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1.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(4): 16-22, out.-dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359204

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A neuropatia periférica diabética (ND) é comum na nefropatia diabética (NFD) e não há informações se o hiperparatireoidismo secundário (HPS) aumenta seus sintomas. O objetivo foi determinar ND por sinais em pacientes com HPS. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: É um estudo caso-controle. O Grupo Controle (GC) é composto por doentes com NFD e valores de paratormônio (PTH)<60pg / ml. O Grupo de Hiperparatireoidismo (GH) engloba pacientes com NFD e PTH≥60pg/ml e critérios bioquímicos de HPS. As variáveis foram, entre outras, a presença de sinais de ND e foram comparados com o teste t de Student e o qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: Foram 60 participantes em cada grupo, sendo 35 (58,3%) homens no GC vs 33 (55,0%) em GH (p = 0,713). A idade do GC foi de 67±11,0 anos, vs 72±11 anos GH (p=0,009). A taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) no GC foi 53,82±25,13 vs GH 35,34±18,43ml/min/1,73m2 (p <0,001). O PTH no GC foi de 38,02±15,32 pg/ml, em GH 119,07±84,33 pg/ml (p <0,001). A ND, devido aos sintomas no GC, foi de 28,3% e 36,6% no GH (p=0,330). A neuropatia por sinais no GC foi de 38,3% e no GH 83,3% (p<0,001). O odds ratio de GH para neuropatia presente devido a sinais foi de 8,044 (IC 95% 3,42­8,92). CONCLUSÃO: Constatou-se uma maior presença de sinais de NPD em pacientes com HPS em nosso centro


BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DN) is common in diabetic nephropathy (DNP), and there is no information if secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHP) increases its symptoms. The purpose was to determine DN by signs in patients with SHP. METHODS: It is a case-control study. Control patients (CG) with DN and parathyroid hormone (PTH) values<60pg/ml. The Hyperparathyroidism group (HG), patients with DNP and PTH≥60pg/ml and HPS biochemical criteria. The variables were, among others, the presence of DN signs, and were compared with Student's t and chi-square. RESULTS: There were 60 participants in each group, 35(58.3%) men in CG vs.33(55.0%) in GH (p=0.713). The age of the CG was 67±11.0 years, vs 72±11years HG (p=0.009). The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the CG was 53.82±25.13 vs in HG 35.34±18.43ml/min/1.73m2(p<0.001). The PTH in the CG were 38.02±15.32pg/ml and in GH 119.07±84.33pg/ml(p<0.001). The DN due to symptoms in CG was 28.3% and in GH 36.6%(p=0.330). Neuropathy due to signs in the CG was 38.3% and in GH 83.3% (p<0.001). The HG odds ratio to present neuropathy due to signs was 8.044 (95% CI 3.42­18.92). CONCLUSION: There was a statistical association between HPS and signs of DN in patients with DNP in our canter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetic Neuropathies/complications , Diabetic Neuropathies/diagnosis , Diabetic Neuropathies/epidemiology , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Prevalence , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies
2.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(3): e3446, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289641

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El conocimiento sobre los factores de riesgo y las medidas de autocuidado en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus se considera un elemento esencial en su tratamiento. Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos sobre factores de riesgos y medidas de autocuidado en pacientes con diabetes mellitus con úlcera neuropática. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo trasversal en 135 pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 con úlcera neuropática pertenecientes a dos consultorios del médico de familia del Policlínico Universitario "Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo" de Sancti Spíritus en el período de noviembre de 2018 a noviembre de 2019. Las variables estudiadas, fueron: edad, sexo, nivel de conocimientos sobre los factores de riesgo y medidas de autocuidado. Resultados: Los resultados agrupados en forma de tablas mostraron un predominio de los pacientes del sexo femenino con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 de 60-70 años. El inadecuado nivel de conocimientos de los factores de riesgo más sobresaliente fue el antecedente de la enfermedad cardiovascular. Las medidas de autocuidado más conocida fue mantener el tratamiento para la diabetes mellitus. Conclusiones: En la investigación predominó el sexo femenino de 60-71 años. El nivel de desconocimientos que predominó fue la historia familiar de la diabetes mellitus, así como mayor nivel de desconocimiento en las medidas a tener en cuenta para el autocuidado en la práctica de aseo corporal.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Knowledge concerning risk factors and self-care methods in patients with diabetes mellitus is considered an essential element in their effective treatment. Objective: To assess the knowledge level concerning risk factors and self-care methods in patients with diabetes mellitus and neuropathic ulcer. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in 135 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and neuropathic ulceration from November 2018 to November 2019. All patients registered in two different family doctor's office associated to the Policlínico Universitario "Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo" in Sancti Spíritus. Variables studied were: age, sex, knowledge level concerning risk factors and self-care methods. Results: The outcomes were summarized on a table to be assessed, which revealed female sex patients aged 60 to 70 years as predominant to suffer type 2 diabetes mellitus. An inadequate knowledge concerning the most outstanding risk factors was the cause of arising cardiovascular disease. The most well-known self-care measure was to maintain an effective treatment for diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: Female sex patients aged 60 to 71 years were most assessed being predominant. The most predominant aspects of ignorance found in the study were the family history associated to diabetes mellitus and the ignorance related to self-care measures, mainly on the practice of personal hygiene.


RESUMO Introdução: O conhecimento dos fatores de risco e das medidas de autocuidado em pacientes com diabetes mellitus é considerado um elemento essencial em seu tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de conhecimento sobre fatores de risco e medidas de autocuidado em pacientes com diabetes mellitus com úlcera neuropática. Método: Estudo transversal descritivo realizado em 135 pacientes portadores de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 com úlcera neuropática pertencentes a dois consultórios do médico de família da Policlínica Universitária "Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo" de Sancti Spíritus no período de novembro de 2018 a novembro de 2019. As variáveis ​​estudadas foram: idade, sexo, nível de conhecimento sobre fatores de risco e medidas de autocuidado. Resultados: Os resultados agrupados em forma de tabelas mostraram predomínio de pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 do sexo feminino na faixa etária de 60 a 70 anos. O nível inadequado de conhecimento dos fatores de risco mais destacados era o histórico de doenças cardiovasculares. As medidas de autocuidado mais conhecidas foram a manutenção do tratamento para diabetes mellitus. Conclusões: Na investigação prevaleceu o sexo feminino de 60 a 71 anos. O nível de desconhecimento prevalente foi a história familiar de diabetes mellitus, bem como maior grau de desconhecimento nas medidas a serem levadas em consideração para o autocuidado na prática da higiene corporal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Care/methods , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetic Foot
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(2): 149-157, Mar,-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153110

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe microvascular changes in the maculas of individuals with type 2 diabetes observed on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images. We compared the maculas of diabetic subjects without diabetic retinopathy with those of healthy subjects and correlated the findings with the clinical profiles of diabetic subjects. Methods: One eye each of 30 patients with diabetes and 30 healthy individuals were examined. The patients with diabetes underwent funduscopy, retinography, and fluorescein angiography to rule out retinopathy. All subjects underwent optical coherence tomography angiography of a macular area (6×6 mm2), and the foveal and parafoveal vascular densities were analyzed in the superficial and deep retinal vascular plexus. The foveal and parafoveal thicknesses, foveal avascular zone of the superficial plexus, and choriocapillaris flow area were also examined. The optical coherence tomography angiography results were compared between the two study groups and correlated with the following parameters: visual acuity, time since diabetes diagnosis, glycemic control, lipid profile, and renal function of patients with diabetes. Results: A minimal increase in the choriocapillaris flow area was observed in the patients with diabetes (mean area, 22.3 ± 4.6 mm2 in controls; 22.6 ± 3.9 mm2 in patients with diabetes) (p=0.017). No significant differences were observed between other optical coherence tomography angiography parameters analyzed in the two groups. Glycosylated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose levels were significantly negatively correlated with the foveal vascular density of both plexuses; conversely, fasting blood glucose levels were positively correlated with the choriocapillaris flow area (p=0.034). The other clinical parameters were not correlated with the optical coherence tomography angiography findings. Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography angiography may not be the most appropriate tool for detecting preclinical changes in patients with diabetes, moreover, optical coherence tomography angiography; does not replace clinical examinations. Glycemic control should be the primary clinical parameter considered during retinopathy screening. Larger studies are necessary to confirm these findings.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever alterações microvasculares na mácula em diabéticos do tipo 2 sem retinopatia diabética e pacientes saudáveis, e correlacionar achados com perfil clínico nos diabéticos. Métodos: Foram incluídos 60 olhos de 30 diabéticos e 30 pacientes saudáveis. Diabéticos realizaram fundoscopia, retinografia® (CR2; Canon Inc., New York, New York, USA) e angiografia fluoresceínica® (TRC-50DXC; Topcon Inc., Tokyo, Japan) para descartar a presença de retinopatia. Os 60 pacientes realizaram a angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica® (RTVue XR, Avanti, Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA) (área macular: 6 x 6 mm2) e foram analisados densidade vascular total, foveal e parafoveal no plexo capilar superficial e plexo capilar profundo, espessura foveal, espessura parafoveal, área da zona avascular da fóvea no plexo capilar superficial e área de fluxo da coriocapilar. Resultados da angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica foram comparados entre os 2 grupos e correlacionados com acuidade visual, tempo de diabetes, controle glicêmico, perfil lipídico e função renal nos diabéticos. Resultados: Observou-se aumento mínimo da área de fluxo da coriocapilar nos diabéticos, média das áreas foi de 22,3 ± 4,6 mm2 no grupo controle e 22,6 ± 3,9 mm2 em diabéticos (p=0,017). Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre outras variáveis da angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica analisadas nos dois grupos. Hemoglobina glicosilada e glicemia de jejum apresentaram correlação negativa estatisticamente significante com densidade vascular foveal de ambos os plexos e a glicemia de jejum se correlacionou positivamente com área de fluxo da coriocapilar (p=0,034). Outros dados clínicos avaliados não apresentaram correlação com achados da angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica. Conclusão: Resultados sugerem que a angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica pode não ser a melhor ferramenta na detecção de alterações pré-clínicas em diabéticos, não substituindo o exame clínico, e corroboram a ideia de que o controle glicêmico deve ser o principal parâmetro clínico a ser considerado na triagem da retinopatia. Estudos com amostras maiores são necessários para confirmar os achados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorescein Angiography , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnostic imaging , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Retinal Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Fundus Oculi
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(1): 10-17, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156965

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis is the most frequent hyperglycemic complication in the evolution of diabetes mellitus. Common precipitating factors include newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus, noncompliance with therapy and infections. However, few studies have been conducted in Brazil and none were prospective in design. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, clinical and laboratory characteristics and precipitating factors of diabetic ketoacidosis among emergency department patients in a tertiary-level teaching hospital in Brazil. We also aimed to identify immediate and long-term mortality within two years. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective prognosis cohort study conduct at a tertiary-level teaching hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: All patients > 12 years old presenting diabetic ketoacidosis who were admitted to the emergency department from June 2015 to May 2016 were invited to participate. RESULTS: The incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis per 1,000 admissions was 8.7. Treatment noncompliance and infection were the most common causes of diabetic ketoacidosis. The immediate mortality rate was 5.8%, while the six-month, one-year and two-year mortality rates were 9.6%, 13.5% and 19.2%, respectively. Death occurring within two years was associated with age, type 2 diabetes, hypoalbuminemia, infection at presentation and higher sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score at admission. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetic ketoacidosis among patients presenting to the emergency department was relatively frequent in our hospital. Treatment noncompliance and infection were major precipitating factors and presence of diabetic ketoacidosis was associated with immediate and long-term risk of death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/complications , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 37-44, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153092

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the use of automated quantitative static and dynamic pupillometry in screening patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and different stages of diabetic retinopathy. Method: 155 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus group) were included in this study and another 145 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals to serve as the control group. The diabetes mellitus group was divided into three subgroups: diabetes mellitus without diabetic retinopathy (No-diabetic retinopathy), nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Static and dynamic pupillometry were performed using a rotating Scheimpflug camera with a topography-based system. Results: In terms of pupil diameter in both static and dynamic pupillometry (p<0.05), statistically significant differences were observed between the diabetes mellitus and control groups and also between the subgroups No-diabetic retinopathy, nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy subgroups. But it was noted that No-diabetic retinopathy and nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy groups have showed similarities in the findings derived from static pupillometry under mesopic and photopic conditions. The two groups also appeared similar at all points during the dynamic pupillometry (p>0.05). However, it could be concluded that the proliferative diabetic retinopathy group was significantly different from the rest of the subgroups, No-diabetic retinopathy and nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy groups, in terms of all the static pupillometry measurements (p<0.05). The average speed of dilation was also significantly different between the diabetes mellitus and control groups and among the diabetes mellitus subgroups (p<0.001). While weak to moderate significant correlations were found between all pupil diameters in static and dynamic pupillometry with the duration of diabetes mellitus (p<0.05 for all), the HbA1c values showed no statistically significant correlations with any of the investigated static and dynamic pupil diameters (p>0.05 for all). Conclusion: This study revealed that the measurements derived from automated pupillometry are altered in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The presence of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy does not have a negative effect on pupillometry findings, but with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, significant alterations were observed. These results suggest that using automated quantitative pupillometry may be useful in verifying the severity of diabetic retinopathy.


RESUMO Objetivos: Procuramos avaliar o uso da pupilometria estática e dinâmica quantitativa automatizada na triagem de pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 e em di­ferentes estágios de retinopatia diabética. Métodos: Cento e cinquenta e cinco pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (grupo com diabetes mellitus) foram incluídos neste estudo e outros 145 controles saudáveis pareados por idade e sexo para server como grupo controle. O grupo com diabetes mellitus foi dividido em três subgrupos: diabetes mellitus sem retinopatia diabética (retinopatia não diabética), retinopatia diabética não proliferativa e retinopatia diabética proliferativa. A pupilometria estática e dinâmica foi realizada utilizando uma camera rotative Scheimpflug com um sistema baseado em topografia. Resultados: Em termos de diâmetro da pupila, tanto na pupilometria estática quanto na dinâmica (p<0,05), foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos diabetes mellitus e controle e também entre os subgrupos retinopatia não diabética, retinopatia diabética não proliferativa e retinopatia diabética proliferativa. Mas foi observado que os grupos de retinopatia não diabética e retinopatia diabética não proliferativa mostraram semelhanças nos achados derivados da pupilometria estática em condições mesópicas e fotópicas. Os dois grupos também pareciam semelhantes em todos os pontos durante a pupilometria dinâmica (p>0,05). No entanto, pode-se concluir que o grupo de retinopatia diabética proliferative foi sugnificativamente diferente do restante dos subgrupos, retinopatia não diabética e retinopatia diabética não proliferativa, em termos de todas as medidas de pupilometris estática (p<0,05). A velocidade média de dilatação também foi significativamente diferente entre os grupos diabetes mellitus e controle, e entre os subgrupos diabetes mellitus (p<0,001). Enquanto correlações significativas fracas a moderadas foram encontradas entre todos os diâmetros da pupila na pupilometria estática e dinâmica com a duração do diabetes mellitus (p<0,05 para todos), os valores de HbA1c não mostraram correlações estatisticamente significantes com nenhum dos diâmetros da pupila estática e dinâmica investigados (p>0,05 para todos). Conclusão: Este estudo revelou que as medidas derivadas da pupilometria automatizada estão alteradas em pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. A presença de retinopatia diabética não proliferativa não afeta negativamente os achados pupilomé­tricos, mas com a retinopatia diabética proliferative, alterações significativas foram observadas. Estes resultados sugerem que o uso da pupilometria quantitativa automatizada pode ser útil na verificação gravidade da retinopatia diabética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Retinopathy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnosis
6.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 90-94, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283560

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2), habitualmente asociada a adultos en edad media y adulto mayor, ha presentado un aumento en su incidencia en pacientes menores de 40 años, lo que se conoce como DM2 de inicio en paciente joven. Varios estudios sugieren que este tipo de diabetes presenta no sólo un deterioro más rápido de las células beta-pancreáticas en comparación con la DM2 de inicio más tardío, sino que también un mayor riesgo de complicaciones que pacientes con DM Tipo1, lo que sugiere una variable independiente de los años de exposición a la enfermedad y por tanto, un fenotipo más agresivo. Por otra parte, hay evidencia que afirma que existen grupos poblacionales en mayor riesgo de desarrollar esta patología, particularmente ciertas etnias. En el presente trabajo se exponen los principales hallazgos de una reciente revisión del tema y se los compara con los datos nacionales disponibles. Dada la alta prevalencia de DM2 en la población chilena y la escasa cantidad de estudios epidemiológicos de calidad que permitan conocer nuestro panorama con mayor precisión, es que se destaca la importancia de estos últimos para poder tomar medidas de salud pública adecuadas.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM), commonly associated with the middle to old aged adults group, has shown an increase in incidence in patients younger than 40 years old, which is known as young-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus. Several studies suggest that this type of diabetes not only exhibits a faster deterioration of the beta-pancreatic cells in comparison with type 1 diabetes mellitus patients, but also a greater risk of complications not regarding the time of exposure to the disease, therefore a more aggressive phenotype. Otherwise, there is evidence which asserts that some population groups are in mayor risk of developing this disease, especially certain ethnics. In this work it is exposed the main findings of a recent review of the subject and it is contrasted with available national data. Given the high prevalence of T2DM in the chilean population and the little amount of epidemiological high-quality studies that allows us to know our outlook with greater precision, it is highlighted the need for them in order to make adequate public health decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Age Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Age of Onset , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/mortality , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Diabetic Nephropathies/epidemiology , Diabetic Neuropathies/etiology , Diabetic Neuropathies/epidemiology
9.
Clinics ; 76: e2172, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify the clinical discriminative value and determinants of arterial stiffness in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 51 individuals (53.57±9.35 years) diagnosed with T2DM (stage glucose≥126 mg/dL; diagnostic time: 87.4±69.8 months). All participants underwent an initial evaluation of personal habits, medications, and history; arterial stiffness assessment by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) using SphygmoCor; and blood laboratory analysis. A statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software, and values of p≤0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: A cut-off cfPWV value of 7.9 m/s was identified for T2DM [Sensitivity (SE): 90% and Specificity (SP): 80%]. A subgroup analysis revealed higher glycated hemoglobin (Hb1Ac) (p=0.006), obesity (p=0.036), and dyslipidemia (p=0.013) than those with cfPWV ≥7.9 m/s. Multivariate analysis identified higher stage glucose (p=0.04), Hb1Ac (p=0.04), hypertension (p=0.001), and dyslipidemia (p=0.01) as determinant factors of cfPWV; positive and significant correlation between cfPWV and glucose (r=0.62; p=0.0003) and Hb1Ac (r=0.55; p=0.0031). CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM, an indicator of the discriminative value of arterial stiffness was cfPWV of 7.9 m/s. Clinical findings and comorbidities, such as hypertension, glucose, poor glycemic control, and dyslipidemia, were associated with and were determinants of arterial stiffness in T2DM. Reinforcement of monitoring risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glycemic control, seems to be essential to the process of arterial stiffening. Confirmation of this discriminative value in larger populations is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Vascular Stiffness , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Pulse Wave Analysis
10.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1610, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355504

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The increased prevalence of obesity has led to a significant increase in the occurrence of metabolic syndrome, a recognized risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases. Hyperglycemia or type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and arterial hypertension are its main components. Since 2015, international guidelines have recognized the benefits of bariatric surgery in each isolated factor of this syndrome. Aim: To evaluate the impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in this syndrome comparing pre- and postoperative periods with laboratory analysis and to compare waist/height ratio and BMI in relation to the determination of the cardiometabolic risk profile. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out, selecting 80 patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin, body mass index (BMI), vitamin D, vitamin B12, waist circumference and waist/height ratio in three periods were analyzed: the preoperative period from 1 to 6 months, postoperative from 1 to 6 months and postoperative from 1 to 2 years. Results: There was an improvement in all parameters of the clinical analyses. The preoperative BMI had a mean value of 39.8, in the preoperative period from 1 to 6 months, the values ​​dropped to 33.2 and in the postoperative period of 1 year, the mean was 26. The perimeter mean values ​​of 118.5 preoperatively, 105.2 postoperatively from 1 to 6 months and 90.3 postoperatively from 1 to 2 years. Waist/height ratio was 0.73, 0.65 and 0.56 in pre, post 1 to 6 months and 1 to 2 years respectively. Conclusion: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass improves metabolic syndrome and waist-to-height ratio is superior to BMI in the assessment of the cardiometabolic risk profile.


RESUMO Racional: O aumento da prevalência da obesidade levou ao aumento significativo da ocorrência de síndrome metabólica, fator de risco reconhecido para aumento da morbimortalidade por doenças cardiovasculares. A hiperglicemia ou diabetes mellitus do tipo 2, dislipidemia e hipertensão arterial são seus principais componentes. Desde 2015, diretrizes internacionais reconheceram os benefícios da cirurgia bariátrica em cada fator isolado desta síndrome. Objetivos: Avaliar o impacto do bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux nesta síndrome comparando períodos pré e pós-operatório com análise laboratorial, e comparar a razão cintura/estatura e o IMC em relação a determinação do perfil de risco cardiometabólico. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo com base prospectiva selecionando 80 pacientes submetidos à bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. Foram analisados o colesterol total, HDL, LDL, triglicerídeos, glicemia de jejum, hemoglobina glicada, insulina, índice de massa corpórea (IMC), vitamina D, vitamina B12, perímetro abdominal e relação cintura/estatura em três períodos: o pré-operatório de 1 a 6 meses, pós-operatório de 1 a 6 meses e pós-operatório de 1 a 2 anos. Resultados: Houve melhora em todos os parâmetros das análises clínicas. O IMC, no pré-operatório, teve a média dos valores de 39,8, no pré-operatório de 1 a 6 meses, os valores caíram para 33,2 e no pós-operatório de 1 ano média foi de 26. O perímetro abdominal teve média dos valores de 118,5, no pré-operatório, 105,2 no pós-operatório de 1 a 6 meses e 90,3 no pós-operatório de 1 a 2 anos. A relação cintura/estatura teve 0,73, 0,65 e 0,56 no pré, pós 1 a 6 meses e 1 a 2 anos respectivamente. Conclusão: O bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux melhora a síndrome metabólica e a relação cintura/estatura é superior ao IMC na avaliação do perfil do risco cardiometabólico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Gastric Bypass , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Obesity
12.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 64-70, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252886

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la relación entre el grado de enfermedad periodontal y el control metabólico de la glucemia en pacientes que padecen diabetes tipo 2. Es un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, transversal. Se seleccionaron 42 pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 de ambos sexos, entre 25 y 75. Se realizó odontograma y se evaluó el grado de enfermedad periodontal para determinar el grado de compensación metabólica de los pacientes se tomaron muestras de sangre venosa y se midieron los valores de hemoglobina glicosilada. Un 23,55% de los pacientes no presentaron enfermedad periodontal y el resto se dividió en leve, moderada y severa presentándose la enfermedad leve en primer orden. Los pacientes con mayor grado de enfermedad periodontal presentaron mayor número de piezas dentarias perdidas (p 0,0334). La enfermedad periodontal se distribuye de la misma manera en ambos grupos de control glucémico (p=0,1211). En el grupo estudiado, el grado de enfermedad periodontal es independiente del control glucémico de los pacientes (AU)


The objective of this work was to establish the relationship between the degree of periodontal disease and the metabolic control of glycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. 42 patients with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus of both sexes, between 25 and 75, were selected. An odontogram was performed and the degree of periodontal disease was evaluated; venous blood samples were taken and glycosylated hemoglobin values were measured to determine the degree of metabolic compensation of the patients. 23.55% of the patients did not present periodontal disease and the rest were divided into mild, moderate, and severe, with mild disease presenting in the first order. The patients with a higher degree of periodontal disease had a higher number of missing teeth (p 0.0334). Periodontal disease is distributed in the same way in both glycemic control groups (p = 0.1211). In the group studied, the degree of periodontal disease is independent of the glycemic control of the patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Argentina/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Dental Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Tooth Loss/epidemiology , Sex Distribution , Dental Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Observational Study
13.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(2): 141-147, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1337663

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A diabetes tipo 2 (DM2) é uma desordem metabólica ocasionada pela disfunção das células beta pancreáticas que interferem na produção de insulina e/ou pela resistência dos órgãos alvos a esse hormônio. Níveis elevados de radicais livres em conjunto com o declínio das defesas antioxidantes presente na DM2 podem ocasionar danos a organelas celulares, promovendo complicações da doença. As glutationas S- transferases (GST) são as principais enzimas antioxidantes que participam da defesa celular contra o estresse oxidativo. Os polimorfismos nos genes que codificam essas enzimas podem acarretar o surgimento de complicações oftalmológicas em diabéticos. Este trabalho avaliou a influência dos polimorfismos nos genes GST no desenvolvimento de doenças como a catarata e o glaucoma em pacientes com DM2 na Grande Vitória (ES). Metodologia: Os polimorfismos dos genes GSTM1 e GSTT1 foram investigados através da técnica de PCR multiplex. Para o gene GSTP1 utilizou-se a técnica PCR- RFLP. A análise estatística foi realizada através do teste exato de Fisher ou do teste do qui-quadrado com P-valor < 0.05. Resultados: Não foi encontrada relação entre os polimorfismos nos genes GSTM1, GSTT1 e GSTP1 e o surgimento de doenças como glaucoma e catarata em pacientes com DM2. Conclusão: Nossos dados sugerem que os polimorfismos nulos nos genes GSTM1 e GSTT1 e o polimorfismo Ile105Val no gene GSTP1 não estão associados com a suscetibilidade individual para o desenvolvimento de complicações oftalmológicas em pacientes com DM2. (AU)


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder caused by beta cell dysfunction that interferes with insulin production and/or by the resistance of target organs to this hormone. An increase in free radicals together with a decline in antioxidant defenses, present in T2DM, can damage cellular organelles and promote the occurrence of disease complications. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are the main antioxidant enzymes involved in cellular defense against oxidative stress, and polymorphisms in genes encoding GSTs can lead to ophthalmic complications in persons with diabetes. In this study, we evaluated the influence of GST polymorphisms on the development of diseases such as cataract and glaucoma in patients with T2DM in Grande Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Methods: GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms were investigated using a multiplex PCR technique. PCR-RFLP was used for the GSTP1 gene. Statistical analysis was performed with Fisher's exact test or the chi-square test, with P-value <0.05. Results: There was no relationship between GSTM1, GSTT1, or GSTP1 polymorphisms and the occurrence of diseases such as glaucoma and cataract in patients with T2DM. Conclusion: Our data suggest that the GSTM1 and GSTT1 null polymorphisms and the ile105Val polymorphism in the GSTP1 gene are not associated with individual susceptibility to the development of ophthalmic complications in persons with T2DM. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Cataract/etiology , Glaucoma/etiology , Oxidative Stress
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880628

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has been proved to be a safe and effective treatment for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with body mass index (BMI) >27.5 kg/m


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Gastric Bypass , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 814-820, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878055

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Vitamin D deficiency has been reported to be associated with diabetic microvascular complications, but previous studies have only focused on the relationship between vitamin D and specific complications. Therefore, we aimed to explore the relationship between vitamin D level and diabetic microvascular complications in general, including diabetic retinopathy (DR), diabetic nephropathy (DN), and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).@*METHODS@#This was a cross-sectional study of 815 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Clinical information and laboratory results were collected from the medical records. The relationship between vitamin D and the three diabetic microvascular complications was investigated.@*RESULTS@#The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 [OH] D) level of patients with DPN and/or DN was significantly lower than that of T2DM patients without any microvascular complications (P < 0.01). Univariate analysis showed that the 25 (OH) D level was related to DPN and DN, but not DR. After adjustment, the 25 (OH) D level was confirmed to be an independent protective factor for DPN (odds ratio [OR]: 0.968, P = 0.004]) and DN (OR: 0.962, P = 0.006). The prevalence of DPN and DN increased significantly as the serum 25 (OH) D levels decreased. Furthermore, patients with both DPN and DN had the lowest concentration of serum 25 (OH) D (P < 0.001), and the prevalence of macroalbuminuria increased more abruptly than that of microalbuminuria across the 25 (OH) D tertiles. Among the patients with vitamin D insufficiency, those with DPN presented more comorbid macroalbuminuria than those without DPN (15.32% vs. 4.91%; P = 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitamin D deficiency is independently associated with higher risk of DPN and DN, but not DR, in T2DM patients. Further, it may be a potential predictor for both the occurrence and severity of DPN and DN.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies , Diabetic Neuropathies , Humans , Risk Factors , Vitamin D
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879305

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to determine the association of hyperlipidemia with clinical endpoints among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study included all patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 from 21 hospitals in Hubei province, China between December 31, 2019 and April 21, 2020. Patients who were aged < 18 or ≥ 85 years old, in pregnancy, with acute lethal organ injury (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, severe acute pancreatitis, acute stroke), hypothyroidism, malignant diseases, severe malnutrition, and those with normal lipid profile under lipid-lowering medicines (e.g., statin, niacin, fenofibrate, gemfibrozil, and ezetimibe) were excluded. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis at 1:1 ratio was performed to minimize baseline differences between patient groups of hyperlipidemia and non-hyperlipidemia. PSM analyses with the same strategies were further conducted for the parameters of hyperlipidemia in patients with increased triglyceride (TG), increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Mixed-effect Cox model analysis was performed to investigate the associations of the 28-days all-cause deaths of COVID-19 patients with hyperlipidemia and the abnormalities of lipid parameters. The results were verified in male, female patients, and in patients with pre-existing CVDs and type 2 diabetes. Results Of 10 945 inpatients confirmed as COVID-19, there were 9822 inpatients included in the study, comprising 3513 (35.8%) cases without hyperlipidemia and 6309 (64.2%) cases with hyperlipidemia. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after PSM at 1:1 ratio, hyperlipidemia was not associated with increased or decreased 28-day all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 288-294, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921268

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Little was known about the association among time in range (TIR), time above range (TAR), time below range (TBR), and cancer mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate the association among TIR, TAR, TBR, and the risk of cancer mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes.@*METHODS@#A total of 6225 patients with type 2 diabetes were prospectively recruited in Shanghai, China. TIR was measured with continuous glucose monitoring at baseline and was defined as the average percentage of time in the target glucose range during a 24 h period. Cox proportion hazard regression analysis was used to determine the association between TIR and the risk of cancer mortality.@*RESULTS@#During a mean follow-up of 7.10 years, we confirmed 237 death events related to cancer. The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for cancer mortality was 1.32 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-1.75) in patients with TIR ≤70% compared with those with TIR >70%. When TIR was considered as a continuous variable, the multivariable-adjusted HR for cancer mortality associated with each 10% decrease in TIR was 1.07 (95% CI: 1.02-1.14). In the site-specific analysis, a significant association between TIR as a continuous variable and the risk of hepatocellular cancer was found (HR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.09-1.41). However, no relationship between hemoglobin A1c and cancer mortality was observed (HR: 1.04; 95% CI: 0.97-1.10).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The present study found an inverse association of TIR with the risk of cancer mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes. New evidence of TIR was added into the clinical practice that TIR may be an optimal target of glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Humans , Neoplasms , Prospective Studies
18.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e115, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156376

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica es una complicación frecuente y devastadora en personas con diabetes. Esta puede evidenciarse desde los estadios de prediabetes; sin embargo, no está establecido cuándo realizar la pesquisa de los pacientes adultos jóvenes asintomáticos y con poco tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Caracterizar la enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática en pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2 con menos de 10 años de evolución. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico-transversal en 190 pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2 entre 40 y 60 años y menos de 10 años de evolución de la diabetes. La selección tuvo en cuenta, a partir de septiembre de 2017, a los pacientes ingresados en el Centro de Atención al Diabético del Instituto de Endocrinología sin diagnóstico previo de enfermedad arterial periférica; y este se realizó a partir del índice de presiones tobillo-brazo. Resultados: El 6,3 por ciento (n = 12) presentaba una enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática. No hubo diferencias significativas entre las variables estudiadas (edad, sexo, color de la piel y tiempo de evolución de la diabetes; también aquellas a partir de los resultados del ITB) y la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática, que se relacionó de forma significativa con la presencia de cardiopatía isquémica. La afectación arterial fue ligera en todos los pacientes identificados y se asoció con la cardiopatía isquémica; no sucedió así con otras variables clínicas en estudio. Tampoco la combinación de estas últimas aumentó el riesgo de aparición de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: La enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática constituye una complicación poco frecuente en las personas menores de 60 años y con menos de 10 años de evolución de la diabetes(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease is a frequent and devastating complication in people with diabetes. This condition can appear from prediabetes stages; however, it is not established when to carry out the screening of asymptomatic young adult patients with short time of evolution of the disease. Objective: To characterize asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out with 190 diabetic patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-60 years and with less than ten years of evolution of the disease. The selection included, as of September 2017, the patients admitted to the Diabetic Care Center of the Institute of Endocrinology without prior diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease. The diagnosis was done based on the ankle/arm pressure index. Results: 6.3 percent (n=12) had asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease. There were no significant differences between the variables studied and the occurrence of asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease, which was significantly related to the presence of ischemic heart disease. Arterial involvement was slight in all the patients identified and was associated with ischemic heart disease; this was not the case with other clinical variables under study. Neither did the combination of these variables increase the risk for the onset of the disease. Conclusions: Asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease is a rare complication in diabetic people under 60 years of age and with less than ten years of evolution of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Myocardial Ischemia , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis
19.
Medisan ; 24(6) tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143264

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 es una enfermedad crónica, considerada como un importante problema de salud a nivel mundial por su alta prevalencia y repercusión socioeconómica. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 según variables clínicas y epidemiológicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de 96 pacientes con dicha enfermedad (seleccionados por muestreo aleatorio simple), quienes estuvieron ingresados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital General Docente Dr. Guillermo Luis Fernández Hernández-Baquero del municipio de Moa, en Holguín, en el periodo de julio a noviembre del 2018. Resultados: En la serie predominaron el sexo femenino (58,3 %), sobre todo en las edades de 50 a 59 años (34,3 %), el antecedente familiar de diabetes mellitus como factor de riesgo (63,5 %) y la polineuropatía como complicación de mayor gravedad en los pacientes (47,9 %). Se evidenció, además, que el mayor tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad y los factores de riesgo condicionaron la aparición de complicaciones, lo que alargó la estadía hospitalaria. Conclusiones: Los resultados coincidieron con los de varios estudios, lo que demuestra que la diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 tiene un impacto demoledor en la salud del ser humano y, por tanto, una importante repercusión socioeconómica.


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is considered as an important health problem worldwide due to its high socioeconomic prevalence and repercussion. Objective: To characterize patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus according to clinical and epidemiological variables. Methods: A retrospective study of 96 patients with this disease was carried out, selected by simple random sampling who were admitted in the Internal Medicine Service of the Guillermo Luis Fernández Hernández-Baquero Teaching General Hospital in Moa, Holguín, from July to November, 2018. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of women (58.3 %), mainly in the ages of 50 to 59 (34.3 %), and the family history of diabetes mellitus as risk factor (63.5 %), as long as polyneuropathy was the most serious complication in the patients (47.9 %). It was also evidenced, that the greater clinical course time of the disease and the risk factors conditioned the emergence of complications, what prolonged the hospital stay. Conclusions: The results coincided with those of several national studies, what demonstrates that type 2 diabetes mellitus have a devastating impact in the human being health and, therefore, an important socioeconomic repercussion.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Length of Stay , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(3): 462-467, out. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131319

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 (DMT2) é comum nos idosos, que também apresentam um nível elevado de fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares (DCVs), tais como dislipidemia. Entretanto, o papel da depressão nos pacientes com DMT2 e sua relação com fatores de risco para DCV são pouco estudados. Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a relação entre sintomas depressivos (SDs) e fatores de risco cardiovascular conhecidos em idosos comunitários portadores de DMT2. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal, no qual foram incluídos 85 idosos comunitários com DMT2. Os SDs foram avaliados através da Escala de Depressão Geriátrica de Yesavage, em versão reduzida (GDS-15). Os seguintes fatores de risco cardiovascular foram avaliados: pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD), glicose plasmática em jejum (GPJ), perfil lipídico (triglicerídeos séricos (TG), colesterol total sérico (CT), colesterol sérico de lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL-C) e colesterol sérico de lipoproteína de baixa densidade (HDL-C)) e índice de massa corporal (IMC). A análise de regressão múltipla de Poisson foi utilizada para avaliar a associação entre os SDs e cada fator de risco cardiovascular ajustado por sexo, idade, tempo em atividades físicas moderadas e status funcional. O nível de significância adotado para a análise foi de 5%. Resultados Dentre todos os fatores de risco analisados, apenas o aumento de LDL-C apresentou uma correlação com níveis elevados de SD (RP=1,005; IC95% 1,002-1,008). Foi observada uma associação significativa entre os níveis de HDL-C (RP=0,99; IC95% 0,98-0,99) e a PAS (RP=1,009; IC95% 1,004-1,014). Conclusão Nos idosos com DMT2, a presença de SD foi associada a níveis de LDL-C, HDL-C e PAS, mesmo após o ajuste por sexo, idade, nível de atividade física e capacidade funcional. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is common in older adults, who also present a high level of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as dyslipidemia. However, the role of depression in T2DM patients and its relationship with CVD risk factors are understudied. Objective The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between depressive symptoms (DS) and known cardiovascular risk factors in community dwelling older adults with T2DM. Methods This is a cross sectional study, in which 85 community-dwelling older adults with T2DM were assessed. DS was assessed using the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale - short version (GDS-15). The following cardiovascular risk factors were evaluated: systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), lipid profile (serum triglycerides - TG, serum total cholesterol - TC, serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol - LDL-C, and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol - HDL-C) and body mass index (BMI). Poisson multiple regression was performed to test the association between DS and each cardiovascular risk factor adjusted by sex, age, time spent in moderate physical activity, and functional status. The significance level adopted for the analysis was 5%. Results Among all the analyzed risk factors, only high levels of LDL-C were related to high DS (PR=1.005, CI 95% 1.002-1.008). A significant association was observed between HDL-C levels (PR=0.99, CI 95% 0.98-0.99) and SBP (PR=1.009, CI 95% 1.004-1.014). Conclusion In older adults with T2DM, the presence of DS was associated with LDL-C, HDL-C levels and SBP, even after adjusting for sex, age, physical activity level and functional capacity. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Depression/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Triglycerides , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
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