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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 568-574, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359326

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o Brasil é o quarto país em casos de Hemofilia A. O tratamento é infundir o fator de coagulação ausente. Reações ao uso do fator podem incluir manifestações alérgicas, doenças virais transfusionais e aloanticorpos. Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com Hemofilia A, e as doenças associadas ao uso do fator VIII e fator VIII recombinante. Metodologia: estudo transversal descritivo e retrospectivo. A coleta de dados foi realizada nos prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de hemofilia A, preenchidos com mais de 70% das informações, na Fundação Hospitalar de Hematologia e Hemoterapia do Amazonas, Brasil. Resultados: o Ministério da Saúde identificou no Estado do Amazonas, o registro de 276 indivíduos com diagnóstico de Hemofilia A. Incluídos para análise neste estudo 164 prontuários. Características sociodemográficas: homens 99,4%, adolescentes (28%) e jovens (26,8%); de cor parda 67,1%, ensino fundamental incompleto 28,6% e, exercendo a ocupação de estudante 42,7%. Condição clínica: 36,6% classificados com hemofilia A grave. Todos os pacientes tiveram diagnóstico clínico e laboratorial. O parentesco mais comum é o de irmãos com 35,3%. Sintomas predominantes: hemartrose 45,4%; dor 31,9%; edema 24% e artropatia 8,5%. O fator VIII recombinante, administrado em 34,8% dos pacientes, enquanto o fator VIII plasmático em 28,0%. Administrados doses de 2000UI a 2999UI. As complicações: artralgia 77,4% e hemorragia 77,4%. Conclusão: cuidados qualificados dos profissionais de saúde auxiliam na prevenção de complicações sérias, resultando em qualidade de vida ao hemofílico.


Introduction: Brazil is the fourth country in cases of Hemophilia A. The treatment is to infuse the missing clotting factor. Reactions to the use of the factor can include, allergic manifestations, transfusion viral diseases and alloantibodies. Objective: analyze the epidemiological profile of patients with Hemophilia A, and the diseases associated with the use of factor VIII and recombinant factor VIII. Methodology: descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study. Data collection was carried out in the medical records of patients diagnosed with hemophilia A, filled with more than 70% of the information, at the Fundação Hospitalar de Hematologia e Hemoterapia do Amazonas, Brazil. Results: in the Ministry of Health of Brazil, it was identified, for the State from Amazonas, the registry of 276 individuals diagnosed with Hemophilia A. Included in the analysis for this study, 164 medical records. Sociodemographic characteristics: male, 99.4%, adolescents (28%) and young people (26.8%), brown skin color, 67.1%, incomplete elementary school, 28.6%, and working as a student, 42.7%. Clinical condition: 36.6% classified with severe hemophilia A. All patients had a clinical and laboratory diagnosis. The most common kinship is that of brothers, 35.3%. Predominant symptoms: hemarthrosis 45.4%, pain 31.9%, edema 24% and arthropathy 8.5%. Recombinant factor VIII, administered in 34.8% of patients, while plasma factor VIII in 28.0%. Doses of 2000 IU to 2999 IU were administered. Complications: arthralgia 77.4% and hemorrhage 77.4%. Conclusion: qualified care by health professionals helps to prevent serious complications, resulting in quality of life for the hemophiliac.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Profile , Factor VIII , Arthralgia , Edema , Hemarthrosis , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Joint Diseases , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
2.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58739, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366303

ABSTRACT

To analyze the prevalence and characteristics of late postoperative complications of orthopedic surgeries by video arthroscopy.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that evaluated, through its own instrument, local and systemic postoperative complications of patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries by video arthroscopy. The study included 270 patients, who were evaluated on days 30(without prosthesis) and 90(with prosthesis placement) of the postoperative period, by telephone service. The selection of participants occurred sequentially and population-based, within the data collection period, from February to July 2020, in a large hospital for medium and high complexity surgeries. Of the 270 procedures performed in the period, 4.4% (n = 12) presented late postoperative infection. The most frequent complications were erythema (83%), edema (75%) and secretion (67%) in the surgical wound. Most used antibiotic therapy (92%) and anti-inflammatory drugs (67%). Hospital readmission was not necessary concerning the complications. Only 50% required medical evaluation before the scheduled time.The need for practices that ensure the quality of perioperative care and improve the active search to assess surgical outcomes is reinforced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Arthroscopy/nursing , Arthroscopy/instrumentation , Infection Control/instrumentation , Orthopedic Procedures/nursing , Surgical Wound Infection/nursing , Bacterial Infections/nursing , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Nursing , Bodily Secretions , Orthopedic Procedures/instrumentation , Edema/nursing , Erythema/nursing , Infections/complications
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e190511, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394058

ABSTRACT

Abstract Exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by Klebsiella oxytoca are of environmental, pharmaceutical, and medicinal interest. However, studies about the anti-inflammatory activity of EPS produced by this microorganism still remain limited. The aim of this study was to produce, characterize, and evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of EPS from K. oxytoca in a pleurisy model. Colorimetric analysis revealed that precipitated crude exopolysaccharides (KEPSC) and deproteinated exopolysaccharides (KEPS) present high levels of total carbohydrates (65.57% and 62.82%, respectively). Analyses of uronic acid (7.90% in KEPSC and 6.21% in KEPS) and pyruvic acid (3.01% in KEPSC and 1.68% in KEPS) confirm that the EPS are acidic. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses demonstrated that the EPS consisted of rhamnose (29.83%), glucose (11.21%), galactose (52.45%), and mannose (6.50%). The treatment of an experimental pleurisy model in rats through subcutaneous administration of 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg of KEPS decreased both the volume of inflammatory exudate and the number of leukocytes recruited to the pleural cavity. The present data showed that EPS production by K. oxytoca using the method described is easy to perform and results in a good yield. In addition, we show that KEPS exhibit anti-inflammatory activity when administered subcutaneously in rats.


Subject(s)
Polysaccharides/agonists , Klebsiella oxytoca/isolation & purification , Pleurisy/classification , Edema/diagnosis , Cell Migration Assays, Leukocyte/methods , Inflammation/classification , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
4.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210101, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360564

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto A gravidez é caracterizada por mudanças fisiológicas que podem contribuir para o desenvolvimento de varizes, insuficiência venosa e edema das pernas. Objetivos Avaliar o efeito das meias de compressão em edema de membros inferiores e a percepção sobre o uso por gestantes. Métodos Trata-se de um ensaio clínico randomizado, controlado, prospectivo, paralelo e cego realizado com 60 mulheres grávidas distribuídas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo intervenção (n = 30), que usou meias de compressão, e grupo controle (n = 30). Foram realizadas medições padronizadas de tornozelo e panturrilha, empregando-se fita métrica, em todos os 120 membros inferiores. No final do estudo, foi aplicado também um questionário para verificação das dificuldades e vantagens percebidas com relação ao uso das meias de compressão. Resultados As gestantes do grupo intervenção apresentaram aumento significativamente menor (p < 0,05) nos diâmetros de panturrilha e tornozelo em relação ao grupo controle. As diferenças médias, no início e no final da gestação, nos diâmetros de panturrilha direita, panturrilha esquerda, tornozelo direito e tornozelo esquerdo foram de, respectivamente, 0,30 cm, 0,30 cm, 0,15 cm e 0,15 cm no grupo intervenção e 1,95 cm, 1,95 cm, 1,73 cm e 1,87 cm no grupo controle. A maioria das gestantes não teve dificuldade para utilizar as meias de compressão, e todas relataram que sentiram diferença nos sintomas das pernas e que usariam as meias novamente. Conclusões As meias de compressão foram eficazes na prevenção de edema em membros inferiores de gestantes, as quais apresentaram percepção positiva quanto à sua utilização.


Abstract Background Pregnancy is characterized by physiological changes that can contribute to development of varicose veins, venous insufficiency, and leg edema. Objectives To evaluate the effect of compression stocking on lower limb edema in pregnant women and their perceptions of wearing them. Methods This was a randomized, controlled, prospective, parallel, blinded clinical trial conducted with 60 pregnant women randomly distributed into two groups: an intervention group (n = 30) wearing compression stockings and a control group (n = 30). Standardized ankle and calf measurements were taken of all 120 lower limbs using a tape measure. At the end of the study, a questionnaire was administered to identify perceived difficulties and advantages related to wearing compression stockings. Results Pregnant women in the intervention group had a significantly smaller increase (p < 0.05) in calf and ankle diameters compared to those in the control group. The mean differences from the beginning to the end of gestation in the diameters of the right calf, left calf, right ankle, and left ankle respectively were 0.30 cm, 0.30 cm, 0.15, cm and 0.15 cm in the intervention group and 1.95 cm, 1.95 cm, 1.73 cm, and 1.87 cm in the control group. Most of the pregnant women had no difficulty wearing the compression stockings and all reported that they felt a difference in leg symptoms and would wear stockings again. Conclusions Compression stockings were effective for preventing lower limb edema in pregnant women, who had a positive perception of wearing them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Efficacy , Edema/prevention & control , Stockings, Compression , Varicose Veins/prevention & control , Body Weights and Measures , Prospective Studies , Patient Satisfaction
5.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0005, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360915

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the upper and lower blepharoplasty technique associated with canthopexy with double pre septal orbicularis muscle elevation with a single suture in order to evaluate the efficacy of the technique. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which the medical records of 5,882 patients who underwent this technique between January 1999 and July 2015 were evaluated. The frequency and main causes of clinical complications and surgical reoperation were analyzed. Results: The incidence of complications found was 12.7% (n=750), being 0.8% (n=47) due to persistent chemosis, 3% (n=176) due to poor lower eyelid positioning, 4.17% (n=245) due to mild eyelid retraction and 4.8% (n=282) because of mild to moderate chemosis. Conclusion: The technique appears to be effective as it is simple and practical, and capable of resulting in positive functional and aesthetic outcomes with low rates of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a técnica de blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada à cantopexia associada à dupla elevação do músculo orbicular pré-septal em uma única sutura e avaliar sua eficácia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados 5.882 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à blefaroplastia superior e inferior com a utilização da cantopexia, entre janeiro de 1999 e julho de 2015. Taxas e principais causas de complicações clínicas e reintervenção cirúrgica foram analisadas. Resultados: A incidência de complicações encontradas foi de 12,7% (n=750), sendo 0,8% (n=47) de caso de quemose persistente, 3% (n=176) de mau posicionamento palpebral inferior (ectrópio), 4,17% (n=245) de leve retração pálpebra e 4,8% (n=282) de quemose leve a moderada. Conclusão: A técnica mostra-se eficaz por ser simples e prática, podendo ter resultados funcionais e estéticos positivos e com baixo índice de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Suture Techniques , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Skin Aging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Conjunctival Diseases/etiology , Edema/etiology , Eyelids/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928067

ABSTRACT

Baimai is a complex of structure and function with the characteristics of wide distribution, complex structure, and multi-dimensional functions. Baimai, consisting of the channels in brain, the internal hidden channels connecting the viscera, and the external channels linking the limbs, governs the sensory, motor, and information transmission functions of human. According to Tibetan medicine, Baimai functions via "Long"(Qi) which moves in Baimai. "Long" is rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic. The dysfunction of Baimai is manifested as numbness, swelling and pain, stiffness, atrophy, contracture, disability, hyperactivity, etc. The clinical manifestations of Baimai disease are facial paralysis, limb numbness, hemiplegia, contracture and rigidity, pain, opistho-tonos, paralysis, unconsciousness, head tremor, aphasia and tongue stiffness, and other abnormalities in facial consciousness, limb movement, and tactile sensation. Baimai Ointment for external use is used for the treatment of Baimai disease. It is mainly composed of medicinals which are spicy and bitter, warm, soft, mild, heavy, moist, and stable, and thus it is effective for the rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic "Long" of Baimai disease. In clinical practice, it is mainly used for musculoskeletal diseases, such as osteoarthritis, scapulohumeral periarthritis, cervical spondylosis, low back pain, myofascitis, and tenosynovitis, nervous system diseases, such as paralysis and shoulder-hand syndrome, and limb stiffness caused by stroke, spastic cerebral palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, and facial neuritis, and limb motor and sensory dysfunction caused by trauma. According to the main symptoms of Baimai disease such as stiffness, rigidity, contraction, numbness, sensory disturbance and pain, clinicians should apply the Baimai Ointment via the inunction treatment of Tibetan medicine and in combination with Huo'ermai therapy and physiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Edema , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Pain
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927960

ABSTRACT

The core prescriptions and formulation characteristics in the treatment of edema by traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) masters were analyzed through data mining and their mechanisms were explored by network pharmacology. We collected journal reports on the treatment of edema by TCM masters in three sessions from China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) and constructed a database by Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System 3.0. The prescriptions in the case studies were analyzed by association rules and k-means clustering. The chemical components and targets of Chinese medicines in core prescriptions were collected through TCMSP and TCMID. Edema-related targets were collected from DrugBank and GeneCards. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by STRING and the core targets were screened out. FunRich 3.1.3 was used to enrich the expression sites of core prescriptions. Metascape was used to perform Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis of intersection targets. Cytoscape 3.6.0 was used to visualize the "Chinese medicine-active ingredient-core target-pathway" network. The results showed that 315 pieces of medical records in the treatment of edema by TCM masters were obtained and five core prescriptions were analyzed by association rules and k-means clustering. Core prescription 1 contained Poria, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Alismatis Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Codonopsis Radix, involving 166 chemical components and 1 125 targets. Core prescription 2 contained Astragali Radix, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Poria, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Rubra, and Angelicae Sinensis Radix, involving 138 chemical components and 1 112 targets. Core prescription 3 contained Poria, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Alismatis Rhizoma, and Coicis Semen, involving 126 chemical components and 1 121 targets. Core prescription 4 contained Poria, Forsythiae Fructus, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Imperatae Rhizoma, Cicadae Periostracum, and Coicis Semen, involving 58 chemical components and 820 targets. Core prescription 5 contained Poria, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Alismatis Rhizoma, Trionycis Carapax, and Dioscoreae Rhizoma, involving 68 chemical components and 919 targets. The core targets of core prescriptions included AKT1, ALB, CASP3, MAPK3, EGFR, SRC, MAPK1, and TNF. The potential targets of core prescriptions in the treatment were highly expressed in the stomach, bladder, lung, and kidney. KEGG pathways were enriched in inflammation and cell cycle pathways, especially the inflammation-relation pathways. The therapeutic effect of core prescriptions on edema is presumedly achieved by tonifying the spleen, draining water, activating blood, and benefiting Qi to resist inflammation and regulate the immune system. This study is expected to provide references for the summary of TCM masters' experience and new drug development.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Edema/drug therapy , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Rhizome
8.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 94-102, 30 Diciembre 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368417

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La enfermedad relacionada con IgG4 es una patología fibroinflamatoria multiorgánica, de origen desconocido, que simula trastornos malignos, infecciosos e inflamatorios. Los criterios del American College of Rheumatology y la European League against Rheumatism 2019, son útiles para el diagnóstico diferencial de ésta enfermedad cuando se no se cuenta con evidencia de inmunoglobulina G4 en sangre. CASO CLÍNICO. Paciente hombre de 45 años de edad, nacido en Ambato-Ecuador, con ingreso en noviembre del 2017, en emergencias del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, con presencia de tos con hemoptisis leve, febrícula, astenia, pérdida de peso e hiporexia de dos semanas de evolución. Se realizó múltiples exámenes, tras observar infiltrados pulmonares intersticiales, con elevación de inmunoglobulina G en suero, negativas para malignidad; se sospechó de enfermedad relacionada a inmunoglobulina G4. Se ampliaron los estudios para descartar otras patologías más prevalentes y cuyo diferencial es primordial. Se inició tratamiento con prednisona y micofenolato con buena respuesta clínica; durante dos años. DISCUSIÓN. La evidencia científica registró que el hallazgo más importante en la enfermedad relacionada con inmunoglobulina G4 fue un aumento de sus niveles séricos. La recurrencia de la enfermedad en un órgano afectado o la aparición de un nuevo órgano involucrado pudo conducir al diagnóstico en el caso presentado. CONCLUSIÓN. La enfermedad relacionada con inmunoglobulina G4 al ser una patología heterogénea, inmunomediada, al simular otras afecciones puede retrasar el diagnóstico; se debe tener una alta sospecha clínica, si al excluir otros procesos infecciosos, autoinmunes y/o eoplásicos, hay evidencia de patología fibroesclerosante multiorgánica sin causa establecida.


INTRODUCTION. IgG4-related disease is a multiorgan fibroinflammatory pathology of unknown origin that mimics malignant, infectious, and inflammatory disorders. The criteria of the American College of Rheumatology and the European League against Rheumatism 2019 are useful for the differential diagnosis of this disease when there is no evidence of immunoglobulin G4 in blood. CLINICAL CASE. 45-year-old male patient, born in Ambato-Ecuador, with admission in November 2017, in the emergency room of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, with the presence of cough with mild hemoptysis, fever, asthenia, weight loss and hyporexia of two weeks of evolution. Multiple tests were performed, after observing interstitial pulmonary infiltrates, with elevated serum immunoglobulin G, negative for malignancy; immunoglobulin G4-related disease was suspected. Studies were extended to rule out other more prevalent pathologies whose differential is paramount. Treatment with prednisone and mycophenolate was started with good clinical response; for two years. DISCUSSION. The scientific evidence recorded that the most important finding in immunoglobulin G4-related disease was an increase in its serum levels. Recurrence of the disease in an affected organ or the appearance of a new involved organ could have led to the diagnosis in the presented case. CONCLUSION. Immunoglobulin G4-related disease, being a heterogeneous, immune-mediated pathology, by simulating other conditions may delay diagnosis; a high clinical suspicion should be maintained if, when other infectious, autoimmune and/or neoplastic processes are excluded, there is evidence of multiorgan fibrosclerosing pathology without established cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Autoimmune Diseases , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Mikulicz' Disease , Multiple Organ Failure , Pancreatitis , Parotid Gland , Asthenia , Rheumatology , Sialadenitis , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Biomarkers , Edema , Erythema , Hemoptysis , Multiple Sclerosis
9.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(4): 6-13, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391244

ABSTRACT

Complicações pós-operatórias como edema, dor e trismo são comuns em cirurgias orais. Terapias, como o uso de analgésicos e anti-inflamatórios, são indicadas para estas complicações. No entanto, intervenções pré-operatórias podem ser alternativas. Desta forma, o presente estudo avaliou o efeito da dexametasona no edema, intensidade de dor e abertura de boca (trismo) no pós-operatório de retirada de terceiros molares inferiores. Pacientes (n=14, 9 mulheres) foram incluídos em um estudo clínico, cruzado, cego, randomizado, placebo-controlado e boca dividida. Pacientes receberam aleatoriamente medicação preemptiva (dexametasona 8mg, intramuscular, músculo masseter) ou placebo (soro fisiológico) uma hora antes da primeira cirurgia. O procedimento contralateral foi realizado 21 dias após. Avaliou se o edema e a abertura bucal nos momentos pré-operatórios e no 3º e 7º dias pós-operatórios, além de dor espontânea (imediatamente, 2 e 24 horas, 3 dias e 7 dias). Os dados foram analisados usando anova de medidas repetidas seguida do teste post hoc LSD de Fisher. Comparado ao placebo, a medicação reduziu edema (3 dias), dor (2 e 24 horas) e trismo (3 dias). Os resultados sugerem que o uso preemptivo da dexametasona intramuscular é capaz de aumentar o bem-estar dos pacientes submetidos a cirurgias orais, tendo o potencial de reduzir os custos pós-operatórios... (AU)


Postoperative complications such as edema, pain, and trismus are common in oral surgery. Therapies, such as the use of painkillers and anti inflammatory drugs, are indicated for the reversal of these complications. However, preoperative (preemptive) interventions can be alternatives. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone on edema, pain intensity, and mouth opening (trismus) in the postoperative period of removal of impacted lower third molars. Patients (n = 14, 9 women) were included in a clinical, crossover, blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, and divided mouth study. Preemptive mediation (dexamethasone 8mg, intramuscular, masseter muscle) or placebo (saline) was randomly given before the first surgery. The contralateral procedure was performed 21 days later. In the postoperative period, edema, mouth opening (preoperative, 3 and 7 days), and spontaneous pain (immediately, 2 and 24 hours, 3 days and 7 days) were analyzed. The data were analyzed using the one-way repeated measures ANOVA followed by Fisher's LSD post hoc. Compared to placebo, the medication reduced edema (3 days), pain (2 and 24 hours), and trismus (3 days). The results suggest that the preemptive use of dexamethasone is able to increase the well-being of patients undergoing oral surgeries, with the potential to reduce postoperative costs... (AU)


Las complicaciones posoperatorias como hinchazón, dolor y trismo son comunes en las cirugías orales. Las terapias, como el uso de analgésicos y antiinflamatorios, están indicadas para estas complicaciones. Sin embargo, las intervenciones preoperatorias pueden ser alternativas. Así, el presente estudio evaluó el efecto de la dexametasona sobre el edema, la intensidad del dolor y la apertura de la boca (trismo) en el postoperatorio de remoción del tercer molar inferior. Los pacientes (n = 14, 9 mujeres) se incluyeron en un estudio clínico, cruzado, ciego, aleatorizado, controlado con placebo y de boca dividida. Los pacientes recibieron aleatoriamente medicación preventiva (8 mg de dexametasona, intramuscular, músculo masetero) o placebo (solución salina) una hora antes de la primera cirugía. El procedimiento contralateral se realizó 21 días después. Se evaluó el edema y la apertura de la boca en el preoperatorio y en el tercer y séptimo días postoperatorios, además del dolor espontáneo (inmediato, 2 y 24 horas, 3 días y 7 días). Los datos se analizaron utilizando anova de medidas repetidas seguido de la prueba post hoc de LSD de Fisher. En comparación con el placebo, el medicamento redujo el edema (3 días), el dolor (2 y 24 horas) y el trismo (3 días). Los resultados sugieren que el uso preventivo de dexametasona intramuscular puede aumentar el bienestar de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía oral, con el potencial de reducir los costos posoperatorios... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Surgery, Oral , Trismus , Dexamethasone , Molar, Third , Pain Measurement , Edema , Analgesics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Molar , Molar, Third/surgery
10.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e201, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Post-anesthetic complications, particularly respiratory complications, continue to be a source of concern due to their high frequency, particularly in pediatrics. Objective: To describe the incidence of respiratory complications in the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity center during a six-month period, and to explore the variables associated with major respiratory complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study based on clinical record reviews. The records of the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity pediatric institution located in Medellin, Colombia, were reviewed. This center uses a nursing-based care model that includes patient extubation in the post-anesthesia care unit. Results: The records of 1181 patients were analyzed. The cumulative incidences of major complications were bronchospasm 1.44%, laryngospasm 0.68% and respiratory depression 0.59%. There were no cases of cardiac arrest or acute pulmonary edema. A history of respiratory infection less than 15 days before the procedure, rhinitis and female sex were associated with major respiratory complications. Conclusions: A low frequency of respiratory complications was found during care provided by nursing staff trained in anesthesia recovery and pediatric airway in the post-anesthesia care unit.


Resumen Introducción: Las complicaciones postanestésicas, especialmente las respiratorias, siguen siendo causa de preocupación por su alta frecuencia, en particular, en la población pediátrica. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de complicaciones respiratorias en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución de mediana complejidad, en un período de seis meses y explorar las variables relacionadas con las complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, basado en la valoración de historias clínicas. Se revisaron los registros de la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución pediátrica de mediana complejidad ubicada en Medellín. Esta institución utiliza un modelo de atención -basado en enfermería- que incluye la extubación del paciente en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos. Resultados: Se analizaron los registros de 1181 pacientes. La incidencia acumulada de complicaciones mayores fue: broncoespasmo 1,44 %, laringoespasmo 0,68 % y depresión respiratoria 0,59 %. No se presentaron casos de paro cardiaco ni de edema agudo de pulmón. El antecedente de infección respiratoria menor a 15 días, rinitis y sexo femenino se asociaron con complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Conclusiones: Durante la atención en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos por parte del personal de enfermería entrenado en la recuperación de la anestesia y de la vía aérea de los pacientes pediátricos, se encontró una baja frecuencia de complicaciones respiratorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Edema , Respiratory Insufficiency , Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Bronchial Spasm , Rhinitis , Laryngismus , Cohort Studies , Colombia , Edema , Heart Arrest , Infections , Nursing Staff
11.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(3): 298-306, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351954

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: reportar el caso de una gestante con síndrome en espejo asociada a miocardiopatía no compactada (MNC), tanto en la madre como el feto, en los que el tratamiento médico antenatal en la madre llevó a un resultado materno perinatal favorable. Presentación del caso: se describe el caso de una primigestante de 16 años, con 33 semanas de embarazo, remitida desde una institución de primer nivel de atención a una institución privada de cuarto nivel en la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, por presentar feto con hidropesía en ultrasonido obstétrico de control. Durante la hospitalización, la paciente presentó signos clínicos y ecocardiográficos de falla cardiaca (disnea, edema e hipoxemia), a la vez que se confirmó el diagnóstico de Hydrops fetalis (síndrome en espejo). Se instauró tratamiento diurético con furosemida en la madre, logrando mejoría del cuadro materno y del edema fetal. En el puerperio mediato hospitalario se confirmaron la presencia de miocardiopatía no compactada en la resonancia magnética nuclear cardiaca, tanto de la madre como del recién nacido. Ambos egresaron en adecuadas condiciones y fueron vinculados al programa de seguimiento cardiovascular: falla cardiaca y de cardiopatía congénitas, respectivamente. Conclusión: se presenta un caso de síndrome en espejo asociado a miocardiopatía no compactada materna y fetal. Es limitado el número de reportes de síndrome en espejo por anomalías cardiacas (maternas y fetales) y pobre la descripción de los tratamientos realizados que surgen como temas a investigar. Sería importante considerar el diagnóstico de MNC en fetos con hidropesía no asociados a isoinmunización y con disfunción cardiaca, así como su atención por equipos multidisciplinarios.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report the case of a pregnant woman with mirror syndrome associated with noncompaction cardiomyopathy in the mother and the fetus, in which antenatal medical treatment provided to the mother resulted in a favorable perinatal maternal outcome. Case presentation: A 16-year old primigravida with 33 weeks of gestation referred from a Level I institution to a private Level IV center in Medellín, Colombia, because of a finding of fetal hydrops on obstetric ultrasound. During hospitalization, the patient showed clinical and ultrasonographic signs of heart failure (dyspnea, edema and hypoxemia), with the diagnosis of hydrops fetalis (mirror syndrome) also confirmed. Diuretic treatment with furosemide was initiated in the mother, with subsequent improvement of the maternal condition as well as of the fetal edema. During the subacute postpartum period in the hospital, the presence of non-compaction cardiomyopathy was confirmed on cardiac nuclear magnetic resonance imaging in both the mother and the newborn. After discharge in adequated condition, they were included in the cardiovascular follow-up program for heart failure and congenital heart disease, respectively. Conclusion: A case of mirror syndrome associated with maternal and fetal non-compaction cardiomyopathy is presented. There is a limited number of reports on mirror syndrome due to cardiac anomalies (maternal and fetal), with weak treatment descriptions, pointing to the need for research in this area. It would be important to consider the diagnosis of non-compaction cardiomyopathy in fetuses with hydrops unrelated to isoimmunization or cardiac dysfunction and approach these cases from a multidisciplinary perspective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adolescent , Placenta Diseases , Hydrops Fetalis , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium , Cardiomyopathies , Syndrome , Edema , Fetus
12.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(3): 291-297, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351953

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: reportar el caso de una gestante con diagnóstico ultrasonográfico de alteración del sistema tegumentario fetal y diagnóstico posnatal de síndrome de Omenn. Presentación de caso: se presenta el caso de paciente de 27 años con embarazo de 31 semanas, con exploración ultrasonográfica prenatal que evidencia feto con edema significativo del cuero cabelludo, líquido amniótico ecogénico y descamación de la piel abdominal, con aproximación diagnóstica ultrasonográfica de variante de ictiosis. El recién nacido presentó eritrodermia congénita complicada con infección de piel, con posterior choque séptico y muerte. El estudio genético y patológico concluye síndrome de Omenn. Conclusión: el síndrome de Omenn debe ser tomado en cuenta en los diagnósticos diferenciales cuando en la ultrasonografía prenatal existan hallazgos ultrasongráficos de una alteración del sistema tegumentario. Se requieren estudios que evalúen la exactitud del ultrasonido en el diagnóstico antenatal de las eritrodermias.


Objective: To report the case of a pregnant woman with ultrasound diagnosis of altered fetal tegumental system and postnatal diagnosis of Omenn syndrome. Case presentation: A 27-year-old patient who presented at 31 weeks of gestation with prenatal ultrasound evidence of a fetus with significant scalp edema, echogenic amniotic fluid and scaly abdominal skin, with ichtyosis variant impression on diagnostic ultrasound. The baby was born with congenital erythroderma complicated with skin infection, and later developed septic shock and died. The genetic and pathologic workup led to the conclusion of Omenn syndrome. Conclusion: Omenn syndrome must be considered as part of the differential diagnoses when prenatal ultrasound shows findings of altered tegument system. Studies are required to assess the accuracy of ultrasound for prenatal diagnosis of erythroderma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Edema , Ichthyosis
13.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e701, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1289999

ABSTRACT

El debut del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) durante el embarazo, intrincado con preeclampsia grave, asociado a edema vulvar masivo gestacional, es raro y de difícil diagnóstico. Se reporta una paciente de 19 años, con 35 semanas de gestación, que debutó con LES durante el tercer trimestre del embarazo, y que consulta por manifestaciones cutáneas, dadas por eritemas en pulpejos de dedos de manos. Se constata preeclampsia severa. Se realiza cesárea de urgencia, e ingresa a la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Instala edema de vulva masivo que incapacita la deambulación.


The onset of systemic lupus erythematosus during pregnancy, complicated with severe preeclampsia, associated with massive gestational vulvar edema, is rare and difficult to diagnose. A 19-year-old patient is reported, with 35 weeks of gestation, who started with systemic lupus erythematosus during her third trimester of pregnancy, and consulted due to cutaneous manifestations caused by erythema on the pads of the fingers. Severe preeclampsia was observed. An emergency cesarean section was performed, and the patient was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit. She developed a massive vulvar edema that disabled ambulation.


O aparecimento de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico durante a gravidez, intrincado com pré-eclâmpsia grave é raro e de difícil diagnóstico. É relatada uma paciente de 19 anos, com 35 semanas de gestação, que estreou com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico no terceiro trimestre de gestação, e que se consultou por manifestações cutâneas causadas por eritema nas pontas dos dedos das mãos. Também existe uma pré-eclâmpsia grave. E realizada cesárea de emergência e ela é internada na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Instala um edema vulvar maciço que impede a deambulação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia , Vulva/pathology , Edema/surgery , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Catastrophic Illness , Diagnosis, Differential
14.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 37(1): 27-33, Ene-Jun 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147875

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal retrospectiva con el fin de determinar el perfil clínico y epidemiológico de la enfermedad de Kawasaki (EK) en 95 niños egresados del Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga durante el período 2014-2017. El promedio de edad de los pacientes se ubicó en 3,9 ± 3,3 años, siendo 69,5% del sexo masculino. El tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad fue menor de 10 días en el 68,4% de los casos. Las manifestaciones clínicas predominantes fueron fiebre (100%), edema y/o descamación de palmas y plantas (85,3%), alteración de la mucosa oral (65,3%), inyección conjuntival (59%) y eritema polimorfo (55,8%). El tratamiento recibido consistió en aspirina (100%) e inmunoglobulina (96,8%). La respuesta al tratamiento fue satisfactoria en el 95,8% de los pacientes. Los hallazgos de laboratorio evidenciaron una PCR elevada (51,6%) y trombocitosis (97,9%) con hemoglobina normal en 62,1% de los casos. 41% de los pacientes presentaron ecocardiograma anormal y 97,9% presentaron ultrasonido abdominal normal. El diagnóstico de ingreso de la EK fue incompleto en 53,7% de los pacientes y el diagnóstico de egreso de la EK fue completo en 51,6%. Los resultados de este estudio brindan datos epidemiológicos recientes sobre la enfermedad de Kawasaki en nuestra institución prestadora de salud(AU)


A descriptive cross-sectional retrospective investigation was carried out to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological profile of Kawasaki disease (KD) in 95 children discharged from the Pediatric Hospital Dr. Agustín Zubillaga during the period 2014-2017. Mean age of children was 3.9 ± 3.3 years and 69.5% were male. Time of symptom onset was less than ten days in 68.4% patients. Predominant clinical manifestations were fever (100%), edema and/or desquamation of palms and soles (85.3%), alteration of the oral mucosa (65.3%), conjunctival injection (59%) and polymorphic erythema (55.8%). Treatment received included aspirin (100%) and immunoglobulin (96.8%). Response to treatment was satisfactory in 95.8% of cases. Laboratory findings showed elevated CRP (51.6%), thrombocytosis (97.9%) and normal hemoglobin in 62.1% patients. 41% had an abnormal echocardiogram and 97.9% showed a normal abdominal ultrasound. The diagnosis of CHD admission was incomplete in 53.7% of cases and the diagnosis of EK was complete in 51.6%. Results of this study show recent epidemiological data about Kawasaki disease in our healthcare institution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronary Disease/etiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Signs and Symptoms , Vasculitis , Edema , Fever
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e9422, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153527

ABSTRACT

Hyptis crenata, commonly known as "salva-do-Marajó", "hortelã-do-campo", and "hortelãzinha", is used in folk medicine in Northeast Brazil as tea or infusion to treat inflammatory diseases. Due to the pharmacological efficacy and the low toxicity of the essential oil of Hyptis crenata (EOHc), we decided to investigate the EOHc antiedematogenic effect in experimental models of inflammation. EOHc was administrated orally at doses of 10-300 mg/kg to male Swiss albino mice. Paw edema was induced by subcutaneous injection in the right hind paw of inflammatory stimuli (carrageenan, dextran, histamine, serotonin, and bradykinin) 60 min after administration of EOHc. EOHc significantly inhibited the induced edema. The inhibitory effect of EOHc on dextran-induced edema extended throughout the experimental time. For the 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg doses of EOHc, the inhibition was of 40.28±1.70, 51.18±2.69, and 59.24±2.13%, respectively. The EOHc inhibitory effect on carrageenan-induced edema started at 10 mg/kg at the second hour (h) and was maintained throughout the observation period. At 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg doses the inhibition started earlier, from 30 min. At the edema peak of 180 min, 56, 76, and 82% inhibition was observed for 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg doses, respectively. Additionally, the effect of EOHc on carrageenan-induced paw edema was influenced by the time of administration. The EOHc also inhibited myeloperoxidase activity. In conclusion, the EOHc showed a potent effect, both preventing and reversing the edema, consistent with its anti-inflammatory use in folk medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Oils, Volatile/therapeutic use , Hyptis/chemistry , Edema/drug therapy , Inflammation/drug therapy , Brazil , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Carrageenan , Edema/chemically induced , Inflammation/chemically induced
16.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200119, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250801

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective 5-Hydroxytryptophan is the precursor compound of serotonin biosynthesis. The oral absorption of 5-Hydroxytryptophan is close to 100% and, unlike serotonin, it crosses the blood-brain barrier freely. 5-Hydroxytryptophan has been used as a food supplement for many years to treat anxiety and depression. Recent studies have shown that 5-Hydroxytryptophan suppresses the pro-inflammatory mediators and is effective in some inflammatory diseases, such as arthritis and allergic asthma. However, the role of 5-Hydroxytryptophan supplements on acute peripheral inflammation has not been investigated yet. In this study, the in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of 5-Hydroxytryptophan was evaluated with a carrageenan-induced paw oedema test in mice. Methods For the investigation of the acute antiinflammatory activity, single oral doses of 5-Hydroxytryptophan (1.5, 5 and 20mg/kg) were given to mice 1.5 hours prior to the carrageenan test. For chronic activity, the same oral doses were administered daily for two weeks prior to the carrageenan test on the 14th day. To induce inflammation, 0.01mL of 2% carrageenan was injected into the paws of mice. Results Supplementation with 5-Hydroxytryptophan significantly reduced inflammation in a dose-independent manner which was irrespective of the duration of exposure (per cent inhibition in acute experiments was 35.4%, 20.9%, 24.0%, and per cent inhibition in chronic experiments was 29.5%, 35.3%, 40.8% for the doses of 1.5, 5, and 20mg/kg, respectively). Conclusion Our findings demonstrate for the first time that 5-HTP supplements have the potential of suppressing the measures of acute peripheral inflammation. It is suggested that, apart from several diseases where serotonin is believed to play an important role, including depression, patients with inflammatory conditions may also benefit from 5-HTP.


RESUMO Objetivo O 5-hidroxitriptofano (5-HTP) é o composto precursor da biossíntese da serotonina. A absorção oral do 5-HTP é próxima a 100% e, ao contrário da serotonina, atravessa a barreira hematoencefálica livremente. O 5-HTP tem sido usado como suplemento alimentar por muitos anos na ansiedade e na depressão. Estudos recentes demonstraram que o 5-HTP suprime os mediadores pró-inflamatórios e é eficaz em algumas doenças inflamatórias, como artrite e asma alérgica. No entanto, o papel dos suplementos de 5-HTP na inflamação periférica aguda ainda não foi investigado. Neste estudo, a atividade anti-inflamatória in vivo do 5-HTP foi avaliada por meio do teste de edema de pata induzido por carragenina em ratos. Métodos Para a atividade aguda, doses orais únicas de 5 -HTP (1,5, 5 e 20 mg/kg) foram dados aos ratos 1,5 horas antes do teste da carragenina. Para a atividade crônica, as mesmas doses orais foram dadas cada dia durante duas semanas antes do teste da carragenina no 14º dia. 0,01ml da carragenina a 2% foi injetado nas patas dos ratos a fim de induzir a inflamação. Resultados A suplementação com 5-HTP reduziu significativamente a inflamação de uma maneira independente da dose, que foi independente da duração da exposição (por cento de inibição em experimentos agudos; 35,4%, 20,9%, 24,0% e por cento de inibição em experimentos crônicos; 29,5%, 35,3%, 40,8% para as doses de 1.5, 5 e 20 mg/kg respectivamente). Conclusão Nossas conclusões demonstram pela primeira vez que os suplementos de 5-HTP têm potencial para suprimir os sintomas de inflamação periférica aguda. É sugerido que, além de várias doenças em que se acredita que a serotonina tem uma função importante, incluindo a depressão, os pacientes com doenças inflamatórias também podem se beneficiar do 5-HTP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Carrageenan , 5-Hydroxytryptophan/administration & dosage , Dietary Supplements , Edema/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353882

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El esguince agudo de tobillo es una de las lesiones musculoesqueléticas más frecuentes. Su creciente estudio con resonancia magnética ha llevado a una mayor detección de edema óseo. El edema óseo por contusión consiste en una fractura ósea subcondral microtrabecular del hueso esponjoso junto con hemorragia local y edema. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar una posible relación estadística entre la lesión ligamentaria de tobillo y la localización del edema óseo. materiales y métodos: En-tre 2016 y 2018, se analizaron 50 resonancias de pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de esguince sin lesión ósea en la radiografía. Dos radiólogos independientes analizaron las secuencias T1 y T2 en los planos coronal, axial y sagital. Se comparó la localización del edema óseo y las lesiones ligamentarias con el fin de encontrar posibles asociaciones. Resultados: No hubo diferencias en la presencia de edema óseo en relación con el ligamento lesionado como consecuencia de un esguince de tobillo (p >0,05). En general, el edema óseo fue más frecuente en la cabeza y el cuello del astrágalo (64%). No se halló una relación estadística entre la localización de edema óseo y el ligamento lesionado (p >0,05).Conclusiones: El edema óseo es un hallazgo frecuente en la resonancia magnética después de una lesión ligamentaria a causa de esguinces de tobillo; sin embargo, no hay evidencia de una relación entre la localización del edema y el ligamento lesionado. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Acute ankle sprains are a common type of musculoskeletal injury. With the increased popularity of MRI post-ankle sprain, more cases of bone marrow edema or bone bruise are detected. This is a subchondral osseous fracture of the cancellous microarchitec-ture with accompanied local hemorrhage and edema. This study aims to analyze if the presence of ankle ligament injury presents any significant statistical relation with the specific location. materials and methods: We reviewed 50 MRI performed during 2015-2018 for patients who reported ankle pain and signs of instability. Two different radiologists evaluated the series. Bone marrow edema location and specific ligament lesions were contrasted to find possible associations. Chi-Square was used to analyze the differences. Results: The anterior talofibular ligament was the most commonly injured ligament (84%). CFL injury occurred in 27 cases (54%). There were no differences between the presence of bone marrow edema and the ligament injured after an ankle sprain (p>0.05). Overall, the most common location of bone marrow edema was the head and neck of the talus (64%). There was no statistical relationship between bone marrow edema location and the injured ligament (p>0.05). Conclusion: Bone marrow edema is a frequent finding after a ligament injury following ankle sprains. However, this finding is not directly related to a specific location of the injured ligament. The location of bone marrow edema is not related to specific ligament injuries. MRI findings of bone marrow edema must not change the management of patients with acute ankle sprains. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Adult , Sprains and Strains , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ankle Injuries , Edema
18.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e03680, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1180881

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effect of Chahuang ointment, a Chinese herbal ointment, on the prevention of phlebitis in patients with peripherally inserted central catheters. Method: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial, with 171 eligible patients randomly assigned into one of three groups: the Chahuang ointment group, the Mucopolysaccharide Polysulfate cream group, and the control group. The degrees of vein injuries at 72 hours after peripherally inserted central catheter insertion were the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes were the vascular wall thickness, tissue edema and microthrombus evaluated by Color Doppler Flow Imaging, the vascular endothelial growth factor, and endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression in vivo. Results: Compared with the control group, the Chahuang ointment group showed significantly lower incidence of postoperative phlebitis, tissue edema, and microthrombus at 72 hours after peripherally inserted central catheter insertion (all P<0.01). The VEGF and ET-1 expression were significantly inhibited in the Chahuang ointment group after 3 days of treatment (both P<0.01). There were no statistical differences in the degree of vein injuries, microthrombus, or tissue edema between the Chahuang ointment and mucopolysaccharide polysulfate groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Chahuang ointment was shown to provide effective prevention and protection against phlebitis after peripherally inserted central catheter insertion.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da pomada Chahuang, uma pomada à base de ervas chinesas, na prevenção de flebite em pacientes com cateter central de inserção periférica. Método: Este foi um estudo multicêntrico randomizado controlado, com 171 pacientes elegíveis aleatoriamente designados em um de três grupos: o grupo de pomada Chahuang, o grupo de creme de polissulfato de mucopolissacarídeo e o grupo de controle. Os graus de lesões das veias em 72 horas após a inserção do cateter central perifericamente inserido foram o resultado primário. Os desfechos secundários foram a espessura da parede vascular, edema tecidual e microtrombos avaliados por Color Doppler Flow Imaging, o fator de crescimento endotelial vascular e a expressão da endotelina-1 (ET-1) in vivo. Resultados: Comparado com o grupo controle, o grupo de pomada Chahuang apresentou incidência significativamente menor de flebite pós-operatória, edema de tecido e microtrombos 72 horas após a inserção do cateter central inserido perifericamente (todos P <0,01). A expressão de VEGF e ET-1 foi significativamente inibida no grupo de pomada Chahuang após 3 dias de tratamento (ambos P <0,01). Não houve diferenças estatísticas no grau de lesões das veias, microtrombos ou edema de tecido entre os grupos de pomada de Chahuang e polissulfato de mucopolissacarídeo (todos P> 0,05). Conclusão: A pomada Chahuang demonstrou fornecer prevenção e proteção eficazes contra flebite após a inserção do cateter central perifericamente inserido.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la pomada Chahuang, una pomada herbal china, sobre la prevención de la flebitis en pacientes con catéteres centrales insertados periféricamente. Método: Este fue un ensayo controlado aleatorio multicéntrico, con 171 pacientes elegibles asignados al azar en uno de tres grupos: el grupo de ungüento Chahuang, el grupo de crema de polisulfato de mucopolisacárido y el grupo de control. Los grados de lesiones de las venas a las 72 horas después de la inserción del catéter central insertado periféricamente fueron el resultado primario. Los resultados secundarios fueron el grosor de la pared vascular, el edema tisular y el microtrombo evaluados por imágenes de flujo con Doppler en color, el factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular y la expresión de endotelina-1 (ET-1) in vivo. Resultados: En comparación con el grupo de control, el grupo de ungüento Chahuang mostró una incidencia significativamente menor de flebitis posoperatoria, edema tisular y microtrombos a las 72 horas después de la inserción del catéter central insertado periféricamente (todos P <0,01). La expresión de VEGF y ET-1 se inhibió significativamente en el grupo de pomada de Chahuang después de 3 días de tratamiento (ambos P <0,01). No hubo diferencias estadísticas en el grado de lesiones venosas, microtrombos o edema tisular entre los grupos de pomada de Chahuang y polisulfato de mucopolisacárido (todos P> 0,05). Conclusión: Se demostró que la pomada de Chahuang proporciona una prevención y protección eficaces contra la flebitis después de la inserción de un catéter central insertado periféricamente.


Subject(s)
Phlebitis , Catheterization, Peripheral , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Thrombosis , Nursing , Edema
19.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200139, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1124787

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo realizar avaliação clínica e sociodemográfica de pacientes com úlceras de perna. Método estudo transversal, quantitativo, com 105 pacientes com úlceras de perna em ambulatórios da rede pública de Niterói/RJ, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Os dados foram coletados no período de janeiro a agosto de 2019, analisados por estatística descritiva e dispostos em tabelas. Resultados pacientes do sexo masculino (57,1%), de 60 a 80 anos (60%), com ensino fundamental incompleto (45,7%), renda de até 1 salário mínimo (64,8%). A maioria das lesões foi de etiologia venosa (76,2%), de tempo igual ou superior a 40 meses (54,3%), com tamanho maior que 10cm2 (53,3%), apresentando exsudato seroso (91,4%) em pequena quantidade (40%) e predominância de tecido granulado (36,2%). A dor foi um achado frequente, relacionada com a posição do membro (31,4%). Conclusão e implicações para a prática o conhecimento do perfil da população acompanhada e das características clínicas das lesões favorece a otimização do tratamento, permitindo um planejamento específico da assistência de enfermagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo realizar evaluación clínica y sociodemográfica de pacientes con úlceras de piernas. Método estudio transversal, cuantitativo, con 105 pacientes con úlceras de piernas en clínicas públicas en Niterói/RJ, aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidade Federal Fluminense. Los datos fueron recolectados de enero a agosto de 2019, analizados por estadística descriptiva y presentados en tablas. Resultados pacientes del sexo masculino (57.1%), de 60 a 80 años (60%), con educación primaria incompleta (45.7%), ingresos de hasta 1 salario mínimo (64.8%). La mayoría de las lesiones fueron de etiología venosa (76,2%), con una duración de 40 meses o más (54,3%), con un tamaño superior a 10 cm2 (53,3%), presentando exudado seroso (91,4%) en pequeña cantidad (40%) y predominio de tejido granulado (36,2%). El dolor fue un síntoma frecuente, relacionado con la posición del miembro (31,4%). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el conocimiento del perfil de la población monitoreada y las características clínicas de las lesiones favorecen la optimización del tratamiento, lo que permite una planificación específica de la atención de enfermería.


ABSTRACT Objective to perform clinical and sociodemographic evaluation of patients with leg ulcers. Method cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed with 105 patients with leg ulcers in public outpatient clinics located in Niterói/RJ, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Medical School of Universidade Federal Fluminense. Data were collected from January to August 2019, analyzed by descriptive statistics and organized in tables. Results most were male patients (57.1%), aged between 60-80 years (60%), with incomplete primary education (45.7%) and monthly income up to 1 minimum wage (64.8%). Most ulcers were of venous etiology (76.2%), present for 40 months or more (54.3%), with size greater than 10cm2 (53.3%), having serous exudate (91.4%) in small quantity (40%) and predominance of granulation tissue (36.2%). Pain was a frequent finding, related with the leg position (31.4%). Conclusion and implications for practice the knowledge of the population profile and clinical characteristics of wounds favors treatment optimization, allowing specific nursing care planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Leg Ulcer/etiology , Pain , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Venous Insufficiency/complications , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Health Profile , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Edema/complications , Exudates and Transudates , Granulation Tissue , Hypertension/complications
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