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Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210044, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365224


ABSTRACT Objective To assess the effects of coloring beverages on the color stability of two types of hybrid ceramics with different surface treatments. Material and Methods 180 specimens of two hybrid ceramics (Vita Enamic and Mazic Duro) and a feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II) were prepared (n=60 in each group). Half of the discs in each group were glazed while the other was polished. The specimens were then divided into three subgroups and immersed in distilled water, carrot juice, and coffee. The overall color difference (∆E) was calculated based on CIE L*a*b* color space. Data were analyzed using three-way and one-way ANOVA; Tukey's honest significant difference was also done for pairwise comparisons (α=0.05). Results Vita Mark II specimens revealed less overall color changes compared to other groups. The ∆E of the glazed Vita Enamic specimens was greater than polished specimens following immersion in distilled water (p=0.03) and coffee (p=0.001), but it was not significant for carrot juice. The same results were obtained for polished Mazic Duro specimens. Relatively similar amounts of ∆E were recorded in polished and glazed subgroups of Vita Mark II. Conclusion The ∆E of hybrid ceramics was higher than Vita Mark II. Polishing could be recommended for surface treatment of hybrid ceramics instead of glazing, saving time and facilitating the process.

Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Surface Properties , Beverages , Color , Dental Cements , Distilled Water , Ceramics , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Coffee , Dental Porcelain , Coloring Agents , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Iran/epidemiology
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0031, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376778


RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar, por meio de uma série de casos, a percepção de pacientes com opacidade corneana sobre a eficácia da tatuagem na melhoria estética de seus olhos, utilizando a combinação de duas técnicas. Métodos: Oito pacientes responderam a um inquérito sobre sua satisfação estética com o procedimento, o desconforto pós-operatório e o impacto social observado após a cirurgia. Resultados: Todos os pacientes consideraram-se muito satisfeitos com os resultados. Em relação ao grau de desconforto no pós-operatório, 75% disseram ter tido pouco desconforto, e 25% relataram desconforto moderado. Todos os pacientes relataram melhora significativa no bem-estar social e pessoal. Da mesma forma, todos os pacientes disseram que repetiriam o procedimento. Conclusão: A tatuagem corneana surge como um método alternativo às lentes de contato e às próteses oculares em pacientes cegos com leucomas, trazendo resultados estéticos satisfatórios, duradouros e que podem promover impactos sociais na vida desses pacientes.

ABSTRACT Objective: To report, through a case series, the perception of patients about the effectiveness of corneal tattooing in the cosmetic improvement of their eyes with leukomas, using a combination of two techniques. Methods: Eight patients answered a survey regarding their cosmetic appearance satisfaction regarding the procedure, postoperative discomfort, and social impact observed after surgery. Results: All patients considered themselves very satisfied with the cosmetic results. Regarding the degree of postoperative discomfort, 75% said they had little discomfort, while 25% reported moderate discomfort. All patients reported significant improvement in social and personal well-being. Likewise, all patients said they would repeat the procedure. Conclusion: Corneal tattooing appears as an alternative method to contact lenses and ocular prostheses in impaired eyes with leukomas, bringing satisfactory and long-lasting cosmetic improvement that can promote social impacts for these patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tattooing/methods , Cornea/surgery , Corneal Opacity/surgery , Coloring Agents , Postoperative Period , Social Change , Tattooing/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cosmetic Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e237386, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249227


Abstract Shewanella xiamenensis G5-03 was observed to decolorize the azo dye Congo red in synthetic wastewater. The influence of some factors on the dye decolorization efficiency was evaluated. The optimal decolorization conditions were temperature 30-35 °C, pH 10.0, incubation time 10 h, and static condition. The kinetic of Congo red decolorization fitted to the Michaelis-Menten model (Vmax = 111.11 mg L-1 h-1 and Km = 448.3 mg L-1). The bacterium was also able to degrade benzidine, a product of azo bond breakage of the Congo red, which contributed to reduce the phytotoxicity. The ability of S. xiamenensis G5-03 for simultaneous decolorization and degradation of Congo red shows its potential application for the biological treatment of wastewaters containing azo dyes.

Resumo Shewanella xiamenensis G5-03 foi capaz de descolorir o corante azo vermelho Congo em água residuária sintética. A influência de alguns fatores na eficiência da descoloração do corante foi avaliada. As condições ótimas de descoloração foram temperatura de 30-35 °C, pH 10,0 e condições estáticas. A cinética de descoloração do vermelho Congo se ajustou ao modelo de Michaelis-Menten (Vmax = 111,11 mg L-1 h-1 and Km = 448,3 mg L-1). A bactéria também foi capaz de degradar a benzidina, um produto da quebra da ligação azo do vermelho Congo, o que contribuiu para a redução da fitotoxicidade. A habilidade da S. xiamenensis G5-03 em simultaneamente descolorir e degradar o vermelho Congo demostra seu potencial de aplicação no tratamento de águas residuárias contendo corantes azo.

Azo Compounds , Congo Red , Benzidines , Biodegradation, Environmental , Shewanella , Coloring Agents
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 355-357, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285067


Abstract Tattooing one's body is currently a common practice worldwide; however, it is not risk-free. This is a case of a patient who tattooed himself motivated by his passion for motorcycles and then developed an exuberant lichenoid reaction to the red pigment used in the tattoo, with the appearance of verrucous lesions. Despite the lack of response to treatment, he states that he would tattoo his own skin again.

Humans , Male , Tattooing/adverse effects , Lichenoid Eruptions/chemically induced , Skin , Motorcycles , Coloring Agents
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 61-70, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248985


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fluorescent imaging with indocyanine green is an emerging technology whose benefits are put in perspective. OBJECTIVE: This article reports essential principles and approaches of intraoperative fluorescence in general surgery bringing familiarity to its practical usage. Our group describes possible pitfalls and provides tips and tricks for training surgeons making their attempts easier and reproducible during practice. METHODS: This study overviews the most structured concepts, practical applications and its tricks in robotic fluorescence guided imaging surgery with indocyanine green. Possible pitfalls are emphasized and emerging fields of application are put in a perspective. RESULTS: Guided information and practical applications in several surgical fields are described for a safe and reproducible indocyanine green fluorescence imaging use. CONCLUSION: Robotic assisted surgery combined to fluorescence imaging technology represents a logical evolution in image guided surgery and technology familiarity with guided information may represent a wider and safer spectrum of use in surgeons' hands.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: A imagem fluorescente com verde de indocianina (VI) é uma técnica cirúrgica emergente na cirurgia robótica. OBJETIVO: Este artigo relata princípios e abordagens essenciais da fluorescência intraoperatória para sua prática em cirurgia geral. Nosso grupo descreve possíveis armadilhas e apresenta dicas e truques para treinar cirurgiões, tornando o uso do VI reprodutível. MÉTODOS: Este estudo apresenta uma visão geral dos conceitos e aplicações práticas da imagem guiada por fluorescência com VI na cirurgia robótica. As possíveis armadilhas são enfatizadas e os campos de aplicação emergentes são colocados em perspectiva. RESULTADOS: Aplicações práticas em vários campos cirúrgicos são descritas para um uso seguro e reprodutível de imagens de fluorescência com VI. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia assistida por robótica combinada à tecnologia de imagem de fluorescência representa uma evolução lógica na cirurgia guiada por imagem e a familiaridade desta técnica pode representar um ganho da qualidade cirúrgica.

Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Coloring Agents , Optical Imaging , Indocyanine Green
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200182, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339318


Abstract Solvent extraction of red pigments from fermented solids is reported. The pigments were produced by solid-state fermentation of oil palm frond (OPF) biomass with the food-safe fungus Monascus purpureus FTC 5357. The effects of extraction solvent and other operational conditions (pH, temperature, agitation rate, contact time) on the recovery of pigments are discussed. The recovery was maximized using aqueous ethanol (60% ethanol by vol) as solvent at pH 6, 30 °C, with an extraction time of 16 h and an agitation rate of 180 rpm. A fermented solids dry mass of 1 g was used for each 160 mL of solvent during extraction. The kinetics of extraction were assessed by fitting the experimental data to different models. Peleg's model proved to be the best for describing solid-liquid extraction of the pigments under the above specified conditions. The highest extraction yield of red pigments under the above specified optimal conditions was 207(6.08 AU g(1 dry fermented solids.

Monascus , Coloring Agents , Fermentation , Kinetics
Arq. odontol ; 57: 229-235, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348096


Objetivo: É mérito deste estudo avaliar a pigmentação de cerâmicas odontológicassubmetidas a diferentes tratamentos de superfície e imersasem soluções corantes.Métodos: Foram confeccionadas 60 amostras de cerâmica, divididas em seis grupos. Os grupos G1, G2 e G3 receberam aplicação prévia de glaze, enquanto G4, G5 e G6 foram submetidos a desgastes e polimento. Os grupos foram mantidos em água destilada, açaí e café por um período de 30 dias. Foram realizadas fotografias digitais, seguidas da mensuração de cor da superfície com o programa mColorMeter, com base no sistema CIELab, antes da imersão, após 15 e 30 dias. Para avaliação quantitativa da variação de cor foi utilizada fórmula de ∆E, onde foram obtidos média e desvio padrão de cada grupo. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística ANOVA de dois fatores. Resultados: Após a realização da análise estatística, foram estabelecidos as médias e desvios-padrão para variância de cor (∆E) e foi constatado que não houve resultado estatisticamente significativo, em que p ≤ 0,05, para pigmentação em nenhum dos grupos de cerâmicas. Conclusão: Nesse contexto, infere-se que as substâncias café e açaí não promoveram alterações de cor significativas, bem como o glaze e o polimento mostraram-se igualmente eficientes na manutenção da estabilidade de cor das cerâmicas.

Aim: The present study sought to evaluate the pigmentation of dental ceramics submitted to different surface treatments and immersed in staining solutions. Methods: Sixty ceramic samples were manufactured and divided into six groups. Groups G1, G2, and G3 received a prior glaze application, while groups G4, G5, and G6 were submitted to wear and polishing. The groups were maintained in distilled water, açaí, and coffee for a period of 30 days. Digital photographs were taken, followed by color measurement of the surface with the mColorMeter program, based on system CIELab, before immersion, after 15 and 30 days. For quantitative evaluation of color variation, a formula from ∆E was used, where mean and standard deviation of each group were obtained. The data were submitted to ANOVA statistical analysis of two factors. Result: After the statistical analysis, the means and standard deviations for color variance (∆E) were established, and it was found that there were no statistically significant results, with p ≤ 0.05, for pigmentation in any of the groups of ceramics. Conclusion: Therefore, it can be inferred that coffee and açaí substances did not promote significant color changes. Glaze and polishing also proved equally efficient in maintaining the color stability of the ceramics.

Pigmentation , Ceramics/analysis , Cementation , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Materials/analysis , Coloring Agents/analysis , Coffee/adverse effects , Euterpe/adverse effects
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 8-14, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344577


In our country, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of death. Unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyles, among other factors, have contributed to increase the risk for CDV in the population. An alternative to the commonly used pharmacological therapies is the use of validated natural products that can be incorporated in the development of functional foods or supplements. In particular, the tomato has been shown to have a protective role in CVD; its high content of antioxidants, particularly lycopene, provides it with extensively documented beneficial properties. Tomasa, a by-product of the agroindustry, maintains some of the beneficial characteristics of its fruit of origin. Mice fed with a high-fat (hypercaloric) diet increase their body weight and visceral adipose mass, and also display an increase in metabolic and inflammatory parameters. Our results allow us to conclude that the consumption of Tomasa in mice fed a hypercaloric diet reduces the blood levels of cholesterol, glycaemia and pro-inflammatory cytokines. These results support the rationale of using of this by-product in the generation of functional ingredients with proven beneficial effects.

Animals , Male , Mice , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolism , Metabolic Syndrome/metabolism , Metabolic Syndrome/prevention & control , Biochemical Phenomena , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/metabolism , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/prevention & control , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Coloring Agents/analysis
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 662-666, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155769


Abstract Background: Anaphylaxis is a constant perioperative concern due to the exposure to several agents capable of inducing hypersensitivity reactions. Patent blue V (PBV), also known as Sulfan Blue, a synthetic dye used in sentinel node research in breast surgery, is responsible for 0.6% of reported anaphylactic conditions. We present a case of a 49-year-old female patient who underwent left breast tumorectomy with sentinel lymph node staging using PBV and experienced an anaphylactic reaction. Methods: We conducted a literature search through PubMed for case reports, case series, review and systematic reviews since 2005 with the keywords "anaphylaxis" and "patent blue". We then included articles found in these publications' reference sections. Results: We found 12 relevant publications regarding this topic. The main findings are summarized, with information regarding the clinical presentation, management, and investigation protocol. Hypotension is the most common clinical manifestation. The presentation is usually delayed when compared with anaphylaxis from other agents and cutaneous manifestations are occasionally absent. Patients may have had previous exposure to the dye, used also as a food, clothes and drug colorant. Conclusion: The diagnosis of anaphylaxis in patients under sedation or general anesthesia may be difficult due to particularities of the perioperative context. According to the published literature, the presentation of the reaction is similar in most cases and a heightened clinical sense is key to address the situation appropriately. Finding the agent responsible for the allergic reaction is of paramount importance to prevent future episodes.

Resumo Introdução: A anafilaxia pode ocorrer durante o período perioperatório devido à exposição a diversos agentes capazes de induzir reações de hipersensibilidade. O corante sintético Azul Patente V (APV), também conhecido como Sulfan Blue, é usado na pesquisa de linfonodo sentinela em cirurgia de mama, e é responsável por 0,6% dos eventos anafiláticos relatados. Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 49 anos de idade submetida à tumorectomia de mama esquerda com estadiamento de linfonodo sentinela, em que se empregou o APV e que apresentou reação anafilática. Método: Por meio do PubMed, pesquisamos publicações que documentavam relatos de casos, séries de casos, revisões e revisões sistemáticas desde 2005, usando as palavras-chave "anaphylaxis" e "patent blue". Em seguida, incluímos artigos encontrados na lista de referências dessas publicações. Resultados: Encontramos 12 publicações relevantes sobre o tópico. Os principais achados estão resumidos, com informações do quadro clínico, tratamento e protocolo de investigação. A hipotensão foi a manifestação clínica mais frequente. De forma geral, o quadro clínico tem início tardio quando comparado à anafilaxia por outros agentes e, ocasionalmente, as manifestações cutâneas estão ausentes. Os pacientes podem ter tido exposição prévia ao APV, que também é usado como corante de alimentos, roupas e medicamentos. Conclusão: O diagnóstico de anafilaxia em pacientes sob sedação ou anestesia geral pode ser difícil devido às peculiaridades do contexto perioperatório. Segundo a literatura publicada, a apresentação da reação é semelhante na maioria dos casos e um discernimento clínico aguçado é fundamental para enfrentar o evento adequadamente. Encontrar o agente responsável pela reação alérgica é essencial para a prevenção de futuros episódios.

Humans , Female , Rosaniline Dyes/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Coloring Agents/adverse effects , Anaphylaxis/chemically induced , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Hypotension/etiology , Anaphylaxis/complications , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Middle Aged
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 36-42, sept. 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253018


BACKGROUND: For more than a decade, water-soluble, eco-friendly, biocompatible, and low-toxicity fluorescent nanomaterials have received considerable attention for their numerous in vivo and in vitro applications in biomedical imaging, disease diagnostics, and environmental monitoring. Owing to their tunable photoluminescence properties, carbon-based luminescent nanomaterials have shown great potential in bioimaging, photocatalysis, and biosensing among other applications. RESULTS: Marine environments provide excellent resources for the fabrication of these nanomaterials, because many marine organisms contain interesting trigger organic compounds that can be used as precursors. Herein, we synthesize multi-color emissive carbon dots (CDs) with an intrinsic photoluminescence quantum yield of 20.46%. These nanostructures were achieved through the one-step hydrothermal treatment of marine polysaccharide chondroitin sulfate, obtained from shark cartilage, in aqueous solution. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully demonstrate the low toxicity of our marine resource-derived CDs in zebrafish, and provide an initial assessment of their possible use as a bioimaging agent. Notably, the newly synthesized CDs localize in the intestines of zebrafish larvae, thereby indicating their biocompatibility and potential use as in vivo dyes.

Animals , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Sharks , Carbon/chemistry , Quantum Dots/chemistry , Zebrafish , Carbon/toxicity , Cartilage , Quantum Dots/toxicity , Luminescence , Nanostructures , Coloring Agents/toxicity , Coloring Agents/chemistry
Braz. j. biol ; 80(3): 615-620, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132401


Abstract Synthetic dyes, particularly reactive and acid dyes, are commonly used in the textile industry because of their advantages as excellent color fastness and brightness. Also, surfactants are used for an increment of coloring success in the textile industry. One of the major problems concerning textile wastewater is the treatment of the effluents containing both dyes and surfactants. Biological treatment systems are recommended as useful, economic and eco-friendly methods for treatment of industrial wastewater. The purpose of this study was to investigate the binary removal of a textile dye and a surfactant by growing Aspergillus versicolor culture in molasses medium. The effect of dye and surfactant concentration on the removal of dye and surfactant was determined. This study resulted that 100% of the surfactant and dye molecules removed together with the formation of a dye-surfactant complex by fungus. It is concluded that binary removal systems are very efficient for industrial wastewater treatment.

Resumo Os corantes sintéticos, particularmente corantes reativos e ácidos, são comumente usados ​​na indústria têxtil devido às suas vantagens como excelente solidez da cor e brilho. Além disso, os surfactantes são usados ​​para incrementar o sucesso da coloração na indústria têxtil. Um dos principais problemas relativos às águas residuais têxteis são o tratamento dos efluentes contendo corantes e surfactantes. Os sistemas de tratamento biológico são recomendados como métodos úteis, econômicos e ecológicos para o tratamento de efluentes industriais. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a remoção binária de um corante têxtil e um surfactante, cultivando a cultura Aspergillus versicolor em meio de melaço. O efeito das concentrações de corante e surfactante nas remoções de corante e surfactante foi determinado. Este estudo resultou na remoção de 100% das moléculas de surfactante e corante juntamente com a formação de um complexo corante-surfactante por fungos. Conclui-se que os sistemas de remoção binária são muito eficientes no tratamento de efluentes industriais.

Water Pollutants, Chemical , Waste Water , Surface-Active Agents , Textile Industry , Waste Disposal, Fluid , Color , Coloring Agents , Industrial Waste
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(4): 461-466, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149035


Resumen Los residuos de ácido siálico de las glicoproteínas de superficie son los principales responsables de la carga negativa eritrocitaria. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar alteraciones de carga globular producidas por Trichinella spiralis y Trichinella patagoniensis. Se trabajó con concentrados de larvas musculares de ambas especies y con eritrocitos frescos. Se incubó el sedimento globular con igual volumen de concentrado larval (1 y 2 horas). Los controles fueron incubados con solución salina. Se aplicó el método de Azul Alcian y se determinó el coeficiente experimental de carga aniónica eritrocitaria (CexpCAE). Los resultados mostraron que la carga disminuyó con el aumento del tiempo de tratamiento para ambas especies. Los valores de CexpCAE de las suspensiones incubadas con T. spiralis fueron menores que con T. patagoniensis, indicando que T. spiralis produjo mayor disminución de carga que T. patagoniensis. Se concluye que la desialización producida por ambas especies no es la misma, lo que sugiere que la relación hospedador-parásito que se establecería in vivo sería distinta.

Abstract The sialic acid residues of the surface glycoproteins are mainly responsible for the erythrocyte negative charge. The objective of this work was to study alterations of globular charge produced by Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella patagoniensis. Work was carried out on muscle larvae concentrates of both species and fresh erythrocytes. The treatment was performed by incubating the globular pellet with equal volume of larval concentrate (1 and 2 hours). Controls were incubated with saline solution. The Alcian Blue method was applied and the experimental coefficient of erythrocyte anion charge (expCEAC) was determined. The results showed that the globular charge decreased with increasing treatment time for both species. The expCEAC values of the suspensions incubated with T. spiralis were lower than with T. patagoniensis, indicating that T. spiralis produced a greater decrease in charge than T. patagoniensis. It is concluded that the desialization produced by both species is not the same, suggesting that the host-parasite relationship that would be established in vivo would be different.

Resumo Os resíduos de ácido siálico das glicoproteínas de superfície são os principais responsáveis pela carga negativa dos eritrócitos. O objetivo desse trabalho foi estudar as alterações da carga globular produzidas por Trichinella spiralis e Trichinella patagoniensis. Trabalhamos com concentrados de larvas musculares de ambas as espécies e com eritrócitos frescos. O tratamento foi realizado incubando o sedimento globular com igual volume de concentrado larval (1 e 2 horas), Os controles foram incubados com solução salina. Foi aplicado o método de Azul de Alcian e se determinou o coeficiente experimental de carga aniônica de eritrócitos (CexpCAE). Os resultados mostraram que a carga diminuiu com o aumento do tempo de tratamento para ambas as espécies. Os valores de CexpCAE das suspensões incubadas com T. spiralis foram menores que com T. patagoniensis, indicando que T. spiralis produziu uma diminuição maior na carga que T. patagoniensis. Conclui-se que a dessalinização produzida por ambas as espécies não é a mesma, sugerindo que a relação hospedeiro parasita que seria estabelecida in vivo é diferente.

Animals , Trichinella/physiology , Alcian Blue , Coloring Agents , Erythrocytes/parasitology , Larva/physiology , Spectrophotometry , Trichinella spiralis/physiology , Erythrocytes/chemistry , Host-Parasite Interactions
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 46: 22-29, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223226


BACKGROUND: Removal of dyes from wastewater by microorganisms through adsorption, degradation, or accumulation has been investigated. Biological methods used for dye treatment are generally always effective and environmentally friendly. In this study, biosorption of the Fast Black K salt azo dye by the bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris 51ATA was studied spectrophotometrically, at various pH (2­10), temperatures (25°C, 35°C, and 45°C) and dye concentrations (25­400 mg L-1). RESULTS: The bacterial strain showed extremely good dye-removing potential at various dye concentrations. IR studies at different temperatures showed that the dye was adsorbed on the bacterial surface at lower temperatures. Characteristics of the adsorption process were investigated by Scatchard analysis at 25°C and 35°C. Scatchard analysis of the equilibrium binding data for the dye on this bacterium gave rise to linear plots, indicating that the Langmuir model could be applied. The regression coefficients obtained for the dye from the Freundlich and Langmuir models were significant and divergence from the Scatchard plot was observed. CONCLUSION: The adsorption behavior of the dye on this bacterium was expressed by the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms. The adsorption data with respect to various temperatures provided an excellent fit to the Freundlich isotherm. However, when the Langmuir and Temkin isotherm models were applied to these data, a good fit was only obtained for the dye at lower temperatures, thus indicating that the biosorption ability of R. palustris 51ATA is dependent on temperature, pH, and dye concentration.

Rhodopseudomonas/metabolism , Diazonium Compounds/metabolism , Coloring Agents/metabolism , Temperature , Azo Compounds/analysis , Azo Compounds/metabolism , Contaminant Removal , Adsorption , Coloring Agents/analysis , Waste Water , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(2): 138-140, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137948


Abstract The purpose is to report the management of multiple retinal epithelial detachments (PEDs) in a 50-year-old male with bilateral PEDs not associated with chorioretinal or systemic pathologies after a complete study. Idiopathic multiple PEDs could be a variation of central serous chorioretinopathy, but other causes as well as other pathological conditions which could produce similar images, are required to be ruled out.

Resumo O objetivo é relatar o manejo de múltiplos descolamentos epiteliais da retina (DEPs) em um homem de 50 anos de idade com DEPs bilaterais não associado a patologias coriorretinianas ou sistêmicas após um estudo completo. PEDs idiopáticos múltiplos podem ser uma variação da coriorretinopatia serosa central, mas precisam excluir outras causas, bem como outras condições patológicas que podem produzir imagens semelhantes.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retinal Detachment/diagnostic imaging , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Coloring Agents , Central Serous Chorioretinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Indocyanine Green
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 78-81, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088729


Abstract The number of individuals with tattoos has been increasing worldwide, alongside with reports of complications varying from reactions to the injected pigments to infections caused by agents inoculated in the pigmentation process. The diagnosis of such unwanted events can be obtained through complementary non-invasive methods, preserving the maximum of the tattoo design. The authors present two cases of patients with warts on tattooing, and correlate their clinical aspects to in vivo and ex vivo dermoscopy, and to the findings in the histopathological examination, aiming to determine patterns that aid the diagnosis of these lesions without performing biopsy.

Humans , Male , Adult , Tattooing/adverse effects , Warts/pathology , Warts/diagnostic imaging , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Warts/virology , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Dermoscopy/methods , Coloring Agents/adverse effects , Epidermis/pathology , Epidermis/virology
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 1-7, Jan. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087520


Background: Textile industry not only plays a vital role in our daily life but also a prominent factor in improving global economy. One of the environmental concern is it releases huge quantities of toxic dyes in the water leading to severe environmental pollution. Bacterial laccase and azoreductase successfully oxidize complex chemical structure of nitrogen group-containing azo dyes. Additionally, the presence of textile dye infuriates bacterial peroxidase to act as a dye degrading enzyme. Our present study deals with three textile dye degrading enzymes laccase, azoreductase, and peroxidase through analyzing their structural and functional properties using standard computational tools. Result: According to the comparative analysis of physicochemical characteristics, it was clear that laccase was mostly made up of basic amino acids whereas azoreductase and peroxidase both comprised of acidic amino acids. Higher aliphatic index ascertained the thermostability of all these three enzymes. Negative GRAVY value of the enzymes confirmed better water interaction of the enzymes. Instability index depicted that compared to laccase and preoxidase, azoreductase was more stable in nature. It was also observed that the three model proteins had more than 90% of total amino acids in the favored region of Ramachandran plot. Functional analysis revealed laccase as multicopper oxidase type enzyme and azoreductase as FMN dependent enzyme, while peroxidase consisted of α-ß barrel with additional haem group. Conclusion: Present study aims to provide knowledge on industrial dye degrading enzymes, choosing the suitable enzyme for industrial set up and to help in understanding the experimental laboratory requirements as well.

Azo Compounds/metabolism , Peroxidase/chemistry , Laccase/chemistry , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/chemistry , Temperature , Azo Compounds/chemistry , Textile Industry , Biodegradation, Environmental , Computer Simulation , Enzyme Stability , Peroxidase/metabolism , Lactase/metabolism , Coloring Agents/metabolism , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/metabolism
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180573, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132185


Abstract This work reports the study of the potential application of Zn/TiO2 catalysts, obtained by the sol-gel method, in processes of environmental decontamination through the reactions of photodegradation of textile dye, followed by electrospray mass spectrometry. The catalysts synthesis was performed according to a 2² factorial design with repetition at the central point. The characterization techniques used were: N2 adsorption measurements (BET method), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (MEV/EDS), X-ray diffraction and point of zero charge (PZC). The photocatalytic tests were performed in batch in the presence of sunlight, and to evaluate the degradation kinetics study, a rapid direct injection electrospray mass spectrometry (DI-ESI-MS) method has been developed. By the photocatalytic tests, the calcination temperature of 400 °C has shown the best results of discoloration for the reactive Orange-122 dye (99.76%) in a reaction time of 2h. The discoloration kinetics were a pseudo-first order, and a statistical analysis was performed to investigate the effects of the variables and to optimize the conditions of discoloration to the dye. After the reactional time of 2 h, an ion of m/z 441.5 was detected by ESI-MS, indicating that the photocatalytic process was effective for the degradation of the dye to secondary compounds.

Azo Compounds/toxicity , Biodegradation, Environmental , Decontamination/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Environmental Restoration and Remediation/methods , Waste Water , Photochemistry , Textiles/toxicity , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Catalysis , Catalytic Domain , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Coloring Agents , Photobioreactors , Models, Theoretical
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200073, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1156803


Introduction: Blue covarine is a pigment that promotes optical changes in dental surfaces, providing whitening. Objective: To evaluate in vitro the effect of bleaching dentifrices containing Blue covarine in nanoparticulate composite resin subjected to artificial darkening. Material and method: One hundred sixty (160) specimens (PBs) of FILTEK Z350XT nanoparticulate composite resin were randomly divided into two experiments: Experiment I - 8 groups (n=10) submitted to brushing with an electric toothbrush for 1 month; Experiment II - 8 groups (n=10) submitted to simulated brushing for 6, 12 and 24 months. Groups were distributed according to the solution/dentifrice tested: CG (distilled water) and 7 test groups (GT1- Coltene Herjos, GT2- Colgate Total 12 Clean Mint, GT3- Colgate Luminous White Brilliant Mint, GT4- Oral B 3D White Perfection, GT5- Close Up White Now Glacier Fresh, GT6- Close Up White Attraction Diamond and GT7- Sorriso Xtreme White Evolution). Result In Experiment I, there was greater ∆E in GT6 in relation to CG, GT2, GT4 and GT5, with no differences among them. In Experiment II, after 24 months of brushing, there was greater ∆E in groups GT6 and GT7. After 24 months of simulated brushing, there was no change in roughness or loss of mass in any group. Conclusion: The whitening effect promoted by dentifrices containing the agent Blue covarine seems to be related to the association of this agent with the abrasives present in the formulations of whitening dentifrices.

Introdução: O Blue covarine é um pigmento que promove alterações ópticas nas superfícies dentárias proporcionando o seu branqueamento. Objetivo: Avaliar in vitro o efeito de dentifrícios branqueadores contendo Blue covarine em resina composta nanoparticulada submetida a escurecimento artificial. Material e método: 160 corpos de prova (CPs) de resina composta nanoparticulada FILTEK Z350XT foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois experimentos: Experimento I- 8 grupos (n=10) submetidos a escovação com escova elétrica por 1 mês; Experimento II- 8 grupos (n=10) submetidos a escovação simulada por 6, 12 e 24 meses. Os grupos foram distribuídos de acordo com a solução/dentifrício testado: GC (água destilada) e 7 grupos teste (GT1-Coltene Herjos, GT2- Colgate Total 12 Clean Mint, GT3- Colgate Luminous White Brilliant Mint, GT4- Oral B 3D White Perfection, GT5- Close Up White Now Glacier Fresh, GT6- Close Up White Attraction Diamond e GT7- Sorriso Xtreme White Evolution). Resultado: No experimento I, houve maior ∆E no GT6 com relação ao GC, GT2, GT4 e GT5, que não diferiram entre si. No experimento II, após 24 meses de escovação houve maior ∆E nos grupos GT6 e GT7. Após 24 meses de escovação simulada não houve alteração da rugosidade nem perda de massa em nenhum grupo. Conclusão: O efeito branqueador promovido pelos dentifrícios contendo o agente Blue covarine parece estar relacionado à associação deste agente com os abrasivos presentes nas formulações dos dentifrícios branqueadores.

Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Bleaching , In Vitro Techniques , Pigmentation , Composite Resins , Coloring Agents , Toothbrushing , Dentifrices
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200045, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139419


Introduction: Considering the increased search for esthetic procedures, questions emerge about the maintenance and regression of color, especially regarding the need to restrict dark foods during bleaching procedures or their influence on the stability and effectiveness of the treatment. Objective: To assess the influence of staining agents on tooth enamel during immediate bleaching treatment with 35% hydrogen peroxide. Material and method: Sixty bovine teeth were divided into six groups (G) (n=10): G1: distilled water (control); G2: coffee; G3: cola soft drink; G4: wine; G5: mate tea; and G6: industrialized açaí. The samples were subjected to immediate bleaching using 35% hydrogen peroxide for 21 days (three applications of 15 minutes per session, every seven days) and pigment immersion between each session for 15 minutes. The color was assessed before starting bleaching and after 21 days, using a spectrophotometer. The data obtained were subjected to one-way ANOVA and heteroscedasticity analysis by the Welch and Brown-Forsythe tests. The Tamhane test was used for group comparison. Result: The color change was visible to the naked eye, considering the mean ΔE in all groups tested was higher than 3.7. However, there was no statistical difference between the control group and the groups assessed. Conclusion: The contact of staining agents on bovine tooth enamel did not affect the final result of the immediate tooth bleaching.

Introdução: Com o aumento da procura por procedimentos estéticos, dúvidas surgem quanto à manutenção e regressão de cor, especialmente, no que tange a necessidade de restrição quanto à alimentos escuros durante o procedimento clareador ou a sua influência quanto à estabilidade e eficácia do tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência de agentes pigmentantes sobre o esmalte dental durante o tratamento clareador imediato com peróxido de hidrogênio a 35%. Material e método: 60 dentes bovinos foram divididos em 6 grupos (G) (n=10): G1: água destilada (controle), G2: café, G3: refrigerante à base de cola, G4: vinho, G5: chá-mate, e G6: açaí industrializado. As amostras foram submetidas ao clareamento imediato utilizando peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% durante 21 dias (3 aplicações de 15 minutos por sessão a cada 7 dias) e submetidas à imersão dos pigmentos entre cada sessão durante 15 minutos. A avaliação da cor foi realizada antes do inicio do clareamento e após 21 dias, mediante o uso do espectrofotômetro. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos ao ANOVA one-way e análise de heterocedasticidade pelos testes de Welch e Brown-Forsythe. O teste de Tamhane foi utilizado para a comparação entre os grupos. Resultado: Houve alteração de cor visível ao olho nu, uma vez que a média de ΔE em todos os grupos testados foi maior que 3,7. Contudo, não houve diferença estatística entre o grupo controle em relação aos grupos avaliados. Conclusão: O contato de agentes pigmentantes no esmalte dental bovino não influenciou o resultado final do clareamento dental imediato.

Cattle , Tooth Bleaching , Pigmentation , Cattle , Spectrophotometers , Dental Enamel , Coloring Agents , Hydrogen Peroxide , Analysis of Variance , Color
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200024, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139416


Introduction: Obtaining the result expected during tooth bleaching requires a correct diagnosis of the type of staining presented. The causes of tooth staining differ depending on the etiological factor. Objective: To assess the color change caused by the immersion of bovine teeth in coffee solution during at-home tooth bleaching using a 16% carbamide peroxide gel. Material and method: Thirty-three sound bovine teeth were assigned to three groups of eleven teeth each: 1 - Teeth bleached (TB) four hours per day for 21 days; 2 - TB four hours per day for 21 days and immersed in coffee solution immediately after tooth bleaching; 3 - TB four hours per day for 21 days and immersed in coffee solution four hours after the end of tooth bleaching. Immersed in coffee was performed for 15 minutes and tooth color was assessed before the start of the bleaching procedure and after 21 days with an intraoral spectrophotometer. Test Shapiro-Wilk was used to assess homoscedasticity and data were submitted to one-factor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test (p <0.05). Result: The color change observed in group 1 (5.76 ± 2.74)A was not statistically different from group 2 (8.83 ±5.11)A, which was immersed in coffee solution immediately after tooth bleaching, and from group 3, which was immersed in coffee solution four hours after tooth bleaching (8.20 ±3.71)A. Conclusion: Coffee did not interfere with the tooth bleaching results, regardless of the time after the procedure. Hence, diet restrictions are not necessary during tooth bleaching.

Introdução: A obtenção do resultado esperado durante o clareamento dental exige um diagnóstico correto do tipo de coloração apresentado. As causas da coloração dos dentes diferem dependendo do fator etiológico. Objetivo: Avaliar a mudança de cor causada pela imersão dos dentes bovinos na solução de café durante o clareamento dentário caseiro, utilizando gel de peróxido de carbamida a 16%. Material e método: Trinta e três dentes bovinos hígidos foram distribuídos em três grupos de onze dentes cada: 1 - Dentes clareados quatro horas por dia durante 21 dias; 2 - Dentes clareados quatro horas por dia durante 21 dias e imerso em solução de café imediatamente após o clareamento dentário; 3 - Dentes clareados quatro horas por dia durante 21 dias e imerso em solução de café quatro horas após o término do clareamento dentário. Imersão em café foi realizada durante 15 minutos e a cor dos dentes foi avaliada antes do início do procedimento do clareamento e após 21 dias com um espectrofotômetro intraoral. O teste Shapiro-Wilk foi utilizado para avaliar a homocedasticidade e os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância de um fator (ANOVA) e ao teste de Tukey (p <0,05). Resultado: A mudança de cor observada no grupo 1 (5,76 ± 2,74)A não foi estatisticamente diferente do grupo 2 (8,83 ± 5,11)A, imerso em solução de café imediatamente após o clareamento dentário, e do grupo 3, imerso em café quatro horas após o clareamento dental (8,20 ± 3,71). Conclusão: O café não interferiu nos resultados do clareamento dental, independentemente do tempo após o procedimento. Portanto, restrições alimentares não são necessárias durante o clareamento dental.

Cattle , Tooth Bleaching , Cattle , Coffee , Dental Enamel , Coloring Agents , Carbamide Peroxide , Analysis of Variance , Color