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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 5-10, maio 05,2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370441

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Nutritional deficiencies, hormonal changes and severe weight loss after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) can promote changes in bone metabolism which may lead to a reduction in bone mineral density (BMD). Objective: to investigate the prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis and factors associated with BMD in pre-menopausal women who underwent RYGB. Methodology: a cross-sectional study conducted with secondary data of patients followed-up in a specialized center for obesity treatment. Variables studied: biochemical and anthropometric data, body composition by multifrequency bioimpedance and BMD of the lumbar spine (LS), total femur (TF) and femur neck (FN) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. For statistical analysis, the SPSS® software and a 5% significance level were utilized. Results: seventy-two (72) pre-menopausal women were evaluated. Mean age, BMI and mean post-surgery time was 38.7±6.5 years, 25.8±2.5 kg/m² and 13.1±1.7 months, respectively. The prevalence of osteopenia in at least one of the densitometry sites was 13.9%, with LS being the most frequent site. A lower LS BMD was associated with greater weight loss, higher percentage of body fat before surgery and lower post-surgery serum vitamin D levels. There was a positive correlation between skeletal muscle mass index adjusted for height in the pre-surgery period and LS BMD (r=0.361; p=0.010) and TF (r=0.404; p=0.004). Conclusion: a relevant prevalence of osteopenia was detected in pre-menopausal women after RYGB, mainly in the LS.


Introdução: o Bypass Gástrico em Y de Roux (BPGYR) pode promover mudanças no metabolismo ósseo decorrentes de deficiências nutricionais, alterações hormonais e perda severa de peso, podendo acarretar redução da Densidade Mineral Óssea (DMO). Objetivo: investigar a prevalência de osteopenia/osteoporose e fatores associados à DMO em mulheres pré-menopausadas submetidas à BPGYR. Metodologia: estudo transversal com dados secundários de pacientes acompanhadas em um serviço especializado no tratamento da obesidade. Variáveis estudadas: dados bioquímicos e antropométricos, composição corporal por bioimpedância multifrequencial e DMO de coluna lombar (CL), fêmur total (FT) e colo do fêmur (CF) por Absorciometria por Dupla Emissão de Raios X. Para análise estatística foi utilizado o programa SPSS®, com o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: foram avaliadas 72 mulheres pré-menopausadas, com média de idade e de IMC de 38,7±6,5 anos e 25,8±2,5 kg/m², respectivamente, e tempo médio de pós-operatório de 13,1±1,7 meses. A prevalência de osteopenia em pelo menos um dos sítios densitométricos foi de 13,9%, sendo a CL o sítio mais frequente. Uma menor DMO na CL se associou a maior perda de peso, maior percentual de massa gorda antes da cirurgia e níveis séricos menores de vitamina D pós-operatória. Observou-se correlação positiva entre o índice de massa muscular esquelética ajustada pela altura no pré-operatório e a DMO da CL (r=0,361; p=0,010) e do FT (r=0,404; p= 0,004). Conclusão: detectou-se prevalência relevante de osteopenia em mulheres pré-menopausadas após BPGYR, principalmente na CL.


Subject(s)
Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D , Body Composition , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Bone Density , Premenopause , Bariatric Surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(1): 96-103, 17-feb-2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361701

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la miositis osificante progresiva (MOP) es una enfermedad hereditaria del tejido conectivo de baja prevalencia (1:2,000,000 habitantes). Se caracteriza por osificación heterotópica con un comportamiento incierto que excepcionalmente se ha relacionado con neoplasias. Se buscó conocer la coexistencia de la MOP con neoplasias de origen mesodérmico, para que sean consideradas en el diagnóstico de otros pacientes, así como formular hipótesis para esclarecer su asociación. Caso clínico: mujer de 27 años con dolor de músculo isquitiobial y glúteo derecho que incrementaba con el ejercicio, sin remisión con analgésicos hasta limitar la movilidad de ambas extremidades. Se solicitó una serie ósea donde se evidenciaron zonas de radiolucidez heterogénea en la región de ambos muslos y pelvis de manera irregular, semejante a densidad ósea, que fue compatible con los hallazgos ecográficos y tomográficos; se concluyó que eran imágenes relacionadas con miositis osificante de cadera. La paciente refirió sintomatología gástrica y se solicitó una endoscopía que histopatológicamente reportó carcinoma gástrico difuso con células en anillo de sello; las imágenes de gabinete mostraron tumoración ovárica. Conclusión: la MOP es una patología de baja prevalencia, por lo que su conocimiento y sospecha son fundamentales para el diagnóstico. Hay poca literatura que involucre a las tres entidades; por ende, su fisiopatología y comprensión es limitada. En cuanto a la MOP, aún no hay un tratamiento curativo; sin embargo, el diagnóstico certero permite iniciar rehabilitación de manera oportuna con mejoría de la calidad de vida.


Background: Myositis ossificans progressiva (MOP) is a low prevalence hereditary connective tissue disease (1:2,000,000 habitants). It is characterized by heterotopic ossification with an uncertain behavior that has been exceptionally related to neoplasms. The objective was to know the coexistence of MOP with neoplasms of mesodermal origin, so that they can be considered in the diagnosis of other patients, as well as formulate hypotheses to clarify their association. Clinical case: 27-year-old female with right gluteal and ischitiobial muscle pain that increased with exercise, without remission with analgesics until limiting the mobility of both extremities. A bone series was requested where areas of heterogeneous radiolucency were evidenced in the region of, both, thighs and pelvis in an irregular manner, similar to bone density, which was compatible with the ultrasound and tomographic findings; we concluded that they were images of myositis ossificans of the hip. The patient reported gastric symptoms and an endoscopy was requested, which histopathologically reported diffuse gastric carcinoma with signet ring cells; cabinet images showed an ovarian tumor. Conclusion: MOP is a low prevalence disease, which is why its knowledge and suspicion are essential for the diagnosis. We found little literature that involves the three entities; therefore, their pathophysiology and understanding is limited. Regarding MOP, at this moment there is no curative treatment; however, an accurate diagnosis allows to start rehabilitation in a timely manner with an improvement in the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Bone Neoplasms , Ossification, Heterotopic , Myositis Ossificans , Diagnostic Imaging , Bone Density , Risk Factors
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367400

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this prospective study, with preliminary results, was to evaluate factors related with root migration after lower third molar coronectomy, especially radiographic bone density. Material and Methods:Twenty-two patients were submitted to 31 lower third molar coronectomies. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of all patients were performed preoperatively and at 7, 90 and 365 days postoperatively. Sociodemographic, clinical and radiographic data were collected. The root migration was analyzed by the distance from the tooth apex to the mandibular canal, and radiographic bone density above the remaining roots was obtained, both using the software Image J©.Results: After 1-year follow-up no patients showed paresthesia, symptoms or required reintervention, however all roots showed migration. The mean root migration was 2.66 mm at 90 days, and 3.37 mm at 365 days (p = 0.0007). The rate of migration was higher at the early postoperative period. The simple linear regression test between root migration and radiographic bone density was not significant (R=-0.173 and p=0.453; R=-0.045 and p=0.902; at 90 days and 365 days, respectively) as well as the analysis between root migration and other clinical and radiographic variables. Conclusion: It was possible to conclude, based on these preliminary results, that all roots showed migration during the follow-up period. The radiographic bone density increases and, consequently, the root migration rate diminishes within time, however none of the evaluated factors showed significant association with root migration. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo prospectivo, com resultados preliminaraes, foi avaliar os fatores relacionados com a migração das raízes após corocetomia de terceiros molares inferiores, especialmente a densidade óssea radiográfica. Material e Métodos: Vinte e dois pacientes foram submetidos à 31 coronectomias de terceiros molares inferiores. Avaliação clínica e radiográfica de todos os pacientes foi executada no momento pré-operatório e aos 7, 90 e 365 dias pós-operatórios. Dados sociodemográficos, clínicos and radiográficos foram coletados. A migração das raízes foi analisada pela distância do ápice radicular ao canal mandibular, e a densidade óssea radiográfica foi mensurada acima dos remanescentes radiculares, usando o software Image J©.Resultados: Após 1 ano de acompanhamento, nenhum paciente apresentou parestesia, sintomatologia ou necessitou reintervenção, porém todas as raízes migraram. A média da migração radicular foi de 2,66mm aos 90 dias e de 3,37mm aos 365 dias (p=0,0007). A taxa de migração foi maior no pós-operatório inicial. O teste de regressão linear simples entre migração das raízes e densidade óssea radiográfica não foi significante (R=-0,173 e p=0,453; R=-0,045 e p=0,902; aos 90 e 365 dias, respectivamanete), assim como a análise entre migration radicular e outras variáveis clínicas e radiográficas. Conclusão: Foi possível concluir, com base nesses resultados prelimiares, que todas as raízes apresetaram migração durante o período de acomapanhamento. A densidade óssea radiográfica aumentou e, consequentemente, a taxa de migration radicular dimininiui com o tempo, porém nenhum dos fatores avaliados mostrou associação significante com a migração das raízes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Bone Density , Mandibular Nerve , Molar, Third
4.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 801-810, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349996

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia and the association of osteosarcopenia with trabecular bone score (TBS) in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DMG) compared with a paired control group (CG). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with men and women ≥ 50 years recruited by convenience. Patients in both groups answered questionnaires and underwent evaluation of bone mineral density (BMD), handgrip strength (HGS), and TBS. The T2DMG also underwent a gait speed (GS) test. Sarcopenia was defined as low lean mass plus low HGS or GS according to the Foundation for the National Institute of Health Sarcopenia Project, and osteosarcopenia was deemed present when sarcopenia was associated with osteopenia, osteoporosis, or low-energy trauma fractures. Results: The T2DMG (n = 177) and CG (n = 146) had, respectively, mean ages of 65.1 ± 8.2 years and 68.8 ± 11.0 years and 114 (64.4%) and 80 (54.7%) women. T2DMG versus the CG had higher rates of osteosarcopenia (11.9% versus 2.14%, respectively, p = 0.010), sarcopenia (12.9% versus 5.4%, respectively, p < 0.030), and fractures (29.9% versus 18.5%, respectively, p = 0.019), and lower HGS values (24.4 ± 10.3 kg versus 30.9 ± 9.15 kg, respectively, p < 0.001), but comparable BMD values. Mean TBS values were 1.272 ± 0.11 and 1.320 ± 0.12, respectively (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, age, greater waist circumference, fractures, and osteoporosis increased the risk of degraded TBS. Osteosarcopenia was associated with diabetes complications (p = 0.03), calcium and vitamin D supplementation (p = 0.01), and all components of osteosarcopenia diagnosis (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with the CG, the T2DMG had a higher prevalence of osteosarcopenia, sarcopenia, and fractures and lower bone quality assessed by TBS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/etiology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hand Strength , Cancellous Bone/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 749-753, oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351046

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anabolic drugs are the treatment of choice for osteoporotic patients with very high risk of fractures. Post anabolic treatment with an antiresorptive drug maintains the bone mineral density (BMD) gained. The recommendations regarding the ideal antiresorptive drug are not precise. The aim of this paper is to compare the usefulness of zoledronate and denosumab in a group of 28 women with very high risk of fractures. All of them completed at least one year of treatment with teripatide and latter 14 received zolendronate and 14 denosumab for another year. We retrospectively review their biochemical and densitometric changes. Both treat ment groups experienced a reduction in bone turnover markers of the same magnitude at the end of the second year. In Lumbar Spine BMD increase of 3.96 ± 8.56% Median (Me) 2.54 p = 0.21 in zolendronate group and 3.55 ± 5.36% (Me 5.14) p = 0.07 in denosumab group. Femoral Neck BMD changed -0.09 ± 6.50% (Me 0.29) p = 0.85 in zolendronate group, and - 3.41 ± 5.08% (Me 5.35) p = 0.59 in denosumab group, with no difference between both groups. In Total Hip BMD an increase of 0.55 ± 4.20% (Me 0.43) p = 0.70 in zoledronate group, and 4.53 ± 5.13% (Me 0.64) p = 0.04 with denosumab. We conclude that both antiresortive treatments have a similar effect in biochemical markers after one year of treatment. BMD increase significantly in total hip and changed with a trend toward in lumbar spine with denosumab, but without differences between both groups of treatment.


Resumen Los anabólicos son el tratamiento de elección en la osteoporosis con muy alto riesgo de fracturas. Después del tratamiento anabólico un fármaco antirresortivo mantiene la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) ganada. Las reco mendaciones sobre el fármaco antirresortivo ideal no son precisas. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar la utilidad de zoledronato y denosumab en un grupo de 28 mujeres con muy alto riesgo de fracturas. Todas ellas completaron al menos un año de tratamiento con teripatide y luego 14 recibieron zolendronato y 14 denosumab durante un año. Revisamos retrospectivamente sus cambios bioquímicos y densitométricos. Ambos grupos de tratamiento experimentaron una reducción de los marcadores de recambio óseo de la misma magnitud al final del segundo año. En columna lumbar la DMO aumentó 3.96 ± 8.56% Mediana (Me) 2.54, p = 0.21 en el grupo zolendronato y 3.55 ± 5.36% (Me 5.14) p = 0.07 en el grupo denosumab. La DMO del cuello femoral cambió -0.09 ± 6.50% (Me 0.29) p = 0.85 en el grupo zolendronato y - 3.41 ± 5.08% (Me 5.35) p = 0.59 en el grupo de denosumab, sin diferencias entre ambos grupos. En la Cadera Total la DMO aumentó 0.55 ± 4.20% (Me 0.43) p = 0.70 con zoledronato y 4.53 ± 5.13% (Me 0.64) p = 0.04 con denosumab. Concluimos que ambos tratamien tos antiresortivos tuvieron un efecto similar en los marcadores bioquímicos después de un año de tratamiento. La DMO aumentó significativamente en la cadera total y mostró una tendencia similar en columna lumbar con denosumab, sin diferencias entre ambos tratamientos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Teriparatide/therapeutic use , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Density , Retrospective Studies , Denosumab/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 335-337, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288579

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction One of the evaluation factors of human health is bone health, and an evaluation index of bone health is osteoporosis. Sports are an effective way to improve the human body. Objective The paper discusses the effects of different exercise intensities on human bone health. Methods The thesis selected 51 female college students, designed different exercise intensities of fitness running intervention programs, and conducted a 12-month exercise intervention. We divide female college students into three groups. The subjects' bone mineral density (BMD), serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and serum osteocalcin (BGP) were tested before and after the experiment. Results The differences in femoral BMD, serum ALP, serum BGP, and lumbar spine BMD of the three groups of volunteers were significant (P<0.05), while the differences in ulna and radius BMD were not significant. Conclusions Sports can promote human bone health. At the same time, the effect of fitness running on human BMD is site-specific. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Um dos fatores de avaliação da saúde humana é a saúde óssea, e um índice de avaliação da saúde óssea é a osteoporose. Os esportes são uma forma eficaz de melhorar o corpo humano. Objetivo o artigo discute os efeitos de diferentes intensidades de exercício na saúde óssea humana. Métodos A tese selecionou 51 universitárias, elaborou diferentes intensidades de exercícios em programas de intervenção de corrida de aptidão e conduziu uma intervenção de exercícios de 12 meses. Dividimos as universitárias em três grupos. A densidade mineral óssea (BMD), fosfatase alcalina sérica (ALP) e osteocalcina sérica (BGP) dos indivíduos foram testadas antes e depois do experimento. Resultados As diferenças na DMO femoral, ALP sérica, BGP sérica e DMO da coluna lombar dos três grupos de voluntários foram significativas (P <0,05), enquanto as diferenças na DMO da ulna e rádio não foram significativas. Conclusão O esporte pode promover a saúde óssea humana. Ao mesmo tempo, o efeito da corrida adaptativa na DMO humana é específico do local. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Uno de los factores de evaluación de la salud humana es la salud ósea y un índice de evaluación de la salud ósea es la osteoporosis. Los deportes son una forma eficaz de mejorar el cuerpo humano. Objetivo El artículo analiza los efectos de diferentes intensidades de ejercicio en la salud ósea humana. Métodos La tesis seleccionó a 51 estudiantes universitarias, diseñó diferentes intensidades de ejercicio de programas de intervención para correr y realizó una intervención de ejercicio de 12 meses. Dividimos a las estudiantes universitarias en tres grupos. La densidad mineral ósea (DMO), la fosfatasa alcalina sérica (ALP) y la osteocalcina sérica (BGP) de los sujetos se analizaron antes y después del experimento. Resultados Las diferencias en la DMO femoral, la ALP sérica, la BGP sérica y la DMO de la columna lumbar de los tres grupos de voluntarios fueron significativas (P <0,05), mientras que las diferencias en la DMO del cúbito y del radio no fueron significativas. Conclusión Los deportes pueden promover la salud ósea humana. Al mismo tiempo, el efecto de la actividad física en la DMO humana es específico del sitio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Bone and Bones/physiology , Bone Density , Osteocalcin/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , High-Intensity Interval Training
7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 245-248, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288572

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction The research on the promotion of physical fitness of the human body by exercise has also attracted widespread attention in sports and rehabilitation medicine. Object This article uses ultrasound to study the bone density health of the human body, thereby establishing the relationship between sports and bone density health. We hope to use the research results of this article to improve people's awareness of sports health. Method We used ultrasound to test the bone mineral density of two groups of students (exercise group and non-exercise group) to explore the relationship between different sports items and the students' bone mineral density. Results There is a significant difference in bone density between the two groups of students. There is no gender difference in bone density. Conclusion Students need to strengthen physical exercise in the growth and development stage to improve bone density. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A pesquisa sobre a promoção da aptidão física do corpo humano por meio do exercício também tem atraído atenção generalizada na medicina esportiva e de reabilitação. Objeto este artigo usa o ultrassom para estudar a saúde da densidade óssea do corpo humano, estabelecendo assim a relação entre esportes e saúde da densidade óssea. Esperamos usar os resultados da pesquisa deste artigo para aumentar a conscientização das pessoas sobre a saúde no esporte. Método Usamos ultrassom para testar a densidade mineral óssea de dois grupos de alunos (grupo de exercícios e grupo de não exercícios) para explorar a relação entre diferentes itens esportivos e a densidade mineral óssea dos alunos. Resultados Existe uma diferença significativa na densidade óssea entre os dois grupos de alunos. Não há diferença de gênero na densidade óssea. Conclusão Os alunos precisam fortalecer os exercícios físicos na fase de crescimento e desenvolvimento para melhorar a densidade óssea. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La investigación sobre la promoción de la aptitud física del cuerpo humano mediante el ejercicio también ha atraído una amplia atención en la medicina deportiva y de rehabilitación. Objeto Este artículo utiliza la ecografía para estudiar la salud de la densidad ósea del cuerpo humano, estableciendo así la relación entre el deporte y la salud de la densidad ósea. Esperamos utilizar los resultados de la investigación de este artículo para mejorar la conciencia de las personas sobre la salud deportiva. Método Utilizamos ultrasonido para probar la densidad mineral ósea de dos grupos de estudiantes (grupo de ejercicio y grupo sin ejercicio) para explorar la relación entre diferentes artículos deportivos y la densidad mineral ósea de los estudiantes. Resultados Existe una diferencia significativa en la densidad ósea entre los dos grupos de estudiantes. No hay diferencia de género en la densidad ósea. Conclusión Los estudiantes necesitan fortalecer el ejercicio físico en la etapa de crecimiento y desarrollo para mejorar la densidad ósea. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sports/physiology , Bone Density/physiology , Health , Physical Fitness/physiology , Health Promotion , Models, Theoretical
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1293-1298, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351485

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to explore the potential risk factors for radiological hip joint involvement in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: This cross-sectional convey collected the clinical data, laboratory indicators, and radiographic data of patients with AS. Radiographic hip joint involvement was defined as a Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiology Hip Index (BASRI-hip) score ≥2. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the potential risk factors for radiological hip involvement in patients with AS. RESULTS: Based on BASRI-hip score, all enrolled 386 patients with AS were classified as patients involving with radiological hip joint involvement (BASRI-hip ≥2; n=203) and those without it (BASRI-hip ≤1; n=183). Mean age of enrolled patients with AS were 36.7±11.9 years, and 320 (82.9%) patients were male. Mean course of disease was 10.7±8.3 years, and 349 (90.4%) patients were with a positive HLAB27. Multivariate analyses indicated that Juvenile onset (onset age ≤16 years) (odds ratio [OR]=4.159, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.779-9.721, p<0.001), body mass index (BMI) <18.5 kg/m2 (OR=1.986, 95%CI 1.187-3.323, p=0.009), continuous nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use (OR=0.351, 95%CI 0.155-0.794, p=0.012), and bone mass below the expected range for age (Z score ≤-2) (OR=2.791, 95%CI 1.456-5.352, p=0.002) were independently associated with radiological hip joint involvement in patients with AS. CONCLUSIONS: The potential risk factors for radiological hip joint involvement were juvenile onset, lower BMI, and bone mass below the expected range for age. Furthermore, continuous NSAID use was the protective factor for radiological hip joint involvement in these population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/diagnostic imaging , Hip Joint/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age of Onset , Hip Joint/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 390-394, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288600

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Basketball sports will effect on the morphology and structure of the hand bones and joints. Objective: The article selected nine professional basketball players (basketball group) and 11 non-basketball players (control group) in the provincial youth team. A 64-row spiral computed tomography scan was used to scan the wrist and three-dimensional reconstruction. The volume of each carpal bone and the computed tomography value (bone density) were measured. Methods: To explore the influence of basketball sports on the hand bones and joints' morphological structure, the paper analyzes the structural characteristics of the computed tomography images of young male basketball players' wrist bones. Results: Compared with the carpal bones in the control group, the volume of the right navicular bone and the small polygonal bone, the left-hand navicular bone, the large triangular bone, and the small polygonal bone in the basketball group increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusions: Basketball can increase the volume of the part of the wrist bones of adolescent male athletes and reduce the bone density; the morphological structure of the non-smashing wrist bones of basketball players has similar changes to that of the spikers. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: O basquetebol afetará a morfologia e a estrutura dos ossos e articulações da mão. Objetivo: o artigo selecionou nove jogadores profissionais de basquete (grupo de basquete) e 11 não jogadores de basquete (grupo de controle) da equipe juvenil da província. Uma tomografia computadorizada espiral de 64 linhas foi usada para digitalizar o punho e a reconstrução tridimensional. O volume de cada osso do carpo e o valor da tomografia computadorizada (densidade óssea) foram medidos. Métodos: Para explorar a influência dos esportes de basquete sobre os ossos da mão e a estrutura morfológica das articulações, o artigo analisa as características estruturais das imagens de tomografia computadorizada de ossos do punho de jovens jogadores de basquete do sexo masculino. Resultados: Em comparação com os ossos do carpo no grupo de controle, o volume do osso navicular direito e o osso poligonal pequeno, o osso navicular esquerdo, o osso triangular grande e o osso poligonal pequeno no grupo de basquete aumentaram significativamente (P <0,05). Conclusões: O basquete pode aumentar o volume dos ossos do punho de atletas adolescentes do sexo masculino e reduzir a densidade óssea; a estrutura morfológica dos ossos do pulso que não se quebram em jogadores de basquete tem mudanças semelhantes às dos espigões. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: el baloncesto afectará la morfología y la estructura de los huesos y articulaciones de la mano. Objetivo: El artículo seleccionó nueve jugadores de baloncesto profesionales (grupo de baloncesto) y 11 jugadores no baloncesto (grupo de control) en el equipo juvenil provincial. Se utilizó una tomografía computarizada en espiral de 64 filas para escanear la muñeca y la reconstrucción tridimensional. Se midieron el volumen de cada hueso del carpo y el valor de la tomografía computarizada (densidad ósea). Métodos: Para explorar la influencia de los deportes de baloncesto en la estructura morfológica de los huesos de la mano y las articulaciones, el artículo analiza las características estructurales de las imágenes de tomografía computarizada de los huesos de la muñeca de los jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto. Resultados: En comparación con los huesos del carpo en el grupo de control, el volumen del hueso navicular derecho y el hueso poligonal pequeño, el hueso navicular izquierdo, el hueso triangular grande y el hueso poligonal pequeño en el grupo de baloncesto aumentaron significativamente (P <0,05). Conclusiones: El baloncesto puede aumentar el volumen de los huesos de la muñeca de los deportistas varones adolescentes y reducir la densidad ósea; la estructura morfológica de los huesos de las muñecas que no se rompen de los jugadores de baloncesto tiene cambios similares a los de los atacantes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Basketball , Carpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Bone Density/physiology , Athletes , Wrist Joint/growth & development , Algorithms , Adaptation, Physiological , Carpal Bones/growth & development , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 96-109, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342655

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se comparar performance funcional, composição corporal e medo de cair em idosas com desmineralização óssea caidoras e não caidoras. Estudo transversal, analítico com 19 idosas com baixa da densidade mineral óssea (DMO), sete apresentaram osteoporose e 12 tinham osteopenia. IMC=28,9 ± 4,3kg.m-2 , idade média de 70 ± 5 anos. As idosas foram alocadas em grupos quanto à queda: Caidoras (n=9) e Não Caidoras (n=10). A avaliação da performance funcional englobou: 1) Capacidade Funcional com a bateria Senior Fitness Test (SFT); 2) Variáveis da marcha captadas com o sensor inercial Wivar® Science durante o Teste de Caminhada de 10 metros (TC10M). Composição corporal: DMO, gordura e massa magra foram analisadas através da Absortometria Radiológica de Dupla Energia (DEXA). Verificou-se o medo de cair com a Falls Efficacy Scale - Internacional ­ Brasil. Testou-se a comparação entre médias com teste t de Student e U de Mann Whitney. Quanto ao medo de cair, o escore total atingiu 28±11 pontos. Não houve diferença estatística entre as médias dos testes de capacidade funcional e marcha, exceto a simetria da marcha (p=0,017). Os grupos alcançaram resultados semelhantes de performance funcional, marcha e medo de cair. O estímulo e manutenção da função devem ser feitos como caráter preventivo no público em questão independente do evento queda ter ocorrido. A simetria da marcha pode ser uma variável complementar na avaliação de quedas em idosas com osteopenia e osteoporose.(AU)


The aim of this study was to compare functional performance, body composition and fear of falling in fallers and non-fallers elderly women with bone demineralization. This is a cross-sectional, analytical study with 19 elderly women with low bone mineral density (BMD), seven had osteoporosis and 12 had osteopenia. BMI = 28.9 ± 4.3 kg.m-2 , mean age 70 ± 5 years. The elderly were allocated by fall reported event in groups: Fallers (n = 9) and Non-fallers (n = 10). Functional performance included: 1) Functional Capacity mesuared by Senior Fitness Test (SFT) battery; 2) Walking variables captured by the inertial sensor Wivar® Science during the 10-meter Walk Test (TC10M). Body composition: BMD, fat and lean mass were mesuared by Dual Energy Radiological Absortometry (DEXA). There fear of falling was acessed by Falls Efficacy Scale - International - Brazil. The comparison between means was made with Student's t test and Mann Whitney U test. As results, the total score for fear of falling reached 28 ± 11 points. There was no statistically significant difference between the means of functional capacity and gait tests. Only gait symmetry differed between groups (p = 0.017). Both groups achieved similar results of functional performance, gait and fear of falling. The stimulus and maintenance of the function must be done as a preventive character in the public in question regardless of the event that occurred. The gait symmetry may be a complementary variable to evaluate falls in elderly women with osteopenia and osteoporosis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis , Women , Body Composition , Accidental Falls , Aged , Physical Functional Performance , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Bone Density , Fear , Gait
11.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 505-511, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339100

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate changes in bone density and architecture in postmenopausal women with breast cancer (BC) and use of aromatase inhibitor (AI). Subjects and methods: Thirty-four postmenopausal women with BC, without bone metastasis, renal function impairment and who were not receiving bone-active drugs were selected from a population of 523 outpatients treated for BC. According to the presence of hormonal receptors, HER2 and Ki67, seventeen had positive hormonal receptors and received anastrozole (AI group), and seventeen were triple-negative receptors (non-AI group), previously treated with chemotherapy. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) analyses were performed by DXA; vBMD and bone microarchitecture were evaluated by HR-pQCT. Fracture risk was estimated using the FRAX tool. Results: No patient referred previous low-impact fracture, and VFA detected one moderate vertebral fracture in a non-AI patient. AI patients showed lower aBMD and BMD T-scores at the hip and 33% radius and a higher proportion of osteoporosis diagnosis on DXA (47%) vs non-AI (17.6%). AI group had significantly lower values for vBMD at the entire, cortical and trabecular bone compartments, cortical and trabecular thickness and BV/TV. They also had a higher risk for major fractures and for hip fractures estimated by FRAX. Several HR-pQCT parameters evaluated at distal radius and distal tibia were significantly associated with fracture risk. Conclusion: AI is associated with alterations in bone density and microarchitecture of both the cortical and trabecular compartments. These findings explain the overall increase in fracture risk in this specific population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Osteoporosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Radius , Tibia , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Aromatase Inhibitors/adverse effects
12.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 500-504, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339102

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The occurrence of fractures in young individuals is frequently overlooked by physicians, especially when associated with exercise or trauma. Nevertheless, multiple fractures should always be investigated since underlying conditions can predispose to such events. We describe here the case of a young, healthy woman who sustained multiple fractures in the lower limbs, which were initially considered to be "stress fractures". Further investigation, including a panel of genes associated with osteogenesis imperfecta, revealed that the patient is a heterozygous carrier of a SERPINF1 variant. According to criteria recommended by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology, this variant is classified as likely benign (PM2, PP3, PP4, BP1, and BP4). The patient's mother and brother were also asymptomatic carriers of the variant and had sustained previous minor fractures. The patient had normal biochemical profile and bone density. This condition has been rarely described and is not associated with low bone mineral density or altered bone turnover markers. This case highlights the importance of investigating multiple fractures in young patients who are otherwise healthy since these may be a warning sign of rare genetic conditions associated with fragility fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/genetics , Fractures, Stress/genetics , Fractures, Stress/diagnostic imaging , Bone Density/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(8): 3221-3244, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285943

ABSTRACT

Abstract Low bone health is associated with vitamin D deficiency in older individuals; however, this association is not well established in adults. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and bone health in adults by systematic review and meta-analysis. The search was carried out in the LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect databases from March 2017 to October 2018 with adult individuals (20-59 years). Bone health was evaluation performed through dual X-ray absorptiometry and serum concentrations of 25(OH)D. The random effect model was used to analyze data from bone mineral content and bone mineral. Random effects models were used and the sources of heterogeneity were explored by means of meta-regression. Thirty-five articles were selected. There was positive correlation between vitamin D and bone health in most of the evaluated sites. Correlation was observed in the analysis of subgroups for lumbar spine among men. When stratified, the studies presented high heterogeneity, which was explained by the sample size, mean serum vitamin D levels and risk of bias. Vitamin D is positively correlated to bone health in adult individuals.


Resumo A baixa saúde óssea está associada à deficiência de vitamina D em indivíduos mais velhos; no entanto, isso não está bem estabelecido em adultos. O estudo objetivou-se analisar a associação entre concentrações séricas de 25-hidroxivitamina D e baixa saúde óssea em adultos por revisão sistemática e metanálise. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect de março de 2017 a outubro de 2018 com indivíduos adultos (20-59 anos). A avaliação da saúde óssea foi realizada através da absorciometria dupla de raios X e concentrações séricas de 25(OH)D. O modelo de efeito aleatório foi utilizado para analisar dados do conteúdo mineral ósseo e densidade mineral óssea. Modelos de efeitos aleatórios foram utilizados e a heterogeneidade foi explorada por meio de meta-regressão. Trinta e cinco artigos foram selecionados. Houve correlação positiva entre a vitamina D e a saúde óssea na maioria dos locais avaliados. Observou-se correlação na análise de subgrupos da coluna lombar entre homens. Quando estratificados, os estudos apresentaram alta heterogeneidade, explicada pelo tamanho da amostra, pelos níveis séricos médios da vitamina e pelo risco de viés. A vitamina D está positivamente correlacionada com a saúde óssea em indivíduos adultos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Bone Density , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Absorptiometry, Photon
14.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e256, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289383

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se ha descrito una probable asociación entre la presencia de osteopenia/osteoporosis y el riesgo incrementado de cardiopatía isquémica. Objetivo: Determinar la posible asociación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida, así como la relación de ambas condiciones con algunos factores de riesgo cardiovascular y variables de la esfera reproductiva en mujeres en etapa de climaterio. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo con 72 mujeres (34 con síndrome coronario agudo y 38 sin síndrome coronario agudo), que fueron seleccionadas de bases de datos del Instituto de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular. La densidad mineral ósea se determinó mediante absorciometría dual de rayos X en columna lumbar. Las pruebas Chi cuadrado y U de Mann Whitney permitieron evaluar la posible relación entre variables. Resultados: El 55,9 por ciento de las pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo y el 60,5 por ciento de las mujeres sin síndrome coronario agudo tenían densidad mineral ósea disminuida. En las mujeres con densidad mineral ósea disminuida (n=42): 81 por ciento presentaron obesidad abdominal, 78,6 por ciento dislipoproteinemia, 83,3 por ciento hipertensión arterial y 76,2 por ciento refirieron el antecedente familiar de cardiopatía isquémica. Conclusiones: En las mujeres en etapa de climaterio estudiadas no se demostró asociación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida. Tampoco existió relación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida con factores de riesgo cardiovascular, ni con las variables de la esfera reproductiva(AU)


Introduction: A probable association has been described between the presence of osteopenia/osteoporosis and the increased risk of ischemic heart disease. Objective: To determine the possible association between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density, as well as the relationship of both conditions with some cardiovascular risk factors and variables of the reproductive sphere in women during the climacteric stage. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with 72 women (34 with acute coronary syndrome and 38 without acute coronary syndrome), who were selected from databases of the Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery. Bone mineral density was determined by dual lumbar spine X-ray absorptiometry. The chi-square and Mann Whitney U tests allowed to evaluate the possible relationship between variables. Results: 55.9 percent of the patients with acute coronary syndrome and 60.5 percent of the women without acute coronary syndrome had decreased bone mineral density. Among women with decreased bone mineral density (n=42), 81 percent had abdominal obesity, 78.6 percent had dyslipoproteinemia, 83.3 percent had arterial hypertension, and 76.2 percent had a family history of ischemic heart disease. Conclusions: In the women in the climacteric stage studied, no association was shown between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density. There was no relationship either between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density with cardiovascular risk factors, or with variables in the reproductive sphere(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Climacteric , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Bone Density , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyslipidemias/pathology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/pathology
15.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(2): 242-247, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287023

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Metabolic bone disease concerns a broad spectrum of conditions related to reduced bone density. Metabolic bone disease has been linked to chronic inflammatory diseases, such as ulcerative colitis. This study examines the prevalence of metabolic bone disease in ulcerative colitis patients and explores possible clinical predictors. Method: The authors performed a retrospective study involving children and adolescents with confirmed ulcerative colitis between January 2013 and December 2018. Bone density was evaluated through a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan of the spine and total body. Osteoporosis was defined as a bone mineral density Z-score of <−2 and osteopenia as a Z-score of between −1.0 and −2. Results: A total of 37 patients were included in this analysis, with a mean age of 13.4 ± 3.9 years and a mean duration of illness of 2.1 ± 2.4 years. Using lumbar spine Z-scores and total body Z-scores, osteoporosis and osteopenia were identified by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan measurements in 11 patients (29.7%) and 15 patients (40.5%), and in ten patients (27%) and 13 patients (35%), respectively. Lumbar spine Z-scores were significantly positively associated with male gender (B = 2.02; p = 0.0001), and negatively associated with the presence of extraintestinal manifestations (B = −1.51, p = 0.009) and the use of biologics (B = −1.33, p = 0.004). However, total body Z-scores were positively associated with body mass index Z-scores (B = 0.26, p = 0.004) and duration of illness in years (B = 0.35, p = 0.003). Conclusions: Metabolic bone disease is very common in this cohort of Saudi Arabian children and adolescents with ulcerative colitis and its occurrence appears to increase in female patients who suffer from extraintestinal manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/epidemiology , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Saudi Arabia , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Retrospective Studies
16.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 46-51, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341359

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La actual definición de osteoporosis es basada en la absorciometría de energía dual de Rx (DXA, por sus siglas en inglés), lo cual representa la principal técnica para la cuantificación de la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) y la evaluación del riesgo de fractura. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la DMO en columna lumbar y cuello femoral de adultos sanos desde el punto de vista metabólico óseo en una población de Bogotá-Colombia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal, basado en un cuestionario aplicado a la población de estudio. Las medidas densitométricas fueron realizadas con un equipo compacto de alto rendimiento de la General Electric, modelo iDXA, por el mismo tecnólogo en los sitios esqueléticos de interés, columna lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4 y L1-4 en proyección anteroposterior y en cuello femoral. El cálculo del tamaño de muestra se realizó teniendo en cuenta la estratificación por sexo y 2 grupos de edad: 20 a 29 años y 30 a 39 años. Se encuestó a 805 individuos y 432 se realizaron la densitometría ósea. Resultados: Los valores encontrados en columna lumbar para cada uno de los grupos de nuestra población, fueron: 1,150 g/cm2 (DE: 0,11), 1,180 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10), para mujeres y hombres de 20 a 29 años, y 1,169 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10), 1,209 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10) para mujeres y hombres de 30 a 39 años, respectivamente. A nivel del cuello femoral, 0,991 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10), 1,119 g/cm2 (DE: 0,13), para mujeres y hombres de 20 a 29 años, y 0,970 g/cm2 (DE: 0,11), 1,079 g/cm2 (DE: 0,13) para mujeres y hombres de 30 a 39 años, respectivamente. Conclusión: Este estudio pudo demostrar el comportamiento de la DMO en nuestra población, la cual es inferior a la detectada en otras latitudes y a las utilizadas como valores de referencia en nuestros equipos. Adicionalmente, se determinó el valor máximo de masa ósea en cada una de las regiones de interés para los rangos de edad de la población de nuestro estudio.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The current definition of osteoporosis is based on the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which represents the main technique for the quantification of bone mineral density (BMD) and the evaluation of fracture risk. The objective of this study was to determine the BMD in the lumbar spine and femoral neck of healthy adults from a bone metabolism point of view in a population of Bogotá-Colombia. Method: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted based on a questionnaire completed by the study population. The densitometric measurements were carried out using a high-performance compact equipment of the General Electric, iDXA model, by the same technologist at the skeletal sites of interest, lumbar spine L1, L2, L3, L4 and L1-4 in anteroposterior projection, and in femoral neck. The sample size calculation was performed taking into account stratification by gender and 2 age groups: 20 to 29 years, and 30 to 39 years. A total of 805 individuals were surveyed, and 432 bone densitometries were performed. Results: The values found in the lumbar spine for each of the groups in our population were: 1.150 g/cm2 (SD: 0.11), 1.180 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10), for women and men aged 20 to 29 years, and 1.169 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10), 1.209 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10) for women and men aged 30 to 39, respectively. At the level of the femoral neck, 0.991 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10), 1.119 g/cm2 (SD: 0.13), for women and men aged 20 to 29 years, respectively, and 0.970 g/cm2 (SD: 0.11), 1.079 g/cm2 (SD: 0.13) for women and men aged 30 to 39, respectively. Conclusion: This study was able to demonstrate the behaviour of BMD in our population, which is lower than that detected in other latitudes and those used as reference values in our equipment. Additionally, the maximum bone mass value was determined in each of the locations of interest for the age ranges of the population in our study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bone Density , Colombia , Densitometry , Spine , Weights and Measures , Cross-Sectional Studies , Femur Neck
17.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 47-53, mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287240

ABSTRACT

Abstract Recently, a new consensus of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWSOP2) recommended new cut-off points for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. The aim of the present manuscript was to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in postmenopausal women and its relationship with bone mineral density, falls and fragility fractures according to EWGSOP2. In this cross-sectional study, 250 ambulatory postmenopausal women over 60 years of age were included. Lumbar spine and hip bone mineral density (BMD) and whole-body composition were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Muscle strength was evaluated by handgrip dynamometry and physical performance by a 4-m walk gait speed and five-repetition sit-to-stand test. Sarcopenia was defined according to EWGSOP2 as low muscle strength (handgrip) and low muscle mass (appendicular skeletal muscle mass index by DXA). A sarcopenia prevalence of 4% was found in the whole group increasing with age being 12.5% in ≥ 80year-old. A higher percentage of falls, prevalence of osteoporosis and vertebral fractures were found in the sarcopenic group. Sarcopenia increased 6.0-fold the likelihood of having a fragility fracture. Women with sarcopenia had significantly lower femoral neck BMD and higher frequency of falls and vertebral fractures. According to our results, identifying patients with sarcopenia might be a useful tool to detect adults at higher risk of falls and fractures.


Resumen Recientemente el grupo de trabajo europeo sobre sarcopenia en adultos mayores (EWGSOP2) recomendó nuevos criterios y valores de referencia para el diagnóstico de sarcopenia. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la prevalencia de sarcopenia en mujeres postmenopáusicas en nuestro medio y su relación con densidad mineral ósea, caídas y fracturas por fragilidad. Este es un estudio de diseño transversal en el cual se incluyeron un total de 250 mujeres ambulatorias mayores de 60 años. La densidad mineral ósea (DMO) de columna lumbar y cadera y la composición corporal fueron evaluados por absorciometría dual de rayos X (DXA). La fuerza fue evaluada por dinamometría de puño; para el rendimiento físico se utilizó caminata de 4 m y la prueba de levantarse y sentarse de una silla (5 repeticiones). La sarcopenia se definió de acuerdo a EWGSOP2 como baja fuerza muscular (dinamometría) y baja masa muscular (índice de masa muscular esquelética por DXA). El 4% de las mujeres cumplía con los criterios de sarcopenia siendo aún mayor en aquellas ≥ 80 años. Las mujeres con sarcopenia presentaron significativamente mayor frecuencia de caídas, osteoporosis y fracturas vertebrales. El riesgo de fracturas por fragilidad se vio incrementado 6 veces en las mujeres con sarcopenia. El diagnóstico de sarcopenia podría considerarse una herramienta útil para identificar a aquellos adultos con riesgo incrementado de caídas y fracturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/diagnostic imaging , Accidental Falls , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postmenopause , Hand Strength
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(1): 25-30, jan-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151401

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi analisar a composição corporal com utilização do DXA e correlacioná-la com a idade cronológica em adolescentes pós-púberes, de ambos os sexos. Participaram da pesquisa 46 adolescentes em fase pós-puberal, sendo 27 meninas (17,23±0,98) e 19 meninos (17,65±0,74) de ensino médio de uma escola estadual da Zona Sul da cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Foram realizadas uma anamnese, avaliação antropométrica e o DXA para avaliações. O teste U de Mann Whitney e o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman foram utilizados, adotando P<0,05 para significância. Verificou-se que as meninas apresentam composição corporal diferentedos meninos (P<0,05) e que com o aumento da idade elas tendem a diminuir o percentual de gordura, embora tenha sido observado um quantitativo alto de meninas com percentual de gordura elevado. Os meninos apresentaram uma tendência de aumento do percentual de gordura e da massa magra com o aumento da idade. As medidas de conteúdo e densidade mineral ósseo dentro da normalidade, com tendência de aumento com o avanço da idade cronológica. Conclui-se que os grupos masculino e feminino apresentaram comportamentos diferenciados quanto à composição corporal e os valores apresentados trazem mais um complemento à literatura a respeito de referências para a composição corporal, obtida com o DXA, em adolescentes pós-púberes.


The purpose of this study was to analyze body composition using DXA and correlate it with chronological age in post-pubertal adolescents of both genders. A total of 46 adolescents participated in the study, of which 27 were girls (17.23±0.98) and 19 boys (17.65±0.74) from a state school in the South District in the city of Rio de Janeiro. An anamnesis, anthropometric evaluation and DXA were performed for evaluations. The Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation coefficient were used, adopting P <0.05 for significance. Girls were found to have a different body composition than boys (P <0.05) and that, with increasing age, they tended to present a decrease in fat percentage, although in general a high number of girls presented a high fat level. The boys presented a tendency to increase the percentage of fat and lean mass with the increase of the age. Measurements of bone mineral content and density were considered as being within normality, with a tendency to increase with the advancing of the chronological age. Girls and boys present a different behavior regarding body composition and the values presented in this study bring an addition to the literature regarding body composition references through DXA in post-pubertal adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Body Composition/physiology , Body Weights and Measures , Puberty/physiology , Weight by Height/physiology , Bone Density/physiology , Nutritional Status , Adolescent/physiology , Fats/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism
19.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(1): 88-95, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154720

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: a) Establish reference values for bone parameters by using the speed of sound (SOS, m/s) of broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA, dB/MHz) and establish a bone quality index (BQI = αSOS + βBUA) for children and adolescents living in a region of moderate altitude, b) compare bone parameters with an international standard (with different ethnic, socio-economic, and lifestyle backgrounds) by using ultrasound of the calcaneus (heel bone) (QUS). Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with children and adolescents between the ages of 6.0 and 16.9 years old. The sample was selected randomly. A total of 1322 subjects were studied. Weight, height, and bone parameters, using ultrasound of the calcaneus, were evaluated SOS, BUA, and BQI. Body Mass Index BMI was calculated. Results: The average age of males was 11.44 ± 0.35 years old, and for females, it was 11.43 ± 0.35 years old. The students in this research showed slightly higher values of SOS, BUA, and BQI for both sexes when compared with the international reference (the 50th percentile). Percentiles were generated (P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, and P97) using the LMS method [median (M), standard deviation (S), and power of the Box-Cox transformation (L)] by age and sex. Conclusion: The students living at a moderate altitude showed slightly higher values in bone parameters in relation to the international reference. This pattern depicted a population with a better state of bone health. The proposed percentiles may be used to categorize adequate to at risk bone parameters based on age and sex.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Calcaneus/diagnostic imaging , Peru , Reference Values , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Altitude
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921927

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of one-stage treatment of bone morphogenetic protein 2 combined with Jifusheng in the experimental model of osteomyelitis in rabbits.@*METHODS@#The model of chronic osteomyelitis of tibia was established in 30 3-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits with a body weight of (2.0±0.5) kg, and the model was verified 4 weeks after operation. Thirty rabbits with osteomyelitis were randomly divided into 3 groups with 10 rabbits in each group (@*RESULTS@#At 4 weeks after operation, 30 rabbits with osteomyelitis were successfully validated. The results of serological examination showed that the hypersensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell count(WBC)in the model group were significantly higher than those in the blank group at 2 and 4 weeks after operation. Eight weeks after treatment, the detection of blood indexes showed that the white blood cell count (WBC)and hypersensitive C reactive protein (CRP)in treatment group A and treatment group B were significantly lower than those in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined application of apolipoprotein 2-Jifusheng can promote bone repair and reduce the inflammation of the focus. it can treat rabbits with osteomyelitis in one stage, provide objective basis for the formulation of clinical treatment strategy of osteomyelitis and further promote clinical research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins , Bone Density , Bone and Bones , Male , Osteomyelitis/drug therapy , Rabbits , Tibia
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