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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 231-235, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348219

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a aplicação da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem a um paciente com Fratura de Colo de Fêmur no período perioperatório. Metodologia: Relato de experiência realizado no centro cirúrgico de um hospital geral, o qual atende demanda espontânea da capital e do interior do estado da Bahia. O período de realização do estudo foi em agosto de 2019, na cidade de Feira de Santana- BA. Esta experiência foi fruto da vivência de acadêmicos de enfermagem do sexto semestre da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana. Foram respeitados os aspectos éticos da Resolução 466/2012. Resultados: Foi aplicada a Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem no Perioperatório a paciente idoso com fratura de colo de fêmur, conforme cinco fases do processo de enfermagem: Histórico, Diagnóstico, Planejamento, Implementação e Avaliação. Ressalta-se que o referido caso foi analisado de acordo com as Diretrizes Terapêuticas para Fratura de Colo de Fêmur, que demostraram a importância da aplicação da sistematização para um cuidado diferenciado ao paciente idoso com diagnóstico de fratura de fêmur, considerando que a população idosa cada vez mais vem alcançando a longevidade e as quedas são um dos eventos adversos que mais acometem essa população, seguido pela fratura. Conclusão: Este estudo pretende contribuir como instrumento gerencial e de cuidado relevante para a instituição no centro cirúrgico que visem acelerar o tempo de alta, minimizar o risco de complicações, reduzir os custos e favorecer a qualidade de vida dos pacientes idosos com fratura de fêmur a partir da sistematização da assistência de enfermagem perioperatória.


Objective: Describe the application of Nursing Care Systematization to a patient with a femoral neck fracture during the perioperative period. Methodology: Report of an experience carried out in the operating room of a general hospital, which cares for the spontaneous demand of the capital city and the interior of the state of Bahia. The study was held in August 2019 in the city of Feira de Santana, in the state of Bahia. This was the result of the academic experience of nursing students in the sixth semester at the State University of Feira de Santana. The ethical aspects of Resolution 466/2012 were respected. Results: Perioperative Nursing Care Systematization was applied to an elderly patient with a femoral neck fracture, according to five phases of the nursing process: History, Diagnosis, Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation. It emphasizes whether the case was analyzed according to the Therapeutic Guidelines for Femoral Neck Fractures, which demonstrated the importance of applying systematization for differentiated care for elderly patients diagnosed with femoral fractures, considering that the elderly population is living longer, and falls are one of the adverse events most frequently affecting such population, followed by fracture. Conclusion: This study aims at contributing as a relevant management and care instrument for the institution of any surgical center that aims at speeding up discharge time, minimizing the risk of complications, reducing costs, and favoring the quality of life of elderly patients with femur fracture from the systematization of perioperative nursing care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Students, Nursing , Femoral Fractures , Nursing Process , Quality of Life , Perioperative Nursing/education , Surgicenters/supply & distribution , Accidental Falls , Aged , Perioperative Period/nursing , Anesthesia/nursing , Nursing Care/organization & administration
2.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-7, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292580

ABSTRACT

Hip femoral head fractures are extremely uncommon, but likely associated with traumatic hip dislocations. Both lesions require emergent treatment to avoid further complications.19-year-old male patient was received after a high-energy motor vehicle accident with severe brain and thoraco-abdominal trauma and a displaced femoral head fracture with posterior hip dislocation with no acetabular fracture. An emergent open reduction and internal fixation with 2 headless screws was performed, as well as posterior capsule repair. After 1 month as an inpatient in Intensive Care Unit, he sustained a new episode of posterior hip dislocation. Consequently, a second successful surgical reduction was obtained, and hip stability was achieved by posterior reconstruction with iliac crest autograft fixed with cannulated screw and posterior structure repair. Two years later, he was able to walk independently and he does not present any signs of degenerative joint disease nor avascular necrosis.


Las fracturas de la cabeza femoral son extremadamente raras y están asociadas comúnmente con una luxación de cadera traumática. Ambas lesiones requieren tratamiento urgente con el objetivo de evitar complicaciones posteriores. Un paciente varón de 19 años fue trasladado tras un accidente de tráfico de alta energía en el que sufrió un traumatismo craneoencefálico y toracoabdominal grave, además de una fractura de cabeza femoral desplazada junto a una luxación posterior de cadera sin afectación acetabular. De manera urgente, fue intervenido mediante una reducción abierta y fijación interna de la fractura con dos tornillos canulados sin cabeza y reparación de la cápsula articular posterior. Tras un mes de ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, sufrió un nuevo episodio de luxación posterior de cadera. Debido a ello, se realiza una segunda intervención quirúrgica con reducción abierta y en la que se obtiene una adecuada estabilidad de la cadera mediante reconstrucción posterior con la adición de autoinjerto tricortical de cresta ilíaca y reparación capsular posterior. Después de dos años de seguimiento, el paciente deambula de manera independiente, sin dolor y sin signos degenerativos ni de necrosis avascular en las pruebas de imagen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur Head/injuries , Joint Dislocations/complications , Ilium/surgery
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 533-536, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341172

ABSTRACT

Abstract A deviated osteochondral fracture of the anterolateral tibia associated with fibular head avulsion in a 50-year-old patient is reported. In general, avulsion fracture of the iliotibial tract is associated with injuries in the cruciate ligament, in the meniscus and in lateral knee structures, as in the case herein reported.


Resumo Uma fratura osteocondral desviada da tíbia anterolateral associada a avulsão da cabeça da fíbula em um paciente de 50 anos é relatada. A fratura avulsão do trato iliotibial em geral está associada lesões do ligamento cruzado, do menisco, e das estruturas laterais do joelho, como no caso em questão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures , Femoral Fractures , Knee Injuries/surgery
4.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 57-62, jun. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284349

ABSTRACT

La rehabilitación de un paciente con fractura es progresivos y secuenciales para la mejora del foco de fractura, en especial en este tipo de fracturas con pérdida de sustancia ósea ya que suelen ser agresivas y de difícil resolución, por tanto, el tratamiento ortopédico es cuidadoso y complejo como la recuperación es prolongada sujeta a varios pasos según la progresión del paciente. El objetivo de este artículo es la de describir la secuencia de pasos en la rehabilitación de este tipo de fracturas, ya que no hay un manual claro para el manejo en rehabilitación de casos similares. El seguimiento y recuperación de este caso dura 8 meses dividida en 3 etapas de rehabilitación en un total de 122 sesiones, teniendo 4 evaluaciones en base a los tres parámetros de evaluación de ingreso: dolor, movimiento, postura y fuerza muscular, mejorando progresivamente estos aspectos.


The rehabilitation of a fractured patient is progressive and sequential for the improvement of the fracture focus, especially in this type of fractures with loss of bone substance since they are usually aggressive and difficult to resolve, so orthopedic treatment is careful and complex. as the recovery is prolonged subject to several steps depending on the patient's progression. The objective of this article is to describe the sequence of steps in the rehabilitation of this type of fractures, since there is no clear manual for the management in rehabilitation of similar cases. The follow-up and recovery of this case lasts 8 months divided into 3 stages of rehabilitation in a total of 122 sessions, having 4 evaluations based on the three parameters of admission assessment: pain, movement, posture and muscular strength, progressively improving these aspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone , Exercise Therapy , Diaphyses , Kinesiology, Applied , Femoral Fractures , Femur
5.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 34-38, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342663

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el primer reporte de caso en paciente adulto con virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH + ) con fractura por fragilidad en fémur proximal asociada al uso de terapia antirretroviral (TARV) con fumarato de disoproxilo de tenofovir (FDT) en Chile. Actualmente, los pacientes diagnosticados con VIH inician tratamiento precoz con TARV, lo que implica mayor cantidad de años de exposición a los fármacos de la terapia. El tiempo de exposición acumulado al FDT se ha asociado a disminución de la densidad mineral ósea y falla renal progresiva, pudiendo el paciente desarrollar síndrome de Fanconi adquirido y osteomalacia, con riesgo aumentado de fractura. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 44 años, VIH+ , evaluado en urgencia tras caída a nivel que resultó en fractura patológica del fémur proximal. Los exámenes de ingreso destacaron hipocalemia, hipocalcemia, hipofosfatemia e hipovitaminosis D. Se realizó manejo multidisciplinario, con suspensión del FDT, un cambio en la TARV, y suplementación con calcio y carga de vitamina D. Se realizó reducción cerrada y fijación con clavo cefalomedular largo, que evolucionó favorablemente con rehabilitación motora precoz; el paciente recuperó su funcionalidad previa, y se observó consolidación ósea a las 12 semanas. La aparición de dolor osteomuscular en pacientes VIH+ en TARV debe levantar alta sospecha clínica de efecto adverso a medicamento; el seguimiento de estos pacientes debe incluir el control seriado de la función renal y de los niveles séricos de calcio y fósforo. La búsqueda y sospecha de estas complicaciones permitiría una intervención precoz, mejorando la condición de los pacientes y previniendo fracturas patológicas.


We present the first case report of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adult patient with a fragility fracture of the proximal femur associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in Chile. Currently, patients diagnosed with HIV start ART early, resulting in more years of exposure to these drugs. The accumulated exposure time to TDF has been associated with a decreased bone mineral density and progressive renal failure, potentially leading to acquired Fanconi syndrome, osteomalacia, and an increased risk of fracture. We present a case of a 44-year-old, HIV-positive man assessed at the emergency room after a fall from standing height which resulted in a proximal femoral pathological fracture. Laboratory findings at admission revealed hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypovitaminosis D. Multidisciplinary management was performed, with TDF discontinuation, ART change, and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D. Closed reduction and fixation with a long cephalomedullary nail was successful, with early motor rehabilitation, functional recovery, and bone consolidation at 12 weeks. Musculoskeletal pain in HIV-positive patients on ART must raise the clinical suspicion of an adverse drug effect; the follow-up of these subjects must include serial monitoring of renal function and serum calcium and phosphorus levels. Screening and suspicion of such complications would enable an early intervention, improving the patients' condition and preventing pathological fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Femoral Fractures/chemically induced , Femoral Fractures/therapy , Tenofovir/adverse effects , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Bone Nails , Calcium/therapeutic use , Closed Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/instrumentation
6.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(1): 49-60, Mar 19, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284029

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Queda é o acidente que ocorre com maior frequência no idoso, sendo a principal causa de morte naqueles com mais de 65 anos. As fraturas do quadril ocupam um papel de grande importância, gerando grande problema de ordem clínica envolvendo pacientes e familiares e de ordem econômica para a sociedade. Objetivo: Coletar dados de questionário da admissão e correlacionar a presença de comorbidades prévias a mortalidade em 30 dias do pós-cirurgia. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo observacional não randomizado com 216 pacientes com fraturas cirúrgicas do quadril com 61 anos ou mais de idade atendidos no setor de emergência do Centro Hospitalar São Lucas na cidade de Niterói, RJ, no período de 30/03/2016 a 20/03/2018. Resultados: A incidência de óbito após a cirurgia do quadril é igual a 6,9% no primeiro mês. O paciente com fratura no quadril tem comorbidades cardiovasculares (75,9%). O óbito está associado à comorbidade hepática em 13,3% e ao baixo peso em 33,3%. O fato de ter duas ou mais comorbidades não está significativamente associado ao óbito. Conclusão: As comorbidades hepáticas, o baixo peso e a presença de disfunções cardiovasculares são importantes preditores prognósticos na mortalidade do paciente com mais de 61 anos após cirurgia de fratura do fêmur no primeiro mês. (AU)


Introduction: Falls are the leading cause of accidents and death in those aged 65 and above. The high incidence of these injuries impact patients, their families and it represents an economic problem for society. Objective: Collect data from the admission survey and correlate previous comorbidities to mortality in 30 days after surgery. Methods: Retrospective observational non-randomized study. 216 patients were included, aged 61 years or older, who were admitted at the emergency department of the Centro Hospitalar São Lucas in Niterói city, Rio de Janeiro. All the participants were candidates of hip fracture surgery between 03/30/2016 and 03/20/2018. Results: The mortality after hip surgery was 6.9% in the first month. Patients who underwent hip surgery had, previously, cardiovascular diseases (75.9%). Death was associated with liver comorbidity in 13.3% and low weight in 33.3%. The fact of having two or more comorbidities was not associated with death. Conclusion: Liver and cardiovascular diseases and low weight are important prognostic predictors in mortality of patients over 61 years of age after femoral fracture surgery in the first month. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Period , Aged , Comorbidity , Mortality , Femoral Fractures , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hepatic Insufficiency
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 109-113, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288640

ABSTRACT

Abstract The method presented here consists of a minimally invasive surgical technique for osteosynthesis of transtrochanteric fractures with Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) 135º. It is indicated in the treatment of 31-A1 and 31-A2 fractures (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen Classification - AO) that meet the prerequisites required for using DHS. The surgery is performed, preferably, before 48 hours after the fracture. With the use of the same instruments as the traditional surgical technique and the aid of the C-arm, a closed reduction of the fracture and implantation of the DHS is performed by a 2-cm surgical incision, through dissection of the underlying tissues, with minimal bleeding and damage to the soft parts. In the immediate postoperative period, the patient is encouraged to orthostatism and walk with full load, which anticipates hospital discharge and favors early functional rehabilitation. Outpatient return is scheduled at 2, 6, 12 and 24 weeks postoperatively, with radiographic evaluation to assess fracture healing.


Resumo O método aqui apresentado consiste em técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva para osteossíntese de fraturas transtrocantéricas com Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) 135º. Esta técnica é indicada no tratamento de fraturas 31-A1 e 31-A2 (Classificação Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen - AO) que cumpram os pré-requisitos exigidos para o uso do DHS. A cirurgia é realizada, preferencialmente, antes de 48 horas após o acometimento da fratura. Com a utilização do mesmo instrumental da técnica cirúrgica tradicional e auxílio do arco-C, realiza-se redução incruenta da fratura e implantação do DHS por incisão cirúrgica com 2 cm, através de dissecção dos tecidos subjacentes, com mínimo sangramento e agressão às partes moles. No pós-operatório imediato, o paciente é estimulado ao ortostatismo e à deambulação com carga total, o que antecipa a alta hospitalar e favorece a reabilitação funcional precoce. O retorno ambulatorial é agendado com 2, 6, 12 e 24 semanas de pós-operatório, com avaliação radiográfica, a fim de avaliar a consolidação da fratura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fracture Healing , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip , Hip Fractures
8.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e54726, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339649

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o tempo de espera para correção de fratura de fêmur, seus fatores associados e o desfecho de hospitalização. Método: Transversal exploratório, com a população de idosos ≥60 anos internados por fratura de fêmur no período de 2015 a 2017. Os dados foram coletados através do prontuário físico, com análises estatísticas considerando o nível de significância estatística de p<0,05. Resultados: Dos idosos estudados, 61,4% correspondem ao sexo feminino. Aqueles que permaneceram por mais do que sete dias à espera de cirurgia se associaram ao tempo de hospitalização maior do que 10 dias, lesão por pressão (p<0,001) e ao desfecho óbito (p=0,003). A média de permanência hospitalar foi de 13,8 dias e do tempo esperado pela cirurgia de 6,6 dias. A espera da realização do risco cirúrgico e vaga em unidade de terapia intensiva foram fatores que provocaram atraso na realização da cirurgia em 23,2% dos idosos. Conclusão: Esperar pela cirurgia por mais de sete dias aumentou o tempo de permanência hospitalar e a taxa de mortalidade. Além disso, a ausência de vaga de terapia intensiva e a espera pelo risco cirúrgico contribuíram para o atraso da cirurgia e seu desfecho.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el tiempo de espera para la corrección de fractura de fémur, sus factores asociados y el resultado de hospitalización. Método: transversal exploratorio, con la población de personas mayores ≥60 años internados por fractura de fémur en el período de 2015 a 2017. Los datos fueron recolectados a través del registro médico, con análisis estadísticos considerando el nivel de significancia estadística de p<0,05. Resultados: de los ancianos estudiados, 61,4% eran del sexo femenino. Aquellos que pasaron más de siete días a la espera de cirugía se asociaron al tiempo de hospitalización mayor que 10 días, lesión por presión (p<0,001) como desenlace el óbito (p=0,003). El promedio de permanencia hospitalaria fue de 13,8 días yel tiempo esperado por la cirugía de 6,6 días. La espera por la realización del riesgo quirúrgico y una cama en unidad de cuidados intensivos fueron factores que provocaron el retraso en la realización de la cirugía en 23,2% de los ancianos. Conclusión: esperar por la cirugía por más de siete días aumentó el tiempo de permanencia hospitalaria y la tasa de mortalidad. Además, la falta de camas en cuidados intensivos la espera por el riesgo quirúrgico contribuyeron para el retraso de la cirugía y su desenlace.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the waiting time for femoral fracture repair, its associated factors, and the outcome of hospitalization. Method: This is a cross-sectional exploratory study involving an elderly population aged ≥60 years old and admitted to hospital for femoral fracture from 2015 to 2017. Data were collected from physical medical records, with statistical analyses considering p < 0.05 as the level of statistical significance. Results: Of the studied elderly patients, 61.4% are female. Those who stayed for more than seven days waiting for surgery showed association with a hospital stay longer than 10 days, pressure injuries (p<0.001), and death as outcome (p=0.003). The average hospital stay was 13.8 days, and the expected time until surgery was 6.6 days. Waiting for the surgical risk assessment and waiting for a vacancy in the intensive care unit were factors that caused delay in the surgery among 23.2% of the elderly. Conclusion: Waiting for surgery for more than seven days increased the length of hospital stay and the mortality rate. In addition, the absence of intensive care unit beds and waiting for the surgical risk assessment contributed to the delay in the surgery and its outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , General Surgery , Aged , Femoral Fractures , Hospitalization , Unified Health System , Comorbidity , Health Personnel , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
9.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291978

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar a ocorrência de fraturas de fêmur proximal atendidas em um hospital secundário e em um terciário. Método: a amostra deste estudo foi composta por todos os pacientes que apresentaram fratura de fêmur proximal atendidos em dois serviços hospitalares, no período de 2015 a 2017, sendo realizada a avaliação dos prontuários. Resultados: embora um maior número de cirurgias tenha sido realizado no hospital terciário, os pacientes atendidos no hospital secundário apresentaram maior número de complicações, provavelmente em decorrência de mais tempo de espera pelo procedimento, incluindo as cirurgias que precisaram ser remarcadas. É provável, também, que esse fato tenha implicado em maior tempo de internação e necessidade de encaminhamento para UTI no período pós-operatório imediato, fenômenos também observados no hospital secundário. Conclusão: estes resultados chamam atenção para a necessidade de reformulação dos protocolos de atendimento a pacientes com fratura proximal de fêmur, visando sanar os problemas aqui apresentados.


Aim: to compare the occurrence of femur fractures treated in a secondary and in a tertiary hospitals. Method: the sample of this study consisted of all patients who had fractures of the proximal femur treated at two hospital services, from 2015 to 2017, and the medical records were evaluated. Results: a greater number of surgeries has been performed at the tertiary hospital, although the secondary hospital patients had the highest number of complications, resulted probably by longer waiting times for the procedure, including surgeries that needed to be scheduled. It is also likely that this fact implied in a longer hospital stay and the need for referral to the Intensive Unit Care in the immediate postoperative period, also observed in secondary hospitals. Conclusion: these results call attention to the need to reformulate the protocols for the care of patients with proximal fracture of the femur, to solve the problems presented here.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Femoral Fractures , Orthopedics , Health Profile , Secondary Care , Tertiary Healthcare , Traumatology , Orthopedic Procedures
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double plate combined with iliac bone graft in the treatment of femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing.@*METHODS@#From December 2008 to December 2017, double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft was used to treat femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing. There were 11 cases, including 10 males and 1 female, aged 35 to 62 years, and the time from fracture to nonunion was 12 to 20 months. According to Judet classification, there were 8 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 cases of proliferative nonunion. Regular follow-up was conducted after operation to record the fracture healing time, load-bearing activity time and complications, and to observe the repair effect of double plate fixation combined with iliac bone graft on nonunion after femoral shaft fracture operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 months. The operation time was 70 to 130 min and the blood loss was 180 to 350 ml. After operation, 2 cases had knee stiffness, which recovered after passive exercise with CPM machine for 2 weeks;1 case had pain in iliac bone donor area, which was relieved after 3 months. The time of fracture healing was 24 to 40 weeks, and the time of complete weight-bearing activity was 14 to 32 weeks. SF-36 quality of life score at the final follow-up:body pain 70 to 82, activty 70 to 82, social function 72 to 83, the overall health 72 to 82. At the end of the follow-up, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor wound healing, internal fixation failure (fracture, loosening).@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat nonunion of femur after intramedullary nailing by using double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the clinical efficacy of different types of surgical treatment of periprosthetic femoral fracture(PFF) after hip arthroplasty (HA).@*METHODS@#From September 2010 to September 2016, 47 patients (47 hips) with periprosthetic fractures after total hip arthroplasty were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 34 females. According to Vancouver classification, there were 2 patients with type AG, 17 patients with type B1, 19 patients with type B2, 7 patients with type B3 and 2 patients with type C. The age of patients ranged from 56 to 94 (71.5±8.3) years. After admission, nutritional risk screening (NRS2002) was used to assess the nutritionalstatus of the patients. Eighteen patients (38%) had malnutrition risk (NRS>3 points). After admission, the patients were given corresponding surgical treatment according to different types. Intraoperative blood loss was recorded. Harris score was used to evaluate the hip function. VAS pain score was performed on admission and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the 47 patients were followed up for 19 to 62 (34±11) months. The Harris scores were (41.8±12.1) and (89.0±2.6) respectively before and 1 year after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of hip periprosthetic fracture patients should be based on the general situation of patients, imaging data, intraoperative correction classification, etc. to develop individualized treatment plan in line with patients. For patients with preoperative malnutrition risk, preoperative nutritional intervention may reduce intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periprosthetic Fractures/surgery , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1702-1706, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143663

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence by gender and region, lethality, and costs associated with the treatment of femoral fractures in the elderly (≥ 60 years) hospitalized in the Unified Health System (SUS) of Brasil between 2008 and 2018. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, retrospective study of hospitalizations of elderly people due to femoral fractures by analyzing secondary data obtained from the SUS Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS) between 2008 and 2018; for calculation of epidemiological coefficients, we used information from demographic censuses (2000 and 2010) of the Brazilian Geography and Statistics Institute (IBGE). RESULTS: A total of 478,274 hospitalizations were recorded in the period; the incidence was 1.7 times higher in females (overall average of 274.91/100,000 for women and 161/100,000 for men). The Southeast region had the highest absolute number of hospitalizations and the South region presented the highest annual overall average incidence (224.02/100,000). The average annual cost for SUS for the treatment of femoral fractures in the elderly was R$ 99,718,574.30. CONCLUSIONS: In the evaluated period (2008-2018), femoral fractures in the elderly had a high incidence (478,274 hospitalizations; 224.02 cases/100,000 elderly), a predominance of females (1.7F/1.0M), a higher absolute number of hospitalizations in the Southeast region and a higher incidence in the South region; the lethality was high (an increase of 17.46%; overall mean coefficient of 4.99%/year); and the costs for the SUS were huge (an increase of 126.24%; average annual expenditure of R$ 99,718,574.30).


RESUMO OBJETIVOS: Descrever a incidência por gênero e região, a letalidade e os custos associados ao tratamento de fraturas do fêmur em idosos (≥ 60 anos) internados no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) do Brasil entre 2008 e 2018. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, descritivo e retrospectivo das internações de idosos por fraturas do fêmur mediante análise dos dados secundários obtidos do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS (SIH/SUS) entre 2008 e 2018; para cálculo dos coeficientes epidemiológicos, utilizamos informações dos censos demográficos (2000 e 2010) do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). RESULTADOS: Foram registradas 478.274 mil internações no período. A incidência foi 1,7 vezes maior no gênero feminino (média geral de 274,91/100.000 para mulheres e 161/100.000 para homens). A região sudeste obteve maior número absoluto de internações e na região sul apresentou a maior incidência média geral anual (224,02/100.000). O custo médio anual do SUS para o tratamento das fraturas de fêmur em idosos foi de R$ 99.718.574,30. CONCLUSÕES: No período avaliado (2008-2018), as fraturas do fêmur em idosos apresentaram alta incidência (478.274 mil internações; 224,02 casos/100.000 idosos), predomínio do gênero feminino (1,7F/1,0M), maior número absoluto de internações na região sudeste e maior incidência na região sul; a letalidade foi elevada (aumento de 17,46%; média geral do coeficiente de 4,99%/ano); e, os custos para o SUS foram vultuosos (aumento de 126,24%, média anual de gastos de R$ 99.718.574,30).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Femoral Fractures/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 708-714, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156187

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the incidence of prosthetic instability in a consecutive series of 42 cases of total hip arthroplasty using dual mobility cup. Methods A retrospective study of 38 patients undergoing primary or revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the acetabular dual-mobility cup (DMC) implant between January 2012 and January 2018. The rates of complications and instability after surgery were evaluated. Results In total, 42 arthroplasties were performed in 38 patients, with a minimum follow-up of 16 months. The mean age of the sample was 60 years. In 38 cases, we used a cementless DMC, and, in the other 4 cases, a cemented DMC. There were no cases of early or late instability. Conclusion The series herein presented proves the good result of the DMC in cases of primary arthroplasty, complex and complicated cases of failed osteosynthesis of proximal femoral fractures, and revision for THA instability. The absence of episodes of prosthetic instability and complications in complex cases of primary and revision THA increases the confidence in this concept.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a incidência de instabilidade protética em uma série consecutiva de 42 casos de artroplastia total do quadril com uso do acetábulo de dupla mobilidade. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de 39 pacientes que passaram por artroplastia total de quadril (ATQ) primária ou de revisão usando taça de dupla mobilidade (TDM) acetabular entre janeiro de 2012 e janeiro de 2018. Foram avaliadas as taxas de complicações e de instabilidade após a cirurgia. Resultados Foram feitas 42 artroplastias em 38 pacientes, com um seguimento mínimo de 16 meses. A média de idade da amostra foi de 60 anos. Em 38 casos, usamos TDM sem cimento, e nos outros 4 casos, TDM cimentada. Não houve instabilidade precoce ou tardia. Conclusão A série aqui apresentada prova o bom resultado da TDM em artroplastias primárias, casos complexos e complicados de falha de osteossíntese de fratura proximal do fêmur, e cirurgia de revisão por instabilidade na ATQ. A falta de episódios de instabilidade prostética e complicações em casos complexos de ATQ primária ou de revisão aumentou a confiança nesse conceito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Prosthesis , Hospitals, University , Acetabulum
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2512-2529, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150034

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el tratamiento ideal en las fracturas estables del extremo proximal de fémur lo constituye el Sistema Dinámico de cadera. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de su uso en dichas fracturas. Diseño metodológico: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de tipo longitudinal de los pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por fractura del extremo proximal de fémur en el Hospital Provincial José Ramón López Tabrane, de Matanzas en el periodo comprendido entre enero del 2013 y diciembre del 2015, quedando la muestra constituida por 128 pacientes. Resultados: encontramos un predominio de las femeninas (60%) y el grupo de edades más representado el de 70 a 79 años con 50 pacientes. Predominaron las fracturas extracapsulares con 122 pacientes, siendo dentro de la variedad del DHS la placa de 130 grados la más usada en 81% de los casos. Se operó el 78 % de los pacientes antes de las 2 horas, presentando 12 complicaciones locales, dentro de las cuales resaltó el colapso de la fractura con 4 pacientes. El 70 % de los pacientes apoyó antes de las 12 semanas, presentando 33 % de fallecidos en el primer año de operado. El 92 % de los pacientes fueron evaluados de bien al final de los resultados. Conclusiones: el Sistema Dinámico de Cadera constituye el método de osteosíntesis ideal en fracturas estables con muy buenos resultados funcionales y con temprana indicación de carga de peso; recomendamos su uso en las fracturas estables del extremo proximal de fémur por sus buenos resultados (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: the ideal treatment for stable fractures of the proximal end of the femur is the Dynamic Hip System. Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of its use in such fractures. Methodological design: a longitudinal, descriptive, observational study of patients operated on for fractures of the proximal end of the femur was carried out at the José Ramón López Tabrane Provincial Hospital, Matanzas, between January 2013 and December 2015. The sample consisted of 128 patients. Results: we found a predominance of females (60%) and the most represented age group was 70-79 years old with 50 patients. Extracapsular fractures predominated with 122 patients, being within the DHS variety the 130 degree plate the most used in 81% of the cases. Seventy-eight percent of the patients were operated before 2 hours, presenting 12 local complications, among which the collapse of the fracture stood out with 4 patients. Seventy percent of the patients supported before 12 weeks, presenting 33% of deaths in the first year of surgery. Ninety-two percent of the patients were evaluated as being well at the end of the results. Conclusions: The Dynamic Hip System constitutes the ideal method of osteosynthesis in stable fractures with very good functional results and with early indication of weight load;we recommend its use in stable fractures of the proximal end of the femur because of its good results (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Femoral Fractures/rehabilitation , Hip Fractures/rehabilitation , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Incidence , Frail Elderly , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hip Fractures/diagnosis
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 737-743, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1128945

ABSTRACT

Atropelamentos de animais silvestres são frequentes e muitas vezes causam fraturas ósseas que, se não tratadas adequadamente, levam à morte do animal por complicações ou por inabilidade de sobrevivência no seu habitat natural. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi relatar o uso de placa associada ao pino intramedular e ao biovidro 60S (BV60S) para o tratamento de fratura de fêmur em tamanduá-bandeira. O animal foi resgatado pela polícia ambiental com suspeita de atropelamento. Foi sedado para avaliação clínica e radiográfica, que revelou fratura em fêmur direito. Utilizou-se dexmedetomidina como medicação pré-anestésica, midazolam e cetamina para indução, e isoflurano para manutenção. Também foi realizado bloqueio peridural com bupivacaína e morfina. A osteossíntese foi feita com placa bloqueada 2,7 e pino intramedular 2,5. Colocaram-se 4g de BV60S no foco de fratura para favorecer a osteogênese. O paciente teve recuperação funcional imediata do membro acometido. A reparação óssea ocorreu por segunda intenção, observando-se ossificação completa do calo com consolidação clínica, aos 30 dias, e remodelação quase completa, aos 180 dias. Conclui-se que o uso de placa e pino associado ao BV60S é eficiente no tratamento de fratura de fêmur em tamanduá, permitindo a rápida recuperação e a reintrodução do animal na natureza.(AU)


Roadblocks of wild animals are frequent and often cause bone fractures that if not properly treated lead to the death of the animal due to complications or inability to survive in its natural habitat. The objective of the present study was to report the use of plate rod and bioglass 60S (BG60S) for the treatment of femoral fracture in anteater. The animal was rescued by environmental police on suspicion of being hit. It was sedated for clinical and radiographic evaluation, which revealed a fracture in the right femur. Dexmedetomidine was used as preanesthetic medication, midazolam and ketamine for induction, and isoflurane for maintenance. Epidural blockade with bupivacaine and morphine was also performed. Osteosynthesis was done with a locking plate 2.7 and 2.5 intramedullary pin. 4G of BG60S was placed in the focus of fracture to favor osteogenesis. The patient had immediate functional recovery of the affected limb. The bone repair occurred by second intention, with complete ossification of the callus with clinical consolidation at 30 days, and near complete remodeling at 180 days. It is concluded that the use of plate rod to the BG60S is efficient in the treatment of femur fracture in anteater, allowing the rapid recovery and reintroduction of the animal in the wild.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cingulata/surgery , Femoral Fractures/veterinary , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary , Osteogenesis/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone , Anesthesia, Conduction/veterinary
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 121-124, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092678

ABSTRACT

Abstract The use of cephalomedullary devices has gained popularity in the treatment of proximal femoral fractures. Despite their biomechanical advantages, several complications are well described in the literature. One of these complications, which is rarely reported, is the medial migration of the cephalic screw. The authors present this unusual complication in a case of a long-nail implant, which was treated with removal of the implants as a first step, and posterior osteosynthesis with a locked proximal femur plate as a second step, as well the outcome until fracture consolidation and resolution of the case.


Resumo O uso dos dispositivos cefalomedulares tem ganhado popularidade no tratamento das fraturas do fêmur proximal. Apesar das vantagens biomecânicas, várias complicações são descritas, entre as quais a migração medial do parafuso cefálico é pouco conhecida. Os autores apresentam um caso dessa complicação incomum em um implante de haste longa tratada em dois tempos cirúrgicos para a retirada dos implantes e posterior osteossíntese com placa bloqueada para fêmur proximal, assim como o desfecho até a consolidação da fratura e resolução do caso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Equipment and Supplies , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
17.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-7, 01/01/2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103705

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: apresentar um caso de coxa vara após tratamento de fraturas ipsilaterais da diáfise e do colo do fêmur com implante único e revisar sistematicamente a literatura sobre o assunto. Metodologia: foi realizada pesquisa em maio de 2019 nas bases de dados do PubMed, Clinicalkey e Google Scholar, com limite de data nos últimos cinco anos. Os seguintes termos de indexação foram usados para a busca: "intertrochanteric and ipsilateral shaft fractures" e " femoral neck and ipsilateral shaft fractures". Apenas estudos clínicos que apresentassem sugestões de manejo no tratamento de fratura do fêmur proximal e diafisário ipsilateral foram selecionados. Foram excluídos os estudos nos quais não apresentavam indicação da técnica de tratamento, assim como artigos de revisão e capítulos de livros ou periódicos não indexados. Resultados: finalizou-se a busca com número total de 21 artigos encontrados. Nenhum dos métodos de fixação disponíveis (implante único ou múltiplo) mostrou clara superioridade para abordar a associação de fraturas do fêmur proximal e diáfise do fêmur ipsilateral. No relato de caso, mesmo com a consolidação em varo do colo femoral, o quadro do paciente evoluiu bem. A fratura do colo era basocervical e, possivelmente, teve um comportamento mais próximo à fratura transtrocantérica, o que explica a evolução favorável, mesmo com desvio. Conclusão: nenhum método mostrou evidente superioridade ao outro. Deve-se atentar para a redução estável e a fixação rígida da fratura proximal, sobretudo do colo, embora a fixação da fratura diafisária não deva dificultar as ações sobre a fratura proximal.


Objective: to present a case of coxa vara after treatment of ipsilateral fractures of the shaft and femoral neck with a single implant and systematically review the literature on the subject. Methods: research was conducted in May 2019 in the databases of PubMed, Clinicalkey and Google Scholar, with date limit in the last five years. The following indexing terms were used for the search: "intertrochanteric and ipsilateral shaft fractures" and "femoral neck and ipsilateral shaft fractures". Only clinical studies that presented management suggestions for the treatment of proximal and ipsilateral femoral shaft fractures were selected. Studies in which they did not have an indication of treatment technique were excluded, as well as review articles and chapters of non-indexed books or journals. Results: the search was completed with a total number of 21 articles found. None of the available fixation methods (single or multiple implants) showed clear superiority to address the association of fractures of the proximal femur and diaphysis of the ipsilateral femur. In the case report, even with varus consolidation of the femoral neck, the patient evolved well. The neck fracture was basocervical and possibly had a behavior closer to the transtrochanteric fracture, which explains the favorable evolution, even with deviation. Conclusion: no method showed an evident superiority to the other. Attention should be paid to ensure stable reduction and rigid fixation of the proximal fracture, especially the neck, and fixation of the shaft fracture should not hamper the actions on the proximal fracture.


Subject(s)
Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation , Hip Fractures
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy under local anesthesia and general anesthesia proximal femoral nail anti-rotation(PFNA) fixation for intertrochanteric fracture of femur in high risk patients.@*METHODS@#From February 2018 to February 2019, 32 patients underwent PFNA operation due to intertrochanteric fracture of femur, including 16 patients undergoing PFNA operation under local anesthesia, 9 males and 7 females, aged 54 to 98 (82.43±9.30) years and hospitalized for (10.94±5.30) days;16 patients undergoing PFNA operation under general anesthesia, 6 males and 10 females, aged 51 to 83 (72.69±9.48) years and hospitalized for (12.88±4.12) days. The patients' gender, age, fracture AO classification, preoperative VAS (visual analogue score), preoperative ASA condition grade, postoperative 1st day resting state VAS, hospitalization cost and length of stay were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients recovered well, the wound healed well, and the ability of lower limb activity was restored. The average follow-up time was 4.6 months. There was significant difference in age between two groups (0.05). There was no significant difference on ASA between two groups (>0.05), but there was significant difference on ASA≥grade Ⅲ between two groups (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Under the multi-disciplinary diagnosisand treatment mode, the method of PFNA operation is safe and feasible, the patients with local anesthesia are older, and the proportion of patients with ASA≥grade Ⅲ is higher, which is better for some elderly high-risk patients than general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anesthesia, Local , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of bridging system in the treatment of severe comminuted femoral fracture.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to October 2018, 50 patients with severe comminuted femoral fracture including 35 males and 15 females, aged 48 to 72(54.6±8.7) years, were admitted. All cases were comminuted fractures of the femoral shaft, 16 with proximal femur fractures and 7 with distal femur fractures. All cases were all unilateral fractures, 23 on the left and 27 on the right. The time from injury to operation was 5 to 60 (26.7±13.3) hours. The cause of injury was traffic accident, 12 cases with high fall, 35 cases fell and 3 cases fell accidentally. The patients were treated with bridge combined internal fixation system, and the operative effect and fracture healing were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successful in all patients. There was no change to other fixed operation. The operation time was (75.8±12.3) min, the amount of bleeding was(356.4±64.8) ml, and there was no serious postoperative complications such as infection, internal fixation displacement, re fracture and nonunion. After 6 to 36 months follow-up, the fracture healing was evaluated by Warden's score. With the extension of observation time, Warden's score gradually increased, and the time of bone healing was(5.5±0.9) months. Harris score and HSS score were used to evaluate the function of hip and knee joint respectively. With the extension of time, Harris score and HSS score increased gradually. Six months after operation, Harris score was 83.5±11.2, HSS score was 79.7±10.5. During the follow-up period, there were no serious complications such as internal fixation displacement, re-fracture, nonunion of fracture and deep vein thrombosis of lower extremity.@*CONCLUSION@#The bridge combined internalfixation system has better safety and effectiveness in the treatment of severe comminuted femoral fracture. As long as the requirements of local anatomy and biomechanics are strictly mastered and the operation risks are fully evaluated in combination with imaging, the better fixation effect can be achieved. The operation has less trauma, fewer complications and simple operation, which is believed to have a wider application potential. Due to the limited sample size and follow-up time, no clinical control was set up, the results of the study still need to be further verified by prospective trials.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Comminuted , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of bridge combined internal fixation system in the treatment of periprosthesis fracture of femur after hip replacement.@*METHODS@#From October 2016 to June 2018, 5 patients of periprosthesis fractures of femur classified type B1 and type C in Vancouver were treated by open reduction and bridging combined with internal fixation, including 2 males and 3 females, with ages of 68, 70, 74, 75, 79 years;type B1 fractures in 4 and type C fractures in 1. Causes of injury:1 case of traffic injury, 4 cases of fall. After the operation, the patients were followed up for complications and fracture healing time by clinical and imaging examination, and Parker activity score was performed.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of 5 patients healed without infection. One case of DVT was confirmed by venography. Five patients were followed up, and the durations were 2, 8, 9, 10, 15 months. One patient died of myocardial infarction 2 months after operation. The average healing time was 12.5 weeks. No loss of reduction or failure of internal fixation was found. Two patients could walk without protection and 1 patient needed to rely on single crutch. One case of periprosthetic fracture had to walk with a single crutch before operation and move indoors with two crutches after operation. The average Parker activity score was 51.8% before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#The bridge combined internal fixation system can be used to fix the fracture after hip replacement with stable femoral prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Bone Plates , Female , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Humans , Male , Periprosthetic Fractures , General Surgery , Radiography , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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