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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0062, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529925

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A coriorretinopatia de Birdshot é uma uveíte posterior bilateral crônica rara que acomete, preferencialmente, mulheres de meia-idade. O quadro clínico é composto de pouco ou nenhum processo inflamatório de segmento anterior, associado a vitreíte e lesões coriorretinianas ovoides branco-amareladas de característica hiperfluorescente na angiofluoresceinografia e hipofluorescente na angiografia com indocianina verde. O tratamento se dá por meio de corticoides e outras drogas imunossupressoras. Todavia, em alguns casos, a doença é refratária a tal terapêutica, sendo necessário lançar mão de outras drogas, como os agentes biológicos. O presente artigo busca relatar um caso de coriorretinopatia de Birdshot em ajuste de terapia imunossupressora que evoluiu com má resposta às drogas iniciais e bom controle após uso de imunobiológico e discutir as opções terapêuticas disponíveis atualmente.


ABSTRACT Birdshot chorioretinopathy is a rare chronic bilateral posterior uveitis that preferentially affects middle-aged women. The clinical picture is composed of little or no anterior segment inflammatory process, associated with vitritis and yellowish-white ovoid chorioretinal lesions with hyperfluorescent characteristics on fluorescein angiography and hypofluorescent characteristics on green indocyanine green angiography. Treatment is with corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs. However, in some cases, the disease is refractory to such therapy, making it necessary to resort to other drugs such as biological agents. The present article seeks to report a case of Birdshot chorioretinopathy in an adjustment of immunosuppressive therapy that evolved with poor response to the initial drugs and good control after the use of immunobiologicals and discuss the currently available therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Birdshot Chorioretinopathy/diagnosis , Birdshot Chorioretinopathy/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Fluorescein Angiography , HLA-A Antigens/analysis , Methotrexate/administration & dosage , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Adalimumab/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage
3.
Colomb. med ; 52(1): e7014577, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249641

ABSTRACT

Abstract Case description: 32-month-old boy, IgG positive for SARS-CoV-2, presented to the emergency department with dermatologic lesions. Clinical findings: Four days before admission, he presented skin eruptions with redness and pruritus on hands and feet. Generalized papular erythema was evidenced, upper extremities with diffuse erythematosquamous plaques, palmoplantar keratoderma, so he was evaluated by a dermatologist who diagnosed pityriasis rubra pilaris. Treatment and outcome: rehydrating cream, cetirizine 0.5 mg/kg/day every two days, and prednisolone 2 mg/kg/day in the morning. He was discharged after 14 days, the patient presented clinical improvement, but the erythematous lesion persisted on the trunk and extremities. In the evaluation, after three months, the patient did not show the described lesions, evidencing an improvement and clinical resolution of the dermatological problems. Clinical relevance: We report a patient with pityriasis rubra piloris associated with a post-infection by SARS-CoV-2 that had not been described before.


Resumen Descripción del caso: Niño 32 meses de vida, con IgG positivo para SARS-CoV-2, acude al servicio de emergencia por presentar lesiones dermatológicas. Hallazgos clínicos: Cuatro días antes del ingreso presentó erupciones en la piel, con enrojecimiento y prurito en manos y pies. Se evidenció eritema papular generalizado, extremidades superiores con placas eritematoescamosas difusas, queratodermia palmo-plantar por lo que es evaluado por dermatólogo quien diagnostica pitiriasis rubra pilaris. Tratamiento y resultado: Crema rehidratantes, cetirizina 0.5 mg/kg/día cada 2 días y prednisolona 2 mg/kg/día por la mañana. Fue dado de alta a los 14 días, el paciente presenta mejora clínica, pero aún persiste la lesión eritematosa en tronco y extremidades. En la evaluación a los tres meses el paciente no mostró las lesiones descritas, evidenciando una mejoría y resolución clínica de los problemas dermatológicos. Relevancia clínica: Se reporta un paciente con afectación por pitiriasis rubra piloris asociado a una post-infección por SARS-CoV-2 que no se había descrito antes.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris/etiology , COVID-19/complications , Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris/diagnosis , Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris/drug therapy , Immunoglobulin G , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Cetirizine/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage
5.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(6): 930-935, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1508049

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La miositis orbitaria (MO) es un proceso inflamatorio grave de etiología desconocida que compro mete los músculos extraoculares. La presentación en edad pediátrica es rara y con frecuencia afecta a más de un individuo de una familia, lo que sugiere algún grado de predisposición genética. OBJETIVO: Describir un caso de miositis orbitaria de presentación en edad pediátrica, sus características clínicas, y la utilidad de la imagen por resonancia magnética para la confirmación del diagnóstico. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente femenina de 13 años que presenta cefalea aguda, dolor periorbitario derecho, exacerbado con los movimientos oculares y visión borrosa a quien se le realizaron estudios para miopatía tiroidea, enfermedades infecciosas, autoinmunidad y cáncer que fueron negativos. En la imagen por resonancia magnética se evidenció miositis del músculo recto medio derecho, sin evi dencia de neuritis óptica. Recibió tratamiento con glucocorticoides sistêmicos intravenosos seguido de esteroides orales con mejoría clínica completa. CONCLUSIONES: La MO tiene etiología desconocida, y puede tener un curso maligno. Dada su presentación clínica inespecífica, el estudio diagnóstico diferencial debe ser amplio, y su estudio debe considerar realizar resonanacia magnética. El inicio temprano del tratamiento con esteroides evita el daño permanente de los músculos extraoculares.


INTRODUCTION: Orbital myositis (OM) is a serious inflammation of extraocular muscles with unknown etiology. Pe diatric presentation is rare and often affects more than one individual in a family, suggesting a genetic predisposition. OBJECTIVE: To describe a pediatric case of orbital myositis, its clinical characteristics, and the usefulness of MRI for confirming the diagnosis. CLINICAL CASE: A 13-year-old female patient presenting with acute headache, right periorbital pain, exacerbated by eye movements, and blurred vision. We ruled out thyrotoxic myopathy, infectious diseases, autoimmunity, and malignancy. An MRI showed right medial rectus muscle myositis and no evidence of optic neuritis. She was treated with intravenous systemic glucocorticoids followed by oral steroids with complete clinical resolution. CONCLUSIONS: OM has unknown etiology and can present a malignant course. Due to its unspecific clinical presentation, a comprehensive differential diagnosis should be made and it should consider performing MRI. Early treatment avoids permanent damage of extraocular muscles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome/etiology , Orbital Myositis/diagnostic imaging , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Oculomotor Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome/drug therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Orbital Myositis/drug therapy , Oculomotor Muscles/pathology
6.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(6): 941-946, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1508051

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La encefalopatía necrotizante aguda (ENA) es una patología rara, caracterizada por compromiso de conciencia y presencia de múltiples lesiones encefálicas simétricas localizadas principalmente en tá lamo. Se asocia a alta letalidad e importantes secuelas. OBJETIVO: Describir el caso de un paciente escolar con ENA asociada a influenza-A con evolución favorable. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 6 años de edad, con historia de 3 días de evolución de síntomas respiratorios altos asociados a fiebre (39 °C). Veinticuatro horas previo a la consulta destacaba compromiso de conciencia cualicuantitativo. Se realizó punción lumbar con proteinorraquia leve. En resonancia magnética (RM) se identificó focos de restricción a la difusión bilaterales de distribución simétrica, talámicos, en cuerpos mamila res, periacueductales, de tegmento pontino, hipocampales y en ambas cápsulas externas, asociado a componente hemorrágico y edema vasogénico, sugerente de ENA. Recibió tratamiento empírico con metilprednisolona y oseltamivir. Posteriormente, se recibió resultado positivo para virus influenza- AH1. Dado diagnóstico, se decidió administrar inmunoglobulina, evolucionando lento pero favora blemente. Al alta levemente bradipsíquico, con disminución de agudeza visual, lenguaje espontáneo y marcha con apoyo. A los 6 meses de seguimiento presentaba lenguaje y marcha normales, persis tiendo alteración visual a derecha. CONCLUSIÓN: Nuestro paciente presentó una ENA cuyo diagnóstico y manejo oportunos se asociaron a una favorable evolución neurológica en el largo plazo. Si bien la ENA es una patología infrecuente, la morbimortalidad asociada es altísima, por lo que resulta de gran importancia tener un alto grado de sospecha, a fin de solicitar estudio imagenológico dirigido, buscar causas infecciosas relacionadas e iniciar un manejo oportuno.


INTRODUCTION: Acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood (ANEC) is a rare disease characterized by alteration of consciousness and multiple symmetric brain lesions mainly involving the thalamus. It presents a high mortality rate and severe sequelae. OBJECTIVE: To describe a school-age patient with influenza A-related ANEC with favorable evolution. CLINICAL CASE: Six-year-old boy with 3 days history of upper respiratory symptoms and fever (39 °C). One day previous to admission, he presented altered state of consciousness. A lumbar puncture was performed, showing a mild increase of protein level in CSF. MRI showed bilateral foci of symmetric restricted signal in the thalamus, mammillary bodies, periaqueductal gray, ventral tegmentum, hippocampus, and in both external capsules, which was compatible with ANEC. The patient received empirical treatment with methylprednisolone and oseltamivir. Subsequently, a positive result was received for influenza. Considering diagnosis and severity of illness, it was decided to administer immunoglobulin. The patient got better slowly but favorably. At discharge, he still was mildly bradypsychic with decreased visual acuity, spontaneous speech and walking with assistance. At 6 months of follow-up, the patient presented normal speech and gait, with persistent visual impairment in the right eye. CONCLUSIONS: Our patient presented ANEC, whose timely diagnosis and management were associated with a favorable neurological evolution in the long term. Although ANEC is an infrequent pathology, it has very high morbidity and mortality rates, so it is very important to have a high degree of suspicion in order to request a targeted imaging study, search for related infectious causes, and start proper treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic/diagnosis , Influenza, Human/complications , Oseltamivir/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Influenza A virus/isolation & purification , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic/drug therapy , Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic/virology , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage
7.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 354-362, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138502

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: A infecção causada pelo coronavírus da síndrome respiratória aguda grave 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disseminou-se por todo o mundo e foi categorizada como pandemia. As manifestações mais comuns da infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2 (doença pelo coronavírus 2019 - COVID-19) se referem a uma pneumonia viral com graus variáveis de comprometimento respiratório e até 40% dos pacientes hospitalizados, que podem desenvolver uma síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo. Diferentes ensaios clínicos avaliaram o papel dos corticosteroides na síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo não relacionada com COVID-19, obtendo resultados conflitantes. Delineamos o presente estudo para avaliar a eficácia da administração endovenosa precoce de dexametasona no número de dias vivo e sem ventilação mecânica nos 28 dias após a randomização, em pacientes adultos com quadro moderado ou grave de síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo causada por COVID-19 provável ou confirmada. Métodos: Este é um ensaio pragmático, prospectivo, randomizado, estratificado, multicêntrico, aberto e controlado que incluirá 350 pacientes com quadro inicial (menos de 48 horas antes da randomização) de síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo moderada ou grave, definida segundo os critérios de Berlim, causada por COVID-19. Os pacientes elegíveis serão alocados de forma aleatória para tratamento padrão mais dexametasona (Grupo Intervenção) ou tratamento padrão sem dexametasona (Grupo Controle). Os pacientes no Grupo Intervenção receberão dexametasona 20mg por via endovenosa uma vez ao dia, por 5 dias, e, a seguir, dexametasona por via endovenosa 10mg ao dia por mais 5 dias, ou até receber alta da unidade de terapia intensiva, o que ocorrer antes. O desfecho primário será o número de dias livres de ventilação mecânica nos 28 dias após a randomização, definido como o número de dias vivo e livres de ventilação mecânica invasiva. Os desfechos secundários serão a taxa de mortalidade por todas as causas no dia 28, a condição clínica no dia 15 avaliada com utilização de uma escala ordinal de seis níveis, a duração da ventilação mecânica desde a randomização até o dia 28, a avaliação com o Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score após 48 horas, 72 horas e 7 dias, e o número de dias fora da unidade de terapia intensiva nos 28 dias após a randomização.


Abstract Objective: The infection caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spreads worldwide and is considered a pandemic. The most common manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection (coronavirus disease 2019 - COVID-19) is viral pneumonia with varying degrees of respiratory compromise and up to 40% of hospitalized patients might develop acute respiratory distress syndrome. Several clinical trials evaluated the role of corticosteroids in non-COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome with conflicting results. We designed a trial to evaluate the effectiveness of early intravenous dexamethasone administration on the number of days alive and free of mechanical ventilation within 28 days after randomization in adult patients with moderate or severe acute respiratory distress syndrome due to confirmed or probable COVID-19. Methods: This is a pragmatic, prospective, randomized, stratified, multicenter, open-label, controlled trial including 350 patients with early-onset (less than 48 hours before randomization) moderate or severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, defined by the Berlin criteria, due to COVID-19. Eligible patients will be randomly allocated to either standard treatment plus dexamethasone (Intervention Group) or standard treatment without dexamethasone (Control Group). Patients in the intervention group will receive dexamethasone 20mg intravenous once daily for 5 days, followed by dexamethasone 10mg IV once daily for additional 5 days or until intensive care unit discharge, whichever occurs first. The primary outcome is ventilator-free days within 28 days after randomization, defined as days alive and free from invasive mechanical ventilation. Secondary outcomes are all-cause mortality rates at day 28, evaluation of the clinical status at day 15 assessed with a 6-level ordinal scale, mechanical ventilation duration from randomization to day 28, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score evaluation at 48 hours, 72 hours and 7 days and intensive care unit -free days within 28.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/virology , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Pandemics , Organ Dysfunction Scores , COVID-19 , Intensive Care Units
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 95-104, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128985

ABSTRACT

La relación entre inmunidad y cáncer es compleja. Las células tumorales desarrollan mecanismos de evasión a las respuestas del sistema inmunitario. Esta capacidad permite su supervivencia y crecimiento. La inmunoterapia ha transformado el tratamiento oncológico mejorando la respuesta inmunitaria contra la célula tumoral. Esta se basa en el bloqueo de los puntos de control inmunitario mediante anticuerpos monoclonales contra la molécula inhibidora CTLA-4 (antígeno 4 del linfocito T citotóxico [CTLA-4]) y la proteína 1 de muerte celular programada y su ligando (PD-1/PD-L1). Aunque los inhibidores de los puntos de control inmunitario (ICIs) son fármacos bien tolerados, tienen un perfil de efectos adversos conocido como eventos adversos inmunorrelacionados (EAI). Estos afectan varios sistemas, incluyendo las glándulas endocrinas. Los eventos adversos endocrinos más frecuentes son la disfunción tiroidea, la insuficiencia hipofisaria, la diabetes mellitus autoinmune y la insuficiencia suprarrenal primaria. El creciente conocimiento de estos efectos adversos endocrinos ha llevado a estrategias de tratamiento efectivo con el reemplazo hormonal correspondiente. El objetivo de esta revisión es reconocer la incidencia de estas nuevas endocrinopatías, la fisiopatología, su valoración clínica y el manejo terapéutico. (AU)


The relationship between immunity and cancer is complex. Tumor cells develop evasion mechanisms to the immune system responses. This ability allows their survival and progression. Immunotherapy has transformed cancer treatment by improving the immune response against tumor cells. This is achieved by blocking immune checkpoints with monoclonal antibodies against cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 and its ligand (PD-1 / PD-L1). Although the immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are well tolerated drugs, they have a profile of adverse effects known as immune-related adverse events (irAES). These involve diverse systems, including the endocrine glands. The most frequent endocrine immune-related adverse events are thyroid and pituitary dysfunction, autoimmune diabetes mellitus and primary adrenal insufficiency. The increasing knowledge of these irAES has led to effective treatment strategies with the corresponding hormonal replacement. The objective of this review is to recognize the incidence of these new endocrinopathies, the physiopathology, their clinical evaluation, and therapeutic management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Endocrine System Diseases/chemically induced , Immunotherapy/adverse effects , Thyroid Diseases/diagnosis , Thyroid Diseases/chemically induced , Thyroid Diseases/pathology , Thyroid Diseases/therapy , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Triiodothyronine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Adrenal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Adrenal Insufficiency/chemically induced , Adrenal Insufficiency/pathology , Adrenal Insufficiency/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/chemically induced , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Endocrine System Diseases/diagnosis , Endocrine System Diseases/physiopathology , Endocrine System Diseases/therapy , Hypophysitis/diagnosis , Hypophysitis/chemically induced , Hypophysitis/pathology , Hypophysitis/therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Insulin/therapeutic use , Methimazole/therapeutic use , Mineralocorticoids/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/immunology
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(1): 15-21, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137141

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Painful shoulder syndrome is a frequent condition among the elderly and an important cause of functional disability. As the conservative treatment is not always effective, ultrasound guided suprascapular nerve blockade presents as an important alternative treatment. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the use of 0.25% levobupivacaine and 40 mg of triamcinolone in the suprascapular nerve blockade in patients with chronic pain in the shoulder. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive and analytical study of 71 patients submitted to suprascapular nerve infiltration between August 2014 and March 2017. Surveys were carried out to patients before the technique was performed, after 72 hours and at 1, 3 and 6 months. Pain intensity was assessed using a numeric pain scale (NPS). Results: Out of the 71 patients who underwent a blockade of the suprascapular nerve, 81.2% reported a decrease in pain at 72 hours. In the first, third and sixth month, respectively, 89.8%, 76.1% and 61.8% of the patients presented pain relief. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.001) was verified between NPS and the 4 moments assessed after the technique. 43.7% had total pain remission (NPS = 0) at six months. Global effectiveness of suprascapular nerve blockade was 60.6% and for the subgroup of patients with rotators' cuff patology was 62.2%. No complications were reported regarding the suprascapular nerve block. Conclusion: The results show that ultrasound-guided blockade of the suprascapular nerve using 0.25% levobupivacaine and 40 mg of triamcinolone is a safe and effective treatment in patients with chronic shoulder pain.


Resumo Introdução: A síndrome do ombro doloroso é uma condição frequente entre os idosos e uma causa importante de incapacidade funcional na população em geral. O tratamento conservador nem sempre é eficaz, pelo que o bloqueio do nervo supraescapular guiado por ecografia apresenta-se como uma opção de tratamento válida. Objetivo: Avaliação da eficácia e segurança do uso de levobupivacaína a 0,25% e 40 mg de triancinolona no bloqueio do nervo supraescapular ecoguiado em doentes com dor crônica no ombro. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo observacional, descritivo e analítico com 71 doentes submetidos à infiltração do nervo supraescapular entre agosto de 2014 e março de 2017. Foram aplicados questionários antes da realização da técnica, após 72 horas; 1, 2 e 6 meses. A intensidade da dor foi avaliada usando a Escala de Avaliação Numérica (EAN). Resultados: Dos 71 doentes submetidos ao bloqueio do nervo supraescapular; 81,2% referiram diminuição da dor às 72 horas. Aos primeiro, terceiro e sexto mês, respectivamente 89,8%; 76,1% e 61,8% apresentaram melhoria da dor. Verificou-se uma diferença estatisticamente significativa (p < 0,001), entre a EAN inicial e os 4 momentos após a realização da técnica. 43,7% dos doentes tiveram remissão total da dor (EAN = 0) aos seis meses. A eficácia global do bloqueio do nervo supraescapular foi de 60,6% e, para o subgrupo com patologia da coifa dos rotadores, de 62,2%. Nenhuma complicação do bloqueio do NSE foi registrada. Conclusão: Este estudo mostra que o bloqueio eco-guiado do NSE usando levobupivacaína a 0,25% e 40 mg de triancinolona é um procedimento seguro e eficaz em doentes com dor crônica no ombro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Triamcinolone/administration & dosage , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Shoulder Pain/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Levobupivacaine/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Nerve Block/methods , Shoulder/innervation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Anesthetics, Local , Middle Aged
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 73-75, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088954

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We describe three patients who had previous heart diseases and nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy with clinically significant diabetic macular edema. They underwent unilateral dexamethasone intravitreal implantation. Without ophthalmological treatment in the fellow eye, patients showed marked bilateral improvement in best-corrected visual acuity, optical coherence images, and macular thickness values. These findings provide evidence of the bilateral effect of dexamethasone intravitreal implantation, which may be clinically useful in patients for whom the systemic effects of the drug may affect their general health.


RESUMO Descrevemos três pacientes que tiveram doenças cardíacas prévias e retinopatia diabética não proliferativa com edema macular diabético clinicamente significativo. Eles foram submetidos a implante intravítreo de dexametasona unilateral. Sem tratamento oftalmológico no olho contralateral, os pacien tes apresentaram uma melhora bilateral significativa na melhor acuidade visual corrigida, nas imagens de coerência óptica e nos valores da espessura macular. Esses achados fornecem evidências sobre o efeito bilateral do implante intravítreo de dexametasona, que pode ser clinicamente útil em pacientes para os quais os efeitos sistêmicos da droga possam afetar a saúde geral do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Macular Edema/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Retinopathy/physiopathology , Drug Implants , Intravitreal Injections
11.
Clinics ; 75: e2022, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133398

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging pandemic challenge. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 is characterized by a severe cytokine storm. Patients undergoing glucocorticoid (GC) replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency (AI) represent a highly vulnerable group that could develop severe complications due to the SARS-CoV-2 infection. In this review, we highlight the strategies to avoid an adrenal crisis in patients with AI and COVID-19. Adrenal crisis is a medical emergency and an important cause of death. Once patients with AI present symptoms of COVID-19, the dose of GC replacement therapy should be immediately doubled. In the presence of any emergency warning signs or inability to administer oral GC doses, we recommend that patients should immediately seek Emergency services to evaluate COVID-19 symptoms and receive 100 mg hydrocortisone by intravenous injection, followed by 50 mg hydrocortisone intravenously every 6 h or 200 mg/day by continuous intravenous infusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydrocortisone/administration & dosage , Adrenal Insufficiency/complications , Adrenal Insufficiency/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Factors , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Injections, Intravenous
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200227, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, ColecionaSUS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136858

ABSTRACT

Abstract The novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) outbreak occurred in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. Here, we report the clinical characteristics and therapeutic procedure for a case of severe NCP. The patient was started on glucocorticoids and non-invasive ventilator treatment. After treatment, the patient's symptoms improved, and the status was confirmed as NCP negative. Our results may provide clues for the treatment of NCP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Betacoronavirus , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Pandemics , Noninvasive Ventilation , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(3): 95-97, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116916

ABSTRACT

La insuficiencia suprarrenal es un síndrome que se produce por la disminución de niveles séricos de glucocorticoides, la cual se clasifica en primaria o secundaria, según la etiología. El uso prolongado de corticoides exógenos a altas dosis puede producir una inhibición en el eje hipotálamo-hipofisiario-adrenal, y la supresión aguda de éstos produce insuficiencia suprarrenal secundaria. Los glucocorticoides inhalados, usados ampliamente como tratamiento del asma bronquial, pudiesen tener un impacto a nivel del eje adrenal, principalmente en la población pediátrica. Por el momento, si bien hay reportes de casos que evidencian insuficiencia suprarrenal secundaria al uso de corticoides tanto tópicos como inhalatorios, aún es materia de discusión esta interacción a nivel sistémico, con artículos que se contraponen en sus resultados. Se presenta un caso clínico de una paciente usuaria de glucocorticoides inhalatorios por el antecedente de asma bronquial, que desarrolla una clínica de insuficiencia suprarrenal en el periodo de lactancia.


Adrenal insufficiency is a syndrome that is produced by the decrease in serum glucocorticoid levels, which is classified as primary or secondary, according to the etiology. Prolonged use of exogenous corticosteroids at high doses may cause inhibition in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and acute suppression of these results in secondary adrenal insufficiency. Inhaled glucocorticoids, widely used as a treatment for bronchial asthma, could have an impact at the level of the adrenal axis, mainly in the pediatric population. At the moment, although there are reports of cases that show adrenal insufficiency secondary to the use of both topical and inhalation corticosteroids, this interaction at systemic level is still a matter of discussion, with articles that contrast in their results. We present a clinical case of a patient using inhaled glucocorticoids due to a history of bronchial asthma, which develops a clinical of adrenal insufficiency in the period of breastfeeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Adrenal Insufficiency/chemically induced , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Asthma/drug therapy , Administration, Inhalation , Lactation , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 733-738, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Glucocorticoids are considered the first-line therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. But there is currently no consensus on administering them as a single dose versus multiple divided daily doses. Objective: We aim to evaluate the treatment outcome of sudden sensorineural hearing loss between a single-dose and multiple divided daily doses of steroid treatment. Methods: A total of 94 patients who were diagnosed and treated for sudden sensorineural hearing loss and followed up for more than three months were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into single-dose and multiple divided-dose groups, based on their medication regimens. Hearing thresholds were repeatedly measured: on the initial visit and 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after the initial treatment. Treatment outcomes were analyzed by comparing hearing recovery rates and post-treatment audiometric changes. Results: The hearing threshold was significantly reduced at three months post-treatment in both groups. The hearing recovery rate of the single-dose group was significantly higher than that of the multiple divided-dose groups. Audiometric changes showed no statistical difference either in pure tone threshold or speech discrimination. Conclusion: When oral steroids are indicated for sudden sensorineural hearing loss, both a single dose and multiple divided doses can be effective for treatment and have comparable results. However, the single-dose regimen seems to be more efficacious than the divided-dose regimen.


Resumo Introdução: Os glicocorticoides são considerados terapia de primeira linha para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita. Contudo, atualmente não há consenso em como para administrá-los, se em dose única ou múltiplas doses diárias. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo é avaliar o resultado do tratamento da perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita com uma dose única ou várias doses diárias de tratamento com esteróides. Método: Um total de 94 pacientes que foram diagnosticados e tratados para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita e acompanhados por mais de três meses pós-tratamento foram avalia-dos retrospectivamente. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos de dose única diária e dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas, baseado em seu regime medicamentoso. Os limiares auditivos foram medidos repetidamente: na visita inicial e em 1 semana, 1 mês e 3 meses após o tratamento inicial. Os resultados do tratamento foram analisados comparando-se as taxas de recuperação da audição e as alterações audiométricas pós-tratamento. Resultados: O limiar auditivo foi significativamente reduzido aos três meses pós-tratamento em ambos os grupos. A taxa de recuperação auditiva no grupo de dose única foi significativamente maior do que no grupo de dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas. As alterações audiométricas não mostraram diferença estatística, tanto no limiar de tom puro quanto na discriminação da fala. Conclusão: Quando esteroides orais são indicados para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita, tanto uma dose única quanto múltiplas doses podem ser eficazes para o tratamento e têm resultados comparáveis. No entanto, o regime de dose única diária parece ser mais eficaz do que o regime de dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Hearing Loss, Sudden/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/drug therapy , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Steroids/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(3): 316-320, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1013839

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El hemangioendotelioma hepático (HEH) es un tumor benigno, raro en niños, que se presenta frecuentemente en el primer año de vida. La presentación clínica es variable y su diagnóstico se realiza en base a la sospecha clínica, estudios de laboratorio y de imagen. El objetivo fue describir un caso de hemangioendotelioma hepático multifocal. CASO CLÍNICO: Niña de 3 meses que presentó hepatomegalia sin elementos de falla hepática ni cardiaca. Se realizó ecografía y tomografía de ab domen que orientaron al diagnóstico de HEH que se confirmó con la angioresonancia de abdomen. Recibió glucocorticoides a altas dosis en forma prolongada. Al año y medio de iniciado el tratamiento se evidenció remisión del tumor. Presentó efectos secundarios por el tratamiento instaurado. CONCLUSIONES: La presencia de una hepatomegalia aislada en un lactante asintomático debe hacer pensar en una probable patología tumoral, orientándonos por la clínica e imagenología al diagnóstico nosológico de la misma. Siempre se debe sospesar las posibles complicaciones con los riesgos de los tratamientos a realizar. En este caso la extensión del tumor y sus probables complicaciones justificó el uso de corticoterapia prologada a altas dosis a pesar de sus efectos adversos.


INTRODUCTION: Hepatic hemangioendothelioma is a rare benign tumor in children, which frequently occurs in the first year of life. The clinical presentation is variable and the diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, and laboratory and imaging studies. The objective was to describe a case of multifocal hepa tic hemangioendothelioma. CLINICAL REPORT: 3-month-old girl who presented hepatomegaly without elements of hepatic or heart failure. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scan were used to diagnose hepatic hemangioendothelioma, which was confirmed by CT abdominal angiography. The patient received glucocorticoid treatment at high doses for a prolonged period. A year and a half after treatment, there was evidence of tumor remission. She had side effects from the established treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In asymptomatic patients with isolated hepatomegaly, it should be considered a probable tumor patho logy, considering the clinic and imaging studies. Possible complications and treatments risks must always be assessed. In this case, the tumor extension and its probable complications justified the use of prolonged corticosteroid therapy at high doses despite its adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Hemangioendothelioma/diagnostic imaging , Hepatomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Computed Tomography Angiography , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Hemangioendothelioma/drug therapy , Hepatomegaly/etiology , Hepatomegaly/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy
16.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 195-199, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001305

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate changes in axial length after intravitreal dexamethasone implantation in patients with macular edema. Methods: We performed a prospective comparative study of 46 patients with unilateral macular edema, due to diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, and non-infectious uveitis, who underwent dexamethasone implantation. The fellow eyes of the patients were considered the control group. The central macular thickness was measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and axial length was measured by IOLMaster 700 optical coherence biometry. We compared axial length and central macular thickness values within the groups. Results: In the study group, the baseline central macular thickness was 460.19 ± 128.64 mm, significantly decreasing to 324.00 ± 79.84 mm after dexamethasone implantation (p=0.000). No significant change in central macular thickness measurements was seen in the control group (p=0.244). In the study group, the baseline axial length was 23.16 ± 0.68 mm, significantly increasing to 23.22 ± 0.65 mm after dexamethasone implantation (p=0.039). However, the control group exhibited no significant change in axial length (p=0.123). Conclusions: In addition to significantly reducing central macular thickness measurements, intravitreal dexamethasone implantation also significantly changes optical biometry-based axial length measurements.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar alterações no comprimento axial após implante de dexametasona intravítrea em pacientes com edema macular. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo prospectivo e comparativo de 46 pacientes com edema macular unilateral, devido à retinopatia diabética, oclusão da veia retiniana e uveíte não infecciosa, que foram submetidos ao implante de dexametasona. Os olhos contralateral de cada paciente foram considerados o grupo controle. A espessura macular central foi medida por tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral, e o comprimento axial foi medido por meio de biometria de coerência óptica de domínio espectral e o comprimento axial foi medido pela biometria de coerência óptica com IOLMaster 700. Comparamos o comprimento axial e os valores da espessura macular central dentro dos grupos. Resultados: No grupo de estudo, a espessura macular basal foi de 460,19 ± 128,64 mm, diminuindo significativamente para 324,00 ± 79,84 mm após o implante de dexametasona (p=0,000). Nenhuma mudança significativa nas medidas da espessura macular central foi observada no grupo controle (p=0,244). No grupo de estudo, o comprimento axial basal foi de 23,16 ± 0,68 mm, aumentando significativamente para 23,22 ± 0,65 mm após o implante de dexametasona (p=0,039). No entanto, o grupo controle não apresentou alteração significativa no comprimento axial (p=0,123). Conclusões: Além de reduzir significativamente as medidas da espessura macular central, o implante de dexametasona intravítrea também altera significativamente as medidas de comprimento axial baseadas na biometria óptica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Axial Length, Eye/drug effects , Intravitreal Injections/methods , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Macula Lutea/drug effects , Visual Acuity , Macular Edema/pathology , Prospective Studies , Biometry/methods , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Axial Length, Eye/pathology , Macula Lutea/pathology
17.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 252-256, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013282

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To highlight the importance of the new classification criteria for the macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis in order to reduce morbidity and mortality outcome related to this disease. Case description: A 12-year-old female patient with diagnosis of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis under immunosuppression therapy for two years developed cough, acute precordial chest pain, tachypnea, tachycardia and hypoxemia for two days. Chest tomography showed bilateral laminar pleural effusion with bibasilar consolidation. The electrocardiogram was consistent with acute pericarditis and the echocardiogram showed no abnormalities. Laboratory exams revealed anemia, leukocytosis and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, as well as C-reactive protein rate and serum biomarkers indicative of myocardial injury. Systemic infection and/or active systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis were considered. She was treated with antibiotics and glucocorticoids. However, 10 days later she developed active systemic disease (fever, evanescent rash and myopericarditis with signs of heart failure) associated with macrophage activation syndrome, according to the 2016 Classification Criteria for Macrophage Activation Syndrome in Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. She was treated for five days with pulse therapy, using glucocorticoids, immunoglobulin and cyclosporine A, with improvement of all clinical signs and laboratory tests. Comments: Myopericarditis with signs of heart failure associated with MAS is a rare clinical presentation of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Macrophage activation syndrome occurs mainly during periods of active systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis and may be triggered by infection. Knowledge about this syndrome is crucial to reduce morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Objetivo: Destacar a importância do conhecimento sobre os novos critérios de classificação para síndrome de ativação macrofágica (SAM) na artrite idiopática juvenil sistêmica para reduzir a morbidade e mortalidade desse desfecho. Descrição do caso: Adolescente do sexo feminino de 12 anos de idade, em terapia imunossupressora por diagnóstico de artrite idiopática juvenil sistêmica há 2 anos, com quadro de tosse, dor precordial aguda, taquipneia, taquicardia e hipoxemia há 2 dias. A tomografia de tórax evidenciou efusão pleural laminar bilateral com consolidação bibasal. O eletrocardiograma foi compatível com pericardite aguda, e o ecocardiograma foi normal. Os exames laboratoriais revelaram anemia, leucocitose e aumento da velocidade de hemossedimentação, proteína C-reativa e marcadores séricos de lesão miocárdica. Infecção sistêmica e/ou doença sistêmica em atividade foram consideradas. A paciente foi tratada com antibióticos e glicocorticoide. Entretanto, dez dias depois, evoluiu com doença sistêmica em atividade (febre, exantema e miopericardite com insuficiência cardíaca) associada à SAM, de acordo com o 2016 Classification Criteria for Macrophage Activation Syndrome in Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, e necessitou de cinco dias de pulsoterapia com glicocorticoide, imunoglobulina e ciclosporina A, com melhora de todos os parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais. Comentários: A miopericardite com sinais de insuficiência cardíaca associada à SAM é uma apresentação clínica rara da artrite idiopática juvenil sistêmica, que ocorre principalmente em períodos de atividade sistêmica da doença e pode ser deflagrada por infecções. O conhecimento sobre essa síndrome é fundamental para reduzir morbidade e mortalidade desse grave desfecho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Arthritis, Juvenile/complications , Arthritis, Juvenile/diagnosis , Arthritis, Juvenile/physiopathology , Arthritis, Juvenile/immunology , Chest Pain/diagnosis , Chest Pain/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Treatment Outcome , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Pulse Therapy, Drug/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Macrophage Activation Syndrome/etiology , Macrophage Activation Syndrome/physiopathology , Macrophage Activation Syndrome/blood , Macrophage Activation Syndrome/therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Leukocytosis/diagnosis , Leukocytosis/etiology
18.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 152-156, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002430

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) is a renal disease with an extensive differential diagnosis. This paper reports the case of a 55-year-old female patient diagnosed with Hansen's disease with acute progressive renal impairment after developing lower limb pyoderma. The association between Hansen's and kidney disease has been well documented, with glomerulonephritis (GN) ranked as the most common form of renal involvement. Post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) in adults has been associated with a number of pathogens occurring in diverse sites. The patient described in this case report had RPGN and biopsy findings suggestive of PIGN with C3 and IgA detected on immunofluorescence and kidney injury secondary to recent infection by Staphylococcus, a well-documented manifestation of renal impairment in patients with Hansen's disease.


RESUMO A Glomerulonefrite Rapidamente Progressiva (GNRP) é um padrão de doença renal com amplo diagnóstico diferencial. O caso reporta uma paciente de 55 anos com deterioração aguda e progressiva da função renal após quadro de piodermite em membro inferior com diagnóstico concomitante de hanseníase. Associação da hanseníase com doença renal é bem descrita, sendo a GN a forma de acometimento renal mais comum. As glomerulonefrites pós-infecciosas (GNPIs) em adultos ocorrem devido a um grande número de patógenos, nos mais diversos sítios. A paciente do caso relatado apresentava quadro de GNRP e achados de biópsia que sugerem GNPI com marcação de C3 e IgA na imunofluorescência, sugestiva de lesão renal secundária a infecção recente por Staphylococcus, uma manifestação bem descrita de doença renal em pacientes com hanseníase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Complement C3/metabolism , Leprosy, Multibacillary/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/diagnosis , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Clofazimine/therapeutic use , Creatinine/blood , Dapsone/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(1): 41-48, feb. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003721

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El estándar para inducción de madurez pulmonar en fetos con riesgo de nacer prematuramente es la administración de 12 mg de betametasona acetato/fosfato por dos veces espaciada cada 24 horas. El uso establecido en algunos hospitales públicos en Chile es con dos dosis de 12 mg betametasona fosfato aunque no existen estudios publicados sólo con betametasona fosfato sobre la incidencia de Síndrome de Distress Respiratorio (SDR). Objetivo: Evaluar efecto de betametasona en su forma fosfato como tratamiento antenatal para inducción de madurez fetal pulmonar en la incidencia SDR debido a membrana hialina en prematuros menores de 34 semanas de edad gestacional. Comparar el efecto de betametasona fosfato con el efecto publicado de betametasona acetato/fosfato. Material y método: Análisis de incidencia de SDR en prematuros nacidos en Hospital Padre Hurtado entre 24+0 y 34+0 semanas que recibieron betametasona fosfato para madurez pulmonar y aquellos que no la recibieron. Resultados: De 1.265 neonatos estudiados, 722 completaron dos dosis (57,5%); 436 sólo una dosis (34,5%) y 107 (8,5%) no recibieron corticoides antenatales. La incidencia de SDR debido a membrana hialina en el grupo con dos dosis fue 8,7%, una dosis 25,3% y 32,7% en los no tratados (p<0,001). Para SDR severo las incidencias fueron 6,7%, 12,6% y 16,8% respectivamente (p<0,001). Conclusiones: Inducción de madurez fetal pulmonar con betametasona fosfato en dos dosis de 12 mg IM separadas por 24 horas otorga una reducción significativa de incidencia de SDR semejante a la publicada con betametasona acetato/fosfato en iguales dosis.


ABSTRACT The standard for induction of lung maturity in fetuses at risk of being born prematurely is the administration of 12 mg of betamethasone acetate/phosphate two doses separated by 24 hours. The established use in some public hospitals in Chile is with two doses of 12 mg betamethasone phosphate although there are no studies published with betamethasone phosphate alone on the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Objective: To evaluate the effect of betamethasone in its phosphate form as antenatal treatment for the induction of fetal lung maturity in the incidence of RDS due to hyaline membrane in preterm infants less than 34 weeks of gestational age. To compare the effect of betamethasone phosphate with the published effect of betamethasone acetate/phosphate. Material and method: Analysis of the incidence of RDS in preterm infants born at Hospital Padre Hurtado between 24 + 0 and 34 + 0 weeks who received betamethasone phosphate for lung maturity and those who did not receive it. Results: Of 1,265 infants studied, 722 completed two doses (57.5%); 436 only one dose (34.5%) and 107 (8.5%) did not receive antenatal corticosteroids. The incidence of RDS due to hyaline membrane in the group with two doses was 8.7%, one dose 25.3% and 32.7% in the untreated ones (p <0.001). For severe RDS, incidences were 6.7%, 12.6% and 16.8% respectively (p <0.001). Conclusions: Induction of fetal lung maturity with betamethasone phosphate in two doses of 12 mg IM separated by 24 hours gives a significant reduction in the incidence of RDS similar to that published with betamethasone acetate/phosphate in equal doses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/prevention & control , Betamethasone/analogs & derivatives , Premature Birth , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Prenatal Care/methods , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Betamethasone/administration & dosage , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, Public , Hyaline Membrane Disease/prevention & control , Lung/drug effects
20.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(1): 87-93, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984651

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. Methods: A cross-sectional assessment with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0) was completed for 80 patients with autoimmune hepatitis and 45 healthy controls. Demographic data, prednisone dose, disease remission state, disease severity, and abdominal pain were also evaluated. Results: Based on the child self-reports, physical, emotional, school, and total scores were significantly lower in autoimmune hepatitis patients when compared with controls (p < 0.05). Based on the parental reports, only the physical and total scores were significantly lower in autoimmune hepatitis patients versus controls (p < 0.05). Further analysis in autoimmune hepatitis patients with abdominal pain in the last month revealed significantly lower physical, social, and total median scores (p < 0.05). No differences were observed based on disease remission state or disease severity (p > 0.05). Autoimmune hepatitis patients who received a prednisone dose below 0.16 mg/kg/day at the time of the interview showed significantly higher physical scores than those who received a dose similar to or above 0.16 mg/kg/day (87.5 [50-100] vs. 75 [15.63-100], p = 0.006). Conclusions: Reduced scores in the physical, emotional, and school domains were observed in pediatric autoimmune hepatitis patients compared to control patients. Abdominal pain and corticosteroid dose negatively influenced the health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em crianças e adolescentes com hepatite autoimune (HAI). Métodos: Foi concluída uma avaliação transversal com o Inventário Pediátrico de Qualidade de Vida 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0) para 80 pacientes com hepatite autoimune e 45 controles saudáveis. Os dados demográficos, a dose de prednisona, o estado de remissão da doença, a gravidade da doença e dor abdominal também foram avaliados. Resultados: Com base nos autorrelatos das crianças, os escores físico, emocional, escolar e total foram significativamente menores em pacientes com hepatite autoimune em comparação com os controles (p < 0,05). Com base nos relatos dos pais, apenas os escores físico e total foram significativamente menores em pacientes com hepatite autoimune em comparação com os controles (p < 0,05). Uma análise adicional em pacientes com hepatite autoimune com dor abdominal no mês passado revelou escores médios físico, social e total significativamente menores (p < 0,05). Nenhuma diferença foi observada com base no estado de remissão da doença ou na gravidade da doença (p > 0,05). Os pacientes com hepatite autoimune que receberam uma dose de prednisona abaixo de 0,16 mg/kg/dia no momento da entrevista mostraram escores físicos significativamente maiores que os que receberam uma dose semelhante ou acima de 0,16 mg/kg/dia [87,5 (50-100) em comparação com 75 (15,63-100), p = 0,006]. Conclusões: Escores reduzidos nos domínios físico, emocional e escolar foram observados em pacientes pediátricos com hepatite autoimune em comparação com pacientes do grupo de controle. Dor abdominal e dose de corticosteroide influenciaram negativamente a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em crianças e adolescentes com hepatite autoimune.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life/psychology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/psychology , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Severity of Illness Index , Remission Induction , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/drug therapy
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