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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(5): 355-359, May 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135631

ABSTRACT

Actinobacillosis outbreak with clinical manifestation of hippopotamus-like face observed in a property located in the municipality of Capão do Leão, Southern Brazil, in September 2016, is described. The cattle herd remained for most of the year in rice stubble. When these areas were occupied with new crops, they were transferred to areas where there were small native forests. Three cattle were affected. They presented a volume increase in the nasolabial and maxillary region, and there was also regional lymph node swelling. The evolution of the disease occurred in approximately six months. In tissue fragments collected for culture, Actinobacillus lignieresii was isolated. The diagnosis was based on clinical findings, histopathological evaluation characterized by the presence of piogranulomas with Splendore Hoepli reaction in its center, bacterial isolation, and identification of A. lignieresii by polymerase chain reaction (PRC) and genetic sequencing.(AU)


Descreve-se um surto de actinobacilose com manifestação clínica de cara de hipopótamo diagnosticado em uma propriedade localizada no município do Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul em setembro de 2016. Os bovinos permaneciam durante a maior parte do ano em restevas de arroz e quando as áreas eram ocupadas com novas lavouras eram transferidos para áreas onde havia pequenas matas nativas. Foram afetados três bovinos adultos que apresentavam aumento de volume na região nasolabial e maxilar e havia, também, tumefação dos linfonodos regionais. A evolução da enfermidade era de aproximadamente seis meses. Nos fragmentos coletados para cultura houve isolamento de Actinobacillus lignieresii. O diagnóstico foi baseado nos achados clínicos, na avaliação histopatológica caracterizada pela presença de piogranulomas com reação de Splendori Hoepli no centro, no isolamento bacteriano, identificação de Actinobacillus lignieresii por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PRC) e sequenciamento genético.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Actinobacillosis/diagnosis , Actinobacillosis/pathology , Actinobacillosis/epidemiology , Actinobacillus/isolation & purification , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction
2.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(1): e014919, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092692

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the seropositivity for five different tick-borne agents, namely Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina, Coxiella burnetii, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Trypanosoma vivax in beef cattle in the Brazilian Pantanal. The serum samples collected from animals (200 cows; 200 calves) were used in indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (iELISA) to detect IgG antibodies against A. marginale, B. bovis, B. bigemina, and T. vivax, and Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test (IFAT) for detecting IgG antibodies against C. burnetii and A. phagocytophilum. No correlation was observed between seropositivity for C. burnetii and A. phagocytophilum with other agents whereas moderate correlation was observed for A. marginalexB. bigemina x B. bovis. Cows were more seropositive for T. vivax whereas calves were more seropositive for B. bovis and B. bigemina. The highest number of seropositive animals by a single agent was observed for T. vivax (15.2%). Co-seropositivity for T. vivax + A. marginale was higher in cows (25.5%) and for T. vivax + B. bovis + B. bigemina + A. marginale was higher in calves (57.5%). The high seropositivity correlation for A. marginale x B. bovis x B. bigemina is probably due to the presence of the tick biological vector, Rhipicephalus microplus, in the studied farms. Common transmission pathways, mediated by hematophagous dipterans and fomites, may explain the high co-seropositivity of cows for A. marginale and T. vivax. Low seropositivity to C. burnetii is probably due to the type of breeding system employed (extensive). Seropositivity for A. phagocytophilum in only one animal suggests the occurrence of a cross-serological reaction with another agent of the genus Anaplasma.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar a co-soropositividade para agentes transmitidos por carrapatos, como Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina, Coxiella burnetii, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, e Trypanosoma vivax em bovinos de corte do Pantanal Brasileiro. Amostras de soro foram colhidas de 400 animais (200 vacas; 200 bezerros) e submetidas a Ensaios Imunoenzimáticos Indiretos (iELISA) para detecção de anticorpos IgG anti- A. marginale, anti- B. bovis, anti- B. bigemina e anti- T. vivax, e à Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta (RIFI) para detecção de anticorpos IgG anti -C. burnetii e anti- A. phagocytophilum. Ausência de correlação foi vista entre os animais soropositivos para C. burnetii e A. phagocytophilum com os outros agentes e correlação moderada ocorreu entre A. marginale x B. bigemina x B. bovis. Vacas foram mais soropositivas que bezerros para T. vivax e bezerros mais soropositivos que vacas para B. bovis e B. bigemina. Maior número de animais soropositivos para um único agente foi visto para T. vivax (15,2%). Vacas demonstraram maior co-soropositividade para T. vivax + A. marginale (25,5%) e bezerros para T. vivax + B. bovis + B. bigemina + A. marginale (57,5%). A alta correlação entre a soropositividade para A. marginale x B. bovis x B. bigemina é provavelmente devida à presença do vetor biológico, o carrapato Rhipicephalus microplus, nas fazendas estudadas. As vias de transmissão comuns, mediadas por dípteros hematófagos e fômites, podem explicar a alta co-soropositividade das vacas para A. marginale e T. vivax. A baixa soropositividade para C. burnetii é provavelmente devida ao tipo de sistema de criação empregado (extenso). A soropositividade para A. phagocytophilum em apenas um animal sugere a ocorrência de reação sorológica cruzada com outro agente do gênero Anaplasma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/parasitology , Tick-Borne Diseases/microbiology , Tick-Borne Diseases/parasitology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
3.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(3): 229-233, set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041831

ABSTRACT

La salmonelosis es una de las enfermedades bacterianas que afectan el tracto digestivo de los terneros y provocan en ellos diarrea. Con el objetivo de estudiar la prevalencia de los distintos serovares de Salmonella en terneros de crianza artificial y determinar la asociación con signos diarreicos, se realizó un estudio epidemiológico con diseno transversal en la región lechera Mar y Sierras, ubicada en la Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina). Mediante hisopado de mucosa rectal, se muestrearon 726 terneros en período de crianza distribuidos en 50 establecimientos lecheros de dicha zona, se incluyeron animales con signos diarreicos y sin estos. Los aislamientos identificados como Salmonella spp. fueron tipificados utilizando antisueros poli- y monovalentes dirigidos contra antígenos somáticos, flagelares y capsulares (Vi). Salmonella spp. se detectó en el 36% de los establecimientos y los serovares hallados fueron S. Mbandaka, S. Anatum, S. Typhimurium, S. Dublin, S. Montevideo, S. Meleagridis, S. Newport, S. Seftemberg, S. subesp.16,7:z1, S. Infantis y S. Give. El 5,5% de los terneros fueron positivos y aquellos terneros con signología diarreica presentaron 5,9 veces más probabilidad de estar infectados con Salmonella spp. que aquellos que no tuvieron signos. La edad de los terneros positivos osciló desde un día hasta 53 días de vida; la mayor frecuencia se detectó al segundo día de nacidos. Se concluye que 11 serovares de Salmonella están presentes en más de un tercio de los establecimientos lecheros de la región lechera Mar y Sierras y que estos serovares mostraron estar asociados a la existencia de signos diarreicos en los terneros, sobre todo a la presencia de moco en las heces. La prevalencia de Salmonella fue mayor en terneros de menos de 21 días de vida.


Salmonellosis in calves is a bacterial disease that affects their digestive tract causing diarrhea. A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out with the aim of studying the prevalence of various serovars of Salmonella in calves and their relationship with diarrhea signs. The study was conducted in Mar and Sierras Dairy Basin located in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Seven hundred and twenty six calves both with diarrhea signs or not were sampled by rectal mucosa swab in 50 dairy farms during the rearing period. Isolates identified as Salmonella spp. were classified using polyvalent and monovalent antisera against somatic, flagellar and capsule antigens (Vi). Salmonella spp. was found in 36% of the farms and serotypes were: S. Mbandaka, S. Anatum, S. Typhimurium, S. Dublin, S. Montevideo, S. Meleagridis, S. Newport, S. Seftemberg, S. subesp. 16,7:z1, S. Infantis, S. Give. A percentage of 5.5% calves was positive and calves showing diarrheal signs were 5.9 times more likely to be infected with Salmonella spp. than those having no signs. The age of positive calves ranged from the first day of life to 53; the second day being the most frequent time. In conclusion, 11 Salmonella serovars were detected in one out of 3 dairy farms in Mar and Sierras Dairy Basin, and not only were these serovars associated with diarrhea signs including the presence of mucus in feces, but they were also more prevalent among calves aged up to 21 days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections, Animal/microbiology , Cattle/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Rectum/microbiology , Salmonella/classification , Salmonella Infections, Animal/epidemiology , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Feces/microbiology , Serogroup , Farms , Animal Feed , Animal Husbandry/methods
4.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(2): 245-257, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013737

ABSTRACT

Abstract This is a cross-sectional study to assess the presence of antibodies in ruminants against selected pathogens associated with reproductive disorders in cattle in four Brazilian states, including the zoonotic agent Coxiella burnetii. The used tests were Virus Neutralization Assay for IBR and BVD, Microscopic Agglutination Test for Leptospira spp., Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test (IFAT) for C. burnetii and Toxoplasma gondii, and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Neospora caninum and Trypanosoma vivax. Seropositivity for C. burnetii was 13.7% with titers from 128 to 131,072; 57.8% for BoHV-1, with titers between 2 and 1,024; 47.1% for BVDV-1a, with titers from 10 to 5,120; 89.2% for N. caninum; 50% for T. vivax; and 52.0% for Leptospira spp., with titers between 100 to 800 (the following serovars were found: Tarassovi, Grippotyphosa, Canicola, Copenhageni, Wolffi, Hardjo, Pomona and Icterohaemorrhagiae); 19.6% for T. gondii with titer of 40. This is the first study that has identified C. burnetii in cattle associated with BoHV and BVDV, N. caninum, Leptospira spp., T. gondii and T. vivax. Thus, future studies should be conducted to investigate how widespread this pathogen is in Brazilian cattle herds.


Resumo Este é um estudo transversal para avaliar a presença de anticorpos em ruminantes contra patógenos selecionados e associados a distúrbios reprodutivos em bovinos de quatro estados brasileiros, incluindo o agente zoonótico Coxiella burnetii. Os testes utilizados foram Teste de Vírus-Neutralização para BoHV e BVDV, teste de Aglutinação Microscópica para Leptospira spp., Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta for C. burnetii e Toxoplasma gondii, e Ensaio de Imunoabsorção Enzimática para Neospora caninum e Trypanosoma vivax. A soropositividade para C. burnetii foi de 13,7% com títulos de 128 a 131.072; 57,8% para BoHV-1, com títulos entre 2 a 1.024; 47,1% para BVDV-1a, com títulos de 10 a 5.120; 89,2% para N. caninum; 50% para T. vivax; e 52,0% para Leptospira spp., com títulos entre 100 a 800 (sorovares encontrados: Tarassovi, Grippotyphosa, Canicola, Copenhageni, Wolffi, Hardjo, Pomona e Icterohaemorrhagiae) 19,6% para T. gondii com título de 40. Este é o primeiro estudo que evidencia a participação de C. burnetii em bovinos associada ao Vírus da Rinotraqueíte bovina infecciosa e da diarreia viral bovina, N. caninum, Leptospira spp., T. gondii e T. vivax em bovinos. Desta forma, futuros estudos devem ser conduzidos a fim de investigar o quão disseminado se encontra este patógeno em rebanhos bovinos brasileiros.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Q Fever/veterinary , Trypanosomiasis, African/veterinary , Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/complications , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/complications , Coccidiosis/veterinary , Leptospirosis/veterinary , Q Fever/complications , Q Fever/diagnosis , Q Fever/epidemiology , Toxoplasma/immunology , Trypanosomiasis, African/complications , Trypanosomiasis, African/diagnosis , Trypanosomiasis, African/epidemiology , Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/diagnosis , Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Agglutination Tests , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/parasitology , Cattle Diseases/virology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Trypanosoma vivax , Coxiella burnetii/immunology , Coccidiosis/complications , Coccidiosis/diagnosis , Coccidiosis/epidemiology , Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/immunology , Neospora/immunology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/veterinary , Abortion, Veterinary , Endometritis/etiology , Infertility, Female/etiology , Leptospira/immunology , Leptospirosis/complications , Leptospirosis/diagnosis , Leptospirosis/epidemiology
5.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(4): 795-800, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974314

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies in female buffalo in the state of Pernambuco. A total of 123 female buffalo blood samples were collected from five properties distributed in the state of Pernambuco. The microscopic agglutination test was used to study anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies. The occurrence of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies was 28.5% (35/123; CI 20.7-37.3%) and on different properties, the occurrence ranged from 28.6% to 80.0%, with 100% of the properties showing animals with positive results. The serovars of the serogroup Sejroe with a higher incidence were Hardjoprajtino (CTG strain, 49.1%) and Hardjo (Prajtino genotype, 43.2%), followed by serogroup Grippotyphosa with the Grippotyphosa serovar (3.9%), serogroup Pomona with the Pomona serovar (1.9%), and the Icterohaemorrhagiae serovar Copenhageni (1.9%). This was the first record of the occurrence of anti-Lepstospira spp. antibodies in female buffalo in the state of Pernambuco. Control measures are necessary to prevent health and economic losses, given that the agent involved affects animal reproduction, triggering drops in conception rates or even clinical cases of abortion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Buffaloes/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/blood , Leptospira/immunology , Leptospirosis/veterinary , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Brazil , Agglutination Tests , Buffaloes/immunology , Cattle Diseases/immunology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Serogroup , Leptospira/isolation & purification , Leptospira/genetics , Leptospirosis/immunology , Leptospirosis/microbiology , Leptospirosis/blood , Antibodies, Bacterial/immunology
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(11): 2037-2043, Nov. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976392

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of Salmonella spp. in samples collected from beef meat at three points of the slaughter line (after skinning, washing and cooling) at three slaughterhouses in Brazil that export meat. Detection was based on ISO 6579:2002 and confirmed by PCR and qPCR. The isolates were typified using slide agglutination tests and PFGE. The antibiotic sensitivity profile was determined using the disk diffusion method. Contamination was detected in only one slaughterhouse. The overall frequency of contamination by Salmonella spp. was 6.7% of carcasses (6/90) and 2.6% of carcass surface samples (7/270). All isolates were confirmed by PCR and qPCR. The serological analysis and the PFGE showed a single profile: Typhimurium. The strains demonstrated 100% susceptibility to ampicillin, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin and tetracycline. Positive carcasses after cooling pose a direct risk to consumers, since the meat is considered ready to be marketed after this process.(AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar a presença de Salmonella spp. em amostras coletadas de carcaças de bovinos, em três pontos da linha de abate (após a esfola, lavagem e refrigeração) de três frigoríficos exportadores no Brasil. A detecção foi realizada pela ISO 6579:2002, e confirmada por PCR e qPCR. Os isolados foram tipificados por testes de soroaglutinação e PFGE e avaliado o perfil de sensibilidade aos antibióticos pelo método de difusão em disco. A contaminação foi detectada em apenas um abatedouro-frigorífico. As contaminações das carcaças (n=90) e amostras de carne (n=270) por Salmonella spp. foram 6 (6,7%) e 7 (2,6%), respectivamente. Todos os isolados foram confirmados por PCR e qPCR. A análise sorológica e o PFGE mostraram um único perfil: Typhimurium. As cepas apresentaram 100% de suscetibilidade à ampicilina, cefotaxima, ciprofloxacina, cloranfenicol, gentamicina e tetraciclina. As carcaças positivas após a refrigeração apresentam um risco direto para o consumidor, uma vez que, após este processo, a carne está pronta para ser comercializada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Salmonella Infections , Salmonella typhimurium , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Meat Industry , Red Meat/microbiology , Food Microbiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Abattoirs
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 569-574, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Multidrug-resistant microorganisms are of great concern to public health. Genetic mobile elements, such as plasmids, are among the most relevant mechanisms by which bacteria achieve this resistance. We obtained an Escherichia coli strain CM6, isolated from cattle presenting severe diarrheic symptoms in the State of Querétaro, Mexico. It was found to contain a 70 kb plasmid (pMEX01) with a high similarity to the pHK01-like plasmids that were previously identified and described in Hong Kong. Analysis of the pMEX01 sequence revealed the presence of a blaCTX-M-14 gene, which is responsible for conferring resistance to multiple β-lactam antibiotics. Several genes putatively involved in the conjugative transfer were also identified on the plasmid. The strain CM6 is of high epidemiological concern because it not only displays resistance to multiple β-lactam antibiotics but also to other kinds of antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plasmids/genetics , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , beta-Lactams/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Plasmids/metabolism , beta-Lactamases/genetics , beta-Lactamases/metabolism , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Mexico
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 564-568, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951797

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to standardize and validate the dot-blot test for the serological diagnosis of bovine brucellosis, compare the results with those found in the 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) and complement fixation test (CF), and estimate the relative sensitivity and specificity of the dot-blot compared to these tests. Fifty bovine blood serum samples were used for the test standardization, and 1315 samples were used for evaluation and comparison between the tests; the results were compared using the Kappa indicator. At the end of standardization, it was established as optimal for the antigen obtained from Brucella abortus B19 after passing through a microorganism rupture process, the blood serum samples diluted at 1:100, and the conjugate at 1:30,000. The comparison of the dot-blot results with 2-ME showed Kappa index of 0.9939, sensitivity of 99.48%, and specificity 99.91%, with CF, Kappa index of 0.8226, sensitivity 100% and specificity 95.32%. Using the combination of the test results 2-ME and CF to establish the true condition of the animal, the dot-blot showed relative sensitivity of 100%, and relative specificity of 99.91%. The evaluated test proved to be effective and reliable, besides being easy to handle and interpret the results.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Brucella abortus/isolation & purification , Brucellosis/veterinary , Serologic Tests/methods , Cattle Diseases/diagnosis , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Brucella abortus/immunology , Brucellosis/diagnosis , Brucellosis/microbiology , Brucellosis/blood , Serologic Tests/instrumentation , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
9.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 27(2): 191-202, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959181

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vaccination against Anaplasma marginale has been considered an important control strategy for bovine anaplasmosis. Recently, mice immunized with rMSP1 a linked to carbon nanotubes (MWNT) showed significant immune responses, generating a new possibility for use of an inactivated vaccine. The objective of this study was to investigate the cellular and humoral responses in calves immunized with MWNT+rMSP1a , associated with inactivated vaccine of A. marginale produced in vitro, and evaluate the toxic effects of the MWNT on renal and hepatic function. rMSP1a was covalently linked to MWNT. Inactivated vaccine (AmUFMG2) was produced by cultivating A. marginale in IDE8 cells. Twenty-four Holstein calves were divided (four groups) and immunized subcutaneously with PBS and non-carboxylated MWNT (control, G1), AmUFMG2 (G2), MWNT+rMSP1a (G3), and AmUFMG2 with MWNT+rMSP1a (G4). Blood samples were collected for total leukocyte counts, biochemical profiling and evaluation of the cellular and humoral response. Immunization with MWNT+rMSP1a induced increase in the total number of leukocytes, NK cells, in the lymphocyte populations and higher levels of antibodies compared to calves immunized only with AmUFMG2. Furthermore, MWNT did not induce changes in the biochemical profile. These data indicate that MWNT+rMSP1a were able to induce the immune responses more efficiently than AmUFMG2 alone, without generating toxicity.


Resumo Vacinação contra Anaplasma marginale tem sido considerada uma importante estratégia de controle da anaplasmose bovina. Recentemente, camundongos imunizados com rMSP1a funcionalizada à nanotubos de carbono (MWNT) apresentaram resposta imune significante, gerando nova possibilidade para o uso da vacina inativada. O objetivo desse estudo foi investigar a resposta celular e humoral em bezerros imunizados com MWNT+rMSP1a, associado com a vacina inativada de A. marginale produzida in vitro, e avaliar os efeitos tóxicos dos MWNT nas funções hepática e renal. rMSP1 a foi ligada covalentemente aos MWNT. Vacina inativada (AmUFMG2) foi produzida através do cultivo de A. marginale em células IDE8. Vinte e quatro bezerros Holandeses foram divididos (quatro grupos) e imunizados subcutaneamente com: PBS e MWNT não-carboxilados (controle, G1), AmUFMG2 (G2), MWNT+rMSP1 a (G3), e AmUFMG2 com MWNT+rMSP1a (G4). Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para contagem de leucócitos, perfil bioquímico e avaliação da resposta celular e humoral. Imunização com MWNT+rMSP1a induziu aumento dos leucócitos totais, células NK, na população de linfócitos e altos níveis de anticorpos comparado com animais imunizados apenas com AmUFMG2. Além disso, MWNT não induziu alterações no perfil bioquímico. Esses dados indicam que MWNT+rMSP1a foram capazes de induzir eficientemente a resposta imune comparado com AmUFMG2 sozinho, sem gerar toxicidade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Drug Carriers , Bacterial Vaccines/immunology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/prevention & control , Nanotubes, Carbon , Anaplasma marginale/immunology , Immunogenicity, Vaccine , Anaplasmosis/prevention & control , Immunity, Humoral , Immunity, Cellular
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 18-19, Jan.-Mar. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889201

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bacillus anthracis strain SPV842_15 was isolated from bovine fetus, while B. anthracis strain Brazilian vaccinal was recovered from a commercial vaccine. We report here the genome sequences of both strains. The SPV842_15 genome is composed of a single circular chromosome with a length of 5,228,664 base pairs, and comprises 5911 coding sequences. In turn, the Brazilian vaccinal genome remains in 201 contigs with 5733 coding sequences. Both genomes have an overall C + G content of 35.4%, and 11 genes encoding the ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) 5S, 16S and 23S. Only the plasmid pX01 sequence, which carries genes for toxins synthesis, was detected and completely assembled for both strains. These plasmids have a length of 181,684 base pairs and a C + G content of 32.5%. These genomic data generate insights about vaccinal B. anthracis virulence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Bacillus anthracis/isolation & purification , Bacillus anthracis/genetics , Bacterial Vaccines/genetics , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Genome, Bacterial , Phylogeny , Plasmids/genetics , Bacillus anthracis/classification , Base Composition , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Bacterial Vaccines/isolation & purification , Base Sequence
11.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 50(1): 31-35, mar. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-958027

ABSTRACT

Varias especies de Mycoplasma y Ureaplasma diversum pueden causar enfermedades en el ganado bovino lechero, asociadas o no a manifestaciones clínicas. En nuestro país, ha sido detectada la presencia de solo tres especies de este grupo hasta el momento: Mycoplasma bovis, Mycoplasma californicum y Mycoplasma canadense. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue identificar otras especies de la familia Mycoplasmataceae. Se estudiaron treinta y cinco aislamientos compatibles con Mycoplasma spp. obtenidos a partir de diferentes muestras de bovinos, con o sin sintomatología clínica, provenientes de ocho rodeos ubicados en las provincias de Santa Fe, Córdoba, Buenos Aires y San Luis. Mediante el uso de reacciones en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) específicas de especie se identificaron Mycoplasma bovigenitalum, Mycoplasma alkalescens, Mycoplasma bovirhinis y U. diversum, y mediante la amplificación y posterior secuenciación del espacio intergénico 16-23S ARNr se identificaron Mycoplasma arginini y M. californicum. La identificación de estas especies por primera vez en nuestro país es un hecho de Argentina relevancia, que representa un importante avance en el conocimiento para incluir estos patógenos en el diagnóstico diferencial de determinadas entidades clínico-patológicas de los bovinos de Argentina.


Several species of Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma diversum can cause diseases in dairy cattle, which can be associated or not with clinical manifestations. In our country, the presence of Mycoplasma bovis, Mycoplasma californicum and Mycoplasma canadense has been detected, being the only mycoplasma species identified so far. The objective of this study was to identify other species of the Mycoplasmataceae family. Thirty-five Mycoplasma spp.-like isolates obtained from different samples from cattle, with or without clinical symptoms, from eight herds located in the provinces of Santa Fe, Cordoba, Buenos Aires and San Luis were utilized in the present study. Through the use of species-specific polymerase chain reactions (PCR) Mycoplasma bovigenitalium, Mycoplasma alkalescens, Mycoplasma bovirhinis and U. diversum were identified and through amplification and further sequencing of the 16-23S rRNA intergenic spacer regions, Mycoplasma arginine and M. californicum were identified. The identification of these species represents an important advance in knowledge in order to include these pathogens in the differential diagnosis of certain clinical and pathological entities of cattle from Argentina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Ureaplasma , Cattle Diseases , Mycoplasma , Argentina , Ureaplasma/isolation & purification , Ureaplasma/genetics , Cattle Diseases/diagnosis , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ureaplasma Infections/veterinary , Mycoplasma/isolation & purification , Mycoplasma/genetics , Mycoplasma Infections/veterinary
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 93-100, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974332

ABSTRACT

Abstract Klebsiella pneumoniae is important human and animal pathogen that causes a wide spectrum of infections. In this study, isolates from cattle nasal swabs samples were identified by 16S rRNA, and to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility, virulence gene carrying levels, and multilocus sequence typing of K. pneumoniae isolates. 33 isolates of K. pneumoniae were isolated and identified in 213 nasal swabs samples, of which 12 were hypervirulent K. pneumoniae strains. Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases genes were found in 93.4% of the strains. Of which, TEM was the most prevalent (93.4%), followed by CTX-M and SHV were 57.6% and 39.4%, respectively. A main mutation pattern of quinoloneresistance-determining region, Thr83-Ieu and Asp87-Asn in gyrA and Ser87-Ile in parC, was detected in 33 K. pneumoniae isolates. All the isolates harbored at least two virulence factor genes, with ureA (97.0%) and wabG (91.0%) exhibiting high carriage rates in 33 K. pneumoniae isolates. MLST revealed 7 sequence types, of which 3 STs (2541, 2581 and 2844) were newly assigned. Using eBURST, ST2844 and ST2541 were assigned to new clonal complex 2844. Our study provides evidence and biological characteristics of K. pneumoniae isolates from cattle upper respiratory tract in Southwest China.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Klebsiella Infections/veterinary , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Virulence Factors/genetics , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Klebsiella pneumoniae/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Klebsiella Infections/microbiology , China , Virulence Factors/metabolism , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genetics , Klebsiella pneumoniae/metabolism
13.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(4): 2987-2996, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886827

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In order to study and characterize the lesions in the reproductive tract of Nellore heifers naturally infected with Ureaplasma diversum and presenting granular vulvovaginitis syndrome (GVS), fragments of uterine tube, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva of 20 animals were evaluated. The macroscopic lesions of the vulvovaginal mucosa were classified in scores of "1" mild, until "4", severe inflammation and pustular or necrotic lesions. The histopathological evaluation was performed using scores of "1" to "4", according to the inflammatory alterations. The fragments with severe microscopic lesions (3 and 4) were from the uterine tubes and uterus, which showed leukocytes infiltration and destruction and/or necrosis of epithelium. Alterations in the lower reproductive tract fragments were mild, but characteristics of acute inflammatory processes. The histopathological findings of the reproductive tract of females naturally infected with Ureaplasma diversum are consistent with injuries that compromise the environment from the local where spermatozoa acquires ability to fertilize an oocyte until those where the oocyte is fertilized. Therefore, animals with GVS should be identified early in the herd, because, besides the reduction in the fertility rates caused by tissue damages, they can contribute to disseminate the microorganism. Key words: bovine, tissue evaluation, reproduction, Ureaplasma diversum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle Diseases/pathology , Ureaplasma Infections/pathology , Genitalia, Female/pathology , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Genitalia, Female/microbiology
15.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 25(4): 497-500, Sept.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830036

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the occurence of animals seropositive for Anaplasma marginale in the municipality of Realeza, Paraná State, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 344 cows on 18 small farms in the municipality of Realeza-PR. The animals’serum samples were forwarded to the Federal University of Fronteira do Sul, in order to investigate the occurrence of anti-A. marginale IgG antibodies by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay commercial kit. IgG antibodies to A. marginale were detected in cattle from 77.7% of the farms. To the best author's knowledge, this is the first report of occurrence of A. marginale in cattle in southwestern Paraná. The serological assay showed that 24.4% of the animals were seropositive, thus characterizing the location investigated as an area of enzootic instability for the disease. The family farms located in the municipality of Realeza-PR showed enzootic instability for bovine anaplasmosis. It is necessary to conduct disease monitoring programs in association with preventive measures in order to ensure the sanitary quality of the herds and to reduce economic losses for the farmers. In addition, it is essential to implement educational extension actions that allow farmers to acquire knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding the risk factors that contribute towards herd A. marginale-infection.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a ocorrência de animais soropositivos para Anaplasma marginale, no município de Realeza, Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Foram colhidas amostras de sangue de 344 fêmeas bovinas provenientes de 18 propriedades rurais do município de Realeza - PR. Amostras de soro dos animais foram encaminhadas à Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, para realização do Ensaio Imunoenzimático Indireto para pesquisa de anticorpos IgG anti- Anaplasma marginale por meio de kit comercial. Anticorpos IG anti-A. marginale foram detectados em 77,7% das propriedades. Trata-se do primeiro registro da ocorrência de A. marginale no Sudoeste paranaense. A sorologia evidenciou 24,4% de animais soropositivos, caracterizando o local pesquisado como área de instabilidade enzoótica para a doença. As propriedades de agricultura familiar, localizadas no município de Realeza-PR, apresentaram instabilidade enzoótica para anaplasmose bovina. É necessário que programas de monitoramento da enfermidade sejam realizados em conjunto com medidas de prevenção, visando garantir qualidade sanitária do rebanho e reduzir perdas econômicas dos produtores rurais. Além disso, é fundamental a realização de ações de extensão que viabilizem a aquisição de conhecimento, atitude e percepção dos criadores diante dos fatores de risco contribuintes para a infecção por A. marginale do rebanho.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Anaplasma marginale/isolation & purification , Farms , Anaplasmosis/microbiology , Brazil , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood
16.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(2): 506-512, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780831

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to standardize a diagnosis procedure to detect Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) DNA in raw cow milk samples under field conditions. A procedure that combines both immunomagnetic separation and IS900 -PCR detection (IMS-IS1 PCR) was employed on milk samples from 265 lactating Holstein cows from Map infected and uninfected herds in Argentina. IMS-IS1 PCR results were analyzed and compared with those obtained from milk and fecal culture and serum ELISA. The extent of agreement between both tests was determined by the Kappa test. IMS-IS1 PCR showed a detection limit of 101 CFU of Map/mL of milk, when 50:50 mix of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies were used to coat magnetic beads. All of the 118 samples from the Map uninfected herds were negative for the set of the tests. In Map infected herds, 80 out of 147 cows tested positive by milk IMS-IS1 PCR (55%), of which 2 (1.4%) were also positive by milk culture, 15 (10%) by fecal culture, and 20 (14%) by serum ELISA. Kappa statistics (95% CI) showed a slight agreement between the different tests (<0.20), and the proportions of agreement were ≤0.55. The IMS-IS1 PCR method detected Map in milk of the cows that were not positive in other techniques. This is the first report dealing with the application of IMS-IS1 PCR in the detection of Map in raw milk samples under field conditions in Argentina.


Subject(s)
Paratuberculosis/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis/isolation & purification , Immunomagnetic Separation/methods , Milk/microbiology , Paratuberculosis/diagnosis , Paratuberculosis/physiopathology , Argentina , Lactation , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/diagnosis , Cattle Diseases/physiopathology , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis/genetics , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis/chemistry , Milk/chemistry , Feces/microbiology
18.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(3): 875-878, July-Sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755809

ABSTRACT

The invasin gimB (genetic island associated with human newborn meningitis) is usually found in ExPEC (Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli) such as UPEC (uropathogenic E. coli), NMEC (neonatal meningitis E. coli) and APEC (avian pathogenic E. coli). In NMEC, gimB is associated with the invasion process of the host cells. Due to the importance of E. coli as a zoonotic agent and the scarce information about the frequency of gimB-carrying strains in different animal species, the aim of this study was to investigate the presence of gimB in isolates from bovine, swine, canine and feline clinical samples. PCR was conducted on 196 isolates and the identity of the amplicons was confirmed by sequencing. Of the samples tested, only E. coli SB278/94 from a bovine specimen was positive (1/47) for gimB, which represents 2.1% of the bovine isolates. The ability of SB278/94 to adhere to and invade eukaryotic cells was confirmed by adherence and gentamicin-protection assays using HeLa cells. This is the first study that investigates for gimB in bovine, canine and feline E. coli isolates and shows E. coli from the intestinal-bovine samples harboring gimB.

.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cattle , Dogs , Humans , Bacterial Adhesion/genetics , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Dog Diseases/microbiology , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Intestines/microbiology , Swine Diseases/microbiology , Virulence Factors/genetics , Base Sequence , Cell Line, Tumor , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Genes, Bacterial , Gentamicins/pharmacology , HeLa Cells , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Swine
19.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 47(2): 95-102, June 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-757147

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to perform a current molecular characterization of bovine pathogenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from random samplings in Argentinean dairy farms. Rectal swabs were obtained from 395 (63.7 %) healthy and 225 (36.3 %) diarrheic calves, belonging to 45 dairy farms in Cordoba Province, Argentina. E. coli isolates were examined for virulence genes (f5, f41, f17, sta, stb, lt, eae, vt) using PCR and the prevalence of E. coli virulence profiles was spatially described in terms of spatial distribution. A total of 30.1 % isolates were found to be positive for at least one of the virulence genes. Depending on the different gene combinations present, 11 virulence profiles were found. Most of the isolates analyzed had a single gene, and no combination of fimbrial and enterotoxin gene was predominant. There was no association between the frequency and distribution of E. coli virulence genes and calf health status. Most of the virulence profiles were compatible with ETEC strains and showed a homogeneous distribution over the sampled area. A clustering pattern for E. coli virulence profiles could not be recognized. This work provides updated information on the molecular characterization of pathogenic E. coli strains from dairy herds in Cordoba, Argentina. These findings would be important to formulate prevention programs and effective therapies for diarrhea in calves caused by E. coli.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una caracterización molecular actualizada de cepas patógenas bovinas de Escherichia coli aisladas de un muestreo aleatorio en tambos de una de las principales zonas lecheras de Argentina. Se obtuvieron hisopados rectales de 395 terneros neonatos sanos (63,7 %) y 225 diarreicos (36,3 %) pertenecientes a 45 tambos de la provincia de Córdoba, Argentina. Los genes de virulencia f5, f41, f17, sta, stb, lt, eae y vt se analizaron mediante PCR y se investigó la prevalencia de los perfiles de virulencia en función de la distribución geográfica. La prevalencia de aislamientos de E. coli patogénicos con al menos un gen de virulencia fue del 30,1 %. Once perfiles de virulencia fueron identificados, dependiendo de la combinación de genes presentes. La mayor parte de las muestras presentó un solo gen de virulencia, y no predominó ninguna combinación de genes de fimbrias y toxinas. No hubo asociación entre la frecuencia y la distribución de los genes de virulencia y el estado de salud de los terneros. La mayoría de los perfiles de virulencia fueron compatibles con cepas ECET y se distribuyeron cubriendo toda el área geográfica muestreada. No se reconoció ningún patrón de agrupamiento espacial para dichos perfiles. Este trabajo provee información actualizada sobre la caracterización molecular de E. coli patógena en rodeos lecheros de Córdoba, Argentina. Estos resultados serían importantes para formular programas preventivos y terapias eficaces contra la diarrea bovina causada por E. coli.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Cattle/microbiology , Diarrhea/veterinary , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Genes, Bacterial , Argentina/epidemiology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Dairying , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Diarrhea/microbiology , Enterotoxins/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Fimbriae, Bacterial/genetics , Prevalence , Sampling Studies , Virulence/genetics
20.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(2): 545-549, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749722

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Moraxella bovis, M. bovoculi and M. ovis. Thirty-two strains of Moraxella spp. isolated from cattle and sheep with infectious keratoconjunctivitis were tested via broth microdilution method to determine their susceptibility to ampicillin, cefoperazone, ceftiofur, cloxacillin, enrofloxacin, florfenicol, gentamicin, neomycin, oxytetracycline and penicillin. The results demonstrated that Moraxella spp. strains could be considered sensitive for most of the antimicrobials tested in this study, but differences between the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of these three Moraxella species were found. M. bovis might differ from other species due to the higher MIC and MBC values it presented.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Keratoconjunctivitis, Infectious/microbiology , Moraxella/drug effects , Moraxellaceae Infections/veterinary , Sheep Diseases/microbiology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Microbial Viability/drug effects , Moraxella/isolation & purification , Moraxellaceae Infections/microbiology , Sheep
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