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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240338, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537125

ABSTRACT

Demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) contains bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), hence is osteoinductive. Autologous platelet concentrates exhibit a higher quantity of growth factors. Both these biomaterials aid in bone regeneration when placed in three-wall intrabony defects. However, their efficacy when used alone and in conjugation is not clear. Aim: To assess clinical and radiographic efficacy of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) with microsurgical access flap in the treatment of three-wall intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis patients. Methods: Thirty sites with three-wall intrabony defects were randomly assigned to control and test group by computer generated method. The test group obtained i-PRF mixed with DFDBA while the control group received only DFDBA. Clinical parameters such as site-specific Plaque index (PI), Radiographic intrabony defect depth (IBDD), modified- Sulcular bleeding index (mSBI), Clinical attachment level (CAL), and Probing pocket depth (PPD) were measured at baseline, three and six months. Results: Intragroup comparison within the control group and test group exhibited statistically highly significant variation of mean PI, mSBI, PPD, CAL, and IBDD score from baseline to 3 months and from 3-6 months (p<0.001). However, intergroup comparison demonstrated no statistically significant variation of mean IBDD at all 3 intervals (p>0.05). Conclusion: i-PRF combined with DFDBA enhanced the radiographic and clinical parameters as opposed to DFDBA alone. The role of i-PRF is promising in its capacity for easy obtainability and increased potential to aid in regeneration


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Bone Regeneration , Alveolar Bone Loss , Chronic Periodontitis , Allografts , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 388-396, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449815

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare ligament healing on autograft and allograft in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Methods The selection of appropriate studies was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We made a statistical analysis using a review manager. Electronic reports were searched using the PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane Library databases. The inclusion criteria were animal studies and cellular histology of both grafts as an outcome. Results The initial search revealed 412 potential articles. After duplicates were removed, 246 articles remained. Then, 14 articles were obtained and screened for relevance and eligibility. The relevant articles were searched manually, checking for eligibility and details in order not to miss included reports. Subsequently, 5 studies were included, with a total of 232 samples, reporting the biopsied results with quantitative histology of ligament healing between allograft and autograft. The biopsy samples in those studies were examined under light or electron microscope, to analyze the cellular distribution area and ligamentization stages in each group. Meta-analyses found significant difference between autograft and allograft (Heterogeneity, I2 = 89%; Mean Difference, 95% confidence interval [CI] =-34.92, -54.90, -14.93; p = 0.0006). There is also a significant difference on both graft in cellular count at over 24 weeks (Heterogeneity, I2 = 26%; Mean Difference, 95% CI = -14.59, -16.24, -12.94; p < 0.00001). Conclusion In the current meta-analysis, autograft shows a significant difference when compared to allograft, with more cellular accumulation and faster remodeling response on the ligamentization process being noticed in the former. However, a larger clinical trial will be needed to emphasize this literature's result.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo desta metanálise comparar a cicatrização de ligamentos no autoenxerto e aloenxerto na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). Métodos A seleção dos estudos adequados foi realizada de acordo com as diretrizes de Relatórios Preferenciais para Revisões Sistemáticas e Metanálises (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses - PRISMA). Uma análise estatística foi feita usando um gerente de revisão. Os relatórios eletrônicos foram pesquisados usando os bancos de dados PubMed, Medline e Cochrane Library. Os critérios de inclusão foram estudos em animais e a histologia celular de ambos os enxertos como desfecho. Resultado A pesquisa inicial revelou 412 artigos potenciais. Após a retirada das duplicatas, restaram 246 artigos. Então, 14 artigos foram obtidos e selecionados pela relevância e elegibilidade. Os artigos relevantes foram pesquisados manualmente, verificando sua elegibilidade e detalhando os estudos para não perder os relatórios incluídos. Posteriormente, foram incluídos 5 estudos, com um total de 232 amostras, relatando os resultados de biópsia com histologia quantitativa de cicatrização de ligamento entre aloenxerto e autoenxerto. As amostras de biópsia nesses estudos foram examinadas sob microscópio leve ou eletrônico, para análise da área de distribuição celular e estágios de ligamentização em cada grupo. As metanálises encontraram diferença significativa entre autoenxerto e aloenxerto (Heterogeneidade, I2 = 89%; Diferença média, 95% intervalo de confiança [IC] =-34,92, -54,90, -14,93; p = 0,0006). Também há uma diferença significativa nosdoisenxertosnacontagem celular de mais de 24 semanas (Heterogeneidade, I2 = 26%; Diferença média, 95% IC = -14,59 , -16,24, -12,94; p < 0,00001). Conclusão Na presente metanálise, o autoenxerto mostra resultados significativos quando comparado ao aloenxerto, com mais acúmulo celular e resposta de remode-lagem mais rápida no processo de ligamentizaçãosendoobservadonoprimeiro.No entanto, será necessário um estudo clínico maior para enfatizar o resultado desta literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Allografts
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982241

ABSTRACT

To change the traditional hospital medical supplies rough management mode, the hospitals build an information material management platform which combines suppliers and hospitals, information systems and smart devices, clinical needs and professional operations innovatively. Finally, a lean management system called SPD is formed under the guidance of supply chain integration and supported by supply chain management theory and information technology. It has realized the whole process of consumables circulation information traceability, intelligent service in the hospital, and refined management of consumption settlement. The application of SPD in hospitals effectively improves the informatization level and overall operation efficiency of medical consumables management which is an important part of hospital information construction.


Subject(s)
Hospital Administration , Hospitals , Allografts
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1855-1863, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007523

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although the need for consolidation chemotherapy after successful induction therapy is well established in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1), the value of consolidation chemotherapy before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains controversial.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively compared the effect of the number of pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapies on outcomes of human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling stem cell transplantation (MSDT) for patients with AML in CR1 in multicenters across China. In our study, we analyzed data of 373 AML patients in CR1 from three centers across China.@*RESULTS@#With a median follow-up of 969 days, patients with ≥ 3 courses of consolidation chemotherapy had higher probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) (85.6% vs . 67.0%, P < 0.001) and overall survival (89.2% vs . 78.5%, P  = 0.007), and better cumulative incidences of relapse (10.5% vs . 19.6%, P  = 0.020) and non-relapse mortality (4.2% vs . 14.9%, P  = 0.001) than those with ≤ 2 courses of consolidation chemotherapy. Pre-transplantation minimal residual disease-negative patients with AML in CR1 who received MSDT with ≥ 3 courses of consolidation chemotherapy had a higher probability of LFS (85.9% vs . 67.7%, P  = 0.003) and a lower cumulative incidence of relapse (9.6% vs . 23.3%, P  = 0.013) than those with ≤ 2 courses.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that patients with AML in CR1 who received MSDT might benefit from pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Consolidation Chemotherapy/methods , Siblings , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/etiology , HLA Antigens , Allografts
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009044

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the long-term effectiveness of uncemented allograft-prosthesis composite (APC) for reconstruction of bone defects after proximal femur tumor resection.@*METHODS@#Between June 2007 and March 2014, 21 patients who underwent uncemented APC reconstruction of proximal femur after tumor resection were retrospectively evaluated. There were 9 males and 12 females with an average age of 33.2 years (range, 19-54 years). There were 9 cases of giant cell tumor of bone, 5 cases of osteosarcoma, 4 cases of osteoblastic osteosarcoma, 2 cases of chondrosarcoma, and 1 case of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. Thirteen cases of benign bone tumors were all classified as stage 3 by Enneking staging; and 8 cases of malignant bone tumors were classified as grade ⅡB in 7 cases and grade ⅡA in 1 case according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system. Among them, 7 patients underwent reoperation after recurrence, and the rest were primary operations; 8 patients presented with pathological fractures. The preoperative Harris hip score (HHS) and American Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score was 40 (30, 49) and 9.1±3.5, respectively. The length of osteotomy was 80-154 mm, with an average of 110 mm. At 1 year after operation and last follow-up, HHS and MSTS scores were utilized to evaluate the function of hip joint; the gluteus medius strength score was used to evaluation of the hip abduction function. Image examinations were taken at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after operation and every year thereafter to assess the union of allograft-host bone interfaces. Intra- and post-operative complications were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up 84-163 months (mean, 123.5 months). At 1 year after operation and last follow-up, the HHS and MSTS scores significantly improved when compared with the preoperative scores ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the HHS score, MSTS score, and gluteus medius strength score between the two time points after operation ( P>0.05). Image examination showed that all allograft-host bone interfaces achieved union after 5-10 months (mean, 7.6 months). At last follow-up, all patients had bone resorption, including 11 severe cases, 4 moderate cases, and 6 mild cases; the bone resorption sites included Gruen 1, 2, and 7 regions. Complications included 10 fractures and 1 prosthetic fracture. Local recurrence occurred in 3 patients and pulmonary metastasis in 3 patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Uncemented APC is a reliable method for the reconstruction of bone defects after proximal femur tumor resection. It has the good long-term effectiveness and possesses obvious advantages in the union at the bone-bone surface.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Allografts/pathology , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Resorption/pathology , Bone Transplantation/methods , Femur/surgery , Osteosarcoma/pathology , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982392

ABSTRACT

There is currently a huge worldwide demand for donor kidneys for organ transplantation. Consequently, numerous marginal donor kidneys, such as kidneys with microthrombi, are used to save patients' lives. While some studies have shown an association between the presence of microthrombi in donor kidneys and an increased risk for delayed graft function (DGF) (McCall et al., 2003; Gao et al., 2019), other studies have demonstrated that microthrombi negatively impact the rate of DGF (Batra et al., 2016; Hansen et al., 2018), but not graft survival rate (McCall et al., 2003; Batra et al., 2016; Gao et al., 2019). In contrast, Hansen et al. (2018) concluded that fibrin thrombi were not only associated with reduced graft function six months post-transplantation but also with increased graft loss within the first year of transplantation. On the other hand, Batra et al. (2016) found no significant differences in the DGF rate or one-year graft function between recipients in diffuse and focal microthrombi groups. To date, however, the overall influence of donor kidney microthrombi and the degree of influence on prognosis remain controversial, necessitating further research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Transplantation, Homologous , Tissue Donors , Kidney , Allografts
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of allogeneic femoral head as strut allograft combined with proximal humeral internal locking system (PHILOS) in the treatment of proximal humeral Neer grade Ⅳ fracture with humeral head collapse.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to November 2020, 18 patients with Neer grade Ⅳ fracture with humeral head collapse were treated with strut allograft with PHILOS, including 4 males and 14 females, aged from 55 to 78 years old, with an average of (68.11±7.20) years old. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative drainage volume, fracture healing time, neck-shaft angle and the height of the humeral head, failure of internal fixation the shoulder function at the last follow-up was assessed using Neer's scoring system.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 10 to 12 months, with an average of (11.08±0.65) months. The operation time was (66.44±5.06) min, the intraoperative bleeding volume was (206.67±36.14) ml, the postoperative drainage volume was (76.11±9.63) ml, and the fracture healing time was (17.28±3.92) weeks. At the last follow-up, the degree of loss of neck-shaft angle was (5.44±0.86) ° and the loss of the height of humeral head was (1.43±0.27) mm. All 18 patients had healing without complications such as fracture, withdrawal, penetration of internal fixation and necrosis of humeral head. According to Neer's evaluation standard, the total score was (89.61±5.60), 10 cases got an excellent result, 6 good, 2 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Allogeneic femoral head combined with PHILOS is an appropriate treatment for the four-part proximal humerus fractures with humeral head collapse, exhibiting good clinic outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Humeral Head , Shoulder , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies , Humerus , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Humeral Fractures , Allografts
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210126, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1521284

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effectiveness of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) compared to DFDBA alone in mandibular grade-II furcation defects. Material and Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on nine patients with chronic periodontitis, each having two almost identical mandibular grade II furcation defects. Test sites (left mandibular first molars) were treated with open flap debridement (OFD), DFDBA, and PRF, whereas control sites (right mandibular first molars) received OFD and DFDBA alone. Clinical parameters (plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), vertical clinical attachment level (VCAL) and horizontal clinical attachment level (HCAL) into the furcation defect) and radiographic measurements (mean alveolar bone defect) were done at baseline and after six months postoperatively. Results: The gain in relative horizontal clinical attachment level (RHCAL) in the test sites was 2.94±0.52 mm compared to 1.33±0.35 mm in control sites (p=0.01). Improvement in mean alveolar bone defect (MABD) (was 1.21±0.5 mm2 at test sites compared to 1.15±0.7 mm2 at control sites) probing pocket depth (PPD), recession, relative vertical attachment level (RVCAL), and percentage of bone fill was found in the test sites compared to control, which statistically insignificant. Conclusion: The test sites had better outcomes than control sites, which was significant for the parameter RHCAL. Therefore, combining the biological benefits of autologous PRF with DFDBA is an efficient and economical treatment modality for the management of mandibular grade II furcation defects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Furcation Defects/pathology , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Allografts , Statistics, Nonparametric , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444931

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La incidencia de seudoartrosis en las fracturas de húmero tratadas de forma conservadora es del 2-10%, y del 15% en aquellas operadas. La definición de seudoartrosis recalcitrante es aún tema de debate. El objetivo es comunicar los resultados de una serie de pacientes con seudoartrosis recalcitrante de húmero tratados con osteosíntesis estable y reconstrucción biológica con aloinjerto mediante una nueva técnica de montaje. Materiales y Métodos: La serie incluyó a 33 pacientes evaluados entre 2012 y 2021, 20 mujeres y 13 hombres (edad promedio 65.4 años). El tiempo de evolución de la seudoartrosis recalcitrante era de 33.3 meses. Todos tuvieron un seguimiento promedio de 33.2 meses. Resultados: Treinta y dos de los 33 pacientes tratados con esta técnica (97%) tuvieron una consolidación completa y uno, una parcial. El período de consolidación promedio fue de 4.6 meses y el de osteointegración completa del aloinjerto, de 8.1 meses. Para la evaluación funcional se consideraron la escala analógica visual, el puntaje ASES, el puntaje de Constant-Murley y los arcos de movilidad del codo. Conclusiones: El manejo de las seudoartrosis recalcitrantes de húmero sigue siendo un dilema y un problema no resuelto aún para los cirujanos experimentados. La combinación entre el uso de un material de osteosíntesis específico sumado al aloinjerto óseo fijado con tornillos aumenta considerablemente la estabilidad mecánica, permite una movilidad precoz, y actúa como un andamio osteoinductor y osteoconductor vital para la consolidación. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Nonunion of the humeral shaft occurs in between 2% and 10% of non-surgically treated fractures and up to 15% of fractures treated with initial open reduction and internal fixation. The definition of recalcitrant nonunion is still under debate. The purpose of this study is to present the outcomes of a series of patients with recalcitrant pseudarthrosis of the humerus who were treated with stable osteosynthesis combined with biological reconstruction using allograft utilizing a novel surgical approach. Materials and Methods: The series included 33 patients treated between 2012 and 2021. 20 women and 13 men, with a mean age of 65.4 years. The evolution time of recalcitrant pseudarthrosis was 33.3 months. The mean follow-up was 33.2 months. Re-sults: Out of a total of 33 patients treated with this technique, 32 (97%) achieved a complete consolidation and one patient had a partial consolidation. The average consolidation period was 4.6 months and the complete osseointegration of the allograft was 8.1 months. For the functional evaluation, the visual analog scale (VAS), ASES score, Constant score and elbow motion arcs were taken into account. Conclusions: Even among experienced surgeons, the treatment of recalcitrant pseudarthrosis of the humerus remains an obstacle and an unsolved challenge. The use of a specialized osteosynthesis material added to a bone allograft fixed with screws significantly increases mechanical stability, allowing early range of motion, and works as an osteoinductive and osteo-conductive scaffold, all of which are essential for consolidation. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Arm , Pseudarthrosis , Diaphyses , Allografts , Humerus
10.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 30(3): 121-130, 2023.
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1519432

ABSTRACT

El labrum acetabular es una estructura fibrocartilaginosa análoga a los meniscos, labrum glenoideo o fibrocartílago triangular. Cumple diferentes funciones biomecánicas como sellado articular, estabilidad articular, resistencia a la traslación, distribución de presiones, etc. En 2003 se describe que el pinzamiento femoroacetabular y la lesión labral son una de las causas de osteoartritis de la cadera. Existen múltiples clasificaciones para lesiones labrales, sin embargo, la de MAHORN incluye en su tipo II al labrum hipoplásico. La literatura define como labrum acetabular hipoplásico cuando el ancho es ≤5 mm, y puede ser de tipo primario (variante anatómica) o secundario (iatrogénica por desbridamiento previo). Existe un amplio espectro en el tratamiento de las lesiones labrales, que dependerá principalmente del tamaño del labrum, el patrón de la lesión, las características del tejido y la zona afectada; desde desbridamiento hasta reconstrucción labral con el fin de preservar la función biomecánica normal de la cadera y evitar el desarrollo de osteoartritis a largo plazo.A continuación, se describe el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, de veintiocho años, con antecedente de pinzamiento femoroacetabular mixto bilateral y labrum acetabular hipoplásico bilateral, sometido a reconstrucción primaria de labrum derecho con aloinjerto cadavérico de peroneus longus e izquierdo con aloinjerto cadavérico de tendo Achillis, para el que se obtuvo un resultado clínico y funcional favorable. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


The acetabular labrum is a fibrocartilaginous structure analogous to the menisci, glenoid labrum, or triangular fibrocartilage. It fulfills different biomechanical functions, such as: joint sealing, joint stability, resistance to translation, pressure distribution, etc. In 2003 it was described that femoroacetabular impingement and labral injury is one of the causes of hip osteoarthritis. There are multiple classifications for labral lesions, however the MAHORN classification includes the hypoplastic labrum in its type II. The literature defines a hypoplastic acetabular labrum when its width is ≤5 mm, and it can be primary (anatomical variant) or secondary (iatrogenic due to previous debridement).There is a wide spectrum in the treatment of labral lesions, which mainly depends on the size of the labrum, the pattern of the lesion, the characteristics of the tissue and the affected area; from debridement to labral reconstruction in order to preserve the normal biomechanical function of the hip and avoid the development of osteoarthritis in the long term.The case of a 28-year-old male patient is described below, with a history of bilateral mixed-type femoroacetabular impingement and bilateral hypoplastic acetabular labrum, who underwent primary reconstruction of the right labrum with peroneus longus cadaveric allograft and left labrum with Achilles tendon cadaveric allograft, obtaining a favorable clinical and functional outcome. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Femoracetabular Impingement , Allografts , Hip Joint , Acetabulum
11.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(6): 1-9, nov. 3, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437587

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Due to the extensive number of studies developed on periodontal pathologies and the clinical need generated to correct bonvze defects, we have carried out an Overview of systematic reviews using the FRISBEE methodology. Material and Methods: Through this study we expect to bridge the knowledge gap generated regarding the clinical question on the effectiveness of autologous bone substitutes and xenografts in maxillary and mandibular bone defects. Results: For this study, we carried out a systematic search in Epistemonikos and PubMed, we included 3 systematic reviews and 5 primary studies included in these reviews to extract their data. We analyzed data using RevMan 5.4. and GRADEpro. Assessed outcomes included: bone gain [MD 0.06 mm lower (0.26 lower to 0.14 higher)] and bone resorption [MD 0.03 mm higher (0.12 lower to 0.18 higher)], where no significant differences were found between the study groups. The certainty of the evidence was moderate for both outcomes. Bone length and bone density outcomes were not measured or reported in the included studies. Conclusion: We concluded that there are no significant clinical differences between the application of autologous bone grafts and xenografts for bone defects correction for the assessed outcomes, therefore, these biomaterials should be applied at the discretion of the clinician and according to the needs and preferences of patients.


Introducción: Debido al extenso número de estudios desarrollados sobre patologías periodontales y a la necesidad clínica generada para corregir defectos óseos, hemos realizado un Overview de revisiones sistemáticas tipo FRISBEE para acortar la brecha de conocimiento generada respecto a la pregunta clínica sobre la efectividad de sustitutos óseos tipo autólogo y xenoinjertos en defectos óseos a nivel maxilar y mandibular. Material y Métodos: Para este estudio realizamos una búsqueda sistemática en Epistemonikos y PubMed, de los cuales incluimos 3 revisiones sistemáticas y 5 estudios primarios incluidos en estas revisiones para extraer sus datos. Los datos fueron analizados a través de RevMan 5.4. Y GRADEpro. Resultados: Los estudios analizaron los desenlaces propuestos: ganancia ósea posterior a la aplicación del injerto óseo [MD 0.06 mm menos (0.26 menos a 0.14 más)] y reabsorción ósea posterior a la aplicación del injerto óseo [MD 0.03 mm más (0.12 menos a 0.18 más)], donde no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos de estudio. La certeza de la evidencia fue moderada para ambos desenlaces. Los desenlaces longitud ósea y densidad ósea no fueron medidos o reportados en los estudios incluidos. Conclusión: Se concluyó que no hay diferencias que sean clínicamente significativas entre la aplicación de injertos óseos autólogos y xenoinjertos para la corrección de defectos óseos para los desenlaces analizados, por lo que, la aplicación de estos biomateriales queda a criterio del clínico, y de acuerdo a las necesidades y preferencias de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation/methods , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Periodontal Diseases , Bone Substitutes , Allografts , Autografts , Heterografts
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 117-122, maio 05,2022. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370755

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o uso de substitutos cutâneos para o tratamento de diversas feridas graves é uma forma eficiente de prevenir infecções e favorecer o processo de reepitelização. No entanto, tecidos biológicos estão suscetíveis a degradação e contaminação. Por isso, devem ser submetidos a rigorosos protocolos de processamento e testes que comprovem suas contribuições benéficas e segurança de aplicação. Objetivo: trazer uma abordagem sobre as principais características dos métodos de criopreservação, glicerolização e liofilização e sua consequencia nos aspectos imunológicos, microbiológicos e de viabilidade tecidual de enxertos de pele humana. Metodologia: foi realizada uma busca online utilizando as palavras chaves "criopreservação", "liofilização", "glicerolização", "enxertos", "processamento tecidual" e "engenharia dos tecidos" em múltiplas combinações nos bancos de dados PubMed, LILACS e ScienceDirect. Resultados: 200 artigos científicos foram obtidos, 26 excluídos por duplicidade, 92 selecionados para leitura integral a partir da leitura de seus resumos e 27 utilizados na construção desta revisão. A liofilização e a glicerolização são métodos semelhantes considerando a viabilidade tecidual. O uso de glicerol traz como principal desvantagem sua citotoxicidade quando comparado aos outros métodos. A criopreservação mantém os tecidos viáveis. Contudo, pode ser mais cara e trazer riscos de transmissão de microorganismos patogênicos. De modo geral, não é bem estabelecido quais os melhores métodos de conservação para uma adequada conservação da viabilidade dos enxertos de pele. Considerações Finais: os 3 métodos, liofilização, glicerolização e criopreservação, possuem aplicabilidade na conservação de enxertos. A falta de padronização na aplicação de enxertos apesar de sua frequente aplicação e a escassez de estudos recentes sobre o tema justificam o presente estudo.


Introduction: the use of skin substitutes for treatment of several wounds is an efficient way to prevent infections and allow the re-epithelialization process. However, biological tissues are susceptible to degradation and contamination. Therefore, they must undergo rigorous processing and testing protocols that prove their beneficial contributions and application security. Objective:to bring an approach on the main characteristics of cryopreservation, freeze-drying and glycerol conservation methods and their implications on immunological, microbiological and tissue viability aspects when applied to human skin grafts. Methodology:a mostly online search was performed using the keywords "cryopreservation", "freeze-drying", "glycerol conservation", "grafts", "tissue processing" and "tissue engineering" in multiple combinations in PubMed, LILACS and ScienceDirect databases. Results: 200 scientific articles were rescued, 26 excluded by duplicity, 92 selected for full reading from the reading of their abstracts and 27 used in the construction of this review. Freeze-drying and glycerol conservation are similar methods, with glycerol conservation having greater economic advantage. The use of glycerol presents cytotoxicity when compared to the other methods. Cryopreservation keeps tissues viable, however, is more expensive and carry risks of transmission of pathogenic microorganisms. Overall, there is a lack of clarity about the importance of viability in the performance of skin grafts. Final considerations: the 3 methods have applicability in graft conservation. The lack of standardization in graft application despite its frequent application and the scarcity of recent studies on the subject justify the present study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cryopreservation/methods , Cryoprotective Agents , Free Tissue Flaps , Allografts , Glycerol , Freeze Drying/methods
13.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 17-25, mayo 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393991

ABSTRACT

En su estado fresco, la membrana amniocoriónica contiene varias células multipotenciales, factores de crecimiento y proteínas de la matriz extracelular que contribuyen a la cicatrización de las úlceras vasculares crónicas. Para demostrar su efectividad, se recurrió a un aloinjerto de membrana placentaria humana fresca para tratar una úlcera venosa crónica, de 12 x 10 cm y con 40 años de evolución, en el zona maleolar interna e izquierda de una paciente de 89 años de edad. Transcurridos 60 días del injerto, la úlcera se encontraba cicatrizada en el 100 % de su superficie, observándose una cicatriz rosada clara en cuyos bordes se apreciaron intentos de pigmentación. El aloinjerto de membrana amniocoriónica humana fresca es una alternativa terapéutica para la curación de úlceras vasculares crónicas persistentes en las extremidades inferiores.


In its fresh state, the amniochorionic membrane contains various multipotential cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix proteins that contribute to the healing of chronic vascular ulcers. To demonstrate its effectiveness, a fresh human placental membrane allograft was applied to a chronic venous ulcer in the lower limb of an 89-year-old female patient with a 12 x 10 cm ulcerated lesion of 40 years of evolution in the malleolar area of her left lower limb. Sixty days after the graft, the ulcer was healed in 100% of its surface and a light pink scar on the edges indicated possible pigmentation. Fresh human amniochorionic membrane allograft is a therapeutic alternative for the healing of refractory chronic vascular ulcers of the lower extremities.


Subject(s)
Varicose Ulcer , Allografts , Amnion
14.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022204, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363533

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the renal replacement therapy (RRT) of choice for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, not every KT is successful and some patients persist on RRT. OBJECTIVE: To model a logistic regression with pre- and post-KT risk covariates capable of predicting secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching stage V of CKD until the first six months post-KT. METHODS: Cohort with KT recipients from Northeastern Brazil. Medical records of KT performed between 2011-2018 were analyzed. KT-recipients with insufficient data or who abandoned follow-up were excluded. The covariables analyzed were: demographic; infectious; pre- and post-KT comorbidities; panel reactive-antibodies; number of HLA mismatches; acute rejection episodes mediated by T-cell (ACR) or antibodies (AAR) six months after KT; and laboratory tests six months after KT. RESULTS: Covariates with higher risk for the analyzed outcomes six months after KT were: elderly KT recipients (OR:1.41; CI95%:1.01-1.99), time between onset of RRT and KT (ΔT-RRT&KT)>10years (OR:3.54; CI95%:1.27-9.87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pre-KT (OR:3.35; CI95%:1.51-7.46), pyelonephritis (OR:2.45; CI95%:1.24-4.84), polyomavirus nephropathy (OR:4.99; CI95%:1.87-13.3), AAS (OR:4.82; CI95%:1.35-17.2), 24h-proteinuria ≥300mg/24h (OR:5.05; CI95%:2.00-12.7) and serum calcium (Ca) <8.5mg/dL (OR:4.72; CI95%:2.00-11.1). The multivariate model presented an accuracy of 88.1% and the mean variance inflation factor is 1.81. CONCLUSION: Elderly-recipients, ΔT-RRT&KT>10 years, pre-KT DM, and post-KT aggressions until six months (pyelonephritis, polyomavirus nephropathy, ABMR, 24h-proteinuria≥300mg/24h, and Ca<8.5mg/dL) are associated with high predictive power for secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching CKD stage V until the first six months post-KT.


INTRODUÇÃO: Transplante renal (TR) é a terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) de escolha para pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). Entretanto, nem todo TR é bem-sucedido e alguns pacientes persistem em TRS. OBJETIVO: Modelar uma regressão logística com covariáveis de risco pré e pós-TR preditora da disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR. MÉTODOS: Coorte com receptores transplantados realizado em hospital no Nordeste brasileiro. Analisou-se registros médicos dos TR realizados entre 2011-2018. Receptores com dados insuficientes ou que abandonaram seguimento foram excluídos. Foram analisadas covariáveis: demográficas; infecciosas; comorbidades pré e pós-TR; painel de reatividade; incompatibilidades de HLA; episódios de rejeições agudas mediadas por células-T ou por anticorpos; exames laboratoriais seis meses pós-TR. RESULTADOS: Receptores idosos (OR:1,41; IC95%:1,01-1,99), tempo entre início da TRS e TR (∆T-TRS&TR)>10 anos (OR:3,54; IC95%:1,27-9,87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pré-TR (OR:3,35; IC95%:1,51-7,46), pielonefrite (OR:2,45; IC95%:1,24-4,84), nefropatia por poliomavírus (OR:4,99; IC95%:1,87-13,3), RAMA (OR:4,82; IC95%:1,35-17,2), proteinúria de 24h (Pt24h) ≥300mg/24h (OR:5,05; IC95%:2,00-12,7) e cálcio sérico (Ca)<8,5mg/dL (OR:4,72; IC95%:2,00-11,1) foram identificadas como covariáveis de maior risco para os desfechos analisados até seis meses pós-TR. O modelo multivariado apresentou acurácia de 88,1% e fator de inflação da variância médio de 1,81. CONCLUSÃO: Receptores idosos, ∆T-TRS&TR>10anos, DM pré-TR e agressões até seis meses pós-TR (pielonefrite, nefropatia por poliomavírus, RAMA, Pt24h≥300mg/24h e Ca<8,5mg/dL), apresentam alto poder preditivo para disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Allografts , Proteinuria , Pyelonephritis , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Immunosuppression Therapy , BK Virus , Disease Progression , Hypocalcemia
15.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 36-42, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392005

ABSTRACT

A Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz apresenta características com comprometimento craniofaciais que incluem carcinomas basocelulares, ceratocístos odontogênicos e fenda labial e/ou palatina. Ceratocísticos odontogênico aparecem durante as primeiras décadas de vida, mais comumente na mandíbula, associados a dentes impactados. O diagnóstico precoce possibilita a cura da lesão, minimiza as deformidades ósseas e pode ser concluído com exames como radiográfico e histopatológico. Relato de caso: Com o objetivo descrever o diagnóstico e analisar as possibilidades de tratamento das manifestações faciais da Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz será relatado um caso clínico de uma paciente infantil. A paciente tem um acompanhamento clínico multidisciplinar com geneticista, oncologista e cirurgião-dentista de 6 anos. Apresentou 5 ceratocisticos odontogênicos, carcinomas basocelulares na região do pescoço, calcificação da foice cerebral, ceratose palmo-plantar e macrocefalia. O tratamento para as lesões císticas foi a enucleação, seguida de osteotomia periférica. O defeito ósseo produzido pela enucleação de cisto mandibular foi enxertado com bloco de osso alógeno do banco de tecidos do INTO-RJ. Conclusão: Constata-se que o Cirurgião-dentista é capacitado para fazer o diagnóstico desta síndrome e encaminhar para o tratamento multidisciplinar. O enxerto alógeno é uma opção adequada de reconstrução de cavidades císticas, beneficiando pacientes do Sistema Único de Saúde... (AU)


Gorlin Goltz Syndrome has features with craniofacial involvement that include basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, and cleft lip and/or palate. Odontogenic keratocysts appear during the first decades of life, most commonly in the mandible, associated with impacted teeth. Early diagnosis enables healing of the lesion, minimizes bone deformities and can be completed with exams such as radiographic and histopathological exams. Case report: In order to describe the diagnosis and analyze the treatment possibilities of the facial manifestations of Gorlin Goltz Syndrome, a clinical case of a child patient will be reported.The patient has a multidisciplinary clinical follow-up with a 6-year geneticist, oncologist and dental surgeon. She had 5 odontogenic keratocystic keratocysts, basal cell carcinomas in the neck region, sickle cerebral calcification, palmoplantar keratosis and macrocephaly. The treatment for cystic lesions was enucleation, followed by peripheral osteotomy. The bone defect produced by the enucleation of a mandibular cyst was grafted with an allogeneic bone block from the tissue bank of INTO-RJ. Conclusion: It is concluded that the dentist is trained to make the diagnosis of this syndrome and refer to multidisciplinary treatment. Allogeneic graft is an appropriate option for the reconstruction of cystic cavities, benefiting patients from the Unified Health System... (AU)


El Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz tiene características con compromiso craneofacial que incluyen carcinomas de células basales, queratoquistes odontogénicos y labio leporino o paladar hendido. Los queratoquistes odontogénicos aparecen durante las primeras décadas de vida, más comúnmente en la mandíbula, asociados con dientes retenidos. El diagnóstico precoz permite la curación de la lesión, minimiza las deformidades óseas y se puede concluir con exámenes como exámenes radiográficos e histopatológicos. Reporte de caso: Con el fin de describir el diagnóstico y analizar las posibilidades de tratamiento de las manifestaciones faciales del Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz, se reportará un caso clínico de un paciente infantil. El paciente tiene un seguimiento clínico multidisciplinario con un genetista, oncólogo y cirujano dentista de 6 años. Presentó 5 queratocísticos odontogénicos, carcinomas basocelulares en la región del cuello, calcificación de la hoz cerebral, queratosis palmoplantar y macrocefalia. El tratamiento de las lesiones quísticas fue la enucleación, seguida de una osteotomía periférica. El defecto óseo producido por la enucleación de un quiste mandibular se injertó con un bloque óseo alogénico del banco de tejidos de INTO-RJ. Conclusión: Parece que el odontólogo está capacitado para realizar el diagnóstico de este síndrome y derivar al tratamiento multidisciplinario. El injerto alogénico es una opción adecuada para la reconstrucción de cavidades quísticas, beneficiando a los pacientes del Sistema Único de Salud... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Osteotomy , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Odontogenic Cysts , Allografts , Congenital Abnormalities , Tooth, Impacted , Cleft Palate , Aftercare , Early Diagnosis
16.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 61-72, feb. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388920

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los aloinjerto cutáneos (AC) son excelentes sustitutos cutáneos temporales, sin embargo, la donación y procura de piel cadavérica, fuente habitual de AC, es baja. Objetivo: Evaluar la factibilidad de utilizar la piel proveniente de abdominoplastías como fuente de AC y su eficacia clínica. Materiales y Método: Entre el 17 de agosto de 2020 al 28 de febrero de 2021 se analizó una cohorte prospectiva de 14 pacientes femeninas sometidas a abdominoplastía por motivos estéticos, que aceptaron donar la piel del colgajo cutáneo abdominal redundante, la cual fue criopreservada. Se utilizaron los AC de piel total criopreservados (ACPTC) en 10 pacientes con diagnósticos de: pie diabético (4), laparostomía contenida (2) herida compleja extremidad inferior (2), sarcoma de cuero cabelludo recidivado (1) y melanoma (1). Resultados: Se obtuvieron 14 colgajos de piel total, los cuales fueron procesados obteniendo una superficie promedio de 302 cm2 y 8,3 láminas de distintos tamaños de utilidad clínica por paciente. En todos los pacientes en que se utilizó ACPTC hubo un prendimiento inicial del AC para posteriormente, en promedio 21 días, presentar una escara necrótica que al ser retirada presentaba un tejido vital adherido al receptor rico en fibroblastos, siendo algunos pacientes auto injertados y otros manejados con cicatrización por segunda intención como tratamiento definitivo. Discusión: Los ACPTC proporcionan una cobertura intermedia, pues una parte se integra en forma definitiva, actuando como un andamiaje biológico para la formación de una interfase sobre la cual se puede autoinjertar o dejar evolucionar con cicatrización por segunda intención y una parte es rechazada. Conclusión: La procura de piel de donante vivo, en pacientes sometidos a cirugías de contorno corporal es un proceso factible, fuente de ACPTC, los cuales permiten una nueva cobertura intermedia con múltiples aplicaciones clínicas.


Introduction: Skin allografts (SA) are outstanding temporary skin substitutes; however, cadaveric skin donation and procurement, a common source of SA, remains low. Aim: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of using skin from abdominoplasties as a source of SA. Materials and Method: A prospective cohort was analyzed from August 17th, 2020 and February 28th, 2021, with 14 female patients submitted to abdominoplasty surgeries for aesthetic motives, who authorized skin donation from the redundant abdominal flap which was posteriorly cryopreserved. Cryopreserved total skin allografts (CTSA) was used in 10 patients with the following diagnoses: diabetic foot (4), contained laparostomy (2) complex wound of the lower limb (2), relapsing sarcoma of the scalp (1), and melanoma (1). Results: 14 CTSA were obtained, which were processed, obtaining an average area of 302 cm2 and 8.3 sheets of different sizes and clinical applications from each patient. In all patients who received CTSA, an initial attachment was observed, followed by the appearance of a necrotic scar in an average of21 days. The peeling of the latter revealed a vital tissue tightly adhered to the receptor and rich in fibroblasts. Some of the patients received autografts, and others were managed with secondary intention scarring as a definite treatment. Discussion: CTSA provide an intermediate coverage since one part is definitely adhered to, acting as a biologic scaffolding for the formation of an interface that can be autografted or left for a secondary intention scarring, and the host rejects the other portion. Conclusión: skin procurement from a living donor in patients submitted to body contour surgeries is a feasible process and significant source of CTSA, which permits a new intermediate coverage with multiple clinical uses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cryopreservation , Abdominoplasty/methods , Allografts/surgery , Skin , Medical Examination , Surveys and Questionnaires , Informed Consent
17.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(4): 148-154, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411044

ABSTRACT

La incidencia de lesiones meniscales en adolescentes ha aumentado debido a la creciente tendencia, en este grupo de edad, de realizar actividades deportivas, una mayor sospecha diagnóstica y mejora en los métodos para su detección. Estas lesiones suelen asociarse a otras patologías, como lesiones de ligamento cruzado anterior o la presencia de menisco discoideo, un factor de riesgo importante. El menisco discoideo fue descripto por primera vez por Young en 1889, es una variación congénita morfológica del menisco lateral o medial, caracterizado por una hipertrofia central y un diámetro mayor de lo normal. Puede ser asintomático o manifestarse con dolor, bloqueo, chasquidos e hinchazón. El tratamiento histórico era la meniscectomía completa, la que se asociaba a cambios degenerativos articulares tempranos, por lo que actualmente se preconiza la saucerización como tratamiento de elección; además, se describe el trasplante meniscal como procedimiento de salvataje, en caso de daño meniscal irreparable. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de doce años sometida a este procedimiento con antecedentes de múltiples intervenciones quirúrgicas en la rodilla izquierda, incluida la meniscectomía parcial, sin resultado clínico favorable. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


The incidence of meniscal injuries in adolescents has increased due to the growing tendency to perform sports activities in this age group, greater diagnostic suspicion, and improvement in diagnostic methods. They are usually associated with other pathologies, such as anterior cruciate ligament injuries and an important risk factor is the presence of a discoid meniscus. The discoid meniscus, first described by Young in 1889, is a congenital morphological variation of the lateral or medial meniscus, characterized by central hypertrophy and a larger diameter than normal meniscus. It can be asymptomatic or manifest with pain, blockage, clicking and swelling. The historical treatment was complete meniscectomy, which was associated with early degenerative joint changes, nowadays saucerization is recommended as the treatment of choice. In addition, the meniscal transplant is described as a salvage procedure, in case of irreparable meniscal damage. We present the case of a twelve-year-old female patient who underwent this procedure with a history of multiple surgical interventions on the left knee, including partial meniscectomy, without a favorable clinical result. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Allografts , Meniscectomy , Knee Joint/surgery
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of locking plate fixation with a fibular strut allograft (FA group) and locking plate fixation alone (LP group) in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in adults by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database(CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), WanFang Data, and China Science and Technology Journal Database (cpvip Database) were searched by computer from establishing to March 2020 to collect studies about locking plate fixation with fibular strut allograft versus locking plate fixation alone for proximal humeral fractures in adults. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. The postoperative humeral head height changes, neck-shaft angle changes, Constant-Murley score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES)score, visual analogue scale(VAS), varus malunion rate, and screw penetration rate were compared by RevMan 5.3 software for Meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Ten cohort studies were enrolled in a total of 749 patients, 300 patients in the FA group and 449 patients in the LP group. The results of Meta-analysis showed that locking plate with fibular strut allograft was superior to locking plate fixation alone in the changes in humeral head height [MD=-2.69, 95%CI(-3.24, -2.13), P<0.000 01], the changes in neck-shaft angle [MD=-5.65, 95%CI(-7.18, -4.12), P<0.000 01], Constant-Murley score [MD=9.00, 95%CI(4.26, 13.73), P=0.000 2], the ASES score [MD=5.56, 95%CI(4.29, 6.84), P=0.000 01], VAS score [MD=-0.23, 95%CI(-0.37, -0.09), P=0.001], the varus malunion rate [RR=0.22, 95%CI(0.09, 0.53), P=0.000 7] and the screw penetration rate [RR=0.26, 95%CI(0.13, 0.55), P=0.000 3], respectively.While there was no significant difference in the rate of osteonecrosis of the humeral head [RR=1.18, 95%CI(0.57, 2.45), P=0.65].@*CONCLUSION@#For proximal humeral fractures in adults, current evidence shows that locking plate fixation with fibular strut allograft is superior to single locking plate fixation in improving postoperative radiological outcomes and shoulder function, relieving postoperative pain, reducing varus malunion rate and screw penetration rate. However, the efficacy in decreasing the osteonecrosis rate is not clear. Due to limited quality and quantity of the included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Allografts , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humeral Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367131

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas de húmero proximal son frecuentes, particularmente en la población mayor. Los resultados de la fijación con placa bloqueada siguen siendo impredecibles. El soporte de la columna medial jugaría un rol significativo. Nuestro pro-pósito fue evaluar los resultados de la osteosíntesis de húmero proximal con aloinjerto óseo estructural. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron los resultados clínico-radiológicos en 12 pacientes con fractura de húmero proximal tratados con placa bloqueada e injerto estructural endostal. Se definió como pérdida de reducción a un cambio del ángulo cervicodiafisario >5° o en la altura de la cabeza humeral >3 mm. La evaluación clínica incluyó rango de movilidad, puntaje de Constant-Murley, valor subjetivo del hombro, escala analógica visual para dolor y retorno a la actividad habitual. Resultados: Doce pacientes completaron el seguimiento (edad promedio 62.8 años). Diez mantuvieron la reducción. El puntaje promedio de Constant-Murley fue de 82,1; el del valor subjetivo del hombro, del 80%, y el de la escala analógica visual, de 1,9. La elevación anterior fue de 138,3°; la rotación externa, de 49,5°, y la rotación interna a nivel de la vértebra de L3. La diferencia de la altura de la cabeza humeral y el ángulo cervicodiafisario fue de 2,3 mm y 4,92°. No hubo complicaciones. Conclusiones: La osteosíntesis con placa bloqueada y aumento con injerto estructural endomedular es una técnica fiable para tratar fracturas de cuello quirúrgico del húmero. Proporciona soporte al cuello humeral y mantiene la reducción en la fractura de húmero proximal con rotura de la bisagra medial. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Proximal humeral fractures (PHF) are common, particularly in the elderly. To date, locking plate fixation continues to provide unpredictable outcomes. Medial hinge support plays a significant role in stability until the bone heals. We aim to evaluate the outcomes of plate fixation with endosteal strut allograft augmentation in the treatment of PHF. Materials and methods: We evaluated clinical and radiological outcomes in the medium-term follow-up of 12 patients with PHF who were treated with plate fixation and strut allograft augmentation. The strut allograft was introduced into the humeral shaft to add support to the medial hinge. We compared the final follow-up radiographs to those taken immediately after surgery. We defined a loss of reduction if the change in Humeral Head Height or the Neck-Shaft Angle measured over 3 mm or 5°, respectively. The clinical evaluation included range of motion, Constant-Murley (CM) score, Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and return to daily activities. Results: Twelve patients completed follow-up. The patients' average age was 62.8. Ten patients healed without loss of reduction. Average CM and SSV scores were 82.1 and 80%, respectively, and average VAS was 1.9. Anterior elevation averaged 138.3°, external rotation 49.5°, and internal rotation at L3 level. The mean differences in HHH and NSA were 2.3 mm and 4.92°, respectively. We recorded no complications associated to the procedure. Conclusion: Locking plate fixation with endosteal strut allograft augmentation is a reliable technique for the treatment of PHF. It provides support to the humeral neck and maintains reduction in fractures with disruption of the medial hinge. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Range of Motion, Articular , Allografts , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358101

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El uso de aloinjertos conlleva el riesgo de complicaciones. Una de las más frecuentes es la infección. Un importante factor de riesgo de infección con el uso de injertos óseos es la transmisión de gérmenes a través del injerto. Nuestros objetivos fueron determinar si existe una relación entre la posible contaminación de los injertos de este Banco y las infecciones posquirúrgicas; demostrar cómo la selección del donante, la procuración y el procesado del injerto adecuados disminuyen la tasa de contaminación e informar otras complicaciones relacionadas con la calidad del injerto. Materiales y métodos: Se seleccionaron pacientes que recibieron injerto óseo estructural de nuestro Banco. Todos los injertos fueron estudiados microbiológicamente. Se revisaron las historias clínicas, y los pacientes fueron sometidos a una anamnesis y un examen físico, y se les tomaron radio-grafías para detectar infección y otras complicaciones. Se utilizó la Escala de Osteointegración ISOLS. Resultados: En ninguno de los injertos, se detectó contaminación. Se identificó un caso (7,7%) de infección por Klebsiella pneumoniae productora de carbapenemasas y 3 casos (23%) de falta de integración. La integración fue entre buena y excelente en el 77% de los casos, satisfactoria en el 8% y pobre en el 15%. No hubo otras complicaciones. Conclusiones: Existe riesgo de transmisión de infecciones con el aloinjerto estructural. Los criterios reglados de selección de donantes y el control de los procedimientos dentro del banco de huesos disminuyen el riesgo de infección por contaminación del injerto y de otras complicaciones relacionadas con la calidad del injerto. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The use of allografts carries the risk of various complications. Among the most frequent is infection. An important risk factor for infection with the use of bone grafts is the transmission of germs through the graft itself. Our objectives are to determine if there is a relationship between possible contamination of the grafts from this bank and postoperative infections; demonstrate how the proper donor selection, procurement, and processing of the graft decrease the rate of contamination; and report other complications related to the quality of the graft. Materials and methods: We selected patients who received structural bone grafts from our bank. All grafts were microbiologically studied. A review of the health records, anamnesis, physical examination, and radiographs was performed to evaluate infection and other complications. The ISOLS Osseointegration Scale was used to assess the consolidation of the grafts.Results: No graft contamination was detected. One case (7.7%) of infection by carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC) and 3 cases (23%) of nonunion were identified. Consolidation was good to excellent in 77% of cases, satisfactory in 8%, and poor in 15%. No other complications were found. Conclusion: There is a risk for infection transmission with structural allograft. Regulated donor selection criteria and control of bone bank procedures reduce the risk of infection due to graft contamination and other complications related to graft quality. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Bone Banks , Allografts , Infections
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