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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256949, 2024. tab, mapas, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360214

ABSTRACT

Among Bemisia tabaci species, the invasive MEAM1 and MED species are key agricultural pests for many crops. In Brazil, most part of B. tabaci population outbreaks were associated with MEAM1, which, since 1990s quickly spread across the entire country. Later in 2014, the MED was identified in Brazil, initially more restricted to greenhouses, but suddenly reaching new areas in the South and Southeast open regions. Thus, our objective was to investigate the geographical distribution of MEAM1 and MED on open field crops in Brazil. MEAM1 is still the predominant species on open field crops such as soybean, cotton, and tomato. The sequencing of a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene fragment revealed a single haplotype of MEAM1, suggesting the establishment of a single MEAM1 strain in the country. The haplotypes found for MEAM1 and MED are genetically related to the globally dispersed strains, Jap1 and Mch1, respectively. Continuous monitoring of B. tabaci species is crucial because landscape alterations, climatic changes, and pest management methods may shift the B. tabaci species distribution and dominance in Brazilian crop areas.


Dentre as espécies de Bemisia tabaci, as espécies invasoras MEAM1 e MED se destacam como pragas de grande importância para várias culturas. No Brasil, a maior parte dos surtos populacionais de mosca-branca são associados a presença da espécie MEAM1, que a partir 1990 se espalhou por todo o país. Por outro lado, em 2014 a espécie MED foi identificada no Brasil, inicialmente restrita a casas de vegetação, mas rapidamente se difundindo em novas áreas nas regiões Sul e Sudeste do Brasil. Assim, nosso objetivo foi investigar a distribuição geográfica das espécies MEAM1 e MED em grandes culturas no Brasil. A espécie MEAM1 continua sendo predominante nas monoculturas como algodão, soja e tomate. O sequenciamento de um fragmento do gene citocromo c oxidase subunidade I (COI) revelou a presença de um haplótipo para MEAM1, sugerindo o estabelecimento de apenas uma linhagem no país. Os haplótipos encontrados para MEAM1 e MED são geneticamente relacionados as linhagens globalmente dispersas Jap1 e Mch1, respectivamente. O monitoramento contínuo das espécies de B. tabaci é crucial pois as mudanças na paisagem, mudanças climáticas e métodos de manejo das pragas podem alterar a dominância e a distribuição dessas espécies nas áreas agrícolas do Brasil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pest Control , Chromosome Mapping , Agricultural Pests
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out optical genome mapping (OGM) for a Chinese pedigree with a rare paracentric reverse insertion of chromosome 17.@*METHODS@#A high-risk pregnant woman identified at the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Hangzhou Women's Hospital in October 2021 and her family members were selected as the study subjects. Chromosome G banding analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and OGM were applied to verify the balanced structural abnormality of chromosome 17 in the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#Chromosomal karyotyping analysis and SNP array assay have identified a duplication of 17q23q25 in the fetus. Karyotyping analysis of the pregnant woman showed that the structure of chromosome 17 was abnormal, whilst SNP array has detected no abnormality. OGM revealed that the woman has carried a paracentric reverse insertion, which was confirmed by FISH. The karyotype of her husband was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The duplication of 17q23q25 in the fetus has derived from a paracentric reverse insertion of chromosome 17 in its mother. OGM has the advantage for delineating balanced chromosome structural abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Pedigree , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17/genetics , East Asian People , Chromosome Aberrations , Prenatal Diagnosis , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosome Inversion
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468513

ABSTRACT

Molecular based identification of bat fauna in Pakistan has been relatively less explored. The current study was therefore planned to report for the first time the molecular classification of insectivorous bats (Pipistrellus coromandra) based on mitochondrion gene (COI) from Punjab, Pakistan. Specimens were collected from five different locations followed by DNA extraction with subsequent gene amplification and sequencing. All samples in the study had shown close identity matches with species (Pipistrellus coromandra) from India and (Pipistrellus tenuis) from Vietnam with percentage identity score of 96.11 and 95.58 respectively except one sequence which only revealed 86.78% identity match on Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) and could only be assigned to genus level Pipistrellus sp. The results indicated negligible intra-population genetic distance among collected samples whereas the comparison with species from other countries had shown high intraspecific (P. coromandra) and interspecific (P. tenuis) mean genetic distances. The current study hence successfully proved the efficiency of COI gene as a molecular marker for species identification and in analyzing the patterns of genetic variation with species from other countries.


A identificação com base molecular da fauna de morcegos no Paquistão tem sido relativamente menos explorada. Portanto, o estudo atual foi planejado para relatar pela primeira vez a classificação molecular de morcegos insetívoros (Pipistrellus coromandra) com base no gene da mitocôndria (COI) de Punjab, Paquistão. As amostras foram coletadas em cinco locais diferentes, seguidas pela extração de DNA com subsequente amplificação e sequenciamento do gene. Todas as amostras no estudo mostraram coincidências de identidade próximas com espécies (Pipistrellus coromandra) da Índia e (Pipistrellus tenuis) do Vietnã, com pontuação de identidade percentual de 96,11 e 95,58, respectivamente, exceto uma sequência que revelou apenas 86,78% de correspondência de identidade na Ferramenta de Pesquisa de Alinhamento Local Básico (BLAST), a qual só poderia ser atribuída ao nível de gênero Pipistrellus sp. Os resultados indicaram distância genética intrapopulacional desprezível entre as amostras coletadas, enquanto a comparação com espécies de outros países mostrou altas distâncias genéticas intraespecíficas (P. coromandra) e interespecíficas (P. tenuis) médias. O presente estudo, portanto, comprovou com sucesso a eficiência do gene COI como marcador molecular para identificação de espécies e análise dos padrões de variação genética com espécies de outros países.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromosome Mapping/veterinary , Chiroptera/genetics , Genetic Markers
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935336

ABSTRACT

To investigate the efficacy and value of optical genome mapping (OGM) in detecting chromosomal structural variations. In a clinical study about high-precision analysis of genomic structural variation for complex genetic diseases, a retrospective study was performed on the cases with karyotyping at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Endocrinology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January to December 2021. Ten cases with abnormal karyotype was detected by OGM. Partial cases were verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), SNP array or CNV-seq. Results of ten cases, nine were detected with abnormality by OGM, including unbalanced chromosomal rearrangements (n=3), translocation (n=5) and paracentric inversion (n=1), and the results were in concordance with other standard assays. However, one case with breakpoint and reconnected at centromere has not been detected. In conclusion, ten samples were comprehensively analyzed by karyotyping, FISH, SNP array or CNV-seq, and OGM, and results demonstrated that optical genome mapping as a new technology can not only detect unbalanced rearrangements such as copy number variants as well as balanced translocations and inversions, but more importantly, it can refine breakpoints and orientation of duplicated segments or insertions. So it can contribute to the diagnosis of genetic diseases and prevent birth defect. However, the current technology is not yet capable of detecting breakpoints of balanced structural variations lying within unmapped regions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Chromosome Mapping , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic
6.
Electron J Biotechnol ; 49: 72-81, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Diospyros. In this study, genetic diversity and variations in persimmon genotypes were investigated using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers identified by genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-five persimmon accessions grown in the Pear Research Institute, National Institute Horticultural and Herbal Science, were sequenced using the Illumina Hiseq2500 platform and polymorphic SNPs were detected to develop molecular markers. These reliable SNPs were analyzed using the Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) assay to discriminate among persimmon genotypes. GBS generated a total of 447,495,724 trimmed reads, of which 89.7% were raw reads. After demultiplexing and sequence quality trimming, 108,876,644 clean reads were mapped to the reference transcriptome. An average of 1,146,070 genotype reads were mapped. Filtering of raw SNPs in each sample led to selection of a total of 1,725,401 high-quality SNPs. The number of homozygous and heterozygous SNPs ranged from 1,933 to 6,834 and from 846 to 5,927, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Of the 49 SNPs selected for development of an identification system for persimmons, 15 SNPs were used in the KASP assay to analyze 32 persimmon accessions. These KASP markers discriminated among all accessions.


Subject(s)
Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Diospyros/genetics , Genetic Variation , Genetic Markers , Chromosome Mapping , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Alleles , Genotyping Techniques , Homozygote
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21190494, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249202

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this paper was to present the second case of B chromosomes in Auchenipteridae (Trachelyopterus sp.), and to test the hypothesis that the B chromosomes of this species and Parauchenipterus galeatus might have a common origin, since these two species have phylogenetic proximity. Both species have 58 chromosomes in the A complement, heterochromatin preferentially located at terminal region of the most of chromosomes, simple Ag-NORs located at the short arm of a subtelocentric pair, which was confirmed by hybridization with 18S rDNA, two submetacentric pairs carrying 5S rDNA sites, and presence of B chromosomes. The B chromosomes of the two species are small, metacentric, and almost totally heterochromatic, with variation of number intra and interindividual. In addition, for the first time in fish, the telomeric sequence [TTAGGG]n was dispersed along the B chromosomes (both species). The [GATA]n microsatellite were scattered in all chromosomes of the A complement and absent in the B chromosomes, in both species. These aspects confirm the phylogenetic proximity between the genus Parauchenipterus and Trachelyopterus, and they suggest the hypothesis that the B chromosomes of the two species might have common origin, previous to the diversification of these genera.


Subject(s)
Catfishes , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, 4-5 , Phylogeny
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e042, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132668

ABSTRACT

Abstract A few investigations of caries biofilms have identified Scardovia spp.; however, little is known about its involvement in caries pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to assess the gene expression profile of Scardovia spp. in root caries, and compare it with other microorganisms. Clinical samples from active root caries lesions were collected. Microbial mRNA was isolated and cDNA sequenced. The function and composition of the Scardovia were investigated using two methods: a) de novo assembly of the read data and mapping to contigs, and b) reads mapping to reference genomes. Pearson correlation was performed (p < 0.05). Proportion of Scardovia inopinata and Scardovia wiggsiae sequences ranged from 0-6% in the root caries metatranscriptome. There was a positive correlation between the transcriptome of Lactobacillus spp. and Scardovia spp. (r = 0.70; p = 0.03), as well as with other Bifidobacteriaceae (r = 0.91; p = 0.0006). Genes that code for fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase (the key enzyme for "Bifid shunt"), as well as ABC transporters and glycosyl-hydrolases were highly expressed. In conclusion, "Bifid shunt" and starch metabolism are involved in carbohydrate metabolism of S. inopinata and S. wiggsiae in root caries. There is a positive correlation between the metabolism abundance of Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacteriaceae members, and Scardovia in root caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gene Expression , Actinobacteria/genetics , Root Caries/microbiology , Reference Values , DNA, Bacterial , Chromosome Mapping , Actinobacteria/isolation & purification , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , Gene Expression Profiling , Transcriptome , Middle Aged
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190401, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135285

ABSTRACT

Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccines comprise a family of related strains. Whole genome sequencing has allowed the better characterisation of the differences between many of the BCG vaccines. As sequencing technologies improve, updating of publicly available sequence data becomes common practice. We hereby announce the draft genome of four commonly used BCG vaccines in Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela.


Subject(s)
Humans , BCG Vaccine/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Mycobacterium bovis/genetics , Argentina , Venezuela , Brazil , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
10.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 27(4): 609-620, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057446

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetiva-se comparar o estado da legislação brasileira sobre mapeamento genético com o de legislações internacionais visando dimensionar a realidade normativa do país quanto às tendências sociais de reconhecimento das diferenças e a abertura jurídica prospectiva, com foco na área laboral. Trata-se de revisão de literatura e pesquisa documental sobre o diálogo entre bioética, medicina do trabalho e genética, que têm a dignidade humana como ponto em comum. Concluiu-se que se tende a admitir o mapeamento genético de trabalhadores para pesquisa e prevenção do adoecimento, inferindo-se, dado seu referencial comum e de acordo com a perspectiva culturalista do Código Civil, que essa possibilidade se estende à identificação genética de habilidades do trabalhador para o exercício de atividades.


Abstract This work aims to verify the status of Brazilian legislation on genetic mapping, focusing on the occupational sphere, in comparison to international legislation, to assess the country's normative reality regarding social trends related to the recognition of differences and prospective legal opening. This is a review of literature and documents regarding the dialogue between bioethics, occupational medicine and genetics, taking into account that they have human dignity as a common ground. It was concluded that there is a tendency to accept the genetic mapping of workers for research and prevention of illness. Given their common reference and in accordance with the culturalist perspective of the Civil Code, it is inferred that this possibility extends to the genetic identification of workers' skills for the exercise of their duties.


Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar el estado de la legislación brasileña sobre mapeo genético en relación con el de las legislaciones internacionales, buscando dimensionar la realidad normativa del país ante las tendencias sociales de reconocimiento de las diferencias y la apertura jurídica prospectiva, con foco en el área laboral. Se trata de una revisión de la literatura y de una investigación documental sobre el diálogo entre bioética, medicina del trabajo y genética, considerando que tienen a la dignidad humana como punto en común. Se concluyó que se tiende a admitir el mapeo genético de los trabajadores para la investigación y prevención de enfermedades, infiriéndose, dada su referencia común y de acuerdo con la perspectiva culturalista del Código Civil, que esta posibilidad se extiende a la identificación genética de habilidades del trabajador para para el ejercicio de actividades.


Subject(s)
Bioethics , Chromosome Mapping/ethics , Legislation as Topic , Occupational Medicine
11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 39: 30-41, may. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051590

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A total of 62,591 cowpea expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were BLAST aligned to the whole-genome sequence of barrel medic (Medicago truncatula) to develop conserved intron scanning primers (CISPs). The efficacy of the primers was tested across 10 different legumes and on different varieties of cowpea, chickpea, and pigeon pea. Genetic diversity was assessed using the same primers on different cowpea genotypes. Singlenucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected, which were later converted to length polymorphism markers for easy genotyping. CISPs developed in this study were used in tagging resistance to bacterial leaf blight disease in cowpea. RESULTS: A total of 1262 CISPs were designed. The single-copy amplification success rates using these primers on 10 different legumes and on different varieties of cowpea, chickpea, and pigeon pea were approximately 60% in most of the legumes except soybean (47%) and peanut (37%). Genetic diversity analysis of 35 cowpea genotypes using 179 CISPs revealed 123 polymorphic markers with PIC values ranging from 0.05 to 0.59. Potential SNPs identified in cowpea, chickpea, and pigeon pea were converted to PCR primers of various sizes for easy genotyping. Using the markers developed in this study, a genetic linkage map was constructed with 11 linkage groups in cowpea. QTL mapping with 194 F3 progeny families derived from the cross C-152 × V-16 resulted in the identification of three QTLs for resistance to bacterial leaf blight disease. Conclusions: CISPs were proved to be efficient markers to identify various other marker classes like SNPs through comparative genomic studies in lesser studied crops and to aid in systematic sampling of the entire genome for well-distributed markers at low cost


Subject(s)
Genome, Plant , Genomics/methods , Medicago truncatula/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Chromosome Mapping , Expressed Sequence Tags , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genomics , Quantitative Trait Loci , Fabaceae/genetics
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(10): e7113, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951714

ABSTRACT

Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons regenerate spontaneously after traumatic or surgical injury. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in various biological regulation processes. Conditions of lncRNAs in DRG neuron injury deserve to be further investigated. Transcriptomic analysis was performed by high-throughput Illumina HiSeq2500 sequencing to profile the differential genes in L4-L6 DRGs following rat sciatic nerve tying. A total of 1,228 genes were up-regulated and 1,415 down-regulated. By comparing to rat lncRNA database, 86 known and 26 novel lncRNA genes were found to be differential. The 86 known lncRNA genes modulated 866 target genes subject to gene ontology (GO) and KEGG enrichment analysis. The genes involved in the neurotransmitter status of neurons were downregulated and those involved in a neuronal regeneration were upregulated. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 was downregulated. There were 13 credible GO terms for the rno-Cntnap2 gene, which had a putative function in cell component of voltage-gated potassium channel complex on the cell surface for neurites. In 26 novel lncRNA genes, 4 were related to 21 mRNA genes. A novel lncRNA gene AC111653.1 improved rno-Hypm synthesizing huntingtin during sciatic nerve regeneration. Real time qPCR results attested the down-regulation of rno-Cntnap lncRNA gene and the upregulation of AC111653.1 lncRNA gene. A total of 26 novel lncRNAs were found. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 and novel lncRNA AC111653.1 were involved in neuropathic pain of DRGs after spared sciatic nerve injury. They contributed to peripheral nerve regeneration via the putative mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Ganglia, Spinal/injuries , Neuralgia/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Gene Expression Regulation , Blotting, Western , Chromosome Mapping , Disease Models, Animal , Transcriptome , Ganglia, Spinal/physiopathology , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010365

ABSTRACT

We propose that locations of genes on chromosomes can contribute to the prediction of gene regulatory relationships. We constructed a time-based gene regulatory network of zebrafish cardiogenesis on the basis of a spatio-temporal neighborhood method. Through the network, specific regulatory pathways and order of gene expression during zebrafish cardiogenesis were obtained. By comparing the order with locations of these genes on chromosomes, we discovered that there exists a reversal phenomenon between the order and order of gene locations. The discovery provides an inherent rule to instruct exploration of gene regulatory relationships. Specifically, the discovery can help to predict if regulatory relationships between genes exist and contribute to evaluating the correctness of discovered gene regulatory relationships.


Subject(s)
Animals , Algorithms , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes , Gene Expression , Gene Regulatory Networks , Heart/physiology , Zebrafish/genetics
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772959

ABSTRACT

Despite the large number of genomic and transcriptomic resources in maize, there is still much to learn about the function of genes in developmental and biochemical processes. Some maize mutants that were generated by gamma-irradiation showed clear segregation for the kernel phenotypes in B73 × Mo17 F2 ears. To better understand the functional genomics of kernel development, we developed a mapping and gene identification pipeline, bulked segregant exome sequencing (BSEx-seq), to map mutants with kernel phenotypes including opaque endosperm and reduced kernel size. BSEx-seq generates and compares the sequence of the exon fraction from mutant and normal plant F2 DNA pools. The comparison can derive mapping peaks, identify deletions within the mapping peak, and suggest candidate genes within the deleted regions. We then used the public kernel-specific expression data to narrow down the list of candidate genes/mutations and identified deletions ranging from several kb to more than 1 Mb. A full deletion allele of the Opaque-2 gene was identified in mutant 531, which occurs within a ∼200-kb deletion. Opaque mutant 1486 has a 6248-bp deletion in the mapping interval containing two candidate genes encoding RNA-directed DNA methylation 4 (RdDM4) and AMP-binding protein, respectively. This study demonstrates the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of BSEx-seq for causal mutation mapping and candidate gene selection, providing a new option in mapping-by-sequencing for maize functional genomics studies.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Mapping , Methods , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Endosperm , Exome , Genetics , Exons , Genetics , Gene Deletion , Genomics , Phenotype , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Methods , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Zea mays , Genetics
15.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 16(1): e170092, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895134

ABSTRACT

Astyanax is one of the most abundant and diverse taxa of fishes in the Neotropical region. In order to increase the amount of cytogenetic information for Astyanax as well as to exhibit data to subsidize future taxonomic studies, this work analyzed three species of Astyanax: two species are cryptic, and are here reported to live in syntopy (A. abramis and A. lacustris); the first karyotype description for A. pirapuan is also presented. Cytogenetic analyzes reveal a diploid number of 2n=50 chromosomes for three species, yet with differences in their karyotype morphology. The physical mapping of 18S rDNA showed up to thirteen sites in A. pirapuan and two in A. abramis and A. lacustris. The physical mapping of 5S rDNA has proven to be an effective marker for the characterization of species of Astyanax studied in this work.(AU)


Astyanax é um dos táxons mais representados e diversos na região Neotropical. Com o intuito de aumentar as informações citogenéticas para Astyanax e apresentar dados que possam subsidiar estudos taxonômicos futuros, este trabalho traz uma análise citogenética de três espécies de Astyanax: duas espécies consideradas crípticas, aqui reportadas em sintopia (A. abramis e A. lacustris) e a primeira descrição cariotípica de A. pirapuan. As análises citogenéticas revelaram 2n=50 cromossomos para as três espécies, com diferença na morfologia cariotípica de cada uma. Foram observados apenas dois sítios de rDNA 18S em A. abramis e A. lacustris e até 13 para A. pirapuan. O mapeamento físico do rDNA 5S se mostrou como um marcador efetivo para a caracterização das espécies de Astyanax abordadas neste estudo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Characidae/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Cytogenetics/classification
16.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 1(3): 311-315, jul.set.2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380541

ABSTRACT

A síndrome de desregulação imune, poliendocrinopatia e enteropatia ligada ao X (IPEX) é uma síndrome de imunodeficiência primária rara, de herança recessiva, que afeta lactentes do sexo masculino. A doença cursa com enteropatia perdedora de proteínas, dermatite eczematosa e poliendocrinopatias, podendo ser fatal naqueles sem tratamento apropriado. O objetivo deste relato é descrever um caso de IPEX, enfatizando a importância da história familiar para o diagnóstico precoce. O caso descreve um lactente com tipo grave da síndrome, com apresentação clínica precoce e história familiar característica, com episódios de morte prematura em doze homens pertencentes à linhagem materna. O diagnóstico por mapeamento genético demostrando mutação no gene FOXP3 foi obtido após o óbito do paciente, decorrente de choque séptico. O transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas é o melhor tratamento disponível, e na sua ausência, a síndrome IPEX pode ser fatal nos primeiros dois anos de vida. Assim, assegurar um diagnóstico precoce é fundamental.


Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a rare recessive primary immunodeficiency syndrome that affects male infants. The disease course is characterized by protein-losing enteropathy, eczematous dermatitis, and polyendocrinopathies, and may be fatal if not appropriately treated. The aim of this report was to describe a case of IPEX, emphasizing the importance of family history for early diagnosis. The case describes an infant with a severe manifestation of the syndrome, with early clinical presentation and characteristic family history, with episodes of premature death affecting 12 men belonging to the mother's lineage. Diagnosis was established by genetic mapping after the patient's death due to septic shock; a mutation in the FOXP3 gene was found. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the best treatment available; in its absence, the IPEX syndrome can be fatal in the first 2 years of life. Therefore, ensuring early diagnosis is critical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Early Diagnosis , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases/mortality , Patients , Protein-Losing Enteropathies , Chromosome Mapping , Mortality, Premature , Mutation
17.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 34(1): 272-278, ene.-mar. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841453

ABSTRACT

ResumenLas canalopatías abarcan una serie síndromes arrítmicos caracterizados por una presentación inicial de muerte súbita o síncope, en personas en su mayoría jóvenes y conocidas sanas, que poseen una autopsia normal. Éstas se deben a mutaciones en los genes que codifican para canales iónicos de los miocitos cardíacos, así como las proteínas asociadas a si funcionamiento o traducción. Dada su asociación hereditaria, los familiares podrían tener un riesgo aumentado de presentar el trastorno pese a estar asintomáticas. Allí radica la importancia del mapeo genético en aquellas autopsias en las que no se ha identificado la causa de muerte. La autopsia molecular permite buscar e identificar estas mutaciones y correlacionar la muerte súbita con una canalopatía. Lo cual resulta esencial para la evaluación del riesgo y la prevención de otro episodio de muerte súbita cardíaca en familiares portadores.En este artículo se exponen las canalopatías más importantes asociadas a muerte súbita, y el impacto del mapeo genético en la prevención y manejo en familiares portadores.


AbstractChannelopathies include a series of syndromes characteristic of an initial presentation of sudden death or syncope, in persons mostly young and known healthy, who have a normal autopsy. These are due to mutations in the genes encoding ionic channels of cardiac myocytes, as well as the proteins associated with whether functioning or translation. Because of their hereditary association, relatives may be at increased risk of developing the disorder despite being asymptomatic. There lies the importance of genetic mapping in those autopsies in which the cause of death has not been identified. Molecular autopsy allows searching and identifying these mutations and correlating sudden death with a channelopathy. This is essential for the evaluation of risk and prevention of another episode of sudden cardiac death in family members. This article discusses the most important channelopathies associated with sudden death, and the impact of genetic mapping on prevention and management in family members.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autopsy , Chromosome Mapping , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Death, Sudden , Brugada Syndrome , Channelopathies , Forensic Medicine
18.
Santiago; Chile. Ministerio de Salud; 1ª Edición; 2017. 15 p. tab.
Monography in Spanish | BRISA, LILACS | ID: biblio-882509

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las enfermedades de depósito lisosomal son un grupo heterogéneo de errores metabólicos poco frecuentes, congénitos, de origen genético, caracterizados por la deficiencia funcional de los lisosomas y por la acumulación intralisosomal de sustratos. Se han caracterizado cerca de 50 desórdenes metabólicos de este origen, causados por alteraciones genéticas a nivel enzimático, de receptores, proteínas activadoras, de membrana o transportadora, causando la acumulación lisosomal de sustratos, específicos para cada enfermedad. La acumulación es progresiva, causando finalmente el deterioro funcional celular y tisular. Varios de estos desórdenes afectan el sistema nervioso central, y la mayoría de los pacientes tienen disminución de la esperanza de vida y morbilidad asociada. Para efectos del presente informe de evaluación se consideraron las patologías Mucopolisacaridosis I; Mucopolisacaridosis II; Mucopolisacaridosis VI; Enfermedad de Gaucher y Enfermedad de Fabry. TECNOLOGÍAS SANITARIAS EVALUADAS: Examen genético molecular: secuenciación y/o genotipificación. EFICACIA DE LAS INTERVENCIONES: La intervención es eficaz, cumpliendo con lo dispuesto en la letra a), del artículo 2, del decreto supremo N°13, de 2017, del Ministerio de Salud, que aprueba Reglamento que Establece el Proceso destinado a determinar los Diagnósticos y Tratamientos de Alto Costo con Sistema de Protección Financiera, según lo establecido en los artículos 7° Y 8° de la ley N° 20.850. ANÁLISIS ECONÓMICO: El costo total de implementación de los exámenes es de $ 2.037.565 anuales en el año 2018 y hasta $ 6.883.384 en el 2022. CONCLUSIÓN: Para dar cumplimiento al artículo 28° del Reglamento que establece el proceso destinado a determinar los diagnósticos y tratamientos de alto costo con Sistema de Protección Financiera, según lo establecido en los artículos 7°y 8° de la ley N°20.850, aprobado por el decreto N°13 del Ministerio de Salud, se concluye que el presente informe de evaluación se considera no favorable, de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Título III. de las Evaluaciones Favorables de la Norma Técnica N° 0192 de este mismo ministerio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Mapping/methods , Lysosomal Storage Diseases/diagnosis , Technology Assessment, Biomedical/economics , Health Evaluation/economics
19.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2017; 21 (5): 294-302
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188486

ABSTRACT

Background: Inherited retinal diseases [IRDs] are a group of genetic disorders with high degrees of clinical, genetic and allelic heterogeneity. IRDs generally show progressive retinal cell death resulting in gradual vision loss


IRDs constitute a broad spectrum of disorders including retinitis pigmentosa and Leber congenital amaurosis. In this study, we performed genotyping studies to identify the underlying mutations in three Iranian families


Methods: Having employed homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing, we identified the underlying mutations in the crumbs homologue 1 gene. The CRB1 protein is a part of a macromolecular complex with a vital role in retinal cell polarity, morphogenesis, and maintenance


Results: We identified a novel homozygous variant [c.1053-1061del; p.Gly352-Cys354del] in one family, a combination of a novel [c.2086T>C; p.Cys696Arg] and a known variant [c.2234C>T, p.Thr745Met] in another family and a homozygous novel variant [c.3090T>A; p.Asn!030Lys] in a third family


Conclusion: This study shows that mutations in CRB1 are relatively common in Iranian non-syndromic IRD patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Retinitis Pigmentosa/genetics , Leber Congenital Amaurosis/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Whole Genome Sequencing , Eye Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Homozygote
20.
Colomb. med ; 47(3): 172-175, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828604

ABSTRACT

Abstract Case Description: It is presented the phenotype of a new compound heterozygous mutation of the genes R384X and Q356X encoding the enzyme of 11-beta-hydroxylase Clinical Findings: Severe virilization, peripheral hypertension, and early puberty. Treatment and Outcome: Managed with hormone replacement therapy (corticosteroid) and antihypertensive therapy (beta-blocker), resulting in the control of physical changes and levels of arterial tension. Clinical Relevance: According to the phenotypic characteristics of the patient, it is inferred that the R384X mutation carries an additional burden on the Q356X mutation, with the latter previously described as a cause of 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency. The description of a new genotype, as in this case, expands the understanding of the hereditary burden and deciphers the various factors that lead to this pathology as well as the other forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), presenting with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations. This study highlights the importance of a complete description of the patient's CAH genetic profile as well as their parents' genetic profile.


Resumen Descripción del Caso: Se presenta el fenotipo de una nueva mutación heterocigota compuesta en los genes Q356X y R384X que codifican la enzima 11-beta-hidroxilada Hallazgos Clínicos: Virilización severa, pubertad precoz periférica e hipertensión. Tratamiento y Resultados: Manejo con terapia de reemplazo hormonal con corticoide y antihipertensivo con beta-bloqueador con lo que se logró controlar los cambios físicos y los niveles de tensión arterial. Relevancia Clínica: Según las características fenotípicas del paciente se infiere que la mutación R384X acarrea una carga adicional a la mutación Q356X, esta última descrita como causa de deficiencia de 11-beta-hidroxilasa. La descripción de nuevos genotipos, como en este caso, permite ampliar la comprensión de la carga hereditaria y descifrar los diversos factores que llevan a que esta patología, así como las demás formas de hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita (HSC), se presenten con un amplio espectro de cuadros clínicos. Esto permite resaltar la importancia de una descripción completa del perfil genético del paciente con HSC y de sus padres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Desoxycorticosterone Acetate , Genotype
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