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1.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(1)jan./fev./mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371149

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Scrambler therapy é uma nova e não invasiva modalidade de eletroanalgesia com a intenção de organizar a má adaptação dos sinais elétricos de nervos periféricos. Objetivo: Avaliar o benefício clínico da Scrambler therapy no controle de intensidade da dor em pacientes oncológicos. Método: Revisão da literatura conforme a metodologia Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) nas bases de dados eletrônicas LILACS, PEDro, SciELO e PubMed. Foram combinados aleatoriamente os descritores: "Scrambler therapy", "cancer", "pain", assim como o uso dos operadores booleanos AND e OR, em português, inglês e espanhol, sem limite de tempo. Resultados: Foram incluídos 15 estudos que, após avaliação crítica, demonstraram benefício clínico na redução na intensidade da dor. A Scrambler therapy é baseada em cinco neurônios artificiais controlados por um algoritmo otimizado para fornecer segurança e eficácia. O hardware recebe informações do algoritmo que cria as sequências de caracteres "não-dor" e as processa, transformando-as em fluxos potenciais de ação sintéticos (isto é, criados pela tecnologia) funcionalmente compatíveis com os potenciais endógenos. Conclusão: Os resultados positivos encontrados nos estudos preliminares com a Scrambler therapy indicam benefícios no controle da dor oncológica


Introduction: Scrambler therapy is a novel, non-invasive pain modifying technique that utilizes transcutaneous electrical stimulation of pain fibers with the intent of re-organizing maladaptive signaling pathways. Objective: Evaluate the benefits of Scrambler therapy to manage the intensity of pain in oncologic patients. Method: Integrative literature review based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) in the electronic databases LILACS, PEDro, SciELO and PubMed. The descriptors "Scrambler therapy", "cancer", "pain" were randomly combined in addition to the Boolean operators AND, OR in Portuguese, English and Spanish with no time limitation. Results: For this review, 15 articles were found relevant. The Scrambler therapy machine is based on 5 artificial neurons controlled by an optimized algorithm to provide safety and effectiveness. The hardware receives information from the algorithm that creates the strings of "non-pain," and processes them by transforming into potential flows of synthetic action (i.e. created by technology) functionally compatible with endogenous flows. Pain scrambler therapy had a potential to decrease pain in cancer patients. Conclusion: The positive findings from preliminary studies with Scrambler therapy endorses the benefits this device provides to manage oncologic pain


Introducción: Scrambler therapy es una modalidad nueva y no invasiva de electroanalgesia con la intención de organizar la pobre adaptación de las señales eléctricas de los nervios periféricos. Objetivo: Estudiar si la Scrambler therapy influye en la intensidad del dolor en pacientes con cáncer. Método: Revisión integradora de la Literatura según la Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), mediante búsqueda realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, PEDro, SciELO y PubMed, utilizando las palabras clave "terapia Scrambler", "cáncer", "dolor", así como el uso de los operadores booleanos AND y OR, en portugués, inglés y español, sin límite de tiempo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 15 artículos relevantes para la revisión, que muestran una reducción en la intensidad del dolor. La Scrambler therapy se basa en cinco neuronas artificiales controladas por un algoritmo optimizado para proporcionar seguridad y eficacia. El hardware recibe información del algoritmo que crea las cadenas de "no dolor" y las procesa transformándolas en flujos de potenciales de acción sintéticos (es decir, creados por la tecnología) funcionalmente compatibles con los endógenos. Conclusión: Los resultados positivos encontrados en los estudios preliminares con la Scrambler therapy indican beneficios en el control del dolor por cáncer


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Pain Management , Cancer Pain/therapy , Neoplasms , Chronic Pain
3.
Dolor ; 31(74): 26-34, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362804

ABSTRACT

El paciente oncológico de cuidados paliativos puede presentar una variedad importante de condiciones clínicas que producen sufrimiento y disminución en la calidad de vida; esto se presenta como un reto para el clínico en la identificación y correcto abordaje de los pacientes. El dolor se ha considerado por años como el síntoma cardinal a tratar en el paciente oncológico, donde se deben considerar sus condicionantes fisiopatológicos, la farmacología de las intervenciones, los posibles efectos secundarios y los condicionantes familiares, sociales y personales del dolor, pero a pesar de su relevancia, no es el único síntoma, estando acompañado de un abanico de patologías, como las afectaciones gastrointestinales, pulmonares, vasculares, hematológicas y neurológicas, que favorecen la pérdida de capacidad del paciente y, en muchas ocasiones, la muerte. Se realizó una revisión actualizada en bases de datos como EMBASE, PUBMED, SCIELO, además de la revisión de guías de asociaciones internacionales con el objetivo de acercar a todos los médicos, sin distinguir su especialidad o área de trabajo, al abordaje y manejo del paciente oncológico en cuidado paliativo, favoreciendo la sensibilización con estas patologías y la importancia en el curso de vida de los pacientes.


The palliative care cancer patient can present a significant variety of clinical conditions that produce suffering and a decrease in the quality of life. This is a challenge for the clinician in the identification and correct approach of patients. Pain has been considered for years as the cardinal symptom to be treated in cancer patients, where its pathophysiological factors, the pharmacology of the interventions, possible side effects and the family, social and personal conditions of pain must be considered, but despite its relevance is not the onset of symptoms and is accompanied by a range of pathologies such as gastrointestinal, pulmonary, vascular, hematological and neurological affectations that favor the loss of capacity of the patient and in many cases death. An updated review was carried out in databases such as EMBASE, PUBMED, SCIELO in addition to the revision of guides from international associations with the aim of bringing all doctors without distinguishing their specialty or area of work to the approach and management of cancer patients in palliative care favoring awareness of these pathologies and their importance in the life course of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care/methods , Cancer Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome/diagnosis , Tumor Lysis Syndrome/diagnosis , Emergencies , Venous Thromboembolism/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Morphine/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/complications
4.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 71-77, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362231

ABSTRACT

Cordotomy consists in the discontinuation of the lateral spinothalamic tract (LST) in the anterolateral quadrant of the spinal cord, which aims to reduce the transference of nociceptive information in the dorsal horn of the gray matter of the spinal cord to the somatosensory cortex. The main indication is for patients with terminal cancer that have a low life expectancy. It improves the quality of life by relieving pain. The results are promising and the pain relief rate varies between 69 and 100%. Generally speaking, the complications are mostly temporary and not remarkable.


Subject(s)
Spinothalamic Tracts/surgery , Cervical Vertebrae/pathology , Cordotomy/adverse effects , Cancer Pain/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cordotomy/methods , Cancer Pain/complications
5.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216500, 05 maio 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1248393

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear as práticas de segurança do paciente realizadas em pacientes oncológicos paliativos em uso de morfina para o controle da dor. MÉTODO: Revisão de escopo para responder à pergunta: Quais as evidências sobre as práticas de segurança do paciente realizadas em pacientes oncológicos paliativos que fazem uso de morfina para o controle da dor? A busca será realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane e CINAHL e literatura cinzenta. Após a busca, todos as citações serão agrupadas no software Rayyan e as duplicatas removidas. Os títulos e resumos serão selecionados por dois revisores independentes. O texto completo das citações selecionadas será avaliado em detalhes em relação aos critérios de inclusão por dois revisores independentes. Os dados extraídos serão apresentados em um diagrama ou forma tabular de maneira que se alinhe com o objetivo desta revisão de escopo, e um resumo narrativo será fornecido


OBJECTIVE: To map the patient safety practices performed in palliative cancer patients using morphine for pain control. METHOD: A scoping review to answer the following question: What is the evidence on the patient safety practices performed in palliative cancer patients using morphine for pain control? The search will be carried out in the MEDLINE, LILACS, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane and CINAHL databases, as well as in the gray literature. After the search, all citations will be grouped in the Rayyan software and the duplicates will be removed. Titles and abstracts will be selected by two independent reviewers. The full text of the selected citations will be evaluated in detail in relation to the inclusion criteria by two independent reviewers. The extracted data will be presented in diagram or table formats so that it aligns with the objective of this scoping review, and a narrative abstract will be provided.


OBJETIVO: Mapear las prácticas de seguridad del paciente realizadas en pacientes con cáncer paliativo que utilizan morfina para el control del dolor. MÉTODO: Revisión de alcance para responder a la pregunta: ¿Cuál es la evidencia sobre las prácticas de seguridad del paciente que se implementan en pacientes con cáncer paliativo que utilizan morfina para el control del dolor? La búsqueda se realizará en las bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane y CINAHL y literatura gris. Después de la búsqueda, todas las citas se agruparán en el software Rayyan y se eliminarán los duplicados. Los títulos y resúmenes serán seleccionados por dos revisores independientes. El texto completo de las citas seleccionadas será evaluado en detalle según los criterios de inclusión por dos revisores independientes. Los datos extraídos se presentarán en un diagrama o en forma de tabla para que se alineen con el objetivo de esta revisión de alcance, y se proporcionará un resumen narrativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Pain Management , Patient Safety , Cancer Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Morphine/therapeutic use
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(2): 112-117, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361445

ABSTRACT

Las metástasis óseas se desarrollan en aproximadamente 30 a 70% de todos los pacientes con cáncer. El dolor es una experiencia de la condición humana universal, y es común que las personas busquen atención médica a raíz de ello. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo describir la eficacia y el papel de diferentes estrategias en el control del dolor óseo en pacientes cancerosos metastásicos. Se trata de un estudio observacional realizado entre el 1 de diciembre de 2018 y el 30 de diciembre de 2019. Se inscribieron exactamente 100 pacientes cancerosos. Los pacientes fueron evaluados antes de recibir las modalidades de control del dolor, al principio y al final del tratamiento. La puntuación del dolor óseo se utilizó de 0 (sin dolor) a 10 (el peor dolor). Nuestros hallazgos con respecto al sexo, hubo 51 (51%) hombres y 49 (49%) mujeres. La edad media fue de 57,3 ± 11,2 años y el grupo de edad más frecuente fue de 41-50 años, 37 (37%). Entre los tipos de cáncer, el cáncer de mama ocupa el primer lugar entre los casos estudiados en nuestra investigación 37 (37%), seguido del cáncer de próstata 24 (24%). Las vértebras de la columna fueron el sitio más representado en un 52%, seguido de los huesos pélvicos en un 36%. La mayoría de los pacientes no requirieron cirugía. Mientras que el 15% de los pacientes se sometieron a descompresión del cordón, el 13% requirió fijación interna y solo cuatro pa- LA PRENSA MÉDICA ARGENTINA Bony pain management in cancerous patients 117 V.107/Nº 2 cientes se sometieron a vertebroplastia. El dolor agudo se describió comúnmente en un 40%, seguido de naturaleza punzante en un 15%. El dolor frecuente fue más prevalente en el 60% de los pacientes, mientras que el dolor constante se presentó en el 40%. La noche fue el momento más común de sentir dolor en el 55%. Después de recibir el tratamiento, varias modalidades provocan un desplazamiento de la puntuación del dolor hacia abajo. Combinación de más de estrategias más eficientes que utilizar una opción para el manejo del dolor óseo con un mejor resultado y pronóstico.


Bone metastases develop in approximately 30­70% of all cancer patients. Pain is a universal human experience condition, and it is a common question for people to seek health care. The study aimed to describe the efficacy and roles of different strategies in the control of bony pain in metastatic cancerous patients. This is an observational study carried out, from the 1st of December 2018 to the 30th of December 2019. Exactly 100 cancerous patients were enrolled. Patients were assessed before received of pain control modalities, in the beginning, and at the end of treatment. Bone pain scoring was used from 0 (no pain) to 10 (the worst pain). Our findings regarding sex, there were 51(51%) male and 49(49%) female. The mean age was 57.3±11.2 years, and the most frequent age group was 41-50 years as 37(37%). Among cancer types, breast cancer comes in 1st rank cases studied in our research 37(37%), followed by prostate cancer 24(24%). Spine vertebrae were the most site figured 52%, followed by pelvic bones in 36%. Most patients did not require surgery. Whereas 15% of patients underwent cord decompression, 13% required internal fixation and only four patients performed for vertebroplasty. The sharp pain was commonly described by 40%, followed by stabbing nature in 15%. Frequent pain was more prevalent in 60% of patients, whereas constant pain presented in 40%. The night was the commonest timing of feeling pain in 55%. After receiving treatment, several modalities cause shifting of the pain scoring downward. Combination of more than strategies more efficient than of use one option for manage of bone pain with a better outcome, and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain/prevention & control , Bone Neoplasms/therapy , Cancer Pain/therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis/therapy
7.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2887-2902, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156782

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: los tumores de la encrucijada duodeno-bilio-pancreática o periampulares corresponden a un grupo heterogéneo de tumores. Se originan dentro de los 2 cm de la papila duodenal mayor. En los tumores irresecables, el tratamiento debe estar dirigido a la paliación más efectiva. El tratamiento quirúrgico paliativo va dirigido a resolver la obstrucción biliar, duodenal y el dolor, con el fin de optimizar la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Objetivo: describir el comportamiento del tratamiento quirúrgico paliativo de los tumores periampulares. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una investigación observacional, descriptiva y prospectiva con los pacientes con tumor periampular irresecable tributarios a tratamiento quirúrgico paliativo, en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", en la ciudad de Matanzas, desde enero del 2010 hasta diciembre del 2019. Resultados: el tumor de páncreas fue el más representado. Todos los pacientes fueron tributarios de derivación biliar quirúrgica paliativa, sin embargo, la derivación gástrica se realizó solo con confirmación endoscópica de infiltración tumoral u obstrucción duodenal y la esplacnicectomía química, siempre que fue factible técnicamente o las condiciones del paciente lo permitieron. La hepaticoyeyunostomía en Y de ROUX fue la derivación biliar de elección. La principal complicación quirúrgica fue la sepsis provocando las muertes. Conclusiones: la paliación quirúrgica es la alternativa de elección con mejores resultados a largo plazo, en los tumores periampulares irresecables con buen estado general, lo que contribuye a una mejor calidad de vida (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the tumors of the duodenal-biliary-pancreatic junction or periampullary tumors correspond to a heterogeneous group of tumor. They originate inside the 2 cm of the major duodenal papilla. In unresectable tumors, the treatment should be intended for the most effective palliation. The surgical palliative treatment is intended for solving biliary, duodenal obstruction, and pain, with the aim of optimizing patients' life quality. Objective: to describe the behavior of the periampullary tumors palliative surgical treatment. Materials and methods: a prospective, descriptive, observational research was carried out in patients with unresectable periampullary tumor tributary to palliative surgical treatment, in the Service of General Surgery of the University Hospital "Comandante Faustino Perez Hernandez", of Matanzas, from January 2010 to December 2019. Results: pancreas tumor was the most represented one. All patients were tributary to biliary palliative surgical derivation, however, gastric derivation was performed only with endoscopic confirmation of tumor infiltration or duodenal obstruction, and chemical splanchnicectomy whenever it was technically feasible and the patient's conditions allowed it. Roux's Y-shaped hepaticojejunostomy was the elective biliary derivation. The main surgical complication was sepsis provoking deaths. Conclusions: surgical palliation is the election alternative with long- term better outcomes, in unresectable periampullary tumors with a good general status, contributing to better life quality (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Biliopancreatic Diversion , Sepsis/etiology , Duodenal Obstruction , Cancer Pain , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Quality of Life , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
8.
Dolor ; 31(73): 26-31, ene. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362747

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El presente trabajo de investigación tuvo como objetivo explorar la eficacia analgésica mediante la comparación de la respuesta analgésica de los parches transdérmicos (PTD) de buprenorfina y fentanilo en dolor oncológico y patrón de uso. Material y Método: Se obtuvieron los datos y variables desde los registros clínicos de pacientes ingresados a la Unidad de Cuidados Paliativos (UCP) del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (INC) que estaban bajo tratamiento en mayo del 2017. Se incluyó en este estudio a 78 pacientes con PTD, que representan el 13% de los pacientes en control mensual. De estos, 66 estaban bajo tratamiento con buprenorfina y 8 bajo tratamiento con fentanilo. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron que el PTD de buprenorfina se utiliza más frecuentemente que el de fentanilo. El principal motivo de rotación fue dolor no controlado, seguido por imposibilidad de contar con la administración por vía oral. En pacientes con mayores intensidades de dolor somático o visceral se indicó fentanilo y en aquellos con componente neuropático se prefirió el uso de buprenorfina. PTD de fentanilo fue indicado en dosis mayores que buprenorfina, incluso al comparar sus dosis equianalgésicas, siendo la variación de dosis alta para ambos parches: aumentó en promedio 257%. Se logró una mejor respuesta analgésica con buprenorfina, con una variación de intensidad de escala numérica verbal (ENV) de 2,94 y 1,88 puntos de promedio para buprenorfina y fentanilo, respectivamente. Adicionalmente, se presentó mayor reacción local dérmica con fentanilo. Conclusiones: Se evidenció diferencias en patrón de uso y, a diferencia de lo esperado, se obtuvo una mejor eficacia analgésica con buprenorfina. Datos que deben ser corroborados en estudios con mayor número de pacientes bajo tratamiento con fentanilo.


Objective: This study aims to explore analgesic efficacy comparisons of buprenorphine and fentanyl transdermal patches (TDP) in cancer pain and it's usage pattern. Material and Method: Data and variables were collected from patient's clinical reports who were admitted in the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Palliative Care Unit (PCU) and were under treatment with TDP in May 2017. 78 TDP patients were studied and represented 13% of the monthly control patients in the PCU. Of these, 66 were under buprenorphine treatment and 8 under fentanyl treatment. Results: The results showed that buprenorphine TDP is more frequently used than fentanyl TDP, and the main reason for exchange between them was uncontrolled pain, followed by oral administration impossibility. Fentanyl TDP was indicated in patients with higher somatic or visceral pain intensities and Buprenorphine TDP was preferred in patients with neuropathic pain. Fentanyl TDP was indicated in higher doses than buprenorphine, even when comparing its equianalgesic doses, the dose variation was high for both patches throughout the treatment: it increased on average by 257%. A better analgesic response was achieved with buprenorphine, with a variation of intensity of the Verbal Numerical Scale (VNS) of 2.94 and 1.88 average points, for buprenorphine and fentanyl respectively. Additionally, there was a higher local dermal reaction with fentanyl TDP. Conclusions: Differences in usage patterns were evidenced and, unlike what was expected, better analgesic efficacy was obtained with buprenorphine TDP. This data should be corroborated in receiving fentanyl treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Buprenorphine/administration & dosage , Fentanyl/administration & dosage , Transdermal Patch , Cancer Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Palliative Care/methods , Buprenorphine/therapeutic use , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effectiveness and safety of electrothermal acupuncture therapy for patients of moderate to severe cancer pain with @*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients of moderate to severe cancer pain with @*RESULTS@#The variation of NRS scores in the observation group were larger than the control group 3, 5 days into treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional western medication for analgesia, electrothermal acupuncture could relieve pain, reduce the dose of opioid painkillers and improve the quality of life in patients of moderate to severe cancer pain with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cancer Pain/therapy , Humans , Neoplasms/therapy , Oxycodone , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1161-1165, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921026

ABSTRACT

Based on literature research and Delphi expert consensus method, the important acupoints for cancer pain was summarized to provide evidence basis for the formulation of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cancer Pain/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Neoplasms/therapy , Publications
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion for moderate to severe cancer pain.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with moderate to severe cancer pain were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,30 cases in each one. In the control group,opioids were taken to relief pain according to the three-step analgesic method of World Health Organization. On the base of the treatment as the control group, intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion were applied at Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Taichong (LR 3), etc. in the observation group, 14 days of treatment were required. The equivalent morphine consumption at the first day and whole course, the scores of cancer quality of life questionnaire-C30 (QLQ-C30) and Hamilton anxiety scale before and after treatment, and the adverse reaction rate were compared in the two groups. The total analgesic effective rate was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The total analgesic effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the observation group, higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion can reduce the dose of opioids, improve the quality of life, relief the anxiety in patients with moderate to severe cancer pain, and reduce the incidence of common adverse reaction of opioids.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Cancer Pain/therapy , Hot Temperature , Humans , Moxibustion , Neoplasms/therapy , Pain , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
12.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200520, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279021

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo identificar os principais sinais e sintomas manifestados por pacientes em cuidados paliativos oncológicos na assistência domiciliar. Método revisão integrativa nas bases LILACS, MEDLINE e CINAHL em janeiro de 2020. Perguntou-se: "Quais os principais sinais e sintomas manifestados por pacientes em cuidados paliativos oncológicos destacados nos estudos abrangendo o contexto do domicílio?". Foram descritores/termos: Sinais e Sintomas/Signs and Symptoms; Assistência Domiciliar/Home Care Services; Cuidados Paliativos/Palliative Care e Neoplasias/Neoplasms. Elencaram-se como critérios de elegibilidade: texto completo; entre 2015 e 2019; em inglês, português ou espanhol e idade adulta. Para o mapeamento dos dados, consideraram-se: título; país; ano; objetivo; método; sinais e sintomas. Os resultados foram categorizados em subgrupos, considerando a classificação conceitual predeterminada (sinal e sintoma). O elemento contagem facilitou a análise e a comparação de dados. Resultados foram selecionados 35 artigos, sendo identificados 25 sinais e 23 sintomas. Os mais frequentes foram: dor, náusea/vômito, dispneia, fadiga, depressão, ansiedade, constipação, perda de apetite, sonolência, bem-estar e insônia. A maioria (39) relacionou-se ao domínio físico. Conclusão a identificação dos principais sinais e sintomas, neste contexto, direciona a prática dos profissionais de saúde para as intervenções mais adequadas e o mais precocemente possível, contribuindo para viabilizar a assistência domiciliar, e alerta para a necessidade de educação permanente sobre este tema.


Resumen Objetivo identificar los principales signos y síntomas que manifiestan los pacientes en cuidados oncológicos paliativos en la atención domiciliaria. Método revisión integradora basada en LILACS, MEDLINE y CINAHL en enero de 2020. Se preguntó: "¿Cuáles son los principales signos y síntomas que manifiestan los pacientes en cuidados paliativos oncológicos destacados en estudios que abarcan el contexto del hogar?". Los descriptores / términos fueron: signos y síntomas / /Signs and Symptoms; Asistencia domiciliaria / Home Care Services; Cuidados paliativos / Palliative Care / y Neoplasias/ Neoplasms. Se enumeraron los siguientes criterios de elegibilidad: texto completo; entre 2015 y 2019; en inglés, portugués o español y edad adulta. Para el mapeo de datos, se consideraron los siguientes: título; padres; año; objetivo; método; signos y síntomas. Los resultados se categorizaron en subgrupos, considerando la clasificación conceptual predeterminada (signo y síntoma). El elemento de conteo facilitó el análisis y la comparación de datos. Resultados Se seleccionaron 35 artículos, se identificaron 25 signos y 23 síntomas. Los más frecuentes fueron: dolor, náuseas / vómitos, disnea, fatiga, depresión, ansiedad, estreñimiento, pérdida de apetito, somnolencia, bienestar e insomnio. La mayoría (39) estaban relacionados con el dominio físico. Conclusión la identificación de los principales signos y síntomas, en este contexto, orienta la práctica de los profesionales de la salud hacia las intervenciones más adecuadas y lo más temprano posible, contribuyendo a hacer factible la atención domiciliaria, y alerta sobre la necesidad de una educación permanente sobre este tema.


Abstract Objective to identify the main signs and symptoms manifested by palliative care oncology patients in home care. Method integrative review in LILACS, MEDLINE and CINAHL databases in January 2020. The question was asked: "What are the main signs and symptoms manifested by patients in palliative oncology care highlighted in studies covering the context of the home?" Descriptors/terms were: Signs and Symptoms/Signs and Symptoms; Home Care/Home Care Services; Palliative Care/Palliative Care and Neoplasms/Neoplasms. Eligibility criteria were listed as follows: full text; between 2015 and 2019; in English, Portuguese or Spanish and adult age. For data mapping, the following were considered: title; country; year; objective; method; signs and symptoms. The results were categorized into subgroups, considering the predetermined conceptual classification (sign and symptom). The counting element facilitated the analysis and comparison of data. Results a total of 35 articles were selected, and 25 signs and 23 symptoms were identified. The most frequent were: pain, nausea/vomiting, dyspnea, fatigue, depression, anxiety, constipation, loss of appetite, sleepiness, well-being, and insomnia. Most (39) were related to the physical domain. Conclusion the identification of the main signs and symptoms, in this context, directs the practice of health professionals to the most appropriate interventions as early as possible, contributing to the feasibility of home care, and alerts to the need for continuing education on this topic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Palliative Care , Death , Home Nursing , Neoplasms , Anxiety , Quality of Life , Anorexia , Constipation , Depression , Dyspnea , Fatigue , Cancer Pain , Sleepiness , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Nausea
13.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(3): 192-202, Diciembre 30, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145692

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dolor oncológico frecuentemente incapacita y desanima a los pacientes, adicionalmente produce frustración no solo al paciente sino también al equipo que realiza el cuidado. En un momento dado los opiodes ya no alivian el dolor y se requieren medidas coayuvantes para tener los mismos resultados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar la eficacia analgésica con morfina + ketamina en relación a morfina sola en pacientes oncológicos que no responden a opioides. Métodos: El presente estudio observacional retrospectivo, fue realizado en el Instituto Oncológico Nacional "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo" SOLCA-Guayaquil, con datos de enero del 2014 a diciembre del 2015. Se incluyeron todos los registros clínicos de pacientes mayores a 17 años que ingresaron a sala de urgencias o en hospitalización en quienes se realizó un tratamiento paliativo del dolor de tipo oncológico, con una escala de Karnofsky ≥ 40. El grupo 1 (G1) se conformó con pacientes cuyo tratamiento fue en base solamente con morfina con una respuesta adecuada, el Grupo 2 (G2) fue constituido con pacientes en quienes se usó morfina + Ketamina debido a su falta de respuesta previa solamente al uso de morfina. Se midió la percepción del dolor en la escala visual analógica (EVA), dosis de morfina usada (número de dosis de rescate), dosis de Ketamina usada, efectos secundarios. La muestra fue no probabilística, tipo censo. Resultados: 81 pacientes ingresaron al estudio, 34/43mujeres (79%) en G1 y 24/38 (63%) en G2 P=0.113.58. En ambos grupos EVA al ingreso 7 a 10 (severo), después de la intervención terapéutica en G1 4 ± 1.25, en G2 3 ± 1.50 P=0.78. Dosis de Morfina en G1 10 ± 12.5 mg, en G2 20 ± 27.5 mg P= 0.406. Rescate analgésico en G1 29/43 (67%) en G2 19/38 (50%) OR 0.483 (IC95% 0.196-1.188) P=0.113. Efectos adversos no fueron diferentes en ambos grupos. Conclusión: La Ketamina usada como coadyuvante con morfina permite mantener el control el dolor en el grupo de pacientes que habitualmente no responden a Morfina con dolor oncológico, sin aumentar los efectos adversos. Palabras Claves: Ketamina, Anestesia, Morfina, Dolor en Cáncer, Neoplasias


Introduction: Cancer pain frequently disables and discourages patients, additionally it produces frustration not only for the patient but also for the team that performs the care. At one point, opioids no longer relieve pain and co-adjuvant measures are required to achieve the same results. The objective of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy with morphine + ketamine in relation to morphine alone in cancer patients who do not respond to opioids. Methods: The present retrospective observational study was carried out at the National Oncological Institute "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo "SOLCA-Guayaquil, with data from January 2014 to December 2015. All clinical records of patients older than 17 years who were admitted to the emergency room or hospitalized who underwent palliative treatment of pain from Oncological type, with a Karnofsky scale ≥ 40. Group 1 (G1) was made up of patients whose treatment was based solely on morphine with an adequate response, Group 2 (G2) was made up of patients in whom morphine + was used Ketamine due to lack of response prior to morphine use only. The perception of pain was measured on the visual analog scale (VAS), dose of morphine used (number of rescue doses), dose of Ketamine used, side effects. The sample was non-probabilistic, census type. Results: 81 patients entered the study, 34/43 women (79%) in G1 and 24/38 (63%) in G2 P = 0.113.58. In both groups, VAS at admission 7 to 10 (severe), after the therapeutic intervention in G1 4 ± 1.25, in G2 3 ± 1.50 P = 0.78. Morphine dose in G1 10 ± 12.5 mg, in G2 20 ± 27.5 mg P = 0.406. Analgesic rescue in G1 29/43 (67%) in G2 19/38 (50%) OR 0.483 (95% CI 0.196-1.188) P = 0.113. Adverse effects were not different in both groups. Conclusion: Ketamine used as an adjuvant with morphine allows to maintain pain control in the group of patients who usually do not respond to morphine with cancer pain, without increasing adverse effects. Keywords: Ketamine, Anesthesia, Morphine, Cancer Pain, Neoplasms


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia , Ketamine , Morphine , Cancer Pain , Neoplasms
14.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e269, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156601

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El mieloma múltiple representa el 1 por ciento de las neoplasias y el 10 por ciento de las hemopatías malignas. La edad media de presentación es 65 años. El dolor óseo en columna vertebral y costillas constituye su manifestación inicial. El tratamiento quirúrgico del mieloma múltiple en la columna consiste en descompresión amplia y artrodesis. La vertebroplastia se considera técnica de elección porque restablece el balance sagital y coronal, contribuye al fortalecimiento del cuerpo vertebral, y disminuye el dolor asociado a fracturas. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la vertebroplastia sobre la calidad de vida y el balance sagital, en la disminución del dolor. Métodos: Se estudiaron 192 pacientes con mieloma múltiple con fractura en la columna, 80 tratados con vertebroplastia y 112 en forma conservadora. Se utilizó el cuestionario de Oswestry y la escala de Karnosfky. Resultados: La vertebroplastia disminuyó 0,52 veces el uso de analgésicos opioides. Conclusiones: La vertebroplastia representa un mayor beneficio de la calidad de vida de los pacientes aquejados de mieloma múltiple con fractura vertebral; repercute en el mejoramiento del balance sagital, el nivel de discapacidad y la capacidad para realizar tareas cotidianas(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Multiple myeloma accounts for 1 percent of neoplasms and for 10 percent of malignant hematomas. The mean onset age is 65 years. Bone pain in the spine and ribs is its initial manifestation. Surgical treatment for multiple myeloma in the spine consists in wide decompression and arthrodesis. Vertebroplasty is considered the choice technique because it restores sagittal and coronal balance, contributes to the strengthening of the vertebral body, and reduces pain associated with fractures. Objective: To assess the effect of vertebroplasty on quality of life and the effect of sagittal balance in reducing pain. Methods: 192 patients with multiple myeloma and spinal fracture were studied, 80 treated with vertebroplasty and 112 treated conservatively. The Oswestry questionnaire and the Karnofsky scale were used. Results: Vertebroplasty decreased the use of opioid analgesics by 0.52 times. Conclusions: Vertebroplasty represents a greater benefit for the quality of life of patients suffering from multiple myeloma with vertebral fracture. It affects the improvement of sagittal balance, the level of disability, and the ability to perform daily tasks(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty/methods , Cancer Pain/surgery , Multiple Myeloma/surgery
15.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(3): 228-231, 15/09/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362413

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common oncological diseases. Chemotherapy is usually recommended as an adjuvant treatment for stage-II, -III, and -IV tumors. Approximately 10% of the patients develop neuropathic pain after chemotherapy, and they may remain refractory despite the administration of drugs that are commonly used to treat neuropathic pain. Spinal cord stimulation is a good treatment option for neuropathic pain of the lower limbs, and it should be trialed in patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. We report the case of a patient with oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy and neuropathic pain refractory to oral medication who was successfully treated by spinal cord stimulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Polyneuropathies/surgery , Polyneuropathies/diagnosis , Polyneuropathies/chemically induced , Spinal Cord Stimulation/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/epidemiology , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/therapy , Cancer Pain
16.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(3): e406, May-June 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150182

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El dolor de los pacientes de cáncer ha sido descrito como dolor total. Tanto en la literatura científica, los libros de texto, así como en informes y directrices de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, el concepto de dolor total ha servido de trasfondo para promover la atención multidisciplinaria de pacientes cuyo dolor involucra también aspectos psicológicos, emocionales, espirituales y sociales. El objetivo de este artículo es proponer una caracterización del concepto de dolor total de manera tal que continúe jugando un papel central en la promoción de la atención multidisciplinaria propia de los cuidados paliativos. Primero, se presenta un bosquejo del concepto y de los diferentes usos en la literatura. Segundo, se hace un contraste con la definición del dolor de la Asociación Internacional para el Estudio del Dolor (IASP) para establecer la naturaleza y referente del concepto de dolor total. Tercero, se muestra cómo esta caracterización del concepto disuelve algunas tensiones en la literatura respecto a su uso adecuado. Se plantea que el concepto de dolor total hace referencia a aquellas relaciones causales entre el dolor y los estados psicológicos, emocionales, espirituales y sociales que han sido Identificadas como susceptibles de ser intervenidas por el modelo de atención paliativa multidisciplinar. Como conclusión, se recomienda no vincular el concepto de dolor total con el padecimiento de una enfermedad en particular, ni con qué tan limitante para la vida es la enfermedad; tampoco para referirse a la "experiencia global" del paciente, ni como un punto muy alto de una escala.(AU)


ABSTRACT The pain suffering in cancer patients has been described as "total pain". The concept of "total pain" plays a key role in the promotion of the multidisciplinary nature of palliative care. In palliative attention, suffering is conceptualized as an addition of physical, psychological, emotional, spiritual and social aspects. In this paper, I offer a characterization of the concept of "total pain", one which preserves its key role in palliative care promotion. First, I sketch the concept and some different usages found in the literature. Second, I establish the nature and referent of the "total pain" concept by means of showing the contrast between it and the pain definition provided by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). Third, I propose that the concept of "total pain" refers to the relevant causal chains identified by the palliative care research as elements susceptible of intervention for the purpose of alleviating patient's suffering. These causal chains feature and link physical, psychological, emotional, spiritual and social aspects of the patient's suffering. As conclusion, I add the recommendation to not associate the concept of "total pain" with any particular diagnostic or disease or any particular prognosis, neither to the global experience of the patient, nor treat it as a high point on a scale.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care/psychology , Pain Management/methods , Cancer Pain/therapy , Palliative Medicine/trends
18.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3377, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1126969

ABSTRACT

Objective: to synthesize the knowledge and to critically evaluate the evidences arising from randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of the complementary therapies in the management of cancer pain in adult patients with cancer in palliative care. Method: a systematic review guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. The search for articles in the MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, CENTRAL Cochrane, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the manual search, selection of studies, data extraction, and methodological assessment using the Cochrane Bias Risk tool were performed independently by two reviewers. Results: eight hundred and fifteen (815) studies were identified, six of them being selected and analyzed, of which three used massage therapy, one study used a combination of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imaging, and another two studies used acupuncture. Most of the studies had an uncertain risk of bias (n=4; 67%). Conclusion: while the evidence from the studies evaluating the use of massage therapy or the use of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imaging for the management of cancer pain in these patients demonstrated significant benefits, the other two studies that evaluated the use of acupuncture as a complementary therapy showed contradictory results, therefore, needing more research studies to elucidate such findings.


Objetivo: sintetizar o conhecimento e avaliar criticamente as evidências provenientes de ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados sobre a eficácia das terapias complementares no manejo da dor oncológica em pacientes adultos com câncer em cuidados paliativos. Método: revisão sistemática guiada pelo Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. A busca dos artigos nas bases de dados MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, CENTRAL Cochrane e PsycINFO, bem como a busca manual, seleção dos estudos, extração dos dados e avaliação metodológica pela ferramenta do Risco de Viés da Cochrane foram realizadas por dois revisores de forma independente. Resultados: foram identificados 815 estudos, sendo seis selecionados e analisados, dos quais três utilizaram a massagem terapêutica, um estudo usou uma combinação de relaxamento muscular progressivo e imagem guiada, e outros dois estudos a acupuntura. A maioria dos estudos apresentou risco de viés incerto (n=4; 67%). Conclusão: enquanto as evidências dos estudos que avaliaram o uso da massagem terapêutica ou o uso de relaxamento muscular progressivo e imagem guiada para manejo da dor oncológica nesses pacientes mostraram benefícios significativos, os outros dois estudos que avaliaram o uso da acupuntura como terapia complementar exibiram resultados divergentes, necessitando, portanto, de mais pesquisas para elucidar tais achados.


Objetivo: sintetizar conocimiento y realizar el análisis crítico de las evidencias procedentes de ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorios sobre la eficacia de las terapias complementarias en el manejo del dolor oncológico en pacientes adultos con cáncer en cuidados paliativos. Método: revisión sistemática guiada por el Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. La búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, CENTRAL Cochrane y PsycINFO, así como la búsqueda manual, selección de estudios, extracción de datos y evaluación metodológica con la utilización de la herramienta Riesgo de Sesgo de Cochrane se realizaron por dos revisores de forma independiente. Resultados: se identificaron 815 estudios, de los cuales, seis fueron seleccionados y analizados, siendo que tres utilizaron masaje terapéutico, un estudio utilizó una combinación de relajación muscular progresiva e imagen guiada, y otros dos estudios la acupuntura. La mayor parte de los estudios presentaron riesgo de sesgo incierto (n=4; 67%) Conclusión: mientras las evidencias de los estudios que evalúan el uso de la del masaje terapéutico o el uso de la relajación muscular progresiva y las imágenes guiadas para el manejo del dolor oncológico en estos pacientes demostraron beneficios significativos, los otros dos estudios que evaluaron el uso de la acupuntura como terapia complementaria mostraron resultados divergentes, razón por la cual se requiere de más investigación para dilucidar tales hallazgos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oncology Nursing , Palliative Care , Therapeutics , Complementary Therapies , Efficacy , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Acupuncture , Alkalies , Evidence-Based Nursing , Cancer Pain , Massage , Muscle Relaxation , Neoplasms
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of early intervention of bone-nearby acupuncture (BNA) combined with electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of histone deacetylase1(HDAC1), histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) andμ-opioid recepter (MOR) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of bone cancer pain-morphine tolerance (BCP-MT) rats, and to explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 35 SD rats were randomized into a sham BCP group (=6), a BCP group (=7), a MT group (=7), a BNA+EA group (=8) and a shame BNA group (=7). Except of the sham BCP group, cancer cell inoculation operation at left tibia was given in the other 4 groups to establish the bone cancer pain model. In the MT group, the BNA+EA group and the shame BNA group, intraperitoneal injection of morphine hydrochloride was given to establish the morphine tolerance model. After the operation, bone-nearby acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture was applied at "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60) in the BNA+EA group, with dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 0.5 to 1.5 mA in intensity. Intervention in the shame BNA group was applied at the same time and acupoints as those in the BNA+EA group, the needles were pierced the skin without any electrical stimulation. The needles were retained for 30 min, once a day for continuous 7 days in both BNA+EA and shame BNA groups. Before and 10, 11, 15, 22 days after the operation, the left paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) was measured in the 5 groups. The levels of HDAC1, HDAC2 and MOR in DRG were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Ten days after the cancer cell inoculation operation, the PWT of the BCP, MT, BNA+EA and sham BNA groups was decreased compared with the sham BCP group (0.05); the PWT of the BNA+EA group was increased compared with the MT and sham BNA group (<0.01). In the BCP group, the DRG levels of HDAC1 and HDCA2 were increased, while the level of MOR was decreased compared with the sham BCP group (<0.05, <0.01). In the MT group, the DRG level of HDAC1 was increased compared with the BCP group (<0.05). In the BNA+EA group, the DRG level of HDAC1 was decreased compared with the MT group and the sham BNA group (<0.01, <0.05), while the level of MOR was increased (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Early intervention of bone-nearby acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture can relieve the morphine tolerance in bone cancer pain rats, it may relate to down-regulating the expression of HDAC1 and up-regulating the expression of MOR in the dorsal root ganglia.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Bone Neoplasms , Cancer Pain , Therapeutics , Drug Tolerance , Electroacupuncture , Ganglia, Spinal , Metabolism , Histone Deacetylases , Metabolism , Morphine , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Opioid, mu , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of filiform fire needling on moderate and severe pain in advanced cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with moderate and severe pain in advanced cancer were randomly divided into an observation group (34 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The two groups were treated with oral analgesics continuously for 4 weeks. The moderate pain patients was given bucinnazine hydrochloride tablets (starting at 30 mg, once every 6 hours, increasing by 30%-50% until the titration volume was reached), and the severe pain patients were given oxycodone hydrochloride sustained-release tablets (starting at 20 mg every 12 hours and increasing by 25%-50% until the titration volume was reached). The observation group was cooperated with filiform fire needling at point, Zusanli (ST 36), Liangqiu (ST 34), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan(CV 4), Quchi (LI 11) and Waiguan (TE 5) once every other day for 4 weeks. The changes of numerical rating scales (NRS) scores were observed in both groups before and after treatment, and the amount of analgesics and the incidence of adverse reactions were recorded. The clinical effects in the two groups were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The effective rate was 90.0% (27/30) in the observation group, which was higher than 66.7% (20/30) in the control group (<0.05). After treatment, the NRS scores of both groups were lower than those before treatment (<0.05), and the reducing degree in the observation group was larger than that in the control group (<0.05). The average dosage of bunarizine hydrochloride tablets and oxycodone hydrochloride sustained release tablets to titration volume in the observation group was less than that in the control group (<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions was 23.3% (28/120) in the observation group, which was lower than 44.2% (53/120) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Filiform fire needling can alleviate pain symptoms of patients with moderate and severe pain in advanced cancer, reduce the amount of analgesics, and decrease the incidence of adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesics , Therapeutic Uses , Cancer Pain , Therapeutics , Humans , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Oxycodone , Therapeutic Uses , Pain Management , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
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