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1.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(2): e54511, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396769

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Paralisia Facial é uma das sequelas mais comuns em pacientes pós- Acidente Vascular Cerebral, podendo ocasionar uma série de consequências negativas para autopercepção. Objetivos: Avaliar autopercepção dos pacientes quanto à paralisia facial pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral na fase aguda e verificar se está relacionada às condições sociodemográficas e clínicas. Método: Trata-se de estudo descritivo observacional com 86 pacientes com paralisia facial pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade acima de 18 anos, escala de Glasgow maior que 13 e compreensão preservada. Dados sócio-demográficos e clínicos foram extraídos do prontuário. A mímica facial foi avaliada com protocolo House & Brackmann (1985) e a autopercepção quanto aos incômodos físicos e psicossociais pelo questionário de auto-avaliação da condição facial. Foram realizadas análises descritiva e de associação com significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: O grau de comprometimento da paralisia facial variou entre moderado a paralisia total. A maioria dos pacientes avaliou a face em repouso como boa, movimento da face como péssima e ruim, sendo os lábios com pior classificação. Os pacientes relataram muito prejuízo nas atividades sociais, muita insatisfação com a face e médio prejuízo da alimentação. A análise de associação revelou que a autopercepção da face em repouso está associada ao sexo e ao comprometimento neurológico. Conclusão: Os pacientes na fase aguda do Acidente Vascular Cerebral possuem autopercepção de que a paralisia facial impacta no movimento dos lábios e atividades psicossociais, sendo pior para as mulheres e naqueles com o nível de comprometimento neurológico moderado e grave.


Introduction: Facial palsy is one of the most common sequelae in post-stroke patients, bringing a series of negative consequences for self-perception. Objective: To evaluate patients' self-perception regarding facial palsy after acute stroke and verify if it is related to sociodemographic and clinical conditions. Method: This is a descriptive observational study with 86 patients with facial paralysis after acute stroke admitted to a public hospital. The inclusion criteria were age over 18 years, Glasgow scale above 13 and preserved understanding. Socio-demographic and clinical data were extracted from the medical records. Facial mimicry was assessed using the House & Brackmann protocol (1985) and self-perception of physical and psychosocial discomfort using the facial condition self-assessment questionnaire. Descriptive and association analyses were performed with statistical significance of 5%. Results: The degree of impairment of facial paralysis varied from moderate to total paralysis. Most patients rated the resting face as good, face movement as very bad and bad, with the lips being the worst rated. The patients reported a lot of damage in social activities, a lot of dissatisfaction with the face and medium impairment on eating. The association analysis revealed that self-perception of the face at rest is associated with sex and neurological impairment. Conclusion: Patients in the acute phase of stroke have a self-perception that facial paralysis impacts on lip movement and psychosocial activities, being worse for women and those with moderate and severe neurological impairment.


Introducción: La parálisis facial es una de las secuelas más comunes en pacientes post-accidente cerebrovascular, que puede causar una serie de consecuencias negativas para la auto-percepción. Objetivos: Evaluar la auto-percepción de los pacientes con respecto a la parálisis facial después del accidente cerebrovascular en la fase aguda y verificar si está relacionada con condiciones sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: Este es un estudio descriptivo observacional con 86 pacientes con parálisis facial después del accidente cerebrovascular. Los criterios de inclusión tenían una edad superior a los 18 años, glasgow escalaba más de 13 y se conservaba la comprensión. Los datos sociodemográficos y clínicos se extrajeron de los registros médicos. El mimetismo facial fue evaluado usando el protocolo house &brackmann (1985) y la auto-percepción de las molestias físicas y psicosociales explora la autoevaluación de la condición facial. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y asociativos con una significación estadística del 5%. Resultados: El grado de afectación de la parálisis facial osciló entre la parálisis moderada y total. La mayoría de los pacientes calificaron la cara en reposo como buena, el movimiento facial como malo y malo, siendo los labios los peor valorados. Los pacientes reportaron mucho deterioro en las actividades sociales, mucha insatisfacción con el deterioro facial y medio de los alimentos. El análisis de la asociación reveló que la autopercepción de la cara en reposo se asocia con el sexo y el deterioro neurológico. Conclusión: Los pacientes en la fase aguda del accidente cerebrovascular tienen la autopercepción de que la parálisis facial afecta el movimiento de los labios y las actividades psicosociales, siendo peor para las mujeres y aquellos con el nivel de deterioro neurológico moderado y grave.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Self Concept , Stroke/complications , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Psychosocial Impact , Facial Expression , Sociodemographic Factors
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927400

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor WU Xu 's experience of sequential therapy for peripheral facial paralysis. The sequential therapy refers to a staging treatment, but not rigidly adheres to it. With this therapy, the acupuncture- moxibustion regimen is modified flexibly in line with the specific symptoms of illness. At the acute phase of peripheral facial paralysis, warm acupuncture at Wangu (GB 12) is predominated and electroacupuncture is not recommended at the acupoints on the face. At the recovery phase, warm acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) is the main therapy and electroacupuncture is applied to the acupoints on the face appropriately. Besides, for the intractable case, the tapping technique with plum-blossom needle or skin needle should be combined and exerted in the local affected region. At the sequelae phase, in order to shorten the duration of illness, depending on the different types of facial paralysis, i.e. stiffness type, spasmodic type and flaccid type, the corresponding needling techniques are provided, i.e. bloodletting and moxibustion, strong stimulation with contralateral acupuncture and the technique for promoting the governor vessel and warming up yang.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Humans , Moxibustion
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928858

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews some recent studies on the recognition and evaluation of facial paralysis based on artificial intelligence. The research methods can be divided into two categories: facial paralysis evaluation based on artificial selection of patients' facial image eigenvalues and facial paralysis evaluation based on neural network and patients' facial images. The analysis shows that the method of manual selection of eigenvalues is suitable for small sample size, but the classification effect of adjacent ratings of facial paralysis needs to be further optimized. The neural network method can distinguish the neighboring grades of facial paralysis relatively well, but it has a higher requirement for sample size. Both of the two methods have good prospects. The features that are more closely related to the evaluation scale are selected manually, and the common development direction may be to extract the time-domain features, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the evaluation accuracy of facial paralysis.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Face , Facial Paralysis/diagnosis , Humans , Neural Networks, Computer
4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 625-630, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355737

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Como los otros herpesvirus alfa, el virus de la varicela-zóster (VZV) permanece en estado de latencia en los ganglios neurales después de la infección primaria (varicela). La reactivación de una infección latente por VZV en los ganglios de la raíz dorsal, produce el herpes zóster. La erupción que este provoca se caracteriza por lesiones cutáneas metaméricas que se acompañan de dolor neurítico y comprometen con mayor frecuencia a ancianos y sujetos inmunocomprometidos, en especial, aquellos infectados con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (HIV). Las complicaciones que se observan en esta población de pacientes incluyen neumonía, hepatitis y compromiso del sistema nervioso central (meningitis y encefalitis). Varios síndromes clínicos se asocian con el herpes zóster de localización craneal, incluida la parálisis facial periférica y el síndrome de Ramsay-Hunt, el cual constituye la segunda causa de parálisis facial periférica y tiene una gran variedad de presentaciones clínicas. La parálisis facial se presenta en 60 a 90 % de los casos de síndrome de Ramsay-Hunt, puede preceder o aparecer después de las lesiones cutáneas y tiene peor pronóstico que la parálisis de Bell. Se describen aquí dos casos de herpes zóster del ganglio geniculado, con parálisis facial periférica que coincidió con la aparición de las lesiones cutáneas vesiculosas en el conducto auditivo externo y el pabellón auricular (síndrome de Ramsay-Hunt multimetamérico). En ambos casos, se identificó el genoma del VZV mediante PCR en el líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR).


Abstract | Like other alpha-herpesviruses, the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) remains latent in the neural ganglia following the primary varicella infection. The reactivation of the VZV in the dorsal root ganglia results in herpes zoster. Herpes zoster eruption is characterized by localized cutaneous lesions and neuralgic pain mostly in older and immunocompromised persons, especially those living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most commonly reported complications include VZV pneumonia, meningitis, encephalitis, and hepatitis. Several neurologic syndromes have been described associated with herpes zoster localized in cranial areas including peripheral nerve palsies and the Ramsay-Hunt syndrome, which has a varied clinical presentation and is the second most common cause of peripheral facial paralysis. Facial paralysis in this syndrome occurs in 60 to 90% of cases and it may precede or appear after the cutaneous lesions with a worse prognosis than idiopathic Bell paralysis. Here we present two cases of herpes zoster from the geniculate ganglia with peripheral facial paralysis that appeared simultaneously with vesicular herpetic otic lesions (multimetameric Ramsay-Hunt syndrome). In the two cases, amplifiable varicella-zoster viral DNA was found in the cerebrospinal fluid by RT-PCR Multiplex.


Subject(s)
Facial Paralysis , Herpes Zoster , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369791

ABSTRACT

La Parálisis Facial (PF) es una condición infrecuente en pacientes pediátricos, representa un problema clínico relevante y conlleva diversas implicaciones. Tanto el curso natural como el tratamiento y pronóstico no se encuentran bien documentados en la literatura, más aún en sujetos sometidos a cirugía. Se presentan 2 casos de PF sometidos a cirugía reconstructiva, niño de 9 años y niña de 8, ambos casos revisados de forma retrospectiva. Se planteó un bordaje y evaluación kinésica estructurado como tratamiento para estos pacientes. El sistema de graduación facial Sunnybrook (SGFS) fue usado para evaluar resultados funcionales. Durante el seguimiento los sujetos mostraron mejoras continuas con una ganancia promedio de 30 puntos en el SGFS. En nuestra experiencia, la rehabilitación kinésica estructurada con el enfoque presentado, parece ser un coadyuvante efectivo en potenciar el proceso de recuperación de la función muscular y simetría facial en sujetos con PF sometidos a cirugía reconstructiva.


Facial Palsy (FP) is an uncommon condition in pediatric patients, it represents a serious linical problem and carries various implications. Both the natural course, as well as the treatment and prognosis are not well documented in the literature especially in subjects undergoing surgery. Two cases of FP undergoing reconstructive surgery are presented, a 9-year-old boy and an 8-year-old girl, both cases reviewed retrospectively. A structured kinesic approach and valuation was proposed as a treatment for these patients. The Sunnybrook Facial Grading System (SGFS) was applied to evaluate functional outcomes. During follow-up the subjects showed continuous improvement with an average increment of 30 points in the SGFS. In our experience, structured kinesic rehabilitation with the approach presented, seems to be an effective adjunct in enhancing the process of recovery of muscle function and facial symmetry in subjects with FP undergoing reconstructive surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Postoperative Period , Facial Paralysis/rehabilitation , Physical Therapy Modalities , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Recovery of Function
6.
Rev. fac. cienc. méd. (Impr.) ; 18(1): 36-41, ene.-jun. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1395494

ABSTRACT

El virus varicela zoster produce cuadros clínicos por reactivación del mismo en años posteriores a la primoinfección, en sujetos con condiciones particulares, como situaciones de estrés, inmunodepresión, radioterapia, estados infecciosos que cursen con fiebre, entre otros. El síndrome de Ramsay Hunt es uno de ellos. Se caracteriza por una tríada de parálisis facial periférica, vesículas herpéticas en oído externo y otalgia. Objetivo: pr esentar un caso típico del síndr ome de Ramsay Hunt, métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento realizado. Presentación de caso clínico: paciente femenina, de 21 años, originaria de Tegucigalpa, Honduras, se presentó al Hospital Escuela Universitario por cuadro de seis días de evolución, de cambios inflamatorios en el oído externo izquierdo, en la región del pabellón auricular y el conducto auditivo externo, con presencia de vesículas herpéticas eritematosas con costras y restos hemáticos, otorrea, hiperemia, prurito y otalgia intermitente. También refirió parálisis de hemicara izquierda de cuatro días de evolución. Examen físico: conducto auditivo externo izquierdo presentaba vesículas con costras. Hubo ptosis palpebral izquierda e incapacidad para realizar las mímicas faciales. Tratamiento intrahospitalario: aciclovir 800 mg vía oral cada 6 horas, dexametasona 8 mg IV cada 8 horas, diclofenaco 75 mg IV cada 12 horas; citidina-5- monofosfato disódico, más uridin-5-trifosfato trisódico, 1 comprimido cada 12 horas; mupirocina ungüento al 1Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. ORCID 0000-0002-2346-4209 2Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Departamento de Cirugía. Tegucigalpa, Honduras. 3Hospital Escuela Universitario, Departamento de Cirugía, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Autor de correspondencia: Paola Andrea Hincapié Gaviria, paolahincapie23@gmail.com Recibido: 10/07/2020 Aceptado: 03/03/2021 al 2%, aplicado en oído externo cada 8 horas y ejercicios de fisioterapia. Conclusión: el síndrome de Ramsay Hunt se diagnóstica, fundamentalmente, mediante hallazgos clínicos. El tratamiento empírico y adecuado, acompañado de una buena terapia posterior, anticipa un pronóstico favorable sin secuelas neurológicas...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Herpes Zoster Oticus/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Facial Paralysis/complications , Geniculate Ganglion
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-9, abr. 30, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381739

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Among the broad range of symptoms of the Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), patients can present craniofacial manifestations. Consequently, the participation of the dental surgeon in the evaluation of the stomatognathic system using a multidisciplinary approach model is very important. Objective: To identify the craniofacial and neurological manifestations of the Guillain-Barré Syndrome in patients from three hospitals in the district of Lambayeque, Peru, in 2019. Material and Methods: A descriptive, prospective, and cross-sectional study was carried out in 59 patients diagnosed with GBS by means of a clinical evaluation carried out by previously calibrated neurologists (k=0.911). Additionally, an oral evaluation of the oral hygiene index, the periodontal status, and the oral pH was carried out. Data were processed using frequency distribution tables. Results: 4 4.07% of the patients presented at least one functional alteration, such as unilateral limitation for facial expressions (25.42%), dysphagia (18.64%), alteration in phonation (11.86%), and loss of the sense of taste (6.78%), showing involvement of the corresponding cranial nerves. In addition, unfavorable conditions of oral hygiene and acid pH were observed in some cases, which proved adverse for the periodontal structures of the patients. Conclusion: The study found craniofacial manifestations of GBS, such as cases of unilateral facial palsy, dysphagia, difficulty in phonation, and loss of the sense of taste, due to the alteration of the cranial nerves that command these functions. In addition, poor oral hygiene, and the presence of acidic pH in some patients created an adverse environment for the integrity of the periodontal structures


Introducción: El Síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) dentro de su amplia sintomatología puede presentar manifestaciones craneofaciales, por lo que resulta importante la participación del cirujano dentista en la evaluación del sistema estomatognático desde un modelo de abordaje multidisciplinario. Objetivo: Identificar las manifestaciones neurológicas craneofaciales del Síndrome de Guillain-Barré en pacientes de tres establecimientos de salud de Lambayeque, Perú en el año 2019. Materiales y Metodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y transversal, con 59 pacientes diagnosticados con SGB, mediante una evaluación clínica realizada por médicos neurólogos previamente calibrados (k=0,911). Adicionalmente se realizó una evaluación bucodental del índice de higiene oral, del estado periodontal y del pH bucal, siendo procesados los datos mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencias. Resultados: El 44,07% de pacientes presentaron por lo menos una alteración funcional, identificando limitación unilateral para expresiones faciales (25.42%), disfagia (18.64%), alteración en la fonación (11.86%) y pérdida del sentido del gusto (6.78%), evidenciando compromiso de los pares craneales correspondientes. Además se observaron condiciones desfavorables de higiene oral y de pH ácido en algunos casos, que resultaron adversas para las estructuras periodontales de los pacientes. Conclusión: Fueron encontradas manifestaciones craneofaciales del SGB, identificando casos con parálisis facial unilateral, disfagia, dificultad para la fonación y pérdida del sentido del gusto, debido a la alteración de los pares craneales que comandan esas funciones. Además las condiciones desfavorables de higiene oral y la presencia de pH ácido en algunos casos, propiciaron un ambiente adverso para la integridad de las estructuras periodontales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Peru/epidemiology , Phonation , Acids , Oral Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cranial Nerves , Facial Expression , Facial Paralysis
11.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2462, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339240

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo comparar os resultados da reabilitação da paralisia facial pós-acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico na fase aguda, com e sem o uso da Kinesio Taping. Métodos estudo experimental caso e controle com 46 pacientes com paralisia facial pós-acidente vascular cerebral, distribuídos em dois grupos de forma randomizada, para a reabilitação da mímica facial: o grupo caso realizou terapia miofuncional orofacial e fez uso da Kinesio Taping nos músculos zigomáticos maior e menor e o grupo controle apenas terapia miofuncional orofacial. Para avaliação da paralisia facial, foi utilizada a escala de House e Brackmann e o protocolo de incompetência do movimento para as medições da face. Todos os participantes realizaram 12 dias de intervenção fonoaudiológica para a reabilitação da mímica facial. Para análise, considerou-se a incompetência do movimento por meio das medidas da face e o grau de comprometimento da paralisia facial e foi verificado se a idade poderia ter influenciado os resultados. Foram realizadas análises de associação e o nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados os dois grupos apresentaram melhora da assimetria facial após intervenção fonoaudiológica, a incompetência do movimento foi menor em todas as medidas da face e a melhora da gravidade da paralisia facial foi semelhante, sem diferença estatística entre os tratamentos. Conclusão tanto a terapia miofuncional orofacial exclusiva, como associada ao uso da Kinesio Taping, são estratégias terapêuticas que promovem melhora da paralisia facial pós-acidente vascular cerebral.


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare the results of treatment of facial paralysis after ischemic stroke in the acute phase with and without the use of Kinesio Taping. Methods Experimental case-control study with 46 patients with facial paralysis after stroke, randomly assigned to two groups for treatment of facial mimicry: the case group underwent orofacial myofunctional therapy and used Kinesio Taping on the zygomatic major and minor muscles while the control group only received orofacial myofunctional therapy. To assess facial paralysis, the House and Brackmann scale and the movement incompetence protocol were used for facial measurements. All participants underwent 12 days of treatment for facial mimicry. The analysis considered movement incompetence by means of the face measurements and the degree of impairment of facial paralysis, checking whether age might have influenced the results. Association analyses were performed and the significance level adopted was 5%. Results both groups showed an improvement in facial asymmetry after treatment, movement incompetence was lower in all facial measurements, and the improvement in the severity of facial paralysis was similar, with no statistical difference between treatments. Conclusion Both the exclusive orofacial myofunctional therapy and the one combined with Kinesio Taping are therapeutic strategies that promote improvement in post-stroke facial paralysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke , Facial Paralysis/rehabilitation , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Athletic Tape , Myofunctional Therapy , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
12.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2478, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350157

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos identificar e analisar a produção científica sobre as estratégias terapêuticas empregadas na reabilitação fonoaudiológica de pessoas com paralisia facial periférica (PFP). Estratégia de pesquisa foi realizada uma revisão integrativa, utilizando-se as bases de dados SciELO, PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect e Portal CAPES. Os descritores foram: paralisia facial e paralisia de Bell, combinados com reabilitação, terapia miofuncional e fonoaudiologia ou seus correlatos em inglês. Critérios de seleção estudos disponíveis na íntegra, que abordaram a reabilitação fonoaudiológica em pessoas com PFP, publicados no período entre 1999 e 2019, em português brasileiro, inglês ou espanhol. Resultados foram identificadas 650 publicações, mas apenas cinco artigos contemplaram os critérios de inclusão propostos. Dentre estes, a SciELO e PubMed obtiveram dois artigos incluídos cada. Além disso, a maioria foi publicada nos últimos dez anos e produzida no Brasil. O português brasileiro foi o idioma de publicação de três dos cinco artigos incluídos, não ocorrendo predominância de um nível de evidência específico. A descrição dos procedimentos utilizados não foi suficientemente detalhada nos estudos. Exercícios isotônicos e isométricos foram abordados mais frequentemente. A bandagem surgiu como recurso terapêutico em um estudo. Conclusão embora haja um grande número de artigos relacionadas à PFP, apenas cinco estudos descreveram procedimentos fonoaudiológicos para pessoas com PFP, com nível de evidência baixo. Portanto, novos estudos abordando o tema são necessários.


ABSTRACT Purpose identify and analyze the scientific production about the therapeutic strategies employed in the speech-language rehabilitation of people with peripheral facial paralysis. Research strategy an integrative review was performed using the SciELO, PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and Portal CAPES databases. The descriptors were: facial paralysis and Bell's palsy, combined with rehabilitation, myofunctional therapy and Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences or their correlates in english. Selection criteria studies available in their entirety, which addressed speech-language rehabilitation in people with peripheral facial paralysis, published between 1999 and 2019, in Brazilian Portuguese, english or spanish, were selected. Results 650 publications were identified, but only five articles met the proposed inclusion criteria. Among these, SciELO and PubMed obtained two articles included each. In addition, most were published in the last ten years and produced in Brazil. Brazilian Portuguese was the language of publication of three of the five included, with no predominance of a specific level of evidence. The description of the procedures used was not sufficiently detailed in the studies. Isotonic and isometric exercises were approached more frequently. Bandage emerged as a therapeutic resource in one study. Conclusion Although there are a large number of articles related to peripheral facial paralysis, only five studies described speech-language procedures for people with peripheral facial paralysis, with low level of evidence. Therefore, further studies addressing the topic are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myofunctional Therapy/methods , Bell Palsy/rehabilitation , Facial Paralysis/rehabilitation , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887484

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the specific clinical experience of professor


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/drug therapy , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Moxibustion
16.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(1): e13819, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287866

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to describe and analyze the clinical instruments that assess peripheral facial palsy through an integrative literature review. Methods: the precepts for this type of review were followed: research question, identification, selection of studies, and critical analysis. The Virtual Health Library (VHL), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Google Scholar, and PubMed databases were accessed to search for fully available articles published in national journals between January 2008 and July 2018. The terms used in the search were "Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences", "Evaluation", and "Facial Paralysis", in both English and Portuguese. The data obtained were organized per author, title, objective, instruments used, description of the instruments, and application procedures used in the articles. Results: out of the total 992 articles found, only 18 met the inclusion criteria of the research. In most of them, there was only the citation of the assessment instruments or considerations about them, without fully describing the application procedures. Conclusion: the study identified publications that indicate the use of clinical and speech-language-hearing assessment instruments. However, further detailing is necessary regarding the assessment procedures to help develop and refine the speech-language-hearing methodologies and techniques.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever e analisar os instrumentos clínicos de avaliação de paralisia facial periférica por meio da revisão integrativa de literatura. Métodos: foram seguidos os preceitos deste tipo de revisão: questão norteadora, identificação, seleção de estudos e análise crítica. As bases utilizadas foram: "Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS)", "Scientific Electronic Library (SCIELO)", "Google Acadêmico" e "Pubmed", na busca de artigos publicados em periódicos nacionais, no período entre janeiro de 2008 e julho de 2018, disponíveis na íntegra, sendo utilizados os termos: "Fonoaudiologia", "Avaliação" e "Paralisia Facial" e na língua inglesa: "Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences", "Evaluation" e "Facial Paralysis. Os dados obtidos foram organizados por autor, título, objetivo, instrumentos utilizados, descrição dos instrumentos e procedimentos de aplicação utilizados nos artigos. Resultados: de um total de 992 artigos encontrados, apenas 18 se encaixaram nos critérios de inclusão da pesquisa. Na maioria dos artigos encontrados, havia apenas citações ou considerações sobre instrumentos de avaliação, sem a plena descrição e procedimentos para aplicação. Conclusão: o estudo permitiu identificar publicações que indicam uso de instrumento de avaliação clínica e fonoaudiológica. No entanto, seria necessário detalhamento quanto a apresentação dos procedimentos de avaliação, visando cooperar na elaboração e no refinamento de metodologias e técnicas fonoaudiológicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Severity of Illness Index , Facial Paralysis/classification
17.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(1): 62-71, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1152175

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Ramsay Hunt (SRH) corresponde a la asociación de la parálisis facial periférica con una erupción vesicular localizada en el pabellón auricular, causada por el compromiso del ganglio geniculado secundario a una infección por el virus de la varicela-zóster (VVZ). Este síndrome es la segunda causa más común de parálisis facial atraumática y representa aproximadamente el 10 %-12 % de las parálisis faciales agudas, con una incidencia anual de 5 por cada 100 000 habitantes en Estados Unidos. El diagnóstico es principalmente clínico y entre las manifestaciones más destacadas se encuentran síntomas neurológicos como otalgia, tinnitus, hipoacusia asociada con parálisis facial junto a lesiones herpéticas características. Dentro de las complicaciones que se pueden presentar en esta entidad se encuentra, principalmente, la neuralgia posherpética, seguida de otras menos frecuentes como la encefalitis, el herpes zóster oftálmico y la mielitis. El manejo actual del SRH se basa en la aplicación de terapias duales con corticosteroides asociados a terapia antiviral, lo cual ha demostrado que el inicio temprano del tratamiento mejora el pronóstico y disminuye la aparición de complicaciones. El pronóstico de esta patología es inferior en comparación a patologías menos severas que comprometen el nervio facial (como la parálisis de Bell) y se ve impactado por varios factores como el inicio oportuno de tratamiento, el grupo etario y la presencia de comorbilidades.


Ramsay Hunt syndrome corresponds to the association of peripheral facial paralysis with a vesicular eruption located in the pinna, caused by the involvement of the geniculate ganglion secondary to infection by the varicella zoster virus. This syndrome is the second causes of atraumatic facial paralysis, representing approximately 10 %-12 % of acute facial paralysis, with an annual incidence of 5 per 100,000 inhabitants. The diagnosis is mainly clinical and among the most prominent manifestations are neurological symptoms such as otalgia, tinnitus, hypoacusis associated with facial paralysis together with characteristic herpetic lesions. Among the complications that may occur in this entity is mainly postherpetic neuralgia, followed by less frequent ones such as encephalitis, ophthalmic herpes zoster and myelitis. Current management of Ramsay Hunt syndrome is based on the application of dual therapies consisting of corticosteroids associated with antiviral therapy, showing that early initiation of treatment improves prognosis and reduces the appearance of complications. The prognosis of this pathology is inferior compared to less severe pathologies that compromise the facial nerve (Bell's palsy) and is impacted by several factors such as the timely initiation of treatment, the age group, and the presence of comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpes Zoster Oticus/diagnosis , Prognosis , Herpes Zoster Oticus/complications , Herpes Zoster Oticus/drug therapy , Herpesvirus 3, Human/isolation & purification , Facial Paralysis/virology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942461

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the outcomes of masseter nerve-innervated free gracilis muscle transfer for smile reanimation in adults and to explore surgical indications. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 37 patients (11 males, 26 females, with (40.3±12.7) years old)who underwent masseter nerve-innervated free gracilis muscle transfer for smile reanimation between 2016 and 2017 was performed. Patient-reported quality of life (facial clinimetric evaluation, FaCE), physician-reported facial function (eFACE facial grading scale), and oral commissure excursion were compared preoperatively and postoperatively. SPSS 11.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: Thirty-seven patients were followed up in one year after surgery. Significant postoperative improvements were demonstrated for commissure excursion with smile (preoperatively: (-1.2±3.1) mm, postoperatively: (6.1±3.5) mm, t=-31.1, P<0.01), ipsilateral FaCE (preoperatively: (29.4±14.1), postoperatively: (57.6±23.4), t=-38.1, P<0.01), eFACE score (Composite score t=-35.8, Static score t=-29.1, Dynamic score t=-41.3,Midface score t=-43.9, all P<0.01), respectively. Conclusion: Masseter nerve-innervated free gracilis muscle transfer is an good option for dynamic smile reanimation in adult patients who have undergone treatment for long-standing facial paralysis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Facial Paralysis/surgery , Female , Gracilis Muscle , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nerve Transfer , Quality of Life , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Smiling
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of conventional acupuncture combined with row-like puncture at sternocleidomastoid on peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. Acupuncture was applied at affected Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Quanliao (SI 18), Jiache (ST 6), Dicang (ST 4), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3) and Zusanli (ST 36) in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, row-like puncture was applied at sternocleidomastoid (1 needle was punctured at muscle origin and insertion respectively, 3 to 4 needles were row-like punctured at the connection line of muscle origin and insertion). The treatment was given once a day, 5 times were as one course, with 2-day interval, totally 4 courses were required in the both groups. The house-brackmann (H-B) facial nerve function grade, facial nerve function rating system-dynamic view rating scale score and facial disability index (FDI) scale score [including scores of FDI physical function (FDIp) and FDI social life function (FDIs)] before and after treatment were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the H-B facial nerve function grades were improved compared before treatment in the both groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional acupuncture, combination therapy with row-like puncture at sternocleidomastoid can improve the therapeutic effect of peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Humans , Needles , Punctures , Treatment Outcome
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