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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 11-17, maio 05,2022. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370480

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli are pathogens that cause chronic infections due to antibiotic resistance mechanisms and their ability to adhere to surfaces and to form biofilms. The search for new agents from natural resources to counter microbial biofilms is an urgent priority in healthcare. Objetive: chemical composition, antibacterial and anti-biofilm activity of Plectranthus amboinicus essential oil (PAEO) and carvacrol were investigated against E. coli and S. aureus. Methodology: PAEO was chemically analyzed using gas chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer. Antimicrobial activity was assessed by the disc diffusion method and broth microdilution method to determine minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Antibiofilm activity was investigated using 96-well plates with a crystal violet assay. Results: carvacrol (85.25%) was the major component of PAEO. The disc diffusion test confirmed the ability of PAEO and carvacrol in inhibiting bacteria in their planktonic form. The MICs of PAEO against S. aureus and E. coli were 0.31 and 1.25%, respectively, with bactericidal effect. Carvacrol demonstrated a significant antibacterial property (MIC = 0.31%), exhibiting bacteriostatic effects against S. aureus and bactericidal effects against E. coli. Carvacrol considerably inhibited E. coli biofilm formations (58.9%). Moreover, carvacrol inactivated the mature biofilms. Conclusion: the data obtained are promising, and facilitates the development of new therapeutic alternatives. These results indicate the potential of carvacrol in treating diseases caused by E. coli and S. aureus


Introdução: Escherichia coli e Staphylococcus aureus são patógenos que podem causar infecções persistentes devido aos mecanismos de resistência e à sua capacidade de aderir e formar biofilme. A busca por novos agentes a partir de recursos naturais para combater o biofilme é uma prioridade na área da saúde. Objetivo: a composição química, a atividade antibacteriana e anti-biofilme do óleo essencial de Plectranthus amboinicus (PAEO) e do carvacrol foram investigadas frente a S. aureus e E. coli. Metodologia: a análise química do PAEO foi realizada por cromatografia gasosa acoplada a espectrômetro de massa. A atividade antimicrobiana foi avaliada por difusão em disco e microdiluição em caldo para determinar as concentrações inibitórias mínimas (CIMs). As atividades do anti-biofilme foram investigadas usando placas de 96 poços pelo ensaio de cristal violeta. Resultados: o carvacrol (85,25%) foi o principal componente do PAEO. A capacidade do PAEO e do carvacrol para inibir bactérias planctônica foi confirmada por difusão em disco. A CIM do PAEO para S. aureus e E. coli foi de 0,31 e 1,25%, respectivamente, com efeito bactericida. O carvacrol demonstrou uma propriedade antibacteriana significativa (CIM=0,31%), exibindo efeito bacteriostático frente a S. aureus e efeito bactericida para E. coli. O carvacrol inibiu significativamente a formação de biofilme de E. coli (58,9%) e promoveu a desestabilização do biofilme maduro. Conclusão: os dados obtidos são promissores, possibilitando o desenvolvimento de novas alternativas terapêuticas e revelam a potencialidade do carvacrol como fonte para o tratamento de doenças causadas por E. coli e S. aureus.


Subject(s)
Staphylococcus aureus , Biological Products , Oils, Volatile , Biofilms , Escherichia coli
2.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 28: e20210050, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360569

ABSTRACT

Scorpionism is a worldwide problem that has already made thousands of victims, and multi-disciplinary approaches for controlling their populations are to be more successful. Hens are often mentioned as tools for controlling scorpions; however, systematic/experimental behavioral studies are not available. Moreover, there is no systematic information on the effect of scorpion venoms on hens. Using the venomous yellow scorpion Tityus serrulatus, the present study aimed to clarify the following aspects: (1) voracity of hens, (2) how hens react when stung, (3) the effect of scorpion stings on hen behavior during attacks, and (4) hen survivorship after feeding on scorpions. Methods: We attracted hens with corn powder, offered them scorpions and then recorded the hen-scorpion interaction. To test the effects of the sting we manually removed the scorpion's telson. Results: We found that some hens ate up to six scorpions within minutes. By means of an ethogram and drawings, we showed that they exhibited several aversive behaviors when capturing scorpions. Removal of the scorpion telson stopped the aversive reactions, which was not observed in the control group. Finally, hens did not exhibit atypical behaviors after 1, 7 and 30 days and were all alive after 30 days. Conclusion: This is the first empirical and video recorded study providing evidence that hens are clearly affected by scorpion venom but do not die. Therefore, they may have potential to be used in biological control of these arthropods.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Scorpion Venoms/poisoning , Biological Products , Scorpion Stings , Scorpions , Chickens/metabolism , Zea mays
3.
Más Vita ; 3(3): 22-32, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1343296

ABSTRACT

Establecer el cumplimiento de las normas de bioseguridad por parte de los profesionales que laboran en los laboratorios de la Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y de la Salud de la Universidad Técnica de Machala. Materiales y Métodos: La presente investigación es de tipo descriptiva, con enfoque cuantitativo. La modalidad de la investigación es de campo. La población estuvo constituida por 100 estudiantes que usan los diferentes laboratorios de la Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y de la Salud de la Universidad Técnica de Machala. Resultados: El 59% de la población contestó que sí, ha recibido capacitación acerca de las normas de bioseguridad en la institución y el 41% respondieron que no. El 73% de los estudiantes cumplen con las medidas de bioseguridad en el laboratorio. Se realiza el lavado de manos, con un equivalente a un 39% para Después de tener contacto con cualquier tipo de materiales, muestras biológicas, productos sólidos, sustancias o reactivos. Sobre si se cuentan con recipientes de descarte para elementos contaminados, y están debidamente identificados el cual corresponde a un 46,9%. A la pregunta sobre qué materiales se deposita en los guardianes dando un equivalente de 43% para las Jeringuillas, bisturí, sin embargo, las Lancetas, agujas. Conclusiones: Se pudo determinar que la gran parte de la población estudiada si cumplen con las normas de bioseguridad(AU)


To establish compliance with Biosafety standards by professionals working in the laboratories of the Faculty of Chemistry and Health Sciences of the Technical University of Machala. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive research with a quantitative approach. The modality of the research is field research. The population consisted of 100 students who use the different laboratories of the Faculty of Chemistry and Health Sciences of the Technical University of Machala. Results: 59% of the population answered that they had received training on Biosafety norms in the institution and 41% answered that they had not. Seventy-three percent of the students comply with Biosafety measures in the laboratory. Hand washing is performed, with an equivalent of 39% for after having contact with any type of materials, biological samples, solid products, substances or reagents. Regarding whether there are disposal containers for contaminated items, and whether they are properly identified, this corresponds to 46.9%. To the question about what materials are deposited in the guards giving an equivalent of 43% for syringes, scapel powever, Lancets, needles. Conclusions: It could be determined that the great part of the population studied if they comply with Biosafety standards


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biological Products , Occupational Risks , Containment of Biohazards , Laboratory Personnel , Universities , Hand Disinfection , Equipment and Supplies
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3525, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347437

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El blanqueamiento dental interno forma parte de la práctica odontológica desde hace varias décadas, pero se han descrito riesgos biológicos de los cuales no existe mucha evidencia. Objetivo: Describir los riesgos biológicos provocados por el blanqueamiento dental interno en dientes no vitales. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática exploratoria en la base de datos bibliográfica PubMed empleando operadores booleanos y palabras clave que aparecen recogidas en los Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud. Las variables estudiadas fueron: autor principal, título, año de publicación, tipo de artículo, revista donde se publicaron los artículos y riesgo biológico del blanqueamiento interno descrito. Se filtraron y procesaron los resultados en una base de datos y se analizaron los textos completos para evaluar su calidad y que estos cumplieran los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: Fueron incluidos en el estudio 14 artículos, todos por investigaciones originales o revisiones sistemáticas. El 64,3 por ciento de los artículos proyectaba los hallazgos hacia la presencia de reabsorciones cervicales externas posterior al blanqueamiento dental interno. El resto no aportó evidencia alguna de riesgos biológicos luego del tratamiento descrito. Conclusiones: Más de la mitad de los artículos incluidos en el estudio concluyeron que la reabsorción cervical externa es el principal riesgo biológico que trae consigo el tratamiento blanqueador interno de dientes no vitales, apoyados por un factor desencadenante de historial de traumatismos dentarios que propician la aparición de estas afectaciones(AU)


Introduction: Internal tooth whitening has been a component of dental practice for several decades, but biological risks have been described about which not much evidence is available. Objective: Describe the biological risks posed by internal tooth whitening in nonvital teeth. Methods: An exploratory systematic review was conducted in the bibliographic database PubMed using Boolean operators and key words obtained from Health Sciences Descriptors. The variables analyzed were main author, title, year of publication, article type, journal where the articles were published and biological risk of the internal tooth whitening procedure described. Results were filtered and processed in a database and full texts were analyzed for quality and compliance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: A total 14 articles were included in the study, all of which were either original studies or systematic reviews. In 64.3 percent of the articles, findings had to do with the presence of external cervical resorption after internal tooth whitening. The remaining articles did not contribute any evidence of biological risks after the treatment described. Conclusions: More than half of the articles included in the study concluded that external cervical resorption is the main biological risk posed by internal whitening of nonvital teeth, supported by the triggering factor of a history of dental trauma leading to the occurrence of these disorders(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Hazardous Substances , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , PubMed
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3639, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347435

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Studies suggested that phytochemical products are considered potential solutions to smear layer removal due to their biological safety in cleaning root canal systems, lower toxicity, lower irritant effect and antimicrobial effect. Objective: The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review to evaluate smear layer removal of root canal systems by different natural product solutions. Methods: systematic review. Search of the literature was performed on Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, Web of Science, Scielo and Google Scholar according the PRISMA protocol. Studies were included if they performed the experiments of smear layer removal on extracted permanent human teeth. Articles published in any language without restriction of year of publication were included in this review. The risk of bias assessment in the included studies was evaluated using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Quasi-Experimental Studies. The search strategy resulted in the retrieval of 6221 publications. After the eligibility criteria application, 8 articles were selected for analysis. Results: It was observed that some natural products solutions showed effects on smear layer removal, especially on coronal third. The phytochemical products such as Salvadora persica, chamomile alcohol extract and grape seed extract demonstrated good potential of smear layer removal, however, its effectiveness and clinical applicability are still unclear. Conclusions: Although the limitations of this study, it is possible to highlight those phytochemical products such as Salvadora persica, chamomile alcohol extract and grape seed extract that demonstrated good potential on SL removal(AU)


Introducción: Los productos fitoquímicos se consideran soluciones potenciales para la eliminación del barro dentinario debido a su seguridad biológica en la limpieza del sistema de conductos radiculares, menor toxicidad, menor efecto irritante y efecto antimicrobiano. Objetivo: Evaluar la eliminación del barro dentinario de los sistemas de conductos radiculares mediante diferentes soluciones de productos naturales. Métodos: La búsqueda de la literatura se realizó en Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, Web of Science, SciELO y Google Scholar, según el protocolo PRISMA. Los estudios se incluyeron si realizaron los experimentos de eliminación del barro dentinario en dientes humanos permanentes extraídos. En esta revisión se incluyeron artículos publicados en cualquier idioma, sin restricción de año de publicación. La evaluación del riesgo de sesgo en los estudios incluidos se evaluó mediante la lista de verificación de evaluación crítica del Instituto Joanna Briggs para estudios cuasiexperimentales. La estrategia de búsqueda resultó en la recuperación de 6221 publicaciones. Después de la aplicación de los criterios de elegibilidad, se seleccionaron 8 artículos para su análisis. Resultados: Se observó que algunas soluciones de productos naturales mostraron efectos sobre la eliminación del barro dentinario, especialmente en el tercio coronal. Los productos fitoquímicos como salvadora pérsica, extracto de alcohol de manzanilla y extracto de semilla de uva demostraron un buen potencial de eliminación del barro dentinario; sin embargo, su efectividad y aplicabilidad clínica aún no están claras. Conclusiones: A pesar de las limitaciones de este estudio, es posible destacar aquellos productos fitoquímicos como salvadora pérsica, extracto de alcohol de manzanilla y extracto de semilla de uva demostraron buen potencial de eliminación del barro dentinario(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/adverse effects , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Smear Layer , Phytochemicals/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Grape Seed Extract/administration & dosage
6.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 30(2)mayo.-ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1252324

ABSTRACT

La trazabilidad es la capacidad para rastrear la historia, aplicación o ubicación de un objeto bajo consideración. En el ámbito farmacéutico, el rastreo y seguimiento de los medicamentos, incluyendo las vacunas y otros medicamentos biológicos, a lo largo de la cadena de suministro constituye un requisito obligatorio establecido por las autoridades sanitarias a nivel internacional, que se exige en mayor o menor magnitud en las reglamentaciones vigentes. En este artículo se analiza el sistema de codificación y clasificación en el sector de la salud y su estado actual en la cadena de suministro de medicamentos de Cuba. Se presenta un procedimiento para la implementación de las tecnologías de auto-identificación e intercambio electrónico de datos, mediante el uso de GS1 en el sistema de codificación y clasificación empleado en el sector de salud, que permita la trazabilidad en toda la cadena de suministro en Cuba(AU)


Traceability is the capability to track the history, application or location of an object under consideration. In the pharmaceutical field, the tracking and monitoring of medicines, including vaccines and other biological medicines, along the supply chain constitutes a mandatory requirement established by the sanitary authorities at an international level, which is demanded to a greater or lesser extent in the regulations in force. This research was carried out involving different links in the drug supply chain in Cuba, ranging from drug suppliers, drug distribution company, to healthcare centers and pharmacies. An analysis is carried out on the current coding and classification system, detecting the ineffectiveness of the identification of the drugs as the main deficiency. A procedure is proposed for the implementation of the auto-identification and electronic data interchange technologies using GS1 in the coding and classification system used in the health sector that allows traceability throughout the supply chain in Cuba(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Products , Drug Labeling/methods , National Drug Policy , Clinical Coding/methods , Vaccines , Cuba
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3026, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289394

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os fitoconstituintes são moléculas naturais que apresentam atividade antimicrobiana satisfatória e devem ser estudados quanto ao seu uso como novas substâncias para irrigação dos canais radiculares. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito inibitório dos fitoconstituintes cinamaldeído e α-terpineol frente a biofilmes monoespécie e duoespécie de microrganismos envolvidos na infecção endodôntica. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo experimental na área de microbiologia aplicada, in vitro, cego quanto às análises e randomizado. Foram selecionados os fitoconstituintes cinamaldeído e α-terpineol. A atividade antimicrobiana frente Candida albicans e Enterococcus faecalis foi avaliada por meio da análise da capacidade metabólica com o uso da resazurina e análise da viabilidade celular pelo plaqueamento. O meio de cultura e a clorexidina 1 porcento serviram de controle negativo e positivo, respectivamente. Resultados: Observou-se ausência de crescimento para exposição dos biofilmes nas concentrações de 10 e 5 mg/mL de ambos os fitoconstituintes. Na concentração de 2,5 mg/mL de terpineol, constatou-se crescimento somente nos biofilmes monoespécie de C. albicans e duoespécie. Já na concentração de 1mg/mL de terpineol e cinamaldeído, verificou-se crescimento para todos os biofilmes. Conclusão: O cinamaldeído e α-terpineol apresentaram atividade inibitória frente biofilmes monoespécie e duoespécie de Candida albicans e Enterococcus faecalis, nas concentrações de 10 e 5 mg/mL(AU)


Introducción: Los fitoconstituyentes son moléculas naturales que presentan actividad antimicrobiana satisfactoria y deben ser estudiados en cuanto a su uso como nuevas sustancias para irrigación de los canales radiculares. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto inhibitorio de fitoconstituyentes cinamaldehído y α-terpineol frente a biopelículas monoespecies y duoespecies de microorganismos involucrados en la infección endodóntica. Métodos: Estudio experimental en el campo de la microbiología aplicada, in vitro, ciego al análisis y aleatorizado. Se seleccionaron los fitoconstituyentes cinamaldehído y α-terpineol. La actividad antimicrobiana frente Candida albicans y Enterococcus faecalis fue evaluada por medio del análisis de la capacidad metabólica con el uso de la resazurina y análisis de la viabilidad celular por el plaqueamiento. El medio de cultivo y la clorexidina 1 por ciento sirvieron de control negativo y positivo, respectivamente. Resultados: Se observó ausencia de crecimiento para exposición de las biopelículas en las concentraciones de 10 y 5 mg/mL de ambos fitoconstituyentes. En la concentración de 2,5 mg/mL de terpineol se constató crecimiento solo en los biofilmios monoespecies de C. albicans y duoespecies. En la concentración de 1 mg/mL de terpineol y cinamaldehído se verificó crecimiento para todas las biopelículas. Conclusiones: Cinamaldehído y α-terpineol presentaron actividad inhibitoria frente a biofilmes monoespecies y duoespecies de Candida albicans y Enterococcus faecalis, en las concentraciones de 10 y 5 mg/mL(AU)


Introduction: Phytoconstituents are natural molecules displaying satisfactory antimicrobial activity. Studies should be conducted about their use as new root canal irrigants. Objective: Evaluate the inhibitory effect of the phytoconstituents cinnamaldehyde and α-terpineol against mono- and duo-species biofilms of microorganisms involved in endodontic infection. Methods: An experimental applied microbiology blind randomized in vitro study was conducted. The phytoconstituents selected were cinnamaldehyde and α-terpineol. Antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis was evaluated by metabolic capacity analysis with resazurin and cell viability analysis by the plaque. The culture medium and 1 percent chlorhexidine served as negative and positive controls, respectively. Results: An absence of growth was observed for exposure of the biofilms at concentrations of 10 and 5 mg/ml of both phytoconstituents. At a concentration of 2.5 mg/ml terpineol displayed growth only in the mono-species biofilms of C. albicans and duo-species biofilms. At a concentration of 1 mg/ml terpineol and cinnamaldehyde displayed growth in all biofilms. Conclusions: Cinnamaldehyde and α-terpineol displayed inhibitory activity against mono- and duo-species biofilms of Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis at concentrations of 10 and 5 mg/ml(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Products/adverse effects , Candida albicans , Cell Survival , Biofilms , Enterococcus faecalis , Anti-Infective Agents/adverse effects
8.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e1326, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341441

ABSTRACT

El enfrentamiento a la epidemia de la COVID-19 en Cuba, ha requerido el desarrollo de nuevas capacidades para su diagnóstico en los laboratorios de biología molecular de diferentes instituciones científicas y de salud. El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la experiencia del Centro de Investigaciones Científicas de la Defensa Civil en la organización del diagnóstico de la COVID-19. Se revisaron documentos rectores del trabajo del centro, su programa de bioseguridad y los reportados por la Organización Mundial de la Salud para el enfrentamiento a la pandemia. Se expone la experiencia de la estructura adoptada por la entidad para asegurar el diagnóstico de forma ininterrumpida, las funciones del grupo de dirección y la secuencia de las actividades desarrolladas. Se destaca la capacitación del personal en la gestión de riesgos biológicos y las medidas de prevención adoptadas. El uso adecuado de los medios de protección colectivos e individuales, la manipulación segura de las muestras biológicas y la cooperación con otras entidades, han permitido el cumplimiento de la tarea encomendada, sin la ocurrencia de accidentes que comprometan la salud del personal que labora en el diagnóstico, ni afectaciones a la comunidad y al medio ambiente(AU)


Facing the COVID-19 epidemic in Cuba has required the development of new capacities for its diagnosis in the molecular biology laboratories of different scientific and health institutions. The objective of this work is to show the experience of the Cuban Civil Defense Scientific Research Center in organizing the diagnosis of COVID-19. Guiding documents for the Center's work, its biosafety program, and those reported by the World Health Organization for dealing with the pandemic were reviewed. The experience of the structure adopted by the entity to ensure an uninterrupted diagnosis, the functions of the Steering Group and the sequence of activities carried out is exposed; highlighting the training of personnel in the management of biological risks and the prevention measures adopted. The proper use of collective and individual protection means, the safe handling of biological samples and cooperation with other entities, have allowed the fulfillment of the entrusted task, without the occurrence of accidents that compromise the health of the personnel working in the diagnosis, nor effects on the community and the environment(AU)


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Civil Defense , Containment of Biohazards , Molecular Biology , Risk Management , Occupational Groups
9.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 28-39, May. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343460

ABSTRACT

Science has greatly contributed to the advancement of technology and to the innovation of production processes and their applications. Cleaning products have become indispensable in today's world, as personal and environmental hygiene is important to all societies worldwide. Such products are used in the home, in most work environments and in the industrial sectors. Most of the detergents on the market are synthesised from petrochemical products. However, the interest in reducing the use of products harmful to human health and the environment has led to the search for detergents formulated with natural, biodegradable surfactant components of biological (plant or microbiological) origin or chemically synthesised from natural raw materials usually referred to as green surfactants. This review addresses the different types, properties, and uses of surfactants, with a focus on green surfactants, and describes the current scenario as well as the projections for the future market economy related to the production of the different types of green surfactants marketed in the world.


Subject(s)
Surface-Active Agents , Industry , Biological Products , Detergents
10.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 95-109, May. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343466

ABSTRACT

Chloroplast biotechnology has emerged as a promissory platform for the development of modified plants to express products aimed mainly at the pharmaceutical, agricultural, and energy industries. This technology's high value is due to its high capacity for the mass production of proteins. Moreover, the interest in chloroplasts has increased because of the possibility of expressing multiple genes in a single transformation event without the risk of epigenetic effects. Although this technology solves several problems caused by nuclear genetic engineering, such as turning plants into safe bio-factories, some issues must still be addressed in relation to the optimization of regulatory regions for efficient gene expression, cereal transformation, gene expression in non-green tissues, and low transformation efficiency. In this article, we provide information on the transformation of plastids and discuss the most recent achievements in chloroplast bioengineering and its impact on the biopharmaceutical and agricultural industries; we also discuss new tools that can be used to solve current challenges for their successful establishment in recalcitrant crops such as monocots.


Subject(s)
Transformation, Genetic , Biological Products , Chloroplasts , Crops, Agricultural , Biotechnology , Recombinant Proteins/biosynthesis , Plants, Genetically Modified
11.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e247, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289390

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Spirulina platensis es una cianobacteria planctónica filamentosa, que contiene un espectro natural de mezclas de pigmentos de caroteno, xantofila y ficocianina, con actividad antioxidante y la posibilidad de inducir un mejor control de la glucemia en las personas con diabetes mellitus. Objetivo: Describir los efectos del uso del producto logrado a partir de la bacteria Spirulina platensis en el paciente con diabetes mellitus. Método: Se utilizaron como buscadores de información científica a PubMed, SciELO, Google y Google Académico. Las palabras claves utilizadas fueron: espirulina, Spirulina platensis, Arthrospira platensis, diabetes mellitus y control metabólico. Se evaluaron artículos de revisión, de investigación y páginas web que, en general, tenían menos de 10 años de publicados en idioma español, portugués e inglés, cuyos títulos estaban relacionados con el tema de estudio. Se obtuvieron 70 referencias bibliográficas, de las cuales 49 se citaron en el presente artículo. Conclusiones: La espirulina tiene varios efectos benéficos que permiten su uso como coadyuvante en la prevención y tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus. Es un nutriente con bondades nutraceúticas y funcionales, con potente actividad antioxidante, que incide en un mejor control glucémico y puede ser útil en el manejo de las posibles complicaciones y comorbilidades que acompañan a la diabetes mellitus. Su uso conlleva la posibilidad de algunas reacciones adversas, sobre todo de tipo digestivas, aunque no son frecuentes si se emplean las dosis recomendadas; en general, es considerada un producto seguro(AU)


Introduction: Spirulina platensis is a plankton filamentous cyanobacteria that has a natural spectrum of carotene, xanthophyll and phycocyanin pigments´mix, with antioxidant activity and the possibility of inducing a better control of glycemia in patients with diabetes mellitus. Objective: Describe the effects of the use in patients with diabetes mellitus of a product made from Spirulina platensis bacteria. Method: There were used as scientific information searchers: PubMed, SciELO, Google and Google Scholar. The keywords used were: Spirulina, Spirulina platensis, Arthrospira platensis, diabetes mellitus and metabolic control. There were assessed review articles, research articles and web pages, that in general had less than 10 years of being published in Spanish, Portuguese or English language, and whose titles were related with the studied topic. 70 bibliographic references were collected, and 49 of them were quoted in this article. Conclusions: Spirulina has different beneficial effects that allow its use as coadjuvant agent in the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus. It is a nutrient with functional and nutraceutical mildness, with a powerful antioxidant activity which has incidence in a better glycemic control and can be useful in the management of possible complications and comorbidities that accompany diabetes mellitus. Its use entails the possible adverse reactions, mainly digestive ones; although they are not frequent if the recommended doses are used. In general terms, it is considered a safe product(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Dietary Supplements/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Spirulina , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
12.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e839, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289452

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La litogénesis biliar, proceso de sobresaturación de colesterol en la bilis vesicular, es prevenible. Objetivo: Describir las nuevas evidencias biomoleculares de la litogénesis biliar de colesterol como base de la futura terapia preventiva de la litiasis vesicular. Método: Se realizó una revisión sistemática y crítica de las evidencias de impacto sobre la litogénesis biliar. Se consultaron artículos publicados entre 2015-2020 en las bases de datos PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS y Elsevier. Resultados: Se recuperaron evidencias actuales de los mecanismos biomoleculares relacionados con las futuras terapias preventivas de la litiasis vesicular, propuestos como fundamentos teóricos. Conclusiones: La descripción actualizada de la litogénesis biliar de colesterol, con los nuevos conceptos biomoleculares incorporados, aporta a su comprensión el papel de los genes de receptores nucleares, la intervención de estos últimos y de los transportadores de la secreción biliar. Dirigida a médicos generales, cirujanos, gastroenterólogos y fisiólogos, la descripción actualizada de La litogénesis biliar impacta como nuevo paradigma con los conceptos biomoleculares que intervienen en pro de su prevención(AU)


Introduction: Biliary lithogenesis is a preventable process of cholesterol supersaturation in gallbladder bile. Objective: Describe the new biomolecular evidence of biliary cholesterol lithogenesis serving as a basis for future preventive therapy for gallbladder lithiasis. Methods: A systematic critical review was conducted of impact evidence about biliary lithogenesis. The papers consulted were published in the databases PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS and Elsevier from 2015 to 2020. Results: Current evidence was retrieved of biomolecular mechanisms proposed as theoretical foundations for future preventive therapies for gallbladder lithiasis. Conclusions: Intended for general practitioners, surgeons, gastroenterologists and physiologists, the updated description of biliary lithogenesis including the role of nuclear receptors, biliary lipid transporters and the biological value of enterohepatic circulation in the integrity and functioning of the hepatobiliary system as regulators of the cholesterol mechanism, makes an impact as a new paradigm with the biomolecular concepts involved in biliary lithogenesis prevention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Products , Cholesterol/metabolism , Enterohepatic Circulation , Gastroenterologists , Gallbladder , Urinary Bladder Calculi/prevention & control
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921627

ABSTRACT

Platelet function tests have been increasingly used to assist in the diagnosis of platelet disorders and prethrombotic state, monitoring of the efficacy of antiplatelet therapies, and personalized treatment. On the basis of light transmission aggregometry, new methods for platelet function test have been developed successively. At present, the research and development of platelet function detector is in its infancy in China. The active constituents of antiplatelet Chinese medicines can be classified into terpenoids, flavonoids, saponins, organic acids, lignans, diketones, volatile oils, and stilbenes. The results of dose-antiplatelet effect relationship of Chinese medicines and the active constituents showed that the effective concentration of the extracts or monomers of Chinese medicines was at micromolar level(μmol·L~(-1)), among which salvianolic acid B and ginkgolide K, ginkgolide B, and ginkgolide A had the strongest antiplatelet effect. These results suggest that the antiplatelet effect of Chinese medicine may be weaker than that of chemical drugs and biological products. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the structure-activity relationship of the active constituents in existing Chinese medicines and further improve their efficacy through structure modification. The antiplatelet effect of Chinese medicines and the constituents involves multiple pathways and multiple targets. These research results provide a reference for clinical application of them. However, there is still a lack of large-scale multi-center clinical trials to confirm the efficacy and safety of them. The regularity of the relationship between the structures of various constituents and their corresponding functions is still unknown and the relevant signal transduction pathways and structure-activity relationship need to be further studied. This paper summarized and analyzed the determination methods of platelet functions and the research results of antiplatelet Chinese medicines, which is of reference value for the research of effective and safe antiplatelet Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , China , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/pharmacology , Platelet Function Tests
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888177

ABSTRACT

In this study, we studied the solubility and permeability of matrine, oxymatrine, sophoridine, and oxysophocarpine, four alkaloids in the Mongolian herbal medicine Sophorae Flavescentis Radix, and evaluated the absorption mechanism with the Caco-2 cell model, so as to provide a basis for the new drug development and efficacy evaluation of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix. The results showed that all the four alkaloids had high solubility and high permeability and can be well absorbed, belonging to the class-I drugs of Biopharmaceutical Classification System(BCS). The absorption(AP→BL) and excretion(BL→AP) of matrine and oxymatrine were not affected by the concentration while the absorption depended on P-gp protein. The absorption(AP→BL) and excretion(BL→AP) of sophoridine and oxysophocarpine were positively related to the concentration and time, and the absorption process was independent from P-gp protein. The results provide scientific reference and an experimental basis for the development of Mongolian medical prescriptions containing Sophorae Flavescentis Radix.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Biological Products , Caco-2 Cells , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Sophora
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888134

ABSTRACT

Diosgenin is widely distributed in many plants, such as Polygonatum sibiricum, Paris polyphylla, Dioscorea oppositifolia, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Costus speciosus, Tacca chantrieri, which has good anti-tumor activity and preferable effects on preventing atherosclerosis, protecting the heart, treating diabetes, etc. This review combed through the anti-tumor mechanisms of diosgenin encompassing lung, breast, gallbladder, liver, oral cavity, stomach, bladder, bone marrow, etc. Besides, it was discovered that diosgenin mainly exerts its effect by inhibiting tumor cell migration, suppressing tumor cell proliferation and growth, and inducing cell apoptosis. However, problems like low yield and bioavailability frequently exist in natural diosgenin. This review introduced methods such as structural modification, dosage form optimization and combination medication to improve the yield and anti-tumor activity of diosgenin. Via the summary of this paper, it is expected to provide theoretical basis for the rational exploitation and utilization of diosgenin.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Biological Products , Cell Proliferation , Diosgenin/pharmacology , Trigonella
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888094

ABSTRACT

With the continuous improvement of people's living standards and the greatly accelerated pace of life, patients' requirements for traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) pharmaceutical care are constantly raised, and personalized TCM preparations used are increasing year by year. However, a series of problems, such as the bottleneck of preparation technology, the lack of preparation specifications, and the weak legal basis for supervision, have become prominent, leading to the uneven product quality of personalized pre-parations. This paper systematically summarized and analyzed the current situation and existing problems of personalized TCM preparations, including dosage form application, preparation technology, production equipment, quality standard, clinical application, and administration mode. Additionally, it put forward an inheritance and innovation research mode of personalized TCM preparation technology based on the physical fingerprint of raw materials and innovation research and intellectual property protection mode of "research-patent-technology-equipment-standard". Furthermore, innovative development strategies were proposed, such as the production standard system of clinical preparations based on the whole process traceability and the regional processing service mode of clinical preparations based on industry 4.0. The present study is expected to provide beneficial references for the inheritance and innovation development of personalized TCM preparations.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888046

ABSTRACT

Due to their fascinating chemical structures and extensive pharmacological activities, polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols(PPAPs) have become one of the current research hotspots of natural products. In particular, some of the PPAPs not only have novel non-traditional skeleton types, but also contain more unknown possible activities, which are of great significance for the development of lead compounds. The structure, source, biosynthetic pathway and pharmacological activities of PPAPs with non-traditio-nal skeleton types isolated and identified in recent years are reviewed, in order to provide references for further research on such compounds.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Hypericum , Molecular Structure , Phloroglucinol
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2147-2165, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887787

ABSTRACT

Angucyclines/angucyclinones are a large group of polycyclic aromatic polyketides and their producers are widely distributed in nature. This family of natural products attracts great attention because of their diverse biological activities and unique chemical structures. With the development of synthetic biology and the exploitation of the actinomycetes from previously unexplored environments, angucyclines/angucyclinones-like natural products with new skeletons were continuously discovered, thus enriching the structural diversity of this family. In this review we summarize the new angucyclines/angucyclinones analogues discovered in the last decade (2010-2020) by using different strategies, such as changing cultivation conditions, genetic modification, genome mining, bioactivity-guided compound isolation, and fermentation of actinomycetes from underexplored environments. We also discuss the role of synthetic biology in the discovery and development of new compounds of the angucycline/angucyclinone family.


Subject(s)
Anthraquinones , Biological Products , Polyketides , Streptomyces
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2127-2146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887786

ABSTRACT

Streptomyces are major sources of bioactive natural products. Genome sequencing reveals that Streptomyces have great biosynthetic potential, with an average of 20-40 biosynthetic gene clusters each strain. However, most natural products from Streptomyces are produced in low yields under regular laboratory cultivation conditions, which hamper their further study and drug development. The production of natural products in Streptomyces is controlled by the intricate regulation mechanisms. Manipulation of the regulatory systems that govern secondary metabolite production will strongly facilitate the discovery and development of natural products of Streptomyces origin. In this review, we summarize progresses in pathway-specific regulators from Streptomyces in the last five years and highlight their role in improving the yields of corresponding natural products.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Multigene Family , Secondary Metabolism , Streptomyces/genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2010-2025, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887778

ABSTRACT

Plant-derived aromatic natural products have important medicinal value and can be made into pharmaceutical and healthcare products with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-oxidative, insecticidal and anthelmintic, expectorant and cough suppressant, tranquilizer and antitumor effects. However, the low content of aromatic natural products in plants and the difficulty and high costs in extraction and purification hampered its large-scale production and application. Recent advances in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering have enabled the tailor-made production of aromatic natural products using engineered microbial cell factories. This review summarizes the categories, the synthetic pathways, the key enzymes and the synthetic biology strategies for production of aromatic natural products, and discusses the challenges and opportunities in this area.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Metabolic Engineering , Plants , Synthetic Biology
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