Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.643
Filter
1.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 65-74, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345502

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effect of three commercial calcium silicate-based materials (CSBM) on cytotoxicity and pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines production in cultured human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Culture of hPDLSCs was established and characterized. Extracts of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) and PBS Cimmo HP (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil) were prepared by placing cement specimens (5 x 3 mm) in culture medium. Then, the extracts were serially two-fold diluted (1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16) and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h for MTT assays. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines were quantified by ELISA at 24h-cell supernatants. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). All CSBM exhibited some cytotoxicity that varied according to extract concentration and time of evaluation. MTA Fillapex presented the highest cytotoxic effects with significant reduction of metabolic activity/cell viability when compared to Bio-C Sealer and Cimmo HP®. TNF-α was significantly upregulated by the three tested cements (p < 0.05) while only MTA Fillapex significantly upregulated IL-10 in comparison to control. Taken collectively, the results showed that PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer and MTA Fillapex present mild and transient cytotoxicity and slightly induced TNF-α production. MTA Fillapex upregulated IL-10 release by hPDLSCs.


Resumo Este estudo investigou o efeito de três materiais comerciais à base de silicato de cálcio (CSBM) na citotoxicidade e na produção de citocinas pró e antiinflamatórias em células-tronco do ligamento periodontal humano (hPDLSCs). Cultura de hPDLSCs foi estabelecida e caracterizada. Extratos de Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil) e PBS Cimmo HP® (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil) foram preparados com a colocação de espécimes dos cimentos (5 x 3 mm) em meio de cultura. Em seguida, os extratos foram diluídos (1, 1: 2, 1: 4, 1: 8, 1:16) e inseridos nos poços semeados de células para ensaio de citotoxicidade por meio de MTT por 24, 48 e 72 h. As citocinas TNF-α e IL-10 foram quantificadas por ELISA em sobrenadantes de células de 24 h. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Todos os CSBM exibiram alguma citotoxicidade que variou de acordo com a concentração do extrato e o tempo de avaliação. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores efeitos citotóxicos com redução significativa da atividade metabólica / viabilidade celular quando comparado ao Bio-C Sealer e Cimmo HP®. O TNF-α foi regulado positivamente pelos três cimentos testados (p <0,05), enquanto apenas o MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 em comparação com o controle. Tomados em conjunto, os resultados mostraram que PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer e MTA Fillapex apresentam citotoxicidade leve e transitória e induziram a produção de TNF-α. O MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 por hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Root Canal Filling Materials/adverse effects , Stem Cells/drug effects , Silicates/adverse effects , Calcium Compounds/adverse effects , Oxides , Materials Testing , Cytokines/metabolism , Aluminum Compounds
2.
Infectio ; 25(2): 94-100, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250074

ABSTRACT

Resumen La infección por SARS-CoV-2 es hoy el principal problema de salud pública en el mundo. No es claro el papel de las citoquinas en la fisiopatología del COVID-19,que en algunos individuos presenta una progresión rápida, severa y mortal asociada con proinflamación sistémicos relacionada con coagulopatías y fallas multiorgánicas. En este estudio, evaluamos los niveles séricos de citoquinas y su correlación con IgM, IgG e IgA, en 24 muestras de individuos positivos y 8 muestras de individuos negativos, para SARS-CoV-2. Hallamos concentraciones significativamente menores de IFN-g, TNF, IL-2 e IL-4 y un aumento significativo de IL-6 en el grupo de infectados hospitalizados respecto a los no infectados, así como una tendencia significativa al aumento, para IgG e IgA en el mismo grupo de individuos, respecto a infectados asintomáticos. Nuestros datos soportan el papel de la IL-6 en la severidad de la enfermedad destacando su potencial papel como biomarcador en la prognosis de esta patología. También, soportan la hipótesis sobre la función de los anticuerpos en el control efectivo del patógeno; se observa una respuesta inmune humoral más débil, frente a la proteína de la nucleocápside viral, en individuos con un mejor curso de la enfermedad.


Abstract The emergency caused by the infection in humans of SARS-COV-2 and the clinical syndrome resulting from the infection (COVID-19) is a major public health crisis with global repercussions. Currently, the role of different cytokine profiles in the infection pathophysiology and its outcome remains unclear despite the coordina ted efforts of the scientific community. COVID-19 shows a rapid progression where the disease severity and mortality are linked to systemic pro-inflammatory pro cesses associated to a dysregulation in the cytokine production balance, resulting in blood clothing disorders and multiorgan failure. Here we evaluate the serum concentration for a cytokine panel as well as the antibody titers of IgM, IgG and IgA from 24 individuals who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR (divided into three separate groups according to disease severity) and eight RT-PCR-negative controls. Significantly lower concentrations of IFN-g, TNF, IL-2 and IL-4, and a higher production of IL-6 were observed in hospitalized COVID-19 patients when compared to SARS-CoV-2-negative individuals. Furthermore, a significant and sustained increase in the levels of IgG and IgA was found for the group of hospitalized patients compared to asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2-positive individuals. Our data support previous findings on the role of cytokines like IL-6 in the severity of the disease and highlight their potential use as biomarkers for the prognosis of COVID-19. Finally, we provide evidence supporting the potential function of the antibody response in the effective control of the virus, showing that a somehow weaker humoral immune response can be associated to milder forms of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cytokines , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Biomarkers , Colombia , Immunity , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
3.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e884, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289449

ABSTRACT

La actual pandemia de COVID-19 causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2, se caracteriza por una alta morbilidad y mortalidad. Algunos estudios han reportado que la frecuencia de ictus en pacientes infectados con el virus oscila entre un 5-20 por ciento. A pesar de estas cifras alarmantes, las vías por las cuales el virus llega al sistema nervioso central y los mecanismos fisiopatológicos por los que puede ocurrir un ictus en estos pacientes no han sido totalmente esclarecidos. Numerosos estudios han demostrado que la infección por SARS-CoV-2 está asociada a un estado protrombótico, capaz de causar un tromboembolismo arterial y venoso. Además, se ha reportado una respuesta inflamatoria exacerbada, con reclutamiento de células sanguíneas y una secreción desproporcionada de citoquinas proinflamatorias. También la hipoxia y fenómenos cardioembólicos han sido propuestos como posibles mecanismos. Es esencial definir con exactitud los mecanismos fisiopatológicos que vincula la infección por SARS-CoV-2 con la ocurrencia del ictus, con la finalidad de aplicar tratamientos más específicos y evitar futuras complicaciones(AU)


The actual Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection is an ongoing pandemic, characterized by high morbidity and mortality produced by SARS-CoV-2 virus. Studies reported a stroke frequency around 5-20 percent in infected patients; however, SNC invasion and pathophysiological mechanisms related to stroke in COVID-19 patients are still unknown. Several studies have demonstrated that SARS-CoV-2 infection is linked to a prothrombotic state causing venous and arterial thromboembolism. Also, an overstated inflammatory response with recruitment of blood cells and disproportioned secretion of proinflammatory cytokines has been reported. Finally, cardioembolism and hypoxia have been proposed as surrogate mechanisms. It is essential to define the pathophysiological mechanisms of stroke during the infection in order to apply more specific treatments to avoid further stroke complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytokines , Bodily Secretions , Stroke , COVID-19 , Hypoxia
4.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1101, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251718

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las quimiocinas son proteínas secretadas con tamaño en el rango de 8-10 kDa, con numerosas funciones en la fisiología normal y patológica. El término deriva de las palabras citocinas quimiotácticas, que refleja su importante participación en la quimioatracción de leucocitos. Sin embargo, las evidencias muestran que las quimiocinas tienen muchas otras funciones como la comunicación intercelular, la activación celular y la regulación del ciclo celular. Objetivo: Analizar los conocimientos actuales sobre las quimiocinas y sus receptores, y la significación clínica de estas en la medicina transfusional y el trasplante. Métodos: Se realizó revisión de la literatura, en inglés y español, a través del sitio web PubMed y el motor de búsqueda Google académico de artículos publicados en los últimos 10 años. Se efectuó análisis y resumen de la bibliografía revisada. Análisis y síntesis de la información: La transcripción de la mayoría de los genes de quimiocinas es inducible y se produce en respuesta a estímulos celulares específicos. Las quimiocinas son importantes en la movilización de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas para el trasplante y localización de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas trasplantadas. En los modelos de incompatibilidad ABO, las quimiocinas CXC y CC se producen en niveles elevados. Conclusiones: Muchas son las oportunidades de futuras investigaciones sobre las quimiocinas en la medicina transfusional por la considerable redundancia y superposición en la función biológica de estas moléculas y sus receptores. Son solo una parte de un proceso mucho más grande y complejo dentro de la red de citoquinas y otras moléculas del sistema inmune(AU)


Introduction: Chemokines are secreted proteins with size in the range of 8-10 kDa, with numerous functions in normal and pathological physiology. The term derives from the words chemotactic cytokines, reflecting its important role in the chemoattraction of leukocytes. However, the evidence shows that chemokines have many other functions such as intercellular communication, cell activation and cell cycle regulation. Objetive: To present current knowledge about chemokines and their receptors, and the clinical significance of these in transfusion medicine and transplantation. Method: A review of the literature was made, in English and Spanish, through the PubMed website and the Google academic search engine of articles published in the last 10 years. An analysis and summary of the revised bibliography was made. Developing: The transcription of most of the chemokine genes is inducible and occurs in response to specific cellular stimuli. Chemokines play an important role in the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells for the transplantation and localization of transplanted hematopoietic progenitor cells. In the ABO incompatibility models, the CXC and CC chemokines are produced at high levels. Conclusions: There are many opportunities for future research on chemokines in transfusion medicine due to their considerable redundancy and superposition in the biological function of these molecules and their receptors. They are just one part of a much larger and more complex process within the network of cytokines and other molecules of the immune system(AU)


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Chemokines , Transfusion Medicine , Immune System
6.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200183, 2021. graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1287097

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic brought attention to studies about viral infections and their impact on the cell machinery. SARS-CoV-2, for example, invades the host cells by ACE2 interaction and possibly hijacks the mitochondria. To better understand the disease and to propose novel treatments, crucial aspects of SARS-CoV-2 enrolment with host mitochondria must be studied. The replicative process of the virus leads to consequences in mitochondrial function, and cell metabolism. The hijacking of mitochondria, on the other hand, can drive the extrusion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to the cytosol. Extracellular mtDNA evoke robust proinflammatory responses once detected, that may act in different pathways, eliciting important immune responses. However, few receptors are validated and are able to detect and respond to mtDNA. In this review, we propose that the mtDNA and its detection might be important in the immune process generated by SARS-CoV-2 and that this mechanism might be important in the lung pathogenesis seen in clinical symptoms. Therefore, investigating the mtDNA receptors and their signaling pathways might provide important clues for therapeutic interventions.(AU)


Subject(s)
DNA/analysis , Genes, Mitochondrial , COVID-19 , Cytokines
7.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200152, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1346435

ABSTRACT

Peptides obtained from different animal species have gained importance recently due to research that aims to develop biopharmaceuticals with therapeutic potential. In this sense, arthropod venoms have drawn attention, not only because of their toxicity but mainly for the search for molecules with various bioactivities, including anti-inflammatory activity. The purpose of the present study is to gather data available in the literature on new peptides derived from arthropod species with anti-inflammatory potential. This systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Studies on peptides from arthropods that display anti-inflammatory activity were retrieved from PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases. The bibliographic research started in 2020 and searched papers without a limit on the publication date. The articles were analyzed using a search string containing the following terms: "Peptides" and "Anti-inflammatory", in combinations such as "Ant", "Bee", "Wasp", "Crab", "Shrimp", "Scorpion", "Spider", "Tick" and "Centipedes". Besides, a search was carried out in the databases with the terms: "Peptides", "Antitumor", or "Anticancer", and "Arthropods". Articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria totalized 171, and these served for data extraction. Additionally, the present review included anti-inflammatory peptides with anticancer properties. Peptides with confirmed anti-inflammatory activity were from insects (ants, bees, and wasps), crustaceans (shrimp and crabs), arachnids (scorpions, spiders, and ticks), and centipedes. These arthropod peptides act mainly by decreasing pro-inflammatory cytokines as analyzed in vitro and in vivo. Some showed significant antineoplastic activity, working in essential cellular pathways against malignant neoplasms.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Peptides , Arthropod Venoms , Arthropods , Biological Products , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/analysis , Cytokines , Literature
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878989

ABSTRACT

In this paper, Asarum polysaccharides(AP) were extracted, and its composition was analyzed to study the activity against H1 N1 influenza virus in vitro and its intervention effect on mice with kidney Yang deficiency syndrome. AP was prepared by the strategy of water extraction and alcohol precipitation, the content was determined, and its monosaccharide composition was analyzed. The cell Real-time monitoring system and Reed-Muench model were adopted to evaluate the antiviral activity of AP in vitro. And the mouse model of kidney Yang deficiency syndrome was established in vivo to compare the efficacy of Mahuang Xixin Fuzi Decoction(MXF) and AP. MXF group and AP group were treated with clinical equivalent doses of 1.8 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) and 0.077 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) respectively, once a day for 6 consecutive days. Real-time PCR was used to detect the relative expression of M gene of H1 N1 influenza virus and cytokines in lung tissue. The content of AP in Asarum was 25.22%, and the protein content was 0.8%. And the monosaccharide composition was identified as L-rhamnose, D-arabinose, D-xylose, D-glucose, D-galactose and D-mannose. TI values of Tamiflu, MXF and AP were 30.00, 8.06 and 10.33, respectively. Three different doses of AP could significantly reduce the concentration of virus in supernatant. Compared with the model mice, lung indexes of MXF group and AP group decreased significantly(P<0.05), and the relative expression of M gene decreased significantly(P<0.05). The relative expressions of IL-10 and IFN-γ were up-regulated to varying degrees, while the relative gene expressions of IL-1β, IL-6 and MCP-1 were down-regulated to different degrees. In addition, AP could significantly enhance the expression of TNF-α(P<0.01). AP had a good anti-influenza virus activity in vitro, and could protect mice with kidney Yang deficiency syndrome by reducing the viral load in lung tissue, decreasing inflammation damage in lung tissue, and regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Compared with the prescription of MXF, AP had a better antiviral activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Asarum , Cytokines/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza, Human/genetics , Lung , Mice , Polysaccharides
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878709

ABSTRACT

Adipokines,the bioactive polypeptides secreted by adipose tissue,are related to the occurrence and development of obesity,metabolic syndrome,renal insufficiency,cardiovascular disease,diabetes mellitus and other diseases.They may be the disease intervention targets and a breakthrough in the study of disease pathogenesis.In this paper,we summarize the latest research progress of the adipokines omentin,chemerin and nesfatin.


Subject(s)
Adipokines , Adipose Tissue , Chemokines , Cytokines , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Metabolic Syndrome , Obesity
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the changes in the expression of the characteristic transcription factor retinoid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and the cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the pressure side of the periodontal tissue of rats under different orthodontic forces. Their effects on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the quantity of osteoclast (OC) were also explored. The role of Th17 cell in alveolar bone remodeling under different forces was preliminarily investigated.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 rats were chosen and randomly divided into three groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, and 100 g were loaded on the maxillary first molar in the three groups. The rats were executed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The expression of RORγt mRNA was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-17 protein was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of RORγt and OPG proteins were quantified, and the quantity of OC was counted via immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 and the quantity of OC increased first and then decreased in the 50 and 100 g groups, and the peak values of the two groups were on days 5 and 7, respectively. The expression levels in the 50 g group basically recovered to normal level on day 14, while that in the 100 g group remained at a high level. The expression levels in the 50 g group were higher than those in the 0 g group and lower than those in the 100 g group. The expression of OPG in the 50 g group decreased first, then increased, and finally decreased. It basically recovered to normal level on day 14. The expression of OPG in the 100 g group decreased first and then increased. It remained at a high level on day 14. The expression in the 50 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 7, while the expression in the 100 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 14.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RORγt, IL-17, and OPG were expressed regularly over time under different orthodontic forces, indicating that Th17 participated in the process of bone resorption on the pressure side of periodontal tissue by secreting IL-17.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Cytokines , Interleukin-17 , Molar , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , Rats , Th17 Cells , Tooth Movement Techniques
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the effects of microRNA-146a (miR-146a) on the production of cytokines in lymphocytes stimulated by @*METHODS@#Lymphocytes were harvested from mouse spleen and cultured @*RESULTS@#Compared with non-LPS-stimulated group, @*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-146a can provide a suitable microenvironment for bone formation by preventing the inflammatory effects of


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Lipopolysaccharides , Lymphocytes , Mice , MicroRNAs , Porphyromonas gingivalis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878337

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate involvement of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in the immunomodulatory effects of cadmium (Cd).@*Methods@#The effect of Cd on AhR activation ( @*Results@#Cd increased @*Conclusion@#AhR signaling is involved in the lung leukocyte proinflammatory cytokine response to Cd. The relevance of the AhR to the cytokine response to Cd provides new insight into the mechanisms of Cd immunotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/immunology , Cadmium/toxicity , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1/immunology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1B1/immunology , Cytokines/immunology , Environmental Pollutants/toxicity , Male , Rats , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/immunology
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 244-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878253

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of polarization program on the ability of macrophages to regulate iron metabolism. M1 and M2 macrophages were propagated in vitro from porcine alveolar macrophages 3D4/2 and polarized by cytokines. The 3D4/2 macrophages were treated with 20 ng/mL interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and 10 ng/mL interleukin-4 (IL-4) combined with 10 ng/mL macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) to induce polarization to M1 and M2, respectively. After incubation for 24 h, the expression levels of inflammatory factors and iron-metabolism genes were determined using real-time qPCR, Western bot and immunofluorescence. The M1/M2 macrophages culture media supernatant was collected and used to treat porcine intestinal epithelial cells IPEC-J2. The proliferation ability of IPEC-J2 was detected using CCK-8 assay kit. Following exogenous addition of ammonium ferric citrate (FAC) to M1/M2 macrophages, the phagocytic function of macrophages was detected using fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran (FITC-dextran) and flow cytometry. The results showed that, compared with control, M1 macrophages had higher mRNA levels of iron storage proteins (ferritin heavy and light polypeptide, i.e. FtH and FtL), hepcidin and lipocalin-2, as well as iron content. Moreover, iron enhanced the ability of M1 macrophages to phagocytize FITC-dextran. There was no significant change in these mRNA expression levels in M2 macrophages, but the mRNA expression levels of ferroportin and transferrin receptor were up-regulated. In addition, the conditioned media supernatant from M2 macrophages promoted cell proliferation of IPEC-J2. These findings indicate that M1 macrophages tend to lock iron in the cell and reduce extracellular iron content, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of extracellular bacteria. While M2 macrophages tend to excrete iron, which contributes to the proliferation of surrounding cells and thus promotes tissue repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Ferritins , Iron/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Macrophages, Alveolar/metabolism , Swine
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 829-839, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#MicroRNAs are closely associated with the progression and outcomes of multiple human diseases, including sepsis. In this study, we examined the role of miR-23a in septic injury.@*METHODS@#Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to induce sepsis in a rat model and H9C2 and HK-2 cells. miR-23a expression was evaluated in rat myocardial and kidney tissues, as well as H9C2 and HK-2 cells. A miR-23a mimic was introduced into cells to identify the role of miR-23a in cell viability, apoptosis, and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, the effect of Rho-associated kinase 1 (ROCK1), a miR-23a target, on cell damage was evaluated, and molecules involved in the underlying mechanism were identified.@*RESULTS@#In the rat model, miR-23a was poorly expressed in myocardial (sham vs. sepsis 1.00 ± 0.06 vs. 0.27 ± 0.03, P < 0.01) and kidney tissues (sham vs. sepsis 0.27 ± 0.03 vs. 1.00 ± 0.06, P < 0.01). Artificial overexpression of miR-23a resulted in increased proliferative activity (DNA replication rate: Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 34.13 ± 3.12 vs. 12.94 ± 1.21 vs. 13.31 ± 1.43 vs. 22.94 ± 2.26, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), decreased cell apoptosis (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 11.39 ± 1.04 vs. 32.57 ± 2.29 vs. 33.08 ± 3.12 vs. 21.63 ± 2.35, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), and decreased production of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 59.61 ± 5.14 vs. 113.54 ± 12.30 vs. 116.51 ± 10.69 vs. 87.69 ± 2.97 ng/mL; P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 68.12 ± 6.44 vs. 139.65 ± 16.62 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 100.82 ± 9.74 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) and tumor necrosis factor-α (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 103.20 ± 10.31 vs. 169.67 ± 18.84 vs. 173.61 ± 15.91 vs. 133.36 ± 12.32 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 132.51 ± 13.37 vs. 187.47 ± 16.74 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 155.79 ± 15.31 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) in cells. However, ROCK1 was identified as a miR-23a target, and further up-regulation of ROCK1 mitigated the protective function of miR-23a in LPS-treated H9C2 and HK-2 cells. Moreover, ROCK1 suppressed sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) expression to promote the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65, indicating the possible involvement of this signaling pathway in miR-23a-mediated events.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that miR-23a could suppress LPS-induced cell damage and inflammatory cytokine secretion by binding to ROCK1, mediated through the potential participation of the SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line , Cytokines , Inflammation/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides , MicroRNAs/genetics , NF-kappa B , Rats , Sirtuin 1 , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of fire needling and filiform needling for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and observe the influence on related serum inflammatory sytokines.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with mild to moderate KOA were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Both groups were given basic health management, and the acupoints of the two groups were Liangqiu (ST 34), Xuehai (SP 10), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and @*RESULTS@#At each time point of treatment and follow-up, the pain, stiffness, difficulty of daily activities scores and WOMAC total scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling can improve the pain, stiffness and joint dysfunction of patients with mild to moderate KOA, and increase serum MMP-3 and IL-1α levels. Its short and long term clinical effects are better than filiform needling.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cytokines , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
16.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 292-301, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880958

ABSTRACT

The high- and the low-molecular weight hyaluronic acids (HMW-HA and LMW-HA, respectively) showed different biological activities in inflammation. However, the role of LMW-HA in inflammatory response is controversial. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of bioactive hyaluronan (B-HA) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in human macrophages and mice. B-HA was produced from HA treated with glycosylated recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20. Human THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate into macrophages. THP-1-derived macrophages were treated with B-HA, LPS, or B-HA + LPS. The mRNA expression and the production of inflammatory cytokines were determined using quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The phosphorylation levels of proteins in the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and IRF-3 signaling pathways were measured using Western blot. The in vivo efficacy of B-HA was assessed in a mouse model of LPS-induced inflammation. Results showed that B-HA inhibited the expression of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1, and IFN-β, and enhanced the expression of the antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10 in LPS-induced inflammatory responses in THP-1-derived macrophages and in vivo. B-HA significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of the TLR4 signaling pathway proteins p65, IKKα/β, IκBα, JNK1/2, ERK1/2, p38, and IRF-3. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the B-HA attenuated the LPS-stimulated inflammatory response by inhibiting the activation of the TLR4 signaling pathway. B-HA could be a potential anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of inflammatory disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Hyaluronic Acid , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Toll-Like Receptor 4
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880639

ABSTRACT

Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a new member of the IL-1 cytokine family which plays roles in the nucleus as a nuclear factor and is released by damaged or necrotic cells to act as a cytokine. It can be released via damaged or necrotic cells and functions as a cytokine. The released IL-33 activates the downstream NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways through the isomers of the specific receptor ST2 and the interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP), resulting in danger signals and the activated multiple immune responses. IL-33 is abnormally expressed in various tumors and involves in tumorigenesis, development, and metastasis. Moreover, IL-33 can play both pro-tumor and anti-tumor roles in the same type of tumor.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Humans , Interleukin-33/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Neoplasms
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the singnificance of Tim-3 in Th17/Treg balance in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Fifty-six newly diagnosed MM patients and 30 healthy people were enrolled. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of Tim-3 on CD4@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the expression of Tim-3 on CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ratios of Th17/Treg, IL-17/IL-10 and Tim-3


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879941

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a chronic respiratory disease,characterized by airway inflammation,airway hyperresponsiveness,reversible airway obstruction and airway remodeling,in which a variety of cells including airway inflammatory cells and structural cells are involved. Previous studies have shown that asthma is mainly driven by Th2 cytokines IL-4,IL-5,and IL-13,leading to airway eosinophil inflammation. With further research,however,it has been found that neutrophils are also closely related to asthma. Numbers of neutrophils are elevated in airway through increased chemotaxis and decreased apoptosis,which is earlier than eosinophils,leading to airway neutrophilic inflammation. Neutrophils can produce elastase,myeloperoxidase,neutrophil extra- cellular traps,chemokines and cytokines,participating in the occurrence and development of asthma. The antagonists against these molecules,such as anti-IL-8 receptor antibody,anti-IL-17 antibody,and DNase,have shown positive effects on neutrophilic asthma,but further studies are needed to support their clinical application. This article mainly reviews the role of neutrophils in asthma and related mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Asthma/immunology , Cytokines , Eosinophils , Humans , Inflammation , Neutrophils/immunology
20.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 52 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1255011

ABSTRACT

A associação de probióticos ao debridamento mecânico pode ser uma proposta de tratamento das doenças periodontais, em especial para pacientes portadores de Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). Avaliou-se os efeitos da administração do probiótico Lactobacillus reuteri como terapia coadjuvante no tratamento da Periodontite (P) associada ao DM2. Um total de 40 participantes diabéticos e diagnosticados com P foram randomizados em Grupo RAR+Placebo (n=20): receberam debridamento mecânico associado ao probiótico e Grupo RAR+Probi (n=20): tratados com debridamento mecânico associado a um placebo. Foram realizadas avaliações de profundidade de sondagem (P.S.), recessão gengival (RG), nível de inserção clínica (NIC), índice de placa (IP), índice de sangramento gengival (IG) e índice PISA no baseline, 30, 90 e 180 dias. Foi realizada dosagem da concentração de citocinas (INF-γ, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IL1ß, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) do fluido crevicular gengival (FCG), no baseline e 180 dias após o tratamento. Informações sobre efeitos adversos do uso de medicamentos e sobre qualidade de vida foram coletadas. Os dados foram obtidos em média e desvio padrão, e analisados pelos testes Fridman/Tukey e MannWhiteny. Considerado a metodologia do presente estudo, os resultados obtidos apontam que o debridamento periodontal promoveu melhora significativa (p<0.05) nos parâmetros clínicos periodontais em ambos os grupos, mas o uso do probiótico não foi eficiente para resultados adicionais quando comparado com o placebo. A terapia periodontal interferiu nos níveis de citocinas do FCG, porém não se pode afirmar que o uso de probiótico apresenta o mesmo efeito(AU)


The association of probiotics with mechanical debridement may be a proposal for the treatment of periodontal diseases, especially for patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2). The effects of the administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of Periodontitis (P) associated with DM2 were evaluated. A total of 40 diabetic participants and diagnosed with P were randomized into Group RAR + Placebo (n = 20): received mechanical debridement associated with the probiotic and Group RAR + Probi (n = 20): treated with mechanical debridement associated with a placebo. Probing depth (P.S.), gingival recession (RG), clinical insertion level (NIC), plaque index (IP), gingival bleeding index (IG) and PISA index were performed at baseline, 30, 90 and 180 days. Measurement of the concentration of cytokines (INF-γ, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) of the gingival crevicular fluid (FCG), at baseline and 180 days after treatment. Information on adverse effects of medication use and on quality of life was collected. The data were obtained in mean and standard deviation, and analyzed by the Fridman / Tukey and MannWhiteny tests. Considering the methodology of the present study, the results obtained point out that periodontal debridement promoted a significant improvement (p <0.05) in periodontal clinical parameters in both groups, but the use of probiotic was not efficient for additional results when compared with placebo. Periodontal therapy interfered with FCG cytokine levels, but it cannot be said that the use of probiotics has the same effect. Cytokines(AU)


Subject(s)
Periodontitis/complications , Cytokines/drug effects , Probiotics/administration & dosage , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control , Periodontal Debridement/instrumentation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL