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2.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 167-176, jan./jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354480

ABSTRACT

Animais presentes em zoológicos frequentemente necessitam de captura e anestesia para a realização de procedimentos clínicos e cirúrgicos. A anestesia total intravenosa apresenta vantagens como redução do estresse cirúrgico e menor depressão cardiovascular e respiratória. Entretanto, ainda são escassas as pesquisas dedicadas dentro deste contexto. Nesse sentido, o objetivo deste relato foi avaliar o protocolo anestésico empregado, visando um procedimento seguro e passível de reversão para a espécie silvestre selecionada. Acompanhou-se a anestesia de um leão (Panthera leo), macho, adulto, proveniente do Zoológico Municipal de Curitiba, submetido a procedimento endodôntico. A medicação pré-anestésica constituiu-se de dexmedetomidina (6 µg/kg), metadona (0,2 mg/kg), midazolam (0,1 mg/kg) e tiletamina-zolazepam (1,2 mg/kg). A indução foi realizada com propofol (1,5 mg/kg) e o animal foi intubado. Visando promover analgesia local, foi realizado bloqueio infraorbitário esquerdo com 5 mL de lidocaína a 2%. A manutenção foi realizada por meio do fornecimento de propofol (0,02-0,1 mg/kg/h), dexmedetomidina (0,5 µg/kg/h) e remifentanil (5 µg/kg/h). O paciente apresentou sedação profunda e foi mantido em plano anestésico cirúrgico; todos os parâmetros fisiológicos monitorados permaneceram estáveis durante todo o procedimento. Após 55 minutos de anestesia o paciente apresentava sustentação espontânea da cabeça, quando foi novamente transportado ao zoológico para soltura no recinto. A ambulação foi considerada normal pelos observadores no zoológico seis horas após a anestesia. Pôde-se concluir que o protocolo realizado se mostrou tanto eficaz quanto seguro para a referida espécie encaminhada ao procedimento em questão.


Zoo animals often require capture and anesthesia in order to undergo clinical and surgical procedures. Total intravenous anesthesia has advantages such as reduced surgical stress and less cardiovascular and respiratory depression. However, specific research on this matter is still scarce. Therefore, the present report aims to evaluate the anesthetic protocol employed, seeking a safe and reversible procedure for the selected wild species. A male adult lion (Panthera leo), from the Zoológico Municipal de Curitiba, was subjected to an endodontic anesthesia, under close monitoring. The pre-anesthetic medication consisted of dexmedetomidine (6 µg/kg), methadone (0.2 mg/kg), midazolam (0.1 mg/kg) and tiletamine-zolazepam (12 mg/kg). Induction was performed with propofol (1 mg/kg) and the animal was intubated. In order to promote local analgesia, a left infraorbital block was implemented with 5 mL of 2% lidocaine. Maintenance was undertaken by supplying propofol (0.02-0.1 mg/kg/min), dexmedetomidine (0.5 µg/kg/h) and remifentanil (5 µg/kg/h). The patient exhibited deep sedation and followed the surgical anesthetic plan; all the monitored physiological parameters remained stable throughout the procedure. After 55 minutes of anesthesia the patient showed spontaneous head support, when it was transported back to the zoo. The ambulation was considered normal by the zoo observers 6 hours after the anesthesia. It was concluded that the protocol was both effective and safe for the referred species undergone the procedure reported.


Subject(s)
Animals , Preanesthetic Medication , Tiletamine , Zolazepam , Propofol , Dexmedetomidine , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Anesthetics , Animals, Zoo
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18807, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364413

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate possible changes in the spatial memory of rats and the expression or activity of EGR-1, c-Fos, PKA, and PKC after propofol anesthesia. Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats aged 20 months and 36 Sprague-Dawley rats aged three months were each randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the Morris Water Maze (MWM) group, and the propofol group. In the propofol groups of both young and aged rats, the rats were anesthetized by propofol for two or four hours and then performed the MWM test two days or two weeks after anesthesia to assess cognitive function. EGR-1, c-Fos, PKA, and PKC expressions in the rat hippocampus were determined via immunohistochemistry. For the older rats, the escape latency in the P4h/2d group was significantly prolonged (P < 0.05), and the learning curve was right-shifted in the P4h/2w group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of EGR-1, c-Fos, PKA, and PKC in the MWM groups were significantly higher than those in the control groups (P < 0.05). In the P4h/2d group of aged rats, the expression levels of both PKA and PKC were decreased compared with those of the MWM groups. The decreased expression of both protein kinases may be responsible for the observed impairment after propofol anesthesia


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Propofol/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley/classification , Morris Water Maze Test , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Cognition/classification , Cognitive Dysfunction/pathology , Spatial Memory , Hippocampus
4.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210465, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356729

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To assess the actions performed by the operating room nurse during anesthesia and their behavior for patient safety regarding the reporting on adverse events, and to analyze their knowledge about anesthetic practices. Method: This is a cross-sectional study carried out using an electronic questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic, professional practice, knowledge in anesthesia, patient safety, and professional practice questions, conducted from January to March 2019 with operating room nurses. Results: One hundred nurses participated, 89 (89%) being women, with a mean age of 41.09 years (SD = 9.36), time of undergraduate completion of 14.33 years (SD = 8.34). The average attendance was 4.69 operating rooms (SD = 2.07) per nurse, with an emphasis on action before induction (49; 49%). Professionals reported performance of simultaneous activities (72; 72%) and insufficient number of employees (57; 57%) as difficulties of their daily practice. Among the participants, 77 (77%) correctly cited the periods of general anesthesia and 80.4% always reported the occurrence of an adverse event. Conclusion: Nurses identified their role in anesthesia, with limitations for assistance from multiple activities and lack of professionals.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Evaluar las acciones realizadas por los enfermeros en el quirófano durante la anestesia y sus conductas para la seguridad del paciente en la notificación de eventos adversos, analizando sus conocimientos sobre prácticas anestésicas. Método: Estudio transversal realizado con un cuestionario electrónico compuesto por preguntas sociodemográficas, práctica profesional, conocimientos en anestesia, seguridad del paciente y cuestiones de ejercicio profesional, realizado de enero a marzo de 2019 con enfermeros de quirófano. Resultados: Participaron 100 enfermeros, 89 (89%) mujeres, con una edad media de 41,09 años (DE = 9,36), tiempo de formación de 14,33 años (DE = 8,34). La asistencia media fue de 4.69 quirófanos (DE = 2.07) por enfermero, con énfasis en la actuación antes de la inducción (49; 49%). Los profesionales informaron como limitación de su práctica diaria la ejecución de actividades simultáneas (72; 72%) y la insuficiencia de empleados (57; 57%). Entre los participantes, 77 (77%) citaron correctamente los períodos de anestesia general y el 80,4% siempre reportaron la ocurrencia de un evento adverso. Conclusión: Los enfermeros identificaron su papel en la anestesia, con limitaciones en la atención por múltiples actividades y falta de profesionales.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar as ações executadas pelo enfermeiro de centro cirúrgico durante a anestesia e suas condutas para segurança do paciente quanto à notificação de eventos adversos, analisar o seu conhecimento sobre as práticas anestésicas. Método: Estudo transversal realizado com questionário eletrônico composto por perguntas sócio-demográficas, prática profissional, conhecimento em anestesia, segurança do paciente e questões de exercício profissional, conduzido de janeiro a março de 2019 com enfermeiros de centro cirúrgico. Resultados: Participaram 100 enfermeiros, sendo 89 (89%) do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 41,09 anos (DP = 9,36), tempo de formação de 14,33 anos (DP = 8,34). A média de atendimento foi de 4,69 salas operatórias (DP = 2,07) por enfermeiro, com destaque para a atuação antes da indução (49; 49%). Os profissionais relataram como limitação de sua prática diária a execução de atividades simultâneas (72; 72%) e funcionários insuficientes (57; 57%). Entre os participantes, 77 (77%) citaram corretamente os períodos da anestesia geral e 80,4% sempre notificavam a ocorrência de um evento adverso. Conclusão: Os enfermeiros identificaram seu papel na anestesia, com limitações para assistência devido a múltiplas atividades e carência de profissionais.


Subject(s)
Perioperative Nursing , Nurse's Role , Anesthesia , Operating Room Nursing , Patient Safety , Professional Practice Gaps
5.
Iatreia ; 34(4): 375-382, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350838

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el SARS-CoV-2 es un nuevo coronavirus descrito por primera vez en China y con alta capacidad de propagación. Su presentación clínica más frecuente son los síntomas respiratorios, aunque se han descrito otros como los gastrointestinales. La transmisión ocurre por gotas, aerosoles, vía fecal oral, conjuntiva, fómites y por contacto directo con fluidos corporales del paciente. En este sentido, los procedimientos realizados en las salas de endoscopia deben considerarse de alto riesgo. Objetivo: describir y analizar las medidas de prevención frente al SARS-CoV-2 para la práctica endoscópica-anestésica u otros procedimientos que requieran sedación, con el fin de disminuir la exposición y así minimizar el contagio del personal de salud. Resultados: la respuesta global se ha enfocado en la utilización de elementos de protección personal para tratar de disminuir el riesgo al que se encuentra expuesto el personal de salud. Sin embargo, debido a la prontitud de la emergencia, no se han podido generar evidencias de alta calidad que permitan dar recomendaciones definitivas. Reflexión: el personal de salud debe tomar todas las medidas de protección que puedan ser consideradas como efectivas, además deconstruir protocolos y fomentar la adherencia a los mismos.


SUMMARY Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 is a new coronavirus described for the first time in China, with high capacity of propagation. Its most frequent clinical presentation is respiratory symptoms; however, others have been described as gastrointestinal. Transmission occurs by droplets, aerosols, oral fecal route, conjunctiva, fomites and by direct contact with body fluids of the patient. In this sense, the procedures performed in endoscopy rooms should be considered high risk. Objective: To describe and analyze preventive measures against SARS-CoV-2 for endoscopic-anesthesia practice or other procedures that require sedation, in order to reduce exposure and thus minimize contagion of health personnel. Results: The global response has focused on the use of personal protective equipment to try to reduce the risk to which health care personnel are exposed, but due to the urgency of the emergency, it has not been possible to generate high quality evidence to give definitive recommendations. Reflection: Health personnel should take all protective measures that can be considered effective, and also deconstruct protocols and encourage adherence to them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus , Personal Protection , Endoscopy , Conscious Sedation , Anesthesia
6.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e401, Oct.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341244

ABSTRACT

Abstract The illegal use of liquid silicone products or biopolymers in gluteal augmentation procedures is giving rise to multiple complications, with a significant negative health impact, both in the short and long-term. The migration of polymers to the sacral and lumbar region represents a major limitation to conducting neuraxial anesthesia procedures. This silicon migration is unpredictable through the superficial tissue as is widely described in the literature. Caudal, spinal and epidural anesthesia may cross the silicone in the fascia and contaminate the neural axis with substances that are highly capable of causing inflammation, edema and tissue necrosis. In order to improve the safety of neuraxial anesthetic procedures and avoid the potential risk of dissemination and contamination of the neural axis, this complication must be ruled out, or be considered an emerging contraindication for these anesthetic procedures.


Resumen La aplicación ilegal de productos como silicona líquida o biopolímeros en procedimientos de aumento de glúteos está generando múltiples complicaciones con gran impacto negativo para la salud tanto a corto como a largo plazo. La migración de polímeros a la región sacra y lumbar representa una importante limitación para la realización de procedimientos de anestesia neuroaxial. Esta migración de silicona es impredecible a través del tejido superficial, la cual está ampliamente descrita en la literatura. Los procedimientos anestésicos caudal, espinal y epidural podrían atravesar los silicomas en la fascia del tejido y contaminar el neuroeje con sustancias con alta capacidad de generar inflamación, edema y necrosis de tejidos. Con el fin de aumentar la seguridad de los procedimientos anestésicos neuroaxiales y evitar el riesgo potencial de dispersión y contaminación del neuroeje, es necesario descartar esta complicación o considerar una contraindicación emergente en estos procedimientos anestésicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Safety , Anesthesia, Conduction , Silicones , Biopolymers , Contraindications, Drug , Anesthesia
7.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e202, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Information regarding the clinical behavior and the anesthetic and perioperative management in pregnant patients with SARS-CoV-2 is starting to appear in the literature in the form of case reports or case series. However, strong evidence and recommendations are still limited. Objective To describe the clinical characteristics, the results of anesthetic and perioperative management, and complications in seroprevalent pregnant women for SARS-CoV-2 infection, delivered by cesarean section. Methodology Observational study in which 107 clinical records of pregnant women who were seroprevalent for SARS-CoV-2 infection were reviewed and analyzed between April and June, 2020. Demographic, clinical and serological data were collected, as well as data on the anesthetic technique and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Results Of the 107 pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection, 99 (92.52%) were asymptomatic and 8 (7.48%) had mild symptoms. The most frequent reasons for cesarean section were cephalo-pelvic disproportion in 20 (18.68%), previous cesarean section in 20 (18.68%) and non-reassuring fetal status in 14 (13.08%). Anesthesia technique was neuraxial in all cases, with spinal used in 100 (93.5%), combined spinal-epidural in 4 (3.7%) and epidural catheter in 3 (2.8%) patients. No deaths had occurred until the third postoperative day of follow-up. Conclusions The majority of pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection are asymptomatic. In this work, spinal, combined spinal-epidural and epidural neuroxial anesthesia techniques were shown to be effective and safe for these patients and their newborn babies.


Resumen Introducción La información del comportamiento clínico, manejo anestésico y perioperatorio en gestantes con SARS-CoV-2 empieza a aparecer en la literatura mediante reportes de casos o serie de casos. Aún son limitadas la evidencia contundente y las recomendaciones. Objetivo Describir las características clínicas, resultados del manejo anestésico, perioperatorio y complicaciones en gestantes seroprevalentes para infección por SARS-CoV-2, cuyo parto fue por cesárea. Metodología Estudio observacional en el cual se revisaron y analizaron 107 historias clínicas de gestantes seroprevalentes para infección por SARS-CoV-2, de abril a junio del 2020. Se recolectaron datos demográficos, clínicos, serología, técnica anestésica y complicaciones intra y postoperatorias. Resultados De las 107 gestantes con infección por SARS-CoV-2, 99 (92,52 %) fueron asintomáticas y 8 (7,48 %) presentaron síntomas leves. Los motivos más frecuentes de cesárea fueron: desproporción céfalo-pélvica 20 (18,68 %), cesárea previa 20 (18,68 %) y estado fetal no tranquilizador 14 (13,08 %). La técnica anestésica fue neuro axial en su totalidad, espinal en 100 (93,5 %), combinada espinal-epidural en 4 (3,7 %) y epidural con catéter en 3 (2,8 %) pacientes. No se registraron muertes hasta el tercer día postoperatorio de seguimiento. Conclusiones Las gestantes con infección por SARS-CoV-2 presentan -en su mayoría- infecciones asintomáticas. En este trabajo, la anestesia neuro axial: espinal, combinada espinal-epidural y epidural, se presentan como técnicas efectivas y seguras para estas pacientes y sus recién nacidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , SARS-CoV-2 , Anesthesia , Peru , COVID-19 , Anesthesia, Epidural
9.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 231-235, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348219

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a aplicação da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem a um paciente com Fratura de Colo de Fêmur no período perioperatório. Metodologia: Relato de experiência realizado no centro cirúrgico de um hospital geral, o qual atende demanda espontânea da capital e do interior do estado da Bahia. O período de realização do estudo foi em agosto de 2019, na cidade de Feira de Santana- BA. Esta experiência foi fruto da vivência de acadêmicos de enfermagem do sexto semestre da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana. Foram respeitados os aspectos éticos da Resolução 466/2012. Resultados: Foi aplicada a Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem no Perioperatório a paciente idoso com fratura de colo de fêmur, conforme cinco fases do processo de enfermagem: Histórico, Diagnóstico, Planejamento, Implementação e Avaliação. Ressalta-se que o referido caso foi analisado de acordo com as Diretrizes Terapêuticas para Fratura de Colo de Fêmur, que demostraram a importância da aplicação da sistematização para um cuidado diferenciado ao paciente idoso com diagnóstico de fratura de fêmur, considerando que a população idosa cada vez mais vem alcançando a longevidade e as quedas são um dos eventos adversos que mais acometem essa população, seguido pela fratura. Conclusão: Este estudo pretende contribuir como instrumento gerencial e de cuidado relevante para a instituição no centro cirúrgico que visem acelerar o tempo de alta, minimizar o risco de complicações, reduzir os custos e favorecer a qualidade de vida dos pacientes idosos com fratura de fêmur a partir da sistematização da assistência de enfermagem perioperatória.


Objective: Describe the application of Nursing Care Systematization to a patient with a femoral neck fracture during the perioperative period. Methodology: Report of an experience carried out in the operating room of a general hospital, which cares for the spontaneous demand of the capital city and the interior of the state of Bahia. The study was held in August 2019 in the city of Feira de Santana, in the state of Bahia. This was the result of the academic experience of nursing students in the sixth semester at the State University of Feira de Santana. The ethical aspects of Resolution 466/2012 were respected. Results: Perioperative Nursing Care Systematization was applied to an elderly patient with a femoral neck fracture, according to five phases of the nursing process: History, Diagnosis, Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation. It emphasizes whether the case was analyzed according to the Therapeutic Guidelines for Femoral Neck Fractures, which demonstrated the importance of applying systematization for differentiated care for elderly patients diagnosed with femoral fractures, considering that the elderly population is living longer, and falls are one of the adverse events most frequently affecting such population, followed by fracture. Conclusion: This study aims at contributing as a relevant management and care instrument for the institution of any surgical center that aims at speeding up discharge time, minimizing the risk of complications, reducing costs, and favoring the quality of life of elderly patients with femur fracture from the systematization of perioperative nursing care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Students, Nursing , Femoral Fractures , Nursing Process , Quality of Life , Perioperative Nursing/education , Surgicenters/supply & distribution , Accidental Falls , Aged , Perioperative Period/nursing , Anesthesia/nursing , Nursing Care/organization & administration
11.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(3): 258-270, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351951

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir las características clínicas y la frecuencia de complicaciones maternas, fetales y neonatales, según técnica de anestesia neuroaxial (AN) en mujeres con síndrome de transfusión feto-fetal (STFF) tratadas con fotocoagulación láser (FL). Materiales y métodos: estudio de cohorte retrospectiva descriptivo. Se incluyeron gestantes con STFF tratadas con FL y AN en la Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali (Colombia) entre 2013-2017. Se excluyeron pacientes con STFF estadio-V de Quintero. Se usó estadística descriptiva. El protocolo fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética de la institución. Resultados: 32 participantes cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y de exclusión. La población estuvo constituida por mujeres jóvenes, multíparas. En el 87,5% de los casos se realizó intervención de urgencia. El 43,7% presentaba el estadio-III de Quintero y en el 56,2 % de las gestantes se utilizó anestesia epidural. Las variables hemodinámicas maternas exhibieron un comportamiento similar, acorde al momento de la cirugía y la técnica neuoraxial implementada. El 65,6 % de las gestantes presentó hipotensión sostenida y el 9,3 % desarrolló edema pulmonar. El 65,6 % de las pacientes experimentó parto pretérmino y el 18,7 % ruptura prematura de membranas. Se registraron 14 muertes fetales y cinco neonatales. No se registraron casos de mortalidad materna. Conclusiones: en pacientes con STFF que requieren FL, el uso de la anestesia epidural, espinal o combinada probablemente se asocia con un comportamiento similar al de las variables hemodinámicas maternas, durante los momentos de la cirugía. Los profesionales que brindan atención a estas gestantes deben estar alerta ante la frecuente aparición de complicaciones maternas, fetales y neonatales. Se requieren estudios prospectivos que evalúen la seguridad y la efectividad de las diferentes técnicas de anestesia neuroaxial en pacientes con STFF.


Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and the frequency of maternal, fetal and neonatal complications in accordance with the neuraxial anesthesia (NA) technique in women with twin-to- twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) treated with laser photocoagulation. Materials and Methods: Descriptive retrospective cohort study of pregnant patients with TTTS treated with laser photocoagulation under NA at Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali (Colombia), between 2013-2017. Patients with Quintero stage VTTTS were excluded. The protocol was approved by the institutional ethics committee. Results: Of the participants, 32 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study population consisted of young, multiparous women. Urgent interventions were performed in 87.5% of cases; 43.7% were Quintero stage III and epidural anesthesia was used in 56.2% of the women. Maternal hemodynamic variables were similar, in accordance with the timing of surgery and the neuraxial technique used. Sustained hypotension occurred in 65.6% of the pregnant women and 9.3% developed pulmonary edema. Pre-term delivery occurred in 65.6% of the patients and 18.7% had premature rupture of membranes. There were 14 fetal demises and five neonatal deaths. There were no cases of maternal mortality. Conclusions: In patients with TTTS requiring laser photocoagulation, the use of epidural, spinal or combined anesthesia is likely associated with similar maternal hemodynamic variables at the time of surgery. Practitioners providing care to these pregnant women must be aware of the frequent occurrence of maternal, fetal and neonatal complications. Prospective studies to assess the safety and effectiveness of the different neuraxial anesthesia techniques in patients with TTTS are required.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Fetofetal Transfusion , Pregnancy, Twin , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, Spinal , Safety , Syndrome , Laser Coagulation , Fetoscopy , Anesthesia
12.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e602, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Radical penectomy (RP) is infrequently performed as it is reserved for specific cases of penile cancer, hence the paucity of reports regarding surgical and anesthetic considerations. Acute postoperative pain, chronic post-surgical pain, concomitant mood disorders as well as a profound impact on the patient's quality of life have been documented. This case is of a patient with diabetes and coronary heart disease, who presented with advanced, over infected penile cancer, depressive disorder and a history of pain of neuropathic characteristics. The patient underwent radical penectomy using a combined spinal-epidural technique for anesthesia. Preoperatively, the patient was treated with pregabalin and magnesium sulphate, and later received a blood transfusion due to intraoperative blood loss. Adequate intra and postoperative analgesia was achieved with L-bupivacaine given through a peridural catheter during one week. Recovery was good, pain was stabilized to preoperative levels and the patient received pharmacological support and follow-up by psychiatry and the pain team.


Resumen La penectomía radical (PR) es una cirugía infrecuente, reservada para casos específicos de cáncer de pene, por lo que hay escasos informes sobre sus consideraciones quirúrgicas y anestésicas. Se ha documentado dolor agudo postoperatorio, dolor crónico posquirúrgico y alteraciones del estado de ánimo concomitantes, así como un profundo impacto en la calidad de vida posterior del paciente. Se presenta el caso de un paciente diabético y cardiópata coronario con cáncer de pene avanzado y sobreinfectado, trastorno depresivo y dolor previo de características neuropáticas, que recibe técnica combinada espinal-peridural para cirugía de penectomía radical. Se le trata también con pregabalina preoperatoria, sulfato de magnesio y transfusión por sangrado quirúrgico. Se otorgó una adecuada analgesia intra y postoperatoria, mediante catéter peridural con L-bupivacaína hasta por una semana. El paciente tuvo una buena recuperación, estabilización del dolor a niveles preoperatorios, controles y apoyo farmacológico por psiquiatría de enlace y equipo del dolor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Penile Neoplasms , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Catheters , Anesthetics , Pain, Postoperative , Psychiatry , Quality of Life , Blood Transfusion , Bupivacaine , Coronary Disease , Depressive Disorder , Pain Management , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Magnesium Sulfate
13.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e400, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280181

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several findings paved the way to the use of the spinal approach for anesthesia. Information about the originators and dates of their discoveries is controversial. According to personal communications, doctors Juan Bautista Montoya y Flórez, in Medellín, and Lisandro Leyva, in Bogotá, in 1904 and 1905 respectively, would appear to be the pioneers of spinal anesthesia in Colombia. Pioneering cases of this procedure carried out in 1901 by doctor Juan Evangelista Manrique and which continued to be performed by his colleagues and assistants of the medical community at the time are documented in the Corporis Fabrica dissertation collection of the National University of Colombia.


Resumen Son varios los hallazgos que contribuyeron al abordaje de la columna vertebral como vía para la administración de anestesia. Los autores y las fechas de tales descubrimientos han sido controvertidos. En Colombia, según fuentes orales, los doctores Juan Bautista Montoya y Flórez, en Medellín, y Lisandro Leyva, en Bogotá, en 1904 y 1905 respectivamente, serían los pioneros de la anestesia raquídea en Colombia. En las tesis de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional, Colección Corporis Fabrica, se documentan los casos pioneros de este procedimiento realizados en 1901, por el doctor Juan Evangelista Manrique y continuados enseguida por sus colegas y ayudantes de la comunidad médica de ese entonces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Spinal/history , Anesthetics, Local , Schools, Medical , Spine , Methods
14.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e201, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Post-anesthetic complications, particularly respiratory complications, continue to be a source of concern due to their high frequency, particularly in pediatrics. Objective: To describe the incidence of respiratory complications in the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity center during a six-month period, and to explore the variables associated with major respiratory complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study based on clinical record reviews. The records of the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity pediatric institution located in Medellin, Colombia, were reviewed. This center uses a nursing-based care model that includes patient extubation in the post-anesthesia care unit. Results: The records of 1181 patients were analyzed. The cumulative incidences of major complications were bronchospasm 1.44%, laryngospasm 0.68% and respiratory depression 0.59%. There were no cases of cardiac arrest or acute pulmonary edema. A history of respiratory infection less than 15 days before the procedure, rhinitis and female sex were associated with major respiratory complications. Conclusions: A low frequency of respiratory complications was found during care provided by nursing staff trained in anesthesia recovery and pediatric airway in the post-anesthesia care unit.


Resumen Introducción: Las complicaciones postanestésicas, especialmente las respiratorias, siguen siendo causa de preocupación por su alta frecuencia, en particular, en la población pediátrica. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de complicaciones respiratorias en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución de mediana complejidad, en un período de seis meses y explorar las variables relacionadas con las complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, basado en la valoración de historias clínicas. Se revisaron los registros de la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución pediátrica de mediana complejidad ubicada en Medellín. Esta institución utiliza un modelo de atención -basado en enfermería- que incluye la extubación del paciente en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos. Resultados: Se analizaron los registros de 1181 pacientes. La incidencia acumulada de complicaciones mayores fue: broncoespasmo 1,44 %, laringoespasmo 0,68 % y depresión respiratoria 0,59 %. No se presentaron casos de paro cardiaco ni de edema agudo de pulmón. El antecedente de infección respiratoria menor a 15 días, rinitis y sexo femenino se asociaron con complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Conclusiones: Durante la atención en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos por parte del personal de enfermería entrenado en la recuperación de la anestesia y de la vía aérea de los pacientes pediátricos, se encontró una baja frecuencia de complicaciones respiratorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Edema , Respiratory Insufficiency , Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Bronchial Spasm , Rhinitis , Laryngismus , Cohort Studies , Colombia , Edema , Heart Arrest , Infections , Nursing Staff
15.
SOBECC ; 26(3): 165-171, 30-09-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1342664

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Testar uma ação educativa entre enfermeiros de centro cirúrgico para discutir as limitações na assistência durante a anestesia. Método: Estudo descritivo de uma situação problema fundamentada na aprendizagem baseada em problemas. Amostra composta de 19 enfermeiros, divididos em três grupos, com a realização de dois encontros para levantamento, resolução de problemas e síntese de conceitos. Resultados: No primeiro encontro, identificaram-se problemas relacionados a operacionalização da assistência, conhecimento e treinamento dos profissionais para execução de cuidados e problemas no processo de trabalho, que impactam as ações dos enfermeiros. No segundo encontro, responderam-se às questões elaboradas com base na revisão de literatura sobre anestesia, diretrizes de cuidados e uniformidade de condutas. Mais da metade dos enfermeiros avaliou que a atividade contribuiu para refletir sobre as ações do enfermeiro na anestesia, as atividades diárias e a postura profissional, a necessidade de envolvimento com a assistência e a revisão de conceitos. Conclusão: O uso da situação problema como metodologia para educação em enfermagem favoreceu a discussão sobre conceitos de anestesia entre os enfermeiros e a reflexão sobre a atuação em sala cirúrgica.


Objective: To test an educational procedure among operating room nurses in order to discuss care limitations during anesthesia. Method: A descriptive study about a problem situation based on problem-based learning. A sample composed of 19 nurses that were divided into three groups which resulted in two meetings for a survey, problem resolution and concept synthesis. Results: In the first meeting, problem limitations were identified in relation to care organization, knowledge, professionals' training for care practice and problems in the work process, which influenced the nurses' actions. In the second meeting, the formulated questions were answered according to the literature review about anesthesia, care protocols and uniformity of actions. More than half of the nurses investigated considered that the activity contributed as a means to reflect on the nurses' actions in anesthesia, daily activities and professional attitudes as well as on the need for involvement with care and review of concepts. Conclusion: The use of problem situation as a methodology for education in nursing supported the conceptual discussions among nurses about anesthesia and the reflection on performance in the operating room


Objetivo: Probar una acción educativa entre enfermeras de un centro quirúrgico para discutir las limitaciones en la atención durante la anestesia. Método: Estudio descriptivo de una situación problemática, basado en el aprendizaje basado en problemas. Muestra compuesta por diecinueve enfermeros, divididos en tres grupos, con dos reuniones de encuesta, resolución de problemas y síntesis de conceptos. Resultados: En la primera reunión se identificaron problemas relacionados con dificultades en la operacionalización de la atención; conocimiento y formación de profesionales para realizar cuidados; y problemas en el proceso de trabajo, que impactan la acción de enfermeros. En el segundo encuentro se respondieron las preguntas elaboradas a partir de la revisión de la literatura sobre anestesia, pautas de atención y estandarización de conducta. Más de la mitad de los enfermeros evaluaron que la actividad contribuyó a reflexionar sobre las acciones de los enfermeros en anestesia, acciones cotidianas y postura profesional, la necesidad de involucramiento con el cuidado y revisión de conceptos. Conclusión: El uso de la situación problema como metodología para la formación en enfermería favoreció la discusión sobre conceptos de anestesia entre enfermeros y la reflexión sobre el trabajo en quirófano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgicenters , Anesthesia , Nursing Care , Nursing , Health Personnel
16.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e748, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289353

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se exponen los resultados de la intervención anestesiológica de pacientes sospechosos o confirmados con COVID-19 (enfermedad por el nuevo coronavirus), atendidos en un hospital clínico quirúrgico designado para la atención de pacientes en el curso de la pandemia. Objetivo: Presentar las experiencias del manejo de los pacientes quirúrgicos afectados o sospechosos de contagio por el nuevo coronavirus (COVID-19). Métodos: Se recogieron los datos de todos los casos atendidos en el Hospital Militar Central Dr. Luis Díaz Soto fueran obstétricos (cesárea) o de otras especialidades (cirugía, ortopedia, urología). Resultados: Se realizaron 49 intervenciones anestésico-quirúrgicas, de ellas 13 cesáreas, 9 traqueostomías, 7 apendicectomías, 7 salpingectomías, 3 fracturas de cadera, y 1 amputaciones, 1 trepanación de cráneo, 2 drenajes de abscesos y 1 necrectomia, 1 nefrostomía, 1 nefrectomía, 1 cura y 2 laparotomías. Se realizaron las cesáreas con anestesia neuroaxialepidural (inyección única 13-26,5 por ciento) el resto de los procederes se realizaron con anestesia general orotraqueal (32-65,30 por ciento) y general endovenosa (4-8,16 por ciento). Fueron confirmados a la COVID-19 el 38,77 por ciento (19). Se egresaron a terapia intensiva 18 pacientes (36 por ciento), de ellos ventilados 12 (24 por ciento). Fueron casos sospechosos a la COVID-19, 30 casos para el 61,2 por ciento. Conclusiones: No ocurrieron accidentes anestésicos, o fallas en el control de la vía aérea, y no ocurrieron muertes perioperatorias. No existió personal contagiado con la COVID 19; el alto número de sospechosos constituyen un riesgo potencial de contagio(AU)


Introduction: The results are presented regarding anesthesiological intervention of patients suspected of or confirmed with COVID-19 (the disease caused by the new coronavirus), treated in a clinical surgical hospital designated for the care of patients during the pandemic. Objectives: To present the experiences regarding management of surgical patients affected by or suspected of infection by the new coronavirus (COVID-19). Methods: The data of all the cases treated in Hospital Militar Central Dr. Luis Díaz Soto were collected, regardless if they were obstetric cases (by cesarean section) or corresponding to other specialties (surgery, orthopedics, urology). Results: Forty-nine anesthetic-surgical interventions were performed, including thirteen caesarean sections, nine tracheostomies, seven appendectomies, the same number of salpingectomies, three hip fracture surgeries, and one amputation, one skull trepanation, two abscess drains and one necrectomy, one nephrostomy, one nephrectomy, one cure and two laparotomies. Cesarean sections were performed under neuraxial (epidural) anesthesia (thirteen single injections, accounting for 26.5 percent of cases). The rest of the procedures were performed under general orotracheal anesthesia (32 single injections, accounting for 65.30 percent of cases) and general intravenous anesthesia (4 single injections, accounting for 8.16 percent of cases). 38.77 percent (19) of cases were confirmed to COVID-19. Eighteen patients (36 percent) were discharged from the intensive care unit, twelve of which had been ventilated, a figure accounting for 24 percent of cases. There were thirty positive cases of COVID-19, accounting for 61.2 percent. Conclusions: There were no anesthetic accidents, failures in the airway control nor perioperative deaths. There were no personnel infected with COVID-19. The high number of suspects constitute a potential risk of contagion(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Care , COVID-19 , Intensive Care Units , Anesthesia
17.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e400, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251500

ABSTRACT

Abstract Perioperative morbidity and mortality are high among patients in the extremes of life undergoing anesthesia. Complications in children occur mainly as a result of airway management-related events such as difficult approach, laryngospasm, bronchospasm and severe hypoxemia, which may result in cardiac arrest, neurological deficit or death. Reports and new considerations that have changed clinical practice in pediatric airway management have emerged in recent years. This narrative literature review seeks to summarize and detail the findings on the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric anesthesia and to highlight those things that anesthetists need to be aware of, according to the scientific reports that have been changing practice in pediatric anesthesia. This review focuses on the identification of "new" and specific practices that have emerged over the past 10 years and have helped reduce complications associated with pediatric airway management. At least 9 practices grouped into 4 groups are described: assessment, approach techniques, devices, and algorithms. The same devices used in adults are essentially all available for the management of the pediatric airway, and anesthesia-related morbidity and mortality can be reduced through improved quality of care in pediatrics.


Resumen Los pacientes en extremos de la vida sometidos a anestesia tienen la más alta morbimortalidad perioperatoria. Los niños se complican principalmente por eventos derivados del manejo de la vía aérea pediátrica (VAP), como dificultad en su abordaje, laringoespasmo, broncoespasmo e hipoxemia severa, que pueden terminar en paro cardiaco, déficit neurológico o muerte. En los últimos años se han informado y retomado aspectos que cambian la práctica clínica sobre la VAP Esta revisión narrativa de la literatura busca concretar y resumir estos hallazgos sobre la primera causa de morbimortalidad en anestesia pediátrica y enfatizar en lo que los anestesiólogos deben conocer, con base en los informes científicos que vienen cambiando la práctica anestésica pediátrica. Esta revisión busca identificar las conductas "nuevas" y concretas que han surgido en los últimos 10 años, y que ayudan a disminuir las complicaciones derivadas del manejo de la VAP Se señalan y describen al menos nueve conductas agrupadas en 4 bloques: Evaluación, técnicas de abordaje, dispositivos y algoritmos. Actualmente se cuenta con prácticamente todos los dispositivos de adultos para el manejo de la VAP y con consideraciones específicas se puede mejorar la calidad de la atención y reducir la morbimortalidad anestésica en pediatría.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Algorithms , Airway Management , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Equipment and Supplies , Anesthesia
18.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 42(2): 187-200, jun./dez. 2021. Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293122

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os sistemas de classificação com linguagens padronizadas se estabelecem em um conjunto de conhecimentos estruturados, conceitos fundados de forma lógica e coerente, com base em suas similaridades. Nesse sentido, identificar um perfil junto a populações pode cooperar para uma melhor definição e compreensão situacional para aquela unidade e/ou pacientes. Objetivos: realizar mapeamento cruzado entre os diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA-I com os registros manuais de enfermagem em sala de recuperação pós-anestésica; e propor intervenções e resultados, segundo linguagens padronizadas. Método: estudo exploratório, retrospectivo com análise estatística descritiva de registros de enfermagem de 187 pacientes que estiveram hospitalizados no período de junho a julho de 2018, em sala de recuperação pós-anestésica de um hospital oncológico. O mapeamento cruzado foi realizado em três etapas: identificação dos indicadores dos diagnósticos; proposição de intervenções e atividades; e indicadores de resultados. Os dados foram analisados e descritos em frequências absoluta e relativa. Resultados: dos 13 domínios da NANDA-I, cinco foram representados; identificaram-se cinco diagnósticos de risco e 11 com foco no problema; observou-se 100% de frequência para os diagnósticos de: Risco de aspiração; Risco de infecção; Risco de queda; Capacidade de transferência prejudicada; Mobilidade no leito prejudicada; Integridade da pele/tissular prejudicada e Conforto prejudicado. Conclusões: para os 16 diagnósticos de enfermagem mapeados, foram selecionadas 22 intervenções e 58 atividades; 23 resultados e 48 indicadores de resultados.


Introduction: the classification systems with standardized languages are established in a set of structured knowledge, concepts founded in a logical and coherent way, based on their similarities. In this sense, identifying a profile with the populations can cooperate for a better definition and situational understanding for that unit and/or patients. Objectives: to perform cross-mapping between the nursing diagnoses of NANDA-I with the manual nursing records in the post-anesthetic recovery room; and, to propose interventions and outcomes, according to standardized language. Method: exploratory, descriptive and retrospective analysis of the nursing records of 187 patients hospitalized from June to July 2018, in the post-anesthetic recovery room of an oncology hospital. Cross-mapping was carried out in three stages: identification of diagnostic indicators; proposition of interventions and activities; and outcomes indicators. The data were analyzed and described in absolute and relative frequencies. Results: of the 13 NANDA-I domains, five were highlighted; were identified five risk diagnoses and 11 focused on the problem; 100% frequency was observed for the diagnoses of: Aspiration, infection and falling risk; Impaired transfer capacity; Impaired bed mobility; Impaired skin/tissue integrity and impaired comfort. Conclusions: from the 16 nursing diagnoses mapped, were selected 22 interventions and 58 activities; 23 results and 48 outcomes indicators.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Records , Postanesthesia Nursing , Standardized Nursing Terminology , Anesthesia
19.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e701, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156367

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La convivencia con la infección por COVID-19 en Cuba supone un reto actual de adaptación a todos los entornos hospitalarios y de salud, creación de protocolos y nuevos modelos de asistencia. La intervención sobre la vía aérea en sus diferentes formas, conlleva un riesgo de contaminación al personal de la salud. Objetivo: Describir las consideraciones anestésicas en los procedimientos laparoscópicos y endoscópicos durante la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, de investigación-acción, apoyado en el análisis de documentos y la observación participante de las acciones tomadas en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso en el curso de los cuatro meses transcurridos a partir de que se identificara el primer caso de COVID-19 en Cuba. Resultados: Se establecieron las recomendaciones anestésicas para el procedimiento de actuación durante la COVID-19 en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso, que dictan las acciones para el tratamiento de los pacientes y la protección de los trabajadores. Esto posibilita mantener la calidad de los servicios médico quirúrgicos en estos escenarios de riesgo. Conclusiones: La evaluación y tratamiento anestésico estandarizado de los pacientes ante el brote de COVID-19 y en la fase poscovid permite optimizar la seguridad del paciente y el personal sanitario. Es importante el cumplimiento de los protocolos dirigidos hacia el control estricto de la parada quirúrgica, uso adecuado de los equipos de protección personal, disminución de los aerosoles con métodos de barrera y la desinfección del salón y equipos al concluir la intervención(AU)


Introduction: Coexistence with COVID-19 infection in Cuba is a current challenge of adaptation to all hospital and health settings, creation of protocols and new models of care. The airway approach in its different forms represents a risk of contamination of the health personnel. Objective: To describe the anesthetic considerations in laparoscopic and endoscopic procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A qualitative, action-research study was carried out, supported by the analysis of documents and participant observation of the actions taken in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery in the course of four months after the first case of COVID-19 was identified in Cuba. Results: Anesthetic recommendations were established for the action procedure during COVID-19 in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery, which dictate the actions for the treatment of patients and the protection of workers. This makes it possible to maintain the quality of surgical medical services in these risk settings. Conclusions: Assessment and standardized anesthetic treatment of patients in the face of the COVID-19 outbreak and in the post-COVID phase allows optimizing the safety of the patient and the healthcare personnel. It is important to comply with the protocols aimed at controlling strictly the surgical setting, proper use of personal protective equipment, reduction of aerosols with barrier methods, and disinfection of the room and equipment at the conclusion of the intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Protocols , Patient Safety , Laparoscopy/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Anesthesia/standards
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 108-114, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153034

ABSTRACT

Ten free-living adult coatis (two males and eight females) were chemically restrained with "ZAD-50", a concentrated formulation prepared with the dehydrated content of a Zoletil/50® vial diluted with 0.25mL of 1% atropine, 0.265mL of Dormiun-V®, and 2.2mL of distilled water, being exactly 3.0mL. The formula was administered to each animal previously captured and physically contained with a net. The loss of righting reflex (RR) occurred at 2.3±0.8 minutes post-injection (MPI), with anesthesia beginning at 4.4±2.7 MPI. Myorelaxant and analgesia were considered excellent at all moments of the evaluation. Conscious reactions were observed at 78.7±22.2 MPI, the return of the RR occurred at 101 ± 18 MPI, and normal ambulation was acquired at 137.0±31.0 MPI. The mean values ​​of physiological parameters measured every 10 minutes between 10 and 50 MPI were 152.2 heartbeats per minute for heart rate, 66.4 respiratory movements per minute for respiratory rate, 39.2oC for rectal temperature, 86.2% for SpO2 and 14.6 mmHg for systolic blood pressure. In the same times, the EEG registered sinus rhythm. No adverse reactions were observed, and the assessed vital parameters remained compatible with the state of chemical restraint.(AU)


Dez quatis adultos de vida livre (dois machos e oito fêmeas) foram contidos empregando-se a formulação denominada "ZAD-50". A fórmula foi preparada a partir do conteúdo desidratado de um frasco de Zoletil/50® diluído em 0,25mL de atropina a 1%, 0,265mL de Dormiun-V® e 2,2mL de água destilada, obtendo-se volume final de 3,0mL. A associação foi administrada, por via intramuscular, a cada animal capturado e contido fisicamente com puçá, em dose calculada por meio de extrapolação alométrica interespecífica. A perda da reação postural de endireitamento (RPE) ocorreu aos 2,3±0,8 minutos pós-injeção (MPI), observando-se início da anestesia aos 4,4±2,7 MPI. Miorrelaxamento e analgesia foram considerados excelentes em todos os momentos da avaliação. Reações conscientes foram observadas aos 78,7±22,2 MPI, o retorno da RPE ocorreu aos 101±18 MPI, e os animais voltaram à ambulação normal aos 137,0±31,0 MPI. Os valores médios dos parâmetros fisiológicos mensurados a cada 10 minutos entre 10 e 50 MPI foram 152,2 batimentos por minuto para frequência cardíaca, 66,4 movimentos por minuto para frequência respiratória, 39,2oC para temperatura retal, 86,2% para saturação parcial de oxigênio e 14,6mmHg para pressão arterial sistólica. Nesses tempos, observou-se ritmo sinusal no eletrocardiograma, e não foram observadas reações adversas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Temperature , Procyonidae/physiology , Respiratory Rate , Heart Rate , Anesthesia/veterinary , Tiletamine/analysis , Zolazepam/analysis , Anesthetics, Combined/analysis , Animals, Wild/physiology
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