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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 168-172, 20240102. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526869

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colocación de endoprótesis biliares es cada día más frecuente por ser actualmente una de las mejores opciones para el tratamiento de patologías de la vía biliar. La migración de las endoprótesis es una de las complicaciones que puede ocurrir en hasta un 10,8 % de los pacientes, pero en muy raras ocasiones llegan a causar una perforación intestinal. Caso clínico. Se trata de una paciente de 61 años, a quien cinco años atrás se le realizó una colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica por coledocolitiasis. Consultó por presentar dolor abdominal, y al examen físico se encontraron abdomen agudo y plastrón en fosa ilíaca izquierda a la palpación. La tomografía computarizada informó un cuerpo extraño a nivel del colon descendente, con perforación del mismo. Se realizó laparotomía exploratoria y colostomía por perforación del colon sigmoides secundaria a prótesis biliar migrada. Resultados. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente y a los seis meses se realizó el cierre de la colostomía, sin complicaciones. Conclusión. Los pacientes a quienes se les colocan prótesis biliares requieren un seguimiento adecuado para evitar complicaciones que, aunque raras, pueden ocurrir, como la migración intestinal con perforación. El tratamiento de dichas complicaciones se hace por vía endoscópica, laparoscópica o laparotomía en caso de complicación severa.


Introduction. Endoscopic placement of biliary stents is becoming more common every day, as it is currently one of the best options for the treatment of bile duct pathologies. One of the complications that can occur is the migration of the endoprostheses in up to 10.8% of patients, which in very rare cases can cause intestinal perforation. Clinical case. This is a 61-year-old female patient, who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography five years ago for choledocholithiasis. She consulted due to abdominal pain, with a physical examination that upon palpation documented an acute abdomen and a palpable plastron in the left iliac fossa. The computed tomography revealed a foreign body at the level of the descending colon, with perforation. Exploratory laparotomy and colostomy were performed due to perforation of the sigmoid colon secondary to migrated biliary prosthesis. Results. The patient progressed favorably and six months later the colostomy was closed without complications. Conclusions. Patients who receive biliary stents require adequate follow-up to avoid complications that, although rare, may occur, such as intestinal migration with intestinal perforation. The treatment of these complications can be endoscopic, laparoscopic or laparotomy in case of severe complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Intestinal Perforation , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis
2.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Quito) ; 49(1): 23-29, Ene 24, 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554705

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La panlitiasis se define como la presencia de múltiples cálculos en el trayecto de la vía biliar. El manejo consiste en realizar una colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE), la exploración de la vía biliar o la anastomosis biliodigestiva (ABD), ya sea coledocoduodenoanastomosis o hepaticoyeyunoanastomosis.Objetivo: Describir el caso clínico de un paciente con panlitiasis biliar, abordando la presentación clínica, los métodos diagnósticos, el tratamiento y la evolución, con el propósito de ofrecer un recurso sólido a la comunidad médica.Presentación del caso: Se presenta un paciente de 60 años colecistectomizado hace 13 años portador de anastomosis bilioentérica con panlitiasis recidivante, se realizó un lavado de la vía biliar con salida de cálculos y pus del interior, finalmente se colocó una sonda Kehr junto con tratamiento clínico. Presentó una evolución favorable. Discusión: Este caso reveló una panlitiasis a la exploración de las vías biliares bajo visión endoscópica, a pesar de que no se encontró obstrucción, el paciente tenía antecedente de colecistectomía y contaba con una derivación hepático-yeyunal por lesión iatrogénica. La decisión del tratamiento debe ser multidisciplinaria ya que cada caso es único y dependerá de las características del paciente y las condiciones clínicas individuales.Conclusiones: La panlitiasis coledociana recidivante requirió un control farmacológico estricto para evitar recurrencia y la subsecuente exploración de la vía biliar que incrementa la morbimortalidad del paciente. Es importante el seguimiento médico continuo del paciente y la predisposición con la que cuenta para la formación de litos, pudiendo ser prevenidos, identificados y tratados de manera oportuna


Introduction: Panlithiasis is define as the presence of multiple stones in the biliary tract that is classified as primary, secondary, or mixed according to the origin of the stones. Management consists of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), exploration of the biliary tract, or biliodigestive anastomosis (BDA), either choledochoduodenostomy or hepaticojejunostomy. Objective: Describe the clinical case of a patient with biliary panlithiasis, addressing the cli-nical presentation, diagnostic methods, treatment and evolution, with the purpose of offering a solid resource to the medical community.Case Presentation: We present a 60-year-old male patient who underwent cholecystectomy 13 years ago and has a bilioenteric anastomosis with recurrent panlithiasis. Biliary lavage was performed with the output of stones and pus from the inside. Finally, a Kehr tube was placed along with clinical treatment. The patient showed a favorable outcome.Discussion: This case revealed a panlithiasis upon exploration of the biliary tract under endoscopic vision. Despite finding no obstruction, the patient had a history of cholecystectomy and a hepatic-jejunal diversion due to iatrogenic injury. The treatment decision should be multidisciplinary, as each case is unique and depends on the patient's characteristics and individual clinical conditions.Conclusions: Recurrent choledocholithiasis required strict pharmacological control to prevent recurrence and subsequent exploration of the biliary tract, which increases patient morbidity and mortality. Continuous medical follow-up of the patient and the predisposition with which they have for the formation of stones is important. These can be prevented, identified, and treated in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Bile Ducts/injuries , Case Reports , Calculi
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 656-665, 20230906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509789

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los pacientes con antecedente de baipás gástrico que presentan coledocolitiasis no pueden ser tratados con la técnica convencional de colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica. En estos casos, la vía transgástrica abierta o asistida por laparoscopia, se convierte en una excelente alternativa a la exploración abierta de la vía biliar. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo que incluyó pacientes adultos con coledocolitiasis y antecedente de gastrectomía subtotal o baipás gástrico con Y de Roux, llevados a colangiopancreatografía endoscópica transgástrica laparo-asistida, entre enero de 2019 y diciembre de 2021, en la Clínica CES de Medellín, Colombia. Resultados. Se encontraron siete pacientes, todos con antecedente de baipás gástrico para el manejo de la obesidad. La tasa de identificación y canulación de la vía biliar y extracción de cálculos fue del 100 % mediante el abordaje transgástrico laparo-asistido. Conclusión. De acuerdo con varias revisiones sistemáticas, esta técnica es relativamente fácil de implementar y segura, presentando una tasa de complicaciones inferior a 5 %. Se propone una variante de esta técnica


Introduction. Patients with a history of gastric bypass who present with choledocholithiasis cannot be treated with the conventional technique of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In these cases, the open or laparoscopic-assisted transgastric approach becomes an excellent alternative to open bile duct gastric exploration. Methods. A retrospective review of patients with choledocholithiasis and a history of subtotal gastrectomy or gastric bypass with Roux-en-Y, who underwent laparo-assisted transgastric endoscopic cholangiopancreatography, was conducted between January 2019 and December 2021 at Clínica CES de Medellín, Colombia. Results. Seven patients were found, all with a history of gastric bypass secondary to obesity. The rate of bile duct identification and cannulation, and stone removal was 100% using the laparo-assisted transgastric approach. Conclusion. According to several systematic reviews, this technique is relatively easy to implement and safe, presenting a rate of complications less than 5%. A variant to this technique is proposed


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis , Gastric Bypass , Laparoscopy , Obesity
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(4): 133-135, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1512144

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Desde su introducción en la década de 1930, las colangiografías intraoperatorias se han utilizado para comprender la anatomía biliar y sus variantes, para detectar coledocolitiasis y lesiones quirúrgicas del conducto biliar principal (LQVBP). Métodos: Las colangiografías intraoperatorias aleatorias se analizaron retrospectivamente durante el período de julio de 2019 a enero de 2023 en el hospital Nacional de Clínica. Resultados: El tiempo promedio de las colangiografías intraoperatorias fue de 16 minutos (2´ - 30´). Discusión. La colangiografía intraoperatoria es un procedimiento seguro, con una morbilidad de 0.66% en la serie. Conclusión: Las colangiografías intraoperatorias son un método intraoperatorio seguro y efectivo que no tiene implicaciones negativas para la evolución del paciente


Introduction. Since its introduction in the 1930s, the intraoperative cholangiographies has been used to understand the biliary anatomy and its variants, to detect choledocholithiasis and surgical lesions of the main bile duct (LQVBP). Methods. Random intraoperative cholangiographies were retrospectively analyzed during the period from July 2019 to January 2023 at the Hospital Nacional de Clínicas. Results. The average time of the intraoperative cholangiographies was 16 minutes (2´ - 30´). Discussion. Intraoperative cholangiography is a safe procedure, with a morbidity of 0.66% in the series. Conclusión. intraoperative cholangiographies is a safe, effective intraoperative method that does not have negative implications for the evolution of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholangiography/methods , Choledocholithiasis/surgery
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515254

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La coledocolitiasis se ha convertido en un problema de salud para el cual existen disímiles opciones de tratamiento. Objetivo: Exponer los resultados obtenidos con la colangiografía videolaparoscópica intraoperatoria y la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica en pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo en pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis sometidos a colangiografía videolaparoscópica y la colangiopancreatografía endoscópica en el Hospital Militar Clínico Quirúrgico Docente de Camagüey Dr. Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja durante el período de enero de 2015 a diciembre de 2019. El universo lo conformaron los 117 pacientes sometidos a ambos procederes. Se controlaron las variables de sospecha de coledocolitiasis, grupos de edades, sexo, hallazgos imagenológicos, complicaciones e índice de sospecha de coledocolitiasis. Resultados: En la colangiografía videolaparoscópica intraoperatoria fue mayor la posibilidad diagnóstica y menor las complicaciones. El diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis fue mayor en los pacientes sometidos a colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica, aunque esta no permitió evaluar a pacientes con bajo riesgo. Los pacientes del sexo femenino fueron más frecuentes en ambos grupos y la sospecha de coledocolitiasis se observó en grupo de edades entre 31 y 45 años. Sin embargo, fue normal el hallazgo de las vías biliares en ambos procederes. Conclusiones: Ambos métodos son seguros y útiles en el estudio en pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis, con mayor eficacia diagnóstica para la técnica videolaparoscópica y menos complicaciones. El hallazgo normal de la vía biliar fue el resultado que prevaleció en ambos procederes(AU)


Introduction: Choledocholithiasis has become a health problem for which there are dissimilar treatment options. Objective: To present the results obtained with intraoperative videolaparoscopic cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis. Methods: A retrospective and descriptive study was conducted in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis and submitted to videolaparoscopic cholangiography and endoscopic cholangiopancreatography at Hospital Militar Clínico Quirúrgico Docente Dr. Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja, of Camagüey, during the period from January 2015 to December 2019. The study universe consisted of 117 patients submitted to both procedures. The variables of suspected choledocholithiasis, age groups, sex, imaging findings, complications and index of suspected choledocholithiasis were controlled. Results: Intraoperative videolaparoscopic cholangiography had a higher diagnostic possibility and lower complications. The diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was higher in patients submitted to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, although this did not allow the assessment of low-risk patients. Female patients were more frequent in both groups, while suspected choledocholithiasis was observed in patients between 31 and 45 years of age. However, the finding of a normal biliary tract was common to both procedures. Conclusions: Both methods are safe and useful in the study in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis, with greater diagnostic efficacy, as well as fewer complications, for the videolaparoscopic technique. The finding of a normal biliary tract was the prevailing result in both procedures(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholangiography/methods , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003672

ABSTRACT

Background@#Acute cholangitis (AC) in children is a rare but life-threatening infection. Symptoms vary from mild to severe disease. There are no local published data on pediatric AC.@*Objective@#To determine the clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic, microbiologic features, and treatment outcome of pediatric patients with definite AC.@*Methodology@#Cross-sectional study using medical records of pediatric patients diagnosed with definite AC based on the Modified Tokyo Guidelines of 2018 admitted from January 2016 to June 2021.@*Results@#Twenty-seven patients aged 0 to 18 years old (10.06 + 7.34), predominantly male (51.85%) were included. Choledocholithiasis (22%) and post-Kasai biliary atresia (22%) were the common underlying biliary conditions. Fever (88.89%) was the most frequent presenting symptom. Majority were classified as moderate AC (40.74%). Leukocytosis (mean 16×109/L), elevated inflammatory markers (93.33% with CRP >12mg/L and 100% with serum procalcitonin >0.25ng/mL), hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin 192.54±126.87umol/L) and elevated alanine transferases (mean 59 IU/L) were noted. Twenty-one out of 27 cases (87%) had a negative blood culture. Only 4 patients underwent bile culture, of which two (50%) grew Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to empiric antibiotics. Dilated biliary ducts were observed on abdominal ultrasound in 92.59% of patients. Ampicillin-sulbactam (29.63%) was the most commonly utilized antibiotic. Discharge rate was high (88.89%).@*Conclusions@#AC affects all pediatric age groups but clinical presentations vary. Drug resistant organisms are a significant concern but despite this, favorable outcomes have been documented.


Subject(s)
Child , Cholangitis , Choledocholithiasis
7.
Rev. venez. cir ; 76(2): 138-141, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1553932

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la presencia de un conducto colédoco doble es una variante anatómica infrecuente con menos de 200 casos publicados en la literatura hasta la fecha, siendo fundamental los estudios preoperatorios que se le deben realizar a los pacientes, a fin de tener la sospecha o el diagnóstico confirmado, no sólo de la variante anatómica, sino de la patología asociada, siendo estas la coledocolitiasis y las patologías malignas del árbol biliar las más frecuentes, aunque gran parte de los casos son hallazgos incidentales e intraoperatorios.Caso clínico : se presenta el caso de masculino de 81 años de edad, con antecedente de colecistectomía 20 años previos, con diagnóstico de síndrome ictérico obstructivo, y estudios de colangiorresonancia y CPRE que reportan coledocolitiasis. Se decide llevar a acto quirúrgico y se diagnóstica la presencia de conducto colédoco doble como hallazgo. Se realiza derivación biliodigestiva de tipo hepaticoyeyunoanastomosis más ligadura de conducto colédoco accesorio con evolución satisfactoria, con alta médica a los 5 días posteriores, y resultado de biopsia negativo para malignidad.Conclusión : el doble colédoco debe ser adecuadamente diagnosticado y estudiado, así no se confirme el diagnóstico preoperatorio los pacientes deben acudir con estos estudios realizados al acto quirúrgico, ya que, dicho tratamiento dependerá fundamentalmente de la patología asociada(AU)


Introduction: the presence of a double common bile duct is an infrequent anatomical variant with less than 200 cases published in the literature to the date, and preoperative studies that must be performed on patients are essential in order to have the suspicion or diagnosis confirmed, not only of the anatomical variant, but also of the associated pathology, these being choledocholithiasis and malignant pathologies of the biliary tract the most frequent, although most of the cases are incidental and intraoperative findings.Clinical case : the case of an 81-year-old male is presented, with a history of cholecystectomy 20 years prior, with a diagnosis of obstructive icteric syndrome, and magnetic resonance cholangiography and ERCP studies that reported choledocholithiasis. It was decided to carry out surgery and the presence of double common bile duct was diagnosed as a finding. Biliodigestive derivation hepaticojejunoanastomosis type and accessory common bile duct ligation was performed with satisfactory evolution, with medical discharge 5 days later, and biopsy result negative for malignancy.Conclusion : the double common bile duct should be properly diagnosed and studied, even if the preoperative diagnosis is not confirmed, patients should attend the surgical procedure with these studies, since said treatment will depend fundamentally on the associated pathology(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Bile Ducts , Common Bile Duct , Choledocholithiasis/physiopathology , Cholecystectomy , Leukocytosis
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 348-354, oct. 2022. graf, il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422947

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La litiasis vesicular asociada a coledocolitiasis puede tener distintos tratamientos, endoscópicos o quirúrgicos, dependiendo del paciente, el entrenamiento del personal médico y de la disponibilidad de instrumental. Ninguno ha demostrado estar exento de complicaciones. Presentamos dos técnicas tendientes a mejorar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de la coledocolitiasis. Una es la extracción transcística de coledocolitiasis y stent, en pacientes que fueron tratados endoscópicamente por colangitis, tendiente a resolver el problema (la litiasis vesicular, la coledocolitiasis y el stent) en un solo tiempo por cirugía laparoscópica. La segunda es una nueva indicación de una técnica ya descripta, la dilatación papilar anterógrada con balón, utilizada en este caso para disminuir las fugas biliares tras un cierre primario de colédoco.


ABSTRACT Cholelithiasis associated with choledocholithiasis may have different treatments, either by endoscopy or surgery, depending on the patient, level of training of the medical staff and availability of instruments. None of them is free of complications. We report two non-conventional techniques aimed at improving the results of the management of choledocholithiasis. Transcystic removal of common bile duct stones and stent in patients who underwent endoscopic treatment for cholangitis is one of these new techniques to manage cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis and stent removal in a single procedure through laparoscopy. The second technique is a new indication of a previously described procedure, antegrade balloon papillary dilation to reduce biliary leaks after primary closure of the common bile duct.


Subject(s)
Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Creativity , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Stents , Cholangitis , Laparoscopy , Common Bile Duct , Lithiasis/surgery
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 238-242, out.2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400152

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a colelitíase é uma das doenças mais comuns do trato digestivo, acometendo 6-10% da população adulta. Destes, aproximadamente 8- 20% apresentam coledocolitíase associada. A estratificação de risco de coledocolitíase pré-operatória nos portadores de colelitíase busca subsidiar a definição de uma terapêutica mais adequada, em tempo hábil, para cada caso. Objetivo:estratificar o risco pré-operatório de coledocolitíase em pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia em um hospital terciário. Metodologia:estudo observacional descritivo, retrospectivo, a partir da análise de prontuários de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia por cálculos biliares em um hospital público em João Pessoa, Paraíba, entre agosto de 2021 e janeiro de 2022, durante a pandemia de COVID-19. A estratificação de risco foi realizada a partir do estabelecido pela Sociedade Americana de Endoscopia Digestiva (ASGE) em 2010. Resultados: foram selecionados 41 pacientes, a maior parte do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 49,6 anos, em sua maioria submetidos a colecistectomia videolaparoscópica, sem colangiografia intraoperatória. O exame de imagem mais realizado no pré-operatório foi a ultrassonografia de abdome. De acordo com os critérios da ASGE, 18 (43,9%) pacientes foram classificados como baixo risco, 19 (46,4%) foram estratificados no risco intermediário, e 4 foram de alto risco (9,7%). Conclusão: apesar de uma amostra de tamanho limitado, evidencia-se frequência relevante do risco alto ou intermediário de coledocolitíase em portadores de colelitíase. A estratificação de risco para coledocolitíase é uma ferramenta importante a ser utilizada de rotina no pré-operatório da colecistectomia nos pacientes com diagnóstico de colelitíase.


Introduction: gallstones are one of the most common diseases of the digestive tract, affecting 6-10% of the adult population. Of these, approximately 8-20% have associated choledocholithiasis. Preoperative risk stratification of choledocholithiasis in patients with cholelithiasis seeks to allow setting of a proper therapy, in a timely manner, for each case. Objective: stratify preoperative risk of choledocholithiasis in patients undergoing cholecystectomy in a tertiary hospital. Methods: descriptive, retrospective observational study, based on the analysis of medical records of patients undergoing cholecystectomy for gallstones in a public hospital in João Pessoa, Paraíba, between August 2021 and January 2022, during COVID-19 pandemic. Risk stratification was performed based on American Society for Digestive Endoscopy (ASGE) criteria from 2010. Results: 41 patients were evaluated. Most of them were female, with a mean age of 49.6 years, most of whom underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy without intraoperative cholangiography. The most common imaging performed preoperatively was abdominal ultrasound. According to ASGE criteria, 18 (43.9%) patients were classified as low risk, 19 (46.4%) were stratified into intermediate risk, and 4 scored high risk (9.7%). Conclusion: despite a limited sample size, there is a relevant prevalence of high or intermediate preoperative risk of choledocholithiasis in patients with cholelithiasis. Risk stratification for choledocholithiasis is an important tool to be routinely used in the preoperative period of cholecystectomy in patients with diagnosis of cholelithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Choledocholithiasis , Epidemiology, Descriptive
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 480-491, junio 14, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378833

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colelitiasis tiene una prevalencia del 15 % y el 21 % tendrá coledocolitiasis al momento de la colecistectomía, con 50 % de probabilidad de presentar complicaciones asociadas. Desde el advenimiento de la colecistectomía laparoscópica, el abordaje de la coledocolitiasis ha sido endoscópico, usualmente en un tiempo diferente al vesicular, sin embargo, los avances en laparoscopia han permitido explorar la vía biliar común por la misma vía, pudiendo realizar ambos procedimientos en el mismo tiempo de forma segura. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura existente con relación al enfoque para el manejo de la colecisto-coledocolitasis en un paso comparado con dos pasos. Resultados. Existe evidencia que demuestra mayor efectividad del abordaje en dos pasos, con CPRE y posterior colecistectomía laparoscópica, sobre el abordaje en un paso, especialmente en la tasa de fuga biliar y de cálculos retenidos. El enfoque en un paso con exploración de vías biliares y colecistectomía laparoscópica en el mismo tiempo es seguro, con alta tasa de éxito, baja incidencia de complicaciones, menor estancia hospitalaria y costos. Conclusión. El abordaje laparoscópico en un solo paso es un procedimiento seguro y eficaz para el manejo de la colecisto-coledocolitiasis, con el beneficio de estancia hospitalaria menor, sin embargo, se requieren habilidades técnicas avanzadas en cirugía laparoscópica. En nuestro medio ya existe una infraestructura para el manejo híbrido con CPRE y colecistectomía laparoscópica, pudiéndose realizar ambos en el mismo tiempo, para reducir estancia y costos.


Introduction. Cholelithiasis has a prevalence of 15%, and 21% will have choledocholithiasis at the time of cholecystectomy, with a 50% probability of presenting associated complications. Since the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the approach to choledocholithiasis has been endoscopic, normative at a different time than the gallbladder; however, advances in laparoscopy have made it possible to explore the common bile duct by the same route, being able to perform both procedures in a single time safely. Methods. A search of the existing literature was performed regarding the one-step approach compared to the two-step approach for the management of cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Results. There is evidence that demonstrates greater effectiveness of the two-step approach with ERCP and subsequent laparoscopic cholecystectomy over the one-step approach, especially in the rate of bile leak and the incidence of retained stones. The one-step approach with bile duct exploration and laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the same time is safe, with a high success rate, low incidence of complications, shorter hospital stay, and lower costs. Conclusion. The one-step laparoscopic approach is a safe and effective procedure for the management cholelithiasis and concomitant choledocholithiasis, with the benefit of a shorter hospital stay; however, advanced technical skills in laparoscopic surgery are required. In our environment there is already an infrastructure for hybrid management with ERCP and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, both of which can be performed at the same time to reduce hospital stay and costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Cholelithiasis , Choledocholithiasis , Cholecystectomy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Laparoscopy
12.
Hepatología ; 3(1): 87-96, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1396341

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La coledocolitiasis aguda se presenta cuando un cálculo se impacta en el conducto biliar distal. Usualmente se manifiesta con un patrón colestásico, con aumento de la AST y ALT leve o moderado. Sin embargo, se han reportado series de casos de coledocolitiasis con AST y ALT con valores >400 UI/L, lo que puede llevar al médico a considerar una hepatitis como diagnóstico presuntivo, en vez de una coledocolitiasis. Con esta revisión exploratoria se pretende explicar esta forma de presentación, y sugerir los pasos que debe dar el clínico para identificar estos casos y brindar un diagnóstico oportuno y certero. Metodología. Se realizó una revisión exploratoria utilizando los buscadores PubMed, BIREME (BVS), LILACS y Google Académico, con las palabras MeSH "choledocholithiasis", "transaminases" y el conector "and", así como los términos DeCS "coledocolitiasis", "transaminasas" y el conector "y". Resultados. Se incluyeron en el análisis un total de 20 estudios relacionados con el tema coledocolitiasis y elevación de AST o ALT >400 UI/L. Se encontró que el aumento de AST o ALT entre 400 UI/L y 500 UI/L se presentó en el 5,76% de los casos, valores entre 500 UI/L y 800 UI/L en el 36,8%, entre 800 UI/L y 1.000 UI/L en el 9%, y valores >1.000 UI/L en el 6,43% de los casos. Conclusión. La coledocolitiasis con elevación de transaminasas AST o ALT >400 UI/L es una situación que debe tenerse presente, en particular en personas jóvenes, y en aquellos sin historia de problemas hepáticos previos. Es necesario que el médico tenga el diagnóstico presuntivo de coledocolitiasis, aun con niveles de transaminasas que puedan sugerir una hepatitis, y analizar las diferentes variables que son indispensables para lograr un diagnóstico preciso.


Introduction. Acute choledocholithiasis occurs when a stone impacts the distal bile duct. It usually manifests with a cholestatic pattern, with a mild or moderate increase in ASL and ALT. However, series of cases of choledocholithiasis have been reported with AST and ALT values >400 IU/L, which may lead the physician to consider hepatitis as a presumptive diagnosis, instead of choledocholithiasis. This scoping review is intended to explain this form of presentation, and to suggestthe steps that the clinician should take to identify these cases and provide a timely and accurate diagnosis. Methodology. A scoping review was carried out using PubMed, BIREME (BVS), LILACS and Google Scholar search engines, with the MeSH words "choledocholithiasis", "transaminases" and the "and" connector, as well as the DeCS terms "coledocolitiasis", "transaminasas" and the "y" connector. Results. A total of 20 studies related to the topic of choledocholithiasis and elevation of AST or ALT >400 IU/L were included in the analysis. It was found that the increase in AST or ALT between 400 IU/L and 500 IU/L occurred in 5.76% of the cases, values between 500 IU/L and 800 IU/L in 36.8%, between 800 IU/L and 1,000 IU/L in 9%, and values >1,000 IU/L in 6.43% of the cases. Conclusion. Choledocholithiasis with elevated AST or ALT transaminases >400 IU/L is an occurrence that should be taken into account, particularly in young people, and in those without a history of previous liver problems. It is necessary for the specialist to have a presumptive diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, even with transaminase levels that may suggest hepatitis, and to analyze the different variables that are essential to achieve an accurate diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Choledocholithiasis , Transaminases , Bile Ducts
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971995

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The study was performed to assess and compare the effect of early (≤ 72 hours) and late (>72 hours) laparoscopic cholecystectomy after Endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography (ERCP) in terms of duration of operation, conversion to open cholecystectomy, intraoperative complicating factors, duration of hospital stay from the date of ERCP, hospital expenses, and presence of postoperative complications.@*Methods@#This is a retrospective study from 2010 up to July 2019. Outcomes (duration of operation, rate of conversion, intraoperative complicating factors, length of hospital stay, hospital expenses and post-operative complications) were compared between patients who had ERCP then cholecystectomy within 72 hours (Early Group) and those who had ERCP then cholecystectomy after more than 72 hours (Late Group). @*Results@#A total of 19 patients were included in this study. There were 10 patients in the Early Group and 9 in the Late Group. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy after ERCP had a shorter statistically significant duration of hospital. Shorter operative time, fewer intraoperative complicating factors, no conversion to open cholecystectomy, cheaper hospital expenses and no post-operative complications were also noted in the Early Group as compared to the Late Group.@*Conclusion@#Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and results in a shorter hospital stay compared to late laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Choledocholithiasis , Cholecystolithiasis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927877

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in the treatment of common bile duct stones. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted for 158 patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis admitted to the Number One Hospital of Zhangjiakou from January 2015 to December 2019.The patients were assigned into three groups according to the diameters of cystic duct and common bile duct,degrees of abdominal infection and tissue edema,and operation method.Group A(16 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,transcystic choledochoscopic exploration for stone removal;Group B(94 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,T tube drainage;Group C(48 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,primary closure of the common bile duct.The operation time,residual rate of stones,and complication(bleeding,bile leakage,and wound infection) rate were compared between groups. Results The operation time of groups A,B,and C was(95.1±14.7),(102.2±18.1),(110.1±16.4) minutes,respectively,which showed no statistical difference between each other(F=0.020,P=0.887).One case in group A had residual stones,while no residual stone appeared in groups B and C.The overall stone clearance rate was 99.4% and the overall complication rate was 1.9%.There was no perioperative death. Conclusion It is generally safe and effective to carry out laparoscopic cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for stone removal in suitable populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Gallstones/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies
15.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(2): 79-83, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1553973

ABSTRACT

La litiasis coledociana es una complicación poco frecuente asociada a la litiasis vesicular. Puede ser resuelta mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) o en su defecto, una exploración de las vías biliares por abordaje convencional (cirugía abierta) o laparoscópico. Objetivos: Determinar la efectividad del abordaje laparoscópico versus el convencional en la exploración de las vías biliares como tratamiento de la litiasis coledociana. Métodos : Se realizó un estudio prospectivo y comparativo con una muestra de 31 pacientes con litiasis coledociana seleccionados de manera no aleatoria. Resultados : Ambos grupos fueron comparables en edad, sexo, frecuencia de litiasis vesicular y CPRE preoperatoria. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue 4,52 versus 3,49 horas para los abordajes laparoscópico y convencional respectivamente. En el grupo laparoscópico se usó tubo de Kehr en 21% de los pacientes y en 79 % sutura primaria. En el grupo convencional se usó tubo de Kehr en 29% de los pacientes y en 71 % sutura primaria. La fuga biliar fue la complicación más frecuente. La estancia hospitalaria fue 3,14 días en el grupo laparoscópico versus 5,23 días en el grupo convencional, sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa. Conclusión : No se logró demostrar una superioridad evidente de alguno de los grupos estudiados, sin embargo nuestros pacientes podrían beneficiarse de las ventajas del abordaje laparoscópico en términos de tener menor dolor postoperatorio y una reincorporación más rápida a sus actividades habituales. Estudios similares con mayor número de casos son necesarios para llegar a datos más concluyentes(AU)


Common bile duct (CBD) lithiasis are an unusual complication associated to gallbladder stones. It can be resolved by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or, alternatively, a CBD exploration by conventional (open surgery) or laparoscopic approach.Objectives : To determine the effectiveness of laparoscopic approach versus conventional approach in CBD exploration as a treatment for choledochal lithiasis.Methods : A prospective and comparative study was carried out with a non-random intentionally selected sample consisting of 31 patients with CBD stones.Results : Both groups had no statistical differences regarding age, sex, frequency of gallbladder stones, and preoperatory ERCP. The average surgical time was 4.52 versus 3.49 hours for the laparoscopic and conventional approaches, respectively. In laparoscopic group, Kehr tube was used in 21% of patients and primary closure in 79%. In conventional group, Kehr tube was used in 29% of patients versus 71% of patients with primary closure. Biliary leak was the most frequent complication. Hospital stay was 3.14 days in the laparoscopic group versus 5.23 days in the conventional group, with no statistically significant difference.Conclusion : It was not possible to demonstrate an evident superiority of any of the groups studied, however our patients could benefit from the advantages of the laparoscopic approach in terms of less postoperative pain and faster return to their usual activities. Similar and larger studies are necessary to achieve stronger and conclusive data(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , General Surgery , Bile Ducts , Laparoscopy , Lithiasis , Gallstones , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 427-433, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356952

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la litiasis biliar tiene una prevalencia actual en Occidente del 10-20%. El 7-16% de los pacientes presentan también coledocolitiasis. El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis es difícil de establecer. Objetivo: establecer nuestra experiencia en el estudio de la patología biliar complicada y el manejo de la coledocolitiasis en dos tiempos, como terapéutica de elección. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional. Pacientes con patología biliar sometidos a procedimientos en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Vidal, desde el 30/06/2019 al 30/12/2019. Resultados: la ecografía hepato-bilio-pancreática (HPB) es específica, con exactitud del 80,9% y sensibilidad del 50%. La colangio resonancia magnética (CRNM) es 100% específica, tiene exactitud del 84,6% y sensibilidad de 67%. La colangio pancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (ERCP -por sus siglas en inglés-), durante la primera colangiografía mostró en el 100% litiasis coledociana, pero, luego del tratamiento, la colangiografía de "control" muestra 0% de sensibilidad, 100% especificidad, con exactitud del 15,4%. En los hallazgos intraoperatorios, el cístico dilatado en asociación con alteraciones humorales ha demostrado una sensibilidad del 100%, especificidad del 90% y tasa de exactitud de 93,6%. Conclusión: la colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO) es el procedimiento de referencia ("gold standard") en el abordaje de la patología biliar complicada, siendo su uso sistemático. La asociación entre alteraciones de parámetros humorales y el cístico dilatado resulta un parámetro con alto valor predictivo para la presencia de litiasis coledociana.


ABSTRACT Background: Nowadays, the prevalence of gallstones ranges between 10 and 20% in Western world, and 7-16% of the patients also present choledocholithiasis. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is difficult. Objective: To establish our experience in the evaluation of complicated gallstone disease and two-stage management of choledochal lithiasis as standard or care. Material and methods: This prospective and observational study included patients hospitalized with gallstone disease undergoing procedures in the Department of General Surgery of Hospital Vidal from June 30, 2019, to December 30, 2019. Results: Ultrasound of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas was specific, with accuracy of 80.9% and sensitivity of 50%. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) had a sensitivity of 100%, accuracy of 84.6% and sensitivity of 67%. As for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was made in 100% of the cases during the first cholangiography while "control" cholangiography had a sensitivity of 0%, specificity of 100% and accuracy of 15.4%. The presence of a dilated cystic duct intraoperatively in association with abnormal biochemical parameters had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 90%, and accuracy of 93.6%. Conclusion: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is the gold standard procedure for the management of complicated gallstone disease. The association of biochemical parameters and a dilated cystic duct has high predictive value for choledochal lithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biliary Tract , Cholangiography , Lithiasis , Pancreas , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Cystic Duct , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Liver , Methods
18.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 494-500, oct.-dic. 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360974

ABSTRACT

Resumen La coledocolitiasis secundaria es una entidad de alta prevalencia que involucra desafíos de diagnóstico y tratamiento; asimismo, genera un elevado uso de recursos y costo económico. Existen múltiples vacíos de conocimiento con respecto a los modelos de predicción clínica para el diagnóstico, estratificación en grupos de riesgo y manejo de pacientes con coledocolitiasis secundaria. Los principales vacíos recaen sobre su rendimiento diagnóstico, variables incluidas y umbrales de riesgo, así como sobre su costo-efectividad para el uso de recursos no invasivos e invasivos, y aplicación en grupos poblacionales especiales. Este artículo ahonda estos vacíos de conocimiento y propone una agenda que puede orientar la investigación futura.


Abstract Secondary choledocholithiasis is a disease of high prevalence that involves diagnostic and treatment challenges; it implies a high use of resources and economic costs. There are significant knowledge gaps related to clinical prediction models, risk group classification, and patient treatment in secondary choledocholithiasis cases. Those gaps include diagnostic performance, variables, and risk thresholds, as well as cost-effectiveness for the use of non-invasive and invasive resources, and their application in special population groups. This study analyzes those knowledge gaps and outlines a guideline that could lead future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk , Choledocholithiasis , Diagnosis , Forecasting , Patients , Effectiveness , Risk Groups , Prevalence , Costs and Cost Analysis
19.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 24(7-8): 381-383, oct.-nov 2021. fot.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435311

ABSTRACT

Acute bilateral submaxillitis is a rare event, except when it is caused by sialolithiasis. It has been described secondary to allergic, infectious, suppurative or viral processes, autoimmune such as Sjögren's syndrome, drugs such as thiopurines, nitrofurantoin, phenylbutazone, captopril, and after upper airway procedures such as upper endoscopy, orotracheal intubation bronchoscopy and ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for choledocholithiasis). Treatment with tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) antagonist drugs is associated with an increased risk of reactivation of intracellular bacterial infections, so that listeriosis has been described in pathologies that require such treatment, such as rheumatic, dermatological and intestinal diseases, which present other comorbidities or are immunocompromised. Listeriosis mainly causes bacteremia and meningitis, when symptomatic, and infects immunosuppressed persons, where it has a lethality despite 30% antibiotherapy. We present the clinical case of a male immunosuppressed patient, secondary to a treatment with azathioprine and prednisone followed by adalimumab, for indeterminate inflammatory bowel disease, superinfected by CMV, who after eating meat contaminated by Listeria monocytogenes, suffered a picture of listeriosis bacteremia, which improved with antibiotic treatment, followed by a transient acute bilateral submaxillitis, which subsided with symptomatic treatment (oral hydration). It is the only case described in the literature, in which an immunosuppressed patient treated with adalimumab, suffers from acute bilateral submaxillitis in the context of listeriosis, caused by the mumps virus.


La submaxilitis aguda bilateral es un evento raro, salvo cuando está causada por sialolitiasis. Se la ha descrito secundaria a procesos alérgicos, infecciosos, supurativos, virales o autoinmunes como el síndrome de Sjögren; a la administración de fármacos como tiopurinas, nitrofurantoina, fenilbutazona, captopril, y tras procedimientos sobre la vía aérea superior, como endoscopia digestiva alta, broncoscopia, intubación orotraqueal y colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica por coledocolitiasis (CPRE). El tratamiento con fármacos antagonistas del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-alfa) se asocia con riesgo acentuado de reactivación de infecciones bacterianas intracelulares, de forma que se ha descrito la listeriosis en afecciones que requieren dicho tratamiento, como enfermedades reumáticas, dermatológicas y del intestino en sujetos que presentaban otras comorbilidades o estaban inmunocomprometidos. La listeriosis provoca bacteriemia y meningitis predominantemente, cuando es sintomática, e infecta a los sujetos inmunodeprimidos, en los que, a pesar de la antibioticoterapia, tiene una letalidad del 30%. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente varón, inmunodeprimido, secundario a tratamiento por azatioprina y prednisona seguido de adalimumab, por enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal indeterminada, sobreinfectada por citomegalovirus, que tras la ingesta de carne contaminada por Listeria monocytogenes, sufrió un cuadro de bacteriemia por listeriosis que mejoró con tratamiento con antibióticos, seguido de submaxilitis aguda bilateral transitoria, que cedió con tratamiento sintomático (hidratación oral). Es el único caso descrito en la literatura en el que un paciente inmunodeprimido tratado con adalimumab presenta submaxilitis aguda bilateral en el contexto de la listeriosis, provocada por el virus de la parotiditis.


Subject(s)
Listeriosis , Therapeutics , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Sjogren's Syndrome , Rheumatic Diseases , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Bacteremia , Choledocholithiasis , Adalimumab , Intestinal Diseases , Meningitis , Mumps virus
20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(3): 391-398, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347356

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad litiásica biliar es una patología frecuente en mujeres embarazadas, y las complicaciones relacionadas con los cálculos biliares durante el embarazo pueden generar desenlaces adversos tanto en la madre como en el feto. La coledocolitiasis en el embarazo requiere de una aproximación diagnóstica adecuada y su manejo busca minimizar los riesgos de las intervenciones médicas. Se describen dos casos de mujeres embarazadas quienes presentan coledocolitiasis documentada por colangiorresonancia. Se realizó el tratamiento con la combinación de ultrasonido endoscópico (USE) y colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada (CPRE) sin fluoroscopia, con lo cual se logró resolver la coledocolitiasis sin exponer al feto a radiación ionizante, se confirmó la permeabilización del colédoco y se observó una adecuada evolución posoperatoria tanto materna como fetal.


Abstract Biliary lithiasis is a common condition in pregnant women, and complications related to gallstones during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes in both the mother and the fetus. Choledocholithiasis during pregnancy requires an adequate diagnostic approach to minimize the risks of medical interventions. The following are two cases of pregnant women with choledocholithiasis diagnosed using magnetic resonance cholangiography. Treatment included a combination of endoscopic ultrasound and retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) without fluoroscopy, achieving the resolution of choledocholithiasis, without exposing the fetus to ionizing radiation, confirming the permeabilization of the common bile duct, and observing an adequate postoperative evolution of both the mother and the fetus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ultrasonics , Fluoroscopy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Pregnant Women , Choledocholithiasis , Pathology , Radiation, Ionizing , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Gallstones , Lithiasis
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