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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 34-39, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathologic features and diagnosis of follicular lymphoma (FL) with a predominantly diffuse growth pattern (DFL) with 1p36 deletion. Methods: Eight cases of DFL with 1p36 deletion diagnosed at Department of Pathology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University (n=5) and the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital (n=3) from January 2017 to January 2023 were included. Their clinicopathologic features and follow-up data were analyzed. Immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed. Results: There were five males and three females, with a median age of 67 years, and inguinal lymphadenopathy was found as the main symptom. Histologically, similar morphologic features were sheared among all cases, with effaced nodal structure and characterized by proliferation of centrocytes in a diffuse pattern, with or without follicular components. The germinal center-related markers such as CD10 and/or bcl-6 were expressed in the tumor cells, and 1p36 deletion but not bcl-2 translocation was appreciable in these cases. Conclusions: DFL with 1p36 deletion is a rare subtype of FL, with some overlaps with other types of FL or indolent B-cell lymphomas in their pathologic features. An accurate diagnosis requires comprehensive considerations based on their clinical, pathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Lymphoma, Follicular/pathology , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology , Chromosome Deletion , Cell Proliferation
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 5-12, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970984

ABSTRACT

Spermatogenesis is regulated by several Y chromosome-specific genes located in a specific region of the long arm of the Y chromosome, the azoospermia factor region (AZF). AZF microdeletions are the main structural chromosomal abnormalities that cause male infertility. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has been used to overcome natural fertilization barriers, allowing infertile couples to have children. However, these techniques increase the risk of vertical transmission of genetic defects. Despite widespread awareness of AZF microdeletions, the occurrence of de novo deletions and overexpression, as well as the expansion of AZF microdeletion vertical transmission, remains unknown. This review summarizes the mechanism of AZF microdeletion and the function of the candidate genes in the AZF region and their corresponding clinical phenotypes. Moreover, vertical transmission cases of AZF microdeletions, the impact of vertical inheritance on male fertility, and the prospective direction of research in this field are also outlined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Azoospermia/genetics , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Prospective Studies , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Sertoli Cell-Only Syndrome/genetics , Oligospermia/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with facial dysmorphism and multiple malformations.@*METHODS@#The child, born at 34+6 weeks' gestation due to premature rupture of amniotic membrane, dichorionic diamniotic twinning and gestational diabetes, was subjected to chromosomal karyotyping analysis and copy number variations sequencing (CNV-seq).@*RESULTS@#The child was found to have facial dysmorphism, hypospadia, cryptorchidism and hypotonia. He was found to have a 46,XY,del(3)(p26) karyotype in addition with a 9.80 Mb deletion (chr3: 60 000-9 860 000) encompassing 33 protein coding genes.@*CONCLUSION@#The 3p26.3p25.3 deletion probably underlay the multiple malformations in this child. Continuous follow-up is required to improve his quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Chromosome Deletion , DNA Copy Number Variations , Quality of Life , Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Phenotype
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with club foot detected upon mid-pregnancy ultrasonography.@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid of the fetus and peripheral blood samples of its parents were collected and subjected to G-banding karyotype analysis and copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq). The result was verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#The fetus and its parents all had a normal karyotype. CNV-seq analysis revealed that the fetus has harbored a 23.12 Mb on chromosome 5 and a 21.46 Mb duplication on chromosome 7. FISH assay has verified that its mother has carried a cryptic t(5;7)(p14.3;q33) translocation.@*CONCLUSION@#CNV-seq combined with FISH can effectively detect cryptic chromosome aberrations, and can help to reduce severe birth defects and provide a basis for prenatal genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Cri-du-Chat Syndrome , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , DNA Copy Number Variations , Prenatal Diagnosis , Fetus , Amniotic Fluid , Chromosome Deletion
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a child featuring mental retardation, language delay and autism.@*METHODS@#G-banding chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) were carried out for the child and her parents.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to have a 46,XX,dup(8p?) karyotype, for which both of her parents were normal. SNP-array revealed that the child has harbored a 6.8 Mb deletion in 8p23.3p23.1 and a 21.8 Mb duplication in 8p23.1p12, both of which were verified as de novo pathogenic copy number variants.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical features of the child may be attributed to the 8p deletion and duplication. SNP-array can facilitate genetic diagnosis for children featuring mental retardation in conjunct with other developmental anomalies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pregnancy , Female , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Prenatal Diagnosis , Karyotyping , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970872

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the incidence of azoospermia factor c (AZFc) microdeletion among patients with azoospermia or severe oligospermia, its association with sex hormone/chromosomal karyotype, and its effect on the outcome of pregnancy following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 364 males with azoospermia or severe oligospermia who presented at the Affiliated Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital of Jiaxing College between 2013 and 2020 were subjected to AZF microdeletion and chromosome karyotyping analysis. The level of reproductive hormones in patients with AZFc deletions was compared with those of control groups A (with normal sperm indices) and B (azoospermia or severe oligospermia without AZFc microdeletion). The outcome of pregnancies for the AZFc-ICSI couples was compared with that of the control groups in regard to fertilization rate, superior embryo rate and clinical pregnancy rate.@*RESULTS@#A total of 51 patients were found to harbor AZFc microdeletion, which yielded a detection rate of 3.74%. Seven patients also had chromosomal aberrations. Compared with control group A, patients with AZFc deletion had higher levels of PRL, FSH and LH (P < 0.05), whilst compared with control group B, only the PRL and FSH were increased (P < 0.05). Twenty two AZFc couples underwent ICSI treatment, and no significant difference was found in the rate of superior embryos and clinical pregnancy between the AZFc-ICSI couples and the control group (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of AZFc microdeletion was 3.74% among patients with azoospermia or severe oligospermia. AZFc microdeletion was associated with chromosomal aberrations and increased levels of PRL, FSH and LH, but did not affect the clinical pregnancy rate after ICSI treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Azoospermia/genetics , Oligospermia/genetics , Incidence , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Semen , Infertility, Male/genetics , Chromosome Aberrations , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of two patients with developmental delay and intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Two children who were respectively admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital on August 29, 2021 and August 5, 2019 were selected as the study subjects. Clinical data were collected, and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was carried out on the children and their parents for the detection of chromosomal microduplication/microdeletions.@*RESULTS@#Patient 1 was a 2-year-and-10-month female and patient 2 was a 3-year-old female. Both children had featured developmental delay, intellectual disability, and abnormal findings on cranial MRI. aCGH revealed that patient 1 has harbored arr[hg19] 6q14.2q15(84621837_90815662)×1, a 6.19 Mb deletion at 6q14.2q15, which encompassed ZNF292, the pathogenic gene for Autosomal dominant intellectual developmental disorder 64. Patient 2 has harbored arr[hg19] 22q13.31q13.33(46294326_51178264)×1, a 4.88 Mb deletion at 22q13.31q13.33 encompassing the SHANK3 gene, haploinsufficiency of which can lead to Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Both deletions were classified as pathogenic CNVs based on the guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) and were not found in their parents.@*CONCLUSION@#The 6q14.2q15 deletion and 22q13-31q13.33 deletion probably underlay the developmental delay and intellectual disability in the two children, respectively. Haploinsufficiency of the ZNF292 gene may account for the key clinical features of the 6q14.2q15 deletion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , Child, Preschool , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of two children with Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS).@*METHODS@#Two children who had presented at the Department of Pediatrics, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University respectively on January 26 and March 18, 2021 were selected as the study subjects. Clinical data and results of genetic testing of the two patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Both children had featured developmental delay, characteristic facies and cardiovascular malformation. Child 1 also had subclinical hypothyroidism, whilst child 2 had occurrence of epilepsy. Genetic testing revealed that child 1 has harbored a 1.54 Mb deletion in the 7q11.23 region, whilst child 2 has a 1.53 Mb deletion in the same region, in addition with a c.158G>A variant of the ATP1A1 gene and a c.12181A>G variant of the KMT2C gene. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the c.158G>A and c.12181A>G variants were rated as variants of unknown significance (PM1+PM2_Supporting+PP2+PP3;PM2_Supporting).@*CONCLUSION@#Both children had characteristic features of WBS, for which deletions of the 7q11.23 region may be accountable. For children manifesting developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and cardiovascular malformations, the diagnosis of WBS should be suspected, and genetic testing should be recommended to confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Williams Syndrome/diagnosis , Genetic Testing , Facies , Epilepsy/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7/genetics , Chromosome Deletion
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of a fetus with 17q12 microdeletion syndrome.@*METHODS@#A fetus with 17q12 microdeletion syndrome who was diagnosed at Huzhou Maternal & Child Health Care Hospital in June 2020 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the fetus was collected. The fetus was subjected to chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). To determine the origin of fetal chromosomal abnormality, its parents were also subjected to CMA assay. The postnatal phenotype of the fetus was also investigated.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasound revealed polyhydramnios and fetal renal dysplasia. The fetus was found to have a normal chromosomal karyotype. CMA has detected a 1.9 Mb deletion in the 17q12 region, which has encompassed five OMIM genes including HNF1B, ACACA, ZNHIT3, CCL3L1 and PIGW. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the 17q12 microdeletion was predicted as pathogenic copy number variation (CNV). CMA analysis has detected no pathogenic CNV in both parents. After birth, the child was found to have renal cysts and abnormal brain structure. Combined with the prenatal findings, the child was diagnosed with 17q12 microdeletion syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus has 17q12 microdeletion syndrome presenting as abnormalities of the kidney and central nervous system, which are strongly correlated with functional defects of the deletion region involving the HNF1B and other pathogenic genes.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Chromosome Deletion , DNA Copy Number Variations , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Kidney , Fetus , Microarray Analysis , Prenatal Diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for fetus with bilateral lateral ventriculomegaly.@*METHODS@#Fetus umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood samples of its parents were collected. The fetus was subjected to chromosomal karyotyping, whilst the fetus and its parents were subjected to array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). The candidate copy number variation (CNV) were verified by qPCR, Application goldeneye DNA identification system was used to confirm the parental relationship.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to have a normal karyotype. aCGH analysis indicated that it has carried a 1.16 Mb deletion at 17p13.3, which partially overlapped with the critical region of Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS), in addition with a 1.33 Mb deletion at 17p12 region, which is associated with hereditary stress-susceptible peripheral neuropathy (HNPP). Its mother was also found to harbor the 1.33 Mb deletion at 17p12. qPCR analysis confirmed that the expression levels of genes from the 17p13.3 and 17p12 regions were about the half of that in the normal control, as well as the maternal peripheral blood sample. Parental relationship was confirmed between the fetus and its parents. Following genetic counseling, the parents has chosen to continue with the pregnancy.@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus was diagnosed with Miller-Dieker syndrome due to the de novo deletion at 17p13.3. Ventriculomegaly may be an important indicator for prenatal ultrasonography in fetuses with MDS.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Classical Lissencephalies and Subcortical Band Heterotopias , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , DNA Copy Number Variations , Fetus , Hydrocephalus , Prenatal Diagnosis , Chromosome Deletion
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007805

ABSTRACT

After the promulgation of the first edition of expert consensus on the application of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) technology in prenatal diagnosis in 2014, after 8 years of clinical and technical development, CMA technology has become a first-line diagnosis technology for fetal chromosome copy number deletion or duplication abnormalities, and is widely used in the field of prenatal diagnosis in China. However, with the development of the industry and the accumulation of experience in case diagnosis, the application of CMA technology in many important aspects of prenatal diagnosis, such as clinical diagnosis testimony, data analysis and genetic counseling before and after testing, needs to be further standardized and improved, so as to make the application of CMA technology more in line with clinical needs. The revision of the guideline was led by the National Prenatal Diagnostic Technical Expert Group, and several prenatal diagnostic institutions such as Peking Union Medical College Hospital were commissioned to write, discuss and revise the first draft, which was discussed and reviewed by all the experts of the National Prenatal Diagnostic Technical Expert Group, and was finally formed after extensive review and revision. This guideline is aimed at the important aspects of the application of CMA technology in prenatal diagnosis and clinical diagnosis, from the clinical application of evidence, test quality control, data analysis and interpretation, diagnosis report writing, genetic counseling before and after testing and other work specifications are elaborated and introduced in detail. It fully reflects the integrated experience, professional thinking and guidance of the current Chinese expert team on the prenatal diagnosis application of CMA technology. The compilation of the guideline for the application of CMA technology in prenatal diagnosis will strive to promote the standardization and advancement of prenatal diagnosis of fetal chromosome diseases in China.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Asian People , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Duplication/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations/genetics , Fetal Diseases/genetics , Genetic Counseling , Microarray Analysis , Prenatal Care , Prenatal Diagnosis , Practice Guidelines as Topic
12.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511501

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As deleções intersticiais envolvendo a região 2q31q32 são reconhecidas como um transtorno clínico, envolvendo diversas manifestações como deficiência intelectual, retardo no crescimento, distúrbios comportamentais e dismorfologias faciais. Os números reduzidos de relatos de pacientes acometidos por essa síndrome contribui para que as correlações genótipos-fenótipos sejam difíceis de se fazer. Relato de caso: Paciente com inversão do braço longo do cromossomo 2 [46, XX,inv(2)(q21q33)]. Apresentou ao exame físico dismorfológico fronte proeminente, epicanto, ponte nasal baixa, filtro nasolabial longo e lábio superior fino. Ao exame neurológico, apresentava hipotonia. Discussão: Uma correta interpretação cromossômica pode não só identificar a síndrome de microdeleção como também, descartar ou confirmar possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais, deixando evidente a necessidade e a importância de se reconhecer e documentar os casos (AU).


Introduction: Interstitial deletions involving the 2q31q32 region are recognized as a clinical disorder involving several manifestations, such as intellectual disability, growth retardation, behavioral disorders, and facial dysmorphologies. The reduced number of reports of patients affected by this syndrome contributes to the difficulty of making genotype-phenotype correlations. Case report: Patient with inversion of the long arm of chromosome 2 [46, XX,inv(2)(q21q33)]. On physical examination, he had a prominent forehead, epicanthus, low nasal bridge, long nasolabial philtrum and thin upper lip. Neurological examination showed hypotonia. Discussion: A correct chromosomal interpretation can identify the microdeletion syndrome and rule out or confirm possible differential diagnoses, highlighting the need and importance of recognizing and documenting cases (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Chromosome Deletion
13.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 55(2)abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1402319

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Deletion syndromes are rare events in clinical practice. A chromosomal deletion occurs when seg-ments of genetic information are missing on a particular chromosome or more. The absence of some genes implies varied phenotypes, which detailed explanation is not fully elucidated yet. Objective: Report the case of a child with a terminal segment deletion of 8,9 Mb on the short arm of chromosome 6 (in 6p25.3p24.3) Methods: This case report was approved by the Ethics and Research Committee of the institution. For its preparation, the exam data provided by the patient's family were added from prenatal to early childhood and the discussion with professionals related to the case. Results: B.A.G., a two-year-old female child, the only daughter of non-consanguineous par-ents, no family history of similar diseases. She was born by premature cesarean section (GA: 35 weeks), presenting Dandy-Walker malformation, Fallot tetralogy, head circumference in the 97th percentile, and syndromic facies, with hypertelorism, low implantation of the ears, and opacity of both lenses. Conclusion: Deletions on chromosome 6 are a very rare genetic alteration. Until 2004, there were only 43 cases in the medical literature, excluding ring chromosome 6 anomalie31. Regarding the terminal deletions of the short arm, this case specifically - 6p24pter - was associated with developmental delay, brain malformations, abnormalities in the anterior chamber of the eye, hearing loss, and abnormalities in the ear, micrognathia, and heart diseases (AU)


Introdução: As síndromes de deleção são eventos raros na prática clínica. A deleção cromossômica ocorre quando segmentos de informação genética são perdidos em um ou mais cromossomos. A ausência de alguns genes implica em fenótipos variados, cuja explicação detalhada ainda não está totalmente elucidada. Objetivo: Relatar o caso de uma criança com deleção de segmento terminal de 8,9 Mb do braço curto do cromossomo 6 (em 6p25.3p24.3) Métodos: Esse relato de caso foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa da Instituição. Para sua elaboração, foram adicionados os dados de exames fornecidos pela família do paciente desde o pré-natal até a primeira infância e a discussão com profissionais relacionados ao caso. Descrição do Caso: B.A.G., criança de dois anos, sexo femi-nino, filha única de pais não consanguíneos, sem antecedentes na família de doenças similares. Nasceu por cesárea prematura (IG 35 semanas), apresentando Síndrome de Dandy-Walker, tetralogia de Fallot, perímetro cefálico no percentil 97 e fácie sindrômica, com hipertelorismo, baixa implantação das orelhas e opacidades do cristalino bi-lateralmente. Conclusão: As deleções no cromossomo 6 são alterações genéticas de grande raridade. Até 2004, existiam apenas 43 casos na literatura médica, excluindo a anomalia do cromossomo 6 em anal 31. No que se refere às deleções terminais do braço curto, a do caso em questão - 6p24-pter - foram associadas o atraso no desenvol-vimento, malformações cerebrais, anormalidades na câmara anterior do olho, perda auditiva, anormalidades no ouvido, micrognatia e cardiopatias (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Tetralogy of Fallot , Chromosome Deletion , Rare Diseases/diagnosis , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities/diagnosis
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 61-67, jan. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360115

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Algumas síndromes têm características específicas e facilmente reconhecíveis, enquanto outras podem ser mais complexas de se identificar e podem apresentar diferentes manifestações fenotípicas, por exemplo. Um diagnóstico etiológico é importante para entender a natureza da doença, para estabelecer o prognóstico e para começar o tratamento, permitindo a inclusão de pacientes na sociedade e reduzindo o custo financeiro dessas doenças. Objetivo A proposta inicial deste estudo foi a triagem citogenética para detectar a síndrome de deleção 22q11.2 (SD22q11.2) em recém-nascidos e crianças com doença cardíaca congênita utilizando a técnica da amplificação multiplex de sondas dependente de ligação (MLPA). Assim, por meio da pesquisa, outras mudanças genômicas foram identificadas nesses pacientes cardíacos. Nosso objetivo se estendeu a investigar essas outras mudanças citogenéticas. Métodos Investigamos 118 recém-nascidos com doenças cardíacas congênitas nascidos consecutivamente durante um ano, utilizando a técnica da MLPA. Resultados A técnica da MLPA permitiu a detecção da SD22q11.2 em 10/118 pacientes (8,5%). Outras alterações genômicas foram identificadas em 6/118 pacientes (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 casos), 7q dup, 12 dup e 8q24 dup. Conclusão Este estudo ressalta a relevância da detecção de alterações genômicas que estão presentes em recém-nascidos e crianças com doenças cardíacas congênitas por meio de ferramentas citogenômicas.


Abstract Background Some syndromes have specific and easily recognizable features, while others may be more complex to identify and may present different phenotypic manifestations, for example. An etiological diagnosis is important to understand the nature of the disease, to establish the prognosis and to start the treatment, allowing the inclusion of patients in society and reducing the financial cost of such diseases. Objective The initial proposal of this study was cytogenetic screening for the detection of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome in consecutive newborns and infants with congenital heart disease using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique. Therefore, throughout our research, other genomic alterations were identified in these cardiac patients. Thus, our objective was extended to investigate these other cytogenetic alterations. Methods We investigated 118 neonates with congenital heart diseases born consecutively during one year using the MLPA technique. Results The MLPA technique allowed the detection of 22q11.2DS in 10/118 patients (8.5%). Other genomic alterations were also identified in 6/118 patients (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 cases), 7q dup, 12 dup and 8q24 dup. Conclusion This study highlights the relevance of detecting genomic alterations that are present in newborns and infants with congenital cardiac diseases using cytogenomic tools.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Brazil , Mass Screening , Chromosome Deletion , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Utilize high-resolution chromosome analysis and microarray detection to determine the genetic etiology of infertility of a 32-year old female patient.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood of the patient was cultured for high-resolution chromosome G and C banding karyotype analysis, and then 750K SNP-Array chip detection was performed.@*RESULTS@#Karyotype analysis results showed that the patient's karyotype was 45,XX,-13 [7]/46,XX,r(13) (p13q34) [185]/46,XX,dic r(13;13)(p13q34;p13q34) [14]/ 47,XX,+der(13;13;13;13) (p13q34;p13q34;p13q34; p13q34), dic r(13;13) [1]/ 46,XX [3]. The microarray results showed that the patient had a 3.3 Mb deletion in the 13q34 segment of chromosome 13, which may be related to infertility.@*CONCLUSION@#Infertility of the patient reported in this article may be related to the deletion of chromosome segment (13q34-qter).


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Chimera , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Dacarbazine , Infertility/genetics , Ring Chromosomes
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928448

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical phenotype and genetic diagnosis of an infant featuring multiple hair and hyperbilirubinemia.@*METHODS@#Conventional G-banding analysis, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the patient were conducted, G-banding analyses of peripheral blood for the infant's parents were also performed.@*RESULTS@#We investigated an infant who carries a unbalanced, maternally inherited karyotype 46, X, der (X) t (X;1) (p11.22; q21.3) in which CMA and FISH analyses disclosed a 1q21.3q44 duplication of 93.03 Mb and Xp22.33p11.22 deletion of 54.53 Mb.@*CONCLUSION@#The phenotypes of this infant can probably be attributed to the 1q21.3q44 duplication and Xp22.33p11.22 deletion, which were maternally inherited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Genetic Testing , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Translocation, Genetic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genetic etiology for a neonate with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS).@*METHODS@#Copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) was applied to the neonate and his parents, and the genotype-phenotype correlation was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#On the second day after birth, the neonate had presented with pathological jaundice and immunodeficiency. Cranial MRI revealed ventricular enlargement and enlargement of cisterna magna. At 3 months, the infant has presented with square face, prominent forehead, deep-set eyes, hypertelorism, palpebral fissure upward and button noses. Genetic testing showed that he had carried a 2.9 Mb deletion in 17p11.2 region, seq[GRCh37] del(17)(p11.2)(chr17:16 836 379-19 880 992). The same deletion was not found in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#SMS is mostly diagnosed in child and adulthood, but rarely in neonates. For neonates with SMS, the neurological and behavioral abnormalities have not been shown, but pathological jaundice, CNS abnormalities and immune deficiency may be the characteristics, which require attention of neonatal physicians.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , DNA Copy Number Variations , Genetic Testing , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Phenotype , Smith-Magenis Syndrome/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the intrauterine phenotype and genotype of eight fetuses carrying a 16p11.2 microdeletion.@*METHODS@#5100 fetuses undergoing routine prenatal diagnosis were subjected to single nucleotide polymorphism-based microarray (SNP-array) analysis. Fetuses harboring a 16p11.2 microdeletion were analyzed for their ultrasonographic characteristics.@*RESULTS@#Eight fetuses were found to harbor a microdeletion in the 16p11.2 region. Among these, six had a typical 500-600 kb deletion, while the remaining two had an atypical 220 kb deletion at the distal part of 16p11.2. Four fetuses showed vertebral malformations, two had mild left ventriculomegaly, one had hydrocephalus, and one had pulmonary valve stenosis with regurgitation. The parents of five fetuses have accepted pedigree verification, and the results confirmed that the 16p11.2 microdeletions carried by fetuses all had a de novo origin.@*CONCLUSION@#The intrauterine phenotypes of fetuses carrying a 16p11.2 microdeletion may be variable, and the deletion can be effectively detected with the SNP-array assay.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Chromosome Deletion , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Phenotype , Prenatal Diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of three children with unexplained developmental delay/intellectual disability (DD/ID).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the patients and subjected to chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).@*RESULTS@#Patient 1 was found to harbor a 190 kb deletion at 9q34.3, which encompassed most of EHMT1 (OMIM 607001), the key gene for Kleefstra syndrome (OMIM 610253). Patients 2 and 3 were siblings. CMA showed that they have shared four chromosomal copy number variations (CNVs) including a deletion at 9q34.3 which spanned 154 kb and 149 kb, respectively, and encompassed the EHMT1 and CACNA1B (OMIM 601012) genes. The remaining 3 CNVs were predicted to be with no clinical significance.@*CONCLUSION@#Microdeletions at 9q33.4 probably underlay the pathogenesis of DD/ID in the three children, for which EHMT1 may be the key gene.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Craniofacial Abnormalities/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital , Intellectual Disability/genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To diagnose and fine map a deletion in chromosome region 2q37.@*METHODS@#G-banded chromosomal karyotyping, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array), and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were carried out in conjunct for the analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to have karyotype of 46,XY,del(2)(q3?), MLPA revealed one copy number of both CAPN10-3 and ATG4B-7 genes from the 2q37.3 region, Both parents were found to be normal upon chromosome karyotyping and MLPA. SNP-array has found a 9.7 Mb deletion in the 2q37.1.37.3 region. FISH analysis has confirmed there is a single copy for 2q37.3.@*CONCLUSION@#Combination of MLPA, FISH and SNP-array have enabled accurate diagnosis for the patient, and also provided more clues for the correlation of genotype with the phenotype of the disease, and a basis for genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Phenotype
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