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1.
In. Rodríguez Temesio, Gustavo Orlando; Olivera Pertusso, Eduardo Andrés; Berriel, Edgardo; Bentancor De Paula, Marisel Lilian; Cantileno Desevo, Pablo Gustavo; Chinelli Ramos, Javier; Guarnieri, Damián; Lapi, Silvana; Hernández Negrin, Rodrigo; Laguzzi Rosas, María Cecilia. Actualizaciones en clínica quirúrgica. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro-FEFMUR, 2024. p.9-30, ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1552996
2.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 64(2): 36-43, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537887

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: determinar la microbiología y la prevalencia de cultivos de bilis positivos en la Colecistitis Aguda (CA). METODOLOGÍA DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN: serie de casos consecutivos anidados en una cohorte RESULTADOS: se han incluido 196 pacientes con un promedio de edad de 46,5 años (DE± 14,735 años) distribuidos por género en 88 pacientes del género femenino (44,9%) y 108 del género masculino (55,1%). El promedio de leucocitosis fue de 10.000 x mm3 con desvío izquierdo (80% de segmentados promedio). La prevalencia de cultivos positivos durante la CA fue de 64 pacientes (32,65%). El germen más cultivado fue la E. Coli en 28 pacientes con (43,75 %). En la sensibilidad del antibiograma, amoxicilina y Acido clavulánico presenta 53,12% de resistencia cuando están asociadas y 25,56% cuando se usa amoxicilina sola. La amikacina, ceftriaxona, cefepime, imipemen, cloranfenicol, ciprofloxacina, cotrimoxazol y gentamicina tienen sensibilidad superior al 50%. En las formas edematosas el cultivo fue de 19,7%, hidrops vesicular 31,25%, en piocolecisto el porcentaje de cultivos positivos fue de 50% y en abscesos retrovesiculares fue de 79,16%. CONCLUSIONES: la prevalencia de cultivo positivo en CA es de 32,65% con la E. Coli como germen más frecuente. La elección del antibiótico debe estar basada en el conocimiento de la microbiología del Hospital y de la sensibilidad determinada por los cultivos y antibiograma


AIM: to determine the microbiology and prevalence of positive bile culture un acute Cholecystitis. RESEARCH METODOLOGY: Consecutive case series nested in a cohort RESULTS: 196 patients with a mean age of 46,5 años (DE± 14,735 años) were included, distributed by gender 88 female patients (44,9%) and 108 male patients (55,1%). The mean leukocytosis was 10.000 x mm3 with 80% of neutrophils. The prevalence of positive bile culture in AC was in 64 patients (32,65%). The most cultivated germ was E. Coli in 28 patients (43,75 %). In the sensitivity of the antibiogram amoxilin with clavulanic acid shows 53,12% of resistence and when is used amoxicillin alone is 25,56%. Amikacin, ceftriaxon, cefepim, imipemen, chloranphenicol, ciprofloxacin, cotrimoxazole and gentamicin have sensitivity greater to 50%. In edematous AC the positive culture was 19,7%, hydrops gallblader 31,25%, in piocolecyst 50% and in retro gallbalder abscess was 79,16%. CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence positive bile culture was 32,65% with E. Coli as the most frequent germ. The choice of antibiotic should be based on the knowledge of the hospital´s microbiology and the sensitivity determinated by cultures and antibiogram


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cholecystitis, Acute/microbiology , Abscess
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 666-676, 20230906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509790

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el estándar de oro para el manejo de la patología de la vesícula biliar con indicación quirúrgica. Durante su ejecución existe un grupo de pacientes que podrían requerir conversión a técnica abierta. Este estudio evaluó factores perioperatorios asociados a la conversión en la Clínica Central OHL en Montería, Colombia. Métodos. Estudio observacional analítico de casos y controles anidado a una cohorte retrospectiva entre 2018 y 2021, en una relación de 1:3 casos/controles, nivel de confianza 95 % y una potencia del 90 %. Se caracterizó la población de estudio y se evaluaron las asociaciones según la naturaleza de las variables, luego por análisis bivariado y multivariado se estimaron los OR, con sus IC95%, considerando significativo un valor de p<0,05, controlando variables de confusión. Resultados. El estudio incluyó 332 pacientes, 83 casos y 249 controles, mostrando en el modelo multivariado que las variables más fuertemente asociadas con la conversión fueron: la experiencia del cirujano (p=0,001), la obesidad (p=0,036), engrosamiento de la pared de la vesícula biliar en la ecografía (p=0,011) y un mayor puntaje en la clasificación de Parkland (p<0,001). Conclusión. La identificación temprana y análisis individual de los factores perioperatorios de riesgo a conversión en la planeación de la colecistectomía laparoscópica podría definir qué pacientes se encuentran expuestos y cuáles podrían beneficiarse de un abordaje mínimamente invasivo, en búsqueda de toma de decisiones adecuadas, seguras y costo-efectivas


Introduction. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard for the management of gallbladder pathology with surgical indication. During its execution, there is a group of patients who may require conversion to the open technique. This study evaluated perioperative factors associated with conversion at the OHL Central Clinic in Montería, Colombia. Methods. Observational analytical case-control study nested in a retrospective cohort between 2018 and 2021, in a 1:3 case/control ratio, 95% confidence level and 90% power. The study population was characterized and the associations were evaluated according to the nature of the variables, then the OR were estimated by bivariate and multivariate analysis, with their 95% CI, considering a value of p<0.05 significant, controlling for confounding variables. Results. The study included 332 patients, 83 cases and 249 controls, showing in the multivariate model that the variables most strongly associated with conversion were: the surgeon's experience (p=0.001), obesity (p=0.036), gallbladder wall thickening on ultrasonography (p=0.011), and a higher score in the Parkland classification (p<0.001). Conclusions. Early identification and individual analysis of the perioperative risk factors for conversion in the planning of laparoscopic cholecystectomy could define which patients are exposed, and which could benefit from a minimally invasive approach, in search of making safe, cost-effective, and appropriate decisions


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Conversion to Open Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors , Cholecystitis, Acute
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 474-482, Mayo 8, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438425

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En pacientes con diagnóstico de colecistitis aguda tratados con colecistostomía, el tiempo óptimo de duración de la terapia antibiótica es desconocido. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar los resultados clínicos en pacientes con diagnóstico de colecistitis aguda manejados inicialmente con colecistostomía y que recibieron cursos cortos de antibióticos (7 días o menos) versus cursos largos (más de 7 días). Métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio de cohorte observacional, retrospectivo, que incluyó pacientes con diagnóstico de colecistitis aguda manejados con colecistostomía, que recibieron tratamiento antibiótico. Se hizo un análisis univariado y de regresión logística para evaluar la asociación de variables clínicas con la duración del tratamiento antibiótico. El desenlace primario por evaluar fue la mortalidad a 30 días. Resultados. Se incluyeron 72 pacientes. El 25 % (n=18) recibieron terapia antibiótica por 7 días o menos y el 75 % (n=54) recibieron más de 7 días. No hubo diferencias significativas en la mortalidad a 30 días entre los dos grupos ni en las demás variables estudiadas. La duración de la antibioticoterapia no influyó en la mortalidad a 30 días (OR 0,956; IC95% 0,797 - 1,146). Conclusión. No hay diferencias significativas en los desenlaces clínicos de los pacientes con colecistitis aguda que son sometidos a colecistostomía y que reciben cursos cortos de antibióticos en comparación con cursos largos


Introduction.In patients with acute cholecystitis who receive treatment with cholecystostomy, the optimal duration of antibiotic therapy is unknown. The objective of this study is to compare short courses of antibiotics (7 days or less) with long courses (more than 7 days) in this population. Methods. We performed a retrospective observational cohort study which included patients diagnosed with acute cholecystitis, who received antibiotic therapy and were taken to cholecystostomy. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were performed to evaluate the association between clinical variables and the duration. The main outcome evaluated was 30-day mortality. Results. Seventy-two patients were included, 25% (n=18) were given 7 or fewer days of antibiotics while 75% (n=54) were given them for more than 7 days. Demographic data between both groups were similar (age, severity of cholecystitis, comorbidities). There were no significant differences in 30-day mortality between both groups. Antibiotic duration did not influence mortality at 30 days (OR 0.956, 95% CI 0.797 - 1.146). Conclusion. There are no significant differences in the clinical outcomes of patients with acute cholecystitis who undergo cholecystostomy and receive short courses of antibiotics compared to long courses


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystostomy , Cholecystitis, Acute , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cholelithiasis , Acalculous Cholecystitis , Gallbladder
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441530

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con el advenimiento de la pandemia por la enfermedad de la COVID-19 ha sido necesario reorganizar los servicios de salud y modificar en cierta medida la indicación quirúrgica en la colecistitis aguda. Objetivo: Caracterizar la colecistostomía como una alternativa segura y eficaz para la resolución de la colecistitis aguda litiásica en pacientes en los que no está indicada la cirugía, portador o no de la COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión descriptiva narrativa desde el 2019 hasta el 2021 de las fuentes primarias y secundarias que abordan este tema; fue este período de tiempo en el que se desarrolló la pandemia provocada por SARS-Cov 2. Se usaron el Google Chrome y las bases de datos electrónicas MEDLINE/PubMed, INDEXMEDICUS y fuentes de información en revistas basadas en evidencias como ACP Journal Best Evidence y Cochrane. Desarrollo: El impacto de la crisis sanitaria sobre los servicios quirúrgicos se traduce en la cancelación de las colecistectomías electivas en el 97,6 por ciento de los centros. Esta decisión no es inocua, puesto que se ha estimado un riesgo anual de desarrollar complicaciones del 1-3 por ciento en la colelitiasis sintomática. Conclusiones: La colecistostomía es el método más acertado a utilizar para la resolución de la colecistitis aguda litiásica en pacientes en los que no está indicada la cirugía, con mala respuesta al tratamiento médico y sin tener la completa seguridad de que el paciente es o no portador de la COVID-19(AU)


Introduction: With the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, to reorganize health services has been necessary, as well as to modify, to a certain extent, the surgical indication for acute cholecystitis. Objective: To characterize cholecystostomy as a safe and effective alternative for the resolution of acute lithiasic cholecystitis in patients with no surgical indication, whether or not they have COVID-19. Methods: A narrative-descriptive review was carried out from 2019 to 2021 of primary and secondary sources addressing this topic; this time period marked the development of the pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. Google Chrome was used, together with the electronic databases MEDLINE/PubMed and INDEXMEDICUS, as well as sources of information in evidence-based journals, such as ACP Journal Best Evidence and Cochrane. Development: The impact of the health crisis over surgical services is translated into the cancellation of elective cholecystectomies in 97.6 percent of the centers. This decision is not innocuous, since an annual risk of developing complications has been estimated at 1-3 percent for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Conclusions: Cholecystostomy is the most successful method to be used for the resolution of acute lithiasic cholecystitis in patients with no surgical indication or poor response to medical treatment, without complete certainty as to whether or not the patient has COVID-19(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy/methods , Cholecystitis, Acute/etiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
6.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(3): e38307, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1409863

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: el tratamiento "gold standard" de la colecistitis aguda es la colecistectomía laparoscópica temprana. En pacientes añosos de alto riesgo anestésico-quirúrgico, con cuadros de evolución subaguda y/o con repercusión sistémica, es alternativa el tratamiento médico exclusivo o asociado al drenaje vesicular percutáneo. Objetivo: analizar y comparar las recomendaciones internacionales con las conductas terapéuticas en dos centros asistenciales de tercer nivel para pacientes con colecistitis aguda. Método: trabajo descriptivo, prospectivo de 161 pacientes con colecistitis aguda litiásica asistidos en los departamentos de emergencia del Hospital de Clínicas y el Hospital Español entre mayo de 2018 y mayo de 2019. Resultados: la colecistectomía laparoscópica temprana fue indicada en el 88% de los pacientes, con 3% de conversión y 9% de morbilidad. 12% recibieron manejo no operatorio, asociándose en el 65% colecistostomía percutánea. La edad avanzada, comorbilidades, discrasias y la severidad del cuadro presentaron asociación significativa con la modalidad terapéutica (p <0,05). El 40% de los pacientes en los que se realizó manejo no operatorio presentó recurrencias sintomáticas. A todos se les realizó la colecistectomía en diferido. Conclusiones: la colecistectomía laparoscópica temprana es la conducta terapéutica más frecuente. Las principales indicaciones de manejo no operatorio en nuestro medio son las características sistémicas desfavorables. El mismo presenta altas tasas de éxito y escasa morbilidad con una recurrencia sintomática del 40%.


Abstract: Introduction: early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment for acute cholecystitis. However, exclusive medical treatment (EMC) or medical treatment associated with percutaneous gallbladder drainage is the treatment of choice in elderly patients given their high surgical and anesthetic risk and upon the subacute course of the condition and/or its systemic repercussions. Objective: to analyze and compare international guidelines to the therapeutic behavior for patients with acute cholecystectomy in two third-level hospitals. Methodology: descriptive, prospective study of 161 patients with litiasic acute cholecystitis treated in the ER of Hospital de Clínicas and Hospital Español between May 2018 and May 2019. Results: early laparoscopic cholecystectomy was indicated in 88% of patients, conversion being 3% and morbidity 9%. Twelve percent of patients received non-surgical treatment, 65% of which evidenced percutaneous cholecystostomy. Old age, comorbidities, dyscrasias, and severity of the condition were closely related to the therapeutic modality (p < 0.05). Forty percent of patients who received non-surgical treatment presented symptomatic repercussions. They all underwent delayed cholecystectomy. Conclusions: early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most frequent treatment of choice. Unfavorable systemic characteristics are the main indications for non-surgical management in our country. This surgical treatment evidences high success rates and scarce morbidity with 40% of systemic repercussions.


Resumo: Introdução: o tratamento padrão ouro da colecistite aguda é a colecistectomia laparoscópica precoce. Em pacientes idosos com alto risco anestésico-cirúrgico, com evolução subaguda e/ou repercussão sistêmica, o tratamento clínico isolado ou associado à drenagem percutânea da vesícula biliar é uma alternativa. Objetivo: analisar e comparar recomendações internacionais com condutas terapêuticas em dois centros terciários para pacientes com colecistite aguda. Método: estudo descritivo e prospectivo de 161 pacientes com colecistite aguda de cálculos atendidos nos serviços de emergência do Hospital de Clínicas e Hospital Español no período maio de 2018 - maio de 2019. Resultados: a colecistectomia laparoscópica precoce foi indicada em 88% dos pacientes, com 3% de conversão e 9% de morbidade. 12% receberam tratamento não operatório, associado a 65% colecistostomia percutânea. Idade avançada, comorbidades, discrasias e gravidade do quadro apresentaram associação significativa com a modalidade terapêutica (p < 0,05). 40% dos pacientes nos quais o manejo não operatório foi realizado apresentaram recidivas sintomáticas. Todos foram submetidos à colecistectomia diferida. Conclusões: a colecistectomia laparoscópica precoce é a abordagem terapêutica mais frequente. As principais indicações para o manejo não operatório em nosso meio são as características sistêmicas desfavoráveis. Apresentando altas taxas de sucesso e baixa morbidade com recorrência sintomática de 40%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/statistics & numerical data , Cholecystitis, Acute/therapy , Recurrence , Prospective Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery
7.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 24(2): e1029, mayo.-ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409219

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades reumáticas constituyen un grupo de afecciones cuyo mecanismo patogénico se enfoca en la persistencia de un proceso inflamatorio que origina manifestaciones articulares y sistémicas. Aunque no es frecuente, en ocasiones el proceso inflamatorio genera complicaciones graves que requieren intervención quirúrgica como es el caso de la colecistitis aguda. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 36 años de edad, con diagnóstico de lupus eritematoso sistémico de 5 años de evolución que ingresa con COVID-19 y a los 6 días de hospitalización comienza con un cuadro franco de abdomen agudo que requirió intervención quirúrgica de urgencia. Se presenta el cuadro por la coexistencia de la enfermedad reumática, la infección por COVID-19 y el evento agudo secundario al proceso inflamatorio que causan ambas afecciones(AU)


Rheumatic diseases constitute a group of conditions whose etiopathogenic mechanism focuses on the persistence of an inflammatory process that generates joint and systemic manifestations. Although it is not frequent, sometimes the inflammatory process generates serious complications that require surgical intervention, as is the case with acute cholecystitis. The case of a 36-year-old female patient is presented, with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus of 5 years of evolution who was admitted due to symptoms compatible with COVID-19 and after 6 days of hospitalization she began with a clear picture of acute abdomen that required emergency surgical intervention. The picture is presented due to the coexistence of rheumatic disease, COVID-19 infection and the acute event secondary to the inflammatory process that both conditions generate(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Abdomen, Acute/surgery
8.
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e202, jul. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384410

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las complicaciones de la litiasis biliar (LB) son una causa importante de morbilidad en nuestro país y en el mundo entero y generan elevados costos en salud. Objetivo: El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar, que pacientes con una complicación de su patología litiásica de la vía biliar (colecistitis, colangitis aguda, pancreatitis aguda), fueron previamente asintomáticos, resultando dicha complicación el debut de la enfermedad. Lugar: Sanatorio Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevideo Uruguay. Diseño: Estudio observacional descriptivo, retrospectivo, análisis de historias clínicas. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizaron 234 casos clínicos. Se constató en este grupo de pacientes, características epidemiológicas, metodología diagnóstica, tratamientos recibidos y complicaciones. Resultados: Del total de pacientes (n=234), 109 (46.6%) tenían una litiasis vesicular asintomática (LVA) y la complicación biliar, fue el debut de su enfermedad. La colecistitis aguda fue la complicación más frecuente (68%), en segundo lugar, la colangitis aguda (22%) y en tercer lugar la pancreatitis aguda (10%). La edad promedio de presentación de la enfermedad fue los 59 años. Conclusiones: Casi la mitad de los pacientes (46.6%) que presentaron una complicación de su litiasis biliar eran asintomáticos. Este sería un argumento importante para indicar la colecistectomía laparoscópica con un criterio profiláctico en pacientes con una LVA.


Introduction : Complications of gallstones are an important cause of morbidity in our country and throughout the world and generate high health costs. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine which patients with a complication of their bile duct stone pathology (cholecystitis, acute cholangitis, acute pancreatitis) were previously asymptomatic, and this complication resulted in the onset of the disease. Place: Sanatorium Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevideo Uruguay. Design: Descriptive and retrospective observational study with an analysis of medical records. Materials and Methods: 234 clinical cases were analyzed. Epidemiological characteristics, diagnostic methodology, treatments received, and complications were assessed in this group of patients. Results: Of the total number of patients (n=234), 109 (46.6%) had an asymptomatic gallbladder lithiasis and the biliary complication was the debut of their disease. Acute cholecystitis was the most frequent complication (68%), followed by acute cholangitis (22%) and third by acute pancreatitis (10%). The average age of presentation of the disease was 59 years. Conclusions: Almost half of the patients (46.6%) who presented a complication of their gallstones were asymptomatic. This would be an important argument to indicate laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a prophylactic criterion in patients with asymptomatic gallbladder lithiasis.


Introdução: As complicações dos cálculos biliares são uma importante causa de morbidade em nosso país e em todo o mundo e geram altos custos de saúde. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar quais pacientes com uma complicação de sua patologia de cálculo do ducto biliar (colecistite, colangite aguda, pancreatite aguda) eram previamente assintomáticos, e essa complicação resultou no aparecimento da doença. Local: Sanatório Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevidéu - Uruguai. Desenho: Estudo observacional descritivo, retrospectivo, análise de histórias clínicas. Materiais e Métodos: Foram analisados ​​234 casos clínicos. Características epidemiológicas, metodologia diagnóstica, tratamentos recebidos e complicações foram avaliadas neste grupo de pacientes. Resultados: Do total de pacientes (n=234), 109 (46,6%) apresentavam litíase vesicular assintomática e a complicação biliar foi o início da doença. A colecistite aguda foi a complicação mais frequente (68%), seguida da colangite aguda (22%) e a terceira da pancreatite aguda (10%). A idade média de apresentação da doença foi de 59 anos. Conclusões: Quase metade dos pacientes (46,6%) que apresentaram complicação de seus cálculos biliares eram assintomáticos. Esse seria um argumento importante para indicar a colecistectomia laparoscópica com critério profilático em pacientes com litíase vesicular assintomática.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pancreatitis/epidemiology , Biliary Tract Diseases/complications , Cholangitis/epidemiology , Cholecystitis, Acute/epidemiology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Asymptomatic Diseases , Octogenarians , Nonagenarians
9.
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e406, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | UY-BNMED, BNUY, LILACS | ID: biblio-1404121

ABSTRACT

Se presenta la colangiografía intraoperatoria obtenida durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica de una paciente de 58 años con el diagnóstico de colecistitis aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bile Ducts/abnormalities , Bile Ducts/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Intraoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Cholecystitis, Acute
10.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(1): 26-35, mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1376373

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: varios estudios observacionales han identificado factores de riesgo (FR) para una colecistectomía laparoscópica difícil (CLD). Objetivo: identificar los FR preoperatorios para CLD en un hospital público de mediana complejidad. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo de cohorte transversal. Se analizaron 80 pacientes mayores de 18 años sometidos a colecistectomía laparoscópica, entre enero y diciembre de 2019. Se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, IMC (índice de masa corporal), litiasis vesicular, pancreatitis aguda, colecistitis aguda o crónica, síndrome de Mirizzi, CPRE dentro del mes, numero de cólicos en el último mes, si presentó al menos un cólico en la última semana, leucocitos, enzimas hepáticas mayores, bilirrubina total, hallazgos de ecografía prequirúrgicos, antecedentes de cirugías abdominales previas. Resultados: la incidencia de CLD fue de 47,5%. La tasa de conversión a cirugía convencional fue del 11,25%, el 100% fueron CLD. Los FR para CLD incluyeron sexo masculino (OR: 4,50, IC 95%:1,60-12,62, p: 0,004), cólico en la semana previa a la cirugía (OR:7,17, IC 95%:1,89-27,23, p: 0,004), paredes engrosadas de la vesícula (OR: 4.90, IC 95%:1,90-12,70, p: 0,001), edema perivesicular (OR: 7,14 IC 95%:1,45-35,13 p: 0,016), la vesícula hidrópica (OR: 4,94, IC 95%:1,44-16,88, p: 0,011) y las cirugías previas (OR: 4.38 IC 95%:1,27-15,10 p: 0,001). En el análisis multivariado vemos que los pacientes de sexo masculino y pacientes con cirugías previas presentaban un riesgo elevado para CLD (OR: 6,63 IC 95%:1,75-25,08 p: 0.005; OR: 11.70 IC 95%:1,48-92,37 p: 0,020). Conclusión: se deben centrar los esfuerzos en identificar los pacientes con sospecha de CLD, pudiendo planificar la cirugía y un equipo quirúrgico experimentado.


ABSTRACT Background: The risk factors (RF) for difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC) have been identified in many observational studies. Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the preoperative RF for DLC in a secondary care public hospital. Material and methods: We conducted a prospective cross-sectional cohort study of patients > 18 years undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January and December 2019. The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), cholelithiasis, acute pancreatitis, acute or chronic cholecystitis, Mirizzi syndrome, ERCP within the previous month, episodes of biliary colic in the last month, presence of at least one colic within one week before surgery, white blood cell count, liver enzymes, total bilirubin, preoperative ultrasound and history of upper abdomen surgery. Results: The rate of DLC was 47.5%. Conversion rate to conventional surgery was 11.25% and 100% were categorized as DLC. The RF for DLC included male sex (OR, 4.50; 95% CI,1.60-12.62; p = 0.004), colic within 1 week before surgery (OR, 7.17; 95% CI,1.89-27.23; p = 0.004), gallbladder wall thickening (OR, 4.90; 95% CI,1.90-12.70; p = 0.001), edema around the gallbladder (OR, 7.14; 95% CI, 1.45-35.13; p = 0.016), hidrops gallbladder (OR, 4.94; 95% CI,1.44-16.88; p = 0.011) and previous surgeries (OR, 4.38; 95% CI, 1.27-15.10; p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, male sex and previous surgery were associated with higher risk of DLC (OR, 6.63; 95% CI,1.75-25.08; p = 0.005; and OR, 11.70, 95% CI,1.48-92.37; p = 0.020, respectively). Conclusion: Efforts should focus on identifying patients with suspicion of DLC to plan surgery with an experienced surgical team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Risk Factors , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/statistics & numerical data , Pancreatitis , Biliary Tract Diseases , Cholelithiasis , Colic , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Morbidity , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , Mirizzi Syndrome
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(1): 77-81, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360711

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The treatment for patients with acute calculous cholecystitis who have high surgical risk with percutaneous cholecystostomy instead of surgery is an appropriate alternative choice. The aim of this study was to examine the promising percutaneous cholecystostomy intervention to share our experiences about the duration of catheter that has yet to be determined. METHODS: A total of 163 patients diagnosed with acute calculous cholecystitis and treated with percutaneous cholecystostomy between January 2011 and July 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 were used to diagnose and grade patients with acute cholecystitis. RESULTS: The mean age was 71.81±12.81 years. According to the Tokyo grading, 143 patients had grade 2 and 20 patients had grade 3 disease. The mean duration of catheter was 39.12±37 (1-270) days. Minimal bile leakage into the peritoneum was noted in 3 (1.8%) patients during the procedure. The rate of complications during follow-up of the patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy was 6.9% (n=11), and the most common complication was catheter dislocation. Cholecystectomy was performed in 33.1% (n=54) of the patients at follow-up. Post-cholecystectomy complication rate was 12.9%. At the follow-up, the rate of recurrent acute cholecystitis episodes was 5.5%, while the mortality rate was 1.8%. The length of follow-up was five years. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of recurrence was significantly higher among the patients with catheter for <21 days. We recommend that the duration of catheter should be minimum 21 days in patients undergoing percutaneous cholecystostomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystostomy/adverse effects , Cholecystostomy/methods , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , Drainage/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheters , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 206-213, 20220316. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362915

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistitis aguda es una de las causas más frecuentes de ingresos hospitalarios y la colecistectomía laparoscópica es el estándar de oro para su manejo. Dentro de los efectos de la pandemia por COVID-19 se ha percibido un aumento en la severidad de presentación en estos pacientes. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar la presentación clínica y quirúrgica de la colecistitis aguda antes y durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo de una cohorte con pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica por colecistitis aguda entre 2019 y 2020. Se realizó un análisis bivariado y de Kaplan Meier con el tiempo transcurrido entre inicio de síntomas y el ingreso al hospital, y entre el ingreso del hospital y la realización de la cirugía. Resultados. Fueron llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica por colecistitis aguda un total de 302 pacientes. El tiempo de evolución de los síntomas hasta el ingreso fue de 83,3 horas (IC95%: 70,95 ­ 96,70) antes de la pandemia y 104,75 horas (IC95%: 87,26 ­ 122,24) durante la pandemia. El tiempo entre el ingreso al hospital y el procedimiento quirúrgico fue significativamente menor en el período de pandemia (70,93 vs. 42,29; p<0,001). El porcentaje con mayor severidad (Parkland 5) fue igual antes y durante la pandemia (29 %). Conclusión. Se reporta una severidad clínica y quirúrgica similar antes y durante la pandemia por COVID-19, probablemente secundario a los resultados de un tiempo de entrada al quirófano significativamente menor durante la pandemia, debido a una mayor disponibilidad de quirófanos para las patologías quirúrgicas urgentes.


Introduction. Acute cholecystitis is one of the most frequent causes of hospital admissions in the adult population and laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the gold standard for its management. Within the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in the severity of presentation has been perceived in these patients. This study aims to compare the clinical and surgical presentation based on the different severity scales of acute cholecystitis before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was performed with patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis between 2019 and 2020. A bivariate and Kaplan Meier analysis was performed with the time elapsed between onset of symptoms and admission to hospital, and between admission to hospital and performance of surgery. Results. A total of 302 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. The time of evolution of symptoms until admission was 83.3 hours (95% CI: 70.95 - 96.70) vs. of 104.75 hours (95% CI: 87.26 - 122.24) before and during the pandemic, respectively. The time between admission to the hospital and the surgical procedure was significantly shorter in the current pandemic period (70.93 vs. 42.29; p<0.001). The patients with greater severity (Parkland 5) was the same before and during pandemic (29%). Conclusion. Similar clinical and surgical severity is reported before and during the COVID 19 pandemic, probably secondary to the results of a significantly shorter entry time to the operating room during the pandemic, due to a greater availability of operating rooms for urgent surgical pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis , COVID-19 , Coronavirus , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Cholecystitis, Acute , Pandemics
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 391-395, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935615

ABSTRACT

Gangrenous cholecystitis is a kind of acute cholecystitis, whose course of disease progresses rapidly, early diagnosis is difficult and mortality is high, and clinicians are prone to misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis in clinical work.However, gangrenous cholecystitis has been ignored in various guidelines.This paper systematically summarized the pathogenesis, pathological manifestations, epidemiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment of gangrenous cholecystitis, hoping to provide a complete and clear diagnosis and treatment process for clinicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis/surgery , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , Gangrene/surgery
15.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(2): 90-95, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1553963

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento estándar de la patología vesicular es la colecistectomía laparoscópica, sin embargo, con el pasar del tiempo se ha venido modificando el método convencional haciéndolo cada vez menos invasivo. Objetivo: Demostrar la factibilidad y seguridad de la colecistectomía laparoscópica de dos incisiones (TILC) comparándola con la técnica clásica (CLC) en cuanto a variables tales como tiempo quirúrgico, dolor postoperatorio, estancia hospitalaria, complicaciones y resultado cosmético. Métodos: Se tomó una muestra prospectiva de pacientes y se dividió equitativamente en dos grupos, los que se intervenían por TILC y otros por CLC. Ambos grupos se cuantificaron las variables anteriormente mencionadas y se hizo un análisis estadístico de las mismas tomando como significativo un valor de p < 0.05. Resultados: Existe significancia estadística únicamente cuando se comparaba el dolor postoperatorio medido a las 24 horas del procedimiento y el desenlace estético percibido de manera objetiva por el propio paciente. El resto de las variables no mostraron diferencias importantes entre ambas técnicas. Conclusiones: La colecistectomía laparoscópica por dos incisiones es un procedimiento seguro y factible, comparable en tiempo operatorio, complicaciones y estancia hospitalaria, pero con mejoría del dolor y resultado cosmético del paciente(AU)


The standard treatment for gallbladder pathology is laparoscopic cholecystectomy, however, over time the conventional method has been modified, making it less and less invasive.Objective : The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of two-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TILC) compared to the classic technique (CLC) in terms of variables such as surgical time, postoperative pain, hospital stay, complications and cosmetic outcome.Methods : A prospective sample of patients was taken and divided equally into two groups, those who underwent TILC and others by CLC. Both groups quantified the variables mentioned above and a statistical analysis was made of them, taking a p value < 0.05 as significant.Results : The result showed that there was statistical significance only when comparing postoperative pain measured 24 hours after the procedure and the aesthetic outcome objectively perceived by the patient himself. The rest of the variables did not show important differences between both techniques.Conclusion : laparoscopic cholecystectomy through two incisions is a safe and feasible procedure, comparable in operative time, complications and hospital stay, but with improvement in pain and cosmetic result of the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Bile Ducts , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Lithiasis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Gallbladder
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 67(8): 1155-1160, Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346980

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Acute calculous cholecystitis (AC) is a frequently encountered emergency surgery disease and its standard treatment is cholecystectomy. In patients with high risk in surgery, antibiotic treatment (AT) is important. In routine clinical practices, antibiotics are frequently used either as single or in combination in the treatment of AC. This study examined whether or not combined antibiotic treatment (CAT) had superiority over single antibiotic treatment (SAT) in AC. METHODS Patients with cholecystitis who received treatment in the period of 2016-2019 were retrospectively examined. The treatment procedures applied, patient findings, and laboratory data were analyzed using relevant statistical software. The patients were categorized into groups based on the treatment approaches applied, and the effects of SAT and CAT on infection parameters were analyzed. RESULTS In all, 184 patients received treatment for AC, with a mean age of 57.7, and the female-to-male ratio was 77:107. Of these, 139 patients received SAT and 45 received CAT. No significant difference was found in terms of effectiveness between the SAT and CAT in the patients who received early cholecystectomy treatment and those who received medical treatment with noninvasive intervention. CONCLUSIONS In patients with AC, antibiotics are commonly used either as single or in combination for prophylaxis and therapeutic purposes. As no significant difference was observed between single and combined use in terms of treatment effectiveness and hospitalization duration, CAT is not recommended due to its possibility of allergic side effects, toxicity, and cost-increasing effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , Cholecystitis, Acute/drug therapy , Cholecystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 252-257, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359182

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La colecistitis aguda es una patología quirúrgica común. Su resolución ideal es a través de la colecistectomía. En ocasiones, no es posible el abordaje quirúrgico, tomando protagonismo la colecistostomía percutánea. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los resultados de la colecistostomía percutánea y de la colecistectomía quirúrgica en pacientes con colecistitis aguda. Material y Métodos: Se diseñó una revisión de trabajos clínicos que realizaron colecistostomías percutáneas y/o colecistectomías quirúrgicas en pacientes críticos con colecistitis aguda litiásica y/o alitiásica. Resultados: La búsqueda bibliográfica arrojó 12 artículos, de los cuáles se excluyeron 8 y se analizaron 4. De los artículos revisados, se reunieron 11374 pacientes con colecistitis (litiásica: 84,6% vs. alitiásica: 15,4%) analizando sus datos epidemiológicos. En el 21,4% de los casos se realizó colecistostomía percutánea y en el 78,6% colecistectomía quirúrgica. La morbilidad y mortalidad de los procedimientos percutáneos fue 11% y 9,8%, mientras que la de los procedimientos quirúrgicos fue 17,2% y 5,4%, respectivamente. El promedio de días de hospitalización fue 15.3 y 15.5, respectivamente. Conclusión: La colecistostomía percutánea presentó menor morbilidad, aunque reportó una mayor mortalidad. No hubo diferencias con respecto a la estadía hospitalaria. Los procedimientos percutáneos fueron menos costosos.


Introduction: Acute cholecystitis is a common surgical pathology. Its ideal resolution is through cholecystectomy. On occasions, a surgical approach is not possible, with percutaneous cholecystostomy taking center stage. The objective of this work was to analyze the results of percutaneous cholecystostomy and surgical cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis. Methods: A review of clinical studies that performed percutaneous cholecystostomies and / or surgical cholecystectomies in critically ill patients with acute lithiasic and / or alithiasic cholecystitis was designed. Results: The bibliographic search yielded 12 articles, of which 8 were excluded and 4 were analyzed. Of the articles reviewed, 11,374 patients with cholecystitis (lithiasic: 84.6% vs. alithiasic: 15.4%) were collected, analyzing their data epidemiological. Percutaneous cholecystostomy was performed in 21.4% of the cases and surgical cholecystectomy in 78.6%. The morbidity and mortality of percutaneous procedures was 11% and 9.8%, while that of surgical procedures was 17.2% and 5.4%, respectively. The average days of hospitalization were 15.3 and 15.5, respectively. Conclusion: Percutaneous cholecystostomy presented lower morbidity, although it reported higher mortality. There were no differences regarding hospital stay. Percutaneous procedures were less expensive.


Subject(s)
Comparative Study , Cholecystectomy , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery
18.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 125-130, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288183

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La vesícula izquierda (VI) es una rara anomalía de la vía biliar que, cuando enferma, no suele dar sín tomas diferentes de aquella normoposicionada, haciendo infrecuente su diagnóstico preoperatorio. Presentamos el caso de una colecistitis aguda en un paciente con VI, resuelto en forma segura por vía laparoscópica. Un paciente ingresa por un cuadro típico de colecistitis aguda. Como hallazgo in traoperatorio se constata una vesícula biliar inflamada, ubicada en posición siniestra. Se modificó la ubicación de los puertos de trabajo y se realizó colangiografía transvesicular por punción, antes de iniciar la disección del hilio vesicular. Luego de identificar el conducto cístico, se realizó colangiografía transcística que confirmó la anatomía de la vía biliar completa y expedita. Se completó la colecistec tomía laparoscópica en forma segura. El hallazgo de una VI obliga al cirujano a cambiar la técnica de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta anomalía incrementa el riesgo de lesiones de la vía biliar. La disección cuidadosa del hilio vesicular logrando una visión crítica de seguridad y el uso de colangiogra fía intraoperatoria son de extrema importancia para una colecistectomía segura.


ABSTRACT Left-sided gallbladder (LSGB) is a rare bile duct abnormality, usually found during a cholecystectomy. Symptoms usually do not differ from those of a normally positioned gallbladder, making the preoperative diagnosis extremely uncommon. We report the case of an acute cholecystitis in a patient whit LSGB, safely managed with laparoscopic surgery. A 24-year-old male patient was admitted to our institution with clinical and radiological signs of acute cholecystitis. The intraoperative finding of an acute cholecystitis in a LSGB made us modify ports positioning and a cholangiograhy was done by direct puncture of the gallbladder before hilum dissection. After the cystic duct was identified, a transcystic cholangiography was performed which confirmed a complete and clear bile duct anatomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was safely completed. The intraoperative finding of a LSGB makes the surgeon change some aspects of the usual technique to perform a safe cholecystectomy as LSGB significantly increases the risk of common bile duct injuries. Meticulous dissection of the gallbladder hilum to achieve a critical view of safety and the systematic use of intraoperative cholangiography are extremely important to perform a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Cholangiography , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy
19.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020232, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153174

ABSTRACT

Acute hemorrhagic cholecystitis is a rare, life-threatening condition that can be further complicated by perforation of the gallbladder. We describe a patient with clinical and radiologic findings of acute cholecystitis with a gallbladder rupture and massive intra-abdominal bleeding. Our patient is a 67-year-old male who presented with an ischemic stroke and was treated with early tissue plasminogen activator. His hospital course was complicated by a fall requiring posterior spinal fusion surgery. He recovered well, but several days later developed subxiphoid and right upper quadrant pain and an episode of hemobilia and melena. A computed tomography scan revealed an inflamed, distended gallbladder with indistinct margins and a large hematoma in the gallbladder fossa extending to the right paracolic gutter. The patient also developed hemodynamic instability concerning for hemorrhagic shock. He underwent an emergent laparoscopic converted to open subtotal fenestrating cholecystectomy with abdominal washout for management of his acute hemorrhagic cholecystitis with massive intra-abdominal hemorrhage. Prompt recognition of this lethal condition in high-risk patients is crucial for optimizing patient care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures , Cholecystitis, Acute/complications , Gallbladder/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Stroke/surgery
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1155-1159, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124909

ABSTRACT

La colecistitis aguda (CA) es la principal complicación de la litiasis vesicular. Existe evidencia que respalda el hecho que la proteína C reactiva (PCR) se elevaría en distintos niveles según gravedad de la CA. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar asociación entre valores de PCR y estadios clínicos de gravedad de CA. Serie de casos consecutivos de adultos con CA diagnosticada por clínica, ultrasonografía y criterios de Tokio; tratados en un centro de salud terciario de La Paz, Bolivia (diciembre 2019 y enero 2020). La variable resultado fue niveles de PCR. Otras de interés fueron variables biodemográficas. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva (cálculo de porcentajes, de medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión); y posteriormente, se aplicaron estadísticas analíticas para estudiar asociación entre variables (test exacto de Fisher para variables categóricas y t de student para variables continuas). Se estudiaron 44 pacientes (33 con CA leve y 10 con CA moderada), con edad promedio de 51,7±15,3 años; 59,1 % de sexo femenino. El peso, estatura e IMC promedio fueron 69,6±10,3 kg; 1,6±0,1 m; y 27,0±3,1 kg/m2 respectivamente. Las cifras promedio de PCR fueron 9,0±11,6 y 29,5±20,2 en los subgrupos CA leve y moderada respectivamente (p=0,001). Los valores de PCR se asociaron a dos estadios de gravedad clínica de CA.


Serum levels of C-reactive protein as a marker of gravity of acute cholecystitis. Prospective series of cases. Acute cholecystitis (AC) is the main complication of cholelithiasis. There is evidence supporting the fact that C-reactive protein (CRP) would rise at different levels depending on severity of AC. The objective of this study was to determine the association between CRP values and clinical stages of CA severity. Series of consecutive cases of adults with AC diagnosed by clinical, ultrasound and Tokyo criteria; treated at a tertiary health center in La Paz, Bolivia between December 2019 and January 2020. The result variable was CRP determination. Others of interest were biodemographic variables. Descriptive statistics (calculation of percentages, measures of central tendency and dispersion) were applied; later, analytical statistics were applied to study the association between variables (Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Student's t test for continuous variables). Also, 44 patients were treated (33 with mild AC and 10 with moderate AC), with an average age of 51.7±15.3 years; 59.1 % female. Average weight, height and BMI were 69.6±10.3 kg; 1.59±0.1 m; and 27±3.1 kg/m2 respectively. The mean CRP values were 9.0±11.6 and 29.5±20.2 in the mild and moderate AC subgroups respectively (p=0.001). CRP values were associated with two stages of clinical severity of Acute Cholecystitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnosis , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Biomarkers/blood , Prospective Studies , Cholecystitis, Acute/blood
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