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1.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 42-46, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251545

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer de endometrio es la neoplasia ginecológica maligna más frecuente en el sexo femenino. Su presentación metastásica se limita principalmente a los órganos vecinos y ganglios cercanos, y es infrecuente la invasión al tubo digestivo superior. En el presente artículo se presenta una paciente que ingresó al servicio de urgencias con cuadro de hemorragia de vías digestivas altas, enfocado inicialmente como un tumor estromal gastrointestinal (GIST) de la pared gástrica, pero que luego de la realización de una adecuada historia clínica, complementada con imágenes diagnósticas y avances ecoendoscópicos, se logró el diagnóstico de metástasis de cáncer de endometrio.


Abstract Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in women. Its metastatic presentation is mainly limited to neighboring organs and nearby lymph nodes, and infiltration of the upper digestive tract is uncommon. This case report depicts a patient admitted to the emergency department with upper gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms. Initially, a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of the gastric wall was suspected, but endometrial cancer metastasis was discovered after a thorough medical examination, diagnostic imaging, and echoendoscopes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Endometrial Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Tract , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Hemorrhage , Neoplasm Metastasis , Women
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1065, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289374

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tumor estromal gastrointestinal es la neoplasia mesenquimal más frecuente en el tracto digestivo, su diagnóstico y tratamiento aun es controvertido por ser infrecuente. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con tumores estromales gastrointestinales atendidos en nuestro servicio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal en pacientes con tumores estromales gastrointestinales atendidos en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico "Arnaldo Milián Castro" desde 2015 hasta 2018. La muestra fue de 17 pacientes. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes entre 60 y 69 años (35,3 por ciento) del sexo femenino (58,82 por ciento). El dolor abdominal como síntoma más frecuente (58,82 por ciento). El (47,1 por ciento) de los tumores midieron más de 10 cm, celularidad fusiforme (58,8 por ciento), índice mitótico menor de 5 (70,6 por ciento), sin patrón de crecimiento infiltrante (70,6 por ciento). La metástasis ausente en el (82,4 por ciento). Presente con igual frecuencia en estómago e intestino delgado (N = 8), fue igual la presencia de comportamiento agresivo bajo y alto (35,3 por ciento). Predominaron los marcadores CD.117 (41,2 por ciento) y CD.34 (35,3 por ciento). La recesión segmentaria de intestino delgado con anastomosis término-terminal fue la técnica quirúrgica más empleada (35,3 por ciento). Conclusiones: A pesar de ser mayormente grandes y encontrarse en porciones altas del tubo digestivo, muchos presentaron índice mitótico bajo, no obstante, un grupo considerable presentó comportamiento agresivo. Si bien es cierto que casi la totalidad de pacientes egresaron vivos, falta un seguimiento en el centro, lo cual resultaría interesante evaluar en futuros estudios(AU)


Introduction: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal neoplasm in the digestive tract, its diagnosis and treatment is still controversial because it is infrequent. Objective: To characterize the patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated in our service. Methods: A longitudinal descriptive observational study was carried out in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated in the surgery service of the "Arnaldo Milián Castro" Clinical-Surgical Hospital from 2015 to 2018. The sample consisted of 17 patients. Results: Female patients between 60 and 69 years old (35.3 percent) predominated (58.82 percent). Abdominal pain as the most frequent symptom (58.82 percent). Tumors (47.1 percent) measured more than 10 cm, spindle cell cellularity (58.8 percent), mitotic index less than 5 (70.6 percent), and no infiltrative growth pattern (70.6 percent). Metastasis absent in (82.4 percent). Present with equal frequency in the stomach and small intestine (N = 8), the presence of low and high aggressive behavior (35.3 percent) was the same. The markers CD.117 (41.2 percent) and CD.34 (35.3 percent) predominated. Segmental recession of the small intestine with end-to-end anastomosis was the most widely used surgical technique (35.3 percent). Conclusions: Despite being mostly large and found in high portions of the digestive tract, many presented a low mitotic index, however, a considerable group presented aggressive behavior. Although it is true that almost all the patients were discharged alive, there is a lack of follow-up at the center, which would be interesting to evaluate in future studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Abdominal Pain , Aftercare , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878875

ABSTRACT

Mechanism study was performed to explore how Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promotes energy metabolism of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In this study, gastrointestinal stromal cells line GIST-882 was used as the model to explore energy metabolism regulation effects of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(10, 20, 50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1)) by measuring the cell proliferation, ATP level, mitochondrial membrane potential, and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity. Meanwhile, Western blot was used to detect the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Our results showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted cell proliferation and increased ATP level of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In addition, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously improved mitochondrial structural integrity, and increased mitochondrial membrane potential in GIST-882 cells. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity and up-regulated the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Collectively, our study indicated that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted the energy metabolism for gastrointestinal stromal cells proliferation by activating mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase to induce ATP production, as well as activating SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Cell Line, Tumor , Energy Metabolism , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism , Stromal Cells/metabolism
4.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 61(2): 51-57, dic. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1179195

ABSTRACT

Los tumores del estroma gastrointestinal (TEGI) son las neoplasias mesenquimales más frecuentes del tracto digestivo con una frecuencia de 0,1 a 3 % de todas las neoplasias gastrointestinales. Son derivadas de las células intersticiales de Cajal, localizadas a lo largo del plexo mioentérico de la pared intestinal. Comprenden leiomisarcomas, leiomioblastomas, leimiomas, schwannomas. Están formadas por células fusiformes, en la mayoría, epitelioides o ambas. Se localizan predominantemente en estómago e intestino delgado. Inmunohistoquimicamente se detecta expresión de receptores KIT (antígeno CD117) que puede ser focal, variable o difusa. Involucran tumores benignos pero con potencial malignidad hasta sarcomas metastizantes. Su pronóstico se basa el tamaño y porcentaje de mitosis. La sintomatología depende del lugar de origen, en este caso como masa palpable abdominal y obstrucción intestinal. El tratamiento es la resección completa con márgenes limpios. En caso de metástasis preoperatoria, esta no cambia la conducta quirúrgica, debido a la posibilidad de obstrucción y sangrado. El Imatinib a dosis de 400 mg controla el crecimiento eventual de enfermedad residual. Se presenta el caso clínico de paciente con masa abdominal y cuadro de obstrucción intestinal que evoluciona a la perforación de un TEGI localizado en yeyuno proximal con cuadro peritoneal y absceso subfrenico. Se procede a resección intestinal con yeyuno yeyuno anastomosis resección completa. La histopatología reporta Tumor estronal gastrointestinal y la inmunohistoquimica Neoplasia Fusocelular. CONCLUSION: Los TEGI son de origen mesenquimal, comprenden espectro grande de tumores desde benignos, hasta carcomas altamente malignos. Los factores pronósticos se asocian al tamaño e índice mitótico del tumor. La inmunohistoquimica reporta su expresión para CD117. La resección quirúrgica completa es el pilar de tratamiento y en casos de resección incompleta o irresecabilidad puede usarse imatinib.


Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most frequent mesenchymal neoplasms of the digestive tract with a frequency of 0.1 to 3% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. They are derived from the interstitial cells of Cajal, located along the myoenteric plexus of the intestinal wall. They include leiomysarcomas, leiomioblastomas, leimiomas, schwannomas. They are made up of spindle cells, in the majority, epithelioids or both. They are located predominantly in the stomach and small intestine. Immunohistochemically, KIT receptor expression (CD117 antigen) is detected, and they can be focal, variable or diffuse. They involve benign but potentially malignancy tumors up to metastatic sarcomas. Their prognosis is based on the size and percentage of mitosis. The symptoms depend on the place of its origin. Treatment is complete resection with clean margins. In the case of preoperative metastases, this does not change the surgical approach, due to the possibility of obstruction and bleeding. Imatinib at a dose of 400 mg controls the eventual growth of residual disease. We present the clinical case of a patient with an abdominal mass and a small bowel obstruction that progresses to perforation of a GIST located in the proximal jejunum with a peritonitis and subphrenic abscess. Intestinal resection is performed with jejunum jejunoanastomosis and complete resection. Histopathology reports gastrointestinal stromal tumor and immunohistochemistry, Fusocellular neoplasia. Conclusion: GIST are of mesenchymal origin, they include a wide spectrum of tumors from benign to highly malignant sarcomas. Prognostic factors are associated with tumor size and mitotic index. Immunohistochemistry reports its expression for CD117. Complete surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment and in cases of incomplete resection or unresectability imatinib can be used.


Subject(s)
Subphrenic Abscess , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
6.
Infectio ; 24(2): 133-137, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114854

ABSTRACT

Resumen La bacteriemia por Clostridium sordellii es infrecuente y usualmente se origina a partir de infecciones de etiología generalmente ginecológica y puerperal, con una mortalidad de aproximadamente el 70%. Existen pocas herramientas para el diagnóstico rápido y oportuno, siendo así la experiencia de tratamiento para este germen muy limitada en otros escenarios, lo que probablemente sea la causa de su alta mortalidad. Presentamos una paciente con antecedente de masa abdominal expansiva de larga data, con diagnóstico por histopatología e inmunohistoquimica compatibles con tumor del estroma gastrointestinal (GIST por sus siglas en inglés) y estudios de extensión que confirman compromiso metastásico hepático, en quien se documenta bacteriemia por Clostridium sordellii.


Abstract Clostridium sordellii bacteriemia is infrequent and usually comes from infections of gynecological and puerperal etiology, with mortality near 70%. There are few tools for rapid and timely diagnosis. Thus, treatment experience for this pathogen is very limited in other scenarios, which is probably the cause of high mortality rates. We describe a patient with a history of expansive abdominal mass, diagnosed with metastasic Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST), with Clostridium sordellii bacteremia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Bacteremia , Clostridium sordellii , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Gram-Positive Rods , Sepsis , Neoplasms
7.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 317-324, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279745

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la pancreatitis aguda posduodenopancreatectomía cefálica inmediata es una complica ción cuya frecuencia puede llegar al 55% y condiciona la aparición de fístula pancreática. Objetivo: describir el manejo de 3 pacientes que presentaron pancreatitis aguda posduodenopancrea tectomía con complicaciones locales y realizar una revisión de la literatura. Material y métodos: se revisó una base de datos prospectiva de resecciones pancreáticas. Se identifi caron los pacientes con diagnóstico de pancreatitis aguda con lesiones locales posterior a la realización de duodenopancreatectomía. Se definió fístula pancreática de acuerdo con la clasificación del ISGPF y pancreatitis como la elevación de la amilasa o lipasa tres veces por encima del máximo valor sérico normal en asociación con dolor abdominal o confirmación radiológica. Resultados: entre 2008 y 2019 los autores realizaron 260 duodenopancreatectomías. Tres pacientes presentaron pancreatitis posoperatoria con complicaciones locales. Conclusiones: la pancreatitis aguda posoperatoria es una complicación de una frecuencia elevada. La mayoría de ellas se resuelven en forma espontánea. Pocos pacientes presentan complicaciones locales que pueden requerir tratamiento percutáneo o quirúrgico, predisponiendo al desarrollo de fístulas a veces de difícil manejo. No hay forma de prevenir la aparición de la fístula pancreática. El tratamiento de las complicaciones locales se realizará de acuerdo con su aparición y repercusión, pudiendo requerir desde la colocación de un drenaje percutáneo hasta la pancreatectomía total.


ABSTRACT Background: The incidence of acute pancreatitis immediately after cephalic pancreaticoduodenec tomy is up to 55% and is associated with the development of pancreatic fistula. Objective: The aim of this study is to report three cases of acute pancreatitis after pancreaticoduode nectomy with local complications with a review of the literature. Material and methods: The information about pancreatic resections was retrieved from a prospective database. Patients with diagnosis acute pancreatitis with local lesions immediately after pancreatico duodenectomy were identified. Pancreatic fistula was defined according to the International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula (ISGPF) Definition and pancreatitis was defined as serum amylase or lipase >3x upper limit of normal associated with abdominal pain or imaging criteria. Results: A total of 260 pancreaticoduodenectomies were performed between 2008 and 2019. Three patients developed postoperative acute pancreatitis with local complications. Conclusions: Postoperative acute pancreatitis is a common complication that solves spontaneously in most cases. Few patients present local complications that may require percutaneous or surgical treatment, which may predispose to the development of fistulas that are sometimes difficult to mana ge. There is no way to prevent pancreatic fistulas. Local complications will be treated according to their occurrence and impact, and may require a variety of procedures, ranging from percutaneous drainage to total pancreatectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreatitis/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage/complications
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 12-19, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090846

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background This study defines the disease profile in south Indian population and determine the clinic-pathological aspects of Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumors. Method In this prospective study patients diagnosed of gastrointestinal stromal tumors were taken thorough clinical examination and a database of Anthropometric details and clinical details were analyzed. Pathological data included tumor size, presence or absence necrosis, mitotic counts, immunohistochemistry for CD-117, CD-34. Results There were 44 patients with confirmed diagnosis of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. The highest incidence was found in the 6th decade. The most common symptoms were abdominal pain and gastrointestinal bleed. Stomach was most frequent site for gastro-intestinal stromal tumors. Immunochemistry for CD-117 was positive in 93.18% cases. Majority of tumors (79.5%) had pure spindle cell morphology and mitotic activity showed that 34% of the GISTs were of the high risk group. Forty two patients were suggestive of surgery as the primary treatment after presentation. Conclusion Abdominal pain was the most common presenting complaint. Majority of the tumors aroused from the stomach. The majority of the tumors had pure spindle cell morphology and 93% of the tumors were CD-117 positive. A significant relationship between tumor size, tumor necrosis and mitotic activity with large tumors having necrosis and high mitotic rate having high risk of malignancy, was observed. Surgical resection is considered mainstay of treatment of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. Imatinib therapy should be given to patients in moderate to severe risk categories.


Resumo Justificativa Este estudo define o perfil da doença na população do sul da Índia e determina os aspectos clínicos e patológicos dos tumores estromais gastrointestinais. Método Neste estudo prospectivo, os pacientes diagnosticados com tumor estromal gastrointestinl foram submetidos a um exame clínico completo, e uma série de dados dos pacientes, incluindo detalhes antropométricos e clínicos, foram analisados. Os dados patológicos incluíram tamanho do tumor, presença ou ausência de necrose, contagem mitótica e imuno-histoquímica para CD-117, CD-34. Resultados Havia 44 pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A maior incidência foi encontrada na 6ª década de vida. Os sintomas mais comuns foram dor abdominal e sangramento gastrointestinal. O estômago foi o local mais frequente para tumores estromais gastrointestinais. A imuno-histoquímica para CD-117 foi positiva em 93,18% dos casos. A maioria dos tumores (79,5%) apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e a atividade mitótica mostrou que 34% dos GISTs pertenciam ao grupo de alto risco. Quarenta e dois pacientes receberam indicação para cirurgia como tratamento primário após a apresentação. Conclusão A dor abdominal foi a queixa mais comum. A maioria dos tumores afetava o estômago, apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e 93% eram CD-117 positivos. Foi observada uma relação significativa entre o tamanho do tumor, a necrose tumoral e a atividade mitótica, com os tumores grandes apresentando necrose e alta taxa mitótica com alto risco de malignidade. A ressecção cirúrgica é considerada o principal tratamento do tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A terapia com imatinibe deve ser administrada a pacientes em categoria de risco de moderadas a grave.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/immunology , Antigens, CD34/immunology , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , India , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(1): e701, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126408

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores del estroma gastrointestinal son los tumores mesenquimales más frecuentes en el tracto gastrointestinal, entre el 20 y el 45 por ciento son malignos. Se originan de las células de Cajal o de sus precursores. La clínica más frecuente es la presencia de un tumor abdominal, la hemorragia digestiva por ulceración de la mucosa y el dolor o sensación de plenitud abdominal. Estos tumores pueden tener un largo período de crecimiento silente hasta que por su tamaño se manifiestan clínicamente, suelen tener un crecimiento expansivo desplazando las estructuras vecinas sin invadirlas. Se presenta a un paciente con un tumor del estroma gastrointestinal de estómago con proporciones inusualmente grandes, que fuera intervenido por nuestro grupo con una evolución satisfactoria(AU)


ABSTRACT Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are the most frequent mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, and are malignant in 20-45 percent. They originate from Cajal cells or their precursors. The most frequent clinical symptoms are the presence of an abdominal tumor, digestive hemorrhage due to mucosa ulceration, and pain or sensation of abdominal fullness. These tumors may have a long period of silent growth until, due to their size, they manifest clinically; they tend to have expansive growth, displacing neighboring structures without invading them. We present the case of a patient with a gastrointestinal stroma tumor of the stomach of unusually large proportions, who underwent surgery by our team and with a satisfactory evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/epidemiology
11.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 89-93, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090838

ABSTRACT

Abstract Here we describe an infrequent case of gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the rectum in a 57 year-old man with spindle cell neoplasm probably gastrointestinal stromal tumor and CT scan showed tumor from the anterior rectal wall and offered abdominoperineal resection for the same. The patient was started on imatinib and had a significant reduction in symptoms. The patient was reassessed with the CT scan, which showed a reduction in tumor size and Transanal minimally invasive surgery was planned for the patient. Use of imatinib prior to surgical resection to attain the reduced size of the tumor within the limit of resection is an attractive approach. Since tumor development can happen rapidly again after substantial tumor shrinkage, the best time to operate depending on resectability and the maximum therapeutic outcome remains divisive.


Resumo No presente estudo, os autores descrevem um caso raro de tumor estromal gastrointestinal no reto em um homem de 57 anos que se apresentou com neoplasia de células fusiformes, com provável tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A tomografia computadorizada demonstrou tumor na parede anterior do reto e foi sugerida sua ressecção abdominoperineal. O paciente iniciou tratamento com imatinibe e apresentou uma redução significativa nos sintomas. O paciente foi reavaliado por tomografia computadorizada, que evidenciou redução do tamanho do tumor; portanto, foi indicada cirurgia transanal minimamente invasiva. O tumor era ressecável e foi necessário um extenso acompanhamento para romper o órgão, de forma a alcançar a ressecção máxima; caso contrário, o tumor estromal gastrointestinal também seria irressecável. O uso de imatinibe antes da ressecção cirúrgica para reduzir o tamanho do tumor dentro do limite de ressecção é uma abordagem interessante. Como o tumor pode se crescer rapidamente após ser substancialmente reduzido, a literatura ainda apresenta controvérsias quanto ao melhor momento para operar e quanto ao melhor desfecho terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/therapy , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis
12.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 31(2): 85-89, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292373

ABSTRACT

Subepithelial lesions are generally an incidental diagnosis with an prevalence of 0.4%. These tumors represent a great diagnostic challenge, mainly when ruling out potentially malignant lesions, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), lymphomas and carcinomas. Among the many differential diagnosis, the ectopic pancreas arises with an prevalence of 1-2% in general population. The first diagnostic approach is performed using upper digestive endoscopy, computed tomography and endosonography. This last one has a diagnostic performance of less than 50%, which increases to 90% when it is associated with a histopathological examination. There is no current consensus regarding the management and monitoring of these lesions. Based on the imaging and histological characteristics, the possibilities range from observation to endoscopic or surgical resection. In this context, we will present a clinical case of ectopic pancreas as an incidental finding, and afterwards the diagnostic and therapeutic breakdown of subepithelial lesions.


Las lesiones subepiteliales son pesquisadas generalmente de manera incidental, con una prevalencia de 0,4%. Estos tumores suponen un gran desafío diagnóstico, principalmente al momento de descartar lesiones potencialmente malignas, como el tumor estromal gastrointestinal (GIST), linfomas y carcinomas. Dentro de los posibles diagnósticos, surge el páncreas ectópico, con una prevalencia de hasta 1-2% en la población general. La primera aproximación diagnóstica se realiza mediante endoscopia digestiva alta, tomografía computarizada y la endosonografía, ésta última con un rendimiento diagnóstico menor del 50%, que aumenta hasta el 90% al asociar el examen histopatológico. No existe consenso actual respecto al manejo y seguimiento de estas lesiones, que según sus características imagenológicas e histológicas, va desde la observación hasta la resección endoscópica o quirúrgica. En este contexto, se presenta un caso clínico de páncreas ectópico como hallazgo incidental y el desglose diagnóstico y terapéutico de las lesiones subepiteliales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Choristoma/diagnostic imaging , Stomach Diseases/diagnosis , Endosonography , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis
13.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(1): 118-122, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115607

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer gástrico, patología neoplásica de innegable importancia, corresponde en el 90 % de los casos a un adenocarcinoma. Dentro del 10 % restante, los linfomas y los tumores estromales gastrointestinales (Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, GIST) constituyen la mayoría. Sin embargo, los sarcomas no GIST siguen siendo un diagnóstico diferencial posible para tener en cuenta y configuran una patología neoplásica de tratamiento fundamentalmente quirúrgico. En particular, el leiomiosarcoma representa menos del 1 % de los tumores malignos del estómago y la literatura disponible al respecto consiste en reportes de caso o serie de casos. Por su rareza, presentamos este caso clínico y revisamos la literatura relacionada.


Abstract Gastric cancer, a neoplastic pathology of undeniable importance, accounts for 90% of cases to adenocarcinoma. GIST lymphomas and gastrointestinal stromal tumors are the majority of the other 10%. However, non-GIST sarcomas remain a possible differential diagnosis to keep in mind and constitute a neoplastic pathology whose treatment is fundamentally surgical. Leiomyosarcoma represents less than 1% of malignant stomach tumors, and the available literature consists of case reports or case series. Because of its rarity, we present this clinical case and review the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sarcoma , Stomach Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Literature
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2731-2742, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877828

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Despite the recent large number of studies comparing endoscopic and laparoscopic resection for small gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) (diameter ≤ 5 cm), the results remain conflicting. The objective of this work was to perform a cumulative meta-analysis to assess the advantages and disadvantages of endoscopic resection vs. laparoscopic resection.@*METHODS@#The meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. We searched medical databases up to January 2020. Meta-analytical random or fixed effects models were used in pooled analyses. Meta-regression, cumulative meta-analyses, and subgroup analyses were performed to improve the accuracy of the conclusion. Sensitivity analyses were applied to assess the robustness of the results.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12 cohort studies with 1383 participants comparing endoscopic resection and laparoscopic resection were identified, while three cohort studies with 167 participants comparing endoscopic resection and laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery were found. We found that endoscopic resection had shorter operation times (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -27.1 min, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -40.8 min to -13.4 min) and lengths of hospital stay (WMD = -1.43 d, 95% CI: -2.31 d to -0.56 d) than did laparoscopic resection. The results were stable and reliable. There were no significant differences in terms of blood loss, hospitalization costs, incidence of complications or recurrence rates. For tumor sizes 2 - 5 cm, endoscopic resection increased the risk of positive margins (relative risk [RR] = 5.78, 95% CI: 1.31 - 25.46). Although operation times for endoscopic resection were shorter than those of laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (WMD = -41.03 min, 95% CI: -59.53 min to -22.54 min), there was a higher incidence of complications (RR = 4.03, 95% CI: 1.57 - 10.34).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In general, endoscopic resection is an alternative method for gastric GISTs ≤ 5 cm. Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery may work well in combination. Further randomized controlled trials are recommended to validate or update these results.


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 385-388, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056637

ABSTRACT

Abstract Gastrointestinal stromal tumors, although rare, are the most common primary mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract and originate from the interstitial cells of Cajal. They present slow growth and symptoms such as bleeding, abdominal pain or discomfort, and the presence of an abdominal mass. The most affected organs are the stomach and small intestine. Differential diagnoses for gastrointestinal stromal tumor include adenocarcinoma and small intestine lymphoma, metastasis, and carcinoid tumor. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors have been associated with familial syndromes such as type 1 neurofibromatosis, considered a predisposing factor for tumors in the small intestine. This study aimed to report a case of gastrointestinal stromal tumor in the jejunal region in a patient with type 1 neurofibromatosis, followed-up for two years, who underwent laparoscopic segmental enterectomy and diagnosis determined by histopathology and immunohistochemistry. The diagnosis of small intestine gastrointestinal stromal tumor is challenging because of its low incidence, nonspecific symptoms, relative inaccessibility of the small intestine to conventional endoscopic examination, broad spectrum of radiological appearances, and the fact that the nature of the mass is difficult to determine with imaging examinations of the abdomen alone. Thus, the small intestine gastrointestinal stromal tumor may be erroneously diagnosed as pancreatic, gynecological, or mesenteric tumors. The literature does not present many reports on the association of jejunal gastrointestinal stromal tumor with neurofibromatosis. Understanding the tumoral behavior of small intestine gastrointestinal stromal tumor in this subgroup of patients would allow better follow-up.


Resumo Os tumores estromais gastrointestinais, embora raros, são as neoplasias mesenquimais primárias mais comuns do trato gastrointestinal e originam-se das células intersticiais de Cajal. Apresentam crescimento lento e manifestam sintomas como sangramento, dor ou desconforto abdominal e presença de massa abdominal. Os órgãos mais acometidos são estômago e intestino delgado. Os diagnósticos diferenciais para tumores estromais gastrointestinais incluem adenocarcinoma e linfoma de intestino delgado, metástases e tumor carcinoide. Os tumores estromais gastrointestinais têm sido associados a síndromes familiares como a neurofibromatose tipo 1, considerada um fator predisponente para tumores no intestino delgado. O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar um caso de tumor estromal gastrointestinal em região jejunal em paciente portadora de neurofibromatose tipo 1, com 2 anos de seguimento, submetida a enterectomia segmentar laparoscópica e diagnóstico determinados pela histopatologia e imuno-histoquímica. O diagnóstico de tumor estromal gastrointestinal do intestino delgado é desafiador, devido a sua baixa incidência, sintomas inespecíficos, relativa inacessibilidade do intestino delgado ao exame endoscópico convencional, amplo espectro de aparências radiológicas e difícil determinação da natureza da massa apenas com exames de imagens do abdome. Assim, tumor estromal gastrointestinal no intestino delgado podem ser erroneamente diagnosticados como tumores pancreáticos, tumores ginecológicos, ou tumores do mesentério. A descrição científica da associação de tumor estromal gastrointestinal de jejuno com neurofibromatose é incomum. Tais descrições permitem melhor seguimento dos pacientes a partir do momento que se entende o comportamento tumoral do tumor estromal gastrointestinal de intestino delgado nesse subgrupo de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Neurofibromatosis 1/complications , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/complications , Jejunal Neoplasms/complications , Laparoscopy , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Jejunal Neoplasms/surgery , Jejunal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
16.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 37(2): 67-73, Septiembre 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025120

ABSTRACT

Los tumores del estroma extragastrointestinal son neoplasias mesenquimatosas raras que pueden presentarse en epiplón y mesenterio. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente cuencano de la tercera edad con cuadro clínico caracterizado por dolor, distensión abdominal, falta de eliminación de gases y heces de 24h de evolución, al examen físico se evidenció abdomen distendido, dolor a la palpación en forma difusa, ruidos hidroaéreos aumentados.Fue intervenido quirúrgicamente, encontrándose un tumor a 80 cm de la válvula ileocecal dependiente de mesenterio, de aproximadamente 7x6 cm que comprometía asas intestinales; histopatología reportó un tumor del estroma extra gastrointestinal CD 117 positivo; paciente evoluciono favorablemente, se inició deambulación a las 24 horas y dieta líquida a las 72 horas con buena tolerancia, alta médica al quinto día postquirúrgico. Inicio tratamiento oncológico a los 4 meses posteriores a la cirugía con Imatinib 400mg, actual-mente paciente con evolución favorable sin recurrencia.


Extragastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare mesenchymal neoplasms that can occur in the omentum and mesentery. A clinical case of an elderly person from Cuenca is presented, the patient has symptoms like: pain, abdominal distension, lack of elimination of gases and feces of 24 hours of evolution, the physical examination showed a distended abdomen, diffuse palpation pain, increased hydro noise.The patients was surgically intervened, a tumor was found 80 cm from the mesoenterium-dependent ileocecal valve, approximately 7x6 cm that involved intestinal loops; histopathology reported a CD 117 positive extra gastrointestinal stromal tumor; patient evolved favorably, ambulation began at 24 hours and liquid diet at 72 hours with good tolerance, medical discharge was decided on the fifth day after surgery. Start oncological treatment at 4 months after surgery with imatinib 400mg, currently a patient with favorable evolution without recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Abdominal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Radiography , Gastrointestinal Tract
17.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(2): 197-201, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013936

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 74 años quien ingresó con síntomas de sangrado digestivo alto, se realizó una endoscopia de vías digestivas altas y se encontraron dos lesiones en el estómago: una elevada de centro ulcerado y otra subepitelial, lo que llevó a completar los estudios con una ecoendoscopia gástrica que mostró una lesión mucosa que infiltraba la submucosa sugestiva de cáncer gástrico temprano y otra lesión subepitelial dependiente de la muscular, sugestivas de un tumor gastrointestinal estromal (GIST); los estudios de estatificación no evidenciaron compromiso metastásico, por lo que se llevó al manejo quirúrgico con la posterior confirmación histológica de los hallazgos.


Abstract We present the case of a 74-year-old male patient who was admitted with symptoms of upper digestive bleeding. Endoscopy of his upper digestive tract found an ulcerated lesion and a subepithelial lesion in his stomach. Complete studies including gastric endoscopic ultrasound showed a mucosal lesion infiltrating the submucosa which was suggestive of early gastric cancer as well as a subepithelial lesion on the muscle that was suggestive of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Staging showed no metastatic compromise, so surgery was performed, and histology subsequently confirmed the findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Endosonography , Endoscopy , Mucous Membrane
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e634, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093153

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El tumor estromal gastrointestinal es el tumor mesenquimático más frecuente y se caracteriza por la expresión de un receptor de factor de crecimiento tirosina kinasa, CD117 c-KIT/CD 117. Se diferencia del resto de los tumores mesenquimáticos en que no expresa esta proteína. Alrededor del 70 - 80 por ciento de estos tumores son benignos, la mayoría se localizan en estómago e intestino delgado (> 90 por ciento). Los tumores estromal gastrointestinal malignos son generalmente de gran tamaño (> 5 cm), con índice mitótico alto y pueden dar metástasis a hígado y peritoneo. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica. Presentamos una paciente con 65 años de edad que acudió al cuerpo de guardia por sufrir caída de sus pies y quejarse de dolor abdominal. Como datos positivos al examen físico se constató palidez cutáneo mucosa y los complementarios de urgencia. El ultrasonido y la tomografía axial computarizada informaron líquido libre en cavidad con cifras de hemoglobina en 6,4 g/L. La punción abdominal constató sangre roja que no coagulaba. Se realizó laparotomía exploratoria encontrando hemoperitoneo y gran tumoración en cara anterior del antro gástrico, con otra pequeña en la porción alta del cuerpo; se realizó resección local con bordes libres de tumor y se suturaron los bordes gástricos. El resultado de la biopsia informó tumor del estroma gastrointestinal de células fusiformes con bajo índice mitótico, que midió 13 x 8 x 8 cm, con marcada angiogénesis y zonas de calcificación(AU)


ABSTRACT Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal tumor and is characterized by expression of a tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor, CD117 c-KIT/CD 117. It is different to the rest of mesenchymal tumors in that it does not express this protein. About 70-80 percent of these tumors are benign. The majority are located in the stomach and small intestine (more than 90 percent). Malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors are usually large (over 5 cm in size), with a high mitotic index, and can metastasize to the liver and peritoneum. The treatment is surgical resection. We present a 65-year-old patient who came to the emergency room due to having fallen on her own feet and complaining of abdominal pain. As positive data to the physical examination, mucous and skin whitening and the emergency complement tests were analyzed. Ultrasound and CT scan reported free fluid in cavity with hemoglobin values at 6.4 g/L. The abdominal puncture showed red blood that did not clot. The exploratory laparotomy showed a hemoperitoneum and a large tumor in the anterior face of the gastric antrum, with a small one in the upper portion of the body; local resection with tumor-free borders was performed and the gastric borders were sutured. The result of the biopsy reported a spindle cell gastrointestinal stromal tumor with a low mitotic index, measuring 13x8x8 cm, with marked angiogenesis and areas of calcification(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Margins of Excision , Hemoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(1): 79-86, 20190000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982079

ABSTRACT

La intususcepción en adultos es una condición inusual, que corresponde al 5 % de todos los casos de obstrucción intestinal y carece de síntomas específicos. El diagnóstico preoperatorio sigue siendo un desafío para el cirujano y el tratamiento óptimo de esta condición es controvertido. Se presentan dos casos clínicos de intususcepción con diferente etiología. El primero sufrió una intususcepción colocólica por un adenocarcinoma y, el segundo, una intususcepción ileocólica por un tumor del estroma gastrointestinal (GIST). Los casos fueron diagnosticados preoperatoriamente mediante tomografía axial de abdomen. En ambos casos, se practicó una resección quirúrgica oncológica. El estudio de histopatología confirmó el diagnóstico definitivo. Se describen el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la intususcepción como causa de obstrucción intestinal en los adultos, y se presenta una revisión de la literatura científica


Intestinal intussusception in adults is a rare finding, with non specific symptoms and is responsible for 5% of intestinal obstructions. Pre-operative diagnosis remains a challenge for surgeons and the optimal treatment is still in debate. We present two cases of intestinal intussusception caused by different etiologies; the first is a colon-colonic intussusception caused by an adenocarcinoma, and the second is an ileo-colonic intussusception caused by a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Both cases were diagnostic pre-operatively by abdominal CT. Oncologic surgical resection was performed in both cases. Histopathology report confirmed neoplastic tissues. We describe the diagnosis and treatment of intestinal intussusception as a cause of intestinal obstruction in the adult population


Subject(s)
Humans , Intussusception , Adenocarcinoma , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Intestinal Obstruction
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 161-168, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography (CEH-EUS) is a promising imaging modality that can differentiate subepithelial tumors (SETs) by detecting the degree of enhancement. However, whether CEH-EUS alone can predict the malignancy risk of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of CEH-EUS by using perfusion analysis software for distinguishing among SETs and predicting the malignancy risk of GISTs. METHODS: We retrospectively included patients with SETs who underwent preoperative CEH-EUS. In this study, 44 patients with histologically proven GISTs and benign SETs were enrolled. Perfusion analysis was performed using perfusion quantification software. Peak enhancement (PE), wash-in rate (WiR), wash-in perfusion index (WiPI), and wash-in and wash-out areas under the time-intensity curve (WiWoAUC) were calculated and compared between the GISTs and benign SETs. RESULTS: When we allocated the enrolled patients into the leiomyoma group and low- and high-grade malignancy GIST groups, significant statistical differences in PE (p<0.001), WiR (p=0.009), WiPI (p<0.001), and WiWoAUC (p<0.001) were identified in the high-grade malignancy group compared with the leiomyoma group. CONCLUSIONS: CEH-EUS with perfusion analysis using perfusion analysis software could be a quantitative and independent method for predicting malignancy risk in gastrointestinal SETs.


Subject(s)
Endosonography , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Humans , Leiomyoma , Methods , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies
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