Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.624
Filter
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 20, 2022. 62 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1368061

ABSTRACT

Los presentes lineamientos de salud visual serán útiles para poder ejecutar actividades de promoción, prevención, diagnóstico, tratamiento y rehabilitación, a través de diferentes profesionales, que permitan una intervención integral y centrada en el paciente, con el objetivo de reducir significativamente la ceguera y discapacidad visual en el país como problema de salud pública, volviendo más accesibles los servicios de salud visual para toda la población, contribuyendo con ello al derecho a recibir estos servicios con calidad y calidez, profesionalismo y de manera oportuna


These visual health guidelines will be useful to be able to carry out promotion, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation activities, through different professionals, that allow a comprehensive and patient-centered intervention, with the aim of significantly reducing blindness and disability. vision in the country as a public health problem, making visual health services more accessible for the entire population, thereby contributing to the right to receive these services with quality and warmth, professionalism and in a timely manner


Subject(s)
Vision, Ocular , Eye Health , Eye Health Services , Blindness , Public Health
3.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0305345, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374015

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o aprendizado de pessoas com deficiência visual após participação em jogo educativo sobre drogas psicoativas. Métodos Pesquisa quase-experimental, realizada em uma associação de cegos e em laboratório experimental de ensino de saúde de uma universidade, com 60 cegos maiores de 18 anos, com cegueira ou baixa visão, alfabetizados em Braille ou capazes de ler textos com letras ampliadas. Foi aplicado o jogo educativo de tabuleiro "Drogas: jogando limpo", que contempla conteúdo sobre o conceito, tipos de drogas, prejuízos, fatores de risco, situações envolvendo o uso das drogas e fatores de proteção/prevenção. Aprendizagem foi avaliada em entrevista individual, antes e após aplicação do jogo com questões organizadas por níveis de complexidades. Comparação do número de acertos avaliados pelo teste McNemar. Resultados Questões de baixa complexidade apresentaram diferença significativa (p=0,0001) nos acertos após uso do jogo e elevado índice de acertos antes e após (81,7% e 98,3%). Não houve diferença estatística nas questões de média e alta complexidade. Conclusão O jogo Drogas: jogando limpo, contribuiu, de forma significativa, para a aprendizagem das pessoas com deficiência visual, representando estratégia de inclusão de individuos com deficiência no acesso à informação.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar el aprendizaje de personas con discapacidad visual después de la participación en juego educativo sobre drogas psicoactivas. Métodos Investigación cuasi experimental, realizada en una asociación de ciegos y en un laboratorio experimental de enseñanza de salud de una universidad, con 60 ciegos de más de 18 años, con ceguera o con baja visión, alfabetizados en Braille con capacidad para leer textos con letras ampliadas. Se aplicó un juego educativo de tablero "Drogas: jugando limpio", que contempla contenidos sobre el concepto, tipos de drogas, perjuicios, factores de riesgo, situaciones que involucran el uso de drogas y factores de protección/prevención. El aprendizaje fue evaluado en entrevista individual, antes y después de la aplicación del juego con preguntas organizadas por niveles de complejidad. Comparación del número de aciertos evaluados por la prueba McNemar. Resultados Preguntas de baja complejidad presentaron diferencias significativas (p=0,0001) en los aciertos después del uso del juego y elevado índice de aciertos antes y después (81,7 % y 98,3 %). No hubo diferencia estadística en las preguntas de mediana y alta complejidad. Conclusión El juego Drogas: jugando limpio, contribuyó, de forma significativa, para el aprendizaje de las personas con discapacidad visual, lo que representa una estrategia de inclusión de personas con discapacidad para el acceso a la información.


Abstract Objective Evaluate the learning of visually disabled people after participating in an educational game about psychoactive drugs. Methods Quasi-experimental research, conducted in an association of the blind and in an experimental laboratory of health teaching at a university, involving 60 blind people over the age of 18, blind or with low vision, literate in Braille or able to read texts with enlarged letters. The educational board game "Drugs: playing fair" was applied, which covers content on the concept, types of drugs, harms, risk factors, situations involving the use of drugs and protection/prevention factors. Learning was evaluated in an individual interview, before and after the application of the game, with questions organized by levels of complexity. Comparison of the number of hits evaluated using the McNemar test. Results Questions of low complexity presented a significant difference (p=0.0001) in the hits after using the game and a high index of hits before and after (81.7% and 98.3%). There was no statistical difference in the medium and high complexity questions. Conclusion The game Drugs: playing fair, significantly contributed to the learning of people with visual disabilities, representing a strategy to include individuals with disabilities in the access to information.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Play and Playthings , Illicit Drugs , Blindness , Vision, Low , Substance-Related Disorders/prevention & control , Education of Visually Disabled , Health Promotion , Vision Disorders , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
4.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 19(2)ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337747

ABSTRACT

Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud, la ceguera está definida como la agudeza visual inferior a 3/60 (20/400) en el mejor ojo y un campo visual menor a 10° desde el punto central de fijación. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir las características clínico demográficas de pacientes con diagnóstico de ceguera irreversible atendidos en el Servicio de Oftalmología General de la Clínica Belén - Coronel Oviedo (Paraguay). Estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo de corte transversal. Se realizó la revisión retrospectiva de las historias clínicas de los pacientes con diagnóstico de ceguera irreversible atendidos en el Servicio de Oftalmología General de la Clínica Belén, entre el 1 de febrero 2018 y el 28 de febrero 2019. Se analizaron la edad, sexo, escolaridad, procedencia, agudeza visual, comorbilidades y etiología de la deficiencia visual. El análisis estadístico fue mediante el cálculo de frecuencias absolutas y relativas para las variables cualitativas, y el promedio y desviación estándar para las cuantitativas. Se estudiaron 78 pacientes, con predominio del sexo masculino (56,4%), edad de 71 a 95 años (43,6%) y primaria incompleta (41%). La hipertensión arterial (55,6%) fue la principal comorbilidad y glaucoma (43,6%) la etiología de ceguera más frecuente. El glaucoma fue más frecuente en varones que en mujeres (59% vs 32%) y en pacientes mayores de 50 años de edad (50%). En esta serie, los pacientes presentaron ceguera irreversible bilateral, en mayor frecuencia en varones, mayores de 50 años de edad, hipertensión como comorbilidad y glaucoma como etiología más frecuente


According to the World Health Organization, blindness is defined as visual acuity less than 3/60 (20/400) in the better eye and a visual field less than 10 ° from the central fixation point. The objective was to describe the clinical demographic characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of irreversible blindness treated at the General Ophthalmology Service of the "Clínica Belén" - "Coronel Oviedo" (Paraguay). This was an observational, descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study. A retrospective review of the medical records of patients with a diagnosis of irreversible blindness treated at the General Ophthalmology Service of the "Clínica Belén" between February 1, 2018 and February 28, 2019 was carried out. Age, sex, education, origin, visual acuity, comorbidities and etiology of visual impairment were analyzed. The statistical analysis was through the calculation of absolute and relative frequencies, as well as the average and standard deviation. Seventy eight patients were studied, with a slight predominance of males (56.4%), aged 71 to 95 years (43.6%), incomplete primary school (41%) and from "Coronel Oviedo" (25.6 %) and surroundings. Arterial hypertension (55.6%) was the main comorbidity and glaucoma (43.6%) the most frequent blindness etiology. Glaucoma was more common in male patients than female patients (59% and 32%, respectively) and in patients older than 50 years of age (50%). In this series, patients presented bilateral irreversible blindness, more frequent in men, older than 50 years of age, hypertension as comorbidity and glaucoma as the most frequent etiology


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Visual Acuity , Blindness/surgery , Blindness/diagnosis , Blindness/drug therapy , Paraguay
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 282-296, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248965

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This review is intended to describe the therapeutic approaches for corneal blindness, detailing the steps and elements involved in corneal wound healing. It also presents the limitations of the actual surgical and pharmacological strategies used to restore and maintain corneal transparency in terms of long-term survival and geographic coverage. In addition, we critically review the perspectives of anabolic agents, including vitamin A, hormones, growth factors, and novel promitotic and anti-inflammatory modulators, to assist corneal wound healing. We discuss the studies involving nanotechnology, gene therapy, and tissue reengineering as potential future strategies to work solely or in combination with corneal surgery to prevent or revert corneal blindness.(AU)


RESUMO O presente trabalho traz uma revisão das abordagens terapêuticas para a cegueira da córnea. O estudo detalha as etapas e os elementos envolvidos na cicatrização da córnea. Ele mostra as limitações das estratégias cirúrgicas e farmacológicas usadas para restaurar e manter a transparência da córnea em termos de sobrevida a longo prazo e alcance geográfico. As perspectivas dos agentes anabólicos, incluindo vitamina A, hormônios, fatores de crescimento e novos moduladores pró-mitóticos e anti-inflamatórios para auxiliar a cicatrização da ferida na córnea, são revisadas criticamente. Aqui, apresentamos estudos envolvendo nanotecnologia, terapia gênica e reengenharia de tecidos como possíveis estratégias futuras para atuar de maneira isolada ou combinada com a cirurgia da córnea para prevenir ou reverter a cegueira corneana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Blindness/prevention & control , Blindness/therapy , Corneal Injuries/prevention & control , Corneal Injuries/therapy , Stem Cells , Vitamin A/therapeutic use , Genetic Therapy/instrumentation , Nanotechnology/instrumentation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Hormones/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 117-126, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280113

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar por meio de questionários estruturados, o conhecimento sobre a doença, o manejo de colírios e a adesão ao tratamento de portadores de glaucoma pertencentes a dois públicos com nível de escolaridade e nível sócio econômico distintos. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal analítico aplicando-se questionários estruturados, com base em estudo exploratório para avaliação do nível de conhecimento dos portadores de Glaucoma em relação a doença em dois públicos diferentes: sistema único de saúde (SUS) e planos privados de saúde. Os questionários foram aplicados por médicos residentes em Oftalmologia. A amostra é composta de 202 pacientes dentre eles 100 atendidos pelo SUS e os outros 102 pacientes dos planos privados de saúde. Todos os questionários possuem termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido assinado pelo participante e pelo pesquisador responsável. Resultados: Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos, compostos por: 100 pacientes SUS e 102 planos de saúde privado. Os resultados revelaram que: 58,6% dos pacientes do SUS tinham escolaridade nenhuma a fundamental incompleto e 25,5% dos pacientes de convênio tinham algum nível superior); 49% do grupo SUS tinham renda com menos de 2 salários mínimos enquanto que grupo convênio apresentou 39,4% com mais de 4 salários mínimos (p<0,001); 51,5% do grupo SUS não tem gastos com compra de colírios e 67,4% do grupo convênio gasta mais de R$30,00 (p<0,001) portanto 77% do grupo SUS recebe ajuda e 52,5% do grupo convenio não recebe ajuda (p<0,001); 63,6% do grupo convenio acredita que a quantidade de instilações a mais do colírios não obtêm uma melhora do glaucoma, enquanto aproximadamente 50% do grupo SUS relata que há uma melhora com aumento das instilações ou não tem ideia (p=0,030); Ambos os grupos obtiveram um nível de conhecimento geral da doença semelhante, sem diferença estatística. Conclusão: Concluímos que, independente do nível de escolaridade e nível socioeconômico, havendo boa relação médico-paciente, além de acompanhamento orientado e próximo, é possível transmitir conhecimento adequado sobre a doença elevando o nível de adesão ao tratamento pelo paciente.


ABSTRACT Objective: Compare, through structured questionnaires, the knowledge about disease, management of eye drops and adherence to treatment of glaucoma patients disposed in two groups according to educational levels and socioeconomic levels. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out applying structured questionnaires based on an exploratory study to assess the level of Glaucoma patients' knowledge relationated with the disease in two different audiences: the single health system (SUS) and private health plans. The questionnaires were used by doctors residents in Ophthalmology. A sample was composed of 202 patients among which 100 were attended by SUS and the others 102 patients were holders of private health plans. All questionnaires have a free and informed consent form signed by the participant and the responsible researcher. Results: Patients were divided into two groups, consisting of: 100 SUS patients and 102 private health plans. The results revealed that: 58.6% of SUS patients had incomplete elementary schooling and 25.5% of private health insurance patients had some level of higher education; 49% of the SUS group had an income with less than 2 minimum wages while the health insurance group presented 39.4% with more than 4 minimum wages (p <0.001); 51.5% of the SUS group has no spending on eye drops and 67.4% of the health insurance group spends more than R $ 30.00 (p <0.001) so, 77% of the SUS group receives financial aid and 52.5% of the health insurance group does not receive any financial support (p <0.001); 63.6% of the health insurance group believes that the bigger amount of instillations than eyedrops does not improve glaucoma, while approximately 50% of the SUS group reports that there is an improvement when increasing instillations or has no idea (p = 0.030); Both groups obtained a similar level of general knowledge of the disease, with no statistical difference. Conclusion: We conclude that regardless of educational and socioeconomic level if prevails a good doctor-patient relationship, in addition to close monitoring, it is possible to transmit adequate knowledge about the disease, increasing levels of treatment adherence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Glaucoma/psychology , Glaucoma/drug therapy , Ophthalmic Solutions/administration & dosage , Physician-Patient Relations , Socioeconomic Factors , Attitude to Health , Demography , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Blindness/prevention & control , Patient Education as Topic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Compliance , Educational Status , Medication Adherence/psychology
7.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3257-3269, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251943

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se reportó el caso de un paciente con maculopatía en ojo de buey, asociada al uso de cloroquina. El uso de cloroquina en patologías reumatológicas puede provocar daño retinal relacionado con la dosis y el tiempo de evolución del tratamiento. Puede provocar desde afectación visual leve hasta daño irreversible de la visión, lo que depende del tiempo en que se realice el diagnóstico. Se presentó una paciente de 72 años, con diagnóstico de artritis reumatoide desde hace 21 años y tratamiento con cloroquina desde hace 15. Acudió a consulta con disminución de la visión lenta y progresiva bilateral. En el examen oftalmológico de fondo de ojo se diagnosticó maculopatía en ojo de buey. Este diagnóstico se confirmó por estudios de autofluorescencia y por la tomografía de coherencia óptica (AU).


ABSTRACT A case is reported of a patient with maculopathy in bulls' eye associated to the use of chloroquine. The use of chloroquine associated with rheumatologic diseases can cause retinal damage related to the dose and the time of treatment evolution. It can cause from mild visual impairment to irreversible vision damage depending on the time the diagnosis is made. A 72-year-old female patient is presented with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis for 21 years and treatment with chloroquine for 15 years. She assisted the consultation with a slow and progressive bilateral vision decrease; at the ophthalmological examination of the fundus a maculopathy in bull's eye was diagnosed, later confirmed by auto fluorescence and optical coherence tomography studies (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Adonis/drug effects , Macular Degeneration/diagnosis , Blindness/chemically induced , Adonis/toxicity , Macular Degeneration/complications , Macular Degeneration/pathology
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e985, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289379

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La retinopatía de Purtscher o ceguera por pancreatitis es una complicación poco frecuente de la pancreatitis aguda. Objetivo: Presentar a una paciente que en el curso de una pancreatitis aguda desarrolla una retinopatía de Purtscher como complicación infrecuente. Caso clínico: Paciente de piel blanca, de sexo femenino de 52 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud, que ingresa en el servicio de cirugía con el diagnóstico de pancreatitis aguda litiásica, con elementos clínicos, humorales e imaginológicos de esta entidad. Durante su ingreso presenta pérdida brusca de la visión y es diagnosticada durante su exploración oftalmológica de una retinopatía Purtscher, con resolución del cuadro a los 3 meses, previo tratamiento con esteroides por vía oral. Conclusiones: La retinopatía de Purtscher es una complicación oftalmológica poco frecuente de la pancreatitis, por lo que en todo paciente con diagnóstico de pancreatitis y alteraciones visuales hay que sospechar esta entidad(AU)


Introduction: Purtscher's retinopathy or blindness due to pancreatitis is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. Objective: To present the case of a patient who develops Purtscher's retinopathy as a rare complication during acute pancreatitis. Clinical case: 52-year-old female white-skinned patient without a previous history of medical conditions, admitted to the surgery service with a diagnosis of acute lithiasic pancreatitis, showing clinical, humoral and imaging elements characteristic of this entity. During her admission, she presented sudden vision loss. During her ophthalmological examination, she was diagnosed with Purtscher's retinopathy. The condition disappeared at three months, after treatment with oral steroids. Conclusions: Purtscher's retinopathy is a rare ophthalmological complication of pancreatitis, a reason why this entity should be suspected in all patients diagnosed with pancreatitis and visual disturbances(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Steroids/therapeutic use , Blindness/complications , Pancreatitis/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e1060, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289529

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir la discapacidad visual del diabético de 50 años y más de edad y la cobertura de la atención oftalmológica en Cuba durante el año 2016. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación epidemiológica, descriptiva y transversal que tomó la encuesta rápida de ceguera evitable realizada en Cuba en el año 2016, la cual incluyó la retinopatía diabética validada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Con los datos obtenidos en los cuestionarios se confeccionó una base de datos donde se tomaron todos los diabéticos conocidos o no con discapacidad visual. Resultados: La prevalencia de cualquier tipo de discapacidad visual en el diabético es de 25,4 por ciento (21,8-28,9). El riesgo de desarrollar discapacidad visual moderada, grave y ceguera es de 19,4 por ciento (16,5-22,3), 2,8 por ciento (1,0-4,6) y 3,2 por ciento (1,5-4,8) respectivamente. La catarata es la primera causa de discapacidad. El riesgo de discapacidad visual en el diabético es similar para uno y otro sexo y se incrementa con la edad. Las coberturas de tratamiento son bajas. Conclusiones: En Cuba, alrededor de un cuarto de los diabéticos tienen algún riesgo de discapacidad visual. El diabético tiene mayor riesgo de discapacidad visual moderada; sin embargo, el riesgo de discapacidad visual grave y de ceguera es el mismo para toda la población de 50 años y más de edad. La catarata y la retinopatía diabética son las causas más frecuentes de discapacidad visual en el diabético. Se evidencian dificultades con la atención oftalmológica, que incluye el examen y la cobertura de tratamiento de la catarata y del láser para la retinopatía diabética(AU)


Objective: Describe visual impairment among diabetics aged 50 years and over, and the coverage of ophthalmological care in Cuba in the year 2016. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted based on the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness survey developed in Cuba in the year 2016, which included diabetic retinopathy with validation by the World Health Organization. The data obtained from the questionnaires were transferred to a database of visually impaired known and unknown diabetics. Results: Prevalence of any sort of visual impairment among diabetics is 25.4 percent (21.8-28.9). Risk of developing moderate visual impairment, severe visual impairment or blindness is 19.4 percent (16.5-22.3), 2.8 percent (1.0-4.6) and 3.2 percent (1.5-4.8), respectively. Cataract is the leading cause of impairment. Risk of visual impairment among diabetics is similar in the two sexes and increases with age. Treatment coverage is low. Conclusions: In Cuba, about one fourth of the diabetics are at some risk of visual impairment. Diabetics are at a higher risk of moderate visual impairment. However, the risk of severe visual impairment and blindness is the same as for the population aged 50 years and over. Cataract and diabetic retinopathy are the most common causes of visual impairment among diabetics. Difficulties were found in ophthalmological care, including examination and treatment coverage for cataract and laser therapy for diabetic retinopathy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cataract/epidemiology , Blindness/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology , Laser Therapy/methods , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1090, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251756

ABSTRACT

Se presenta las recomendaciones para la atención de la retinopatía de la prematuridad en Cuba. El propósito de este trabajo es exponer las acciones de salud que deben realizar cada miembro del grupo multidisciplinario creado para lograr la reducción de la ceguera por retinopatía de la prematuridad. Se presenta la definición, etiología y factores de riesgo de la enfermedad. Se definen los pacientes que deben ser objeto de estudio y el momento en que deben ser evaluados. Este documento también muestra la clasificación de la entidad, expone las conductas que deben cumplir cada uno de los integrantes del equipo que interviene en la pesquisa y el tratamiento de la retinopatía de la prematuridad; finaliza con los criterios de evaluación, que es el propósito que se persigue con la aplicación de estas recomendaciones(AU)


Recommendations for the care of retinopathy of prematurity in Cuba are presented. The aim of this work is to show the health actions that each member of the multidisciplinary group created to achieve the reduction of blindness by retinopathy of prematurity must take. The definition, etiology and risk factors of the disease are presented. The patients to be studied and when they should be evaluated are defined. This document also shows the classification of the entity, explains the behaviors that must be accomplished by each member of the team involved in the research and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity; it concludes with the evaluation criteria, which is the purpose pursued by the implementation of these recommendations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Retinopathy of Prematurity , Blindness , Risk Factors
11.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154857

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La úlcera corneal infecciosa es una afección frecuente en la consulta de oftalmología. Su resolución es un problema de salud a resolver, pues los tratamientos convencionales no siempre garantizan una evolución favorable de los casos diagnosticados debido a la resistencia microbiana, por lo que se siguen buscando alternativas terapéuticas. Objetivo: Describir las alternativas de tratamiento en la úlcera corneal infecciosa para minimizar sus secuelas y disminuir la ceguera por esta enfermedad. Desarrollo: La administración tópica de antibióticos de amplio espectro sigue siendo el método preferido para el tratamiento farmacológico de las úlceras corneales infecciosas, a pesar de los informes de fracasos clínicos por la resistencia a los antibióticos, por lo que se investiga acerca del uso de nuevas alternativas terapéuticas que minimicen las secuelas de esta enfermedad.Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la evidencia científica en los últimos diez años en diversos artículos, en los que se constató la aplicación de diferentes sustancias como tratamiento alternativo. Conclusiones: En la úlcera corneal infecciosa el tratamiento protocolizado combinado con sustancias alternativas, que tienen en común una actividad de amplio espectro, resultaría ser ventajoso por ser productos económicos y seguros, que han demostrado un gran poder bactericida. Se propone generalizar el uso de estos compuestos, dada la resistencia de los microorganismos al tratamiento convencional; lo que hace que la úlcera corneal sea un problema de salud a resolver.


Introduction: The infectious corneal ulcer is a frequent disorder in the ophthalmology outpatient department, its solution is a health problem to be solved, as the conventional treatments don't always guarantee a favorable clinical course of the diagnosed cases. Because of the microbial resistance, so that therapeutic alternatives are still looked for. Objective: To describe the treatment alternatives in the infectious corneal ulcer for minimizing their sequelae and to decrease blindness due to this disease. Development: The topical administration of wide spectrum antibiotics continues being the favorite method for the pharmacological treatment of the infectious corneal ulcers, in spite of the clinical failures reports caused by the resistance to antibiotics, that is why the use of new therapeutic alternatives minimizing the sequels of this disease is investigated. Method: A systematic review of the scientific evidence in the last ten years was carried out on several works, in which it was evidenced the use of different substances as alternative treatment. Conclusions: In the infectious corneal ulcer the protocolized treatment combined with alternative substances which have in common a wide spectrum activity would turn out to be advantageous as they are economic and sure products which have demonstrated a great power against bacteria. The use of these compounds could be generalized, given the resistance of organisms to the conventional treatment; what makes the corneal ulcer a health problem to be solved.


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Corneal Ulcer/diagnosis , Corneal Ulcer/therapy , Blindness/diagnosis
12.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(1): 21-26, jan.-fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251319

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: O presente trabalho teve por objetivo caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico e clínico de pacientes com lagoftalmo associado à hanseníase, atendidos no ambulatório de oftalmologia da Fundação Alfredo da Matta, Manaus, Amazonas. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo realizado por meio da análise dos prontuários clínicos dos pacientes incluídos no estudo. Sexo, idade, forma clínica, grau de incapacidade no diagnóstico e desfecho foram obtidos dos prontuários. Início, tipo de comprometimento (unilateral ou bilateral), grau de intensidade do lagoftalmo e alterações oculares associadas também foram compilados. Resultados: Foram incluídos 65 pacientes; 66,1% eram do sexo masculino e 53,8% tinham idade superior a 60 anos. Em relação à classificação operacional da hanseníase, a maioria dos pacientes (81,5%) era multibacilar: 33,8% na forma de hanseníase borderline e 47% virchowiana. 36,9% casos apresentavam sequelas oculares associadas ao lagoftalmo: opacidade corneana, epífora, ceratopatia em faixa, e neovascularização corneana.41,6% evoluíram para a cegueira. O lagoftalmo foi conduzido de forma clínica em 23 pacientes e a abordagem cirúrgica foi indicada em 42. Em relação ao tratamento cirúrgico consistiu principalmente no implante de peso de ouro e na cantoplastia de Tessier. Discussão: O lagoftalmo nessa casuística acometeu mais homens idosos, esteve relacionado à forma multibacilar, com hanseníase do tipo virchowiano como relatado na literatura. O diagnóstico de lagoftalmo foi tardio na maioria dos casos, explicando o grande número de sequelas incluindo a cegueira. Conclusão: O presente estudo reforça a necessidade de acompanhamento oftalmológico precoce para que as potenciais e graves sequelas associadas a essa condição sejam evitadas.


ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aimed to characterize the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients with lagophthalmos associated with leprosy, seen at the ophthalmology outpatient clinic of Fundação Alfredo da Matta, Manaus, Amazonas. Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out by analyzing the medical records of the patients included in the study. Sex, age, clinical form, degree of disability in diagnosis and outcome were obtained from medical records. Onset, type of impairment (unilateral or bilateral), degree of intensity of lagophthalmos and associated eye changes were also compiled. Results: 65 patients were included; 66.1% were male and 53.8% were older than 60 years. Regarding the operational classification of leprosy, most patients (81.5%) were multibacillary: 33.8% in the form of borderline leprosy and 47% virchowian. 36.9% of cases had ocular sequelae associated with lagophthalmos: corneal opacity, epiphora, band keratopathy, and corneal neovascularization.41.6% progressed to blindness. Lagophthalmos was performed clinically in 23 patients and the surgical approach was indicated in 42. Regarding surgical treatment, it consisted mainly of gold weight implantation and Tessier's canthoplasty. Discussion: Lagophthalmos in this sample affected more elderly men, was related to the multibacillary form, with leprosy-like leprosy as reported in the literature. The diagnosis of lagophthalmos was delayed in most cases, explaining the large number of sequelae including blindness. Conclusion: The present study reinforces the need for early eye care so that the potential and serious sequelae associated with this condition are avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Blindness/complications , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Leprosy/epidemiology , Mycobacterium leprae , Oculomotor Muscles/abnormalities , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
13.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 51-57, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153107

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of a mobile eye health unit on access to eye care and to generate a profile of the population requiring ophthalmic care by age, nature of their ophthalmic diseases, and optimal management. Methods: The study was conducted in 14 cities in the southwest region of São Paulo, Brazil. Subjects included individuals who participate in the Brazilian Unified Health System who were in need of eye care. There were no restrictions on age, gender or socioeconomic status. Data was transferred to an Excel table for statistical analyses. Results: We evaluated 6,878 participants in this survey with mean age of 44 years (range 4 months to 96 years); 65.5% were female. Among the diagnoses, 78.6% presented with refractive errors, 9.6% presented with cataracts and 8.3% presented with pterygium. New corrective lenses were prescribed for 60.9% of the participants; 10% retained their existing lenses, ~28% required counseling only and18.1% of the participants were referred to a tertiary facility for specialized exams and/or surgical procedures. Of the participants who required outside referrals, 36.4% required oculoplastic/external eye surgery and 31.8% required cataract surgery. Conclusion: The vast majority of patients presenting to a mobile eye health unit required prescriptions for corrective lenses. The rate of detection of ocular disorders was relatively high and the mobile unit provided effective treatment of refractive errors and referrals for specialized ophthalmic examinations and procedures. A mobile eye health unit can be an effective alternative method for improving access to basic eye care, for promoting eye health education and preventing blindness.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar o impacto do uso de unidade móvel no acesso à saúde ocular e avaliar o perfil da população que necessita de cuidados oftalmológicos, as doenças oculares mais frequentes e o tratamento. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado em 14 municípios da região sudoeste do Estado de São Paulo utilizando uma unidade móvel oftalmológica. Os participantes eram usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde que procuraram atendimento oftalmológico, sem restrição quanto a idade, gênero ou condição socioeconômica. Os dados foram transferidos para a tabela Excel para análise estatística. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 6.878 pessoas, com média de idade de 44 anos (variação de 4 meses a 96 anos) e 65,5% eram mulheres. Erros refrativos estavam presentes em 78,6% dos participantes, catarata em 9,6% e pterígio em 8,3%. Para 60% foram prescritos óculos, para 10% foi mantida a correção óptica em uso e para 28% foram necessárias apenas orientações. Exames especializados ou procedimentos cirúrgicos foram indicados para 18,1% dos casos que foram encaminhados para tratamento em serviço terciário. Dentre os pacientes referenciados, 36,4% necessitavam de cirurgia oculoplástica ou para tratar afecções externas do olho e 31,8%, de cirurgia de catarata. Conclusão: A grande maioria dos pacientes que procurou atendimento na unidade móvel necessitava de prescrição de óculos. A unidade móvel oftalmológica possui alto grau de resolutividade para os problemas oculares, com oportunidade de tratar os erros refrativos e referenciar os pacientes que necessitam de atendimento espe­cializado, geralmente relacionado a condições cirúrgicas. Unidades móveis podem ser uma alternativa aos cuidados oftalmológicos básicos, melhorando o acesso, atuando na promoção da saúde ocular e prevenindo a cegueira.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Cataract/pathology , Cataract Extraction , Blindness , Brazil/epidemiology , Visual Acuity
14.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31103, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291249

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O glaucoma é uma neuropatia óptica progressiva que pode acarretar defeitos progressivos do campo visual e perda da visão. É a principal causa de cegueira irreversível no mundo, sendo o aumento da pressão intraocular (PIO) o principal fator de risco. Objetivos: Identificar o perfil dos usuários do SUS no Estado de Minas Gerais, especificamente do Departamento de Glaucoma do Instituto de Olhos Ciências Médicas (IOCM). Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo clínico observacional, transversal e de caráter retrospectivo com 1484 pacientes. Foram incluídos pacientes do sexo feminino e masculino, acima de 18 anos de idade, encaminhados ao setor de glaucoma do IOCM para o primeiro atendimento, com suspeita ou doença confirmada. Os diagnósticos considerados foram: suspeita de glaucoma; hipertenso ocular; glaucoma primário de ângulo aberto; glaucoma primário de ângulo fechado; glaucoma de pressão normal; glaucoma congênito; glaucoma secundário; glaucoma neovascular e glaucoma maligno. Resultados: Houve predomínio do sexo feminino e o diagnóstico mais frequente foi "glaucoma primário de ângulo aberto". Os fatores de risco mais prevalentes foram idade avançada e hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Conclusões: O perfil clínico demográfico dos pacientes em tratamento de glaucoma em Minas Gerais são semelhantes ao encontrado em alguns trabalhos realizados em outros países do mundo.


Introduction: Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy that can lead to progressive visual field defects and loss of vision. It is the main cause of irreversible blindness in the world, with increased intraocular pressure (IOP) being the main risk factor. Objectives: Identify the profile of the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS) users, specifically in the Department of Glaucoma at the Instituto de Olhos Ciencias Medicas (IOCM), State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study enrolled 1484 patients. Were inclueded female and male patients, over 18 years of age, referred to the glaucoma sector of the IOCM for the first visit, with suspected or confirmed disease. The diagnoses considered were: suspected glaucoma; ocular hypertension; primary open-angle glaucoma; primary closedangle glaucoma; normal-pressure glaucoma; congenital glaucoma; secondary glaucoma; neovascular glaucoma. Results: There was a predominance of females and the most frequent diagnosis was "Primary Open-angle Glaucoma". The most prevalent risk factors were advanced age and hypertension. Conclusions: The demographics and clinical profile of patients undergoing glaucoma treatment at IOCM are similar to those found in some studies performed in other countries.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Profile , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Optic Nerve Diseases , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Ocular Hypertension , Blindness , Intraocular Pressure
15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): e0031, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341159

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o conhecimento da população sobre o glaucoma. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo transversal, descritivo, não controlado, cujo instrumento de coleta de dados foi um questionário contendo perguntas sobre o perfil sociodemográfico e o glaucoma, aplicado em indivíduos, antes e depois da apresentação de vídeo educacional sobre o glaucoma, em Fortaleza (CE), que decidiram participar espontaneamente de uma campanha de prevenção ao glaucoma. Resultados Foram coletados 153 questionários, dentre os quais 130 foram considerados elegíveis, incluindo 65 antes da realização de vídeo educativo e 65 após. Antes e após o vídeo educativo, 80% e 7%, respectivamente, acreditavam que glaucoma não era mais comum em afro-americanos. As questões abordadas eram semelhantes a outras consolidadas na literatura, com o intuito de avaliar o grau de conhecimento dos participantes. Conclusão Foi possível observar um aumento no número de acertos após apresentação de material educativo.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the population awareness of glaucoma. Methods A cross-sectional, descriptive, non-controlled study, using a questionnaire to collect data. The questions addressed sociodemographic profile and glaucoma, and were asked to individuals, before and after the presentation of an educational video on glaucoma. It was conducted in the city of Fortaleza (CE) and the respondents spontaneously decided to participate in a glaucoma prevention campaign. Results A total of 153 questionnaires were collected; in that, 130 were considered eligible, including 65 answered before and 65 after the presentation of the educational video. Before and after the educational video, 80% and 7%, respectively, believed glaucoma was not more common in African Americans. The questions addressed were similar to others already consolidated in the literature, aiming to assess level of knowledge of participants. Conclusion An increase in number of correct answers was observed after presentation of the educational material.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Primary Prevention , Glaucoma/prevention & control , Blindness/prevention & control , Health Education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): e0035, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341155

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a acurácia entre a acuidade visual com melhor correção óptica em pacientes com retinopatia diabética e acuidade visual com correção óptica menor ou igual a 20/200 em ambos os olhos mensurada pela tabela de Snellen e pela tabela ETDRS, além da avaliação do tempo de leitura com tabela de leitura de Jaeger. Métodos: Estudo observacional e transversal. ormação de Grupos de Pesquisa: o Grupo I foi formado por pacientes com acuidade visual de 20/200 e o Grupo II, por pacientes com acuidade visual maior de 20/200. Os pacientes de ambos os grupos foram subdivididos em aqueles com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa e os com retinopatia diabética proliferativa. As variáveis pesquisadas foram sexo, idade, tabela ETDRS nos subgrupos (igual a 20/200, igual a 20/400 e maior de 20/200 e 20/400) e tempo de leitura da tabela de Jaeger para perto. O índice de significância estatística deste estudo foi de 5%. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 62 pacientes diabéticos, sendo 33 com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa e 29 com retinopatia diabética proliferativa. Dentre os pacientes com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa, 19 tinham acuidade visual com melhor correção óptica de 20/200 (30,6% da amostra), e 13 pacientes eram portadores de retinopatia diabética proliferativa com acuidade visual com melhor correção óptica de 20/200 (20,9% da amostra). A correlação entre a tabela Snellen e a tabela ETDRS revelou que 16 pacientes (25,8% da amostra) com cegueira legal apresentaram acuidade visual entre 20/180 e 20/120 segundo a tabela ETDRS. Para os pacientes portadores de retinopatia diabética não proliferativa com acuidade visual de 20/200 pela tabela ETDRS, houve tempo médio de leitura para perto da tabela de Jaeger de 23,6±1,4 segundos. Na análise estatística da acuidade visual mensurada com a Tabela de Snellen em comparação com a Tabela de Leitura para perto (Jaeger), mensurando tempo de leitura, ahouve significância estatística (p=0,04). Conclusão: Pacientes diabéticos com cegueira legal segundo a tabela de Snellen apresentam sua real capacidade visual residual subavaliada. É importante levar em consideração o tempo de leitura e o uso da tabela ETDRS para melhor acurácia.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the accuracy of best-corrected visual acuity in patients with diabetic retinopathy to corrected visual acuity ≤ 20/200 in both eyes, measured by Snellen and ETDRS charts, in addition to evaluation of reading time by Jaeger chart. Methods: An observational and cross-sectional study. Study Groups: Group I, patients with visual acuity 20/200, and Group II, patients with visual acuity >20/200. Patients were subdivided into those with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The study variables were sex, age, ETDRS chart in the subgroups (equal to 20/200; equal to 20/400 and greater than 20/200 and 20/400), and reading time by Jaeger chart on the near vision. The statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: A total of 62 diabetic patients participated in the study; in that, 33 with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 29 with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Among patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, 19 had best-corrected visual acuity 20/200 (30.6% of sample), and 13 patients had proliferative diabetic retinopathy with best-corrected visual acuity 20/200 (20.9% of sample). The correlation between the Snellen and ETDRS charts revealed 16 patients (25.8% of sample) with legal blindness presented visual acuity between 20/180 and 20/120, as per the ETDRS chart. For patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy with visual acuity 20/200 measured by the ETDRS chart, the mean reading time to near vision was 23.6±1.4 seconds, as measured by Jaeger chart. In the statistical analysis, the comparison of visual acuity measured by Snellen chart, with the reading chart to near vision (Jaeger) measuring reading time, was statistically significant (p=0.04). Conclusion: Diabetic patients with legal blindness as per Snellen chart showed their real underestimated residual visual capacity. It is important to consider reading time and use of the ETDRS chart for better accuracy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reading , Visual Acuity/physiology , Blindness , Diabetic Retinopathy , Vision Tests/methods
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0025, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288629

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Ocular involvement can occur at any time, and it may affect 10% of patients in the secondary stage, and from 2% to 5% in the tertiary stage. Uveitis is the most common presentation of ocular syphilis, affecting 0.4% to 8% of patients with systemic disease. Chorioretinitis is the most common posterior alteration. We present the case of a 53-year-old male patient, presenting with bilateral low visual acuity and nyctalopia for 3 years. His physical examination revealed decreased pupillary reflex, anterior vitreous cells, physiologic papillae, arteriolar attenuation, reduced foveal reflex, diffuse retinal pigment epithelium atrophy, peripapillary and perivascular punctate pigment accumulation and peripheral chorioretinitis. Full-field electroretinogram was extinct in both eyes. Treponemal syphilis test was positive. Previously diagnosed as retinitis pigmentosa, evolved to blindness, despite proper treatment. Our case shows syphilis as a significant cause of blindness. Atypical presentations of retinitis pigmentosa must warn ophthalmologists to etiologies of pseudoretinitis pigmentosa, such as syphilis.


RESUMO A sífilis é uma infecção sexualmente transmissível causada pela espiroqueta Treponema pallidum. A sífilis ocular pode ocorrer em qualquer estágio da doença, chegando a 10% na forma secundária e a 2% a 5% em sua forma terciária. A uveíte é a manifestação ocular mais comum, ocorrendo em 0,4% a 8% dos pacientes com a doença sistêmica. A coriorretinite é a manifestação mais comum do segmento posterior. Apresentamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, 53 anos, com queixa de baixa acuidade visual e nictalopia há ٣ anos. Seu exame físico revelou lentificação dos reflexos pupilares, celularidade no vítreo anterior, papilas fisiológicas, atenuação arteriolar, redução do reflexo foveal, atrofia difusa do epitélio pigmentar da retina, acúmulo punctato de pigmento em regiões peripapilar e perivascular e coriorretinite periférica. Eletrorretinograma de campo total extinto em ambos os olhos. O teste treponêmico foi positivo. Foi previamente diagnosticado como portador de retinose pigmentar, evoluindo com cegueira, a despeito do tratamento correto instituído. Esse caso mostra a sífilis como importante causadora de cegueira. Casos atípicos de retinose pigmentar devem alertar o oftalmologista para causas de pseudorretinose pigmentar, como a sífilis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Syphilis/complications , Retinitis Pigmentosa/etiology , Retinal Diseases/diagnosis , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Syphilis Serodiagnosis/methods , Fluorescein Angiography , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/drug therapy , Visual Acuity , Uveitis, Posterior/diagnosis , Uveitis, Posterior/etiology , Retinitis Pigmentosa/diagnosis , Blindness/etiology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Electroretinography , Fundus Oculi
18.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0011, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280118

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The authors report the case of a male adult presenting significant ocular complications and irreversible visual impairment, resulting from the long-term progression and late diagnosis of an iris cyst in the right eye, probably secondary to trauma. The patient was admitted to Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro with a total corneal opacity that blocked direct visualization of the anterior chamber. Ultrasound biomicroscopy was crucial for the anatomic study, and the patient was submitted to enucleation for aesthetic improvement and clarifying diagnosis. We concluded athalamia and deformation of the anterior segment, due to expansion of the cyst, led to gradual elevation of the intraocular pressure and damage of the optic nerve, resulting in visual loss.


RESUMO Relatamos o caso de um paciente com evolução e diagnóstico tardios de cisto de íris no olho direito, provavelmente secundário a trauma, com complicações importantes e baixa irreversível da visão, tendo sido admitido no Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro já com leucoma total da córnea e câmara anterior indevassável. A biomicroscopia ultrassônica se mostrou imprescindível para o estudo anatômico, sendo o paciente finalmente submetido à enucleação, para melhora estética e elucidação diagnóstica. Concluímos que a atalamia e a desestruturação do segmento anterior, consequentes ao crescimento cístico, levaram a um gradativo aumento da pressão intraocular e lesão do nervo óptico, com consequente perda da visão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cysts/complications , Cysts/diagnosis , Iris Diseases/diagnosis , Ophthalmoscopy , Tonometry, Ocular/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Eye Enucleation , Visual Acuity , Iris/diagnostic imaging , Ocular Hypertension/diagnosis , Ocular Hypertension/etiology , Blindness/etiology , Corneal Topography , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Corneal Pachymetry , Slit Lamp Microscopy/methods , Iris Diseases/surgery , Iris Diseases/complications , Iris Diseases/pathology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878326

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the association of socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract blindness in terms of year lived with disability (YLD) rates and to determine whether ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels modify the effect of socioeconomic status on this health burden.@*Methods@#National and subnational age-standardized YLD rates associated with cataract-related blindness were derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2017. The human development index (HDI) from the Human Development Report was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. Estimated ground-level UVR exposure was obtained from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) dataset of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).@*Results@#Across 185 countries, socioeconomic status was inversely associated with the burden of cataract blindness. Countries with a very high HDI had an 84% lower age-standardized YLD rate [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Long-term high-UVR exposure amplifies the association of poor socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract-related blindness. The findings emphasize the need for strengthening UVR exposure protection interventions in developing countries with high-UVR exposure.


Subject(s)
Blindness/etiology , Cataract/etiology , Female , Global Burden of Disease/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Social Class , Socioeconomic Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 253-260, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921267

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is an important cause of blindness globally, and its prevalence is increasing. Early detection and intervention can help change the outcomes of the disease. The rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI) in recent years has led to new possibilities for the screening and diagnosis of DR. An AI-based diagnostic system for the detection of DR has significant advantages, such as high efficiency, high accuracy, and lower demand for human resources. At the same time, there are shortcomings, such as the lack of standards for development and evaluation and the limited scope of application. This article demonstrates the current applications of AI in the field of DR, existing problems, and possible future development directions.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Blindness , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnosis , Humans , Mass Screening
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL