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J. appl. oral sci ; 25(3): 265-273, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893620


Abstract Elderly denture wearers are commonly affected by Candida-associated denture stomatitis (DS), an inflammatory process of the oral mucosa strongly associated with Candida spp and other microorganisms, as well as local and systemic factors. The impaired immune response against pathogens is among the inherent host factors that have been also associated with the pathogenesis of DS. Mononuclear phagocytes respond to the pathogens through phagocytosis followed by the production of several substances inside the phagosomes, among them are the reactive nitrogen species (RNS). A failure in these mechanisms may contribute to the DS development. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of aging on the internalization and the production of nitric oxide (NO) by peritoneal adherent cells (PAC), in response to Candida albicans (C. albicans). Material and methods PAC obtained from young and aged mice were challenged with dead or viable C. albicans by using predetermined proportions (cells:yeast) for 30 and 120 minutes. Phagocytosis was analyzed by acridine orange dye, and NO production by the Griess reaction. Results C. albicans phagocytosis by PAC from aged mice was similar to that of young mice, although the cells from older mice cells present more internalized fungi compared with matched control. In addition, a tendency towards impaired NO production by peritoneal mononuclear phagocytes from aged mice was observed. Conclusions PAC from aged mice may capture and store many fungi, which in turn may mean that these cells are effectively unable to eliminate fungi, probably due to impaired NO production. Therefore, considering the important role of C. albicans overgrowth in the pathogenesis of DS and the aspects observed in this study, aging may favor the onset and severity of local candidosis such as DS and its systemic forms.

Animals , Male , Phagocytosis/physiology , Stomatitis, Denture/metabolism , Stomatitis, Denture/microbiology , Candida albicans/pathogenicity , Aging/physiology , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Peritoneum/cytology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Candida albicans/isolation & purification , Candidiasis/microbiology , Age Factors , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nitric Oxide/analysis
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 20(2): 160-165, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780803


Abstract This study was undertaken in order to assess the involvement of Mycobacterium tuberculosis pili (MTP) as an adhesin, invasin, and cytokine inducer in the M. tuberculosis-epithelial cell interaction. A MTP-deficient strain of M. tuberculosis demonstrated a significant reduction of 69.39% (p = 0.047) and 56.20% (p = 0.033) in its ability to adhere to and invade A549 pulmonary epithelial cells, respectively, in comparison with the wild-type strain. Complementation of the MTP-deficient mutant restored its adhesion and invasion capacity back to the wild-type levels. Overall, it was found that similar concentrations of IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, G-CSF, IFN-γ, MCP-1, and TNF-α were induced in A549 cells infected with the MTP-proficient and MTP-deficient strains. However, at 48 h post-infection, the MTP-deficient mutant induced significantly lower levels of TNF-α than the wild-type strain (p = 0.033). Furthermore, at 72 h post-infection, the mutant induced significantly higher levels of IL-8 than the wild-type (p = 0.005). We conclude that MTP is an adhesin/invasin of epithelial cells and, while playing a role in M. tuberculosis entry, they do not appear to largely influence the epithelial cell cytokine response.

Humans , Bacterial Proteins/physiology , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cytokines/immunology , Fimbriae, Bacterial/physiology , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/physiology , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/immunology
Clinics ; 68(12): 1537-1542, dez. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-697707


OBJECTIVES: Estrogen has been shown to play an important protective role in non-reproductive systems, such as the cardiovascular system. Our aim was to observe gender differences in vivo with regard to the increase in macromolecular permeability and leukocyte-endothelium interaction induced by ischemia/reperfusion as well as in microvascular reactivity to vasoactive substances using the hamster cheek pouch preparation. METHODS: Thirty-six male and 36 female hamsters, 21 weeks old, were selected for this study, and their cheek pouches were prepared for intravital microscopy. An increase in the macromolecular permeability of post-capillary venules was quantified as a leakage of intravenously injected fluorescein-labeled dextran, and the leukocyte-endothelium interaction was measured as the number of fluorescent rolling leukocytes or leukocytes adherent to the venular wall, labeled with rhodamin G, during reperfusion after 30 min of local ischemia. For microvascular reactivity, the mean internal diameter of arterioles was evaluated after the topical application of different concentrations of two vasoconstrictors, phenylephrine (α1-agonist) and endothelin-1, and two vasodilators, acetylcholine (endothelial-dependent) and sodium nitroprusside (endothelial-independent). RESULTS: The increase in macromolecular permeability induced by ischemia/reperfusion was significantly lower in females compared with males [19 (17-22) leaks/cm2 vs. 124 (123-128) leaks/cm2, respectively, p<0.001), but the number of rolling or adherent leukocytes was not different between the groups. Phenylephrine-induced arteriolar constriction was significantly lower in females compared with males [77 (73-102)% vs. 64 (55-69)%, p<0.04], but there were no detectable differences in endothelin-1-dependent vasoreactivity. Additionally, arteriolar vasodilatation elicited by acetylcholine or sodium nitroprusside did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSION: The ...

Animals , Cricetinae , Female , Male , Cardiovascular System/metabolism , Estrogens/metabolism , Microcirculation/physiology , Acetylcholine/pharmacology , Capillary Permeability , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cheek/blood supply , Endothelium, Vascular/physiology , Leukocytes/physiology , Nitroprusside/pharmacology , Phenylephrine/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Sex Factors , Time Factors
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(7): 825-831, 1jan. 2013.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696015


Developing thymocytes interact with thymic epithelial cells (TECs) through cell-cell interactions, TEC-derived secretory moieties and extracellular matrix (ECM)-mediated interactions. These physiological interactions are crucial for normal thymocyte differentiation, but can be disrupted in pathological situations. Indeed, there is severe thymic atrophy in animals acutely infected with Trypanosoma cruzi due to CD4+CD8+ thymocyte depletion secondary to caspase-mediated apoptosis, together with changes in ECM deposition and thymocyte migration. We studied an in vitro model of TEC infection by T. cruzi and found that infected TEC cultures show a reduced number of cells, which was likely associated with decreased proliferative capacity, but not with increased cell death, as demonstrated by bromodeoxyuridine and annexin-V labelling. The infected TEC cultures exhibited increased expression of fibronectin (FN), laminin (LM) and type IV collagen. Importantly, treatment with FN increased the relative number of infected cells, whereas treatment with anti-FN or anti-LM antibodies resulted in lower infection rates. Consistent with these data, we observed increased thymocyte adhesion to infected TEC cultures. Overall, these results suggest that ECM molecules, particularly FN, facilitate infection of the thymic epithelium and that the consequent enhancement of ECM expression might be associated with changes in TEC-thymocyte interactions.

Animals , Male , Chagas Disease/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Fibronectins/metabolism , Thymocytes/metabolism , Thymus Gland/metabolism , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Communication/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial Cells/parasitology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Thymocytes/parasitology , Thymus Gland/cytology
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(4): 488-493, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-678286


The infectious process starts with an initial contact between pathogen and host. We have previously demonstrated that Paracoccidioides brasiliensis conidia interact with plasma proteins including fibrinogen, which is considered the major component of the coagulation system. In this study, we evaluated the in vitro capacity of P. brasiliensis conidia to aggregate with plasma proteins and compounds involved in the coagulation system. We assessed the aggregation of P. brasiliensis conidia after incubation with human serum or plasma in the presence or absence of anticoagulants, extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, metabolic and protein inhibitors, monosaccharides and other compounds. Additionally, prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times were determined after the interaction of P. brasiliensis conidia with human plasma. ECM proteins, monosaccharides and human plasma significantly induced P. brasiliensis conidial aggregation; however, anticoagulants and metabolic and protein inhibitors diminished the aggregation process. The extrinsic coagulation pathway was not affected by the interaction between P. brasiliensis conidia and plasma proteins, while the intrinsic pathway was markedly altered. These results indicate that P. brasiliensis conidia interact with proteins involved in the coagulation system. This interaction may play an important role in the initial inflammatory response, as well as fungal disease progression caused by P. brasiliensis dissemination.

Humans , Blood Coagulation/physiology , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/metabolism , Fibrinogen/metabolism , Paracoccidioides/physiology , Spores, Fungal/physiology , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Inflammation/parasitology
Braz. dent. j ; 24(2): 128-135, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675657


As dogs are good models for in vivo studies, it is interesting to evaluate the behavior of canine gingival fibroblasts (CGF) in vitro, so that these cells could be seeded on a matrix and later studied in vivo. The aim of this study was to perform a morphological, functional and biochemical analysis of CGF, comparing it with human gingival fibroblasts (HGF), as well as to evaluate the change of their characteristics over several passages. Using gingival fibroblasts from 3 dogs and 3 humans in the subculture (Sub), first (P1), third (P3), fifth (P5) and seventh (P7) passages, the following parameters were assessed: cell morphology, spreading, adhesion, viability and total protein content. The results showed no major differences between the passages in terms of morphology and spreading, and a tendency of greater adhesion and viability for HGF when compared with CGF. The total protein content was significantly higher for HGF. HGF exhibited greater functional and biochemical activity in vitro compared to CGF. Higher numbers at Sub were observed for both CGF and HGF in all evaluated parameters. The differences do not prevent the use of CGF for tissue engineering, but its use seems to be more appropriate in the subculture or first passage.

Resumo Como os cães são um bom modelo para estudos in vivo, é interessante avaliar o comportamento de fibroblastos gengivais de cão (CGF) in vitro, para que essas células possam ser cultivadas em uma matriz e estudadas in vivo posteriormente. O objetivo do presente estudo foi realizar uma análise morfológica, funcional e bioquímica de CGF, comparando-os a fibroblastos gengivais humanos (HGF), bem como avaliar as alterações dessas características ao longo de várias passagens. Usando fibroblastos gengivais de 3 cães e 3 indivíduos na subcultura (Sub), primeira (P1), terceira (P3), quinta (P5) e sétima (P7) passagens, os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: morfologia, espraiamento, adesão, viabilidade e conteúdo de proteína total. Os resultados mostraram não haver diferenças significativas quanto à morfologia e espraiamento, e uma tendência a maior adesão e viabilidade para HGF, quando comparados a CGF. O conteúdo de proteína total foi significativamente maior para HGF. HGF exibiram maior atividade funcional e bioquímica in vitro quando comparados a CGF. Maiores valores na Sub foram observados para ambos, CGF e HGF, em todos os parâmetros avaliados. As diferenças não impedem o uso de CGF na engenharia tecidual, contudo, seu uso é mais apropriado na subcultura ou primeira passagem. .

Animals , Dogs , Humans , Fibroblasts/cytology , Gingiva/cytology , Cell Count , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Shape , Cells, Cultured , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Cell Survival/physiology , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Fibroblasts/physiology , Models, Animal , Primary Cell Culture , Proteins/analysis , Time Factors , Tissue Engineering/methods
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 45(6): 739-744, Nov.-Dec. 2012. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-661077


INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the early events in the interaction between Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and its host. To understand the effect of carbohydrates in the interaction between the fungus and epithelial cell in culture, we analyzed the influence of different carbohydrate solutions on the adhesion of P. brasiliensis yeast cells to CCL-6 cells in culture. METHODS: Fungal cells were cultivated with the epithelial cell line, and different concentrations of D-fucose, N-acetyl-glucosamine, D-mannose, D-glucosamine, D-galactosamine, sorbitol and fructose were added at the beginning of the experiment. Six hours after the treatment, the cells were fixed and observed by light microscopy. The number of P. brasiliensis cells that were adhered to the CCL-6 monolayer was estimated. RESULTS: The number of adhesion events was diminished following treatments with D-fucose, N-acetyl-glucosamine, D-mannose, D-glucosamine and D-galactosamine as compared to the untreated controls. Sorbitol and fructose-treated cells had the same adhesion behavior as the observed in the control. P. brasiliensis propagules were treated with fluorescent lectins. The FITC-labeled lectins WGA and Con-A bound to P. brasiliensis yeast cells, while SBA and PNA did not. CONCLUSIONS: The perceptual of adhesion between P. brasiliensis and CCL-6 cells decreased with the use of D-mannose, N-acetyl-glucosamine and D-glucosamine. The assay using FITC-labeled lectins suggests the presence of N-acetyl-glucosamine, α-mannose and α-glucose on the P. brasiliensis cell surface. An enhanced knowledge of the mediators of adhesion on P. brasiliensis could be useful in the future for the development of more efficient and less harmful methods for disease treatment and control.

INTRODUÇÃO: Pouco se conhece a respeito dos eventos iniciais que mediam as interações entre Paracoccidioides brasiliensis e seus hospedeiros. Com a intenção de compreender a importância de carboidratos junto a estas interações, foram analisados os efeitos de soluções de carboidratos sobre a adesão de células leveduriformes de P. brasiliensis sobre culturas de células CCL-6. MÉTODOS: As células fúngicas foram cultivadas com as células epiteliais e diferentes concentrações de D-fucose, N-acetyl-glucosamina, D-manose, D-glicosamina, D-galactosamina, sorbitol e frutose foram adicionadas ao cultivo no início da interação. Após 6h de tratamento, as células foram fixadas e observadas em microscópio óptico. RESULTADOS: Os tratamentos utilizando D-fucose, N-acetil-glicosamina, D-manose, D-glicosamina e D-galactosamina reduziram os números de adesões quando comparados com o controle. Os tratamentos realizados com o uso de sorbitol e frutose apresentaram os mesmos resultados observados no controle. Para detectar a presença de carboidratos na superfície do fungo, propágulos de P. brasiliensis foram tratados com lectinas fluorescentes. WGA-FITC e Con-A-FITC se ligaram às células de P. brasiliensis ao contrário de SBA e PNA. CONCLUSÕES: O percentual de adesão entre P. brasiliensis e células CCL-6 foi reduzido com o uso de D-manose, N-acetil-glicosamina e D-glicosamina. O uso de lectinas marcadas sugeriu a presença de N-acetil-glicosamina, α-manose e α-glicose na superfície de P. brasiliensis. Estes resultados contribuem para o aumento do conhecimento relacionado aos mediadores de adesão de P. brasiliensis, e poderão ser utilizados no futuro para o desenvolvimento de medidas mais eficientes para o controle e tratamento deste patógeno.

Carbohydrates/pharmacology , Host-Pathogen Interactions/physiology , Paracoccidioides/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Host-Pathogen Interactions/drug effects , Paracoccidioides/metabolism
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(6): 720-727, set. 2012. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-649485


Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus are parasitic, flagellated protists that inhabit the urogenital tract of humans and bovines, respectively. T. vaginalis causes the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted disease worldwide and has been associated with an increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection in humans. Infections by T. foetus cause significant losses to the beef industry worldwide due to infertility and spontaneous abortion in cows. Several studies have shown a close association between trichomonads and the epithelium of the urogenital tract. However, little is known concerning the interaction of trichomonads with cells from deeper tissues, such as fibroblasts and muscle cells. Published parasite-host cell interaction studies have reported contradictory results regarding the ability of T. foetus and T. vaginalis to interact with and damage cells of different tissues. In this study, parasite-host cell interactions were examined by culturing primary human fibroblasts obtained from abdominal biopsies performed during plastic surgeries with trichomonads. In addition, mouse 3T3 fibroblasts, primary chick embryo myogenic cells and L6 muscle cells were also used as models of target cells. The parasite-host cell cultures were processed for scanning and transmission electron microscopy and were tested for cell viability and cell death. JC-1 staining, which measures mitochondrial membrane potential, was used to determine whether the parasites induced target cell damage. Terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end labelling staining was used as an indicator of chromatin damage. The colorimetric crystal violet assay was performed to ana-lyse the cytotoxicity induced by the parasite. The results showed that T. foetus and T. vaginalis adhered to and were cytotoxic to both fibroblasts and muscle cells, indicating that trichomonas infection of the connective and muscle tissues is likely to occur; such infections could cause serious risks to the infected host.

Animals , Chick Embryo , Humans , Mice , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Fibroblasts/parasitology , Host-Parasite Interactions/physiology , Muscle Cells/parasitology , Trichomonas vaginalis/physiology , Tritrichomonas foetus/physiology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling
J. appl. oral sci ; 20(1): 82-88, Jan.-Feb. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-618158


OBJECTIVES: This study investigated cellular attachment to 6 root-end filling materials as a measure of the biocompatibility of the materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Class I retrograde cavities were prepared in root slices and these cavities were filled with the test materials, and incubated with Balb/C 3T3 fibroblasts for 24 h. Root slices with the cavities left empty served as the controls. The root slices were then processed for scanning electron microscopy, and were viewed to assess the quality of cellular attachment by observing the shape of cells, spread, and membrane outline. RESULTS: The best cellular attachment was observed at MTA and Geristore surfaces: cells exhibited characteristic elongated fibroblastic morphology, with projections of lamellipodia, filopodia, blebs, and microvilli from their surfaces, reflecting good attachment to the material. Fibroblasts attached poorly to the surfaces of IRM, Super EBA, KetacFil and Retroplast. Furthermore, the cells did not attach well to the tooth structure next to IRM and Super EBA. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated a variation in cellular attachment to different root-end filling materials with the best cellular attachment to the surfaces of MTA and Geristore. IRM and Super EBA, Ketac Fil and Retroplast rendered poor attachment.

Animals , Mice , Biocompatible Materials , Fibroblasts/physiology , Root Canal Filling Materials , Aluminum Compounds , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate , Calcium Compounds , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Dental Materials , Drug Combinations , Glass Ionomer Cements , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Oxides , Resins, Synthetic , Silicates , Time Factors
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(1): 89-95, Feb. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-612811


Insect cell cultures are an important biotechnological tool for basic and applied studies. The objective of this work was to establish and characterise a new cell line from Culex quinquefasciatus embryonic tissues. Embryonated eggs were taken as a source of tissue to make explants that were seeded in L-15, Grace's, Grace's/L-15, MM/VP12, Schneider's and DMEM culture media with a pH range from 6.7-6.9 and incubated at 28ºC. The morphological, cytogenetic, biochemical and molecular characteristics of the cell cultures were examined by observing the cell shapes, obtaining the karyotypes, using a cellulose-acetate electrophoretic system and performing random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction analysis, respectively. The Grace's/L-15 medium provided the optimal nutritional conditions for cell adhesion and proliferation. Approximately 40-60 days following the explant procedure, a confluent monolayer was formed. Cellular morphology in the primary cultures and the subcultures was heterogeneous, but in the monolayer the epithelioid morphology type predominated. A karyotype with a diploid number of six chromosomes (2n = 6) was observed. Isoenzymatic and molecular patterns of the mosquito cell cultures matched those obtained from the immature and adult forms of the same species. Eighteen subcultures were generated. These cell cultures potentially constitute a useful tool for use in biomedical applications.

Animals , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Culex/cytology , Embryo, Nonmammalian/cytology , Cell Proliferation , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Line/chemistry , Cell Line/cytology , Karyotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction
Bauru; s.n; 2011. 76 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-707674


Resultados de pesquisas prévias tem encontrado potencial aumentado para a consolidação de enxertos ósseos mediante desmineralização do material enxertado e/ou das superfícies de consolidação. Entretanto há carência de embasamento apoiado em evidências biológicas do benefício de tal procedimento. Para testar esta hipótese, o tecido ósseo da calvária de cobaias (Cavia porcellus) foi exposto ao condicionamento por ácido cítrico durante 15, 30, 90 e 180 segundos (grupos teste). Quarenta e cinco discos ósseos de três milímetros de diâmetro foram removidos dos animais, dos quais 36 foram condicionados com ácido cítrico pH 1 a 50% e nove não receberam condicionamento (grupo controle). Sobre nove discos de cada grupo foram cultivados pré-osteoblastos MC3T3-E1 durante 24, 48 e 72 horas (três discos de cada grupo em cada tempo). Análises da morfologia celular, do número de células aderidas sobre as superfícies e da área de cobertura destas superfícies por préosteoblastos foram realizadas à microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Observou-se aumento do número de células aderidas às superfícies com o tempo, independentemente de haver condicionamento ou de seu tempo de aplicação. Entretanto, essa diferença só foi estatisticamente significante intragrupos (p<0,05) e quando comparados os períodos de 24 e 72 horas de incubação. A área de cobertura das superfícies por células aumentou significantemente com o tempo somente nos grupos teste, também entre os períodos de incubação de 24 e 72 horas (p<0,01). O grupo controle apresentou-se com 50% ou menos de área de cobertura superficial em relação aos demais. A duração de aplicação do ácido não interferiu significantemente nesse parâmetro de avaliação, mas nos grupos 15 e 30, a área de recobrimento ósseo mais do que triplicou às 72 horas em relação às 24 horas (p<0,01), com cerca de 70% das superfícies cobertas por células, contra 30% no grupo controle. Conclui-se que a desmineralização óssea...

Results of previous research has found increased potential for the consolidation of bone grafts by demineralization of the graft material and / or areas of consolidation. However there is a lack of foundation supported by biological evidence of benefits from such procedures. To test this hypothesis, the bone tissue of the calvaria of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) were exposed to conditioning by citric acid for 15, 30, 90 and 180 seconds (test group). Forty-five bone disks measuring three millimeters in diameter were removed from the animals, of which 36 were conditioned with citric acid pH 1 to 50% and nine did not receive conditioning (control group). About nine disks in each group were pre-cultured with MC3T3- E1 osteoblasts for 24, 48 and 72 hours (three discs of each group at each time point). Analysis of cell morphology, number of cells attached on the surface and the coverage area of these surfaces by pre-osteoblasts were performed on scanning electron microscopy. There was na increase in the number of cells attached to surfaces over time, regardless of conditioning or application time. However, this difference was not statistically significant intra-group (p <0.05) when comparing the periods of 24 and 72 hours of incubation. The coverage area of the surfaces of cells increased significantly with time only in the test groups, also among the incubation periods of 24 and 72 hours (p <0.01). The control group presented with 50% or less of surface area coverage compared to the other. The duration of application of the acid did not affect significantly this parameter of evaluation, but in groups 15 and 30, the bonearea covered more than tripled from 24 to 72 hours (p <0.01), with about 70 % of the area covered by cells, versus 30% in the control group. It was concluded that bone demineralization in the studied conditioning times provides a substrate on which cells acquire pre-osteoblastic morphology compatible with...

Animals , Male , Guinea Pigs , Skull/cytology , Osteoblasts/physiology , Bone Demineralization Technique/methods , Citric Acid/chemistry , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Movement/physiology , Surface Properties , Time Factors
Braz. dent. j ; 22(3): 179-184, 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595640


The bone-biomaterial interface has been characterized by layers of afibrillar extracellular matrix (ECM) enriched in non collagenous proteins, including osteopontin (OPN), a multifunctional protein that in bone controls cell adhesion and ECM mineralization. Physical and chemical aspects of biomaterial surfaces have been demonstrated to affect cell-ECM-substrate interactions. The present paper described the ability of oxidative nanopatterning of titanium (Ti) surfaces to control extracellular OPN deposition in vitro. Ti discs were chemically treated by a mixture of H2SO4/H2O2 for either 30 min [Nano(30') Ti] or 4 h [Nano(4h) Ti]. Non-etched Ti discs were used as control. Primary osteogenic cells derived from newborn rat calvarial bone were plated on control and etched Ti and grown under osteogenic conditions up to 7 days. High resolution scanning electron microscopy revealed that treated Ti discs exhibited a nanoporous surface and that areas of larger nanopits were noticed only for Nano(4h) Ti. Large extracellular OPN accumulation were detectable only for Nano(4h) Ti, which was associated with OPN-positive cells with typical aspects of migrating cells. At day 3, quantitative results in terms of areas of OPN labeling were as follows: Nano(4h) Ti > Nano(30') Ti > Control Ti. In conclusion, chemically nanostructured Ti surfaces may support the enhancement of endogenous extracellular OPN deposition by osteogenic cells in vitro depending on the etching time, a finding that should be taken into consideration in strategies to biofunctionalize implant surfaces with molecules with cell adhesion capacity.

A interface osso-implante é caracterizada pela presença de uma camada de matriz extracellular (MEC) afibrilar rica em proteínas não-colágenas, incluindo osteopontina (OPN), cujas funções no tecido ósseo estão relacionadas à adesão celular e ao controle do processo de mineralização da MEC (crescimento de cristais). Aspectos físicos e químicos das superfícies de biomateriais podem afetar as interações célula-MEC-substrato. O objetivo do presente estudo foi demonstrar a capacidade de aspectos nanotopográficos de superfície de titânio (Ti) de controlar a deposição extracelular de OPN in vitro. Discos de Ti foram tratados quimicamente por solução de H2SO4/H2O2 durante 30 min [Nano(30') Ti] ou 4 h [Nano(4h) Ti]. Superfícies de Ti não tratadas foram usadas como controle. Células osteogênicas primárias derivadas de calvárias de ratos recém-nascidos foram plaqueadas sobre os discos de Ti e cultivadas em condições osteogênicas por até 7 dias. Microscopia eletrônica de varredura de alta resolução revelou que os discos de Ti tratados quimicamente exibiam superfície nanoporosa, com áreas de nanoporos maiores para Nano(4h) Ti. Apenas para esse grupo detectavam-se acúmulos extensos de OPN extracelular, os quais se distribuíam em áreas adjacentes a células OPN-positivas, com aspectos morfológicos típicos de células em migração. Em conclusão, a nanoestruturação química de superfície de Ti pode favorecer o aumento da deposição extracelular de OPN endógena por células osteogênicas in vitro, dependendo do tempo de condicionamento utilizado, o que deve ser considerado no desenvolvimento de estratégias para funcionalizar superfícies de implantes com moléculas com reconhecido efeito no processo de adesão celular.

Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/pharmacokinetics , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Osteopontin/pharmacokinetics , Titanium/chemistry , Adsorption , Animals, Newborn , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Cells, Cultured , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Nanotechnology , Oxidation-Reduction , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Osteoblasts/physiology , Osteogenesis/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Surface Properties , Sulfuric Acids/chemistry , Time Factors
Braz. dent. j ; 22(3): 185-192, 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595641


This study used scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to evaluate the morphology and adhesion of blood components on root surfaces instrumented by curettes, piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler and Er,Cr:YSGG laser. One hundred samples from 25 teeth were divided into 5 groups: 1) Curettes; 2) Piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler; 3) Curettes plus piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler; 4) Er,Cr:YSGG laser; 5) Curettes plus Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Ten samples from each group were used for analysis of root morphology and the other 10 were used for analysis of adhesion of blood components on root surface. The results were analyzed statistically by the Kruskall-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests with a significance level of 5 percent. The group treated with curettes showed smoother surfaces when compared to the groups were instrumented with piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler and the Er,Cr:YSGG laser. The surfaces instrumented with piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler and Er,Cr:YSGG laser, alone or in combination with hand scaling and root planing, did not differ significantly (p>0.05) among themselves. No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) among groups were found as to the adhesion of blood components on root surface. Ultrasonic instrumentation and Er,Cr:YSGG irradiation produced rougher root surfaces than the use of curettes, but there were no differences among treatments with respect to the adhesion of blood components.

Esse estudo utilizou microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) para avaliar a morfologia e a adesão de elementos sanguíneos em superfícies radiculares instrumentadas com curetas, ultrassom piezoelétrico e laser de Er,Cr:YSGG. Foram utilizadas no presente estudo 100 amostras provenientes de 25 dentes que foram divididas em 5 grupos: 1) Raspagem manual com curetas; 2) Raspagem com ultrassom; 3) Associação instrumento manual e ultrassom; 4)Irradiação do laser de Er,Cr:YSGG;5)Associação raspagem manual com irradiação com laser de Er,Cr:YSGG. Dez amostras de cada grupo foram utilizadas para análise da morfologia e as outras 10 foram utilizadas para a análise de adesão de elementos sanguíneos. As eletromicrografias foram analisadas através dos escores de adesão de elementos sanguíneos e pelo índice de morfologia radicular e os resultados foram analisados estatisticamente através dos testes de Kruskall-Wallis e de Mann-Whitney com nível de significância de 5 por cento. O grupo que foi tratado com instrumentos manuais apresentou superfície mais lisa em relação aos grupos que foram instrumentados com ultrassom e com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG. As superfícies instrumentadas com ultrassom e com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG de forma isolada ou associada a raspagem manual não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre si (p>0,05). Não houve diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos em relação a adesão de elementos sanguíneos(p>0,05). A instrumentação ultrassônica e a irradiação com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG produziram superfícies radiculares mais rugosas em relação a raspagem com curetas, porém não houve diferenças entre os tratamentos com relação à adesão de elementos sanguíneos.

Humans , Blood Cells/cytology , Dental Scaling/instrumentation , Root Planing/instrumentation , Tooth Root/ultrastructure , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Dental Scaling/methods , Dentin/radiation effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Fibrin/radiation effects , Fibrin/ultrastructure , Low-Level Light Therapy/instrumentation , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Piezosurgery/instrumentation , Root Planing/methods , Smear Layer , Subgingival Curettage/instrumentation , Tooth Root/radiation effects
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 25(4): 575-584, out.-dez. 2010. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-574755


Os eventos de isquemia-reperfusão desencadeiam uma resposta inflamatória sistêmica que pode levar a lesões celulares e até falência de órgãos. Tais repercussões são notadas no pós-operatório de cirurgias, em especial, com o uso de circulação extracorpórea. Sabe-se, atualmente, que os leucócitos exercem importante papel neste processo. Assim, este estudo aborda o papel dos leucócitos na fisiopatologia das lesões de isquemia-reperfusão e a ativação das cascatas inflamatórias por esse processo e procura auxiliar na compreensão destes mecanismos assim como trazer contribuições acerca das abordagens terapêuticas que possam atenuá-los. Esta revisão bibliográfica retrospectiva foi realizada a partir de documentos científicos publicados nos últimos dez anos, em português e inglês, indexados em bases de dados internacionais Medline e SciELO e de textos clássicos relacionados. Os descritores pesquisados foram: isquemia-reperfusão, leucócitos, resposta inflamatória, circulação extracorpórea, efeitos adversos e apoptose.

The events of ischemia-reperfusion injury triggers a systemic inflammatory response and can lead to cellular injury and organ failure. Such effects are noted in the postoperative recovery, especially with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. Nowadays, it is known that leukocytes play an important role in this process. Therefore, this study addresses the role of leukocytes in the physiopathology of ischemia-reperfusion injuries and activation of inflammatory cascades through this process and seek to help in the understanding of these mechanisms as well as to bring contributions on the therapeutic approaches that can mitigate them. This retrospective review was performed from indexed scientific papers published over the last ten years in Portuguese and English in international databases MEDLINE and SciELO and related classic texts. The descriptors investigated were: ischemia-reperfusion, leukocytes, inflammatory response, cardiopulmonary bypass, adverse effects and apoptosis.

Humans , Leukocytes/physiology , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/etiology , Apoptosis/immunology , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Extracorporeal Circulation/adverse effects , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/physiopathology
Braz. dent. j ; 21(3): 179-189, 2010. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-556814


The acellular dermal matrix (ADM) was introduced in periodontology as a substitute for the autogenous grafts, which became restricted because of the limited source of donor's tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate, in vitro, the distribution, proliferation and viability of human gingival fibroblasts seeded onto ADM. ADM was seeded with human gingival fibroblasts for up to 21 days. The following parameters were evaluated: cell distribution, proliferation and viability. Results revealed that, at day 7, fibroblasts were adherent and spread on ADM surface, and were unevenly distributed, forming a discontinuous single cell layer; at day 14, a confluent fibroblastic monolayer lining ADM surface was noticed. At day 21, the cell monolayer exhibited a reduction in cell density. At 7 days, about to 90 percent of adherent cells on ADM surface were cycling while at 14 and 21 days this proportion was significantly reduced. A high proportion of viable cell was detected on AMD surface both on 14 and 21 days. The results suggest that fibroblast seeding onto ADM for 14 days can allow good conditions for cell adhesion and spreading on the matrix; however, migration inside the matrix was limited.

A matriz dérmica acelular (MDA) foi introduzida na Periodontia como um substituto para enxertos autógenos, os quais se tornaram restritos devido à quantidade limitada de tecido doador. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar, in vitro, a distribuição, proliferação e viabilidade de fibroblastos gengivais humanos cultivados em MDA. Fibroblastos gengivais foram cultivados sobre MDA por até 21 dias. Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: distribuição, proliferação e viabilidade celular. Os resultados revelaram que, aos 7 dias, os fibroblastos estavam aderidos e espraiados na superfície da MDA, e estavam distribuídos de forma desigual, formando uma camada celular descontínua; aos 14 dias, uma monocamada confluente de fibroblastos revestindo a superfície da MDA foi observada. Aos 21 dias, a monocamada celular exibiu uma redução na densidade celular. Aos 7 dias, cerca de 90 por cento das células aderidas na superfície da MDA estavam no ciclo celular, enquanto que aos 14 e 21 dias esse número reduziu significativamente. Uma maior proporção de células viáveis foi detectada na superfície da MDA tanto aos 14 quanto aos 21 dias. Os resultados sugerem que fibroblastos cultivados sobre a MDA por 14 dias permitem boas condições de adesão e espraiamento das células sobre a matriz, porém, a migração de células para o interior da matriz foi limitada.

Humans , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Gingiva/cytology , Tissue Scaffolds , Absorbable Implants , Cells, Cultured , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/physiology , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal/methods , Skin, Artificial , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tissue Engineering/methods
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 81(3): 409-429, Sept. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-523987


Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are ubiquitously found at the cell surface and extracellular matrix in all the animal species. This review will focus on the structural characteristics of the heparan sulfate proteoglycans related to protein interactions leading to cell signaling. The heparan sulfate chains due to their vast structural diversity are able to bind and interact with a wide variety of proteins, such as growth factors, chemokines, morphogens, extracellular matrix components, enzymes, among others. There is a specificity directing the interactions of heparan sulfates and target proteins, regarding both the fine structure of the polysaccharide chain as well precise protein motifs. Heparan sulfates play a role in cellular signaling either as receptor or co-receptor for different ligands, and the activation of downstream pathways is related to phosphorylation of different cytosolic proteins either directly or involving cytoskeleton interactions leading to gene regulation. The role of the heparan sulfate proteoglycans in cellular signaling and endocytic uptake pathways is also discussed.

Proteoglicanos de heparam sulfato são encontrados tanto superfície celular quanto na matriz extracelular em todas as espécies animais. Esta revisão tem enfoque nas características estruturais dos proteoglicanos de heparam sulfato e nas interações destes proteoglicanos com proteínas que levam à sinalização celular. As cadeias de heparam sulfato, devido a sua variedade estrutural, são capazes de se ligar e interagir com ampla gama de proteínas, como fatores de crescimento, quimiocinas, morfógenos, componentes da matriz extracelular, enzimas, entreoutros. Existe uma especificidade estrutural que direciona as interações dos heparam sulfatos e proteínas alvo. Esta especificidade está relacionada com a estrutura da cadeia do polissacarídeo e os motivos conservados da cadeia polipeptídica das proteínas envolvidas nesta interação. Os heparam sulfatos possuem papel na sinalização celular como receptores ou coreceptores para diferentes ligantes. Esta ligação dispara vias de sinalização celular levam à fosforilação de diversas proteínas citosólicas ou com ou sem interações diretas com o citoesqueleto, culminando na regulação gênica. O papel dos proteoglicanos de heparam sulfato na sinalização celular e vias de captação endocítica também são discutidas nesta revisão.

Humans , Endocytosis/physiology , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/physiology , Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans/physiology , Signal Transduction/physiology , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans/chemistry , Protein Binding/physiology
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 42(7): 599-605, July 2009. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-517795


To determine the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in phosphatidylcholine (PC) on macrophage activity, peritoneal lavage cells were cultured in the presence of phosphatidylcholine rich in saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (sat PC and unsatPC, respectively), both used at concentrations of 32 and 64 ìM. The treatment of peritoneal macrophages with 64 ìM unsat PC increased the production of hydrogen peroxide by 48.3% compared to control (148.3 ± 16.3 vs 100.0 ± 1.8%, N = 15), and both doses of unsat PC increased adhesion capacity by nearly 50%. Moreover, 64 ìM unsat PC decreased neutral red uptake by lysosomes by 32.5% compared to the untreated group (67.5 ± 6.8 vs 100.0 ± 5.5%, N = 15), while both 32 and 64 ìM unsat PC decreased the production of lipopolysaccharide-elicited nitric oxide by 30.4% (13.5 ± 2.6 vs 19.4 ± 2.5 ìM) and 46.4% (10.4 ± 3.1 vs 19.4 ± 2.5 ìM), respectively. Unsat PC did not affect anion production in non-stimulated cells or phagocytosis of unopsonized zymosan particles. A different result pattern was obtained for macrophages treated with sat PC. Phorbol 12-miristate 13-acetate-elicited superoxide production and neutral red uptake were decreased by nearly 25% by 32 and 64 ìM sat PC, respectively. Sat PC did not affect nitric oxide or hydrogen peroxide production, adhesion capacity or zymosan phagocytosis. Thus, PC modifies macrophage activity, but this effect depends on cell activation state, fatty acid saturation and esterification to PC molecule and PC concentration. Taken together, these results indicate that the fatty acid moiety of PC modulates macrophage activity and, consequently, is likely to affect immune system regulation in vivo.

Animals , Male , Rats , Linoleic Acids/pharmacology , Macrophages, Peritoneal/drug effects , Phagocytosis/drug effects , Phosphatidylcholines/pharmacology , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Macrophages, Peritoneal/physiology , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Phagocytosis/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76617


Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) binds to and activates Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase. Ang1-Tie2 signal has been proposed to exhibit two opposite roles in the controlling blood vessels. One is vascular stabilization and the other is vascular angiogenesis. There has been no answer to the question as to how Tie2 induces two opposite responses to the same ligand. Our group and Dr. Alitalo's group have demonstrated that trans-associated Tie2 at cell-cell contacts and extracellular matrix (ECM)-anchored Tie2 play distinct roles in the endothelial cells. The complex formation depends on the presence or absence of cell-cell adhesion. Here, we review how Ang1-Tie2 signal regulates vascular maintenance and angiogenesis. We further point to the unanswered questions that must be clarified to extend our knowledge of vascular biology and to progress basic knowledge to the treatment of the diseases in which Ang1-Tie2-mediated signal is central.

Angiopoietin-1/physiology , Animals , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Endothelial Cells/physiology , Endothelium, Vascular/physiology , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Humans , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Receptor, TIE-2/physiology , Signal Transduction/physiology
Biocell ; 32(2): 169-174, Aug. 2008. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-541111


We had previously found in autologous human leukocyte cultures, in which dead neutrophils phagocytosis by macrophages occur, macrophages and T CD4 lymphocytes perform a selective cell-cell interaction showing many figures of either one, two or several T- lymphocytes adhering to a central macrophage were seen. Considering that antigen presentation would be necessary for the formation of these immune synapses, we attempted to block rosette formation (i.e., the formation of macrophage associations with at least three lymphocytes) by interfering with both antigen processing and presentation. Culture samples of autologous leukocytes from 7 healthy donors were subjected to either brefeldin A, chloroquine or to an anti-HLA DR antibody. Rosette formation was significantly inhibited in the treated samples (either with brefeldin A, chloroquine or the anti- HLA DR; ANOVA, p<0.001, as compared with the untreated controls). It is concluded that interference with antigen processing and presentation precludes the formation of these cell-cell interactions.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Antirheumatic Agents/pharmacology , HLA-DR Antigens/immunology , Brefeldin A/pharmacology , Chloroquine/pharmacology , Antigen Presentation/immunology , Cells, Cultured , Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Macrophages/cytology , Macrophages , Macrophages/immunology
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2007 Oct; 44(5): 289-94
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-27699


Phosphorylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) are key components of many signaling cascades. Many isoforms of PtdIns kinases, PtdIns phosphate kinases and phosphatases use these lipids in amazing networks of signaling cascades that are yet to be understood fully. PtdIns 4-kinase(s) phosphorylates PtdIns at the 4th -OH position of inositol head group and are classified in to type II and III PtdIns 4-kinases. While type III PtdIns 4-kinases are implicated in vesicular trafficking, type II PtdIns 4-kinases are suggested to play a role in cell signaling, cytoskeletal rearrangements, cell motility and in microbial pathogenicity. This paper reviews the role of type II PtdIns 4-kinases in cell signaling cascades in health and disease.

1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase/metabolism , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cytoskeleton/metabolism , Models, Biological , Multienzyme Complexes/physiology , Phosphatidylinositols/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology