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1.
Washington; OPS; Aug. 23, 2021. 6 p. tab.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284313

ABSTRACT

As a result of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake on August 14, 2021, according to Haiti's Civil Protection agency (DGPC), 2,207 people have died, 12,268 people were injured, and 320 are missing. In the most affected departments ­ Sud, Grand'Anse and Nippes ­ around 53,000 houses were destroyed and more than 77,000 damaged. Rapid assessments reported 59 health facilities affected in Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud Departments: 27 severely damaged and 32 slightly damaged. In the affected departments, health sector evaluators are carrying out assessments to gather data on injured patients (hospitalizations, types of injuries and demographics) and the degree of damage to health facilities and needs. Logistics and security challenges continue limiting the delivery of supplies, deployment of personnel to affected areas and the transfer of patients to hospitals that are not overwhelmed. Health sector needs include: medical personnel, medicines, supplies and stock management, mental health and psychosocial support initiatives, implementation of preventive and control measures for communicable diseases, WASH operations in health facilities and shelters, rehabilitation of injured patients, among others


Subject(s)
Humans , Relief Work , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes/mortality , Natural Disasters/mortality , Haiti
2.
New York; OCHA; aout 22, 2021. 16 p.
Non-conventional in French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284289

ABSTRACT

Après qu'un puissant séisme de magnitude 7,2 et une dépression tropicale aient frappé Haïti les 14 et 17 août derniers, ne faisant qu'aggraver la misère et le dénuement causés par une intensification des déplacements liés aux gangs, une insécurité alimentaire chronique et des chocs climatiques récurrents, les besoins humanitaires augmentent rapidement, dépassant la vitesse à laquelle les autorités nationales et les partenaires humanitaires peuvent atteindre les populations touchées. Le passage de la dépression tropicale Grace n'a fait qu'aggraver les conditions sur le terrain après le tremblement de terre, en déversant des pluies extrêmement fortes dans les mêmes régions du sud du pays qui ont subi l'impact du tremblement de terre quelques jours plus tôt et en retardant le déploiement rapide des évaluations sectorielles et l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire vitale. Alors que le département du Sud-Est a été largement épargné par les conséquences du séisme dévastateur, les pluies diluviennes de Grace ont déclenché des inondations dans le département qui ont touché des centaines de foyers, générant des besoins concurrents issus de crises qui se superposent. Au 21 août, le bilan s'élevait à 2 207 morts, 12 268 blessés et 344 disparus. Ces chiffres augmentent d'heure en heure, car les équipes de recherche et de sauvetage ont de plus en plus de mal à trouver des survivants. Alors que le nombre de personnes gravement blessées ne cesse d'augmenter, la capacité de réaction du système de santé, déjà limitée, est de plus en plus mise à l'épreuve. Beaucoup de celles et ceux qui ont eu la chance de s'en sortir vivants se retrouvent maintenant sans abri, sans accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement, et plus exposés aux violences et aux abus, y compris aux violences basées sur le genre (VBG), car l'environnement de protection reste précaire. Selon la Direction générale de la protection civile (DGPC), 650 000 personnes ont besoin d'une aide humanitaire d'urgence dans les trois départements les plus touchés (Sud, Grand'Anse et Nippes). L'agriculture et les moyens de subsistance qui y sont liés ont été durement frappés dans les zones sinistrées, ce qui risque d'aggraver la sécurité alimentaire dans un pays où 4,4 millions de personnes, soit près de 40 % de la population, souffraient déjà d'insécurité alimentaire aiguë. Certaines des zones les plus touchées, comme le département des Nippes, ont déjà été confrontées aux conséquences négatives des sécheresses cycliques et de l'érosion des sols ces dernières années, ce qui a probablement poussé de nombreuses personnes à recourir à des mécanismes d'adaptation négatifs, car elles n'ont pas la capacité de faire face à la dernière crise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Relief Work , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes , Natural Disasters , Haiti
3.
New York; OCHA; Aug. 26, 2021. 13 p.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284291

ABSTRACT

Nearly two weeks after a 7.2-magnitude earthquake rocked south-western Haiti, humanitarian assistance has begun reaching some of the hardest-to-reach areas, where the most vulnerable are still unable to meet their urgent need for food, basic sanitation and hygiene and life-saving health services. In some remote rural areas, response personnel and relief supplies have yet to reach those most in need. The compounded impacts of the earthquake and Tropical Depression Grace have greatly exacerbated pre-existing needs. The UN System in Haiti estimates 650,000 people are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance, a concerning figure considering that 634,000 people across the three most affected departments ­ Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud ­ already needed multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance before the quake. As of the latest updates issued on 25 August, the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) reported 2,207 deaths,12,268 injured and 320 missing. By 22 August, search-and-rescue crews had extracted 24 missing people from the rubble, including 4 children, who were airlifted to Camp-Perrin to receive emergency medical assistance. In the Sud Department, aftershocks continue almost two weeks after the initial quake on 14 August, creating widespread panic among the affected population. Some people whose homes are still standing in affected areas are choosing to sleep in the streets in fear that the structures may collapse at any moment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Relief Work , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes , Natural Disasters , Haiti
4.
New York; OCHA; aout 2021. 41 p.
Non-conventional in French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284292

ABSTRACT

Le 14 août à 8h30, heure locale, un séisme de magnitude 7,2 a frappé la côte sud-ouest d'Haïti, causant des dommages à grande échelle dans toute la péninsule sud du pays. Le puissant séisme de 10 km de profondeur s'est produit à 13 km au sud-est de PetitTrou- de-Nippes, dans le département des Nippes, une région déjà dévastée par l'ouragan Matthew en 2016. Deux jours seulement après le séisme, la dépression tropicale Grace a déversé des pluies extrêmement fortes dans le sud d'Haïti, provoquant des inondations dans les mêmes zones touchées par le séisme.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes , Natural Disasters , Haiti
5.
New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 2 p. tab.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284293

ABSTRACT

Humanitarian needs are rapidly growing in the aftermath of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake that struck south-west Haiti on 14 August 2021, badly affecting the departments of Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud. The earthquake's devastating impact, while considered less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake that left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, was later compounded with heavy rains from tropical depression Grace on 17 August. Overall, official reports indicate more than 2,200 deaths and more than 12,000 people injured. The consecutive impacts damaged or destroyed more than 130,000 homes, rendering thousands homeless and in urgent need of assistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Relief Work/economics , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes , Natural Disasters , Haiti
6.
New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 38 p. tab.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284294

ABSTRACT

On 14 August at 8:30 am local time, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the south-western coast of Haiti causing large-scale damage across the country's southern peninsula. The powerful 10 km deep earthquake occurred 13km southeast of Petit-Troude-Nippes, in the department of Nippes, the same region devastated by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. Only two days after the quake, Tropical Depression Grace dumped extremely heavy rains in southern Haiti, causing flooding in the same quake-affected areas. Despite being much less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake which left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, the impact of the 14 August earthquake has been devastating. According to the latest reports issued by the Haitian Civil Protection on 21 August, the death toll has now surpassed 2,200 with more than 12,200 people injured. Almost 53,000 homes have been destroyed and more than 77,000 have sustained damage. About 800,000 people have been affected and an estimated 650,000 people ­ 40 per cent of the 1.6 million people living in the affected departments ­ are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance. The back-to-back disasters are exacerbating preexisting vulnerabilities. At the time of the disaster, Haiti is still reeling from the 7 July assassination of President Jovenel Moïse and still facing an escalation in gang violence since June that has affected 1.5 million people, with at least 19,000 displaced in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. The compounded effects of an ongoing political crisis, socio-economic challenges, food insecurity and gang violence continue to greatly worsen an already precarious humanitarian situation. Some 4.4 million people, or nearly 46 per cent of the population, face acute food insecurity, including 1.2 million who are in emergency levels (IPC 4) and 3.2 million people at crisis levels (IPC Phase 3). An estimated 217,000 children suffer from moderateto-severe acute malnutrition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Relief Work , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes , Natural Disasters , Haiti
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880346

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To examine changes in psychological distress prevalence among pregnant women in Miyagi Prefecture, which was directly affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami, and compare it with the other, less damaged areas of Japan.@*METHODS@#This study was conducted in conjunction with the Japan Environment and Children`s Study. We examined 76,152 pregnant women including 8270 in Miyagi Regional Center and 67,882 in 13 other regional centers from the all-birth fixed data of the Japan Environment and Children's Study. We then compared the prevalence and risk of distress in women in Miyagi Regional Center and women in the 13 regional centers for 3 years after the disaster.@*RESULTS@#Women in the Miyagi Regional Center suffered more psychological distress than those in the 13 regional centers: OR 1.38 (95% CI, 1.03-1.87) to 1.92 (95% CI, 1.42-2.60). Additionally, women in the inland area had a consistently higher prevalence of psychological distress compared to those from the 13 regional centers: OR 1.67 (95% CI, 1.18-2.38) to 2.19 (95% CI, 1.60-2.99).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The lack of pre-disaster data in the Japan Environment and Children's Study made it impossible to compare the incidence of psychological distress before and after the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. However, 3 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake, the prevalence of pregnant women with psychological distress did not improve in Miyagi Regional Center. Further, the prevalence of mental illness in inland areas was consistently higher than that in the 13 regional centers after the disaster.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Disasters , Earthquakes , Female , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Pregnant Women/psychology , Prevalence , Psychological Distress , Tsunamis , Young Adult
8.
Health Sciences Journal ; : 31-37, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876134

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction Metro Manila is at risk from “the big one”, a magnitude 7.2 earthquake caused by the movement of the West Valley Fault, thus awareness and preparedness of the people are very important. The study compared the levels of earthquake awareness and preparedness of households in a high-risk area and a low risk area. Methods This was a cross-sectional study among 376 households each from a high- and a low-risk barangay in Metro Manila using a self-administered household-based survey questionnaire consisting of questions on awareness and preparedness. The prevalence of households classified as aware and wellprepared was computed; the significance of differences between the high- and low risk barangays was determined through Fisher’s exact test. Results There were fewer households classified as aware in the high-risk barangay compared with the low risk barangay, but the difference was not significant (PR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.84, 1.01, p = 0.078, Fisher’s exact test). Less than half of households were classified as well-prepared in both high- and low risk barangays (49.7 vs 46.5%) and the difference was not significant (PR = 1.07, 95% CI 0.92, 1.24, p = 0.422, Fisher’s exact test). Television was the most common source of information in both barangays. Households in the high-risk barangay were more likely to be well-prepared when a member was at least a high school graduate (PR = 2.54, 95% CI 1.24, 5.22, p = 0.001, Fisher’s exact test). Conclusion There was no difference in the levels of awareness and preparedness between high and low risk barangays. Television was the most common source of information in both high and low risk barangays. The presence of at least one high school graduate in the household from a high-risk barangay was associated with preparedness but not awareness.


Subject(s)
Environment , Earthquakes
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828733

ABSTRACT

Children, as a special vulnerable group, are more susceptible to severe physical injury and psychological trauma in an earthquake. The Pediatric Disaster Branch of Chinese Pediatric Society of Chinese Medical Association and the Pediatric Branch of Chinese People's Liberation Army formulated the expert consensus on on-site medical rescue and transfer of children in an earthquake. The consensus introduces the treatment principles and precautions of on-site treatment and subsequent transfer for children in an earthquake, in order to better serve children in this emergency.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Child , Consensus , Earthquakes , Humans
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826313

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In areas affected by the tsunami of the great East Japan Earthquake, smoking behavior may have deteriorated due to high stress and drastic changes in living environment. Surveys were conducted to reveal changes in smoking behaviors among victims.@*METHODS@#A population-based random-sample home-visit interview survey of victims in Iwate and Miyagi Prefectures affected by the tsunami disaster was conducted in 2012 (n = 1978), while a population-based nationwide survey was conducted in 2013 (n = 1082). A panel survey in 2014 was conducted with respondents of the 2012 survey (n = 930). Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to reveal factors related to smoking status after the disaster.@*RESULTS@#There was high smoking prevalence of both sexes in the tsunami disaster area (current smoking rate in coastal area, 50.0% for male, 21.4% for female; inland area, 34.7% for male, 7.6% for female). Low prevalence of male quitters was observed (quitter rate in coastal area, 20.8% for male, 8.0% for female; inland area, 23.4% for male, 5.5% for female). The prevalence of nicotine-dependent people assessed by FTND (Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence) in the coastal area was also higher than in the inland area or other areas of Japan. Smoking behavior among victims worsened after the disaster and did not improve 3 years from the disaster. Post-disaster factors related to smoking were living in coastal area, complete destruction of house, and living in temporary housing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Smoking prevalence and the level of nicotine dependence of tsunami victims were still high even 3 years after the disaster. It is important to emphasize measures for smoking control in the disaster areas for an extended time period.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes , Female , Humans , Japan , Male , Middle Aged , Smoking , Epidemiology , Tsunamis , Young Adult
11.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 48(2): 70-71, ene.-jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1042849

ABSTRACT

El sismo ocurrido el 19 de septiembre del presente año en la ciudad de México, a 32 años del ocurrido en la misma fecha y en el mismo lugar, ha motivado una respuesta intensa de voluntariado en la generación llamada millenials; las redes sociales invitaron a participar y localizar las áreas geográ ficas más necesitadas de apoyo de brigadistas e insumos, y el poder de convocatoria y el espíritu de solidaridad fue ejemplar, incluso rebasando el número solicitado para dichas actividades. Analizando este fenómeno, es de considerar la respuesta a la siguiente pregunta: ¿la generación millenial es la más prepa rada para afrontar un desastre de esta magnitud?


The earthquake that occurred on September 19 of this year in Mexico City, 32 years after that occurred on the same date and in the same place, has motivated an intense volunteer response in the generation called millennials; Social networks invited people to participate and locate the geographic areas most in need of support from brigades and supplies, and the convening power and spirit of solidarity was exemplary, even exceeding the number requested for such activities. Analyzing this phenomenon, it is necessary to consider the answer to the following question: is the millennial generation the most prepared to face a disaster of this magnitude?


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Volunteers , Power, Psychological , Richter Scale , Earthquakes , Social Networking , Mexico
12.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 25(1): 59-64, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058573

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Durante el 21o. Congreso Mundial de Epidemiología, organizado por la Asociación Internacional de Epidemiología (IEA) en Saitama-Japón en agosto de 2017, se aceptó invitación de los organizadores para visitar la Planta Nuclear # 1 de Fukushima. Objetivo: Explorar la situación operacional y de salud pública en el área de la prefectura de Fukushima y su planta nuclear #1, sitio afectado por el terremoto y tsunami de 2011. Métodos: Salida de inspección de campo (Inspection Tour) y encuentro con representantes de TEPCO (Tokyo Energy Power Company) en área de control; explicación didáctica de antecedentes y situación actual zonal, e instrucciones (briefing) para acceso. Visita con explicación de zonas de atención de salud y trabajos realizados. Recorrido en autobús especialmente adaptado al perímetro de cada reactor, portando dosímetro individual. Reunión final para resolución de dudas e inquietudes y lecciones del caso. Resultados: Visita y reuniones ejecutadas; exposición personal = 0,01 mSv/h. Radiación por zonas de reactor: central=230 mSv/h; paredes=40 mSv/h; planta=0,26 mSv/h, periferia=0,26 mSv/h. Zona de exclusión=20 km. Políticas de salubridad basadas en limpieza y remoción de fuentes de contaminación; aislamiento de aguas y bombeo de fuentes subterráneas; prevención y contención de escapes. Conclusión: La prevención lo es todo en asuntos industriales, sean nucleares o no; la colaboración interpersonal e interagencias es esencial en el manejo a muy largo plazo de desastres similares; debe evitarse incorporar técnicas o tecnologías industriales desconocidas o foráneas sin antes valorar su costo, alcance y posibles riesgos de salud individual, pública o medio-ambiental.


Abstract Introduction. During the 21st. International Epidemiology Association (IEA) World Congress of Epidemiology at Saitama (Japan), celebrated in August 2017, an invitation from its organizers to visit Fukushima Nuclear Plant # 1 was accepted. Objective: To explore operational and public health situation at the area of the Fukushima Prefecture and its nuclear plant #1, place affected by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Methods. Inspection tour and appointment with representatives of TEPCO (Tokyo Energy Power Company) at the control area; explanation on background and actual situation, and briefing before access. Guided visit to areas dedicated to healthcare and workers' attention, and work done. Tour by specially adapted autobus to the perimeter of each reactor, using individual dosimeter. Final meeting to solve questions and lessons of this case. Results. Visit and meetings were executed; individual exposure = 0,01 mSv. Radioactivity by reactor zones: central (inside) =230 mSv/h; walls =40 mSv/h; plant =0,26 mSv/h, perimeter =0,26 mSv/h. Exclusion zone =20 km. Public Health policies in place based upon cleansing and removal of sources of contamination; water isolation and subterranean sources pumping; prevention and containment of leaks. Conclusion. About industrial issues, prevention is everything, whether they be nuclear or not; interpersonal / interagencies' cooperation is paramount when dealing with similar disasters at a very long term; unknown or poorly understood industrial techniques or technologies should be avoided before a proper evaluation of their risk/benefit balance, scope and possible health risks to subjects, communities or environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Work , Public Health/trends , Industrial Safety , Nuclear Power Plants , Health Policy , Radioactivity , Tsunamis , Health Risk , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Earthquakes , Radiation Dosimeters
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758979

ABSTRACT

In 2016 and 2017, there were earthquakes greater than 5.0 in magnitude on the Korean Peninsula, which has previously been considered an earthquake-free zone. Patients with chronic kidney disease are particularly vulnerable to earthquakes, as the term “renal disaster” suggests. In the event of a major earthquake, patients on hemodialysis face the risk of losing maintenance dialysis due to infrastructure disruption. In this review, we share the experience of an earthquake in Pohang that posed a serious risk to patients on hemodialysis. We review the disaster response system in Japan and propose a disaster preparedness plan with respect to hemodialysis. Korean nephrologists and staff in dialysis facilities should be trained in emergency response to mitigate risk from natural disasters. Dialysis staff should be familiar with the action plan for natural disaster events that disrupt hemodialysis, such as outages and water treatment system failures caused by earthquakes. Patients on hemodialysis also need to be educated about disaster preparedness. In the event of a disaster situation that results in dialysis failure, patients need to know what to do. At the local and national government level, long-term preparations should be made to handle renal disaster and patient safety logistics. Moreover, Korean nephrologists should also be prepared to manage cardiovascular disease and diabetes in disaster situations. Further evaluation and management of social and national disaster preparedness of hemodialysis units to earthquakes in Korea are needed.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Dialysis , Disasters , Earthquakes , Emergencies , Federal Government , Humans , Japan , Korea , Organization and Administration , Patient Safety , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Water Purification
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764612

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to construct and test a structural equation model of posttraumatic growth (PTG) of earthquake victims based on Tedeschi and Calhoun's model (2004). METHODS: Data were collected from 195 earthquake victims living in K. City. The exogenous variables include distress perception, resilience, and social support, and the endogenous variables include intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, and posttraumatic growth. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and structural equation modeling were performed. RESULTS: The modified model showed a good fitness to the data. Moreover, 6 of the 9 paths of the final model were statistically significant, which include PTG affected by deliberate rumination (β=.58, p<.001), resilience (γ=.18, p=.001), and distress perception (γ=.20, p=.002). These predictors explain 51.8% of variance in posttraumatic growth. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop and disseminate preventive intervention programs to increase the resilience of earthquake-prone communities. In addition, after exposure to a community-scale traumatic event such as earthquake, we should provide social supports to alleviate distress perception and transition from intrusive rumination to deliberate rumination so that we can seek new meaning from the earthquake and facilitate posttraumatic growth.


Subject(s)
Earthquakes , Resilience, Psychological , Statistics as Topic
15.
Rev. salud pública (Córdoba) ; 23(2): 94-106, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016776

ABSTRACT

A través de su historia, México se ha caracterizado por ser un país vulnerable a la ocurrencia de diversos eventos de origen meteorológico y geofísico debido a su ubicación geográfica.


The press and social participation in the face of disasters: from the Oaxaca earthquake of 1787 to the Tehuantepec earthquake of 2017.


A imprensa e a participação social diante dos desastres: do terremoto de Oaxaca de 1787 ao terremoto de Tehuantepec em 2017.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Earthquakes/history , Communications Media/trends , Social Communication in Emergencies , Mexico
16.
California; GeoHazards International; Dec. 21, 2018. 41 p.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284316

ABSTRACT

The pages that follow present an earthquake scenario for the district of Bajhang, Nepal. It tells the story of three people, and what happens to them and their families during a plausible but hypothetical earthquake. This is not a prediction. This story, and the study upon which it is based, are intended as an example of what may happen if a major earthquake strikes Bajhang in the near future. Bajhang will always face a risk of earthquakes. The Main Himalayan Thrust fault, which underlies much of Nepal, is the source for potentially very damaging earthquakes. The last very large earthquake in this region occurred in BS 1562 / 1505 AD. 1 Another earthquake could occur any time, because strain has been increasing on the fault ever since. This scenario shows the consequences of such an event, and the knowledge can be used to plan for safer outcomes. The story incorporates insights from professionals around the world who study earthquake effects, research on historic earthquakes, and documented experiences from the 2015 Gorkha earthquake. The consequences are based on standard methods that engineers and scientists use to estimate the shaking, damage and human impact a given earthquake may cause. The scenario earthquake strikes on a weekday in May at 1:35 PM. Across the district, adults are working, and children are on recess at school. Measuring magnitude 7.8, the earthquake originates approximately 100 kilometers northwest of Jayaprithivi on the Main Himalayan Thrust fault. It is not the worst earthquake that could happen, but it causes serious losses and suffering. Shaking throughout Bajhang and most of Sudurpashchim Pradesh is very strong, causing the consequences explained in this narrative: casualties, damaged buildings, landslides, fire, isolation, loss of power and water, and economic hardship.


Subject(s)
Humans , Relief Work , Disaster Effects on Buildings , Disaster Victims , Earthquakes , Nepal
17.
Hist. enferm., Rev. eletronica ; 9(1): 35-47, jan-jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-948335

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar o cuidado prestado por enfermeiros aos feridos e enfermos do terramoto de 1755, em Lisboa. Realizou-se uma pesquisa documental das fontes primárias identifi cadas, utilizaram-se as Portarias do Governo sobre o tratamento dos feridos, a assistência aos enfermos e a sua situação após o terramoto. Foi ainda analisado o livro das Enfermarias das Portas de Santo Antão, da Casa dos Almadas no Rossio e em São Bento da Saúde, após o terramoto, em 1755. A análise destes documentos permitiu desvelar várias dimensões da assistência pós-terramoto, nomeadamente no que respeitou à admissão e registo das entradas nas enfermarias provisórias. Conclui-se que houve enfermeiros religiosos e leigos do Hospital Real de Todos os Santos envolvidos na assistência a feridos e enfermos, com a clara indicação de que esses enfermeiros eram treinados


Subject(s)
History, 17th Century , History of Nursing , Earthquakes , Natural Disasters
18.
California; GeoHazards International; rev; Mar. 2018. 79 p.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284314

ABSTRACT

This document provides guidance on developing messages about what people should do during earthquake shaking to protect themselves from injury or death. The document refers to this behavior as protective action. The guidance is not designed to advocate one protective action over another. Rather, it describes a process to use and key considerations for creating effective protective actions messages that serve different contexts. This document focuses on actions to take during an earthquake, because information on what to do before and after is available elsewhere and generally better agreed upon. In contrast, messaging agencies around the world advocate a variety of different protective actions. Messages for what to do during earthquake shaking form one part of a broader earthquake safety messaging campaign, as Figure 1 shows. Protective actions messages must complement mitigation and preparedness efforts that will make people much safer from earthquakes in the long term. This document is the result of the project "Guidance on Developing Messages for Protective Actions to Take during Earthquake Shaking" funded by USAID/OFDA. There is no single perfect protective action message, for any nation, or for any jurisdiction. Jurisdictions have different customs, beliefs, buildings, geology, and capacities, and therefore different messaging needs. It is absolutely essential that people understand their specific circumstances and situations and make decisions based on that understanding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Information Dissemination , Earthquakes/prevention & control , Health Promotion , Natural Disasters/prevention & control
19.
California; GeoHazards International; Mar. 2018. 38 p. tab.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284315

ABSTRACT

GeoHazards International (GHI) prepared the tools in this workbook as part of a USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)­funded project to implement protective actions guidance developed in an earlier USAID/OFDA project. The implementation project took place in Anse­a­Veau, Nippes Department, Haiti. The Government of Haiti selected this location because the south peninsula region had not had prior earthquake safety programs, and an ongoing earthquake swarm was causing great concern among local residents. Earlier versions of the worksheets in this document were used in the Anse­a­Veau implementation, and subsequently revised based on that experience. The examples in this workbook were prepared based on the Anse­a­Veau implementation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Earthquakes/prevention & control , Health Promotion , Natural Disasters/prevention & control , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043213

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las acciones desarrolladas por el equipo médico de emergencia (EMT por sus siglas en inglés) del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) durante la emergencia derivada del sismo del 7 de setiembre de 2017, el cual tuvo una magnitud de 8,2 grados con epicentro a 133 km al suroeste de Pijijiapan, Chiapas, México. Una vez realizada la evaluación inicial intersectorial de la emergencia, se activó el sector salud. Dentro de esta respuesta, y una vez determinado un número elevado de lesionados y un riesgo alto para la salud pública de la población afectada, el IMSS desplegó en la región un EMT capacitado y entrenado para apoyar en la respuesta de atención médica y quirúrgica de lesionados. Las acciones del EMT, conformado por especialistas en urgencias médico-quirúrgicas y desastres, incluyeron la atención médica de 252 pacientes, la gestión del traslado de 57 pacientes y la colaboración en la habilitación de un hospital provisorio. Para mejorar la respuesta en situaciones de desastres, se requiere seguir el proceso de integración, registro y capacitación de los EMT a nivel nacional e internacional.(AU)


ABSTRACT The objective of this article is to describe the actions undertaken by the emergency medical team (EMT) of the Mexican Social Security Institute (MSSI) during the emergency caused by the earthquake of September 7, 2017 (magnitude 8.2; epicenter 133 km southwest of Pijijiapan, Chiapas, Mexico). After the initial intersectoral assessment of the emergency had been conducted, the health sector stepped in. As part of this response effort, and once it was determined that a large number of people had been injured and that the health risks facing the affected population were substantial, the MSSI deployed an EMT equipped and trained to provide support in the medical and surgical treatment of injured people. The actions of the EMT, composed of specialists in medical and surgical emergencies and disaster situations, included providing medical care to 252 patients, managing the transfer of 57 patients, and helping to set up an emergency hospital. To improve response efforts during disaster situations, it is necessary to follow the process of forming, registering, and training EMTs at the national and international levels.(AU)


RESUMO O propósito deste artigo é descrever as ações empreendidas pela equipe médica de emergência (EMT) do Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social (IMSS, instituição pública que presta serviços de saúde) na crise de emergência causada pelo terremoto de 7 de setembro de 2017, com magnitude de 8,2 graus e epicentro a 133 km a sudoeste de Pijijiapan, Chiapas, México. Após a avaliação intersetorial inicial de emergência, o setor da saúde foi ativado. Como parte da resposta, diante do elevado número de feridos e alto risco para a saúde pública da população afetada, o IMSS mobilizou uma EMT na região, capacitada e treinada para dar apoio à resposta de atendimento médica e cirúrgica das vítimas. A EMT, formada por especialistas em emergências médico-cirúrgicas e desastres, prestou atendimento médico a 252 pacientes, coordenou a transferência de 57 pacientes e também colaborou na preparação de um hospital provisório. A fim de melhorar a resposta a desastres, é necessário prosseguir com o processo de integração, cadastramento e capacitação das EMT ao nível nacional e internacional.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergencies/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Earthquakes , Disasters , Mexico/epidemiology
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