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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 646-654, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364346

ABSTRACT

Resumo A deficiência de ferro (DF) ou ferropenia é uma importante comorbidade na insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção reduzida (ICFER) estável, e muito prevalente tanto nos anêmicos como não anêmicos. A ferropenia na ICFER deve ser pesquisada por meio da coleta de saturação de transferrina e ferritina. Há dois tipos de ferropenia na IC: absoluta, em que as reservas de ferro estão depletadas; e funcional, onde o suprimento de ferro é inadequado apesar das reservas normais. A ferropenia está associada com pior classe funcional e maior risco de morte em pacientes com ICFER, e evidências científicas apontam melhora de sintomas e de qualidade de vida desses pacientes com tratamento com ferro parenteral na forma de carboximaltose férrica. O ferro exerce funções imprescindíveis como o transporte (hemoglobina) e armazenamento (mioglobina) de oxigênio, além de ser fundamental para o funcionamento das mitocôndrias, constituídas de proteínas à base de ferro, e local de geração de energia na cadeia respiratória pelo metabolismo oxidativo. A geração insuficiente e utilização anormal de ferro nas células musculares esquelética e cardíaca contribuem para a fisiopatologia da IC. A presente revisão tem o objetivo de aprofundar o conhecimento a respeito da fisiopatologia da ferropenia na ICFER, abordar as ferramentas disponíveis para o diagnóstico e discutir sobre a evidência científica existente de reposição de ferro.


Abstract Iron deficiency (ID) is an important comorbidity in heart failure with reduced ejection (HFrEF) and is highly prevalent in both anemic and non-anemic patients. In HFrEF, iron deficiency should be investigated by measurements of transferrin saturation and ferritin. There are two types of ID: absolute deficiency, with depletion of iron stores; and functional ID, where iron supply is not sufficient despite normal stores. ID is associated with worse functional class and higher risk of death in patients with HFrEF, and scientific evidence has indicated improvement of symptoms and quality of life of these patients with treatment with parenteral iron in the form of ferric carboxymaltose. Iron plays vital roles such as oxygen transportation (hemoglobin) and storage (myoblogin), and is crucial for adequate functioning of mitochondria, which are composed of iron-based proteins and the place of energy generation by oxidative metabolism at the electron transport chain. An insufficient generation and abnormal uptake of iron by skeletal and cardiac muscle cells contribute to the pathophysiology of HF. The present review aims to increase the knowledge of the pathophysiology of ID in HFrEF, and to address available tools for its diagnosis and current scientific evidence on iron replacement therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Iron Deficiency , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/complications , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/therapy , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Ferritins
2.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e210, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278303

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la nutrición durante el embarazo impacta en la salud del recién nacido, con efectos a nivel epigenético determinando consecuencias neurológicas a largo plazo. Las necesidades de hierro durante el embarazo se estiman en 27 mg/día. El hierro hemo que se absorbe mejor se encuentra en la carne. La determinación de ferritina en sangre de cordón umbilical permite evaluar los depósitos de hierro alcanzados durante la etapa fetal. Sus niveles se asociaron con efectos a largo plazo sobre el desarrollo infantil. Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio de carácter exploratorio es determinar la relación entre el consumo de carnes rojas durante el tercer trimestre de gestación y el nivel de ferritina en el cordón umbilical. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo con datos recolectados prospectivamente durante un año en el Departamento de Neonatología del Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR) en Montevideo, Uruguay. Un total de 188 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se extrajo sangre del cordón umbilical después de un pinzamiento estricto del cordón pasado un minuto de vida. La ferritina se midió utilizando el método de quimioinmunofluorescencia. Se aplicó una encuesta nutricional materna (cualitativo-cuantitativa) que midió la frecuencia de consumo de alimentos con fuente de hierro y las cantidades aproximadas consumidas durante el último trimestre del embarazo. Esta encuesta se centró en el consumo materno de carne vacuna como principal fuente de hierro hemínico en Uruguay. Se analizó la relación entre estas variables. Resultados: el déficit latente de hierro (ferritina en el cordón umbilical <100 ng/ml) se asoció con un menor consumo de carne vacuna durante el embarazo. Valor p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC del 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusiones: este estudio considera adecuada la evidencia que relaciona que los niveles bajos de consumo total de hierro y de carne vacuna durante el tercer trimestre de gestación determinarán un mayor riesgo de déficit latente de hierro y de ferritina medido en el cordón umbilical. Los niveles descendidos de ferritina en cordón umbilical se asocian con un mayor riesgo de efectos adversos a largo plazo sobre la mielinización y el desarrollo neurocognitivo.


Background: nutrition during pregnancy impacts the foetus and the newborn health, it has consequences at the epigenetic level and determines long-term neurological consequences. Iron requirements during pregnancy are estimated at 27 mg/day. Iron is blood absorption from is most efficient from beef. Umbilical cord blood ferritin levels can be used to assess iron deposits reached during the foetal stage. Ferritin levels are linked to the child's long-term development. Objective: this exploratory study's objective is to determine the relationship between beef consumption during the first quarter of pregnancy and ferritin levels in the umbilical cord. Methods: we carried out a descriptive, observational study with prospectively collected data for one-year at the Neonatology Department of the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (CHPR) in Montevideo, Uruguay. A total of 188 patients met the inclusion criteria. We extracted umbilical cord blood after a strict cord clamping after one minute of life. Ferritin was measured using the chemoimmunofluorescence method. We carried out a maternal nutritional survey using a qualitative-quantitative method and measured the frequency and approximate quantity of iron source food consumption during the last quarter of pregnancy. This survey was focused on maternal beef consumption as the major heme iron source in Uruguay. We analyzed the relationship between these variables. Results: latent iron deficiency (ferritin in the umbilical cord <100 ng / ml) was associated with lower beef consumption during pregnancy. Fisher p-value: 0.0133, OR: 3.71, 95% CI (1.25 - 11.05). Conclusions: this study agrees with the evidence that shows that low levels of total iron and beef consumption during pregnancy determine an increased risk of latent iron deficiency and lower levels of ferritin in newborns, and therefore, greater risk of long-term adverse effects on myelination and neurocognitive development.


Contexto: a nutrição durante a gravidez tem impacto sobre a saúde do recém-nascido, com efeitos no nível epigenético, determinando consequências neurológicas a longo prazo. As necessidades de ferro durante a gravidez são estimadas em 27 mg / dia. O ferro heme de melhor absorção e aquele encontrado na carne vacuna. A determinação da ferritina no sangue do cordão umbilical permite avaliar os depósitos de ferro atingidos na fase fetal. Seus níveis foram associados a efeitos de longo prazo no desenvolvimento das crianças. Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo exploratório é determinar a relação entre o consumo de carne vermelha durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação e o nível de ferritina no cordão umbilical. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo observacional descritivo com dados coletados prospectivamente durante um ano no Departamento de Neonatologia do Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell (CHPR) em Montevidéu, Uruguai. Um total de 188 pacientes cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. O sangue do cordão umbilical foi coletado após clampeamento estrito do cordão após um minuto de vida da criança. A ferritina foi medida pelo método de quimioimunofluorescência. Aplicamos um inquérito nutricional materno (qualitativo-quantitativo) que mediu a frequência de consumo de alimentos com fonte de ferro e as quantidades aproximadas consumidas durante o último trimestre da gravidez. Esta pesquisa enfocou o consumo materno de carne bovina como principal fonte de ferro heme no Uruguai. A relação entre essas variáveis foi analisada. Resultados: a deficiência latente de ferro (ferritina no cordão umbilical <100 mg / ml) foi associada ao menor consumo de carne bovina durante a gestação. Valor de p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusões: este estudo concorda com as evidências que relacionam que os baixos níveis de ferro total e consumo de carne bovina durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação determinam um maior risco de déficit de ferro latente e ferritina mensurado no cordão umbilical. A redução dos níveis de ferritina no cordão umbilical está associada a um risco aumentado de efeitos adversos de longo prazo na mielinização e no desenvolvimento neurocognitivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Hemoglobins/analysis , Parenteral Nutrition , Ferritins/blood , Fetal Blood , Red Meat , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Uruguay , Iron Deficiency/complications , Child Development/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
3.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 787-802, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355750

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Introducción. No se dispone de pruebas sensibles ni específicas para diagnosticar la artritis idiopática juvenil sistémica. Objetivo. Evaluar la utilidad diagnóstica de niveles de ferritina total cinco veces por encima del valor normal (ferritina total>5N) y el porcentaje disminuido (menor de o igual a 20 % de la ferritina total) de la ferritina glucosilada (ferritina glucosilada<20 %) para el diagnóstico de artritis idiopática juvenil sistémica en pacientes con fiebre de origen desconocido evaluados por reumatología pediátrica. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio observacional de pruebas diagnósticas de corte transversal en menores de 16 años hospitalizados entre el 2010 y el 2014. El patrón diagnóstico de referencia fue el cumplimiento de los criterios de clasificación o diagnóstico confirmado en el seguimiento. Se determinaron las medidas de utilidad de las pruebas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 40 pacientes con fiebre de origen desconocido: 11 con artritis idiopática juvenil sistémica y 29 con otros diagnósticos. La mediana de la ferritina total fue mayor en la artritis idiopática juvenil sistémica (3.992 ng/ml) comparada con otras causas de fiebre de origen desconocido (155 ng/ml) (p=0,0027), así como la ferritina total>5N (90,91 % Vs. 51,72 %) (p=0,023). El porcentaje de ferritina glucosilada≤20 % fue de 96,5 % en otras fiebres de origen desconocido en comparación con la artritis idiopática juvenil sistémica (81,8 %) (p=0,178). La ferritina total>5N tuvo una sensibilidad del 91 %, una especificidad del 48 %; un cociente de probabilidades (Likelihood Ratio, LR) positivo de 1,76 y uno negativo de 0,19, demostrando mayor utilidad para el diagnóstico que la combinación de la ferritina total>5N y ferritina glucosilada≤20 %, cuya sensibilidad fue del 81,8 %, la especificidad del 48,3 %, un cociente de probabilidades LR positivo de 1,58 y un LR negativo de 0,38. Conclusión. En pacientes con fiebre de origen desconocido evaluados por reumatología pediátrica, la ferritina total>5N demostró ser útil como prueba de tamización para el diagnóstico de artritis idiopática juvenil sistémica.


Abstract | Introduction: There are no sensitive or specific tests available to diagnose systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). Objective: To assess the utility as diagnostic tests of total ferritin (TF) levels greater than 5 times the normal value (TF>5N) and the decreased percentage (less than or equal to 20% of TF) of glycosylated ferritin (GF≤20%) for the diagnosis of sJIA in patients with fever of unknown origin evaluated by pediatric rheumatology. Materials and methods: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study of diagnostic tests in children under 16 years of age hospitalized between 2010 and 2014. The reference diagnostic standard was the fulfillment of the classification criteria or confirmed diagnosis at follow-up. We determined the measures of utility of the tests. Results: We included 40 patients with fever of unknown origin, 11 with sJIA, and 29 with other diagnoses. The median TF was higher in sAIJ (3992 ng/ml) versus other causes of fever of unknown origin (155 ng/ml) (p=0.0027), as well as TF>5N (90.91% versus 51.72%) (p=0.023). The percentage of GF≤20% was higher in patients with other causes of fever of unknown origin (96.5%) compared to sJIA (81.8%) (p=0.178). TF>5N had a sensitivity of 91%, specificity of 48%, positive likelihood ratio (LR) of 1.76, and negative LR of 0.19 demonstrating greater utility for the diagnosis of sJIA than the combination of FT> 5N with GFR <20%, with a sensitivity of 81.8%, specificity of 48.3%, positive LR of 1.58, and negative LR of 0.38. Conclusion: In patients with FUO evaluated by pediatric rheumatology, TF> 5N proved useful as a screening test for the diagnosis of sJIA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Juvenile/diagnosis , Ferritins , Odds Ratio , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 48-54, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248980

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consists of the induction and maintenance remission of the disease. Iron status indicators would be useful for the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia, whereas the inflammation indicators would be for the diagnosis of chronic disease anemia. OBJECTIVE: To assess body iron status indicators and inflammation indicators during the treatment of IBD, consisted of conventional or infliximab therapy in children and adolescents. METHODS: A case-control study of a sample of 116 individuals, of which 81 patients with IBD, 18 of them receiving conventional therapy, 20 infliximab therapy, and 43 who were in remission of the disease, and 35 healthy (control group) children and adolescents. Iron status and inflammation indicators were investigated at baseline, and 2 and 6 months of both therapies - conventional and infliximab. RESULTS: The mean age was 12.1±4.3 years. At baseline, both groups - conventional therapy and infliximab - presented significant differences in most markers studied compared to the control group. After 2 months of conventional therapy, hemoglobin and serum iron levels were lower than those of the control group; and red cells distribution width (RDW), total iron-binding capacity, transferrin receptor/ferritin ratio, and interleukin-6 were higher than the control group. After 2 months of infliximab treatment, hemoglobin and serum iron levels were lower than those of the control group; and RDW, soluble transferrin receptor, soluble transferrin receptor/ferritin ratio, and interleukin-6 were higher than the control group. After 6 months of conventional therapy, hemoglobin and serum iron levels were lower than those of the control group, and RDW and interleukin-6 were higher than those of the control group. After 6 months of infliximab treatment, the hemoglobin and serum iron levels were lower than the control group, and RDW, soluble transferrin receptor, soluble transferrin receptor/ferritin ratio, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and platelets were higher than the control group. Regarding patients under treatment for at least one year (remission group), all markers studied, except transferrin, were similar to the control group. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, there were some contradictions among the different body iron status indicators and inflammation indicators at two and 6 months of treatment with conventional and infliximab therapy, however after one year of treatment, as shown by the remission group, all indicators studied, except transferrin, were similar to healthy children and adolescents.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O tratamento de pacientes com doença inflamatória intestinal (DII) consiste na indução e manutenção da remissão da doença. Os indicadores do estado corporal do ferro seriam úteis para o diagnóstico da anemia por deficiência de ferro, enquanto os indicadores de inflamação para o diagnóstico da anemia da doença crônica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os indicadores do estado corporal do ferro e os indicadores de inflamação durante o tratamento da doença inflamatória intestinal, com terapia convencional ou infliximabe em crianças e adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Estudo de caso-controle de uma amostra de 116 indivíduos, sendo 81 pacientes com DII, dos quais 18 com terapia convencional, 20 infliximabe e 43 em remissão da doença, e 35 crianças e adolescentes saudáveis (grupo controle). Os indicadores do estado do ferro e os indicadores de inflamação foram avaliados no início, 2 e 6 meses de dois tipos de tratamento - terapia convencional e terapia com infliximabe. RESULTADOS: A média de idade foi de 12,1±4,3 anos. No início do tratamento, ambos os grupos - terapia convencional e infliximabe - apresentaram diferenças significantes com relação à maioria dos marcadores estudados comparados ao grupo controle. Após 2 meses de terapia convencional, os níveis de hemoglobina e ferro sérico foram inferiores em comparação ao grupo controle; e amplitude de distribuição dos eritrócitos (RDW), capacidade total de ligação do ferro, razão entre o receptor de transferrina solúvel e ferritina e interleucina-6 foram superiores aos do grupo controle. Após 2 meses de tratamento com infliximabe os níveis de hemoglobina e ferro sérico foram inferiores em comparação ao grupo controle, e RDW, receptor de transferrina solúvel e interleucina-6 foram superiores aos do grupo controle. Após 6 meses de terapia convencional, os níveis de hemoglobina e ferro sérico foram inferiores aos do grupo controle, e RDW e interleucina-6 superiores aos do grupo controle. Após 6 meses de tratamento com infliximabe, os níveis de hemoglobina e ferro sérico foram inferiores comparados ao grupo controle, e RDW, receptor de transferrina solúvel, razão receptor de transferrina solúvel e ferritina, taxa de sedimentação de eritrócitos e plaquetas foram superiores ao do grupo controle. Quanto aos pacientes que estavam em tratamento há mais de um ano (grupo remissão), todos os marcadores, exceto a transferrina, foram similares ao grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: Houve contradições entre os diferentes indicadores do estado corporal do ferro e dos indicadores de inflamação aos 2 e 6 meses de tratamento com terapia convencional e infliximabe, no entanto após um ano de tratamento, conforme observado pelo grupo em remissão, todos os indicadores estudados, exceto a transferrina, foram semelhantes aos das crianças e adolescentes saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/drug therapy , Case-Control Studies , Ferritins , Inflammation , Iron
5.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021243, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285402

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and potentially fatal syndrome resulting from a hyperactivated immune system. Diverse patient profiles and clinical presentations often result in misdiagnosis. This article describes the varied clinical presentations and autopsy findings in three patients with this entity. The etiopathogenesis of HLH, its disparate and confounding clinical features, the diagnostic criteria, and management principles are also briefly reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/pathology , Autopsy , Hypertriglyceridemia , Macrophage Activation Syndrome , Ferritins , Immune System
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-6, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178382

ABSTRACT

Objective: Early childhood caries is the presence of dental caries in a child upto seventy one months of age. Saliva plays a major role in maintaining good oral health. The composition of saliva acts as a marker for oral health and the salivary proteins help in modulating the oral microflora in the oral cavity. Some salivary biomarkers help in detecting caries risk and can also predict their prognosis. Ferritin is one of the major biomarkers present in the saliva which acts as an iron binding protein and also as a monitoring tool in children suffering from iron deficiency. The ferritin levels are in increased in serum as well as in saliva to balance the deficiency of iron in the body. Material and methods: Sixty children were selected for the study aged between three to six years. The saliva sample was collected using standard spit method in a sterile container and Ferritin was tested in the samples by Chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay(CMIA). Results: Salivary ferritin was found to be higher in the saliva of children with early childhood caries(mean value= 5.867) than in children without early childhood caries(mean value= 3.412). Conclusion: A direct association is present between salivary ferritin levels and dental caries. Increased level of ferritin is observed in children with Early childhood caries. Clinical relevance: The level of salivary ferritin is found to be raised in the present study in children with Early childhood caries. The exact mechanism is although not known it can be assumed that the children with early childhood caries might have deficiency of iron which has led to the increased amount of salivary ferritin in the saliva. (AU)


Objetivo: A cárie precoce é definida como a presença de cárie dentária em uma criança de até setenta e um meses de idade. A saliva desempenha um papel importante na manutenção de uma boa saúde bucal. A composição da saliva atua como um marcador para a saúde bucal e as proteínas salivares auxiliam na modulação da microflora oral na cavidade oral. Alguns biomarcadores salivares ajudam a detectar o risco de cárie e também podem prever seu prognóstico. A ferritina é um dos principais biomarcadores presentes na saliva, que atua como uma proteína ligadora de ferro e também como uma ferramenta de monitoramento em crianças com deficiência de ferro. Os níveis de ferritina aumentam tanto no soro quanto na saliva para equilibrar a deficiência de ferro no corpo. Material e Métodos: foram selecionadas para o estudo 60 crianças com idades entre três e seis anos. A amostra de saliva foi coletada pelo método padrão de cuspir em um recipiente estéril e a ferritina foi testada nas amostras através de um imunoensaio de micropartículas por quimioluminescência (CMIA). Resultados: A ferritina salivar foi maior na saliva de crianças com cárie na primeira infância (valor médio = 5,867) do que em crianças sem cárie na primeira infância (valor médio = 3,412). Conclusão: Existe uma associação direta entre os níveis de ferritina salivar e a cárie dentária. Nível elevado de ferritina é observado em crianças com cárie na primeira infância. Relevância clínica: O nível de ferritina salivar está elevado no presente estudo em crianças com cárie na primeira infância. Embora o mecanismo exato seja desconhecido, pode-se presumir que crianças com cárie na primeira infância podem ter deficiência de ferro, o que levou a um aumento na quantidade de ferritina salivar na saliva. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Saliva , Salivary Proteins and Peptides , Iron Deficiency , Dental Caries , Ferritins
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2870-2877, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887849

ABSTRACT

Asthma is a common respiratory disease that affects 300 million of people worldwide, posing a serious health risk and medical burden. Development of new anti-asthmatic drugs and alternative treatment regimens is therefore encouraged. Recent studies have shown that Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is involved in asthma development. In order to construct nanoparticles targeting EGFR for asthma treatment, a single chain antibody fragment (scFv) against EGFR was genetically engineered and modified at the N-terminal end of the human ferritin H-chain (FTH1) to construct Anti EGFR scFv::FTH1/FTH1 nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the nanoparticles were self-assembled into hollow cage-like structures with the particle size of about 12 nm. Semi-quantitative analysis of the purified nanoparticles by SDS-PAGE revealed the mass ratio of FTH1 to Anti EGFR scFv::FTH1 was 7:3. In House Dust Mite (HDM) driven models, Anti EGFR scFv::FTH1/FTH1 nanoparticles efficiently attenuated several key features of asthma, including goblet cell hyperplasia, mucous metaplasia and subepithelial fibrosis, showing the potential of using ferritin based nanoparticle for asthma treatment.


Subject(s)
Asthma/drug therapy , Ferritins , Humans , Nanoparticles , Oxidoreductases , Single-Chain Antibodies/genetics
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887738

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to assess the dose-response relationship between serum ferritin (SF) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the two sexes.@*Methods@#We searched for articles on PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Web of Science databases that were published from 1950 to 2020. The summary odds ratio ( @*Results@#This study included 14 studies and 74,710 samples. The results of the classical meta-analysis showed that SF was positively associated with MetS ( @*Conclusions@#Our study shows that SF is significantly and positively associated with MetS, and the risk in the male population is higher than that in the female population. This finding also supports the recommendation of using SF as an early warning marker of MetS.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/blood , Female , Ferritins/blood , Humans , Male , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Sex Characteristics
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 244-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878253

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of polarization program on the ability of macrophages to regulate iron metabolism. M1 and M2 macrophages were propagated in vitro from porcine alveolar macrophages 3D4/2 and polarized by cytokines. The 3D4/2 macrophages were treated with 20 ng/mL interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and 10 ng/mL interleukin-4 (IL-4) combined with 10 ng/mL macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) to induce polarization to M1 and M2, respectively. After incubation for 24 h, the expression levels of inflammatory factors and iron-metabolism genes were determined using real-time qPCR, Western bot and immunofluorescence. The M1/M2 macrophages culture media supernatant was collected and used to treat porcine intestinal epithelial cells IPEC-J2. The proliferation ability of IPEC-J2 was detected using CCK-8 assay kit. Following exogenous addition of ammonium ferric citrate (FAC) to M1/M2 macrophages, the phagocytic function of macrophages was detected using fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran (FITC-dextran) and flow cytometry. The results showed that, compared with control, M1 macrophages had higher mRNA levels of iron storage proteins (ferritin heavy and light polypeptide, i.e. FtH and FtL), hepcidin and lipocalin-2, as well as iron content. Moreover, iron enhanced the ability of M1 macrophages to phagocytize FITC-dextran. There was no significant change in these mRNA expression levels in M2 macrophages, but the mRNA expression levels of ferroportin and transferrin receptor were up-regulated. In addition, the conditioned media supernatant from M2 macrophages promoted cell proliferation of IPEC-J2. These findings indicate that M1 macrophages tend to lock iron in the cell and reduce extracellular iron content, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of extracellular bacteria. While M2 macrophages tend to excrete iron, which contributes to the proliferation of surrounding cells and thus promotes tissue repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Ferritins , Iron/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Macrophages, Alveolar/metabolism , Swine
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between pretransplant serum ferritin (SF) level and prolonged or prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with PT after allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, and 35 patients were matched according to age and sex as a controls from 424 allo-HSCT patients with normal platelet count. The serum ferritin level before the transplantation was analyzed. The potential risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The survival curve was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model to explore its clinical significance. In addition, ROC curve was used to verify the predictive power of SF.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the SF level in the PT group before transplantation significantly increased (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis results showed that SF level before transplantation was a risk factor for prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT, and patients with SF≥1000 ng / ml showed a higher risk of death (P=0.014). ROC curve showed that SF level could be used as a predictor of prolonged thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The SF level before allo-HSCT relates with occurrence and prognosis of PT in patients after allo-HSCT. Detection of SF level can provide guidance for the intervention of prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Ferritins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880056

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect serum hepcidin and erythroferrone levels in child-bearing women with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), and to investigate the association between them and iron status parameters.@*METHODS@#The study consisted of 65 child-bearing women (35 with iron deficiency anemia and 30 age-matched healthy women). The levels of serum iron were detected by using automated chemistry analyzer, the contents of serum ferritin were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, and the levels of serum erythroferrone and hepcidin were detected by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The quantitative variables between two groups were compared and analyzed by SPSS22.0 software. Spearman correlation was used to detect correlation between the parameters.@*RESULTS@#The levels of Hb, serum iron, ferritin and transferrin saturation were significantly decreased in IDA patients as compared with in control group (P0.05). In IDA patients, serum hepcidin concentrations were positively correlated with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (r=0.448, r=0.496, r=0.754, r=0.491). But, serum erythroferrone concentrations showed no correlation with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation and hepcidin (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Serum hepcidin levels were significantly decreased in child-bearing women with IDA, but the serum erythroferrone levels were not obviously different between two groups, suggesting that serum erythroferrone may be not involved in the regulation of iron metabolism in child-bearing women with mild and moderate IDA.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Child , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Ferritins , Hepcidins , Humans , Iron/metabolism
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): 411-417, dic 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146074

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La anemia por deficiencia de hierro en hemodiálisis es frecuente. Para su detección se utiliza la ferritina sérica y la saturación de transferrina (ST). El equivalente de hemoglobina reticulocitaria (RET-He) es un análisis que no se modifica en estados inflamatorios y refleja directamente el hierro disponible en médula ósea.Objetivo. Explorar la capacidad diagnóstica de deficiencia absoluta de hierro del RET-He y evaluar su correlación con marcadores tradicionales de ferropenia.Población y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo que comparó RET-He con ferritina y ST en niños en hemodiálisis atendidos en el Hospital Garrahan entre julio de 2016 y julio de 2019. Resultados. En 164 observaciones realizadas en 40 niños, se encontró correlación positiva débil entre hemoglobina y RET-He (r 0,35, p < 0,001), positiva significativa entre ST y RET-He (r 0,52, p < 0,001), negativa baja entre hemoglobina y ferritina (r -0,19, p 0,02) y ausencia de correlación entre hemoglobina y ST (r 0,05, p 0,5). El 50 % presentaba anemia; la ferropénica fue por marcadores tradicionales en el 13 % y por RET-He en el 44 %. El RET-He mostró sensibilidad del 90,9 % (IC 95: 57,1-99,5 %), especificidad del 74,5 % (IC 95: 66,7-81 %), valor predictivo negativo del 99,1 % (IC 95: 94,5-99,9 %) y positivo del 20,4 % (IC 95: 10,7-34,7 %) para detectar anemia ferropénica con valor de corte de 29 picogramos.Conclusiones. Pese a su capacidad limitada, el RET-He como biomarcador de deficiencia de hierro aumenta la detección de anemia ferropénica en niños en hemodiálisis


Introduction. Iron-deficiency anemia is common in hemodialysis patients. Serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TS) are used for its detection. The reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He) is a marker that is not altered by inflammatory conditions and directly reflects iron availability in the bone marrow.Objective. To explore the diagnostic capability of RET-He to detect absolute iron deficiency and assess its correlation with traditional markers of iron deficiency.Population and methods. Retrospective study comparing RET-He with ferritin and TS in children on hemodialysis seen at Hospital Garrahan between July 2016 and July 2019.Results. In 164 observations carried out in 40 children, a weak positive correlation was found between hemoglobin and RET-He (r = 0.35, p < 0.001), a significant positive correlation between TS and RET-He (r = 0.52, p < 0.001), a low negative correlation between hemoglobin and ferritin (r = -0.19, p = 0.02), and a lack of correlation between hemoglobin and TS (r = 0.05, p = 0.5). Anemia was observed in 50 %; iron-deficiency anemia was detected by traditional markers in 13 % and by RET-He in 44 %. RET-He showed a sensitivity of 90.9 % (95 % CI: 57.1-99.5 %), a specificity of 74.5 % (95 % CI: 66.7-81 %), a negative predictive value of 99.1 % (95 % CI: 94.5-99.9 %), and a positive predictive value of 20.4 % (95 % CI: 10.7-34.7 %) to detect iron-deficiency anemia with a cut-off value of 29 pg.Conclusions. Despite its limited capability, the use of RET-He as a biomarker of iron deficiency increases the detection of iron-deficiency anemia in children on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Iron Deficiency , Renal Dialysis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Reticulocytes/chemistry , Hemoglobins/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Ferritins/blood
13.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(3): 155-163, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1150848

ABSTRACT

To determine the association between serum ferritin levels, lipid profile and adiposity in school-age children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on obese and non-obese children. Weight, height, waist circumference and blood pressure were measured for all participants. Lipid profile, serum ferritin and glucose were determined and analysed through absorbance. The Spearman correlation was performed for the quantitative variables and a regression analysis was used to determine the interaction between variables. Eighty-nine children were included, with a median age of 9.0 years. Results: When comparing serum ferritin levels in normal weight group, vs. the overweight and obesity group, values were significantly higher in the latter. Serum ferritin correlated positively with BMI (Rho .282, p <0.01), waist circumference (Rho .372, p < 0.01), diastolic blood pressure (Rho .244, p < 0.05), body fat percentage (Rho .375, p < 0.001), insulin (Rho .254, p <.05) and sex (Rho .224, p <.05); and negatively with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (Rho. -221, p< 0.05). When analysing the significant variables in a multivariate regression model, sex, body mass index, waist circumference, and body fat percentage remained statistically significant (p <0.01). Conclusion: We observed associations between serum ferritin and obesity in Mexican school aged children(AU)


Determinar la asociación entre los niveles de ferritina sérica, el perfil de lípidos y la adiposidad en niños en edad escolar. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio transversal en niños obesos y no obesos. Se midieron el peso, la altura, la circunferencia de cintura y la presión arterial en todos los participantes. El perfil lipídico, la ferritina sérica y la glucosa se determinaron y analizaron mediante absorbancia. Se realizó correlación de Spearman para las variables cuantitativas y se utilizó un análisis de regresión para determinar la interacción entre las variables. Se incluyeron ochenta y nueve niños, con una edad media de 9,0 años. Resultados: Al comparar los niveles de ferritina sérica en el grupo de peso normal, frente al grupo de sobrepeso y obesidad, los valores fueron significativamente más altos en este último. La ferritina sérica se correlacionó positivamente con el IMC (Rho 0,282, p <0,01), la circunferencia de cintura (Rho 0,372, p <0,01), la presión arterial diastólica (Rho 0,244, p <0,05), el porcentaje de grasa corporal (Rho 0,375, p < 0,001), insulina (Rho 0,254, p <0,05) y sexo (Rho 0,224, p < 0,05); y negativamente con colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad (Rho -0,221, p <0,05). Al analizar las variables significativas en un modelo de regresión multivariante, el sexo, el índice de masa corporal, la circunferencia de cintura y el porcentaje de grasa corporal se mantuvieron estadísticamente significativos (p <0,01). Conclusión: Observamos asociaciones entre la ferritina sérica y la obesidad en niños mexicanos en edad escolar(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Body Weights and Measures , Body Mass Index , Waist Circumference , Ferritins/analysis , Pediatric Obesity , Anthropometry , Chronic Disease , Body Fat Distribution , Adiposity , Lipids
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 227-231, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136169

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND An association between increased serum ferritin levels and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to confirm the association between increased serum ferritin levels and AMI. METHODS We searched PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for relevant articles that assessed the association between serum ferritin and acute myocardial infarction using terms that included serum ferritin and acute myocardial infarction up to February 13, 2019. RESULTS A total of 11 studies were identified for analysis. All pooled analysis was based on a random-effects models. The variance was exhibited using a forest plot, and the heterogeneity among studies was examined using the I2 index, the publication bias was evaluated using a funnel plot. The pooled standard mean difference of ferritin levels between AMI and controls was 0.78 (95%CI,0.68-0.88). CONCLUSION The results of this meta-analysis demonstrate that serum ferritin in acute myocardial infarction patients is higher than that of healthy controls.


RESUMO ANTECEDENTES a correlação entre o aumento do nível de proteínas de ferro no soro e o infarto agudo do miocárdio (AMI) continua controversa. O objetivo desta análise é confirmar a relação entre o aumento dos níveis de proteínas de ferro no soro y o AMI. METODOLOGIA busca de artigos sobre Pubmed e a infraestrutura nacional de conhecimentos da China (cnki) para avaliar a relação entre a proteína de ferro no soro e o infarto agudo do miocárdio, incluída a proteína de ferro no soro e o infarto agudo de miocárdio, até 13 de fevereiro de 2019. RESULTADO foram identificados 11 estudos para sua analise e todas as análises resumidas tiveram base em modelos de efeitos aleatórios. Foram utilizados mapas florestais para mostrar as margens, foi utilizado o índice 12 para examinar a heterogeneidade dos estudos e foram utilizados mapas de funil para avaliar os desvios publicados.A diferença entre a norma de fusão dos níveis de proteína de ferro do Grupo ami e o Grupo de controle é de 0,78 (intervalo de confiança de 95% 0,68-0,88). CONCLUSÃO nos resultados das análises da meta indicam que os pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio têm proteínas de ferro superiores às do Grupo de controle de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferritins/blood , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Myocardial Infarction/etiology
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202404, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136612

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos: Comparar a evolução do perfil nutricional de pacientes submetidos ao bypass gástrico em Y de Roux (BGYR) e ao Sleeve, em hospitais dos setores público e privado da Saúde de Pernambuco. Método: O estudo incluiu pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica nos setores público e privado de saúde de Pernambuco no período de 2008 a 2016. Foram avaliados dados antropométricos e bioquímicos (Hemoglobina, Vitamina B12, Ferro e Ferritina) no período pré-operatório e com 3, 6 e 12 meses de pós-operatório. Resultados: Não foram registradas diferenças significativas entre os pacientes internados nos dois setores da Saúde no tocante às variáveis: níveis hemoglobina, anemia por deficiência de ferro e vitamina B12 em nenhuma das avaliações e conforme o tipo de cirurgia. Entre os pacientes submetidos ao BGYR, os níveis de ferro sérico foram significativamente menores nos pacientes do setor privado da Saúde apenas na primeira avaliação. Baixos níveis de ferritina sérica foram observados na segunda avaliação, sendo os pacientes do setor privado os que apresentaram menores valores. O sucesso cirúrgico foi significativamente maior no grupo que realizou o BGYR na rede privada. Conclusões: Com um seguimento de 12 meses pós-cirurgia bariátrica, não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante no que diz respeito às deficiências de micronutrientes entre pacientes usuários dos setores público e privado de Saúde.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the nutritional status follow up of patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (BGYR) and Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in hospitals of the private and public health systems, in Pernambuco. Methods: This study included patients who underwent bariatric surgery in the public and private health systems, in Pernambuco, from 2008 to 2016. Anthropometric and biochemical (hemoglobin, B12, iron and ferritin) data were evaluated in the preoperative period and at 3, 6 and 12 months after the operation. Results: There were no significant difference between patients seen at the two health systems regarding the levels of hemoglobin, iron, anemia and vitamin B12. Patients who underwent the RYGB, presented with iron deficiency which was significantly lower for those in the private system, but only at the 3 month evaluation. Low levels of ferritin were observed at the 6 month evaluation, and patients in the private health system presented with the highest ferritin deficiency. The rate of surgical success was significantly higher in those patients undergoing the RYGB at the private system. Conclusions: After a 12-month bariatric surgery follow-up, there was no statistically significant difference regarding micronutrient deficiency between patients followed up at the private and public health systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Nutritional Status , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Vitamin B 12/blood , Obesity, Morbid/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Public Sector , Private Sector , Ferritins/blood , Middle Aged
16.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(3): e2020180, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131840

ABSTRACT

Hepatic cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus and iron overload can each independently predispose to cryptococcosis. Hereditary hemochromatosis leads to all three of these predispositions. This report is the case of a patient with chronic hepatitis B virus infection and cirrhosis, who had markedly elevated serum ferritin and 99% transferrin saturation, and developed a leukemoid reaction. Autopsy revealed disseminated cryptococcosis for which the leukemoid reaction was a clue and possible hereditary hemochromatosis of which elevated ferritin and transferrin saturation can be clues. Hereditary hemochromatosis is an important diagnosis clinicians should never miss because early treatment with phlebotomy can be life-saving. Disseminated cryptococcosis can be rapidly diagnosed with serum cryptococcal antigen test and is treatable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cryptococcosis/pathology , Hemochromatosis/pathology , Autopsy , Transferrin , Fatal Outcome , Iron Overload , Ferritins , Hepatitis , Liver Cirrhosis
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1312-1315, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of iron deficiency on the index of thalassemia screening.@*METHODS@#876 blood samples of the couples at childbearing age, who underwent red blood cell analysis, hemoglobin electrophoresis, ferritin and gene diagnosis were selected. The samples were divided into normal, iron deficiency, αthalassemia, α-thalassemia combining with iron deficiency, β-thalassemia and β-thalassemia combining with iron deficiency group. The differences of hematology index and hemolobin value A2 between each groups were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The value of Hb, MCV, MCH, MCHC in iron deficiency, αthalassemia, α-thalassemia combining with iron deficiency, β-thalassemia and β-thalassemia combining with iron deficiency group all were lower than that of normal group, while the value of RDW-CV was higher, in which the difference between β-thalassemia was the highest. The distribution of HbA2 among each groups was not significantly different expect of β-thalassemia. There was no significant correlation between HbA2 and ferritin level.@*CONCLUSION@#RDW-CV increases in both iron deficiency and thalassemia. Iron deficiency has no significant effect on the level of hemoglobin A2.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Erythrocyte Indices , Ferritins , Hemoglobin A2 , Humans , beta-Thalassemia
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1406-1409, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the possible etiological factors of iron overload through detecting plasma hepcidin level of adult males at Tibet plateau.@*METHODS@#81 Tibetan male adult patients hospitalized in our department during January 2017 - December 2018 were selected, and divided into iron overload group and non-iron overload group. The difference in serum ferritin, serum iron, total iron binding capacity, hemoglobin, HBSAg, ALT, AST, albumin, creatinine and hepcidin of patients in each group were tested. To analyze the differences between groups. The regression analysis was applied to analyze the relationship between laboratory index and hepcidin.@*RESULTS@#The plasma hepcidin of iron overload group was significantly higher than that of the non-iron overload group [93.69 (65.57-133.92) ng/ml vs 63.93 (40.01-90.65) ng/ml] (P=0.005). And there was a positive correlation between plasma hepcidin and ferritin (β=0.03 ng/ml,95%CI 0.01-0.05) (P<0.01) and BMI (β=5.71 ng/ml,95%CI 0.54-10.88) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Iron overload at Tibet plateau can not be attributed to hepcidin deficiency in Tibetan adult male patients. Iron metabolism disorders in Tibetan population may be associated with metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ferritins , Hepcidins , Humans , Iron , Iron Overload , Male , Tibet
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of fecal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid-positive in patients with coronavirus dasease 2019 (COVID-19) and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 16 patients with fecal SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positive, who hospitalized in the North Branch of the First Hospital of Changsha (Changsha Public Health Rescue Center) from January to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory data and imaging data were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Among the 16 patients, there were 9 males (56.25%) and 7 females (43.75%), the ratio of males to females was 1∶1.29. The age of onset was (43.3±14.6) years. There were 15 patients with contact history of Wuhan, 1 patient with contact history of local patient.Twelve patients were common type (75%), and 4 patients were severe type (25%). Clinical symptoms included fever in 14 patients (87.5%), cough in 12 patients (75%), shortness of breath in 5 patients (31.25%), pharyngalgia in 10 patients (62.5%), fatigue in 7 patients (43.75%), and diarrhea in 4 patients (25%). There were 14 patients (87.5%) with normal or decreased white blood cell count, 11 patients (68.75%) with decreased lymphocyte count, 15 patients (93.75%) with increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 13 patients (81.25%) with increased hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, 5 patients (31.25%) with increased procalcitonin, and 8 patients (50%) with increased serum ferritin in peripheral blood, and stool routine was basically normal. Compared with the common type, there was significant difference in the white blood cell and lymphocyte counts in the severe type (0.05). Chest CT mainly showed patchy shadows and interstitial changes. According to imaging examination, 4 patients (25%) showed unilateral pneumonia and 12 patients (75%) showed bilateral pneumonia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The patients have the clinical symptoms of COVID-19, but gastrointestinal symptoms (such as diarrhea) are more common, and the changes of white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, ferritin are more obvious in severe patients.The positivity of fecal nucleic acid suggests the possibility of digestive tract transmission of SARS-CoV-2, and fecal nucleic acid testing can be used as a routine testing method in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Betacoronavirus , C-Reactive Protein , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Virology , Feces , Virology , Female , Ferritins , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
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