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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9173, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142586

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the correlation of kinesin family member 2A (KIF2A) expression with disease risk, clinical characteristics, and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and investigate the effect of KIF2A knockdown on AML cell activities in vitro. Bone marrow samples were collected from 176 AML patients and 40 healthy donors, and KIF2A expression was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Treatment response, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) were assessed in AML patients. In vitro, KIF2A expression in AML cell lines and CD34+ cells (from healthy donors) was measured, and the effect of KIF2A knockdown on AML cell proliferation and apoptosis in HL-60 and KG-1 cells was detected. KIF2A expression was greater in AML patients compared to healthy donors, and receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that KIF2A expression predicted increased AML risk (area under curve: 0.793 (95%CI: 0.724-0.826)). In AML patients, KIF2A expression positively correlated with white blood cells, monosomal karyotype, and high risk stratification. Furthermore, no correlation of KIF2A expression with complete remission or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was found. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that KIF2A expression was negatively correlated with EFS and OS. In vitro experiments showed that KIF2A was overexpressed in AML cell lines (KG-1, HL-60, ME-1, and HT-93) compared to CD34+ cells, moreover, cell proliferation was reduced but apoptosis was increased by KIF2A knockdown in HL-60 and KG-1 cells. In conclusion, KIF2A showed potential to be a biomarker and treatment target in AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Kinesins/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Survival Rate , Risk Factors , Apoptosis , HL-60 Cells , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 893-900, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921293

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect and potential mechanism of knockdown of sphingosine kinase-1 (SPHK1) on the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect SPHK1 mRNA expression in human healthy lung fibroblasts (MRC-5 cells) and four NSCLC cell lines. Then, A549 and H1299 cells were transfected with SPHK1-shRNA and corresponding negative control. CCK-8, Annexin V-FITC/PI dual staining and cell cycle assay were performed to evaluate cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution, respectively. JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential measurement kit was adopted to measure mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of cell cycle and mitochondrial apoptotic pathway-related proteins, as well as MEK/ERK signaling pathway. The results showed that the mRNA expression of SPHK1 in NSCLC cells was higher than that in MRC-5 cells. SPHK1-shRNA significantly inhibited the proliferation of A549 and H1299 cells, blocked the cell cycle in G0/G1 phase, and promoted cell apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. Compared with the control group, the expression of p-MEK and p-ERK proteins in the SPHK1-shRNA group was significantly down-regulated. Moreover, MEK/ERK inhibitor could dramatically suppress cell proliferation and promote cell apoptosis. These results suggest that SPHK1 knockdown can inhibit the proliferation of NSCLC cells and might promote mitochondrial apoptotic pathway by inhibiting MEK/ERK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1395-1404, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826837

ABSTRACT

By inserting microRNAs into the intron of EF1α promoter, we constructed a novel lentiviral vector knocking down PD-1 gene via microRNA and applied it to CAR-T cells. Lentiviral transduction efficiency and PD-1-silencing efficiency were detected by flow cytometry. PD-1 expression was detected by Western blotting. Relative expression of microRNA was measured by Q-PCR. Cytotoxicity of CAR-T cells based on this vector was tested by luciferase bioluminescence and flow cytometry. Compared with lentiviral vector with microRNA transcribed by U6 promotor, the transduction efficiency of lentiviral vector with microRNA which was inserted into the intron of EF1α promoter was more significant, and the knockdown rate of PD-1 was more than 90%, which was validated by flow cytometry and Western blotting. And the relative expression level of microRNA in Jurkat cells transduced with this novel lentiviral vector was shown by Q-PCR. Compared with normal CAR-T cells, CAR-T cells based on this vector showed stronger cytotoxicity against PD-L1 positive Raji cells. We successfully constructed a novel lentiviral vector that knocked down PD-1 via microRNA and verified the superiority of its transduction efficiency and knockdown efficiency of PD-1. CAR-T cells based on this vector can exert a more powerful cytotoxicity, thus providing theoretical support for the subsequent treatment of PD-L1 positive tumors.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Humans , Lentivirus , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1414-1421, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826835

ABSTRACT

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas) system is a hotspot of gene editing and gene expression research, in which CRISPR/Cas13 system provides a new direction for RNA interference and editing. In this study, we designed and synthesized the corresponding gRNAs of CRISPR/Cas13a and CRISPR/Cas13b systems in non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway, such as Ku70 and Lig4, and then detected the expression of ku70 and lig4 in HEK293T cells. The CRISPR/Cas13a system could efficiently knockdown the mRNA expression of ku70 and lig4 more than 50%, and CRISPR/Cas13b system also suppressed ku70 and lig4 about 92% and 76%, respectively. Also, CRISPR/Cas13a, b systems could down-regulate Ku70 and Lig4 proteins level to 68% and 53%, respectively. The study demonstrates that the CRISPR/Cas13 system could effectively knockdown the expression of RNA and protein in HEK293T cells, providing a new strategy for gene function and regulation research.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , DNA Ligase ATP , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Gene Knockdown Techniques , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Ku Autoantigen , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826377

ABSTRACT

To investigate the mechanism of long non-coding RNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) in gastric cancer caused by (HP) infection. The expression of PVT1 was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in HP-infected normal gastric epithelial cells GES-1. Gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 was transfected with PVT1 small interfering RNA and co-cultured with HP,and then the inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin (IL) -1β,IL-6 and IL-8 were detected. After PVT1 was knocked down,the effects of PVT1 on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells were examined by cell scratch assay. RNA-pulldown combined with mass spectrometry was used to detect the protein binding to PVT1,and the result of mass spectrometry was verified by RNA-pulldown combined with Western blot. In HP-infected normal gastric epithelial cells GES-1,quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that PVT1 was significantly up-regulated (=7.160,=0.019). PVT1 was knocked down in gastric cancer cells,and then infected with HP. The expressions of inflammatory factors including TNF-α (=3.899,=0.011),IL-1β (=14.610,=0.000),and IL-8 (=6.557,=0.001) were significantly inhibited. Although PVT1 knockdown had no significant effect on the proliferation ability of gastric cancer cells,it inhibited the migration of cells. PVT1 might interact with RPS8 protein. PVT1 may act as a pro-inflammatory factor and regulate gastric cancer caused by HP infection.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cytokines , Metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Microbiology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Helicobacter Infections , Pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Inflammation , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of MTBP in regulating the migration and invasion of human prostate cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The baseline expressions of MTBP in 3 different human prostate cancer cells lines (22RV1, DU145 and Lncap) were detected using Western blotting. The cells were transfected with a small interfering RNA (siRNA) for MTBP knockdown or MTBP plasmid for MTBP overexpression, and 48 h later, the cells were examined for MTBP expression with Western blotting; the changes in the migration abilities of the cells were evaluated using wound healing assay and Transwell assay, and the cell invasiveness was assessed using Matrigel Transwell assay. The expression of E-cadherin protein, a marker of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), was detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#MTBP expression was the highest in DU145 cells followed by Lncap cells, and was the lowest in 22RV1 cells, indicating a positive correlation of MTBP expression with the level of malignancy of human prostate cancer cells. Transfection of the cells with siRNA or MTBP plasmids efficiently lowered or enhanced the expressions of MTBP in human prostate cancer cells. Wound healing assay showed that inhibition of MTBP expression decreased the migration ability of the prostate cancer cells, and MTBP overexpression significantly promoted the migration of the cells ( < 0.01). Transwell assay showed that MTBP knockdown significantly lowered the migration and invasion ability of the cells, while MTBP overexpression markedly increased the number of migrating and invading cells ( < 0.01); Western blotting results showed that MTBP knockdown increased the expression of E-cadherin protein, and MTBP overexpression decreased E-cadherin expression in the prostate cancer cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MTBP overexpression promotes the migration and invasion of human prostate cancer cells possibly relation to the induction of EMT.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Cadherins , Metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1008-1012, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of nucleophosmin (NPM) in the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cells (K562 cells) and its mechanism by RNAi technology.@*METHODS@#shRNA was used to inhibit the expression of NPM. The expression of NPM gene was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The effect of inhibiting NPM gene on cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay. Change of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the expression of cell cycle-related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The shRNA lentiviral vector targeting at NPM gene was successfully constructed and used to transfect the K562 cells. The results showed that compared with the control groups, suppression of NPM gene expression in K562 cells could inhibit the cell proliferation and decrease the cell colony formation. Moreover, interference of NPM gene could prolong G/G phase and arrest cell cycle, which may be related to the down-regulation of NPM gene expression and activation of p21 protein expression, thereby inhibited the formation of CDK2/ Cyclin E complex.@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulation of NPM gene expression in K562 cells can induce cell cycle arrest and inhibit cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Nuclear Proteins
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of exendin-4(Ex-4) on the differentiation of neural stem cells(NSCs) in adult mouse subventricular zone(SVZ)and its mechanism .@*METHODS@#NSCs in the SVZ were derived from 5-week C57BL/6J mice and the expression of nestin was detected by immunofluorescence. The cell morphology was observed after the cells treatmed with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 days.The expressions of nestin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) were detected by immunofluorescence. GLP-1R was knocked down by using shRNA and the study was divided into four groups: control group, Ex-4 group, GLP-1R knockdown group, GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group. After treatment with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 d, β-tublin III and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were labeled by immunofluorescence and then the proportion of β-tublin III positive cells were counted. Western blot was used to detect the activation of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) in NSCs. In order to further study the effects of Ex-4 on mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase (PI3K) pathways, the cells were pretreated with MAPK inhibitor U0126 at a concentration of 0.07 μmol/L for 30 min or PI3K inhibitor LY294002 at 50 μmol for 2 h, respectively. The study was divided into six groups: control group, Ex-4 group, U0126 group, U0126 + Ex-4 group, LY294002 group, LY294002 + Ex-4 group. The activation of CREB in each group was detected by Western blot. The experiment was repeated three times independently.@*RESULTS@#NSCs were successfully extracted from SVZ of C57BL/6J mice. Immunofluorescence showed that nestin and GLP-1R were positive in NSCs. Compared with the control group, the proportion of neurons differentiated from Ex-4 group was higher. The percentage of neurons in GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group was basically the same as that in control group (P<0.01). The positive cells of beta-tublin III showed positive activation of GLP-1R and CREB. Western blot showed that CREB was significantly activated in the Ex-4 group, and knockdown of GLP-1R abolished its activation (P<0.01). U0126 did not affect Ex-4-mediated CERB activation, and LY294002 significantly reduced Ex-4-mediated CREB activation (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Ex-4 promotes the differentiation of NSCs into neurons in SVZ of adult mice through GLP-1R receptor, which may be achieved through PI3K/CREB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Metabolism , Exenatide , Pharmacology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism , Lateral Ventricles , Cell Biology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 336-346, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775445

ABSTRACT

We have previously reported that Cystatin C (CysC) is a pivotal mediator in the neuroprotection induced by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning; however, the underlying mechanism and how CysC changes after stroke are not clear. In the present study, we demonstrated that CysC expression was elevated as early as 3 h after reperfusion, and this was further enhanced by HBO preconditioning. Concurrently, LC3-II and Beclin-1, two positive-markers for autophagy induction, exhibited increases similar to CysC, while knockdown of CysC blocked these elevations. As a marker of autophagy inhibition, p62 was downregulated by HBO preconditioning and this was blocked by CysC knockdown. Besides, the beneficial effects of preserving lysosomal membrane integrity and enhancing autolysosome formation induced by HBO preconditioning were abolished in CysC rats. Furthermore, we demonstrated that exogenous CysC reduced the neurological deficits and infarct volume after brain ischemic injury, while 3-methyladenine partially reversed this neuroprotection. In the present study, we showed that CysC is biochemically and morphologically essential for promoting autophagic flux, and highlighted the translational potential of HBO preconditioning and CysC for stroke treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Physiology , Beclin-1 , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Cystatin C , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Lysosomes , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Neuroprotection , Physiology , Oxygen , Therapeutic Uses , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Transgenic , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775252

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression, localization and regulatory effect on mitochondrial calcium signaling of Rictor in embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (ESC-CMs).@*METHODS@#Classical embryonic stem cell cardiomyogenesis model was used for differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into cardiomyocytes. The location of Rictor in ESC-CMs was investigated by immunofluorescence and Western blot. The expression of Rictor in mouse embryonic stem cells was interfered with lentiviral technology, then the superposition of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in ESC-CMs was detected with immunofluorescence method; the cellular ultrastructure of ESC-CMs was observed by transmission electron microscope; the mitochondrial calcium transients of ESC-CMs was detected by living cell workstation;immunoprecipitation was used to detect the interaction between 1,5,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3 receptor, IP3R), glucose-regulated protein 75 (Grp75) and voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) in mitochondrial outer membrane; the expression of mitochondrial fusion protein (mitonusin-2, Mfn2) was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Rictor was mainly localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial-endoplasmic reticulum membrane (MAM) in ESC-CMs. Immunofluorescence results showed that Rictor was highly overlapped with ER and mitochondria in ESC-CMs. After mitochondrial and ER were labeled with Mito-Tracker Red and ER-Tracker Green, it was demonstrated that the mitochondria of the myocardial cells in the Rictor group were scattered, and the superimposition rate of mitochondria and ER was lower than that of the negative control group (<0.01). The MAM structures were decreased in ESC-CMs after knockdown of Rictor. The results of the living cell workstation showed that the amplitude of mitochondrial calcium transients by ATP stimulation in ESC-CMs was decreased after knockdown of Rictor (<0.01). The results of co-immunoprecipitation showed that the interaction between IP3R, Grp75 and VDAC1 in the MAM structure of the cardiomyocytes in the Rictor group was significantly attenuated (<0.01); the results of Western blot showed that the expression of Mfn2 protein was significantly decreased (<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Using lentiviral technology to interfere Rictor expression in mouse embryonic stem cells, the release of calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria in ESC-CMs decreases, which may be affected by reducing the interaction of IP3R, Grp75, VDAC1 and decreasing the expression of Mfn2, leading to the damage of MAM structure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Signaling , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Mice , Mitochondria , Physiology , Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells , Myocytes, Cardiac , Physiology , Protein Transport , Rapamycin-Insensitive Companion of mTOR Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
11.
Biol. Res ; 51: 58, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011402

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-ß1) exhibits oncogenic activity in different types of cancer, including ovarian cancer (OC). However, its regulatory mechanism in OC and whether TGF-ß1 is involved in chemosensitivity regulation remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of TGF-ß1 in OC. METHODS: The OC cell line SKOV3 was employed, and TGF-ß1 overexpression or knockdown vectors were constructed. The cell proliferation of SKOV3 was evaluated with the cell counting kit (CCK8) kit after treatment with different concentrations of cis-platinum. Western blot and protein immunoprecipitation were employed to detect changes in BRCA1 and Smad3 expression and their interactions. Tumor growth in nude mice was evaluated. RESULTS: The results showed that TGF-ß1 knockdown increased chemosensitivity by promoting BRCA1 expression and Smad3 phosphorylation. In vivo studies showed that TGF-ß1 knockdown significantly inhibited the growth of tumors, also by upregulating BRCA1 expression and Smad3 phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our results suggest that TGF-ß1 knockdown inhibits tumor growth and increases chemosensitivity by promotion of BRCA1/Smad3 signaling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Down-Regulation/physiology , Genes, BRCA1/physiology , Smad3 Protein/physiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/physiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/physiology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Smad3 Protein/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Inbred BALB C
12.
Biol. Res ; 51: 2, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888428

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background This study determined the regulatory effects of inducible T-cell co-stimulators (ICOS) in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells using a RNA interference (RNAi) technique. Methods A RNAi technique was used to knockdown the expression of ICOS. ICOS expression after knockdown was detected as mRNA and protein levels by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. A MTT colorimetric assay was used to detect cell proliferation, and the Transwell assay was used to detect cell invasion. Western blot was carried out to detect the level of Bcl-2, AKT, and PI3K protein expression in different groups. Results The proliferation of HepG2 cells were significantly decreased after ICOS siRNA transfection (EG group). Similarly, the results of the Transwell experiment showed that invasion of HepG2 cells in the EG group was clearly reduced compared to the negative control (NC) and blank control groups (CON). Western blot analysis showed that knockdown of ICOS expression reduced the levels of Bcl-2 and AKT, and also significantly up-regulated the level of PI3K phosphorylation (P < 0.01). Conclusion Down-regulating ICOS expression in HepG2 cells suppressed cell proliferation and invasion. The underlying mechanism may be related to the expression of the downstream factor, PI3K/AKT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Inducible T-Cell Co-Stimulator Protein/physiology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Down-Regulation , Blotting, Western , Colorimetry , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/blood , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/blood , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA Interference , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/blood , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Hep G2 Cells , Inducible T-Cell Co-Stimulator Protein/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771477

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expressions of secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (SFRP4) in stage Ⅱ DNA mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) and mismatch repair- proficient (pMMR) colorectal cancers and explore their clinical significance.@*METHODS@#We collected fresh stage Ⅱ colon cancer tissues with different MMR status detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The differentially expressed mRNAs between dMMR and pMMR tumors were identified by Affymetrix Human oeLncRNA gene chip, and the expression of SFRP4 in these cancer tissues and in colorectal cancer cell lines were detected using Western blotting and real- time quantitative PCR. The apoptosis rates of HCT116 cells with and without siRNA- mediated transient SFRP4 knockdown were determined using flow cytometry. We further investigated the expression pattern of Ki-67 and its correlation with SFRP4 expression.@*RESULTS@#Compared with pMMR colon cancer tissues or cells, both dMMR colon cancer tissues (=0.014) and cells (=0.0079) showed significantly increased expression of SFRP4, which was in negative correlation with Ki-67 (=0.041). In HCT116 cells, transient SFRP4 knockdown resulted in decreased cell apoptosis, including both early apoptosis (=0.003) and late apoptosis (=0.024).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Up-regulation of SFRP4 in dMMR stage Ⅱ colon cancer promotes apoptosis and inhibits proliferation of the cancer cells, and may improve the prognosis of dMMR colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Metabolism , Pathology , Colonic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , DNA Mismatch Repair , Gene Knockdown Techniques , HCT116 Cells , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between expression of ADAM17 and cetuximad resistance in human colorectal cancer SW480 cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of ADAM17 was detected using Western blotting in different human colorectal cancer cell lines, and the cells highly expressing ADAM17 were selected as the target cells. SW480 cells were transfected with ADAM17-siRNA 1 and ADAM17-siRNA 2 and the changes in the expression of ADAM17 protein were detected using Western blotting. SW480 cells were exposed to cetuximad for 24 h and the cell apoptosis was analyzed using flow cytometry. Transwell assay was used to examine the migration ability of SW480 cells with different expression levels of ADAM17; Western blotting was used to analyze the changes in the expressions of AKT signaling pathway-related proteins in the treated cells.@*RESULTS@#The baseline expressions of ADAM17 were significantly higher in SW480 cells than in the other human colorectal cancer cell lines tested ( < 0.05). Both ADAM17-siRNA 1 and 2 effectively reduced the expression of ADAM17 protein in SW480 cells. Knockdown of ADAM17 with siRNA 1 significantly increased the sensitivity of SW480 cells to tocetuximad ( < 0.05), obviously inhibited the cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and significantly reduced the expressions of p-EGFR and p-AKT in the cells ( < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ADAM17 knockdown obviously inhibits EGFR-AKT signaling pathway and increases the sensitivity of SW480 cells to tocetuximad.


Subject(s)
ADAM17 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cetuximab , Pharmacology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , ErbB Receptors , Metabolism , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Oncogene Protein v-akt , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Signal Transduction , Transfection , Methods
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of knocking down fascin on cervical cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenicity in nude mice.@*METHODS@#Cervical cancer CaSki cells were infected with a lentiviral vector carrying fascin siRNA or with a negative control lentivirus, and fascin mRNA and protein expressions in the cells were detected using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. MTT assay was used to determine the proliferation of CaSki cells with fascin knockdown. CaSki cells transfected with fascin siRNA or the control lentiviral vector and non-transfected CaSki cells were inoculated subcutaneously in nude mice, and the volume and weight of the transplanted tumor were measured; Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), survivin, cyclin dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and p21 proteins in the tumor xenograft.@*RESULTS@#Infection with the lentiviral vector carrying fascin siRNA, but not the negative control vector, caused significant reductions in the expression levels of fascin mRNA and protein in CaSki cells ( < 0.05). Fascin knockdown resulted in significantly reduced proliferation of CaSki cells ( < 0.05). The nude mice inoculated with CaSki cells with fascin knockdown showed reduced tumor volume and weight, lowered levels of PCNA, survivin and CDK4, and increased expression of p21 protein in the tumor xenograft compared with the control mice. The negative control lentivirus did not affect the proliferation or tumorigenicity of CaSki cells in nude mice or the expression levels of PCNA, survivin, CDK4 or p21 proteins in the xenografts.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Knocking down fascin can inhibit the growth and tumorigenicity of cervical cancer cells in nude mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Female , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , Microfilament Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Survivin , Metabolism , Transfection , Tumor Burden , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Pathology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the diagnostic value of P2X7 receptor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its role in the inflammatory response.@*METHODS@#With the synovial tissues from 25 patients with bone and joint replacement as the control,the synovial tissues of 25 RA patients were examined for the relative expression of P2X7 receptor mRNA using qRT-PCR.In an immortalized RA synovial cell line (MH7A),the effect of P2X7 receptor knockdown via a small interfering RNA were examined on the productions of the inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-1β(IL-1β),IL-6,and IL-8 using ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The RA patients showed significantly higher levels of P2X7 receptor mRNA expression in the synovial tissue than the control patients.P2X7 receptor had a good diagnostic value for RA.The expression levels of IL-1β,IL-6,and IL-8 were positively correlated with the levels of P2X7 receptor in the synovial tissues of RA patients (<0.001).In MH7A cells,P2X7 receptor knockdown obviously reduced the secretion of IL-1β and IL-6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RA patients show elevated P2X7 receptor level in the synovial tissue, which has a good diagnostic value for RA.Blocking P2X7 receptor can inhibit inflammatory factor secretion and suppress inflammatory reactions.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Cell Line , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Inflammation , Metabolism , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Purinergic P2X Receptor Antagonists , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Receptors, Purinergic P2X7 , Physiology , Synovial Membrane , Metabolism
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 226-235, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713099

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Long non-coding RNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is reported to be a vital regulator of the progression of various cancers. This study aimed to explore the exact roles and molecular mechanisms of TUG1 in osteosarcoma (OS) development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR was applied to detect the expressions of TUG1 and microRNA-132-3p (miR-132-3p) in OS tissues and cells. Western blot was performed to measure protein levels of sex determining region Y-box 4 (SOX4). Cell viability was assessed using XTT assay. Cell apoptosis was evaluated using flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity detection assays. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter experiments were employed to confirm relationships among TUG1, miR-132-3p, and SOX4. RESULTS: TUG1 was highly expressed in human OS tissues, OS cell lines, and primary OS cells. TUG1 knockdown hindered proliferation and induced apoptosis in human OS cell lines and primary OS cells. Moreover, TUG1 inhibited miR-132-3p expression by direct interaction, and introduction of miR-132-3p inhibitor partly abrogated the effect of TUG1 knockdown on the proliferation and apoptosis of OS cells. Furthermore, SOX4 was validated as a target of miR-132-3p. Further functional analyses revealed that miR-132-3p inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of OS cells, while this effect was greatly abated following SOX4 overexpression. Moreover, TUG1 knockdown suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis by upregulating miR-132-3p and downregulating SOX4 in primary OS cells. CONCLUSION: TUG1 facilitated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis by regulating the miR-132-3p/SOX4 axis in human OS cell lines and primary OS cells. This finding provides a potential target for OS therapy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , SOXC Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcriptional Activation , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Up-Regulation
18.
Biol. Res ; 51: 39, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983941

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: SET domain bifurcated 1 (SETDB1) has been widely considered as an oncogene playing a critical role in many human cancers, including breast cancer. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism by which SETDB1 regulates breast cancer tumorigenesis is still unknown. METHODS: qRT-PCR assay or western blot analysis was performed to assess the expression level of SETDB1 mRNA or protein, respectively. siSETDB1, pCMV6-XL5-SETDB1, miR-381-3p mimic, or miR-381-3p inhibitor was transfected into cells to regulate the expression of SETDB1 or miR-381-3p. MiRNA directly interacted with SETDB1 was verified by luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation. CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometric analysis, and transwell assay were used to detect the abilities of cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and migration, respectively. Animal model of xenograft tumor was used to observe the regulatory effect of SETDB1 on tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: We verified that SETDB1 mRNA level was upregulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines, and SETDB1 depletion led to a suppression of cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and migration in vitro, as well as tumor growth in vivo. SETDB1 was verified to be a target of miR-381-3p. Moreover, miR-381-3p overexpression suppressed cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and migration, whereas SETDB1 abated miR-381-3p-mediated regulatory function on breast cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that SETDB1 knockdown might suppress breast cancer progression at least partly by miR-381-3p-related regulation, providing a novel prospect in breast cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Protein Methyltransferases/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Protein Methyltransferases/metabolism , Stem Cells , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Flow Cytometry , Mice, Inbred BALB C
19.
Biol. Res ; 51: 24, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950907

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase, phosphoribosylaminoimidazole succinocarboxamide synthetase (PAICS), an enzyme required for de novo purine biosynthesis, is associated with and involved in tumorigenesis. This study aimed to evaluate the role of PAICS in human breast cancer, which remains the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in less developed countries. RESULTS: Lentivirus-based short hairpin RNA targeting PAICS specifically depleted its endogenous expression in ZR-75-30 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Depletion of PAICS led to a significant decrease in cell viability and proliferation. To ascertain the mechanisms through which PAICS modulates cell proliferation, flow cytometry was performed, and it was confirmed that G1-S transition was blocked in ZR-75-30 cells through PAICS knockdown. This might have occurred partly through the suppression of Cyclin E and the upregulation of Cyclin D1, P21, and CDK4. Moreover, PAICS knockdown obviously promoted cell apoptosis in ZR-75-30 cells through the activation of PARP and caspase 3 and downregulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl expression in ZR-75-30 cells. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that PAICS plays an essential role in breast cancer proliferation in vitro, which provides a new opportunity for discovering and identifying novel effective treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Peptide Synthases/physiology , Breast Neoplasms/enzymology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carboxy-Lyases/biosynthesis , Biomarkers, Tumor/physiology , Cell Proliferation , Peptide Synthases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Flow Cytometry
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 43-50, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742506

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Tripartite-motif-containing protein 56 (TRIM56) has been found to exhibit a broad antiviral activity, depending upon E3 ligase activity. Here, we attempted to evaluate the function of TRIM56 in multiple myeloma (MM) and its underlying molecular basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TRIM56 expression at the mRNA and protein level was measured by qRT PCR and western blot analysis. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry analysis was performed to investigate the effect of TRIM56 on MM cell proliferation and apoptosis. The concentrations of interferon (IFN)-β, interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α in MM cell culture supernatants were detected with respective commercial ELISA kits. Western blot was employed to determine the effect of TRIM56 on toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3)/toll-IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adaptor inducing IFN-β (TRIF) signaling pathway. RESULTS: TRIM56 expression was prominently decreased in MM cells. Poly (dA:dT)-induced TRIM56 overexpression in U266 cells suppressed proliferation, induced apoptosis, and enhanced inflammatory cytokine production, while TRIM56 knockdown improved growth, diminished apoptosis, and inhibited inflammatory cytokine secretion in RPMI8226 cells. Moreover, TRIM56 knockdown blocked TLR3 signaling pathway. Furthermore, poly (I:C), a TLR3 agonist, markedly abolished TRIM56 depletion-induced increase of proliferation, decrease of apoptosis, and reduction of inflammatory factor in MM cells. CONCLUSION: TRIM56 may act as a tumor suppressor in MM through activation of TLR3/TRIF signaling pathway, contributing to a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of TRIM56 involvement in MM pathogenesis and providing a promising therapy strategy for patients with MM.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Progression , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Poly I-C/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Toll-Like Receptor 3/metabolism , Tripartite Motif Proteins/deficiency , Tripartite Motif Proteins/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/deficiency , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
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