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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 65-70, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528833

ABSTRACT

En el arco posterior del atlas se describe una variación de tejido óseo denominada Ponticulus posticus (PP), la cual se ha relacionado con el desarrollo de dolor cervical. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia de PP en telerradiografías laterales digitales. Este estudio correspondió a un estudio observacional descriptivo, donde se analizaron 450 telerradiografías laterales digitales obtenidas de la base de datos del Servicio de Imagenología Oral y Maxilofacial de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andrés Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile. Se analizó la presencia de PP en cada cefalograma, y se utilizó la clasificación de Cederberg y Stubbs para determinar los grados de osificación. Se aplicó la prueba de Chi-cuadrado para establecer una asociación entre la presencia de PP con el sexo y la edad. De las 450 telerradiografías laterales el 42,4 % presenta PP, con una mayor prevalencia entre el rango de 21-40 años. En cuanto al grado de osificación, el grado 2 fue el tipo más prevalente (25 %), seguido del grado 4 (9,5 %), el grado 3 (8 %). No se encontró asociación entre la presencia de PP con edad y género (P > 0,05). La PP es frecuente en la población y se observa a diferentes edades sin predilección por sexo.


SUMMARY: A bony tissue variation called Ponticulus posticus (PP) is described in the posterior arch of the atlas, which has been associated with the development of cervical pain. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of PP in digital lateral cephalograms. This study was an observational descriptive study, in which 450 digital lateral cephalograms obtained from the database of the Oral and Maxillofacial Imaging Service of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Andrés Bello University, Viña del Mar, Chile, were analyzed. The presence of PP was analyzed in each cephalogram, and the Cederberg and Stubbs classification was used to determine the degrees of ossification. The Chi-square test was applied to establish an association between the presence of PP with gender and age. Of the 450 lateral cephalograms, 42.4 % presented PP, with a higher prevalence in the 21-40 year range. In terms of the degree of ossification, grade 2 was the most prevalent type (25 %), followed by grade 4 (9.5 %), and grade 3 (8 %). No association was found between the presence of PP with age and gender (P > 0.05). PP is common in the population and is observed at different ages without a sex preference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cervical Atlas/diagnostic imaging , Skull/diagnostic imaging , Teleradiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Retrospective Studies , Age and Sex Distribution
2.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess dentists' knowledge from Minas Gerais, Brazil, about dentoalveolar trauma (DT) and their experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: An online questionnaire with 34 questions was applied to collect personal data, professional training, self-assessment of experience/knowledge about DT, experience in care provided during the social distancing, and knowledge/conduct. The specific responses were evaluated based on the guidelines of the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT). Descriptive analysis and Pearson's chi-square test were performed. The level of significance was set at p≤0.05. Results: Most professionals (97.7%) had received information on DT, and only 4.6% of the participants considered their knowledge poor or very poor. However, 92.7% felt the need for more information on the subject. Regarding experiences during the pandemic, 55.7% provided trauma care during that period. Forty percent of the consultations were performed in person, and 33.3% of the professionals noted an increase in cases during the pandemic; 56.6% reported that the frequency did not change. The overall mean number of correct answers about DT was 5.29±2.11, indicating an acceptable level of knowledge. The mean percentage of hits for the specific questions was 44.1%. Conclusion: Although the level of knowledge of the dentists evaluated was acceptable, some aspects were deficient, with the need for more information about the IADT guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Containment of Biohazards , COVID-19/transmission , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535001

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess changes in oral health-related behavior and oral health status in Brazilian children in early childhood perceived by their parents/caregivers during social isolation caused by COVID-19. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study with parents/caregivers of children in southeastern Brazil aged 0-5 years who responded to an online questionnaire about sociodemographic data, dietary changes, oral hygiene, and oral health status of children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Of the 119 parents/caregivers, 54.60% did not observe any changes in eating habits, and 81.50% maintained their children's oral hygiene. Associations were observed between the impact of the pandemic on the family income and changes in eating habits (p=0.02) and between lower family income and dental caries perceived by parents/caregivers (p=0.05). Z tests with Bonferroni correction showed that families with drastic income reduction were more likely to consume lower-cost foods (62.50%) than families with no impact or slight reduction on family income. Parents/caregivers did not identify dental caries (89.10%), toothache (92.40%), and dental trauma (92.40%) in their children. Conclusion: Parents/caregivers of children in southeastern Brazil aged 0-5 years observed behavioral changes in the dietary habits of families whose income was impacted by the pandemic, and their perception of dental caries was significantly associated with family income.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Parents , Primary Health Care , Dental Health Services , COVID-19/transmission , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220006, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535008

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the occurrence of hyposalivation in Brazilian adults and its association with individual determinants, such as the use of medications, systemic conditions, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study with 402 adults was developed. Information was collected on sociodemographic and general health characteristics, and sialometry was performed with stimulated salivary flow. It indicated low salivary flow when ≤ 0.7 mL/min. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using a decision tree (p<0.05). Results: The sample was comprised predominantly of women (68.2%) aged ≤ 29 years (25.4%). Most participants did not use medication (56.7%). Among systemic diseases, the most cited was hypertension (25.1%). More than a third of the participants presented hyposalivation (40.3%), being associated with the following variables: age between 50 to 59 years (p=0.011), female sex (p<0.001), menopause (p=0.001), use of alcohol (p=0.033), systemic disease (p=0.002) and medication use (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, in addition to sex (p<0.001) and hypertension (p=0.005), an association was also found between hyposalivation and diabetes (p=0.014). Conclusion: Factors associated with hyposalivation in adults were sex and the presence of hypertension or diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Salivation , Xerostomia/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Chi-Square Distribution
5.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e210105, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529143

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the utility of panoramic radiographs in pre-prosthetic screening of edentulous arches. Material and Methods: Panoramic radiographs taken for three years were retrospectively analyzed. Observations from the radiographs shall be categorized and classified into either of the two categories, namely: 'findings with minimal impact on denture fabrication' and 'findings which affect denture fabrication and require further evaluation.' Anatomic variations, jaw pathologies, and residual ridge resorption patterns were assessed. Results: This study included the initial screening of 23,020 panoramic radiographs, out of which 505 (showing either one or both edentulous arches) were included for the study purpose. The age range of the subjects was from 21 to 94 years. 52.6% of the radiographs showed positive findings. More than half of the radiographs belonged to the males (52.5%). Hyperpneumatization of the maxillary sinus, crestal position of the mental foramen, and retained root fragments were the most common entities noted in the radiographs. Changes in the mental foramen were significantly higher in males than females (p=0.002). Conclusion: Observations from this study showed that panoramic radiographs have high utility for screening edentulous arches, and they should be used in routine clinical practice before denture fabrication.


Subject(s)
Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Mass Screening , Dental Prosthesis , Jaw/diagnostic imaging , Chi-Square Distribution , Retrospective Studies
6.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220108, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529144

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To study the frequency of self-medication and knowledge about out-of-counter drugs during the COVID-19 pandemic in a group of Iranian dental students. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among dental undergraduates from September 2021 to November 2021 after receiving ethical clearance from the Kerman Medical University Ethical Committee. A valid and reliable questionnaire, consisting of demographic data and questions about self-medication and knowledge about out-of-counter drugs, was sent to participants via E-mail. Data was analyzed by SPSS 26 software by using a t-test. The P-value was considered at a 0.05% significant level. Results: A total of 88 students participated in the study with a mean age of 21.39±3.71 years. Prevalence of self-medication was found in 53.4%. The most common cause for self-medication was headache. Acetaminophen was the most commonly used medicine for self-medication. Females had more self-medication than males, but there was no significant differences. There was no significant differences between entering year to university and self-medication. Younger students had significantly more self-medication (p=0.007). Knowledge about out-of-counter drugs was moderate. Conclusion: Moderate self-medication as noticed. The out-of-counter drugs were the most used. Although out-of-counter drugs seem relatively safe, their improper use can cause serious side effects. Dental students need to be educated regarding appropriate safe medication and out-of-counter drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Self Medication , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Nonprescription Drugs , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , Iran
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550594

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the relationship between patients' and dentists' perceptions of shade selection and its impact on satisfaction with the prosthesis. Material and Methods: A single group pre-post study was conducted at the Prosthodontics department of a teaching hospital in India. One hundred ten participants were selected through a systematic random sampling technique with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients' attitudes regarding the aesthetics of their maxillary anterior teeth were recorded using a validated questionnaire. Shades for the intended prosthetic crown selected by the dentist and chosen by the patient were recorded separately, and patient satisfaction with the appearance of the final prosthesis was recorded. We used descriptive statistics followed by Pearson's Chi-square test and a binomial logistic regression model for inferential statistics. Results: 109 participant's data were available for final analysis. Patients choose lighter shades than the dentist's selection, which is statistically significant (p=0.000). 73.4% were satisfied with the final prosthesis, and the binomial logistic regression model identified using patient-selected shade for the final prosthesis was significantly associated with patients' satisfaction with the final prosthesis (OR=3.3, p=0.001). Conclusion: The patient's preference should be considered with the dentist's option when selecting a shade to create good esthetics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Color Perception , Dentists , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Esthetics, Dental , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Tooth Crown
8.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33526, 26 dez. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524291

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Atelessaúdese popularizou como uma importante ferramenta na avaliação remota e de prestação de cuidados em saúde.Uma de suas vertentes consiste no monitoramento remoto, também chamado de telemonitoramento ou televigilância,que se difundiu, sobretudo para grupos populacionais vulneráveis, como a população idosa, em especial durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Objetivo:Conhecer o perfil sociodemográfico, o estado de saúde e os comportamentos relacionados à saúde dos idosos monitorados durante a pandemia da COVID-19 no município de Natal-Rio Grande do Norte.Metodologia:Estudo longitudinal descritivo, com três momentos de observação. A amostra foi composta por idosos adscritos a 22 unidades de saúde de Natal, acompanhados por meio de ligações telefônicas, de agostode 2020 a julho de 2021. A análise dos dados foi realizada através do software Epi Info™, versão 7.2.4, a partir de frequências absolutas e relativas, medidas de tendência central e dispersão (média e desvio padrão).Resultados:Participaram do estudo 1.348 idosos. Amaioria era do sexo feminino (63,7%), com média de 70 anos, morava acompanhada(81,8%), esteve assintomática (77,0%), possuía comorbidades (81,5%) e dependia de medicações de uso contínuo (81,9%). Os sintomáticos diminuíram ao longo dos três momentos avaliados e menos de 1% evoluiu ao óbito.Conclusões:O telemonitoramentocontribuiu com a longitudinalidade do cuidado, proporcionando a busca ativa contínua de idosos sintomáticos e fortalecendo as atividades das Unidades de Saúde (AU).


Introduction:Telehealth has become popular as an important tool in the remote assessment and provision of health care. One ofits aspects is remote monitoring, also called telemonitoring or telesurveillance, which has become widespread, especially for vulnerable population groups, such as the elderly population, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.Objective:To know the sociodemographic profile, health status and health-related behaviors of the elderly monitored during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Natal-Rio Grande do Norte. city.Methodology:Descriptive longitudinal study, with three moments of observation. The sample consisted of elderly people enrolled at 22 health units in Natal, followed up through telephone calls, from August 2020 to July 2021. Data analysis was performed using the Epi Info™ software, version 7.2.4, based on absolute and relative frequencies, measures of central tendency and dispersion (mean and standard deviation).Results:1,348 elderly people participated in the study. Most were female (63.7%), aged 70 years on average, lived with someone (81.8%), were asymptomatic (77.0%), had comorbidities(81.5%) and depended on continuous use (81.9%). Symptomatic cases decreased over the three evaluated moments and less than 1% evolved to death.Conclusions:Telemonitoring contributed to the longitudinality of care, providing continuous active search for symptomatic elderly and strengthening the activities of Health Units (AU).


Introducción: La telesalud se ha vuelto popular como una herramienta importante en la evaluacióny provisión remota de atención médica. Una de sus vertientes es el monitoreo remoto, también llamado telemonitoreo o televigilancia, que se ha generalizado, especialmente para grupos de población vulnerable, como la población de la tercera edad, especialmente durante la pandemia del COVID-19. Objetivo: Conocer el perfil sociodemográfico, el estado de salud y los comportamientos relacionados con la salud de los ancianos acompañados durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en la ciudad de Natal-Rio Grande do Norte.. Metodología: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo, con tres momentos de observación. La muestra estuvo compuesta por ancianos matriculados en 22 unidades de salud de Natal, seguidos a través de llamadas telefónicas, de agosto de 2020 a julio de 2021. El análisis de los datos se realizó mediante el software Epi Info™, versión 7.2.4, con base en valores absolutos y relativos. frecuencias, medidas de tendencia central y dispersión (media y desviación estándar). Resultados: Participaron del estudio 1.348 ancianos. La mayoría eran del sexo femenino (63,7%), con edad media de 70 años, vivían con alguien (81,8%), estaban asintomáticos (77,0%), tenían comorbilidades (81,5%) y dependían del uso continuo (81,9%). Los casos sintomáticos disminuyeron en los tres momentos evaluados y menos del 1% evolucionó a muerte.Conclusiones: La televigilancia contribuyó para la longitudinalidad de la atención, proporcionando búsqueda activa continua de ancianos sintomáticos y fortaleciendo las actividades de las Unidades de Salud (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Primary Health Care , Aged , Health Behavior , Continuity of Patient Care , Telemonitoring , COVID-19/transmission , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33368, 26 dez. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524292

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde integram práticas e saberes milenares aos conhecimentos biomédicos ocidentais atuais. Dentro do Sistema Único de Saúde, especificamentena Atenção Primária, o principal local de atuação das referidas práticasé nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde.Objetivo:Avaliaro uso destas práticas nas Unidades Básicas do município de Mossoró/Rio Grande do Norte.Metodologia:Realizou-se um estudo descritivo transversal com abordagem quantitativa com gerentes de Unidades Básicas de Saúdede Mossoró. Foram utilizadosdoisquestionários: um para avaliar o conhecimento dos gerentes das Unidades Básicas acerca daspráticas integrativase outro para avaliar o seu usoe processo deimplementação. Os dados foram coletados através da aplicação dequestionários de forma online por meio da ferramenta Google Forms.Resultados:Vinte e três gerentesque,no estudo totalizou um percentual de 48,9%,responderamos questionários. A maioria dos entrevistados demonstrouconhecimentos sobreas Práticas,dasquaispodemos citar como sendoas mais conhecidas:acupuntura, meditação e fitoterapia. Apenas 17,4% das Unidades Básicas de Saúdeofertamas mesmas, sendo a fitoterapia a principal. A aplicação destasé realizada, majoritariamente,por enfermeiros, sendo saúde mental e dores musculares as indicações mais comuns. A falha na tentativa de implantação destas práticasfoi atribuídaà falta de capacitação profissional e recursos, enquanto a sua interrupçãose deudevidoà escassez de material e à pandemia da COVID-19. Conclusões:Este estudo encontrou uma baixa prevalência nas referidas práticasna cidade deMossoró. Destaca-se a necessidade de qualificação e capacitação dos profissionais da Atenção Primária à Saúdeem Práticas Integrativas e Complementares, bem como melhor gestão dos recursos para efetiva implementação no município, vistosua importância nos cuidados de saúde integral e prevenção de doenças (AU).


Introduction:Integrative and Complementary Health Practices integrate ancient practices and wisdom with current western biomedical knowledge. Within theUnified Health System, specifically in Primary Health Care, the main place where these practicesare applied is in Basic Health Units.Objective:To evaluate the use of these practicesin the Basic Units from the municipality of Mossoró/Rio Grande do Norte.Methodology:A cross-sectional and descriptive study with a quantitative approach was carried out with Basic Health Unit managers from Mossoró. Two questionnaires were used: one to assess the Basic Unit managers' knowledge aboutintegrative practices; and the other to evaluate their use and implementation process. The data were collected by applying questionnaires online using the Google Forms tool. Results:Twenty-three managers, who totaled a percentage of 48.9% in the study, answered the questionnaires. Most of the participants showed knowledge about the Practices, among which wecan mention the following as the best known: Acupuncture, Meditation and Herbal Medicine. Only 17.4% of the Basic Health Units offerthese practices, with Phytotherapy as the main one. Their application of these is mostly in charge of nurses, with mental health and muscle pain as the most common indications. Failure in the attempt to implement these practices was attributed to lack of professional training and resources, whereas their interruption was due to shortage of materials and to the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusions:This study found a low prevalence of these practicesin the city of Mossoró. The need for qualification and training of thePrimary Health Care professionals inIntegrative and Complementary Practicesis highlighted, as well as better management of resources for effective implementation in the municipality, given their importance in terms of comprehensive health care and disease prevention (AU).


Introducción: Las Prácticas Integradoras y Complementarias de Salud integran prácticas y saberes milenarios con conocimientos biomédicos occidentales actuales. En el ámbito del Sistema Único de Salud, específicamente en Atención Primaria, el principal lugar en el que seaplican estas prácticasson las Unidades Básicas de Salud. Objetivo: Evaluar el uso de estas prácticas en Unidades Básicas delmunicipio de Mossoró/Rio Grande do Norte. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal con enfoque cuantitativo con los gerentes de Unidades Básicas de Mossoró. Se utilizaron dos cuestionarios: uno para evaluar el conocimiento de los gerentesde Unidades Básicas sobre prácticas integradoras; y otro para evaluar su uso y proceso de implementación. Los datos se recopilaron aplicando los cuestionarios en línea a través de la herramienta Google Forms. Resultados: Veintitrésgerentesrespondieron los cuestionarios, que en el estudio sumaron un porcentaje del 48,9%. La mayoría de los entrevistados demostró conocimientos sobre las Prácticas, entre las que podemos mencionar como las más conocidas: Acupuntura, Meditación y Fitoterapia.Solo el 17,4% de las Unidades Básicas ofrecenestas prácticas, con Fitoterapia como la principal. En su mayoría, estas prácticas son aplicadas por enfermeras, con salud mental y dolores musculares como las indicaciones más habituales. El fracaso en el intento de implementar estas prácticas se atribuyó a falta de formación profesional y de recursos, mientras que su interrupción se debió a escasez de materiales y a la pandemia de COVID-19. Conclusiones: Este estudio detectóuna baja prevalencia de estas prácticas en la ciudad de Mossoró.Se destaca la necesidad de cualificación y formación de los profesionales de Atención Primaria de la Salud en Prácticas Integradorasy Complementarias, así como mejor gestión de los recursos para efectiva implementación en el municipio,dada su importancia para el cuidado de la salud integral y la prevención de enfermedades (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Unified Health System , Complementary Therapies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Integral Healthcare Practice , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Comprehensive Health Care
10.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 32667, 26 dez. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524302

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Os pais exercem um importante papel no estabelecimento dos hábitos saudáveis durante a infância.Aoprestarem cuidados bucais necessários às suas crianças, observa-se um significativo resultado na prevenção dos agravos.Objetivo:Identificaroconhecimento materno sobre os cuidados bucais das crianças na primeira infância. Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo de natureza quantitativa do tipo exploratório e observacional. A coleta ocorreu através da aplicação de um questionário semiestruturado, com questões sobre o conhecimento materno em relação à higiene bucal, hábitos alimentares, acometimento de cárie e perfil socioeconômico. Realizou-se uma análise descritiva dos dados, seguida de análise bivariada pelo teste do Qui-quadrado de Pearson, considerando-se um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados:Sobre o conhecimento dos cuidados bucais dos filhos, o mesmo encontrou-se insatisfatório em relação à idade em que as crianças devem começar a escovar seus dentes sozinhas,quanto ao uso de escova e docreme dental fluoretado como método de higiene após a erupção do primeiro dente e quanto à inexistência do dente decíduo antes do nascimento dos molares permanentes. Observou-se conhecimento satisfatório em relação à importância de se realizar restauraçãoem dente decíduo acometido por cárie,à idade em que a criança troca os dentes decíduos pelos permanentes e, à realização de algum cuidado bucal (fralda e gaze) antes do nascimento do primeiro dente.Conclusões:Há uma lacuna quanto às orientações de saúde bucal providas pelos dentistasdirecionadas às mães. As mães/gestantes têm o conhecimento adequado sobre os cuidados bucais do bebê, porém, quanto aos cuidados após o nascimento do primeiro dente, os resultados foram desfavoráveis. Faz-se necessário a maior participação do cirurgião-dentista nas consultas de pré-natal e de crescimento e desenvolvimento praticando educaçãoem saúde (AU).


Introduction:Parents play an important role in establishing healthy habits during childhood. Providing necessary oral care to their children significantly contributes to preventing oral health issues.Objective: To verify maternal knowledge about children's oral care in early childhood.Methodology:Thisis a quantitative, exploratoryandobservationalstudy. Data werecollectedthroughtheapplicationof a semistructuredquestionnaire, withquestionsabout maternal knowledgeregarding oral hygiene, eatinghabits, caries involvementandsocioeconomic profile. A descriptivedata analysiswasperformed, followedby a bivariate analysis, usingPearson's chi-square test, considering a 5% significance level. Results:Regardingmothers' knowledge about their children's oral care, it was unsatisfactory in relation to the age at which children should start brushing their teeth by themselves; regarding the use of a toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste as hygiene methods, after the first tooth's eruption, and regarding the absence of the deciduous tooth before the permanent molars eruption. Satisfactory knowledge was observed regarding the importance of carrying out restoration in decayed deciduous teeth; the age at which children begin to change deciduous teeth for permanent ones and, carrying out some oral care (fabric and gauze) before the first tooth's eruption. Conclusions:There is a gap in the oral health guidelines provided by dentists, aimed to mothers. The mothers/pregnant women have sufficient knowledge about their baby's oral care, but considering the oral care after the first tooth eruption, the results were critical. It is necessary a greater participation of the dentist in prenatal and growth and development consultations, practicing Health Education (AU).


Introducción: Los padres ejercen un papel importante en el establecimiento de hábitos saludables durante la infancia. Al proporcionar el cuidado bucal necesario a sus hijos, se obtienen resultados importantes en la prevención de enfermedades. Objetivo: Identificar el conocimiento materno sobre el cuidado bucal de los niños en la primera infancia. Metodología:Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo de carácter exploratorio yobservacional. La colecta ocurrió mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario semiestructurado, con preguntas sobre conocimientos maternos sobre higiene bucal, hábitos alimentarios, caries y perfil socioeconómico. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos, seguido de un análisis bivariado mediante la prueba Chi-cuadrado de Pearson, considerando un nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados:En cuanto al conocimiento sobre el cuidado bucal de los niños, se encontró insatisfactorio en relación a la edad en la que los niños deben comenzar a cepillarse los dientes solos, en cuanto al uso de cepillos dentales y pasta dental fluorada como método de higiene después de la erupción del primer diente y la ausencia de un diente temporal antes del nacimiento de los molares permanentes. Se observó conocimiento satisfactorio sobre la importancia de restaurar un diente temporal afectado por caries, la edad en que el niño cambia los dientes temporales por permanentes y la provisión de algunos cuidados bucales (pañal y gasa) antes del nacimiento del primer diente. Conclusiones:Existe un vacío en la orientación sobre salud bucal proporcionada por los odontólogos dirigida a las madres. Las madres/gestantes tienen conocimientos adecuados sobre el cuidado bucal de su bebé, sin embargo, en relación a los cuidados después del nacimiento del primer diente los resultados fueron desfavorables. Es necesaria una mayor participación del odontólogo en las consultas prenatales y de crecimiento y desarrollo, practicando la educación para la salud (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Oral Hygiene/education , Child Care/psychology , Oral Health/education , Maternal Behavior/psychology , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Prevalence Ratio
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1897-1905, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528810

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Orthognathic surgery and rhinoplasty show synergy in terms of function and aesthetic results. The aim of this research is to analyze variables related to simultaneous orthognathic surgery and rhinoplasty and to discuss the surgical sequence. Male and female subjects between 18 and 45 years old were included in this research. Diagnosis related to nasal morphology (nasal tip bifid, rotate, square and others as well as the alae morphology and columella), facial deformity (sagittal and vertical deformity), type of surgery (rhinoplasty techniques and orthognathic techniques) and complications were included. The minimum follow-up was 12 months; Chi- Square and t test were used to define correlations, considering a value of p<0.05 for statistical significance. Class III facial deformity was observed in 40 % of subjects and class II facial deformity was present in 43 %. For the nasal deformities, the tip and nasal bridge were most prevalent; primary nasal deformity was observed in the 83 % of subjects and was significant more than secondary nasal deformity (p=0.042). Bimaxillary surgery was performed in 31 cases (88 %). In 10 cases a change of the original plan for rhinoplasty due to previous maxillary surgery was realized, mainly in class III facial deformity, with no statistical differences. Revision rhinoplasty was realized in 5 cases (14 %) and was not related to surgical variables; revision for orthognathic surgery was not necessary in this series. Rhinoplasty and orthognathic surgery simultaneously show low complications and predictable results. We can conclude that maxillary mandibular osteotomies and rhinoplasty could be performed safely. However, larger studies are necessary to understand the best choice and variables involved in simultaneous procedures and soft tissue response.


La cirugía ortognática y la rinoplastia muestran sinergia en términos de resultados funcionales y estéticos. EL objetivo de esta investigación es analizar variables relacionadas con la cirugía ortognática y rinoplastia ejecutada de forma simultanea. Fueron incluidos hombres y mujeres entre 18 y 45 años de edad. EL diagnóstico fue en base a la morfología nasal (punta bífida, rotada, cuadrada u otras así como alteraciones del ala nasal y columela), deformidad facial (deformidad sagital y vertical), tipo de cirugía (técnica de rinoplastia y cirugía ortognática) y complicaciones asociadas. El seguimiento mínimo fue de 12 meses; se utilizo las prueba t test y chi cuadrado para definir relaciones estadísticas considerando un valor de p< 0,05 para obtener diferencias significativas. La deformidad clase III fue observada en el 40 % de los sujetos y la deformidad facial de clase II se presento en el 43 %. Para la deformidad nasal, las alteraciones de a punta nasal y nasal fueron mas prevalentes; la deformidad nasal primaria se presentó en el 83 % de los sujetos y fue significativamente mayor que la deformidad nasal secundaria (p=0,042). La cirugía bimaxilar se realizó en 31 casos (88 %); en 10 casos se realizó el cambio del plan quirúrgico inicial de la rinoplastia debido a cambios generados en la cirugía maxilar previa, mayormente en deformidad facial de clase III, sin presentar diferencias significativas. La rinoplastia de revisión fue realizada en 5 casos (14 %) y no fue relacionada con ninguna variable de tipo quirúrgica; la revisión de cirugía ortognática no fue realizada en ningún caso de esta serie. La rinoplastia y la cirugía ortognática simultanea mostraron bajas complicaciones y resultados predecibles. Se puede concluir que la osteotomía maxilo mandibular y la rinoplastia son seguras; sin embargo, estudios de mayor volumen son necesarios para entender la mejor opción y variables relacionadas con procedimientos simultáneos y la respuesta de tejidos blandos faciales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Rhinoplasty/methods , Face/surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures/methods , Chi-Square Distribution , Nose Diseases/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Facial Asymmetry/surgery
12.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e77154, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525271

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar os fatores associados ao autocuidado praticado por pessoas com estomias de eliminação. Método: estudo transversal analítico, baseado nas respostas de 153 pessoas com estomia de eliminação, atendidas em um ambulatório de referência no cuidado de pessoas com estomas, no município de Teresina. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de um formulário semiestruturado com dados demográficos e acerca do autocuidado. Os dados foram analisados mediante estatística descritiva e inferencial. O teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson foi utilizado na análise inferencial. Resultados: o esvaziamento da bolsa, limpeza do estoma, secagem da pele periestoma, descolamento da placa, medição do estoma, realização do molde, adaptação, autoestima e isolamento social apresentaram associação significativa com o autocuidado (p<0,05). Conclusão: evidenciou-se que os fatores associados ao autocuidado foram os cuidados com o estoma e com o equipamento coletor, além dos impactos na autoestima e na vida social(AU)


Objective: to evaluate the factors associated with self-care practiced by people with elimination stomas. Method: analytical cross-sectional study, based on the responses of 153 people with elimination stoma, treated at a reference outpatient clinic for the care of people with stoma, in the city of Teresina. Data collection took place through a semi-structured form with demographic data and about self-care. Analyzes were performed using inferential statistics, using the chi-square test. Results: Emptying the pouch, cleaning the stoma, drying the peristomal skin, detaching the plaque, measuring the stoma, making the mold, fitting, , self-esteem and social isolation were significantly associated with self-care (p<0.05). Conclusion: it was evident that the factors associated with self-care were care for the stoma and the collection equipment, in addition to the impacts on self-esteem and social life(AU)


Objetivo: evaluar los factores asociados al autocuidado practicado por personas con estomas de eliminación. Método: estudio transversal analítico, basado en las respuestas de 153 personas con estoma de eliminación, atendidos en un ambulatorio de referencia para la atención de personas con estoma, en la ciudad de Teresina. Se realizó la recolección de datos a través de un formulario semiestructurado con datos demográficos y sobre autocuidado. Los datos se analizaron utilizando estadística descriptiva e inferencial, utilizando la prueba Chi-cuadrado de Pearson. Resultados: vaciar la bolsa, limpiar la estoma, secar la piel periestomal, despegar la placa, medir la estoma, hacer el molde, adaptarlo, vaciar la bolsa, la autoestima y el aislamiento social se asociaron significativamente con el autocuidado (p<0,05). Conclusión: se evidenció que los factores asociados al autocuidado fueron el cuidado de la estoma y del equipo de recolección, además de los impactos en la autoestima y la vida social(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Care , Self Concept , Adaptation, Psychological , Surgical Stomas , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Inference
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3864, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431836

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to investigate the factors associated with extubation failure of patients in the intensive care unit. Method: unpaired, longitudinal, retrospective and quantitative case-control with the participation of 480 patients through clinical parameters for ventilator weaning. Data were analyzed by: Fisher's exact test or the chi-square test; unpaired two-tailed Student's t test; and Mann-Whitney test. Significant P values lower than or equal to 0.05 were admitted. Results: of the patients, 415 (86.5%) were successful and 65 (13.5%) failed. Success group: the most negative fluid balance, APACHE II in 20 (14-25), weak cough in 58 (13.9%). Failure group: the most positive fluid balance, APACHE II in 23 (19-29), weak cough in 31 (47.7%), abundant amount of pulmonary secretions in 47.7%. Conclusion: positive fluid balance and the presence of inefficient cough or inability to clear the airway were predictors of extubation failure.


Resumo Objetivo: investigar os fatores associados à falha de extubação de pacientes na unidade de terapia intensiva. Método: caso-controle não pareado, longitudinal, retrospectivo e quantitativo com a participação de 480 pacientes por meio de parâmetros clínicos para desmame ventilatório. Dados analisados por: Teste Exato de Fisher ou o teste Qui-quadrado; teste t de Student bicaudal não pareado; e teste de Mann-Whitney. Admitiram-se significantes valores de P menores ou iguais a 0,05. Resultados: dos pacientes, 415 (86,5%) tiveram sucesso e 65 (13,5%) falharam. Grupo sucesso: balanço hídrico mais negativo, APACHE II em 20 (14-25), tosse fraca em 58 (13,9%). Grupo falha: balanço hídrico mais positivo, APACHE II em 23 (19-29), tosse fraca em 31 (47,7 %), quantidade abundante de secreção pulmonar em 47,7 %. Conclusão: o balanço hídrico positivo e a presença de tosse ineficiente ou incapacidade de higienizar a via aérea foram preditores de falhas de extubação.


Resumen Objetivo: investigar los factores asociados al fracaso de la extubación de pacientes en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Método: caso y control no apareado, longitudinal, retrospectivo y cuantitativo con la participación de 480 pacientes mediante parámetros clínicos para el destete de la ventilación. Datos analizados por: Prueba Exacta de Fisher o prueba de Chi-cuadrado; prueba t de Student de dos colas para datos no apareados; y prueba de Mann-Whitney. Se admitieron valores de P significativos menores o iguales a 0,05. Resultados: de los pacientes, 415 (86,5%) tuvieron éxito y 65 (13,5%) fracasaron. Grupo de éxito: balance hídrico más negativo, APACHE II en 20 (14-25), tos débil en 58 (13,9%). Grupo de fracaso: balance de líquidos más positivo, APACHE II en 23 (19-29), tos débil en 31 (47,7%), abundante cantidad de secreciones pulmonares en 47,7%. Conclusión: el balance hídrico positivo y la presencia de tos ineficaz o incapacidad para higienizar la vía aérea fueron predictores de fracaso de la extubación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , APACHE , Bodily Secretions , Airway Extubation/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units
14.
Psico USF ; 28(3): 449-459, jul.-set. 2023. tab, il
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1521371

ABSTRACT

Risk behaviors are common in adolescence and demonstrates an association with depressive symptoms. Considering the psychological health implications of this phase in adult life, the aim of this study was to verify associations between depressive symptoms and consumption of alcohol and marijuana, self-injurious behavior, health self-perception, life satisfaction, anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation in adolescents. A total of 298 adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years (61.1% girls), participated in the study. The measures were the translated Health Behavior in School-aged Children questionnaire (HBSC - BR) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The chi-square test, student's t test and binomial logistic regression (p<0.05) were used. Depressive symptoms were associated with anxiety symptoms and self-injury. Higher risk for alcohol use and consumption, self-injury, negative health self-perception, anxiety and depression related to females. The findings of this population suggest worrying health outcomes, especially for girl. (AU)


Comportamentos de risco são comuns na adolescência e demonstram associação com sintomas depressivos. Considerando as implicações da saúde psicológica dessa fase na vida adulta, o objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar associações entre sintomas depressivos e consumo de álcool e maconha, comportamento autolesivo, autopercepção de saúde, satisfação com a vida, sintomas ansiosos e ideação suicida em adolescentes. Participaram 298 adolescentes, de 12 a 14 anos (61,1% meninas). Os instrumentos utilizados foram o questionário traduzido Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC - BR) e o Inventário de Depressão Infantil (CDI). Utilizou-se os teste Qui-Quadrado, t de student e regressão logística binomial (p<0,05). Sintomas depressivos associaram-se com sintomas ansiosos e autolesão. Maior risco para uso e consumo de álcool, autolesão, autopercepção de saúde negativa, ansiedade e depressão em relação ao sexo feminino. Os achados desta população sugerem resultados preocupantes de saúde, sobretudo para o sexo feminino. (AU)


Las conductas de riesgo son comunes en la adolescencia y demuestran una asociación con síntomas depresivos. Considerando las implicaciones psicológicas para la salud de esta fase en la vida adulta, el objetivo de este estudio fue verificar asociaciones entre síntomas depresivos y consumo de alcohol y marihuana, autolesión, autopercepción de salud, satisfacción con la vida, ansiedad e ideación suicida en adolescentes. Participaron 298 adolescentes de 12 a 14 años (61,1% niñas). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el cuestionario traducido Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC - BR) y el Inventario de Depresión Infantil (CDI). Se utilizaron las pruebas de chi-cuadrado, t de Student y regresión logística binomial (p<0,05). Los síntomas depresivos se asociaron con síntomas de ansiedad y autolesiones. Mayor riesgo de uso y consumo de alcohol, autolesiones, autopercepción negativa de la salud, ansiedad y depresión en relación con el sexo femenino. Los hallazgos de esta población sugieren resultados de salud preocupantes, especialmente para las mujeres. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Anxiety/psychology , Cannabis , Mental Health , Depression/psychology , Alcoholism/psychology , Health Risk Behaviors , Personal Satisfaction , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(2): 31856, 31 ago. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509638

ABSTRACT

As emergências psiquiátricas são distúrbios agudos do pensamento, comportamento, humor ou relações sociais, necessitando de uma intervenção imediata. Além disso, ressalta-se que o diagnóstico psiquiátrico de maneira geral difere dos demais por exigir além de habilidades técnico-científicas ou de anamnese uma prática interpessoal e conhecimento do contexto pessoal do paciente.Objetivo:O presente estudotem como objetivo avaliar o nível de conhecimento dosacadêmicos de medicina de uma universidade públicaacerca das emergênciaspsiquiátricas. Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo observacional, descritivo, do tipo transversal, realizado com 293estudantes de medicina.Foi aplicado um questionário validado, via Google Forms. Foi utilizado o teste qui-quadrado para avaliar as correlações.Resultados:observou-se que há uma associação entre período do curso e conhecimento acerca de emergências psiquiátricas, viu-se que quanto maior o período maior o nível de conhecimento. Ademais, notou-se escassez de cenários de prática para os acadêmicos.Conclusões:Conclui-se que existem lacunas na abordagem da educação médica sobre o tema em questãoe faz-se necessário uma discussão aprofundada para melhoria nesse quesito (AU).


Psychiatric emergenciesare acute disorders of thinking, behavior, mood or social relationships, requiring immediate intervention. In addition, there is an emphasys thatpsychiatric diagnosis in general differs from the others because it requires, in addition to technical-scientific skills or anamnesis, interpersonal practice and knowledge of the patient's personal context.Objective:This study aims to assess the level of knowledge of medical students at a public university regarding psychiatric emergencies. Methodology:This isan observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, carried out with 293 medical students. A validated questionnaire applied via Google Forms. The chi-square test was used to assess correlations. Results:The study observed that there is an association between the period of the course and knowledge about psychiatric emergencies, that higher the period, greater the level of knowledge. Furthermore, there was a shortage of practice scenarios for academics. Conclusions:It is concluded that there are gaps inthe approach of medical education on the subject in question and an in-depth discussion is necessary to improve this aspect (AU).


Las urgencias psiquiátricasson trastornos agudos del pensamiento, la conducta, el estado de ánimo o las relaciones sociales, que requieren una intervención inmediata. Además, se destaca que el diagnóstico psiquiátrico en general se diferencia de los demás porque requiere, además de habilidades técnico-científicas o anamnesis, práctica interpersonal y conocimiento delcontexto personal del paciente. Objetivo: Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar el nivel de conocimiento de los estudiantes de medicina de una universidad pública sobre emergencias psiquiátricas. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, realizado con 293 estudiantes de medicina. Se aplicó un cuestionario validado através de Google Forms. Se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadradopara evaluar las correlaciones. Resultados: Se observó que existe asociación entre el período de la carrera y el conocimiento sobre urgencias psiquiátricas, cuanto mayor era el período, mayor era el nivel de conocimiento. Además, había escasez de escenarios de prácticapara los académicos.Conclusiones: Se concluye que existen lagunas en el abordaje de la educación médica sobre el tema en cuestión y es necesaria una discusión profunda para mejorar en este sentido (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychiatry , Students, Medical , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Education, Medical , Emergency Services, Psychiatric , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(2): 30490, 31 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509328

ABSTRACT

Fake news é a propagação de notícias falsas disseminadas de forma intencional, que buscam induzir ao erro. Na saúde, suas repercussões são negativas devido a consequências que podem gerar no enfrentamento de condições de saúde dos indivíduos.Objetivo: Identificar os conhecimentos e práticas de profissionais de saúde com relação à fake news.Metodologia:Trata-se de pesquisa exploratória, quantitativa, cujos participantes foram profissionais de saúde de um município de médio porte no Oeste do Paraná, que responderam à instrumento de coleta de dados on-line. Os dados foram sistematizados e analisados pela estatística descritiva.Resultados:Participaram 169 profissionais que entendem Fake news como notícias falsas; se utilizam de programas jornalísticos de televisão para se informar; recebem, mais frequentemente, notícias falsas pelo whatsapp; verificam em sites confiáveis as informações; entendem que fake News trazem riscos à saúde; já atenderam pessoas acreditando em notícias falsas; sabem que criar e divulgar fake News é crime e sabem identificar notícias falsas. Conclusões:Diante da infodemia vivenciada, sugere-se a apropriação das mídias sociais para a divulgação científica comprometida com a saúde, a fim de que a sociedade possa acessar informações confiáveis baseadas em evidências científicas (AU).


Fake news is the propagation of false news spread intentionally, which seeks to mislead. In health, its repercussions are negative due to consequences that may not generate coping with the health conditions of patients.Objective:To identify the knowledge and practices of health professionals regarding fake news.Methodology:This is an exploratory, quantitative research, whose participants were health professionals from a medium-sized city in western Paraná, who responded to the online data collection instrument. Data were systematized and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: 169 professionals understand Fake news as misleading information; they keep informed through television news programs; they more often receive fake news via WhatsApp; verify information on trusted sites; understand that fake news brings health risks; they have already served people who believe in fake news; they know that creating and disseminating fake news is a crime and they know howto identify fake news.Conclusions:In view of the infodemic experienced, it is suggested the appropriation of social media for scientific dissemination is committed to health so that society can access reliable information based on scientific evidence (AU).


Las fake news son la propagación de noticias falsas difundidas de forma intencionada, que pretenden inducir a error. En salud, sus repercusiones son negativas por las consecuencias que puede generar el no afrontar las condiciones de salud de los pacientes.Objetivo:Identificar los saberes y prácticas de los profesionales de la salud frente a las fake news.Metodología:Se trata de una investigación cuantitativa, exploratoria, cuyos participantes fueron profesionales de la salud de una ciudad de mediano porte del oeste de Paraná, que respondieron al instrumento de recolección de datos en línea. Los datos fueron sistematizados y analizados mediante estadística descriptiva.Resultados:169 profesionales entienden las fake news como información engañosa; se mantienen informados a través de programas de noticias televisivos; reciben más a menudo noticias falsas a través de WhatsApp; verificar información en sitios confiables; comprender que las noticias falsas conllevan riesgos para la salud; ya han servido a personas que creen en noticias falsas; saben que crear y difundir noticias falsas es un delito y saben identificar las noticias falsas.Conclusiones:Ante la infodemia vivida, se sugiere la apropiación de las redes sociales para la divulgación científica comprometida con la salud para que la sociedad pueda acceder a información confiable basada en evidencia científica (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Education , Health Personnel , Communication , Disinformation , Health Profile , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(2): 32799, 31 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452585

ABSTRACT

O sexo é um importante fator a ser considerado na compreensão da dependência de cuidados na velhice. Objetivo:Verificar fatores associados à dependência, dentro e fora de casa, em pessoas idosas com 75 anos ou mais, com ênfase na diferença entre os sexos. Metodologia:Pesquisa transversal com dados do estudo FIBRA. A capacidade funcional nas Atividades Instrumentais de Vida Diária (AIVD) foi dividida em atividades realizadas dentro de casa (uso do telefone, manejo da medicação, tarefas domésticas e preparo da refeição) e atividades realizadas fora de casa (fazer compras, utilizar transporte e manejo do dinheiro). As variáveis independentes incluíram aspectos sociodemográficas e de saúde. Foram estimadas razões de prevalência por meio de modelos de regressão múltipla de Poisson a fim de verificar as variáveis associadas com dependência dentro e fora de casa. Resultados:A amostra foi composta por 804 idosos. Dentro de casa, não houve fatores associados à dependência para o sexo masculino. Enquanto para o sexo feminino, os fatores associados foram fragilidade (RP = 1,99; 95%IC: 1,26-3,15) e 80 anos e mais (RP = 1,41; 95%IC: 1,05-1,89). Quanto à dependência fora de casa, a fragilidade destacou-se como um fator associado a ambos os sexos, masculino (RP = 2,80 95%IC: 1,17-6,64) e feminino (RP = 1,98 95%IC: 1,24-3,17). Conclusões:Para o sexo feminino, a idade avançada e a fragilidade foram os fatores de maior associação com dependência, tanto para o ambiente dentro quanto fora de casa. Para o sexo masculino, a fragilidade foi o único e grande determinante de dependência nas atividades fora de casa, apresentando prevalência maior do que a encontrada na amostra do sexo feminino (AU).


Sexis an important factor to be considered tocomprehendoldage care dependencyObjective:Verify associated factors to dependency, in and out of home, in persons with 75 years or more, with emphasis on sexdifferences. Methodology:Cross-sectional research with data from the FIBRA Study. The functional dependence in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) was divided in activities performed inside home (using telephone, managing medicine, housework and meal preparation) and activities performed outside home (shopping, transportation and managing finances).The independent variable included health and sociodemographic aspects. Estimates on prevalence ratios were made using multiple Poisson regression models to verify the many variables associated with dependency inside and outside home. Results:The sample was composed of 804 older people. Inside home there were not any factors associated with dependency in the males. However, in the females the associated factors were frailty (PR = 1.99; 95%CI: 1.26-3.15) and 80 and older (PR = 1.41; 95%CI: 1.05-1.89). As to dependency outside home, frailty was a factor that stood out in both sexes, male (PR = 2.80 95%CI: 1.17-6.64) and female (PR = 1.98 95%CI: 1.24-3.17). Conclusions:To women, older age and frailty were the strongest factors of dependency, to both inside and outside home. To men, frailty was the strongest and single dependency factor for dependency in outside activities, showing a higher prevalence than that of the female sex (AU).


El sexo es un factor importante queconsiderar en la comprensión de la dependencia del cuidado en la vejez. Objetivo:Verificar los factores vinculados a la dependencia, dentro y fuera del hogar, en ancianos de 75 años o más, con énfasis en la diferencia entre los sexos. Metodología:Investigación transversal con datos del estudio FIBRA. La capacidad funcional en las Actividades Instrumentales de la Vida Diaria (AIVD) se dividió en actividades realizadas dentro del hogar (uso del teléfono, administración de medicamentos, tareas domésticas y preparación de comidas) y actividades realizadas fuera del hogar (hacer compras, uso del transporte y manejo del dinero). Las variables independientes incluyeron aspectos sociodemográficos y de salud. Las razones de prevalencia se estimaron utilizando modelos de regresión múltiple de Poisson con el fin de verificarlas variables vinculadas con la dependencia dentro y fuera del hogar. Resultados:El muestreofue constituidopor 804 ancianos. Dentro del hogar, no hubo factores asociados con la dependencia de los hombres. Mientras que, para las mujeres, los factores asociados fueron fragilidad (RP = 1,99; IC95%: 1,26-3,15) y 80 años y más (RP = 1,41; IC95%: 1,05-1,89). En cuanto a la dependencia fuera del hogar, la fragilidad se destacó como un factor asociado a ambos sexos, masculino (RP = 2,80 IC95%: 1,17-6,64) y femenino (RP = 1,98 IC95%: 1,24-3,17). Conclusiones: Para el sexo femenino, la edad avanzada y la fragilidad fueron los factores más vinculados a la dependencia, tanto para el ambiente dentro como fuera del hogar. Para los varones, la fragilidad fue el único determinante importante de dependencia en actividades fuera del hogar, con una prevalencia mayor que la encontrada en elmuestreofemenino (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Activities of Daily Living , Frail Elderly , Gender and Health , Longevity , Chi-Square Distribution , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Prevalence Ratio , Multimorbidity
18.
RFO UPF ; 28(1): 132-146, 20230808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509419

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a concordância entre agravos bucais autorreferidos durante e após a COVID-19 e condições clínicas de pacientes do município de Palhoça-SC. Materiais e Método: Estudo exploratório, transversal de base quantitativa descritiva com 30 participantes que possuíram testagem positiva para COVID-19 no município de Palhoça-SC. Cada paciente participou de uma avaliação clínica, identificando os agravos bucais, nessa mesma oportunidade, foram registrados dados sociodemográficos e condições bucais autorreferidas. Todas as análises foram conduzidas pelo Software Stata® versão 13. Análises descritivas, inferenciais pelo teste de Qui-quadrado de Pearson (α=5%). Concordância entre presença dos agravos bucais autorreferidos e presença do agravo avaliado clinicamente, pelo coeficiente Kappa e classificadas como: fraca 0 a 0,20; razoável 0,41 a 0,60; boa 0,61 a 0,80; muito boa 0,81 a 0,92; e excelente 0,93 a 1,00. Resultados: A maioria da amostra foram de mulheres (70%), com idade entre 36-59 anos (56,6%) e de baixa renda (70%). Houve concordância boa entre presença de cárie e relato de dor (Kappa=0,70), e para o diagnóstico clínico de sangramento gengival e autopercepção ruim/péssima a classificação também foi boa (Kappa=0,72). Todavia, a concordância entre o relato de sintomas de boca seca e baixo fluxo salivar foi considerada razoável (Kappa=0,57), assim como, para a presença de bolsa periodontal e o relato de autopercepção ruim/péssima (Kappa=0,41). Conclusão: A autopercepção das condições de saúde bucal durante a pandemia foi concordante com determinadas condições clínicas que necessitam de atendimento odontológico, corrobando com as preocupações sobre o agravamento das condições bucais durante a pandemia.(AU)


Aim: To identify the concordance between self-reported oral health problems during and after COVID-19 and clinical conditions of patients in the city of Palhoça-SC. Materials and Method: Exploratory, cross-sectional study with a descriptive quantitative base, formatted by 30 patients who tested positive for COVID-19 in the municipality of Palhoça-SC. Each patient participated in a clinical evaluation, identifying oral health problems. At the same time, sociodemographic data and self-reported oral conditions were recorded. All analyzes were performed using the Stata® Software, version 13. Descriptive and inferential analyzes were performed using Pearson's chi-square test (α=5%). Agreement between the presence of self-reported oral health problems and the presence of the clinically evaluated disease, by the Kappa coefficient and classified as: weak 0 to 0.20; take 0.21 to 0.40; reasonable 0.41 to 0.60; good 0.61 to 0.80; very good 0.81 to 0.92; and excellent 0.93 to 1.00. Results: Most of the sample were women (70%), aged between 36-59 years (56.6%) and low-income (70%). There was good agreement between the presence of caries and reported pain (Kappa=0.70), and for the clinical diagnosis of gingival bleeding and bad/very poor self-perception, the classification was also good (Kappa=0.72). However, the agreement between the report of symptoms of dry mouth and low salivary flow was considered reasonable (Kappa=0.57), as well as the presence of periodontal pockets and the report of poor/terrible self-perception (Kappa=0.41). Conclusion: The self-perception of oral health conditions during the pandemic was consistent with certain clinical conditions that require dental care, corroborating concerns about the worsening of oral conditions during the pandemic.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Self Report , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis
19.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110811, mayo-ago. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532448

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar los hábitos de medicación sistémica de odontólogos especialistas y no especialistas en endodoncia ante diferentes patologías pulpares previos al tratamiento en- dodóntico en Argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se diseñó una encuesta para evaluar la prescripción de antibióticos, tipo de antibióticos, tiempo de prescripción, indicación de antinflamatorios no es- teroides y esteroides ante diferentes patologías pulpares. Se envió a 635 odontólogos especialistas y no especialistas en endodoncia a través de SurveyMonkey. Por medio de la prue- ba de Chi cuadrado se evaluaron las diferencias de medica- ción entre los grupos estudiados. Resultados: En pulpitis se medicó con antibióticos en el 3,48% de los casos y con antinflamatorios en un 62,60%. En necrosis pulpar sin fístula no se indicó ninguna medica- ción en un 64,47% de los casos, seguido de antibióticos en un 24,56%. En necrosis con fístula, el 52,38% no indicó nin- guna medicación, seguido de medicación con antibióticos en un 35,49%. En periodontitis apical aguda la principal medica- ción fue con antinflamatorios (52,79%), seguido de antibió- ticos (32,87%); y en el absceso alveolar agudo, un 57,10% indicó antibióticos seguido de antinflamatorios. El antibiótico de elección fue la penicilina en un 65,23% de los casos, y en caso de alergia a la misma, el antibiótico elegido fue azitromi- cina (30,12%). El tiempo de prescripción fue de 7 días. En la comparación entre especialistas y no especialistas hubo dife- rencias estadísticamente significativas para pulpitis y necrosis con fístula (p<0,01) y no las hubo entre necrosis sin fístula, periodontitis apical aguda y absceso alveolar agudo (p> 0,05). Conclusiones: La penicilina fue el antibiótico de elec- ción de la mayoría de los odontólogos argentinos encuestados junto al ibuprofeno como anti-inflamatorio. Existiría una so- bremedicación en patologías endodónticas que podría contri- buir a la resistencia microbiana a los antibióticos (AU)


Aim: Determine the systemic medication habits of den- tists specialists and non-specialists in endodontists in differ- ent pulp pathologies prior to root canal treatment in Argen- tina. Materials and methods: A survey was designed to evaluate the prescription of antibiotics, the type of antibiotics, prescription time, indication of non-steroidal anti-inflamma- tory drugs in different pulp pathologies. It was sent to 635 general dentists and endodontic specialists via SurveyMon- key. A Chi-square test was made to evaluate the differences in medication between the studied groups. Results: In pulpitis, antibiotics were prescribed in 3.48% of cases and anti-inflammatories in 62.60%. In pul- pal necrosis without fistula, no medication was indicated in 64.47% of cases, followed by antibiotics in 24.56%. In ne- crosis with fistula, 52.38% did not indicate any medication, followed by medication with antibiotics in 35.49%. In acute apical periodontitis the main medication was anti-inflamma-tories (52.79%), followed by antibiotics (32.87%); and for acute alveolar abscess, 57.10% indicated antibiotics, fol- lowed by anti-inflammatories. The antibiotic of choice was penicillin in 65.23% of the cases, and in case of allergy to it, the chosen antibiotic was azithromycin (30.12%). The prescription time was 7 days. In the comparison between specialists and non-specialists, there were significant dif- ferences for pulpitis and necrosis with fistula (p<0.01) and there were no significant differences between necrosis without fistula, acute apical periodontitis and acute alveo- lar abscess (p>0.05). Conclusions: Penicillin was the antibiotic of choice for the majority of the surveyed Argentine dentists, as well as ibuprofen as an anti-inflammatory drug. These could reflect an overmedication in endodontics pathologies that could con- tribute to microbial resistance to antibiotics (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Penicillins/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Diseases/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Specialties, Dental/standards , Chi-Square Distribution , Administration, Oral , Surveys and Questionnaires , Endodontics/trends
20.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 40(3): 348-353, jul. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, INS-PERU | ID: biblio-1522776

ABSTRACT

Se determinó la presencia de los genotipos de virulencia de Helicobacter pylori y su asociación con las lesiones precursoras de malignidad gástrica y parámetros histológicos en pacientes con síntomas de dispepsia del suroccidente de Colombia. Se realizó reacción en cadena de polimerasa (PCR) para la caracterización genética de vacA, cagA, babA2 y sabA. Se empleó la prueba de chi cuadrado o Fischer para evaluar la asociación de cada genotipo sobre el desenlace clínico. En los pacientes con lesiones precursoras de malignidad gástrica se encontró que el 86,3% presentaron el genotipo vacA s1/m1, el 68,1% cagA+ y los genotipos babA2+ y sabA+ con el 68,8% y 55,8%, respectivamente. También, se demostró la asociación entre los genotipos de virulencia y el grado severo de infiltración de células polimorfonucleares. Además, se encontró una asociación entre la combinación de los genes vacA/cagA, vacA/sabA y babA2/sabA. Este estudio proporciona evidencia acerca de la asociación de los genotipos de virulencia del H. pylori y la inflamación gástrica en pacientes infectados.


The aim of this research was to determine the presence of Helicobacter pylori virulence genotypes and their association with precursor lesions of gastric malignancy and histological parameters in patients with dyspepsia symptoms in southwestern Colombia. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for the genetic characterization of vacA, cagA, babA2 and sabA. The chi-square or Fischer test were used to evaluate the association between each genotype and the clinical outcome. We found that 86.3% of the patients with precursor lesions of gastric malignancy presented the vacA s1/m1 genotype, 68.1% had the cagA+ genotype and 68.8% and 55.8% had the babA2+ and sabA+ genotypes, respectively. Our results show association between virulence genotypes and severe degree of polymorphonuclear cell infiltration. In addition, we found an association between the combination of vacA/cagA, vacA/sabA and babA2/sabA genes. This study provides evidence about the association of H. pylori virulence genotypes and gastric inflammation in infected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chi-Square Distribution , Adhesins, Bacterial , Gastritis , Virulence Factors , Inflammation
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