experimental, que mejoraron sustancialmente con la metformina. La metformina también inhibió significativamente (p0,05) en la expresión renal de células de inmunotinción positivas para CD45. En conclusión, encontramos que el TAA induce la lesión renal en asociación con el aumento del eje ROS/TNF-α, independientemente de la infiltración de leucocitos, que está protegida por metformina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Thioacetamide/toxicity , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Reactive Oxygen Species , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Inflammation
8.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440535

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las consultas monográficas de Onconefrología surgen como respuesta a las demandas asistenciales de pacientes con daño renal y cáncer. Objetivo: Establecer los motivos de remisión a la consulta de Onconefrología y caracterizar los pacientes atendidos en ella. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, transversal en el Hospital Universitario «Dr. Celestino Hernández Robau» de Villa Clara, Cuba, en el período comprendido de agosto 2020 - agosto 2021; se incluyeron los 53 pacientes atendidos en la consulta. Resultados: El 73,6% de los pacientes fue masculino, de piel blanca el 75,5%, la edad media fue de 68,38 años, con hipertensión arterial el 69,8%, con enfermedades cardiovasculares el 22,6%. Prevaleció el adenocarcinoma de próstata en el 24,5%, el 54,7% manifestó algún grado de enfermedad renal crónica y el 35,8% tuvo una causa obstructiva. El filtrado glomerular fue superior a mayor edad según la fórmula: Modificación de la Dieta en la Enfermedad Renal, independientemente del sexo. Conclusiones: Se realizó la caracterización de los pacientes; los criterios de remisión fueron establecidos, los más frecuentes fueron las alteraciones del medio interno o el sedimento urinario, hipertensión arterial no controlada, necesidad de tratamiento depurador renal extracorpóreo o cuidados paliativos.


Introduction: monographic consultations of Onconephrology arise as a response to the care demands of patients with kidney damage and cancer. Objective: to establish the reasons for referral to the Onconephrology consultation and to characterize the patients treated there. Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional research was carried out at "Dr. Celestino Hernández Robau" University Hospital in Villa Clara, Cuba from August 2020 to August 2021; 53 patients seen in this consultation were included. Results: 73.6% of the patients were male, 75.5% white-skinned, mean age was 68.38 years, 69.8% with arterial hypertension, 22.6% with cardiovascular diseases. Prostate adenocarcinoma prevailed in 24.5%, 54.7% had some degree of chronic kidney disease and 35.8% had an obstructive cause. Glomerular filtration rate was higher with increasing age according to the formula: Modification of Diet in Renal Disease, and regardless of gender. Conclusions: patients' characterization was made; the remission criteria were established, in which the most common ones were alterations of the internal environment or urinary sediment, uncontrolled arterial hypertension, need for extracorporeal renal purifying treatment or palliative care.


Subject(s)
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Acute Kidney Injury , Kidney Neoplasms
9.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 13: 4838, jun. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1436341

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar gravidade e tempo de hospitalização de pacientes não críticos com lesão renal aguda. Métodos: estudo observacional prospectivo com 137 pacientes realizado por meio de questionário estruturado para coleta de dados. Os testes qui-quadrado, exato de Fisher e Mann-Whitney foram empregados para análise estatística e considerou-se significativo resultado com p≤0,05. Aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: oxigenoterapia por macronebulização resultou em maior mortalidade durante internação (p=0,001) e após alta hospitalar (p=0,02), assim como níveis elevados de sódio (p=0,0001 vs.p=0,005) e a ocorrência de lesão ou falência renal (p=0,02 vs.p=0,02). Necessidade de suporte ventilatório aumentou em 3,02 vezes o tempo de hospitalização(p=0,02). Conclusão: A lesão renal aguda foi frequente em mais da metade dos pacientes, sendo KDIGO 2 e 3 níveis de gravidade que se associaram com mortalidade intra-hospitalar e pós-alta. Paciente de maior gravidade (KDIGO 3) permaneceu maior tempo hospitalizado. A macronebulização em pacientes com traqueostomia triplicou o tempo de internação.


Objective: To assess severity and length of hospitalization of non-critical patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: Prospective observational study conducted with 137 patients, with data collected by a structured questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square, Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney tests, with significance set as p≤0.05. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Results: Oxygen therapy by macro-nebulization resulted in higher mortality during hospitalization (p=0.001) and after discharge (p=0.02), as well as high levels of sodium (p=0.0001 vs. p=0.005) and the occurrence of kidney injury or failure (p=0.02 vs. p=0.02). Need for ventilatory support increased by 3.02 times the length of hospitalization (p=0.02). Conclusion: Acute kidney injury was frequent in more than half of the patients, with KDIGO 2 and 3 levels of severity that were associated with inpatient and post-discharge mortality. Most severe patients (KDIGO 3) remained hospitalized for a longer time. Macro-nebulization in patients with tracheostomy tripled the length of hospitalization


Objetivo: evaluar la gravedad y el tiempo de hospitalización de pacientes no críticos con lesión renal aguda. Métodos: estudio observacional prospectivo con 137 pacientes que utilizó un cuestionario estructurado para recopilar los datos. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron las pruebas Chi-cuadrado, Exacta de Fisher y Mann-Whitney, y se consideró significativo un resultado con p≤0,05. Aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. Resultados: con la oxigenoterapia con macronebulización se presentó mayor mortalidad durante la hospitalización (p=0,001) y después del alta hospitalaria (p=0,02), así como niveles elevados de sodio (p=0,0001 vs. p=0,005) y la ocurrencia de daño renal o insuficiencia renal (p=0,02 vs. p=0,02). La necesidad de soporte ventilatorio aumentó 3,02 veces el tiempo de estancia hospitalaria (p=0,02). Conclusión: La lesión renal aguda fue frecuente en más de la mitad de los pacientes, con niveles de severidad KDIGO 2 y 3 que se asociaron con mortalidad intrahospitalaria y postegreso. El paciente más grave (KDIGO 3) permaneció hospitalizado por más tiempo. La macronebulización en pacientes con traqueostomía triplicó el tiempo de estancia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mortality , Nursing , Acute Kidney Injury , Hospitalization
10.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz (Online) ; 82: e39695, maio 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1523965

ABSTRACT

A incidência da lesão renal aguda caracteriza-se como evento frequente em pacientes críticos internados em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva e está associada ao aumento de mortalidade, causando grande impacto à Saúde Pública. As intercorrências clínicas são minimizadas com intervenções dialíticas, acarretando a exposição do paciente a volumes expressivos de água tratada durante a terapia renal em leito. As análises microbiológicas e de determinação de endotoxinas bacterianas em amostras de água tratada e em soluções de dialisato foram executadas em dois hospitais públicos do município de São Paulo, seguindo metodologias analíticas preconizadas em compêndios oficiais. A avaliação demonstrou que a porcentagem de resultados satisfatórios no período de 2010 a 2022 variou entre 35,2 a 100% e de 40 a 100% para as unidades hospitalares I e II para a água tratada, respectivamente; e, 100% para as soluções de dialisato para a unidade hospitalar I. A eficácia de ações delineadas pelas equipes técnicas das unidades hospitalares, na adequação da água destinada à terapia dialítica, aponta para a importância em estimular outras instituições hospitalares na padronização e implantação de melhoria contínua de seus sistemas de tratamento de água para uso em procedimento dialítico, prevenindo riscos adicionais aos pacientes expostos à terapia renal.


The incidence of acute kidney is high among critically ill patients admitted to Intensive Care Units and is associated with increased mortality, having a major impact on public health. Clinical complications are minimized with dialysis interventions, which expose patients to significant volumes of treated water during in-bed renal therapy. Microbiological analyzes and determination of bacterial endotoxins were performed on treated water samples and dialysate solutions in two public hospitals in São Paulo city, using analytical methodologies recommended in official compendia. The evaluation showed that the percentage of satisfactory results for treated water ranged from 35.2% to 100% in Hospital Unit I and from 40% to 100% in Hospital Unit II between 2010 and 2022. For dialysate solutions in Hospital Unit I, the percentage of satisfactory results was 100% during the same period. The effectiveness of actions implemented by the technical hospital teams, in adapting water for dialysis therapy, points to the importance of encouraging other hospital institutions to standardize and implement a program of continuous improvement for their water treatment systems used in dialysis procedures. This will help to prevent additional risks to patients exposed to renal therapy.


Subject(s)
Water Quality Control , Dialysis/standards , Endotoxins/analysis , Heterotrophic Bacteria , Acute Kidney Injury , Intensive Care Units/standards
11.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz (Online) ; 82: 39695, maio 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1525574

ABSTRACT

A incidência da lesão renal aguda caracteriza-se como evento frequente em pacientes críticos internados em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva e está associada ao aumento de mortalidade, causando grande impacto à Saúde Pública. As intercorrências clínicas são minimizadas com intervenções dialíticas, acarretando a exposição do paciente a volumes expressivos de água tratada durante a terapia renal em leito. As análises microbiológicas e de determinação de endotoxinas bacterianas em amostras de água tratada e em soluções de dialisato foram executadas em dois hospitais públicos do município de São Paulo, seguindo metodologias analíticas preconizadas em compêndios oficiais. A avaliação demonstrou que a porcentagem de resultados satisfatórios no período de 2010 a 2022 variou entre 35,2 a 100% e de 40 a 100% para as unidades hospitalares I e II para a água tratada, respectivamente; e, 100% para as soluções de dialisato para a unidade hospitalar I. A eficácia de ações delineadas pelas equipes técnicas das unidades hospitalares, na adequação da água destinada à terapia dialítica, aponta para a importância em estimular outras instituições hospitalares na padronização e implantação de melhoria contínua de seus sistemas de tratamento de água para uso em procedimento dialítico, prevenindo riscos adicionais aos pacientes expostos à terapia renal. (AU)


The incidence of acute kidney is high among critically ill patients admitted to Intensive Care Units and is associated with increased mortality, having a major impact on public health. Clinical complications are minimized with dialysis interventions, which expose patients to significant volumes of treated water during in-bed renal therapy. Microbiological analyzes and determination of bacterial endotoxins were performed on treated water samples and dialysate solutions in two public hospitals in São Paulo city, using analytical methodologies recommended in official compendia. The evaluation showed that the percentage of satisfactory results for treated water ranged from 35.2% to 100% in Hospital Unit I and from 40% to 100% in Hospital Unit II between 2010 and 2022. For dialysate solutions in Hospital Unit I, the percentage of satisfactory results was 100% during the same period. The effectiveness of actions implemented by the technical hospital teams, in adapting water for dialysis therapy, points to the importance of encouraging other hospital institutions to standardize and implement a program of continuous improvement for their water treatment systems used in dialysis procedures. This will help to prevent additional risks to patients exposed to renal therapy. (AU)


Subject(s)
Water Quality , Dialysis , Endotoxins , Heterotrophic Bacteria , Acute Kidney Injury , Intensive Care Units
12.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(2): 186-197, March-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439585

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anemia is associated with increased risk of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), stroke and mortality in perioperative patients. We sought to understand the mechanism(s) by assessing the integrative physiological responses to anemia (kidney, brain), the degrees of anemia-induced tissue hypoxia, and associated biomarkers and physiological parameters. Experimental measurements demonstrate a linear relationship between blood Oxygen Content (CaO2) and renal microvascular PO2 (y = 0.30x + 6.9, r2= 0.75), demonstrating that renal hypoxia is proportional to the degree of anemia. This defines the kidney as a potential oxygen sensor during anemia. Further evidence of renal oxygen sensing is demonstrated by proportional increase in serum Erythropoietin (EPO) during anemia (y = 93.806*10−0.02, r2= 0.82). This data implicates systemic EPO levels as a biomarker of anemia-induced renal tissue hypoxia. By contrast, cerebral Oxygen Delivery (DO2) is defended by a profound proportional increase in Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF), minimizing tissue hypoxia in the brain, until more severe levels of anemia occur. We hypothesize that the kidney experiences profound early anemia-induced tissue hypoxia which contributes to adaptive mechanisms to preserve cerebral perfusion. At severe levels of anemia, renal hypoxia intensifies, and cerebral hypoxia occurs, possibly contributing to the mechanism(s) of AKI and stroke when adaptive mechanisms to preserve organ perfusion are overwhelmed. Clinical methods to detect renal tissue hypoxia (an early warning signal) and cerebral hypoxia (a later consequence of severe anemia) may inform clinical practice and support the assessment of clinical biomarkers (i.e., EPO) and physiological parameters (i.e., urinary PO2) of anemia-induced tissue hypoxia. This information may direct targeted treatment strategies to prevent adverse outcomes associated with anemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia, Brain/complications , Stroke , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Anemia/complications , Oxygen , Biomarkers , Kidney , Hypoxia/complications
13.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 24(1): 30-41, 21 de abril 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434320

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La Lesión Renal Aguda (LRA) es una de las lesiones más comunes asociadas al proceso inflamatorio sistémico en el prematuro, se encuentra relacionada a disfunción de otros órganos y se considera como marcador predictor de morbilidad y mortalidad. Objetivo general: Describir métodos clínicos y biomarcadores de evaluación de la función renal del recién nacido prematuro expuesto a condiciones de gravedad como ventilación mecánica, nefrotoxicidad y alteraciones metabólicas, el análisis de estos factores nos permi-tirá detectar tempranamente LRQy presevar la nefrogénesis. Metodología: Es una investigación teórico-descriptiva de tipo documental, que implica la búsque-da, análisis y selección de documen-tos electrónicos en base de datos publicados en Pubmed, Scielo, Cochrane, artículos de revisiones sistemáticas y bibliográficas completas, metaanálisis, consensos y guías de práctica clínica en idioma español e inglés. Resultados esperados: El médico involucrado en la atención del recién nacido prematuro tenga el conocimiento sobre la importancia de la evaluación y preservación de la función renal para la toma de decisiones eficaces, optimas en el manejo integral, en pacientes con patología compleja en etapas tem-pranas de la vida.


Background: Acute kidney injury is one of the most common injuries associated with the systemic inflammatory process in premature infants; it is related to the dysfunction of other organs and is considered a predictive marker of morbidity and mortality. General objective: Describe clinical methods and biomarkers for evaluating renal function in premature newborns exposed to severe conditions such as mechanical ventilation, nephrotoxicity, and metabolic alterations. Analyzing these factors will allow us to detect AKI early and preserve nephrogenesis. Methodology: This is a theoretical-descriptive study of documentary type that involves the search, analysis, and selection of electronic documents in databases published in PubMed, Scielo, and Cochrane, articles from systematic reviews, and complete biblio-graphical reviews, meta-analyses, consensus, and clinical practice guides in Spanish and English. Expected results: The doctor involved in the care of the premature newborn knows the importance of the evaluation and preservation of renal function for effective decision-making, which is optimal in the integral management of patients with complex pathology in the early stages of life.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Infant, Premature , Kidney Function Tests
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 368-373, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440329

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To investigate if the administration of boric acid (BA) would exert any protective effect against possible nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity induced by the exposure to acrylamide (ACR) in rats. In our study, we used a total of 28 rats that were divided into four equal groups. Group 1: the control group which was not treated with any procedure. Group 2: the ACR group that was administered ACR 50 mg/kg/day via intraperitoneal (i.p) route for 14 days. Group 3: the BA group that was administered BA 200 mg/kg/ day via gavage via peroral (p.o) route for 14 days. Group 4: the ACR+BA group that was administered BA simultaneously with ACR. Total antioxidant and oxidant (TAS/TOS) capacities were measured in all groups at the end of the experiment. In addition, the specimens obtained were evaluated with histopathological examination. Studies showed that the ACR and ACr+BA groups were not significantly different in terms of hepatic TAS level while the TOS level was higher in the ACR group than the ACR+BA group. The groups did not show any significant difference regarding renal TAS and TOS levels. In the histopathological examination of the hepatic tissue, the histopathological injury score of the ACR group was significantly higher than those of the other groups whereas it was significantly lower in the ACR+BA group than the ACR group. Our study concluded that Boric acid had a protective effect against acrylamide- induced hepatotoxicity, but not against nephrotoxicity.


El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar si la administración de ácido bórico (BA) ejercería algún efecto protector frente a la posible nefrotoxicidad y hepatotoxicidad inducida por la exposición a acrilamida (ACR) en ratas. En nuestro estudio, utilizamos un total de 28 ratas que se dividieron en cuatro grupos iguales. Grupo 1: grupo control que no fue tratado. Grupo 2: grupo ACR al que se le administró ACR 50 mg/kg/día por vía intraperitoneal (i.p) durante 14 días. Grupo 3: grupo BA al que se le administró BA 200 mg/kg/día por sonda por vía peroral (p.o) durante 14 días. Grupo 4: grupo ACR+BA al que se administró BA simultáneamente con ACR. Las capacidades antioxidantes y oxidantes totales (TAS/TOS) se midieron en todos los grupos al final del experimento. Además, los especímenes obtenidos fueron evaluados con examen histopatológico. Los estudios demostraron que los grupos ACR y ACr+BA no fueron significativamente diferentes en términos del nivel hepático de TAS, mientras que el nivel de TOS fue mayor en el grupo ACR que en el grupo ACR+BA. Los grupos no mostraron ninguna diferencia significativa con respecto a los niveles renales de TAS y TOS. En el examen histopatológico del tejido hepático, la puntuación de lesión histopatológica del grupo ACR fue significativamente mayor que la de los otros grupos, mientras que fue significativamente menor en el grupo ACR+BA que en el grupo ACR. Nuestro estudio concluyó que el ácido bórico tiene un efecto protector contra la hepatotoxicidad inducida por acrilamida, pero no contra la nefrotoxicidad.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Boric Acids/administration & dosage , Acrylamide/toxicity , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/prevention & control , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , Biochemistry , Protective Agents/administration & dosage , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/pathology , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/physiopathology , Liver/drug effects , Liver/physiopathology
15.
Rev. méd. hered ; 34(1): 27-31, ene. - mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1442073

ABSTRACT

La injuria renal aguda por glomerulopatía colapsante, presenta alta morbimortalidad, incluso con requerimiento de diálisis crónica; la Covid-19 es una de sus causas. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con Covid-19 y glomerulopatía colapsante. Varón de 17 años, sin antecedentes patológicos; con historia de cuatro meses de edema, orina espumosa y disminución del flujo urinario. Al examen: anasarca. Exámenes: creatinina 4,2 mg/dl, albumina 1,9 gr/dl, colesterol y triglicéridos aumentados; orina: proteinuria 6,7 gr/24h, leucocituria y hematuria con urocultivo negativo. Serología para VIH, sífilis y hepatitis negativos. Inmunología para lupus negativa, prueba rápida para la Covid-19 IgG (+). La biopsia renal mostró Glomeruloesclerosis Focal y Segmentaria, variante Colapsante. Recibió corticoides y ciclosporina. La creatinina mejoró, la proteinuria se mantiene >3 gr/24horas.


SUMMARY Acute renal injury due to collapsing glomerulonephritis is associated with high morbidity and mortality, requiring chronic dialysis, COVID-19 is one of its causes. A 17-year-old male patient presented with a four-month history of edema, foamy urine and reduction in the urine flow; anasarca was observed at physical examination. Laboratory values showed creatinine 4,2 mg/dl; albumin 1,9 gr/dl; cholesterol and triglycerides were high; proteinuria 6,7 gr/24h: leucocyturia and hematuria with negative urine culture. Serologies for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis were negative. Studies for systemic lupus were negative. An antigenic test for SARS-CoV-2 was positive as well as an IgG. Renal Biopsy showed Focal and Segmental Glomerulosclerosis, Collapsing variant. He received corticosteroids and cyclosporine. Creatinine improved; proteinuria remained >3 gr/24 hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental , Edema , Acute Kidney Injury
16.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(1): 46-53, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Compound A is generated by sevoflurane when it reacts with carbon dioxide absorbers with strong bases at minimal fresh gas flow (FGF) and is nephrotoxic in animals. No conclusive data has shown increased risk in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate if minimal FGF promotes an increase in the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) when compared to high FGF in patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia. Methods Two hundred and four adult patients scheduled for on-pump cardiac surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia were randomly allocated to two groups differentiated by FGF: minimal FGF (0.5 L.min−1) or high FGF (2.0 L.min−1). Baseline creatinine measured before surgery was compared daily to values assayed on the first five postoperative days, and 24-hour urinary output was monitored, according to the KDIGO (Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes) guideline to define postoperative cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI). Creatinine measurements were also obtained 20 and 120 days after hospital discharge. Results Postoperative AKI occurred in 55 patients, 26 patients (29.5%) in the minimal FGF group and 29 patients (31.5%) in the high FGF group (p= 0.774). Twenty days after discharge, 11 patients (6.1%) still had CSA-AKI and 120 days after discharge only 2 patients (1.6%) still had CSA-AKI. Conclusions When compared to high FGF, minimal FGF sevoflurane anesthesia during on-pump cardiac surgery is not associated with increased risk of postoperative AKI in this population at high risk for renal injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/chemically induced , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Creatinine , Sevoflurane/adverse effects
17.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236631, 01 jan 2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1427086

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Analisar os diagnósticos, as intervenções e atividades de enfermagem em pacientes submetidos à hemodiálise secundária à COVID-19. MÉTODO: Estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e de natureza quantitativa. A população do estudo foi representada pelos prontuários de pacientes submetidos à hemodiálise secundária à COVID-19, totalizando cerca de 64 registros. Consultaram-se os dados do instrumento de coleta de dados, bem como dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e indicadores dos diagnósticos de enfermagem. Para análise, utilizou-se da estatística descritiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS: Os principais diagnósticos de enfermagem encontrados foram: risco de infecção, risco de volume de líquidos desequilibrado, déficit no autocuidado para banho/higiene íntima e troca de gases prejudicada. As intervenções e atividades assinaladas foram correspondentes aos diagnósticos traçados. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo possibilitou identificar os principais diagnósticos, as intervenções e atividades de enfermagem em pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19 que desenvolveram lesão renal aguda.


Objective: To analyze nursing diagnoses, interventions, and activities in patients undergoing hemodialysis secondary to COVID-19. METHOD: This is a descriptive, retrospective, and quantitative study. The study population was represented by the medical records of patients undergoing hemodialysis secondary to COVID-19, totaling about 64 records. Data from the data collection instrument, sociodemographic and clinical data, and indicators of nursing diagnoses were consulted. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis. RESULTS: The main nursing diagnoses found were risk for infection, risk for imbalanced fluid volume, bathing/toileting self-care deficit, and impaired gas exchange. The registered interventions and activities corresponded to the outlined diagnoses. CONCLUSION: The study identified the main diagnoses, interventions, and nursing activities in patients affected by COVID-19 who developed acute kidney injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Dialysis , Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Nursing Process , Retrospective Studies
18.
S. Afr. fam. pract. (2004, Online) ; 65(1: Part 1): 1-5, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1414075

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) commonly occurs in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients who have been hospitalised and is associated with a poor prognosis. This study aimed to determine the incidence of AKI among COVID-19 patients who died in a regional hospital in South Africa. Methods: This retrospective record review was conducted at the Mthatha Regional Hospital in South Africa's Eastern Cape province. Data were collected between 10 July 2020 and 31 January 2021. Results: The incidence of AKI was 38% among the hospitalised patients who died due to COVID-19. Most study participants were female, with a mean age of 63.3 ± 16 years. The most common symptom of COVID-19 at the time of hospitalisation was shortness of breath, followed by fever and cough. Half of the patients had hypertension, while diabetes, human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) were other comorbidities. At admission, the average oxygen saturation was 75.5% ± 17. Conclusion: The study revealed a high incidence of AKI among hospitalised patients who died due to COVID-19. It also found that those received adequate crystalloid fluids at the time of admission had a lower incidence of AKI. Contribution: Acute kidney injury can be prevented by adequate fluid management during early stage of COVID-19. Majority of COVID-19 patients were referred from lower level of care and primary care providers have their first encounter with these patients. Adequate fluid resuscitation in primary care settings can improve the outcome of hospitalised COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Prognosis , Comorbidity , Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Inpatients
20.
Rev. Anesth.-Réanim. Med. Urg. Toxicol. ; 15(1): 79-83, 2023. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1438523

ABSTRACT

L'éclampsie est une complication neurologique majeure de la pré-éclampsie sévère, responsable d'une lourde morbidité et mortalité maternelle. L'objectif de cette étude était de déterminer les facteurs associés aux morbimortalités maternelles de l'éclampsie. Patients et Méthodes : Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective, transversale, descriptive et analytique ; sur une période de 36 mois, allant de Janvier 2019 à Décembre 2021, réalisée à la maternité de Befelatanana. Les paramètres cliniques et obstétricales, la prise en charge, les complications et l'évolution maternelle ont été les paramètres étudiés. Résultats : Sur 21 514 accouchements, 461 cas (2,14%) d'éclampsie ont été recensé dont 288 cas inclus dans l'étude. L'âge moyen était de 23,29±6 ans ; l'âge gestationnel était > 37 semaine d'aménorrhée dans 60,10% (n= 173) des cas et la grossesse étaient mal suivies dans 49,70% (n=143) des cas. Les complications maternelles dominées par : la détresse respiratoire aigüe sur pneumopathie d'inhalation; le coma prolongé ; une hémorragie intracérébrale et l'association à d'autres complications tel que : un HELLP syndrome, un hématome rétroplacentaire et une insuffisance rénale oligo-anurique aigue. Les facteurs associés aux décès étaient : l'existence de trouble de la conscience postcritique (p=0,026 ; OR=3,2 [1,09-9,37]), l'existence de coma prolongé ≥24h (p=10-8 ; OR=34 [11,47-100,71]), l'existence d'une insuffisance rénale aigue (p=10-4 ; OR=4,42 [2,08-9,4]) et l'association à un HELLP syndrome (p=10-8 ; OR=29,16 [12,08-70,41]). Conclusion : La morbi-mortalité de l'éclampsie reste encore très élevé à Madagascar ; une éducation de la population Malagasy doit être renforcer sur le suivi médical rapproché de la grossesse


Subject(s)
Humans , Coma , Eclampsia , Acute Kidney Injury , HELLP Syndrome , TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors
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