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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express and purify the antigenic peptide of adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid conserved regions in prokaryotic cells and prepare its rabbit polyclonal antibody.@*METHODS@#The DNA sequence encoding the conserved regions of AAV capsid protein was synthesized and cloned into the vector pET30a to obtain the plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR for prokaryotic expression and purification of the conserved peptides. Coomassie blue staining and Western blotting were used to identify the AAV conserved peptides. Japanese big ear white rabbits were immunized with AAV conserved region protein to prepare polyclonal antibody, with the rabbits injected with PBS as the control group. The antibody titer was determined with ELISA, and the performance of the antibody for recognizing capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10 was assessed with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#The plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR was successfully constructed, and a recombinant protein with a relative molecular mass of 17000 was obtained. The purified protein induced the production of antibodies against the conserved regions of AAV capsid in rabbits, and the titer of the purified antibodies reached 1:320 000. The antibodies were capable of recognizing a wide range of capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10.@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully obtained the polyclonal antibodies against AAV capsid conserved region protein from rabbits, which facilitate future studies of AAV vector development and the biological functions of AAV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Antibodies , Capsid , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Prokaryotic Cells , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2435-2442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887809

ABSTRACT

The stability of virus-like particles (VLPs) is currently the main factor affecting the quality of foot-and-mouth disease VLPs vaccines. In order to further improve the quality of the VLPs vaccine of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), three amino acid modification sites were designed and screened through kinetic analysis software, based on the three-dimensional structure of FMDV. The three mutant recombinant plasmids were successfully prepared by the point mutation kit, transformed into Escherichia coli strain BL21 and expressed in vitro. After purification by Ni ion chromatography column, SDS-PAGE proved that the three amino acid mutations did not affect the expression of the target protein. The results of the stability study of three FMD mutant VLPs obtained by in vitro assembly show that the introduction of internal hydrophobic side chain amino acids made the morphology of VLPs more uniform (N4017W), and their stability was significantly improved compared to the other two VLPs. The internal hydrophobic force of the capsid contributes to the formation of VLPs and helps to maintain the stability of the capsid, providing new experimental ideas for improving the quality of VLPs vaccines, and helping to promote the development of VLPs vaccines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Amino Acids , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/genetics , Kinetics , Vaccines, Virus-Like Particle/genetics , Viral Vaccines/genetics
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878347

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop RT-nPCR assays for amplifying partial and complete VP1 genes of human enteroviruses (HEVs) from clinical samples and to contribute to etiological surveillance of HEV-related diseases.@*Methods@#A panel of RT-nPCR assays, consisting of published combined primer pairs for VP1 genes of HEV A-C and in-house designed primers for HEV-D, was established in this study. The sensitivity of each RT-nPCR assay was evaluated with serially diluted virus stocks of five serotypes expressed as CCID @*Results@#The sensitivity of RT-nPCR assays for amplifying partial VP1 gene of HEVs was 0.1 CCID @*Conclusion@#This RT-nPCR system is capable of amplifying the partial and complete VP1 gene of HEV A-D, providing rapid, sensitive, and reliable options for molecular typing and molecular epidemiology of HEVs in clinical specimens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Enterovirus A, Human/genetics , Enterovirus B, Human/genetics , Enterovirus C, Human/genetics , Enterovirus D, Human/genetics , Molecular Epidemiology/methods , Molecular Typing/methods , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
4.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(4): 777-784, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974285

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to perform the molecular characterization of conserved and variable regions of feline calicivirus capsid genome in order to investigate the molecular diversity of variants in Brazilian cat population. Twenty-six conjunctival samples from cats living in five public short-term animal shelters and three multicat life-long households were analyzed. Fifteen cats had conjunctivitis, three had oral ulceration, eight had respiratory signs (cough, sneeze and nasal discharge) and nine were asymptomatic. Feline calicivirus were isolated in CRFK cells and characterized by reverse transcription PCR target to both conserved and variable regions of open reading frame 2. The amplicons obtained were sequenced. A phylogenetic analysis along with most of the prototypes available in GenBank database and an amino acid analysis were performed. Phylogenetic analysis based on both conserved and variable region revealed two clusters with an aLTR value of 1.00 and 0.98 respectively and the variants from this study belong to feline calicivirus genogroup I. No association between geographical distribution and/or clinical signs and clustering in phylogenetic tree was observed. The variants circulating in public short-term animal shelter demonstrated a high variability because of the relatively rapid turnover of carrier cats constantly introduced of multiple viruses into this location over time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cat Diseases/virology , Calicivirus, Feline/isolation & purification , Calicivirus, Feline/genetics , Caliciviridae Infections/veterinary , Pets/virology , Phylogeny , Brazil , Open Reading Frames , Genome, Viral , Calicivirus, Feline/classification , Caliciviridae Infections/virology , Capsid Proteins/genetics
5.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 351-357, Apr.-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889245

ABSTRACT

Abstract Economic losses with high mortality rate associated with Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is reported worldwide. PCV2 commercial vaccine was introduced in 2006 in U.S. and in 2008 in Brazil. Although PCV2 vaccines have been widely used, cases of PCV2 systemic disease have been reported in the last years. Eleven nursery or fattening pigs suffering from PCV2 systemic disease were selected from eight PCV2-vaccinated farms with historical records of PCV2 systemic disease in Southern Brazil. PCV2 genomes were amplified and sequenced from lymph node samples of selected pigs. The comparison among the ORF2 amino acid sequences of PCV2 isolates revealed three amino acid substitutions in the positions F57I, N178S and A190T, respectively. Using molecular modeling, a structural model for the capsid protein of PCV2 was built. Afterwards, the mutated residues positions were identified in the model. The structural analysis of the mutated residues showed that the external residue 190 is close to an important predicted region for antibodies recognition. Therefore, changes in the viral protein conformation might lead to an inefficient antibody binding and this could be a relevant mechanism underlying the recent vaccine failures observed in swine farms in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Circovirus/chemistry , Capsid Proteins/chemistry , Protein Conformation , Swine , Swine Diseases/virology , Brazil , Models, Molecular , Circovirus/isolation & purification , Circovirus/genetics , Circoviridae Infections/veterinary , Circoviridae Infections/virology , Amino Acid Substitution , Capsid Proteins/genetics
6.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 68-75, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974318

ABSTRACT

Abstract Serological testing and culling infected animals are key management practices aiming eradication of bovine leukemia virus infection. Here, we report the development of an indirect ELISA based on BLV recombinant capsid protein (BLVp24r) to detect anti-BLV antibodies in cattle serum. The BLVp24r was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by affinity chromatography, and then used to set up the ELISA parameters. The Polysorp ® plate coated with 50 ng of antigen/well and bovine serum diluted 1:100 gave the best results during standardization. Using sera from infected and non-infected cattle we set up the cutoff point at 0.320 (OD450 nm) with a sensitivity of 98.5% and specificity of 100.0%. Then, we tested 1.187 serum samples from dairy (736 samples) and beef cattle (451 samples) with unknown status to BLV. We found that 31.1% (229/736) and 9.5% (43/451) of samples amongst dairy and beef cattle, respectively, had IgGs to BLV. The rate of agreement with a commercial competitive ELISA was 84.3% with a κ value of 0.68. Thus, our BLVp24r iELISA is suitable to detect BLV infected animals and should be a useful tool to control BLV infection in cattle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Serologic Tests/methods , Enzootic Bovine Leukosis/diagnosis , Leukemia Virus, Bovine/immunology , Capsid Proteins/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Recombinant Proteins/analysis , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Sensitivity and Specificity , Enzootic Bovine Leukosis/blood , Enzootic Bovine Leukosis/virology , Leukemia Virus, Bovine/isolation & purification , Leukemia Virus, Bovine/genetics , Capsid Proteins/analysis , Capsid Proteins/genetics
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 790-794, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205734

ABSTRACT

Recombinant gene expression using adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) has become a valuable tool in animal studies, as they mediate safe expression of transduced genes for several months. The liver is a major organ of metabolism, and liver-specific expression of a gene can be an invaluable tool for metabolic studies. AAV-DJ is a recombinant AAV generated by the gene shuffling of various AAV serotypes and shares characteristics of AAV2 and AAV8. AAV-DJ contains a heparin-binding domain in its capsid, which suggests that a heparin column could be used for the purification of the AAV. Given that AAV-DJ has been only recently available, relatively little is known about the optimal preparation/purification and application of AAV-DJ. Here, we present a simple large-scale preparation method that can generate 3×10(13) viral particles for in vivo experiments and demonstrate liver-specific gene expression via systemic injection in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Capsid , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Genome, Viral/genetics , Hep G2 Cells , Liver/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59847

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The incidence and etiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary widely according to race and geographic regions. The insertional mutagenesis of adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV2) has recently been considered a new viral etiology of HCC. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and clinical characteristics of AAV2 in Korean patients with HCC. METHODS: A total of 289 unrelated Korean patients with HCC, including 159 Hepatitis-B-related cases, 16 Hepatitis-C-related cases, and 114 viral serology-negative cases, who underwent surgery at the Samsung Medical Center in Korea from 2009 to 2014 were enrolled in this study. The presence of AAV2 in fresh-frozen tumor tissues was investigated by DNA PCR and Sanger sequencing. The clinical and pathological characteristics of AAV2-associated HCC in these patients were compared with previous findings in French patients. RESULTS: The AAV2 detection rate in Korean patients (2/289) was very low compared with that in French patients (11/193). Similar to the French patients, the Korean patients with AAV2-related HCC showed no signs of liver cirrhosis. The Korean patients were younger than the French patients with the same AAV2-associated HCC; the ages at diagnosis of the two Korean patients were 47 and 39 yr, while the median age of the 11 French patients was 55 yr (range 43-90 yr). CONCLUSIONS: AAV2-associated HCC was very rare in Korean patients with HCC. Despite a limited number of cases, this study is the first to report the clinical characteristics of Korean patients with AAV2-associated HCC. These findings suggest epidemiologic differences in viral hepatocarcinogenesis between Korean and European patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology , DNA, Viral/chemistry , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Incidence , Inverted Repeat Sequences/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Parvoviridae Infections/complications , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Republic of Korea , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Viral Proteins/genetics
9.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(4): 1247-1253, Oct.-Dec. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741274

ABSTRACT

Field survey of the cucurbit crops revealed a high incidence of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (KPK), Pakistan. Among the seven districts surveyed, average percent incidence of CGMMV was recorded up to 58.1% in district Nowshera, followed by 51.1% in district Charsada, 40.5% in district Swabi and 37.3% in district Mardan. In Swat and Dir districts average incidence CGMMV was recorded upto 31.2% and 29.4%, respectively. Among the different crops highest incidence in plain areas of KPK was recorded in bottle gourd (59.3%) followed by 56.3% in Squash, 54.5% in Pumpkin, 45.5% in Melon, 41.7% in Cucumber and 29.9% in Sponge gourd. In Northern hilly areas highest incidence of CGMMV (52.9%) was observed in pumpkin, followed by 49.6% in bottle gourd, 47.3% in squash, 45.1% in Melon 42.3% in cucumber and 41.6% in sponge gourd. Little variability was observed in the coat protein amino acid sequence identities of CGMMV Pakistan isolate, when compared with other reported isolates.


Subject(s)
Cucurbitaceae/virology , Plant Diseases/virology , Tobamovirus/isolation & purification , Cluster Analysis , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Genetic Variation , Incidence , Molecular Sequence Data , Pakistan , Phylogeny , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Tobamovirus/classification , Tobamovirus/genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194858

ABSTRACT

A recombinant replication-defective adenovirus expressing the major epitopes of porcine circovirus-2 (PCV-2) capsid protein (rAd/Cap/518) was previously constructed and shown to induce mucosal immunity in mice following intranasal delivery. In the present study, immune responses induced by intranasal immunization with a combination of rAd/Cap/518 and cytosine-phosphate-guanosine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN) were evaluated in mice. The levels of PCV-2-specific IgG in serum and IgA in saliva, lung, and intestinal fluids were significantly higher in the group immunized with rAd/Cap/518 and CpG ODN than animals immunized with rAd/Cap/518 alone. The frequencies of IL-2-secreting CD4+ T cells and IFN-gamma-producing CD8+ T cells were significantly higher in the combined immunization group than mice immunized with rAd/Cap/518 alone. The frequencies of CD3+, CD3+CD4+CD8-, and CD3+CD4-CD8+ T cells in the combined immunization group were similar to that treated with CpG ODN alone, but significantly higher than mice that did not receive CpG ODN. PCV-2 load after challenge in the combined immunization group was significantly lower than that in the phosphate-buffered saline placebo group and approximately 7-fold lower in the group treated with CpG ODN alone. These results indicate that rAd/Cap/518 combined with CpG ODN can enhance systemic and local mucosal immunity in mice, and represent a promising synergetic mucosal vaccine against PCV-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Adenoviridae/genetics , Administration, Intranasal , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Circoviridae Infections/immunology , Circovirus/genetics , Epitopes/genetics , Immunity, Mucosal/immunology , Immunoglobulin A/blood , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/genetics , Vaccines, Synthetic/genetics , Viral Vaccines/administration & dosage
11.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 44(4): 1215-1222, Oct.-Dec. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-705289

ABSTRACT

The VPl gene of enterovirus 71 (EV71) was synthesized, construct a recombinant plasmid pET15b/VP1 and expressed in E. coli BL21. The recombinant VP1 protein could specifically react with EV71-infected patient sera without the cross-reaction with serum antibodies of coxsackievirus A16 (CA16), A4, A5, B3 and B5 as well as echovirus 6. In acute and convalescent phases, IgM and IgG antibodies of 182 serum samples were detected by ELISA with recombinant VP1 protein as a coated antigen. The results showed that the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of IgM antibodies in serum samples for the diagnosis of EV71 infection were 90.1, 98.4, 98.8 and 88.7%, respectively; similarly, those of IgG antibodies in serum samples were 82.4, 89.1, 91.5 and 78.1%, respectively. Five of 80 samples (6.25%) from CA16infected patients were detected positive by ELISA with recombinant VP1 protein in which indicated the cross reactions and 0 of 5 samples from patients infected with other enteroviruses including CA4, CA5, CB3, CB5 and echovirus 6. Therefore, the recombinant VP1 protein of EV7l may provide a theoretical reference for establishing an effective antibody screening of IgM for EV71-infected patients with clinically suspected hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD).


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Capsid Proteins , Enterovirus A, Human/immunology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/diagnosis , Cloning, Molecular , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Capsid Proteins/immunology , Enterovirus A, Human/genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Escherichia coli/genetics , Gene Expression , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Recombinant Proteins , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serologic Tests/methods
12.
Invest. clín ; 54(1): 5-19, mar. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-740332

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis of dengue virus (DENV) infection represents a key factor in preventing clinical complications attributed to the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the amplification efficiencies of an in-house quantitative real time-PCR (qPCR) assay of DENV, using the non-structural conserved genomic region protein-5 (NS5) versus two genomic regions usually employed for virus detection, the capsid/pre-membrane region (C-prM) and the 3’-noncoding region (3’NC). One-hundred sixty seven acute phase serum samples from febrile patients were used for validation purposes. Results showed that the three genomic regions had similar amplification profiles and correlation coefficients (0.987-0.999). When isolated viruses were used, the NS5 region had the highest qPCR efficiencies for the four serotypes (98-100%). Amplification from acute serum samples showed that 41.1% (67/167) were positive for the universal assay by at least two of the selected genomic regions. The agreement rates between NS5/C-prM and NS5/3’NC regions were 56.7% and 97%, respectively. Amplification concordance values between C-prM/NS5 and NS5/3’NC regions showed a weak (k= 0.109; CI 95%) and a moderate (k= 0.489; CI 95%) efficiencies in amplification, respectively. Serotyping assay using a singleplex NS5-TaqMan® format was much more sensitive than the C-prM/SYBR Green® I protocol (76%). External evaluation showed a high sensitivity (100%), specificity (78%) and high agreement between the assays. According to the results, the NS5 genomic region provides the best genomic region for optimal detection and typification of DENV in clinical samples.


El diagnóstico precoz de la infección por el virus dengue (DENV) constituye un elemento clave para la prevención de las complicaciones clínicas propias de la enfermedad. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la detección de DENV mediante un ensayo cuantitativo de PCR-tiempo real (qPCR), desarrollado localmente, utilizando la región no-estructural-5 (NS5), versus dos regiones tradicionalmente empleadas para la detección del virus, la región cápside/pre-membrana (C-prM), y la región noncodificante-3’ (3’NC). Se recolectaron 167 muestras de suero de pacientes en fase aguda de la enfermedad. Las tres regiones génicas tuvieron perfiles de amplificación/coeficientes de correlación similares (0,987-0,999). Sin embargo, la región NS5 tuvo la eficiencia de amplificación más elevada para los cuatro serotipos (98-100%). Durante el proceso de validación, 41,1% (67/167) de las muestras de suero resultaron positivas para DENV al menos por dos de las regiones genómicas empleadas. Los valores de concordancia entre las regiones NS5/C-prM y NS5/3’NC fueron de 56,7% y 97%, respectivamente. La concordancia fue débil entre las regiones NS5/C-prM (k= 0,109; CI 95%), sin embargo, fue moderada entre las regiones NS5/3’NC (k= 0,489; CI 95%). El ensayo de tipificación uniplex en formato NS5/TaqMan® mostró alta sensibilidad (100%) que el protocolo C-prM/SYBRGreen®-I (76%). La validación externa del ensayo mostró una alta sensibilidad (100%), especificidad (78%) y acuerdo alto entre los ensayos utilizados. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos, la región NS5 ofrece la mayor opción para la detección y serotipificación del DENV en muestras clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , /genetics , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dengue Virus/genetics , Dengue/virology , Genome, Viral , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Viral/analysis , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/genetics , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Dengue Virus/classification , Dengue Virus/immunology , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Dengue/blood , Early Diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Organic Chemicals , Reproducibility of Results , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serotyping , Taq Polymerase , Virus Cultivation
13.
IJB-Iranian Journal of Biotechnology. 2013; 11 (2): 109-114
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-133108

ABSTRACT

Cucumber mosaic virus [CMV] from the Bromoviridae family, is one of the most widespread plant viruses in the world. In the present study tomato fields in Guilan, Isfahan, Khorasan Razavi, Khuzestan and Tehran provinces were surveyed to determine the presence of CMV subgroups during 2011-2012. Out of 305 symptomatic leaf samples tested by Enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay [ELISA], 147 samples [48.2%] were found to be infected by CMV with the highest percentage in Khorasan Razavi [67.4%] followed by Khuzestan [50.6%], Tehran [48%], Isfahan [38.2%] and Guilan [34.3%]. The coat protein [CP] gene in the 19 sequenced CMV isolates composed of 657 nucleotides [nt] in a size that encodes 218 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis based on the nt CP gene showed that the ToKz1, ToKz2, ToKz3 and ToKz4 from Khuzestan fell into subgroup IB and the rest of the Iranian isolates including those sequenced in this study fell into subgroup IA. Subsequent analyses showed that the Iranian CMV isolates belonging to subgroup IA of CMV were most related phylogenetically to each other and they were distinct from the subgroup IB and subgroup II isolates. Bioassay on Nicotiana glutinosa and Solanum lycopersicum showed that the symptoms caused by subgroup IB isolates from Khuzestan were milder than those caused by CMV isolates from subgroup IA under this study. In Iran only subgroups IA and II have been reported, however for the first time this study shows the occurrence and phylogenetic relationships of CMV subgroup IB isolated from tomato fields in West Asia, Iran.


Subject(s)
Capsid Proteins/genetics , Cucumovirus/isolation & purification , Phylogeny
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43063

ABSTRACT

Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is contagious and highly lethal. Commercial vaccines against RHD are produced from the livers of experimentally infected rabbits. Although several groups have reported that recombinant subunit vaccines against rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) are promising, application of the vaccines has been restricted due to high production costs or low yield. In the present study, we performed codon optimization of the capsid gene to increase the number of preference codons and eliminate rare codons in Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) cells. The capsid gene was then subcloned into the pFastBac plasmid, and the recombinant baculoviruses were identified with a plaque assay. As expected, expression of the optimized capsid protein was markedly increased in the Sf9 cells, and the recombinant capsid proteins self-assembled into virus-like particles (VLPs) that were released into the cell supernatant. Rabbits inoculated with the supernatant and the purified VLPs were protected against RHDV challenge. A rapid, specific antibody response against RHDV was detected by an ELISA in all of the experimental groups. In conclusion, this strategy of producing a recombinant subunit vaccine antigen can be used to develop a low-cost, insect cell-derived recombinant subunit vaccine against RHDV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Antigens, Viral/genetics , Caliciviridae Infections/prevention & control , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Codon/genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, Rabbit/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Sf9 Cells , Spodoptera , Viral Structural Proteins/genetics , Viral Vaccines/genetics
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43060

ABSTRACT

Swine hepatitis E virus (HEV) is widespread throughout pigs in both developing and industrialized countries. This virus is an important zoonotic agent and a public concern worldwide. Infected pigs are asymptomatic, so diagnosing swine HEV relies on detection of the virus or antibodies against the virus. However, several obstacles need to be overcome for effective and practical serological diagnosis. In this study, we developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that used a purified recombinant capsid protein of swine HEV. The potential clinical use of this assay was evaluated by comparing it with a commercial kit (Genelabs Technologies, Diagnostics, Singapore). Results of the ELISA were highly correlated with those of the commercial kit with a sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 95%. ROC (receiving operator characteristic) analysis of the ELISA data produced a value of 0.987 (95% CI, 0.977~0.998, p < 0.01). The cut-off value for the ELISA was also determined using negative pig sera. In summary, the HEV-specific ELISA developed in the present study appears to be both practical and economical.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic/analysis , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Hepatitis E/diagnosis , Hepatitis E virus/genetics , Immunoglobulin G/blood , ROC Curve , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Swine , Swine Diseases/diagnosis
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188345

ABSTRACT

To observe how anti-group A rotavirus antibody seropositivity rates and levels have changed in the western region of Gyeongnam Province, 2,030 serum samples collected at four collection periods (1989-1990, 1994-1995, 1999-2000, and 2004-2005) were tested by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for IgG, and IgA antibodies reacting to recombinant VP6 protein. The seroprevalences exhibit no regular patterns over a 16-yr period. For all four collection periods, the anti-rVP6 IgG levels rose steadily during the first 5 months of life, after which they remained high. However, the 2-9 yr and 10-39 yr groups had significantly higher IgG levels in 1999-2000 and 2004-2005, respectively, than in the other collection periods. The 1-5 mo, 40- > or = 60 yr, and 4-29 yr groups had significantly higher IgA levels in 1989-1990, 1999-2000, and 2004-2005, respectively. The 4 yr (25.0%), 5-9 yr (18.8%), 10-14 yr (41.1%), 20-29 yr (35.0%), and 30-39 yr (20.0%) groups in 2004-2005 had significant higher IgA seropositivity rate compared to the other three collection periods. These observations suggest that in the western region of Gyeongnam Province since the late 1990s, rotavirus reinfection has occurred more frequently than previously, with all ages being at risk.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antigens, Viral/genetics , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunoglobulin A/blood , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Recombinant Proteins/biosynthesis , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Rotavirus/isolation & purification , Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Time Factors
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 45(3): 297-300, May-June 2012. graf, mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640423

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The precise identification of the genetic variants of the dengue virus is important to understand its dispersion and virulence patterns and to identify the strains responsible for epidemic outbreaks. This study investigated the genetic variants of the capsid-premembrane junction region fragment in the dengue virus serotypes 1 and 2 (DENV1-2). METHODS: Samples from 11 municipalities in the State of Paraná, Brazil, were provided by the Central Laboratory of Paraná. They were isolated from the cell culture line C6/36 (Aedes albopictus) and were positive for indirect immunofluorescence. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) extracted from these samples was submitted to the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and nested PCR. RESULTS: RT-PCR revealed that 4 of the samples were co-infected with both serotypes. The isolated DENV-1 sequences were 95-100% similar to the sequences of other serotype 1 strains deposited in GenBank. Similarly, the isolated DENV-2 sequences were 98-100% similar to other serotype 2 sequences in GenBank. According to our neighbor-joining tree, all strains obtained in this study belonged to genotype V of DENV-1. The DENV-2 strains, by contrast, belonged to the American/Asian genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: The monitoring of circulating strains is an important tool to detect the migration of virus subtypes involved in dengue epidemics.


INTRODUÇÃO:A identificação precisa da variante genética do vírus da dengue é importante para compreender a dispersão, virulência e identificação das cepas responsáveis pelas epidemias. O objetivo da pesquisa foi investigar a variação genética do fragmento da junção do gene capsídeo/pré-membrana dos sorotipos 1 e 2. MÉTODOS: Amostras de onze municípios do Estado Paraná, Brasil, foram cedidas pelo Laboratório Central do Paraná e consistiam em isolados de cultura de células da linhagem C6/36 (Aedes albopictus), positivos para técnica de imunofluorescência indireta. O Ribonucleic acid (RNA) dessas amostras foi extraído, seguido da transcrição reversa, reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) e nested PCR. RESULTADOS: Co-infecção por DENV-1 e 2 (virus da dengue 1 e 2) foi observada em quatro pacientes, através da técnica Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Para o DENV-1 a porcentagem de similaridade variou de 95 a 100% comparando com cepas do Genbank. Para o DENV-2 a porcentagem de similaridade variou de 98 a 100%. De acordo com o cladograma gerado, todas as cepas deste estudo se agruparam no genótipo V para DENV-1. Para o DENV-2 foi encontrada a cepa referente ao genótipo asiático/americano. CONCLUSÕES: O monitoramento das cepas circulantes torna-se uma ferramenta importante na detecção da migração dos subtipos do vírus da dengue envolvidos em epidemias.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dengue Virus/genetics , Genetic Variation/genetics , Aedes/virology , Brazil , Dengue Virus/classification , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Viral/genetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13089

ABSTRACT

Chicken anemia virus (CAV) is an important viral pathogen that causes anemia and severe immunodeficiency syndrome in chickens worldwide. In this study, a potential diagnostic monoclonal antibody against the CAV VP1 protein was developed which can precisely recognize the CAV antigen for diagnostic and virus recovery purposes. The VP1 gene of CAV encoding the N-terminus-deleted VP1 protein, VP1Nd129, was cloned into an Escherichia (E.) coli expression vector. After isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyronoside induction, VP1Nd129 protein was shown to be successfully expressed in the E. coli. By performing an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay using two coating antigens, purified VP1Nd129 and CAV-infected liver tissue lysate, E3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) was found to have higher reactivity against VP1 protein than the other positive clones according to the result of limiting dilution method from 64 clones. Using immunohistochemistry, the presence of the VP1-specific mAb, E3, was confirmed using CAV-infected liver and thymus tissues as positive-infected samples. Additionally, CAV particle purification was also performed using an immunoaffinity column containing E3 mAb. The monoclonal E3 mAb developed in this study will not only be very useful for detecting CAV infection and performing histopathology studies of infected chickens, but may also be used to purify CAV particles in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antibodies, Monoclonal/biosynthesis , Antigens, Viral/analysis , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Chicken anemia virus/genetics , Chickens , Circoviridae Infections/blood , Escherichia coli/genetics , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Liver/virology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microscopy, Fluorescence/veterinary , Poultry Diseases/blood , Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms , Thymus Gland/virology
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(12): 1209-1214, Dec. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-606544

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world and is related to the etiology of cervical cancer. The most common high-risk HPV types are 16 and 18; however, the second most prevalent type in the Midwestern region of Brazil is HPV-33. New vaccine strategies against HPV have shown that virus-like particles (VLP) of the major capsid protein (L1) induce efficient production of antibodies, which confer protection against the same viral type. The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris is an efficient and inexpensive expression system for the production of high levels of heterologous proteins stably using a wild-type gene in combination with an integrative vector. It was recently demonstrated that P. pastoris can produce the HPV-16 L1 protein by using an episomal vector associated with the optimized L1 gene. However, the use of an episomal vector is not appropriate for protein production on an industrial scale. In the present study, the vectors were integrated into the Pichia genome and the results were positive for L1 gene transcription and protein production, both intracellularly and in the extracellular environment. Despite the great potential for expression by the P. pastoris system, our results suggest a low yield of L1 recombinant protein, which, however, does not make this system unworkable. The achievement of stable clones containing the expression cassettes integrated in the genome may permit optimizations that could enable the establishment of a platform for the production of VLP-based vaccines.


Subject(s)
Alphapapillomavirus/immunology , Capsid Proteins/biosynthesis , Oncogene Proteins, Viral/biosynthesis , Pichia/metabolism , Alphapapillomavirus/genetics , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Cell Transformation, Viral/physiology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Oncogene Proteins, Viral/genetics , Papillomavirus Vaccines/immunology , Pichia/genetics , Pichia/virology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131292

ABSTRACT

We compared genetic variations in the VP1 gene of foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDVs) isolated since 2000 from various region of the world. We analyzed relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) and phylogenetic relationship between geographical regions, and calculated the genetic substitution patterns between Korean isolate and those from other countries. We calculated the ratios of synonymously substituted codons (SSC) to all observed substitutions and developed a new analytical parameter, EMC (the ratio of exact matching codons within each synonymous substitution group) to investigate more detailed substitution patterns within each synonymous codon group. We observed that FMDVs showed distinct RSCU patterns according to phylogenetic relationships in the same serotype (serotype O). Moreover, while the SSC and EMC values of FMDVs decreased according to phylogenetic distance, G + C composition at the third codon position was strictly conserved. Although there was little variation among the SSC values of 18 amino acids, more dynamic differences were observed in EMC values. The EMC values of 4- and 6-fold degenerate amino acids showed significantly lower values while most 2-fold degenerate amino acids showed no significant difference. Our findings suggest that different EMC patterns among the 18 amino acids might be an important factor in determining the direction of evolution in FMDV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Codon/genetics , Evolution, Molecular , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/diagnosis , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/genetics , Gene Frequency , Geography , Korea , Phylogeography , Polymorphism, Genetic , RNA, Viral/analysis , Species Specificity
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