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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224265, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354719


Aim: This study assessed the color and translucency stability of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) and compared it with a resin composite (RC) and a feldspathic ceramic (FEL). Methods: Disc-shaped samples of a PICN (Vita Enamic), a feldspathic ceramic (Vitablocks Mark II), and a resin composite (Brava block) were prepared from CAD/CAM blocks. PICN and RC surfaces were finished with a sequence of polishing discs and diamond paste. FEL samples received a glaze layer. The samples were subjected to 30-min immersions in red wine twice a day for 30 days. CIEL*a*b* coordinates were assessed with a spectrophotometer at baseline and after 15 and 30 days of immersion. Color alteration (ΔE00) and translucency parameter (TP00) were calculated with CIEDE2000. Average roughness was measured before the staining procedures. Color difference and translucency data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests. Roughness was analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Roughness was similar among the experimental groups. All materials had their color alteration significantly increased from 15 to 30 days of staining. PICN reached an intermediate ΔE00 between FEL and RC at 15 days. PICN revealed a color alteration as high as the composite after 30 days. No statistical difference was observed regarding translucency. Conclusion: PICN was not as color stable as the feldspathic ceramic at the end of the study. Its color alteration was comparable to the resin composite when exposed to red wine. However, the translucency of the tested materials was stable throughout the 30-day staining

Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Color , Composite Resins
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225042, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354728


Aim: Although bulk fill composites have been widely used as restorative material, there is no consensus regarding the best clinical protocol in terms of composite technique and adhesive system. Therefore, this clinical trial evaluated the clinical performance of bulk fill composites for class I restorations under different protocols. Methods: A randomized clinical trial including 155 class I restorations was conducted using different adhesive systems: conventional technique (phosphoric acid + conventional three-step adhesive system) (Group 1, 2 and 3); or self-etching adhesive system (Groups 4, 5 and 6). Control groups 1 and 4 were restored with conventional composite; groups 2 and 5 with low viscosity bulk fill and conventional composite as occlusal coverage; groups 3 and 6 with high viscosity bulk fill. The FDI criteria was used for clinical evaluation at baseline and after 6 months. Results: All groups showed good clinical performance. At baseline, the adhesive system did not affect postoperative hypersensitivity. After 6 months, group 5 showed a significant reduction in color and translucency; group 6 a reduction in terms of anatomical form and for postoperative sensitivity and an improvement in patient satisfaction (p<0.05). Considering the same restorative technique, the use of the self-etching adhesive system showed a significant decrease in color and translucency (p<0.05). Conclusion: All groups showed favorable clinical performance, and promising results were found for the conventional adhesive system and high viscosity bulk fill protocol

Phosphoric Acids , Adhesives , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Clinical Studies as Topic
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225991, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354992


Aim: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the performance of resin composite restorations placed by undergraduate dental students with 1 to 15 years of placement based on dental records. Methods: Four calibrated operators evaluated 498 restorations (anterior and posterior) of 120 patients according to Ryge's validated criteria (USPHS). Results: The criteria that showed the smallest changes between the types of failures were color matching, marginal discoloration and surface texture. Regarding the longevity, the surface texture showed an increase in the frequency of failures from the second time interval (3.1 to 6 years). Higher prevalence of failure was found in class II and III restorations, with secondary caries being the main reason. No significant differences were found for anatomic form, marginal adaptation, and color matching. Class V restorations showed a higher fracture rate with total displacement of the restoration, with no increase in the frequency of fracture over time. Conclusion: High rate of restoration failure was observed, possibly due to the lack of experience and skills of the students. This outcome highlight the need for continuous revision and improvements of teaching practice regarding the development of clinical competences and skills by dental students

Humans , Male , Female , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226262, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354997


Aim: To evaluate the impact of a dual-cured adhesive system on the in situ degree of conversion (DC), bond strength (BS) and failure mode (FM) of adhesive interfaces in dentin cavities restored with a bulk-fill resin composite. Methods: 4-mm-deep dentin cavities with a 3.1 C-factor were created in 68 bovine incisors (n = 17 per group). The lightcured (Scotchbond™ Universal) or the dual-cured (Adper™ Scotchbond™ Multi-purpose Plus) adhesive system was applied to the cavities, which were then restored with a bulkfill resin composite (Filtek™ Bulk Fill). In situ DC analysis was performed by means of micro Raman spectroscopy at the top and bottom interfaces. Push-out BS was measured in a universal testing machine after 24-h or 6-month water storage. FM was determined with a stereomicroscope. Data of in situ DC and BS were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (p<0.05), while the FM was analyzed descriptively. Results: The groups that received the dual-cured adhesive system showed statistically higher in situ DC and BS than those that received the light-cured adhesive system. Cohesive failure mode was the most frequent in all conditions. Conclusion: In situ DC and BS were influenced by the curing strategies of the adhesive systems with better performance of the dual-cured material

Aging , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Physical Phenomena , Polymerization
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225334, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384158


Aim This study aimed to analyze the influence of finishing and polishing (F/P) protocols on resin surface through roughness (Ra) values and laser scan microscopy observations. Methods Forty-eight (n=48) resin specimens were sorted into four groups (n=12), according to the type of resin used: Filtek Z250 (Z250), Filtek Z350 (Z350), Filtek One Bulk Fill (BF), Filtek P60 (P60). The specimens were sorted into six groups according to the type of F/P system used (n=2/group): Control group, Diamond bur (KG Sorensen), Soflex Pop-On Discs (3M ESPE), Soflex Spiral (3M ESPE), Dura Gloss (American Burs), and Praxis (TDV). Results The highest roughness values (Ra) were attributed to BF group for all F/P systems, except for the Soft-Lex PopOn discs. The Soft-Lex PopOn, Spiral, and Praxis discs presented a better performance for the surface treatment of the tested composite resins. Regardless of the restorative material, the use of diamond bur or single-step abrasive rubber (Dura Gloss) were associated with the highest Ra values. Conclusion The effect of F/P systems on Ra is material-dependent and instrument or system-dependent.

Microscopy, Confocal , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Dental Polishing
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225454, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366512


Aim: Evaluating the resin-dentin bond strength of Class II conventional and bulk-fill composite restorations, using different cavity sizes before and after aging. Methods: Seventy-five human molars were distributed into groups according to the buccolingual width of the cavities, conservative (n=25) and extended (n=50). They were divided according to the restorative material: conventional (Z100/control group) or bulk-fill resin composites (Filtek Bulk Fill/FBF; Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill/TNCBF; Filtek Bulk Fill Flow/FBFF; Surefill SDR flow/SDR). The restored teeth were sectioned on sticks (n=50 per restorative materials + width cavities group), half were stored in Water/Ethanol 75% for 30 days and the other half were submitted to the immediate microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test. Data were analyzed applying the Three-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni test, test t, and Weibull analyses (p<0.05). Results: SDR and FBF presented lower µTBSvalues for extended preparation when compared to the conservative preparation, before aging. After aging, only for the FBFF, a decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed. Comparing the µTBSvalues, before and after aging, the SDR demonstrated lower µTBSvalues after aging when the conservative cavity was used. A decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed for the Z100, the FBF and, the FBFF, after aging, when the extended cavity was used. Conclusion: The effect of cavity preparation and aging on the resin-dentin of Class II is material dependent. Most of the bulk-fill resin composites evaluated presented a similar performance to the conventional resin composites for all the conditions of this study

Humans , Tensile Strength , Aging , Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Cavity Preparation
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386603


Abstract The aim of this in vitro study is to investigate the effects of acidic beverages on the discoloration of bulk-fill composites with different viscosities. 144 disc-shaped specimens (8mm diameter × 2mm thick) were prepared from four different composite resins including a nanohybrid (Filtek Ultimate), two packable bulk- fill (Filtek Bulk Fill, Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill), and a flowable bulk-fill composite (Tetric N Flow Bulk Fill). The specimens of each group were divided into 3 subgroups and submerged in distilled water, orange juice and coke (n=12). Color difference (ΔE) were measured using CIELab color space and a compact spectrophotometer (VITA Easyshade) at baseline and after 30 days of immersion. Data were analyzed using two- way ANOVA and Tukeys HSD post-hoc tests (P2.7) was observed for all bulk-fill composites tested. It can be speculated that orange juice has a more negative effect on the color stability compared to coke. Additionally, flowable bulk-fill composite was more prone to discoloration than condensable bulk-fill composites.

Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar los efectos de las bebidas ácidas en la decoloración de resinas compuestas tipo Bulk con diferentes viscosidades. Se prepararon 144 muestras en forma de disco (8mm de diámetro x 2mm de grosor) a partir de cuatro resinas compuestas diferentes que incluyen un nanohíbrido (Filtek Ultimate), dos de pasta condensables tipo Bulk (Filtek Bulk Fill, Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill) y una fluida (Tetric N Flow Bulk Fill). Las muestras de cada grupo se dividieron en 3 subgrupos y se sumergieron en agua destilada, jugo de naranja y Coca-Cola (n=12). La diferencia de color (ΔE) se midió utilizando el CIELab y un espectrofotómetro compacto (VITA Easyshade) al inicio y después de 30 días de inmersión. Los datos se analizaron mediante ANOVA bidireccional y pruebas post-hoc HSD de Tukey (P2,7) para todos los materiales resinosos. Se puede especular que el jugo de naranja tiene un efecto más negativo sobre la estabilidad del color en comparación con la Coca-Cola. Además, la resina fluida fue más propensa a la decoloración que las resinas condensables.

Tooth Discoloration , Composite Resins , Food Coloring Agents
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 35-42, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362023


Introdução: As cerâmicas odontológicas são amplamente utilizadas na Odontologia, desfrutando de grande popularidade devido a sua capacidade de mimetizar as características ópticas do esmalte e da dentina. O constante desenvolvimento de pesquisas tem desencadeado o lançamento de novos sistemas cerâmicos com propriedades aprimoradas e melhores resultados clínicos em longo prazo. Objetivo: O relato de caso aqui apresentado descreve uma reabilitação da zona estética do sorriso com laminados cerâmicos por meio de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva. Relato de caso: Paciente do gênero feminino, compareceu à clínica odontológica relatando insatisfação com a aparência do seu sorriso. Durante avaliação foram observadas, na região anterossuperior, restaurações extensas em resina composta deficientes nos incisivos, com proporção, volume, forma e texturização insatisfatórias, que em conjunto comprometia a zona estética do sorriso. Diante disso, após fotografias extra e intraorais, o tratamento proposto foi a reabilitação com laminados cerâmicos nas unidades 1.2 ao 2.2. Assim, foi realizado o enceramento e o mock-up, os quais serviram de orientação para os preparos dentários, a seguir, foram moldados e as restaurações confeccionadas no sistema IPS e.max. Após prova de cor e adaptação, os preparos e a superfície interna dos laminados cerâmicos foram tratados e cimentados com cimento resino fotopolimerizável. Conclusão: Instituindo uma abordagem conservadora, o plano de tratamento realizado através da reabilitação com laminados cerâmicos nas unidades dentárias anterossuperiores, permitiu o restabelecimento da função e estética, com reprodução das características dos dentes naturais e promoção do equilíbrio, da jovialidade e da harmonia no sorriso(AU)

Introduction: Dental ceramics are widely used in dentistry, enjoying great popularity due to the ability to mimic both enamel and dentin optical characteristics. The constant research development has triggered the launch of new ceramic systems with improved properties and better long-term clinical results. Objective: The case report presented here describes the zone rehabilitation of the aesthetic smile with ceramic laminates through a minimally invasive approach. Case report: Female patient, attended the dental clinic reporting dissatisfaction with the appearance of her smile. During the evaluation, extensive restorations in composite resin were observed in the incisors in the anterosuperior region, with unsatisfactory proportion, amount, shape and texturing, which together compromised the aesthetic zone of the smile. Faced with this, after extra and intraoral photographs, the proposed treatment was the restoration with the ceramic laminates in units 1.2 to 2.2. Thus, waxing and mock-up were performed, which served as guidance for the dental preparations, then they were molded and restorations fabricated in the IPS e.max system. After shade and adaptation proof, the preparations and the inner ceramic laminates surface were treated and cemented with light-cured resin cement. Conclusion: Adopting a conservative approach, the treatment plan carried out through restoration with ceramic laminates on the upper anterior teeth allowed the recovering function and aesthetics, reproducing characteristics of natural teeth and promoting balance, joviality and harmony in the smile(AU)

Humans , Female , Ceramics , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Smiling , Composite Resins , Incisor
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 98 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379709


O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o desempenho de quatro resinas bulk fill (Filtek Bulk Fill (FBF), Opus Bulk Fill (OBF), Sonicfill (SF) e Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (TNBF)) e uma resina convencional (Charisma Diamond (CD)) quanto às seguintes propriedades: resistência à flexão (RF), módulo de elasticidade (ME) e dureza Knoop (KHN) em função da profundidade e após a realização de um envelhecimento acelerado. Corpos de prova em formato de barra foram confeccionados simultaneamente em diferentes profundidades (1, 2, 3, 4 e 5 mm) para realização dos testes de resistência à flexão (n=10), módulo de elasticidade (n=10) e dureza Knoop (n=3). Os testes foram realizados em dois momentos, previamente e após a realização de um envelhecimento acelerado, que consistiu na realização de uma termociclagem com banhos alternados em água a 5 e 55ºC, com 1 min de imersão em cada, por 2000 ciclos. Os resultados para o teste de RF e ME mostraram que os valores para estas duas propriedades diminuíram em função da profundidade e após a realização da termociclagem para todas as resinas estudadas. Apenas a resina TNBF não apresentou diferença estatística para valores de ME após o envelhecimento acelerado. Quanto à dureza, os valores também diminuíram em função da profundidade, porém aumentaram após a realização do envelhecimento acelerado. Apenas a resina SF não apresentou diferença estatística entre os valores de dureza antes e após o envelhecimento. A resina convencional CD após a ciclagem térmica foi a única que apresentou relação base/topo (2 mm) acima de 80%. Nenhuma das resinas do tipo bulk fill apresentou uma relação base/topo acima de 80% para a dureza quando avaliadas na espessura máxima recomendada. Com base nos resultados obtidos, pode-se afirmar que, quando fotoativadas na espessura máxima recomendada, apenas a resina convencional CD apresentou resultados condizentes com a homogeneidade esperada em todas as condições deste estudo. Entretanto, para as resinas do tipo bulk fill, pode-se observar que as propriedades estudadas, de modo geral, sofreram uma diminuição significativa em função da profundidade. Para o envelhecimento, a dureza, diferentemente dos outros parâmetros, mostrou uma tendência de aumento.

Aging , Composite Resins , Elastic Modulus , Hardness
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386582


Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preheating three bulk-fill and one conventional composite resin on the Vickers microhardness and depth of cure of these composites. In this study, three bulk-fill composites- SDR Plus (SDR), Estelite BULK FILL Flow (EST), Admira® Fusion x-tra (AFX), and one conventional composite resin G-ænial POSTERIOR (GP) were used as the control group. The samples were obtained at room temperature (24°C) and at 55°C in T2 mode after being placed in a heating device for 10 minutes. The samples were divided into eight groups (n=10) according to the type of material and heating process that was utilized (preheated and nonheated). All samples were tested with a Vickers microhardness (VHN) tester on the bottom and top surfaces. The first measurements were obtained at baseline; the second set of measurements was performed after the samples were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. The depth of cure was calculated using a bottom/top hardness ratio of measurements. Statistical analysis was performed utilizing the SPSS V23 and Shapiro-Wilk tests. Lastly, the Duncan test was used for multiple comparisons (p<0.05). While the VHN increased after the preheating procedure in bulk-fill composites, it decreased in GP. There was no difference between the baseline and the 24-hour VHN values in SDR and GP. After 24 hours, while the VHN of EST increased, the VHN of AFX decreased. There was no difference between the hardness ratios of the AFX and EST samples (p<0.001) and hardness ratios were greater than GP and SDR. When comparing the baseline and the 24- hour values, the VHN depended on the type of materials. Sufficient curing depth was obtained in all groups with a thickness of 2mm.

Resumen El objetivo fue investigar el efecto del precalentamiento de tres resinas Bulk-fill, una resina compuesta convencional sobre la microdureza Vickers y la profundidad de curado de estas resinas. Se utilizaron tres composites Bulk-Fill-SDR Plus (SDR), Estelite BULK FILL Flow (EST), Admira® Fusion x-tra (AFX), y una resina compuesta convencional G-ænial POSTERIOR (GP) como grupo de control. Las muestras se obtuvieron a temperatura ambiente (24°C) y a 55°C en modo T2 después de haber sido colocadas en un dispositivo de calentamiento durante 10 minutos. Se dividieron en ocho grupos (n=10) según el tipo de material y el proceso de calentamiento que se utilizó (precalentado y no calentado). Se probaron con un medidor de microdureza Vickers (VHN) en las superficies inferior y superior. Las primeras mediciones se obtuvieron en la línea de base; la segunda se realizó después de que las muestras se almacenaran en agua destilada a 37°C durante 24 horas. La profundidad de curado se calculó utilizando una relación de dureza inferior/ superior de las mediciones. El análisis estadístico se realizó utilizando el SPSS V23 y las pruebas de Shapiro-Wilk. Por último, se utilizó la prueba de Duncan para las comparaciones múltiples (p<0,05). VHN aumentó tras el procedimiento de precalentamiento en las resina Bulk-Fill, disminuyó en los GP. No hubo diferencias entre los valores de VHN de referencia y de 24 horas en SDR y GP. Después de 24 horas, mientras que el VHN de EST aumentó, el VHN de AFX disminuyó. No hubo diferencias entre los ratios de dureza de las muestras de AFX y EST (p<0,001) y los ratios de dureza fueron mayores que los de GP y SDR. Al comparar los valores de referencia y los de 24 horas, el VHN dependió del tipo de materiales. Se obtuvo una profundidad de curado suficiente en todos los grupos con un grosor de 2mm.

Composite Resins/analysis , Heaters
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386581


Abstract The objective of this in vitro study is to examine the effect of antioxidants on the bonding strength of composite resin to bleached enamel. One hundred twenty non decay teeth were used in this study. Specimens were cut from the enamel cement junction. Then the specimens were randomly assigned into two groups-office bleaching and home bleaching. Bleaching antioxidants were applied to the first 12 subgroups. The specimens in the remaining 12 groups were kept in artificial saliva for 14 days and antioxidants were applied. Composite resin restoration was applied to all specimens. A cutting device was employed to obtain six specimens (0.9mm) from each tooth, and the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) test was performed. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, the paired t-test, and Duncan's post hoc test (p=0.05). In office bleaching specimens, immediate antioxidant application increased the μTBS values (p0.05). Mean μTBS values in the groups to which antioxidants were applied two weeks after home bleaching were higher than those in the groups in which antioxidants were applied immediately. The use of antioxidants after bleaching may increase the MTBS value. The clinician should take this into account especially in immediate restoration applications after bleaching.

Resumen El objetivo de este estudio in vitro fue examinar el efecto de los antioxidantes sobre la resistência adhesiva de la resina compuesta al esmalte blanqueado. En este estudio se utilizaron ciento veinte dientes sin caries. Se cortaron especímenes a nivel de la unión esmalte-cemento. A continuación, los especímenes se asignaron aleatoriamente a dos grupos: blanqueamiento en el consultorio y blanqueamiento en casa. Se aplicaron antioxidantes de blanqueamiento a los primeros 12 subgrupos. Los especímenes de los 12 grupos restantes se mantuvieron en saliva artificial durante 14 días y se aplicaron antioxidantes. Se aplicó una resina compuesta a todos los especímenes empleando un dispositivo de corte para obtener seis especímenes (0,9mm) de cada diente, y se realizó la prueba de resistencia a la adhesión por microtensión (μTBS). Los datos se analizaron mediante un ANOVA de una vía, la prueba t pareada y la prueba post hoc de Duncan (p=0,05). En las muestras de blanqueamiento de oficina, la aplicación inmediata de antioxidantes aumentó los valores de μTBS (p0,05). Los valores medios de μTBS en los grupos a los que se aplicaron antioxidantes dos semanas después del blanqueo en casa fueron mayores que los de los grupos en los que se aplicaron antioxidantes inmediatamente. El uso de antioxidantes después del blanqueamiento puede aumentar el valor de μTBS. El clínico debe tenerlo en cuenta, especialmente en las aplicaciones de restauración inmediatas tras el blanqueamiento.

Tooth Bleaching , Composite Resins/analysis , Antioxidants
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 45-50, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361713


O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever em detalhes a técnica de transfixação de pino de fibra de vidro no sentido horizontal e restauração de resina composta em um dente molar tratado endodonticamete. Paciente, sexo feminino, 51 anos de idade, buscou o Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG ­ Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) com a necessidade de realizar tratamento endodôntico do elemento molar número 26. Após a avaliação inicial, foi realizada a endodontia. O elemento havia pouca sustentação das paredes vestibular e palatina, então foi proposto a colocação de pino intrarradicular seguido de coroa, entretanto, por questões financeiras a paciente não aceitou. Logo, foi proposto a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado a uma restauração de resina composta de forma direta. O procedimento foi realizado em sessão única e foi utilizado um pino de fibra de vidro número 1 disposto transversalmente entre as paredes mesiopalatina e distovestibular. A restauração foi realizada com resina composta Filtek Z350, devolvendo estética e função ao elemento dentário. Pode-se concluir que a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado à resina composta é uma alternativa restauradora que possibilita maior resistência aos dentes tratados endodonticamente, apresenta resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios, além de possibilitar uma maior sobrevida aos mesmos(AU)

The purpose of this case report was to describe in detail the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post into an endodontically treated tooth. Female patient, 51 years old, sought the University Center of Serra Gaúcha (FSG - Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) with the need to perform the endodontic treatment of molar element number 26. After the initial evaluation, endodontics was performed. The element had little support for the buccal and palatal walls, so an intraradicular postplacement followed by a crown was proposed, for financial reasons the patient did not accept it. Therefore, the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass pin was proposed, associated with a restoration of direct composite resin. The procedure was performed in a single session and a number 1 fiberglass post was fixed crosswise between the mesiopalatal and distobuccal walls. The restoration was carried out with composite resin Filtek Z350, restoring aesthetics and function. It can be concluded that the horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post associated with composite resin technique is a restorative alternative that allows greater resistance to endodontically treated teeth, provides satisfactory esthetics and better survival rates(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Composite Resins , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pins , Molar , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Flexural Strength
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57616, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366131


This study evaluated the effect of contamination of composite resins (CRs) handled by undergraduate students during restorative procedures, varying the time (baseline, 30 days and 60 days) and experimental condition (before and after handling, contamination with saliva [positive control] and photoactivation). Eight CR tubes were randomly distributed at the dental clinic and the samples were organized into four groups: CR fragments collected before (GB) and after (GA) the restorative procedure; CR fragments contaminated with saliva (GS) and photoactivated (GP) both collected after the procedure. These 4 groups were evaluated in 3 different times: baseline (after sealing), 30 days and 60 days of use of the CR. Samples that had positive turbidity in Brain HeartInfusion (BHI) broth were sown in BHI and Sabouraud Dextrose (SB) agars for subsequent counting of Colony Forming Units (CFU mL-1). The results showed that the handling was responsible for increasing contamination (p < 0.05) at the baseline (GB [n = 0] and GA [n = 3]), as well as after 30 (GB [n = 1] and GA [n = 6]) and 60 (GB [n = 1] and GA [n = 5]) days of use. Photoactivation was responsible for the reduction for microorganisms in T0 and T60. Additionally, the time use and conservation did not influencethe contamination of CRs. Handling was responsible for the increase of contamination of CR, the photoactivation seems to reduce the number of viable microorganisms and the time of use seems not to potentiate the effect of tube contamination.

Pollution Indicators , Composite Resins/analysis , Good Manipulation Practices , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/instrumentation , Students, Dental , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Environmental Restoration and Remediation , Food Preservatives/analysis , Microbiology/instrumentation
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-10, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381618


The clinical success of tooth-colored indirect restorations has been confirmed in several studies. However, inlays and onlays restorations in Class II cavities with deep gingival margins can still be considered a clinical challenge. With the purpose of facilitating the execution of the operative procedures in intrasulcular margins and reducing the risk of restorative failures, the technique of cervical margin relocation has been explored as a noninvasive alternative to surgical crown lengthening. This work aims at discussing through a case report the biomechanical, operative and biological aspects in the treatment of teeth with deep gingival margins. Therefore, given the therapy applied in the clinical case presented, it is concluded that the cervical margin relocation with composite resin is advantageous since it eliminates the need for surgery, allowing the implementation of indirect restorations in fewer clinical sessions, not causing damage to periodontal tissues once it provided good finishing and polishing with the establishment of a correct emergence profile, allowing flawless maintenance of gingival health after one year. (AU)

Sucesso clínico das restaurações indiretas livres de metal tem sido confirmado em diversos estudos. No entanto, restaurações parciais indiretas em cavidades do tipo classe II com margens profundas ainda podem ser consideradas um desafio clínico. Com a proposta de facilitar a execução dos procedimentos operatórios em margens intra-sulculares e reduzir a ocorrência de falhas, a técnica de elevação da margem gengival em resina composta tem sido explorada como alternativa não invasiva à cirurgia de aumento de coroa clínica. Este trabalho tem a intenção de discutir através de um relato de caso clínico os aspectos biomecânicos, operatórios e biológicos no tratamento de dentes com margens cervicais profundas. Sendo assim, conclui-se que a técnica de elevação da margem gengival com resina composta é vantajosa, pois elimina a necessidade de cirurgia permitindo a execução de restaurações indiretas em menos sessões clínicas, não gerando danos aos tecidos periodontais, desde que haja um bom acabamento e polimento, com estabelecimento de um correto perfil de emergência. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Cavity Preparation , Inlays
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-10, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380741


Objective: This study investigated the impact of FDI criteria for evaluating restorations on examiners' decision-making compared with their previous personal judgment in primary teeth. Secondly, the possible factors related to changes when using the criteria, including the examiners' experience were explored. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study in a dental office setting was conducted selecting 27 resin composite restorations placed in primary molars in 11 children. Examinations of the restorations were performed by five undergraduate and five graduate dental students. First, the evaluations were performed based on personal judgment, and 2 weeks later, with FDI criteria. All examiners underwent training to use the FDI criteria after the first evaluation. The consensus of two benchmark examiners was considered to be the reference standard. Initially, a descriptive analysis was performed. Multiple Poisson regressions analyses were used to identify possible associated factors with outcomes - to be less or more invasive based on the FDI criteria than personal judgment. Results: The use of the FDI criteria changed the examiners' decisions in approximately 15% of the cases. Irrespective of examiners' experience, there was a trend of false results (compared to the reference examiners) when a change in the treatment decision was registered by using the FDI criteria. Examiners chose a less invasive option when assessing multi surface restorations with FDI criteria (PR=2.04, 95%CI=1.03-4.05; p=0.04). Examiners who spent more time for evaluation with FDI criteria were more invasive (PR=1.001, 95%CI=1.0001-1.002; p=0.03). Students were more invasive with the FDI criteria when examined children with higher dmf-t (PR=1.16, 95%CI=1.01-1.32; p=0.03). Conclusion: The use of the FDI criteria negatively influenced the restorations' evaluation and treatment decision in primary molars by undergraduate and graduate students.(AU)

Objetivo: Este estudo investigou o impacto dos critérios da FDI para avaliar restaurações na tomade de decisão feita pelos examinadores em comparação ao seu julgamento pessoal prévio em dentes decíduos. Secundariamente, foram explorados os possíveis fatores relacionados com mudanças causadas pelo uso dos critérios, incluindo a experiência dos examinadores. Material e Métodos: Um estudo transversal em ambiente de consultório odontológico foi conduzido selecionando 27 restaurações de resina composta realizado em molares decíduos em 11 crianças. As avaliações das restaurações foram realizadas por cinco estudantes de Graduação e cinco de Pós-graduação em Odontologia. As avaliações foram realizadas com base no julgamento pessoal e, duas semanas depois, com os critérios da FDI. Todos os examinadores foram treinados para utilizar os critérios da FDI após a primeira avaliação. O consenso de dois examinadores "padrão-ouro" foi considerado o padrão de referência. Inicialmente, uma análise descritiva foi realizada. Análises de regressão múltipla de Poisson foram utilizadas para identificar possíveis fatores associados com os desfechos ­ ser mais ou menos invasivo com o uso dos critérios da FDI em relação ao julgamento pessoal. Resultados: A utilização dos critérios do FDI alterou as decisões dos examinadores em aproximadamente 15% dos casos. Independente da experiência dos examinadores, houve uma tendência de resultados falsos (em comparação com os examinadores de referência) quando uma mudança na decisão de tratamento foi registrada usando os critérios da FDI. Os examinadores escolheram uma opção menos invasiva quando avaliaram restaurações envolvendo múltiplas superfícies com os critérios da FDI (RP = 2,04, IC 95% = 1,03-4,05; p = 0,04). Os examinadores que levaram mais tempo para avaliação das restaurações foram mais invasivos com o uso dos critérios da FDI (RP = 1,001, IC 95% = 1,0001-1,0002; p = 0,03). Os alunos foram mais invasivos com o uso dos critérios da FDI quando examinaram crianças com maior experiência de cárie (RP = 1,16, IC 95% = 1,01-1,32; p = 0,03). Conclusão: O uso dos critérios da FDI influenciou negativamente a avaliação das restaurações e decisão de tratamento em dentes decíduos realizada por estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação. (AU)

Humans , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Pediatric Dentistry , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration Failure , Clinical Decision-Making
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369986


Objective: To evaluate color and surface gloss stability of bis-acryl resins and resin composites, submitted to artificial staining with cigarette smoke. Material and Methods: Specimens of each material were prepared (n=15). Two resin composites (GrandioSO [RCG], Filtek Supreme [RCZ]) and five bis-acryl resins (Luxatemp Star [BisLUX], Protemp4 [BisPRO], Structor3 [BisSTR], Visalys Temp [BisVIS] and Yprov [BisYPR]) were tested. Initial color was assessed using a spectrophotometer and surface gloss with a glossmeter. Samples were submitted to smoke exposure (10 cigarettes under 8 minutes per cycle). After 3 and 6 cycles, color and gloss were reassessed. Final readings were performed after brush prophylaxis. Data were analyzed using two-way repeated ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: Differences and interaction of factors (p<0.01) were detected for both color and gloss readings. Resin composites were the least affected by aging, with gloss reduction after prophylaxis. Differences were detected among bis-acryl resins, with better results for BisLUX and BisPRO. BisPRO and BisSTR, showed reduction in gloss after 60 cigarettes, while BisYPR gloss decreased at all evaluated periods. Conclusion: Resin composites are less susceptible to changes after smoke exposure, while bis-acryl resins results are brand-dependent. Prophylaxis negatively influenced the surface gloss of most of the tested materials (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar a estabilidade de cor e brilho superficial de resinas compostas e bisacrílicas, submetidos ao manchamento artificial por fumaça de cigarro. Material e Métodos: Foram preparados espécimes de cada material (n=15). Duas resinas compostas (GrandioSO [RCG], Filtek Supreme [RCZ]) e cinco resinas bisacrílicas (Luxatemp Star [BisLUX], Protemp4 [BisPRO], Structor3 [BisSTR], Visalys Temp [BisVIS] e Yprov [BisYPR]) foram testados. A cor inicial foi avaliada usando um espectrofotômetro e o brilho de superfície com um medidor de brilho. As amostras foram submetidas à exposição de fumaça de cigarro (10 cigarros com até 8 minutos por ciclo). Após 3 e 6 ciclos, a cor e o brilho foram reavaliados. As leituras finais foram realizadas após a profilaxia escova de robinson. Os dados foram analisados usando de medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey (p<0,05). Resultados: Foram detectadas diferenças e interação de fatores (p<0,01) tanto para leituras de cor quanto para leituras de brilho. As resinas compostas foram as menos afetados pelo envelhecimento, com redução do brilho após a profilaxia. Foram detectadas diferenças entre as resinas bisacrílicas, com melhores resultados para BisLUX e BisPRO. BisPRO e BisSTR, mostraram redução de brilho após 60 cigarros, enquanto que o brilho da BisYPR diminuiu em todos os períodos avaliados. Conclusão: As resinas compostas são as menos suscetíveis a mudanças após a exposição à fumaça, enquanto os resultados das resinas bisacrílicas são dependentes da marca. A profilaxia influenciou negativamente o brilho de superfície da maioria dos materiais testados.(AU)

Smoke , Color , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Temporary
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368562


Objective: To determine the effect of the restorative technique, material's opacity and the selected light sources on the curing potential (CP) in deep cavities. Material and Methods: The radiant exitance (mW/cm2) of two light curing units (Bluephase G2 and Radii-Cal) was determined at 0 and 8 mm distance from a power meter sensor (Ophir). Two bulk-fill composites of regular consistency (Opus, FGM; and Filtek One, 3M) and a conventional one (Sirius-Z, DFL) were considered and the level of their opacity were determined by a sphere-based spectrophotometer (SP60, X-Rite). The degree of C=C conversion (DC) was determined by spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR) at 0.05 and 8 mm depths and the CP considered the ratio between them. The "incremental technique" considered 4 increments of 2mm thickness each, whereas the "bulk-fill technique considered 2 increments of 4mm-thickness. Data were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey's test (95%). Pearson's correlation tests were performed to calculate the possible relation between curing potential and materials' opacity. Results: With the incremental technique it was possible to achieve high CP regardless of the light source. The CP of bulk-fill composites was dependent on the light source, whereas Radii-Cal compromised the DC at 8 mm for both materials. The correlation between opacity and CP was dependent on the light source (r = 0.891707246 for Radii-Cal; r = 0.515703768 for Bluephase G2). Conclusion: The bulk-fill technique was dependent on the light source while the incremental was not. The influence of materials' opacity was dependent on the light curing unit.(AU)

Objetivo: Determinar o efeito da técnica restauradora, a opacidade do material e as fontes de luz selecionadas sobre o potencial de cura (PC) em cavidades profundas. Materiais e métodos: A saída radiante (mW/cm2) de duas unidades de cura por luz (Bluephase G2 e Radii-Cal) foi determinada a 0 e 8 mm de distância de um sensor de potência (Ophir). Dois compósistos bulkfill de consistência regular (Opus, FGM; e Filtek One, 3M) e um convencional (Sirius-Z, DFL) foram considerados e o nível de sua opacidade foi determinado por um espectrofotômetro (SP60, X-Rite). O grau de conversão C=C (DC) foi determinado por espectroscopia (FTIR-ATR) a 0,05 e 8 mm de profundidade e o PC considerou a relação entre eles. A técnica incremental considerou 4 incrementos de 2 mm de espessura cada, enquanto que a técnica bulkfill considerou 2 incrementos de 4 mm de espessura. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (95%). Os testes de correlação de Pearson foram realizados para calcular a possível relação entre o potencial de cura e a opacidade dos materiais. Resultados: Com a técnica incremental foi possível obter um PC elevado, independentemente da fonte de luz. O PC de compósitos bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto que Radii-Cal comprometeu o DC em 8 mm para ambos os materiais. A correlação entre opacidade e PC foi dependente da fonte de luz (r = 0,891707246 para Radii-Cal; r = 0,515703768 para Bluephase G2). Conclusão: O potencial de polimerização para a técnica bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto para a técnica incremental não. A influência da opacidade dos materiais sobre a capacidade de polimerização foi dependente da unidade de fotoativação. (AU)

Spectrophotometers , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20210024, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377169


Introduction: Screw-retained restorations have a screw access hole (SAH) sealed with resin composite aiming at safe-guarding the aesthetic features of the ceramic veneer. The loss or wear of the resin composite applied in sealing the SAH is among the most common complications in implant prosthodontics, as the fracture of ceramic veneer. Objective: Evaluate the influence of sealant materials on the fracture resistance of resin composite applied in sealing screw access hole in screwed (SAH) implants. Material and method: The samples were produced from UCLA abutments in metallic NiCr alloy with subsequent application of ceramic. After asperisation and conditioning ceramic surface, was applied silane and dentin adhesive, before sealing the conduits with resin composites Z100 and P60. Nine groups (n=10) were evaluated: sealing with Z-100 (ZNC) and P-60 (PNC) without obturation of SAH; sealing with Z100 (ZCP) and P-60 (PCP) with absorbent cotton; Z100 (ZPT) and P60 (PPT) with polytetrafluoroethylene; Z100 (ZGP) and P60 (PGP) with gutta-percha and a cemented ceramic crown (ICS). After the fracture resistance test, the data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (p<.05). Result: The fracture mode was evaluated by scanning electron microscope. Irrespective of the filling material, the highest mean values of fracture resistance were observed in the sealing with P60 (p=.002). When combined with resins composed of a sealing material, the results obtained were: ZGP: 805.5N/ PGP: 929.5N

Introdução: As próteses parafusadas possuem orifício de acesso ao parafuso (SAH), os quais são selados com resina composta. Sua perda ou desgaste está entre as complicações mais comuns em próteses sobre implantes, associadas a fratura da lâmina cerâmica. Objetivo: Assim, é importante avaliar a influência dos materiais de selamento na resistência à fratura de resina composta aplicada ao SAH no selamento de prótese sobre implantes parafusadas. Material e método: As amostras foram produzidas utilizando pilares UCLA em liga metálica de NiCr com posterior aplicação de cerâmica. Após asperização e condicionamento da superfície cerâmica, foram aplicados silano e adesivo dentinário, antes da selagem dos condutos com as resinas compostas Z100 e P60. Foram avaliados nove grupos (n = 10): selamento com Z-100 (ZNC) e P-60 (PNC) sem selamento do SAH; selamento com Z100 (ZCP) e P-60 (PCP) com algodão absorvente; Z100 (ZPT) e P60 (PPT) com politetrafluoroetileno; Z100 (ZGP) e P60 (PGP) com guta-percha e coroa de cerâmica cimentada (ICS). Após o teste de resistência à fratura, os dados foram analisados usando ANOVA de dois fatores e testes Tukey HSD (p<0,05). O tipo de fratura foi avaliado por microscópio eletrônico de varredura. Resultado Independentemente do material obturador, os maiores valores médios de resistência à fratura foram observados no selamento com P60 (p=0,002). Quando combinados com resinas compostas por um material de selamento, os resultados obtidos foram: ZGP: 805,5N/ PGP: 929,5N

Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Implantation , Flexural Strength , Mouth Rehabilitation
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36(Jun): e082, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1372593


Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of irradiance and radiant exposure on the chemical-mechanical properties of a resin composite. A micro-hybrid resin composite (Clearfil AP-X, Kuraray) was investigated under two different irradiances: low (300 mW/cm2) and high (800 mW/cm2) and radiant exposures: 8 and 16 J/cm2. Four groups, named Low 8 J/cm2, High 8 J/cm2, Low 16 J/cm2, and High 16 J/cm2 were tested, and their flexural strengths, elastic moduli, depths of cure, and degrees of conversion were evaluated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. A multiple linear regression model was used to correlate the irradiance and radiant exposure with dependent variables (α = 0.05). Irradiance and radiant exposure were found statistically significant for all dependent variables. The interaction between the factors was statistically significant only for the degree of conversion and elastic modulus. Group Low 16 J/cm2 exhibited a significantly superior performance in all the evaluated properties. Barring the degree of conversion, no significant differences were observed among the properties evaluated between the Low 8 J/cm2 and High 8 J/cm2 groups. The adjusted R2 values were high for the depth of cure and degree of conversion (0.58 and 0.96, respectively). Both irradiance and radiant exposure parameters play an important role in establishing the final properties of a micro-hybrid resin composite. Irradiance has a greater influence under higher radiant exposures.

Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Flexural Strength , Surface Properties
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-13, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1400962


Objetivo: Este ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo-cego e boca dividida avaliou o desempenho clínico de um novo compósito termoviscoso com pré-aquecimento (PHT) em comparação com uma resina composta sem aquecimento (NHT) em restaurações de lesões cervicais não cariosas (LCNCs) durante um período de 6 meses. Material e Métodos: 120 restaurações foram realizadas em LCNCs com dois materiais restauradores (n = 60). Após a profilaxia, os dentes foram isolados com isolamento de fio retrator/rolos de algodão e um adesivo universal foi aplicado na estratégia de condicionamento seletivo do esmalte. Para o grupo PHT o aquecimento foi realizado a 68°C usando um aquecidor de bancada por 3 min. Por outro lado, para o grupo NHT, nenhum aquecimento foi aplicado. Ambos os materiais restauradores foram colocados no dispensador de cápsulas e inseridos nas LCNCs. Após 6 meses, o desempenho clínico das restaurações foi avaliado de acordo com os critérios FDI. A análise estatística foi realizada com teste Qui-quadrado para todos parâmetros da FDI (α = 0,05). Resultados: Apenas três restaurações no grupo NHT foram perdidas/fraturadas após seis meses de acompanhamento. As taxas de retenção (intervalo confiança 95%) por seis meses foram de 97,5% (88,6% - 99,0%) para o grupo NHT e 100% (93,9% - 100%) para o grupo PHT (p > 0,05). Vinte e duas restaurações (8 para NHT e 14 para PHT) apresentaram pequenos defeitos de adaptação marginal aos seis meses de acompanhamento (p > 0,05). Vinte e seis restaurações apresentaram alguma retenção de biofilme aos seis meses de acompanhamento (11 para NHT e 15 para PHT; p > 0,05). Em relação a todos os outros parâmetros de FDI avaliados, todas as restaurações foram consideradas clinicamente aceitáveis. Conclusão: O desempenho clínico do novo compósito termoviscoso de pré-aquecimento mostrou-se promissor após 6 meses de avaliação clínica quando aplicado em LCNCs.(AU)

Objective: This double-blind, split-mouth randomized clinical trial evaluate the clinical performance of a new preheating (PHT) thermoviscous composite compared to a non-heating (NHT) composite resin in restorations of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) over a period of 6-month. Material and Methods: 120 restorations were performed on NCCLs with two restorative materials (n = 60). After prophylaxis, the teeth were isolated with retraction cord isolation/cotton rolls and one universal adhesive was applied in the selective enamel etching strategy. For the PHT group heating was carried out at 68°C using a heater bench for 3 min. On the other side, for the NHT group, no heating was applied. Both restorative materials were placed in the caps dispenser and inserted in the NCCLs. The restorations were evaluated after 6-month of clinical performance according to the FDI criteria. Statistical analysis was performed with Chi-square test for all FDI parameters (α = 0.05). Results: Three restorations only in the NHT group were lost/fractured after six months follow-up. The retention rates (confidential interval 95%) for six months were 97.5% (88.6% - 99.0%) for the NHT group and 100% (93.9% - 100%) for the PHT group (p > 0.05). Twenty-two restorations (8 for NHT and 14 for PHT) presented small marginal adaptation defects at the six-months follow-up (p > 0.05). Twenty-six restorations were found to have biofilm retention in the six-month recall (11 for NHT and 15 for PHT; p > 0.05). Regarding all others FDI parameters evaluated, all restorations were considered clinically acceptable. Conclusion: The clinical performance of the new preheating thermoviscous was found to be promise after 6-month of clinical evaluation when applied in NCCLs (AU)

Temperature , Viscosity , Clinical Trial , Composite Resins