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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 893, 30 Junio 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451326

ABSTRACT

Los movimientos fetales son uno de los primeros signos de vitalidad fetal. Durante la gestación, éstos van apareciendo progresivamente. La adecuada adquisición y mantenimiento de los mismos durante la gestación indica un correcto desarrollo neuromuscular, así como de bienestar fetal1. La percepción materna de una Disminución de los Movimientos Fetales (DMF) constituye un motivo de consulta frecuente en los Servicios de Urgencias Obstétricas; toda paciente embarazada debe vigilar los movimientos fetales, mediante un conteo subjetivo de los movimientos del feto, a partir de las 24 semanas de gestación. La DMF constituye el 5 ­ 15% de motivos de consulta en los servicios de Urgencias en el tercer trimestre del embarazo. Hasta un 25% de fetos que presentan una DMF presentarán alguna complicación perinatal (malformaciones, retraso de crecimiento, parto prematuro, hemorragia fetomaterna, y éxitus fetal) incluso en población de bajo riesgo. El manejo inadecuado de la DMF representa un 10-15% de las muertes evitables a término1-3. Es por esto que ninguna paciente que consulte por Disminución de Movimientos Fetales debe ser dada de alta sin asegurarse del adecuado bienestar fetal.


Fetal movements are one of the first signs of fetal vitality. During gestation, they appear progressively. Adequate acquisition and maintenance of fetal movements during gestation indicates correct neuromuscular development, as well as fetal well-being1. Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements (DMP) is a frequent reason for consultation in Obstetric Emergency Departments; every pregnant patient should monitor fetal movements by subjectively counting fetal movements, starting at 24 weeks of gestation. FMD constitutes 5-15% of the reasons for consultation in the emergency department in the third trimester of pregnancy. Up to 25% of fetuses with FMD will present some perinatal complication (malformations, growth retardation, premature delivery, fetomaternal hemorrhage, and fetal death) even in low-risk populations. Inadequate management of FMD accounts for 10-15% of preventable deaths at term1-3. This is why no patient who consults for decreased fetal movements should be discharged without ensuring adequate fetal well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy , Fetal Development , Fetal Monitoring , Fetal Movement , Obstetrics , Heart Rate, Fetal , Oximetry , Cardiotocography , Parturition , Ecuador , Emergency Medical Services , Fetal Death
2.
FEMINA ; 51(1): 43-48, jan. 31, 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428680

ABSTRACT

A perfusão arterial reversa gemelar é uma anormalidade rara que pode ocorrer em gestações gemelares monocoriônicas. Consiste em uma alteração na circulação fetoplacentária, com desvio de sangue de um dos gemelares para o outro, por meio de anastomoses arterioarteriais e venovenosas na superfície placentária e anastomoses arteriovenosas em áreas de circulação placentária compartilhada. O feto bombeador pode desenvolver insuficiência cardíaca devido ao aumento do débito cardíaco, e o feto receptor, perfundido por sangue pobre em oxigênio por meio do fluxo reverso, é severamente malformado, incompatível com a vida extrauterina. Este artigo apresenta o caso de uma gestação gemelar monocoriônica diamniótica, com manejo clínico conservador. O objetivo é relatar um caso de complicação rara de gestações monozigóticas e revisar condutas para diagnóstico e manejo adequado.(AU)


Twin reverse arterial perfusion is a rare abnormality that can occur in monochorionic twin pregnancies. It consists of an alteration in the fetal-placental circulation, with blood diversion from one of the twins to the other, through arterio-arterial and veno- venous anastomosis on the placental surface and arterio-venous anastomosis in areas of shared placental circulation. The pumping fetus may develop heart failure due to increased cardiac output, and the recipient fetus, perfused by oxygen-poor blood through reverse flow, is severely malformed, incompatible with extrauterine life. This article presents the case of a monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy, with conservative clinical management. The objective is to report a case of rare complication of monozygotic pregnancies and review procedures for diagnosis and adequate management.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications/physiopathology , Arteriovenous Anastomosis/abnormalities , Umbilical Arteries/abnormalities , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Twinning, Monozygotic , Fetofetal Transfusion/complications , Brazil , Placental Circulation , Fetal Death , Fetal Monitoring , Umbilical Cord Clamping , Obstetric Labor, Premature
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255195, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529228

ABSTRACT

A pandemia de covid-19 provocou intensas mudanças no contexto do cuidado neonatal, exigindo dos profissionais de saúde a reformulação de práticas e o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias para a manutenção da atenção integral e humanizada ao recém-nascido. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar a atuação da Psicologia nas Unidades Neonatais de um hospital público de Fortaleza (CE), Brasil, durante o período de distanciamento físico da pandemia de covid-19. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, do tipo relato de experiência, que ocorreu no período de março a agosto de 2020. No contexto pandêmico, o serviço de Psicologia desenvolveu novas condutas assistenciais para atender às demandas emergentes do momento, como: atendimento remoto; registro e envio on-line de imagens do recém-nascido a seus familiares; visitas virtuais; e reprodução de mensagens de áudio da família para o neonato. Apesar dos desafios encontrados, as ações contribuíram para a manutenção do cuidado centrado no recém-nascido e sua família, o que demonstra a potencialidade do fazer psicológico.(AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic brought intense changes to neonatal care and required health professionals to reformulate practices and develop new strategies to ensure comprehensive and humanized care for newborn. This study aims to report the experience of the Psychology Service in the Neonatal Units of a public hospital in Fortaleza, in the state of Ceará, Brazil, during the social distancing period of the COVID-19 pandemic. This descriptive experience report study was conducted from March to August 2020. During the pandemic, the Psychology Service developed new care practices to meet the emerging demands of that moment, such as remote care, recordings and online submission of newborns' pictures and video images for their family, virtual tours, and reproduction of family audio messages for the newborns. Despite the challenges, the actions contributed to the maintenance of a care that is centered on the newborns and their families, which shows the potential of psychological practices.(AU)


La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha traído cambios intensos en el contexto de la atención neonatal, que requieren de los profesionales de la salud una reformulación de sus prácticas y el desarrollo de nuevas estrategias para asegurar una atención integral y humanizada al recién nacido. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar la experiencia del Servicio de Psicología en las Unidades Neonatales de un hospital público de Fortaleza, en Ceará, Brasil, durante el periodo de distanciamiento físico en la pandemia de la COVID-19. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, un reporte de experiencia, que se llevó a cabo de marzo a agosto de 2020. En el contexto pandémico, el servicio de Psicología desarrolló nuevas conductas asistenciales para atender a las demandas emergentes del momento, tales como: atención remota; grabación y envío em línea de imágenes del recién nacido; visitas virtuales; y reproducción de mensajes de audio de la familia para el recién nacido. A pesar de los desafíos encontrados, las acciones contribuyeron al mantenimiento de la atención centrada en el recién nacido y su familia, lo que demuestra el potencial de la práctica psicológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Psychology , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Neonatology , Anxiety , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Apgar Score , Patient Care Team , Patient Discharge , Pediatrics , Perinatology , Phototherapy , Prenatal Care , Quality of Health Care , Respiration, Artificial , Skilled Nursing Facilities , Survival , Congenital Abnormalities , Unconscious, Psychology , Visitors to Patients , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Health Care Levels , Brazil , Breast Feeding , Case Reports , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Cardiotocography , Health Behavior , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Child Development , Child Health Services , Infant Mortality , Maternal Mortality , Cross Infection , Risk , Probability , Vital Statistics , Health Status Indicators , Life Expectancy , Women's Health , Neonatal Screening , Nursing , Enteral Nutrition , Long-Term Care , Parenteral Nutrition , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pliability , Comprehensive Health Care , Low Cost Technology , Pregnancy Rate , Life , Creativity , Critical Care , Affect , Crying , Humanizing Delivery , Uncertainty , Pregnant Women , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Information Technology , Child Nutrition , Perinatal Mortality , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Feeding Methods , Fetal Monitoring , Patient Handoff , Microbiota , Integrality in Health , Ambulatory Care , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Maternal Health , Neonatal Sepsis , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Psychosocial Support Systems , Survivorship , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Family Support , Gynecology , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hypothermia , Immune System , Incubators , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Length of Stay , Life Change Events , Love , Maternal Behavior , Maternal Welfare , Medicine , Methods , Nervous System Diseases , Object Attachment , Obstetrics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879273

ABSTRACT

Fetal electrocardiogram signal extraction is of great significance for perinatal fetal monitoring. In order to improve the prediction accuracy of fetal electrocardiogram signal, this paper proposes a fetal electrocardiogram signal extraction method (GA-LSTM) based on genetic algorithm (GA) optimization with long and short term memory (LSTM) network. Firstly, according to the characteristics of the mixed electrocardiogram signal of the maternal abdominal wall, the global search ability of the GA is used to optimize the number of hidden layer neurons, learning rate and training times of the LSTM network, and the optimal combination of parameters is calculated to make the network topology and the mother body match the characteristics of the mixed signals of the abdominal wall. Then, the LSTM network model is constructed using the optimal network parameters obtained by the GA, and the nonlinear transformation of the maternal chest electrocardiogram signals to the abdominal wall is estimated by the GA-LSTM network. Finally, using the non-linear transformation obtained from the maternal chest electrocardiogram signal and the GA-LSTM network model, the maternal electrocardiogram signal contained in the abdominal wall signal is estimated, and the estimated maternal electrocardiogram signal is subtracted from the mixed abdominal wall signal to obtain a pure fetal electrocardiogram signal. This article uses clinical electrocardiogram signals from two databases for experimental analysis. The final results show that compared with the traditional normalized minimum mean square error (NLMS), genetic algorithm-support vector machine method (GA-SVM) and LSTM network methods, the method proposed in this paper can extract a clearer fetal electrocardiogram signal, and its accuracy, sensitivity, accuracy and overall probability have been better improved. Therefore, the method could extract relatively pure fetal electrocardiogram signals, which has certain application value for perinatal fetal health monitoring.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Fetal Monitoring , Memory, Short-Term , Support Vector Machine
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880461

ABSTRACT

Fetal heart rate plays an essential role in maternal and fetal monitoring and fetal health detection. In this study, a method based on Poincare Plot and LSTM is proposed to realize the high performance classification of abnormal fetal heart rate. Firstly, the original fetal heart rate signal of CTU-UHB database is preprocessed via interpolation, then the sequential fetal heart rate signal is converted into Poincare Plot to obtain nonlinear characteristics of the signals, and then SquenzeNet is used to extract the features of Poincare Plot. Finally, the features extracted by SqueezeNet are classified by LSTM. And the accuracy, the true positive rate and the false positive rate are 98.00%, 100.00%, 92.30% respectively on 2 000 test set data. Compared with the traditional fetal heart rate classification method, all respects are improved. The method proposed in this study has good performance in CTU-UHB fetal monitoring database and has certain practical value in the clinical diagnosis of auxiliary fetal heart rate detection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Databases, Factual , Fetal Monitoring , Fetus , Heart Rate, Fetal
8.
Femina ; 47(6): 370-374, 30 jun. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046527

ABSTRACT

As cardiopatias congênitas são anormalidades estruturais ou funcionais do sistema cardiovascular, advindas desde o nascimento, mesmo que diagnosticadas posteriormente. Entre as malformações congênitas, as cardiopatias são as principais causas de mortalidade infantil nos Estados Unidos e em outros países desenvolvidos. Com o intuito de reduzir os efeitos progressivos dessas patologias, a intervenção intrauterina tem se destacado como opção terapêutica diante de resultados iniciais satisfatórios. O presente artigo teve por objetivo demonstrar a evolução da cirurgia intrauterina para correção cardíaca, a partir da avaliação dos benefícios ao feto e visando a riscos mínimos e aceitáveis para a mãe. Foi realizada uma pesquisa na base de dados Publisher Medline (PubMed), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) e Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde (BVS), incluindo artigos publicados entre 2008 e 2018; além da pesquisa efetuada no Manual de Medicina Fetal da SOGIMIG ­ 2018. Os critérios de elegibilidade são amplos. São necessários equipe multidisciplinar, equipamentos sofisticados e aperfeiçoamento da técnica, dessa forma dificulta-se a realização das cirurgias. Entretanto, diante dos resultados já demonstrados, a cirurgia intrauterina apresenta-se como alternativa terapêutica promissora.(AU)


The congenital cardiopathies are structural or functional abnormalities of the cardiovascular system, originated from birth, even when previously diagnosed. Among the congenic malformations, the cardiopathies are the main causes of infant mortality in the United States and in other developed countries. In order to reduce the progressive effects of these pathologies, intrauterine intervention has been highlighted as a therapeutic option in contempt of satisfactory initial results. This article has as goal to demonstrate the evolution of the intrauterine surgery for cardiac correction, based on the evaluation of the benefits to the fetus and aiming at minimum and acceptable risks to the mother. A research was made based on the Publisher Medline (PubMed) data base, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde (BVS), including published articles between 2008 and 2018. Beyond the research made on The fetal medicine manual from SOGIMIG ­ 2018. The eligibility criteria are broad. It is necessary a multidisciplinary team, sophisticated equipments and technique improvement, therefore interfering in the performance of surgeries. However, in contempt of the already demonstrated results the intrauterine surgery presents itself as a therapeutic promising alternative.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Fetal Heart/surgery , Fetoscopy/adverse effects , Fetoscopy/instrumentation , Fetoscopy/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Prenatal Care , Databases, Bibliographic , Fetal Therapies , Fetal Monitoring
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(3): 110-118, may 2019. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1025204

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Desarrollar una nueva metodología física y matemática para diagnosticar la dinámica cardíaca caótica fetal a partir de atractores de la frecuencia cardíaca. Metodología: Se realizó una inducción matemática con tres trazados de monitorias fetales; una reactiva sin dudas en su evaluación, una plana y una con pérdida aguda de bienestar fetal, para cada una de ellas se generó un atractor caótico a partir de las frecuencias cardíacas, se evaluaron los espacios de ocupación de cada atractor en dos rejillas, y se establacieron diferencias matemáticas entre trazados de monitorias reactivas y no reactivas. Posteriormente se analizaron otros 15 trazados de monitorias fetales, para refinar los parámetros diagnósticos. Resultados: Los espacios evaluados para los atractores de monitorias normales presentaron valores entre 53 y 117 para la rejilla más pequeña; mientras que las monitorias anormales presentaron valores menores a 41 y mayores a 123. Conclusiones: se desarrolló una nueva metodología de ayuda diagnóstica para evaluar la dinámica cardíaca caótica fetal, que diferencia normalidad de enfermedad de forma objetiva y reproducible (AU)


Objective: To develop a new physical and mathematical methodology to diagnose fetal chaotic cardiac dynamics from heart rate attractors. Methods: A mathematical induction was performed with three fetal monitoring tracings;one of them, reactive without doubt in its evaluation, other plane and other with acute loss of fetal well-being, for each of them a chaotic attractor was generated from the cardiac frequencies, the spaces of occupation of each attractor in two grids were evaluated, and mathematical differences were established between reactive and non-reactive monitorin tracings. A further 15 fetal monitoring tracings were then analyzed to refine the diagnostic parameters. Results: The spaces evaluated for the normal monitor attractors presented values between 53 and 177 for the smallest grid; while abnormal monitoring had values lower than 41 and greater than 12.3. conclusions: a new methodology of diagnostic aid was developed to evaluate fetal chaotic cardiac dynamics, which distinguishes normality of disease in an objective and reproductible way (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Nonlinear Dynamics , Fractals , Methodology as a Subject , Fetal Monitoring , Diagnostic Screening Programs
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772537

ABSTRACT

The existing fetal monitor is prone to false detection in the case of high maternal interference in the second stage of labor. With this background, the article designs and implements a combined maternal-fetal fetal heart monitoring system. The system obtains the Doppler signal of the abdominal fetal heart and the blood oxygen signal of the mother's finger, and estimates the maternal interference degree in the fetal heart rate Doppler signal according to the maximum correlation value between the maternal finger blood oxygen signal and the abdominal fetal heart Doppler signal, and switches the fetal heart rate extraction algorithm between the autocorrelation method suitable for lower interference and improved template method suitable for higher interference according to the maternal interference degree. The accuracy of our method is 9.2% which is higher than that of the improved template matching method and 6.1% higher than that of the autocorrelation method.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Fetal Monitoring , Fetus , Heart Rate , Heart Rate, Fetal , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774171

ABSTRACT

The ultrasound Doppler fetal heart rate measurement is the gold standard of fetal heart rate counting. However, the existing fetal heart rate extraction algorithms are not designed specifically to suppress the high maternal interference during the second stage of labor, and false detection occurrences are common during labor. With this background, a method combining time-frequency frame template library optimal selecting and non-linear template matching is proposed. The method contributes a template library, and the optimal template can be selected to match the signal frame. After the short-time Fourier transform of the signal, the difference between the signal and the template is optimized by leaky rectified linear unit (LReLU) function frame by frame. The heart rate was calculated from the peak of the matching curve and the heart rate was calculated. By comparing the proposed method with the autocorrelation method, the results show that the detection accuracy of the proposed method is improved by 20% on average, and the non-linear template matching of 23% samples is at least 50% higher than the autocorrelation method. This paper designs the algorithm by analyzing the characteristics of the interference and signal mixing. We hope that this paper will provide a new idea for fetal heart rate extraction which not only focuses on the original signal.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Algorithms , Fetal Monitoring , Fourier Analysis , Heart Rate, Fetal , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Ultrasonography, Doppler
12.
Femina ; 46(2): 124-130, 20180430. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050111

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O crescimento intrauterino restrito (CIUR) por insuficiência placentária persiste como grande desafio obstétrico. A interrupção da gestação representa a única estratégia de condução e baseia-se na predição de desfechos adversos. O Doppler tem valor reconhecido na avaliação seriada das alterações circulatórias nesses fetos, em geral sequenciais e proporcionais à gravidade do insulto hipóxico. Este estudo objetiva revisar as evidências do papel do Doppler de ducto venoso (DV) na predição de morbimortalidade perinatal em gestações complicadas por CIUR placentário grave e precoce. Métodos: Realizou-se revisão narrativa, com busca de artigos publicados nos últimos 10 anos nas bases Medline/PubMed, Lilacs e Scielo, sendo encontradas 132 referências. Pesquisas com animais e gestações múltiplas foram excluídas. Dos 115 artigos selecionados, 34 foram excluídos por inadequação ao tema. A revisão baseou-se nas demais 81 referências, além de trabalhos de reconhecida relevância no tema. Resultados: Estudos demonstram evidência consistente do papel do Doppler de DV na avaliação de fetos com CIUR, com bom valor preditivo para acidemia fetal e desfecho perinatal adverso. As principais estratégias de monitorização se baseiam na combinação do Doppler de vasos arteriais/venosos e parâmetros biofísicos, mas o Doppler de DV seria o melhor parâmetro isolado para predição de comprometimento fetal grave. Conclusão: A incorporação do Doppler de DV na monitorização de fetos com CIUR grave e precoce é capaz de predizer desfechos perinatais críticos. A avaliação de múltiplos vasos fetais parece aumentar a acurácia, porém não há evidência para embasar a definição de protocolos para o manejo clínico.(AU)


Objective: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) due to early onset placental insufficiency remains to be a great challenge in obstetrical practice. Delivery is still the only available strategy of management, and timing such intervention depends on prediction of adverse outcomes. Dopplervelocimetry studies have recognized value in the evaluation of the sequential hemodynamic changes that are stablished in the arterial and venous circulation of these fetuses, which correlate with the severity of hypoxemic insult. This study aims to review evidence on ductus venosus (DV) Doppler`s role as a predictor of perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by severe early onset IUGR. Methods: A Medline/PubMed, Lilacs and Scielo search was performed to identify original articles and systematic reviews published in the last 10 years. Eighty-one references were included in this review, in addition to other papers of recognized relevance in the subject. Results: Studies demonstrate consistent evidence on DV Doppler`s role in the longitudinal evaluation of IUGR fetuses, with adequate predictive value for fetal acidemia and adverse outcome. Monitoring strategies are usually based on a combination of arterial and venous Doppler assessment, in addition to biophysical parameters, but DV Doppler seems to be the best single parameter for prediction of severe fetal compromise. Conclusion: Monitoring of fetuses with severe early-onset IUGR through DV Doppler is able to predict critical perinatal outcomes. Evaluation of multiple fetal vessels seems to increase accuracy of prediction, but to this moment there is not enough evidence to recommend protocols of management.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Fetal Growth Retardation/physiopathology , Fetal Growth Retardation/diagnostic imaging , Blood Circulation , Databases, Bibliographic , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Fetal Hypoxia/diagnostic imaging , Fetal Monitoring/methods
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713237

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the significance of fetal Doppler parameters in predicting adverse neonatal outcomes and the risk of cesarean delivery due to non-reassuring fetal status, in severe small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses of late preterm and term gestation. METHODS: Fetal brain and umbilical artery (UmA) Doppler parameters of cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and UmA pulsatility index (PI) were evaluated in a cohort of 184 SGA fetuses between 34 and 41 weeks gestational age, who were less than the 5th percentile. The risks of neonatal morbidities and cesarean delivery due to non-reassuring fetal status were analyzed. RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed that abnormal CPR was significantly associated with cesarean delivery due to non-reassuring fetal status (P=0.018), but not with neonatal morbidities. However, abnormal CPR did not increase the risk of cesarean delivery due to non-reassuring fetal status in multivariate logistic regression analysis. Abnormal CPR with abnormal PI of UmA was associated with low Apgar score at 1 minute (P=0.048), mechanical ventilation (P=0.013) and cesarean delivery due to non-reassuring fetal status (P < 0.001), in univariate analysis. It increased risk of cesarean delivery for non-reassuring fetal status (adjusted odds ratio, 7.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.2–41.3; P=0.033), but did not increase risk of low Apgar score or mechanical ventilation in multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Abnormal CPR with abnormal PI of UmA increases the risk of cesarean delivery for non-reassuring fetal status, in severe SGA fetuses of late preterm and term. Monitoring of CPR and PI of UmA can help guide management including maternal hospitalization and fetal monitoring.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Apgar Score , Brain , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Cesarean Section , Cohort Studies , Fetal Monitoring , Fetus , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Respiration, Artificial , Umbilical Arteries
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167810

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop supplementary material about the electronic fetal monitoring for nursing students, and to test the effects on electronic fetal monitoring related knowledge and confidence on nursing performance in delivery room. METHODS: Totally 58 nursing students were recruited either experimental group (n=30) or a control group (n=28). A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was employed to test the effects on fetal monitoring related knowledge and confidence on nursing performance in delivery room. The supplementary material about the electronic fetal monitoring was developed based on Analysis, Design, Development, Implement and Evaluation (ADDIE) model. Fetal monitoring related knowledge and confidence on nursing performance in delivery room were self-reported by the scales that author developed. Data were collected at pre-test and after the 6-week intervention. RESULTS: There was significant difference in confidence on nursing performance in delivery room between two groups after intervention. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest the importance of the supplementary material about the electronic fetal monitoring for nursing students to improve confidence on nursing performance in delivery room.


Subject(s)
Humans , Delivery Rooms , Fetal Monitoring , Nursing , Students, Nursing , Weights and Measures
15.
Rev. SOBECC ; 20(2)abr.-jun. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-761351

ABSTRACT

Relatar a experiência da atuação da enfermeira no intraoperatório de correção de mielomeningoceles a céu aberto intraútero. Método: Relato de experiência da prática em um hospital privado de São Paulo. Resultados: A enfermeira possui papel fundamental na previsão e na provisão de materiais e equipamentos para a cirurgia, no acompanhamento da paciente na admissão no Centro Cirúrgico e no auxílio durante o ato anestésico-cirúrgico. Conclusão: Fatores primordiais para o sucesso da cirurgia são o conhecimento e o domínio da equipe sobre as fases da cirurgia e o atendimento a pacientes gestantes, considerando as possíveis complicações que podem envolver a mãe ou o feto...


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , General Surgery , Spinal Dysraphism/surgery , Meningomyelocele/nursing , Fetal Monitoring/nursing
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309485

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>Fetal distress is a result of acute or chronic disturbances in the system of "mother-placenta-fetus" in pre-eclampsia (PE). The aim of the investigation was to compare the accuracy of antenatal fetal distress diagnostics in cases of traditional cardiotocography (CTG) waveform evaluation and analysis of morphological non-invasive electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters in anterpartum patients with PE.</p><p><b>MATERIALS AND METHODS</b>Fetal non-invasive ECG antenatal recordings of 122 pregnant patients at 34 to 40 weeks of gestation were examined. In Group I, there were 32 women with physiological gestation and normal fetal condition according to haemodynamic Doppler values. Group II involved 48 patients with mild and moderate PE whom were performed Doppler investigation. In Group III, 42 patients with severe PE were monitored with haemodynamic Doppler.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fetal autonomic tone was lower with the relative increase of low frequency (LF) branch in the patients of pre-eclamptic group. The increased value of the amplitude of mode (AMo) and stress index (SI) was associated with adrenergic overactivity. It has induced pQ and QT shortening, increased T/QRS ratio and decelerations appearance. The rate of antenatal fetal distress retrospectively was 31.1 % in PE. The traditional analysis of CTG parameters has showed sensitivity (72.7%) and specificity (87.1%). In addition to the conventional CTG analysis, evaluation of ECG parameters has contributed to better diagnostics of fetal distress. Sensitivity and specificity of non-invasive fetal ECG were absolutely equal in this study (100%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results suggest that fetal non-invasive ECG monitoring is more objective than conventional CTG.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cardiotocography , Methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electrocardiography , Methods , Fetal Distress , Diagnosis , Fetal Monitoring , Heart Rate, Fetal , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Severity of Illness Index , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
17.
Lima; s.n; 2015. 34 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1114019

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del estudio fue comparar los resultados perinatales en las gestaciones con doble circular de cordón al cuello fetal según la vía del parto en el Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal de Lima - Perú durante los años 2011-2012. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo transversal, observacional analítico de tipo casos y controles. Se compararon los resultados perinatales de 101 mujeres con gestaciones con circular de cordón doble al cuello que tuvieron parto vaginal (casos) con los de 101 gestantes con circular de cordón doble al cuello a quienes se les realizó cesárea (controles). El análisis estadístico se realizó con el programa IBM Statistics SPSS 19. La edad de las gestantes varió entre los 12 y 46 años, con una media de 27,2 +/- 7,0 años. El análisis de regresión logística no demostró asociación entre las variables muerte fetal intraútero y muerte neonatal con la vía del parto (vaginal o cesárea) en las gestaciones con circular de cordón doble al cuello. Se concluyó que la vía del parto vaginal en las gestaciones con circular de cordón doble al cuello incrementó el riesgo asfixia perinatal, líquido amniótico meconial, sufrimiento fetal agudo, monitoreo electrónico fetal patológico, necesidad de reanimación neonatal e ingreso a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatal.


The objective of the study was to compare perinatal outcomes in pregnancies with double nuchal cord by the route of delivery in the National Maternal and Perinatal Institute in Lima - Peru during 2011-2012. An observational cross-sectional, retrospective case-control study was performed. Perinatal outcomes of 101 pregnant women with double nuchal cord delivered vaginally (cases) were compared with those of 101 pregnant women with double nuchal cord who underwent cesarean section (controls). Statistical analysis was performed with the IBM SPSS Statistics 19 program. The age of the pregnant women ranged between 12 and 46 years with a mean of 27.2 +/- 7.0. The logistic regression analysis showed no association between the variables intrauterine fetal death and neonatal death with the route of delivery (vaginal or cesarean) in pregnancies with circular double neck cord. It was concluded that the path of vaginal delivery in pregnancies with circular double neck cord increased the risk perinatal asphyxia, meconium, fetal distress, pathological EFM, need for neonatal resuscitation and admission lo Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Nuchal Cord , Fetal Monitoring , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Observational Studies as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Case-Control Studies
18.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2014 Jan; 17(1): 46-51
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149693

ABSTRACT

The fetal death rate associated with cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is as high as 9.5‑29%. We report continuous monitoring of fetal heart rate and umbilical artery flow‑velocity waveforms by transvaginal ultrasonography and their analyses in relation to events of the CPB in two cases in second trimester of pregnancy undergoing mitral valve replacement. Our findings suggest that the transition of circulation from corporeal to extracorporeal is the most important event during surgery; the associated decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP) at this stage potentially has deleterious effects on the fetus, which get aggravated with the use of vasopressors. We suggest careful management of CPB at this stage, which include partial controlled CPB at initiation and gradual transition to full CPB; this strategy maintains high MAP and avoids the use of vasopressors. Maternal and fetal monitoring can timely recognize the potential problems and provide window for the required treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Female , Fetal Monitoring/methods , Heart Rate/physiology , Heart Rate, Fetal , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Humans , Laser-Doppler Flowmetry , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Mitral Valve Stenosis/surgery , Pregnancy/physiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Treatment Outcome , Tricuspid Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Umbilical Arteries/physiology , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed clinical characteristics of fetal intra-abdominal umbilical vein (FIUV) varices that were detected during antenatal ultrasound examinations. METHODS: Between January 2006 and January 2012, 121 cases of FIUV varices were detected and 7 cases were lost to follow-up. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 114 patients and neonates. RESULTS: From a total 96,553 ultrasound examinations in 43,995 pregnancies, 121 cases of FIUV varices were identified (2.8 per 1,000 pregnancies). Gestational age at diagnosis was 32.0 +/- 2.9 weeks (range, 20.1-36.3 weeks), the mean diameter of the FIUV varix was 12.6 +/- 2.1 mm (range, 8.0-21.0 mm) at initial diagnosis and the mean maximal diameter was 13.1 +/- 2.3 mm (range, 8.0-21.0 mm) during follow-up. The most severe pregnancy complications included one case of intrauterine fetal death and another case of fetal hydrops. Associated fetal anomalies (n = 11, 9.6%) detected by ultrasonography included bilateral renal pelvis dilatation, ventriculomegaly, cryptorchidism, incomplete renal duplication and pulmonary sequestration. A total of 104 cases (91.2%) were delivered at term and 10 cases (8.8%) were preterm deliveries before 37 weeks of gestation. CONCLUSION: FIUV varices that are not associated with fetal anomalies based on ultrasound examination during prenatal care have favorable pregnancy outcomes. Nevertheless, close fetal monitoring is recommended to decrease perinatal complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration , Cryptorchidism , Diagnosis , Dilatation , Fetal Death , Fetal Monitoring , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Age , Hydrops Fetalis , Kidney Pelvis , Lost to Follow-Up , Medical Records , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Outcome , Prenatal Care , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Umbilical Veins , Varicose Veins
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