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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 480-491, junio 14, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378833

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colelitiasis tiene una prevalencia del 15 % y el 21 % tendrá coledocolitiasis al momento de la colecistectomía, con 50 % de probabilidad de presentar complicaciones asociadas. Desde el advenimiento de la colecistectomía laparoscópica, el abordaje de la coledocolitiasis ha sido endoscópico, usualmente en un tiempo diferente al vesicular, sin embargo, los avances en laparoscopia han permitido explorar la vía biliar común por la misma vía, pudiendo realizar ambos procedimientos en el mismo tiempo de forma segura. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura existente con relación al enfoque para el manejo de la colecisto-coledocolitasis en un paso comparado con dos pasos. Resultados. Existe evidencia que demuestra mayor efectividad del abordaje en dos pasos, con CPRE y posterior colecistectomía laparoscópica, sobre el abordaje en un paso, especialmente en la tasa de fuga biliar y de cálculos retenidos. El enfoque en un paso con exploración de vías biliares y colecistectomía laparoscópica en el mismo tiempo es seguro, con alta tasa de éxito, baja incidencia de complicaciones, menor estancia hospitalaria y costos. Conclusión. El abordaje laparoscópico en un solo paso es un procedimiento seguro y eficaz para el manejo de la colecisto-coledocolitiasis, con el beneficio de estancia hospitalaria menor, sin embargo, se requieren habilidades técnicas avanzadas en cirugía laparoscópica. En nuestro medio ya existe una infraestructura para el manejo híbrido con CPRE y colecistectomía laparoscópica, pudiéndose realizar ambos en el mismo tiempo, para reducir estancia y costos.


Introduction. Cholelithiasis has a prevalence of 15%, and 21% will have choledocholithiasis at the time of cholecystectomy, with a 50% probability of presenting associated complications. Since the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the approach to choledocholithiasis has been endoscopic, normative at a different time than the gallbladder; however, advances in laparoscopy have made it possible to explore the common bile duct by the same route, being able to perform both procedures in a single time safely. Methods. A search of the existing literature was performed regarding the one-step approach compared to the two-step approach for the management of cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Results. There is evidence that demonstrates greater effectiveness of the two-step approach with ERCP and subsequent laparoscopic cholecystectomy over the one-step approach, especially in the rate of bile leak and the incidence of retained stones. The one-step approach with bile duct exploration and laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the same time is safe, with a high success rate, low incidence of complications, shorter hospital stay, and lower costs. Conclusion. The one-step laparoscopic approach is a safe and effective procedure for the management cholelithiasis and concomitant choledocholithiasis, with the benefit of a shorter hospital stay; however, advanced technical skills in laparoscopic surgery are required. In our environment there is already an infrastructure for hybrid management with ERCP and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, both of which can be performed at the same time to reduce hospital stay and costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Cholelithiasis , Choledocholithiasis , Cholecystectomy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Laparoscopy
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 151-156, 20220000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373112

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar se define como una obstrucción intestinal mecánica secundaria a la presencia de un cálculo biliar. Menos del 1% de los casos de obstrucción intestinal se derivan de esta etiología. La causa más frecuente es la impactación del cálculo en el íleon, tras su paso por una fístula bilioentérica. Es una complicación rara y potencialmente grave de la colelitiasis. Esta patología se presenta más en adultos mayores, la edad promedio en la que se presenta es entre los 60 y 84 años, afectando principalmente al sexo femenino, atribuido a la mayor frecuencia de patología biliar en dicho sexo. Presenta una alta morbimortalidad, principalmente por la dificultad y la demora diagnóstica.


Gallstone ileus is defined as a mechanical intestinal obstruction secondary to the presence of a gallstone. Less than 1% of cases of intestinal obstruction are derived from this etiology. Te most frequent cause is the impaction of the stone in the ileum, after passing through a bilioenteric fistula. It is a rare and potentially serious complication of cholelithiasis. Tis pathology occurs more in the elderly, the average age at which it occurs is between 60 and 84 years, mainly affecting the female sex, attributed to the higher frequency of biliary pathology in said sex. It presents a high morbidity and mortality, mainly due to the difficulty and the diagnostic delay


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Biliary Tract/pathology , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Diagnosis, Differential , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy
3.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 24-28, ene. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391599

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de la investigación es analizar la incidencia de los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de colelitiasis en pacientes menores de 40 años colecistectomizados en el Hospital Ricardo Baquero González. Periodo enero 2019 ­ diciembre 2021.Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo; se analizaron los datos de los de los pacientes diagnosticados e intervenidos por litiasis vesicular. Resultados: Arrojaron que la muestra fue de 151 pacientes; 70% es de sexo femenino y el 30% masculino. El 41% de los pacientes tiene menos de 40 años. En los factores de riesgo se destaca que el 42% son del tipo familiar, el 40% de las mujeres utiliza anticonceptivos orales y el 40% de los pacientes presenta sobrepeso. Conclusión: Se concluye que los casos de litiasis vesicular se encuentran asociados de forma mayoritaria al sexo femenino y a factores de riesgos familiares y al sobrepeso; en cuanto a las mujeres, hubo alta incidencia de casos de litiasis vesicular en aquellas que emplean anticonceptivos orales. Además, en la investigación se observó un aumento en los casos de litiasis vesicular en pacientes que no se encuentran dentro de los grupos de riesgo, como son mujeres menores de 40 años, con peso normal y con pocas gestas(AU)


he objective of the research is to analyze the incidence of risk factors for the development of cholelithiasis in patients under 40 years of age who underwent cholecystectomy at the Ricardo Baquero González Hospital. Period January 2019 - December 2021.Methodi: retrospective study was carried out; Data from patients diagnosed and operated on for gallstones were analyzed. Results: showed that the sample was 151 patients; 70% are female and 30% male. 41% of patients have an age under 40 years old. In the risk factors, it is highlighted that 42% are of the family type, 40% of the women in the sample use oral contraceptives and 40% of the patients are overweight. Concluded: From the investigation it is concluded that the cases of vesicular lithiasis are mostly associated with the female sex and family risk factors and overweight; As for women, there was a high incidence of cases of gallstones in those who use oral contraceptives. In addition, the investigation observed an increase in cases of gallstones in patients who are not within the risk(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cholecystectomy , Gallstones/complications , Risk Factors , Cholelithiasis/complications , Lithiasis/complications
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 206-213, 20220316. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362915

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistitis aguda es una de las causas más frecuentes de ingresos hospitalarios y la colecistectomía laparoscópica es el estándar de oro para su manejo. Dentro de los efectos de la pandemia por COVID-19 se ha percibido un aumento en la severidad de presentación en estos pacientes. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar la presentación clínica y quirúrgica de la colecistitis aguda antes y durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo de una cohorte con pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica por colecistitis aguda entre 2019 y 2020. Se realizó un análisis bivariado y de Kaplan Meier con el tiempo transcurrido entre inicio de síntomas y el ingreso al hospital, y entre el ingreso del hospital y la realización de la cirugía. Resultados. Fueron llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica por colecistitis aguda un total de 302 pacientes. El tiempo de evolución de los síntomas hasta el ingreso fue de 83,3 horas (IC95%: 70,95 ­ 96,70) antes de la pandemia y 104,75 horas (IC95%: 87,26 ­ 122,24) durante la pandemia. El tiempo entre el ingreso al hospital y el procedimiento quirúrgico fue significativamente menor en el período de pandemia (70,93 vs. 42,29; p<0,001). El porcentaje con mayor severidad (Parkland 5) fue igual antes y durante la pandemia (29 %). Conclusión. Se reporta una severidad clínica y quirúrgica similar antes y durante la pandemia por COVID-19, probablemente secundario a los resultados de un tiempo de entrada al quirófano significativamente menor durante la pandemia, debido a una mayor disponibilidad de quirófanos para las patologías quirúrgicas urgentes.


Introduction. Acute cholecystitis is one of the most frequent causes of hospital admissions in the adult population and laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the gold standard for its management. Within the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in the severity of presentation has been perceived in these patients. This study aims to compare the clinical and surgical presentation based on the different severity scales of acute cholecystitis before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was performed with patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis between 2019 and 2020. A bivariate and Kaplan Meier analysis was performed with the time elapsed between onset of symptoms and admission to hospital, and between admission to hospital and performance of surgery. Results. A total of 302 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. The time of evolution of symptoms until admission was 83.3 hours (95% CI: 70.95 - 96.70) vs. of 104.75 hours (95% CI: 87.26 - 122.24) before and during the pandemic, respectively. The time between admission to the hospital and the surgical procedure was significantly shorter in the current pandemic period (70.93 vs. 42.29; p<0.001). The patients with greater severity (Parkland 5) was the same before and during pandemic (29%). Conclusion. Similar clinical and surgical severity is reported before and during the COVID 19 pandemic, probably secondary to the results of a significantly shorter entry time to the operating room during the pandemic, due to a greater availability of operating rooms for urgent surgical pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis , COVID-19 , Coronavirus , SARS Virus , Cholecystitis, Acute , Pandemics
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 427-433, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356952

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la litiasis biliar tiene una prevalencia actual en Occidente del 10-20%. El 7-16% de los pacientes presentan también coledocolitiasis. El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis es difícil de establecer. Objetivo: establecer nuestra experiencia en el estudio de la patología biliar complicada y el manejo de la coledocolitiasis en dos tiempos, como terapéutica de elección. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional. Pacientes con patología biliar sometidos a procedimientos en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Vidal, desde el 30/06/2019 al 30/12/2019. Resultados: la ecografía hepato-bilio-pancreática (HPB) es específica, con exactitud del 80,9% y sensibilidad del 50%. La colangio resonancia magnética (CRNM) es 100% específica, tiene exactitud del 84,6% y sensibilidad de 67%. La colangio pancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (ERCP -por sus siglas en inglés-), durante la primera colangiografía mostró en el 100% litiasis coledociana, pero, luego del tratamiento, la colangiografía de "control" muestra 0% de sensibilidad, 100% especificidad, con exactitud del 15,4%. En los hallazgos intraoperatorios, el cístico dilatado en asociación con alteraciones humorales ha demostrado una sensibilidad del 100%, especificidad del 90% y tasa de exactitud de 93,6%. Conclusión: la colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO) es el procedimiento de referencia ("gold standard") en el abordaje de la patología biliar complicada, siendo su uso sistemático. La asociación entre alteraciones de parámetros humorales y el cístico dilatado resulta un parámetro con alto valor predictivo para la presencia de litiasis coledociana.


ABSTRACT Background: Nowadays, the prevalence of gallstones ranges between 10 and 20% in Western world, and 7-16% of the patients also present choledocholithiasis. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is difficult. Objective: To establish our experience in the evaluation of complicated gallstone disease and two-stage management of choledochal lithiasis as standard or care. Material and methods: This prospective and observational study included patients hospitalized with gallstone disease undergoing procedures in the Department of General Surgery of Hospital Vidal from June 30, 2019, to December 30, 2019. Results: Ultrasound of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas was specific, with accuracy of 80.9% and sensitivity of 50%. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) had a sensitivity of 100%, accuracy of 84.6% and sensitivity of 67%. As for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was made in 100% of the cases during the first cholangiography while "control" cholangiography had a sensitivity of 0%, specificity of 100% and accuracy of 15.4%. The presence of a dilated cystic duct intraoperatively in association with abnormal biochemical parameters had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 90%, and accuracy of 93.6%. Conclusion: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is the gold standard procedure for the management of complicated gallstone disease. The association of biochemical parameters and a dilated cystic duct has high predictive value for choledochal lithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biliary Tract , Cholangiography , Lithiasis , Pancreas , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Cystic Duct , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Liver , Methods
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 460-466, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356955

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La enfermedad de Caroli es una enfermedad infrecuente que requiere un alto índice de sospecha para su diagnóstico. Puede afectar un segmento hepático, un lóbulo o todo el hígado; suele generar episodios repetidos de colangitis. Existe una amplia gama de propuestas terapéuticas que oscilan desde el tratamiento médico hasta el trasplante de hígado. En este trabajo presentamos 3 casos, realizamos una revisión de la literatura y proponemos una ampliación de la clasificación de Alonso-Lej modificada por Todani que, a nuestra manera de ver, tiene implicaciones a la hora de seleccionar un tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Caroli's disease is a rare condition, and its diagnosis requires high level of suspicion. The disease may affect one segment, one lobe or the entire liver, and may result in repeated episodes of cholangitis. The disease can be managed using different therapeutic approaches ranging from medical treatment to liver transplantation. In this paper we report 3 cases with review of the literature and propose a modification of the classification by Alonso-Lej modified by Todani which we believe may be useful to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholelithiasis , Caroli Disease , Therapeutics , Bile Ducts , Cholangitis , Liver Transplantation , Selectins , Dilatation
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1172-1176, Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346974

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The gold standard technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is using four ports in the upper abdomen. However, this operative approach may not provide aesthetic satisfaction for some patients because of visible incision marks. This study sought to demonstrate that these incision marks can be hidden by safely changing the port locations. METHODS For patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis undergoing LC between March 2019 and March 2020, the modified bikini line approach was used. With the patient in the supine position with open legs, the first trocar (10 mm) was inserted into the abdomen through an 11-mm incision in the umbilicus. The other three trocars were placed in the abdomen at the bikini line with the help of a camera. The standard equipment for LC was then used to perform the surgery. RESULTS The modified bikini line approach to LC was used for 38 patients. Average operative time was 28.65 min, and the average hospital stay was 1.07 days. No perioperative or postoperative complications occurred. Follow-up was at 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months. Cosmetic results were satisfactory for all patients. CONCLUSIONS As an alternative to the standard LC approach, the modified bikini line technique is safe and useful in patients for whom postoperative aesthetic appearance is important. The modified approach is simple to learn and use and is effective to hide the incision marks well.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay
9.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 101-106, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280500

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El Síndrome de Mirizzi es una complicación infrecuente de la enfermedad litiásica biliar, con una incidencia menor al 1% en países desarrollados, puede desarrollarse en cinco variantes, siendo menos frecuente la variante tipo V. La literatura actual discrepa sobre el manejo de esta condición, afirmando que la cirugía laparoscópica no es segura como procedimiento estándar. Caso Clínico: Se presenta el caso de Síndrome de Mirizzi en un hombre de 80 años, que es remitido al departamento de urgencias por sospecha de sepsis de origen abdominal, con estudio ecográfico de colelitiasis, neumobilia y dilatación de las vías biliares. Se realizó Colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica con imposibilidad técnica para la movilización y extracción de los cálculos por gran tamaño, recurriéndose a exploración a través de técnica laparoscópica, obteniéndose resultados satisfactorios. Conclusión: Para tratar el Síndrome de Mirizzi, es necesario considerar las características del paciente y la experiencia del cirujano ya que ambos factores influyen directamente en la modalidad del tratamiento, sus complicaciones y tasas de éxito. En el presente caso, la experiencia del autor principal en el manejo de procedimientos mínimamente invasivos y la consideración de reducir el riesgo de complicaciones como infecciones en un paciente frágil, fueron los factores que influyeron para la decisión de intervención laparoscópica.


Abstract Introduction: Mirizzi's syndrome is an infrequent complication of biliary lithiasic disease, with an incidence of less than 1% in developed countries, being even less frequent the type V variant. Current literature disagrees on the management of this condition, stating that laparoscopic surgery is not safe as a standard procedure. Clinical Case: We present the case of Mirizzi's Syndrome in an 80-year-old man, which is referred to the emergency department for suspicion of sepsis of abdominal origin, with ultrasound study of cholelithiasis, pneumoobilia and dilation of the bile ducts. Retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography was performed with technical impossibility for the mobilization and extraction of large-size stones, resorting to exploration through laparoscopic technique, obtaining satisfactory results. Conclusion: It is necessary to emphasize that the type of Mirizzi syndrome, the patient's characteristics and the surgeon's experience directly influence the treatment modality, its complications and/or success rates. In the present case, the experience of the main author in the management of minimally invasive procedures and the consideration of reducing the risk of complications such as infections in a fragile patient, were the factors that influenced the decision for laparoscopic intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Cholelithiasis , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Laparoscopy , Mirizzi Syndrome , Therapeutics , Bile Ducts , Calculi , Sepsis , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Infections
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 227-233, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285313

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare hepatobiliary disorder, whose etiology remains not fully elucidated. Given how rare PSC is in childhood, until the recent publication of a multicenter international collaboration, even data on its characteristics and natural history were scarce. Symptomatic cholelithiasis has not been previously reported as the presentation of PSC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the diagnosis of PSC following the initial unusual presentation with symptomatic cholelithiasis, that followed an atypical clinical course that could not be explained by cholelithiasis alone. A literature review was also conducted. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of three patients, who were diagnosed and/or followed at the Clinics Hospital, University of Campinas - Sao Paulo/ Brazil, between 2014 and 2020. Data analyzed included gender, age of presentation, past medical history, imaging findings, laboratory results, endoscopic evaluation, response to medical therapy and follow-up. RESULTS: Age at time of presentation with cholelithiasis varied from 10 to 12 years. In two of the cases reported, a more subacute onset of symptoms preceded the episode of cholelithiasis. Two patients were managed with cholecystectomy, not followed by any surgical complications, one patient was managed conservatively. Percutaneous liver biopsy was performed in all three cases, showing histological findings compatible with PSC. Associated inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was not seen in any of the patients. The patients have been followed for a mean time of 3.4 years. CONCLUSION: PSC and cholelithiasis are both rare in the pediatric population. This study reports on symptomatic cholelithiasis as a presentation of PSC and raises the importance of suspecting an underlying hepatobiliary disorder in children with cholelithiasis without any known predisposing factors and/or that follow an atypical clinical course for cholelithiasis alone.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A colangite esclerosante primária (CEP) é uma doença hepatobiliar rara, cuja etiologia ainda não está totalmente elucidada. Dada a raridade do CEP na infância, até a recente publicação de uma colaboração multicêntrica internacional, mesmo dados sobre suas características e história natural eram escassos. A colelitíase sintomática não foi relatada anteriormente como a apresentação inicial de CEP na infância. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi o diagnóstico de CEP após a apresentação inicial incomum com colelitíase sintomática, que seguiu um curso clínico atípico que não poderia ser explicado apenas pela colelitíase. Também foi realizada uma revisão da literatura. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada uma revisão retrospectiva dos prontuários de três pacientes, que foram diagnosticados e/ou acompanhados no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas - São Paulo / Brasil, entre 2014 e 2020. Os dados analisados incluíram sexo, idade de apresentação, história médica pregressa, achados de imagem, resultados laboratoriais, avaliação endoscópica, resposta à terapia médica e acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: A idade no momento da apresentação da colelitíase variou de 10 a 12 anos. Em dois dos casos relatados, um início mais subagudo dos sintomas precedeu o episódio de colelitíase. Dois pacientes foram tratados com colecistectomia, não seguida de qualquer complicação cirúrgica, e um paciente foi tratado de forma conservadora. Biópsia hepática percutânea foi realizada em todos os três casos, mostrando achados histológicos compatíveis com CEP. Doença inflamatória intestinal associada não foi observada em nenhum dos pacientes. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por um tempo médio de 3,4 anos. CONCLUSÃO: CEP e colelitíase são raras na população pediátrica. Este estudo relata a colelitíase sintomática como uma apresentação de CEP e levanta a importância da suspeita de doença hepatobiliar subjacente em crianças com colelitíase sem quaisquer fatores predisponentes conhecidos e/ou que seguem um curso clínico atípico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/complications , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/diagnosis , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/therapy , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Cholelithiasis/complications , Cholelithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Multicenter Studies as Topic
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 462-470, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254292

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más realizados a nivel mundial, por lo que su aprendizaje es cada vez más necesario para los médicos residentes en entrenamiento, pero sin comprometer la seguridad de los pacientes. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el impacto de la participación de los médicos residentes en los principales desenlaces clínicos de la colecistectomía. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo de cohortes, donde se incluyeron los pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica, desde junio de 2019 hasta julio de 2020. Se llevó a cabo el análisis estadístico para describir medidas de frecuencia, tendencia central, dispersión y análisis bivariados para los desenlaces de interés. Resultados. Se incluyeron 482 pacientes a quienes se les practicó colecistectomía, 475 de ellas por vía laparoscópica. El 62,5 % fueron mujeres y el 76,2 % se realizaron de carácter urgente. En el 96 % de los procedimientos se contó con la participación de un residente. En el análisis bivariado no se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la participación del residente y un impacto negativo en los desenlaces clínicos de las variables relevantes. Discusión. No hay evidencia de que la participación de médicos residentes en la colecistectomía laparoscópica se asocie con desenlaces adversos en los pacientes, lo que sugiere estar en relación con una introducción temprana y responsable a este procedimiento por parte de los docentes, permitiendo que la colecistectomía sea un procedimiento seguro


Introduction. Cholecystectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures worldwide, so its learning is increasingly necessary for resident physicians in training, but without compromising the safety of patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the participation of resident physicians on the main clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy. Methods. A prospective cohort study was performed, which included patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecys-tectomy from June 2019 to July 2020. Statistical analysis was carried out to describe measures of frequency, central tendency, dispersion, and bivariate analysis for outcomes of interest. Results. 482 patients who underwent cholecystectomy were included, 475 of them laparoscopically; 62.5% were women and 76.2% were performed urgently, and 96% of the procedures involved the participation of a resident. In the bivariate analysis, no statistically significant difference was found between resident participation and a negative impact on the clinical outcomes of the relevant variables. Discussion. There is no evidence that the participation of resident physicians in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with adverse outcomes in patients, which suggests being related to an early and responsible introduction to this procedure by teachers, allowing cholecystectomy to be a safe procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Education, Medical , Cholelithiasis , Health Postgraduate Programs , Intraoperative Complications
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 62-72, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288175

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la prevalencia conjunta de litiasis vesicular y coledociana aumenta con la edad y llega al 15% en la octava década de la vida. Su manejo continúa siendo controvertido: algunos profesionales prefieren el abordaje en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia, y otros, el abordaje en dos tiempos con endoscopia (CPRE preoperatoria) seguida de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia y seguridad del manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia en pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular y coledociana. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo con datos de una base de datos prospectiva, entre julio de 2008 y julio de 2018. Resultados: sobre un total de 2447 colecistectomías laparoscópicas realizadas en el citado período, 416 (17%) presentaron litiasis coledociana. El éxito global de la vía transcística en la extracción de litiasis coledociana fue del 81,2%: del 70,4% en los casos con diagnóstico prequirúrgico de colestasis extrahepática litiásica y del 92,9% en los otros diagnósticos. La morbilidad fue del 4%, sin mortalidad ni lesiones quirúrgicas de la vía biliar. Conclusión : el manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia es eficaz y seguro debido al elevado éxito global de la instrumentación transcística (ITC). El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis condi ciona una disminución de esa eficacia, por mayor indicación de coledocotomía, con un aumento de la morbilidad y del tiempo de internación.


ABSTRACT Background: The prevalence of common bile duct stones associated with cholelithiasis increases with age and is about 15 % in the 8th decade of life but its management is still controversial. Some surgeons prefer the single-stage approach with laparoscopy while others suggest the two-stage management with preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of feasibility of single-stage laparoscopic surgery in patients with cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective study with prospectively collected data between July 2008 and July 2018. Results: Of 2447 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed during the study period, 416 presented common bile duct stones. The global success of the transcystic approach to clear common bile duct stones was 81.2%, 70.4% in the cases with preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis and 92.9% for other diagnoses. The rate of complications was 4% without deaths or bile duct injuries. Conclusion: Single-stage laparoscopic surgery is an efficient and safe approach based on the high global success of transcystic exploration. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis reduces the efficacy of the procedure due to greater indication of choledocotomy, with complications and longer length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy , Cholelithiasis , Efficacy , Retrospective Studies , Choledocholithiasis , Endoscopy
13.
Rev. venez. cir ; 74(2): 51-54, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1369845

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar es una complicación poco frecuente de la colelitiasis o colecistitis litiásica, aparece en menos del 1-3% de los pacientes con estas enfermedades, se define como una obstrucción intestinal mecánica debido a la impactación de uno o más cálculos biliares dentro del tracto gastrointestinal. Ubicaciones menos comunes incluyen estómago y duodeno (síndrome de Bouveret) y el colon. El diagnóstico del síndrome de Bouveret (SB) suele iniciar con una radiografía simple de abdomen; la ecografía abdominal confirma el síndrome de Bouveret si revela neumobilia y ubicación ectópica del cálculo biliar, sin embargo, en la mayoría de los casos se necesita una tomografía computarizada que permite una evaluación completa.Caso Clínico : Se presenta caso de masculino de 57 años de edad quien 8 días previo a su ingreso presenta dolor abdominal en epigastrio de moderada intensidad acompañado de pirosis, halitosis, náuseas, vómitos, intolerancia a la vía oral y ausencia de evacuaciones; acude inicialmente a gastroenterólogo que realiza endoscopia digestiva superior encontrando una imagen de obstrucción a nivel de primera porción de duodeno, motivo por el cual refiere a servicio de cirugía general donde es intervenido quirúrgicamente, se diagnostica el SB realizando gastrotomía, extracción del lito y piloroplastia, presentando adecuada evolución postoperatoria.Conclusión : El SB es un diagnóstico raro que afecta a <0,5% de los pacientes con cálculos biliares por lo que requiere un grado extremadamente alto de sospecha para el diagnóstico y puede observarse de manera incidental en estudios de imágenes en pacientes que presentan síntomas de obstrucción del vaciamiento gástrico(AU)


Biliary ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis or lithiasic cholecystitis, appearing in less than 1 to 3% of patients with these diseases, it is a mechanical intestinal obstruction due to the impaction of one or more gallstones within the gastrointestinal tract. Less common locations include the stomach and duodenum (Bouveret syndrome) and the colon. For the diagnosis of Bouveret's syndrome (BS) the initial step is usually a simple abdominal X-ray, while an abdominal ultrasound confirms Bouveret's syndrome if it reveals pneumobilia and ectopic location of the gallstone, in most cases a computed tomography (CT) scan is needed for diagnosis and full evaluation.Clinical Case: We present the clinical case of a 57-year-old male who 8 days prior to his admission presented with moderate intensity abdominal pain in the epigastrium accompanied by heartburn, halitosis, nausea, vomiting, intolerance to oral intake, and absence of evacuations; initially went to a gastroenterologist who performed upper digestive endoscopy, finding an image of obstruction at the level of the first portion of the duodenum, which is why he refers to the general surgery department where he underwent surgery, diagnosing BS by performing gastrotomy, stone extraction, and pyloroplasty, presenting adequate postoperative evolution.Conclusion : BS is a rare diagnosis that affects <0.5% of patients with gallstones and therefore requires an extremely high degree of suspicion for the diagnosis and can be seen incidentally on imaging studies in patients with symptoms of obstruction of gastric emptying(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Abdominal Pain , Cholecystitis , General Surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e912, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144441

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El íleo biliar representa el 4 por ciento de las causas de obstrucción intestinal en la población general. Objetivo: Mostrar un paciente con cuadro de oclusión intestinal por íleo biliar que fue diagnosticado y tratado en el transoperatorio. Caso clínico: Paciente de 78 años de edad con un cuadro oclusivo por un íleo biliar, al cual se le realizó enterolitotomía como tratamiento definitivo. Conclusiones: El íleo biliar es una causa de oclusión intestinal que todo cirujano general debe tener presente ante un anciano con elementos clínicos e imaginológicos de oclusión y sin intervenciones quirúrgicas previas o hernias de la pared abdominal(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gallstone ileus represents 4 percent of the causes of intestinal obstruction in the general population. Objective: To present a patient with intestinal obstruction due to gallstone ileus and who was diagnosed and treated during the intraoperative period. Clinical case: The is presented of a 78-year-old patient with an occlusive condition due to gallstone ileus, who underwent enterolithotomy as definitive management procedure. Conclusions: Gallstone ileus is a cause of intestinal occlusion that every general surgeon should be aware of in the presence of an elderly with clinical and imaging elements of occlusion and without previous surgical interventions or hernias of the abdominal wall(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Cholelithiasis/complications , Gallstones/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1018-1020, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136339

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic noncaseating granulomatous disease that rarely affects the gastrointestinal system. The initial diagnosis of sarcoidosis with gallbladder/gallbladder-associated lymph node involvement is a very rare condition in the literature. Herein, we aimed to report a case of newly diagnosed sarcoidosis with lymph node involvement associated with the gallbladder.


RESUMO A sarcoidose é uma doença granulomatosa multissistêmica não-caseosa que raramente afeta o sistema gastrointestinal. O diagnóstico inicial de sarcoidose com envolvimento de linfonodo da vesícula biliar ou associado à vesícula biliar é muito raro na literatura. Aqui, o nosso objetivo foi relatar um caso de sarcoidose recém-diagnosticado com envolvimento de linfonodos associados à vesícula biliar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis/etiology , Sarcoidosis/complications , Rare Diseases
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 552-557, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098286

ABSTRACT

La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el tratamiento de elección de la colelitiasis; sin embargo, se acompaña de comorbilidades y no está exenta de complicaciones mayores que pueden ser letales; la identificación del trígono cistohepático con disección y ligadura de la arteria cística son pasos obligatorios de la cirugía; la identificación de las variaciones de la arteria cística y los conductos biliares pueden minimizar las eventuales complicaciones. Al protocolo preoperatorio se implementó una angiotomografía con Tomógrafo Siemens Somatón Sensation ® de 64 cortes para identificar la arteria cística en pacientes con colelitiasis de la Unidad de Cirugía General del Hospital de Especialidades Teodoro Maldonado Carbo IESS de Guayaquil. Se escogieron 60 pacientes femeninos en forma aleatoria (edades 19-70 años, promedio 44,25 años) y la muestra se dividió en dos grupos de 30; al grupo estudio se aplicó angiotomografía hasta un mes antes de la cirugía y al grupo control se le aplicó el protocolo convencional. Se evaluó morbilidades relacionadas con: hemorragia operatoria por lesión de la arteria cística y en el posoperatorio: infección de herida operatoria, íleo y drenaje. La angiotomografía permitió identificar la arteria cística en el preoperatorio y contribuyó a disminuir comorbilidades que acompañan a la colecistectomía laparoscópica.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of cholelithiasis of choice; however, it is accompanied by comorbidities and is not exempt from major complications that can be lethal; the identification of the cystohepatic trigone with dissection and ligation of the cystic artery are mandatory steps of surgery; the identification of the variations of the cystic artery and the bile ducts can minimize the possible complications. The preoperative protocol was implemented with an angiotomography with Siemens Somatón Sensation ® 64-slice Tomograph to identify the cystic artery in patients with cholelithiasis of the General Surgery Unit of the Teodoro Maldonado Carbo IESS Specialty Hospital of Guayaquil. 60 female patients were chosen at random (ages 19 -70 years, average 44.25 years) and the sample was divided into two groups of 30; Angiotomography was applied to the study group up to one month before surgery and the conventional protocol was applied to the control group. Morbidities related to: operative haemorrhage due to cystic artery and postoperative injury: operative wound infection, ileus and drainage were evaluated. Angiotomography allowed to identify the cystic artery in the preoperative period and contributed to decrease comorbidities that accompany laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Celiac Artery/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Preoperative Care , Cholelithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Comorbidity , Celiac Artery/anatomy & histology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
17.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 96-101, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094585

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El íleo biliar se define como una obstrucción intestinal por impactación de un cálculo biliar a cualquier nivel, sucede por presencia de una fistula bilio-digestiva y es usual en personas mayores de 60 años, principalmente en mujeres. Objetivo: Describir un caso de íleo biliar en un paciente masculino adulto medio, tratado con enterolitotomia más colecistectomía. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 41 años, sin antecedentes patológicos conocidos, con diagnóstico de íleo biliar, quién recibió manejo quirúrgico con enterolitotomia más colecistectomía en el mismo tiempo quirúrgico, con posteriores reintervenciones y manejo en unidad de cuidado intensivo, teniendo evolución favorable y egreso hospitalario. Conclusión: Este caso de obstrucción intestinal en paciente sin antecedentes quirúrgicos abdominales y con edad de presentación atípica para íleo biliar, representa un reto para el diagnóstico clínico y su correspondiente manejo quirúrgico.


Introduction: Biliary ileus is defined as an intestinal obstruction caused by gallstones. It is due to the presence of a bile-digestive fistula and is common in people older than 60 years of age, mainly in women. Objective: To describe a case of biliary ileus in an average adult male patient treated with enterolithotomy and cholecystectomy. Presentation of the case: A 41-year-old male patient, with a diagnosis of biliary ileus and no known pathological history, who underwent surgical management with enterolithotomy and cholecystectomy at the same surgical time. He had subsequent surgical interventions and management in an intensive care unit, having a favorable outcome and hospital discharge. Conclusion: This case of intestinal obstruction in a patient with no abdominal surgical history and an atypical age presentation represents a challenge for clinical diagnosis of biliary ileus and its corresponding surgical management.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Cholelithiasis , Biliary Fistula , Ileus , Intestinal Obstruction
18.
Arch. med ; 20(1): 221-225, 2020-01-18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053285

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas colecistoentéricas se forman como una complicación poco frecuente de la colelitiasis. Se presenta el caso de un paciente femenino de 64 años con diagnóstico de sangrado de tubo digestivo alto debido a una fístula colecistoduodenal. El caso representa una urgencia gastroenterológica poco común que nos recuerda que las complicaciones raras de las enfermedades comunes pueden ser fácilmente omitidas en cualquier escenario clínico..(AU)


Bilioenteric fístulas occurs as a rare complication of gallstone disease. A 64 years-old female patient with diagnosis of upper digestive bleeding due to a cholecystoduodenal fístula is presented. This clinical case represents a rare gastrointestinal emergency that remember us that rare complications of diverse diseases can be omitted in any clinical scenario..(AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Cholelithiasis , Fistula
19.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 30(supl.5): S22-S26, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223731

ABSTRACT

Com exceção dos casos decorrentes de doença hemolítica crônica, a colelitíase biliar é pouco comum na infância e adolescência quando comparada aos adultos. No entanto, nas últimas décadas observou-se importante aumento da incidência da doença na pediatria, principalmente em adolescentes do sexo feminino. Os fatores de risco associados à colelitíase têm se assemelhado àqueles encontrados nos adultos e o cálculo de colesterol é o principal responsável pelo aumento da prevalência. Acredita-se que a maioria dos pacientes pediátricos com colelitíase biliar apresente sintomas inespecíficos; a cólica biliar típica é encontrada mais frequentemente em crianças mais velhas. O tratamento padrão para a colelitíase sintomática é o tratamento cirúrgico com retirada da vesícula biliar, sendo a colecistectomia videolaparoscópica preferível à cirurgia aberta devido ao menor tempo de recuperação e de internação hospitalar. Contudo, na colelitíase assintomática o tratamento deve ser individualizado, sendo indicada a cirurgia em casos selecionados. O objetivo desta revisão é apresentar os principais aspectos da doença calculosa biliar na infância e contribuir para maior suspeição clínica da doença entre os pediatras, aprimorando a abordagem diagnóstica e a definição terapêutica adequada.


Excluding the cases resulting from chronic hemolytic disease, cholelithiasis is uncommon in childhood and adolescence when compared to adults. However, in recent decades there has been noted an increased incidence of the disease in pediatrics, especially in female adolescents. The risk factors associated with cholelithiasis have been similar to those found in adults and cholesterol stones are the main responsible for the increase of the prevalence. The majority of pediatric patients with cholelithiasis have no specific symptoms; typical biliary colic is found more often among older children. The standard treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis is surgery to remove the gallbladder; the laparoscopic cholecystectomy is preferable to open surgery because of the shorter recovery time and hospital stay. However, in asymptomatic cholelithiasis treatment must be individualized and surgery is indicated in selected cases. The aim of this review is to present the main aspects of gallstone disease in childhood and contribute to greater clinical suspicion of the disease among pediatricians, improving the diagnostic approach and the appropriate therapeutic definition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cholelithiasis , Pediatrics , Cholecystectomy , Cholelithiasis/diagnosis , Gallstones , Incidence
20.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 78(1): 21-27, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146951

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Verificar a quantidade de crises de dor em pacientes com colelitíase, anteriores à cirurgia. METODOLOGIA: Foram estudados 385 pacientes com colelitíase, tratada no Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba, entre 2012 e 2018. Os dados obtidos foram analisados por gráficos e tabelas de frequência. Para cálculos de associação foram feitos os testes t de student para observações independentes e qui quadrado. Significância adotada: 5%. RESULTADOS: Dos pacientes entrevistados, 69% são mulheres, enquanto 31% são do sexo masculino. Em média, os pacientes têm 50,5 anos. A grande maioria vive na Grande Curitiba. Cirurgias urgentes foram realizadas em 44% dos pacientes, enquanto eletivas ocorreram em 56% dos casos. Mais da metade dos pacientes teve mais de 3 crises de dor, antes de serem operados. Aproximadamente, 35% deles sofreu de 1 a 3 crises antes da cirurgia. Somente 5% foram operados sem crises de dor. Em média, decorreram 9,44 meses entre o diagnóstico e o tratamento cirúrgico dos pacientes. Quase que a totalidade dos pacientes realizaram ecografias para o diagnóstico da colelitíase. Proporcionalmente, mais homens foram operados imediatamente após o diagnóstico do que mulheres (p=0,001). Pacientes que passaram por mais de um hospital fizeram, proporcionalmente, mais ecografias que os pacientes que foram atendidos apenas pelo Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba (p=0,003). CONCLUSÃO: Pelos resultados obtidos, pode-se estabelecer que os pacientes operados pelo HUEC, em âmbito de SUS, passam muito tempo aguardando a operação. É prudente considerar a opção cirúrgica, para evitar complicações que levem o paciente a ser operado emergencialmente.


Verify the amount of pain crises on patients with cholelithiasis, prior to surgical treatment. METHODS: The analysis involved 385 patients with cholelithiasis, treated at Evangelical University Hospital of Curitiba, between 2012 and 2018. The resulting data were analyzed by graphs and frequency charts. For association calculations, Student's t test for independent observations and chi square test were used. The adopted significance is 5%. RESULTS: Of the interviewed patients, 69% are female, while 31% are male. The average age is 50,5 yearsold. The vast majority lives in and around Curitiba. Emergency surgeries were performed in 44% of patients, while elective procedures were used in 56%. More than half the patients suffered more than 3 biliary colic events, prior to being put through surgery. Approximately, 35% had 1 to 3 painful bouts. Only 5% where operated on without biliary colic. The average surgical wait time was 9,44 months. Almost all patients had ultrasounds performed for the diagnosis. Proportionally, more men were put through surgery immediately after being diagnosed than women (p=0,001). Patients who went to more than one hospital had more ultrasounds done than patients who were only cared for at Evangelical University Hospital of Curitiba (p=0,003) CONCLUSION: From the obtained data, it can be inferred that patients operated at Evangelical University Hospital of Curitiba, by the public healthcare system, spend too much time on the surgical wait list. It is prudent to consider the surgical option soon, to avoid complications that lead the patient to emergency surgery


Subject(s)
Pain , Cholelithiasis , Hospitals, University , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy , Colic
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