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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(1): 132-141, ene. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554179

ABSTRACT

Ocotea duckei , known as Louro - de - cheiro, belongs to the Lauraceae family and presents lignoid yangambine (YAN) as the main plant marker. This work aimed to develop and validate an analytical method by high performance liquid chromatography for the quantification of YAN. The sample used was the crude eth anolic extract (CEE) obtained from aerial parts. In the developed method, a C18 column was used. The mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile and water (45:55), whereas the method parameters included mobile phase flow rate at 0.8 mL/min, oven temperature at 40°C, and monitoring at 205 nm. In the validation, the parameters of selectivity, linearity, precision, accuracy, robustness, limits of detection and quantification were evaluated. As a result, the developed method is in accordance with the guidelines f or validation of analytical methods and presented satisfactory chromatographic parameters for YAN determination. Thus, the present analytical methodology can be applied in the quality control of O. duckei raw materials.


Ocotea duckei , conocida como Louro - de - cheiro, pertenece a la familia Lauraceae y presenta la yangambina lignoide (YAN) como principal marcador vegetal. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo desarrollar y val idar un método analítico por cromatografía líquida de alta resolución para la cuantificación de YAN. La muestra utilizada fue el extracto etanólico crudo (EEC) obtenido de partes aéreas. En el método desarrollado se utilizó una columna C18. La fase móvil c onsistió en acetonitrilo y agua (45:55), mientras los parámetros del método incluyeron el caudal de la fase móvil a 0,8 m L /min, la temperatura del horno a 40°C y la monitorización a 205 nm. En la validación se evaluaron los parámetros de selectividad, line alidad, precisión, exactitud, robustez, límites de detección y cuantificación. Como resultado, el método desarrollado está de acuerdo con las pautas para la validación de métodos analíticos y presentó parámetros cromatográficos satisfactorios para la deter minación de YAN. Por lo tanto, la presente metodología analítica se puede aplicar en el control de calidad de las materias primas de O. duckei.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Ocotea/chemistry , Plant Extracts/isolation & purification
2.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e22542, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533990

ABSTRACT

We developed poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL)-based nanoparticles containing D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol-1000 succinate (TPGS) or Poloxamer 407 as stabilizers to efficiently encapsulate genistein (GN). Two formulations, referred to as PNTPGS and PNPol, were prepared using nanoprecipitation. They were characterized by size and PDI distribution, zeta potential, nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), GN association (AE%), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). PNTPGS-GN exhibited a particle size of 141.2 nm, a PDI of 0.189, a zeta potential of -32.9 mV, and an AE% of 77.95%. PNPol-GN had a size of 146.3 nm, a better PDI than PNTPGS-GN (0.150), a less negative zeta potential (-21.0 mV), and an AE% of 68.73%. Thermal and spectrometric analyses indicated that no new compounds were formed, and there was no incompatibility detected in the formulations. Cellular studies revealed that Poloxamer 407 conferred less toxicity to PCL nanoparticles. However, the percentage of uptake decreased compared to the use of TPGS, which exhibited almost 80% cellular uptake. This study contributes to the investigation of stabilizers capable of conferring stability to PCL nanoparticles efficiently encapsulating GN. Thus, the PCL nanoparticle proposed here is an innovative nanomedicine for melanoma therapy and represents a strong candidate for specific pre-clinical and in vivo studie


Subject(s)
Genistein/pharmacology , Nanoparticles/analysis , Melanoma/drug therapy , Particle Size , Spectrum Analysis/classification , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e23493, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533989

ABSTRACT

Abstract A novel, simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection method was developed and validated for the characterization of the preclinical pharmacokinetics of melatonin under pregnant conditions. Plasma samples (25 µL) were treated with 30 µL of ethanol absolute (containing the internal standard, IS). After a centrifugation process, aliquots of supernant (5 µL) were injected into the chromatographic system. Compounds were eluted on a Xbridge C18 (150 mm x 4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm particle size) maintained at 30°C. The mobile phase consisted in a mixture of aqueous solution of 0.4% phosphoric acid and acetonitrile (70:30 v/v). The wavelengths were set at 305 nm (excitation) and 408 nm (emission) and the total analysis time was 8 min/sample. All validation tests were obtained with accuracy and precision, according to FDA guidelines, over the concentration range of 0.005-20 µg/mL. Pharmacokinetic study showed that melatonin systemic exposure increased from day 14, with a significant difference at 19 days of gestation compared to the control group. Our findings suggest a decreased metabolism of melatonin as result of temporary physiological changes that occur throughout pregnancy. However, other maternal physiological changes cannot be ruled out.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Plasma , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Melatonin/agonists , Pregnancy , Pharmacokinetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006804

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aim of this study is to establish a Reversed Phase – High Performance Liquid Chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method for the quantification of Rhein from Cassia fistula L. leaves.@*Methods@#A Shimadzu system equipped with a C18 Column (150 x 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with an isocratic elution of Acetonitrile (solvent A) and 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid aqueous solution (solvent B) (Merck, 1.08178.0050) with a 55:45 ratio, respectively and a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min and sample injection of 10 μL detection was done at 230 nm. Standard solution of Rhein (Chengdu Biopurify) was prepared for method development. This study was validated using the guidelines set under “ICH Topic Q2 R2 or the Validation of Analytical Procedures”. Procedures for linearity, precision, accuracy, limit of detection, and limit of quantitation were performed.@*Results@#The retention time of Rhein standard was determined at 5.10 minutes. LOD and LOQ were determined to be 1.278 mcg/mL and 3.872 mcg/mL, respectively with good linearity (R2 ≥0.996) with a linear range of 2.5-20 ug/mL of the Rhein standard. The accuracy of the method was determined based on % recovery method and ranged from 94.75%-100.32% (intraday, n=3) with %RSD of 0.71. The intraday precision %RSD was 2.92 (n=6) while interday precision %RSD was 3.75 (n=3). The method was able to check the Rhein quantity among 10 samples of Cassia fistula L. leaves from different locations in the Philippines.@*Conclusion@#The method was found to be sensitive and accurate for the quantification of Rhein. The method was found to be useful for the quantification of the amount of Rhein and can be used as a Quality Control tool for the assessment of Cassia fistula.


Subject(s)
Cassia , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-12, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516483

ABSTRACT

Objective: to investigate the effect of two natural cross-linkers on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and evaluate their influence on the durability of the resin dentin bonds. Material and Methods: the Moringa oleifera and Centella asiatica plant extracts were qualitatively tested with high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) for the presence of phenols. The phenolic content ranged from 27 to 30 gallic acid equivalents (GAE), µg/mg of dry weight. After etching, two concentrations (5% and 1%) of these two extracts were prepared and used as pretreatment liners on dentin. They were applied for a min. After restoration with resin composite, dentin resin beams were prepared. The study groups were 5% Moringa, 1% Moringa 5% Centella 1% Centella, and control (without cross-linker application). For each group, half of the samples underwent µTBS testing after 24 hours, while the remaining half were immersed in artificial saliva to assess the bond's longevity after 6 months of ageing. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test. Results: both 5% and 1% Moringa showed a significant difference (p<0.05) compared to the other groups at both intervals. However, after ageing, the specimens in the control and 1% Centella groups resulted in a significant decrease in µTBS. Conclusion: overall, both concentrations of Moringa (5% and 1%) were effective in stabilising the bond during both intervals.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar o efeito de dois reticuladores naturais na resistência de união (µTBS) à microtração e avaliar sua influência na durabilidade da adesão da resina à dentina. Material e Métodos: extratos das plantas Moringa oleifera e Centella asiatica foram qualitativamente testados através de cromatografia em camada fina de alta performance (HPTLC) para a presença de fenóis. O conteúdo fenólico alcançou entre 27 a 30 equivalentes de ácido gálico (GAE), µg/mg de peso seco. Após o condicionamento, duas concentrações (5% e 1%) dos extratos foram preparadas e utilizadas como forros de pré-tratamento em dentina. Eles foram aplicados por um minuto. Após a restauração com resina composta, palitos de dentina e resina foram preparados. Os grupos foram 5% Moringa, 1% Moringa, 5% Centella, 1% Centella e controle (sem aplicação de reticulador). Para cada grupo, metade das amostras foram submetidas ao teste µTBS após 24 horas, enquanto a outra metade foi imersa em saliva artificial para avaliar a longevidade adesiva após 6 meses de envelhecimento. Foi realizada análise estatística através de ANOVA 1-fator, seguido do teste post hoc de Tukey. Resultados: ambas as concentrações de 5% e 1% de Moringa demonstraram diferença significativa (p<0.05) comparadas aos outros grupos em ambos os intervalos. No entanto, após o envelhecimento, os espécimes dos geupos controle e 1% de Centella resultaram em uma redução significativa de µTBS. Conclusão: no geral, ambas as concentrações de Moringa (5% e 1%) foram efetivas em estabelecer a adesão em ambos os intervalos (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents/analysis , Composite Resins/analysis , Cross-Linking Reagents/analysis , Centella/chemistry , Moringa oleifera/chemistry , Flavonoids/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Tooth Injuries , Fibrillar Collagens/metabolism , Polyphenols/chemistry
6.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e20314, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Betamethasone (BET) is a synthetic glucocorticoid recommended for pregnant women at imminent risk of preterm birth before 34 weeks to reduce neonatal complications. There are different techniques to describe BET plasma quantification. However, none quantified the plasmatic concentration of BET in dichorionic (DC) twin pregnancies using LC-MS. Our objectives were to develop and validate a method for quantifying BET by LC-MS for pharmacokinetic (PK) and placental transfer studies in DC twin pregnancies. Blood samples were collected after intramuscular administration of a single BET dose containing 6 mg disodium phosphate + 6 mg acetate. BET was determined in plasma by liquid-liquid extraction. The method showed linearity in the range of 2-250 ng/mL, as well as precision and accuracy with a coefficient of variation and relative standard errors ≤ 15%. Additionally, the method presented selectivity and did not present matrix or carry-over effect. Stability tests also presented coefficient of variation and relative standard errors ≤ 15%. This is the first study which describe maternal and fetal plasma concentrations of BET in a DC twin pregnancy. The BET PK parameters were AUC0-∞, CL/F, Vd/F, Cmax, Tmax of 292.20 h*ng/mL, 39.08 L/h, 278.72 L, 25.55 ng/mL and 0.58 h, respectively. The placental transfer ratios of umbilical vein/maternal vein and intervillous space/maternal vein were 0.14 and 0.19 and 0.40 and 0.27 for both twins, respectively. However, a clinical study with more subjects is imperative to confirm this higher concentration of BET in the intervillous space


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Plasma/metabolism , Betamethasone/antagonists & inhibitors , Liquid-Liquid Extraction/instrumentation
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21480, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429948

ABSTRACT

Abstract A stability-indicating HPLC-DAD method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of dasabuvir and its degradation products in the pharmaceutical formulation. The proposed method utilized a Symmetry® C18 (4.6 x 75 mm, 3.5 µm) column, and the mobile phase consisted of an isocratic elution of formic acid (0.1%) and acetonitrile (55:45, v/v), at a flow of 1 mL min-1; analytes were detected at 244 nm. Dasabuvir was submitted to different stress degradation conditions, such as acidic, alkaline, neutral, thermal, oxidative and photolytic, and the structural elucidation of degradation products was performed using LC-QToF-MS/MS. The HPLC-DAD stability-indicating method was validated for selectivity, linearity, limit of detection and quantification, accuracy, precision and robustness, according to ICH guidelines. Dasabuvir produced two degradation products (DP1 and DP2) from the alkaline stress conditions, which were characterized in negative ion mode. Dasabuvir was linear in the range 9.78 to 136.92 µg mL-1, and DP and DP were linear in the range 2.9 to 20.2 µg mL-1 and 1.3 to 14.9 µg mL-1, respectively. The 1 2 recovery ranged between 99.16 and 100.86%, while precision ranged from 1.02 to 2.89%. As the method can effectively separate the dasabuvir from its degradation products and quantitate them, it may be employed as a stability-indicating method for the pharmaceutical formulation.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drug Compounding/classification
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e23017, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505848

ABSTRACT

Abstract Infusion solutions must be stable from the production stage until the infusion stage. Some infusion fluids contain degradation products, known as advanced glycation end products (AGEs); however, it is unknown whether AGEs exist in parenteral nutrition solutions. We aimed to investigate this question and test the effect of infusion conditions on AGE formation in parenteral nutrition solution. Nine parenteral nutrition solutions were supplied by the pharmacy with which we collaborated. To simulate the infusion conditions, the solutions were held in a patient room with standard lighting and temperature for 24 hours. Samples were taken at the beginning (group A) and the end (24th hour, group B) of the infusion period. The degradation products were 3-deoxyglucosone, pentosidine, N-carboxymethyl lysine, and 4-hydroxynonenal, which we investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and Q-TOF LC/MS methods. Two of four degradation products, 4-hydroxynonenal and N-carboxymethyl lysine, were detected in all samples, and Group B had higher levels of both compounds compared to Group A, who showed that the quantities of these compounds increased in room conditions over time. The increase was significant for 4-hydroxynonenal (p=0.03), but not for N-carboxymethyl lysine (p=0.23). Moreover, we detected in the parenteral nutrition solutions a compound that could have been 4-hydroxy-2-butynal or furanone


Subject(s)
Parenteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Glycation End Products, Advanced/analysis , Parenteral Nutrition Solutions/administration & dosage , Pharmacy/classification , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Patients' Rooms/classification , Lighting/classification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21570, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429960

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the changes in the ingredients in Fallopia multiflora Thunb. Haraldson (FMT) root after processing it with different methods such as soaking, stewing, and steaming or combined methods. The total polyphenol, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilben-2-O-ß-D-glucoside (THSG), and physcion contents in FMT products after processing were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) methods. The results demonstrated that the processing method and time significantly affected the contents of polyphenol, THSG, and physcion. The physcion and total polyphenol content increased or decreased during processing depending upon the processing time, while the THSG content gradually decreased with an increase in the processing time. The content of physcion (a substance that can cause liver toxicity) was analysed, and the suitable conditions for processing of the FMT products were determined as initial soaking in rice swill for 24 h and subsequent stewing with black beans and water for 12 h


Subject(s)
Fallopia multiflora/genetics , Methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Polyphenols/agonists , Liver/abnormalities
10.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21077, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429974

ABSTRACT

Abstract Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic commonly used to treat Gram-positive bacterial infections in the clinic. The aim of this study was to provide a therapeutic reference for the clinical application and dosage regimen adjustment of teicoplanin by identifying factors associated with its plasma trough concentration (Ctrough). A retrospective study was performed on patients with suspected or documented Gram-positive infections who were hospitalized from November 2017 to January 2020 and treated with teicoplanin while undergoing routine therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). A total of 112 Ctrough trough measurements were obtained from 72 patients were included in this study. SPSS software was used for correlation analysis and receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. The Ctrough for teicoplanin showed statistically significant relationships (P<0.05) with PLT, Scr, CLcr, eGFR, BUN and Cys-C. ROC curve analysis revealed that CLcr and eGFR were more sensitive and specific for Ctrough compared to the other factors. These findings should be considered in the clinical application of teicoplanin and for its dosage adjustment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/classification , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/pathology , Teicoplanin/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drug Monitoring/instrumentation , Creatinine/adverse effects , Glomerular Filtration Rate
11.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 83 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437610

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases involve hyperlipidemia, inflammation and oxidative stress. Although this relationship is well established, only biomarkers associated with hyperlipidemia and inflammation are currently in clinical practice for diagnosis and evaluation of patient treatment. Our hypothesis is that oxidative stress biomarkers may be an independent risk factor and may assist in cardiovascular risk stratification and contribute to improving current scores. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate which are the biomarkers and methodologies were used in clinical studies in humans with different health conditions. With the results obtained in the first part, we selected studies conducted in healthy individuals and in individuals under primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention in order to evaluate the most frequent biomarkers, the results obtained according to the individual's profile and the methodology used, and correlate with different health conditions. We observed that malondialdehyde (MDA) was the most frequent lipid biomarker of oxidative stress applied in the studies, but it presented significant variability in the results and a weak correlation with clinical outcomes. The result of this study demonstrates the importance of carrying out a multicentric study to validate the MDA values in individuals with different health conditions and the standardization of the methodology based on high performance liquid chromatographyy (HPLC)


As doenças cardiovasculares envolvem hiperlipidemia, inflamação e estresse oxidativo. Embora essa relação esteja bem estabelecida, apenas biomarcadores associados à hiperlipidemia e inflamação são atuais na prática clínica para diagnóstico e avaliação do tratamento do paciente. Nossa hipótese é que biomarcadores de estresse oxidativo podem ser um fator de risco independente e podem auxiliar na estratificação de risco cardiovascular e contribuir para melhorar os escores atuais. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi investigar primeiramente quais são os biomarcadores e metodologias utilizados nos estudos clínicos em humanos em diferentes condições de saúde. Com os resultados obtidos na primeira etapa, selecionamos os estudos conduzidos em indivíduos saudáveis e em prevenção cardiovascular primária e secundária a fim de avaliar os biomarcadores mais utilizados, os resultados obtidos conforme o perfil do indivíduo e a metodologia utilizada e finalmente correlacionar com as diferentes condições de saúde. Observamos que o malondialdeído (MDA) foi o biomarcador lipídico de estresse oxidativo mais frequente nos estudos, porém apresentou importante variabilidade nos resultados e fraca correlação com desfechos clínicos. O resultado desse estudo demonstra a importância da realização de um estudo multicentrico para validação dos valores de MDA nos diferentes perfis de indivíduos e a padronização metodológica baseada na cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC)


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/analysis , Oxidative Stress , Patients/classification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Atherosclerosis/pathology
12.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22106, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439518

ABSTRACT

Abstract Guarana (Paullinia cupana) is a native plant from the Amazon whose seeds contain a high concentration of caffeine. Aqueous extract of guarana is widely used in the world. In this study, the objective was to develop and validate a High-Performance Liquid Chromatography method for the determination of caffeine in extracts and commercial beverages based on guarana. A sensitive, simple, and viable high performance liquid chromatographic method without the need of an analyte extraction procedure was developed and validated according to Brazilian and international requirements. The method presented high performance, fulfilling Brazilian and international requirements, in addition to allowing product compliance tests. Results confirmed high selectivity and linearity (>0.999) between 5 to 135 ug/mL, with no significant matrix effect. Detection and quantification limits were 0.02 µg/mL and 2 µg/mL, respectively. Precision was less than 4 %, and accuracy varied from 99.9-120 %. Applicability of the method was demonstrated by conducting a limited evaluation in products containing caffeine. Commercial extracts showed quite different caffeine levels, while carbonated drinks follow Brazilian and American recommendations. Our results indicate that the developed method can be used to evaluate the quality of the guarana extract and of products containing caffeine


Subject(s)
Seeds/classification , Caffeine/agonists , Plant Extracts/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Paullinia/adverse effects , Plants/classification , Beverages/classification , Total Quality Management/standards
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21972, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439532

ABSTRACT

Abstract Brazilian green propolis has been widely used in food and pharmaceutical products due to its valuable source of phenolic compounds and versatile biological activities. The development and validation of analytical methods are extremely useful for the characterization and quality control of products containing propolis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to optimize, validate and investigate the applicability of a reversed-phase HPLC method for analysis of different types of Brazilian green propolis extracts (glycolic and ethanolic). The method showed to be selective for the propolis phenolic markers. The analysis of variance and residues demonstrated that the method had significant linear regression, without lack of fit. It was also a precise, accurate and robust method, which was of utmost importance to analyze both glycolic and ethanolic extracts and at different concentrations. Moreover, as these products can display most complex matrices to analyze, a valid HPLC method can also prove to be specific and versatile.


Subject(s)
Propolis/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Phytochemicals/analysis , Food/classification
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22453, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439540

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the present study, the application of ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry allowed us to study of known-as well as hitherto unknown-trimetazidine (TMZ) metabolites in human urine and to propose their renal excretion profiles. Urine samples from a healthy volunteer were analyzed at baseline and at 0-4 h, 4-8 h, 8-12 h, and 12-24 h after a single dose of TMZ. A dilute-and-shoot procedure was used as sample treatment before separation. Full-scan spectra of possible metabolites were acquired. Additionally, product ion scan spectra of precursor ions of interest were also acquired at two collision energies. Intact TMZ was a major excretion product, with a maximum concentration at 4-8 h after administration. Moreover, five minor metabolites were observed, namely trimetazidine-N-oxide (M1), N-formyl trimetazidine (M2), desmethyl-trimetazidine O-sulfate (M3), desmethyl-trimetazidine O-glucuronide (M4), and desmethyl-trimetazidine-N-oxide-O-glucuronide (M5). Metabolite M5 has not previously been reported. Excretion curves were constructed based on the chromatographic peak areas of specific mass transitions (precursor ion > product ion) related to each of the detected metabolites


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Trimetazidine/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Urine , Single Dose/classification , Healthy Volunteers/classification , Renal Elimination/drug effects
15.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e20493, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439545

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hedera nepalensis (H. nepalensis) , belonging to the family Araliaceae, is a medicinal plant traditionally used to treat stomach problems. The current study investigated the gastroprotective potential and the mechanism of action of H. nepalensis in diclofenac-and ethanol-induced ulcer models. Anti-oxidant and lipid peroxidation inhibitory prospects of H. nepalensis were checked out by free radical scavenging assay and UV spectrophotometer respectively. Effect of H. nepalensis on the pH, gastric total acidity of gastric juice and protective effects of H. nepalensis against ulcer models have been examined. Histopathological studies have been carried out. The aqueous methanol extract of H. nepalensis (100 µg/mL) showed anti-oxidant (83.55%) and lipid peroxidation inhibitory (70.88%) potential at 1000 µg/mL; the extract had no buffer potential. The extract (400 mg/kg) significantly (81.12% and 63.46%) showed gastroprotective effect in diclofenac and ethanol-induced rat ulcer models respectively. Histopathological studies confirmed the biochemical findings. FTIR analysis showed the presence of carboxylic acid, alkanes, conjugated alkanes, aldehydes and alkyl-aryl ethers. Gallic acid, M-coumaric acid and quercetin were found by HPLC analysis. H. nepalensis exhibited significant protection against diclofenac and ethanol induced gastric damage by anti-oxidant and lipid peroxidation suppression effects suggesting potential broad utility in treatment of diseases characterized with gastric damage.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Stomach/abnormalities , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Araliaceae/classification , Hedera/classification , Ulcer/chemically induced , Diclofenac/agonists , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared/methods , Antioxidants
16.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21770, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439547

ABSTRACT

Abstract The locust bean gum (LBG) is a polysaccharide with thickening, stabilizing and gelling properties and it has been used in the preparation of pharmaceutical formulations. Hydrogels (HGs) are obtained from natural or synthetic materials that present interesting properties for skin application. This study aimed to develop HGs from LBG using indole-3-carbinol (I3C) as an asset model for cutaneous application. HGs were prepared by dispersing LBG (2%, 3% and 4% w/v) directly in cold water. The formulations showed content close to 0.5 mg/g (HPLC) and pH ranging from 7.25 to 7.41 (potentiometry). The spreadability factor (parallel plate method) was inversely proportional to LBG concentration. The rheological evaluation (rotational viscometer) demonstrated a non-Newtonian pseudoplastic flow behavior (Ostwald De Weale model), which is interesting for cutaneous application. The HET-CAM evaluation showed the non-irritating characteristic of the formulations. The bioadhesive potential demonstrated bioadhesion in a concentration-dependent manner. Permeation in human skin using Franz cells showed that the highest LBG concentration improved the skin distribution profile with greater I3C amounts in the viable skin layers. The present study demonstrated the feasibility of preparing HGs with LBG and the formulation with the highest polymer concentration was the most promising to transport active ingredients through the skin.


Subject(s)
Polysaccharides/analysis , Rubber/analysis , Hydrogels/analysis , Potentiometry/instrumentation , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Skin Cream/classification
17.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21328, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439548

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study entails the systematic development and validation of a stability-indicating RP-HPLC method for the analysis of sitagliptin and ertugliflozin in a fixed-dose combination. Analytical quality by design (AQbD) concepts were used to define critical method variables, employing Pareto risk assessment and a Placket-Burman screening design, preceded by a Box-Behnken design with response surface analysis to optimise critical method parameters such as % acetonitrile (X1), buffer pH (X2) and column oven temperature (X3). Multiple response optimisation (Derringer's desirability) of variables was accomplished by studying critical analytical attributes, such as resolution, retention time and theoretical plates. The title analytes were separated effectively on a PRONTOSIL C18 column at 37 °C using a mobile phase of acetonitrile:acetate buffer, pH 4.4 (36:64 percent v/v), pumped at a flow rate of 1 mL/min, and UV detection at 225 nm. Linearity was observed over a concentration range of 25-150 µg/mL and 3.75-22.5 µg/mL at retention times of 2.82 and 3.92 min for sitagliptin and ertugliflozin, respectively. The method obeyed all validation parameters of the ICH Q2(R1) guidelines. The proposed robust method allows the study of the selected drugs in pharmaceutical dosage forms as well as in drug stability studies under various stress conditions.


Subject(s)
Drawing , Sitagliptin Phosphate/analysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Total Quality Management/classification , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration/drug effects
18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21025, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439501

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study investigated the effects of valerian methanolic extract and valerenic acid on the expression of LL-37 gene and protein in A549 and MRC5 line cells. After preparing Valerian seeds, sowing them in March 2020, and harvesting the rhizome in October 2020, the extract was prepared from the valerian rhizome by maceration method. Valerian acid content was determined using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Two cell lines (A549 and MRC-5) were used to study the effects of valerian extract, and the MTT test was used to evaluate cell viability. The expression of LL-37 mRNA and protein was assessed by Real-Time PCR and western blot, respectively. In vivo safety assessments and histopathological analysis were also conducted. Data was analyzed by Graphpad Prism 8 software. Valerian methanolic extract and valerenic acid upregulated the LL-37 mRNA and protein expression in both treated cell lines. Valerenic acid showed a greater effect on upregulating LL-37 expression than valerian methanolic extract. A549 cells were more sensitive to valerian methanolic extract compared to MRC5 cells, and its cell viability was reduced. Furthermore, liver and kidney-related safety assessments showed that valerian methanolic extract had no toxic effects. In general, it was concluded that the methanolic extract of valerian as well as the resulting valerenic acid as the most important component of the extract has the ability to upregulate LL-37expression. Therefore, methanolic extract of valerian and valerenic acid can be considered for improving the immune system.


Subject(s)
Valerian/adverse effects , Plant Extracts/adverse effects , Cathelicidins/adverse effects , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides/agonists , A549 Cells/classification , Genes/genetics , Liver/abnormalities
19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22076, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439496

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bauhinia forficata Link aqueous extract is usually recommended as a phytomedicine to reduce blood glucose levels and its biological activity has been linked to the presence of phenolic compounds from B. forficata preparations. Several drying processes are used in the production of dry herbal extracts, which may influence the chemical composition and efficacy of final herbal medicines. Due to significant chemical changes, defining appropriate drying processes is essential for phytopharmaceutical drug development. In view of this, we analyzed dried B. forficata leaf infusion (BFLI) extracts by HPLC-UV-MSn, followed by molecular networking analysis to evaluate the chemical profiles from dried extracts yielded by freeze-and spray-drying processes. The main metabolites detected included 11 ferulic/isoferulic acid derivatives and 13 glycosylated flavonoids. The qualitative chemical profiles were alike for both drying processes, whereas the relative abundance of some flavonoids was higher using spray-drying. Taken together, our results showed that freeze-and spray-drying preserved the phenolic profile of BFLI and suggested that spray-drying may be the most suitable to obtain its dried products. Along with studying the chemical profiles of dried herbal extracts, evaluating the influence of drying processes on the quality and chemical profiles of final products is pivotal and may benefit future research.


Subject(s)
Plant Leaves/classification , Bauhinia/adverse effects , Phenolic Compounds , Fabaceae/classification , Flavonoids/agonists , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Total Quality Management/organization & administration , Herbal Medicine/trends , Drug Development/instrumentation
20.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e20412, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439492

ABSTRACT

Abstract Treatment with plant is considered an effective option against increased antibiotic resistance. In this study antibiofilm activity of methanol (CH3OH), chloroform (CHCl3), ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and water (H2O) extracts of Hypericum atomarium Boiss. which is member of Hypericum genus was evaluated in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and antibacterial performance against Gram (+) and Gram (-) strains and also bioactive compounds of extract were analysed using by HPLC and GC-MS. According to antibacterial activity test results the extracts were effective all Gram (+) bacteria and Gram (-) Chromobacterium violaceum (MICs ranging from 0.42 µg/ml to 4.3 mg). Inhibition effect of biofilm formation was found to be different rate in extracts (methanol-63%, chloroform-52%). The major flavonoids were detected (−)-epicatechin (2388.93 µg/ml) and (+)-catechin (788.94 µg/ml). The main phenolic acids were appeared as caffeic acid 277.34 µg/ml and chlorogenic acid 261.79 µg/ml. And according to GC results α-pinene was found main compound for three solvent extracts methanol, chloroform and ethyl acetate 67.05, 62.69, 49.28% rate respectively


Subject(s)
Plants/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Biofilms/classification , Hypericum/classification , Sprains and Strains/complications , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromobacterium/isolation & purification , Acetates/classification
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