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Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 344-350, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009502


Bosworth fracture and dislocation is relatively rare, accounting for about 1% of ankle fractures. It is characterized by the proximal fibula fracture embedded in the posterolateral distal tibia. Due to an insufficient understanding of this fracture, it is easy to cause missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis in clinical practice. Due to the insertion of the fracture, it is challenging to perform closed reduction, and improper treatment is easy to cause complications. Surgical treatment is recommended for this type of fracture. In order to improve the understanding of orthopedic surgeons about Bosworth fracture and dislocation, this paper reports the diagnosis and treatment of 2 cases of Bosworth fracture and dislocation, and reviews the literature on Bosworth fracture's mechanism, diagnosis, classification, complications, and treatment options in recent years.

Humans , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fibula , Tibia
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009139


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the needle puncture safety and clinical efficacy of manual reduction combined with external fixation of ankle frame in the treatment of trimalleolar fracture under the guidance of Chinese Osteosynthesis (CO) theory.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 118 patients with trimalleolar fractures admitted from December 2010 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-three patients were treated with manual reduction combined with external fixation of ankle frame(observation group). Sixty-five patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation with plate and screws(control group). The operation time, hospitalization days, non-weight-bearing time of the affected limb, clinical healing time of fracture, incidence of complications, visual analogue scale (VAS) before and 1 month after operation, and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) score of ankle joint before and 1 year after operation were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Patients in both groups were followed up for more than 1 year. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 70 months, with an average of(35.28±14.66) months. There were statistically significant in operation time, hospitalization days, non-load-bearing time of affected limbs, clinical healing time of fractures and VAS score one month after operation between the two groups. One month after operation, the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group(t=3.343, P=0.001). The operation time of the observation group was significantly shorter than that of the control group(t=9.091, P=0.000). The hospitalization days in the observation group were significantly less than those in the control group(t=5.034, P=0.000). The non-load-bearing time of the affected limb in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group(t=11.960, P=0.000). The clinical healing time of fracture in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group(t=4.007, P=0.000). There was no significant difference in AOFAS score between the two groups one year after operation(t=0.417, P=0.678). In the observation group, there were 2 cases of pinhole infection and 3 cases of loss of reduction less than 2 mm. There were 3 cases of surgical incision infection in the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups(χ2=0.446, P=0.504).@*CONCLUSION@#Manual reduction combined with external fixation is safe and effective in the treatment of trimalleolar fracture under the guidance of CO theory, and the function of ankle joint recovers well after operation. This therapy has good clinical value.

Humans , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , East Asian People , External Fixators , Lower Extremity , Retrospective Studies , Manipulation, Orthopedic/methods , Fracture Fixation/methods , Open Fracture Reduction/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009127


OBJECTIVE@#To explore curative effect of conservative treatment of supination-lateral rotation (SER) with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture by bone setting technique.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2019, 64 patients diagnosed with SER with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture were treated with manipulative reduction and conservative treatment (manipulation group) and surgical treatment with open reduction and internal fixation (operation group), 32 patients in each group. In manipulation group, there were 17 males and 15 females, aged from 15 to 79 years old with an average of (51.42±13.68) years old;according to Lauge-Hansen classification, there were 8 patients with supination external rotation type Ⅲ and 24 patients with type Ⅳ. In operation group, there were 13 males and 19 females, aged from 18 to 76 years old with an average of (47.36±15.02) years old;7 patients with type Ⅲ and 25 patients with type Ⅳ. Displacement of ankle fracture was measured by Digimizer software, and compared before treatment, 3 and 12 months after treatment between two groups. Lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus contraction displacement and posterior malleolus displacement were measured and compared between two groups. Mazur score was used to evaluate ankle joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of (17.16±9.36) months. There were statistical differences in lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus contraction displacement and posterior malleolus displacement in manipulation group before and after reduction(P<0.05). Compared with operation group, there were no statistically significant differences in lateral malleolus shift, lateral malleolus shift, lateral malleolus contraction shift(P>0.05), while there were statistically significant differences in lateral malleolus shift, posterior malleolus shift up and down (P<0.05). Mazur scores of ankle joint at 3 months after treatment in manipulation group and operation group were 68.84±13.08 and 82.53±7.31, respectively, and had statistical differences(P<0.05), while there was no difference in evaluation of clnical effect(P>0.05). There were no differences in Mazur score and evaluation of clnical effect between two groups at 12 months after treatment (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone setting technique could effectively correct lateral displacement of medial malleolus, lateral displacement of medial malleolus, lateral displacement of lateral malleolus and lateral contraction displacement of lateral malleolus in supination lateral rotation type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture, and has good long-term clinical effect, which could avoid operation for some patients and restore ankle function after fracture.

Female , Male , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Conservative Treatment , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Supination , Fibula , Ankle Joint/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009067


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness between the posterolateral approach and the posterolateral combined posteromedial approaches in the treatment of Mason type 2B posterior malleolar fracture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 79 patients with posterior ankle fracture who met the selection criteria between January 2015 and January 2022. There were 62 cases of Mason 2B Pilon subtype and 17 cases of avulsion subtype. Among Mason 2B Pilon subtype patients, 35 were treated with posterolateral approach (group A), 27 patients were treated with combined approach (group B). There was no significant difference in gender, age, injured side, cause of injury, time from injury to operation, preoperative hospital stay, preoperative visualanalogue scale (VAS) score, and intraoperative internal fixation between the two groups ( P>0.05). All patients with Mason 2B avulsion subtype were treated by posterolateral approach, including 7 males and 10 females, aged from 25 to 68 years, with an average of 46.1 years. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, and complications were recorded. The reduction quality was evaluated by Ovadia deals radiographic score, and the ankle function and pain were evaluated by VAS score, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, and ankle range of motion.@*RESULTS@#Mason 2B Pilon subtype: There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, and follow-up time between the two groups ( P>0.05). The radiological evaluation of Ovadia deals in group A was significantly worse than that in group B ( P<0.05). The VAS score in the two groups significantly improved at each time point after operation, and the VAS score and AOFAS score further improved with the extension of time after operation, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). Except that the AOFAS score of group A was significantly lower than that of group B at last follow-up ( P<0.05), there was no significant difference in VAS score and AOFAS score between the two groups at other time points ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the ankle range of motion in group A was significantly less than that in group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of sural nerve injury, deep tissue infection, limitation of toe movement, and traumatic ankle arthritis between the two groups ( P>0.05). Mason 2B avulsion subtype: The operation time was (119.47±20.61) minutes and the intraoperative blood loss was 50 (35, 55) mL. Seventeen patients were followed up 13-25 months, with an average of 18 months. The Ovadia deals score was excellent in 10 cases, good in 6 cases, and poor in 1 case at 1 week after operation, and the excellent and good rate was 94.1%. All fractures healed in 8-18 weeks with an average of 12.35 weeks. There were 1 case of sural nerve injury and 3 cases of traumatic ankle arthritis after operation. No deep tissue infection or limitation of toe movement occurred. The VAS score decreased significantly and AOFAS score increased significantly with time, and the differences were significant between different time points before and after operation ( P<0.05). The ankle range of motion at last follow-up was (56.71±2.47)°.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the posterolateral approach, the combined approach is a better choice for the treatment of Mason 2B Pilon subtype. If the posteromedial bone block does not affect the reduction of the medial malleolus, the posterolateral approach can achieve good effectiveness for Mason 2B avulsion subtype.

Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Arthritis/etiology , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 496-501, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388022


Abstract Objective To evaluate the results obtained from the surgical treatment of malleolar ankle fractures associated with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTFS) injury submitted to conventional surgical procedure for fracture fixation and DTFS fixation by suture button (SB). Methods Forty-nine patients were retrospectively evaluated, with a mean age of 45 years old and a mean follow-up of 34.1 months. Clinical and functional evaluation was based on the visual analogue scale (VAS) and on the American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) for ankle and hindfoot, return to routine activities, and return to sport. Results The postoperative mean AOFAS and VAS were, respectively, 97.06 (confidence interval [CI 95%: 95.31-98.81] and 0.16 [CI 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. All patients returned to previous daily activities, and only 12 showed some residual symptom. There was no postoperative instability in any patient. Forty-six patients returned to sports activities and, of these, only 1 did not return to the level prior to the injury. Only two patients presented SB-related alterations. There was no report of dissatisfaction. Conclusion In malleolar fractures of the ankle with DTFS injury, the fixation of syndesmosis with SB demonstrated excellent postoperative results. Level of Evidence IV, retrospective case series.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados obtidos do tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas maleolares do tornozelo associadas a lesão da sindesmose tibiofibular distal (STFD) submetidas a procedimento cirúrgico convencional de fixação da fratura e fixação da STFD pelo suture button (SB). Métodos Avaliou-se retrospectivamente 49 pacientes com uma média de idade de 45 anos e seguimento médio de 34,1 meses. A avaliação clínica e funcional foi baseada na escala visual analógica (EVA) e na escala American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS, na sigla em inglês) para tornozelo e retropé, retorno às atividades da rotina e retorno ao esporte. Resultados As médias pós-operatórias das escalas AOFAS e EVA foram, respectivamente, 97,06 (índice de confiança [IC 95%: 95,31 - 98,81] e 0,16 [IC 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. Todos os pacientes retornaram às atividades prévias do cotidiano, sendo que apenas 12 apresentaram algum sintoma residual. Não se verificou instabilidade pós-operatória em nenhum paciente. Ao todo, 46 pacientes retornaram às atividades desportivas e, destes, apenas 1 não retornou ao nível prévio à lesão. Apenas dois pacientes apresentaram alterações relacionadas ao SB. Não houve relato de insatisfação. Conclusão Em fraturas maleolares do tornozelo com lesão da STFD, a fixação da sindesmose com o SB demonstrou excelentes resultados pós-operatórios. Nível de Evidência IV, série de casos retrospectiva.

Humans , Male , Female , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Aftercare , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Fractures/rehabilitation , Ankle Joint/surgery
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928496


PURPOSE@#To analyze the curative effect and technical points of a modified posteromedial approach in the treatment of Klammer III posterior Pilon fracture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of patients with Klammer III posterior Pilon fractures were conducted in our department from January 2018 to December 2019. Before the surgery, the patients were fully relieved of swelling and pain, and a comprehensive examination was carried out. The posteromedial approach exposed the posterior and medial fracture block of the distal tibia. According to the fracture of external malleolus, it is determined whether to combine a lateral incision and protect tendons and vascular nerves by a retractor, and then perform a fracture reduction and internal fixation. Postoperatively, the patients were treated with analgesia, detumescence, anticoagulation and rehabilitation exercise. The American orthopaedic foot and ankle society (AOFAS) score and visual analogue score were recorded at regular follow-up after surgery. A t-test was used for the comparison of the preoperative and final AOFAS score.@*RESULTS@#There were 7 male and 13 female (n = 20) included in the study, aged 22 to 88 years (average age 54.2 years). The injury mechanisms were falling from a height (n = 7), traffic accident (n = 6), walking injury (n = 2) and heavy injury (n = 5). The postoperative follow-up duration was 12-24 months (mean 16.95 months). The AOFAS score of the 20 patients before and after surgery were compared. The preoperative AOFAS score was 38.90 ± 3.91, and the final AOFAS score was 80.55 ± 4.20, (p < 0.001). The mean final visual analogue scores at rest, active and weight-bearing walking were 0.30, 0.85 and 1.70, respectively. One patient reported poor postoperative wound healing and required a return to hospital for debridement and anti-infection treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of Klammer III posterior Pilon fractures, the modified posteromedial approach can fully expose the fracture block and the collapsed articular surface of the medial malleolus, achieve good reduction and internal fixation with limited injury of the tendon and vascular nerves, and have a better prognosis.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928303


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical results of modified medial incision in the treatment o f Pilon fracture with medial column compression and evaluate its safety.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients of Pilon fracture with medial column compressiom accepted surgical treatments in the Department of Foot and Ankle at Honghui Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to January 2019. According to the imaging data at admission, 31 cases were diagnosed as closed Pilon fractures, and both preoperative X-ray and 3D CT scan were shown as medial column compressive fractures. All patients underwent modified medial incision with complete data, including 23 males and 8 females;ranging in age from 22 to 65 years old, with an average of (39.5±16.2) years old. All patients underwent modified medial approach combined with other approaches to expose the broken end of fracture. The time from trauma to operation ranging from 7 to 20 days, with a mean of(9.5±5.5) days. The incision and fracture healing were followed up regularly after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up with an average of(15.7±5.5) months(ranged, 13 to 25 months). Preoperative and postoperative routine X-ray and 3D CT examination showed anatomical reduction in 8 cases, and the anatomical reduction rate was 25.81%. Up to the latest follow-up, all 31 fractures had achieved bone healing, and the healing time ranged from 11 to 22 weeks, with a mean of (14.3±4.7) weeks. At the latest follow-up, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot scores ranged from 75 to 89, with a mean of 80.5±4.9, 24 patients got a good result, 7 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved medial approach for Pilon fracture can directly expose the posterior medial, medial and anterior medial of the distal tibia. After reduction under direct vision, the medial compressed and collapsed articular surface are fixed. The clinical curative effect is satisfactory and the wound complications are less. It is recommended for Pilon fracture where compression of the medial articular surface is predominant.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(2): 65-71, dic. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1517600


Los déficits neuromusculares resultantes de las lesiones que comprometen al tobillo, facilitan la aparición de recidivas, por la afectación estructural que no sólo ocurre en los ligamentos, sino también en los nervios y tejido músculo-tendinoso, pudiendo provocar numerosas alteraciones asociadas que provocan inestabilidad crónica. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la eficiencia de la técnica de Broström modificada en pacientes con inestabilidad crónica del tobillo, atendidos en el Hospital Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño y consulta privada entre noviembre 2016 y enero 2020. El tipo de investigación prospectiva, descriptiva, de campo clínico. La muestra la conformaron 31 pacientes. La edad promedio fue 34,4 años, la mayoría de género masculino, y con predominio en el tobillo derecho. Al aplicar la escala EVA en el pre y post quirúrgico, se observó disminución del grado de dolor postquirúrgico con una escala entre 0 y 4. La escala de Karlsson y Peterson aplicada en el lapso de 1 año después del período postquirúrgico a los pacientes, el 90 % estuvo entre 65 y 90 según escala que significa bueno y excelente. Entre la escala EVA y la de Karlsson y Peterson aplicados al año, se observó una relación entre la disminución del dolor y la buena y excelente evaluación funcional. La técnica de Broström modificada demostró tener muy buenos resultados en el tratamiento quirúrgico de la inestabilidad de tobillo(AU)

The neuromuscular deficits resulting from ankle injuries, make possible the appearance of recurrences, due the structural affectation that not only occurs in the ligaments, but also in nerves and muscle-tendon tissue, and can produce numerous associated alterations that cause ankle chronic instability. The objective is to analyze the efficiency of Broström modified technique in patients with chronic ankle instability, treated at the Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño Hospital and private practice from November 2016 to January 2020. A prospective, descriptive and clinical study was made. 31 patients were included. The average age was 34,4 years, majority of male patients, and predominance of right ankle. When applying the VAS scale before and after surgery, a decrease in the degree of postoperative pain was observed with a scale between 0 and 4. The Karlsson and Peterson scale applied in the period of 1 year after the postoperative period to the patients, the 90% were between 65 and 90 according to a scale that means good and excellent. Between the VAS scale and the Karlsson and Peterson scale applied after one year, a relationship was observed between pain reduction and good and excellent functional evaluation. The modified Broström technique has shown to have very good results in the surgical treatment of ankle instability(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroscopy , Lateral Ligament, Ankle , Postural Balance , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , General Surgery , Joint Instability , Ankle
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921906


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of adult ankle fracture with Tillaux-Chaput fracture block.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2018, 15 patients with adult ankle fracture with Tillaux-Chaput fracture block were performed opertaion, including 9 males and 6 females, aged from 27 to 67 years old with an average of (45.6±14.3) years old, 8 patients on the left side and 7 patients on the right side. Fracture healing and complications were observed, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) was used to evaluate recovery of ankle joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 18 to 70 months with an average of (38.1±9.9) months. The incisions healed well at stageⅠ. X-ray reexamination showed all fractures healed well without loosening or breakage of internalfixation. Two patients had symptoms of superficial peroneal nerve injury and recovered gradually after nerve nourishing therapy. Three patients mainfested slightly limits of flexion and extension of ankle joint. AOFAS score of ankle and hind foot at the latest follow up was (85.6±7.9), 9 patients got excellent results, 4 good and 2 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Fix Tillaux-Chaput fracture block with dentate steel plate has advantages of easy operation, stable fixation, and is beneficial to recovery of ankle function. It is not necessary to fix tibiofibular syndesmosis with screws.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Medisur ; 18(6): 1225-1232, nov.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149425


RESUMEN La fractura luxación del tobillo se presenta con alguna frecuencia en la práctica médica. La asociación de una luxación en las fracturas de tobillo modifica su abordaje terapéutico puesto que la articulación no debe permanecer por más de seis horas en dicha situación y por ende se requerirá del tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencia. Son conocidas las complicaciones relacionadas con la no reducción de una luxación en el periodo de tiempo mencionado anteriormente, dentro de estas, la necrosis avascular del astrágalo representa la más temida debido a la incapacidad que genera. Por tales razones se decidió presentar un caso que muestra el tratamiento de una fractura -luxación del tobillo derecho, en una paciente de 30 años de edad, estabilizada mediante el empleo de un mini fijador RALCA, la cual fue seguida por un periodo de cinco años.

ABSTRACT Ankle fracture dislocation occurs with some frequency in medical practice. The association of a dislocation in ankle fractures modifies its therapeutic approach since the joint should not remain for more than six hours in this situation and therefore emergency surgical treatment will be required. Complications related to the non-reduction of a dislocation in the previously mentioned period of time are known; within these, avascular necrosis of the talus represents the most feared due to the disability it generates. For these reasons, it was decided to present a case that shows the treatment of a fracture -luxation of the right ankle, in a 30-year-old patient, stabilized by using a RALCA mini fixator, which was followed for a period of five years.

Humans , Female , Adult , Ankle Fractures/complications , Ankle Fractures/therapy , Ankle Fractures/surgery
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e240, ene.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1139105


RESUMEN Introducción: El tratamiento de las fracturas del tobillo tiene importancia en la recuperación de la movilidad e independencia del paciente geriátrico. Objetivo: Evaluar el resultado obtenido al transcurrir un año del tratamiento quirúrgico mediante reducción y fijación de las fracturas inestables en pacientes mayores de 65 años. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y prospectivo; pacientes mayores de 65 años, atendidos entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 por fractura de tobillo desplazada, en el Hospital Universitario General Calixto García Íñiguez y el Centro de Investigaciones en Longevidad, Envejecimiento y Salud, que fueron evaluados un año después. Resultados: De un total de 31 pacientes, 6 hombres y 25 mujeres con una edad media de 73,4 ± 3,5 años, 12 presentaban deterioro cognitivo, 18 llevaban terapia anticoagulante y 14 ingerían más de cuatro medicamentos diariamente. Predominaron los grupos con 3 y 4 puntos del índice de Charlson, la mayoría se ubicó en ASA III de riesgo anestésico y fracturas Dannis-Weber tipo C, 29 fracturas fueron cerradas. Las complicaciones fueron escasas; 27 de 31 pacientes se ubicaron como excelente o bueno según la escala AOFAS; 3 ± 2 en la escala visual de dolor; 86 por ciento podían realizar sus actividades de la vida diaria, Conclusiones: El resultado del tratamiento quirúrgico de las fracturas de tobillo en mayores de 65 años fue bueno y con baja incidencia de complicaciones que pueden relacionarse con condiciones mórbidas previas(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: The ankle fracture treatment is important in the recovery of mobility and independence of geriatric patients. Objective: To evaluate the results after one year of surgical treatment by reduction and fixation of unstable fractures in patients older than 65 years. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out in patients older than 65 years, treated from January 2017 to December 2018 due to displaced ankle fracture, at General Calixto García Íñiguez University Hospital and the Research Center for Health, Longevity and Aging. These patients were assessed a year later. Results: Out of a total of 31 patients, 6 men and 25 women with a mean age of 73.4 ± 3.5 years, 12 had cognitive impairment, 18 were on anticoagulant therapy and 14 were taking more than four medications daily. Groups with 3 and 4 points of Charlson index predominated, the majority were located in ASA III of anesthetic risk and Dannis-Weber type C fractures, 29 fractures were closed. Complications were rare and 27 out of 31 patients ranked as excellent or good according to the AOFAS scale, 3 ± 2 on the visual pain scale, 86 percent of performing activities of their daily life. Conclusions: The result of the surgical treatment of ankle fractures in people older than 65 years was good and with a low incidence of complications that may be related to previous morbid conditions(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Observational Study
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1124135


Introducción: El manejo terapéutico de las fracturas de maléolo posterior en las fracturas trimaleolares de tobillo continúa en debate. Nuestro objetivo fue realizar una búsqueda de la evidencia científica sobre los aspectos terapéuticos de las fracturas de maléolo posterior en el contexto de las fracturas trimaleolares. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la bibliografía sistematizada por dos revisores, centrados en el manejo terapéutico del maléolo posterior. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 16 artículos clínicos de un total de 1029 pacientes, 8 estudios nivel de evidencia II y 8 de nivel IV. Se sistematizaron las indicaciones quirúrgicas y se analizaron los resultados funcionales y las complicaciones. Conclusiones: La comprensión pato-anatómica de estas fracturas es cada día mayor, principalmente por la utilización habitual de tomografías computarizadas (TC). El tratamiento quirúrgico sobre el maléolo posterior está evidenciando buenos y excelentes resultados funcionales. Para una adecuada decisión terapéutica se debería tener en cuenta ciertos factores: inestabilidad tibiotalar y sindesmótica, congruencia articular y características morfológicas del maléolo posterior. La reducción abierta (RA) y fijación interna con placa de sostén es el tratamiento que ha demostrado mejores resultados a corto y mediano plazo, no encontrando estudios con seguimiento a largo plazo.

Introduction: The therapeutic management of posterior malleolus fractures in trimaleolar ankle fractures continues in debate. Our objective was to conduct a search for scientific evidence on the therapeutic aspects of posterior malleolus fractures in the context of trimaleolar fractures. Materials and methods: A review systematic of the literature was carried out by two reviewers, focusing on the therapeutic management of the posterior malleolus. Results: 16 clinical articles were obtained with a total of 1029 patients, 8 studies level of evidence II and 8 studies level IV. The surgical indications were systematized, and the functional results and complications were analyzed. Conclusions: The patho-anatomical understanding of these fractures is increasing every day, mainly due to the usual use of CT scans. Surgical treatment on the posterior malleolus shows good and excellent functional results. For an adequate therapeutic decision certain factors should be taken into account: tibiotalar and syndesmotic instability, joint congruence and morphological characteristics of the posterior malleolus. Open reduction and internal fixation with support plate is the treatment that has shown better results in the short and medium term, not finding studies with long-term follow-up.

Introdução: O tratamento terapêutico das fraturas do maléolo posterior nas fraturas do tornozelo trimaleolar continua em debate. Nosso objetivo foi realizar uma pesquisa de evidências científicas sobre os aspectos terapêuticos das fraturas do maléolo posterior no contexto das fraturas trimaleolares. Materiais e métodos : Uma revisão sistemática da literatura foi realizada por dois revisores, com foco no manejo terapêutico do maléolo posterior. Resultados: foram obtidos 16 artigos clínicos com um total de 1029 pacientes, 8 estudos com nível de evidência II e 8 estudos com nível IV. As indicações cirúrgicas foram sistematizadas e os resultados e complicações funcionais foram analisados. Conclusões: O entendimento anatomopatológico dessas fraturas está aumentando a cada dia, principalmente devido ao uso habitual de tomografias computadorizadas. O tratamento cirúrgico do maléolo posterior mostra bons e excelentes resultados funcionais. Para uma decisão terapêutica adequada, certos fatores devem ser levados em consideração: instabilidade tibiotalar e sindesmótica, congruência articular e características morfológicas do maléolo posterior. A redução aberta e a fixação interna com placa de suporte é o tratamento que apresenta melhores resultados no curto e médio prazo, não encontrando estudos com acompanhamento a longo prazo.

Humans , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Open Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation, Internal
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202508, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136540


RESUMO Nosso objetivo é descrever a técnica de fixação intramedular (IM) da fíbula no tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas maleolares do tornozelo. A redução é realizada sempre de forma percutânea: quando o traço de fratura é oblíquo simples, utilizamos uma pinça de redução de pontas e quando a fratura apresenta padrão multifragmentar, usa-se tração longitudinal e rotação. Isso reduz as complicações relacionadas à redução aberta e fixação interna com placa. A técnica demonstrou ser simples e reprodutível. Além disso, essa forma de fixação permite apoio precoce do peso corporal, o que acelera o processo de reabilitação e potencialmente acelera a cicatrização da fratura. A fixação IM da fíbula mostrou-se uma opção viável para a fixação do maléolo lateral nas fraturas do tornozelo, devendo ser considerada no arsenal do cirurgião.

ABSTRACT Our objective is to describe the technique of intramedullary (IM) nailing of lateral malleolus in the surgical management of ankle fractures. Fracture reduction is performed either percutaneously with a small pointed reduction clamp in simple oblique fractures or using longitudinal traction and rotation for comminuted fractures, thus reducing complications related to open reduction and internal fixation with a plate. The technique has been shown to be simple and reproducible. In addition, the technique allows early weight bearing, which accelerates rehabilitation and potentially fasten fracture healing. IM nailing is a viable option for the fixation of the of lateral malleolus in ankle fractures and should be considered in the surgeon's armamentarium.

Humans , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Ankle Fractures/diagnostic imaging
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(2): 129-135, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003021


Introducción: La Organización Mundial de la Salud define como persona anciana a toda aquella de entre 75 y 90 años, y los que sobrepasan esta edad se denominan personas de edad muy avanzada. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar los resultados posoperatorios de las fracturas de tobillo tratadas con técnicas MIPO, y de reducción abierta y fijación interna (RAFI), en las que se logró una reducción funcional y biológica en pacientes >75 años. Materiales y Métodos: Entre 2013 y 2017, se evaluó a 13 pacientes >75 años con fractura inestable de tobillo. Seis fueron operados con técnica MIPO y siete, con RAFI. Todos fueron evaluados a los 90 días y a los 18 meses de la cirugía mediante el puntaje de la AOFAS. Resultados: La edad promedio era de 79.7 años (rango 75-95). El puntaje global de la AOFAS fue 97 a los 90 días y 96 a los 18 meses. No se observaron pérdidas de reducción ni vicios de ejes. Conclusión: Nuestro estudio indica que la reducción biológica y funcional en pacientes >75 años es el tratamiento ideal para las fracturas de tobillo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: The World Health Organization defines an elderly person as anyone who is between 75 and 90 years of age, while those older are called old people. The objective of this study was to discuss postoperative results of ankle fractures treated with MIPO and ORIF techniques, achieving a functional and biological reduction in patients older than 75 years. Methods: Between 2013 and 2017, 13 patients beyond the age of 75 with unstable ankle fractures were evaluated. Six were treated with MIPO technique and 7 with ORIF. All patients were evaluated at 90 days and at 18 months postoperatively using the AOFAS score. Results: Mean age was 79.7 years (range 75-95). Overall postoperative AOFAS score was 97 at day 90 and 96 at 18 months. No losses of reduction or shaft defects were observed. Conclusion: Our study indicates that biological and functional reduction in patients older than 75 years is the ideal treatment for ankle fractures. Level of Evidence: IV

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
Acta ortop. mex ; 31(6): 264-268, nov.-dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-949777


Resumen: Introducción: La fractura del tobillo es una de las lesiones más frecuentes del sistema musculoesquelético; existen estudios de población que reportan un aumento en la incidencia de estas fracturas a partir de los años 70 asociado al incremento en la difusión a través de los medios de las actividades deportivas de contacto. Las fracturas trans- y suprasindesmales afectan la sindesmosis y, de no tratarse adecuadamente, dejarán inestabilidad articular. El tratamiento más común es la colocación de un tornillo; existe controversia en la altura a la que este se debe colocar con respecto a la línea articular tibioastragalina. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo y transversal de expedientes clínicos y radiográficos de pacientes operados de fractura bimaleolar; se les dividió en dos grupos: aquellos con el tornillo transindesmal a 2 o 2.5 cm y aquellos con el tornillo a 3.5 cm o más proximal. Se recolectaron 34 casos en total (grupo A: 16 pacientes; grupo B: 18), 22 del sexo masculino y 12 del femenino, de edades entre 19 y 45 años. Resultados: Se aplicó la escala funcional de Olerud-Molander y se midió el claro medial del tobillo para considerar el grado de reducción de la sindesmosis. Se compararon los resultados de ambos grupos. Discusión: El sitio de localización del tornillo de situación a 2.0 cm presentó un porcentaje de 75% de estabilidad articular y 25% de inestabilidad articular, la funcionalidad articular fue relativamente menor en comparación con la colocación del tornillo a 3.5 cm, donde se logró una estabilidad articular de 83.3% y 16.3% de inestabilidad articular.

Abstract: Background: Ankle fractures are one of the most frequent lesions of the musculoskeletal system; there are studies that report an increase in the incidence of these fractures starting in the 1970s, associated with the increased media outreach of sporting activities. Supra- and transyndesmal fractures often lead to injury of the syndesmosis, which, if not treated properly, will leave joint instability. The most common treatment is the placement of a transyndesmal screw; there is controversy on the height in which it should be located with regard to the distal tibial joint line. Material and method: A descriptive, observational, retrospective and transversal study with clinical and radiographic records of patients operated on bimalleolar fractures; they were divided into two groups: those with the transyndesmal screw at 2 or 2.5 cm and those with the screw at 3.5 cm or more proximal. There was a total of 34 cases (group A: 16 patients; group B: 18), 22 male and 12 female, aged between 19 and 45 years. Results: We applied the Olerud-Molander ankle score for the clinical evaluation and measured the radiographic medial space of the ankle to consider the degree of reduction. The results in both groups were compared. Discussion: The location of the screw at 2.0 cm presented a percentage of 75% of joint stability and 25% of joint instability, the joint functionality was relatively smaller in comparison to the placement of the screw at 3.5 cm, with which we achieved a joint stability of 83.3% and 16.3% of joint instability.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Bone Screws , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
Acta ortop. mex ; 31(5): 212-216, sep.-oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886569


Resumen: Antecedentes: Diez por ciento de todas las fracturas de tobillo, 20% de las fracturas tratadas quirúrgicamente y de 1 al 18% de los esguinces presentan lesión de la sindesmosis. Los métodos utilizados para su reducción son tornillos situacionales metálicos o bioabsorbibles, reparación directa y el uso de suturas con o sin botones. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar la función clínica de las fracturas de tobillo B de Weber tratadas con TightRope o con el uso de tornillo situacional. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, comparativo, transversal en el período comprendido de Marzo del 2012 a Marzo del 2015. Se utilizó la escala de AOFAS de tobillo para valorar la función de pacientes con fracturas Weber B con lesión de sindesmosis tratados con tornillo situacional tricortical de 3.5 mm y pacientes tratados con sistema TightRope. Resultados: Se estudiaron 43 pacientes con una media de 47 años de edad. Se realizó la prueba de ANOVA de un factor para comparar los resultados de ambos grupos observando que a los tres, seis y 12 meses el grupo de TightRope presentó una mejoría significativa en cuanto al puntaje de AOFAS en comparación con el grupo de tornillo situacional (p = 0.05). Discusión: El uso del sistema TightRope presenta mejor función clínica en comparación con el tornillo situacional tricortical de 3.5 mm en el corto plazo, de acuerdo con la escala de AOFAS.

Abstract: Background: Ten percent of all ankle fractures, 20% of the fractures treated surgically, and 1-18% of all sprains involve a syndesmosis injury. The methods used for reduction are metal or bioabsorbable syndesmotic set screws, direct repair, and sutures with or without buttons. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical function of patients who sustained Weber B ankle fractures and were treated with the TightRope system or a syndesmotic set screw. Material and methods: An observational, comparative, cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2012 and March 2015. The AOFAS ankle scale was used to assess function in patients with Weber B fractures with a syndesmosis injury treated with a 3.5 mm tricortical set screw or with the TightRope system. Results: Forty-three patients were included, their mean age was 47 years. The single-factor ANOVA test was used to compare the results of both groups. The latter showed that at 3, 6 and 12 months the TightRope group showed a significant improvement based on the AOFAS score, compared with the set screw group (p = 0.05). Discussion: The use of the TightRope system results in better clinical function in the short term compared with the 3.5 mm tricortical set screw, according to the AOFAS scale.

Humans , Fractures, Bone , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Sutures , Bone Screws , Cross-Sectional Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ankle , Middle Aged
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(5): 251-255, sep.-oct. 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-949757


Resumen: La fractura de Bosworth corresponde a un patrón de fractura-luxación del tobillo con luxación fija del segmento proximal de la fíbula posterior al maléolo posterior de la tibia. Es una lesión poco frecuente que requiere un alto índice de sospecha para su diagnóstico. La luxación fija de la fíbula impide la reducción cerrada, por lo que se impone una reducción abierta y la osteosíntesis de los fragmentos de fíbula y/o tibia. Presentamos un caso clínico de una paciente que sufrió esta lesión asociada a fractura del maléolo interno; fue sometida a tratamiento quirúrgico, asimismo se procedió a la artroscopía anterior del tobillo para evaluar la estabilidad de la sindesmosis, exéresis de fragmentos osteocondrales libres, desbridamiento y microfracturas de lesiones condrales inestables del astrágalo. Un año después la paciente permanece con dolor residual ocasional y un rango de movimiento normal comparado con el tobillo contralateral. La fractura de Bosworth es una lesión grave y poco frecuente que requiere un diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento quirúrgico urgente. La utilización de la artroscopía en su tratamiento agudo permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la patología intraarticular asociada y asiste en la evaluación de la reducción adecuada de la fractura y de la estabilidad de la sindesmosis tibiofibular.

Abstract: The Bosworth fracture is a pattern of fracture-dislocation of the ankle joint with fixed dislocation of the proximal part of the fibula behind the posterior malleolus. It is a rare injury, which requires high index of suspicion for diagnosis. Fixed dislocation of the fibula does not allow for closed reduction, so open reduction and fixation of fibula or tibia is required. We present a case report of a patient who suffered a Bosworth fracture, with associated medial malleolus fracture. She underwent surgical treatment with open reduction and internal fixation of the fibula and tibia. We also performed anterior arthroscopy of the ankle, to evaluate the tibiofibular syndesmosis, remove loose osteochondral fragments, and perform debridement and microfracture of unstable chondral lesions of the talus. One year after injury, she remains with occasional pain and a normal range of motion comparing to the contralateral ankle joint. Bosworth fracture is a serious and rare injury, which requires early diagnosis and urgent surgical treatment. Performing ankle arthroscopy in the acute treatment of the Bosworth fracture allows for diagnosis and treatment of associated intra-articular injuries, as well as assisting with adequate fracture reduction and evaluation of the tibiofibular syndesmosis stability.

Humans , Female , Arthroscopy , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Joint Dislocations , Fibula , Ankle , Ankle Joint
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(3): 144-146, may.-jun. 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837774


Resumen: Introducción: la gran mayoría de fracturas epifisiarias pediátricas pueden categorizarse según la clasificación de Salter Harris. Existen otros tipos de patrones como la fractura triplanar y la de Tillaux, la primera es un patrón de fractura complejo con rasgos de fractura en planos sagital, transverso y frontal. Estos tipos de fractura pueden estar asociados a complicaciones importantes como cierre fisiario precoz, desejes y alteraciones de la marcha. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que además de tener una fractura triplanar presentó una fractura de pierna ipsilateral, este complejo escenario de rara ocurrencia fue tratado mediante reducción y osteosíntesis de ambas fracturas. Presentamos este caso para ayudar en el manejo de estas lesiones que como consecuencia de las actividades deportivas a edades tempranas pueden tornarse cada vez más frecuentes.

Abstract: Introduction: the vast mayority of epiphyseal children fractures could be classified according to Salter Harris. There are other types of patterns such as triplanar and Tillaux fractures. The former is a complex type with fracture lines in sagital, axial and frontal planes. These fractures have main complications such as early epiphyseal closure, mechanical axis malalignment and gait disturbances. A clinical case is pictured which had a tibial shaft and ipsilateral triplanar fracture, this complex scenario of rare ocurrence was treated with reduction and osteosynthesis of both fractures. This clinical case is shown to help in the management of these injuries that with the early sport practice initiation, could appear more frequently.

Humans , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Tibia