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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367125

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir los tiempos de internación, cirugía y rehabilitación de una serie de pacientes con cadera flotante. El objetivo secundario fue comparar los resultados obtenidos en función de la reinserción laboral con los de pacientes que sufrieron fracturas de pelvis o acetábulo sin fractura femoral asociada. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y multicéntrico de pacientes con trauma de pelvis y acetábulo de alta energía, divididos en dos grupos de estudio según la presencia de fractura de fémur asociada homolateral (cadera flotante) para su comparación, durante el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 y marzo de 2019. Resultados: Se incluyó a 102 pacientes con trauma de pelvis o acetábulo agrupados en 2 poblaciones según la presencia de cadera flotante (cadera flotante 23; pelvis/acetábulo 79). Las medianas de días de internación [cadera flotante 15,5 (rango 4-193); pelvis/acetábulo 7 (rango 3-31); p = 0,0001] y de la cantidad de cirugías por paciente [cadera flotante 5 (rango 3-8); pelvis/acetábulo 2 (rango 1-4); p = 0,0001] fueron mayores en los pacientes con cadera flotante. Además, la incapacidad laboral temporaria fue más alta (p = 0,00012), sin diferencias significativas en la tasa de recalificación laboral (p = 0,11). Conclusión: La asociación de la lesión cadera flotante aumentó significativamente el tiempo de internación, los procedimientos quirúrgicos necesarios y el tiempo de recuperación según la incapacidad laboral temporaria en pacientes con trauma de pelvis o acetábulo. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Objective: We aim to describe the lengths of hospitalization, surgery, and rehabilitation of a series of patients with floating hip. As a secondary objective, to compare the outcomes obtained in terms of return to work in patients who had suffered fractures of the pelvis or acetabulum without an associated femoral fracture. Materials and Methods: Descriptive, retrospective, and multicenter study of patients with high-energy trauma to the pelvis and acetabulum divided into two study populations according to the presence of associated ipsilateral femur fracture (floating hip) for comparison, during the period January 2014 - March 2019. Results: 102 patients with pelvis and/or acetabulum trauma were included, grouped into 2 populations according to the presence of a float-ing hip (Floating hip: 23 patients; Pelvis/acetabulum: 79 patients). The median days of hospitalization [floating hip: median = 15.5 (range = 4-193); pelvis/acetabulum: 7 (3-31); p = 0.0001] and the number of surgeries per patient [FH: median = 5 (range = 3-8); pelvis/acetabulum: 2 (1-4); p = 0.0001] were higher in patients with floating hip. Additionally, temporary work disability was higher (p = 0.00012), with no significant differences in the rate of job retraining (p = 0.11). Conclusion: Floating hip significantly increased the length of hospitalization, necessary surgical procedures, and recovery times according to temporary work disability in patients with trauma to the pelvis and/or acetabulum. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Pelvis/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Femur/injuries , Hip Fractures , Acetabulum/injuries
2.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 57-62, jun. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284349

ABSTRACT

La rehabilitación de un paciente con fractura es progresivos y secuenciales para la mejora del foco de fractura, en especial en este tipo de fracturas con pérdida de sustancia ósea ya que suelen ser agresivas y de difícil resolución, por tanto, el tratamiento ortopédico es cuidadoso y complejo como la recuperación es prolongada sujeta a varios pasos según la progresión del paciente. El objetivo de este artículo es la de describir la secuencia de pasos en la rehabilitación de este tipo de fracturas, ya que no hay un manual claro para el manejo en rehabilitación de casos similares. El seguimiento y recuperación de este caso dura 8 meses dividida en 3 etapas de rehabilitación en un total de 122 sesiones, teniendo 4 evaluaciones en base a los tres parámetros de evaluación de ingreso: dolor, movimiento, postura y fuerza muscular, mejorando progresivamente estos aspectos.


The rehabilitation of a fractured patient is progressive and sequential for the improvement of the fracture focus, especially in this type of fractures with loss of bone substance since they are usually aggressive and difficult to resolve, so orthopedic treatment is careful and complex. as the recovery is prolonged subject to several steps depending on the patient's progression. The objective of this article is to describe the sequence of steps in the rehabilitation of this type of fractures, since there is no clear manual for the management in rehabilitation of similar cases. The follow-up and recovery of this case lasts 8 months divided into 3 stages of rehabilitation in a total of 122 sessions, having 4 evaluations based on the three parameters of admission assessment: pain, movement, posture and muscular strength, progressively improving these aspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone , Exercise Therapy , Diaphyses , Kinesiology, Applied , Femoral Fractures , Femur
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e239-e241, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248152

ABSTRACT

La separación por fractura de la epífisis del fémur distal es una lesión relativamente poco frecuente en los recién nacidos, pero se ha documentado como una complicación del parto distócico. La mayoría de los casos ocurren a nivel distal del húmero y, de manera excepcional, afectan al fémur. La epifisiolisis distal del fémur casi no está descrita en la literatura. Se localizan normalmente en el tercio superior del fémur por un movimiento de torsión de este en los partos en posición podálica e incluso en cesáreas distócicas. El diagnóstico diferencial al inicio de la exploración suele ser con artritis séptica del recién nacido. A partir de un paciente de 3 días de vida que se presenta a su control posterior al alta con tumefacción en una de sus rodillas, se plantea este difícil e infrecuente diagnóstic


Fracture separation of the epiphysis from the distal femur is a relatively rare lesion in newborns, but it has been documented as a difficult complication of labor. Most of the cases occur at the distal humeral level and exceptionally affect the femur. Epiphysiolysis of the distal femur is practically not described. They are normally located in the upper third of the femur due to a twisting movement of the femur in breech deliveries and even in difficult caesarean sections. The differential diagnosis at the beginning of the examination is usually with septic arthritis of the newborn. This difficult and infrequent diagnosis arises from a 3-day-old baby who presents for his post-discharge check-up with swelling in one of his knees.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Epiphyses, Slipped , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Cesarean Section , Fractures, Bone/therapy , Femur
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 571-582, May-June 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278365

ABSTRACT

The outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in dogs is directly related to surgical planning. Templating of radiographs prior to THA should help the surgeon anticipate prosthesis size and femoral shape allowing canal fill of the proximal metaphysis by the implant ensuring primary stable fixation. The canal flare index (CFI) obtained from radiograph has been used as a measure of risk of complications for the technique in human beings and dogs. However, standard radiographs only provide limited data for the selection of cementless prostheses and the assessment of their fit within the femoral canal, due to factors like radiographic magnification and femoral rotation. Therefore, three-dimensional evaluation based on computed tomography (CT) may be a better tool for CFI measurement. The aim of this study was to compare anatomical measurement with CFI values obtained from craniocaudal radiography and CT. Craniocaudal radiographs using a horizontal radiographic beam (CR), CT, and anatomical macroscopic measurements (A) were obtained from 45 femurs from 23 canine cadavers. The differences between the values of CFI obtained from radiograph (CFI-R), computed tomography on transverse (CFI- TT) and longitudinal axis (CFI-TL) compared to the CFI obtained from macroscopic measurements - gold standard - (CFI-A), and 95% limits of agreement (LOA) between the values, were evaluated by the Bland-Altman method. Dimensions obtained from CT techniques had a greatest mean difference from anatomical and CFI values were also different (P=0.032). Under the experimental conditions, the craniocaudal radiograph, provided the most accurate measurement of the CFI (mean difference: 0.087 ± 0.42).(AU)


O resultado da artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ) em cães está diretamente relacionado ao planejamento cirúrgico. O templating radiográfico pré-operatório da ATQ deve ajudar o cirurgião a prever o tamanho da prótese e o formato do fêmur, o que permitirá um preenchimento ideal da metáfise proximal pelo implante, garantindo, assim, fixação primária estável. O índice de alargamento do canal (Canal Flare Index - CFI) obtido em radiografias tem sido utilizado como fator de risco de complicações para a técnica em humanos e cães. No entanto, as radiografias podem fornecer apenas dados limitados para a seleção de próteses não cimentadas e a avaliação do seu encaixe no canal femoral, devido a fatores como ampliação radiográfica e rotação femoral. Portanto, a avaliação tridimensional baseada na tomografia computadorizada (TC) pode ser uma ferramenta vantajosa para a mensuração do CFI. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a medida anatômica com os valores de CFI obtidos na radiografia craniocaudal e na TC. Radiografias craniocaudais utilizando feixe radiográfico horizontal (CR), tomografia computadorizada e medidas macroscópicas anatômicas (A) foram obtidas de 45 fêmures de 23 cadáveres caninos. As diferenças entre os valores de CFI obtidos na radiografia (CFI-R), na tomografia computadorizada no eixo transversal (CFI-TT) e no eixo longitudinal (CFI-TL), em comparação com os valores de CFI obtidos nas medições macroscópicas - padrão-ouro - (CFI-A) e os limites de concordância de 95% (LOA) entre os valores, foram avaliadas pelo método de Bland-Altman. As dimensões obtidas pelas técnicas de TC apresentaram maior diferença média dos valores anatômicos, e as do CFI também foram diferentes (P=0,032). Nas condições experimentais, a radiografia craniocaudal forneceu a medida mais precisa do CFI (diferença média: 0,087 ± 0,42) para representar o padrão-ouro deste estudo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/veterinary , Femur/surgery , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/veterinary
5.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(1): e776, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280405

ABSTRACT

El tumor de células gigantes de hueso es un tumor raro de características benignas con un comportamiento agresivo localmente. Predomina en mujeres y por lo general se presenta en la epífisis y metáfisis de los huesos largos. El propósito de este estudio es presentar el caso de un paciente con una lesión tumoral de rodilla y muslo izquierdos de 2 años de evolución y señalar las características diagnósticas de este tumor al mismo tiempo que se revisan los métodos imagenológicos recientes para su confirmación. Se presenta a un paciente masculino de 19 años de edad, que comenzó con dolor, aumento de volumen de la rodilla y muslo izquierdos, acompañado de impotencia funcional. Se reportaron los hallazgos clínicos, radiográficos e histológicos. Debido a la demora entre el inicio de los síntomas y el diagnóstico se practicó el tratamiento quirúrgico del miembro afectado (amputación). Tras 10 meses de observación no se han presentado recidivas o metástasis. Se envió al Servicio de Oncología para valorar e tratamiento con radioterapia. El tumor de células gigantes del hueso es un tumor raro, de buen pronóstico, pero que puede recidivar y causar metástasis cuando se maligniza. Por la posibilidad de transformación en sarcoma requiere estudio y observación periódica. El tiempo para realizar el diagnóstico es fundamental y debe pensarse en este tumor en caso de lesiones líticas de hueso reportadas por imagenología(AU)


The giant cell tumor of bone is a rare benign tumor with a locally aggressive behavior. It predominates in women and usually occurs in the epiphysis and metaphysis of long bones. To present a patient with a tumor lesion left knee and thigh two years of evolution, also noted the diagnostic characteristics of this tumor while recent imaging methods are reviewed for confirmation. 19-year-old male who began with pain, increased volume of the knee and left thigh, accompanied by functional impotensia. clinical, radiological and histological findings were reported. Because of the delay between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis surgical treatment of the affected limb (amputation) was performed. After ten months of observation there have been no recurrences or metastases. The giant cell tumor of bone is a rare tumor with good prognosis but can recur and metastasize when it becomes malignant. The possibility of transformation in sarcoma requires periodic study and observation. The time for diagnosis is essential and should think of this tumor in case of lytic bone lesions reported by imaging(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Young Adult , Thigh/injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone/complications , Early Diagnosis , Epiphyses/injuries , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis/prevention & control , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone/diagnostic imaging , Amputation
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(1): 47-51, 20210000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362208

ABSTRACT

Objective: The normal morphology of femoral anteversion is an essential factor which determines the clinical results of hip replacement to achieve the normal activity and the length of the replaced joint. No previous study has been documented regarding normal value of femoral anteversion in Indonesian population and how they are different with Western, India and African population. This study aimed on measurement of normal femoral anteversion values of Indonesian population and compare it with existing data of Western, African and India values. Method: This cross-sectional study by measuring the femoral neck anteversion angle in 120 samples of Indonesians's cadaveric femur. Comparisons were made between Western, African and India. Result: The result showed that the average values of femoral neck anteversion angle in men were 11.60 ± 4.83 and 12.96 ± 5.1 in the right and left parts respectively, while in women, the results were 14.83+-5.14 and 13.37+-5.66 in right and left parts. The p value of ≤ 0.05 was considered to be significant. Conclusion: The mean femoral anteversion values of Indonesian population is 13.22. It is significantly different in comparison with Western, African, and Indian population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Population/genetics , Reference Values , Cadaver , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Femur , Femur Neck/growth & development , Bone Anteversion/pathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle can improve the lower limb force line of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients with external femoral arch.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to October 2018, 50 patients (55 knees) with osteoarthritis with genu varus deformity combined with external femoral arch for TKA were selected. There were 10 males and 40 females. The age ranged from 63.1 to 80.5 years old, with an average of (67.8±5.8) years old. Forty-five cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral. The osteoarthritis stages of 55 knees were Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ; and the course of disease ranged from 2 to 10 years. PreoperativeSpecial Surgery (Hospital for Special Surgery) scores:pain was 15.20±3.52; function was 8.30±2.96;mobility was 10.15±2.85;muscle strength was 4.20±1.95;flexion deformity was 5.50±3.05;stability was 6.15±2.20; total score was 47.93±3.39. The external femoral arch angle ranged from 6.4° to 16.7°, with a mean of (10.63±2.29) °. The tibiofemoral angle ranged from 7.4° to 12.6°, with a mean of (12.04±3.59)°. The anatomical distal femoral angle ranged from 83.10° to 91.20°, with a mean of (84.55± 1.66)°. And the distance from the center of the knee joint to the lower limb line of force ranged from 2.01 to 6.00 cm, with a mean of (3.57±1.12) cm. During the replacement surgery, the femoral opening point and the valgus angle were individually set to obtain a good line of force of the lower limbs.@*RESULTS@#Before the operation, the distance of femoral opening point ranged from 0.24 to 0.74 cm, with a mean of (0.54±0.10) cm. The distance between the internal and external condyles of the femur ranged from 6.86 to 8.12 cm, with a mean of (7.27±0.27) cm. The preoperative valgus correction angle (VCA) ranged from 7.20° to 13.80°, with a mean of (9.38±1.38) °. The post-correction valgus correction angle' (VCA') ranged from 6.10° to 9.50°, with a mean of (7.36±0.82) °. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 3 to 36 months, with an average of (13.5±5.8) months. All patients obtained good knee function after operation. Three months after operation, HSS scores included pain of 25.30±3.05, function of 18.25±2.05, mobility of 16.05±0.75, muscle strength of 6.20±2.10, flexion deformity of 8.80±1.85, stability of 8.20±1.75; and the total score ranged from 90.00 to 93.00, with an average of 91.82±0.98. The total score was higher than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#In TKA combined with external femoral arch, good lower limb force line and knee joint function can be obtained by externally shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the femoral and tibial tunnel positions of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the modified transtibial (MTT) technique and anteromedial (AM) portal technique.@*METHODS@#Between January 2017 and September 2020, 78 patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent single-bundle reconstruction with the modified transtibial technique in 39 cases (group MTT) and through anteromedial approach in 39 cases (group AM). There were 25 males and 14 females in group MTT, with an average age of (37.0±2.3) years old; 27 males and 12 females in group AM, with an average age of (37.5±2.2) years old. CT scan of the affected knee was conducted one week after the surgery to measure and compare the femoral tunnels positioning (Fx, Fy), tibial tunnels positioning in the frontal plane(Tx1), tibial tunnels positioning in the sagittal plane (Ty1), and tibial tunnels positioning in the axial plane (Tx2, Ty2) in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction through Mimics software.@*RESULTS@#Three-dimensional CT reconstruction after the surgery showed that the average Fx and Fy were(25.2±2.1)% and (34.9±3.0)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (45.5±3.3)% and (44.7± 3.0)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.0±3.0)% and (39.9±4.2)% respectively in group MTT. In group AM, the average Fx and Fy were (26.0±2.0)% and (36.1±3.9)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (46.5±3.1)% and (45.6± 3.1)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.4±2.5)% and (39.6±3.9)% respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the femoral and tibial tunnels between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the MTT and AM technique can achieve good anatomical positioning of the femoral and tibial tunnels, without significant differences in the positioning of the bone tunnels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Software , Tibia/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double plate combined with iliac bone graft in the treatment of femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing.@*METHODS@#From December 2008 to December 2017, double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft was used to treat femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing. There were 11 cases, including 10 males and 1 female, aged 35 to 62 years, and the time from fracture to nonunion was 12 to 20 months. According to Judet classification, there were 8 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 cases of proliferative nonunion. Regular follow-up was conducted after operation to record the fracture healing time, load-bearing activity time and complications, and to observe the repair effect of double plate fixation combined with iliac bone graft on nonunion after femoral shaft fracture operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 months. The operation time was 70 to 130 min and the blood loss was 180 to 350 ml. After operation, 2 cases had knee stiffness, which recovered after passive exercise with CPM machine for 2 weeks;1 case had pain in iliac bone donor area, which was relieved after 3 months. The time of fracture healing was 24 to 40 weeks, and the time of complete weight-bearing activity was 14 to 32 weeks. SF-36 quality of life score at the final follow-up:body pain 70 to 82, activty 70 to 82, social function 72 to 83, the overall health 72 to 82. At the end of the follow-up, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor wound healing, internal fixation failure (fracture, loosening).@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat nonunion of femur after intramedullary nailing by using double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of different proximal femoral shapes on leg length discrepancy(LLD) after total hip arthroplasty(THA).@*METHODS@#Total 131 patients with osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis received unilateral biological total hip arthroplasty from June 2013 to June 2019. All patients' age, sex, side and pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography were retraspectively analyzed. There were 69 males and 62 females, 57 cases of left hip and 74 cases of right hip. The age ranges from 25 to 89 with an average age of 62 years. There were 48 cases of osteoarthritis and 83 cases of osteonecrosis. In this study, femoral cortical index (FCI) was used as the classification of proximal femoral shape, and bilateral lower limb length differences were measured by preoperative and postoperative pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography. Grouping according to FCI:> 0.6 was Dorr A group, 0.5 to 0.6 was Dorr B group, 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 6.30 mm (IQR 1.00 to 10.95 mm). When FCI was 0.5 to 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 5.85 mm(IQR-0.55 to 8.90 mm). FCI<0.5, the postoperative LLD was 1.95 mm(IQR -2.50 to 6.68 mm). LLD comparison of different proximal femoral shape was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High FCI increases the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affectedside, while low FCI reduces the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affected side. The surgeon can assess the shape of the proximal femur of the patient preoperatively and inform the patient in advance of possible changes in leg length of both lower extremities after total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Leg , Leg Length Inequality/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the three-approach and traditional anterior medial technique to establish the femoral tunnel of position, length, and coronal angle and the early efficacy of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Through retrospective research, from December 2018 to June 2019, a total of 36 patients diagnosed with simple anterior cruciate ligament tear and undergoing surgery were collected. All patients had a clear history of knee sprains and were divided into two groups. A group of 16 patients, including 11 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.13±6.54) years and an injury time of 7 to 60 (30.19±15.78) days, three-approach technique was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament. Another group of 20patients, including 15 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.80±8.60) years, and an injury time of 7 to 60 (27.35±15.50) days, the traditional anterior medial approach was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct anterior cruciate ligament. CT 3D reconstruction technique was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel and the knee joint function was evaluated by Lysholm score of the knee joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved primary healing after the surgical incision. No femoral tunnel fracture, vascular and nerve damage, difficulty in graft passage during the operation, and venous thrombosis occurred. All 36 patients were followed up on an outpatient basis, with a follow up period of 9 to 15 (12.00±2.83) months. Three-dimensional CT reconstruction was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel of the patients. The position of the femoral tunnel was described using the quartile method as the three-approach group:the lower (27.83±1.97) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (25.57±3.20) %;the traditional approach group:the lower (28.38±3.21) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (26.23±3.20) %. Bone tunnel length, three-approach group:(35.20±5.52) mm in total length, (23.20±2.07) mm in thick bone tunnel;traditional approach group:(34.60±4.26) mm in total length, (22.56±2.50) mm in thick bone tunnel. Coronal plane angle, three-approach group:(47.93±5.98) °;traditional approach group:(41.78±6.62) °. Knee joint Lysholm score, three-approach group:48.67±4.18 before surgery;97.00±2.48 at last follow up;traditional approach group:49.75±5.33 before surgery, 97.30±2.68 at last follow up, there were significant differences before and after surgery, no significant statistical difference between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The positions of the femoral tunnel drilled by the two methods were within the range of the anatomic stop of the anterior cruciate ligament, and there was no statistical difference. Compared with the traditional anterior medial approach, the coronal plane angle of the femoral tunnel drilled by the three-approach approach is relatively large, and there were no statistical differences in the length of the tunnel, the early postoperative effect of the two surgical methods, and the operation time. But the three approach has a wider and clearer vision. In addition, the knee flexion angle required for drilling the femoral tunnel during surgery is significantly smaller than that of traditional approach technology, which reduces the difficulty of surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application of tranexamic acid in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to October 2019, 100 patients with intertrochanteric fracture were randomly divided into observation group (48 cases) and control group(52 cases). All patients received the same surgical treatment. The control group was given tranexamic acid 20 minutes before operation, and 15 mg/kg diluted in 250 ml sodium chloride injection, intravenous drip;the observation group was given tranexamic acid 0.5 g dissolved in 20 ml normal saline injected into femoral bone marrow cavity for local treatment on the basis of the control group. The blood loss, operation time and postoperative hospital stay were compared between two groups. Hematocrit, hemoglobin, D-dimer and fibrinogen levels were analyzed before and after operation, and the incidence of thrombotic complications was observed.@*RESULTS@#The total blood loss, dominant blood loss, hidden blood loss and postoperative drainage volume of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Tranexamic acid combined with systemic and local application has important clinical significance in reducing perioperative blood lossand blood cell loss in patients with intertrochanteric fracture, and has good safety.


Subject(s)
Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Loss, Surgical , Femur , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Tranexamic Acid , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In order to observe the clinical effects of sliding osteotomy for patients with severe knee osteoarthritis and varus knee due to complex femoral extra-articular deformity to achieve the medial and lateral soft tissue balancing during total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to January 2018, a total of 22 patients with severe knee osteoarthritis and complex extra-articular malformation of femurs were treated with total knee arthroplasty. There were 5 males and 17 females in this group, aged 48 to 76 years old, with an average age of (61.3±13.8) years old. All the patients had varus deformities caused by extra-articular deformities of femur. Hip-knee-ankle(HKA) angle was(158.8±9.7) ° before operation, and the average Knee Society Score (KSS) clinical score was 32.6±6.1;KSS function score was 35.8 ±9.6;the average Hospital for Special Surgical (HSS) score was 39.7±4.6;the average range of motion before operation was (80.6±10.7) °. The mechanical alignment method was used in joint replacement. The flexion space was balanced first. The coronal plane vertical sliding osteotomy was performed on the medial femoral condyle for the imbalance of coronal plane. The sliding distance of the osteotomy block was determined by straightening the gap between the inner and outer sides of the space until the space was balanced. After the separated segments were fixed with several screws, the prosthesis was installed as usual.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of all patients healed in the first stage, and no wound complications occurred. All the 22 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 18 months to 3 years with an average of (28.2±10.1) months. X-ray showed that the fracture line disappeared for 2 to 5(3.5±1.5) months without nonunion. HKA angle measured at the latest follow up was (178.8±0.7) °, which wassignificantly different from that before operation. The HSS score was 91.3 ±6.0;KSS clinical score 93.7±3.5;KSS functional score 81.2±6.5;and the average range of motion of knee joint was(121.7±11.6) °, which was statistically significant compared with that before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#For severe knee osteoarthritis patients with complex femoral extra-articular deformity, sliding osteotomy is performed. For severe varus deformity, downward sliding the medial femoral condyle is performed. The operation is relatively simple and the damage is small. It is easy to achieve the balance of internal and external soft tissue in flexion extension space. The short-term clinical effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888234

ABSTRACT

Robot-assisted fracture reduction usually involves fixing the proximal end of the fracture and driving the distal end of the fracture to the proximal end in a planned reduction path. In order to improve the accuracy and safety of reduction surgery, it is necessary to know the changing rule of muscle force and reduction force during reduction. Fracture reduction force was analyzed based on the muscle force of femoral. In this paper, a femoral skeletal muscle model named as PA-MTM was presented based on the four elements of skeletal muscle model. With this, pinnate angle of the skeletal muscle was considered, which had an effect on muscle force properties. Here, the muscle force of skeletal muscles in different muscle models was compared and analyzed. The muscle force and the change of the reduction force under different reduction paths were compared and simulated. The results showed that the greater the pinnate angle was, the greater the influence of muscle strength was. The biceps femoris short head played a major role in the femoral fracture reduction; the force in the


Subject(s)
Femur/surgery , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Muscle, Skeletal , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Tendons
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 475-482, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353948

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El diseño del implante femoral es imprescindible para su adaptación a los distintos tipos de canales. El objetivo del estudio fue comparar la adaptabilidad del implante y el tipo de contacto de los tallos femorales planos de segunda generación. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizó a los pacientes sometidos a un reemplazo total de cadera bilateral en nuestra institución, entre 2007 y 2020, a quienes se les colocó un tallo de primera generación (Accolade TMZF) en una cadera y de segunda generación (Accolade II) en la contralateral. Se estudiaron las variables demográficas, la adaptación y el llenado del canal. Se analizó el Harris Hip Score modificado y el índice WOMAC. Resultados:Se incluyó a 42 pacientes (84 casos).En el grupo 1 (Accolade TMZF), la ocupación del canal fue del 81% y, en el grupo 2 (Accolade II), del 84%. En el grupo 1, el contacto fue tipo 1 (60%), tipo 2 (16%) y tipo 3 (24%). En el grupo 2, fue tipo 1 (88%), tipo 2 (7%) y tipo 3 (5%). El Harris Hip Score modificado para el grupo 1 fue 88 y, para el grupo 2, 87,5. El puntaje WOMAC para el grupo 1 fue 2,5 y, para el grupo 2, de 3. Conclusión: La adaptabilidad del implante es fundamental para la estabilidad primaria y su osteointegración/fijación biológica. En nuestra muestra, es más precisa con tallos de segunda generación debido a las modificaciones del diseño. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The design of the femoral implant is essential for its adaptation to the different types of femoral canals. The objective of this study is to describe the adaptability of the implant and the type of fixation (fill and fit) of second-generation flat femoral stems compared to first-generation femoral stems. Materials and Methods: We described the radiological characteristics of patients who had undergone bilateral total hip replacement between 2007 and 2020 in our institution with both a first-generation Accolade TMZF (Stryker Orthopedics) and a second-generation Accolade II (Stryker Orthopedics) flat cementless femoral implant. Demographic variables, adaptation, and canal filling were studied. The modified Harris Hip Score and the WOMAC index were analyzed. Results: Forty-two patients (84 cases) were included in the sample. In group 1 (Accolade TMZF) we obtained an average canal fill of 81% and in group 2 (Accolade II), we obtained an average of 84%. In group 1, the type of fixation (fit) was type 1 (60%), type 2 (16%) and type 3 (24%). In group 2, it was type 1 (88%), type 2 (7%) and type 3 (5%). The modified Harris Hip Score for group 1 was 88 and, for group 2, 87.5. The WOMAC score for group 1 was 2.5 and for group 2 it was 3. Conclusion: The adaptability of the implant is essential for primary stability and its osseointegration/biological fixation. This adaptability is more precise with second-generation flat femoral stems. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Osseointegration , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femur
16.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 553-559, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353957

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones del labrum de la cadera con sustancia insuficiente se pueden tratar con técnicas de aumento, de reconstrucción o con trasplante de tejidos. Si el remanente labral es muy escaso, las opciones reconstructivas serían las más adecuadas. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 40 años con dos cirugías artroscópicas previas fallidas por lesión labral, que fue sometida a una luxación controlada de cadera, siguiendo la técnica original descrita por Ganz, y a la resección del ligamento redondo de la cabeza femoral para cubrir el defecto del labrum. Según nuestro conocimiento, se trata del primer reporte de reconstrucción labral utilizando el ligamento redondo de la cabeza femoral en nuestro medio. Pese a los resultados poco alentadores en pacientes con cirugías previas, la reconstrucción labral utilizando el ligamento redondo ha mostrado ser una alternativa viable. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Labral tears with insufficient substance can be treated with augmentation techniques, reconstruction, or grafting techniques. If the remnant labrum is very scarce, reconstructive options would be the most appropriate. We present the case of a 40-year-old female patient who had undergone two failed hip arthroscopies due to labral tears. Following the original technique described by Ganz, a surgical hip dislocation was performed, and the Ligamentum Teres Capitis was resected to cover the labral defect. To our knowledge, this is the first report of labral reconstruction using the Ligamentum Teres Capitis in our literature. Despite poorly reported outcomes in patients with previous procedures, surgical repair using the Ligamentum Teres Capitis has proven to be a viable option. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Femur/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery
17.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 99 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342174

ABSTRACT

Introdução - As elevadas taxas de mortalidade neonatal e a prevalência de bebês nascidos pequenos para idade gestacional (PIG) ainda apresentadas por regiões de baixa e média renda indicam a necessidade de investigação sobre fatores que influenciam o crescimento fetal. Medidas biométricas fetais

Introduction Elevated rates of neonatal mortality and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) babies in low- and middle-income regions indicate the need to investigate factors associated with fetal growth. Fetal biometric measurements below the 10th percentile for gestational age (GA) reflect failure in achieving growth potential and provide opportunities for prenatal interventions. Objective To investigate factors associated with fetal biometric measurements below the 10th percentile assessed at early third trimester among pregnant women in the MINA-Brazil study. Methods This was a prospective analysis of pregnant women living in the urban area of Cruzeiro do Sul (AC), followed up since the antenatal period. Screening of participants took place from February 2015 to January 2016. A sociodemographic and health history interview was carried out along with two clinical assessments, scheduled between the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, to collect data on lifestyle factors and complications during pregnancy, anthropometric evaluation, blood collection, and ultrasound scan assessing fetal biometric measurements of head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and femoral length (FL). Poisson regression models with hierarchical selection of variables were fitted for factors associated with occurrence of fetal measurements below the 10th percentile at early third trimester. Prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated. Results Among 426 participants (mean age 25 years (SD 6.4) and gestational age 27.8 weeks (SD 1.7)), 11.3%, 8.9% e 9.4% had fetuses with HC, AC, FL below the 10th percentile at early third trimester. Fetal biometric measurements below the 10th percentile were negatively associated with higher maternal education level, which denoted over 50% of protection (HC: PR 0.47, 95%CI 0.28; 0.81; AC: PR 0.48, 95%CI 0.26; 0.87; and FL: PR 0.48, 95%CI 0.27; 0.86). Adjusted for maternal education level, nulliparity (PR 1.94, 95%CI 1.10; 3.43), higher pre-gestational body mass index (BMI) (PR 1.06, 95%CI 1.01; 1.11), and pre-gestational alcohol consumption (PR 1.80, 95%CI 0.98; 3.30) were associated with HC measurements below the 10th percentile. Maternal height (p for trend 0.039) and pre-gestational alcohol consumption (PR 2.55, 95%CI 1.31; 4.96) were also associated with AC measurements below the 10th percentile. Association between higher average screen time per day during antenatal follow-up and FL measurements below the 10th percentile were observed as well (p for trend 0.031). Higher maternal education level, which may provide better material and non-material conditions, seems to protect fetal growth from failure to reach potential fetal size for GA. Positive associations observed with obstetric and antenatal conditions may be mediated by biological factors or gestational dysfunctions to incur in fetal measurements below the 10th percentile. Conclusion The occurrence of fetal biometric measurements below the 10th percentile for GA and their associated factors corroborate pre-pregnancy and antenatal care improvements anchored in equity policies, and for new strategies prior to birth that optimize the window of opportunity in the first thousand days of life.


Subject(s)
Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Cephalometry , Biometry , Abdominal Circumference , Femur/growth & development , Fetal Growth Retardation , Fetus
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2252-2258, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142281

ABSTRACT

Twelve dogs with traumatic hip luxation were selected for surgical intervention with a modified iliofemoral suture technique using an anchor screw to substitute the passage of suture material through a perforated tunnel in the ilium. Six procedures were performed with non-absorbable suture and other six with absorbable suture materials. These cases were evaluated at 15, 30, 60, and 90 days after surgery by performing an ambulation analysis and palpation of the joint. In all cases, there was a return of partial and total limb support in an average of 3 and 19 postoperative, respectively. The fixation strategy of the suture material in the ilium using an anchor screw proved to be efficient with a smaller surgical approach and lesser surgical difficulty, maintaining joint congruence in acute as chronic luxation cases. The use of absorbable and non-absorbable sutures had excellent clinical results, but there was a subjective superiority of the first ones, once 4 dogs of the non-absorbable group presented some discomfort during the postoperative palpation of the joint, 90 days after surgery.(AU)


Doze cães com luxação coxofemoral traumática foram submetidos à intervenção cirúrgica de sutura iliofemoral modificada com uso de parafuso âncora substituindo a passagem de fio através de túnel perfurado no ílio. Seis procedimentos foram realizados com fio não absorvível, e outros seis com fio absorvível. Os casos foram avaliados aos 15, 30, 60 e 90 dias após a cirurgia, por meio de análise de deambulação e palpação articular. Em todos os casos, houve retorno de suporte parcial e total do peso no membro operado, em média, aos três e 19 dias de pós-operatório, respectivamente. A estratégia de fixação do fio de sutura no ílio com parafuso âncora se mostrou eficaz, permitindo uma abordagem cirúrgica menos invasiva, com menor dificuldade na execução, garantindo manutenção da congruência articular tanto em quadros de luxação aguda como crônica. O uso de fio absorvível e não absorvível teve bons resultados clínicos, porém houve uma superioridade subjetiva do primeiro, uma vez que quatro pacientes do grupo fio inabsorvível mostraram desconforto à palpação da articulação aos 90 dias após a cirurgia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Femoral Fractures/veterinary , Femur/injuries , Fracture Dislocation/veterinary , Ilium/injuries , Suture Techniques/veterinary
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 771-777, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156205

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate different femoral fixation devices for medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and compare their effectiveness regarding fixation strength up to failure in porcine knees. Methods Thirty porcine knees were used, divided into three groups of 10 knees. The removed grafts were dissected from the extensor tendons of porcine feet. In each group, the graft was fixed to the femur with an interference screw, an anchor, or adductor tenodesis. The three methods were subjected to biomechanical tests using a universal Tensile testing machine at a speed of 20 mm/minute. Results The highest average linear resistance under lateral traction occurred in group 1, "screw fixation" (185.45 ± 41.22 N), followed by group 2, "anchor fixation" (152.97 ± 49, 43 N); the lower average was observed in group 3, "tenodesis fixation" (76.69 ± 18.90 N). According to the fixed error margin (5%), there was a significant difference between groups (p < 0.001); in addition, multiple comparison tests (between group pairs) also showed significant differences. Variability was small, since the variance coefficient was lower than 33.3%. Conclusion Interference screws in bone tunnels and mountable anchors fixation with high resistance wire are strong enough for femoral fixation in porcine medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction. Adductor tenodesis, however, was deemed fragile for such purpose.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar diferentes dispositivos de fixação femoral na reconstrução do ligamento patelofemoral medial para comparar sua eficácia quanto à força de fixação até a falha em joelhos suínos. Métodos Foram ensaiados 30 joelhos de suínos subdivididos em 3 grupos de 10 joelhos. Os enxertos retirados foram dissecados de tendões extensores das patas dos suínos. Cada grupo teve o enxerto fixado ao fêmur com parafuso de interferência, âncora, ou tenodese no tendão adutor. Os 3 métodos foram submetidos à testes biomecânicos utilizando uma máquina universal de ensaio de tração com uma velocidade de 20 mm/min. Resultados Verificamos que a média mais elevada da resistência linear sob tração lateral (185,45 ± 41,22 N) ocorreu no grupo 1: "fixação por parafuso," seguido do grupo 2: "fixação por âncora" (152,97 ± 49,43 N), e a média foi menor no grupo 3: "fixação por tenodese" (76,69 ± 18,90 N). Para a margem de erro fixada (5%), comprovou-se a diferença significativa entre os grupos (p < 0,001) e também através dos testes de comparações múltiplas (entre os pares de grupos) verificou-se a ocorrência de diferenças significativas. A variabilidade expressada por meio do coeficiente de variação mostrou-se reduzida, já que a referida medida foi inferior a 33,3%. Conclusão O uso de parafusos de interferência no túnel ósseo de joelhos porcinos é suficientemente forte para fixação femoral na reconstrução do ligamento patelofemoral medial, assim como a fixação com âncoras montáveis com fio de alta resistência. Entretanto, a tenodese no tendão adutor mostrou-se frágil para essa finalidade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Orthopedic Fixation Devices , Swine , Tendons , Traction , Effectiveness , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone and Bones , Suture Techniques , Transplants , Models, Animal , Tenodesis , Patellofemoral Joint , Femur , Ligaments , Methods
20.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(2): 60-68, oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342413

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Mostrar resultados, complicaciones y lecciones aprendidas utilizando el clavo intramedular magnético (IML, Intramedullary Magnetic Lengthener) en un grupo de pacientes sometidos a alargamiento óseo. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Entre enero 2017 y diciembre 2019, 9 pacientes (15 segmentos), edad entre 15 y 39 años, fueron sometidos a alargamiento óseo con IML: 5 pacientes tuvieron alargamiento femoral bilateral por talla baja, 1 paciente se sometió a alargamiento de Piernas bilateral por Tibia vara y acortamiento mesomélico y 3 recibieron alargamientos femorales unilaterales por discrepancia de longitud de extremidades. Todos fueron operados por el mismo cirujano, con técnica standard. Se indicó kinesiterapia al menos 5 veces por semana durante la fase de distracción. RESULTADOS: En todos se logró el objetivo de alargamiento planteado. No hubo complicaciones intra ni postoperatorias graves (TVP, TEP, Embolia grasa), ni fallas del sistema distractor. Un paciente desarrolló contracturas articulares de ambas rodillas por no adhesión a Kinesiterapia. Ninguno requirió aporte de injerto óseo, sin embargo en 2 pacientes de alargamiento de Fémur bilateral, se presentó deformidad en varo, que hizo necesario recambio a clavo convencional y un paciente desarrolló una parálisis transitoria del Nervio Peroneo común. CONCLUSIONES: El advenimiento de los IML significó un gran avance en el campo de la osteogénesis por distracción, sin embargo, aún se trata de un procedimiento complejo, que debe ser planificado cuidadosamente para minimizar los riesgos y complicaciones. Una selección meticulosa del paciente y la evaluación física y psicológica previa, son fundamentales para el éxito del procedimiento. Los casos bilaterales requieren de un seguimiento cercano, por el riesgo de falla del implante.


objective: We show our results, complications and lessons learned using the Intramedullary Magnetic Lengthener (IML) in a group of patients who were subjected to bone lengthening. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2017 and December 2019, 9 patients (15 segments), aged between 15 and 39 years, underwent bone lengthening with IML: 5 patients had bilateral femoral lengthening due to short stature, 1 patient had bilateral leg lengthening due to Tibia vara and mesomelic shortening and 3 had unilateral femoral lengthening for limb length discrepancy. All were operated by the same surgeon, with standard technique. Physical therapy was indicated at least 5 times per week during the distraction phase. RESULTS: In every case, the proposed lengthening amount was achieved. There were no serious intraoperative or postoperative complications (DVT, Pulmonary Embolism, Fat Embolism), nor failures of the distractor system. One patient developed knee joint contracture due to non-adherence to Physical therapy. None required bone grafting, however, in 2 patients with bilateral Femur, a varus deformity appeared, which required nail exchange with a conventional trauma nail. One case developed a transit common Peroneal Nerve palsy. CONCLUSIONS: IMLs represent a great advance in the bone lengthening realm, however, it is still a complex procedure, which must be carefully planned to minimize risks and complications. Meticulous patient selection and prior physical and psychological evaluation are essential to the success of the procedure. Bilateral cases need a closer follow up, because implant failure is a potential risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Lengthening/methods , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Postoperative Complications , Bone Lengthening/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Osteogenesis, Distraction/instrumentation , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/instrumentation , Leg Length Inequality
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