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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 113-122, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356305

ABSTRACT

Abstract ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a highly prevalent condition worldwide. Reperfusion therapy is strongly associated with the prognosis of STEMI and must be performed with a high standard of quality and without delay. A systematic review of different reperfusion strategies for STEMI was conducted, including randomized controlled trials that included major cardiovascular events (MACE), and systematic reviews in the last 5 years through the PRISMA ( Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) methodology. The research was done in the PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, in addition to a few manual searches. After the exclusion criteria were applied, 90 articles were selected for this review. Despite the reestablishment of IRA patency in PCI for STEMI, microvascular lesions occur in a significant proportion of these patients, which can compromise ventricular function and clinical course. Several therapeutic strategies - intracoronary administration of nicorandil, nitrates, melatonin, antioxidant drugs (quercetin, glutathione), anti-inflammatory substances (tocilizumab [an inhibitor of interleukin 6], inclacumab, P-selectin inhibitor), immunosuppressants (cyclosporine), erythropoietin and ischemic pre- and post-conditioning and stem cell therapy - have been tested to reduce reperfusion injury, ventricular remodeling and serious cardiovascular events, with heterogeneous results: These therapies need confirmation in larger studies to be implemented in clinical practice


Subject(s)
Prognosis , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Reperfusion Injury , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Stents , Thrombolytic Therapy , Health Strategies , Thrombectomy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Electrocardiography/methods , Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists , Ischemic Postconditioning , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/rehabilitation , Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy , Myocardial Revascularization
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 250-255, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365337

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The metabolic syndrome involves both metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors and is associated with cardiovascular mortality. Epicardial fat tissue plays a crucial role in deleterious effects of metabolic syndrome on the heart, including myocardial fibrosis. The fragmented QRS reflects heterogeneous depolarization of the myocardium and occurs as a result of fibrosis. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether there is an association between fragmented QRS and epicardial fat tissue in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This study enrolled 140 metabolic syndrome patients, of whom 35 patients with fragmented QRS (+) and 105 patients with fragmented QRS (−). The two groups were compared with respect to clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic indexes. RESULTS: Fragmented QRS (+) patients had higher waist circumference, red cell distribution width, creatinine, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left atrium diameter, septal a velocity, QRS duration, and epicardial fat tissue compared with fragmented QRS (−) patients. Waist circumference, red cell distribution width, QRS duration, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left atrium diameter, septal a velocity, and epicardial fat tissue were significantly associated with the presence of fragmented QRS. The QRS duration and epicardial fat tissue were independently associated with the presence of fragmented QRS on surface electrocardiographic in metabolic syndrome patients. CONCLUSIONS: Epicardial fat tissue and QRS duration were independently associated with the presence of fragmented QRS. Basic echocardiographic and electrocardiographic parameters might be used for the risk stratification in metabolic syndrome patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Echocardiography , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Electrocardiography/methods , Waist Circumference
3.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.143-148.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349467
4.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.966-973, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353818
5.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.987-990.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354094
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 505-516, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364318

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A estimulação ventricular direita convencional aumenta o risco de fibrilação atrial e insuficiência cardíaca em portadores de marca-passo. A estimulação do ramo esquerdo (RE) do sistema His-Purkinje pode evitar os desfechos indesejados da estimulação ventricular direita. Objetivo Analisar retrospectivamente os desfechos intraoperatórios, eletrocardiográficos e os dados clínicos do seguimento inicial de pacientes submetidos à estimulação do RE. Métodos Foram avaliados os parâmetros eletrônicos do implante e eventuais complicações precoces de 52 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à estimulação do sistema de condução. O nível de significância alfa adotado foi igual a 0,05. Resultados 52 pacientes foram submetidos a estimulação do RE do sistema His-Purkinje, obtendo sucesso em 50 procedimentos. 69,2% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino e a mediana e intervalo interquatil da idade no momento do implante foi de 73,5 (65,0-80,0) anos. A duração do QRS pré-implante foi de 146 (104-175) ms e de 120 (112-130) ms após o procedimento. O tempo de ativação do ventrículo esquerdo foi de 78 (70-84) ms. A amplitude da onda R foi de 12,00 (7,95-15,30) mV, com limiar de estimulação de 0,5 (0,4-0,7) V × 0,4 ms e impedância de 676 (534-780) ohms. O tempo de procedimento foi de 116 (90-130) min e o tempo de fluoroscopia foi de 14,2 (10,0-21,6) min. Conclusão A estimulação cardíaca do sistema de condução His-Purkinje por meio da estimulação do ramo esquerdo é uma técnica segura e factível. Nesta casuística, apresentou alta taxa de sucesso, foi realizada com tempo de procedimento e fluoroscopia baixos e obteve medidas eletrônicas adequadas.


Abstract Background Conventional right ventricular pacing increases the risk of atrial fibrillation and heart failure in pacemaker patients. Stimulation of the left bundle branch (LBB) of the His-Purkinje system can prevent the unwanted outcomes of right ventricular pacing. Objective To retrospectively analyze the intraoperative outcomes, electrocardiographic and clinical data from the initial follow-up of patients submitted to stimulation of the LBB. Methods The electronic parameters of the implant and of possible early complications of 52 consecutive patients submitted to stimulation of the conduction system were evaluated. The adopted significance level was 0.05. Results Fifty-two patients underwent left bundle branch stimulation, with 50 successful procedures; 69.2% of the patients were male, and the median and interquartile range of age at the time of implantation was 73.5 (65.0-80.0) years. The pre-implant QRS duration was 146 (104-175) ms and 120 (112-130) ms after the procedure. The left ventricle activation time was 78 (70-84) ms. The R-wave amplitude was 12.00 (7.95-15.30) mV, with a stimulation threshold of 0.5 (0.4-0.7) V x 0.4 ms and impedance of 676 (534-780) ohms. The procedure duration was 116 (90-130) min, and the fluoroscopy time was 14.2 (10.0-21.6) min. Conclusion Cardiac stimulation of the His-Purkinje conduction system through the stimulation of the left bundle branch is a safe and feasible technique. In this study, it showed a high success rate, with low procedure and fluoroscopy periods, achieving adequate electronic measurements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Conduction System
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 488-502, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364323

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A estimulação cardíaca artificial (ECA) por captura direta ou indireta do feixe de His resulta em contração ventricular sincrônica (ECA fisiológica). Objetivos Comparar sincronia cardíaca, características técnicas e resultados de parâmetros eletrônicos entre duas técnicas de ECA indireta do feixe de His: a não seletiva e a parahissiana. Métodos Intervenção experimental (novembro de 2019 a abril de 2020) com implante de marca-passo definitivo (MPd) DDD em pacientes com fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda > 35%. Foram comparadas a sincronia cardíaca resultante mediante algoritmo de análise eletrocardiográfica da variância espacial do QRS e as características técnicas associadas a cada método entre ECA hissiana não seletiva (DDD-His) e parahissiana (DDD-Var). Resultados De 51 pacientes (28 homens), 34 (66,7%) foram alocados no grupo DDD-Var e 17 (33,3%), no grupo DDD-His, com idade média de 74 e 79 anos, respectivamente. No grupo DDD-Var, a análise da variância espacial do QRS (índice de sincronia ventricular) mostrou melhora após o implante de MPd (p < 0,001). Ao ECG pós-implante, 91,2% dos pacientes do grupo DDD-Var mostraram padrão fisiológico de ECA, comprovando ativação similar à do DDD-His (88,2%; p = 0,999). O eixo do QRS estimulado também foi similar (fisiológico) para ambos os grupos. A mediana do tempo de fluoroscopia do implante foi de 7 minutos no grupo DDD-Var e de 21 minutos no DDD-His (p < 0,001), favorecendo a técnica parahissiana. A duração média do QRS aumentou nos pacientes do DDD-Var (114,7 ms pré-MPd e 128,2 ms pós-implante, p = 0,044). A detecção da onda R foi de 11,2 mV no grupo DDD-Var e de 6,0 mV no DDD-His (p = 0,001). Conclusão A ECA parahissiana comprova recrutamento indireto do feixe de His, mostrando-se uma estratégia eficaz e comparável à ECA fisiológica ao resultar em contração ventricular sincrônica similar à obtida por captura hissiana não seletiva.


Abstract Background Artificial cardiac pacing by direct or indirect His bundle capture results in synchronous ventricular contraction (physiological pacing). Objectives To compare cardiac synchronization, technical characteristics, and electronic parameters between two techniques of indirect His-bundle pacing: non-selective (NS-HBP) vs para-Hisian pacing (PHP). Methods The experimental intervention (between November 2019 and April 2020) consisted of implanting a DDD pacemaker in patients who had left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 35%. The resulting cardiac synchronization was compared using an electrocardiographic algorithm that analyzed QRS variation and the technical characteristics of non-selective Hisian pacing (DDD-His) and para-Hisian pacing (DDD-Var). Results Of 51 total patients (men: 28), 66.7% (34) were allocated to the DDD-Var group and 33.3% (17) to the DDD-His group. The mean ages in each group were 74 and 79 years, respectively. In the DDD-Var group, QRS variation (ventricular synchrony) improved after implantation (p < 0.001). In post-implantation ECG, 91.2% of the DDD-Var group presented a physiological pacing pattern, which was similar to the DDD-His group (88.2%; p = 0.999). The paced QRS axis was also similar (physiological) for both groups. Intraoperative fluoroscopy time (XRay) during implantation was lower for the para-Hisian technique (median 7 min in the DDD-Var group vs 21 min in the DDD-His group, p < 0.001). The mean QRS duration increased in the DDD-Var group (114.7 ms pre-implantation vs 128.2 ms post-implantation, p = 0.044). The mean post-implantation R-wave amplitude was 11.2 mV in the DDD-Var group vs 6.0 mV in the DDD-His group, p = 0.001. Conclusion Para-Hisian pacing appears to indirectly recruit the His bundle, which would make this an effective and comparable strategy for physiological pacing, resulting in synchronous ventricular contraction similar to that of non-selective Hisian pacing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Bundle of His , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Stroke Volume , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography/methods
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 142-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch pacing(LBBP) in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 35 patients underwent TAVI and received pacemaker implantation from January 2018 to December 2020 in Beijing Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Patients were divided into LBBP group (n=12) and right ventricular apex pacing (RVAP) group (n=23) according to the pacing position. The success rate of operation in LBBP group was calculated, and the occurrence of complications were observed, and the parameters of pacemaker were measured on the 3rd day and 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. The N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), echocardiographic and ECG indexes were compared between the two groups on the 3rd day and 1, 3, and 6 months after pacemaker implantation. Result: A total of 35 patients were included, The age was (76.4±7.7) years, including 19 males (54.3%). The procedure time ((86.58±17.10)min vs. (68.74±9.18)min, P<0.001) and fluoroscopy duration ((20.08±4.44)min vs. (17.00±2.26)min, P<0.001) were significantly longer in LBBP group compared with RVAP group. The operation success rate of LBBP group was 11/12. There was no serious operation related complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and lower limb bleeding. The patients were followed up for 7.43 (5.21, 9.84) months. The programmed parameters of pacemaker were in the ideal range and stable during follow-up. At 3 and 6 months after operation, the left ventricular ejection fraction in LBBP group was higher than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: (60.75±2.89)% vs. (57.35±3.33)%, P=0.004; at 6 months: (63.17±3.33)% vs. (56.17±3.97)%, P<0.001), NT-proBNP values was lower in LBBP group than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: 822 (607, 1 150)ng/L vs. 1 052 (902, 1 536)ng/L, P=0.006; at 6 months: 440 (330,679)ng/L vs. 783 (588, 1 023)ng/L, P=0.001). At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, the QRS duration was shorter in LBBP group than that in RVAP group (1 month: 99 (97, 107)ms vs. 126(124, 130)ms, P<0.001; 3 months: 98(96, 105)ms vs. 129(128, 133)ms, P<0.001; 6 months: 96(94, 104)ms vs. 130(128, 132)ms, P<0.001). Conclusions: For patients with permanent pacemaker indications after TAVI, LBBP is feasible, safe and reliable. It could improve the cardiac function in the short term, the long-term effect of LBBP needs to be further observed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939625

ABSTRACT

The judgment of the type of arrhythmia is the key to the prevention and diagnosis of early cardiovascular disease. Therefore, electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis has been widely used as an important basis for doctors to diagnose. However, due to the large differences in ECG signal morphology among different patients and the unbalanced distribution of categories, the existing automatic detection algorithms for arrhythmias have certain difficulties in the identification process. This paper designs a variable scale fusion network model for automatic recognition of heart rhythm types. In this study, a variable-scale fusion network model was proposed for automatic identification of heart rhythm types. The improved ECG generation network (EGAN) module was used to solve the imbalance of ECG data, and the ECG signal was reproduced in two dimensions in the form of gray recurrence plot (GRP) and spectrogram. Combined with the branching structure of the model, the automatic classification of variable-length heart beats was realized. The results of the study were verified by the Massachusetts institute of technology and Beth Israel hospital (MIT-BIH) arrhythmia database, which distinguished eight heart rhythm types. The average accuracy rate reached 99.36%, and the sensitivity and specificity were 96.11% and 99.84%, respectively. In conclusion, it is expected that this method can be used for clinical auxiliary diagnosis and smart wearable devices in the future.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Databases, Factual , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Rate , Humans
12.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 87-94, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346346

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: To the best of our knowledge, there are studies related to QT and QTc interval in patients with hypocalcemia, but there are no studies evaluating T wave peak and end interval (Tp-e interval), Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios used to evaluate cardiac arrhythmia risk and ventricular repolarization changes rates. Objectives: Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether there is a change in Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios in patients with hypocalcemia. Methods: Retrospectively, 29 patients with hypocalcemia in the emergency department were included in the study. Twenty-nine patients with similar age and sex distribution were included in the study as the control group. All patients underwent 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG). In addition to routine measurements, Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were measured on ECG. The study data were grouped as patients with and without hypocalcemia. Results: The mean age of the patients was 66.24 ± 4.95 years. QTc interval, Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc values were found to be significantly higher in patients with hypocalcemia (p <0.001 for each). QTc interval, Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc ratio showed a significant negative correlation with calcium levels. Conclusion: Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc ratios are significantly increased in patients with hypocalcemia compared to those without hypocalcemia and this can be used more effectively in the follow-up of cardiac fatal arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/mortality , Long QT Syndrome/complications , Hypocalcemia/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Electrocardiography/methods , Hypocalcemia/epidemiology
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(8): 1223-1230, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389571

ABSTRACT

Acute Coronary Syndrome with ST segment elevation requires rapid reperfusion, which is why the timely identification of these conditions, based on the patient's symptoms and the correct interpretation of the EKG, is essential for therapeutic decisions. We report three patients with True Posterior Infarction and their difficult EKG diagnosis. The classic 12-lead EKG method is often not capable of supporting the diagnosis, so we recommend the use of posterior leads and mirror images observing inverted V1-V2-V3 leads on the classic EKG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Electrocardiography/methods
17.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 358-362, Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288604

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A new exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) detection system was investigated in this study to diagnose and analyze cardiopulmonary function and related diseases in a comprehensive and timely manner and improve the accuracy of diagnosis. Besides, its reliability and clinical applicability were judged. Objective: A new type of exercise ECG detection system was constructed by adding parameters such as respiratory mechanics, carbon dioxide, and oxygen concentration monitoring based on the traditional ECG detection system. Methods: The new system constructed in this study carried out the ECG signal detection, ECG acquisition module, blood pressure and respiratory mechanics detection and conducted a standard conformance test. Results: The heart rate accuracy detected by the exercise ECG system was greatly higher than that of the doctor's manual detection (P < 0.05). The accuracy of the new exercise ECG detection system increased obviously in contrast to that of the manual detection result (P < 0.05). The key technical index input noise and input impedance test results (24.5 μV and 12.4 MΩ) of the exercise ECG detection system conformed to the standard (< 30 μV and > 2.5 MΩ). The common-mode rejection and sampling rate test results (103.5 dB and 515 Hz) of key technical indicators in the exercise ECG detection system were all in line with the standards (≥89 dB and ≥500 Hz). Conclusion: The complete exercise ECG detection system was constructed through the ECG acquisition module, blood pressure detection, and respiratory mechanics detection module. In addition, this system could be applied to detect ECG monitoring indicators with high accuracy and reliability, which could also be extensively adopted in clinical diagnosis. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Um novo sistema de detecção de eletrocardiograma de exercício (ECG) foi investigado neste estudo para diagnosticar e analisar a função cardiopulmonar e doenças relacionadas de maneira abrangente e oportuna e melhorar a precisão do diagnóstico. Além disso, sua confiabilidade e aplicabilidade clínica foram julgadas. Objetivo: Um novo tipo de sistema de detecção de ECG de esforço foi construído adicionando parâmetros como mecânica respiratória, dióxido de carbono e monitoramento da concentração de oxigênio com base no sistema de detecção de ECG tradicional. Métodos: O novo sistema construído neste estudo realizou a detecção do sinal de ECG, módulo de aquisição de ECG e detecção de pressão arterial e mecânica respiratória, e conduziu um teste de conformidade padrão. Resultados: A precisão da frequência cardíaca detectada pelo sistema de ECG de esforço foi muito maior do que a detecção manual do médico (P <0,05). A precisão do novo sistema de detecção de ECG de esforço aumentou obviamente em contraste com o resultado da detecção manual (P <0,05). O ruído de entrada do índice técnico principal e os resultados do teste de impedância de entrada (24,5 μV e 12,4 MΩ) do sistema de detecção de ECG de esforço estão em conformidade com o padrão (<30 μV e> 2,5 MΩ). A rejeição do modo comum e os resultados do teste de taxa de amostragem (103,5 dB e 515 Hz) dos indicadores técnicos principais no sistema de detecção de ECG de esforço estavam todos alinhados com os padrões (≥89 dB e ≥500 Hz). Conclusão: O sistema completo de detecção de ECG de esforço foi construído através da combinação de módulo de aquisição de ECG, detecção de pressão arterial e módulo de detecção de mecânica respiratória. Além disso, esse sistema poderia ser aplicado à detecção de indicadores de monitoramento de ECG com alta precisão e confiabilidade, o que poderia ser amplamente adotado no diagnóstico clínico. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: En este estudio se investigó un nuevo sistema de detección de electrocardiograma de esfuerzo (ECG) para diagnosticar y analizar la función cardiopulmonar y enfermedades relacionadas de manera integral y oportuna, y mejorar la precisión del diagnóstico. Además, se evaluó su confiabilidad y aplicabilidad clínica. Objetivo: Se construyó un nuevo tipo de sistema de detección de ECG de ejercicio agregando parámetros como la mecánica respiratoria, el dióxido de carbono y el monitoreo de la concentración de oxígeno sobre la base del sistema de detección de ECG tradicional. Métodos: El nuevo sistema construido en este estudio llevó a cabo la detección de la señal de ECG, el módulo de adquisición de ECG y la detección de la presión arterial y la mecánica respiratoria, y realizó una prueba de conformidad estándar. Resultados: la precisión de la frecuencia cardíaca detectada por el sistema de ECG de ejercicio fue mucho mayor que la de la detección manual del médico (P <0,05). La precisión del nuevo sistema de detección de ECG de esfuerzo aumentó obviamente en contraste con el resultado de la detección manual (P <0.05). Los resultados de la prueba de impedancia de entrada y ruido de entrada de índice técnico clave (24,5 μV y 12,4 MΩ) del sistema de detección de ECG de esfuerzo cumplieron con el estándar (<30 μV y> 2,5 MΩ). Los resultados de la prueba de frecuencia de muestreo y rechazo en modo común (103,5 dB y 515 Hz) de los indicadores técnicos clave en el sistema de detección de ECG de esfuerzo estaban en línea con los estándares (≥89 dB y ≥500 Hz). Conclusión: El sistema completo de detección de ECG de ejercicio se construyó mediante la combinación del módulo de adquisición de ECG, la detección de la presión arterial y el módulo de detección de la mecánica respiratoria. Además, este sistema podría aplicarse a la detección de indicadores de monitoreo de ECG con alta precisión y confiabilidad, que también podría adoptarse ampliamente en el diagnóstico clínico. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Electrocardiography/methods , Exercise Test , Heart Function Tests/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(2): 179-187, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154555

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) causes electrical heterogeneity on ventricular myocardium and ventricular arrhythmia due to myocardial ischemia linked to ventricular repolarization abnormalities. Objective Our aim is to investigate the impact of increased level of CAD spectrum and severity on ventricular repolarization via Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios. Methods 127 patients with normal coronary artery (group 1), 129 patients with stable CAD (group 2) and 121 patients with acute coronary syndrome (group 3) were enrolled. Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were evaluated as well as baseline demographic and clinical parameters. Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA test was used for comparing quantitative variables with abnormal distribution while One-Way ANOVA test was used for comparing the means between groups with normal distribution. Tukey HSD and Welch tests were used for subgroups analyses with normal distribution. Spearman analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between clinical variables and repolarization markers. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Tp-e interval [66(50-83), 71(59-82) and 76(64-86); group 1,2 and 3 respectively, p<0.001], Tp-e/QT (0.170.02, 0.180.01 and 0,190.01; group 1,2 and 3 respectively, p<0.001) and Tp-e/QTc (0.150.02, 0.160.02 and 0.170.02; group 1,2 and 3 respectively, p<0.001) ratios were found to be associated with increased level of CAD spectrum. Syntax score was positively correlated with Tp-e interval (r=0.514, p<0.001), Tp-e/QT (r=0.407, p<0.001), and Tp-e/QTc ratios (r=0.240, p<0.001). Conclusion Prolonged Tp-e interval and increased Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were detected in the presence of CAD and especially in patients with acute ischemic syndromes. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Electrocardiography/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Reference Values , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(1): 89-98, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Acute cardiac injury is associated with higher mortality in patients with the novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) and the exact etiology can be challenging to diagnose in the emergency setting during the pandemic. From a pathophysiological perspective, SARS-CoV-2 infection is characterized by an overproduction of inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-alpha) that leads to systemic inflammation and consequent increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) caused by atheromatous plaque rupture and significant myocardial oxygen supply-demand imbalance. Moreover, SARS-CoV-2 tropism to the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system through the ACE2 receptor induces myocarditis that may rapidly progress to left ventricular dysfunction and hemodynamic instability. Myocardial inflammation with pericardial involvement, i.e. , myopericarditis, can progress to cardiac tamponade and obstructive shock. These cardiovascular complications, which are associated with a worse prognosis and higher mortality, can be associated with clinical manifestations, electrocardiographic changes, and troponin values similar to AMI. Thus, the diagnosis and treatment of patients with acute chest pain and dyspnea admitted to the emergency department is a significant challenge during the COVID-19 pandemic. Here, we provide a review of the literature focusing on a practical approach to acute coronary syndrome patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Electrocardiography/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , COVID-19/complications , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Troponin/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/etiology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , COVID-19/mortality , Myocardial Infarction/mortality
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