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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383556

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se describe la evolución de un paciente que recibe morfina intratecal mediante una bomba de infusión, que le fuera implantada hace 14 años para tratamiento de su dolor lumbar crónico post-laminectomía. Material y método: Requería la administración de 60 mg/día de morfina subcutánea que le provocaban efectos secundarios que no toleraba, y múltiples internaciones para control del dolor. Se le implantó una bomba de infusión continua (Isomed) conectada a un catéter subaracnoideo, que libera 1 ml/día, y requiere ser llenada cada 60 días. Resultados: Se observó una disminución del dolor promedio de 50% al año, y de 75% a los 6 y 14 años. Requirió un aumento progresivo de las dosis de llenado, que pasaron de 30 mg de morfina (0.5 mg/día) al inicio, a 40 mg de morfina (0.66 mg /día) al año, a 70 mg de morfina (1.16 mg/día) a los 6 años, a 140 mg (2.33 mg/día) a los 14 años. No se registraron complicaciones médicas graves. Mantuvo constipación y sudoración durante todo el período, e instaló un hipogonadismo secundario con trastornos de la libido y de la erección que fueron corregidos con la administración de testosterona. No requirió más internaciones por dolor. No se observaron complicaciones relacionadas con el funcionamiento o llenado de la bomba, ni vinculadas al catéter. El paciente manifestó estar satisfecho con el implante. Discusión: A pesar del aumento de las dosis de llenado, expresión del desarrollo de tolerancia, las dosis de morfina/día requeridas son francamente inferiores al límite recomendado. Conclusiones: El balance del riesgo-beneficio del implante resultó positivo, considerando el mejor control del dolor logrado, las menores dosis de morfina utilizadas, así como la ausencia de complicaciones graves y de internaciones para control del dolor.


Introduction: The evolution of a patient receiving intrathecal morphine through an infusion pump that was implanted 14 years ago for the treatment of chronic post-laminectomy low back pain is described. Material and method: It required the administration of 60 mg / day of subcutaneous morphine that caused side effects that did not tolerate, and multiple hospitalizations for pain control. He was implanted with a continuous infusion pump (Isomed) connected to a subarachnoid catheter, which releases 1 ml / day, and needs to be filled every 60 days. Results: An average pain decrease of 50% per year, and 75% at 6 and 12 years was observed. It required a progressive increase in filling doses, which went from 30 mg of morphine (0.5 mg / day) at the beginning, to 40 mg of morphine (0.66 mg / day at the first year, to 70 mg of morphine (1.16 mg / day) at the sixth year, at 140 mg (2.33 mg / day) at the fourteen year. No serious medical complications were recorded, he maintained constipation and sweating throughout the period, and installed secondary hypogonadism with libido and erection disorders, that were corrected with the administration of testosterone. No further hospitalizations were required due to pain. No complications were observed related to the operation or filling of the pump or linked to the catheter. The patient stated that he was satisfied with the implant. Discussion: Despite the increase in filling doses, expression of tolerance development, the required morphine / day doses are frankly below the recommended limit. Conclusions: The risk-benefit balance of the implant was positive, considering the best pain control, the lowest doses used, the absence of serious complications, and the lack of hospitalizations for pain control.


Introdução: Descreve-se a evolução de um paciente que recebeu morfina intratecal através de uma bomba de infusão, implantada há 14 anos para o tratamento de lombalgia crônica pós-laminectomia. Material e método: Necessitou de administração de 60 mg/dia de morfina por via subcutânea, que provocou efeitos colaterais intolerantes, e múltiplas internações para controle da dor. Foi implantada uma bomba de infusão contínua (Isomed) conectada a um cateter subaracnóideo, que libera 1 ml/dia, necessitando de reenchimento a cada 60 dias. Resultados: Observou-se redução média da dor de 50% em um ano e 75% em 6 e 14 anos. Foi necessário um aumento progressivo das doses de enchimento, que passaram de 30 mg de morfina (0,5 mg/dia) no início, para 40 mg de morfina (0,66 mg/dia) por ano, para 70 mg de morfina (1,16 mg/dia) dia) aos 6 anos, para 140 mg (2,33 mg/dia) aos 14 anos. Não foram registradas complicações médicas graves. Manteve constipação e sudorese durante todo o período e desenvolveu hipogonadismo secundário com distúrbios de libido e ereção que foram corrigidos com administração de testosterona. Ele não necessitou de mais hospitalizações por dor. Não foram observadas complicações relacionadas à operação ou enchimento da bomba, ou relacionadas ao cateter. O paciente afirmou estar satisfeito com o implante. Discussão: Apesar do aumento das doses de enchimento, expressão do desenvolvimento da tolerância, as doses necessárias de morfina/dia são francamente inferiores ao limite recomendado. Conclusões: A relação risco-benefício do implante foi positiva, considerando o melhor controle da dor alcançado, as menores doses de morfina utilizadas, bem como a ausência de complicações graves e internações para controle da dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Dosage , Morphine/administration & dosage , Morphine/adverse effects , Infusion Pumps , Treatment Outcome , Infusions, Subcutaneous , Catheters , Chronic Pain/drug therapy
2.
Curitiba; s.n; 20220221. 88 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1370460

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de efetividade (RSE), sobre as tecnologias de reposicionamento do cateter central de inserção periférica (PICC) em neonatos. É um método sistemático para sumarizar evidências sobre uma intervenção, seguiu o método do Instituto Joanna Briggs. A seguinte questão de pesquisa foi elaborada: qual a efetividade das tecnologias de reposicionamento do PICC em neonatos? O acrônimo PICO foi utilizado, onde: P- neonatos; I- tecnologias de reposicionamento; C- tecnologias de reposicionamento utilizadas de forma isolada ou combinadas para reposicionar a ponta do PICC e O- reposicionamento adequado do PICC. Os estudos incluídos atenderam os seguintes critérios: estudos que adotaram procedimentos de massagem, manobras corporais, reposicionamento do paciente, tração do cateter, flush ou outras tecnologias, isoladas ou combinadas, para reposicionar o PICC, em Inglês, Português e Espanhol. Foram encontrados estudos de coorte, transversal, relato de caso e série de caso, nas bases de dados SCOPUS, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), MEDLINE/PubMed (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), Web of Science e Embase (Excerpta Medica Database). Os processos de seleção e exclusão foram realizados por dois revisores independentes. Aplicando os critérios de elegibilidade, foram incluídas 05 publicações, entre 2002 e 2011. Somaram um total de 142 participantes envolvidos no procedimento de inserção do PICC e 39 cateteres mal posicionados. A veia mais utilizada para a inserção do cateter foi a basílica. Foram reposicionados 32 cateteres com sucesso (82%) adotando as seguintes tecnologias: movimentação dos membros, tração do cateter, posicionamento corporal, flush e conduta passiva. Ressalta-se que a aquisição de tecnologias pode auxiliar na inserção e acompanhamento do posicionamento adequado do cateter. Para o sucesso na punção e manutenção do PICC e evitar complicações, recomenda-se uso de bundles baseados em evidências. Quanto a avaliação dos estudos incluídos a maioria alcançou conformidade inferior a 60% em seus respectivos instrumentos de qualidade de relatos ­ STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) e CARE (Case Report Guidelines) e nas Ferramentas de Avaliação Crítica do JBI. Foram encontradas evidências limitadas, que não permitem conclusões sobre a efetividade das tecnologias de reposicionamento do PICC em neonatos. Através desta RSE não foi possível identificar benefícios e malefícios do reposicionamento, nem estabelecer a força da recomendação das evidências disponíveis através do GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evalution) devido a limitação dos estudos incluídos. As evidências sumarizadas e analisadas, por meio de método rigoroso e sistemático, nessa revisão, se caracterizam como inovadoras e estão alinhadas ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem e a Linha de pesquisa Tecnologia e Inovação para o Cuidar em Saúde e Enfermagem. Pretende-se que este estudo impacte a prática clínica, por meio da sumarização das evidências disponíveis, da importância de novos estudos que produzam evidências mais consistentes, da relevância de equipes capacitadas para a inserção e cuidados com PICC em neonatos. Esta RSE é passível de replicabilidade para eventuais pesquisas futuras e recomenda-se a produção de novas evidências. O protocolo está registrado no PROSPERO com o número: CRD42021248877.


Abstract: This is a systematic review of effectiveness (SRE) on the technologies for repositioning the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in neonates. It is a systematic method for summarizing evidence about an intervention, following the Joanna Briggs Institute method. The following research question was elaborated: how effective are PICC repositioning technologies in neonates? The acronym PICO was used, where: P- neonates; I- repositioning technologies; C- repositioning technologies used alone or in combination to reposition the tip of the PICC and O-proper repositioning of the PICC. The included studies met the following criteria: studies that adopted massage procedures, body maneuvers, patient repositioning, catheter traction, flush or other technologies, alone or in combination, to reposition the PICC, in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Cohort, cross-sectional, case report and case series studies were found in the databases SCOPUS, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), MEDLINE/PubMed (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), Web of Science. and Embase (Excerpta Medica Database). The selection and exclusion processes were performed by two independent reviewers. Applying the eligibility criteria, 05 publications were included, between 2002 and 2011. There was a total of 142 participants involved in the PICC insertion procedure and 39 poorly positioned catheters. The most used vein for catheter insertion was the basilica. 32 catheters were successfully repositioned (82%) using the following technologies: limb movement, catheter traction, body positioning, flush and passive conduct. It is noteworthy that the acquisition of technologies can help in the insertion and monitoring of the proper positioning of the catheter. For successful puncture and maintenance of the PICC and to avoid complications, the use of evidence-based bundles is recommended. Regarding the evaluation of the included studies, most achieved compliance below 60% in their respective reporting quality instruments - STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) and CARE (Case Report Guidelines) and in the JBI Critical Assessment Tools. Limited evidence was found, which does not allow conclusions about the effectiveness of PICC repositioning technologies in neonates. Through this SRE, it was not possible to identify the benefits and harms of the repositioning, nor to establish the strength of the recommendation from the available evidence through the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) due to the limitation of the included studies. The evidence summarized and analyzed, using a rigorous and systematic method, in this review, is characterized as innovative and is in line with the Graduate Program in Nursing and the Research Line Technology and Innovation for Health Care and Nursing. It is intended that this study has an impact on clinical practice, by summarizing the available evidence, the importance of new studies that produce more consistent evidence, the relevance of qualified teams for the insertion and care of PICC in neonates. This SRE can be replicated for possible future research and the production of new evidence is recommended. The protocol is registered with PROSPERO with the number: CRD42021248877.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Catheters , Nursing Care
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 77-81, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360711

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The treatment for patients with acute calculous cholecystitis who have high surgical risk with percutaneous cholecystostomy instead of surgery is an appropriate alternative choice. The aim of this study was to examine the promising percutaneous cholecystostomy intervention to share our experiences about the duration of catheter that has yet to be determined. METHODS: A total of 163 patients diagnosed with acute calculous cholecystitis and treated with percutaneous cholecystostomy between January 2011 and July 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 were used to diagnose and grade patients with acute cholecystitis. RESULTS: The mean age was 71.81±12.81 years. According to the Tokyo grading, 143 patients had grade 2 and 20 patients had grade 3 disease. The mean duration of catheter was 39.12±37 (1-270) days. Minimal bile leakage into the peritoneum was noted in 3 (1.8%) patients during the procedure. The rate of complications during follow-up of the patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy was 6.9% (n=11), and the most common complication was catheter dislocation. Cholecystectomy was performed in 33.1% (n=54) of the patients at follow-up. Post-cholecystectomy complication rate was 12.9%. At the follow-up, the rate of recurrent acute cholecystitis episodes was 5.5%, while the mortality rate was 1.8%. The length of follow-up was five years. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of recurrence was significantly higher among the patients with catheter for <21 days. We recommend that the duration of catheter should be minimum 21 days in patients undergoing percutaneous cholecystostomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystostomy/adverse effects , Cholecystostomy/methods , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , Drainage/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheters , Middle Aged
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928890

ABSTRACT

With the implementation of the new policy for coronary stent centralized volume purchasing in China, the blood pressure sensor at the tip of the catheter, as one of the essential medical instruments for the diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease, will meet the new development opportunity of the industry, a number of medical device companies will actively participate in the development and registration of the catheter tip blood pressure sensor. As an invasive blood pressure sensor, the catheter tip blood pressure sensor should meet the current effective industry standard YY 0781-2010, however, there are many problems when using YY 0781-2010 as a blood pressure sensor because of the difference of product structure and working mode. In this paper, the problems about "Operation Manual", "electrical performance" and "safety requirement" in the course of carrying out YY 0781- 2010 with the blood pressure sensor on the tip of catheter are discussed and analyzed in detail, hope to provide some inspiration for more research and development enterprises of blood pressure sensors on the tip of catheters and inspectors of medical device testing institutions, also hope to be able to contribute to the high-quality development of blood pressure sensor industry at the tip of the Catheter.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Catheters , China , Equipment Design
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928886

ABSTRACT

Lubrication coating is widely used to reduce the friction between the interventional devices and the blood vessels, improves the surface biocompatibility of the interventional device, and also brings the coating stability problems and related risks. This paper describes the coating-related content from the equipment description, performance verification, technical requirements, etc., to reduce the risk of the coating to an acceptable level.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Friction , Lubrication
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928233

ABSTRACT

In existing vascular interventional surgical robots, it is difficult to accurately detect the delivery force of the catheter/guidewire at the slave side. Aiming to solve this problem, a real-time force detection system was designed for vascular interventional surgical (VIS) robots based on catheter push force. Firstly, the transfer process of catheter operating forces in the slave end of the interventional robot was analyzed and modeled, and the design principle of the catheter operating force detection system was obtained. Secondly, based on the principle of stress and strain, a torque sensor was designed and integrated into the internal transmission shaft of the slave end of the interventional robot, and a data acquisition and processing system was established. Thirdly, an ATI high-precision torque sensor was used to build the experimental platform, and the designed sensor was tested and calibrated. Finally, sensor test experiments under ideal static/dynamic conditions and simulated catheter delivery tests based on actual human computed tomography (CT) data and vascular model were carried out. The results showed that the average relative detection error of the designed sensor system was 1.26% under ideal static conditions and 1.38% under ideal dynamic stability conditions. The system can detect on-line catheter operation force at high precision, which is of great significance towards improving patient safety in interventional robotic surgery.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Equipment Design , Humans , Mechanical Phenomena , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotics
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 681-690, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927508

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#At present, there is no consensus on the induction methods in term pregnancy with borderline oligohydramnios. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness and pregnancy outcomes of labor induction with dinoprostone or single-balloon catheter (SBC) in term nulliparous women with borderline oligohydramnios.@*METHODS@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study from January 2016 to November 2018. During the study period, a total of 244 cases were enrolled. Of these, 103 cases were selected for induction using dinoprostone and 141 cases were selected for induction with SBC. The pregnancy outcomes between the two groups were compared. Primary outcomes were successful vaginal delivery rates. Secondary outcomes were maternal and neonatal adverse events. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the risk factors for vaginal delivery failure in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The successful vaginal delivery rates were similar between the dinoprostone group and the SBC group (64.1% [66/103] vs. 59.6%, [84/141] P = 0.475), even after adjustment for potential confounding factors (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1.07, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.57-2.00, P = 0.835). The incidence of intra-amniotic infection was lower in the dinoprostone group than in the SBC group (1.9% [2/103] vs. 7.8%, [11/141] P < 0.001), but the presence of non-reassuring fetal heart rate was higher in the dinoprostone group than in the SBC group (12.6% [13/103] vs. 0.7%, [1/141] P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that nuchal cord was a risk factor for vaginal delivery failure after induction with dinoprostone (aOR: 6.71, 95% CI: 1.96-22.95). There were three factors related to vaginal delivery failure after induction with SBC, namely gestational age (aOR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.07-2.14), body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2 (aOR: 2.98, 95% CI: 1.10-8.02), and fetal weight >3500 g (aOR: 2.49, 95% CI: 1.12-5.50).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Term nulliparous women with borderline oligohydramnios have similar successful vaginal delivery rates after induction with dinoprostone or SBC, with their advantages and disadvantages. In women with nuchal cord, the risk of vaginal delivery failure is increased if dinoprostone is used in the induction of labor. BMI >30 kg/m2, large gestational age, and estimated fetal weight >3500 g are risk factors for vaginal delivery failure after induction with SBC.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravaginal , Catheters , Dinoprostone/therapeutic use , Female , Fetal Weight , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Labor, Induced/methods , Nuchal Cord , Oligohydramnios , Oxytocics , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213139, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365379

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess safety, efficacy and quality of life in patients with benign pleural effusions undergong pleural drainage with Wayne pleural catheter (DW) in an outpatient setting. Method: this is a prospective study, in which 47 patients were evaluated between July 2017 and October 2018. Patients with non-malignant pleural effusions underwent pleural drainage with clinical evolution compatible with outpatient care were included. Patients who underwent drainage due to other conditions and patients were excluded. Results: after catheter placement, the mean length of hospital stay was 3.14 (± 3.85) days, and 21 patients (44.68%) were discharged within 24 hours. The mean time with the catheter was 12.63 (± 7.37) days. The analysis of the pleural fluid was transudate in 87.3% of cases and exudate in 12.3%. The causes of pleural effusion were heart failure (72.3%), renal failure (19.1%), liver failure (6.3%) and pneumonia (8.5%). The quality of life, analyzed according to the parameters of the questionnaire SF 36, showed low average values when compared to other studies. Analyzing each descriptor, the average was greater only in the limitation related to physical aspects. In the other descriptors, the results were similar, but smaller. Conclusion: the outpatient use of pleural catheters of the Wayne type (pigtail) proved to be feasible, safe and with a low associated infection rate. This is a viable option for selected patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a segurança, a eficácia, as complicações e a qualidade de vida da alta precoce e acompanhamento ambulatorial de pacientes com derrames pleurais benignos submetidos à drenagem pleural com dreno de Wayne (DW). Método: estudo prospectivo, em que foram avaliados 47 pacientes entre julho de 2017 e outubro de 2018. Foram incluídos os pacientes com derrames pleurais não malignos, submetidos a drenagem pleural com evolução clínica compatível com o cuidado ambulatorial. Foram excluídos os pacientes submetidos a drenagem por outras afecções. Resultados: após a drenagem, a média do tempo de internação dos pacientes foi de 3,14 (±3,85) dias, sendo que 21 pacientes (44,68%) tiveram alta em até 24 horas após a drenagem. O tempo médio de permanência com o dreno foi de 12,63 (±7,37) dias. A análise do líquido pleural mostrou tratar-se de transudato em 87,3% dos casos e de exsudato em 12,3%. Dentre as causas do derrame pleural, destacaram-se insuficiência cardíaca (72,3%), insuficiência renal (19,1%), hepatopatias (6,3%) e pneumonias (8,5%). A qualidade de vida, analisada segundo os parâmetros do questionário SF 36, teve valores médios baixos, principalmente em relação a outros estudos. Na análise de cada descritor, a média apresentou-se maior somente na limitação por aspectos físicos. Nos demais descritores, os resultados foram semelhantes, mas menores. Conclusão: o uso ambulatorial de cateteres pleurais do tipo Wayne (pigtail) mostrou-se factível, seguro e com baixa taxa de infecções associadas. Trata-se de opção viável para pacientes selecionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pleural Effusion/therapy , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Catheters/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
9.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 23: e70967, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1355137

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: construir um instrumento de cuidados do en-fermeiro ao paciente com cateter venoso central de curta permanência em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Métodos: estudo multimétodo em três etapas:estruturação do instru-mento; pré-teste do instrumento; análises de concordância entre os enfermeiros e composição final do instrumento. Resultados: o instrumento, em sua primeira versão, apre-sentou três domínios relacionados ao momento de inserção (cinco itens), manutenção (15 itens) e remoção do cateter (dez itens). A maioria dos 30 itens foi avaliada como rele-vante (23/77%) e apresentou satisfatório Índice de Vali-dade de Conteúdo (28/93%). Reformularam-se dez itens, incluíram-se 32 novos e excluíram-se três itens. Conclusão: foi construído o instrumento, que apresentou validade de resposta para os cuidados do enfermeiro ao paciente com cateter venoso central em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, compondo-se de três domínios e 59 itens avaliados por en-fermeiros e considerados adequados para os momentos de inserção, manutenção e remoção do cateter. (AU)


Subject(s)
Catheters , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care
10.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(3): 448-453, dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1352607

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o conhecimento dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre as veias periféricas superiores (mão, antebraço e braços) para escolha do sítio de punção e as novas recomendações brasileiras sobre terapia infusional por cateter periférico. Método: estudo quantitativo, transversal, prospectivo realizado em três unidades de internação de um hospital universitário no norte do Brasil. Foram abordados profissionais da equipe enfermagem. Os dados foram descritos por frequência absoluta e relativa, desvio padrão e média aritmética, para a análise estatística foi utilizado o software EpiInfoTM, versão 7.2.2.6 empregando-se o Teste G, com p valor < 0,005. Resultados: observou-se que o percentual de acertos nas categorias analisadas foi em sua maioria aceitável, principalmente os relacionados a higiene das mãos, seleção de cateter e cuidados com o sítio de inserção. Contudo, observou-se déficit de conhecimento nos itens relacionados as coberturas dos cateteres e avaliação dos cateteres periféricos em todos os profissionais. Adicionalmente, houve divergência de conhecimento entre as categorias profissionais nos itens referentes a estabilização (p=0.005) e remoção do dispositivo periférico (p=0.002), com maior nível de acertos entre os profissionais com maior nível de instrução. Conclusão: nota-se que ainda existem lacunas no conhecimento dos profissionais, indicando a necessidade de educação continuada para melhoria da assistência. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of nursing professionals about the upper peripheral veins (hand, forearm and arms) to choose the puncture site and the new Brazilian recommendations on infusion therapy by peripheral catheter. Methods: Quantitative, cross sectional, prospective study carried out in three inpatient units of a university hospital in northern Brazil. Professionals from the nursing team were approached. The data were described by absolute and relative frequency, standard deviation and arithmetic mean. For statistical analysis, the EpiInfoTM software, version 7.2.2.6 was used using the G Test, with p value <0.005. Results: It was observed that the percentage of correct answers in the analyzed categories was mostly acceptable, mainly those related to hand hygiene, catheter selection and care with the insertion site. However, there was a lack of knowledge in items related to catheter coverage and evaluation of peripheral catheters in all professionals. Additionally, there was a divergence of knowledge between the professional categories in the items referring to stabilization (p = 0.005) and removal of the peripheral device (p = 0.002), with a higher level of correct answers among professionals with a higher level of education. Conclusion: It is noted that there are still gaps in the knowledge of professionals, indicating the need for continuing education to improve care. (AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de los profesionales de enfermería sobre las venas periféricas superiores (mano, antebrazo y brazos) para elegir el sitio de punción y las nuevas recomendaciones brasileñas sobre la terapia de infusión por catéter periférico. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, transversal, prospectivo, realizado en tres unidades de internación de un hospital universitario en el norte de Brasil. Se contactó con profesionales del equipo de enfermería. Los datos se describieron por frecuencia absoluta y relativa, desviación estándar y media aritmética. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó el software EpiInfoTM, versión 7.2.2.6, utilizando la prueba G, con un valor de p <0.005. Resultados: Se observó que el porcentaje de respuestas correctas en las categorías analizadas era en su mayoría aceptable, principalmente las relacionadas con la higiene de las manos, la selección del catéter y el cuidado con el sitio de inserción. Sin embargo, hubo una falta de conocimiento en los ítems relacionados con la cobertura del catéter y la evaluación de los catéteres periféricos en todos los profesionales. Además, hubo una divergencia de conocimiento entre las categorías profesionales en los ítems referidos a la estabilización (p = 0.005) y la extracción del dispositivo periférico (p = 0.002), con un mayor nivel de respuestas correctas entre los profesionales con un mayor nivel de educación. Conclusión: Se observa que todavía hay lagunas en el conocimiento de los profesionales, lo que indica la necesidad de educación continua para mejorar la atención. (AU)


Subject(s)
Phlebitis , Knowledge , Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency , Catheters , Nursing, Team
11.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(282): 6602-6611, nov. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371052

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar as indicações do uso do Cateter Central de Inserção Periférica no paciente adulto crítico. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura realizada na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, PubMed e EBSCO, resultando em uma amostra de dez artigos publicados entre julho de 2014 e julho de 2019. Resultado: O Cateter Central de Inserção Periférica apresenta diversas indicações e seu uso tem crescido nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva adulto. Conclusão: Trata-se de uma tecnologia promissora no tratamento adultos críticos acometidos por diversas doenças, possibilitando mais conforto durante o tratamento e possui alto nível de evidência. Além de seguro, eficiente, com bom custo-benefício, pode ser puncionado pelo enfermeiro habilitado, à beira-leito, evita os riscos associados ao transporte e traz uma nova dimensão de cuidado para o enfermeiro. É uma alternativa viável para substituição ao Cateter Venoso Central, entretanto a sua escolha deve ser feita de maneira criteriosa.(AU)


Objective: To present the indications for the use of the Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter in critically ill adult patients. Method: This is an integrative literature review carried out at the Virtual Health Library, PubMed and EBSCO, resulting in a sample of ten articles published between July 2014 and July 2019. Result: The Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter has several indications and its use has grown in adult Intensive Care Units. Conclusion: This is a promising technology in the treatment of critically ill adults affected by various diseases, providing more comfort during treatment and with a high level of evidence. In addition to being safe, efficient, and cost-effective, it can be punctured by a qualified nurse, at the bedside, avoiding the risks associated with transport and bringing a new dimension of care to nurses. It is a viable alternative to replace the Central Venous Catheter, however its choice must be made judiciously(AU)


Objetivo: Presentar las indicaciones de uso del catéter central de inserción periférica en pacientes adultos críticamente enfermos. Método: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, PubMed y EBSCO, dando como resultado una muestra de diez artículos. Resultado: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, PubMed y EBSCO, dando como resultado una muestra de diez artículos publicados entre julio de 2014 y julio de 2019. Conclusión: Se trata de una tecnología prometedora en el tratamiento de adultos críticamente enfermos afectados por diversas patologías, brindando mayor comodidad durante el tratamiento y con un alto nivel de evidencia. Además de ser seguro, eficiente y rentable, puede ser perforado por una enfermera cualificada, a pie de cama, evitando los riesgos asociados al transporte y aportando una nueva dimensión de atención a las enfermeras. Es una alternativa viable para reemplazar el catéter venoso central, sin embargo, su elección debe hacerse con prudencia(AU)


Subject(s)
Adult , Catheters , Intensive Care Units , Nurses, Male
13.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e702, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280188

ABSTRACT

The SES-Hospital Universitario de Caldas takes care of approximately 210 deliveries per month, with an overall cesarean section rate of 32 %, of which 72 % were conducted with, or had an epidural catheter, as an extension of the analgesia delivered during labor and were therefore excluded from the trial. This may address some of the concerns expressed by Sotelo 1 It is important to consider the observational character of the study discussed; in the discussion paragraph, mention is made of a potential selection bias, based on the convenience sampling and the non-randomized approach which are typical of the design used


el SES-Hospital Universitario de Caldas atiende aproximadamente 210 partos por mes, con una tasa global de cesáreas del 32%, de las cuales el 72% se realizaron con o tenían un catéter epidural, como una extensión de la analgesia administrada durante el trabajo de parto y por lo tanto, fueron excluidos del ensayo. Esto puede abordar algunas de las preocupaciones expresadas por Sotelo 1 Es importante considerar el carácter observacional del estudio discutido; En el párrafo de discusión, se menciona un posible sesgo de selección, basado en el muestreo de conveniencia y el enfoque no aleatorio que son típicos del diseño utilizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Labor, Obstetric , Cesarean Section , Character , Selection Bias , Sampling Studies , Catheters , Analgesia
14.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e602, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Radical penectomy (RP) is infrequently performed as it is reserved for specific cases of penile cancer, hence the paucity of reports regarding surgical and anesthetic considerations. Acute postoperative pain, chronic post-surgical pain, concomitant mood disorders as well as a profound impact on the patient's quality of life have been documented. This case is of a patient with diabetes and coronary heart disease, who presented with advanced, over infected penile cancer, depressive disorder and a history of pain of neuropathic characteristics. The patient underwent radical penectomy using a combined spinal-epidural technique for anesthesia. Preoperatively, the patient was treated with pregabalin and magnesium sulphate, and later received a blood transfusion due to intraoperative blood loss. Adequate intra and postoperative analgesia was achieved with L-bupivacaine given through a peridural catheter during one week. Recovery was good, pain was stabilized to preoperative levels and the patient received pharmacological support and follow-up by psychiatry and the pain team.


Resumen La penectomía radical (PR) es una cirugía infrecuente, reservada para casos específicos de cáncer de pene, por lo que hay escasos informes sobre sus consideraciones quirúrgicas y anestésicas. Se ha documentado dolor agudo postoperatorio, dolor crónico posquirúrgico y alteraciones del estado de ánimo concomitantes, así como un profundo impacto en la calidad de vida posterior del paciente. Se presenta el caso de un paciente diabético y cardiópata coronario con cáncer de pene avanzado y sobreinfectado, trastorno depresivo y dolor previo de características neuropáticas, que recibe técnica combinada espinal-peridural para cirugía de penectomía radical. Se le trata también con pregabalina preoperatoria, sulfato de magnesio y transfusión por sangrado quirúrgico. Se otorgó una adecuada analgesia intra y postoperatoria, mediante catéter peridural con L-bupivacaína hasta por una semana. El paciente tuvo una buena recuperación, estabilización del dolor a niveles preoperatorios, controles y apoyo farmacológico por psiquiatría de enlace y equipo del dolor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Penile Neoplasms , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Catheters , Anesthetics , Pain, Postoperative , Psychiatry , Quality of Life , Blood Transfusion , Bupivacaine , Coronary Disease , Depressive Disorder , Pain Management , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Magnesium Sulfate
15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 382-388, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346473

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó un estudio unicéntrico retrospectivo para evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de trombolisis dirigida por catéter (TDC) en pacientes con tromboembolismo pulmonar agudo (TEP) de 2014 a 2020. Se analizó la efectividad (mejoría de presión pulmonar), y seguridad (sangrado intracraneal y grave definido por compromiso hemodinámico). Se incluyeron 43 pacientes, de 67(56-79) años, 5 (12%) con shock, 41 (95%) con dilatación del ventrículo derecho y TEP bilateral. La decis ión de TDC fue: tratamiento inicial (53%), escalada de anticoagulación (42%) y rescate de trombolisis sistémica (5%). Se utilizó TDC facilitada por ultrasonido en 40 casos (93%), utilizándose 30 (25-35) mg de activador tisular del plasminógeno recombinante (rtPA) durante 20 h. Se administró un bolo de rtPA en 38 (89%) casos, que fue 5 mg (95%) o 1 mg (5%). Se utilizó un solo catéter por paciente. En 4 (9%) se decidió recolocación (mismo pulmón) para continuar infusión en otro sector. Se observó una disminución significativa de la presión media pulmonar (pre 35 [29-41] mmHg vs. post 24 [20-34] mmHg, p<0.001). No se observó ningún caso de hemorragia intracraneal, y un caso (2%) de sangrado grave. Se observó hematoma del sitio de punción en 5 (12%) (incluyendo el sangrado grave), y requirió transfusiones en 3 (7%). La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue 12%, siendo un solo c aso (2%) atribuido al TEP. El tratamiento con TDC fue efectivo asociándose a una reducción significativa de la presión pulmonar, sin observarse ningún sangrado intracraneal y con un sangrado grave. Nuestros resultados se asemejan a lo publicado en otros estudios.


Abstract We performed a single center retrospective study in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) undergoing catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) from 2014 to 2020. Efficacy was defined by mean pulmonary pressure drop, and safety was assessed by intracranial and severe bleeding (defined by GUSTO). Forty-three patients were included, aged 64 (56-79) years old, 5 (12%) with shock, most with right ventricle dilation (95%) and bilateral PE (95%) or unilateral (5%) in patients with only one functional lung. CDT was used as first treatment (53%), upscale after anticoagulation alone (42%), or after failed systemic thrombolytics (5%). Median recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) dose was 30 (25-35) mg over 20 (20-20) hours, and rtPA bolus was used after catheter placement in 38 cases (89%), consisting of 5 mg (95%) or 1 mg (5%). Only one lung was treated for technical reasons, and 4 (9%) were repositioned in the same lung for continuation of infusion. A significant reduction in mean pulmonary pressure was observed (pre 35 [29-41] mmHg vs. post 24 [20-34] mmHg, p<0.001) with no intracranial bleeding. One patient (2%) experienced severe bleeding, while 5 (12%) presented access site bleeding, and 3 (7%) required blood transfusions. In-hospital mortality was 12% but only one case (2%) due to PE. Our results are similar to previously reported studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Plasminogen Activators/therapeutic use , Thrombolytic Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheters , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 159-165, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287266

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo analítico que evaluó la epidemiología de las bacteriemias asociadas a catéter central (BAC) en 773 adultos internados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) del Hospital Alemán de Buenos Aires entre diciembre de 2018 y junio de 2020. Durante el pe riodo de estudio, la incidencia fue 8.7 eventos cada 1000 días catéter. El desarrollo de BAC se asoció con mala evolución clínica, que fue puesta en evidencia por una duración de la internación en UCI significativamente mayor que la de los pacientes sin BAC (mediana: 21.5 días vs. 4 días, p < 0.001). La mortalidad también fue mayor, pero sin significancia estadística (24% vs. 20%, OR 1.26 [0.61-2.63]). Los microorganismos más frecuentemente aislados fueron bacterias Gram positivas (73%) y, entre ellas, Staphylococcus epidermidis fue la más frecuente (40%). De los 47 aislamientos de microorganismos relevados, 8 (17%) fueron gérmenes multirresistentes. El análisis multivariado identificó el tiempo de permanencia del catéter como factor de riesgo para desarrollar BAC (OR 1.10 [1.05 - 1.15], p < 0.001). En dicho análisis, una mayor tasa de BAC no fue influida por el sitio anatómico de inserción del catéter, el servicio donde se realizó el procedimiento (UCI o quirófano/servicio de emergencias), la experiencia previa del médico en el procedimiento, ni el uso de ultrasonido para guiar la cateterización. Con cluimos que las BAC son una complicación frecuente en nuestro servicio con consecuencias clínicas relevantes. Conocer la epidemiología y la problemática de cada servicio permite programar intervenciones dirigidas a corregir problemas concretos de salud pública.


Abstract A retrospective-observational analytical study was carried out to evaluate the epidemiology of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in 773 adult patients hospitalized in the inten sive care unit (ICU) of the Hospital Alemán of Buenos Aires, Argentina, between 1 December 2018 and 30 June 2020. During the study period, the incidence of CRBSI was 8.7 cases per 1000 catheter days. The occurrence of CRBSI was found associated with a poor clinical evolution, as evidenced by a stay in the ICU significantly longer than the stay of patients without CRBSI (median: 21.5 days vs. 4 days, p < 0.001). CRBSI-associated mortality was not statistically higher (24% vs. 20%, OR 1.26 [0.61-2.63]). Gram-positive bacteria were the most frequently identified microorganisms (73%), being Staphylococcus epidermidis the most frequent (40%). Of the 47 isolates of microorganisms surveyed, 8 (17%) were multi-resistant germs. The permanence time of the catheter was identified as a risk factor for developing CRBSI (OR 1.10 [1.05 - 1.15], p < 0.001) in a multivariate analysis. In this analysis, the risk of infection was not influenced by the anatomical site of insertion of the catheter, the ward where the procedure was performed (ICU vs. operating room/external ward), the skill of the medical practitioner, or the use of ultrasound to guide vascular accesses. We conclude that CRBSIs are a frequent complication in our department with relevant clinical consequences. Knowing the epidemiology and the problems of each service allows programming interventions aimed to correct specific public health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bacteremia/etiology , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Catheter-Related Infections/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Critical Care , Catheters , Intensive Care Units
17.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 20(1): 66-76, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349260

ABSTRACT

Los drenajes cerebrales son dispositivos utilizados como métodos terapéuticos, permitiendo la salida de líquido normal o patológico a personas que cursen por alguna enfermedad neurológica, convirtiéndose en uno de los procedimientos más comunes en el área de la enfermería neurológica. He aquí que los cuidados de enfermería deben ser considerados específicos para poder visualizar resultados satisfactorios en pacientes portadores de estos sistemas en áreas críticas. Por este motivo, las intervenciones especializadas de enfermería en el cuidado a los drenajes cerebrales se basaron en la necesidad de elaborar una guía de intervenciones específicas, y especializadas, para personas con uso de drenajes cerebrales siendo un tema de importancia en enfermería neurológica.


Brain drains are devices used as therapeutic methods, allowing the exit of normal or pathological fluid to people suffering from a neurological disease, becoming one of the most common procedures in the area of neurological nursing. Here, nursing care must be considered specific in order to visualize satisfactory results in patients with these systems in critical areas. For this reason, specialized nursing interventions in the care of brain drains were based on the need to develop a guide for specific and specialized interventions for people with use of brain drains, being a topic of importance in neurological nursing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Intracranial Pressure , Hematoma, Subdural , Persons , Nursing Care , Drainage , Catheters , Neuroscience Nursing
18.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 20210000. 33 p. il, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358934

ABSTRACT

As infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde são muito prevalentes em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTIs), sendo 30% delas relacionadas às infecções da corrente sanguínea; estas são relevantes por aumentar a morbimortalidade e os custos de internação. A proposta deste estudo é avaliar se a adição de permanganato de potássio à 1:10.000 ao curativo nos locais de introdução de cateter venoso central (CVC) é capaz de reduzir as infecções de corrente sanguínea, nos pacientes internados na UTI do Hospital Policlin 9 de julho (HP9Julho). Trata-se de um ensaio clínico, randomizado e controlado que avaliou o banco de dados de controle de infecção hospitalar do HP9Julho, de 353 cateteres/dia que receberam em seus curativos, nos locais de inserção do CVC, realizados conforme recomendações do 2011 CDC Guidelines, a adição da solução de permanganato (KMnO4) à 1:10.000 (Grupo KMnO4), e 353 cateteres/dia que não receberam o KMnO4 (Grupo Controle). Nos resultados, com relação à presença de infecção de corrente sanguínea, foi encontrada uma relação de 7:2, quando comparado o grupo controle com o grupo KMnO4, o que apresenta significância estatística, entretanto. Os grupos KMnO4 e Controle foram avaliados e comparados por meio dos testes de Mann-Whitney e teste Binomial das Proporções com relação a 2 variáveis individuais (gênero e idade) além de 8 variáveis clínicas (intubação orotraqueal, CVD, CVC, cateteres-dia, óbitos, hemocultura positiva, APACHE II e SAPS III), sendo que houve diferença estatisticamente significante apenas entre os valores de hemoculturas positivas (p- valor = 0,05). Portanto, o resultado deste estudo mostrou que a adição de permanganato de potássio 1:10.000, ao curativo recomendado pelo 2011 Guidelines CDC, reduziu as infecções de corrente sanguínea, relacionadas a cateter venoso central, nos pacientes internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva do Hospital Policlin 9 de julho


Healthcare-related infections are very prevalent in Intensive Care Units (ICUs), 30% of them related to bloodstream infections; these are relevant because they increase morbidity, mortality and hospitalization costs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of 1:10,000 potassium permanganate to the dressing at central venous catheter introduction (CVC) sites is able to reduce bloodstream infections in ICU patients at Hospital Policlin 9 de July (HP9July). This was a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating the HP9July hospital infection control database of 353 catheters/day they received in their dressings at CVC insertion sites, according as recommended by the 2011 CDC Guidelines. the addition of permanganate solution (KMnO4) at 1:10,000 (KMnO4 Group), and 353 catheters / day not receiving KMnO4 (Control Group). In the results, regarding the presence of infection in the bloodstream, we have found a ratio of 7:2, when compared the control group with the KMnO4 group, which had statistical significance. The KMnO4 and Control groups were evaluated and compared using the Mann-Whitney test and the Binomial Proportions test for 2 individual variables (gender and age) in addition to 8 clinical variables (orotracheal intubation, CVD, CVC, catheters-day, deaths, positive blood culture, APACHE II and SAPS III), with a statistically significant difference only between the values of positive blood cultures (p-value = 0.05). Therefore, based on the results obtained, we conclude that the addition of potassium permanganate 1: 10,000, to the dressing recommended by the 2011 Guidelines CDC, reduced bloodstream infections, related to central venous catheter, in patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of said hospital.


Subject(s)
Potassium Permanganate , Catheters , Intensive Care Units
19.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-7, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222350

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Advances in the management and survival of severe pediatric disease have led to an increase in thromboembolic phenomena, given the frequent need for central venous catheters (CVC). The present study describes the conditions in which venous thrombosis oc-curs in pediatric patients with CVC in a public referral center in Guayaquil. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study with the objective of identifying fac-tors that are associated with the development of venous thrombosis in patients with CVC ad-mitted to the Intensive Care Unit. Information was collected in a pre-designed chart of all patients with CVC for more than 7 days. A venous Doppler ultrasound was performed to de-termine the presence or absence of thrombi. Descriptive statistics were used for univariate analysis and Odds Ratio was used for the bivariate analysis. Results: 35 patients were included in the study, 14/35 (40%) young infants, 24/35 males (69%), 19 cases (54%) with malnutrition, 10 cases (29%) with congenital heart disease, and 18 cases (51%) admitted for infections. The puncture site was femoral in 11 cases (31%), the procedure was performed by the fellow in 20 cases (57%), on a scheduled basis in 27 cases (77%), and performed in a single attempt in 28 cases (80%). The tip of the catheter was located in the superior vena cava in 23 cases (66%). The prevalence of thrombosis was 14% (95% CI 12.33-16.25). Bivariate analysis showed that none of the variables were associated with the presence of CVC thrombosis. Conclusions: 14% of patients with CVC use for more than 7 days develop secondary venous thrombosis. The factors associated with CVC including nutritional status and related proce-dures could not be determined.


Subject(s)
Child , Catheter-Related Infections , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction
20.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 77-82, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178631

ABSTRACT

El empiema es una colección de líquido purulento en el espacio pleural. La causa más común es la neumonía. Las opciones de tratamiento incluyen toracocentesis terapéutica, colocación de catéter de drenaje, terapia fibrinolítica, pleurodesis y cirugía, como la decorticación pleural. El drenaje pleural es eficaz en la etapa I y la cirugía está reservada para casos complicados (estadios II y III). En estos casos, es necesaria la decorticación pulmonar. Actualmente, el enfoque más favorecido para la decorticación es mediante una toracotomía abierta. Este es un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, retrospectivo, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos que tuvo como población accesible a pacientes con el diagnostico de empiema en quienes se realizó una decorticación pleural en el Hospital de Clínicas por el Departamento de Cirugía de Tórax durante el periodo de marzo 2016 a febrero 2019. Un total de 24 pacientes con el diagnóstico de empiema fueron sometidos a una decorticación pleural. La etiología de empiema más frecuente (75%) fue el derrame paraneumónico. Las complicaciones post quirúrgicas estuvieron presentes en 9 (37,5%) pacientes, de estos, 4 (17%) presentaron fuga aérea durante los primeros días postoperatorios. Se constató la resolución completa del cuadro en 21 (87,5%) pacientes y 3 (12,5%) pacientes presentaron colección residual pleural. Se constató recurrencia en 1 (4%) paciente, requiriendo un re intervención quirúrgica. En conclusión, la casuística de nuestro departamento de tórax coincide en cuanto a valores internacionales de complicaciones, resolución y mortalidad.


Empyema is a collection of purulent fluid in the pleural space. The most common cause is pneumonia. Treatment options include therapeutic thoracentesis, drainage catheter placement, fibrinolytic therapy, pleurodesis, and surgery, such as pleural decortication. Pleural drainage is effective in stage I and surgery is reserved for complicated cases (stages II and III). In these cases, pulmonary decortication is necessary. Currently, the most favored approach to decortication is by open thoracotomy. This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases that had as the accessible population, patients with the diagnosis of empyema in whom pleural decortication was performed at the Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo, by the Department of Thoracic Surgery during the period from March 2016 to February 2019. A total of 24 patients with the diagnosis of empyema underwent pleural decortication. The most frequent aetiology of empyema (75%) was parapneumonic effusion. Post-surgical complications were present in 9 (37.5%) patients, of these, 4 (17%) presented air leakage during the first postoperative days. Complete resolution of the condition was verified in 21 (87.5%) patients and 3 (12.5%) patients presented residual pleural collection. Recurrence was found in 1 (4%) patient, requiring reoperation. In conclusion, the casuistry of our thoracic department coincides in terms of international values of complications, resolution and mortality.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracotomy , Drainage , Pleurodesis , Thoracentesis , General Surgery , Thorax , Thrombolytic Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Catheters
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