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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 167-174, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430531

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The present study investigated the possible protective effects of melatonin on Bleomycin, Cisplatin and etoposide (BEP) chemotherapy regimens using immunohistochemistry. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups of ten as; group 1 as untreated control; group 2 as BEP group which received the three cycles of 21 days' regimen each of 0.5¥ dose levels ofBEP (bleomycin 0.75 mg/kg, etoposide 7.5 mg/kg and cisplatin 1.5 mg/kg). Rats in the group 3 (MEL group) received 10 mg/kg/day melatonin once daily. Group 4 received the melatonin (30 min before the BEP injections) and BEP as in groups 2. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) staining was used to detect cell proliferation and caspase-3, caspase-9 and Caspase-8 were detected to investigate apoptosis. PCNA immunostaining in alveolar epithelium, alveolar macrophages and bronchus was weak to moderate in BEP group. However, diffuse and strong caspase immunoreactions for caspase-3, caspase 8- and caspase-9 were detected in the bronchioles epithelium, vascular endothelium, alveolar luminal macrophages in the BEP group. PCNA and caspase immunoreactivities in MEL and Mel + BEP groups were close to the control one. The surface are in the BEP group was significantly reduced as compared to the control one ((P0.05). It can be concluded that BEP regimen can affects negatively on lung tissue and melatonin inhibits lung tissue injuries during BEP chemotherapy.


El presente estudio investigó los posibles efectos protectores de la melatonina en los regímenes de quimioterapia con bleomicina, etopósido y cisplatino (BEP) mediante inmunohistoquímica. Cuarenta ratas Wistar macho se dividieron en cuatro grupos de diez: grupo 1, control sin tratar; grupo 2, quimioterapia con una dosis de 0,5x de BEP (0,75 mg/kg de bleomicina, 7,5 mg/ kg de etopósido y 1,5 mg/kg de cisplatino) con tres ciclos de 21 días cada uno. Las ratas del grupo 3 (grupo MEL) recibieron 10 mg/kg/día de melatonina una vez al día. El grupo 4 (Mel + BEP) recibió melatonina (30 minutos antes de las inyecciones de BEP) y BEP, como en los grupos 2. Se usó la tinción del antígeno nuclear de células en proliferación (PCNA) para detectar la proliferación celular y, caspasa- 3, caspasa-9 y caspasa-8 para investigar apoptosis. La inmunotinción de PCNA en el epitelio alveolar, los macrófagos alveolares y los bronquios varió de débil a moderada en el grupo BEP. Sin embargo, se detectaron inmunorreacciones difusas y fuertes para caspasa-3, caspasa 8- y caspasa-9 en el epitelio de los bronquiolos, endotelio vascular y macrófagos luminales alveolares. Las inmunorreactividades de PCNA y caspasa en los grupos MEL y Mel + BEP fueron similares a las del control. El área de superficie en el grupo BEP se redujo significativamente en comparación con el control (P0,05). Se puede concluir que la quimioterapia con BEP puede afectar negativamente al tejido pulmonar y la melatonina inhibe las lesiones durante la quimioterapia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Lung Diseases/prevention & control , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Bleomycin/adverse effects , Immunohistochemistry , Cisplatin/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis/drug effects , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Protective Agents , Etoposide/adverse effects , Lung Diseases/chemically induced
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1118-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy, safety, and long-term prognosis of intermediate-dose cytarabine (Ara-c) regimen in the treatment of children with refractory risk organ involvement Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). Methods: Clinical data of 17 children with multisystem and risk organ involvement LCH who failed the first-line therapy and were treated with intermediate-dose Ara-c (250 mg/m2, twice daily) regimen in the Hematology Center, Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2013 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. In addition to the basic treatment of vindesine and dexamethasone, the patients received two regimens: regimen A: the intermediate-dose Ara-c combined with cladribine and regimen B: the intermediate-dose Ara-c alone. The efficacy, safety and prognosis of the two regimens were analyzed. Results: Among all 17 patients, there were 11 males and 6 females, with the diagnosis age of 2.1 (1.6, 2.7) years. Ten children received regimen A, all of them achieved active disease-better (AD-B) after 8 courses of induction therapy. The disease activity scores (DAS) decreased from 5.5 (3.0, 9.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.3). Seven children received regimen B, and 6 of them achieved AD-B after 8 courses of induction therapy. The DAS decreased from 4.0 (2.0, 4.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.0). The follow-up time was 6.2 (4.9,7.2) and 5.2 (3.7,5.8) years in group A and B. The 5-year overall survival rate was 100.0% in both groups, and the 5-year event free survival rate was (88.9±10.5)% and (85.7±13.2)% in group A and B. Grade 3 or 4 myelosuppression was observed in 8 patients in group A and 2 patients in group B. Conclusions: The intermediate-dose Ara-c regimen (with or without cladribine) is effective and safe for patients with refractory high-risk LCH, with a good long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Cytarabine/adverse effects , Cladribine/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 358-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984730

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the response characteristics of patients with locally advanced/metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (nsq-NSCLC) treated with tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy in the first line. Methods: Patients with nsq-NSCLC who achieved complete or partial remission after treatment with tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone in the RATIONALE 304 study, as assessed by an independent review board, were selected to analyze the response characteristics and safety profile of the responders. Time to response (TTR) was defined as the time from randomization to the achievement of first objective response. Depth of response (DpR) was defined as the maximum percentage of tumor shrinkage compared with the sum of the baseline target lesion length diameters. Results: As of January 23, 2020, 128 patients treated with tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy achieved objective tumor response (responders), representing 57.4%(128/223) of the intention-to-treat population, with a TTR of 5.1 to 33.3 weeks and a median TTR of 7.9 weeks. Of the responders (128), 50.8%(65) achieved first remission at the first efficacy assessment (week 6), 31.3%(40) at the second efficacy assessment (week 12), and 18.0%(23) at the third and subsequent tumor assessments. The percentages of responders who achieved a depth of tumor response of 30% to <50%, 50% to <70% and 70% to 100% were 45.3%(58/128), 28.1%(36/128) and 26.6%(34/128), respectively, with median progression-free survival (PFS) of 9.0 months (95% CI: 7.7 to 9.9 months), 11.5 months (95% CI: 7.7 months to not reached) and not reached (95% CI: 11.8 months to not estimable), respectively. Tislelizumab plus chemotherapy were generally well tolerated in responders with similar safety profile to the overall safety population. Conclusion: Among responders to tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy for nsq-NSCLC, 82.0%(105/128) achieves response within the first two tumor assessments (12 weeks) and 18.0%(23/128) achieves response at later (18 to 33 weeks) assessments, and there is a trend toward prolonged PFS in responders with deeper tumor response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 575-583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980725

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (CIN) is a common hematological adverse events and dose-limiting toxicities of chemotherapy. CIN may lead to dose reduction and delay of chemotherapeutic agents, febrile neutropenia and severe infection, which results in increased treatment cost, reduced efficacy of chemotherapy, and even life-threatening morbidities. Assessment of risk of CIN, early detection of FN and infection, and proper prevention and treatment play a crucial role in reducing the occurrence of CIN-related morbidities, improving patient treatment safety and anticancer efficacy. Based on evidence and expert opinion, the expert committee of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association issued "the consensus on diagnosis and treatment of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in China (2023 edition)", which is an update version of the 2019 edition, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CIN for Chinese oncologists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Consensus , Neutropenia/prevention & control , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 259-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969832

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of abnormal liver function in patients with advanced esophageal squamous carcinoma treated with programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody SHR-1210 alone or in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy. Methods: Clinical data of 73 patients with esophageal squamous carcinoma from 2 prospective clinical studies conducted at the Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 11, 2016, to November 19, 2019, were analyzed, and logistic regression analysis was used for the analysis of influencing factors. Results: Of the 73 patients, 35 had abnormal liver function. 13 of the 43 patients treated with PD-1 antibody monotherapy (PD-1 monotherapy group) had abnormal liver function, and the median time to first abnormal liver function was 55 days. Of the 30 patients treated with PD-1 antibody in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy (PD-1 combination group), 22 had abnormal liver function, and the median time to first abnormal liver function was 41 days. Of the 35 patients with abnormal liver function, 2 had clinical symptoms, including malaise and loss of appetite, and 1 had jaundice. 28 of the 35 patients with abnormal liver function returned to normal and 7 improved to grade 1, and none of the patients had serious life-threatening or fatal liver function abnormalities. Combination therapy was a risk factor for patients to develop abnormal liver function (P=0.007). Conclusions: Most of the liver function abnormalities that occur during treatment with PD-1 antibody SHR-1210 alone or in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy are mild, and liver function can return to normal or improve with symptomatic treatment. For patients who receive PD-1 antibody in combination with targeted therapy and chemotherapy and have a history of long-term previous smoking, alcohol consumption and hepatitis B virus infection, liver function should be monitored and actively managed in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/drug therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Prospective Studies , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Liver Diseases/etiology
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 95-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969811

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of anlotinib plus irinotecan in the second-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods: This prospective phase 1/2 study was conducted in 2 centers in China (Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Jiangsu Province Hospital). We enrolled patients with mCRC whose disease had progressed after first-line systemic therapy and had not previously treated with irinotecan to receive anlotinib plus irinotecan. In the phase 1 of the trial, patients received anlotinib (8 mg, 10 mg or 12 mg, po, 2 weeks on/1 week off) in combination with fixed-dose irinotecan (180 mg/m(2), iv, q2w) to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). In the phase 2, patients were treated with the RP2D of anlotinib and irinotecan. The primary endpoints were MTD and objective response rate (ORR). Results: From May 2018 to January 2020, a total of 31 patients with mCRC were enrolled. Anlotinib was well tolerated in combination with irinotecan with no MTD identified in the phase 1, and the RP2D was 12 mg. Thirty patients were evaluable for efficacy analysis. Eight patients achieved partial response, and 21 had stable disease, 1 had progressive disease. The ORR was 25.8% and the disease control rate was 93.5%. With a median follow-up duration of 29.5 months, the median progression-free survival and overall survival were 6.9 months (95% CI: 3.7, 9.3) and 17.6 months (95% CI: 12.4, not evaluated), respectively. The most common grade 3 treatment-related adverse events (≥10%) were neutropenia (25.8%) and diarrhea (16.1%). There was no treatment-related death. Conclusion: The combination of anlotinib and irinotecan has promising anti-tumor activity in the second-line treatment of mCRC with a manageable safety profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Indoles/therapeutic use , Irinotecan/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 88-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application and efficacy of paclitaxel liposome in the treatment of advanced breast cancer among Chinese population in the real world. Methods: The clinical characteristics of patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome as salvage treatment from January 1, 2016 to August 31, 2019 in 11 hospitals were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was progression free survival (PFS), and the secondary outcome included objective response rate (ORR) and safety. The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox regression model were used for the multivariate analysis. Results: Among 647 patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome, the first-line treatment accounted for 43.3% (280/647), the second-line treatment accounted for 27.7% (179/647), and the third-line and above treatment accounted for 29.1% (188/647). The median dose of first-line and second-line treatment was 260 mg per cycle, and 240 mg in third line and above treatment. The median period of paclitaxel liposome alone and combined chemotherapy or targeted therapy is 4 cycles and 6 cycles, respectively. In the whole group, 167 patients (25.8%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with capecitabine±trastuzumab (TX±H), 123 patients (19.0%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome alone (T), and 119 patients (18.4%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with platinum ± trastuzumab (TP±H), 108 patients (16.7%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with trastuzumab ± pertuzumab (TH±P). The median PFS of first-line and second-line patients (5.5 and 5.5 months, respectively) were longer than that of patients treated with third line and above (4.9 months, P<0.05); The ORR of the first line, second line, third line and above patients were 46.7%, 36.8% and 28.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that event-free survival (EFS) and the number of treatment lines were independent prognostic factors for PFS. The common adverse events were myelosuppression, gastrointestinal reactions, hand foot syndrome and abnormal liver function. Conclusion: Paclitaxel liposomes is widely used and has promising efficacy in multi-subtype advanced breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/chemically induced , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Trastuzumab/therapeutic use , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969808

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different medical treatment in advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective clinical study. Fifty-five advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma patients treated in Sun-Yat Sen University Cancer Center from January 2005 to August 2020 were enrolled. There were 34 patients who received first-line doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (doxorubicin group), 12 patients received first-line doxorubicin or liposome doxorubicin plus paclitaxel or albumin bound paclitaxel chemotherapy (combination therapy group), and 4 patients received first-line paclitaxel-based treatment (paclitaxel group). There were 6 patients who received anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, another 2 patients received anti-PD-1 antibody plus anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy plus targeted therapy included 5 cases of first-line therapy and 3 cases of second-line therapy. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by RECIST 1.1 standard. The adverse reactions were evaluated by CTCAE4.0 standard. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was evaluated with Log rank test. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: There were 18 patients achieved partial response (PR) in 34 patients in the doxorubicin group, median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.5 months, and median overall survival (mOS) was 15 months. Four patients achieved PR in 12 patients in the combination therapy group, mPFS and mOS were 4 months and 19 months. Two patients achieved PR in 4 patients in the paclitaxel group, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 9 months. However, only 1 in 6 patients achieved PR for anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 16 months. Two patients who received anti-PD-1 immunotherapy combined with anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy acquired PR for 17 months and more than 16 months. Median PFS (7.5 months) were longer in those with primary liver, lung and spleen angiosarcoma than in those with other primary site (3.0 months, P=0.028). The mOS (20 months) was longer in females than that in males (12 months, P=0.045). Primary tumor site, sex, age and treatment were not independent prognostic factors for angiosarcoma patients (P>0.05). Grade 3-4 cardiac toxicity was found in 2 patients in the combination therapy group. Conclusions: Doxorubicin-based and paclitaxel-based chemotherapy are the most important treatment for advanced angiosarcoma. Potential efficacy for targeted therapy combined with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy are showed in some patients with long duration of response and moderate adverse event.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hemangiosarcoma , Retrospective Studies , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 276-284, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929185

ABSTRACT

We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of single-course initial regimens in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). In this trial (NCT01823315), 276 patients were analyzed. Patients were allocated to three initiated regimens: single-course methotrexate (MTX), single-course MTX + dactinomycin (ACTD), and multi-course MTX (control arm). The primary endpoint was the complete remission (CR) rate by initial drug(s). The primary CR rate was 64.4% with multi-course MTX in the control arm. For the single-course MTX arm, the CR rate was 35.8% by one course; it increased to 59.3% after subsequent multi-course MTX, with non-inferiority to the control (difference -5.1%,95% confidence interval (CI) -19.4% to 9.2%, P = 0.014). After further treatment with multi-course ACTD, the CR rate (93.3%) was similar to that of the control (95.2%, P = 0.577). For the single-course MTX + ACTD arm, the CR rate was 46.7% by one course, which increased to 89.1% after subsequent multi-course, with non-inferiority (difference 24.7%, 95% CI 12.8%-36.6%, P < 0.001) to the control. It was similar to the CR rate by MTX and further ACTD in the control arm (89.1% vs. 95.2%, P =0.135). Four patients experienced recurrence, with no death, during the 2-year follow-up. We demonstrated that chemotherapy initiation with single-course MTX may be an alternative regimen for patients with low-risk GTN.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Dactinomycin/adverse effects , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928773

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a highly aggressive disease arising from pleural mesothelial cells. Advanced pleural mesothelioma has a poor prognosis, with a median survival of no more than 15 months. First line standard chemotherapy regimen recommended is Pemetrexed based chemotherapy regimen, with or without bevacizumab. There is no consensus on whether patients who have received first-line standard chemotherapy can benefit from pemetrexed maintenance chemotherapy. The study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed maintenance therapy (PMT) after treatment with a pemetrexed and platinum regimen for patients with MPM.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 MPM patients were collected from Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2013 to January 2018, eligible patients were unresectable MPM, without disease progression following 4 to 6 cycles of pemetrexed and platinum, including pemetrexed maintenance therapy group (22 cases) and observation group (18 cases). The last follow-up was conducted in January 2020. The primary endpoint were progression free survival (PFS), and the secondary end points were overall survival (OS), the efficacy, adverse reactions of PMT.@*RESULTS@#The median PFS in the PMT arm was longer than that in the observation arm (8.5 mon vs 3 mon, P=0.008), but there was no significant difference in median OS (26.4 mon vs 15.7 mon, P=0.177). Objective response rate (ORR) of two group were 22.7% and 0%, respectively. The grade 3-4 toxicity in PMT group included grade 4 neutropenia in 1 patient (4.5%), grade 3 neutropenia in 1 patient (4.5%), grade 4 anemia in 1 patient (4.5%) and grade 3 nausea and anorexia in 1 patient (4.5%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pemetrexed maintenance therapy following initial pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy improve PFS in patients with MPM, and is well tolerated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mesothelioma/drug therapy , Mesothelioma, Malignant , Neutropenia , Pemetrexed/therapeutic use , Platinum/therapeutic use , Pleural Neoplasms/drug therapy
11.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(3): e20200378, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154705

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) improves survival of patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen has been associated with a significant risk of clinically relevant toxicity. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and feasibility of AC for NSCLC patients in a real-world setting. Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study of patients with stage I-III NSCLC undergoing surgery with curative intent between 2009 and 2018. AC was administered at the discretion of physicians. The patients were divided into two groups: AC group and no AC (control) group. Study outcomes included overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), as well as the safety profile and feasibility of the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen in a real-world setting. Results: The study involved 231 patients, 80 of whom received AC. Of those, 55 patients received the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen. Survival analyses stratified by tumor stage showed that patients with stage II NSCLC in the AC group had better RFS (p = 0.036) and OS (p = 0.017) than did those in the no AC group. Among patients with stage III NSCLC in the AC group, RFS was better (p < 0.001) and there was a trend toward improved OS (p = 0.060) in comparison with controls. Of those who received the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen, 29% had grade 3-4 febrile neutropenia, and 9% died of toxicity. Conclusions: These results support the benefit of AC for NSCLC patients in a real-world setting. However, because the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen was associated with alarming rates of toxicity, more effective and less toxic alternatives should be investigated.


RESUMO Objetivo: A quimioterapia adjuvante melhora a sobrevida de pacientes com câncer pulmonar de células não pequenas (CPCNP) ressecado. No entanto, o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina está relacionado com risco significativo de toxicidade clinicamente relevante. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar a eficácia, segurança e viabilidade da quimioterapia adjuvante para pacientes com CPCNP em um cenário de mundo real. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de coorte realizado em um único centro com pacientes com CPCNP em estágio I-III submetidos a cirurgia com intuito curativo entre 2009 e 2018. A quimioterapia adjuvante foi administrada a critério dos médicos. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: quimioterapia adjuvante e sem quimioterapia adjuvante (grupo controle). Os desfechos estudados foram sobrevida global (SG) e sobrevida livre de recidiva (SLR), bem como o perfil de segurança e viabilidade do esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina em um cenário de mundo real. Resultados: O estudo envolveu 231 pacientes, 80 dos quais receberam quimioterapia adjuvante. Destes, 55 receberam o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina. As análises de sobrevida estratificadas pelo estágio do tumor mostraram que os pacientes com CPCNP em estágio II que receberam quimioterapia adjuvante apresentaram melhor SLR (p = 0,036) e SG (p = 0,017) do que os do grupo controle. Entre os pacientes com CPCNP em estágio III que receberam quimioterapia adjuvante, a SLR foi melhor (p < 0,001) e houve uma tendência a melhor SG do que no grupo controle (p = 0,060). Dos que receberam o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina, 29% apresentaram neutropenia febril de grau 3-4, e 9% morreram em virtude de toxicidade. Conclusões: Os resultados confirmam o efeito benéfico da quimioterapia adjuvante em pacientes com CPCNP em um contexto real. No entanto, o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina relacionou-se com taxas alarmantes de toxicidade e alternativas mais eficazes e menos tóxicas devem ser investigadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Cisplatin/adverse effects , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Vinorelbine/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Staging
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880619

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical surgery has become the treatment model for locally advanced rectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of postoperative mFOLFOX6 regimen chemotherapy for locally resectable advanced rectal cancer.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective study. A total of 82 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer admitted to Affiliated Nanhua Hospital, University of South China from February 2015 to December 2017 were selected as the subjects. The patients received 4 courses of mFOLFOX6 chemotherapy and underwent surgery within 4-6 weeks after chemotherapy. The incidences of chemotherapy-related adverse reactions, postoperative complications, and clinical pathological reactions were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the period from mFOLFOX6 chemotherapy to preoperative, 82 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer was reported chemotherapy-related adverse reactions, including Grade 4 neutropenia (2.4%), catheter related infection (2.4%), and anorexia (2.4%), Grade 3 nausea (2.4%) and anorexia (2.4%), Grade 2 neutropenia (14.6%) and peripheral neuropathy (7.3%). Finally, 76 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer completed surgery, including 56 (73.7%) with anterior rectum resection, 16 (21.1%) with abdominal perineal resection, and 72 (94.7%) with pelvic nerve preservation. A total of 22 (28.9%) patients had surgical complications, including 8 (10.5%) with complications of Grade 3 or above. The complications with high incidence were intestinal obstruction, anastomotic leakage, and sepsis. Among the 76 patients who completed chemotherapy and surgery, T stage was decreased in 28 (36.8%) and N stage was decreased in 44 (57.9%); forty-two (55.3%) were in pathological Stage I, 20 (26.3%) in Stage IIA, 12 (15.8%) in Stage IIB, and 2 (2.6%) in Stage IIIA. Ten patients were suspected of tumor invasion of surrounding organs before chemotherapy, of which 4 patients did not need to extend the resection of surrounding organs after chemotherapy and achieved R0 resection of tumor; 2 in T@*CONCLUSIONS@#Preoperative mFOLFOX6 regimen chemotherapy for locally resectable advanced rectal cancer is a safe and feasible treatment strategy, and it is worthy of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , China , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136755

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the case of a child who presented hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) associated with acute monocytic leukemia after chemotherapy, with hemophagocytosis caused by leukemic cells. Case description: In a university hospital in Southern Brazil, a 3-year-old female was diagnosed with acute monocytic leukemia with normal karyotype. The chemotherapy regimen was initiated, and she achieved complete remission six months later, relapsing after four months with a complex karyotype involving chromosomes 8p and 16q. The bone marrow showed vacuolated blasts with a monocytic aspect and evidence of hemophagocytosis. The child presented progressive clinical deterioration and died two months after the relapse. Comments: HLH is a rare and aggressive inflammatory condition characterized by cytopenias, hepatosplenomegaly, fever, and hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. Although rare, malignancy-associated HLH (M-HLH) is fatal. The patient in this case report met five out of the eight established criteria for HLH. The evolution of the patient's karyotype, regardless of the diagnostic profile, seemed secondary to the treatment for acute monocytic leukemia. In this case, the cytogenetic instability might have influenced the abnormal behavior of leukemic cells. This is a rare case of HLH in a child with acute monocytic leukemia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever um caso de um paciente pediátrico que apresentou linfo-histiocitose hemofagocítica (LHH) associada à leucemia monocítica aguda pós-quimioterapia, com hemofagocitose causada pelas próprias células leucêmicas. Descrição do caso: Em um hospital universitário do Sul do Brasil, uma menina de três anos foi diagnosticada com leucemia monocítica aguda com cariótipo normal. Após receber protocolo quimioterápico, atingiu remissão seis meses depois do início do tratamento, recaíndo quatro meses após com um cariótipo complexo envolvendo ambos os cromossomos, 8p e 16q. A medula óssea mostrava-se infiltrada por células blásticas vacuolizadas com aspecto monocítico, com evidências de hemofagocitose. A criança apresentou um declínio clínico progressivo e dois meses após a recaída foi a óbito. Comentários: A LHH é uma condição inflamatória rara e agressiva caracterizada por citopenias, hepatoesplenomegalia, febre e hemofagocitose na medula óssea, linfonodos, baço e fígado. A LHH associada a doenças malignas, embora seja uma condição rara, é potencialmente fatal. A paciente deste caso apresentou cinco dos oito critérios estabelecidos para o diagnóstico de LHH. A evolução do cariótipo do paciente, independentemente do perfil do diagnóstico, pareceu ser secundária ao tratamento da leucemia monocítica aguda, sendo que a instabilidade citogenética pode ter influenciado o comportamento atípico observado nas células leucêmicas. Este é um dos raros casos de LHH em uma criança com leucemia monocítica aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute/drug therapy , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/etiology , Brazil , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute/genetics , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/immunology , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/pathology
14.
Medwave ; 20(7): e8010, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122665

ABSTRACT

Las terapias target constituyen hoy en día una alternativa terapéutica cada vez más utilizada para el manejo de pacientes con melanoma metastásico. Sin embargo, se han descrito múltiples efectos farmacológicos adversos asociados a su uso, siendo los cutáneos los de mayor prevalencia. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 55 años con diagnóstico de melanoma cutáneo metastásico etapa IV, BRAFV600E mutado, en tratamiento con dabrafenib/trametinib que consultó por desarrollo de lesiones nodulares eritematosas sensibles en extremidades superiores e inferiores, asociadas a sensación febril durante el curso del tratamiento. Se descartó alguna infección sobreagregada. Se realizó una biopsia de las lesiones cutáneas, con confirmación diagnóstica histopatológica de una paniculitis mixta de predominio septal, granulomatosa y con vasculitis leucocitoclástica. La paniculitis asociada a esta terapia ha sido descrita en la literatura y se ha considerado un efecto farmacológico inmunomediado adverso, relacionándose a un mejor pronóstico para el melanoma metastásico en tratamiento. Por lo tanto, así como en el caso presentado, se evita la suspensión del fármaco y se asocia terapia sintomática en caso de mayores molestias del paciente. Es de alta relevancia para el dermatólogo conocer e interpretar adecuadamente este efecto adverso farmacológico, y así indicar el manejo más adecuado para el paciente.


Target therapies are currently a therapeutic option increasingly used for the management of patients with metastatic melanoma. However, there are multiple adverse pharmacological effects associated with their use that have been described. Cutaneous adverse reactions are the most frequent. We report the case of a 55-year-old man with a diagnosis of stage IV BRAFV600E-mutated metastatic cutaneous melanoma undergoing treatment with dabrafenib/trametinib, who consulted due to the development of erythematous nodular lesions in the upper and lower limbs associated with febrile sensation during the course of treatment. Infection was ruled out and a biopsy of the skin lesions was done, which provided the histopathological confirmation of a predominantly septal, granulomatous with leukocytoclastic vasculitis, mixed panniculitis. Panniculitis associated with this therapy has been described in the literature and has been considered an immune-mediated pharmacological adverse effect. It is considered to be related to a better prognosis in the treatment of metastatic melanoma. Consequently, as shown in this case report, target therapy should not be discontinued and symptomatic medication should be given to alleviate patient discomfort. The dermatologist should know and properly interpret this adverse effect and prescribe the most appropriate management for the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Panniculitis/chemically induced , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Molecular Targeted Therapy/methods , Oximes/administration & dosage , Pyridones/administration & dosage , Pyrimidinones/administration & dosage , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Panniculitis/diagnosis , Panniculitis/therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Molecular Targeted Therapy/adverse effects , Dermatologists , Imidazoles/administration & dosage , Melanoma/drug therapy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880600

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of the combination of endostar with chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced (IVb) and recurrent metastatic cervical cancer.@*METHODS@#Forty-four patients with recurrent and metastatic cervical cancer, who were admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from December 2016 to December 2018 were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group (22 cases in each group). The control group was given gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) or docetaxel plus cisplatin (DP) treatment, the experimental group was treated with endostar on the basis of the control group.@*RESULTS@#The objective response rate (ORR) was 42.9% in the experimental group and 22.7% in the control group. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with chemotherapy alone, endostar combined with chemotherapy can prolong the median progression-free survival, with higher ORR and similar adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Endostatins , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Recombinant Proteins , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 332-339, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002209

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To explore the potential association between renal mass characteristics and a history of chemotherapy. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of records of patients surgically treated for a localized renal mass between 2000 and 2012 was undertaken following an institutional review board approval. Patients age and sex, renal mass clinical characteristics (radiological size and mode of presentation) and pathological characteristics (diagnosis, renal cell carcinoma subtype, Fuhrman grade and stage) were compared between patients with and without a history of chemotherapy, using Fisher's exact test, Student's t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test. A multivariate logistic analysis was performed to evaluate the independent association of chemotherapy and tumor pathology. Results: Of the 1,038 eligible patients, 33 (3%) had a history of chemotherapy. The distribution of clinical stage, renal mass diagnosis, renal cell carcinoma subtype, Fuhrman grade, pathological stage, sex and median age were similar between the general population and the chemotherapy group. However, the latter had a higher rate of incidental presentation (P = 0.003) and a significantly smaller median radiological tumor size (P = 0.01). In a subset analysis of T1a renal cell carcinoma, the chemotherapy group presented an increased rate of high Fuhrman grade (P = 0.03). On multivariate analysis adjusted for radiological tumor size, sex and age the chemotherapy cohort had a 3.92 higher odds for high Fuhrman grade. Conclusion: Patients with a history of chemotherapy typically present with smaller renal masses that, if malignant, have higher odds of harboring a high Fuhrman grade and thus may not be suitable for active surveillance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Kidney/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/drug therapy , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Kidney/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1015-1020, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012117

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the risk factors and clinical features associated with the interstitial pneumonia in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (RCHOP) or rituximab, cyclophosphamide, liposomal doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (RCDOP) regimens. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 836 patients with DLBCL admitted to the Department of Hematology at Ruijin Hospital from 2013 to 2018. Among them, 114 patients were treated with RCDOP regimen. Using the method of propensity score matching according to age, gender, IPI score of patients, 114 patients treated with RCHOP regimen were selected as controls. Clinical data, including comorbidities, gender, age, B symptoms, international prognostic index (IPI) score, disease stage, serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and β(2) microglobulin (β(2)-MG) level were collected and the risk factors of interstitial pneumonia were further analyzed. Results: The interstitial pneumonia developed more frequently in RCDOP group than RCHOP group (28.95% vs 2.60%, P<0.01) . As the dose of liposomal doxorubicin elevated from 25-30 mg/m(2) to 35-40 mg/m(2), the incidence of interstitial pneumonia accordingly increased from 17.30% to 38.71% (P<0.05) . By multivariate analysis, disease stage was an independent factor of interstitial pneumonitis. Conclusions: Front line regimens containing liposomal doxorubicin in DLBCL patients link to a higher incidence of dose-dependent interstitial pneumonia. Prevention and surveillance should be emphasized in future studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/chemically induced , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab , Vincristine
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 64(3): 230-233, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896447

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of paclitaxel combined with avastin for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients diagnosed with malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Method: Total of 33 patients diagnosed with NSCLC as well as malignant pleural effusion were included. All of them received paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) and avastin (5 mg/kg). Clinical efficacy was evaluated using the total response rate, overall survival, progression-free survival and changes in MPE volume. Adverse events and rates of toxicities were examined as well. Results: The total response rate reached 77% while the overall survival and the median progression-free survival were respectively 22.2 months and 8.4 months. Toxicities of grade 3-4 consisted of neutropenia in 57% of patients, anemia in 17% of them, febrile neutropenia in 11%, as well as anorexia in 7%. No treatment-correlated deaths were found. Conclusion: Paclitaxel combined with avastin decreased MPE volume and increased survival rate of NSCLC patients via inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Safety , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Survival Analysis , Pleural Effusion, Malignant/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Disease-Free Survival , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/adverse effects , Bevacizumab/adverse effects , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/adverse effects
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eRW4007, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891455

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This review aimed to analyze the scientific production on severity of oral mucositis as an adverse effect of chemotherapy. To this end, we performed a search at PubMed databases combining the keywords "oral mucositis" and "chemotherapy protocol". To describe the investigation, the following variables were considered: journal, year/place, study design, sample, protocol used and incidence of oral mucositis. A total of 547 articles were retrieved, of which 26 were selected. Out of these 26, only 2 reported severity of oral mucositis; the others only reported the presence of the condition. Protocols for treating different types of carcinoma were evaluated in 16 (61.53%) studies, for hematological malignancies in 6 (23.07%), and for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 4 (15.4%). Protocols for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation entail a high risk for oral mucositis, just as chemotherapy with cytarabine and high-dose 5-fluorouracil, alkylating agents and platinumbased compounds. To provide the best prevention and treatment for oral mucositis, it is essential to know the chemotherapy protocols used and their effects on the oral cavity.


RESUMO Esta revisão teve como objetivo analisar a produção científica sobre a gravidade da mucosite oral como efeito adverso da quimioterapia. Para tal, nos bancos de dados do PubMed, foi realizada uma busca com a associação dos descritores "oral mucositis" com "chemotherapy protocol". Para descrição da investigação, foram consideradas como variáveis: periódico, ano/local, delineamento da pesquisa, amostra, protocolo utilizado e incidência de mucosite oral. Foram analisados 547 artigos e, destes, 26 foram selecionados. Destes 26, apenas 2 tinham como objetivo avaliar a gravidade de mucosite oral; nos outros, a mucosite oral foi apenas relatada. Protocolos para tratamento de diferentes tipos de carcinoma foram avaliados em 16 (61,53%) estudos, para neoplasias hematológicas, em 6 (23,07%), e para transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas em 4 (15,4%). Protocolos para transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas são de alto risco para o desenvolvimento de mucosite oral, da mesma forma que os quimioterápicos citarabina e 5-fluorouracil em altas doses, agentes alquilantes e compostos derivados da platina. A fim de oferecer prevenção e tratamento mais adequados para mucosite oral, é imprescindível que se conheçam os protocolos quimioterápicos utilizados e seus efeitos sobre a cavidade oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomatitis/chemically induced , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects
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