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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929140

ABSTRACT

Various engine-driven NiTi endodontic files have been indispensable and efficient tools in cleaning and shaping of root canals for practitioners. In this review, we introduce the relative terms and conceptions of NiTi file, including crystal phase composition, the design of the cutting part, types of separation. This review also analysis the main improvement and evolution of different generations of engine-driven nickel-titanium instruments in the past 20 years in the geometric design, manufacturing surface treatment such as electropolishing, thermal treatment, metallurgy. And the variety of motion modes of NiTi files to improve resistance to torsional failure were also discussed. Continuous advancements by the designers, provide better balance between shaping efficiency and resistance to of NiTi systems. In clinical practice an appropriate system should be selected based on the anatomy of the root canal, instrument characteristics, and operators' experience.


Subject(s)
Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Instruments , Equipment Design , Nickel/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation , Titanium/chemistry
2.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 40-45, Jan-Apr2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348171

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Testar a hipótese nula de que a orientação das ranhuras superficiais não influencia na vida em fadiga de fios de níquel-titânio (NiTi). Material e Métodos: Segmentos de fio de NiTi (Moreli, Sorocaba/SP, Brasil) medindo 30mm e com diâmetro de 0,40mm foram utilizados. As ranhuras foram criadas em relação à direção longitudinal, em 45 e 90 graus. O fio foi analisado sob microscopia eletrônica de varredura e a rugosidade, quantificada por interferometria. O número de ciclos para a fratura (NCF) foi determinado pelo teste de flexão rotativa. Resultados: A rugosidade entre os grupos de 45 e 90 graus apresentou diferenças estatisticamente significativas (p<0,05). O grupo sem ranhuras apresentou o maior NCF (p<0,05). O grupo com ranhuras em 45 graus apresentou maior NCF, em comparação ao grupo com 90 graus (p<0,05). Conclusões: A direção das ranhuras possui influência na vida em fadiga dos fios de NiTi. O NCF aumenta com a redução do ângulo das ranhuras em relação ao longo eixo do fio, independentemente da profundidade das ranhuras (AU).


Objective: this study tested the null hypothesis that the surface grooves orientation does not influence the NiTi wire cyclic fatigue. Material and methods: Segments of NiTi wire (Moreli, Sorocaba, Brazil) measuring 30mm and with a 0.40mm of diameter were used. Grooves were created in the longitudinal direction, at 45 degrees and 90 degrees. The wire was analyzed with SEM and the roughness was quantified by interferometry. The number of cycles until fracture (NCF) was determined by the cyclic fatigue test. Results: the roughness between 45 and 90 degrees groups presented differences (p<0.05). The group without grooves presented the highest NCF (p<0.05). The group with 45 degrees grooves presented better NCF in comparison to the group with 90 degrees (p<0.05). Conclusions: the direction of the grooves influences the fatigue life. The NCF increases with the reduction of the angle of the grooves in relation to the long axis, regardless of the depth of the grooves (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Physical Phenomena , Dental Alloys , Fatigue , Interferometry
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155014

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the effect of sprue design on the marginal accuracy of the casting. Material and Methods: It was an experimental in-vitro study. There are forty-four crowns of single sprue group with a forty-four double sprue group that was compared in 6 different locations of the margin. The sections were inspected under a microscope at 50X magnification and took a micrograph. The radius from an actual casting edge to a possibly excellent margin was then documented as marginal discrepancy (d), in µm. The marginal discrepancy was documented for each of the six sections per casting. Thus 264 sections were measured for each group. Data were analysed using (ANOVA) for analysis of variance. For bivariate analyses, Chi-square and Student t test were used. The significance level was set at < 0.05. Results: The marginal discrepancy was greater in the single sprue group of cast crown (43.1 ± 4.74 µm) and in double sprue group of cast crown was less (25.7 ± 4.25 µm). This difference is statistically significant (p<0.05). The correlation between single sprue group of casting with a double sprue group of casting by student's t-test where determination height was 95%. Conclusion: Double sprue design produces a higher accurate margin than single sprue design in the nickel-chromium alloy cast crown.


Subject(s)
Chromium Alloys , Crowns , Dental Alloys , Dental Casting Investment , Dental Materials , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Chi-Square Distribution , Analysis of Variance , Nickel
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e212020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249707

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: After debonding, white spot may appear on the area below the bracket, which is the early clinical sign of carious lesion. There is increased caries risk underneath and adjacent to orthodontic bands and brackets, which call for maximum use of caries preventive procedures using various fluoride application methods. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate alterations in the mechanical properties (modulus of elasticity and yield strength) in loading and unloading phases for different orthodontic archwires (nickel-titanium [NiTi] and copper-nickel-titanium [CuNiTi]) when exposed routinely to fluoride prophylactic agents for a predetermined period of time. Methods: Preformed rectangular NiTi and CuNiTi wires were immersed in fluoride solution and artificial saliva (control) for 90 minutes at 37ºC. After immersion, specimens were tested using a 3-point bend test on a universal testing machine. Results: There is a significant reduction in the unloading yield strength when the NiTi and CuNiTi wires were exposed to APF gel. Conclusion: The result suggests that use of topical fluoride agents affect the mechanical properties of the wires, leading to increase in treatment duration. Fluoride prophylactic agents must be used with caution in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Injudicious use of these agents may cause corrosive effects on the orthodontic wire surfaces, with alteration in their mechanical properties.


RESUMO Introdução: Após a remoção dos braquetes, manchas brancas podem aparecer na área embaixo deles, as quais são o sinal clínico inicial da lesão cariosa. Existe um maior risco de cáries embaixo e ao redor das bandas e braquetes ortodônticos, o que exige a máxima utilização de procedimentos preventivos de cárie, usando diferentes métodos com aplicação de flúor. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar alterações nas propriedades mecânicas (módulo de elasticidade e resistência ao escoamento), nas fases de carregamento e descarregamento de diferentes fios ortodônticos (níquel-titânio [NiTi] e níquel-titânio com adição de cobre [CuNiTi]), quando expostos rotineiramente a agentes profiláticos fluoretados, utilizados durante um período de tempo predeterminado. Métodos: Os fios pré-contornados retangulares de NiTi e CuNiTi foram imersos em solução fluoretada e saliva artificial (controle) durante 90 minutos a 37°C. Após a imersão, as amostras foram testadas utilizando-se um teste de flexão em três pontos, em uma máquina universal de testes. Resultados: Houve uma redução significativa na resistência ao escoamento na fase de descarregamento quando os fios de NiTi e CuNiTi foram expostos ao gel fluoretado. Conclusão: O resultado sugere que o uso tópico de agentes fluoretados afeta as propriedades mecânicas dos fios, levando a um aumento na duração do tratamento. Os agentes profiláticos fluoretados devem ser utilizados com cautela em pacientes submetidos a tratamento ortodôntico. O uso indiscriminado desses agentes pode causar efeitos corrosivos na superfície dos fios ortodônticos e consequente alteração das suas propriedades mecânicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Wires , Copper , Dental Alloys , Fluorides , Nickel , Surface Properties , Titanium , Materials Testing , Nickel/adverse effects
5.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e211945, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249705

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This paper aims to verify the thermodynamic, mechanical and chemical properties of CuNiTi 35ºC commercial wires. Methods: Forty pre-contoured copper-nickel-titanium thermodynamic 0.017 x 0.025-in archwires with an Af temperature of 35°C were used. Eight wires from five different manufacturers (American Orthodontics® [G1], Eurodonto® [G2], Morelli® [G3], Ormco® [G4] and Orthometric® [G5]) underwent cross-sectional dimension measurements, tensile tests, SEM-EDS and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) tests. Parametric tests (One-way ANOVA and Tukey post-test) were used, with a significance level of 5%, and Pearson's correlation coefficient test was performed between the Af and chemical elements of the wires. All sample tests and statistical analyses were double-blinded. Results: All wires presented standard dimensions (0.017 x 0.025-in) and superelastic behavior, with mean plateau forces of: G1 = 36.49N; G2 = 27.34N; G3 = 19.24 N; G4 = 37.54 N; and G5 = 17.87N. The Af means were: G1 = 29.40°C, G2 = 29.13°C and G3 = 31.43°C, with p>0.05 relative to each other. G4 (32.77°C) and G5 (35.17°C) presented statistically significant differences between each other and among the other groups. All samples presented Ni, Ti, Cu and Al in different concentrations. Conclusions: The chemical concentration of the elements that compose the alloy significantly influenced the thermodynamic and mechanical properties.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente artigo teve como objetivo verificar as propriedades termodinâmicas, mecânicas e químicas de fios CuNiTi 35°C comerciais. Métodos: Foram utilizados 40 arcos termodinâmicos pré-contornados de cobre-níquel-titânio de 0,017" x 0,025" e temperatura Af de 35°C. Oito fios de cinco fabricantes diferentes (American Orthodontics® [G1], Eurodonto® [G2], Morelli® [G3], Ormco® [G4] e Orthometric® [G5]) foram submetidos a medições de suas secções transversais, testes de tração, MEV-EDS e calorimetria diferencial (DSC). Foram utilizados testes paramétricos (One-way ANOVA e pós-teste de Tukey), com nível de significância de 5%, e foi realizado o teste do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson entre a temperatura Af e os elementos químicos dos fios. Todos os testes das amostras e análises estatísticas foram duplo-cegos. Resultados: Todos os fios apresentavam dimensões padronizadas (0,017" x 0,025") e comportamento superelástico, com forças médias de platô de G1 = 36,49 N; G2 = 27,34 N; G3 = 19,24 N; G4 = 37,54 N; e G5 = 17,87 N. As médias de Af foram: G1 = 29,40°C, G2 = 29,13°C e G3 = 31,43°C, com p> 0,05 entre si. G4 (32,77°C) e G5 (35,17°C) apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre si e entre os demais grupos. Todas as amostras apresentaram Ni, Ti, Cu e Al em diferentes concentrações. Conclusões: A concentração química dos elementos que compõem a liga influenciou significativamente as propriedades termodinâmicas e mecânicas.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Dental Alloys , Stress, Mechanical , Titanium , Materials Testing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Elasticity
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-10, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178333

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this experimental study was to assess the effect of khat extract with different concentrations on the corrosion resistance of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) dental alloys used for removable denture. Material and Methods:The corrosion resistance of three Co-Cr alloys (Neobond II®, Kera 501® and PD Casta H®) was evaluated in artificial saliva in presence of three different concentrations of khat extracts. Fusayama-Meyer artificial saliva was used as a reference solution. The corrosion properties of the alloys were analyzed using potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and surface analysis. The data was presented in means, standard deviations, and related figures. Comparison between the different concentrations was done using 1-way ANOVA test. The surface analysis was performed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: the results showed that the corrosion resistance of the three alloys tested (Neobond II®, Kera 501® and PD Casta H®) decreased in artificial saliva containing khat extract compared with that of the reference solution. Additionally, the corrosion resistance of the three Co-Cr dental alloys decreased by increasing the concentration of khat extract. Furthermore, the results indicate that Neobond II® alloy showed the least corrosion resistance compared with that of Kera 501® and PD Casta H® alloys. Conclusion: Khat extract with different concentrations had negative impact on the corrosion resistance of Cr-Co alloys. More in-vivo studies are highly recommended to confirm the results of the present study (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo experimental foi avaliar o efeito do extrato de khat em diferentes concentrações na resistência à corrosão de ligas dentárias de cobalto-cromo (Co-Cr) utilizadas em próteses removíveis. Material e Métodos:A resistência à corrosão de três ligas de Co-Cr (Neobond II®, Kera 501® e PD Casta H®) foi avaliada em saliva artificial na presença de três concentrações diferentes de extratos khat. A saliva artificial de Fusayama-Meyer foi usada como solução de referência. As propriedades de corrosão das ligas foram analisadas usando polarização potenciodinâmica, espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica e análise de superfície. Os dados foram apresentados em médias, desvios-padrão e figuras relacionadas. A comparação entre as diferentes concentrações foi feita usando o teste One-way ANOVA. A análise de superfície foi realizada em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Resultados: os resultados mostraram que a resistência à corrosão das três ligas testadas (Neobond II®, Kera 501® e PD Casta H®) diminuiu na saliva artificial contendo extrato khat em comparação com a solução de referência. Além disso, a resistência à corrosão das três ligas dentais Co-Cr diminuiu com o aumento da concentração de extrato de khat. Além disso, os resultados indicam que a liga Neobond II® apresentou a menor resistência à corrosão em comparação com as ligas Kera 501® e PD Casta H®. Conclusão: O extrato de Khat com diferentes concentrações teve impacto negativo na resistência à corrosão de ligas de Cr-Co. Mais estudos in vivo são altamente recomendados para confirmar os resultados do presente estudo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Catha , Dental Alloys , Dental Etching , Denture, Partial
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(6): 27-32, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154055

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attractiveness of different types of esthetic orthodontic wires by laypeople and dentists. Methods: Five different types of orthodontic wires were evaluated: three esthetic wires (Teflon-coated, epoxy resin-coated and rhodium-coated wires), and two metallic wires (stainless steel and NiTi), as control. Monocrystalline ceramic brackets were installed in the maxillary arch of a patient presenting good dental alignment. The five evaluated wires were attached to the orthodontic appliance with an esthetic silicone elastic and photographed. The photographs were evaluated by 163 individuals, 110 dentists and 53 laypeople. The data were statistically evaluated by two-way ANOVA and one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey tests. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the attractiveness among the wires evaluated; the most esthetic was the rhodium-coated wire, followed by the epoxy resin-coated wire and, finally, the Teflon-coated wire, with no significant difference from the stainless steel and NiTi control archwires. There was no significant difference between the groups of evaluators. Conclusion: The most attractive was the rhodium-coated wire, followed by the epoxy resin-coated wire and, finally, the least attractive wire was the Teflon-coated wire, without statistically significant difference to the stainless steel and NiTi wires, used as control.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a atratividade de diferentes tipos de fios ortodônticos estéticos, na opinião de leigos e dentistas. Métodos: Foram avaliados cinco tipos diferentes de fios ortodônticos: três fios estéticos (revestidos com teflon, revestidos com resina epóxi e revestidos com ródio) e dois fios metálicos (aço inoxidável e NiTi), como grupo controle. Braquetes de cerâmica monocristalina foram instalados na arcada superior de uma paciente com bom alinhamento dentário, e os cinco fios avaliados foram fixados ao aparelho ortodôntico com ligadura elástica estética de silicone e fotografados. As fotografias foram avaliadas por 163 indivíduos, sendo 110 dentistas e 53 leigos. Os dados foram avaliados estatisticamente pelos testes ANOVA a um e a dois critérios, seguidos pelo teste de Tukey. Resultados: Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na atratividade entre os fios avaliados. O mais estético foi o fio revestido de ródio, seguido pelo fio revestido de resina epóxica e, finalmente, o fio revestido de teflon, sem diferença significativa entre os fios de aço inoxidável e os de NiTi. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos de avaliadores. Conclusão: O mais atraente foi o fio revestido de ródio, seguido pelo fio revestido de resina epóxica e, finalmente, o fio menos atraente foi o fio revestido de teflon, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa para os fios de aço inoxidável e os de NiTi, utilizados como controle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Wires , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Alloys , Esthetics, Dental , Stainless Steel , Surface Properties , Titanium , Materials Testing , Orthodontic Appliance Design
8.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 51-58, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effect of ZnO nanocoating on mechanical properties of NiTi orthodontic wires and antibacterial activity. Methods: 0.016 x 0.022-in NiTi orthodontic wires were coated with ZnO nanoparticles using an electrochemical deposition method with three electrodes system in 0.1M Zn(NO3)2. Mechanical properties and frictional resistance of the coated wires were investigated using an universal testing machine. Antibacterial effect of ZnO coating was also investigated. Results: A stable adhered ZnO nanocoating on NiTi wires was obtained. The coated wires have a significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus, S. pyogens and E. coli, and a reduction of frictional forces by 34%. Conclusion: ZnO nanocoating may improve the antibacterial effects of NiTi wires and reduce the frictional resistance. Coating may be implanted in orthodontic practice for faster and safer treatment.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar o efeito do nanorrevestimento de óxido de zinco (ZnO) sobre as propriedades mecânicas e propriedades antibacterianas de fios ortodônticos de NiTi. Métodos: Fios 0,016" x 0,022" de NiTi foram revestidos com nanopartículas de ZnO por meio de um método de deposição eletroquímica com um sistema de três eletrodos a 0,1M Zn(NO3)2. Uma máquina universal de testes foi utilizada para avaliar as propriedades mecânicas e a resistência friccional dos fios revestidos. Além disso, também foram analisadas as propriedades antibacterianas do revestimento de ZnO. Resultados: Obteve-se uma aderência estável das nanopartículas de ZnO sobre os fios NiTi. Os fios revestidos apresentaram atividade antibacteriana significativa contra S. aureus, S. pyogens e E. coli, e apresentaram uma redução de 34% na força de atrito. Conclusão: O revestimento com nanopartículas de óxido de zinco pode melhorar as propriedades antibacterianas e reduzir a resistência friccional dos fios de NiTi. Assim, o revestimento dos fios pode ser utilizado na Ortodontia visando tratamentos mais rápidos e seguros.


Subject(s)
Zinc Oxide/pharmacology , Orthodontic Wires , Staphylococcus aureus , Surface Properties , Titanium/pharmacology , Zinc , Materials Testing , Dental Alloys , Escherichia coli , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Nickel
9.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(1): 64-69, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089823

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study proposed to investigate the influence of catastrophizing and others factors related to pain during orthodontic treatment. Methods: 27 patients with 0.022 x 0.028-in Straight-wire brackets were evaluated during alignment and leveling phase with nickel-titanium wires. Visual Analog Scales measured the intensity of orthodontic pain at six moments after a clinical appointment: 6 first hours; 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7 days. Multiple linear regression and stepwise approach assessed the influence of the following variables on pain: catastrophizing, sex, age, duration of treatment, clinical appointment time (morning or afternoon), and wire diameter. Results: The highest pain intensity was reported 24 hours after activation. These data were used to analyze factors associated with pain level. Age (r = 0.062, p= 0.7586), sex (p= 0.28), catastrophizing (r = -0.268, p= 0.1765), and orthodontic wire diameter (r = 0.0245, p= 0.2181) were not correlated with orthodontic pain in the univariate statistics. Catastrophizing was included in the multiple regression model because it was of great interest. Duration of orthodontic treatment (r = 0.6045, p= 0.0008) and the time when orthodontic appliance was activated (p= 0.0106) showed statistical significant associations with pain, and were also included in the multivariate regression, which showed that about 32% of orthodontic pain could be explained by the duration of treatment (R2= 0.32, p= 0.0475). Catastrophizing (R2= 0.0006, p= 0.8881) and clinical appointment time were not significantly associated with pain (R2= 0.037, p= 0.2710). Conclusions: Pain after activation of fixed orthodontic appliance is not associated with catastrophizing as well as age, sex, orthodontic wire diameter, and period of activation.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo propôs-se a investigar a influência da catastrofização e outros fatores relacionados à dor durante o tratamento ortodôntico. Métodos: Foram selecionados 27 pacientes em tratamento com braquetes Straight-wire, slot 0,022" x 0,028", na fase de alinhamento e nivelamento com fios de níquel-titânio. Usando Escalas Visuais Analógicas, mensurou-se a intensidade da dor em seis momentos após a ativação do aparelho: primeiras 6 horas; após 1, 2, 3, 5 e 7 dias. Por meio de regressão linear múltipla e regressão stepwise, avaliou-se a influência das seguintes variáveis sobre a dor: catastrofização, sexo, idade, tempo de tratamento, turno de atendimento (manhã ou tarde) e diâmetro do fio ortodôntico. Resultados: A maior intensidade de dor foi relatada 24 horas após a consulta de ativação do aparelho. Assim, esses dados foram usados para analisar os fatores associados ao nível de dor. Na análise estatística univariada, idade (r = 0,062, p= 0,7586), sexo (p= 0,28), catastrofização (r = -0,268, p= 0,1765) e diâmetro do fio ortodôntico (r = 0,0245, p= 0,2181) não estavam associados à dor. Apesar disso, a catastrofização foi incluída no modelo de regressão múltipla, por ser uma variável de maior interesse nesse estudo. A duração do tratamento ortodôntico (r = 0,6045, p= 0,0008) e o turno no qual o aparelho foi ativado (p= 0,0106) mostraram associação estatisticamente significativa com a dor e também foram incluídos na regressão multivariada, que mostrou que cerca de 32% da ocorrência de dor no tratamento ortodôntico poderiam ser explicados pelo tempo de tratamento (R2= 0,32, p= 0,0475). Catastrofização (R2= 0,0006, p= 0,8881) e turno de ativação do aparelho (R2= 0,037, p= 0,2710) não tiveram influência significativa sobre a ocorrência de dor. Conclusão: A dor após a ativação do aparelho não está associada à catastrofização, bem como à idade, sexo, diâmetro do fio ortodôntico e turno de atendimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Wires , Pain , Titanium , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Dental Alloys , Catastrophization
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the amount of mercury in new and old dental amalgam restorations. Material and Methods: This study analyzed twenty samples of dental amalgam restorations, dividing into two groups. Group 1 consisted of samples of new dental amalgam restoration (n=10) and group 2 consisted of samples of old dental amalgam restoration (5-years old) (n=10). In each group, the mercury involved in the dental amalgam restoration was calculated using the cloud point extraction (CPE) method. The new dental amalgam restorations are taken from the patients' mouth after condensation and analyzed directly after setting. The old dental amalgam restorations are removed from the patients' mouth, after 5 years of use by the patients, and then they are analyzed. The independent-samples t-test was used to analyze the differences (p<0.05). Results: For new amalgam restorations, the mean of mercury was 0.1281 µg/mL, while for old restorations it was 0.1029 µg/mL. There was a significant difference between the new and old amalgam restorations in the amount of mercury available (p<0.001). Conclusion: There is a significant loss of mercury over a five years period in the patient mouth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Amalgam , Dental Materials , Mercury , Iraq
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135548

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the difference in torsional resistance, angular deflection and fragment length between two new rotary instruments: AF Blue S4 and S-One. These files share all features except cross-sectional design. Material and Methods: A total of 40 new Nickel-Titanium instruments of 25 mm in length were tested in this study and divided in two groups: 20 AF Blue S4, tip 25 and constant 6% taper and 20 AF-Blue S4 tip 25 and constant 6% taper. The torsional test was performed by the use of a torque recording endodontic motor (KaVo, Biberac, Germany). Torque to Fracture (TtF), Angular Deflection (AD) and Fragment Length (FL) was recorded for each instrument. To ensure an immovable block at 3mm of the instrument tip, an auto-polymerizing resin (DuraLay; Reliance Dental Mfg Co, Worth, IL) was used. Each file was rotated clockwise at a speed of 300 rpm until fracture occurred. Results: Group A (AF Blue S4) showed higher TtF and AD than Group B (S-One), and statistical analysis found significant differences between the two instruments (p<0.05). The mean values for FL showed no significant differences (p>0.05) between the two instruments. Conclusion: The AF Blue S4 seems to have a higher resistance to torsional stress in vitro. Clinically, the use of AF Blue S4 could be safer in narrow canals.


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , In Vitro Techniques , Torque , Dental Alloys , Torsion, Mechanical , Titanium , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Instruments , Endodontics/instrumentation , Italy/epidemiology , Nickel
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 385-391, dic. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056473

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Orthodontic treatment (OT) is essential for the aesthetic and functional rehabilitation of the chewing apparatus, however it may lead to certain complications which can have a negative impact on patients' everyday lives. The study included patients of the Dental Teaching Clinic of Universidad de La Frontera who were undergoing OT for the first time, with the placement of their first orthodontic arch. To analyse the impact of the placement of the first arches on everyday activities (EDA), patients completed a questionnaire with questions relating to their oral condition, including: functional limitation, physical impairment, psychological malaise, physical pain and oral hygiene. The impact on EDAs was classified as high, moderate or low. The chisquared test, Student's t-test and Spearman's coefficient were applied, using a significance threshold of 5 %. Statistical analysis used the SPSS software, v. 22.0. The variables were analysed by sex and age-band. Difficulty in brushing their teeth, eating and speaking were the limitations on EDAs most frequently reported by the patients. Females presented higher scores than males (p=0.003), showing that they suffer a greater negative impact on EDAs than do males. The majority of the patients presented a low impact on EDAs after the placement of their first orthodontic arches. Physical pain after installation, and difficulty in adapting to the orthodontic apparatus were factors determining a negative impact on EDAs, affecting sleep, speech, eating and oral hygiene of patients after starting OT.


RESUMEN: El tratamiento ortodóntico (TO) es esencial para la rehabilitación estética y funcional del aparato masticatorio, sin embargo puede determinar algunas complicaciones que pueden impactar negativamente en la vida diaria de los pacientes. Fueron incluidos pacientes de la Clínica Odontológica Docente Asistencial de la Universidad de La Frontera que realizaban tratamiento ortodóntico por primera vez, con instalación del primer arco ortodóntico. Para análisis del impacto de la instalación de los primeros arcos en las actividades de vida diaria (AVD), los pacientes llenaron un cuestionario con preguntas relacionadas a su condición oral, incluyendo: limitación funcional, incapacidad física, incapacidad psicológica, dolor físico e higiene oral. El impacto en las AVDs fueclasificado como alto, moderado y bajo. Para análisis estadístico se utilizó el software SPSS v. 22.0. Fueron aplicadas las pruebas de chi-cuadrado, t-student y Spearman's coefficient, considerándose umbral de significación de 5 %. Para análisis estadístico se utilizó el software SPSS v. 22.0. Las variables fueron analizadas según sexos y rangos etarios. Dificultad para cepillar los dientes, para comer y hablar fueron las limitaciones en las AVDs más frecuentemente reportadas por los pacientes. Las mujeres presentaron mayores puntajes en relación a los hombres (p=0,003), lo que demostró que presentan mayor impacto negativo en las AVDs en relación a los hombres. La mayoría de los pacientes presentaron bajo impacto en las AVDs tras la instalación de los primeros arcos de ortodoncia. El dolor físico tras instalación y la dificultad en la adaptación con el aparato ortodóntico fueron factores que determinaron impacto negativo en las AVDs, afectando el sueño, el habla, la alimentación y la higiene oral de los pacientes que iniciaron el TO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Orthodontic Wires/adverse effects , Dental Alloys , Pain Perception , Facial Pain/etiology , Activities of Daily Living , Chile , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Odontol. vital ; (31): 31-36, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091425

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Estudio experimental donde se procuró comparar el efecto del sistema manual y del rotatorio sobre la conformación de conductos curvos. Metodología: Una muestra de 40 raíces mesiales de primeras molares inferiores fue aleatorizada en dos grupos iguales: grupos sistema manual de limas K y sistema rotatorio FGK Race®. Se comparó el radio de la curvatura final vs. el inicial mediante el programa Autocat 2015. Se empleó la prueba t con significancia de 0,05. Resultados: El radio de la curvatura varió de manera significativa, tanto para sistema manual como para el rotatorio FGK Race® (p=0,0001 y p=0,0013, respectivamente). Además, el sistema manual produjo mayor variación en el radio de la curvatura al compararlo con el sistema rotatorio 2,23 mm vs. 1,27 mm respectivamente; p=0,13. Conclusiones: Ambos sistemas produjeron modificación en la conformación de los conductos mesiales; sin embargo, en la comparación entre ambos dichas diferencias no fueron significativas.


Abstract Introduction: An experimental study was carried out to compare the effect of the manual system and the rotary system on the conformation of curved conduits. Methodology: A sample of 40 mesial roots of lower first molars was randomized into two equal groups: group manual system of K-files and group rotary system FGK Race®. The radius of the final curvature vs. the initial curvature was compared using the Autocat 2015 program. The t-test with a significance of 0.05 was used. Results: The curvature radius varied significantly for both the manual system and the rotary FGK Race® (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0013, respectively). In addition, the manual system produced greater variation in the radius of the curvature when compared to the rotary system 2.23mm vs. 1.27mm respectively; p = 0.13. Conclusion: Both systems produced modification on the conformation of the conduits of the mesial roots; however, in the comparison between both systems said differences were not significant.


Subject(s)
Stainless Steel/analysis , Titanium/therapeutic use , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity , Molar , Nickel/therapeutic use , Dental Alloys/analysis
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(2): 66-72, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001855

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study investigated the effect of the condition of lubrication on the friction between brackets and NiTi archwires of different rounded cross-sections. Methods: Brackets (Roth, GAC) were affixed to a device connected to a universal testing machine into which segments of archwire were placed (NiTi, Nitinol, GAC) with cross-sections of 0.012-in, 0.016-in and 0.020-in. Once the wire was in the bracket slot, the following lubricants were applied: human saliva (HS: positive control), distilled water (DI), mucin-based (MUC) or carboxymethylcellulose-based (CMC) artificial saliva. In the negative control group, no lubricant was used. The combination between the wire cross-sections and the lubrication condition generated 15 groups with 15 samples each. Data were submitted to two-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test. Results: There was no significant interaction between the wire cross-section and the condition of lubrication (p= 0.901). Irrespective of whether lubricants were used or not, there was a significant increase in friction with an increase in the cross-section of the wire (p< 0.001). For any wire, the group tested in the presence of MUC was not different from that in which HS was applied. On the other hand, when the application of lubricants was suppressed, significantly higher friction values were observed. The CMC group and the DI group demonstrated intermediate behavior. Conclusions: Friction increased with the increase of the cross-section of the NiTi archwire, but regardless of the archwire, friction with MUC artificial saliva was similar to that of HS and lower than in dry conditions.


Resumo Objetivo: este estudo investigou o efeito das condições de lubrificação no atrito entre braquetes e fios de NiTi de diferentes secções transversais. Métodos: os braquetes (Roth, GAC) foram fixados a um dispositivo conectado a uma máquina de ensaio universal, que recebeu segmentos de fio de NiTi (Nitinol, GAC) com secções de 0,012"; 0,016" ou 0,020". Após o fio ter sido instalado no slot do braquete, aplicou-se um dos seguintes lubrificantes: saliva humana (SH: controle positivo), água destilada (AD) ou saliva artificial à base de mucina (MUC) ou de carboximetilcelulose (CMC). No grupo controle negativo, nenhum lubrificante foi utilizado. As combinações entre as secções dos fios e as condições de lubrificação geraram 15 grupos, com 15 amostras cada. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância a dois critérios e ao teste de Tukey. Resultados: não houve interação significativa entre a secção do fio e a condição de lubrificação (p = 0,901). Independentemente de ter sido utilizado ou não lubrificante, observou-se elevação significativa do atrito com o aumento da secção transversal do fio (p < 0,001). Para qualquer um dos fios, o grupo testado na presença de MUC não diferiu daquele em que se aplicou SH. Por outro lado, quando suprimiu-se os lubrificantes, constatou-se atrito significativamente mais elevado. Os grupos CMC e AD demonstraram comportamento intermediário. Conclusões: o atrito se elevou com o aumento da secção transversal dos fios de NiTi, mas a despeito do fio, o atrito com a saliva à base de MUC foi similar àquele com a SH e menor do que sob condição a seco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Wires , Stainless Steel , Surface Properties , Titanium , Materials Testing , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Friction , Dental Alloys
15.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 62-67, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989683

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Aesthetic brackets are routinely combined with metallic wires in fixed orthodontic therapy, mainly due to the disadvantages of the clinical use of aesthetic archwires. The current situation needs to be explored in the literature by considering laypersons' perceptions. Objective: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate laypersons' aesthetic perceptions of metal archwires with and without aesthetic coating. Three age ranges and both sexes were evaluated. Methods: A volunteer using fixed aesthetic orthodontic appliance was photographed wearing the following archwires: stainless steel, nickel-titanium (NiTi), NiTi coated with epoxy resin and NiTi coated with rhodium. Using a 100-mm visual analog scale, 90 laypersons evaluated the photographs. Sex and age ranges (18-30, 31-45, over 46 years of age) were evaluated. The comparisons between the archwires and between age ranges were made using ANOVA and Tukey's test. Genders were compared using Mann-Whitney test. Results: The results showed that the evaluators considered the archwire coated with epoxy resin to be the most aesthetic (60.64 ± 13.04) and the NiTi wire to be the least aesthetic (30.82 ± 7.79) (p< 0.05). Only the range of 31-45 years of age considered the NiTi archwires less aesthetic, when compared with the other age groups. For the other archwires, no statistically significant difference were found between the age groups. No differences between the sexes were detected. Conclusions: The results indicated that the aesthetic coated archwires represent an improvement in the visual aspect of ceramic brackets. The epoxy-coated metal wire was considered the most aesthetic option.


RESUMO Introdução: rotineiramente na terapia ortodôntica fixa, utilizam-se braquetes estéticos combinados com fios metálicos, principalmente devido a algumas desvantagens no uso clínico dos fios estéticos. A percepção estética dos leigos nessa situação precisa ser explorada na literatura. Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo transversal foi avaliar a percepção estética dos leigos em relação aos fios ortodônticos metálicos recobertos ou não por materiais estéticos. Três faixas etárias, dos dois sexos, foram avaliadas. Métodos: uma paciente usando aparelho ortodôntico fixo estético foi fotografada com os seguintes fios ortodônticos: aço inoxidável, níquel-titânio (NiTi), NiTi recoberto por resina epóxica e NiTi recoberto por ródio. As fotografias foram avaliadas por 90 leigos, utilizando-se uma escala visual analógica de 100-mm. Ambos os sexos e diferentes faixas etárias (18-30, 31-45 e acima de 46 anos) foram avaliados. As comparações entre os fios e entre as faixas etárias foram realizadas aplicando-se os testes ANOVA e Tukey. Os sexos foram comparados utilizando-se o teste de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: os resultados demonstraram que os avaliadores consideraram o fio recoberto por resina epóxica como o mais estético (60,64 ± 13,04) e o fio de NiTi foi classificado como o menos estético (30,82 ± 7,79) (p< 0,05). Apenas a faixa etária de 31-45 anos considerou o fio de NiTi menos estético, quando comparada às outras faixas etárias; para os outros fios, não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as faixas etárias. Não foi detectada diferença entre os sexos. Conclusões: os resultados indicaram que os fios estéticos recobertos melhoraram o aspecto visual dos braquetes cerâmicos. O fio metálico recoberto por resina epóxica foi considerado a opção mais estética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Orthodontic Appliances , Orthodontic Wires , Perception , Esthetics, Dental , Stainless Steel , Titanium , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Alloys , Nickel
16.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 68-73, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989682

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The heat treatment of stainless steel wires is a routine clinical procedure adopted by many dentists in order to relieve the stress caused after performing bends in the archwire. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of heat treatment of stainless steel archwires with a rectangular section of 0.016 x 0.022'-in. Methods: For analysis of the dimensional stability, the anterior and posterior dimensions of forty 0.016 x 0.022-in stainless steel orthodontic archwires without heat treatment and 30 days after heat treatment were evaluated. For analysis of the mechanical properties, 12 stainless steel wire segments with the same rectangular section without heat treatment and 30 days after heat treatment were tested through tensile strength and strain tests. To evaluate if there were differences between the anterior and posterior dimensions, the results were analyzed by the Student's t-test. To compare the tensile strength and strain between the groups, the ANOVA test was used. The level of significance adopted was 95% (p< 0.05). Results: The heat treatment did not stop the expansion of archwires 30 days after their preparation, and there was no statistical difference in the tensile strength and strain tests with and without heat treatment. Conclusion: From the findings of this study, it can be conclude that the mechanical behavior of heat-treated stainless steel archwires is similar to that of archwires not subjected to heat treatment.


RESUMO Introdução: o tratamento térmico de fios de aço inoxidável é um procedimento clínico rotineiro adotado por muitos cirurgiões-dentistas para aliviar o estresse causado após a confecção de dobras no fio. O presente estudo avaliou a influência do tratamento térmico em fios de aço inoxidável com secção retangular de 0,016'' x 0,022''. Métodos: para análise da estabilidade dimensional, foram avaliadas as dimensões anteriores e posteriores de 40 arcos ortodônticos de aço inoxidável de 0,016'' x 0,022'' sem tratamento térmico e 30 dias após o tratamento térmico. Para análise das propriedades mecânicas, 12 segmentos de fio de aço inoxidável com a mesma secção retangular sem tratamento térmico e 30 dias após o tratamento térmico foram analisadas por testes de resistência à tração e tensão. Para verificar se houve diferenças entre as dimensões anteriores e posteriores, os resultados foram analisados pelo teste t de Student. Para comparar a resistência à tração e tensão entre os grupos, foi utilizado o teste ANOVA. O nível de significância adotado foi 95% (p< 0,05). Resultados: o tratamento térmico não interrompeu a expansão dos fios 30 dias após seu preparo, e não houve diferença estatística nos testes de resistência à tração e tensão com e sem o tratamento térmico. Conclusão: pelos achados desse estudo, conclui-se que o comportamento mecânico de fios submetidos a tratamento térmico é semelhante ao de fios de aço não submetidos ao tratamento térmico.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Orthodontic Brackets , Stainless Steel , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Dental Alloys , Hot Temperature
17.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190051, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1043183

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução O tratamento endodôntico tem como objetivo erradicar microrganismos bacterianos e fúngicos do canal radicular, ou pelo menos possibilitar sua redução para níveis compatíveis com a saúde do tecido perirradicular, uma vez que, após o tratamento endodôntico, colônias de microrganismos residuais podem estar presentes nos túbulos dentinários e no cemento. Objetivo Avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano de diferentes tipos de retentores intrarradicularess em dentes bovinos. Material e método 50 dentes unirradiculares após tratamento endodôntico concluído foram desobturados, bem como tiveram seus condutos preparados para a cimentação dos retentores intrarradiculares. Posteriormente, os dentes foram contaminados por Enterococcus faecalis por meio da montagem de um dispositivo, o qual permitiu a infiltração bacteriana. Os dados resultantes da contagem das Unidades Formadoras de Colônia foram analisados utilizando o teste de ANOVA one-way, seguido pela análise de comparações múltiplas de Tukey. Resultado Decorrido o período de 14 dias, o grupo que apresentou a maior infiltração bacteriana foi o grupo-controle, o qual não continha nenhum tipo de retentor intrarradicular, seguido do G1-FV (grupo de continha retentor radicular de fibra de vidro) e G2-FC (grupo de que continha retentores radiculares de fibra de carbono). O menor grau de recuperação bacteriana foi encontrado nos grupos G3-Ni-Cr e G4-Cu-Al, os quais continham retentores intrarradiculares metálicos formados por ligas de níquel-cromo e cobre-alumínio, respectivamente. Conclusão Os retentores aqui avaliados apresentam diferentes efeitos antimicrobianos. Assim, a utilização de um pino com melhores resultados antimicrobianos favorece maiores chances de sucesso nos tratamentos reabilitadores.


Abstract Introduction The ultimate goal of endodontic treatment is the eradication of microorganism from the root canal space, or at least their reduction to levels compatible with periradicular tissue health since after endodontic treatment colonies of residual microorganisms may be present in the dentinal tubules and cementum. Objective To evaluate the antibacterial activity of different fiber posts in the root canal system of bovine teeth. Material and method Here, 90 uniradicular bovine teeth were randomly assigned after complete endodontic therapy. The samples were unthreaded, as well as had their conduits prepared for the cementation of the intracanal retainers. Subsequently, the teeth were exposed to Enterococcus faecalis by means of the assembly of a device, which allowed bacterial infiltration. The data of the amount by colony forming unit (CFU) per ml assay were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD post hoc test (p<0,05). Result After the 14-day period, the group that presented the highest bacterial infiltration was the control group, which did not contain any type of intrarradicular retainer, followed by G1-FV (group of contained fiber glass post) and G2- FC (group containing carbon fiber reinforced post). Results of the smallest degree of bacterial recovery was found in the G3-Ni-Cr and G4-Cu-Al groups, which contained metallic intracanal retainers by nickel-chromium and copper-aluminum alloys respectively. Conclusion The intracanal retainers evaluated here presented different antimicrobial effects. Thus, the use of intracanal post with better antimicrobial results, favors greater chances of success in rehabilitation treatments.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Disinfection/methods , Post and Core Technique , Enterococcus faecalis , Dental Pulp Cavity , Root Canal Obturation , Dental Alloys , Dental Leakage
18.
Arq. odontol ; 55: 1-12, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1052824

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar as alterações químicas presentes na superfície metálica de limas endodônticas fraturadas em canais radiculares, in vitro, após a inoculação intrarradicular de culturas de BRS de três cepas microbianas, Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (uma cepa oral e outra ambiental) e Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis. Métodos: foram analisadas 5 limas kerr #90, sendo uma Lima Kerr nova, sem tratamento, e as outras 4 limas fraturadas dentro de canais radiculares in vitro, com posterior inoculação de Desulfovibrio desulfuricans, cepa oral e ambiental, e Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis e um grupo controle sem inoculação bacteriana, por 477 dias. Os grupos foram analisados no modo EDS (Espectrometria de Energia Dispersiva de Raios-x) do microscópio eletrônico de varredura (FEI-Inspect-S50). Resultados:A presença do S, Cl e O foram relacionados ao processo biocorrosivo, assim como a redução dos elementos de liga nesta área. Conclusão:As análises no modo EDS demonstraram biocorrosão ao longo da superfície metálica das limas quando empregado o biofármaco BACCOR, nas três diferentes cepas empregadas, indicada pela redução dos elementos formadores da liga metálica, Fe, Ni e Cr, com a associação da presença de elementos indicadores de biocorrosão como O, Cl e S. (AU)


Aim:To evaluate the chemical alterations present on the metallic surface of root canal fractured endodontic files in vitro after the intraradicular inoculation of BRS cultures of three microbial strains, Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (one oral and one environmental strain), and Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis. Methods: Five kerr #90 files were analyzed, one new untreated Kerr file and the other 4 files fractured within root canals in vitro, with a subsequent inoculation of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (oral and environmental strains), and Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis, as well as a control group without bacterial inoculation for 477 days. The groups were analyzed using the scanning electron microscope (FEI-Inspect-S50) EDS (X-ray Dispersive Energy Spectrometry) mode. Results:The presence of S, Cl, and O were related to the biocorrosive process, as well as the reduction of alloying elements in this area. Conclusion: The EDS mode analysis showed biocorrosion along the metallic surface of the files when the BACCOR biopharmaceutical was used in the three different strains employed in this study, indicated by the reduction of the alloying elements ­ Fe, Ni, and Cr ­ with the association of the presence of indicator elements of biocorrosion, such as O, Cl, and S. (AU)


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Corrosion , Culture Media , Dental Alloys , Dental Instruments , Desulfovibrio desulfuricans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Desulfovibrio , In Vitro Techniques , Endodontics
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e097, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039297

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the torsional properties of engine-driven pathfinding instruments manufactured from different NiTi alloys - R-Pilot (tip size 12.5;.04 taper; M-Wire) and One G (tip size 14;.03 taper; Conventional NiTi). A total of 40 NiTi instruments from engine-driven pathfinding instruments (n = 20) were used. The torsion tests followed ISO 3630-1 (1992). Three millimeters of each instrument tip was fastened to a small load cell by a lever arm linked to the axis of torsion. During the test, the torsion testing machine software measured the maximum torsional strength and angle of rotation (0) before instrument failure. The fractured surface of each instrument was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In addition, a supplementary examination was performed to measure the cross-sectional area and the metal mass volume of each instrument 3 mm from the tip. Data were analyzed using a t-test, with significance level set at 5%. R-pilot had significantly higher torsional strength than did One G (p < 0.05). Regarding the angle of rotation to fracture, One G had higher angles than did R-Pilot (p < 0.05). The supplementary examination showed that R-Pilot had the highest cross-sectional area and volume of metal mass at 3 mm from the tip (p < 0.05). R-pilot (M-Wire NiTi alloy) had a significantly higher torsional strength and One-G (superelastic NiTi alloy) had the highest angle of rotation to fracture.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Instruments , Alloys/chemistry , Reference Values , Stress, Mechanical , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Equipment Failure Analysis , Torque , Equipment Design
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 64-72, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975025

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the short-term effect of two in vitro erosive challenge protocols on the bond strength of metal orthodontic brackets on bovine enamel. Methods: Sixty bovine incisors were selected and randomly divided into six groups: AS7 (artificial saliva - 7 days, Control Group); CC7 (Coca-Cola™ - 7 days); LJ7 (lime juice - 7 days); AS30 (artificial saliva - 30 days, Control Group); CC30 (Coca-Cola™ - 30 days); LJ30 (lime juice - 30 days). Microhardness testing was performed prior to the erosive challenge to verify the standardization of samples. Immersion was performed 4x/day for five minutes, for either 7 or 30 days. After immersions were concluded, the brackets were bonded and shear bond strength was assessed after 48 hours. The Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was also assessed. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's post-hoc and Student's t test for paired samples, and the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test (α = 5%). Results: The mean and standard deviation of microhardness testing of total samples were 281.89 ± 44.51 KHN. There was no statistically significant difference in shear bond strength for the time factor (7 or 30 days; F5.54= 0.105; p = 0.901). However, there was a statistically significant difference for the solution factor (F5.54= 6.671; p = 0.003). These differences occurred among solutions of Saliva x Coca-Cola™ (p = 0.003) and Coca-Cola™ x Lime Juice (p= 0.029). The assessment of the Adhesive Remnant Index showed no significant difference between groups. Conclusions: The immersion time used in the erosion protocols did not affect the bond strength of brackets to teeth. Coca-Cola™ induced significantly higher shear bond strength values than lime juice and artificial saliva. However, the short term effects of 7/30 days in this in vitro study may not be extrapolated for in vivo ones. Clinical studies should be conducted, substantiating the laboratory results.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o efeito de curto prazo de dois protocolos de desafio erosivo, in vitro, na resistência adesiva de braquetes ortodônticos metálicos em esmalte bovino. Métodos: Sessenta incisivos bovinos foram selecionados e divididos aleatoriamente em seis grupos: SA7 (saliva artificial - 7 dias, Grupo Controle); CC7 (Coca-Cola® - 7 dias); SL7 (suco de limão - 7 dias); SA30 (saliva artificial - 30 dias, Grupo Controle); CC30 (Coca-Cola® - 30 dias); SL30 (suco de limão - 30 dias). Foi realizado o teste de microdureza antes do desafio erosivo, para verificar a padronização das amostras. A imersão foi realizada quatro vezes ao dia, por cinco minutos, durante 7 ou 30 dias. Finalizadas as imersões, os braquetes foram colados e, após 48 horas, foi avaliada a resistência ao cisalhamento. O Índice de Adesivo Remanescente (IAR) também foi avaliado. Para análise dos dados, foram utilizados os testes ANOVA dois fatores, seguido do post-hoc de Tukey e teste t de Student para amostras pareadas, e o teste não-paramétrico de Kruskal-Wallis (α?#8197;= 5%). Resultados: a média e o desvio-padrão do teste de microdureza das amostras totais foi igual a 281,89 ± 44,51 KHN. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na resistência ao cisalhamento para o fator tempo (7 ou 30 dias; F5,54= 0,105; p= 0,901). Contudo, houve diferença estatisticamente significativa para o fator solução (F5,54=6,671; p= 0,003). Essas diferenças ocorreram entre as soluções de Saliva x Coca-Cola® (p= 0,003) e Coca-Cola® x suco de limão (p= 0,029). Ao avaliar o Índice de Adesivo Remanescente, não foi possível verificar diferença significativa entre os grupos. Conclusões: o tempo de imersão utilizado nos protocolos de erosão não afetou a resistência de união dos braquetes aos dentes. A Coca-Cola® induziu valores de resistência ao cisalhamento significativamente mais altos do que o suco de limão e a saliva artificial. No entanto, os efeitos em curto prazo de 7 e 30 dias, nesse estudo in vitro, não podem ser extrapolados para os estudos in vivo. Estudos clínicos devem ser conduzidos, fundamentando os resultados laboratoriais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Beverages/adverse effects , Dental Bonding/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Enamel , Saliva, Artificial/chemistry , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Tooth Erosion/pathology , Materials Testing , Cattle , Resin Cements , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Shear Strength , Dental Stress Analysis/instrumentation , Fruit and Vegetable Juices/adverse effects , Hardness , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Incisor
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