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2.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 40(2)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1514477

ABSTRACT

Mediante un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y de corte transversal se realiza una comparación entre la población penal de la Unidad de Atención Integral (UAI) 20 de diciembre y la población penal total costarricense. Hasta no hace mucho tiempo, en el ámbito penitenciario se ha experimentado un cambio importante en la morbimortalidad de las personas privadas de la libertad, pasando de un modelo casi unicausal de origen infeccioso, a procesos de etiología múltiple, con desarrollo poco predecible y alto porcentaje del gasto público sanitario. En el siguiente estudio se determina la similitud existente en prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles tanto a nivel país, sistema penitenciario nacional y UAI 20 de diciembre.


Through a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study, a comparison is made between the prison population of the Unidad de Atención Integral (UAI) 20 de diciembre and the total Costa Rican prison population. Until recently, there has been an important change in the morbimortality of persons deprived of liberty in the penitentiary environment, going from an almost unicausal model of infectious origin, to processes of multiple etiology, with little predictable development and a high percentage of public health expenditure. The following study determines the existing similarity in the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases at the country level, the national prison system and the UAI December 20.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Prisoners , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Costa Rica , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550892

ABSTRACT

La esquizofrenia es una enfermedad que está caracterizada por su complejidad psicopatológica agravada por una frecuente asociación de enfermedades físicas como la obesidad, la intolerancia a la glucosa, la diabetes y la dislipidemia. Además, indicadores metabólicos como la glucemia, el colesterol y los triglicéridos en sangre, así como la obesidad, tienen relevancia en estos pacientes, según lo planteado en la literatura especializada sobre el tema. Por otra parte, las enfermedades físicas asociadas como los indicadores metabólicos, tienen su impacto en el sistema nervioso central con independencia de la esquizofrenia. La suma de los trastornos mentales y físicos implica la necesidad de atender ambos problemas simultáneamente y se recomienda la intervención interdisciplinaria. El protocolo de actuación para la atención de los pacientes con esquizofrenia y psicosis relacionadas en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras es un ejemplo del abordaje señalado(AU)


Schizophrenia is a disease characterized by a psychopathological complexity, aggravated by frequent association of physical diseases such as obesity, glucose intolerance, diabetes and dyslipidemia. In addition, there are other metabolic indicators such as blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides which are relevant in these patients, and the international literature has been suggested so. On the other hand, both associated physical diseases and metabolic indicators have their impact on the central nervous system in addition to schizophrenia. The sum of mental and physical disorders implies the need to address both problems simultaneously, which is why interdisciplinary intervention is recommended. Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital is an example of the action protocol for patients with schizophrenia and psychosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Schizophrenia/epidemiology , Glucose Intolerance , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Obesity/epidemiology
4.
Vive (El Alto) ; 6(18): 713-725, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530576

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares (Cv), son las causantes de la mayor parte de fallecimientos, como consecuencia de dislipidemia y enfermedad renal crónica (ERC). En Ecuador uno de cada cinco individuos padece de hipertensión arterial, patología que está directamente relacionada con las enfermedades cardiovasculares y la enfermedad renal crónica. Objetivo. Caracterizar el perfil de riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica y su asociación con la presencia de dislipidemia, atendidos en el Hospital Homero Castanier de la ciudad de Azogues, durante el periodo de enero a diciembre de 2021. Materiales y Métodos. Se llevó a cabo una investigación de diseño observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo donde se analizaron 104 historias clínicas de pacientes, correspondientes al periodo comprendido entre enero y diciembre de 2021. Para el cálculo del riesgo cardiovascular se empleó la tabla de predicción del riesgo AMR-D de la Organización Mundial de la Salud/Sociedad Internacional de Hipertensión para el continente americano categoría D. Los datos fueron analizados en el programa SPSS, mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados. De los datos analizados de los 104 pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica el 44,2% presentaron dislipidemia, al mismo tiempo el 74% de los pacientes en estudio manifestaron un riesgo cardiovascular bajo, seguido del 13,5% con riesgo moderado; destacando entre las principales comorbilidades la hipertensión arterial y la diabetes mellitus. Conclusiones. Se caracterizó el riesgo cardiovascular de los pacientes con ERC atendidos en el Hospital Homero Castanier de la ciudad de Azogues en el periodo enero - diciembre 2021, encontrando una baja prevalencia de desarrollar riesgo cardiovascular.


Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for most deaths as a consequence of dyslipidemia and chronic kidney disease (CKD). In Ecuador, one out of every five individuals suffers from arterial hypertension, a pathology that is directly related to cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. Objective. To characterize the cardiovascular risk profile in patients with chronic kidney disease and its association with the presence of dyslipidemia, attended at the Homero Castanier Hospital in the city of Azogues, during the period from January to December 2021. Materials and Methods. An observational, descriptive and retrospective research design was carried out in which 104 clinical histories of patients were analyzed, corresponding to the period between January and December 2021. The AMR-D risk prediction table of the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension for the Americas category D was used to calculate cardiovascular risk. The data were analyzed in the SPSS program, using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results. Of the data analyzed, 44.2% of the 104 patients with chronic kidney disease presented dyslipidemia; at the same time, 74% of the patients in the study showed low cardiovascular risk, followed by 13.5% with moderate risk, with arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus standing out among the main comorbidities. Conclusions. The cardiovascular risk of patients with CKD treated at the Homero Castanier Hospital in the city of Azogues during the period January-December 2021 was characterized, finding a low prevalence of developing cardiovascular risk.


As doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) são responsáveis pela maioria das mortes como consequência da dislipidemia e da doença renal crônica (DRC). No Equador, um em cada cinco indivíduos sofre de hipertensão arterial, uma patologia que está diretamente relacionada às doenças cardiovasculares e à doença renal crônica. Objetivo. Caracterizar o perfil de risco cardiovascular em pacientes com doença renal crônica e sua associação com a presença de dislipidemia, atendidos no Hospital Homero Castanier, na cidade de Azogues, durante o período de janeiro a dezembro de 2021. Materiais e métodos. Foi realizado um desenho de pesquisa observacional, descritivo e retrospectivo, no qual foram analisados 104 históricos clínicos de pacientes, correspondentes ao período entre janeiro e dezembro de 2021. A tabela de previsão de risco AMR-D da Organização Mundial da Saúde/Sociedade Internacional de Hipertensão para as Américas categoria D foi usada para calcular o risco cardiovascular. Os dados foram analisados no SPSS usando estatísticas descritivas e inferenciais. Resultados. Dos 104 pacientes com doença renal crônica, 44,2% apresentavam dislipidemia, enquanto 74% dos pacientes em estudo tinham baixo risco cardiovascular, seguidos por 13,5% com risco moderado; as principais comorbidades foram hipertensão e diabetes mellitus. Conclusões. Foi caracterizado o risco cardiovascular dos pacientes com DRC atendidos no Hospital Homero Castanier da cidade de Azogues no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2021, encontrando uma baixa prevalência de desenvolvimento de risco cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dyslipidemias , Arterial Pressure , Anthropometry , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
5.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 122-132, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443513

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La dislipidemia es uno de los problemas más frecuentes en los niños y adolescentes y su estudio es importante debido a su fuerte correlación con la enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica en adultos. Muchos países desarrollaron valores de referencia nacionales investigando los lípidos séricos utilizando datos basados en la población nacional propia. Nuestro objetivo fue verificar el intervalo de referencia del perfil lipídico calculando las curvas de percentiles a través del método indirecto en nuestra población pediátrica. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron los resultados de nuestra base de datos utilizando el método indirecto. Luego de aplicar filtros y criterios de exclusión se calcularon los percentiles 25, 50, 75, 95 y 99 para colesterol total (CT), colesterol HDL (C-HDL), colesterol no HDL (C-no-HDL), triglicéridos (TG) y colesterol LDL (C-LDL) y para el C-HDL además se calculó el percentil 10. El valor de referencia para el cambio (RCV) se utilizó para determinar si existía diferencia clínicamente significativa entre los valores de percentiles obtenidos y los utilizados en el consenso de la SAP. Resultados: No se evidenció diferencia clínicamente significativa contra los valores propuesto por la SAP, excepto para los TG para las edades 1,5,7 años en el percentil 95 y para la edad de 8 años en el percentil 75 y 95; para el C-HDL en el percentil 10 para las edades 1,16 y 17 años. Discusión: Se obtuvieron los percentiles de los lípidos y se compararon con los valores de referencia utilizados por el consenso en el que están basados las guías (AU)


Introduction: Dyslipidemia is one of the most common problems in children and adolescents and its study is important because of its strong correlation with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Many countries have developed national reference values investigating serum lipids using data based on their own national population. Our aim was to verify the lipid profile reference range by calculating percentile curves through the indirect method in our pediatric population. Materials and methods: The results of our database were analyzed using the indirect method. After applying filters and exclusion criteria, the 25th, 50th, 75th, 95th, and 99th percentiles were calculated for total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C); for HDL-C, the 10th percentile was also calculated. The reference change values (RCV) were used to determine whether there was a clinically significant difference between the percentile values obtained and those used in the consensus of the Argentine Association of Pediatrics (SAP). Results: There was no clinically significant difference with the values proposed by the SAP, except for TG for ages 1, 5, and 7 years at the 95th percentile and for age 8 years at the 75th and 95th percentile; and for HDL-C at the 10th percentile for ages 1, 16, and 17 years. Discussion: Lipid percentiles were obtained and compared with the reference values used by the consensus on which the guidelines are based (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/prevention & control , Dyslipidemias/diagnosis , Lipids/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Retrospective Studies
7.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(1): 1-7, mar. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1427663

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El Síndrome Metabólico (SM) comprende un conjunto de factores de riesgo cardiometabólico representado por obesidad central, dislipidemia, hipertensión arterial y glucosa alterada, se ha evidenciado que el consumo adecuado de calcio representa una disminución del riesgo para este síndrome. Objetivo. Analizar la relación entre el consumo de calcio total, de origen animal y vegetal con el SM y sus indicadores. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal de eje correlacional, con una muestra de 100 adultos de la región amazónica ecuatoriana, durante el último trimestre del 2020. La ingesta dietética de calcio se determinó mediante un recordatorio de 24 horas y el SM según los criterios de Adult Treatment Panel-IV (ATP-IV). Resultados. La población estuvo conformada por adultos maduros (40 a 60 años) que evidenciaron una ingesta de calcio deficiente (182,50 mg y 228,60 mg en mujeres y hombres respectivamente). Se evidenció, además, una relación directamente proporcional entre la circunferencia abdominal (r=0,391 ­ p=0,000), presión arterial sistólica (r=0,290 ­ p=0,000) y glucosa en ayuno (r=0,326 ­ p=0,000) con la edad. La ingesta de calcio total se relacionó positivamente con los triglicéridos, (r=0,221 ­ p=0,027). Conclusiones. La ingesta dietética de calcio en ambos sexos no alcanza el requerimiento diario y se relaciona positivamente con los triglicéridos(AU)


Introduction. The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) comprises a set of cardiometabolic risk factors represented by central obesity, dyslipidemia, high blood pressure and altered glucose, it has been shown that adequate calcium intake represents a decreased risk for this syndrome. Objective. To analyze the relationship between the consumption of total calcium, animal and vegetable origin, with MS and its indicators. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study of correlational axis, with a sample of 100 adults from the Ecuadorian Amazon region, during the last quarter of 2020. Dietary calcium intake was determined through a 24-hour recall and the diagnosis of MS according to the Adult Treatment Panel- IV (ATP-IV) criteria. Results. The population consisted of mature adults (40 to 60 years) who showed a deficient calcium intake in both sexes (182.50 mg and 228.60 mg in women and men respectively). There is also evidence of a directly proportional relationship between abdominal circumference (r=0.391 - p=0.000), systolic blood pressure (r=0.290 - p=0.000) and fasting glucose (r=0.326 - p=0.000) with age. Total calcium intake was positively related to triglycerides (r=0.221 ­ p=0.027). Conclusions. Calcium dietary intake in both sexes does not reach the daily requirement and is positively related to triglycerides(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Calcium/administration & dosage , Risk Factors , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Abdominal Circumference , Dyslipidemias , Hypertension , Obesity
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008097

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prevalence of coronary heart disease among community residents over 18 years old in Jinjiang district of Chengdu city,Sichuan province,and explore its associated factors,so as to provide a reference for the prevention and control of coronary heart disease in communities.Methods From October 15 to November 10 in 2021,a total of 5220 adult residents from 33 communities in Jinjiang were selected by multi-stage stratified random sampling for face-to-face questionnaire survey,physical examination,and laboratory blood test.Binary Logistic regression was employed to predict the factors associated with coronary heart disease among adult residents in Jinjiang.Results The crude and standard prevalence rates of coronary heart disease among 5220 adult residents were 3.39% and 2.11%,respectively.Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR=1.068,95%CI=1.051-1.086,P<0.001),depressive symptoms (OR=1.639,95%CI=1.037-2.591,P=0.034),regular exercise (OR=0.584,95%CI=0.378-0.902,P=0.015),elevated blood pressure (OR=3.529,95%CI=2.344-5.312,P<0.001),dyslipidemia (OR=2.152,95%CI=1.291-3.587,P=0.003),and core knowledge score of chronic diseases (OR=1.144,95%CI=1.066-1.228,P<0.001) were associated with coronary heart disease among adult residents in Jinjiang.Conclusions The prevalence of coronary heart disease is high among adult residents in Jinjiang district of Chengdu.The urban residents who are older,have depressive symptoms,lack of exercise,elevated blood pressure,dyslipidemia,and score higher on core knowledge of chronic diseases are prone to coronary heart disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adolescent , Risk Factors , Coronary Disease/epidemiology , Hypertension , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dyslipidemias , China/epidemiology , Prevalence
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981057

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the spatial patterns of the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rates of dyslipidemia at the provincial level in China.@*METHODS@#A national and provincial representative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 178,558 Chinese adults in 31 provinces in mainland China in 2018-2019, using a multi-stage, stratified, cluster-randomized sampling design. Subjects, as households, were selected, followed by a home visit to collect information. Both descriptive and linear regression procedures were applied in the analyses.@*RESULTS@#The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia was 35.6%, and wide geographic variations of prevalence, treatment, and control rates of dyslipidemia were identified among 178,558 eligible participants with a mean age of 55.1 ± 13.8 years. The highest-lowest difference regarding the provincial level prevalence rates were 19.7% vs. 2.1% for high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, 16.7% vs. 2.5% for high total cholesterol, 35.9% vs. 5.4% for high triglycerides, and 31.4% vs. 10.5% for low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The treatment rate of dyslipidemia was correlated with the socio-demographic index ( P < 0.001), urbanization rate ( P = 0.01), and affordable basic technologies and essential medicines ( P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Prevailing dyslipidemia among the Chinese population and its wide geographic variations in prevalence, treatment, and control suggest that China needs both integrated and localized public health strategies across provinces to improve lipid management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , East Asian People , Dyslipidemias/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Cholesterol, HDL , Risk Factors , Triglycerides
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1339-1348, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Tri-ponderal mass index (TMI) has been reported to be a more accurate estimate of body fat than body mass index (BMI). This study aims to compare the effectiveness of TMI and BMI in identifying hypertension, dyslipidemia, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), abdominal obesity, and clustered cardio-metabolic risk factors (CMRFs) in 3- to 17-year-old children.@*METHODS@#A total of 1587 children aged 3 to 17 years were included. Logistic regression was used to evaluate correlations between BMI and TMI. Area under the curves (AUCs) were used to compare discriminative capability among indicators. BMI was converted to BMI- z scores, and accuracy was compared by false-positive rate, false-negative rate, and total misclassification rate.@*RESULTS@#Among children aged 3 to 17 years, the mean TMI was 13.57 ± 2.50 kg/m 3 for boys and 13.3 ± 2.33 kg/m 3 for girls. Odds ratios (ORs) of TMI for hypertension, dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity, and clustered CMRFs ranged from 1.13 to 3.15, higher than BMI, whose ORs ranged from 1.08 to 2.98. AUCs showed similar ability of TMI (AUC: 0.83) and BMI (AUC: 0.85) in identifying clustered CMRFs. For abdominal obesity and hypertension, the AUC of TMI was 0.92 and 0.64, respectively, which was significantly better than that of BMI, 0.85 and 0.61. AUCs of TMI for dyslipidemia and IFG were 0.58 and 0.49. When 85th and 95th of TMI were set as thresholds, total misclassification rates of TMI for clustered CMRFs ranged from 6.5% to 16.4%, which was not significantly different from that of BMI- z scores standardized according to World Health Organization criteria.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TMI was found to have equal or even better effectiveness in comparison with BMI in identifying hypertension, abdominal obesity, and clustered CMRFs TMI was more stable than BMI in 3- to 17-year-old children, while it failed to identify dyslipidemia and IFG. It is worth considering the use of TMI for screening CMRFs in children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Body Mass Index , Dyslipidemias , East Asian People , Hypertension , Obesity, Abdominal , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980673

ABSTRACT

Background@#Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death around the world including the Philippines. Dyslipidemia and lifestyle have been considered as important modifiable risk factors. Experts in the Philippines have recommended that among individuals with dyslipidemia, lifestyle modification should be advised regardless of their present condition or risk profile. However, a key limitation of the most recent guidelines is the lack of studies on lifestyle interventions involving Filipinos.@*Objective@#This study aimed to provide preliminary evidence for the use of a lifestyle medicine intervention program in the management of dyslipidemia as risk factor for cardiovascular disease.@*Methods@#This study employed a mixed method of quantitative and qualitative research designs. The tools used were selfadministered questionnaires, collecting and examining documents. Measures to improve validity in qualitative studies have also been employed such as respondent validation and rival explanation. Triangulation with the findings from the other qualitative methodologies was also employed. Ethical approval was granted.@*Results@#The first part of the study has a total of 66 participants who underwent a lifestyle intervention program in a single clinic, comprising of 26 male and 40 female subjects were selected through convenient sampling method. Around 50% of the participants were 40-59 years old, 42.4% were 30-39 years old, and only 7.6% were 60-89 years old. The knowledge of the respondents had an overall mean of 7.73 (SD=1.16) which is interpreted as high knowledge. The attitude of the respondents had a mean of 3.58 (SD=0.50) which is interpreted as very positive. The respondents also had a good lifestyle practice with overall mean of 2.76 (SD=0.49). The second part of the study consisted of eight participants with 3 males and 5 females who were chosen through purposive sampling. All participants experienced reduction of their LDL-C and total cholesterol levels after the 12-week lifestyle intervention. Two participants had increased triglyceride levels. The select group also showed reduction in the blood glucose levels and body mass index.@*Conclusion@#This study revealed that participants had good knowledge and attitude regarding cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors. Yet, there is still a high number of those who do not efficiently practice healthy lifestyle and diet. Additional information should be extracted to establish the dietary intake of participants which contributed to the increase in triglyceride levels of some select participants.


Subject(s)
Life Style , Myocardial Ischemia , Dyslipidemias
12.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 31-37, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980490

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective@#Dyslipidemia in hypothyroidism results from the effects of thyroid hormones on lipid metabolism. These, in combination with hypothyroidism-induced hemodynamic changes, are risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases. We determined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among adult Filipinos with hypothyroidism and compared clinical and laboratory characteristics of those with versus without MS. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective study of 105 patients with biochemically confirmed hypothyroidism. A review of records obtained anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, and thyroid hormones. Clinical and laboratory characteristics were then compared between MS and those without. Significant differences were determined by two-way ANOVA, while heterogeneity of categorical variables was determined by chi-square or Fisher exact test. All data analyses were performed using Stata version 17.0 with a significance level of p<0.05.@*Results@#The prevalence of MS is 36.19% (95%CI: 27.04%,46.15%). Body mass index (BMI) peaks at obese class I among those with MS. There is a significantly higher proportion of patients diagnosed to have diabetes (28.95% vs. 7.46%; p=0.003) and hypertension (52.63% vs. 14.93%; p<0.001) in the MS group. No significant differences were noted between groups regarding age, sex, etiology of hypothyroidism, blood pressure, fasting glucose, lipid profile, and thyroid hormone levels.@*Conclusion@#Our study showed that the prevalence of MS in adult Filipinos with hypothyroidism is increased at 36.19%. Only BMI, presence of diabetes, and hypertension were shown to be significantly higher. Emphasis must be placed on early screening among hypothyroid patients at high risk of developing MS. A prospective study using waist circumference and clinical and metabolic parameters is needed to validate these findings.


Subject(s)
Dyslipidemias , Hypothyroidism , Metabolic Syndrome , Prevalence
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008844

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Xianglian Pills(XLP) on lipid metabolism in obese mice and explore the underlying mechanism based on network pharmacology and intestinal flora. Firstly, network pharmacology was used to predict the possible effect of XLP on obesity. Secondly, an obese mouse model induced by a high-fat diet was established to observe changes in mouse body weight, adiposity index, liver and adipose tissue pathology. Lipid profiles, liver and kidney function markers, insulin content, and the expression of recombinant uncoupling protein 1(UCP-1) and PR structural domain protein 16(PRDM16) were measured. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing technology was used to analyze the changes in the intestinal flora. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis showed that XLP mainly played a role in improving obesity by regulating lipolysis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and insulin resistance. The results of animal experiments showed that XLP significantly reduced body weight, adiposity, blood lipid levels, and serum insulin levels in obese mice, while enhancing the expression of UCP-1 and PRDM16 in adipose tissue without causing damage to the liver or kidneys. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing results showed that XLP decreased the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes(F/B) ratio at the phylum level, increased the relative abundance of Akkermansia and Bacteroides at the family and genus levels, and reduced the abundance of Allobaculum. Therefore, XLP can effectively improve lipid metabolism disorders in high-fat diet-induced obese mice, and the mechanism is related to the improvement of brown adipose function, the browning of white fat, the accelerated lipid metabolism, and the improvement of intestinal flora. However, its effect on promoting the conversion of white adipose to brown adipose still needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Mice, Obese , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Network Pharmacology , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Obesity/genetics , Body Weight , Lipids , Insulin , Transcription Factors , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between dyslipidemia and rheumatoid arthritis associa-ted interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) by retrospective analysis of the clinical data.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatism and Immunology of Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from January 2015 to July 2020 and fulfilled the criteria of the 2010 Rheumatoid Arthritis Classification Criteria established by American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism collaborative initiative, were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were 737 RA patients included, of whom 282(38.26%)were with interstitial lung disease (ILD). The median time from the onset of the first RA-related clinical symptoms to the onset of ILD was 13 years (95%CI 11.33-14.67). By multivariate Logistic regression analysis, we found that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was an independent risk factor for RA-ILD (OR 1.452, 95%CI 1.099-1.918, P=0.009), whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was a protective factor for RA-ILD (OR 0.056, 95%CI 0.025-0.125, P < 0.001). The RA patients with high LDL-C or low HDL-C had higher incidence of ILD than that of the RA patients with normal LDL-C or HDL-C(57.45% vs. 36.96%, P < 0.001; 47.33% vs. 33.81%, P < 0.001, respectively). The median time of ILD onset in the RA patients with low HDL-C was shorter than that of the RA patients with normal HDL-C [10.0(95%CI 9.33-10.67)years vs.17.0 (95%CI 14.58-19.42) years, P < 0.001]. HDL-C level was negatively correlated with disease activity. Among the RA-ILD patients, the patients with low HDL-C had higher percentage of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) then that of the patients with normal HDL-C (60.00% vs. 53.29%, P=0.002). The RA-ILD patients with high LDL-C had higher incidence rate of decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC) than that of the RA-ILD patients with normal LDL-C (50.00% vs. 21.52%, P=0.015). The RA-ILD patients with low HDL-C had higher incidence rate of decrease in FVC (26.92% vs. 16.18%, P=0.003) and carbon monoxide diffusion (80.76% vs. 50.00%, P=0.010) than that of RA-ILD patients with normal HDL-C.@*CONCLUSION@#LDL-C was possibly a potential independent risk factor for RA-ILD. HDL-C was possibly a potential protective factor for RA-ILD. HDL-C level was negatively correlated with disease activity of RA. The median time of ILD onset in the RA patients with low HDL-C was significantly shorter than that of the RA patients with normal HDL-C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, LDL , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969902

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the relationship and consistency between indexes of different abnormal weight and dyslipidemia in adults in Beijing City. Methods: From August to December of 2017, 4 975 residents aged 18 to 79 years old in 5 districts of Beijing were randomly selected as subjects by using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. Questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory tests were conducted. The prevalence of overweight/obesity, high body fat rate, central obesity, and high waist-to-height ratio was calculated. Partial correlation was used to analyze the correlation of blood lipid with body mass index (BMI), body fat rate, waist circumference and waist-height ratio. Logistic regression analysis for complex sampling was used to analyze the relationship between indexes of different abnormal weight and dyslipidemia after controlling for relevant risk factors, including age, sex, smoking status, drinking, insufficiency intake of vegetable and fruit, physical inactivity. Kappa value was computed to analyze the consistency between indexes of different abnormal weight. Results: The weighted prevalence of dyslipidemia was 30.48%, and it was higher in men than that in women (40.16% vs. 20.52%, P<0.01). The weighted rate of overweight/obesity, high body fat rate, central obesity, and high waist-to-height ratio was 56.65%, 47.52%, 42.48% and 59.45%, respectively. BMI, body fat rate, waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio were positively correlated with the level of total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Logistic regression analysis for complex sampling showed that the high body fat rate (OR=1.67, 95%CI: 1.35-2.07), overweight/obesity (OR=1.65, 95%CI: 1.26-2.14) and high waist-to-height ratio (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 1.09-1.96) were associated with dyslipidemias. Kappa values of high body fat rate with overweight/obesity, high waist-to-height ratio and central obesity were 0.65, 0.53 and 0.58, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion: In 2017, the prevalence of dyslipidemia in adults in Beijing City is high, especially in men. Overweight/obesity, high body fat rate and high waist-to-height ratio are associated with dyslipidemia. The high body fat rate is most associated with dyslipidemia.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Overweight/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Beijing , Obesity/complications , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Cholesterol , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Waist Circumference
16.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 17(1): 22-26, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525885

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El hipotiroidismo es la insuficiente producción de hormona tiroidea, para satisfacer las necesidades corporales. Este puede ser primario (con pérdida de la función de la glándula tiroidea) o secundario (por falta de estimulación de la glándula). Dada la alta prevalencia del hipotiroidismo, y frecuentes asociaciones con otras enfermedades, se realizó una revisión que puntualiza aspectos de interés clínico en esta patología, que pueden resultar útiles en la práctica médica. Metodología: Se efectuó una búsqueda bibliográfica en PubMed, PubMed Central, MEDLINE Complete, Epistemonikos, Europe PMC y Scielo. Se buscaron los términos "hipotiroidismo" y "tiroides", y se acortaron los artículos a los últimos 5 años. Resultados: Se incluyeron en total 36 artículos publicados en Inglés y en Español. Se seleccionaron aquellos relacionados al hipotiroidismo que exponen asociaciones con otras patologías. Entre estas patologías se encuentra la diabetes, las dislipidemias, enfermedades cardiovasculares, hepáticas, entre otras. Conclusiones: El hipotiroidismo es una patología prevalente que se asocia de forma frecuente con muchas otras comorbilidades que hay que tener en cuenta a la hora de abordar estos pacientes, y con ello tomar las mejores decisiones diagnósticas y terapéuticas.


Introduction: Hypothyroidism is the insufficient production of thyroid hormone to meet the bodily needs. This can be primary (with loss of function of the thyroid glands) or secondary (due to lack of stimulation of the glands). Given the high prevalence of hypothyroidism, and frequent associations with other diseases, a review was carried out that points out aspects of clinical interest in this pathology, which may be useful in medical practice. Methodology: A bibliographic search was carried out in PubMed, PubMed Central, MEDLINE Complete, Epistemonikos, Europe PMC and Scielo. The terms "hypothyroidism" and "thyroid" were searched, and the articles were shortened to the last 5 years. Results: A total of 36 articles published in English and Spanish were included. Those related to hypothyroidism that exhibit associations with other pathologies were selected. These pathologies include diabetes, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular and liver diseases, among others. Conclusions: Hypothyroidism is a prevalent pathology that is frequently associated with many other comorbidities that must be taken into account when dealing with these patients, and thus make the best diagnostic and therapeutic decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , COVID-19 , Hypothyroidism/complications , Hypothyroidism/etiology , Hypothyroidism/epidemiology , Thyroid Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Infertility , Kidney Diseases , Obesity
17.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 88 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436712

ABSTRACT

Obesity and overweight result in metabolic changes that build up as risk factors for the development of the main non-communicable diseases. Among these alterations, dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CDV) and is expressed in elevated plasma levels of triacylglycerols, cholesterol, and low-density-lipoprotein (LDL, VLDL) and decreased plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Passiflora tenuifila Killip is a native passion fruit species of the Brazilian Midwest region and is a good source of proanthocyanidins and dietary fibers. Proanthocyanidins are a class of phenolic compounds that are attributed with improving lipoprotein profile properties, translated as improved LDL/HDL ratio. Fibers are fermented by the gut microbiota and produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), also involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism.. A 30-consecutive-day-long intervention with lyophilized P. tenuifila flour was performed in eutrophic and obese subjects. Passion fruit ingestion increased fecal production of acetate, key SCFA in the modulation of lipid metabolism; reduced body fat percentage in all subjects; and reduced total cholesterol (TC) of subjects who presented basal CT > 130 mg/dL. After the intervention, plasma lipidomic analysis detected 44 statistically significant lipids, regardless of BMI. Considering the study population with altered TC, reduced levels of glycerophospholipids were observed, a lipid class studied for their involvement in CVD. The intake of P. tenuifila contributed to the improvement in cardiovascular risk markers and acts on lipid metabolism. These effects may be due to synergic action between the bioactive compounds in the fruit. Still, other studies are necessary to identify mechanisms related to the action of bioactives of P. tenuifila, which can be better directed by this lipidomic approach


A obesidade e o sobrepeso são preocupações resultam em alterações metabólicas que se acumulam como fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento a longo prazo das principais doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. Dentre essas alterações, a dislipidemia um importante fator de risco para doenças cardiovasculares (DCV), expressa em níveis plasmáticos elevados de triacilgliceróis, colesterol e das lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (VLDL, LDL), e níveis diminuídos da lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL). Passiflora tenuifila Killip é uma espécie de maracujá nativa da região Centro-Oeste brasileira, e é uma boa fonte de proantocianidinas e fibras alimentares. As proantocianidinas são compostos fenólicos com reportados efeitos na melhora do perfil de lipoproteínas, traduzida como a relação LDL/HDL. As fibras são fermentadas pela microbiota intestinal e produzem ácidos graxos de cadeia curta (AGCC), metabólitos também envolvidos na regulação do metabolismo energético.. Assim, a lipidômica não-target é aplicada como ferramenta exploratória neste estudo: uma intervenção de 30 dias consecutivos de ingestão de P. tenuifila na forma de farinha liofilizada em indivíduos eutróficos e obesos. O consumo do maracujá promoveu aumento da produção fecal de acetato, AGCC importante na modulação do metabolismo lipídico; a redução do percentual de gordura corporal em todos os indivíduos; e redução do colesterol total (CT) para os indivíduos com CT > 130 mg/dL. A análise lipidômica do plasma detectou 44 lipídios estatisticamente relevantes, independentemente do IMC, após a intervenção. Considerando a população do estudo com CT alterado, foi observada uma redução de glicerofosfolipídios, classe de lipídios estudada pelo seu envolvimento em DCV. Assim, a ingestão de P. tenuifila contribui para a melhora nos marcadores de risco cardiovascular e atua no metabolismo lipídico. Estes efeitos podem ser decorrentes de sinergia entre os diversos compostos bioativos do fruto. Ainda, outros estudos são necessários para identificar mecanismos relacionados a ação dos bioativos da P. tenuifila e estes podem ser mais bem direcionados pela lipidômica


Subject(s)
Passiflora/adverse effects , Lipidomics/instrumentation , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Obesity/complications , Dyslipidemias/pathology
18.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 47-50, 2023.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411403

ABSTRACT

Background. The burden of mental disorders continues to grow with significant impacts on health. Their prevalence is higher in patients presenting cardiovascular risk factors.This review takes stock of the frequency, the mechanisms, and the implications of major cardiovascular risk factors in patients with serious mental disorders. Methods. A literature search was done in PubMed from 1980 to 2021 using various combinations of Mesh termslike tobacco, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia. Results. People with serious mental disordershave a greater prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors compared to the general population. Conversely, people with cardiovascular diseases more frequently suffer from serious mental disorders. More specifically, we note that 45 to 88% of patients suffering from schizophrenia are tobacco users, Depression is reported to be 3 times higher in hypertensives than in non-hypertensives while around 19% of type 2 diabetic patients suffer from major depressive disorderwhich is 3 times greater than in the general population, and the prevalence of dyslipidemia among persons with severe and persistent mental illness is higher than the prevalence in the general population and ranges from 25% to 70%. The concomitant presence of these different pathologies can be explained either by their intertwined pathophysiological mechanisms, or by the side effects of the various medications taken in the context of these chronic diseases. Conclusion. The predisposing factors for the coexistence of mental illnesses and cardiovascular diseases are often entangled. It would be interesting to carry out more studies to elucidate precisely the different pathophysiological mechanisms of these diseases.


Contexte. La prévalence des maladies mentales est plus élevée chez les patients présentant des facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire. Cette revue fait le point sur la fréquence, les mécanismes et les implications des facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire majeurs chez les patients atteints de pathologies psychiatriques graves. Méthodologie. Une recherche documentaire a été effectuée dans PubMed de 1980 à 2021 en utilisant diverses combinaisons de termes MeSH comme tabac, diabète, hypertension, dyslipidémie, trouble dépressif majeur, trouble bipolaire, schizophrénie. Résultats. Les personnes atteintes de maladie mentales graves ont une plus grande prévalence de facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire majeurs comparé à la population générale. A l'inverse, les personnes atteintes de maladies cardiovasculaires souffrent plus fréquemment de troubles mentaux graves. Plus précisément, on note que 45 à 88% des patients souffrant de schizophrénie consomment du tabac. La dépression serait 3 fois plus élevée chez les hypertendus que chez les non hypertendus. Par ailleurs, environ 19% des patients diabétiques de type 2 souffrent d'un trouble dépressif majeur ce qui est 3 fois plus élevée que dans la population générale. La prévalence des dyslipidémies chez les personnes atteintes d'une maladie mentale grave est supérieure à la prévalence dans la population générale et varie de 25 % à 70 %. La présence concomitante de ces différentes pathologies s'explique soit par leurs mécanismes physiopathologiques imbriqués, soit par les effets secondaires des différents médicaments pris dans le cadre de ces maladies chroniques. Conclusion. Les facteurs prédisposant à la coexistence des maladies mentales et des maladies cardiovasculaires sont souvent intriqués. Il serait intéressant de mener plus d'études pour élucider précisément les différents mécanismes physiopathologiques de ces maladies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Mental Disorders , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias
19.
Journal de la Faculté de Médecine d'Oran ; 6(2): 787-794, 2023. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1415031

ABSTRACT

Introduction-Le diabète est un véritable problème de santé publique du fait de ses nombreuses complications potentielles, notamment cardiovasculaires. Notre objectif était de décrire le profil clinico-biologique chez une population de diabé tique type 2 et d'étudier la relation entre l'équilibre glycémique et les anomalies lipidiques avec les complications micro et macroangiopathiques. Matériels et méthodes -Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective portant sur 341 pa tients diabétiques type 2.Les données ont été analysées par le logiciel IBM® SPSS statis tics 20.0. Seules, les associations significatives (p ≤ 5%) étaient retenues. Résultats - quatre-vingt deux pourcent et demi des patients ont un taux d'HbA1c ≥7 %. Plus de 60 % ont une dyslipidémie. Cinquante deux pourcent des patients ont un taux du LDLc ≤ 1 g/l, et 64,4 % ont un taux du Non-HDLc >1g/l. Environ 66 % des patients ont une hypertension artérielle. quarante pourcent des patients ont présenté une macroangio pathie et 66,8 % une microangiopathie (p=0,0001). L'analyse par régression logistique, a montré que l'HbA1c est le paramètre biologique le plus associé aux complications macroangiopathiques (p=0,008), alors que pour les complications micro-angiopathiques, l'HTA était le seul facteur associé (p = 0,03). Pour la cardiopathie ischémique, la dyslipi démie et l'HTA étaient les facteurs les plus associés. Conclusion -Notre étude a montré une fréquence élevée des complications micro et macroangiopathiques et des anomalies lipidiques, ainsi qu'un très mauvais équilibre glycémique. L'HbA1c, la dyslipidémie et l'HTA sont les facteurs les plus associés au risque cardiovasculaire.


Background-Diabetes is a real health public problem because of its many potential complications, particularly the cardiovascular ones.The aim of this work was to describe the clinical and biological profile in type 2 diabetic population, then to study the relationship between glycemic control and lipid abnormalities with micro and macro vascular complications. Methods - It was about a retrospective study of 341 type 2 diabetes patients' with an average age of 60.1 ± 11.71 years.The IBM® SPSS statistics 20.0 software was used for analyzing data. Only significant associations (p ≤ 5%) were retained. Results -An HbA1c level ≥7% was observed in 82,5% of patients, More than 60% have dyslipidemia. 52,8% of them have an LDLc level ≤ 1 g/l, and 64,4% have a Non-HDLc level >1g/l. Sixty-six percent of patients have high blood pressure. The macrovascular disorders were observed on 30,9% of patients and microvascular ones on 66,8% of them (p = 0.0001).The logistic regression analysis showed that HbA1c was the most significant biological parameter (p=0,008). while for micro-vascular complications, high blood pressure was the only associated factor (p = 0.03). For ischemic heart disease, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure were the most associated factors. Conclusion - this study showed a high frequency of micro and macrovascular complications, lipid abnormalities and a very poor glycemic control. The elevation of HbA1c level, the high blood pressure and dyslipidemia are the most associated factors with a high cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Public Health , Retrospective Studies , Receptors, Proteinase-Activated , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Dyslipidemias , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Glycemic Control , Hypertension
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 924-930, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985614

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and dyslipidemia among adults in Beijing and to provide a scientific basis for relevant intervention. Methods: Data were from Beijing Adult Non-communicable and Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance Program in 2017. A total of 13 240 respondents were selected by multistage cluster stratified sampling method. The monitoring contents include a questionnaire survey, physical measurement, collection of fasting venous blood, and determination of related biochemical indicators. SPSS 20.0 software was used for the chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of total dyslipidemia (39.27%), hypertriglyceridemia (22.61%), and high LDL-C (6.03%) were the highest among those exposed to daily secondhand smoke. Among the male respondents, the prevalence of total dyslipidemia (44.42%) and hypertriglyceridemia (26.12%) were the highest among those exposed to secondhand smoke daily. Multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjustment for confounding factors showed that compared with no exposure to secondhand smoke, the population with an average exposure frequency of 1-3 days per week had the highest risk of total dyslipidemia (OR=1.276, 95%CI: 1.023-1.591). Among the patients with hypertriglyceridemia, those exposed to secondhand smoke daily had the highest risk (OR=1.356, 95%CI: 1.107-1.661). Among the male respondents, those exposed to secondhand smoke for 1-3 days per week had a higher risk of total dyslipidemia (OR=1.366, 95%CI: 1.019-1.831), and the highest risk of hypertriglyceridemia (OR=1.377, 95%CI: 1.058-1.793). There was no significant correlation between the frequency of secondhand smoke exposure and the risk of dyslipidemia among female respondents. Conclusions: Secondhand smoke exposure in Beijing adults, especially men, will increase the risk of total dyslipidemia, especially hyperlipidemia. Improving personal health awareness and minimizing or avoiding exposure to secondhand smoke is necessary.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Female , Male , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Beijing , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertriglyceridemia/epidemiology , Fasting
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