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1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(2): 42-3, abr-jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369109
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 556-564, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364349

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Cerca de 40% dos pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnível do segmento ST (IAMCSST) no Brasil não recebem terapia de reperfusão. Objetivo A utilização de uma rede de telemedicina baseada no WhatsApp® poderia aumentar a porcentagem de pacientes que recebem terapia de reperfusão. Métodos Estudo transversal do tipo antes e depois da organização de uma rede de telemedicina para envio e análise do eletrocardiograma através do WhatsApp® dos pacientes suspeitos de IAMCSST oriundos dos 25 municípios integrantes do Departamento Regional de Saúde de Ribeirão Preto (DRS−XIII), para hospital terciário que poderia autorizar a transferência imediata do paciente utilizando o mesmo sistema. O desfechos analisados foram a porcentagem de pacientes que receberam terapia de reperfusão e a taxa de mortalidade intra-hospitalar. Considerou-se valor de p <0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Foram comparados 82 pacientes antes desta rede (1º de fevereiro de 2016 a 31 de janeiro de 2018) com 196 pacientes depois da implantação da mesma (1º de fevereiro de 2018 a 31 de janeiro de 2020). Após a implantação da rede, houve aumento significativo da proporção de pacientes que receberam terapia de reperfusão (60% vs. 92%), risco relativo (RR): 1,594 [intervalo de confiança (IC) 95% 1,331 - 1,909], p <0,0001 e redução da mortalidade intra-hospitalar (13,4% vs. 5,6%), RR: 0,418 [IC 95% 0,189 - 0,927], p = 0,028. Conclusão Rede de telemedicina baseada no WhatsApp® associou-se a aumento da porcentagem de pacientes com IAMCSST que receberam terapia de reperfusão e a redução na mortalidade intra-hospitalar.


Abstract Background About 40% of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Brazil do not receive reperfusion therapy. Objective The use of a telemedicine network based on WhatsApp® could increase the percentage of patients receiving reperfusion therapy. Methods A cross-sectional study analyzed outcomes before and after the organization of a telemedicine network to send the electrocardiogram via WhatsApp® of patients suspected of STEMI from 25 municipalities that are members of the Regional Health Department of Ribeirão Preto (DRS−XIII) to a tertiary hospital, which could authorize immediate patient transfer using the same system. The analyzed outcomes included the percentage of patients who received reperfusion therapy and the in-hospital mortality rate. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The study compared 82 patients before (February 1, 2016 to January 31, 2018) with 196 patients after this network implementation (February 1, 2018 to January 31, 2020). After implementing this network, there was a significant increase in the proportion of patients who received reperfusion therapy (60% vs. 92%), relative risk (RR): 1.594 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.331 - 1.909], p < 0.0001 and decrease in the in-hospital mortality rate (13.4% vs. 5.6%), RR: 0.418 [95%CI 0.189 - 0.927], p = 0.028. Conclusion The use of WhatsApp®-based telemedicine has led to an increase in the percentage of patients with STEMI who received reperfusion therapy and a decrease in the in-hospital mortality rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Myocardial Reperfusion , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospital Mortality , Electrocardiography
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 152-158, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364987

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The implementation of Telecardiology in primary care in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, is a viable and promising strategy. It would decrease the distance between patient and specialized professional services by reducing unnecessary referrals and improving the quality of primary care and satisfaction of patients and health professionals. Objective: To implement a Telecardiology service and assess user satisfaction using the CARDIOSATIS scale. Methods: This was a pilot study developed by a partnership between the Institute of Cardiology and the Telehealth Center of Rio Grande do Sul. The study was carried out at Eri Flores-Vila Vargas health center in the city of Porto Alegre, from May to October 2019, and included 21 patients attending the health center. The descriptive analysis of data was performed using the SPSS program (Statistical Package for the Sciences) version 23. Data normality was checked using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Statistical significance was set at 10%. Results: Mean age of participants was 43.8 ± 16.1 years. The most common risk factors in the sample were physical inactivity (81%) and smoking (43%). Most patients had normal electrocardiogram (ECG) readings. The time elapsed from the performance of the ECG test, transmission of the ECG traces to Telehealth, and return of the final ECG report to the health center was 0-7 days. The CARDIOSATIS scale revealed a high prevalence of "very satisfied" users for the general satisfaction domain, and only 14.3% of patients were dissatisfied with their health. Conclusions: Telecardiology reduced the distance between patient and the specialized professional, with a high level of patient and health professional satisfaction. Our study can serve as a basis for the implementation of a telecardiology network in the city of Porto Alegre in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Remote Consultation/methods , Remote Consultation/trends , Remote Consultation/ethics , Telecardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/nursing , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Pilot Projects , Telemedicine , Electrocardiography
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 250-255, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365337

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The metabolic syndrome involves both metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors and is associated with cardiovascular mortality. Epicardial fat tissue plays a crucial role in deleterious effects of metabolic syndrome on the heart, including myocardial fibrosis. The fragmented QRS reflects heterogeneous depolarization of the myocardium and occurs as a result of fibrosis. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether there is an association between fragmented QRS and epicardial fat tissue in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This study enrolled 140 metabolic syndrome patients, of whom 35 patients with fragmented QRS (+) and 105 patients with fragmented QRS (−). The two groups were compared with respect to clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic indexes. RESULTS: Fragmented QRS (+) patients had higher waist circumference, red cell distribution width, creatinine, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left atrium diameter, septal a velocity, QRS duration, and epicardial fat tissue compared with fragmented QRS (−) patients. Waist circumference, red cell distribution width, QRS duration, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left atrium diameter, septal a velocity, and epicardial fat tissue were significantly associated with the presence of fragmented QRS. The QRS duration and epicardial fat tissue were independently associated with the presence of fragmented QRS on surface electrocardiographic in metabolic syndrome patients. CONCLUSIONS: Epicardial fat tissue and QRS duration were independently associated with the presence of fragmented QRS. Basic echocardiographic and electrocardiographic parameters might be used for the risk stratification in metabolic syndrome patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Echocardiography , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Electrocardiography/methods , Waist Circumference
7.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(285): 7300-7312, fev.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372125

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar o perfil dos usuários da Atenção Primária acerca do serviço de eletrocardiograma com laudo por telecardiologia. Método: trata-se de um artigo oriundo de um trabalho de conclusão de curso (monografia), estudo descritivo, exploratório, documental, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 31 pacientes de um município de Minas Gerais que realizaram eletrocardiograma com laudo por telecardiologia em uma Estratégia de Saúde da Família. A busca dos dados foi realizada durante o 1º semestre de 2018, entre os meses de março e maio. Os dados foram discutidos conforme epidemiologia descritiva simples uni-variada não paramétrica e não probabilística. Resultados: houve prevalência do sexo feminino, idade média de 49,8 anos e sobrepeso. As comorbidades autorreferidas mais prevalentes foram a hipertensão e o histórico familiar. A dor torácica, queimação, pontadas, formigamento e pressão arterial descompensada foram as principais queixas para a realização do ame e o diagnóstico mais prevalente foi a normalidade. Conclusão: apesar da maior parte dos exames não terem evidenciado alterações, as variáveis socioeconômicas, metabólicas e genéticas constituem fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares.(AU)


Objective: to identify the profile of primary care users about the electrocardiogram service with telecardiology reports. Method: this is an article originated from a course conclusion work (monograph), this is a descriptive, exploratory, documentary study with a quantitative approach, conducted with 31 patients from a city from Minas Gerais who underwent electrocardiogram with telecardiology report in a Family Health Strategy. The data search was conducted during the 1st semester of 2018, between the months of March and May. The data were discussed according to simple descriptive epidemiology univariate non-parametric and non-probabilistic. Results: There was a prevalence of female gender, mean age of 49.8 years and overweight. The most prevalent self-reported comorbidities were hypertension and family history. Chest pain, burning, pricking, tingling and decompensated blood pressure were the main complaints for the exam and the most prevalent diagnosis was normality. Conclusion: despite the fact that most of the exams showed no alterations, socioeconomic, metabolic and genetic variables are risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases(AU)


Objetivo: identificar el perfil de usuarios de atención primaria sobre el servicio de electrocardiograma con informe de telecardiología. Método: este es un artículo resultante de un trabajo de finalización de curso (monografía), estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, documental, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado con 31 pacientes de una ciudad de Minas Gerais a los que se les realizó electrocardiograma con informe de telecardiología en una Estrategia de Salud de la Familia. La búsqueda de datos se realizó durante el 1er semestre de 2018, entre los meses de marzo y mayo. Los datos se analizaron según la epidemiología descriptiva simple uni-variante no paramétrica y no probabilística. Resultados: hubo prevalencia de sexo femenino, edad media de 49,8 años y sobrepeso. Las comorbilidades autorreferidas más prevalentes fueron la hipertensión y la historia familiar. El dolor torácico, ardor, pinchazo, hormigueo y descompensación de la presión arterial fueron las principales quejas para realizar el examen y el diagnóstico más prevalente fue la normalidad. Conclusión: aunque la mayoría de los exámenes no mostraron cambios, las variables socioeconómicas, metabólicas y genéticas constituyen un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares.(AU)


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Telemedicine , Electrocardiography , Heart Diseases
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 113-122, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356305

ABSTRACT

Abstract ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a highly prevalent condition worldwide. Reperfusion therapy is strongly associated with the prognosis of STEMI and must be performed with a high standard of quality and without delay. A systematic review of different reperfusion strategies for STEMI was conducted, including randomized controlled trials that included major cardiovascular events (MACE), and systematic reviews in the last 5 years through the PRISMA ( Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) methodology. The research was done in the PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, in addition to a few manual searches. After the exclusion criteria were applied, 90 articles were selected for this review. Despite the reestablishment of IRA patency in PCI for STEMI, microvascular lesions occur in a significant proportion of these patients, which can compromise ventricular function and clinical course. Several therapeutic strategies - intracoronary administration of nicorandil, nitrates, melatonin, antioxidant drugs (quercetin, glutathione), anti-inflammatory substances (tocilizumab [an inhibitor of interleukin 6], inclacumab, P-selectin inhibitor), immunosuppressants (cyclosporine), erythropoietin and ischemic pre- and post-conditioning and stem cell therapy - have been tested to reduce reperfusion injury, ventricular remodeling and serious cardiovascular events, with heterogeneous results: These therapies need confirmation in larger studies to be implemented in clinical practice


Subject(s)
Prognosis , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Reperfusion Injury , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Stents , Thrombolytic Therapy , Health Strategies , Thrombectomy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Electrocardiography/methods , Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists , Ischemic Postconditioning , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/rehabilitation , Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy , Myocardial Revascularization
9.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.70-74, tab, graf.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349347
10.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.143-148.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349467
11.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.966-973, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353818
12.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.987-990.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354094
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 505-516, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364318

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A estimulação ventricular direita convencional aumenta o risco de fibrilação atrial e insuficiência cardíaca em portadores de marca-passo. A estimulação do ramo esquerdo (RE) do sistema His-Purkinje pode evitar os desfechos indesejados da estimulação ventricular direita. Objetivo Analisar retrospectivamente os desfechos intraoperatórios, eletrocardiográficos e os dados clínicos do seguimento inicial de pacientes submetidos à estimulação do RE. Métodos Foram avaliados os parâmetros eletrônicos do implante e eventuais complicações precoces de 52 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à estimulação do sistema de condução. O nível de significância alfa adotado foi igual a 0,05. Resultados 52 pacientes foram submetidos a estimulação do RE do sistema His-Purkinje, obtendo sucesso em 50 procedimentos. 69,2% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino e a mediana e intervalo interquatil da idade no momento do implante foi de 73,5 (65,0-80,0) anos. A duração do QRS pré-implante foi de 146 (104-175) ms e de 120 (112-130) ms após o procedimento. O tempo de ativação do ventrículo esquerdo foi de 78 (70-84) ms. A amplitude da onda R foi de 12,00 (7,95-15,30) mV, com limiar de estimulação de 0,5 (0,4-0,7) V × 0,4 ms e impedância de 676 (534-780) ohms. O tempo de procedimento foi de 116 (90-130) min e o tempo de fluoroscopia foi de 14,2 (10,0-21,6) min. Conclusão A estimulação cardíaca do sistema de condução His-Purkinje por meio da estimulação do ramo esquerdo é uma técnica segura e factível. Nesta casuística, apresentou alta taxa de sucesso, foi realizada com tempo de procedimento e fluoroscopia baixos e obteve medidas eletrônicas adequadas.


Abstract Background Conventional right ventricular pacing increases the risk of atrial fibrillation and heart failure in pacemaker patients. Stimulation of the left bundle branch (LBB) of the His-Purkinje system can prevent the unwanted outcomes of right ventricular pacing. Objective To retrospectively analyze the intraoperative outcomes, electrocardiographic and clinical data from the initial follow-up of patients submitted to stimulation of the LBB. Methods The electronic parameters of the implant and of possible early complications of 52 consecutive patients submitted to stimulation of the conduction system were evaluated. The adopted significance level was 0.05. Results Fifty-two patients underwent left bundle branch stimulation, with 50 successful procedures; 69.2% of the patients were male, and the median and interquartile range of age at the time of implantation was 73.5 (65.0-80.0) years. The pre-implant QRS duration was 146 (104-175) ms and 120 (112-130) ms after the procedure. The left ventricle activation time was 78 (70-84) ms. The R-wave amplitude was 12.00 (7.95-15.30) mV, with a stimulation threshold of 0.5 (0.4-0.7) V x 0.4 ms and impedance of 676 (534-780) ohms. The procedure duration was 116 (90-130) min, and the fluoroscopy time was 14.2 (10.0-21.6) min. Conclusion Cardiac stimulation of the His-Purkinje conduction system through the stimulation of the left bundle branch is a safe and feasible technique. In this study, it showed a high success rate, with low procedure and fluoroscopy periods, achieving adequate electronic measurements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Conduction System
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 488-502, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364323

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A estimulação cardíaca artificial (ECA) por captura direta ou indireta do feixe de His resulta em contração ventricular sincrônica (ECA fisiológica). Objetivos Comparar sincronia cardíaca, características técnicas e resultados de parâmetros eletrônicos entre duas técnicas de ECA indireta do feixe de His: a não seletiva e a parahissiana. Métodos Intervenção experimental (novembro de 2019 a abril de 2020) com implante de marca-passo definitivo (MPd) DDD em pacientes com fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda > 35%. Foram comparadas a sincronia cardíaca resultante mediante algoritmo de análise eletrocardiográfica da variância espacial do QRS e as características técnicas associadas a cada método entre ECA hissiana não seletiva (DDD-His) e parahissiana (DDD-Var). Resultados De 51 pacientes (28 homens), 34 (66,7%) foram alocados no grupo DDD-Var e 17 (33,3%), no grupo DDD-His, com idade média de 74 e 79 anos, respectivamente. No grupo DDD-Var, a análise da variância espacial do QRS (índice de sincronia ventricular) mostrou melhora após o implante de MPd (p < 0,001). Ao ECG pós-implante, 91,2% dos pacientes do grupo DDD-Var mostraram padrão fisiológico de ECA, comprovando ativação similar à do DDD-His (88,2%; p = 0,999). O eixo do QRS estimulado também foi similar (fisiológico) para ambos os grupos. A mediana do tempo de fluoroscopia do implante foi de 7 minutos no grupo DDD-Var e de 21 minutos no DDD-His (p < 0,001), favorecendo a técnica parahissiana. A duração média do QRS aumentou nos pacientes do DDD-Var (114,7 ms pré-MPd e 128,2 ms pós-implante, p = 0,044). A detecção da onda R foi de 11,2 mV no grupo DDD-Var e de 6,0 mV no DDD-His (p = 0,001). Conclusão A ECA parahissiana comprova recrutamento indireto do feixe de His, mostrando-se uma estratégia eficaz e comparável à ECA fisiológica ao resultar em contração ventricular sincrônica similar à obtida por captura hissiana não seletiva.


Abstract Background Artificial cardiac pacing by direct or indirect His bundle capture results in synchronous ventricular contraction (physiological pacing). Objectives To compare cardiac synchronization, technical characteristics, and electronic parameters between two techniques of indirect His-bundle pacing: non-selective (NS-HBP) vs para-Hisian pacing (PHP). Methods The experimental intervention (between November 2019 and April 2020) consisted of implanting a DDD pacemaker in patients who had left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 35%. The resulting cardiac synchronization was compared using an electrocardiographic algorithm that analyzed QRS variation and the technical characteristics of non-selective Hisian pacing (DDD-His) and para-Hisian pacing (DDD-Var). Results Of 51 total patients (men: 28), 66.7% (34) were allocated to the DDD-Var group and 33.3% (17) to the DDD-His group. The mean ages in each group were 74 and 79 years, respectively. In the DDD-Var group, QRS variation (ventricular synchrony) improved after implantation (p < 0.001). In post-implantation ECG, 91.2% of the DDD-Var group presented a physiological pacing pattern, which was similar to the DDD-His group (88.2%; p = 0.999). The paced QRS axis was also similar (physiological) for both groups. Intraoperative fluoroscopy time (XRay) during implantation was lower for the para-Hisian technique (median 7 min in the DDD-Var group vs 21 min in the DDD-His group, p < 0.001). The mean QRS duration increased in the DDD-Var group (114.7 ms pre-implantation vs 128.2 ms post-implantation, p = 0.044). The mean post-implantation R-wave amplitude was 11.2 mV in the DDD-Var group vs 6.0 mV in the DDD-His group, p = 0.001. Conclusion Para-Hisian pacing appears to indirectly recruit the His bundle, which would make this an effective and comparable strategy for physiological pacing, resulting in synchronous ventricular contraction similar to that of non-selective Hisian pacing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Bundle of His , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Stroke Volume , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography/methods
16.
J. health inform ; 14(1): 3-10, 20220000.
Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370250

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Thousands of people suffer from cardiovascular diseases. Even though the electrocardiogram is an exam consolidated. The lack of methodological observation in the placement of sensors can compromise the results. This article proposes a wearable vest capable of conditioning cardiac signals from three simultaneous channels, reducing the chance of failures in the exam due to the smaller number of electrodes attached to the patient's body. Methods: It adds the vectorcardiogram technique to the electrocardiogram wearable, which consists of three orthonormal derivations Vx, Vy, and Vz, measuring dynamic components of the heart vector. Results: The display of the cardiac biopotential in the web-mobile application represents the visualization of the twelve derivations synthesized from the Dower transform and the spatial projections of the cardiac loop under a three-dimensional view. Conclusion: Feasibility of integrating the vectorcardiogram with the electrocardiogram exam.


Objetivos: Milhares de pessoas sofrem com doenças cardiovasculares, apesar do Eletrocardiograma ser um exame consolidado, a falta de observação metodológica na colocação dos sensores pode comprometer os resultados. O presente artigo propõe um colete vestível capaz de condicionar sinais cardíacos de três canais simultâneos, reduzindo a chance de falhas na execução do exame em função da menor quantidade de eletrodos fixados ao corpo do paciente. Métodos: Acrescenta a técnica do vetocardiograma ao vestível de eletrocardiograma, que consiste em três derivações ortonormais Vx, Vy e Vz, medindo componentes dinâmicos do vetor coração. Resultados: Exibição do biopotencial cardíaco na aplicação web-mobile representa de forma satisfatória a visualização das doze derivações sintetizadas a partir da transformada de Dower, bem como, as projeções espaciais do loop cardíaco sob uma visão tridimensional. Conclusão: Viabilidade de integração do vetocardiograma ao exame de eletrocardiograma.


Objetivos: Miles de personas padecen enfermedades cardiovasculares, a pesar de que el electrocardiograma es un examen consolidado, la falta de observación metodológica en la colocación de sensores puede comprometer los resultados. Este artículo propone una tecnología vestible capaz de acondicionar las señales cardíacas de tres canales simultáneos, reduciendo la posibilidad de fallas en el examen por la menor cantidad de electrodos adheridos al cuerpo del paciente. Métodos: Agrega la técnica del vetocardiograma al electrocardiograma vestible, que consta de tres derivaciones ortonormales Vx, Vy y Vz, midiendo los componentes dinámicos del vector cardíaco. Resultados: La visualización del biopotencial cardíaco en la aplicación web-móvil representa satisfactoriamente la visualización de las doce derivaciones sintetizadas a partir de la transformada de Dower, así como las proyecciones espaciales del bucle cardíaco bajo una vista tridimensional. Conclusión: Viabilidad de integrar el vetocardiograma con el examen electrocardiográfico.


Subject(s)
Vectorcardiography , Electrocardiography , Wearable Electronic Devices
17.
J. health inform ; 14(1): 26-34, 20220000.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370952

ABSTRACT

Objective: Identify the risk of patients with Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCC) to prevent them from having Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD). Methods: We developed an SCD prediction system using a heterogeneous dataset of chagasic patients evaluated in 9 state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms to select the most critical clinical variables and predict SCD in chagasic patients even when the interval between the most recent exams and the SCD event is months or years. Results: 310 patients were analyzed, being 81 (14,7%) suffering from SCD. In the study, Balanced Random Forest showed the best performance, with AUC:80.03 and F1:75.12. Due to their high weights in the machine learning classifiers, we suggest Holter - Non-Sustained Ventricular Tachycardia, Total Ventricular Extrasystoles, Left Ventricular Systolic Diameter, Syncope, and Left Ventricular Diastolic Diameter as essential features to identify SCD. Conclusion: The high-risk pattern of SCD in patients with CCC can be identified and prevented based on clinical and laboratory variables.


Objetivo: Identificar o risco de pacientes com Cardiomiopatia Chagásica Crônica (CCC) para prevenir a Morte Súbita Cardíaca (MSC). Métodos: Desenvolvemos um sistema de MSC usando um conjunto de dados heterogêneo de pacientes chagásicos avaliados em 9 algoritmos de aprendizado de máquina de última geração para selecionar as variáveis clínicas mais críticas e prever MSC em pacientes chagásicos mesmo quando o intervalo mais recente entre os mais recentes exames e o evento MSC é meses ou anos. Resultados: Foram analisados 310 pacientes, sendo 81 (14,7%) portadores de CCC. No estudo, o algoritmo Balanced Random Forest apresentou o melhor desempenho, com AUC:80,03 e F1:75,12. Devido ao seu alto peso nos classificadores de aprendizado de máquina, sugerimos Holter - Taquicardia Ventricular Não Sustentada, Extrassístoles Ventriculares Totais, Diâmetro Sistólico do Ventrículo Esquerdo, Síncope e Diâmetro Diastólico do Ventrículo Esquerdo como características essenciais para identificar a CCC. Conclusão: O padrão de alto risco de MSC em pacientes com CCC pode ser identificado e prevenido com base em variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais.


Objetivo: Identificar el riesgo de los pacientes con Miocardiopatía Chagásica Crónica (MCC) para evitar que presenten Muerte Cardíaca Súbita (MCS). Métodos: Desarrollamos un sistema MCS utilizando un conjunto de datos heterogéneo de pacientes chagásicos evaluados en 9 algoritmos de aprendizaje automático de última generación para seleccionar las variables clínicas más críticas y predecir MCS en pacientes chagásicos incluso cuando el intervalo más reciente entre los más recientes exámenes y el evento MCS es meses o años. Resultados: Se analizaron 310 pacientes, siendo 81 (14,7%) con MSC. En el estudio, Balanced Random Forest mostró el mejor desempeño, con AUC:80.03 y F1:75.12. Debido a su alto peso en los clasificadores de aprendizaje automático, sugerimos Holter - Taquicardia ventricular no sostenida, Extrasístoles ventriculares totales, Diámetro sistólico del ventrículo izquierdo, Síncope y Diámetro diastólico del ventrículo izquierdo como características esenciales para identificar la MSC. Conclusión: El patrón de alto riesgo de MSC en pacientes con MCC se puede identificar y prevenir con base en variables clínicas y de laboratorio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/diagnosis , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Machine Learning , Forecasting , Chronic Disease , Electrocardiography
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929261

ABSTRACT

Catechins have been proven to exert antitumor effects in different kinds of cancers. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been completely clarified yet. This study aimed to assess the effects and mechanisms of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG) on human melanoma skin A375 cells. Results showed that EGCG and ECG inhibited the proliferation of A375 cells and ECG showed better inhibitory effect. Flow cytometry analysis had shown that EGCG and ECG induced apoptosis and led to cell cycle arrest. EGCG and ECG decreased Bcl-2 expression and upregulated Caspase-3 protein level, indicating the development of apoptosis. Furthermore, EGCG and ECG could decreased mitochondrial membrane potential of A375 cells. In addition, the expression of Beclin-1, LC3 and Sirt3 were downregulated at protein levels, which known to be associated with autophagy. After autophagy was increased by rapamycin, the apoptotic trend was not change, indicating that apoptosis and autophagy are independent. Mechanistically, EGCG and ECG treatments decreased phosphorylated-AMPK (p-AMPK) and increased the ratios of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-mTOR in melanoma cells. Conclusively, EGCG and ECG induced apoptosis via mitochondrial signaling pathway, downregulated autophagy through modulating the AMPK/mTOR and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. It indicated that EGCG and ECG may be utilized in human melanoma treatment.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Electrocardiography , Humans , Melanoma/drug therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928902

ABSTRACT

This study introduces the design and application of home wireless electrocardiograph(ECG) machine based on Internet. The world's first three-lead dry electrode mobile electrocardiograph machine has been developed, on the basis of the successful development of dry electrodes. Moreover, it is not only chips filtering, but also wireless, as a result it is applied to ECG monitoring and diagnosis of patients. Compared with traditional electrocardiograph machine, the machine is very convenient and comes into the home, ECG Machines is connected to mobile phones by Bluetooth, wireless upload, therefore we recommend to achieve remote monitoring and early warning and reduce sudden death, to achieve Internet medical by using Internet technology, people can be self-test. It is playing an increasingly important role and it is an inevitable machine to improve the success rate of diagnosis, monitoring and first aid.


Subject(s)
Cell Phone , Electrocardiography , Electrodes , Humans , Internet , Wireless Technology
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