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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 34213, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553617

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O processo de desmineralização proveniente da cárie leva à formação de manchas brancas que são a primeira manifestação visível da doença. Os infiltrantes resinosos surgem como uma alternativa para o tratamento dessas lesões não cavitadas, pois sãoresinas de baixa viscosidade e faz parte dos procedimentos que visam uma odontologia menos invasiva. Objetivo: Este estudo objetiva relatar a experiência clínica no uso de infiltrante resinoso, Icon, em lesões de mancha branca de etiologias cariosa e não cariosa em dois pacientes distintos, insatisfeitos com a estética do seu sorriso. Descrição do caso: Ao exame clínico foi observado nos pacientes com lesões brancas. No primeiro paciente, de 14 anos, verificou-se a presença da atividade de cárie e micro cavitações. Dessa forma, o plano de tratamento perpassou orientação de higiene oral supervisionada, aplicação de verniz fluoretado, Enamelast, semanal, adequação do meio com restaurações em resina, e só então o uso do infiltrante. A segunda paciente, de 11 anos, já possuía saúde bucal adequada e tinha queixa estética devido à lesão branca não cariosa, hipoplasia, cujo plano de tratamento foi à utilização do Icon apenas. Conclusões: Nos dois casos obteve-se melhoria estética considerável com este procedimento microinvasivo. Melhoria na saúde bucal, aliado à devolução da estética, pode ser observada com o uso de infiltrantes resinosos (AU).


Introduction: The process of demineralization resulting from caries leads to the formation of white spots that are the first visible manifestation of the disease. Resin infiltrants appear as an alternative for the treatment of these non-cavitated lesions, since they are low viscosity resins and are part of the procedures that aim at a less invasive dentistry.Objective:This study aims to report the clinical experience in the use of a resin infiltrant, Icon,in white spot lesions of carious and non-carious etiologies in two different patients who were dissatisfied with the esthetics of their smiles.Methodology: On clinical examination, white lesions were observed in both patients. In the first patient,14 years old,the presence of caries activity and micro cavitations was verified. Thus, the treatment plan included supervised oral hygiene guidance, weekly application of fluoride varnish,Enamelast, adaptation of the environment with resin restorations, and, onlythen, the use of the infiltrant, Icon. The second patient, 11 years old,already had adequate oral health and had an esthetic complaint due to a non-carious white lesion, hypoplasia, whose treatment plan consisted of the use of Icon only.Conclusions:In both cases considerable esthetic improvement was obtained with this microinvasive procedure. Improvement in oral health, combined with the return of esthetics, can be observed with the use of resin infiltrants (AU).


Introducción: El proceso de desmineralización resultante de la caries conduce a la formación de manchas blancas, que son la primera manifestación visible de la enfermedad. Losinfiltrantes de resina aparecen como una alternativa para el tratamiento de estas lesiones no cavitadas, pues se tratan de resinas de baja viscosidad y forman parte de los procedimientos que buscan una odontología menos invasiva. Objetivo:Este estudio tiene como objetivo relatar la experiencia clínica en el uso del infiltrante de resina,Iconen lesiones de mancha blanca de etiologías cariosas y no cariosas en dos pacientes diferentes, insatisfechos con la estética de sus sonrisas.Metodología: En el examen clínico se observaron lesiones blancas en ambos pacientes. En el primer paciente, 14 añosse verificó la presencia de actividad de caries y micro cavitaciones. De ese modo, el plan de tratamiento incluyó la orientación supervisada de la higiene bucal,la aplicación semanal de barniz de flúor (Enamelast), la adaptación del entorno con restauraciones de resina y, sólo después, el uso del infiltrante,Icon. La segunda paciente, 11 años,ya tenía una salud bucal adecuada y presentaba una queja estética debido a una lesión blanca no cariosa, hipoplasia, cuyo plan de tratamiento fue el uso exclusivo de Icon. Conclusiones: En ambos casos, se consiguió una mejora estética considerable con este procedimiento microinvasivo. La mejora de la salud bucal, unida a la recuperación de la estética, puede observarse con el uso de infiltrantes de resina (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Conservative Treatment , Esthetics, Dental
2.
Rev. ADM ; 81(1): 21-25, ene.-feb. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556112

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el control de cavidades sin restauración (NRCC, por sus siglas en inglés), es una opción de tratamiento conservador y no invasivo para dentina cariosa, sobre todo en dentición temporal. Una de las estrategias del NRCC es la remineralización. El fluoruro de estaño (FDE) puede considerarse, como una opción viable ya que existe evidencia de su eficacia cariostática. Objetivo: valorar al FDE como remineralizante alternativo en dentina de molares temporales, asociado al NRCC. Material y métodos: se efectuó un estudio clínico, epidemiológico, y descriptivo con preescolares voluntarios de 3 a 5 años de edad con consentimiento firmado de participación en el estudio, y que presentaron molares con ICDAS 5 y 6. La aplicación del FDE a 0.8%, la evaluación de la dureza de la dentina con los criterios de Nyvad, y el diagnóstico del estado pulpar, la efectuó un operador entrenado para esta finalidad. Se aplicó un análisis estadístico descriptivo y uno no paramétrico. Resultados: el efecto cariostático producido por el FDE a 0.8%, sobre dentina afectada de molares temporales de niños mexicanos fue estadísticamente significativo durante cinco meses. Conclusiones: la aplicación de fluoruro de estaño puede considerarse como una alternativa de tratamiento cariostático asociado al NRCC para niños de 3 a 5 años de edad (AU)


Introduction: nonrestorative cavity control (NRCC), is a conservative and non-invasive treatment option for carious dentin, especially in primary dentition. One of the NRCC strategies is remineralization. Stannous Fluoride (SDF) can be considered as a viable option since there is evidence of its cariostatic efficacy. Objective: to evaluate FDE as an alternative remineralizing agent in the dentin of primary molars, associated with NRCC. Material and methods: a clinical, epidemiological, and descriptive study was carried out with preschool volunteers aged 3 to 5 years with signed consent to participate in the study, and who presented molars with ICDAS 5 and 6. The application of FDE at 0.8%, the evaluation of dentin hardness with the Nyvad criteria, and the diagnosis of pulp status, was carried out by an operator trained for this purpose. A descriptive and non-parametric statistical analysis was applied. Results: the cariostatic effect produced by 0.8% FDE on affected dentin of primary molars of Mexican children was statistically significant for five months. Conclusions: the application of stannous fluoride can be considered as an alternative cariostatic treatment associated with NRCC for children 3 to 5 years of age (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tin Fluorides/therapeutic use , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Dental Caries/therapy , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Conservative Treatment/methods
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 231-244, 20240220. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532579

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los datos epidemiológicos de la diverticulitis en Colombia son limitados. El objetivo de este artículo fue caracterizar una población que ingresó con diverticulitis aguda al Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación, un centro de referencia de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, para analizar la presentación y comportamiento de la enfermedad en la población local, con estadísticas propias y desenlaces de la enfermedad en los últimos años. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo, descriptivo, entre enero de 2015 y diciembre de 2019. Se hizo un estudio exploratorio uni-, bi- y multivariado de factores de riesgo para fallo en el tratamiento y la mortalidad. Resultados. Se incluyeron 103 pacientes. Se presentó principalmente en mujeres y la edad promedio fue de 65 años. La diverticulitis Hinchey Ia fue la más frecuente (41,7 %) y el manejo médico fue exitoso en todos los casos, mientras que en las tipo III y IV, todos se manejaron de forma quirúrgica, con tasas de éxito entre el 50 y el 64 %. La presencia de signos de irritación peritoneal al examen físico, el recuento de leucocitos y la PCR, el ingreso a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos y la mortalidad aumentaron de forma directamente proporcional con el estadio de Hinchey. Conclusiones. Existe una relación directamente proporcional entre la clasificación de Hinchey y los signos de respuesta inflamatoria clínicos y paraclínicos, la necesidad de manejo quirúrgico, la estancia en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos y la mortalidad.


Introduction. Epidemiological data on diverticulitis in Colombia are limited. The objective of this article was to characterize a population that was admitted with acute diverticulitis to the San Vicente Fundación University Hospital, a reference center in the city of Medellín, Colombia, to analyze the presentation and behavior of the disease in the local population, with its own statistics, and outcomes of the disease in recent years. Methods. Retrospective descriptive observational study between January 2015 and December 2019. An exploratory uni-, bi- and multivariate study of risk factors for treatment failure and mortality was performed. Results. A total of 103 patients were included. The most frequent Hinchey classification was Ia (41.7%). It occurs mainly in women, mean age 65 years. Hinchey Ia diverticulitis is the most frequent and medical management is successful in 100% of cases; while in III and IV, 100% were managed surgically with success rates between 50 and 64%. The presence of peritoneal signs on physical examination, leukocyte count and CRP, ICU admission and mortality increased directly proportional with Hinchey stage. Conclusions. There is a directly proportional relationship between Hinchey staging with clinical and paraclinical signs of inflammatory response, need for surgical management, ICU stay and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diverticulitis , Diverticulum, Colon , Diverticular Diseases , Diverticulosis, Colonic , Diagnosis , Conservative Treatment
4.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13015, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533027

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o manejo não farmacológico do enfermeiro frente ao paciente pediátrico com febre ou hipertermia. Método: a revisão seguiu o PRISMA, contou com estudos empíricos, que abordassem o manejo não farmacológico em crianças com febre, estudos entre 2013 e 2023. As bases de dados foram Adolec, BVS, Embase, LILACS, Web of Science e a biblioteca SciELO, com os descritores "criança", "hipertermia", "febre", "enfermagem" e "enfermagem pediátrica". Resultados: selecionado 7 estudos, descrevem que o manejo não farmacológico são massoterapia, compressas, água morna e sabonete com Marshmallow. O uso de antitérmico (paracetamol) e outra medida não farmacológico foi evidenciada como efetiva. Há lacuna de protocolos para guiar os profissionais para o atendimento da criança com febre, além dos profissionais se basearem em suas crenças na assistência. Conclusão: o uso não farmacológico foi eficaz em conjunto com antitérmico. Há necessidade de outros estudos e desenvolvimento de protocolos para guiar os profissionais na assistência.


Objective: to describe the nurse's non-pharmacological management of pediatric patients with fever or hyperthermia. Method: the review followed PRISMA and included empirical studies that addressed non-pharmacological management in children with fever, studies between 2013 and 2023. The databases were Adolec, BVS, Embase, LILACS, Web of Science and the SciELO library, with the descriptors "child", "hyperthermia", "fever", "nursing" and "pediatric nursing". Results: 7 studies were selected, describing non-pharmacological management as massage therapy, compresses, warm water, and soap with Marshmallow. The use of antipyretics (paracetamol) and other non-pharmacological measures were shown to be effective. There is a lack of protocols to guide professionals in caring for children with fever, in addition to professionals relying on their beliefs in care. Conclusion:non-pharmacological use was effective in conjunction with antipyretics. There is a need for further studies and development of protocols to guide professionals in helping.


Objetivos:describir el manejo no farmacológico de la enfermera del paciente pediátrico con fiebre o hipertermia. Método: la revisión siguió PRISMA, incluyó estudios empíricos que abordaron el manejo no farmacológico en niños con fiebre, estudios entre 2013 y 2023. Las bases de datos fueron Adolec, BVS, Embase, LILACS, Web of Science y la biblioteca SciELO, con los descriptores "niño", "hipertermia", "fiebre", "enfermería" y "enfermería pediátrica". Resultados: se seleccionaron 7 estudios que describen manejo no farmacológico como terapia con masajes, compresas, agua tibia y jabón con Marshmallow. Se demostró eficaz el uso de antipiréticos (paracetamol) y otras medidas no farmacológicas. Faltan protocolos que orienten a los profesionales en el cuidado de niños con fiebre, además de que los profesionales se basen en sus creencias sobre el cuidado. Conclusión: el uso no farmacológico fue efectivo en conjunto con antipiréticos. Es necesario realizar más estudios y desarrollar protocolos que orienten a los profesionales en la prestación de asistencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pediatric Nursing/methods , Fever/nursing , Hyperthermia/nursing , Child , Conservative Treatment/nursing
5.
Rev. ADM ; 80(5): 259-266, sept.-oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531175

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la artritis reumatoide es parte del grupo de las enfermedades autoinmunes con incidencia considerable sobre la población. Se caracteriza por la afección de las articulaciones del cuerpo que la padece; en mayor frecuencia se encuentra afectada la articulación temporomandibular por el complejo articular que ésta presenta; entre los signos y síntomas que comúnmente podemos encontrar en pacientes con este tipo de enfermedad son los chasquidos o ruidos articulares, dolor orofacial, pérdida o imposibilidad del movimiento de la mandíbula y cambios anatómicos localizados en el área de la articulación temporomandibular. Objetivo: describir las consecuencias que desencadena la artritis reumatoide sobre la articulación temporomandibular y cómo es para el odontólogo el manejo de estos pacientes en consulta, evaluar los tratamientos para cada caso sobre un correcto diagnóstico. Material y métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de artículos recientes sobre el tema, utilizando buscadores como SciELO, Elsevier y PubMed, siendo 30 las fuentes seleccionadas con idiomas en inglés y español. Resultados: esta enfermedad autoinmune se caracteriza por afectar múltiples articulaciones del cuerpo humano simétrica y bilateralmente incluyendo la articulación temporomandibular (ATM), lo cual conlleva al riesgo de desarrollar trastornos temporomandibulares (TTM). Es importante conocer los métodos para realizar un correcto diagnóstico oportuno de la ATM del paciente con artritis reumatoide (AR) con la finalidad de ofrecer un tratamiento conservador. Conclusión: los trastornos temporomandibulares desencadenantes de la artritis reumatoide son afecciones que se deben considerar para el buen manejo del paciente con este padecimiento, comprender y respaldar un diagnóstico clínico es de vital importancia para dar al paciente un tratamiento adecuado dependiendo el grado de complejidad en la que cada individuo se encuentra; conocer el manejo adecuado y encaminar al paciente a una mejor calidad de vida es clave en la consulta odontológica del día a día (AU)


Introduction: rheumatoid arthritis is part of the group of autoimmune diseases with considerable incidence in the population. It is characterized by the affection of the joints of the body that suffers from it; most frequently the temporomandibular joint is affected due to the articular complex that it presents; among the signs and symptoms that we can commonly find in patients with this type of disease are joint clicks or noises, orofacial pain, loss or impossibility of jaw movement and anatomical changes located in the temporomandibular joint area. Objective: to describe the consequences that rheumatoid arthritis triggers on the temporomandibular joint and how it is for the dentist to manage these patients in consultation, to evaluate the treatments for each case on a correct diagnosis. Material and methods: a bibliographic review of recent articles on the subject was carried out, using search engines such as SciELO, Elsevier and PubMed, with 30 sources selected in English and Spanish. Results: this autoimmune disease is characterized by affecting multiple joints of the human body symmetrical and bilaterally including the TMJ which leads to the risk of developing TMD. It is important to know the methods to make a correct diagnosis of the TMJ of the patient with RA in order to offer a conservative treatment. Conclusions: the temporomandibular disorders that trigger rheumatoid arthritis are conditions that should be considered for the proper management of the patient with this condition, understanding and supporting a clinical diagnosis is of vital importance to give the patient an adequate treatment depending on the degree of complexity in which each individual is; knowing the proper management and directing the patient to a better quality of life is key in the day-to-day dental practice (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/etiology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/drug therapy , Databases, Bibliographic , Occlusal Splints , Conservative Treatment
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 22-25, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443751

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As Disfunções temporomandibulares (DTM) incluem desordens dos músculos da mastigação, das articulações temporomandibulares e da inervação local, frequentemente associadas a dor orofacial e que resultam em mioartropatias do Sistema Mastigatório. A tendência atual tende a começar com tratamento conservador e progredir a procedimentos mais invasivos na falha dos tratamentos iniciais. Relato de caso: O presente relato visa mostrar o resultado de uma técnica invasiva para o tratamento de uma DTM grave, com a aplicação do ácido hialurônico e de corticoide através de uma punção guiado por ultrassonografia. A paciente apresentava dor crônica e perda importante de peso devido a limitação da abertura da boca. A RM demonstrou disfunção das ATMs, com sinais de deslocamento parcial do disco direito anteromedialmente. Foi realizada a aplicação bilateral intra-articular de ácido hialurônico e de corticoide através de uma punção guiado por ultrassonografia. Considerações Finais: A associação destas classes na punção de ATMs ainda não está bem estabelecida havendo necessidade de estudos complementares para avaliar eficácia, como este relato de caso, que se mostrou favorável com grande melhora clínica da paciente... (AU)


Introduction: Temporomandibular dysfunctions (TMD) include disorders of the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joints, and local innervation, often associated with orofacial pain and resulting in myoarthropathies of the masticatory system. The current trend tends to begin with conservative treatment and progress to more invasive procedures if the initial treatments fail. Case Report: The present report aims to show the result of an invasive technique for the treatment of a severe TMD, with the application of hyaluronic acid and corticoid through an ultrasound-guided puncture. The patient presented with chronic pain and significant weight loss due to limited mouth opening. MRI demonstrated TMJ dysfunction, with signs of partial anteromedial dislocation of the right disc. Bilateral intra-articular application of hyaluronic acid and corticoid was performed through an ultrasound guided puncture. Final considerations: The association of these classes in TMJ puncture is still not well established, and further studies are needed to evaluate efficacy, as in this case report, which proved favorable, with great clinical improvement for the patient... (AU)


Introducción: Los trastornos temporomandibulares (TTM) incluyen trastornos de los músculos masticatorios, de las articulaciones temporomandibulares y de la inervación local, a menudo asociados a dolor orofacial y que dan lugar a mioartropatías del sistema masticatorio. La tendencia actual es comenzar con un tratamiento conservador y progresar hacia procedimientos más invasivos al fracasar los tratamientos iniciales. Informe de un caso: El presente informe pretende mostrar el resultado de una técnica invasiva para el tratamiento de un TTM severo, con la aplicación de ácido hialurónico y corticoide a través de una punción guiada por ecografía. El paciente presentaba dolor crónico y una importante pérdida de peso debido a la limitación de la apertura bucal. La RMN demostró una disfunción de la ATM, con signos de dislocación parcial del disco derecho anteromedialmente. Se realizó la aplicación intraarticular bilateral de ácido hialurónico y corticoide mediante una punción guiada por ecografía. Consideraciones finales: La asociación de estas clases en la punción de la ATM aún no está bien establecida y se necesitan más estudios para evaluar la eficacia, como en el reporte de este caso, que resultó favorable con gran mejoría clínica del paciente... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Conservative Treatment , Hyaluronic Acid/pharmacology
7.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516306

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar as modalidades de tratamentos conservadoras e minimamente invasivas mais usadas disponíveis no arsenal terapêutico das desordens temporomandibulares (DTM). Revisão da literatura: Os objetivos do tratamento invariavelmente incluem redução da dor, diminuição das atividades parafuncionais e restauração da função. Dentre as alternativas conservadoras e minimamente invasivas, podemos citar os dispositivos interoclusais, exercícios terapêuticos, eletrofototermoterapia, agulhamento seco e infiltração de anestésicos locais em pontos gatilho, injeção de sangue autógeno para controle da luxação mandibular, terapia cognitivo comportamental, toxina botulínica, viscossuplementação, controle farmacológico da dor aguda e crônica. As DTMs afetam uma proporção significativa da população. Somente após o fracasso das opções não invasivas é que devem ser iniciados tratamentos mais invasivos e irreversíveis. No entanto, algumas condições, como a anquilose e neoplasias, por exemplo, são essencialmente tratadas cirurgicamente e tentativas de tratamentos conservadores podem trazer piora na qualidade de vida ou risco de morte. Considerações finais: Uma abordagem de equipe multidisciplinar para o manejo é essencial no cuidado fundamental de todos os pacientes com DTM, para que o tratamento possa ser especificamente adaptado às necessidades individuais do paciente.


Aim: To present the most widely used conservative and minimally invasive treatment modalities available in the therapeutic arsenal for temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Literature review: Treatment goals invariably include pain reduction, reduction of parafunctional activities and restoration of function. Among the conservative and minimally invasive alternatives, we can mention interocclusal devices, therapeutic exercises, electrophototherapy, dry needling and infiltration of local anesthetics in trigger points, autogenous blood injection to control mandibular dislocation, cognitive behavioral therapy, botulinum toxin, viscosupplementation, pharmacological control of acute and chronic pain. TMD affects a considerable proportion of the population. Only after non-invasive options have failed should more invasive and irreversible treatments be initiated. However, some conditions, such as ankylosis and neoplasms, for example, are treated surgically and attempts at conservative treatments can lead to worsening quality of life or risk of death. Conclusions: A multidisciplinary team approach to management is essential in the fundamental care of all TMD patients, so that treatment can be specifically tailored to the patient's individual needs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Pain/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Occlusal Splints , Viscosupplementation/methods , Conservative Treatment/methods , Dry Needling/methods
8.
Rev. ADM ; 80(3): 151-159, mayo-jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518188

ABSTRACT

En 1827 el médico James William Cusack describió una lesión tumoral expansiva con características clínicas similares al ameloblastoma. Para el 2017 la Organización Mundial de la Salud lo clasificó como un tumor odontogénico benigno de origen epitelial. En la actualidad hemos aceptado la teoría de su etiología asociada con una mutación en el biomarcador BRAF-V600E, donde se presentan claras heterogeneidades extra/intratumorales en el metabolismo de la tumorogénesis; la mutación en BRAF genera cambios en la regulación de la odontogénesis, en conjunto con el gen CDC73 presente en el cromosoma 1 q25-q32, lo que produce un cambio en la proteína parafibromina que inhibe la proliferación celular durante el crecimiento y la división celular, esto afecta en conjunto al gen p53 y su homólogo p63 presentes en el cromosoma 17, por lo que se tiene como resultado la expresión de quistes y tumores dentales como el ameloblastoma. La presente obra muestra el caso clínico de un paciente femenino de 11 años de edad con aumento de volumen en la región submandibular izquierda de 7 × 4 cm, con seis años de evolución; de tal manera que fue diagnosticado con ameloblastoma uniquístico y tratado de forma conservadora mediante enucleación, posteriormente fue valorada anualmente hasta que la paciente cumplió los 18 años de edad (AU)


In 1827, physician James William Cusack described an expansive tumor lesion with clinical characteristics similar to ameloblastoma. For 2017, the World Health Organization classified it as a benign odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin. Currently, we have accepted the theory of its etiology associated with a mutation in the BRAF-V600E biomarker, where there are clear extra/intratumoral heterogeneities in the metabolism of tumorigenesis; the BRAF mutation generates changes in the regulation of odontogenesis, together with the CDC73 gene present on chromosome 1 q25-q32, producing a change in the parafibromin protein that inhibits cell proliferation during cell growth and division, which together it affects the p53 gene and its p63 homolog is present on chromosome 17, resulting in the expression of dental cysts and tumors such as ameloblastoma. This work provides the clinical case of an 11-year-old patient with an increase in volume in the left submandibular region of 7 × 4 cm of 6 years of evolution. Being diagnosed as a unicistic ameloblastoma and treated conservatively by enucleation, it is subsequently evaluated annually until the patient reaches 18 years of age (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Ameloblastoma/surgery , Odontogenic Tumors/classification , Recurrence , Immunohistochemistry , Ameloblastoma/diagnosis , Ameloblastoma/genetics , Conservative Treatment/methods
9.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 8(1)Jan.-Apr 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1512083

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Hipomineralização Molar Incisivo (HMI) é um defeito qualitativo de desenvolvimento de esmalte que pode ocasionar fraturas pós-eruptivas (FPE), lesões de cárie e sensibilidade. Objetivo: relatar o tratamento de HMI severa através da cimentação de bandas ortodônticas para preservação da estrutura dentária em primeiros molares permanentes inferiores com FPE. Relato do caso: criança do sexo feminino, 10 anos de idade, apresentou-se com queixa de hipersensibilidade e fratura dentária associada à restauração prévia. Clinicamente, observou-se presença de HMI severa, com FPE associada à lesão de cárie em dentina nas superfícies oclusal e vestibular do dente 36 e restauração insatisfatória com cimento de ionômero de vidro (CIV) na superfície vestibular do dente 46 que apresentava opacidades demarcadas branco-creme. Radiograficamente, observou-se ausência de comprometimento pulpar. Após manejo por meio de abordagens não-invasivas (controle de biofilme e dieta e aplicação de verniz fluoretado), o tratamento proposto foi a cimentação de banda ortodôntica com CIV modificado por resina (Riva Light Cure®, SDI) nos dentes 36 e 46 para maior longevidade das restaurações. O tratamento restaurador atraumático (TRA) foi realizado no dente 36 previamente à cimentação da banda ortodôntica. Resultados: após o tratamento, a criança não relatou dor ou desconforto e as restaurações mantiveram-se intactas. A mãe da criança foi orientada quanto à importância de acompanhamento periódico a cada 4 meses. Conclusão: a cimentação das bandas ortodônticas com CIV possibilitou o manejo conservador de molares permanentes com HMI severa, com manutenção de sua funcionalidade oclusal, saúde pulpar e gengival, proporcionando melhor qualidade de vida à paciente.


Introduction: molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) is a qualitative developmental enamel defect that can cause posteruptive enamel breakdown (PEB), caries lesions, and sensitivity. Objective: to report the treatment of a child with severe MIH through the cementation of orthodontic bands in lower first permanent molars with PEB to preserve tooth structure. Case report: female child, 10 years old, presenting hypersensitivity complaints and tooth fracture associated with previous restoration. Severe MIH was observed, with PEB associated with dentin caries on the occlusal and buccal surfaces of tooth #36 and unsatisfactory glass ionomer cement (GIC) restoration on the buccal surface of tooth #46 which had creamy-white marked opacities. There was no pulp involvement radiographically. After management through non-invasive approaches (biofilm and diet control and application of fluoride varnish), the proposed treatment was the cementation of an orthodontic band with resin-modified GIC (Riva Light Cure®, SDI) on teeth #36 and #46 to long-term lifespan restorations. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) was performed on tooth #36 prior to the cementation of the orthodontic band. Results: after treatment, the child did not report pain or discomfort and the restorations remained intact. The child's mother was instructed about the importance of periodic follow-up visits every 4 months. Conclusion: the cementation of orthodontic bands with GIC allowed the conservative management of permanent molars with severe MIH, maintaining their functional occlusion, pulpal and gingival health, providing a better quality of life to the patient.


Subject(s)
Female , Child , Conservative Treatment , Molar Hypomineralization , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment , Molar
10.
Femina ; 51(3): 154-160, 20230331.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428722

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO CLÍNICO O câncer ginecológico afeta diretamente a fertilidade, pois o tratamento consiste na remoção cirúrgica do sistema reprodutor e/ou na sua exposição a agentes gonadotóxicos. Entretanto, pacientes em estádios iniciais e que estejam dentro de critérios estabelecidos podem ser tratadas com cirurgias conservadoras da fertilidade, com resultados oncológicos equivalentes aos dos tratamentos tradicionais. As técnicas de preservação da fertilidade, como criopreservação de oócitos, embriões e tecido ovariano, também podem ser oferecidas em algumas situações. A American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) publicou recomendações sobre a preservação de fertilidade, com o objetivo de aumentar a conscientização sobre o tema, e, juntamente com a American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), recomenda que pacientes em idade fértil com câncer passem por aconselhamento reprodutivo. Essas pacientes apresentam menores taxas de arrependimento, mesmo quando optam por desistir do tratamento conservador. O interesse na preservação da fertilidade aumentou nas últimas décadas, tanto pelo fato de as mulheres postergarem a gestação como pelo aumento da incidência de câncer em jovens. A taxa de incidência de todos os cânceres aumentou 29% entre 1973 e 2015 em adolescentes e adultos jovens de ambos os sexos. O câncer de colo uterino, em mulheres de 20-29 anos, aumentou anualmente em uma média de 10,3% entre 2000 e 2009. A omissão em orientar pacientes com câncer sobre as possibilidades de preservação da fertilidade pode gerar questionamentos futuros; em alguns países. isso já se configura má prática médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Fertility Preservation/methods , Genital Neoplasms, Female , Pregnancy Trimesters , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Reproductive Rights/ethics , Conservative Treatment/methods , Genital Neoplasms, Female/diagnostic imaging , Hormones/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 42-47, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the clinical results between conservative (CS) and surgical treatment (CXS) of A3 and A4 fractures without neurological deficit. Methods Prospective observational study of patients with thoracolumbar fractures type A3 and A4. These patients were separated between the surgical and conservative groups, and evaluated sequentially through the numeric rating scale (NRS), Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) quality of life questionnaire, and Denis work scale (DWS) up to 2.5 years of follow-up. Results Both groups showed significant improvement, with no statistical difference in pain questionnaires (NRS: CXS 2.4 ± 2.6; CS 3.5 ± 2.6; p> 0.05), functionality (RMDQ: CS 7 ± 6.4; CXS 5.5 ± 5.2; p> 0.05), quality of life (EQ-5D), and return to work (DWS). Conclusion Both treatments are viable options with equivalent clinical results. There is a tendency toward better results in the surgical treatment of A4 fractures.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados clínicos entre os tratamentos conservador (CS) e cirúrgico (CXS) das fraturas A3 e A4 sem déficit neurológico. Métodos Estudo prospectivo observacional de paciente com fraturas toracolombares tipo A3 e A4. Esses pacientes foram separados entre os grupos cirúrgico e conservador e avaliados sequencialmente através da escala numérica de dor (NRS), do questionário de incapacidade de Roland-Morris (RMDQ), do EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) e da escala de trabalho de Denis (DWS) até 2,5 anos de acompanhamento. Resultados Ambos os grupos apresentaram melhora significante, sem diferença estatística nos questionários de dor (NRS: CXS 2,4 ± 2,6; CS 3,5 ± 2,6; p> 0,05), funcionalidade (RMDQ: CS 7 ± 6,4; CXS 5,5 ± 5,2; p> 0,05), qualidade de vida (EQ-5D) e retorno ao trabalho (DWS). Conclusão Ambos os tratamentos são opções viáveis e com resultados clínicos equivalentes. Há uma tendência a melhores resultados no tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas A4.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Conservative Treatment , Fracture Fixation, Internal
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore curative effect of conservative treatment of supination-lateral rotation (SER) with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture by bone setting technique.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2019, 64 patients diagnosed with SER with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture were treated with manipulative reduction and conservative treatment (manipulation group) and surgical treatment with open reduction and internal fixation (operation group), 32 patients in each group. In manipulation group, there were 17 males and 15 females, aged from 15 to 79 years old with an average of (51.42±13.68) years old;according to Lauge-Hansen classification, there were 8 patients with supination external rotation type Ⅲ and 24 patients with type Ⅳ. In operation group, there were 13 males and 19 females, aged from 18 to 76 years old with an average of (47.36±15.02) years old;7 patients with type Ⅲ and 25 patients with type Ⅳ. Displacement of ankle fracture was measured by Digimizer software, and compared before treatment, 3 and 12 months after treatment between two groups. Lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus contraction displacement and posterior malleolus displacement were measured and compared between two groups. Mazur score was used to evaluate ankle joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of (17.16±9.36) months. There were statistical differences in lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus contraction displacement and posterior malleolus displacement in manipulation group before and after reduction(P<0.05). Compared with operation group, there were no statistically significant differences in lateral malleolus shift, lateral malleolus shift, lateral malleolus contraction shift(P>0.05), while there were statistically significant differences in lateral malleolus shift, posterior malleolus shift up and down (P<0.05). Mazur scores of ankle joint at 3 months after treatment in manipulation group and operation group were 68.84±13.08 and 82.53±7.31, respectively, and had statistical differences(P<0.05), while there was no difference in evaluation of clnical effect(P>0.05). There were no differences in Mazur score and evaluation of clnical effect between two groups at 12 months after treatment (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone setting technique could effectively correct lateral displacement of medial malleolus, lateral displacement of medial malleolus, lateral displacement of lateral malleolus and lateral contraction displacement of lateral malleolus in supination lateral rotation type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture, and has good long-term clinical effect, which could avoid operation for some patients and restore ankle function after fracture.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Conservative Treatment , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Supination , Fibula , Ankle Joint/surgery
13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 204-210, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981924

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The aim of this study was to analyze if any difference exists on the type of immobilisation (above elbow vs. below elbow) in the conservative treatment of distal end radius fractures in adults.@*METHODS@#The study was performed in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. An electronic literature search was performed up to 1st October 2021 in Medline, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane database using the search terms, "distal end radius fractures OR fracture of distal radius", "conservative treatment OR non-surgical treatment", "above elbow immobilisation" and "below elbow immobilisation". Randomized clinical trials written in English, describing outcome of distal end radius fractures in adults by conservative or non-surgical means using above elbow immobilisation or below elbow immobilisation were included and assessed according to the risk of bias assessment (RoB2) tool by Cochrane collaboration. Non-randomized clinical trials, observational studies, retrospective studies, review articles, commentaries, editorials, conference presentations, operative techniques and articles without availability of full text were excluded from this review. The meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager version 5.4.1 (The Cochrane Collaboration, Copenhagen, Denmark).@*RESULTS@#Six randomized clinical trials were included for quantitative review. High heterogeneity (I2 > 75%) was noted among all the studies. The standard mean difference (MD) between the disability of the arm, shoulder and hand scores in both the groups was 0.52 (95% CI: -0.28 to 1.32) which was statistically non-significant. There was no statistical difference in the radial height (MD = 0.10, 95% CI: -0.91 to 1.12), radial inclination (MD = 0.5, 95% CI: -1.88 to 2.87, palmar tilt (MD =1.06, 95% CI: -0.31 to 2.43) and ulnar variance (MD = 0.05, 95% CI: -0.74 to 0.64). It was observed that shoulder pain occurred more commonly as a complication in above elbow immobilisation and the values were statistically significant (above elbow: 38/92, 41.3%; below elbow: 19/94, 20.2%).@*CONCLUSION@#This two-armed systematic review on the above elbow or below elbow immobilisation to be used for conservative treatment of the distal end radius fracture in adults resulted in non-significant differences in terms of functional and radiological scores among the 2 groups but significant increase in the complication rates in the above elbow group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Elbow , Fracture Fixation/methods , Conservative Treatment , Retrospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Wrist Fractures , Radius Fractures/surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971442

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of Chiari malformation patients with hoarseness and other otorhinolaryngological symptoms. Methods: The clinical data of 18 patients of Chiari malformation with hoarseness were retrospectively collected, which was composed of 5 men and 13 women, aged 3-71 with median age of 52. All the patients were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 1989 to January 2020. All patients underwent brain MRI and laryngoscopy. The patient's symptoms and first diagnosis department, diagnosis time, total course of disease, hoarseness course, diagnosis and treatment, and postoperative recovery time were summarized. Follow-up time was 3-16 years, with median follow-up time of 6.5 years. Descriptive methods were used for analysis. Results: The first visit departments of 18 patients included neurology (9 cases), otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery (5 cases), pediatrics (2 cases), orthopedics (1 case) and respiratory department (1 case). Except for the 7 cases in neurology department, the other 11 patients were not diagnosed in time. The disease duration of 18 patients with Chiari malformation ranged from 2 months to 5 years, and hoarseness was present from 20 days to 5 years. After diagnosis, 9 patients underwent posterior fossa decompression surgery, and 1 of them underwent syrinx drainage at the same time. The symptoms of 8 cases improved significantly after operation, with the improvement time from 1 to 30 days. In addition, 9 patients chose conservative treatment, among whom 8 had no improvement in symptoms and 6 progressed. Conclusions: Posterior fossa decompression is an effective treatment for Chiari malformation, and the prognosis is good. Timely diagnosis and treatment can improve the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Child , Hoarseness/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Conservative Treatment , Drainage , Laryngoscopy
15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e278861, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529216

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente manuscrito é caracterizar e descrever os fluxos do Sistema de Avaliação de Práticas Psicológicas Aluízio Lopes de Brito (SAPP), dispositivo instituído no âmbito do Sistema Conselhos de Psicologia e regulamentado pelo Conselho Federal de Psicologia através da Resolução CFP nº 15, de 18 de agosto de 2023. O SAPP surge da necessidade premente de orientação e qualificação profissionais frente às práticas emergentes que produzem o saber/ fazer da psicologia. Nesse sentido, trata-se de processo que busca orientar, qualificar e fazer conhecer práticas que sejam compatíveis ou não com o exercício profissional em psicologia. Com o trabalho realizado no SAPP serão produzidos pareceres que contribuirão minimamente para o conhecimento das fronteiras que delimitam os campos da psicologia e, por excelência, conheceremos melhor nossas próprias formas de atuação. Através da consideração do trinômio teoria-prática-ética, o CFP espera com o SAPP abrir diálogos com grupos, práticas e saberes fronteiriços e constantemente relegados pela psicologia hegemônica. Para tanto, parte do pressuposto de que os saberes e fazeres destas populações podem refinar as teorias psicológicas e fazer a psicologia avançar como ciência e profissão.(AU)


This manuscript aims to characterize and describe the flows of the Aluízio Lopes de Brito Psychological Practices Assessment System (SAPP), an instrument established within the framework of the Psychology Council System and regulated by the Federal Council of Psychology (CFP) with Resolution CFP No. 15, of August 18, 2023. The SAPP arises from the pressing need for professional guidance and qualification in the face of emerging practices that shape the knowledge/practice of psychology. In this sense, it is a process that seeks to guide, qualify, and make known practices that are compatible or not with the professional practice of psychology. The work carried out in the SAPP will produce opinions that will contribute minimally to the understanding of the boundaries that delimit the fields of psychology and, by excellence, we will better understand our own modes of operation. Considering the trinity of theory-practice-ethics, the CFP hopes with the SAPP to open dialogues with groups, practices, and knowledge that are in the borders and are constantly relegated by hegemonic psychology. To this end, it assumes that the knowledge and practices of these populations can refine psychological theories and advance psychology as a science and profession.(AU)


El objetivo de este manuscrito es caracterizar y describir los flujos del Sistema de Evaluación de Prácticas Psicológicas Aluízio Lopes de Brito (SAPP), un dispositivo establecido en el marco del Sistema de Consejos de Psicología y regulado por el Consejo Federal de Psicología a través de la Resolución CFP n.º 15, con fecha del 18 de agosto de 2023. El SAPP surge de la necesidad apremiante de orientación y calificación profesional frente a las prácticas emergentes que configuran el conocimiento y las habilidades de la psicología. En este sentido, es un proceso que busca orientar, calificar y dar a conocer prácticas que sean compatibles o no con el ejercicio profesional de la psicología. El trabajo realizado en el SAPP generará opiniones que contribuirán mínimamente a la comprensión de los límites que delimitan los campos de la psicología y, por excelencia, comprender mejor nuestras propias formas de actuación. A través de la consideración de la tríada teoría-práctica-ética, el CFP espera que con el SAPP puede llevar a cabo el diálogo con grupos, prácticas y conocimientos fronterizos y constantemente pasados por alto por la psicología hegemónica. Con este fin, se asume que los conocimientos y prácticas de estas poblaciones pueden refinar las teorías psicológicas y hacer avanzar la psicología como ciencia y profesión.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology , Psychological Techniques , Health Research Evaluation , Organizational Innovation , Art Therapy , Psychology, Social , Social Justice , Sociology , Technology , Therapeutics , Violence , Complementary Therapies , Acupuncture Therapy , Mental Health , Color Therapy , Health Personnel , Cultural Diversity , Aromatherapy , Benchmarking , Creativity , Credentialing , Disaster Vulnerability , Culture , Sensory Art Therapies , Spiritual Therapies , Personal Autonomy , Dance Therapy , Dancing , Democracy , Codes of Ethics , Auriculotherapy , Social Marginalization , Pragmatic Clinical Trials as Topic , Gene Ontology , Peer Influence , Conservative Treatment , Psychosocial Intervention , Holistic Health , Human Rights , Institutional Practice , Job Description , Learning , Malpractice , Anthroposophy , Music Therapy
16.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 38(89): 49-55, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553112

ABSTRACT

La decoloración de las piezas dentarias puede te-ner un impacto estético y social que lleva a los pa-cientes a buscar una intervención para mejorar su sonrisa. Las manchas superficiales y las irregula-ridades del esmalte pueden deberse a hipoplasias, hipomineralización molar, fluorosis, uso de medica-mentos, manchas blancas causadas por traumatis-mos o infección en la dentición primaria, o manchas post ortodóncicas. El diagnóstico de los defectos del esmalte se realiza a través de un examen visual por transiluminación. Se han propuesto técnicas micro abrasivas con diferentes agentes para eliminar las manchas superficiales del esmalte, así también como el uso de agentes blanqueadores a baja concentra-ción para equilibrar el color de las piezas dentarias. Si las manchas son profundas se requiere de una mega abrasión y posterior restitución anatómica con resinas compuestas. Los avances tecnológicos en los materiales de restauración adhesivos permi-ten imitar las piezas dentarias naturales permitien-do la mínima destrucción de la estructura dental sin comprometer futuras opciones de restauración. El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar una secuencia de procedimientos mínimamente invasivos para devol-ver la estética perdida en una paciente que concurre a la Cátedra de Odontología Restauradora (AU)


The discoloration of dental pieces can have an aesthetic and social impact that leads patients to seek an intervention to improve their smile. Superficial stains and enamel irregularities may be due to hypoplasia, molar hypomineralization, fluorosis, drug use, white spots caused by trauma or infection in the primary dentition, or post-orthodontic stains. The diagnosis of enamel defects is made through a visual examination by transillumination. Microabrasive techniques with different agents have been proposed to remove surface stains from the enamel, as well as the use of low-concentration whitening agents to balance the color of the teeth. If the stains are deep, a mega abrasion and subsequent anatomical restoration with composite resins are required. Technological advances in adhesive restorative materials make it possible to mimic natural teeth, allowing minimal destruction of tooth structure without compromising future restorative options. The objective of this work is to show the sequence of minimally invasive procedures to return the lost aesthetics in a patient who attends the Chair of Restorative Dentistry (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Discoloration/therapy , Enamel Microabrasion/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Conservative Treatment , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dental Enamel/physiopathology , Esthetics, Dental
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(4): 201-206, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449723

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate recurrence rates and risk factors among women with stage IA1 cervical cancer without lymph vascular space invasion managed conservatively. Methods: retrospective review of women with stage IA1 squamous cervical cancer who underwent cold knife cone or loop electrosurgical excision procedure, between 1994 and 2015, at a gynecologic oncology center in Southern Brazil. Age at diagnosis, pre-conization findings, conization method, margin status, residual disease, recurrence and survival rates were collected and analyzed. Results: 26 women diagnosed with stage IA1 squamous cervical cancer without lymphovascular space invasion underwent conservative management and had at least 12 months follow-up. The mean follow-up was 44.6 months. The mean age at diagnosis was 40.9 years. Median first intercourse occurred at age 16 years, 11.5% were nulliparous and 30.8% were current or past tobacco smokers. There was one Human immunodeficiency virus positive patient diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 at 30 months after surgery. However, there were no patients diagnosed with recurrent invasive cervical cancer and there were no deaths due to cervical cancer or other causes in the cohort. Conclusion: Excellent outcomes were noted in women with stage IA1 cervical cancer without lymphovascular space invasion and with negative margins who were managed conservatively, even in a developing country.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar recidiva e seus fatores de risco em mulheres com câncer do colo do útero estádio IA1 sem invasão do espaço linfovascular tratadas conservadoramente. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes com câncer do colo do útero IA1 escamoso submetidas a cone do colo do útero, entre 1994 e 2015, em um centro de ginecologia oncológica do sul do Brasil. Foram revisados e analisados idade no diagnóstico, achados pré-conização, método de conização, margens, doença residual, recorrência e sobrevida. Resultados: 26 mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer do colo do útero estádio escamoso sem invasão do espaço linfovascular foram submetidas a tratamento conservador, com seguimento mínimo de 12 meses. O tempo médio de seguimento foi 44,6 meses. A média de idade no diagnóstico foi 40,9 anos. A primeira relação sexual ocorreu aos 16 anos (mediana), 11,5% eram nulíparas e 30,8% eram tabagistas atuais ou passadas. Houve um caso de recidiva de neoplasia intraepitelial cervical grau 2 aos 30 meses em uma paciente com vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Não houve pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de colo do útero invasor recorrente, e não houve mortes por câncer do colo do útero ou outras causas. Conclusão: Os resultados observados após tratamento conservador em mulheres com câncer cervical escamoso IA1 sem invasão do espaço linfovascular com margens negativas foram excelentes, mesmo em um país em desenvolvimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Recurrence , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Conization , Conservative Treatment
18.
Coluna/Columna ; 22(3): e273483, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520795

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the axial correction capacity of the 3D brace in treating Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). Methods: A retrospective study was carried out with 61 patients with AIS who obtained the 3D brace, between 2019 and 2022, in a laboratory that manufactures orthotics and orthopedic prostheses. These individuals underwent independent analysis of radiographic parameters by evaluating vertebral rotation using the Nash and Moe classification. The analyzed radiographs were taken in orthostasis before and after treatment with the 3D vest. Patients were divided into groups I and II-IV according to the Nash and Moe radiographic classification. Corrective capacity was estimated by assessing the degree of vertebral rotation before and after treatment. Results: Of the 61 patients evaluated, 36 (59%) had Nash and Moe grade I, and 25 patients grade II-IV before treatment. After treatment, 13 (21%) had grade II-IV, and 48 had grade I. Of the patients categorized as II-IV, 64% had improvement in the rotational profile. None clinical studies or radiographic parameter was associated with a change in rotational profile other than brace use (p=0.012). Conclusion: In the studied sample, treatment with the 3D vest promoted a change in vertebral rotation according to the Nash and Moe classification. The majority showed improvement in this parameter of evaluation of treatment of AIS. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective Study.


RESUMO: Objetivo: Avaliar a capacidade de correção axial do colete 3D no tratamento da Escoliose Idiopática do Adolescente (EIA). Métodos: Realizou-se estudo retrospectivo com 61 pacientes com EIA que obtiveram o colete 3D, entre 2019 e 2022, em um laboratório de confecção de órteses e próteses ortopédicas. Esses indivíduos foram submetidos à análise independente dos parâmetros radiográficos através da avaliação da rotação vertebral pela classificação de Nash e Moe. As radiografias analisadas foram realizadas em ortostase antes e após o tratamento com o colete 3D. Os pacientes foram separados em grupo I e grupo II-IV de acordo com a classificação radiográfica de Nash e Moe. A capacidade de correção foi estimada pela avaliação do grau de rotação vertebral antes e depois do tratamento. Resultados: Dentre os 61 pacientes avaliados, 36 (59%) apresentavam grau I, e 25 pacientes grau II-IV de Nash e Moe, antes do tratamento. Após o tratamento, 13 (21%) apresentavam grau II-IV e, 48 pacientes apresentavam grau I. Dos pacientes categorizados como II-IV, 64% tiveram melhora no perfil rotacional. Nenhum parâmetro clínico ou radiográfico estudado esteve associado com a mudança no perfil rotacional além do uso do colete (p=0,012). Conclusões: Na amostra estudada, o tratamento com o colete 3D promoveu mudança na rotação vertebral pela classificação de Nash e Moe. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou melhora neste parâmetro de avaliação de tratamento da EIA. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo Retrospectivo.


RESUMEN: Objetivo: Evaluar la capacidad de corrección axial del corsé 3D en el tratamiento de la Escoliosis Idiopática del Adolescente (EIA). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo con 61 pacientes con EIA que obtuvieron el corsé 3D, entre 2019 y 2022, en un laboratorio que fabrica ortesis y prótesis ortopédicas. Estos individuos se sometieron a un análisis independiente de los parámetros radiográficos a través de la evaluación de la rotación vertebral utilizando la clasificación de Nash y Moe. Las radiografías analizadas se tomaron en ortostasis antes y después del tratamiento con el corsé 3D. Los pacientes se dividieron en grupo I y grupo II-IV según la clasificación radiográfica de Nash y Moe. La capacidad correctora se estimó evaluando el grado de rotación vertebral antes y después del tratamiento. Resultados: De los 61 pacientes evaluados, 36 pacientes (59%) tenían grado I de Nash y Moe, y 25 grado II-IV antes del tratamiento. Después del tratamiento, 13 (21%) tenían grado II-IV, y 48 grado I. De los pacientes categorizados como II-IV, el 64% tuvo mejoría en el perfil rotacional. Ningún parámetro clínico o radiográfico estudiado se asoció con el cambio en el perfil de rotación que no sea el uso de aparatos ortopédicos (p = 0,012). Conclusiones: En la muestra estudiada, el tratamiento con el corsé 3D promovió un cambio en la rotación vertebral según la clasificación de Nash y Moe. La mayoría mostró mejoría en este parámetro de evaluación del tratamiento de la EIA. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio Retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Orthopedics , Analysis of Variance , Conservative Treatment
19.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 57: e20230280, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1535155

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To clinically validate a terminological subset of the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®) to care for people with chronic kidney disease undergoing conservative treatment. Method: Prospective study of clinical validation assessment of 117 nursing diagnoses/outcomes statements and 199 nursing intervention statements. It was operationalized through the following steps: implementation of the Nursing Process in an outpatient clinic in Southeast Brazil; preparation of case studies; analysis of agreement between specialist nurses. The Kappa. Kruskal-Wallis coefficient of agreement and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used. Results: The sample consisted of 50 people with chronic kidney disease. Diagnoses/outcomes and interventions were evaluated with almost perfect/perfect agreement and excellent ICC. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed that there was no significant difference between the assessments. The study allowed the clinical validation of a subset with 110 nursing diagnoses/outcomes and 195 nursing interventions. Conclusion: Care for people with chronic kidney disease undergoing conservative treatment based on the proposed subset has become applicable to clinical practice.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Validar clínicamente un subconjunto terminológico de la Clasificación Internacional para Práctica de Enfermería (CIPE®) para la atención de personas con enfermedad renal crónica sometidas a tratamiento conservador. Método: Estudio prospectivo que evaluó la validación clínica de 117 declaraciones de diagnóstico/resultado y 199 declaraciones de intervención de enfermería. Fue operacionalizado a través de los siguientes pasos: implementación del Proceso de Enfermería en un ambulatorio del Sudeste de Brasil; preparación de estudios de caso; Análisis de concordancia entre enfermeros especialistas. Se utilizaron los coeficientes de concordancia Kappa. Kruskal-Wallis y coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI). Resultados: La muestra estuvo compuesta por 50 personas con enfermedad renal crónica. Los diagnósticos/resultados e intervenciones se evaluaron con una concordancia casi perfecta/perfecta y un CCI excelente. La prueba de Kruskal-Wallis mostró que no había diferencias significativas entre las valoraciones. El estudio permitió validar clínicamente un subconjunto con 110 diagnósticos/resultados y 195 intervenciones de enfermería. Conclusión: La atención a personas con enfermedad renal crónica sometidas a tratamiento conservador basado en el subconjunto propuesto se ha vuelto aplicable a la práctica clínica.


RESUMO Objetivo: Validar clinicamente um subconjunto terminológico da Classificação Internacional para a Prática de Enfermagem (CIPE®) para o cuidado às pessoas com doença renal crônica em tratamento conservador. Método: Estudo prospectivo. de avaliação de validação clínica de 117 enunciados de diagnósticos/resultados e 199 enunciados intervenções de enfermagem. Foi operacionalizado pelas seguintes etapas: implementação do Processo de Enfermagem em um ambulatório no Sudeste do Brasil; elaboração dos estudos de casos; análise de concordância entre enfermeiros especialistas. Utilizou-se o coeficiente de concordância de Kappa. Kruskal-Wallis e coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI). Resultados: A amostra foi constituída por 50 pessoas com doença renal crônica. Os diagnósticos/resultados e intervenções foram avaliadas com concordância quase perfeita/perfeita e CCI excelente. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis mostrou inexistir diferença significativa entre as avaliações. O estudo possibilitou validar clinicamente um subconjunto com 110 diagnósticos/resultados e 195 intervenções de enfermagem. Conclusão: O cuidado às pessoas com doença renal crônica em tratamento conservador pautado no subconjunto proposto se tornou aplicável à prática clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Nursing Research , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Validation Study , Conservative Treatment , Standardized Nursing Terminology
20.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e254483, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440795

ABSTRACT

Compreender as estratégias de resolução de conflitos utilizadas por adolescentes na relação com seus pais é fundamental para entender como ocorre seu desenvolvimento saudável. Este artigo investigou a resolução de conflitos de adolescentes em situações de confronto entre o seu domínio pessoal e o controle parental. 36 adolescentes com idades entre 15 e 17 anos, divididos igualmente conforme o sexo, responderam a uma entrevista semiestruturada, que continha quatro situações de conflito hipotéticas. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo semântica e a testes não paramétricos. Os resultados foram categorizados em sete estratégias: Assunção de culpa, Submissão, Mentira, Hostilidade, Diálogo/Explicação, Negociação e Outra. A forma predominante de resolução utilizada foi o Diálogo/Explicação, considerada como uma forma recorrente de defender o domínio pessoal. Foram encontradas diferenças em relação ao sexo dos participantes e à situação hipotética. Por fim, os resultados são discutidos em termos de grau de autonomia e tipo de defesa do domínio pessoal.(AU)


Understanding the conflict resolution strategies used by adolescents in their relationship with their parents is fundamental to understanding how their healthy development occurs. This article investigated the resolution of conflicts by adolescents in confrontation situations between their personal domain and parental control. A total of 36 adolescents, aged 15 to 17 years, divided equally according to sex, answered a semi-structured interview that contained four hypothetical conflict situations. Data were subjected to semantic content analysis and non-parametric tests. The results were categorized into seven strategies: Assumption of Guilt, Submission, Lie, Hostility, Dialogue/Explanation, Negotiation, and Other. The predominant form of resolution used was Dialogue/Explanation, considered a recurrent form of defense of the personal domain. Differences were found depending on the participants' gender and the hypothetical situation. Finally, the results are discussed regarding the degree of autonomy and type of defense of the personal domain.(AU)


Enterarse de las estrategias de resolución de conflictos que los adolescentes utilizan en la relación con sus padres es fundamental para comprender cómo ocurre el desarrollo saludable de los adolescentes. A partir de una entrevista semiestructurada, presentamos cuatro situaciones hipotéticas de conflicto que fueron analizadas y respondidas por 36 adolescentes de entre 15 y 17 años, divididos según el género. Los datos se sometieron a un análisis de contenido semántico y a pruebas no paramétricas. Los resultados se categorizaron en siete estrategias de resolución de conflictos: Asunción de culpa, Sumisión, Mentira, Hostilidad, Diálogo/Explicación, Negociación y Otros. La forma de resolución más utilizada fue Diálogo/Explicación, y esta categoría fue una forma de defensa del dominio personal. Asimismo, se encontraron diferencias en función del género de los participantes y conforme la situación hipotética. Los resultados se discuten en términos de grado de autonomía y tipo de defensa del dominio personal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adolescent , Negotiating , Family Conflict , Anxiety , Orientation , Parent-Child Relations , Personal Satisfaction , Personality , Personality Development , Primary Health Care , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Psychosexual Development , Psychotherapy , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Role , Sex , Authoritarianism , Social Behavior Disorders , Social Change , Social Dominance , Social Environment , Socialization , Stereotyping , Stress, Psychological , Avoidance Learning , Taboo , Temperament , Temperance , Violence , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Career Choice , Attitude , Child Advocacy , Child Welfare , Choice Behavior , Mental Health , Puberty , Adolescent Behavior , Parenting , Intergenerational Relations , Codependency, Psychological , Interview , Communication , Comprehensive Health Care , Privacy , Adult , Sexuality , Conduct Disorder , Feedback, Psychological , Disclosure , Dangerous Behavior , Principle-Based Ethics , Decision Making , Harm Reduction , Moral Development , Dissent and Disputes , Trust , Friends , Adolescent Development , Sexual Development , Dominance-Subordination , Education , Educational Status , Ego , Emotions , Escape Reaction , Fear , Emotional Intelligence , Sense of Coherence , Forgiveness , Protective Factors , Social Norms , Emotional Adjustment , Underage Drinking , Peer Influence , Conservative Treatment , Perfectionism , Cell Phone Use , Incivility , Self-Management , Ethnocentrism , Freedom , Frustration , Psychological Distress , Social Integration , Empowerment , Transtheoretical Model , Disinformation , Social Cohesion , Citizenship , Gestalt Therapy , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Guilt , Happiness , Hormones , Hostility , Human Development , Human Rights , Identity Crisis , Individuation , Juvenile Delinquency , Anger , Leisure Activities , Life Change Events , Loneliness , Love , Deception , Morals , Narcissism , Object Attachment
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