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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929026


OBJECTIVES@#Root canal therapy is the most effective and common method for pulpitis and periapical periodontitis. During the root canal preparation, chemical irrigation plays a key role. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the widely used irrigation fluid, may impact the bonding strength between dentin and restorative material meanwhile sterilization and dissolving. Therefore, it's important to explore the influence of NaOCl on the adhesion between dentin and restoration materials to ensure clinical efficacy. This study aims to explore the effect of NaOCl on dentine adhesion and evaluate the effect of dentine adhesion induced by sodium erythorbate (ERY), and to provide clinical guidance on dentin bonding after root canal therapy.@*METHODS@#Seventy freshly complete extracted human third molars aged 18-33 years old, without caries and restorations were selected. A diamond saw was used under running water to achieve dentine fragments which were divided into 10 groups with 14 fragments in each group: 2 control [deionized water (DW)±10% ERY] and 8 experimental groups (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY). The dentine specimens in the control group (treated with DW) and the experimental groups (treated with 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl) were immersed for 20 min using corresponding solutions which were renewed every 5 min. The other 5 groups were immersed in 10% ERY for 5 min after an initial washing with DW for 1 min. Then, we selected 4 dentine fragments from all 14 fragments in each group and the numbers and diameters of opening dentinal tubules were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other 10 dentine fragments from each group were used to make adhesive samples by using self-etch adhesive wand composite resin. All the above adhesive samples were sectioned perpendicular to the bonded interface into 20 slabs with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm×1 mm using a diamond saw under the cooling water, and then the morphology of 10 slabs in each group's bonding interface was observed from aspects of formation of resin tags, depth of tags in dentin, and formation of hybrid layer under SEM. The other 10 slabs of each group's microtensile bond strength and failure modes were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules gradually increased with the rise of concentration of NaOCl solution (all P<0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules increased after using ERY, but without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, the scores of formation of resin tags under SEM gradually increased with the increase of concentration of NaOCl solution, while the score in the 5.25% NaOCl group decreased significantly compared with the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (all P>0.05). The scores of length of the tags under SEM in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than the scores of DW, 0.5% NaOCl, and 1% NaOCl groups (all P<0.05), and it was also higher than the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group, but without significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (P>0.05). The scores of formation of hybrid layer under SEM in the 2.5% NaOCl and 5.25% NaOCl groups significantly decreased compared with the score of the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). Microtensile bond strength was greater in the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, but lower in the 5.25% NaOCl group than that in the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of type "Adhesive" of failure modes in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than that in other groups (all P<0.05), while the incidence of type "Adhesive" in the 5.25% NaOCl+10% ERY group was lower than that in the 5.25% NaOCl group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The bonding strength to dentine increases with the increase of NaOCl concentration when the concentration lower than 2.5%; whereas it is decreased at a higher concentration (such as 5.25%). 10% ERY has a definite recovery effect on attenuated bonding strength to 5.25% NaOCl-treated dentine.

Adolescent , Adult , Ascorbic Acid , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Diamond/pharmacology , Humans , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Water/pharmacology , Young Adult
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210445, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253016


Aim. To evaluate the bond durability of two universal adhesives; mild and ultra-mild in both etch-and-rinse and self-etch modes after simulated in-vitro degradation by long-term water storage or thermocycling. Methods. A total of 144 specimens were used in this study; 120 specimens (prepared from 30 teeth) for microshear bond strength testing and fracture mode assessment, and 24 specimens for scanning electron microscopic evaluation (prepared from 24 teeth). Specimens were prepared from 54 recently extracted caries free third molars and randomly divided into 12 groups, according to the adhesive treatment (All Bond or Scotchbond Universal), etching mode (etch-andrinse or self-etch) and aging method (thermocycling or water storage). Each tooth was sectioned mesio-distally into two halves exposing free dentin surface for bonding where dentin substrate 1 mm below the dentino-enamel junction was used. After adhesive application and composite build up, specimens were tested in shear mode after storing in distilled water at 37˚C for 24 hours or 1 year, or after being thermocycled between 5 and 55 °C for 10,000 cycles (n=10). Microshear bond strength (µSBS) was tested using a universal testing machine. Adhesive-dentin interface was examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM) (n=2). Data were analyzed using 3 way AN0VA and pairwise comparisons was performed using Bonferroni correction at significance level of α ≤0.05. Results. Statistical analysis revealed non-significant difference for etching mode in both adhesives (p=0.596). After aging, the bond strength was only reduced in Scotchbond Universal after one year of water storage in both modes (p<0.001). SEM evaluation revealed intact hybrid layer and longer resin tags for etch-and-rinse mode than selfetch mode of both adhesives. Conclusion. The bond strength of universal adhesives is not affected by the etching mode, however its durability was shown to be material dependent

Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213641, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254539


Aim: To review the current literature regarding the bond strength of self-adhesive flowable resin composites (SAFRCs) to tooth structure, comparing the outcomes with conventional flowable resin composites (CFRCs). Methods: PubMed/Medline, EbscoHost and Scopus databases were screened (last update on November 2020) using related Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and free terms. We included in vitro studies published in English language comparing the bond strength of SAFRCs and CFRCs to enamel and/or dentin from primary and/or permanent teeth. Results: In total, 23 articles were included. Unlike CFRCs, SAFRCs such as Vertise® Flow and Fusio™ Liquid Dentin exhibited statistically lower bond strength to enamel and dentin from permanent teeth. There were limited studies comparing the enamel bond strength of CFRCs and SAFRCs (prior phosphoric acid etching and/or adhesive system use). Also, we found few studies that evaluated the bonding effectiveness of Constic® and other SAFRCs to primary teeth. Conclusions: Current SAFRCs showed low bond strength to permanent teeth, which impedes to recommend them as a reliable alternative to CFRCs. The bonding performance of Constic® on both hard dental tissues should be evaluated on future studies. Also, more evidence assessing the bond strength of SAFRCs to primary teeth and etched enamel is needed

Dental Bonding , Composite Resins , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 107-118, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348414


Objetivos: Realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre métodos de rehabilitación mínimamente invasivos, y presentar un caso clínico acerca de un nuevo procedimiento denominado sistematización adhesiva temporaria (SAT), destinado a pacientes que presentan pérdida de sustancia dentaria y que se caracteriza como un abordaje terapéutico predecible para transferir el proyecto rehabilitador (encerado) a la boca del paciente mediante 3 pasos bien definidos y con objetivos específicos. Caso clínico: Un paciente adulto joven de sexo masculino con desgastes severos por bruxismo es rehabilitado temporalmente con resinas compuestas (SAT) para devolver la anatomía perdida en forma adhesiva y conservadora, siguiendo un protocolo de abordaje terapéutico predecible denominado EGOP (estéticamente guiado y oclusalmente protegido). Este procedimiento, que es considerado muchas veces de transición previo a las restauraciones finales, nos permite evaluar la estética, la oclusión y mejorar la comunicación entre el equipo de trabajo para poder realizar el cambio por restauraciones cerámicas en forma gradual. En aquellos pacientes que necesitan rehabilitaciones totales producto del desgaste dentario severo, la SAT puede ser una herramienta que facilite al odontólogo la posibilidad de restablecer los patrones oclusales y estéticos perdidos sin la necesidad de realizar desgastes dentarios y provisionales como se hacía clásicamente (AU)

Aims: To carry out a literature review on minimally-invasive rehabilitation methods and to present a clinical case on a new procedure called Temporary Adhesive Systemization (TAS), intended for patients that show a considerable loss of dental substance, characterized by a predictable therapeutic approach to transfer the rehabilitation diagnosis wax-up through 3 well defined steps and with specific objectives to the patient´s dentition. Clinical case: A young adult male patient with severe wear due to bruxism is temporarily rehabilitated with composite resins (TAS) to return the lost anatomy in a conservative way, following a predictable therapeutic approach protocol called EGOP (aesthetically guided and occlusally protected). This procedure, which is often considered transitional prior to final restorations, allows us to evaluate aesthetics, occlusion, improve communication between the working team and to be able to gradually change for ceramic restorations. In patients that need full rehabilitation due to severe dental erosion, TAS is a predictable procedure that helps the dentist to re-establish the loss of aesthetical and occlusal patterns, without the need of preparing the teeth for the classic provisional restorations (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Bruxism/rehabilitation , Dental Restoration, Temporary , Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Wear/therapy , Conservative Treatment , Ceramics , Dental Bonding , Lithium Compounds , Composite Resins , Dental Occlusion
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 137-143, ago. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348435


El propósito de esta revisión bibliográfica es aportar información actualizada acerca de las características de los dientes bovinos en relación con su uso como sustitutos de dientes humanos en trabajos de investigación. De acuerdo con la información registrada, los dientes bovinos serían excelentes sustitutos de la dentición humana para la realización de ensayos de laboratorio con el esmalte dental como modelo experimental (AU)

The purpose of this bibliographic review is to provide updated information about the characteristics of bovine teeth to be used as substitutes for human teeth in dental research. According to the information recorded, bovine teeth appear to be excellent substitutes for human dentition for conducting laboratory tests, using dental enamel as an experimental model (AU)

Cattle , Cattle , Dental Research , Dental Enamel/anatomy & histology , Tooth Erosion , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Bonding , Chemical Phenomena , Dental Enamel/ultrastructure , Hardness Tests
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 106-115, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345518


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) between an adhesive system and under 3 dentin conditions. For that, this study evaluated the adhesive interface at initial, after 6 months and 1 year of storage. Forty-eight human third molars were prepared and randomly divided into 3 groups, according to dentin substrates: sound dentin (Sd), caries-infected dentin (Ci) and caries-affected dentin (Ca). The groups were subdivided into two according to the dentin pre-treatment: application of 2% CHX or without pre-treatment (control). The dentin surfaces were etched with 35% phosphoric acid gel and bonded with Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) adhesive system according to manufacturer's instructions. Subsequently, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24h, 6 months and 1 year. Two additional teeth were used to analyze the bonding interfaces by SEM. Data was submitted to three-way ANOVA in a split plot design and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The results showed that Ci decreased µTBS values when compared to Ca and Sd, regardless storages time or treatment. Stored samples for 6 months and 1 year decreased the µTBS for the control group, but no difference was found between storages time for the CHX group. As a conclusion, the 2% CHX application after etching showed improved dentin bond strength in the storage time, regardless of the substrates evaluated.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do digluconato de clorexidina 2% (CHX) na resistência de união à microtração (µTBS) entre um sistema adesivo e sob 3 condições de dentina. Para tanto, este estudo avaliou a interface adesiva no início, após 6 meses e 1 ano de armazenamento. Quarenta e oito terceiros molares humanos foram preparados e divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos, de acordo com os substratos dentinários: dentina hígida (Dh), dentina infectada por cárie (Di) e dentina afetada por cárie (Da). Os grupos foram subdivididos em dois de acordo com o pré-tratamento: aplicação de CHX 2% ou sem pré-tratamento (controle). As superfícies da dentina foram condicionadas com gel de ácido fosfórico a 35%, em seguida, utilizou-se o sistema adesivo Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. Posteriormente, os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água deionizada a 37°C por 24h, 6 meses e 1 ano. Dois dentes adicionais foram usados ​​para analisar as interfaces de união no MEV. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA três fatores em esquema de parcela subdividida e ao teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostram que a Di diminuiu os valores de µTBS quando comparado as Da e Dh, independente do tempo de armazenamento ou tratamento. Amostras armazenadas por 6 meses e 1 ano diminuíram a µTBS para o grupo de controle, mas nenhuma diferença foi encontrada entre o tempo de armazenamento para o grupo CHX. A aplicação de CHX 2% após o condicionamento apresentou melhora na resistência de união à dentina no tempo de armazenamento, independente dos substratos avaliados.

Humans , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dentin
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(229): 9-17, abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253242


La aparición de aparatología preadjustada ha colaborado en la efectividad de los tratamientos de ortodoncia, pero para que la expresión de esta aparatología se logre, es necesario una correcta colocación de los brackets y la permanencia de estos en boca durante todo el tratamiento. La precisión en la colocación mejora con la técnica de cementado indirecta, ya que permite el acceso a las zonas posteriores, a lugares donde se ve disminuida la visión y además disminuye la condensación de aliento y contaminación salival. Si bien esta técnica requiere tiempo extra de laboratorio, es más rápida en la etapa clínica (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Silicone Elastomers , Cementation/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Research Design , Schools, Dental , Acid Etching, Dental/instrumentation , Efficacy , Dental Impression Technique , Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Models, Dental
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 85-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180721


Abstract This study evaluated the chemical composition and microhardness of human enamel treated with an Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) solution, and the bond strength between composite resin and this enamel. Thirty human enamel samples were randomly divided into three groups: Untouched Enamel (UE), Demineralized Enamel (DE) and Demineralized Enamel Treated with EMD (ET). DE and ET groups were subjected to acid challenge and ET treated with EMD (EMD was directly applied over conditioned enamel and left for 15 min). Samples from each group (n=4) had chemical composition assessed through to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR). Knoop microhardness of enamel samples from each group (n=10) was measured. For the microshear bond strength, the samples were etched for 30 s, and the adhesive was applied and cured for 10 s. Two matrixes were placed on the samples, filled with Filtek Z350 XT composite and cured for 20 s, each. The matrix was removed, and the microshear bond strength of each group (n=10) was tested. Data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis test (for microhardness), to analysis of variance and to Tukey's test (for microshear bond strength); (α=0.05). FTIR results have shown phosphate (hydroxyapatite indicator) in 900-1200 cm-1 bands in the UE and ET groups, which were different from the DE group. Microhardness and microshear analyses recorded higher statistical values for the UE and ET groups than for DE. EMD application to demineralized enamel seems to have remineralized the enamel; thus, the microhardness and bond strength was similar between UE and ET groups.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou a composição química e microdureza do esmalte humano tratado com solução de Derivados da Matriz do Esmalte (EMD) e a resistência de união entre compósito e este esmalte. Trinta amostras de esmalte humano foram aleatoriamente divididas em três grupos: Esmalte Intocado (UE), Esmalte Desmineralizado (DE) e Esmalte Desmineralizado Tratado com EMD (ET). Os grupos DE e ET foram submetidos a desafio ácido e ET tratado com EMD (O EMD foi aplicado diretamente sobre esmalte condicionado e deixado por 15 minutos). Amostras de cada grupo (n = 4) tiveram composição química avaliada através de espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier com reflectância total atenuada (FTIR-ATR). A microdureza Knoop das amostras de esmalte de cada grupo (n=10) foi mensurada. Para a resistência ao microcisalhamento, as amostras foram condicionadas por 30 s, o adesivo aplicado e foto-ativado por 10 s. Duas matrizes plásticas (1 mm de comprimento) foram posicionadas sobre as amostras, preenchidas com compósito Filtek Z350 XT e foto-atiavadas por 20 s cada. As matrizes foram removidas e a resistência ao microcisalhamento de cada grupo (n=10) foi testada. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis (para análise da microdureza), à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (para análise da resistência ao microcisalhamento); (α=0.05). Os resultados do FT-IR mostraram fosfato (indicador de hidroxiapatita) na banda entre 900-1200 cm-1 nos grupos UE e ET, diferentemente do grupo DE. Análises de microdureza e microcisalhamento demonstraram resultados estatisticamente superiores para os grupos UE e ET quando comparados ao DE. A aplicação de EMD ao esmalte desmineralizado parece ter remineralizado o esmalte; assim, a microdureza e a resistência de união foram semelhantes entre os grupos UE e ET.

Humans , Dental Bonding , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength , Hardness
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887758


OBJECTIVES@#This work aimed to evaluate the ability of two kinds of antioxidants, namely, grape-seed extract and sodium ascorbate, in restoring bond strength at the resin-enamel interface after bleaching.@*METHODS@#Ten groups of samples with 15 teeth per group were prepared for shear-bond-strength test at the resin-enamel interface after bleaching. The groups were as follows: control; no antioxidant; 2.5%, 5%, 10%, or 15% grape-seed extract; and 2.5%, 5%, 10%, or 15% sodium ascorbate. The peak values of shear bond strength when resin was debonded from teeth and the failure modes under a microscope were recorded. Ten other groups of teeth with two teeth per group were prepared and treated in a similar approach before resin bonding. The samples were cut vertically to the bonding interface. The structures of the bonding interface were compared by scanning electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#No statistically significant difference in shear bond strength was found among the no-antioxidant, 2.5% grape-seed extract, and 2.5%, 5%, or 10% sodium ascorbate groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immediately after bleaching, the bond strength of dental enamel significantly decreased. Bond strength can be restored by 5% grape-seed extract or 15% sodium ascorbate in 5 min.

Antioxidants , Composite Resins , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Humans , Shear Strength , Tooth Bleaching
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879969


To investigate the effect of captopril on the dentin bonding durability of self-etch adhesive. Different concentrations of captopril ethanol solutions or captopril ethanol/water solutions were prepared to pretreat dentin as primer for the self-etch adhesives. The surface morphology of the dentin was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on the morphology analysis, the pretreatment condition was selected and two self-etch adhesives were employed to evaluate the improvement effect of the captopril pretreatment on the dentin bonding durability. : SEM showed that the pretreatment of captopril ethanol solutions and captopril ethanol/water solutions were able to remove the smear lay and partially expose collagen matrix. According to the SEM results, the pretreating condition of captopril ethanol/water solution with the pretreating time of was selected for further dentin bonding study. For Clearfil SEBOND system, the immediate bonding strength increased from to  (0.05]. For Clearfil S BOND system, there was no significant difference in the immediate bonding strength between the experimental group [(4.07) MPa] and the control group[(4.11) MPa]. But after one-year aging, the bonding strength of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group <0.05]. : The pretreatment with captopril ethanol/water solution increases the dentin bonding strength of the self-etch adhesive systems and also improves the bonding durability.

Adhesives , Captopril , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210038, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352133


Introduction Fluoride is considered a key element in the remineralization process of tooth enamel. Objective To evaluate the influence of a topical solution of sodium fluoride (NaF) on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets and white spot lesions formation. Material and method Sixty bovine teeth were divided into three groups (n=20). Group 1 (Control): shear bond strength; Group 2: shear bond strength after pH cycling; Group 3: shear bond strength after pH cycling and treatment with 0.04% NaF solution. Groups 2 and 3 underwent pH cycling with demineralizing (6hs) and remineralizing (17hs) solutions at pH of 4.3 and 7.0 respectively for 15 days. The specimens were submitted to the shear bond strength and the Adhesive Remnant Index was verified (ARI). The specimens of each group (n=3) were qualitatively analyzed by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Kruskal-Wallis test assessed the shear bond strength and Fisher's exact test evaluated ARI, with significance level of 5%. Result There was no significant difference among the three groups in shear bond strength (p=0.2679). Significant difference was found in ARI (p=0.0199). The frequency of ARI 1 was 55% in group 1, 90% in group 2, and 80% in group 3. SEM showed difference between the enamel and bonding. Group 2 showed structural change of the enamel surface, adjacent to the bond area; and group 3 showed enamel with characteristics similar to those of group 1. Conclusion It was concluded that there was no NaF influence on the bracket shear bond strength and even in low concentrations it prevented the development of areas of demineralization of white spot lesions.

Introdução O flúor é considerado um elemento chave no processo de remineralização do esmalte dentário. Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a influência da solução tópica de fluoreto de sódio (NaF) na resistência ao cisalhamento da colagem de barquetes ortodônticos durante a formação de lesões de manchas brancas. Material e método Sessenta dentes bovinos foram divididos em três grupos (n=20). Grupo 1 (Controle) - Cisalhamento imediato; Grupo 2 - Cisalhamento após ciclagem de pH; Grupo 3 - Cisalhamento após ciclagem de pH e tratamento com solução de 0,4% de NaF (Ortho Gard, Colgate-Palmolive®). Os Grupos 2 e 3 sofreram ciclagem de pH com soluções de desmineralização e remineralização em pH de 4,3 e 7,0 respectivamente, com ciclos de desmineralização (6 horas) e remineralização (17 horas), durante 15 dias. Os corpos de prova foram submetidos ao teste de resistência de união ao cisalhamento e remanescente adesivo (IRA). Espécimes de cada grupo (n=3) foram analisados qualitativamente por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). O teste de Kruskal-Wallis foi utilizado para avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento e o teste exato de Fisher para avaliação do IRA, adotando nível de significância de 5%. Resultado Os resultados não encontraram diferença significativa entre os três grupos quanto à força de cisalhamento (p=0,2679). Diferença significativa foi encontrada no IRA (p = 0,0199). A frequência de IRA 1 foi de 55% no grupo 1, 90% no grupo 2 e 80% no grupo 3. A análise em MEV mostrou diferença entre o esmalte e a área de colagem submetida ao cisalhamento. Grupo 2 apresentou alteração estrutural na superfície do esmalte adjacente à área de colagem, e o Grupo 3 apresentou esmalte com característica semelhante ao do Grupo 1 na área que foi submetida à ciclagem de pH e NaF. Conclusão Concluiu-se que não houve influência do flúor na resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes. O uso de soluções fluoretadas, ainda que em baixa concentração, preveniu o aparecimento de áreas desmineralizadas e lesões de manchas brancas.

Animals , Sodium Fluoride , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Tooth Demineralization , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries , Shear Strength , Orthodontics , Dental Bonding , Dental Enamel
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155012


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the difference of chemical bonds between urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) bonding agents with ethanol solvent and acetone solvent on dentin collagen. Material and Methods: This experimental comparison study used three groups: G1 (Control): UDMA and collagen; G2: UDMA, collagen and ethanol; and G3: UDMA, collagen and acetone. The groups were then pelleted and analysed with FTIR, then the peak value of carbonyl absorption band from each study group was calculated. The result of FTIR analysis and the peak of carbonyl absorption band (P) was calculated using the formula: P = (BC / AB) X 100; AB. BC is measured in centimeters. The study of chemical bond differences between ethanol-solvent UDMA agents compared with acetone-solvent on dentin collagen resulted in a graph of peak of carbonyl absorption bands of UDMA and dentin collagen groups. To determine the chemical bonds of UDMA from the top of the carbonyl ester absorption bands with wavenumber absorption in range 1700-1750 cm-1, the decreasing peak of the carbonyl absorption bands is assumed as more chemical bonds that formed. Data were analysed using Anova one way and Tukey HSD test. Results: There were significant differences between the three study groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: UDMA bonding agents' chemical bonds with acetone solvent are much higher than the chemical bonds between UDMA bonding agents with ethanol solvent on dentin collagen.

Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Dentin , Ethanol/chemistry , Solvents/chemistry , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(3): e2119177, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1286215


ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to determine shear debonding strength of metal and ceramic brackets, and the degree of enamel crack healing. Material and Methods: Extracted human maxillary premolars were flattened on the buccal surface, and randomly separated into five groups (n = 15). In control groups (groups 1 and 2), metal and ceramic brackets were bonded on flat polished enamel, while in experimental groups (groups 3 and 4), metal and ceramic brackets were bonded on the surface with boundary where corner cracks were created. Additionally, fifteen specimens (group 5) were also prepared for an indentation procedure with no bracket installation. The degree of crack healing was measured. All brackets were detached with a universal testing machine, and the adhesive remnant index (ARI) was also identified. Healing degree and apparent fracture toughness were then calculated. Results: Between groups with similar bracket types, there was no statistically significant difference in debonding strength. Regarding bracket types, ceramic brackets provided significantly higher debonding strength than metal brackets. There was a significant difference in ARI scores between metal and ceramic brackets. The corner cracks showed signs of healing in both horizontal and vertical directions. No statistically significant difference in the healing rates among the groups was found and the apparent fracture toughness increased from the initial to the final measurement. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, even though ceramic brackets required significantly higher debonding force compared to metal brackets, debonding stress was limited to the bonding site and did not affect the surrounding cracks on enamel.

RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar a resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes metálicos e cerâmicos, e o grau de reparo de fraturas no esmalte. Métodos: Pré-molares superiores, extraídos de humanos, foram aplainados na face vestibular e aleatoriamente divididos em cinco grupos (n = 15). Nos grupos controle (Grupos 1 e 2), os braquetes metálicos e cerâmicos foram colados em esmalte liso e polido; enquanto nos grupos experimentais (Grupos 3 e 4), os braquetes metálicos e cerâmicos foram colados em superfície delimitada, em cujos cantos foram criadas fissuras. Adicionalmente, foram também preparados 15 espécimes (Grupo 5) para um teste com indentação, sem a instalação de braquetes. O grau de reparo das fraturas foi avaliado. Todos os braquetes foram descolados usando uma máquina universal de testes, e o índice de adesivo remanescente (ARI) também foi avaliado. O grau de reparo e a tenacidade à fratura aparente foram então calculados. Resultados: Entre os grupos com o mesmo tipo de braquetes, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na força de descolagem. Com relação aos tipos de braquetes, os cerâmicos apresentaram uma força de descolagem significativamente maior do que os metálicos. Houve uma diferença significativa nos escores ARI entre os braquetes metálicos e os cerâmicos. As fraturas de canto mostraram sinais de reparo nos sentidos horizontal e vertical. Não foi detectada diferença estatisticamente significativa no grau de reparo entre os grupos, e a tenacidade à fratura aparente aumentou da mensuração inicial para a final. Conclusão: Considerando-se as limitações desse estudo, apesar de os braquetes cerâmicos necessitarem de força de descolagem significativamente maior do que os braquetes metálicos, a tensão de descolagem foi limitada ao sítio de colagem, não afetando as fraturas de esmalte ao redor.

Humans , Dental Bonding , Orthodontic Brackets , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Dental Debonding , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength , Dental Stress Analysis
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 35-40, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342884


El secado es uno de los factores clave para lograr una adhesión micromecánica exitosa en la dentina con los sistemas adhesivos de grabado independiente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar los residuos remanentes luego de cuatro procedimientos diferentes de secado en preparaciones ex vivo en dentina. Se utilizaron cinco terceros molares ex-vivo, en cada uno de los cuales se realizó una preparación dentinaria en piso y paredes con al menos un socavado. Las unidades experimentales fueron almacenadas en solución fisiológica durante 7 días. Las distintas técnicas de secado (G1- G8) se aplicaron, luego de que las preparaciones fueron tratadas con gel de ácido fosfórico al 37% (Blue Gel etch Megadental) durante 15s y lavadas con jeringa y agua a presión durante 15s (Técnica de Grabado Ácido o TGA), de la siguiente manera: algodón común (Condesa) (G1), papel tisú (Achiss) cortado a mano (G2) y con tijera (G3), esponja (Sharpys) (G4), papel tisú (Simplicity) cortado a mano (G5)(AU)

Waste Products , Dentin/drug effects , Acid Etching, Dental , Dental Bonding , Air Abrasion, Dental , Dental Cavity Preparation
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 57-66, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343658


El objetivo de este reporte de caso clínico es presentar una rehabilitación integral adhesiva resuelta por alumnos de grado de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), bajo un protocolo de abordaje terapéutico que simplifica su realización. Esta sistematización hace foco en un abordaje completamente aditivo con la finalidad de devolver la salud, la función y la estética de manera predecible. Un paciente de 55 años concurrió a la consulta por motivos estéticos. En el diagnóstico se evidenciaron desgastes severos producto de la parafunción. Se realizó una rehabilitación oral adhesiva seleccionando a la cerámica vítrea como material restaurador. El diagnóstico y la comprensión de su etiología son fundamentales para realizar un tratamiento conservador con restauraciones adheridas y con alto grado de predictibilidad, que se prolongará en el tiempo, gracias a la utilización de una placa orgánica y a los controles de mantenimiento correspondientes (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bruxism/rehabilitation , Ceramics , Dental Bonding , Esthetics, Dental , Patient Care Planning , Periodontitis/therapy , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Dental Cavity Preparation , Conservative Treatment , Inlays , Mouth Rehabilitation
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346674


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the scientific evidence on direct and indirect bonding techniques to analyse the differences related to treatment time, number of appointments and number of bracket detachments. Material and Methods: The MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases were searched through to March 2021. Reference lists from the retrieved publications were also examined. The following article types that described data on the different types of direct and indirect bonding techniques in orthodontics were included: prospective and retrospective cohort studies, case-control studies and randomized controlled clinical trials (RCCTs). Two review authors independently assessed eligibility, extracted data, and ascertained the quality of the studies. Results: The search strategy initially resulted in 824 articles, and after a careful selection comprising the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were picked for the final review, specifically 2 cohort studies, 4 case-control studies and 6 RCCTs. The methodological quality was low in 4 studies, medium in 2, and high in 6 articles. Conclusion: The evidence currently available suggests that the use of computer-aided bonding is related to a reduction in treatment time and the number of appointments compared to direct and manual indirect bonding. However, the total bonding time for computer-aided bonding technique, including digital bracket placement, was longer than for direct bonding. Further high-quality RCTs on the differences between direct and indirect bonding are necessary to determine more precise data, as well as additional advantages and disadvantages.

Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Materials , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Italy
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 21-26, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290951


El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una alternativa de tratamiento rehabilitador para pacientes jóvenes con gran pérdida de estructura dental vinculada a lesiones de origen no bacteriano. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de 36 años de edad, con reflujo gastroesofágico crónico bajo tratamiento médico, que concurrió a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Adultos de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), en busca de un cambio estético en su sonrisa y relatando sensibilidad al calor, al frío y dolor al masticar. No manifestó sintomatología dolorosa a nivel muscular ni articular. En función de sus posibilidades económicas y de la etiología erosiva de las lesiones existentes en sus piezas dentarias, se llevó a cabo una rehabilitación oral adhesiva con resinas compuestas utilizando la sistematización de atención que sugiere la Cátedra. Las resinas compuestas actuales, en combinación con las técnicas y procedimientos desarrollados en este artículo han demostrado un adecuado comportamiento al ser utilizadas como restauraciones definitivas en pacientes que necesitan rehabilitación oral total debido a la gran pérdida de estructura dental por erosión ácida (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Dental Bonding , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 27-33, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291040


El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una alternativa de tratamiento rehabilitador para pacientes jóvenes con gran pérdida de estructura dental, vinculada a lesiones de origen no bacteriano. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 39 años de edad, que acudió a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Adultos de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA) relatando síntomas compatibles con hipersensibilidad dentaria y fatiga de los músculos masticadores. Al mismo tiempo, manifestó disconformidad con el aspecto estético de su sonrisa. Teniendo en cuenta la gran pérdida de sustancia en sus piezas dentarias producida por hábitos parafuncionales (bruxismo), se realizó una rehabilitación oral adhesiva con cerámicas utilizando el protocolo de abordaje terapéutico sugerido por la Cátedra. En pacientes que presentan severos desgastes (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Bruxism/therapy , Esthetics, Dental , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Smiling , Ceramics , Dental Bonding/methods , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Mouth Rehabilitation
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 658-663, dic. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134554


ABSTRACT: Orthodontic accessories bonding in tooth enamel has been a critical step since the introduction of direct bonding techniques due to the importance of bracket stability. The aim of this study was to evaluate adhesion strength of different adhesive systems used for bracket bonding on dental surface. The present in vitro study was made from the analysis of shear strength of steel and ceramic brackets bonding with six different types of orthodontic adhesives. The brackets were bonded to 120 human extracted first premolar teeth with Orthocem®, Orthocem® + Ambar Universal® primer, Orthobond Plus®, Biofix®, Transbond XT®, Ortholink VLC®. Shear strength tests were performed on a universal testing machine EZ-Test-Shimadzu® and the data were analyzed using ANOVA test with Post-Hoc Bonferroni and 95 % statistical significance (p <0.05). Transbond XT® and Ortholink VLC® resin values showed greater shear resistance for steel brackets bonding and Transbond XT® and Orthobond Plus® adhesives showed better adhesion results for ceramic brackets bonding.

RESUMEN: La unión de accesorios de ortodoncia en el esmalte dental ha sido un paso crítico desde la introducción de las técnicas de unión directa debido a la importancia de la estabilidad del soporte. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fuerza de adhesión de diferentes sistemas adhesivos utilizados para la unión de brackets en la superficie dental. El presente estudio in vitro se realizó a partir del análisis de la resistencia al corte de brackets de acero y de cerámica unidos con seis tipos diferentes de adhesivos de ortodoncia. Los brackets se unieron a 120 primeros premolares extraídos con los adhesivos Orthocem®, Orthocem® + Ambar Universal® primer, Orthobond Plus®, Biofix®, Transbond XT®, Ortholink VLC®. Las pruebas de resistencia al corte se realizaron en una máquina de prueba universal EZ-Test-Shimadzu® y los datos se analizaron usando la prueba ANOVA con Bonferroni Post-Hoc y 95 % de significación estadística (p <0,05). Los valores de resina Transbond XT® y Ortholink VLC® mostraron una mayor resistencia al corte para la unión de brackets de acero y los adhesivos Transbond XT® y Orthobond Plus® mostraron mejores resultados de adhesión para la unión de brackets cerámicos.

Humans , Dental Bonding/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Cements , Orthodontics , Stainless Steel , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Resin Cements , Shear Strength
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 405-413, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179032


Introduction: This study evaluated the influence of sonic vibration and thermocycling on the bond strength of fiberglass posts using conventional dual-cured and self-adhesive resin cements. Material and Methods: Ninety-six single-rooted endodontically treated teeth were divided randomly into eight groups according to the cement used (dual-cured or self-adhesive resin cement), use of sonic vibration during post accommodation, and aging conditions (24h in distilled water or 5,000 thermal cycles). The fiberglass posts (White Post DC1, FGM) were cleaned with alcohol, treated with silane and cemented with dual-cured (Allcem Core, FGM) or with self-adhesive resin cement (seT, SDI). For groups in which sonic vibration was used, the posts were accommodated, and sonic vibration was applied for 10 s using a special tip placed on top of the post (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Pull-out tests were performed after storage in distilled water for 24h at 37°C or after thermocycling (5000 cycles, at 5°C and 55°C). The results were evaluated using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: Significant differences were not observed between the bond strengths of dual-cured (87.93±41.81 N) and self-adhesive cement (82.53±41.43 N). Bond strength for the sonic vibration groups (100.36±42.35 N) was significantly higher than for groups without sonic vibration (70.13±34.90 N). There were significant differences between specimens subjected to thermocycling (98.33±39.42 N) and those stored for 24h in distilled water (72.16±39.67 N). Conclusion: It can be concluded that both sonic vibration and thermocycling significantly improved bond strength of fiberglass posts with the two evaluated resin cements.

Introducción: Este estudio evaluó la influencia de la vibración sónica y el termociclado en la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio utilizando cementos de resina autoadhesivos y de curado dual convencionales Material y Métodos: Se dividieron aleatoriamente noventa y seis dientes tratados endodónticamente de raíz única en ocho grupos según el cemento utilizado (cemento de resina de curado dual o autoadhesivo), el uso de vibración sónica durante la acomodación posterior y las condiciones de envejecimiento (24 horas agua destilada o 5.000 ciclos térmicos). Los postes de fibra de vidrio (White Post DC1, FGM) se limpiaron con alcohol, se trataron con silano y se cementaron con cemento de curado dual (Allcem Core, FGM) o con cemento de resina autoadhesivo (seT, SDI). Para los grupos en los que se utilizó vibración sónica, se acomodaron los postes y se aplicó la vibración sónica durante 10 s utilizando una punta especial colocada en la parte superior del poste (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Las pruebas de extracción se realizaron después del almacenamiento en agua destilada durante 24 horas a 37ºC o después del termociclado (5000 ciclos, a 5ºC y 55ºC). Los resultados se evaluaron mediante ANOVA de tres vías y la prueba de Tukey (α = 0.05). Resultados: No se observaron diferencias significativas entre las resistencias de adhesión del cemento de curado dual (87,93 ± 41,81 N) y el cemento autoadhesivo (82,53 ± 41,43 N). La fuerza de unión para los grupos de vibración sónica (100,36 ± 42,35 N) fue significativamente mayor que para los grupos sin vibración sónica (70,13 ± 34,90 N). Hubo diferencias significativas entre los especímenes sometidos a termociclado (98,33 ± 39,42 N) y los almacenados durante 24 h en agua destilada (72,16 ± 39,67 N). Conclusión: Se puede concluir que tanto la vibración sónica como el termociclado mejoraron significativamente la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio con los dos cementos de resina evaluados.

Humans , Vibration , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Resin Cements/chemistry , Flexural Strength , Glass , Sonication/methods , Tooth Root , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin/chemistry , Ultrasonic Waves