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1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 28(1): 1-3, jan-mar. 2023. Este editorial foi publicado em inglês na revista São Paulo Medical Journal, volume 140, edição número 6, de novembro e dezembro de 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413157
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 828-836, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985569

ABSTRACT

The common data model (CDM) is an important tool to facilitate the standardized integration of multi-source heterogeneous healthcare big data, enhance the consistency of data semantic understanding, and promote multi-party collaborative analysis. The data collections standardized by CDM can provide powerful support for observational studies, such as large-scale population cohort study. This paper provides an in-depth comparative analysis of the data storage structure, term mapping pattern, and auxiliary tools development of the three international typical CDMs, then analyzes the advantages and limitations of each CDM and summarizes the challenges and opportunities faced in the CDM application in China. It is expected that exploring the advanced technical concepts and practical patterns of foreign countries in data management and sharing will provide references for promoting FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) construction of healthcare big data in China and solving the current practical problems, such as the poor quality of data resources, the low degree of semantization, and the inabilities of data sharing and reuse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Big Data , China , Cohort Studies , Data Collection , Information Dissemination
3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 596-600, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009392

ABSTRACT

Wound age estimation is the core content in the practice of forensic medicine. Accurate estimation of wound age is a scientific question that needs to be urgently solved by forensic scientists at home and abroad. Metabolomics techniques can effectively detect endogenous metabolites produced by internal or external stimulating factors and describe the dynamic changes of metabolites in vivo. It has the advantages of strong operability, high detection efficiency and accurate quantitative results. Machine learning algorithm has special advantages in processing high-dimensional data sets, which can effectively mine biological information and truly reflect the physiological, disease or injury state of the body. It is a new technical means for efficiently processing high-throughput big data. This paper reviews the status and advantages of metabolomic techniques combined with machine learning algorithm in the research of wound age estimation, and provides new ideas for this research.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Machine Learning , Forensic Medicine , Metabolomics , Big Data
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008768

ABSTRACT

The application of new-generation information technologies such as big data, the internet of things(IoT), and cloud computing in the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)manufacturing industry is gradually deepening, driving the intelligent transformation and upgrading of the TCM industry. At the current stage, there are challenges in understanding the extraction process and its mechanisms in TCM. Online detection technology faces difficulties in making breakthroughs, and data throughout the entire production process is scattered, lacking valuable mining and utilization, which significantly hinders the intelligent upgrading of the TCM industry. Applying data-driven technologies in the process of TCM extraction can enhance the understanding of the extraction process, achieve precise control, and effectively improve the quality of TCM products. This article analyzed the technological bottlenecks in the production process of TCM extraction, summarized commonly used data-driven algorithms in the research and production control of extraction processes, and reviewed the progress in the application of data-driven technologies in the following five aspects: mechanism analysis of the extraction process, process development and optimization, online detection, process control, and production management. This article is expected to provide references for optimizing the extraction process and intelligent production of TCM.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Big Data , Algorithms
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1015-1025, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980810

ABSTRACT

Wearable technology, which can continuously and remotely monitor physiological and behavioral parameters by incorporated into clothing or worn as an accessory, introduces a new era for ubiquitous health care. With big data technology, wearable data can be analyzed to help long-term cardiovascular care. This review summarizes the recent developments of wearable technology related to cardiovascular care, highlighting the most common wearable devices and their accuracy. We also examined the application of these devices in cardiovascular healthcare, such as the early detection of arrhythmias, measuring blood pressure, and detecting prevalent diabetes. We provide an overview of the challenges that hinder the widespread application of wearable devices, such as inadequate device accuracy, data redundancy, concerns associated with data security, and lack of meaningful criteria, and offer potential solutions. Finally, the future research direction for cardiovascular care using wearable devices is discussed.


Subject(s)
Big Data , Delivery of Health Care , Wearable Electronic Devices , Technology , Blood Pressure
6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1218-1222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010929

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical rules based on the big data of the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, and to establish an integrated platform for clinical research in emergency, which was finally applied to clinical practice.@*METHODS@#Based on the hospital information system (HIS), laboratory information system (LIS), emergency specialty system, picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) and electronic medical record system of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, the structural and unstructured information of patients in the emergency department from March 2019 to April 2022 was extracted. By means of extraction and fusion, normalization and desensitization quality control, the database was established. In addition, data were extracted from the database for adult patients with pre screening triage level III and below who underwent emergency visits from March 2019 to April 2022, such as demographic characteristics, vital signs during pre screening triage, diagnosis and treatment characteristics, diagnosis and grading, time indicators, and outcome indicators, independent risk factors for poor prognosis in patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#(1) The data of 338 681 patients in the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from March 2019 to April 2022 were extracted, including 15 modules, such as demographic information, triage information, visit information, green pass and rescue information, diagnosis information, medical record information, laboratory examination overview, laboratory information, examination information, microbiological information, medication information, treatment information, hospitalization information, chest pain management and stroke management. The database ensured data visualization and operability. (2) Total 140 868 patients with pre-examination and triage level III and below were recruited from the emergency department database. The gender, age, type of admission to the hospital, pulse, blood pressure, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and other indicators of the patients were included. Taking emergency admission to operating room, emergency admission to intervention room, emergency admission to intensive care unit (ICU) or emergency death as poor prognosis, the poor prognosis prediction model for patients with pre-examination and triage level III and below was constructed. The receiver operator characteristic curve and forest map results showed that the model had good predictive efficiency and could be used in clinical practice to reduce the risk of insufficient emergency pre-examination and triage.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The establishment of high-quality clinical database based on big data in emergency department is conducive to mining the clinical value of big data, assisting clinical decision-making, and improving the quality of clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Big Data , Emergency Service, Hospital , Triage/methods , Intensive Care Units , Hospitalization , Retrospective Studies
7.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252949, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440791

ABSTRACT

As startups são empresas que apresentam modelos de negócios marcados pela inovação, rapidez, flexibilidade e alta capacidade de adaptação aos mercados. Atuando em diferentes setores socioeconômicos, elas prometem criar e transformar produtos e serviços. A emergência e disseminação dessas empresas ocorrem em um momento histórico de mudanças iniciadas a partir de 1970 e marcadas pelas crises geradas com o esgotamento do paradigma da sociedade urbano industrial. No Brasil, o número desse modelo de negócio apresentou uma expansão expressiva, alcançando a marca de 13.374 nos últimos cinco anos. Atento a esse cenário, o objetivo desta pesquisa consistiu em compreender como sujeitos, grupos e instituições atribuem sentidos à experiência de trabalho nas chamadas startups. Na parte teórica, as condições sociais e econômicas que possibilitaram a emergência e disseminação das startups são analisadas em uma perspectiva crítica. A parte empírica, por sua vez, apresenta depoimentos de empreendedores relatando o contexto geral de atuação nas startups. Ao final deste artigo, conclui-se que há uma instrumentalização capitalística de componentes subjetivos específicos selecionados e colocados em circulação para fortalecer o modo de produção capitalista financeirizado.(AU)


Startups are companies that have business models characterized by innovation, speed, flexibility, and a high capacity to adapt to markets. Operating in different socioeconomic sectors, they promise to create and transform products and services. The emergence and dissemination of these companies occur at a historical moment of changes that began from 1970 and are marked by the crises generated by the exhaustion of the paradigm of industrial urban society. In Brazil, the number of businesses in this model showed a significant expansion, reaching 13,374 companies in the last five years. Attentive to this scenario, the objective of this research was to understand how subjects, groups, and institutions attribute meanings to the work experience in so-called startups. In the theoretical part, the social and economic conditions that enabled the emergence and dissemination of startups are analyzed in a critical perspective. The empirical part presents entrepreneurs reporting the general context of action in startups. At the end of this article, it is concluded that there is a capitalistic instrumentalization of specific subjective components that are selected and put into circulation to strengthen the financed capitalist production.(AU)


Las startups son empresas que tienen modelos de negocio marcados por la innovación, la velocidad, la flexibilidad y una alta capacidad de adaptación a los mercados. Desde diferentes sectores socioeconómicos, las startups prometen crear y transformar productos y servicios. La aparición y difusión de estas empresas se produce en un momento histórico de cambios que comenzó a partir de 1970 y que está marcado por crisis generadas por el agotamiento del paradigma de la sociedad urbana industrial. En Brasil, estas empresas se expandieron significativamente alcanzando la marca de 13.374 empresas en los últimos cinco años. En este escenario, el objetivo de esta investigación fue entender cómo los sujetos, grupos e instituciones atribuyen significados a la experiencia laboral en las startups. En la parte teórica, se analizan las condiciones sociales y económicas que permitieron el surgimiento y la difusión de las startups en una perspectiva crítica. La parte empírica presenta testimonios de emprendedores que informan sobre el trabajo en startups. La investigación concluye que hay una instrumentalización capitalista de componentes subjetivos específicos que se seleccionan y ponen en circulación para fortalecer el modo de producción capitalista financiero.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Psychology, Social , Work , Organizations , Capitalism , Organization and Administration , Organizational Innovation , Peer Group , Personality , Politics , Professional Corporations , Professional Practice , Psychology , Public Relations , Risk Management , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Adjustment , Social Change , Social Values , Technology , Thinking , Work Hours , Decision Making, Organizational , Competitive Bidding , Capital Financing , Artificial Intelligence , Consensus Development Conferences as Topic , Organizational Culture , Health , Administrative Personnel , Occupational Health , Planning Techniques , Adolescent , Entrepreneurship , Employment, Supported , Private Sector , Models, Organizational , Interview , Total Quality Management , Time Management , Efficiency, Organizational , Competitive Behavior , Natural Resources , Consumer Behavior , Contract Services , Benchmarking , Patent , Outsourced Services , Cultural Evolution , Marketing , Diffusion of Innovation , Economic Competition , Efficiency , Employment , Scientific and Educational Events , Products Commerce , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Agribusiness , Planning , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Small Business , Social Networking , Financial Management , Inventions , Crowdsourcing , Cloud Computing , Work-Life Balance , Stakeholder Participation , Sustainable Growth , Freedom , Big Data , Facilities and Services Utilization , e-Commerce , Blockchain , Universal Design , Augmented Reality , Intelligence , Investments , Mass Media , Occupations
8.
Ortodoncia ; 86(172): 74-77, dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436440

ABSTRACT

A lo largo del tiempo, la Ortodoncia fue pasando por distintos periodos con características propias y bien definidas, hasta llegar a la época actual, en la que el descubrimiento de inteligencia artificial (IA), que combina la ciencia informática, algoritmos y recopilación de miles de datos, logra simplificar nuestro trabajo y nos conduce a un fin muy claro, que es un tratamiento personalizado.


Orthodontics, through the ages, went through different periods with its own welldefined characteristics, until we reach the present time, where the discovery of artificial intelligence (AI), which combines computer science, algorithms and the collection of thousands of data, manage to simplify our work, and lead us to a very clear goal, which is a personalized treatment.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Artificial Intelligence , Big Data , Algorithms
9.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(3): 742-745, jul.-set. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399031

ABSTRACT

O livro A pesquisa científica na era do Big data: cinco maneiras que mostram como o Big data prejudica a ciência, e como podemos salvá-la, de Sabina Leonelli, publicado pela Editora Fiocruz em 2022, explora em seus capítulos as definições do termo Big data e os seus impactos negativos na pesquisa científica. Em seguida, a autora revela uma nova abordagem epistemológica para o Big data e, por fim, apresenta um conjunto de propostas para a pesquisa científica. A revisão e atualização de definições, tanto quanto as importantes reflexões e os questionamentos por um uso consciente do Big data na pesquisa científica fazem com que a obra adicione importantes contribuições à biblioteca do pesquisador de informação e comunicação em saúde


The book titled A pesquisa científica na era do Big Data: cinco maneiras que mostram como o Big Data prejudica a ciência, e como podemos salvá-la [The scientific research in the age of Big Data: five ways that show how the Big Data harms the science, and how we can save it], by Sabina Leonelli, published in 2002, by Editora Fiocruz, explores in its chapters the definitions of Big Data and its negative impacts on scientific research. Then, the author reveals a new epistemological approach to Big data and finally she presents a set of proposals for developing a good scientific research. The literature review and updating of definitions as well as the important reflections and questions for a conscious use of Big data in scientific research make the work an important contribution to the researcher's library of the information and communication about health.


El libro denominado A pesquisa científica na era do Big data: cinco maneiras que mostram como o Big data prejudica a ciência, e como podemos salvá-la [La investigación científica en la era del Big data: cinco maneras que muestran como el Big data perjudica la ciencia, y como la salvar], de Sabina Leonelli, publicado en 2002, por la Editora Fiocruz, explora em sus capítulos las definiciones de Big data y sus impactos negativos en la investigación científica. A continuación, la autora revela un nuevo enfoque epistemológico del Big data y, al fin y al cabo, presenta un conjunto de propuestas para desarrollar una investigación científica de cualidad. La revisión de literatura y la actualización de las definiciones, así como las importantes reflexiones y discusiones para un uso consciente del Big data en la investigación científica, hacen de la obra un aporte importante a la biblioteca del investigador de la información y la comunicación acerca de la salud


Subject(s)
Humans , Big Data , Science , Public Health , Database , Scientific Research and Technological Development , Health Communication , Data Science , COVID-19
10.
Article in Portuguese | ECOS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1412814

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar os principais custos indiretos da insuficiência cardíaca (IC) na população brasileira, sobre o sistema de saúde, o custo previdenciário e o quanto se perde em produtividade pelas complicações da doença. Métodos: Estudo ecológico desenvolvido com dados secundários, para a série histórica de 2018 a 2021, minerados do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (Datasus), do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), e indicadores previdenciários coletados da Previdência Social e Instituto Nacional do Seguro Social (INSS). Resultados: Foram registrados 77.290 óbitos por IC no Brasil para o período, distribuídos uniformemente em relação ao sexo. A taxa de mortalidade foi diversificada entre as regiões brasileiras, com ênfase para Sudeste e Nordeste. As projeções indicam um gasto total de mais de R$ 1 bilhão com hospitalizações, com custo médio hospitalar de R$ 1.725,27 por pessoa. O custo médio por internação ultrapassou os R$ 2 bilhões de reais. Aproximadamente 3% das despesas federais são destinadas a pagamentos de benefícios relacionados a IC. Do total de afastamentos, 65% correspondem a homens e 35%, a mulheres, com custos que podem chegar a R$ 6 bilhões perdidos por ano. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem um aumento do afastamento de portadores de IC da força de trabalho, o que acarreta maiores dispêndios para o sistema de saúde e pagamentos de benefícios previdenciários, como auxílio-doença e aposentadoria por incapacidade de longa duração. Este é o primeiro estudo que estima e correlaciona os dados socioepidemiológicos e os custos de saúde e previdenciários da IC no Brasil.


Objective: To estimate the main indirect costs of heart failure (HF) in the Brazilian population, on the health system, social security cost, and how much is lost in productivity due to the complications of the disease. Methods: Ecological study developed with secondary data, for the historical series from 2018 to 2021, mined from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (Datasus), from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), and social security indicators collected from Social Security and the National Social Security Institute (INSS). Results: There were 77,290 deaths from HF in Brazil for the period, evenly distributed according to sex. The mortality rate was diversified among Brazilian regions, with emphasis on the Southeast and Northeast. Projections indicate a total expenditure of more than BRL 1 billion with hospitalizations, with an average hospital cost of BRL 1,725.27 per person. The average cost per hospitalization exceeded BRL 2 billion. Approximately 3% of federal expenditures are earmarked for IC benefit payments. Of the total number of absences, 65% correspond to men and 35% to women, with costs that can reach R$ 6 billion lost per year. Conclusion: The results suggest an increase in the removal of HF patients from the workforce, which leads to higher expenditures for the health system and payments of social security benefits, such as sick pay and retirement due to long-term disability. This is the first study that estimates and correlates socio-epidemiological data, health and social security costs of HF in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Costs and Cost Analysis , Big Data , Heart Failure
11.
E-Cienc. inf ; 12(1)jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384764

ABSTRACT

Resumo Vivemos numa sociedade em que a existência está diretamente associada a visibilidade dos indivíduos. As construções narrativas que validam este processo trabalham com imagens e vídeos que projetam e constroem as nossas vivências em múltiplas plataformas digitais. Através delas é possível mapear boa parte de nossas ações e interações. Esses dados são valiosos indicativos de nosso comportamento social e emocional diante de variados temas e situações. As plataformas digitais utilizam essas informações na dinâmica do capitalismo de dados, extraindo valor a partir de mecanismos automatizados de coleta e operados por sujeitos algorítmicos. Por meio da organização de Big Data novos padrões de consumo são estimulados através de entregas customizadas para determinados grupos de pessoas interconectadas. Este estudo mostra as características deste processo operado em ambientes heterotópicos em que o espaço-tempo é formatado pela lógica das plataformas. Além disso, será apresentado um panorama sobre como esse artifício se tornou possível por causa da necessidade de relevância em que a autonomia do indivíduo nas redes é proporcional a sua submissão as regras de vigilância e exploração econômica. Através desta premissa este estudo apresenta dados recentes sobre a relação de confiança dos brasileiros nestas plataformas digitais que, paradoxalmente, ocupam lugar de destaque como fonte de informação primordial para boa parte da população no Brasil.


Abstract We live in a society in which the existence is directly associated with the visibility of the individuals. The narrative constructions that validate these processes work with images and videos that project and build our experiences on multiple digital platforms. Through them it is possible to map part of our actions and interactions. These data are valuable indicators of our social and emotional behavior in the face of many themes and situations. Digital platforms use this information in the dynamic of data capitalism, extracting value from automated collection mechanisms operated by algorithmic subjects. Through the Big Data organization, consumption patterns are stimulated through customized deliveries for certain groups of interconnected people. This study shows the characteristics of this process operated in heterotopic environments in which space-time is operated by the platform logic. In addition to that, an overview will be presented on how this artifice became possible because of the need for relevance in which the individuals autonomy in networks is proportional to their submission to the rules of surveillance and economic exploitation. Through this premise, this study also presents recent data on the trust relationship of Brazilians in these digital platforms that, paradoxically, occupy a prominent place as a primary source of information for a large part of the population in Brazil.


Resumen Vivimos en una sociedad en la que la existencia está directamente asociada a la visibilidad de los individuos. Las construcciones narrativas que validan este proceso funcionan con imágenes y vídeos que proyectan y construyen nuestras experiencias en múltiples plataformas digitales. A través de ellos es posible mapear la mayoría de nuestras acciones e interacciones. Estos datos son valiosos indicadores de nuestro comportamiento social y emocional ante diversos temas y situaciones. Las plataformas digitales utilizan esta información en la dinámica del capitalismo de datos, extrayendo valor de los mecanismos de recogida automatizada operados por sujetos algorítmicos. A través de la organización de Big Data se estimulan nuevos patrones de consumo mediante entregas personalizadas a determinados grupos de personas interconectadas. Este estudio muestra las características de este proceso operado en entornos heterotópicos en los que el espacio-tiempo está formateado por la lógica de las plataformas. Además, se presentará una visión general de cómo este artificio fue posible debido a la necesidad de relevancia en la que la autonomía del individuo en las redes es proporcional a su sometimiento a las reglas de vigilancia y explotación económica. A través de esta premisa, este estudio presenta datos recientes sobre la relación de confianza de los brasileños en estas plataformas digitales que, paradójicamente, ocupan un lugar destacado como fuente primaria de información para gran parte de la población en Brasil.


Subject(s)
Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems/statistics & numerical data , Consumer Behavior , Social Networking , Big Data , Brazil
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936209

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the correlation between loss of smell/taste and the number of real confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide based on Google Trends data, and to explore the guiding role of smell/taste loss for the COVID-19 prevention and control. Methods: "Loss of smell" and "loss of taste" related keywords were searched in the Google Trends platform, the data were obtained from Jan. 1 2019 to Jul. 11 2021. The daily and newly confirmed COVID-19 case number were collected from World Health Organization (WHO) since Dec. 30 2019. All data were statistically analyzed by SPSS 23.0 software. The correlation was finally tested by Spearman correlation analysis. Results: A total of data from 80 weeks were collected. The retrospective analysis was performed on the new trend of COVID-19 confirmed cases in a total of 186 292 441 cases worldwide. Since the epidemic of COVID-19 was recorded on the WHO website, the relative searches related to loss of smell/taste in the Google Trends platform had been increasing globally. The global relative search volumes of "loss of smell" and "loss of taste" on Google Trends was 10.23±2.58 and 16.33±2.47 before the record of epidemic while 80.25±39.81 and 80.45±40.04 after (t value was 8.67, 14.43, respectively, both P<0.001). In the United States and India, the relative searches for "loss of smell" and "loss of taste" after the record of epidemic were also much higher than before (all P<0.001). The correlation coefficients between the trend of weekly new COVID-19 cases and the Google Trends of "loss of smell" in the global, United States, and India was 0.53, 0.76, and 0.82 respectively (all P<0.001), the correlation coefficients with Google Trends of "loss of taste" was 0.54, 0.78, and 0.82 respectively (all P<0.001). The lowest and highest point of loss of smell/taste search curves of Google Trends in different periods appeared 7 to 14 days earlier than that of the weekly newly COVID-19 confirmed cases curves, respectively. Conclusions: There is a significant positive correlation between the number of newly confirmed cases of COVID-19 worldwide and the amount of keywords, such as "loss of smell" and "loss of taste", retrieved in Google Trends. The trend of big data based on Google Trends might predict the outbreak trend of COVID-19 in advance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ageusia , Big Data , COVID-19 , Disease Outbreaks , Internet , Retrospective Studies , Smell , United States
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1330-1343, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969792

ABSTRACT

Cancer is a public health and social problem to which great attention should be attached. Not only are there a large number of cancer patients in China, but great differences also exist in etiology, epidemiology, disease spectrum, and treatment between China and western countries. Therefore, tumor-related data in China has its own characteristics. Full reference to the data of western countries cannot accurately reflect the real situation of cancer prevention and treatment in China. If we can integrate, process and analyze Chinese data, and find rules in specific etiology, incidence, drug sensitivity and prognosis, it will play an important role in the formulation of health policy, medical research and disease prevention. The Society of Cancer Big Data and Real World Study of China Anti-Cancer Association organized multidisciplinary experts, combined with domestic and foreign literature and clinical practice, after repeated discussion and revision, finished this consensus including background, analysis and management, direction planning and operation flow, basic design, quality control standards, evidence level classification, data security and privacy standards of big data and real world study. The aim is to take full advantages of Chinese cancer big data to carry out high-quality real world study, and better promote the prevention and treatment of cancer in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Big Data , East Asian People , Neoplasms/therapy , China/epidemiology , Biomedical Research
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 578-585, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935430

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of data users, ensuring the relevance and reliability of big data in healthcare and medicine via assessments on data appropriateness is a prerequisite for generating high-quality real-world evidence, which could guarantee good representativeness and generalizability of real-world studies. This review summarized the quality dimensions, definitions, evaluation indexes and calculating methods of assessment on the appropriateness of real-world data (RWD) according to guidance from different countries and international organizations, as well as exploring the opportunities and challenges for better assessing RWD appropriateness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Big Data , Delivery of Health Care , Reproducibility of Results
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935298

ABSTRACT

The micronucleomics test can comprehensively display a variety of harmful endpoints, such as DNA damage and repair, chromosome breakage or loss and cell growth inhibition, with fast, simple and economical feature. Micronucleomics is not only widely used in the comprehensive assessment of the types and modes of genetic action of exogenous chemicals (such as drugs, food additives, cosmetics, environmental pollutants, etc.), but also plays an important role in the screening and risk assessment of cancer population at high risk. However, the traditional micronucleomics image counting method has the characteristics of time-consuming, low accuracy, and high cost, which cannot meet the current analysis requirements of large-scale, multi-index, rapidity, high precision and visualization. In recent years, with the rapid development of the era of precision medicine based on big data, visualized analysis of new micronucleomics based on machine learning and detection strategies based on deep learning have shown a good application prospect. This review, based on the application value of micronucleomics, systematically compares the traditional and new artificial intelligence counting of micronucleus images, and discusses the future direction of micronucleus image detection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Big Data , Machine Learning , Precision Medicine
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210215, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394424

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Worldwide, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a disorder with high morbidity, affecting more than 200 million people. Objectives Our objective was to analyze surgical treatment for PAD provided on the Brazilian Public Healthcare System over 12 years using publicly available data. Methods The study was conducted with analysis of data available on the Brazilian Health Ministry's database platform, assessing distributions of procedures and techniques over the years and their associated mortality and costs. Results A total of 129,424 procedures were analyzed (performed either for claudication or critical ischemia, proportion unknown). The vast majority of procedures were endovascular (65.49%) and this disproportion exhibited a rising trend (p<0.001). There were 3,306 in-hospital deaths (mortality of 2.55%), with lower mortality in the endovascular group (1.2% vs. 5.0%, p=0.008). The overall governmental expenditure on these procedures was U$ 238,010,096.51, and endovascular procedures were on average significantly more expensive than open surgery (U$ 1,932.27 vs. U$ 1,517.32; p=0.016). Conclusions Lower limb revascularizations were performed on the Brazilian Public Healthcare System with gradually increasing frequency from 2008 to 2019. Endovascular procedures were vastly more common and were associated with lower in-hospital mortality rates, but higher procedure costs.


Resumo Contexto A doença arterial periférica (DAP) é uma doença com alta morbidade global, afetando mais de 200 milhões de pessoas. Objetivos Neste estudo, analisamos o tratamento cirúrgico para DAP no sistema público de saúde do Brasil no período de 12 anos, com base em dados publicamente disponíveis. Métodos O estudo foi conduzido a partir da análise de dados disponíveis na plataforma do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS), do Ministério da Saúde, avaliando a distribuição da técnica cirúrgica utilizada, a mortalidade e o custo ao longo dos anos. Resultados Um total de 129.424 procedimentos foram analisados (para claudicantes e isquemia crítica, em proporção desconhecida). A maiora dos procedimentos foi via endovascular (65,49%), com tendência de aumento nessa desproporção (p < 0,001). Houve 3.306 mortes intra-hospitalares (mortalidade de 2,55%) com menor mortalidade no grupo endovascular (1,2% vs. 5,0%; p = 0,008). O investimento governamental total para esses procedimentos foi de US$ 238.010.096,51, e os procedimentos endovasculares foram significativamente mais caros que a cirurgia aberta convencional (US$ 1.932,27 vs. US$ 1.517,32; p = 0,016). Conclusões No sistema público de saúde brasileiro, as revascularizações de membros inferiores ocorreram com frequência crescente entre 2008 e 2019. Os procedimentos endovasculares foram mais comuns e relacionados a menor mortalidade intra-hospitalar, mas a maiores custos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Peripheral Arterial Disease/surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Costs and Cost Analysis , Big Data
17.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 597-618, jul.-set. 2020. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121781

ABSTRACT

Este artigo busca responder a alguns dos desafios de sistematização, indexação e divulgação de variados documentos acadêmicos da área de pensamento social no Brasil pela Biblioteca Virtual do Pensamento Social (BVPS). Argumentamos que a importância da discussão sobre preservação digital para a BVPS cumpre dois objetivos: o de disponibilizar documentos digitalizados a um público mais amplo e o de mapear a produção contemporânea da área, com intuito de criar uma memória intelectual. Neste artigo, nos deteremos sobretudo no segundo objetivo, tendo em vista definir bem como disponibilizar ao público da biblioteca os critérios de seleção e organização do acervo. Dentro dos limites do recorte proposto, por meio de redes de acoplamento bibliográfico, cocitação e mapas semânticos, apresentaremos aqui uma análise preliminar da produção de artigos na área de pensamento social no Brasil. A atual pesquisa é fundamental para a definição das próximas etapas de ampliação do conteúdo da biblioteca, notadamente a definição de novos seletores de busca, a integração de novos autores e autoras à seção Intérpretes e a indexação de trabalhos com temáticas e abordagens caras à área de pensamento social no Brasil.


This article seeks to respond to some of the challenges of systematization, indexing and dissemination of various academic documents in the field of social thought in Brazil by the BVPS ­ Biblioteca Virtual do Pensamento Social (Virtual Library of Social Thought). We argue that the importance of the discussion on digital preservation for the BVPS fulfills two objectives: that of making digitized documents available to a wider audience and that of mapping contemporary production in that field in order to create an intellectual memory. In this article, we will focus mainly on the second objective, in order to define as well as make available to the library public the selection and organization criteria of the collection. Within the limits of the proposed clipping, we will present here a preliminary analysis of the production of articles in the field of social thought in Brazil through networks of bibliographic coupling, co-quotation and semantic maps. The current research is fundamental for the definition of the next steps to expand the content of the library, notably the definition of new search options the integration of new authors in the section Interpreters and the indexing of works containing important themes and approaches for the area of social thought in Brazil.


Este artículo busca responder a algunos de los desafíos de la sistematización, indexación y difusión de diferentes tipos de documentos académicos en el campo del pensamiento social en Brasil por la BVPS ­ Biblioteca Virtual do Pensamento Social (Biblioteca Virtual del Pensamiento Social). Argumentamos que la importancia de la discusión sobre la preservación digital para la BVPS cumple dos objetivos: el de hacer que los documentos digitalizados estén disponibles para una audiencia más amplia y el de mapear la producción contemporánea en el área para crear una memoria intelectual. En este artículo, nos centraremos principalmente en el segundo objetivo, para definir como también para poner a la disposición del público de la biblioteca los criterios de selección y organización de la colección. Dentro de los límites del recorte propuesto, presentaremos aquí un análisis preliminar de la producción de artículos en el campo del pensamiento social en Brasil a través de redes de acoplamiento bibliográfico, cocitación y mapas semánticos. La investigación actual es fundamental para la definición de los próximos pasos para expandir el contenido de la biblioteca, en particular la definición de nuevos selectores de búsqueda, la integración de nuevos autores y autoras en la sección Intérpretes y la indexación de trabajos conteniendo temas y enfoques relevantes para el área de pensamiento social en Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Information Storage and Retrieval , Libraries, Digital , Big Data , Anthropology, Cultural , Sociology , Records , Information Management
18.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 724-733, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121946

ABSTRACT

En esta entrevista a Reciis, Miquel Térmens discute la importancia de la preservación digital para crear un sistema de salud que sea bueno no solo para el futuro, pero para el presente. Estamos en una fase de recopilación y almacenamiento de una gran cantidad de datos sobre el nuevo coronavirus para asegurar su rápida utilización, y su preservación a largo plazo es de interés tanto de los gobiernos como de los grupos de investigación que están trabajando a favor de las soluciones. El gran reto de nuestro presente es investigar cómo hacer preservación digital a una nueva escala, incorporando datos de las redes sociales, datos de investigación y Big Data, pero eso solo va a ser posible con normalización y planificación. Miquel Térmens Graells es doctor en Documentación por la Universidad de Barcelona, es profesor titular y decano de la Facultad de Información y Medios Audiovisuales de la misma universidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Organization and Administration , Health Systems , Data Curation , Big Data , Data Analysis , Data Collection , Information Storage and Retrieval , Access to Information
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 111-125, jan.-mar. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087268

ABSTRACT

A informação pública, garantida por lei no Brasil, é base para a geração de conhecimento adaptativo em situações adversas, como a extrema vulnerabilidade socioambiental e seus impactos na saúde humana. O presente artigo avalia a transparência da informação pública nas áreas de saúde humana (com foco no Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS), mudanças produtivas (uso do solo) e mudanças climáticas (chuva e temperatura), utilizando dados de 5.570 municípios brasileiros, ao longo dos últimos 20 anos. A experiência da construção de uma base nacional de dados (Data Lake) a partir de informações disponibilizadas em bases públicas (ou público-privadas) ­ DATASUS, MapBiomas, Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (Inmet) e Hidroweb da Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA) ­ confirmou que, na prática, a acessibilidade da informação pública no Brasil apresenta entraves importantes. Incluímos recomendações sobre como ela pode ser aprimorada para tornar os direitos de acesso à informação uma realidade mais concreta para o cidadão brasileiro.


The transparency of public information, a right that is entitled by law in Brazil, is the basis to generate adaptive knowledge in adverse situations, such as extreme socio-environmental vulnerability and its impacts on human health. This article evaluates the transparency of public information in three areas ­ i) human health, focusing on the Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS (Unified Health System); ii) productive changes (land use indicators); and iii) climate changes (rain and temperature indicators) ­ using data from all the 5,570 Brazilian municipalities over the last 20 years. The experience of building a national database (Data Lake) from available information in public (or public-private) databases ­ DATASUS, MapBiomas, Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia ­ Inmet (National Institute of Meteorology), and Hidroweb of the Agência Nacional de Águas ­ ANA (National Water Agency) ­ confirmed that, in practice, the accessibility of public information in Brazil suffers from significant shortcomings. We include some recommendations for and how it could be improved so that the access rights to information becomes a more concrete reality for the Brazilian citizen.


La información pública, garantizada por ley en Brasil, es la base para la generación de conocimiento adaptativo en situaciones adversas, como la extrema vulnerabilidad socioambiental y sus impactos en la salud humana. Este artículo evalúa la transparencia de la información pública en las áreas de salud humana (dirigindo la atención hacia el Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS (Sistema Único de Salud), cambios productivos (uso del suelo) y cambios climáticos (lluvia y temperatura), con datos de los 5.570 municipios brasileños, durante los últimos 20 años. La experiencia de la construcción de una base nacional de datos (Data Lake) a partir de informaciones disponibles en bases públicas (o público-privadas) ­ DATASUS, MapBiomas, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología (Inmet) e Hidroweb de la Agência Nacional de Águas ­ ANA (Agencia Nacional de Aguas) ­ confirmó que, en la práctica, la accesibilidad de la información pública en Brasil presenta obstáculos importantes. Incluimos recomendaciones acerca de como la transparencia puede ser perfeccionada para hacer de los derechos de acceso a la información una realidad más concreta para el ciudadano brasileño.


Subject(s)
Humans , Climate Change , Access to Information/legislation & jurisprudence , Decision Making , Environment and Public Health , Big Data , Unified Health System , Brazil , Public Information , Social Vulnerability , Geographic Information Systems , Health Policy , Health Information Systems
20.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 86-90, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985092

ABSTRACT

The estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) is a core issue in forensic practice. A large amount of time-dependent data can be produced in the decomposition process of a body, however, such multidimensional data cannot be comprehensively and effectively analyzed and utilized by any existing conventional PMI estimation method. As a rapidly developing information technology, artificial intelligence (AI) has significant advantages in big data processing, due to it's comprehensiveness, efficiency and automation. Some scholars have already applied it to researches on the estimation of PMI, showing it's significant advantages in terms of accuracy and development prospect. This article reviews the significance, mode and progress of application of AI in PMI estimation and provides some suggestions and prospects for future study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Big Data , Forensic Pathology , Postmortem Changes , Time Factors
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