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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism in stable cell strains expressing Mini-hF9 gene with nonsense mutation.@*METHODS@#Mini-hF9 gene and its nonsense mutants were transfected into HeLa cells independently, and stable cell strains were obtained after G418 resistance screening and monoclonal transformation. The altered splicing and protein expression of mRNA in Mini-hF9 gene in stable cell strains were detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The wild type and nonsense mutated human coagulation factor IX stable cell strains were constructed successfully, which were named HeLa-F9-WT, HeLa-F9-M1 and HeLa-F9-M2. Only normal splicing Norm was detected in the wild-type cell strain HeLa-F9-WT; Norm and Alt-S1 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M1; while Norm, Alt-S1 and Alt-S2 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M2.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense associated altered splicing (NAS) pathway, which generated alternately spliced transcripts, might be triggered in coagulation factor IX gene with nonsense mutation.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Factor IX/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Mutation , RNA Splicing , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with hereditary multiple osteochondroma (HMO).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and members of his pedigree with informed consent. Following extraction of genomic DNA, all coding exons and flanking intronic sequences (-10 bp) of the EXT1 and EXT2 genes were subjected to targeted capture and next generation sequencing (NGS). Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A heterozygous nonsense variant (c.1911C>A) was found in exon 10 of the EXT1 gene in the proband and his affected father but not in a healthy sister and normal controls. The variant was classified as a pathogenic based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (PVS1+PM2+PP1). Bioinformatic analysis predicted that the c.1911C>A variant may be disease-causing via nonsense-mediated mRNA decay and anomalous splicing.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1911C>A variant probably underlay the disease in this pedigree. Discovery of this variant enriched the variant spectrum of HMO.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Exons/genetics , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Pedigree
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out for the patient. The result was verified in her family.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing revealed that the patient has carried a heterozygous nonsense c.40C>T (p.Arg14X) variant of the TRIP12 gene, which was de novo in origin. The variant was unrecorded in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+ PS2+ PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The patient was diagnosed with autosomal dominant intellectual disability due to heterozygous c.40C>T variant of the TRIP12 gene.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins/genetics , Codon, Nonsense , Female , Heterozygote , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with hereditary spherocytosis.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 17 members of the pedigree. Genomic DNA of the proband was subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by co-segregation analysis. pCAS2(c.5798+1G) and pCAS2(c.5798+1A) plasmids were constructed by homologous recombination and transfected into 293T cells. Reverse transcription PCR, TA cloning and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing. Meanwhile, peripheral blood RNAs were extracted to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing in vivo.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to carry a c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene. The variant has co-segregated with the phenotype in the pedigree. In vitro and in vivo splicing experiments confirmed that the mutation has significantly affected the splicing, resulting in shift of reading frame and produced a premature termination codon.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Genetics , Genetic Variation , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Plasmids , RNA Splicing , Spectrin , Genetics , Spherocytosis, Hereditary , Genetics , Transfection
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze FOXC2 gene variant in a family affected with lymphodema-distichiasis syndrome (LDS).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected for the extraction of DNA and protein. Whole-exome sequencing was carried out to detect variants in the proband. Suspected variant was validated by Sanger sequencing. Western blotting was used to detect changes in protein expression.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his mother were both found to carry a heterozygous nonsense variant c.177C>G (p.Tyr59X) of the FOXC2 gene, which was previously unreported. Down-regulated expression of FOXC2 was detected by Western blotting. Prenatal ultrasonography of the fetus indicated increased nuchal thickness. Amniocentesis was performed at 21+1 weeks of pregnancy, genetic testing suggested that the fetus also carried the c.177C>G variant.@*CONCLUSION@#The patients' condition may be attributed to the heterozygous nonsense variant c.177C>G of the FOXC2 gene, which resulted in a significant decrease in FOXC2 expression. Increased nuchal thickness may also be related with decreased FOXC2 expression. Above finding has expanded the variant spectrum of the FOXC2 gene.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Eyelashes , Congenital Abnormalities , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Genetic Testing , Genetic Variation , Humans , Lymphedema , Genetics , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826557

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic features of a patient with mental retardation.@*METHODS@#G-Banding chromosomal karyotyping and high-throughput sequencing was carried out for the child. Suspected variant was validated in his family by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to carry a de novo heterozygous c.4090G>T (p.Gly1364X) variant of the ASXL3 gene, which was known to predispose to Bainbridge-Ropers syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense c.4090G>T (p.Gly1364X) variant probably accounts for the disease in this patient.


Subject(s)
Child , Codon, Nonsense , Developmental Disabilities , Genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Phenotype , Syndrome , Transcription Factors , Genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic variants in a child with tyrosine hydroxylase-deficient infantile Parkinsonism with motor delay.@*METHODS@#Clinical feature of the patient was summarized. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples taken from the child and her family members. All exons of GCH1, TH and SPR genes were subjected to targeted capture and next-generation sequencing. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child could not sit alone at 7 month and 11 days. Physical examination suggested motor retardation and hypotonia, limb stiffness, head nodding, slight torticollis, and language and intellectual developmental delays. She developed involuntary shaking of limbs at 3 month old, which lasted approximately 10 seconds and aggregated with excitement and before sleeping. Cranial MRI revealed widening of subarachnoid space on the temporomandibular and particularly temporal sides. Genetic testing revealed that she has carried a nonsense c.457C>T (p.R153X) variant, which was known to be pathogenic, and a novel missense c.720C>G (p.I240M) variant of the TH gene. The two variants were derived from her father and mother, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed as tyrosine hydroxylase-deficient infantile Parkinsonism with motor delay due to compound heterozygous variants of the TH gene. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of TH gene variants.


Subject(s)
Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Codon, Nonsense , Dystonic Disorders , Genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Infant , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mutation , Parkinsonian Disorders , Genetics , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase , Genetics
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787389

ABSTRACT

Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal-dominant disease characterized by the delayed closure of cranial sutures, defects in clavicle formation, supernumerary teeth, and delayed tooth eruption. Defects in the Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), a master regulator of bone formation, have been identified in CCD patients. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular genetic causes in a CCD family with delayed tooth eruption.The 23-year-old female proband and her mother underwent clinical and radiographic examinations, and all coding exons of the RUNX2 were sequenced. Mutational analysis revealed a single nucleotide deletion mutation (NM_001024630.4 : c.357delC) in exon 3 in the proband and her mother. The single C deletion would result in a frameshift in translation and introduce a premature stop codon [p.(Asn120Thrfs*24)]. This would result in the impaired function of RUNX2 protein, which may be the cause of delayed eruption of permanent teeth in the family.


Subject(s)
Clavicle , Cleidocranial Dysplasia , Clinical Coding , Codon, Nonsense , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Cranial Sutures , Exons , Female , Humans , Molecular Biology , Mothers , Osteogenesis , Sequence Deletion , Tooth , Tooth Eruption , Tooth, Supernumerary , Transcription Factors , Young Adult
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 327-335, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777182

ABSTRACT

Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is originally identified as a widespread mRNA surveillance machinery in degrading 'aberrant' mRNA species with premature termination codons (PTCs) rapidly, which protects the cells from the accumulation of truncated proteins. Recent studies show that NMD can also regulate the degradation of normal gene transcripts, which execute important cellular and physiological functions. Therefore, NMD is considered as a highly conserved post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism in eukaryotes. NMD modulates 3% to 20% of the transcriptome from yeast to human directly or indirectly, which is essential for various physiological processes, such as cell homeostasis, stress response, proliferation, and differentiation. NMD can regulate the level of transcripts that involves in development, and single knockout of most NMD factors has an embryonic lethal effect. NMD plays an important role in the self-renewal, differentiation of embryonic stem cells and is critical during embryonic development. In this review, we summarized the latest advances in the roles and mechanisms of NMD in embryonic development, in order to provide new ideas for the research on embryonic development and the treatment of embryonic development related diseases.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Embryonic Development , Humans , Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay , RNA, Messenger , Transcriptome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763180

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Partner and localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2) is a breast cancer susceptibility gene that plays an important role in DNA repair. This is the first study assessing the prevalence of PALB2 mutations in early-onset and familial breast/ovarian cancer patients from Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PALB2 mutation screening was performed in 370 Pakistani patients with early-onset and familial breast/ovarian cancer, who were negative for BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53, CHEK2, and RAD51C mutations, using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. Mutations were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Novel PALB2 alterations were analyzed for their potential effect on protein function or splicing using various in silico prediction tools. Three-hundred and seventy-two healthy controls were screened for the presence of the identified (potentially) functional mutations. RESULTS: A novel nonsense mutation, p.Y743*, was identified in one familial breast cancer patient (1/127, 0.8%). Besides, four in silico-predicted potentially functional mutations including three missense mutations and one 5' untranslated region mutation were identified: p.D498Y, novel p.G644R, novel p.E744K, and novel c.-134_-133delTCinsGGGT. The mutations p.Y743* and p.D498Y were identified in two familial patients diagnosed with unilateral or synchronous bilateral breast cancer at the ages of 29 and 39, respectively. The other mutations were identified in an early-onset (≤ 30 years of age) breast cancer patient each. All five mutations were absent in 372 healthy controls suggesting that they are disease associated. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that PALB2 mutations account for a small proportion of early-onset and hereditary breast/ovarian cancer cases in Pakistan.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Breast Neoplasms , Chromatography, Liquid , Codon, Nonsense , Computer Simulation , DNA Repair , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Mass Screening , Mutation, Missense , Pakistan , Prevalence , Sequence Analysis, DNA
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763043

ABSTRACT

Human cytochrome P450 2C9 is a highly polymorphic enzyme that is required for drug and xenobiotic metabolism. Here, we studied eleven P450 2C9 genetic variants—including three novel variants F69S, L310V, and Q324X—that were clinically identified in Korean patients. P450 2C9 variant enzymes were expressed in Escherichia coli and their bicistronic membrane fractions were prepared The CO-binding spectra were obtained for nine enzyme variants, indicating P450 holoenzymes, but not for the M02 (L90P) variant. The M11 (Q324X) variant could not be expressed due to an early nonsense mutation. LC-MS/MS analysis was performed to measure the catalytic activities of the P450 2C9 variants, using diclofenac as a substrate. Steady-state kinetic analysis revealed that the catalytic efficiency of all nine P450 2C9 variants was lower than that of the wild type P450 2C9 enzyme. The M05 (R150L) and M06 (P279T) variants showed high k(cat) values; however, their K(m) values were also high. As the M01 (F69S), M03 (R124Q), M04 (R125H), M08 (I359L), M09 (I359T), and M10 (A477T) variants exhibited higher K(m) and lower k(cat) values than that of the wild type enzyme, their catalytic efficiency decreased by approximately 50-fold compared to the wild type enzyme. Furthermore, the novel variant M07 (L310V) showed lower k(cat) and K(m) values than the wild type enzyme, which resulted in its decreased (80%) catalytic efficiency. The X-ray crystal structure of P450 2C9 revealed the presence of mutations in the residues surrounding the substrate-binding cavity. Functional characterization of these genetic variants can help understand the pharmacogenetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Cytochromes , Diclofenac , Escherichia coli , Holoenzymes , Humans , Membranes , Metabolism , Pharmacogenetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719030

ABSTRACT

X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets is caused by loss-of-function mutations in PHEX, which encodes a phosphate-regulating endopeptidase homolog. We report a 26-year-old man with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets who showed decreased serum phosphate accompanied by bilateral genu valgum and short stature. He had received medical treatment with vitamin D (alfacalcidol) and phosphate from the age of 3 to 20 years. He underwent surgery due to valgus deformity at the age of 14 and 15. Targeted gene panel sequencing for Mendelian genes identified a nonsense mutation in PHEX (c.589C>T; p.Gln197Ter) and a mosaic pattern where only 38% of sequence reads showed the variant allele. This mutation was not found in his mother, who had a normal phenotype. This is a case of a sporadic nonsense mutation in PHEX and up to date, this is the first case of a mosaic mutation in PHEX in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Codon, Nonsense , Congenital Abnormalities , Familial Hypophosphatemic Rickets , Genu Valgum , Humans , Korea , Mothers , Phenotype , Rickets, Hypophosphatemic , Vitamin D
13.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 264-269, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718841

ABSTRACT

Cell cycle dysfunction can cause severe diseases, including neurodegenerative disease and cancer. Mutations in cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors controlling the G1 phase of the cell cycle are prevalent in various cancers. Mice lacking the tumor suppressors p16(Ink4a) (Cdkn2a, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2a), p19(Arf) (an alternative reading frame product of Cdkn2a,), and p27(Kip1) (Cdkn1b, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1b) result in malignant progression of epithelial cancers, sarcomas, and melanomas, respectively. Here, we generated knockout mouse models for each of these three cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors using engineered nucleases. The p16(Ink4a) and p19(Arf) knockout mice were generated via transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and p27(Kip1) knockout mice via clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated nuclease 9 (CRISPR/Cas9). These gene editing technologies were targeted to the first exon of each gene, to induce frameshifts producing premature termination codons. Unlike preexisting embryonic stem cell-based knockout mice, our mouse models are free from selectable markers or other external gene insertions, permitting more precise study of cell cycle-related diseases without confounding influences of foreign DNA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Codon, Nonsense , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , DNA , Exons , G1 Phase , Genome , Melanoma , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Mutagenesis, Insertional , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Phosphotransferases , Reading Frames , Sarcoma
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We performed small-scale mutation and large genomic rearrangement (LGR) analysis of BRCA1/2 in ovarian cancer patients to determine the prevalence and the characteristics of the mutations. METHODS: All ovarian cancer patients who visited a single institution between September 2015 and April 2017 were included. Sanger sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and long-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to comprehensively study BRCA1/2. The genetic risk models BRCAPRO, Myriad, and BOADICEA were used to evaluate the mutation analysis. RESULTS: In total, 131 patients were enrolled. Of the 131 patients, Sanger sequencing identified 16 different BRCA1/2 small-scale mutations in 20 patients (15.3%). Two novel nonsense mutations were detected in 2 patients with a serous borderline tumor and a large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. MLPA analysis of BRCA1/2 in Sanger-negative patients revealed 2 LGRs. The LGRs accounted for 14.3% of all identified BRCA1 mutations, and the prevalence of LGRs identified in this study was 1.8% in 111 Sanger-negative patients. The genetic risk models showed statistically significant differences between mutation carriers and non-carriers. The 2 patients with LGRs had at least one blood relative with breast or ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: Twenty-two (16.8%) of the unselected ovarian cancer patients had BRCA1/2 mutations that were detected through comprehensive BRCA1/2 genetic testing. Ovarian cancer patients with Sanger-negative results should be considered for LGR detection if they have one blood relative with breast or ovarian cancer. The detection of more BRCA1/2 mutations in patients is important for efforts to provide targeted therapy to ovarian cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Breast , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Codon, Nonsense , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Korea , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ovarian Neoplasms , Ovary , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129038

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) gene. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical manifestations, molecular features, and treatment status of XLA in Korean patients at Seoul National University Children's Hospital. METHODS: Fourteen Korean boys with XLA showing serum agammaglobulinemia, non-detectable to less than 2% of peripheral B-cells, and mutation of the Btk gene were enrolled. We observed the clinical features, laboratory findings, status of treatment, and complications in these XLA patients. RESULTS: All XLA patients had a history of recurrent bacterial infections before diagnosis, and 20% of them had a neutropenia. Of the XLA patients 35.7% had a family history of XLA and 75% of their mothers were carriers. Btk gene analysis showed variable gene mutations in Xq22 including 9 amino acid substitutions, 3 frameshifts, 1 premature stop codon, and 1 splice defect. After intravenous immunoglobulin replacement therapy, infection episodes decreased, but complications such as bronchiectasis and chronic sinusitis remained. CONCLUSIONS: In patients less than 4 years of age with recurrent infection, analysis of serum gamma globulin levels and the Btk gene are recommended for the early diagnosis of XLA and for the appropriate prevention of recurrent infection.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia , Amino Acid Substitution , B-Lymphocytes , Bacterial Infections , Bronchiectasis , Codon, Nonsense , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , gamma-Globulins , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Mothers , Neutropenia , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Seoul , Sinusitis
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129023

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) gene. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical manifestations, molecular features, and treatment status of XLA in Korean patients at Seoul National University Children's Hospital. METHODS: Fourteen Korean boys with XLA showing serum agammaglobulinemia, non-detectable to less than 2% of peripheral B-cells, and mutation of the Btk gene were enrolled. We observed the clinical features, laboratory findings, status of treatment, and complications in these XLA patients. RESULTS: All XLA patients had a history of recurrent bacterial infections before diagnosis, and 20% of them had a neutropenia. Of the XLA patients 35.7% had a family history of XLA and 75% of their mothers were carriers. Btk gene analysis showed variable gene mutations in Xq22 including 9 amino acid substitutions, 3 frameshifts, 1 premature stop codon, and 1 splice defect. After intravenous immunoglobulin replacement therapy, infection episodes decreased, but complications such as bronchiectasis and chronic sinusitis remained. CONCLUSIONS: In patients less than 4 years of age with recurrent infection, analysis of serum gamma globulin levels and the Btk gene are recommended for the early diagnosis of XLA and for the appropriate prevention of recurrent infection.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia , Amino Acid Substitution , B-Lymphocytes , Bacterial Infections , Bronchiectasis , Codon, Nonsense , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , gamma-Globulins , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Mothers , Neutropenia , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Seoul , Sinusitis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197566

ABSTRACT

Trimethylaminuria (TMAuria), known as “fish odor syndrome,” is a congenital metabolic disorder characterized by an odor resembling that of rotting fish. This odor is caused by the secretion of trimethylamine (TMA) in the breath, sweat, and body secretions and the excretion of TMA along with urine. TMAuria is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3). Most TMAuria cases are caused by missense mutations, but nonsense mutations have also been reported in these cases. Here, we describe the identification of a novel FMO3 gene mutation in a patient with TMAuria and her family. A 3-year-old girl presented with a strong corporal odor after ingesting fish. Genomic DNA sequence analysis revealed that she had compound heterozygous FMO3 mutations; One mutation was the missense mutation p.Val158Ile in exon 3, and the other was a novel nonsense mutation, p.Ser364X, in exon 7 of the FMO3 gene. Familial genetic analyses showed that the p.Val158Ile mutation was derived from the same allele in the father, and the p.Ser364X mutation was derived from the mother. This is the first description of the p.Ser364X mutation, and the first report of a Korean patient with TMAuria caused by novel compound heterozygous mutations.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Child, Preschool , Codon, Nonsense , Exons , Fathers , Female , Humans , Korea , Mothers , Mutation, Missense , Odorants , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sweat
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139841

ABSTRACT

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) is a rare disease with autosomal dominant inheritance that manifests through skin tumors, pulmonary cystic lesions, and renal tumors. A mutation of FLCN located on chromosome 17p11.2, which encodes a tumor-suppressor protein (folliculin), is responsible for the development of BHDS. We report the case of a patient presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax, in whom a familial genetic study revealed a novel nonsense mutation: p.(Arg379*) in FLCN.


Subject(s)
Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome , Codon, Nonsense , Estrone , Humans , Pneumothorax , Rare Diseases , Skin , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Thoracoscopy , Wills
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