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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the advancement made in the understanding of valgus impacted proximal humeral fracture (PHF).@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature about the valgus impacted PHF was extensively reviewed and the definition, classification, pathological features, and treatment of valgus impacted PHFs were summarized.@*RESULTS@#PHF with a neck shaft angle ≥160° is recognized as a valgus impacted PHF characterized by the preservation of the medial epiphyseal region of the humeral head, which contributes to maintenance of the medial periosteum's integrity after fracture and reduces the occurrence of avascular necrosis. Therefore, the valgus impacted PHF has a better prognosis when compared to other complex PHFs. The Neer classification designates it as a three- or four-part fracture, while the AO/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation (AO/ASIF) categorizes it as type C (C1.1). In the management of the valgus impacted PHF, the selection between conservative and surgical approaches is contingent upon the patient's age and the extent of fracture displacement. While conservative treatment offers the advantage of being non-invasive, it is accompanied by limitations such as the inability to achieve anatomical reduction and the potential for multiple complications. Surgical treatment includes open reduction combined with steel wire or locking plate and/or non-absorbable suture, transosseous suture technology, and shoulder replacement. Surgeons must adopt personalized treatment strategies for each patient with a valgus impacted PHF. Minimally invasive surgery helps to preserve blood supply to the humeral head, mitigate the likelihood of avascular necrosis, and reduce postoperative complications of bone and soft tissue. For elderly patients with severe comminuted and displaced fractures, osteoporosis, and unsuitable internal fixation, shoulder joint replacement is the best treatment option.@*CONCLUSION@#Currently, there has been some advancement in the classification, vascular supply, and management of valgus impacted PHF. Nevertheless, further research is imperative to assess the clinical safety, biomechanical stability, and indication of minimally invasive technology.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Bone Plates , Bone Wires , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humeral Fractures , Osteonecrosis , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double pulley combined with suture bridge in the treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of the patella.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2020, 15 patients with comminuted fracture of the lower pole of the patella were treated with double pulley and suture bridge technology, including 9 males and 6 females, aged 28 to 68 years old with an average of (42.4±9.6) years old. All patients had obvious knee joint pain and limited movement after injury. All knee joints were examined by X-ray and CT, which confirmed that they were all comminuted fractures at the lower level of the patella. After operation, X-ray films of the knee joint were taken regularly to understand the fracture healing, the Insall Salvati index was measure, the range of motion of the joint was recorded, and the function of the knee joint was evaluateed by the Bostman scoring system.@*RESULTS@#All the 15 patients were followed up for 7 to 24 months with an average of (11.4±4.2) months, and there was no obvious anterior knee pain. At the last follow-up, the knee joint range of motion of the affected limb was 105° to 140° with an average of (128.5±12.8) °, and the Insall Salvati index was 0.79 to 1.12 with an average of (0.92±0.18). The X-ray film showed that the patella was bone healing, and no anchor fell off, broken, or displaced fracture block was found. Bostman patellar fracture function score was 27.85±2.06, 13 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good.@*CONCLUSION@#Double pulley technique combined with suture bridge technique is reliable for reduction and fixation of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella, and patients can start functional exercise early after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Patella/injuries , Bone Wires , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
3.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 63(3): 171-177, dic.2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436902

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS Describir la técnica quirúrgica para el uso de placa malla en un caso de fractura conminuta de patela y sus resultados en el seguimiento a mediano plazo. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS Presentamos un caso de fractura conminuta de patela manejada con el uso de una placa malla y un tornillo canulado asociado, evitando de esta forma la patelectomía parcial y sus posibles complicaciones. RESULTADOS El paciente presentó una evolución satisfactoria, con rango de movimiento de rodilla completo y en condiciones de alta laboral a los cuatro meses desde la cirugía, sin complicaciones ni reintervenciones. DISCUSIÓN El uso de placas malla permite el manejo de fracturas conminutas de patela preservando stock óseo y restaurando la indemnidad del aparato extensor, con una osteosíntesis estable y poco prominente. Casos en que antiguamente la única alternativa era la patelectomía parcial y reinserción del tendón patelar ahora tienen etas placas como opción de manejo. CONCLUSIÓN El uso de placas malla en fracturas conminutas de patela es una alternativa atractiva por la estabilidad que brindan, la capacidad de reservar stock óseo, y la baja tasa de reintervenciones


OBJETIVE To describe the surgical technique for the use of a mesh plate in a case of comminuted patellar fracture and the mid-term follow up outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS We present a case of comminuted patella fracture managed with the use of a mesh plate and an associated cannulated screw, thus avoiding partial patellectomy and its possible complications. RESULTS Four months postoperatively, the patient presented full knee range of motion and could be discharged to return to work, with no complications or reinterventions. DISCUSSION The use of mesh plates enables the management of comminuted patellar fractures preserving bone stock and restoring the extensor mechanism with a stable and little prominent osteosynthesis. Cases which previously would only have been treated by partial patellectomy and patellar tendon reinsertion can be treated with these plates. CONCLUSION The use of mesh plates for comminuted patellar fractures is an attractive option due to their stability, their ability to preserve bone stock, and the low rates of reintervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Patella/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Comminuted/diagnostic imaging
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928900

ABSTRACT

In this study, tibial shaft fracture has been treated with implants as numerically to investigate the stress behavior and the effect of plate material, position and length under pressure load. Plates of stainless steel, titanium alloy(Ti6Al4V), or CF-PEEK(CF50) were used to fix the tibial shaft comminuted fracture in different location and different working length. The maximum stress, the maximum micromotion of fracture and the stress shielding of cortex bone were analyzed. CF50 is more ideal biomechanical fixation material than traditional metal material for the treatment of tibial shaft comminuted fractures. In the treatment of tibial shaft comminuted fracture, lateral position and with relatively long working length of the plate have the advantages in micromotion, stress and stress shielding rate of the fracture end.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of external micro-locking plate combined with closed reduction in the treatment of fifth metatarsal comminuted fracture with severe soft tissue injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 13 patients received micro-locking plate combined with closed reduction treatment due to the fifth metatarsal comminuted fracture with severe soft tissue injury. There were 11 males and 2 females patients, ranging in age from 21 to 69 years. According to the fracture AO fracture classification, 9 cases belonged to type 87(S)-C2.2 and 4 cases belonged to type 87(S)-C2.1. The fifth metatarsal cuneiform articular surface was not involved, and all of them were comminuted fractures of the fifth metatarsal shaft. All soft tissues were damaged to varying degrees. Three patients got small defect of skin and soft tissue, and they were treated with debridement and suture after one-stage emergency surgery. The fracture healing and complications were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated according to the midfoot function score of American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) at the latest follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 3 to 12 months. One patient had delayed union. One patient had local skin necrosis and was treated with second-stage skin grafting to repair the wound surface. No external screw breakage or infection was reported, the skin soft tissue healed satisfactorily and reached bony union, with the union time ranging from 8 to 19 weeks. The postoperative functional recovery was rated according to the midfoot score of AOFAS, the score ranged from 49 to 98, and 7 patients got an excellent result, 4 good, 1 fair and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#The external micro-locking plate combined with closed reduction in the treatment of fifth metatarsal comminuted fracture with severe soft tissue injury has the advantages of simple operation, good stability and low infection rate, which is helpful to the repair of soft issue injury, and the fixation can be removed early in outpatient clinic. To sum up, this surgical procedure is suitable for patients with severe soft tissue injury and comminuted fracture to avoid periosteum stripping. The space occupying is smaller than the micro-external fixator, which is convenient for patients with early functional exercise.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Metatarsal Bones/surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical application of lockedge suspension combined with three steel wires vertical fixation in comminuted fracture of inferior pole of patella.@*METHODS@#From August 2016 to May 2019, 23 patients with comminuted fracture of the lower pole of the patella, including 14 males and 9 females, were treated with lockedge suspension combined with three steel wires vertical fixation. The age ranged from 34 to 68 (55.0±1.2) years. One year after operation, the pain and function were evaluated by pain visual analogue scale(VAS) and knee flexion and extension range of motion, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated by Lysholm knee score standard.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were followed up for 12 to 14, with a mean of(13.0±0.5) months. One patient had skin irritation by the tail of the steel wire, and the rest had no postoperative complications such as incision infection, internal fixation loosening and fracture displacement. The fractures of 23 patients were healed, and the healing time was 10 to 14 weeks with a mean of(12.0±1.1) weeks. The VAS score decreased from 7.96±0.93 before operation to 0.83±0.65 one year after operation. The range of knee flexion and extension activities increased from(20.30±8.69) ° before operation to 1 year after operation(127.39±6.55) °. Lysholm knee score increased from 18.48±4.00 before operation to 96.09±4.91 one year after operation(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella by lockedge suspension combined with three steel wires vertical fixation has reliable fixation and high fracture healing rate. It can meet the requirements of rapid rehabilitation and functional exercise, and the early clinical effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Wires , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Patella/surgery , Steel , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970807

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of lateral locking compression plate combined with medial buttress plate in treating osteoporotic comminuted fractures of proximal humerus.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to December 2021, 12 patients with osteoporotic comminution of proximal humerus were treated by lateral locking compression plates combined with medial buttress plates, including 5 males and 7 females, aged from 55 to 78 years old, bone mineral density(BMD) less than -2.5 g/cm3, the time from injury to operation was from 2 to 6 days. According to Neer classification, 7 patients were type Ⅲ, 4 patients were type Ⅳ and 1 patient was type Ⅵ. Postoperative complications, fracture healing and internal fixation were observed and Constant-Murley score of shoulder joint was used to evaluate clinical effects at 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Postoperative wound healed well at stage I. All patients were followed up from 6 to 18 months. Humeral head collapse and necrosis occurred in 1 patient and humeral head varus in 1 patient. No impact of shoulder joint, internal fixation loosening occurred. Constant-Murley score at 6 months ranged from 45 to 90 points, and 6 patients got excellent result, 3 good, and 3 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Locking compression plate combined with medial buttress plate could effectively reconstruct medial humeral column support and enhance fracture stability, and receive satisfactory clinical results. However, no control group was established in this study, and function of shoulder joint has not been evaluated many times after operation, so it cannot dynamically reflect changes of shoulder joint function.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Plates/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humeral Fractures/complications , Humeral Head , Humerus , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical efficacy of external placement of micro-locking plate combined with small incision reduction in treating proximal phalanx comminuted fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 17 patients with proximal phalanx comminuted fractures were treated with micro-locking plate combined with small incision open reduction, including 13 males and 4 females, aged from 16 to 64 years old with an average of (37.2±20.1) years old. Two patients were accompanied by soft tissue extrusion and opening injuries, which were treated with fixed treatment after the first-stage emergency debridement. Curative effect was evaluated according to total active flexion scale (TAFS) of American Hand Surgery Association at 6 months after operation;and fracture healing, nailing, local soft tissue healing, complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 6 to 12 months with an avaerge of(9.3±3.6) months. Two patients occurred delayed union, 1 occurred local skin necrosis and was treated with the second-stage skin grafting to repair wound surface. No external screw breakage or infection was reported, skin soft tissue healed favorably and reached bony union, the union time from 12 to 24 weeks with an average of (15.7±2.1) weeks. According to TAFS standard, 9 patients got excellent result, 5 good and 3 poor at 6 months after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#External micro-locking plate combined with small incision reduction in treating proximal phalanx comminuted fracture, which has advantages of good condition of skin and soft tissue, simple operation, early functional exercise, good range of motion of interphalanx joint, and function score of recovery period is high.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Finger Phalanges/surgery
9.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(3): 201-207, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434883

ABSTRACT

La artrosis es una enfermedad progresiva de las articulaciones sinoviales que causa dolor, impotencia funcional, discapacidad, y degeneración progresiva de la articulación. En sus tratamientos, sobre todo en etapas tempranas, existen distintas intervenciones para evitar tanto su desarrollo y progresión como también para lograr un adecuado manejo de los síntomas, y hay tratamientos médicos orales no convencionales con evidencia controvertida. El objetivo de este trabajo es proporcionar una actualización, dirigida a especialistas en Ortopedia y Traumatología, respecto a la evidencia actual sobre las terapias complementarias orales en el tratamiento de la artrosis de rodilla. Se hace referencia a los métodos fármacológicos complementarios más usados y estudiados, mencionando el método de acción y las consecuencias estudiadas sobre la artrosis de rodilla. Se finaliza con una tabla de recomendaciones basada en evidencia actual.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive disease of the synovial joints that causes pain, functional impairment, disability, and progressive degeneration of the joint. Regarding its treatments, especially in early stages, there are different interventions to avoid its development and progression and also to achieve an adequate management of symptoms, and there are unconventional oral medical treatments with controversial evidence. The objective of the present paper is to provide an update, to specialists in Orthopedics and Traumatology, regarding the current evidence on complementary oral therapies in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. References are made to the most widely used and studied complementary pharmacological methods, mentioning the method of action and the consequences studied on knee osteoarthritis. The article ends with a table of recommendations based on current evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patella/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Patella/diagnostic imaging , Radiography/methods , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Comminuted/diagnostic imaging , Orthopedic Procedures
10.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(3): 193-200, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434907

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO Comparar los resultados clínicos, funcionales e imagenológicos de dos técnicas quirúrgicas para el manejo de fracturas conminutas de patela: con y sin eversión patelar. MÉTODOS En una serie de casos retrospectivos de fracturas conminutas de patela tratadas en el mismo centro entre 2014 y 2017, con un seguimiento ≥ 3 meses, se hizo una comparación entre el grupo con eversión y el grupo sin eversión. Los criterios de exclusión fueron patelectomía parcial o total, reinserción tendínea, o rehabilitación incompleta. Las variables analizadas fueron edad, sexo, tabaquismo, diabetes mellitus, energía del accidente, tipo de fractura, variables quirúrgicas (banda de tensión, tornillos, alambres, nudos, cerclaje circular), rango de movimiento (RDM) articular postoperatorio, presencia de osteosíntesis sintomática, puntaje de escalas funcionales (de Tegner-Lysholm y de Kujala) al alta definitiva, complicaciones (rigidez articular, infección, trombosis venosa profunda), y variables imagenológicos con tomografías computarizadas pre- y postoperatorias (brecha, desnivel articular > 2 mm, elementos de fijación intraarticular). RESULTADOS En total, 20 de 22 pacientes, 13 con eversión y 7 sin eversión, cumplieron con los criterios de selección. El seguimiento fue de 3 a 12 meses, y no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a las variables demográficas entre ambos grupos, lo cual los hace comparables. Destacaron el tiempo desde el ingreso al alta, con 7 meses para los pacientes con eversión y 5 meses para los sin eversión (p = 0.032), la proporción de pacientes con desnivel articular > 2 mm, con 7.7% para los con eversión y 14.3% para los sin eversión (p = 0.016), y una tendencia a resultados superiores en escalas funcionales para el grupo con eversión. CONCLUSIÓN El tratamiento de fracturas conminutas de patela con eversión parece ser una alternativa viable dados sus resultados imagenológicos y funcionales superiores a los de la técnica habitual.


PURPOSE To compare the clinical, functional and imaging outcomes of two surgical techniques for the treatment of comminuted patellar fractures: with and without eversion. METHODS In a retrospective series of cases of comminuted patellar fractures treated at a single center between 2014 and 2017, with a follow-up 3 months , we performed a comparison between the eversion group and the non-eversion group. The exclusion criteria were partial or total patellectomy, tendon reinsertion, or incomplete rehabilitation. The variables analyzed were age, gender, smoking, diabetes mellitus, the energy of the accident, the fracture type, surgical variables (tension band, screws, wires, knots, circular cerclage), postoperative joint range of motion (ROM), presence of symptomatic osteosynthesis, the scores on the functional scales (of Tegner-Lysholm and of Kujala) at the final discharge, complications (joint stiffness, infection, deep vein thrombosis), and pre- and postoperative computed tomography imaging variables (gap, step-off > 2mm, intra-articular fixation elements). RESULTS In total, 20 out of 22 patients, 13 undegoing eversion and 7 not undergoing eversion, met the selection criteria.. The follow-up ranged from 3 to 12 months, and there were no statistically significant differences regarding the demographic variables between both groups, which makes them comparable. The most remarkable results were the time from admission to final discharge, of 7 months for the patients in the eversion group, and of 5 months for those in the non-eversion group (p » 0.032), the proportion of patients with a step-off > 2 mm, with 7.7% for the eversion group and 14.3% for the non-eversion group (p » 0.016), and a tendency towards higher scores in the functional scales for the eversion group. CONCLUSION The treatment of comminuted patellar fractures with eversion seems to be a viable alternative, given its superior imaging and functional results compared to those of the usual technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patella/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Patella/diagnostic imaging , Radiography/methods , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Comminuted/diagnostic imaging , Orthopedic Procedures
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of tension band combined with patellar cerclage and memory alloy patellar concentrator fixation in the treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to July 2019, 60 patients with distal patellar fracture were treated and were divided into two groups according to different operation methods. In group A, 30 patients were fixed with memory alloy patellar concentrator (NiTi PC), 17 males and 13 females, aged 20 to 71 (39.4±9.9) years, including 19 cases of falling injury, 9 cases of traffic injury and 2 cases of sports injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 75 (33.1±7.8) hours; 30 cases in group B were fixed with tension band andcerclage, 15 males and 15 females, aged 21 to 76 (38.6±10.2) years, including 17 cases of falling injury, 12 cases of traffic injury and 1 case of smashing injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 91 (34.5±9.1) hours. The curative effects of two groups were observed and compared.@*RESULTS@#All 60 patients were followed up for 9 to 30 months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, operation time, follow-up time and fracture healing time between the two groups. Six months after operation, according to the Bostman function score of knee joint:30 cases in group A, the total score was 28.6±4.7, of which 26 cases were excellent and 4 cases were good. The total score of 30 cases in group B was 25.5±4.4, of which 20 cases were excellent, 8 cases were good and 2 cases were poor. There were significant differences in Bostman total score and curative effect evaluation between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Memory alloy patellar concentrator is strong and reliable in the treatment of inferior patellar fracture. It can take early rehabilitation exercise after operation, with good recovery of joint function and range of motion and less complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Wires , Case-Control Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Patella/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects.@*METHODS@#Totally 92 patients of open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects were chosen form January 2018 to July 2019, and randomly divided into external fixation group and internal fixation group, 46 patients in each group. In external fixation group, there were 29 males and 17 females, aged from 25 to 62 years old, with an average of (37.45±10.92) years old;according to AO classification, 15 patients were type A, 22 patients were type B and 9 patients were type C;according to Gustilo classification, 21 patients were typeⅡ, 10 patients were type ⅢA, 10 patients were type ⅢB, 5 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by fracture reduction with locking plate external fixation. In internal fixation group, there were 31 males and 15 females, aged from 23 to 60 years old, with an average of(36.88±10.64) years old;according to AO classification, 18 patients were type A, 20 patients were type B and 8 patients were type C; according to Gustilo classification, 22 patients were typeⅡ, 11 patients were type ⅢA, 7 patients were type ⅢB, 6 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by traditional open reduction with plate internal fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time and postoperative complications between two groups were observed and compared, bone mineral density, osteocalcin, blood calcium and phosphorus before operation and 1 month after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.92±2.46) months. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time of external fixation group were significantly better than that of internal fixation group(@*CONCLUSION@#Locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with severe post-traumatic bone defects has advantages of less trauma, reliable fixation, shorter fracture healing time, and could improve bone metabolic activity with less postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Technology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 602-604, 20200000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362562

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Decision making in determining management of post-trauma patient is very important, especially for traumatic in the small bones, fingers and toes. The global predictor to determine the management of retaining or amputating the limb is using the Mangled Extrimity Severity Score (MESS) scoring system, values above 7 are the indication for amputation. The decision maker have to pay attention for the end result of the actions which were performed in the initial management. Material and Methods: One case is reported from Orthopaedic emergency department Hospital in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. A 39-year old male with motor vehicle accident trauma at left foot region since 6 hours before admitted to hospital, later was diagnosed with open comminutive fracture shaft proximal phalang of left 5th toe, the Mangled Extrimity Severity Score (MESS) was 8. Patient underwent emergency debridement and retained the toe by performed Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) K-Wire. Results: This patient has a good clinical outcome by following up 2 weeks and 8 months after surgery by retain the affected side with debridement and Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) K-Wire. Patient can ambulate normally with full weight bearing, and there is no difficulty to wearing shoe or sandal. Conclusions: Determination of action by retaining the traumatized limb needs to be considered for the good of the patient, but it is necessary to provide informed consent to the patient and family that there will be a possibility of tissue death with the worst possibility of limb amputation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Toe Joint/surgery , Bone Wires , Injury Severity Score , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Foot Injuries/therapy , Debridement , Fracture Fixation, Internal
14.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(8): 496-502, 20200000. fig, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363793

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Comminuted distal radius fracture is one of the fractures that difficult to reduce. This study aimed to compare Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) score between plating on second and third metacarpal groups. Methods: This study used a retrospective analytic research design with a sample of twenty seven cases of distal radius comminutive fractures that have been treated using dorsal distraction plating. Fifthteen cases with distal fixation in second metacarpal and twelve cases in third metacarpal. Data were then analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test. Results: The mean Pain scores in the second metacarpal and third metacarpal groups, respectively were 5.73 compared to 6.17. While the mean score of Function in the second metacarpal group and the third metacarpal group, respectively 12.67 compared to 13.83. The total PRWE score in the second metacarpal group was 18.40 compared to the third metacarpal group which was 20.0 (p>0.05). Conclusions: Patients with distal radius comminuted fracture treated using dorsal distraction plating with distal fixation in second metacarpal showed higher mean Pain, Function and total PRWE compared to third metacarpal, but there were no significant differences


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain , Wrist/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/therapy , Metacarpal Bones/surgery , Fracture Fixation , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
15.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(4): 35-39, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1252977

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A face é uma região exposta a diversos traumas que são causados por várias etiologias, dentre eles por projétil de arma de fogo que são a segunda maior causa de fraturas perdendo somente para os acidentes automobilísticos. As fraturas acometem com frequência a região mandibular, por ser um osso de destaque na face devido sua proeminência. O objetivo deste trabalho é elucidar uma fratura cominutiva na região de côndilo e colo mandibular causada por ferimento de arma de fogo e seu respectivo tratamento. Relato de Caso: Paciente de 25 anos, compareceu a um serviço de atendimento de cirurgia bucomaxilofacial vítima de um ferimento por arma de fogo. Após a realização dos exames de imagem constatou-se que o projétil estava alojado no pescoço da vítima, causando a fratura cominutiva o ramo e o côndilo mandibular do lado esquerdo. A paciente foi submetida a anestesia geral para realização da osteossíntese da fratura. Considerações finais: O diagnóstico e o tratamento são realizados por uma equipe multidisciplinar para que o tratamento seja o mais correto e efetivo, com finalidade de minimizar morbidades e mortalidades, já que os pacientes sobrevivem com sequelas permanentes quando o diagnóstico e o tratamento não são realizados de forma correta... (AU)


Introduction: The face is a region exposed to several traumas that are caused by several etiologies, among them a firearm projectile that is the second major cause of fractures losing only to automobile accidents. The fractures frequently affect the mandibular region, as it is a prominent bone in the face due to its prominence. The purpose of this study is to elucidate a comminuted fracture in the condyle and mandibular neck region caused by a firearm injury and its respective treatment. Case Report: A 25-year-old patient who attended a buccomaxillofacial surgery service as a victim of a gunshot wound. After imaging examinations it was found that the projectile was lodged in the victim's neck, causing the comminuted fracture of the branch and mandibular condyle on the left side. The patient underwent general anesthesia to perform the fracture osteosynthesis. Final considerations: Diagnosis and treatment are performed by a multidisciplinary team so that treatment is the most correct and effective, in order to minimize morbidities and mortalities, since patients survive with permanent sequelae when diagnosis and treatment are not performed correctly... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(4): 423-430, dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-975768

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El trauma maxilofacial por arma de fuego representa un desafío terapéutico principalmente debido a la gran conminución de tejidos que genera. Específicamente, en casos de fracturas mandibulares conminutadas, las modalidades de tratamientos incluye la reducción cerrada, fijación con tutor externo, fijación interna con alambres y reducción abierta y fijación interna utilizando placas y tornillos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir un tratamiento inicial con un método de fijación para fracturas mandibulares conminutadas como dispositivo alternativo al tutor externo clásicamente utilizado. Se desarrolla una revisión de la literatura actual acerca del tratamiento inicial o de urgencia de fracturas mandibulares conminutadas por impacto de proyectil balístico, haciendo énfasis en las indicaciones de cada modalidad de tratamiento y sus respectivas ventajas y desventajas. Luego se describe detalladamente el proceso de confección de un método de fijación alternativo junto con la exposición de casos clínicos donde fue utilizado como alternativa de tratamiento. La reducción y fijación obtenida por el dispositivo presentado logra resultados satisfactorios, sin encontrarse diferencias significativas a los elementos de fijación clásicos. Tanto el uso de placas de reconstrucción como el de tutor externo constituyen alternativas válidas para el tratamiento de fracturas mandibulares conminutadas. El dispositivo descrito y utilizado en los pacientes es una alternativa eficiente, de fácil confección y bajo costo económico demostrando buenos resultados en relación a la consolidación de fracturas conminutadas. Se debe conocer las indicaciones para la aplicación de cada modalidad de tratamiento.


ABSTRACT: Ballistic maxillofacial trauma represents a challenge for surgeons because of the important comminution process it presents. Specifically, in cases of mandibular comminuted fractures, the different treatment modalities include closed reduction, external fixation and internal fixation. The purpose of this case series is to describe an initial treatment modality, with a fixation method for comminuted mandibular fractures as an alternative for the classic external fixator. We conducted a literature review about the initial treatment for ballistic comminuted mandibular fractures, emphasizing indications of each treatment modality and their respective advantages and disadvantages. Next, we described the preparation process of an alternative fixation method along with a case series, where it was used as a therapeutical alternative. The reduction as well the fixation achieved by the external fixator, showed satisfactory results without significant differences noted with traditional fixation methods. Both, reconstruction plates and external fixators, are valid alternatives for treating comminuted mandibular fractures. The method described and used in these patients is and efficient alternative, easy to make and at a low cost, with good results in relation to fracture consolidation. We propose that every treatment modality and its indications should be evaluated in order to treat each case adequately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Fracture Fixation/methods , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating , Bone Plates , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , External Fixators , Fractures, Comminuted/etiology , Mandibular Reconstruction/methods , Fracture Fixation/instrumentation , Mandible/surgery , Mandibular Fractures/etiology , Mandibular Fractures/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 59(1): 22-34, mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-910210

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas de platillos tibiales son lesiones complejas que incluyen una variedad de patrones morfológicos cada vez mejor caracterizados en la literatura. Históricamente, los esquemas de clasificación se han basado en evaluar los rasgos de fractura en el plano frontal y las técnicas quirúrgicas en lograr la fijación de esos fragmentos, sin tomar en consideración el compromiso óseo que ocurre en la región posterior de los platillos tibiales. Con el advenimiento de la clasificación columnar basada en tomografía computada, se han logrado desarrollar estrategias de fijación optimizada, dando cada vez más relevancia a la columna posterior. Este artículo realiza una revisión extensa de la literatura, otorgando los fundamentos quirúrgicos que explican la importancia del tratamiento específico de la columna posterolateral y posteromedial, con el fin de restablecer la biomecánica normal de la rodilla y el razonamiento quirúrgico de las diversas vías de abordaje específicas para una reducción y osteosíntesis satisfactoria de esos fragmentos.


Tibial plateau fractures are complex injuries which include a variety of morphological patterns that have been increasingly better characterized in the literature. Historically, classifications have focused on description of fracture patterns in the frontal plane, while surgical techniques have focused on reduction of these fragments not considering the osseous defects that occur on the posterior region of the tibial plateau. With new CT scan column based classifications, strategies to optimize fixation have been developed, giving relevance to the posterior column. This article is an exhaustive review of the literature, providing the surgical foundations that explain the importance of specific treatment of the posterolateral and posteromedial column, aiming to restore normal knee biomechanics. Furthermore, this article provides the diverse specific surgical approaches rationale for a satisfactory open reduction and internal fixation of these fragments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Patient Positioning/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Tibial Fractures/pathology
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1254720

ABSTRACT

Actualmente las fracturas articulares conminutas de rótula son manejadas mediante cerclajes con alambres o patelectomía. Estás técnicas quirúrgicas se han relacionado con complicaciones como pseudoartrosis, fracaso de la fijación, migración de los alambres, dolor postoperatorio, rigidez post traumática y cirugía de revisión, entre otras. El objetivo de este estudio es describir una técnica quirúrgica novedosa y alternativa para el tratamiento de estas lesiones. Caso clínico: presentamos el caso de paciente masculino de 21 años quien posterior a traumatismo directo en la rodilla derecha presenta fractura intraarticular conminuta de rótula. El paciente fue tratado con reducción directa y osteosíntesis con placa anatómica bloqueada de Sanders para calcáneo. Se realizó seguimiento de 12 meses. Presentamos la técnica quirúrgica, resultados y evolución. Resultado: la fractura consolidó completamente. Los rangos articulares de flexo-extensión, marcha y apoyo fueron recuperados. Según la puntuación de la Knee Society, este paciente presentó un resultado excelente. El tiempo operatorio fue de 40 minutos. Ningún tornillo fue insertado en la cavidad articular y tampoco se evidencio alguna complicación del caso. Conclusión: el tratamiento de fracturas articulares conminutas de rótula utilizando la placa de Sanders bloqueada es una técnica sencilla, genera una osteosíntesis estable y adecuada cicatrización ósea de los fragmentos. Permite la pronta rehabilitación del paciente sin necesidad de inmovilización en el postoperatorio(AU)


Currently comminuted patellar articular fractures are managed by cerclage wires or patellectomy. These surgical techniques have been associated with complications such as nonunion, fixation failure, migration of the wires, postoperative pain, post traumatic stiffness and revision surgery, among others. The objective of this study is to describe a case of articular conmminuted fracture of the patella treated by a novel and alternative surgical technique. Case report: we present the case of 21-year male patient who after blunt trauma to the right knee shows articular comminuted patella fracture. The patient was treated with direct reduction and internal fixation using a Sanders locked plate designed for calcaneus. Up of 12 months was performed. We present the surgical technique, results and evolution Results: the fracture healed entirely. The joint ranges, support and march were recovered. Depending on the KSS, this pacient showed excellent result. The operative time was 40 minutes. No screw was inserted intraarticular. No intraoperative complications were noted. Conclusion: treating comminuted patellar fractures using Sanders locked plate is a simple technique, generates a stable fixation and bone healing appropriate. It allows the patient early rehabilitation without immobilization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Bone Plates , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Knee Injuries , Patella , Wounds and Injuries , Fractures, Bone
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 785-791, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159371

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Among patients over 50 years of age, separate vertical wiring alone may be insufficient for fixation of fractures of the inferior pole of the patella. Therefore, mechanical and clinical studies were performed in patients over the age of 50 to test the strength of augmentation of separate vertical wiring with cerclage wire (i.e., combined technique). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiple osteotomies were performed to create four-part fractures in the inferior poles of eight pairs of cadaveric patellae. One patella from each pair was fixed with the separate wiring technique, while the other patella was fixed with a combined technique. The ultimate load to failure and stiffness of the fixation were subsequently measured. In a clinical study of 21 patients (average age of 64 years), comminuted fractures of the inferior pole of the patellae were treated using the combined technique. Operative parameters were recorded from which post-operative outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: For cadaveric patellae, whose mean age was 69 years, the mean ultimate loads to failure for the separate vertical wiring technique and the combined technique were 216.4+/-72.4 N and 324.9+/-50.6 N, respectively (p=0.012). The mean stiffness for the separate vertical wiring technique and the combined technique was 241.1+/-68.5 N/mm and 340.8+/-45.3 N/mm, respectively (p=0.012). In the clinical study, the mean clinical score at final follow-up was 28.1 points. CONCLUSION: Augmentation of separate vertical wiring with cerclage wire provides enough strength for protected early exercise of the knee joint and uneventful healing.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Wires , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Osteotomy , Patella/injuries
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106806

ABSTRACT

During imaging studies or surgical procedures, anomalous forearm and wrist muscles are occasionally encountered. Among them, the flexor carpi radialis brevis is very rare. Because the trend is growing toward treating distal radius fractures with volar plating, the flexor carpi radialis brevis is worth knowing. Here, we report two cases with a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Forearm/abnormalities , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal/abnormalities , Radius Fractures/surgery , Ulna Fractures/surgery , Wrist/abnormalities
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