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Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz (Online) ; 83: 40020, 30 jan. 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1556410


A resposta imunológica pelo SARS-CoV-2 após protocolos vacinais e infecção natural é pouco compreendida. Comparando indivíduos vacinados com esquema heterólogo que receberam um reforço vacinal (imunidade vacinal) com aqueles que apresentaram episódio leve de COVID-19 (imunidade híbrida) no mesmo período, verificamos níveis semelhantes de anticorpos contra SARS-CoV-2. Em culturas de células mononucleares, o estímulo com o antígeno viral induziu produção de citocinas pró-inflamatórias nos dois grupos, entretanto, os níveis de IL-17 foram menores em indivíduos com imunidade vacinal. Nossos resultados sugerem que o reforço vacinal teve efeitos semelhantes à infecção natural pelo SARS-CoV-2 na resposta imunológica de indivíduos previamente vacinados. (AU)

The immune response generated by SARS-CoV-2 vaccination protocols and natural infection remains incompletely understood. We compared individuals who received a heterologous vaccination scheme with a booster shot (vaccine immunity) to those who experienced a mild COVID-19 episode (hybrid immunity) during the same timeframe. Our findings revealed similar levels of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in both groups. Stimulation by viral antigen in mononuclear cell cultures induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in both groups, while individuals with vaccine immunity exhibited lower IL-17. These results suggest that a vaccine booster can induce an immune response in previously vaccinated individuals comparable to that elicited by natural SARS-CoV-2 infection. (AU)

Vaccines , Cytokines , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Immunity , Antibodies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009225


OBJECTIVE@#To explore effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) antibody on knee osteoarthritis (KOA) pain model was evaluated by in vitro model.@*METHODS@#Thirty male SPF rats aged 28-week-old were divided into blank group (10 rats with anesthesia only). The other 20 rats were with monoiodoacetate (MIA) on the right knee joint to establish pain model of OA, and were randomly divided into control group (injected intraperitoneal injection of normal saline) and treatment group (injected anti-NGF) intraperitoneal after successful modeling, and 10 rats in each group. All rats were received retrograde injection of fluorogold (FG) into the right knee joint. Gait was assessed using catwalk gait analysis system before treatment, 1 and 2 weeks after treatment. Three weeks after treatment, right dorsal root ganglia (DRG) were excised on L4-L6 level, immunostained for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and the number of DRGS was counted.@*RESULTS@#In terms of gait analysis using cat track system, duty cycle, swing speed and print area ratio in control and treatment group were significantly reduced compared with blank group (P<0.05). Compared with control group, duty cycle and swing speed of treatment group were significantly improved (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in print area ratio between treatment group and blank group (P>0.05). The number of FG-labeled DRG neurons in control group was significantly higher than that in treatment group and blank group (P<0.05). The expression of CGRP in control group was up-regulated, and differences were statistically significant compared with treatment group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intraperitoneal injection of anti-NGF antibody inhibited gait injury and upregulation of CGRP in DRG neurons. The results suggest that anti-nerve growth factor therapy may be of value in treating knee pain. NGF may be an important target for the treatment of knee OA pain.

Aged , Animals , Male , Rats , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism , Knee Joint , Nerve Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Pain/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Antibodies/therapeutic use
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 269-279, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008094


Plant bioreactor is a new production platform for expression of recombinant protein, which is one of the cores of molecular farming. In this study, the anti DYKDDDDK (FLAG) antibody was recombinantly expressed in tobacco (Nicotiana benthamiana) and purified. FLAG antibody with high affinity was obtained after immunizing mice for several times and its sequence was determined. Based on this, virus vectors expressing heavy chain (HC) and light chain (LC) inoculated into Nicotiana benthamiana leaves by using Agrobacterium-mediated delivery. Accumulation of the HC and LC was analyzed by SDS/PAGE followed by Western blotting probed with specific antibodies from 2 to 9 days postinfiltration (dpi). Accumulation of the FLAG antibody displayed at 3 dpi, and reached a maximum at 5 dpi. It was estimated that 66 mg of antibody per kilogram of fresh leaves could be obtained. After separation and purification, the antibody was concentrated to 1 mg/mL. The 1:10 000 diluted antibody can probe with 1 ng/mL FLAG fused antigen well, indicating the high affinity of the FLAG antibody produced in plants. In conclusion, the plant bioreactor is able to produce high affinity FLAG antibodies, with the characteristics of simplicity, low cost and highly added value, which contains enormous potential for the rapid and abundant biosynthesis of antibodies.

Animals , Mice , Antibodies , Nicotiana/genetics , Agrobacterium/genetics , Bioreactors , Blotting, Western
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 280-285, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528947


Background and Aims: Some studies have reported the coexistence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and celiac disease (CD). However, the prevalence of anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA and IgG) and their screening value in patients with IBD is not yet clear. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of IgA anti-tTG and its potential correlation with disease status in patients with IBD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 patients with confirmed IBD diagnosis at Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. For each patient, all demographic and clinical data including age, extra intestinal manifestations, underlying diseases, types of diseases, and surgical history were collected. IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase titers were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: None of the patients with IBD were positive for IgA anti-tTG antibodies, with a mean titer of 3.31 ± 1.3 AU/mL. Also, the mean titers were not associated with age, gender and various disease clinical features including the disease history, underlying disease, diagnosis type, extraintestinal manifestations, and surgery history. Conclusion: No significant prevalence pattern of IgA anti-tTG antibody was observed in patients with IBD. Accordingly, serological screening for CeD is not recommended in IBD patients, unless in a relevant clinical CeD suspicion. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Immunoglobulin A , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Celiac Disease , Cohort Studies , Antibodies
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530570


Bordetella pertussis es un patógeno exclusivo de humanos que causa la tos ferina, enfermedad respiratoria aguda que afecta principalmente a la población pediátrica. Existen dos tipos de vacunas comercializadas contra este patógeno: celulares y acelulares. Las vacunas celulares han sido extensamente utilizadas y siguen teniendo gran relevancia. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo la estandarización de un ELISA para la cuantificación de anticuerpos IgG contra células enteras de Bordetella pertussis. Para ello se determinó la concentración de recubrimiento, el rango lineal de la curva, los parámetros de precisión intra e interensayo, la especificidad, el valor de corte y el límite de detección. Se determinó como concentración de recubrimiento 0,5 UO/mL de células enteras. La curva estándar utilizando un suero de referencia internacional presentó un buen ajuste a una función polinómica en un intervalo entre las diluciones 1/100 y 1/24.300 con un coeficiente de correlación R2≥0,98. Los coeficientes de variación en los ensayos de precisión intra e interensayo estuvieron en los intervalos establecidos para cada uno (≤10 por ciento, ≤20 por ciento respectivamente). Los resultados obtenidos avalan el empleo de este ELISA cuantitativo para la evaluación de la respuesta a células enteras de Bordetella pertussis en ensayos clínicos(AU)

Bordetella pertussis is a pathogen exclusive to humans that causes pertussis, an acute respiratory disease that mainly affects the pediatric population. There are two types of vaccines commercially available against this pathogen: cellular and acellular. Cellular vaccines have been widely used and continue to be of great relevance. The aim of the present work was to standardize an ELISA for the quantification of IgG antibodies against whole cells of Bordetella pertussis. For this purpose, the coating concentration, the linear range of the curve, the intra- and inter-assay precision parameters, the specificity, the cut-off value and the detection limit were determined. The coating concentration was determined as 0.5 UO/mL of whole cells. The standard curve using an international reference serum presented a good fit to a polynomial function in a range between dilutions 1/100 and 1/24,300 with a correlation coefficient R2≥0.98. The coefficients of variation in the intra- and inter-assay precision tests were in the intervals established for each (≤10percent, ≤20percent respectively). The results obtained support the use of this quantitative ELISA for the evaluation of whole-cell response to Bordetella pertussis in clinical trials(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Immunoglobulin G , Whooping Cough/etiology , Bordetella pertussis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Antibodies
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 952023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515284


Introducción: La síntesis intratecal de anticuerpos contra algunos virus neurotrópicos como sarampión, rubéola y virus varicela zoster en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple, con una frecuencia muy superior a la esperada, llevó a la introducción de la reacción sarampión-rubéola-varicela. La presencia de anticuerpos específicos detectados en el líquido cefalorraquídeo contra dos o más de estos virus apoyó el diagnóstico no solo de la esclerosis múltiple, sino de otras enfermedades autoinmunes que involucran al sistema nervioso central. Objetivo: Identificar la presencia de respuesta inmune intratecal poliespecífica en pacientes pediátricos con proceso neuroinflamatorio independiente del agente biológico involucrado. Presentación de caso: Se estudiaron ocho niños a los cuales, mediante inmunodifusión radial simple y por ensayo inmunoenzimático, se les cuantificaron las concentraciones de inmunoglobulina G y albúmina en suero, y líquido cefalorraquídeo, lo que permitió determinar la síntesis intratecal de inmunoglobulinas. Por métodos inmunoenzimáticos se cuantificaron las concentraciones de IgG específica contra los virus estudiados en suero y líquido cefalorraquídeo, con lo cual se determinó el índice de anticuerpo específico. La reacción sarampión-rubéola-varicela fue positiva en cinco pacientes y los valores medios de este índice se encontraron por encima de 1,5 para citomegalovirus y virus herpes simple. Conclusiones: Se identificaron repuestas neuroinmune antiviral poliespecífica en pacientes pediátricos con proceso neuroinflamatorio(AU)

Introduction: The intrathecal synthesis of antibodies against some neurotropic viruses such as measles, rubella and varicella zoster virus in patients with multiple sclerosis, with a frequency much higher than expected, led to the introduction of the measles-rubella-varicella reaction. The presence of specific antibodies detected in cerebrospinal fluid against two or more of these viruses supported the diagnosis not only of multiple sclerosis, but also of other autoimmune diseases involving the central nervous system. Objective: To identify the presence of polyspecific intrathecal immune response in pediatric patients with neuroinflammatory process independent of the biological agent involved. Case presentation: Eight children were studied and their serum and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin G and albumin concentrations were quantified by simple radial immunodiffusion and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to determine intrathecal immunoglobulin synthesis. The concentrations of specific IgG against the viruses studied in serum and cerebrospinal fluid were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods, thus determining the specific antibody index. The measles-rubella-varicella reaction was positive in five patients and the mean values of this index were found to be above 1.5 for cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus. Conclusions: Polyspecific antiviral neuroimmune antiviral responses were identified in pediatric patients with neuroinflammatory process(AU)

Humans , Adolescent , Immunity/immunology , Antibodies/cerebrospinal fluid
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255152, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529220


O presente estudo buscou investigar a percepção que pacientes adultos de uma unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) oncológica têm acerca da experiência de internação nesse setor. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa e de compreensão. Sete pacientes de um hospital de câncer na região Sul do país foram pesquisados. Eles responderam a uma entrevista semiestruturada, a qual foi gravada e posteriormente transcrita, o que possibilitou o acesso às concepções prévias desses sujeitos acerca da UTI, aspectos psicológicos presentes durante a internação e concepções posteriores à experiência de internamento na unidade. Tais informações foram interpretadas por meio da análise de conteúdo. A partir dos resultados, foi possível verificar que a experiência de internação em contextos de terapia intensiva pode ser afetada, favorável ou desfavoravelmente, pelo conjunto de regras que o paciente traz consigo acerca do que é a UTI. Além disso, foi possível compreender também que os estímulos aversivos existentes nesse ambiente podem ser atenuados pela presença da família e por uma relação acolhedora e sensível com a equipe de saúde, favorecendo, assim, o repertório de enfrentamento do paciente frente a esse momento crítico de saúde.(AU)

This study aims to investigate the perception of adult patients in an oncology intensive care unit (ICU) regarding the experience of hospitalization in this sector. This is a research with a qualitative approach and understanding. Seven patients from a cancer hospital in the southern region of the country were surveyed. They answered a semi-structured interview, which was recorded and later transcribed, on the subjects' previous conceptions about the ICU, psychological aspects present during hospitalization, and conceptions subsequent to the hospitalization experience in the Unit. Such information was interpreted through content analysis. From the results, it was possible to verify that the experience of hospitalization in intensive care contexts can be affected, favorably or unfavorably, by the set of rules that the patient brings with them about what the ICU is. In addition, it was also possible to understand that the aversive stimulus existing in this environment can be attenuated by the presence of the family and by a welcoming and sensitive relationship with the health team, thus favoring the patient's coping repertoire when facing a critical moment of health.(AU)

Este estudio pretendió investigar la percepción que tienen los pacientes adultos sobre la experiencia de hospitalización en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) de oncología. Se trata de una investigación con enfoque cualitativo y de comprensión. Participaron siete pacientes de un hospital oncológico en la región Sur de Brasil. Se aplicó una entrevista semiestructurada, que fue grabada y, posteriormente, transcrita, lo que permitió acceder a las concepciones previas de los sujetos sobre la UCI, los aspectos psicológicos presentes durante la hospitalización y las concepciones posteriores a la experiencia de internación en la Unidad. Dicha información se interpretó mediante análisis de contenido. A partir de los resultados, fue posible constatar que la experiencia de hospitalización en cuidados intensivos puede ser afectada favorable o desfavorablemente por el conjunto de normas que el paciente trae consigo sobre qué es la UTI. Además, se constató que los estímulos adversos existentes en este ambiente pueden mitigarse mediante la presencia de la familia y la relación acogedora y sensible con el equipo de salud, lo que favorece así el repertorio de afrontamiento del paciente ante este momento crítico de salud.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Psychology, Medical , Health , Psycho-Oncology , Intensive Care Units , Anxiety , Pain , Palliative Care , Patient Care Team , Prognosis , Psychology , Quality of Health Care , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy , Rehabilitation , Rest , Safety , Signs and Symptoms , Sleep , Social Support , Stress, Psychological , General Surgery , Terminal Care , Therapeutics , Biopsy , Cancer Care Facilities , Homeopathic Cure , Disease , Risk , Interview , Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems , Life , Affect , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Trust , Depression , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Empathy , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Early Detection of Cancer , Fatigue , Fear , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Patient Comfort , Sadness , Solidarity , Healthcare Models , Psychological Distress , Family Support , Accompanying Family Members , Health Promotion , Health Services , Health Services Accessibility , Immunotherapy , Institutionalization , Loneliness , Medicine , Antibodies , Neoplasms , Antineoplastic Agents
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1322-1333, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426547


Introdução: Com a emergência do SARS-CoV-2 foi disponibilizado uma grande quantidade de ferramentas de diagnóstico. Neste contexto, a falta de vacina, de tratamento e o grande número de casos graves e morte, possibilitou a aprovação emergencial de diversos testes, que ainda necessitam de estudos populacionais para seu registro definitivo. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão de literatura para avaliar as metodologias de diagnóstico disponíveis no Brasil, de acordo com a realidade local de saúde, explorando o momento epidemiológico a complexidade do teste e a finalidade da sua aplicação. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, descritivo do tipo revisão de literatura. Foram utilizadas as seguintes bases de dados científicos para buscas: PUBMED, MEDLINE, LILACS E COCHRANE LIBRARY, através de descritores selecionados na plataforma DECS. Resultados: O cenário de diversos ensaios, baseados em diferentes metodologias, como os testes baseados em RNA viral, em detecção de antígenos virais ou de anticorpos, associados ao conhecimento da história natural do vírus, possibilita uma análise crítica do melhor diagnóstico de acordo com a clínica do paciente, os epidemiológicos, o objetivo do diagnóstico e a acurácia do ensaio. Atualmente, há mudança no padrão imunológico da população e a descrição de tipos e subtipos de SARS-CoV-2 com mudanças gênicas, que podem levar a mudanças na acurácia diagnóstica ou a re-emergência em surtos de doença grave. Conclusão: Ainda é incerto o caminho evolutivo da história natural da Covid-19 e os ensaios diagnósticos estão em diferentes estágios de desenvolvimento, validação e produção e cada tipo de teste tem suas próprias vantagens e desvantagens distintas inerentes a plataforma tecnológica de origem e uma combinação de tipos de testes usados em momentos diferentes pode ser útil para a condução clínica dos pacientes e no controle da pandemia por SARS-CoV-2.

Introduction: With the emergence of SARS-CoV-2, a large number of diagnostic tools were made available. In this context, the lack of vaccine, treatment and the large number of severe cases and death, allowed the emergency approval of several tests, which still require population studies for their definitive registration. Objective: To carry out a literature review to evaluate the diagnostic methodologies available in Brazil, according to the local health reality, exploring the epidemiological moment, the complexity of the test and the purpose of its application. Methodology: This is a bibliographic, descriptive study of the literature review type. The following scientific databases were used for searches: PUBMED, MEDLINE, LILACS AND COCHRANE LIBRARY, through selected descriptors on the DECS platform. Results: The scenario of several tests, based on different methodologies, such as tests based on viral RNA, on detection of viral antigens or antibodies, associated with knowledge of the natural history of the virus, allows a critical analysis of the best diagnosis according to the patient's clinical, epidemiological, diagnostic objective and assay accuracy. Currently, there is a change in the immune pattern of the population and the description of types and subtypes of SARS-CoV-2 with genetic changes, which can lead to changes in diagnostic accuracy or the re-emergence in outbreaks of severe disease. Conclusion: The evolutionary path of the natural history of Covid-19 is still uncertain and diagnostic assays are at different stages of development, validation and production and each type of test has its own distinct advantages and disadvantages inherent in the technology platform of origin and a combination of types of tests used at different times can be useful for the clinical management of patients and in the control of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.

Introducción: Con la aparición del SARS-CoV-2, se dispuso de un gran número de herramientas diagnósticas. En este contexto, la falta de vacuna, tratamiento y el gran número de casos graves y muerte, permitieron la aprobación de urgencia de varias pruebas, que aún requieren estudios poblacionales para su registro definitivo. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión bibliográfica para evaluar las metodologías diagnósticas disponibles en Brasil, de acuerdo con la realidad sanitaria local, explorando el momento epidemiológico, la complejidad de la prueba y la finalidad de su aplicación. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio bibliográfico, descriptivo, del tipo revisión de literatura. Para las búsquedas se utilizaron las siguientes bases de datos científicas PUBMED, MEDLINE, LILACS Y COCHRANE LIBRARY, a través de descriptores seleccionados en la plataforma DECS. Resultados: El escenario de varias pruebas, basadas en diferentes metodologías, como pruebas basadas en el ARN viral, en la detección de antígenos virales o anticuerpos, asociado al conocimiento de la historia natural del virus, permite un análisis crítico del mejor diagnóstico de acuerdo con la clínica del paciente, epidemiológica, objetivo diagnóstico y precisión de la prueba. Actualmente, hay un cambio en el patrón inmunológico de la población y la descripción de tipos y subtipos de SARS-CoV-2 con cambios genéticos, que pueden conducir a cambios en la precisión diagnóstica o la reaparición en brotes de enfermedad grave. Conclusiones: El camino evolutivo de la historia natural del Covid-19 es aún incierto y los ensayos de diagnóstico se encuentran en diferentes etapas de desarrollo, validación y producción y cada tipo de prueba tiene sus propias ventajas y desventajas distintas inherentes a la plataforma tecnológica de origen y una combinación de tipos de pruebas utilizadas en diferentes momentos puede ser útil para el manejo clínico de los pacientes y en el control de la pandemia de SARS- CoV-2.

Systematic Reviews as Topic , COVID-19 Serological Testing/methods , COVID-19 Testing/methods , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/methods , Health Services Research , Antibodies/analysis , Antigens/analysis
Pan Afr. med. j ; 45(NA): NA-NA, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1433890


Introduction: controlling the worldwide pandemic, coronavirus disease (COVID-19), could be impossible due to the hesitancy about the available vaccines and the difficulty to implement strict restrictions. Little information is available about herd immunity in the highly vulnerable region of North East Africa, Egypt. Objectives: to assess the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 during the pandemic in one of the highly vulnerable populations in Egypt, Fayoum district of Fayoum Governorate. Additionally, to assess the predictive value of symptoms and other associated risk factors towards a positive COVID-19 test. Methods: in this cross-sectional community-based pilot study, immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies that are specific for the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S1-RBD) protein were tested during the period from February 2021 to July 2021. Results: out of 155 participants, 60.6% were SARS-CoV-2 seropositive. Out of symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals, 76.5% and 56.2% were seropositive, respectively. Surprisingly, only one individual had received the COVID-19 vaccine. Previous history of COVID-19; such as symptoms and gender are statistically significant predictors of high seroconversion independent of age, comorbidities, and level of education. Conclusion: this study which disclosed unexpectedly high SARS-CoV-2 seroconversion among the Egyptians, might provide a clear insight into COVID-19 transmission patterns and state of immunity. Further study with a larger sample size on a large scale is required to represent the whole local population.

Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Coronavirus , Seroconversion , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Signs and Symptoms , Cross-Sectional Studies , Antibodies
Protein & Cell ; (12): 668-682, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010765


Although the development of COVID-19 vaccines has been a remarkable success, the heterogeneous individual antibody generation and decline over time are unknown and still hard to predict. In this study, blood samples were collected from 163 participants who next received two doses of an inactivated COVID-19 vaccine (CoronaVac®) at a 28-day interval. Using TMT-based proteomics, we identified 1,715 serum and 7,342 peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) proteins. We proposed two sets of potential biomarkers (seven from serum, five from PBMCs) at baseline using machine learning, and predicted the individual seropositivity 57 days after vaccination (AUC = 0.87). Based on the four PBMC's potential biomarkers, we predicted the antibody persistence until 180 days after vaccination (AUC = 0.79). Our data highlighted characteristic hematological host responses, including altered lymphocyte migration regulation, neutrophil degranulation, and humoral immune response. This study proposed potential blood-derived protein biomarkers before vaccination for predicting heterogeneous antibody generation and decline after COVID-19 vaccination, shedding light on immunization mechanisms and individual booster shot planning.

Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Proteomics , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination , Antibodies , Antibodies, Viral , Antibodies, Neutralizing
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 170-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969821


Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody in operable, borderline or potentially resectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC) in the real world. Methods: The study retrospectively analyzed 28 patients with operable or potentially resectable locally advanced ESCC patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy combined with PD-1 inhibitor in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2020 to March 2021. According to the clinical TNM staging system of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer, there were 1, 15, 10, 1 and 1 case of stage Ⅱ, Ⅲ, ⅣA, ⅣB and unknown stage respectively. The treatment was two cycle of dual drug chemotherapy regimen including taxane plus platinum or fluorouracil combined with PD-1 antibody followed by tumor response assessment and surgery if the patient was eligible for resection. Results: Of the 28 patients, 1, 2, 3 and 4 cycles of chemotherapy combined with PD-1 antibody treatment completed in 1, 21, 5, and 1 patient, respectively. Objective response rate (ORR) was 71.4% (20/28), and disease control rate (DCR) was 100% (28/28). The incidence of adverse events exceeding grade 3 levels was 21.4% (6/28), including 3 neutropenia, 1 leukopenia, 1 thrombocytopenia and 1 immune hepatitis. There was no treatment-related death. Of the 23 patients underwent surgery, R0 resection rate was 87.0% (20/23), 13 patients had down staged to the T1-2N0M0 I stage, the pCR rate was 17.3% (4/23), and the pCR rate of primary tumor was 21.7% (5/23). Four patients received definitive chemoradiotherapy. One patient rejected surgery and other treatment after achieved PR response. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined PD-1 inhibitor is safe and has high efficacy in operable, borderline or potentially resectable locally advanced ESCC, and it is a promising regimen.

Humans , Antibodies/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Cisplatin , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/drug therapy , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981911


Objective To express the monkeypox virus (MPXV) A23R protein in Escherichia coli and purify by Ni-NTA affinity column, and to prepare mouse antiserum against MPXV A23R. Methods The recombinant plasmid pET-28a-MPXV-A23R was constructed and transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 to induce the expression of A23R protein. After optimizing the conditions of expression, A23R protein was highly expressed. Recombinant A23R protein was purified by Ni-NTA affinity column and identified by Western blot analysis. The purified protein was used to immunize mice for preparing the A23R polyclonal antibody, and the antibody titer was detected by ELISA. Results The expression of A23R recombinant protein reached the peak under the induced conditions of 0.6 mmol/L isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG), 37 DegreesCelsius and 20 hours. The purity of the protein was about 96.07% and was identified by Western blot analysis. The mice were immunized with recombinant protein, and the titer of antibody reached 1:102 400 at the 6th week after immunization. Conclusion MPXV A23R is expressed highly and purified with a high purity and its antiserum from mouse is obtained with a high titre.

Animals , Mice , Monkeypox virus , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Recombinant Proteins , Escherichia coli/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981901


The concept of "ntigen"is a relative one. The narrow concept of it condenses the process of activation of adaptive immune response and re-recognition of the same antigen, revealing the protective mechanism of vaccines with great significance for research and development of vaccines. However, the narrow concept involves adaptive immune system members: B cells, T cells and their effector products, which is difficult for beginners to understand the inherent meaning. Meanwhile, antigen classification fully summarizes the immune response process, so a variety of classification approach increases the difficulty in learning. Our teaching team analyzes the difficulties of this chapter in depth, and we implements the strategy that takes antibody structure and function as the breakthrough point and simplified adaptive immune response process as the core in teaching. A mind map that includes the main contents of this chapter is made during the process, which promotes the effectiveness of classroom teaching greatly.

Learning , Vaccines , Antibodies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981886


Objective To prepare a rabbit anti-mouse coiled-coil domain containing 189 (Ccdc189) polyclonal antibody. Methods The pET-28a-Ccdc189 prokaryotic expression plasmid was constructed and transformed into E.coli BL21. IPTG was used to induce the expression of Ccdc189 prokaryotic protein. Adult male New Zealand rabbits were immunized with purified recombinant protein to obtain rabbit anti-mouse Ccdc189 polyclonal antibody. The specificity of the polyclonal antibody was identified by Western blot analysis, indirect ELISA and immunofluorescence histochemical staining. Results The pET-28a-Ccdc189 recombinant plasmid was successfully constructed and the expression of the Ccdc189 recombinant protein was induced. ELISA revealed that the titer of the polyclonal antibody was 1:1 000 000. Western blot and immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that the Ccdc189 polyclonal antibody could specifically identify the Ccdc189 prokaryotic protein and the Ccdc189 protein in adult wild-type mouse testis. Conclusion A polyclonal antibody with high specificity against mouse Ccdc189 was successfully created.

Rabbits , Male , Animals , Mice , Antibody Specificity , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Recombinant Proteins , Escherichia coli/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981875


Objective To investigate antigen optimization of Shisa like protein 1 (SHISAL1) for preparing mouse anti-human SHISAL1 polyclonal antibody and to identify the specificity of the prepared antibody. Methods Bioinformatics was employed to predict the antigenic epitope region of SHISAL1 protein, and then a polypeptide composed of amino acid residues from the site of 28 to 97 of SHISAL1, termed SHISAL1-N, was selected as the antigen. The coding region of SHISAL1-N was cloned by molecular cloning technique, and then it was inserted into pET-28a to generate pET28a-SHISAL1-N recombinant plasmid. The two recombinant plasmids pET28a-SHISAL1-N and pET28a-SHISAL1 were transformed into BL21 (DE3) bacteria and induced to express by IPTG. The two proteins were purified and immunized to female Kunming mice, respectively. The specificities and sensitivities of the acquired antibodies were detected by Western blot analysis, immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescent cytochemical staining. Results pET28a-SHISAL1-N recombinant plasmid was successfully constructed, and the two fused proteins, SHISAL1 and SHISAL1-N, were induced to express. Moreover, two types of SHISAL1 mouse polyclonal antibodies, derived from SHISAL1-N and SHISAL1 antigens, were obtained. Western blot results showed that the antibody prepared from SHISAL1 antigen was less specific and sensitive compared with the antibody prepared from SHISAL1-N antigen which could specifically identify different endogenous SHISAL1 protein. Immunoprecipitation results showed that SHISAL1-N antibody could specifically pull down SHIISAL1 protein in hepatocellular carcinoma cells and immunofluorescence results demonstrated that SHISAL1-N antibody could specifically bind to SHISAL1 protein in the cytoplasm. Conclusion We have optimized the SHISAL1 antigen and prepared the mouse anti-human SHISAL1 polyclonal antibodies successfully, which can be used for Western blot analysis, immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence cytochemical staining.

Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Antibodies , Antibody Specificity , Blotting, Western , Cloning, Molecular , Epitopes/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986858


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the consistency of programmed cell death 1-ligand 1 (PD-L1, clone E1L3N, 22C3, SP263) in different immunohistochemical staining methods.@*METHODS@#The first step was to select the optimal process: The PD-L1(clone E1L3N) antibody recommended process, self-built process ①, self-built process ② and self-built process ③ were used to perform immunohistochemical staining in 5 cases of tonsil tissue. The quality of all slides was scored by expert pathologists (0-6 points). The process with the highest score was selected. The second step was to compare the consistency between the optimal procedure and the two standard procedures. Thirty-two cases of lung non-small cell carcinoma diagnosed by pathology in Peking University First Hospital in the past two years were randomly selected. The 32 cases were stained in parallel with the SP263 and 22C3 standard procedures, and all stained slides were scored by specialized pathologists for tumor proportion score (TPS). The scoring results were grouped according to < 1%, ≥1% to < 10%, ≥10% to < 50%, and ≥50%. The consistency of PD-L1 detection antibody clone E1L3N and 22C3, E1L3N and SP263 staining results was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Tonsil stained slides scores (0-6 points) were as follows: The recommended protocol was 5, 5, 5, 5 and 5. The self-built process ① was 5, 6, 6, 5 and 6. The self-built process ② was 4, 4, 4, 4 and 4.The self-built process ③ was 3, 3, 3, 3 and 3. The self-built process ① was the best with the highest score. The TPSs of 32 non small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cases were as follows: Of self-built process ①, 6 cases were lower than 1%, 5 cases were from 1% to 10%, 10 cases were from 10% to 50%, and 11 cases were higher than 50%; of 22C3 standard procedure, 5 cases were lower than 1%, 3 cases were from 1% to 10%, 13 cases were from 10% to 50%, 11 cases were higher than 50%; of SP263 standard procedure, 7 cases were lower than 1%, 4 cases were from 1% to 10%, 11 cases were from 10% to 50%, 10 cases were higher than 50%. The results of the consistency test were as follows: The κ value for self-built process ① and 22C3 standard procedure was 0.736 (P < 0.001), the agreement was good; the κ value for self-built process ① and SP263 standard procedure was 0.914 (P < 0.001), the agreement was very good.@*CONCLUSION@#The immunostaining using PD-L1(E1L3N) with validated self-built staining protocol ① by Ventana Benchmark GX platform can obtain high quality of slides, and the TPSs based on these slides are in good agreement with 22C3 and SP263 standard procedures.

Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Ligands , Antibodies , Staining and Labeling , Apoptosis
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 15-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971145


Objective: To investigate the effects and mechanism of interleukin-4-modified gold nanoparticle (IL-4-AuNP) on the wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice. Methods: Experimental research methods were adopted. Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) and IL-4-AuNP were synthesized by improving the methods described in published literature. The morphology of those two particles were photographed by transmission electron microscopy, and their particle sizes were calculated. The surface potential and hydration particle size of the two particles were detected by nanoparticle potentiometer and particle size analyzer, respectively. The clearance rate of IL-4-AuNP to hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion was measured by hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion kits, respectively. Mouse fibroblast line 3T3 cells were used and divided into the following groups by the random number table (the same below): blank control group, hydrogen peroxide alone group treated with hydrogen peroxide only, hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group treated with IL-4-AuNP for 0.5 h and then treated with hydrogen peroxide. After 24 h of culture, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels of cells were detected by immunofluorescence method; cell count kit 8 was used to detect relative cell survival rate. The macrophage Raw264.7 mouse cells were then used and divided into blank control group and IL-4-AuNP group that treated with IL-4-AuNP. After 24 h of culture, the expression of arginase 1 (Arg-1) in cells was observed by immunofluorescence method. Twelve male BALB/c mice (mouse age, sex, and strain, the same below) aged 8 to 10 weeks were divided into IL-4-AuNP group and blank control group, treated accordingly. On the 16th day of treatment, whole blood samples were collected from mice for analysis of white blood cell count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin level, or platelet count and the level of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), urea, or creatinine. The inflammation, bleeding, or necrosis in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney tissue of mice were detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE). Another 36 mice were selected to make diabetic model, and the full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of these mice. The wounds were divided into blank control group, AuNP alone group, and IL-4-AuNP group, with 12 mice in each group, and treated accordingly. On the 0 (immediately), 4th, 9th, and 15th day of treatment, the wound condition was observed and the wound area was calculated. On the 9th day of treatment, HE staining was used to detect the length of neonatal epithelium and the thickness of granulation tissue in the wound. On the 15th day of treatment, immunofluorescence method was used to detect ROS level and the number of Arg-1 positive cells in the wound tissue. The number of samples was 6 in all cases. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, corrected t test, Tukey test, or Dunnett T3 test. Results: The size of prepared AuNP and IL-4-AuNP were uniform. The particle size, surface potential, and hydration particle size of AuNP and IL-4-AuNP were (13.0±2.1) and (13.9±2.5) nm, (-45.8±3.2) and (-20.3±2.2) mV, (14±3) and (16±4) nm, respectively. For IL-4-AuNP, the clearance rate to hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion were (69±4)% and (52±5)%, respectively. After 24 h of culture, the ROS level of 3T3 in hydrogen peroxide alone group was significantly higher than that in blank control group (q=26.12, P<0.05); the ROS level of hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group was significantly lower than that in hydrogen peroxide alone group (q=25.12, P<0.05) and close to that in blank control group (P>0.05). After 24 h of culture, the relative survival rate of 3T3 cells in hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group was significantly higher than that in hydrogen peroxide alone group (t=51.44, P<0.05). After 24 h of culture, Arg-1 expression of Raw264.7 cells in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly higher than that in blank control group (t'=8.83, P<0.05).On the 16th day of treatment, there were no significant statistically differences in WBC, RBC, hemoglobin level, or platelet count and the level of AST, ALT, urea, or creatinine of mice between blank control group and IL-4-AuNP group (P>0.05). No obvious inflammation, bleeding or necrosis was observed in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney of important organs in IL-4-AuNP group, and no significant changes were observed compared with blank control group. On the 0 and 4th day of treatment, the wound area of diabetic mice in blank control group, AuNP alone group, and IL-4-AuNP group had no significant difference (P>0.05). On the 9th day of treatment, the wound areas both in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly smaller than that in blank control group (with q values of 9.45 and 14.87, respectively, P<0.05), the wound area in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly smaller than that in AuNP alone group (q=5.42, P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, the wound areas both in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly smaller than that in blank control group (with q values of 4.84 and 20.64, respectively, P<0.05), the wound area in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly smaller than that in AuNP alone group (q=15.80, P<0.05); moreover, inflammations such as redness and swelling were significantly reduced in IL-4-AuNP group compared with the other two groups. On the 9th day of treatment, compared with blank control group and AuNP alone group, the length of neonatal epithelium in the wound of diabetic mice in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly longer (all P<0.05), and the thickness of the granulation tissue in the wound was significantly increased (with q values of 11.33 and 9.65, respectively, all P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, compared with blank control group, ROS levels in wound tissue of diabetic mice in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, the number of Arg-1 positive cells in the wounds of diabetic mice in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly more than that in blank control group and AuNP alone group, respectively (all P<0.05). Conclusions: IL-4-AuNP is safe in vivo, and can improve the oxidative microenvironment by removing ROS and induce macrophage polarization towards M2 phenotype, thus promote efficient diabetic wound healing and regeneration of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice.

Mice , Male , Animals , Interleukin-4 , Gold/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Creatinine , Hydrogen Peroxide , Reactive Oxygen Species , Superoxides , Metal Nanoparticles , Soft Tissue Injuries , Antibodies , Inflammation , Necrosis , Hemoglobins
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971126


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the distribution of irregular blood group antibodies in patients with malignant tumors, and to analyze the relationship between it and efficacy of blood transfusion in patients.@*METHODS@#5 600 patients with malignant tumors treated in Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021 were selected as the research subjects. All patients received blood transfusion, and cross matching test was conducted before blood transfusion, irregular antibody results of patients were tested; the irregular distribution of blood group antibodies was observed, and the relationship between it and efficacy of blood transfusion in patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 5 600 patients with malignant tumors, 96 cases were positive for irregular antibody, and the positive rate was 1.71%; the main blood group systems involved in the irregular antibody positive of 96 patients with malignant tumors were RH, MNSs and Duffy system, among which Rh blood group was the most common, and the proportion of anti-E was the highest; among the malignant tumor patients with positive blood group irregular antibody, the proportion of female was higher than that of male; the proportion of patients aged >60 years was the highest, followed by patients aged >40 and ≤50 years, and the proportion of patients aged 18-30 years was the lowest; the patients with positive blood group irregular antibody were mainly in blood system (including lymphoma), digestive system, reproductive and urinary system; the positive rate of irregular antibody of patients in the ineffective group was higher than that of patients in the effective group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis results showed that, irregular antibody positive was a risk factor for ineffective blood transfusion in patients with malignant tumor (OR>1, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The irregular blood group antibody positive of patients with malignant tumor are mostly female, and the proportion of patients aged >60 is the highest, which is mainly distributed in malignant tumors of blood system, digestive system and urogenital system, and the positive blood group irregular antibody is related to the efficacy of blood transfusion in patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Blood Transfusion , Blood Group Antigens , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Antibodies , Neoplasms/therapy , Isoantibodies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982087


OBJECTIVE@#To establish the diagnostic process of low titer blood group antibody in the occurrence of adverse reactions of hemolytic transfusion.@*METHODS@#Acid elusion test, enzyme method and PEG method were used for antibody identification. Combined with the patient's clinical symptoms and relevant inspection indexes, the irregular antibodies leading to hemolysis were detected.@*RESULTS@#The patient's irregular antibody screening was positive, and it was determined that there was anti-Lea antibody in the serum. After the transfusion reaction, the low titer anti-E antibody was detected by enhanced test. The patient's Rh typing was Ccee, while the transfused red blood cells were ccEE. The new and old samples of the patient were matched with the transfused red blood cells by PEG method, and the major were incompatible. The evidence of hemolytic transfusion reaction was found.@*CONCLUSION@#Antibodies with low titer in serum are not easy to be detected, which often lead to severe hemolytic transfusion reaction.

Humans , Blood Transfusion , Transfusion Reaction/prevention & control , Hemolysis , Blood Group Antigens , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Antibodies , Isoantibodies , Blood Group Incompatibility
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982005


OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the distribution characteristics of non-bacterial pathogens in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 788 CAP children admitted to Shenyang Children's Hospital from December 2021 to November 2022 were selected. Multiple RT-PCR and capillary electrophoresis were used to detect 10 viral pathogens and 2 atypical pathogens, and serum antibodies of Chlamydial pneumoniae (Ch) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) were detected. The distribution characteristics of different pathogens were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 788 CAP children, 1 295 children were pathogen-positive, with a positive rate of 72.43% (1 295/1 788), including a viral pathogen positive rate of 59.68% (1 067/1 788) and an atypical pathogen positive rate of 22.04% (394/1 788). The positive rates from high to low were MP, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza B virus (IVB), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human rhinovirus (HRV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), influenza A virus (IVA), bocavirus (BoV), human adenovirus (HADV), Ch, and human coronavirus (HCOV). RSV and MP were the main pathogens in spring; MP had the highest positive rate in summer, followed by IVA; HMPV had the highest positive rate in autumn; IVB and RSV were the main pathogens in winter. The positive rate of MP in girls was higher than that in boys (P<0.05), and there were no significant differences in other pathogens between genders (P>0.05). The positivity rates of certain pathogens differed among age groups (P<0.05): the positivity rate of MP was highest in the >6 year-old group; the positivity rates of RSV and Ch were highest in the <1 year-old group; the positivity rates of HPIV and IVB were highest in the 1 to <3 year-old group. RSV, MP, HRV, and HMPV were the main pathogens in children with severe pneumonia, while MP was the primary pathogen in children with lobar pneumonia, and MP, IVB, HMPV, RSV, and HRV were the top 5 pathogens in acute bronchopneumonia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MP, RSV, IVB, HMPV, and HRV are the main pathogens of CAP in children, and there are certain differences in the positive rates of respiratory pathogens among children of different ages, genders, and seasons.

Humans , Child , Female , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Pneumonia , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Antibodies , Community-Acquired Infections , Hospitalization , Influenza B virus , Mycoplasma pneumoniae