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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929143

ABSTRACT

Microenvironmental biophysical factors play a fundamental role in controlling cell behaviors including cell morphology, proliferation, adhesion and differentiation, and even determining the cell fate. Cells are able to actively sense the surrounding mechanical microenvironment and change their cellular morphology to adapt to it. Although cell morphological changes have been considered to be the first and most important step in the interaction between cells and their mechanical microenvironment, their regulatory network is not completely clear. In the current study, we generated silicon-based elastomer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates with stiff (15:1, PDMS elastomer vs. curing agent) and soft (45:1) stiffnesses, which showed the Young's moduli of ~450 kPa and 46 kPa, respectively, and elucidated a new path in cytoskeleton re-organization in chondrocytes in response to changed substrate stiffnesses by characterizing the axis shift from the secreted extracellular protein laminin β1, focal adhesion complex protein FAK to microfilament bundling. We first showed the cellular cytoskeleton changes in chondrocytes by characterizing the cell spreading area and cellular synapses. We then found the changes of secreted extracellular linkage protein, laminin β1, and focal adhesion complex protein, FAK, in chondrocytes in response to different substrate stiffnesses. These two proteins were shown to be directly interacted by Co-IP and colocalization. We next showed that impact of FAK on the cytoskeleton organization by showing the changes of microfilament bundles and found the potential intermediate regulators. Taking together, this modulation axis of laminin β1-FAK-microfilament could enlarge our understanding about the interdependence among mechanosensing, mechanotransduction, and cytoskeleton re-organization.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Chondrocytes , Cytoskeleton/metabolism , Elastomers/metabolism , Laminin/metabolism , Mechanotransduction, Cellular
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210038, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Potent signaling agents stimulate and guide pulp tissue regeneration, especially in endodontic treatment of teeth with incomplete root formation. Objective This study evaluated the bioactive properties of low concentrations of extracellular matrix proteins on human apical papilla cells (hAPCs). Methodology Different concentrations (1, 5, and 10 µg/mL) of fibronectin (FN), laminin (LM), and type I collagen (COL) were applied to the bottom of non-treated wells of sterilized 96-well plates. Non-treated and pre-treated wells were used as negative (NC) and positive (PC) controls. After seeding the hAPCs (5×103 cells/well) on the different substrates, we assessed the following parameters: adhesion, proliferation, spreading, total collagen/type I collagen synthesis and gene expression (ITGA5, ITGAV, COL1A1, COL3A1) (ANOVA/Tukey; α=0.05). Results We observed greater attachment potential for cells on the FN substrate, with the effect depending on concentration. Concentrations of 5 and 10 µg/mL of FN yielded the highest cell proliferation, spreading and collagen synthesis values with 10 µg/mL concentration increasing the ITGA5, ITGAV, and COL1A1 expression compared with PC. LM (5 and 10 µg/mL) showed higher bioactivity values than NC, but those were lower than PC, and COL showed no bioactivity at all. Conclusion We conclude that FN at 10 µg/mL concentration exerted the most intense bioactive effects on hAPCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Fibronectins , Cell Adhesion , Cells, Cultured , Laminin , Collagen Type I , Extracellular Matrix
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10807, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249324

ABSTRACT

Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are currently considered a central pivotal player in pathogenesis and development of atherosclerotic lesions. As consequence of vascular injury, SMCs migrate from the tunica media into the tunica intima layers where they contribute to neointimal formation by converting into foam cells and producing pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress markers. We targeted the replacement of neointimal SMCs by using the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy in experimentally induced atherosclerosis in an attempt to improve the atherosclerotic lesion and its concomitant complications. Rats were divided into 4 groups (n=20). Control group: rats kept on a standard chow diet; atherosclerotic group: rats received the atherogenic diet; stem cells-treated group: rats were injected with CD34+ stem cells (6×106 cells in 0.5 mL PBS in rat tail vein) and maintained on the atherogenic diet; and resveratrol-treated group: rats were supplemented orally with resveratrol at a dose level 3 mg/kg per day and the atherogenic diet. After 12 weeks, rats were euthanized, blood samples were collected for separation of serum, and abdominal aortas were excised for further biochemical, molecular, and histopathological investigations. We used resveratrol, the well-established anti-atherosclerotic drug, as a benchmark to assess the efficacy of stem cell therapy. MSCs treatment revealed significant amelioration in both histopathological and biochemical patterns as evidenced by decreased foam cells formation, ICAM-1, VCAM, M-CSF, iNOS, COX-2, and TNF-α. We concluded that MSCs therapy significantly replaced the neointimal SMCs and decreased adhesion molecules as well as the oxidative and inflammatory markers in atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Atherosclerosis/therapy , Cell Adhesion , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887905

ABSTRACT

Discoidin domain receptor 1(DDR1)is a critical member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family.It may be related to tumor invasion and metastasis,and the abnormal activation of DDR1 can lead to the occurrence and development of malignant tumors,inflammation,and fibrosis.DDR1 are involved in cell adhesion,migration,proliferation,secretion of cytokines,and remodeling of extracellular matrix,thus playing a critical role in various pathophysiological processes of the human body.In this review,we demonstrate the research progress of DDR1 in breast cancer and other malignant tumors,in order to provide a new theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer and other tumors.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Adhesion , Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 , Female , Fibrosis , Humans , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2668-2677, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887832

ABSTRACT

Seed cells, biomaterials and growth factors are three important aspects in tissue engineering. Biomaterials mimic extra cellular matrix in vivo, providing a sound environment for cells to grow and attach, so as to maintain cell viability and function. The physicochemical properties and modification molecules of material surface mediate cell behaviors like cell adhesion, proliferation, migration and differentiation, which in turn affect cellular function and tissue regeneration efficacy. Furthermore, the modification molecules of material surface are the direct contact point for cell adhesion and growth. Therefore, the interactions between cells and surface modification molecules are the key to tissue engineering. This review summarizes the effects of surface modification molecules on cell phenotypes and functions.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Cell Adhesion , Cell Differentiation , Extracellular Matrix , Tissue Engineering
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 151-159, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878244

ABSTRACT

Integrins are a large family of heterodimeric cell adhesion molecules composed of α and β subunits. Through interaction with their specific ligands, integrins mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Via outside-in signaling, integrins can recruit cytoplasmic proteins to their intracellular domains and then cluster into supramolecular structures and trigger downstream signaling. Integrin activation is associated with a global conformation rearrangement from bent to extended in ectodomains and the separation of α and β subunit cytoplasmic domains. During cell migration, integrins regulate the focal adhesion dynamics and transmit forces between the extracellular matrix and the cell cytoskeleton. In tumor microenvironment, integrins on multiple kinds of cells could be activated, which modulates cell migration into tumor and contributes to angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Here, we review the mechanism of integrin activation, dynamics of focal adhesions during cell migration and tumor metastasis.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Focal Adhesions , Integrins , Signal Transduction
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 304-309, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132294

ABSTRACT

Abstract Among other factors, types of bisphosphonates and treatment regimens seem to be strongly associated with the success or failure of installation of osseointegrated implants. This study investigated the influence of two bisphosphonates, sodium alendronate (SA) and zoledronic acid (ZA), on the metabolism of osteoblasts. Human osteoblasts (Saos-2) were seeded onto machined or acid-treated titanium discs previously placed on 24-well plates in complete culture medium. After 24 h, cells were exposed to bisphosphonates at 0.5, 1 or 5 µM for 24 h, 48 h or 7 days. The effects of SA and ZA on osteoblasts were assessed based on the adhesion of these cells to the titanium surfaces by direct fluorescence, cell viability, total protein and collagen synthesis. Alkaline phosphatase activity and mineral nodule deposition by these cells were also evaluated. Data were evaluated by ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05). Decreased adhesion of cells to the titanium discs was observed when exposed to both bisphosphonates; however, this lack of cell adhesion was more evident for ZA-treated cells. In addition, the exposure of osteoblasts to ZA decreased the viability, ALP activity and mineral nodule deposition, which may be related to poor osseointegration after implant installation.


Resumo Entre outros fatores, os tipos de bisfosfonatos bem como os regimes de tratamento parecem estar diretamente associados com o sucesso ou falhas na instalação de implantes osseointegrados. Este estudo avaliou a influência de dois bisfosfonatos, o alendronato de sódio (AS) e o ácido zoledrônico (AZ), no metabolismo de osteoblastos. Osteoblastos humanos (Saos-2) foram cultivados sobre discos de titânio polidos ou submetidos a tratamento ácido superficial, previamente alocados em placas de 24 compartimentos, utilizando meio de cultura completo. Após 24 horas, as células foram expostas aos bisfosfonatos, nas concentrações de 0,5, 1 ou 5 µM, por 24 h, 48 h, ou 7 dias. Os efeitos do AZ e AZ sobre os osteoblastos foram determinados considerando a adesão destas células às superfícies de titânio, por meio de fluorescência direta, a viabilidade celular, produção de proteína total e síntese de colágeno. A atividade de fosfatase alcalina e a deposição de nódulos mineralizados também foram avaliadas. Os dados foram analisados por meio do teste ANOVA complementado por Tukey (α = 0.05). Menor adesão dos osteoblastos foi observada quando estas células foram expostas a ambos os bisfosfonatos, porém, esta falha na adesão foi mais evidente para as células tratadas com AZ. Além disso, a exposição dos osteoblastos ao AZ também resultou em diminuição da viabilidade, atividade de ALP e deposição de nódulos mineralizados, o que pode estar relacionado a uma pobre osseointegração após a instalação do implante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium , Diphosphonates , Osteoblasts , Surface Properties , Cell Adhesion , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Cell Proliferation , Alkaline Phosphatase , Zoledronic Acid
8.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190336, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057282

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Candida parapsilosis complex species differ from each other with regard to their prevalence and virulence. METHODS: The hydrolytic enzyme activity, biofilm production, and adhesion to epithelial cells were analyzed in 87 C. parapsilosis complex strains. RESULTS: Among the studied isolates, 97.7%, 63.2%, and 82.8% exhibited very strong proteinase, esterase, and hemolysin activity, respectively. All the C. parapsilosis complex isolates produced biofilms and presented an average adherence of 96.0 yeasts/100 epithelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that Candida parapsilosis complex isolates showed different levels of enzyme activity, biofilm production, and adhesion to epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Virulence Factors/analysis , Candida parapsilosis/pathogenicity , Cell Adhesion , Mycological Typing Techniques , Biofilms/growth & development , Candida parapsilosis/isolation & purification , Candida parapsilosis/classification , Candida parapsilosis/enzymology , Hydrolases/biosynthesis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880854

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological efficacy of a unique perpendicular protrusion of type-I collagen (Col-I) from TiO


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Adhesion , Collagen Type I , Mice , NIH 3T3 Cells , Nanotubes , Surface Properties , Titanium
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 605-616, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878206

ABSTRACT

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in the development and pathogenesis of respiratory system. Epithelial cells are characterized by well-developed, intercellular contacts, whereas EMT triggers the sequential destabilization of cell-cell adhesive junctions. The dynamic remodeling of the epithelial cell adhesion molecules is important for maintaining the integrity and normal function of epithelium. This paper reviews the research progress of EMT in lung development, lung injury repair and chronic lung diseases, and summarizes the effect of cell junctions and cell adhesion molecules on EMT molecular events.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Respiratory System
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 220-226, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827066

ABSTRACT

Synaptic cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are a type of membrane surface glycoproteins that mediate the structural and functional interactions between pre- and post-synaptic sites. Synaptic CAMs dynamically regulate synaptic activity and plasticity, and their expression and function are modulated by environmental factors. Synaptic CAMs are also important effector molecules of stress response, and mediate the adverse impact of stress on cognition and emotion. In this review, we will summarize the recent progress on the role of synaptic CAMs in stress, and aim to provide insight into the molecular mechanisms and drug development of stress-related disorders.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Physiology , Humans , Neuronal Plasticity , Stress, Physiological , Stress, Psychological , Synapses
12.
Clinics ; 74: e688, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES This study aims to compare the differential gene expression resulting from tocotrienol-rich fraction and α-tocopherol supplementation in healthy older adults. METHODS A total of 71 eligible subjects aged 50 to 55 years from Gombak and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, were divided into three groups and supplemented with placebo (n=23), α-tocopherol (n=24) or tocotrienol-rich fraction (n=24). Blood samples were collected at baseline and at 3 and 6 months of supplementation for microarray analysis. RESULTS The number of genes altered by α-tocopherol was higher after 6 months (1,410) than after 3 months (273) of supplementation. α-Tocopherol altered the expression of more genes in males (952) than in females (731). Similarly, tocotrienol-rich fraction modulated the expression of more genes after 6 months (1,084) than after 3 months (596) and affected more genes in males (899) than in females (781). α-Tocopherol supplementation modulated pathways involving the response to stress and stimuli, the immune response, the response to hypoxia and bacteria, the metabolism of toxins and xenobiotics, mitosis, and synaptic transmission as well as activated the mitogen-activated protein kinase and complement pathways after 6 months. However, tocotrienol-rich fraction supplementation affected pathways such as the signal transduction, apoptosis, nuclear factor kappa B kinase, cascade extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-2, immune response, response to drug, cell adhesion, multicellular organismal development and G protein signaling pathways. CONCLUSION Supplementation with either α-tocopherol or tocotrienol-rich fraction affected the immune and drug response and the cell adhesion and signal transduction pathways but modulated other pathways differently after 6 months of supplementation, with sex-specific responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Gene Expression/drug effects , Dietary Supplements , alpha-Tocopherol/pharmacology , Tocotrienols/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Protein Kinases/drug effects , Time Factors , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Single-Blind Method , Sex Factors , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Immune System/drug effects
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763014

ABSTRACT

Melanoma cells have been shown to respond to BRAF inhibitors; however, intrinsic and acquired resistance limits their clinical application. In this study, we performed RNA-Seq analysis with BRAF inhibitor-sensitive (A375P) and


Subject(s)
Antigen Presentation , Biological Phenomena , Cell Adhesion , Cell Line , Cell Movement , Classification , Collagen , Drug Resistance , Extracellular Matrix , Gene Expression , Gene Ontology , Melanoma , Osteoblasts , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the process characterization of graphene oxide loaded on pure titanium surface and effect on the biological properties of Staphylococcus aureus and osteoblasts.@*METHODS@#Graphene oxide at four concentrations (20, 50, 80, and 100 µg·mL⁻¹) was loaded on the pure titanium surface via electroplating, and the morphology, properties, and hydrophilic properties were measured with a field emission scanning electron microscope, micro Raman spectrometer, and contact angle tester, respectively. In addition, Staphylococcus aureus and osteoblasts were used as models and cultured with pure titanium-graphene oxide. Then, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and laser confocal microscopy were utilized to observe the changes in the amount of bacteria and osteoblast morphology and structure, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Graphene oxide at the four concentrations was successfully loaded on pure titanium surface via electroplating. It improved the hydrophilic properties of pure titanium surface, which benefitted the adhesion and growth of Staphylococcus aureus and changed the morphology and structure of the osteoblasts.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pure titanium-graphene oxide composite has no antibacterial properties and has good biocompatibility.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Cell Adhesion , Graphite , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Osteoblasts , Oxides , Surface Properties , Titanium
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742389

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) printing with a direct metal fabrication (DMF) technology has been innovatively introduced in the field of surface treatment of prostheses. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such modifications on the surface of cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy by titanium powder coating using DMF improves the osseointegration ability of CoCr alloy. METHODS: We compared the in vitro and in vivo ability of cells to adhere to DMF-coated CoCr alloy with machining. Biological and morphological responses to human osteoblast cell lines were examined by measuring cell proliferation rate and observing expression of actin filament. For in vivo study, we inserted different specimens in each medulla of the distal femurs of rabbit. After 3 months, the distal femurs were harvested, and a push-out test and histomorphometric analyses were performed. RESULTS: The cell proliferation rate and cell adhesion in the DMF group were higher compared with those in the machined group. Human osteoblast cells on the DMF-coated surface were more strongly adhered and well-proliferated compared with those on the other surface. In the in vivo test, there was a significant difference in the ultimate shear strength between the DMF and machined groups (2.49 MPa vs. 0.87 MPa, respectively, p = 0.001). In the histomorphometric analysis, there was a significant difference in the mean bone-to-implant contact percentages between the DMF and machined groups (72.3 ± 6.2% vs. 47.6 ± 6.9%, respectively, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Titanium coating of CoCr alloy with 3D metal printing provides optimal surface characteristics and a good biological surface both in vitro and in vivo.


Subject(s)
Actin Cytoskeleton , Alloys , Cell Adhesion , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Femur , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Osseointegration , Osteoblasts , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants , Shear Strength , Titanium
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776012

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differences in biological functions between bone marrow(BM)-derived CD106 mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)and the CD106 subgroup. Methods The MSCs from normal BM were isolated and expanded.The subgroups of CD106 and CD106 MSCs were sorted.The cell proliferation and adhesion functions,chemotactic activities,adipogenic and osteogenic potentials,senescence,and senescence protein 21(p21)were detected.The capacity of translocation into nucleus of nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB)when stimulated by tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α)was measured. Results The proliferative ability was higher in CD106 MSCs than that in CD106 MSCs.In 48 hours,the value of optical density(OD)was significantly higher in CD106 MSCs than that in CD106 subgroup(1.004±0.028 0.659±0.023,=3.946,=0.0225).In 72 hours,this phenomenon was even more pronounced(2.574±0.089 1.590±0.074,=11.240,=0.0000).The adhesive capacity of CD106 MSCs was significantly stronger than that of CD106 subgroup(0.648±0.018 0.418±0.023,=7.869,=0.0002).Besides,the metastasis ability of CD106 MSCs were significantly stronger than that of CD106 subgroup(114.500±4.481 71.000±4.435,=6.900,=0.0005).The CD106 MSCs had signifcnatly lower proportions of senescent cells.The expression of aging protein p21 in CD106 MSCs was significantly lower than that in CD106 MSCs [(17.560±1.421)% (45.800±2.569)%,=9.618,=0.0000].Furthermore,there were no visible pigmenting cells after β-galactosidase staining in CD106 MSCs subgroup.However,in CD106 MSCs,some colored green cells were detected.The rate of NF-κB translocation into nucleus after stimulated by TNF-α was significantly higher in CD106 MSCs than CD106 MSCs [(37.780±3.268)% (7.30±1.25)%,=8.713,=0.0001]. Conclusion Bone marrow-derived CD106 MSCs possess more powerful biological functions than CD106 MSCs.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Protein Transport , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish 293T cell lines stably expressing Calpain-cleavage related α3 cytoplasmic tail mutants, and to explore the effect of amino acid motifs in integrin β3 cytoplasmic tail on αⅡbβ3-mediated cell function.@*METHODS@#293T cell lines stably co-expressing human wild type integrin αⅡb and full length β3 or mutant β3, including β3-ΔNITY (β3 cytoplasmic tail NITY motif deleted), β3-Δ754 (β3 cytoplasmic tail TNITYRGT motif deleted) and β3-Δ759 (β3 cytoplasmic tail RGT motif deleted) were established. Spreading and adhesion of these stable cell lines on immobilized fibrinogen were tested.@*RESULTS@#293T-αⅡbβ3ΔNITY, 293T-αⅡbβ3Δ754, 293T-αⅡbβ3Δ759 and 293T-αⅡbβ3 cell lines were successfully established. Compared with the 293T cells, 293T-αⅡbβ3 cells which expressed full β3, possessed well adhesion and spread ability on immobilized fibrinogen, suggesting it can be as a surrogate for platelet. Compared with 293T-αⅡbβ3 cells, the 293T-αⅡbβ3ΔNITY cells showed a partial impairment of adhesion and spreadability on immobilized fibrinogen. while the 293T-αⅡbβ3Δ754 cells and 293T-αⅡbβ3Δ759 cells failed to adhere or spread on immobilized fibrinogen.@*CONCLUSION@#To the cell spreading function mediated by integrin β3, RGT motif is vital, while NITY can be dispensable. These established 293T cell lines stably expressing different β3 mutants provide a solid basis for a further analysis of mass spectrometry.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Motifs , Animals , CHO Cells , Cell Adhesion , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Integrin beta3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774133

ABSTRACT

There is a great demand for blood and stem cells in clinic. It is difficult to achieve high throughput and to increase the cooling rate at the same time during vitrification. In this paper, a micro-droplet spray system with a container collection device was fabricated, and HepG2 cells were sprayed by this system for high-throughput vitrification. First, the container collection device and a cryo-paper were used to receive micro-droplets in the spray vitrification system. The results showed that the cell survival rate and 24h adhesion rate in container collection vitrification group were significantly higher than those in cryo-paper collection group. Second, HepG2 cells were sprayed and vitrified at increased cell density, and it was found that the results of micro-droplet spray vitrification did not change significantly. Finally, micro-droplet spray vitrification is compared with slow freezing. Cell processing capacity in the vitrification group increased, meanwhile, the cell survival rate and 24h adhesion rate in the vitrification group were significantly higher than those in slow freezing group. The results indicated that the micro-droplet spray vitrification system with container collection device designed in this paper can achieve high-throughput cell vitrification, which is of great significance for mass preservation of small cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Survival , Cryopreservation , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Vitrification
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772265

ABSTRACT

The biophysical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM) dictate tissue-specific cell behaviour. In the skeleton system, bone shows the potential to adapt its architecture and contexture to environmental rigidity via the bone remodelling process, which involves chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes and even peripheral bone marrow-derived stem/stromal cells (BMSCs). In the current study, we generated stiff (~1 014 ± 56) kPa, Young's modulus) and soft (~46 ± 11) kPa silicon-based elastomer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates by mixing curing agent into oligomeric base at 1:5 and 1:45 ratios, respectively, and investigated the influence of substrate stiffness on the cell behaviours by characterizing cell spreading area, cell cytoskeleton and cell adhesion capacity. The results showed that the cell spreading areas of chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes and BMSCs were all reduced in the soft substrate relative to those in the stiff substrate. F-actin staining confirmed that the cytoskeleton was also changed in the soft group compared to that in the stiff group. Vinculin in focal adhesion plaques was significantly decreased in response to soft substrate compared to stiff substrate. This study establishes the potential correlation between microenvironmental mechanics and the skeletal system, and the results regarding changes in cell spreading area, cytoskeleton and cell adhesion further indicate the important role of biomechanics in the cell-matrix interaction.


Subject(s)
Actins , Cell Adhesion , Elastic Modulus , Focal Adhesions , Physiology , Humans , Vinculin , Metabolism
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