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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 348-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. The accuracy of intraoperative frozen section (FS) in the diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma infiltration cannot fully meet the clinical needs. The aim of this study is to explore the possibility of improving the diagnostic efficiency of FS in lung adenocarcinoma by using the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer.@*METHODS@#Patients with pulmonary nodules who underwent surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2021 to December 2022 were included in the study. The multispectral information of pulmonary nodule tissues and surrounding normal tissues were collected. A neural network model was established and the accuracy of the neural network diagnostic model was verified clinically.@*RESULTS@#A total of 223 samples were collected in this study, 156 samples of primary lung adenocarcinoma were finally included, and a total of 1,560 sets of multispectral data were collected. The area under the curve (AUC) of spectral diagnosis in the test set (10% of the first 116 cases) of the neural network model was 0.955 (95%CI: 0.909-1.000, P<0.05), and the diagnostic accuracy was 95.69%. In the clinical validation group (the last 40 cases), the accuracy of spectral diagnosis and FS diagnosis were both 67.50% (27/40), and the AUC of the combination of the two was 0.949 (95%CI: 0.878-1.000, P<0.05), and the accuracy was 95.00% (38/40).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The accuracy of the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer in the diagnosis of lung invasive adenocarcinoma and non-invasive adenocarcinoma is equivalent to that of FS. The application of the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer in the diagnosis of FS can improve the diagnostic accuracy and reduce the complexity of intraoperative lung cancer surgery plan.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Hospitals , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 455-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984744

ABSTRACT

CT screening has markedly reduced the lung cancer mortality in high-risk population and increased the detection of early-stage pulmonary neoplasms, including multiple pulmonary nodules, especially those with a ground-glass appearance on CT. Multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) constitutes a specific subtype of lung cancer with indolent biological behaviors, which is predominantly early-stage adenocarcinoma. Although MPLC progresses slowly with rare lymphatic metastasis, existence of synchronous lesions and distributed location of these nodules still pose difficulty for the management of such patients. One single operation is usually insufficient to eradicate all neoplastic lesions, whereas repeated surgical procedures bring about another dilemma: whether clinical benefits of surgical treatment outweigh loss of pulmonary function following multiple operations. Therefore, despite the anxiety for treatment among MPLC patients, whether and how to treat the patient should be assessed meticulously. Currently there is a heated discussion upon the timing of clinical intervention, operation mode and the application of local therapy in MPLC. Based on clinical experience of our multiple disciplinary team, we have summarized and commented on the evaluation, surgical treatment, non-surgical local treatment, targeted therapy and immunotherapy of MPLC in this article to provide further insight into this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Lung/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986839

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report the perioperative management and robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery results of one case with malignant tumor of anal canal combined with severe abdominal distention. Methods: A 66-year-old male suffer from adenocarcinoma of anal canal (T3N0M0) with megacolon, megabladder and scoliosis. The extreme distention of the colon and bladder result in severe abdominal distention. The left diaphragm moved up markedly and the heart was moved to the right side of the thoracic cavity. Moreover, there was also anal stenosis with incomplete intestinal obstruction. Preoperative preparation: fluid diet, intravenous nutrition and repeated enema to void feces and gas in the large intestine 1 week before operation. Foley catheter was placed three days before surgery and irrigated with saline. After relief of abdominal distention, robotic-assisted abdominoperineal resection+ subtotal colectomy+colostomy was performed. Results: Water intake within 6 hours post-operatively; ambulance on Day 1; anal passage of gas on Day 2; semi-fluid diet on Day 3; safely discharged on Day 6. Conclusion: Robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery is safe and feasible for patients with malignant tumor of anal canal combined with severe abdominal distention after appropriate and effective preoperative preparation to relieve abdominal distention.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Colon/surgery , Colectomy , Anus Diseases/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Digestive System Abnormalities/surgery
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986815

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with small bowel tumors. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational study. We collected clinicopathological data of patients with primary jejunal or ileal tumors who had undergone small bowel resection in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University between January 2012 and September 2017. The inclusion criteria included: (1) older than 18 years; (2) had undergone small bowel resection; (3) primary location at jejunum or ileum; (4) postoperative pathological examination confirmed malignancy or malignant potential; and (5) complete clinicopathological and follow-up data. Patients with a history of previous or other concomitant malignancies and those who had undergone exploratory laparotomy with biopsy but no resection were excluded. The clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of included patients were analyzed. Results: The study cohort comprised 220 patients with small bowel tumors, 136 of which were classified as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), 47 as adenocarcinomas, and 35 as lymphomas. The median follow-up for all patient was 81.0 months (75.9-86.1). GISTs frequently manifested as gastrointestinal bleeding (61.0%, 83/136) and abdominal pain (38.2%, 52/136). In the patients with GISTs, the rates of lymph node and distant metastasis were 0.7% (1/136) and 11.8% (16/136), respectively. The median follow-up time was 81.0 (75.9-86.1) months. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 96.3%. Multivariate Cox regression-analysis results showed that distant metastasis was the only factor associated with OS of patients with GISTs (HR=23.639, 95% CI: 4.564-122.430, P<0.001). The main clinical manifestations of small bowel adenocarcinoma were abdominal pain (85.1%, 40/47), constipation/diarrhea (61.7%, 29/47), and weight loss (61.7%, 29/47). Rates of lymph node and distant metastasis in patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma were 53.2% (25/47) and 23.4% (11/47), respectively. The 3-year OS rate of patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma was 44.7%. Multivariate Cox regression-analysis results showed that distant metastasis (HR=4.018, 95%CI: 2.108-10.331, P<0.001) and adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=0.291, 95% CI: 0.140-0.609, P=0.001) were independently associated with OS of patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma. Small bowel lymphoma frequently manifested as abdominal pain (68.6%, 24/35) and constipation/diarrhea (31.4%, 11/35); 77.1% (27/35) of small bowel lymphomas were of B-cell origin. The 3-year OS rate of patients with small bowel lymphomas was 60.0%. T/NK cell lymphomas (HR= 6.598, 95% CI: 2.172-20.041, P<0.001) and adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=0.119, 95% CI: 0.015-0.925, P=0.042) were independently associated with OS of patients with small bowel lymphoma. Small bowel GISTs have a better prognosis than small intestinal adenocarcinomas (P<0.001) or lymphomas (P<0.001), and small bowel lymphomas have a better prognosis than small bowel adenocarcinomas (P=0.035). Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of small intestinal tumor are non-specific. Small bowel GISTs are relatively indolent and have a good prognosis, whereas adenocarcinomas and lymphomas (especially T/NK-cell lymphomas) are highly malignant and have a poor prognosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy would likely improve the prognosis of patients with small bowel adenocarcinomas or lymphomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Intestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Duodenal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Lymphoma , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Constipation , Abdominal Pain , Retrospective Studies
5.
ABCD (São Paulo, Online) ; 36: e1772, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1519803

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Para-aortic lymph nodes involvement in pancreatic head cancer has been described as an independent adverse prognostic factor. To avoid futile pancreatic resection, we systematically perform para-aortic lymphadenectomy as a first step. AIMS: To describe our technique for para-aortic lymphadenectomy. METHODS: A 77-year-old female patient, with jaundice and resectable pancreatic head adenocarcinoma, underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy associated with infracolic lymphadenectomy. RESULTS: The infracolic anterior technique has two main advantages. It is faster and prevents the formation of postoperative adhesions, which can make subsequent surgical interventions more difficult. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend systematic para-aortic lymphadenectomy as the first step of pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head adenocarcinoma by this approach.


RESUMO RACIONAL: O envolvimento dos gânglios linfáticos para-aórticos no câncer da cabeça do pâncreas tem sido descrito como um fator prognóstico adverso independente. Para evitar a ressecção pancreática inútil, realizamos sistematicamente linfadenectomia para-aórtica. OBJETIVOS: Descrever a técnica de linfadenectomia para-aórtica. MÉTODOS: Paciente do sexo feminino, 77 anos, com quadro de icterícia e adenocarcinoma da cabeça do pâncreas ressecável, submetida à duodenopancreatectomia associada à linfadenectomia infracólica. RESULTADOS: Esta técnica anterior infracólica tem duas vantagens principais: é mais rápida e evita a formação de aderências pós-operatórias, o que pode dificultar as intervenções cirúrgicas subsequentes. CONCLUSÕES: Recomendamos a linfadenectomia para-aórtica sistemática como o primeiro passo da duodenopancreatectomia para o adenocarcinoma da cabeça do pâncreas por esta abordagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1420055

ABSTRACT

La escisión mesorrectal transanal (TaTME: transanal total mesorectal escision) es la última de una larga lista de desarrollos técnicos y tecnológicos para el tratamiento del cáncer de recto medio y bajo. Incluso para los cirujanos colorrectales experimentados, lograr una escisión mesorrectal total (emt) de calidad en cirugía oncológica no siempre es sencillo, por la dificultad de obtener un adecuado acceso a la pelvis. Los estudios realizados han mostrado resultados comparables al abordaje laparoscópico, con tasas elevadas de escisiones mesorrectales completas y bajo porcentaje de margen circunferencial radial (CRM: circumferential radial margin) y distal positivos, con un adecuado número de ganglios resecados. Como toda técnica nueva, su implementación puede traer consecuencias no intencionales. La complejidad del abordaje, la dificultad en la identificación de nuevos repères y planos anatómicos, ha llevado a complicaciones graves como la lesión uretral o la siembra tumoral pelviana. Por ello, la comunidad quirúrgica ha retrasado la implementación masiva de la técnica y desarrollado estrategias de enseñanza y monitorización de este procedimiento para su realización en centros de alto volumen. El objetivo de esta publicación es presentar el primer caso de TaTME en un centro docente universitario y difundir en nuestra comunidad científica el fundamento de la técnica, sus indicaciones, describir los principales pasos técnicos, complicaciones, resultados oncológicos y funcionales.


Transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) is the last of a long list of technical and technological developments for treatment of middle and low rectal cancer. Even for skilled colorectal surgeons, achieving a good quality total mesorectal excision (TME) in oncology surgery is not always simple, due to the difficulty of obtaining optimal access to the pelvis. So far, studies have shown similar results to laparoscopic surgery, with high rates of complete mesorectal excisions and low rate of circumferential radial margin (CRM) and distal margin with an appropriate number of resected lymph nodes. Like every new technique, its implementation can bring unwanted consequences. The complexity of the approach, the difficulty in the identification of new landmarks and anatomic planes, has led to serious complications such as urethral injury or tumoral seeding. This has made slowdown the massive implementation of the technique among the surgical community, addressing the need of developing training programs and mentoring of this procedure that belongs to high volume centers. The aim of this publication is to present the first case of TaTME in a teaching tertiary center and spread, in our scientific community, the principles of the technique, its indications, main technical steps, complications and functional and oncologic results.


A excisão mesorretal transanal (TaTME: transanal total mesorectal escision) é o mais recente de uma longa linha de desenvolvimentos técnicos e tecnológicos para o tratamento do câncer retal inferior e médio. Mesmo para cirurgiões colorretais experientes, nem sempre é fácil obter uma excisão total do mesorreto (EMT) de qualidade em cirurgia de câncer, devido à dificuldade de obter acesso adequado à pelve. Os estudos realizados mostraram resultados comparáveis ​​à abordagem laparoscópica, com altas taxas de excisões completas do mesorreto e baixo percentual de margem radial circunferencial positiva (CRM: circumferential radial margin) e distal, com número adequado de linfonodos ressecados. Como qualquer nova técnica, sua implementação pode ter consequências não intencionais. A complexidade da abordagem, a dificuldade em identificar novos repères e planos anatômicos, levou a complicações graves, como lesão uretral ou semeadura de tumor pélvico. Por esse motivo, a comunidade cirúrgica atrasou a implementação massiva da técnica e desenvolveu estratégias de ensino e acompanhamento desse procedimento para sua realização em centros de alto volume. O objetivo desta publicação é apresentar o primeiro caso de TaTME em um centro de ensino universitário e divulgar em nossa comunidade científica as bases da técnica, suas indicações, descrever as principais etapas técnicas, complicações, resultados oncológicos e funcionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Treatment Outcome
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 345-353, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407936

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En los últimos años, la gastrectomía laparoscópica ha aparecido como una técnica quirúrgica con resultados oncológicos comparables a la técnica abierta, pero existe poca evidencia en cuanto a la calidad de vida posoperatoria de estos pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de vida posoperatoria de pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía total laparoscópica (GTL) en comparación a gastrectomia total abierta (GTA) en cáncer gástrico. Materiales y Método: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional en Hospital Militar de Santiago, entre enero de 2015 y junio de 2020. Se les aplicó 2 encuestas validadas para Chile: EORTC QLQ-30 y EORTC QLQ-OG25. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 60 pacientes; 30 sometidos a GTL y 30 a GTA. Promedio edad fue 66,3 ± 11 años para GTL y 68,2 ± 11 años en GTA (p = 0,5). Se obtuvo un score en GTL versus GTA: global 83,3 y 80,2 (p = 0,6), sintomático 17,1 y 25,5 (p = 0,2) y score funcional 87,9 y 70,9 (p = 0,03). Posterior a eso obtuvimos en funcionalidad GTL versus GTA; física 92,2 versus GTA 73,1 (p = 0,04), emocional 84,1 versus 78,5 (p = 0,6), cognitiva 84,9 versus 79,0 (p = 0,3) y social 80,9 versus 72,2 (p = 0,4). Al analizar síntomas destaco; fatiga 14,6 versus 33,1 (p = 0,04) y dolor 13,4 versus 24,3 (p = 0,05). Finalmente, en síntomas digestivos altos obtuvimos en disfagia 0,84 GTL versus 17,3 GTA (p = 0,04). Conclusión: La GTL logra resultados comparables a GTA en calidad de vida e incluso ofrece ventajas significativas en funcionalidad física como también en síntomas como dolor, fatiga y disfagia.


Introduction: In recent years, laparoscopic gastrectomy has appeared as a surgical technique with oncological results comparable to the open technique, but there is little evidence regarding the postoperative quality of life of these patients. Objective: To evaluate the postoperative quality of life of patients undergoing laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) compared to open total gastrectomy (OTG) in gastric cancer. Materials and Method: Prospective, observational study at Hospital Militar of Santiago, between January 2015 and June 2020. Two surveys validated for Chile were applied: EORTC QLQ-30 and EORTC QLQ-OG25. Results: 60 patients were obtained; 30 subjected to LTG and 30 to OTG. Average age was 66.3 ± 11 years for LTG and 68.2 ± 11 years for OTG (p = 0.5). A score was obtained in LTG versus OTG: global 83.3 and 80.2 (p = 0.6), symptomatic 17.1 and 25.5 (p = 0.2) and functional score 87.9 and 70.9 (p = 0.03). After that we got LTG versus OTG functionality; physical 92.2 versus 73.1 (p = 0.04), emotional 84.1 versus 78.5 (p = 0.6), cognitive 84.9 versus 79.0 (p = 0.3) and social 80.9 versus 72.2 (p = 0.4). When analyzing symptoms I highlight; fatigue 14.6 versus 33.1 (p = 0.04) and pain 13.4 versus 24.3 (p = 0.05). Finally, in upper digestive symptoms, we obtained 0.84 LTG versus 17.3 OTG in dysphagia (p = 0.04). Conclusion: LTG achieves results comparable to OTG in quality of life and even offers significant advantages in physical functionality as well as symptoms such as pain, fatigue and dysphagia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Demography , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 368-375, ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407938

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivos: El sistema linfático del estómago es complejo y multidireccional, siendo difícil predecir el patrón de diseminación linfática en el adenocarcinoma (ADC) gástrico. Los objetivos de este trabajo son determinar si el analizar los grupos ganglionares de la pieza quirúrgica por separado tiene implicaciones en el estadiaje, además estudiar la afectación de diferentes grupos ganglionares. Materials y Método: Estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes intervenidos de gastrectomía y linfadenectomía con intención curativa por ADC en un hospital de referencia (2017-2021).,_Se han comparado aquellos pacientes cuya pieza quirúrgica se estudió en su totalidad (grupo A) con aquellos en los que se separaron los grupos ganglionares para su análisis (grupo B). En el grupo B, se ha analizado la afectación ganglionar de diferentes grupos ganglionares en base a la localización tumoral y el estadio pT. Resultados: Se incluyeron 150 pacientes. La media de ganglios analizados fue significativamente mayor cuando se separaron los grupos ganglionares (grupo B) (24,01 respecto a 20,49). La afectación ganglionar fue del 45,8%, 58,3% y 55,5% en los tumores de tercio superior, medio e inferior respectivamente, y los grupos difirieron en base a la localización tumoral. El riesgo de afectación ganglionar fue significativamente mayor y hubo más grupos ganglionares perigástricos afectos cuanto mayor era el estadio pT. Conclusiones: Separar los grupos ganglionares previo a su análisis aumenta el número de ganglios analizados mejorando el estadiaje ganglionar. Existen diferentes rutas de drenaje linfático dependiendo de la localización tumoral y la afectación ganglionar aumenta de forma paralela al estadio pT.


Objectives: The lymphatic system of the stomach is complex and multidirectional, making it difficult to predict the pattern of lymphatic spread in gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC). The aim of this paper is to determine if analyzing the lymph node groups of the surgical specimen separately has implications in the pathological staging, as well as to study the involvement rate of different lymph node groups. Material and Method: Retrospective observational study of patients who underwent curative intent gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy for GAC in a reference hospital (2017-2021). Those patients whose surgical specimen was studied as a whole (group A) were compared with those in whom the lymph node groups were separated by surgeons before analysis (group B). In group B, the involvement of different lymph node groups was analyzed based on tumor location and pT stage. Results: 150 patients were included. The mean number of lymph nodes analyzed was significantly higher when the lymph node groups were separately analyzed (group B) (24.01 compared to 20.49). Lymph node involvement was 45.8%, 58.3%, and 55.5% in tumors of the upper, middle, and lower third, respectively, and the involved groups differed depending on the tumor location. The higher the pT stage was, the risk of lymph node involvement was significantly higher and there were more perigastric lymph node groups affected. Conclusions: Separating lymph node groups prior to their analysis increases the number of lymph nodes analyzed and therefore improves lymph node staging. There are different lymphatic drainage routes depending on the tumor location and lymph node involvement increases in parallel with the pT stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936061

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the safety and feasibility of intrathoracic modified overlap method in laparoscopic radical resection of Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. The clinical data of 27 patients with Siewert type II AEG who underwent transthoracic single-port assisted laparoscopic total gastrectomy and intrathoracic modified overlap esophagojejunostomy in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine from May 2017 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The intrathoracic modified overlap esophagojejunostomy was performed as follows: (1) The Roux-en-Y loop was made; (2) The jejunum side was prepared extraperitoneal for overlap anastomosis; (3) The esophagus side was prepared intraperitoneal for overlap anastomosis; (4) The overlap esophagojejunostomy was performed; (5) The common outlet was closed after confirmation of anastomosis integrity without bleeding; (6) A thoracic drainage tube was inserted into the thoracic hole with the diaphragm incision closed. The intraoperative and postoperative results were reviewed. Results: All 27 patients were successfully operated, without mortality or conversion to laparotomy. The operative time, digestive tract reconstruction time and esophageal-jejunal anastomosis time were (327.5±102.0) minute, 50 (28-62) minute and (29.0±7.4) minute, respectively. The blood loss was 100 (20-150) ml. The postoperative time to flatus and postoperative hospital stay were (4.7±3.7) days and 9(6-73) days, respectively. Three patients (11.1%) developed postoperative grade III complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, including 1 case of anastomotic fistula with empyema, 1 case of pleural effusion and 1 case of pancreatic fistula, all of whom were cured by puncture drainage and anti-infective therapy. Conclusions: The intrathoracic modified overlap esophagojejunostomy is safe and feasible in laparoscopic radical resection of Siewert type II AEG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936058

ABSTRACT

Adenocarcinoma of the esophaogastric junction (AEG) has anatomical characteristics of spanning two organs and anatomical sites. Thoracic surgery and gastrointestinal surgery aim at the safe resection margin of esophagus, the scope of lower mediastinal lymph node dissection and whether transthoracic surgery will increase complications. However, there are great differences and controversies in the surgical approach, surgical method, lymph node dissection and extent of resection of AEG. For Siewert II AEG via abdominal mediastinal approach, due to the limitation of exposure and the difficulty of operation, it is difficult to acquire a satisfactory proximal resection margin, and very difficult to dissect the inferior mediastinal lymph nodes. The transthoracic approach can provide adequate exposure, reduce the difficulty of operation, obtain satisfactory resection margin of esophagus and allow lower mediastinal lymph node dissection, which may bring better prognosis. Although transthoracic approach may increase the incidence of pulmonary infection, the standard development of thoracoscopic technology will overcome the disadvantage of transthoracic approach for Siewert II AEG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936057

ABSTRACT

The number of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) has been increasing year by year. The key technical points such as surgical approach, lymph node dissection and GI tract reconstruction have gradually reached their maturity. With the emergence of proofs of evidence-based neoadjuvant therapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy or neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy for advanced AEG is also gradually accepted by most surgeons and oncologists. European scholars have previously started researches on MIS after neoadjuvant therapy for esophageal cancer and AEG. Domestic scholars also raise practical suggestions on the application of neoadjuvant therapy for AEG via the cooperation between gastrointestinal and thoracic surgeons, demonstrating the trend in standardization and individualization. But there is still no consent to the indication of MIS after neoadjuvant therapy. Furthermore, there is also a lack of the standardization of technical points for MIS, GI tract reconstruction, short- and long-term outcomes. Such associated problems have been the hot controversy and exploration in recent years. This article describes current progress of neoadjuvant therapy for AEG, current status of MIS after the neoadjuvant therapy in Europe, America, East Asia, including China, and related researches plus future prospects, hoping for better clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936056

ABSTRACT

The incidence of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) is increasing at home and abroad. Laparoscopic surgery has gradually become the main means of surgical treatment of this kind of tumor. However, due to the special anatomical position of the tumor, the high position away from the broken esophagus and the narrow space in the mediastinum, laparoscopic anastomosis has the characteristics of difficult anastomosis and high anastomosis position. There is a high risk of anastomotic leakage after operation, which may cause serious consequences. Early identification of anastomotic leakage and unobstructed drainage by various means are the key to treatment. With the development of endoscopic technology, endoscopic methods such as covered stent and vacuum-assisted closure further improve the treatment efficacy. As a salvage measure, surgical treatment can achieve good treatment outcome, while accompanied by risk of complications and mortality, so we must strictly grasp the indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936054

ABSTRACT

The incidence of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) is increasing in recent years. Its diagnosis, lymph node metastasis and digestive tract reconstruction are all different from those of upper gastric cancer. With the development of the concept of function preserving surgery for gastric cancer, the clinical application of laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy in AEG is increasing. In this kind of operation, in addition to ensuring sufficient radical cure of tumor, the short-term smooth recovery and long-term quality of life of patients are also important. The reconstruction of digestive tract after proximal stomach operation is of great significance. According to the author's own practical experience, in clinical work, the author selects different surgical resection scope and digestive tract reconstruction methods according to Siewert classification of AEG. For Siewert Ⅱ AEG, laparoscopic PG is mostly used, and laparoscopic esophageal tubular gastric side-to-side anastomosis or double channel anastomosis is mostly used for digestive tract reconstruction. It is believed that with the emergence of long-term follow-up results and the development of multicenter randomized controlled research, some controversial questions will be better answered. We should pay attention to the individual differences of patients. For different individuals, combined with the operator's experience, on the basis of ensuring the radical cure of tumor, we should adopt appropriate surgical resection scope and digestive tract reconstruction, so as to bring better long-term quality of life for patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936053

ABSTRACT

The lower mediastinal lymphadenectomy is indicated for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG), while the laparoscopic procedure shows some advantages. According to previous studies and results of IDEAL phase 2a study in our institute, the following structures are recommended as the dissection borders: the upper (cranial) is inferior wall of pericardium and pulmonary ligament; the lower (caudal) is diaphragm hiatus (esophagogastric junction); the front (ventral) is anterior inferior wall of pericardium and diaphragm; the back (dorsal) is anterior wall of aorta; the lateral is mediastinal pleura. The standard of quality control is still under investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Quality Control , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936052

ABSTRACT

The proportion of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) in gastric cancer is gradually increasing. Due to the unique anatomical structure and biological characteristics of the tumor at this site, AEG has a certain degree of complexity in many aspects of diagnosis and treatment, which brings difficulties to the operation method, the selection of the resection range, the lymph node dissection and the treatment decision-making. Therefore, AEG has always been the focus of academic debate. With the development of minimally invasive surgery in recent years, laparoscopic technology has been increasingly mature and widely used in the treatment of gastrointestinal tumors. Compared with distal gastric cancer, the minimally invasive treatment of AEG is in a lagging state, and there are also a series of problems that have not yet reached a consensus. This article reviews and summarizes the recent research progress in two aspects: proximal gastrectomy for AEG and lymph node dissection. Laparoscopic-assisted proximal gastrectomy is safe for early proximal gastric cancer and has a long-term survival outcome not inferior to total gastrectomy, but the surgical indications must be strictly selected. Abdominal lymph node metastasis of AEG is mainly in group 1, 2, 3, and 7, and mediastinal lymph node metastasis is closely related to the length of the infiltrated esophagus. The abdominal transhiatal (TH) approach can obtain a sufficient number of harvested lymph node, and has good safety and efficacy, which is the first-choice of surgical approach for early AEG. The results of the CLASS-10 clinical trial can provide a higher level of evidence for laparoscopic mediastinal lymph node dissection. Laparoscopic surgery for AEG should be carried out in experienced medical center based on clinical research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional outcomes and postoperative complications of Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. Clinical data of 100 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who underwent Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (64 cases), Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine (24 cases), Lishui Central Hospital (10 cases), Huzhou Central Hospital (1 case) and Ningbo Lihuili Hospital (1 case) from September 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 100 patients, 64 were males and 36 were females; the mean age was (61.3 ± 11.1) years and the BMI was (22.7±11.1) kg/m(2). For TNM stage, 68 patients were stage IA, 24 were stage IIA and 8 were stage IIB. Postoperative functional results and postoperative complications of radical gastrectomy with Giraffe reconstruction were analyzed and summarized. Gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) score and postoperative endoscopy were used to evaluate the occurrence of reflux esophagitis and its grade (grade N, grade A, grade B, grade C, and grade D from mild to severe reflux). The continuous data conforming to normal distribution were expressed as (mean ± standard deviation), and those with skewed distribution were presented as median (Q1, Q3). Results: All the 100 patients successfully completed R0 resection, including 77 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery and 23 patients undergoing laparotomy. The Giraffe anastomosis time was (38.6±14.0) min; the blood loss was (73.0±18.4) ml; the postoperative hospital stay was 9.5 (8.2, 13.0) d; the hospitalization cost was (6.0±0.3) ten thousand yuan. Fourteen cases developed perioperative complications (14.0%), including 7 cases of pleural effusion or pneumonia, 3 cases of anastomotic leakage, 2 cases of gastric emptying disorder, 1 case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 1 case of anastomotic stenosis, who were all improved and discharged after symptomatic management. Patients were followed up for (33.3±1.6) months. Eight patients were found to have reflux symptoms by RDQ scale six months after surgery, and 11 patients (11/100,11.0%) were found to have reflux esophagitis by gastroscopy, including 6 in grade A, 3 in grade B, and 2 in grade C. All the patients could control their reflux symptoms with behavioral guidance or oral PPIs. Conclusion: Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction has good anti-reflux efficacy and gastric emptying function; it can be one of the choices of reconstruction methods after proximal gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic/etiology , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Laparoscopy , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936100

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and preliminary technical experience of the double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis after total laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (TLPG) in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods: A descriptive case series study method was used. Clinical data of 12 AEG patients who underwent the double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis after TLPG from January 2021 to June 2021 at the Department of General Surgery, First Medical Center, PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 12 patients, the median tumor diameter was 2.0 (1.5-2.9) cm, and the pathological stage was T1-3N0-3aM0. All the patients routinely underwent TLPG and D2 lymph node dissection with double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis: (1) Double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis: mesentery 25 cm away from the Trevor ligament was treated, and an incision of about 1 cm was made on the mesenteric border of the intestinal wall and the right wall of the esophagus, two arms of the linear cutting closure were inserted, and esophagojejunal side-to-side anastomosis was performed. A linear stapler was used to cut off the lower edge of the anastomosis and close the common opening to complete the esophagojejunal π-shaped anastomosis. (2) Side-to-side gastrojejunostomy anastomosis: an incision of about 1 cm was made at the jejunum to mesenteric border and at the greater curvature of the remnant stomach 15 cm from the esophagojejunostomy, and a linear stapler was inserted to complete the gastrojejunostomy side-to-side anastomosis. (3) Side-to-side jejunojejunal anastomosis: an incision of about 1 cm was made at the proximal and distal jejunum to the mesangial border 40 cm from the esophagojejunostomy, and two arms of the linear stapler were inserted respectively to complete the side-to-side jejunojejunal anastomosis. A midline incision about 4-6 cm in the upper abdomen was conducted to take out the specimen, and an abdominal drainage tube was placed, then layer-by-layer abdominal closure was performed.@*INDICATIONS@#(1) adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (Seiwert type II-III) was diagnosed by endoscopy and pathological examination; (2) ability to preserve at least 1/2 of the distal stomach after R0 resection of proximal stomach was evaluated preoperatively.@*CONTRAINDICATIONS@#(1) evaluation indicated distant metastasis of tumor or invasion of other organs; (2) short abdominal esophagus or existence of diaphragmatic hiatal hernia was assessed during the operation; (3) mesentery was too short or the tension was too high; (4) existence of severe comorbidities before surgery; (5) only palliative surgery was required in preoperative evaluation; (6) poor nutritional status.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, time to first flatus and time to start liquid diet, postoperative hospital stay, operation cost, etc. Continuous variables that conformed to normal distribution were presented as mean ± standard deviation, and those that did not conform to normal distribution were presented as median (Q1,Q3). Results: All the patients successfully completed TLPG with double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis, and postoperative pathology showed that no cancer cells were found on the upper incision margin. The operation time was (247.9±62.4) minutes, the median intraoperative blood loss was 100.0 (62.5, 100.0) ml, no intraoperative blood transfusion was required, the incision length was (4.9±1.0) cm, and the operation cost was (55.5±0.7) thousand yuan. The median time to start liquid diet was 1.0 (1.0, 2.0) days, and the mean time to flatus was (3.1±0.9) days. All the patients were discharged uneventfully. Only 1 patient developed postoperative paralytic ileus and infectious pneumonia with Clavien-Dindo classification of grade II. The patient recovered after conservative treatment. There was no surgery-related death. The postoperative hospital stay was (8.3±2.1) days. Conclusion: The double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis after TLPG is safe and feasible, which can minimize surgical trauma and accelerate postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Flatulence , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936093

ABSTRACT

In the surgical treatment of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG), the scope of lymph node dissection, surgical approach selection, extent of tumor resection and digestive tract reconstruction have always been controversial, with the digestive tract reconstruction in AEG facing many challenges especially. The digestive tract reconstruction is related to the extent of resection. At present, the digestive tract reconstruction after total gastrectomy includes Roux-en-Y anastomosis, jejunum interposition and its derivatives. According to different reconstruction methods, they can be divided into tube anastomosis, linear anastomosis and manual anastomosis. Anti-reflux digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy mainly includes esophagogastric anastomosis, interposition jejunum and double channel anastomosis. At present, double channel anastomosis is the most common reconstruction method in China. Based on the concept of interposition tubular stomach and reconstruction of gastric angle for anti-reflux, we propose "Giraffe" anastomosis, which moves artificial fundus and His angle downward to retain more residual stomach, showing good gastric emptying and anti-reflux effect. In this paper, combined with our clinical experience and understanding, we discuss the selection and technical key points of digestive tract reconstruction methods in AEG, and suggest that composite anti-reflux mechanism design may be the development trend of anti-reflux reconstruction in the future. The composite mechanism includes the retention of gastric electrical pacemaker in greater curvature of the middle part of gastric body to increase the emptying capacity of residual stomach, the reconstruction of gastric fundus and His angle anti-reflux barrier, and the establishment of an interposition tubular stomach acting as a buffer zone in Giraffe construction, and so on.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 67(7): 971-974, July 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346952

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the early results of robotic surgery-assisted low anterior resection for rectal cancer and transvaginal specimen extraction, regarding the operative time, operative and early postoperative complications, hospital stay, and pathological reports in a series of 10 patients. METHODS: From November 2016 to October 2019, case series study on patients diagnosed with RC was included in this study. All robotic-assisted low anterior resection of the rectum, vaginal removal of the specimen, colorectal anastomosis, and loop ileostomies were performed using the Da Vinci XI system. RESULTS: The mean age of patient was 64.8 (58-72) years. Low anterior resection was performed to seven patients, and very low anterior resection was performed to three patients. Total mesorectal excision of the rectum, transvaginal specimen extraction, transanal anastomoses, and protective ileostomy were performed in all 10 patients. The mean operative time was 275±30.50 min, and estimated blood loss was 50±10.50 mL. No patient required conversion to conventional surgery. Negative circumferential resection, proximal, and distal margins were accomplished negative. Mean number of lymph nodes harvested was 20±5.5. According to the pathological reports, all were adenocarcinoma. T1 stage was 80.0%, and T2 stage was 20.0%. Lymph node metastasis accounted for 80.0%. CONCLUSIONS: To our literature search, this is the first study reporting the early outcomes of the novel robotic surgery-assisted low anterior resection for rectal cancer and transvaginal specimen extraction by using the Da Vinci Xi system. It can be performed safely and successfully in selected patients by providing an excellent cosmetic body image, which may be important for women.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Middle Aged
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 210-214, June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286996

ABSTRACT

Abstract Jejunal adenocarcinoma is a rare type of primary small bowelmalignancy. It is generally diagnosed at late stages and as a surgical finding, with abdominal pain or discomfort being the main associated symptom. Cases presenting with perforation are even rarer, especially without disseminated disease. The relationship between cancer and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still being studied, as well as the postsurgical evolution of COVID-19 patients and its possible causality of intestinal perforation. We present the case of a perforated jejunal adenocarcinoma in a COVID-19-positive patient, in whom the symptomatology secondary to the perforation led to an early diagnosis, treatment and adequate postsurgical evolution, despite the concomitant condition.


Resumo O adenocarcinoma jejunal é um tipo raro de malignidade primária do intestino delgado, o qual geralmente é diagnosticado em estágios tardios e como achado cirúrgico, sendo a dor ou o desconforto abdominal o principal sintoma associado. Casos que apresentam perfuração são ainda mais raros, principalmente sem doença disseminada. A relação entre câncer e a cornonavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) ainda está sendo estudada, assim como a evolução pós-cirúrgica de pacientes com covid-19 e sua possível causalidade de perfuração intestinal. Apresentamos o caso de um adenocarcinoma jejunal perfurado em um paciente positivo para covid-19, em que a sintomatologia secundária à perfuração levou a um diagnóstico precoce, tratamento e evolução pós-cirúrgica adequada, apesar da condição concomitante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , COVID-19 , Intestinal Perforation , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Intestinal Neoplasms
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