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1.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515254

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La coledocolitiasis se ha convertido en un problema de salud para el cual existen disímiles opciones de tratamiento. Objetivo: Exponer los resultados obtenidos con la colangiografía videolaparoscópica intraoperatoria y la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica en pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo en pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis sometidos a colangiografía videolaparoscópica y la colangiopancreatografía endoscópica en el Hospital Militar Clínico Quirúrgico Docente de Camagüey Dr. Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja durante el período de enero de 2015 a diciembre de 2019. El universo lo conformaron los 117 pacientes sometidos a ambos procederes. Se controlaron las variables de sospecha de coledocolitiasis, grupos de edades, sexo, hallazgos imagenológicos, complicaciones e índice de sospecha de coledocolitiasis. Resultados: En la colangiografía videolaparoscópica intraoperatoria fue mayor la posibilidad diagnóstica y menor las complicaciones. El diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis fue mayor en los pacientes sometidos a colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica, aunque esta no permitió evaluar a pacientes con bajo riesgo. Los pacientes del sexo femenino fueron más frecuentes en ambos grupos y la sospecha de coledocolitiasis se observó en grupo de edades entre 31 y 45 años. Sin embargo, fue normal el hallazgo de las vías biliares en ambos procederes. Conclusiones: Ambos métodos son seguros y útiles en el estudio en pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis, con mayor eficacia diagnóstica para la técnica videolaparoscópica y menos complicaciones. El hallazgo normal de la vía biliar fue el resultado que prevaleció en ambos procederes(AU)


Introduction: Choledocholithiasis has become a health problem for which there are dissimilar treatment options. Objective: To present the results obtained with intraoperative videolaparoscopic cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis. Methods: A retrospective and descriptive study was conducted in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis and submitted to videolaparoscopic cholangiography and endoscopic cholangiopancreatography at Hospital Militar Clínico Quirúrgico Docente Dr. Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja, of Camagüey, during the period from January 2015 to December 2019. The study universe consisted of 117 patients submitted to both procedures. The variables of suspected choledocholithiasis, age groups, sex, imaging findings, complications and index of suspected choledocholithiasis were controlled. Results: Intraoperative videolaparoscopic cholangiography had a higher diagnostic possibility and lower complications. The diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was higher in patients submitted to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, although this did not allow the assessment of low-risk patients. Female patients were more frequent in both groups, while suspected choledocholithiasis was observed in patients between 31 and 45 years of age. However, the finding of a normal biliary tract was common to both procedures. Conclusions: Both methods are safe and useful in the study in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis, with greater diagnostic efficacy, as well as fewer complications, for the videolaparoscopic technique. The finding of a normal biliary tract was the prevailing result in both procedures(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholangiography/methods , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
2.
Rev. chil. cir ; 71(1): 47-54, feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985378

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Existe una tendencia global al envejecimiento y con ello un aumento de patologías asociadas. En Chile la prevalencia de la colelitiasis o colecistolitiasis aumenta con la edad, siendo la cole-cistectomía una de las cirugías más frecuentes. Existen escasos estudios latinoamericanos referentes a la realidad de la población octogenaria expuesta a este problema. Objetivo: Estudiar la morbimortalidad posoperatoria en pacientes octogenarios operados de colecistectomía. Definir la precisión de distintas herramientas diagnósticas preoperatorias, estudiar variables operatorias y precisar costos hospitalarios. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional retrospectivo de la ficha clínica electrónica del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile, entre enero de 2012 y mayo de 2017. Se incluyeron pacientes con edad igual o mayor a 80 años, en quienes se realizó una colecistectomía electiva o de urgencia por patología benigna. Resultados: Se incluyeron 145 pacientes, 51,7% fueron mujeres, el promedio de edad fue de 84,1 años y un 74,5% presentaba comorbilidades. El 62,1% de los casos ingresó por urgencia. 26,2% de toda la muestra presentó coledocolitiasis. La colecistectomía fue laparoscópica en 73,8% de la muestra global, la tasa de conversión fue de 14,5% en población de urgencia y 1,8% en población electiva (p = 0,009). La población operada totalmente por vía laparoscópica con coledocolitiasis fue resuelta en un 95,2% a través de Rendez-vous, con una tasa de éxito del 100%. La tasa de complicaciones fue de 17,9% siendo en su mayoría médicas, la mortalidad quirúrgica fue de 2,1%, siendo todos casos de urgencia. El costo promedio de atención en salud hospitalaria fue de $5.888.104 pesos chilenos (U$9.000). Conclusión: El paciente octogenario con colecistolitiasis representa un desafío quirúrgico, dado un mayor número de comorbilidades, un cuadro clínico más agresivo y una elevada tasa de coledocolitiasis. Es aconsejable valorar el abordaje mínimamente invasivo y realizar una colangiografía intraoperatoria de rutina.


Introduction: There is a global tendency to aging and associated pathologies. In Chile, the prevalence of cholecystolithiasis increases with age, cholecystectomy is one of the most frequent surgeries in the contry. There are few latinamerican studies regarding the reality of the elderly exposed to this problem. Objective: Study postoperative morbimortality in octogenarian patients undergoing cholecystectomy. Define the accuracy of different preoperative diagnostic tools, study operative variables and specify hospital costs. Materials and Method: Retrospective observational study of the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile, between January 2012 and May 2017. Patients with age equal to or greater than 80 years were included, in whom an elective or emergency cholecystectomy was performed for benign pathology. Results: A total of 145 patients were included, 51.7% were women, the average age was 84.1 years, and 74.5% had comorbidities. The admission was throw the emergency department in 62.1% of the cases. Choledocholithiasis was diagnosed in 26.2% of the entire sample. Cholecystectomy was fully laparoscopic in 73.8% of the overall sample, the conversion rate was 14.5% in the emergency population and 1.8% in the elective population (p = 0.009). The population operated fully laparoscopically, that had choledocholithiasis, was resolved in 95.2% through Rendezvous technique, with a 100% clearance rate of common bile duct. The complication rate was 17.9%, most being medical. The surgical mortality was 2.1%, all cases operated from emergency. The average cost of hospital health care was $5,888,104.3 Chilean pesos (U$9.000). Conclusion: The octogenarian patient with cholecystolithiasis represents a surgical challenge, given a greater number of comorbidities, a more aggressive clinical setting and a high rate of choledocolithiasis. It is advisable to assess the minimally invasive approach and perform routine intraoperative cholangiography. In the postoperative period, the cardiopulmonary status and the infectious complications of the surgical site should be monitored closely.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Choledocholithiasis/etiology , Gallstones/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy/methods
3.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 38(1): 22-28, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014053

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Habitualmente se utilizan los predictores propuestos por la Sociedad Americana de Endoscopía Gastrointestinal (ASGE) para predecir la presencia y manejo de coledocolitiasis. Objetivo: Evaluar el rendimiento y precisión de los predictores de coledocolitiasis propuestos por la ASGE. Materiales y métodos: Estudio prospectivo y longitudinal realizado en un hospital de tercer nivel desde enero del 2015 hasta junio del 2017. Se incluyeron a todos los pacientes con probabilidad alta e intermedia de coledocolitiasis y que fueron sometidos a colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) según los criterios propuestos por la ASGE. Resultados: Se analizó un total de 246 pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis. De los 228 pacientes con criterios de alta probabilidad, 144 (63,2% = rendimiento) tenían coledocolitiasis en la CPRE con una precisión de 62% (sensibilidad: 94,1% y especificidad: 9,7%). Entre los 18 pacientes con criterios de probabilidad intermedia: 9 (50% = rendimiento) tenían coledocolitiasis con una precisión de 38% (sensibilidad: 5,9% y especificidad: 90,3%). En el análisis multivariado la presencia de cálculo en el colédoco por ecografía (OR: 1,937; IC 95% 1,048- 3,580; p=0,035) y la edad mayor de 55 años (OR: 2,121; IC 95% 1,101-4,088; p=0,025) fueron los predictores más fuertes para coledocolitiasis. Conclusiones: La aplicación de los criterios de la ASGE para predecir probabilidad de coledocolitiasis, en nuestra población tiene un rendimiento mayor del 50%; sin embargo, se necesita mejorar estos parámetros para evitar una realización innecesaria de CPRE.


Background: The predictors proposed by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) are commonly used to predict the presence and management of choledocholithiasis. Objective: To evaluate the performance and precision of the predictors of choledocholithiasis proposed by ASGE. Materials and methods: Prospective and longitudinal study performed at a third level hospital during January 2015 to June 2017. All patients with high and intermediate probability of choledocholithiasis who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were included according to the criteria proposed by the ASGE. Results: A total of 246 patients with suspected choledocholithiasis were analyzed. Of the 228 patients with high probability criteria 144 (63.2% = performance) had choledocholithiasis in ERCP with an accuracy of 62% (sensitivity: 94.1% and specificity: 9.7%). Among the 18 patients with intermediate probability criteria, 9 (50% = performance) had choledocholithiasis with an accuracy of 38% (sensitivity: 5.9% and specificity: 90.3%). In the multivariate analysis, the presence of stone in the bile duct by ultrasonography (OR: 1.937, 95% CI 1.048-3.580, p=0.035) and age 55 and over (OR: 2.121, 95% CI, 1.101-4.088, p=0.025) were the strongest predictors for choledocholithiasis. Conclusions: The application of the criteria of the ASGE to predict the probability of choledocholithiasis, in our population has a performance greater than 50%, however, it is necessary to improve these parameters to avoid an unnecessary performance of ERCP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Peru , Societies, Medical , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Ultrasonography , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Clinical Decision-Making , Hospitals, Public
4.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 37(4): 329-334, oct.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991275

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cholangioscopy is a test that allows the evaluation of the biliary epithelium. It is used for diagnosis and management of biliary diseases. Objectives: Determine the success rate of complete removal of difficult stones with the use of laser lithotripsy through cholangioscopy as well as its complications. Determine the visual impression accuracy of bile duct injuries. Materials and methods: This is a prospective and descriptive study. We included 39 patients between July 2016 and July 2017 with diagnosis of difficult stones in the biliary tract and indeterminate stenosis of the biliary tract that were submitted to cholangioscopy. Results: Success rate of complete removal of difficult stones was 65.3%, there was one complication. Two laser sessions were required in 4 of the 17 patients who obtained complete removal of the stones. The visual impression accuracy of lesions in the bile duct to determine malignancy coincided in all cases with the final diagnosis of the patient. Conclusions: Laser lithotripsy allows a safe and effective treatment of the difficult stones of the bile duct. Precession of visual impression of lesions in the bile duct is very high.


Introducción: La colangioscopía es un examen que permite evaluar la luz biliar, el epitelio biliar y sirve para diagnóstico y manejo de enfermedades de la vía biliar. Objetivos: Determinar la tasa de éxito de remoción completa de cálculos difíciles con el uso de litotripcia con láser a través de la colangioscopía asi como las complicaciones de ésta. Determinar la precisión de impresión visual de lesiones de la vía bilar. Materiales y métodos: Estudio prospectivo, descriptivo. Se incluyeron a 39 pacientes entre Julio 2016 a Julio 2017 con diagnóstico de cálculo difícil en la vía biliar y estenosis indeterminada de la vía biliar que fueron sometidos a colangioscopía. Resultados: La tasa de éxito de remoción completa de cálculos difíciles fue de 65,3% con una complicación. Se requirió de dos sesiones con láser en 4 de los 17 pacientes que obtuvieron remoción completa de cálculos. La precisión de impresión visual de lesiones en la vía biliar para determinar malignidad coincidió en todos los casos con el diagnóstico final del paciente. Conclusiones: La colangioscopía con uso de litotripcia con láser permite un tratamiento seguro y eficaz en los cálculos difíciles de la vía biliar. La precesión de la impresión visual de lesiones en la vía biliar es muy alta.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholelithiasis/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic , Lithotripsy, Laser , Peru , Biliary Tract/pathology , Prospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Lasers, Solid-State
5.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 37(2): 111-119, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991237

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: En el Perú no se cuenta con ningún estudio que evalúe el rendimiento de la guía clínica actual orientada a estratificar a los pacientes según probabilidad de presentar coledocolitiasis. Objetivos: Evaluar el rendimiento de los criterios predictivos propuestos por la Sociedad Americana de Endoscopía Gastrointestinal (ASGE) en el diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis. Materiales y métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva realizada en el hospital Rebagliati. Se incluyeron a todos los pacientes con sospecha de coledocolitiasis que contaron con una colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) entre julio del 2014 y junio del 2015. Se evaluaron los predictores de coledocolitiasis propuestos por la ASGE y el rendimiento diagnóstico de las categorías de riesgo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 118 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. En el análisis multivariado sólo la edad >55 años (OR:3,07, [IC 95: 1,14-8,31], p=0,027) y el hallazgo de litiasis en la vía biliar común mediante ecografía (OR: 1,68 [IC 95%: 1,09-2,59], p=0,018) se asociaron a la existencia de coledocolitiasis en la CPRE. Los rendimientos de las categorías de riesgo elevado y de riesgo intermedio fueron de 75,82% y 70,37% respectivamente. El rendimiento de la categoría de riesgo elevado mejoró a 85,90% utilizando un segundo set de pruebas de laboratorio control. Conclusiones: El rendimiento de los predictores y las categorías de riesgo propuestos por la ASGE en el diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis es aceptable en nuestro hospital, acorde con los estándares propuestos; sin embargo, creemos que aún debe mejorar para evitar el uso de CPREs diagnósticas.


Background: In Peru, there are still no local studies designed for evaluating the performance of clinical guidelines designed to stratify patients according to probability of choledocholithiasis. Objectives: To evaluate the performance of predictive criteria proposed by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) in diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study conducted in a hospital in Lima (Rebagliati hospital). Were included all patients with suspected choledocholithiasis who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) between July 2014 and June 2015. Predictors of choledocholithiasis proposed by the ASGE and the diagnostic performance of the risk categories were evaluated. Results: 118 patients met the inclusion criteria. In multivariate analysis, only age >55 years (OR: 3.07 [95: 1.14-8.31], p = 0.027) and the finding of stones in the common bile duct by abdominal ultrasound (OR: 1.68 [95% CI: 1.09-2.59], p = 0.018) were associated with the presence of choledocholithiasis on ERCP. The performance of the high and intermediate risk categories were 75.82% and 70.37% respectively. The performance of the high-risk category improved to 85.90% using a second set of biochemical markers. Conclusions: The performance of the predictors and risk categories proposed by the ASGE in diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is acceptable in our hospital, according to the proposed standards; however, it must be further improved to prevent the use of diagnostic ERCP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Health Status Indicators , Decision Support Techniques , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Peru , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Risk Assessment , Hospitals
6.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 60(4): 351-355, out.-dez. 2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-847790

ABSTRACT

Coledocolitíase refere-se à presença de cálculos no ducto biliar comum e é secundário à passagem de cálculos da vesícula biliar para o ducto colédoco. A associação dos critérios clínicos, laboratoriais e ultrassonográficos determina sensibilidade de 98% para o diagnóstico de coledocolitíase. A sensibilidade para detectar cálculos segundo os exames de imagens pouco varia entre as técnicas disponíveis, representando acurácia de 90% para ultrassonografia abdominal. A medicina avança continuamente através de novos meios de diagnóstico. À medida que novas tecnologias surgem, anamnese e exame físico aprofundado são desvalorizados. Quanto mais exames forem solicitados, maior a chance de resultados falso-positivos, e resultados mal interpretados podem ocasionar adiamentos e cancelamentos de procedimentos essenciais. O relato refere-se a uma paciente do sexo feminino apresentando icterícia, febre, dor em hipocôndrio direito, transaminases excessivamente elevadas e ultrassom abdominal compatível com cálculo na vesícula biliar e material no colédoco terminal. O relato objetiva evidenciar que a integração entre história, exames físicos e laboratoriais é fundamental para se determinar quais exames adicionais solicitar. A paciente apresentava quadro de coledocolitíase e colangite evidenciados ao exame físico e testes complementares. Entretanto, solicitou-se colangiorressonância ­ desnecessariamente ­ para confirmação diagnóstica a uma paciente sem condições financeiras para investigação adicional. É indiscutível que os modernos recursos tecnológicos proporcionam meios necessários para diagnóstico mais preciso. Deve-se basear em critérios clínicos, laboratoriais e ultrassonográficos na investigação de coledocolitíase. Os exames são como a própria denominação se dá (complementares), e eles servem para auxiliar, complementar o raciocínio médico, e não para, sozinhos, realizar o diagnóstico (AU)


Choledocholithiasis refers to the presence of stones in the common bile duct and is secondary to the passage of calculi from the gallbladder to the common bile duct. The association of clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic criteria determines a 98% sensitivity for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. The sensitivity to detect stones according to imaging varies little across the available techniques, representing an accuracy of 90% for abdominal ultrasonography. Medicine advances continuously through new diagnostic means. As new technologies emerge, anamnesis and in-depth physical examination are devalued. The more tests are requested, the greater the chance of false-positive results, and misinterpreted results may lead to delays and cancellations of essential procedures. The report refers to a female patient with jaundice, fever, right hypochondrium pain, excessively elevated transaminases, and abdominal ultrasound consistent with stone in the gallbladder and material in the terminal bile duct. The aim of the report is to show that the integration between history, physical and laboratory tests are fundamental to determine which additional tests to request. The patient had a picture of choledocholithiasis and cholangitis evidenced on physical examination and complementary tests. However, cholangio resonance was requested ­ unnecessarily ­ for diagnostic confirmation to a patient who could not afford further investigation. It is indisputable that modern technological resources provide the means needed for more accurate diagnosis. The investigation of choledocholithiasis should be based on clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic criteria. The tests are like the denomination itself (complementary), and they serve to aid, complement the medical reasoning, and not to make the diagnosis alone (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Preoperative Care , Diagnostic Imaging , Cholangitis/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Choledocholithiasis/surgery
7.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 28(2): 109-112, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The choledocolithiasis has an incidence of 8-20% in patients with cholecystolithiasis. The preoperative diagnosis guides the interventional treatment on the bile duct AIM: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the laboratory markers and imaging studies for choledocholithiasis preoperatively. METHODS: The study comprised 254 patients divided into two groups: the control group (207 patients), patients without choledocholithiasis intraoperatively and cases group (47 patients), that enrolled the patients with choledocholithiasis intra-operatively. Were evaluated the laboratory markers, image exams and intra-operative diagnostic aspects. RESULTS: The sample was homogeneous for age and gender. It was observed that 47% of the cases the patients did not show comorbidities. Hospitalization showes in cases group acute pancreatitis in12.8%, jaundice in 30%, fever in 30% and pain in the right hypochondrium in 95%. By comparing them, was observed that fever and jaundice were the signs and symptoms with statistical significance. Patients with choledocholithiasis had transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transferase and higher bilirubin with statistical significance (p<0.001). In regard to imaging studies, ultrasound was fairly accurate for cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Changes in canalicular and transaminase enzymes are suggestive for preoperative choledocholithiasis; GGT showed better sensitivity and alkaline phosphatase greater specificity; ultrasonography and nuclear magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed high specificity. .


RACIONAL: A coledocolitíase tem incidência de 8-20% em pacientes com colecistolitíase. O diagnóstico pré-operatório orienta o tratamento intervencionista sobre a via biliar OBJETIVO: Avaliar a sensibilidade e especificidade dos marcadores laboratoriais e exames de imagem para coledocolitíase no pré-operatório. MÉTODO: Total de 254 pacientes foi dividido em dois grupos: grupo controle (207 pacientes) com os pacientes que não apresentaram coledocolitíase no intra-operatório e o grupo casos (47 pacientes), que foram os que apresentaram coledocolitíase no intra-operatório. Foram avaliados os marcadores laboratoriais, exames de imagem (ultrassonografia e colangiorresonância) e conclusão intra-operatória para diagnóstico. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi homogênea para sexo e idade. Foi observado que no grupo casos 47% dos pacientes não apresentaram comorbidades. Quanto ao motivo de internação observou-se no grupo casos que 12,8% apresentavam pancreatite aguda, 30% icterícia, 30% febre e 95% dor em hipocôndrio direito. Ao comparar os grupos observou-se que febre e icterícia foram o sinal e sintoma com relevância estatística. Os pacientes com coledocolitíase apresentaram transaminases, fosfatase alcalina, gama-glutamil transferase e bilirrubinas mais elevadas com significância estatística (p<0,001). Em relação aos exames de imagem, observou-se que a ultrassonografia demonstrou boa acurácia para colecistolitíase e coledocolitíase (p<0,001) . CONCLUSÃO: As alterações das enzimas canaliculares e transaminases são sugestivas para investigação pré-operatória de coledocolitíase, sendo que a GGT apresentou melhor sensibilidade e a fosfatase alcalina maior especificidade. A ultrassonografia e a colangioressonância nuclear magnética apresentaram alta especificidade. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Choledocholithiasis/blood , Diagnostic Imaging , Preoperative Care , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 53(4): 346-355,
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-751780

ABSTRACT

La coledocolitiasis se presenta en más del 10 por ciento de los pacientes jóvenes sometidos a la colecistectomía laparoscópica y se incrementa por encima de 25 por ciento en los pacientes mayores de 60 años. Una vez que se identifica el cálculo en la vía biliar principal (VBP), esto puede convertirse en un dilema terapéutico. En la actualidad, diferentes algoritmos se han planteado y están establecidos, pero las publicaciones internacionales continúan redefiniendo las indicaciones de la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica sobre la exploración laparoscópica de la vía biliar principal y viceversa. El objetivo de este estudio fue presentar el algoritmo para el tratamiento de la coledocolitiasis del Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso de La Habana. Se realizó una amplia revisión bibliográfica acerca del manejo actual de la coledocolitiasis con vesícula in situ y se evaluaron los resultados de dichas técnicas en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso. Las opciones para el manejo de la coledocolitiasis incluyen la exploración transcística de la vía biliar principal, la exploración laparoscópica de la vía biliar principal mediante coledocotomía, la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica preoperatoria e intraoperatoria con esfinterotomía. Se presenta el algoritmo para el tratamiento mínimamente invasivo de la coledocolitiasis. El manejo de esta enfermedad en la actualidad depende de la experiencia de cada equipo quirúrgico y de su disponibilidad de acceso a los avances tecnológicos(AU)


Choledocholithiasis may be encountered at the time of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in up to 10 percent of young patients and increases to over 25 percent in patients aged 60 and older. Once a stone is identified in the main biliary duct, it can become a therapeutic dilemma. Definite algorithms have been established and agreed upon, but international publications continue re-defining the indications for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography over common laparoscopic bile duct exploration and vice versa. The objective of this study was to present the algorithm for treatment of choledocholithiasis in the National Center of Minimal Access Surgery in Havana. A comprehensive literature review was made on present management of choledocholithiasis with the in situ gallbladder and the results of these techniques achieved in the National Center. The management choices for choledocholithiasis include transcystic common bile duct exploration, laparoscopic common bile duct exploration via choledochotomy, and preoperative and intraoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with sphincterotomy. Our algorithm for minimally invasive treatment of the choledocholithiasis was presented here. The management of this disease currently depends on the experience of the surgical team and their access to technological advances(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Algorithms , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
9.
Rev. chil. cir ; 65(4): 307-314, ago. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-684350

ABSTRACT

Introduction: CA 19-9 has been identified as a derivative of sialic Lewis blood group A and is expressed in 95 percent of the population. Several studies have documented an overproduction of CA 19-9 in malignant pancreatic and biliary tree diseases. The objective of this study is to determine the accuracy of the tumor marker CA 19-9 differentiating benign and malignant bilio-pancreatic diseases. Material and Methods: diagnostic test study. We reviewed the records of all patients with malignant bilio-pancreatic diseases and benign biliary calculous diseases evaluated in Hospital Base Osorno between august 2007 and december 2011, with CA 19-9 as part of their study. Results: 71 patients met the inclusion criteria, 17 men and 54 women, with a mean age of 60.7 +/- 15.3 years old. Twenty nine (40.8 percent) cases were benign and 42 (59.2 percent) cases malignant. For a cutoff level of 37 U/ml the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) to differentiate benign from malignant disease was 81 percent, 72.4 percent, 81 percent and 72.4 percent, respectively. For a cut off level of 130 U/ml specificity and PPV increased to 96.6 percent and 96.4 percent, respectively. Conclusions: the use of CA 19-9 is useful in the diagnosis of patients with suspected bilio-pancreatic malignant disease. The optimization of the normal published value can help to improve accuracy.


Introducción: El CA 19-9 se ha identificado como un derivado siálico del grupo sanguíneo Lewis A y se expresa en el 95 por ciento de la población. Numerosos estudios han documentado una sobreproducción de CA 19-9 en tumores malignos del árbol biliar y páncreas. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la utilidad del marcador tumoral CA 19-9 en la diferenciación de patología bilio-pancreática benigna y maligna. Material y Métodos: estudio de pruebas diagnósticas. Se revisaron los antecedentes de todos los pacientes con patología bilio-pancreática maligna y enfermedad litiásica biliar benigna, evaluados en el Hospital Base de Osorno entre agosto de 2007 y diciembre de 2011, a los que se les haya solicitado CA 19-9 como parte de su estudio. Resultados: 71 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, 17 hombres y 54 mujeres, con una media de 60,7 +/- 15,3 años de edad. Veintinueve (40,8 por ciento) casos correspondieron patología benigna y 42 (59,2 por ciento) casos a patología maligna. Para un valor de corte de 37 U/ml la sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y valor predictivo negativo (VPN) para diferenciar enfermedad benigna de maligna fue de 81 por ciento, 72,4 por ciento, 81 por ciento y 72,4 por ciento, respectivamente. Para un valor de corte de 130 U/ ml la especificidad y el VPP aumentaron a 96,6 por ciento y 96,4 por ciento, respectivamente. Conclusiones: el uso del Ca 19-9 es útil en el proceso diagnóstico de pacientes con sospecha de patología bilio-pancreática maligna. La optimización de los valores sobre el valor de normalidad publicado puede ayudar a mejorar su rendimiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , /blood , Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnosis , Cholecystitis/diagnosis , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Gallstones/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Pancreatic Diseases/diagnosis , Biliary Tract Diseases/diagnosis , Linear Models , Biomarkers/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28738

ABSTRACT

Afferent loop syndrome is a rare complication which can occur in patients with Billroth II gastrectomy. Bile and pancreatic juice is congested at afferent loop in the syndrome. This syndrome can progress rapidly to necrosis, perforation, or severe sepsis, and therefore early diagnosis and swift surgical intervention is important. But, cases of endoscopic or percutaneous transhepatic drainage have been reported when surgical management was inappropriate to proceed. We report a case of afferent loop syndrome accompanying acute cholangitis developed after percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotripsy for the retrieval of common bile duct stone in a patient who underwent Billroth II gastrectomy due to early gastric cancer. There was no other organic cause. We treated afferent loop syndrome successfully by performing balloon dilation of afferent loop outlet.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Acute Disease , Afferent Loop Syndrome/etiology , Catheterization , Cholangiography , Cholangitis/etiology , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Common Bile Duct , Gallstones/diagnosis , Gastroenterostomy , Lithotripsy/adverse effects , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2012; 15 (5): 275-278
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-163606

ABSTRACT

Background: Choledocholithiasis exists in approximately 15% of patients with gallstones and is present in 3%-10% of those undergoing cholecystectomy


Methods: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the outcome patients with choledocholithiasis that were managed by open common bile duct [CBD] exploration according to our center's protocol. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography [ERCP] was performed for CBD stone clearance. If ERCP and sphincterotomy were not successful, open surgical exploration of CBD was performed with T-tube inser-tion without routine intraoperative cholangiography [IOC]


Results: We studied 1462 patients with choledocholithiasis. ERCP was successful in in 1276 [87.2%] patients. A total of 186 [12.8%] underwent surgery. Of these, 82 [45.2%] had CBD exploration and T-tube insertion without IOC. Choledochoduodenostomy was performed in 82 [44.1%] patients and choledochojejunostomy was performed in 20 [10.8%]. Retained stones were found only in 4 cases which were treated by ERCP


Conclusion: ERCP is successful in most cases with choledocholithiasis. If ERCP fails, open exploration of CBD and T-tube insertion, or biliary-enteric anastomosis are acceptable ways for CBD drainage. The rate of retained stone is not more than expected, thus elective IOC is more acceptable than routine IOC. Routine IOC is time-consuming and particularly difficult in elderly patients and emergency conditions


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Choledochostomy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Gallstones , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 31(4): 324-329, oct.-dic. 2011. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-613793

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar la incidencia, frecuencia de factores de riesgo, aspectos diagnóstico (clínicos, bioquímica, imágenes) y terapéuticos de la coledocolitiasis. Pacientes y Métodos : Análisis descriptivo y prospectivo de 51 pacientes, quienes firmaron consentimiento informado para estudio de coledocolitiasis por CPRE (colangiopancreatografía retrograda endoscópica). Resultados : De 51 pacientes, en 36 (70.6%) se confirma coledocolitiasis por CPRE. Su incidencia fue de 10.4%. Edad promedio de 63.75 años, IMC promedio de 25.59 Kg/m2 y 55.6% fueron mujeres. La dolorabilidad se presentó en el 94.4% de los pacientes con coledocolitiasis. El promedio de BT (bilirrubina total) en el grupo de coledocolitiasis fue de 5.8 mg/dl al ingreso y 4.2 mg/dl en hospitalización. 11.1% debutaron con pancreatitis y 30.6% con colangitis. En el 68.7% de los pacientes con colangitis se confirmó coledocolitiasis. La especificidad de la ecografía fue 0.80 (IC95% 0.6-1). La especificidad de la colangioresonancia (CRM) fue de 0.25 (IC 95% 0.17-0.67). De los 51 pacientes con CPRE, 4 (7.80%) presentaron pancreatitis, 1 (1.96%) colangitis y 2 (3.92%) sangrado Conclusiones: La coledocolitiasis afecta a personas mayores, sexo femenino y con sobrepeso, con una incidencia de 10.4%. La dolorabilidad fue el síntoma más frecuente. La bilirrubina total fue mayor a 4mg/dl en pacientes con coledocolitiasis. Las complicaciones de coledocolitiasis (pancreatitis y colangitis) fueron más frecuentes que la reportada en la literatura. Tanto la especificidad de colangitis para coledocolitiasis, la especificidad de la ecografía y la especificidad de la CRM fueron menores a la reportada en la literatura. Las complicaciones de CPRE fueron levemente mayores que la reportada en la literatura.


OBJECTIVE: to determine the incidence, frequency of risk factors, diagnostic aspects (clinics, biochemical, and images) and therapeutic aspects of the choledocholithiasis. Patients and methods: Descriptive and prospective analysis of 51 patients who signed informed consent for study of choledocholithiasis by ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography). Results : Of the 51 patients, 36 (70.6%) confirmed choledocholithiasis by ERCP. It sincidence was 10.4%. The mean age was 63.75 years, BMI 25.59 kg/m2 and 55.6% were women. Abdominal pain was present in 94.4% of patients. Total bilirubin in the group with choledocholithiasis was 5.8 mg / dl at baseline and 4.2 mg / dl in hospitalization. 11.1% debuted with pancreatitis and 30.6% with cholangitis. In 68.7% of patients with cholangitis was confirmed choledocholithiasis by ERCP. The specificity of ultrasound was 0.80 (95% CI0.6- 1). The specificity of the nuclear magnetic resonance was 0.25 (95% CI 0.17-0.67). Of the 51 patients with ERCP, 4 (7.80%) do pancreatitis, 1 (1.96%) cholangitis and 2 (3.92%) bleeding. Conclusions. Choledocholithiasis occurs in older people, female and overweight with an incidence of 10.4%. Abdominal pain is the most common symptom. A total bilirubin more than 4mg/dl occurs in patients with choledocholithiasis. The complications of choledocholithiasis (pancreatitis and cholangitis) were more frequent than reported in the literature. Both thespecificity of cholangitis for choledocholithiasis, the specificity of ultrasound and the specificity of the nuclear magnetic resonance were lower than reported in the literature. ERCP complications were slightly higher than that reported in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholangiography , Choledocholithiasis , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Choledocholithiasis/therapy , Risk Factors , Incidence , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
13.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Caracas) ; 32(1): 25-30, jun. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-631548

ABSTRACT

Para comparar la efectividad del abordaje laparoscópico en pacientes con colecodolitiasis compleja versus el manejo laparoscópico en un solo tiempo se realizó un estudio prospectivo, que incluyó a 20 pacientes con indicación de exploración laparoscópica de la vía biliar en el período comprendido entre febrero 2005 y octubre 2008. Se estudiaron los pacientes con CPRE fallida y se compararon con pacientes manejados en un solo tiempo. En siete pacientes (35 por ciento) la indicación de exploración de vías biliares fueron: alta sospecha de coledocolitiasis y CPRE fallida. La tasa de éxitos en este grupo fue de 57 por ciento versus 84,7 por ciento para los pacientes manejados en un solo tiempo. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio (187’ vs 106’) y la estadía hospitalaria (4,5 vs 2,3 días) estuvieron probablemente relacionados con la mayor complejidad de los casos. Los pacientes en los que se presentan dificultades en la resolución mediante CPRE, deben ser considerados casos complejos, en los cuales la efectividad del procedimiento laparoscópico disminuye y la tasa de conversión aumenta considerablemente


In order to compare the success of the laparoscopic exploration in patient with complicated choledocholitiasis versus single stage laparoscopic management, we realized a prospective study of 20 patients with indication of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration admitted in the period February 2005 - October 2008. We studied patients in whom the PCRE was ineffective versus single stage laparoscopic management. In seven patients (35 percent) the indication of the laparoscopic common bile duct exploration was high risk of common bile duct stones and ineffective PCRE. The success rate was 57 percent versus 84.7 percent in the laparoscopic single stage management group. The surgical mean time (187’ vs 106’) and the hospital stay (4.5 vs 2.3 days) were probably related with the higher complexity of these cases. The patients with common bile duct stones in whom the PCRE is ineffective, must be considered complex cases. In these patients, the laparoscopic management success is lower with an increase conversion rate


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Urinary Bladder Calculi/diagnosis , Cholangiography/methods , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Laparoscopy/methods
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 136(5): 600-605, mayo 2008. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-490697

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography MRCP) is a non-invasive diagnostic method for choledocholithiasis. Aim: To evaluate the results of MRCP in the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. Patients and methods: Retrospective review of MRCP reports performed between October 2001 and December 2004. We included patients with suspected choledocholithiasis who were studied with MRCP and some other confirmatory test such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ERCP), surgical common bile duct exploration or transcystic colangiography TC). Results: One hundred and twenty five patients aged 58±20 years 70 females) were included. In 54 patients 43 percent) we compared the results of MRCP with the findings of surgical common bile duct exploration or TC and in 71 57 percent) we did so with ERCP. MRCP suggested choledocholithiasis in 93 patients and in 32 it was negative. Eighty six 67 percent) patients had choledocholithiasis according to TC or ERCP, including 3 patients who had a negative MRCP. Therefore the sensibility was 97 percent, specificity 74 percent positive predictive value 89 percent, negative predictive value 90 percent and accuracy of MRCP was 90 percent for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. Conclusions: MRCP has a high accuracy for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance/standards , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Gallstones/diagnosis , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , False Negative Reactions , False Positive Reactions , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
15.
Rev. chil. cir ; 60(2): 122-126, abr. 2008. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-497970

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La litiasis de la vesícula biliar es una patología de alta prevalencia en Chile. Más de un tercio de las mujeres adultas presentan esta patología durante su vida. En los pacientes con colelitiasis, hasta un cuarto de ellos puede presentar en forma concomitante colédocolitiasis, lo que plantea en este grupo la necesidad de estudio preoperatorio selectivo del colédoco para determinar la presencia de cálculos. Material y método: Se revisaron en forma retrospectiva los informes de CRM (Colangio Resonancia Magnética) y de CER (Colangiografía Endoscópica Retrógada) realizadas en pacientes con sospecha de obstrucción de la vía biliar entre los años 2004 y 2006. De un total de 130 casos analizados se excluyeron 72 pacientes, quedando en la serie 58 casos cuyos datos fueron tabulados y posteriormente analizados con el software Microsoft Excel. La significancia estadística se calculó mediante la confección de intervalos de confianza y la prueba de Chi cuadrado. Resultados: Con los datos recabados, se calculó el rendimiento de la CRM para colédocolitiasis, tomando como técnica de referencia los hallazgos a la CER Hubo concordancia entre CRM y CER en 52 de los 58 pacientes de la serie (89,6 por ciento). La sensibilidad de la CRM alcanzó un 93,3 por ciento con IC (95 por ciento) entre 83,8 por ciento y 97,3 por ciento, y una especificidad de 76,9 por ciento con IC (95 por ciento) entre 64,5 por ciento y 85,8 por ciento. El valor predictivo positivo (VPP) alcanzó un 93,3 por ciento, y el valor predictivo negativo (VPN) un 76,92 por ciento. Conclusiones: La CRM, parece un buen método de imágenes para establecer el diagnóstico preoperatorio de colédocolitiasis cuando es positiva.


Background: Approximately 25 percent of patients with cholelithiasis have choledocolithiasis simultaneously. Therefore this condition must be correctly diagnosed in the preoperative period. Aim: To assess the yield of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) for the diagnosis of choledocolithiasis in patients with cholelithiasis. Material and methods: Retrospective review of magnetic resonance cholangiography and endoscopio retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) performed in patients with suspicion of biliary tract obstruction,. The yield of MRC was calculated using ERCP as the gold standard. Results: One hundred thirty patients with both procedures were identified, but 72 had to be excluded. Therefore the analysis was done in 58 patients aged 23 to 87 years (36 males). There was a concordance between MRC and ERCP in 52 patients (90 percent). Thus, MRC sensitivity was 93 percent (95 percent confidence intervals (Cl) 84-97 percent), specificity was 77 percent (95 percentCI 65-86 percent), positive predictive value was 93 percent and negative predictive value was 77 percent. Conclusions: MRC has a good positive predictive value for choledocolithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Chile/epidemiology , Choledocholithiasis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
JPMI-Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute. 2008; 22 (2): 157-160
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-88499

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine the etiological spectrum of obstructive jaundice in this part of the world. This prospective study was carried out at Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi from March 1997 to February 2001 and later at Isra University Hospital, Hyderabad from January 2003 to December 2006. Sixty five patients with obstructive jaundice were included in this study. The data was collected with respect to patient's identity, age, gender and cause of the obstructive jaundice. Fifty seven percent of patient had malignant obstructive jaundice and carcinoma of head of pancreas being the leading cause of malignant obstructive jaundice. Forty three percent patients had benign causes of obstructive jaundice, choledocholithiasis being the most common benign cause. Choledocholithiasis and malignancy are the two major causes of obstructive jaundice


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Jaundice, Obstructive/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Pancreatic Neoplasms/classification , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/statistics & numerical data , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance/statistics & numerical data , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/statistics & numerical data , Gallbladder Neoplasms/complications , Gallbladder Neoplasms/diagnosis
17.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 27(3): 253-258, jul.-sept.2007. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-490248

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la CPRE es de valor en el manejo de la coledocolitiasis pero tiene morbilidad no despreciable. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Analizamos 293 pacientes sometidos a CPRE por sospecha de coledocolitiasis para determinar predictores laboratoriales de coledocolitiasis y mejorar nuestra selección de casos para el procedimiento. Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predicitivo positivo(VPP) y valor predictivo negativo(VPN) para Fosfatasa alcalina (FA), Bilirrubina Total(BT) y transaminasas TGP y TGO. Comparamos también valores de laboratorios entre pacientes con coledocolitiasis sin y con vesícula.RESULTADOS: 293 pacientes sometidos a CPRE; 247(84%) con coledocolitiasis y 46(16%) sin litiasis. En el grupo con coledocolitiasis 187(77%) tenían vesícula y 58(23%) no. Las pruebas de función hepática FA, TGP y BT fueron todas factores pronósticos para coledocolitiasis en análisis univariado con niveles de p<0.01. No se incluyo a la historia de presentación clínica. No lograron valor estadístico la edad, TGO y GGTP. CONCLUSIONES: Los predictores de coledocolitiais tienen mejores resultados combinados. El uso de criterios de selección estrictos puede reducir el número de exámenes normales y sus complicaciones.


INTRODUCTION: ERCP is very important in the management of common bile duct stones but it has associated morbidity.METHODS: We analyze retrospectively records of 293 patients with suspected CBD stones to determine laboratory predictors of the pathology and improve the selection of patients for the examination. Sensitivity, specifity, predictive positive value and predictive negative value were calculated for alkaline phosphatase(FA), Total Bilirrubin (BT), TGO(AST) andTGO(ALT). We also compared values between patients with and without gallbladder suffering CBD stones confirmed by ERCP. RESULTS: 293 patients had ERCP. 247 had CBD stones and 46 had no stones. OF theCBD stones group 58(23%) didn´t have gallbladder and 187(77%) had gallbladder. Hepatic function tests FA, TGP y BT where all pronostic factors for CBD stones on univariate analysis with statistical value of p<0.01. Clinical presentation was not included in analysis. Age, TGO(AST) and GGTP didn´t showed statistical significance.CONCLUSIONS: The predictors of CBD stones have better results when combined. The use of stricter selection criteria can reduce the number of normal exams and complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Choledocholithiasis/mortality , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Predictive Value of Tests , Comparative Study , Longitudinal Studies , Retrospective Studies
18.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 27(2): 161-171, abr.-jun. 2007. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-533775

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La coledocolitiasis es una complicación frecuente de la litiasis vesicular. La pancreatocolangiografía retrógrada endoscópica (PCRE) es el "gold Standard" para su diagnóstico y tratamiento, sin embargo debido a su significativa morbilidad y mortalidad, otros métodos diagnósticos han sido planteados, tales como la colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO) y la colangioresonancia (CRMN), reservado a la PCRE sólo para fines terapéuticos. Objetivo: Verificar la utilidad de los predoctores de coledocolitiasis descritos en la literatura. Material y Método: Estudio correlacional, observacional, transversal prospectivo que se realizó entre agosto del 2004 y enero del 2005 en el Hospital Arzobispo Loayza. Conocidos criterios clínicos, bioquímicos y ecográficos predictores de coledocolitiasis fueron analizados en 151 pacientes sometidos a PCRE. Usando análisis univariado y multivariado, se identificaron los factores de riesgo para coledocolitiasis, en el total de pacientes del estudio, así como en los pacientes colecistectomizados o no antes de la PCRE. Resultados: El análisis univariado en el total de pacientes encontró que la edad, ictericia, colangitis, biblirrubina directa, amilasa, deshidrogenada láctica (DHL), dilatación del colédoco (>8mm) y coledocolitiasis por ecografía, estuvieron asociados con coledocolitiasis. Cuando se evaluó por separado, el análisis multivariado en los tres grupos se encontró que sólo la dilatación del colédoco por ecografía fue el único predictor de coledocolitiasis en el grupo de pacientes post-operados. Conclusiones: Ningún indicador único es capaz de predecir, con total exactitud, la presencia de coledocolitiasis. Pero los parámetros descritos en la literatura, son de utilidad en nuestro medio.


Introducction: The choledocholithiasis is a frequent complication of gallstone disease. The endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is suitable for its diagnosis and treatment. That approach has both significative morbility and mortality so others methods of diagnosis have been proposed such as intraoperatorycholangiography (IOC) and magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC), reserving ERCP only for therapy purpose.OBJETIVES: Verify the utility of choledocholithiasis predictors described in literature MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study is a correlational observational transversal prospective approach. It was performed at the Arzobispo Loayza Hospital from August 2004 to January 2005. Many clinical, biochemical and ecographyc predictorsof choledocholithiasis were analyzed in 151 patient underwent to ERCP. In all people under study and analyzing separately patients underwent to cholecystectomy or not previous to ERCP, it was identified some risk factors for choledocholithiasis by means of both univariate and multivariate analysis.RESULTS: The univariate analysis showed a relationships among age, icterus, cholangytis, direct bilirrubin, amylase, lactic deshidrogenasa, ductal dilatation (minor 8mm) and choledocholithiasis. In all groups, the multivariate analysis determined that ductal dilatation by ecography was the unique predictor for choledocholithiasisin the group of patients postoperated.CONCLUSIONS: None single indicator was able to predict with accuracy thecholedocholithiasis. However, the parameters described in the literature are useful in our country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Choledocholithiasis/therapy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Risk Factors , Prospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85279

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to determine the clinical features of patients with common bile duct (CBD) stones with high serum levels of AST or ALT. METHODS: A retrospective review of 93 patients with CBD stones was done. Clinical characteristics, diameters of CBD, and prior diagnosis before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were assessed between two groups (group 1 with serum AST or ALT levels 400 IU/L and group 2 with AST and ALT < or = l00 IU/L). RESULTS: Nineteen patients in group 1 and 17 patients in group 2 were enrolled. The most common presenting symptom was abdominal pain in both groups. Patients in group 1 was about 14 years younger than group 2 (p=0.003). The duration of symptoms in group 1 and group 2 were 4.1 and 36.8 days, respectively (p=0.005). The diameter of CBD was smaller in group 1 (11.4 mm) than in group 2 (16.3 mm) (p=0.001). Most patients were diagnosed as CBD stones by abdominal ultrasound or computed tomography before ERCP, except two patients in group 1 who were diagnosed as hepatitis initially. All of the patients were recovered by stone removal through ERCP and antibiotics treatment. There were inverse correlations between the diameter of CBD and AST or ALT levels (r=-0.517, p=0.002 and r=-0.504, p=0.002, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: CBD stones with high levels of AST or ALT are frequently observed in younger patients with shorter duration of symptoms and a smaller diameter of CBD. ERCP seems to be a valuable method in the diagnosis and treatment of these patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 42(4): 239-243, out.-dez. 2005. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-419998

ABSTRACT

RACIONAL: A colangiografia retrógrada endoscópica é método acurado porém invasivo para o diagnóstico da coledocolitíase. A ecoendoscopia também é método bastante eficaz para a detecção de cálculo coledociano e apresenta riscos semelhantes àqueles de uma endoscopia digestiva convencional.OBJETIVOS: Comparar a acurácia da ecoendoscopia e da colangiografia endoscópica para o diagnóstico do cálculo da via biliar principal antes da colecistectomia laparoscópica e analisar a influência do tamanho do cálculo e do calibre da via biliar principal na eficácia diagnóstica da ecoendoscopia. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Duzentos e quinze pacientes com colecistolitíase sintomática foram admitidos para colecistectomia laparoscópica. Destes, 68 (31,7%) apresentaram dilatação da via biliar extra-hepática à ecografia convencional e/ou alteração de enzimas hepáticas e canaliculares. Foram, então, submetidos a ecoendoscopia e colangiografia endoscópica, seguida de papilotomia, se qualquer um dos métodos sugerisse a presença de coledocolitíase. Após a papilotomia, o maior cálculo foi recuperado e medido. A exploração endoscópica ou cirúrgica da via biliar foi considerada o padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico de coledocolitíase. RESULTADOS: Todos os 68 pacientes foram submetidos a colecistectomia laparoscópica com colangiografia intra-operatória, comprovando-se colecistolitíase neste grupo. A ecoendoscopia foi mais sensível do que a colangiografia endoscópica para a detecção de cálculos coledocianos (97% vs. 67%). Para os cálculos maiores de 4,0 mm, os métodos apresentaram sensibilidades semelhantes (96% vs. 90%). Os resultados da ecoendoscopia não foram influenciados pelo tamanho do cálculo ou pelo calibre do colédoco. CONCLUSÕES: Para pacientes com risco intermediário para coledocolitíase, a ecoendoscopia é método mais sensível do que a colangiografia endoscópica, especialmente para cálculos pequenos.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Endosonography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Choledocholithiasis/pathology , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Common Bile Duct/anatomy & histology , Common Bile Duct , Confidence Intervals , Particle Size , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
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