Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.635
Filter
1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 21-27, feb. 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528821

ABSTRACT

El cobayo es un modelo animal ampliamente utilizado en la investigación biomédica debido a sus similitudes biológicas con los seres humanos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es proporcionar sustento morfológico para utilizar preparados histológicos de embriones de cobayo como modelo de estudio para comprender los procesos del desarrollo embrionario humano. Nuestros resultados muestran que los embriones de cobayo presentan características morfológicas similares a las observadas en los embriones humanos, lo que sugiere que pueden utilizarse como un modelo efectivo para estudiar el desarrollo embrionario humano. Este hallazgo tiene importantes implicancias para la investigación y la docencia utilizando este modelo animal. Se analizaron preparados histológicos de embriones de cobayo teñidos con hematoxilina eosina, adquiridos por la Universidad Autónoma de Chile. Se tomaron microfotografías de preparados histológicos de cobayo en diferentes estadios del desarrollo y se seleccionaron las mejores imágenes para la descripción de estructuras y establecer estimados de la embriogénesis. Del análisis de los preparados se desprende que órganos como esófago, médula espinal y corazón presentan similitudes anatómicas e histológicas que hacen posible compararlas con el desarrollo embrionario humano y la edad de gestación en etapas tempranas. El uso de preparados de embriones de cobayo y su análisis desde un aspecto histológico resulta ser una estrategia metodológica factible debido a las similitudes en la embriogénesis de los mamíferos y las concordancias morfológicas con el desarrollo de los órganos entre humanos y roedores. Esto permite implementar este modelo animal como una herramienta para comprender el desarrollo embrionario humano.


SUMMARY: The guinea pig is an animal model widely used in biomedical research due to its biological similarities with humans. The objective of our study is to provide morphological support to use histological preparations of guinea pig embryos as a study model to understand the processes of human embryonic development. Our results show that guinea pig embryos present morphological characteristics similar to those observed in human embryos, suggesting that they can be used as an effective model to study human embryonic development. This finding has important implications for research and teaching using this animal model. Histological preparations of guinea pig embryos stained with hematoxylin eosin, acquired by the Autonomous University of Chile, were analyzed. Photomicrographs of histological preparations of guinea pigs at different stages of development were taken and the best images were selected to describe structures and establish estimates of embryogenesis. From the analysis of the preparations it is clear that organs such as the esophagus, spinal cord and heart present anatomical and histological similarities that make it possible to compare them with human embryonic development and gestation age in early stages. The use of guinea pig embryo preparations and their analysis from a histological aspect turns out to be a feasible methodological strategy due to the similarities in mammalian embryogenesis and the morphological concordances with the development of organs between humans and rodents. This allows this animal model to be implemented as a tool to understand human embryonic development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Guinea Pigs , Embryonic Development , Embryo, Mammalian/anatomy & histology
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1053-1057, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514347

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Experimental healing studies in humans are complex and difficult to replicate in vitro. Hence, animal models are needed to study the different stages involved. The guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) is a model close to human physiology, including the lack of vitamin C synthesis, a precursor of collagen fibers for healing. The thermal injury in this animal makes it possible to study all the stages of healing, taking few days to show tissue repair in the processes with and without localized infection. The aim of this work was to systematize an experimental guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) animal model protocol for studies on healing with and without localized infection.


Los estudios experimentales de cicatrización en humanos son complejos, difícilmente replicables in vitro, por lo que se hace necesarias modelos animales que permitan el estudio de las distintas etapas que ella implica. El cobayo (Cavia porcellus) resulta ser un modelo cercano a la fisiología humana, incluyendo la falta síntesis de vitamina C precursora de fibras colágenas para la cicatrización. La lesión térmica en este animal, permite estudiar todas las etapas de la cicatrización, mostrando pocos días en la reparación tisular, tanto en proceso con y sin infección localizada. El objetivo de este trabajo fue sistematizar un protocolo de modelo animal experimental en cobayo (Cavia porcellus) para estudios de cicatrización con y sin infección localizada.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Wound Healing , Burns , Models, Animal , Wound Infection
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the underlying mechanism of inhibition by Jinkui Shenqi Pills (JKSQP) on glucocorticoid-enhanced axial length elongation in experimental lens-induced myopia (LIM) guinea pigs.@*METHODS@#Sixty 2-week old male guinea pigs were randomly divided into 4 groups with 15 guinea pigs in each group, according to the random numbers generated by SPSS software: control, LIM, saline and JKSQP groups. The control group includes animals with no treatment, while the guinea pigs in the other 3 groups received lens-induced myopization on the right eyes throughout the experiment (for 8 weeks). The saline and JKSQP groups were given daily intraperitoneal injections of 10 mg/kg hydrocortisone for 2 consecutive weeks at the same time, and then orally administered either saline or JKSQP [13.5 g/(kg•d) for 6 consecutive weeks. Body weight, anal temperature and animal appearance were observed and recorded to evaluate the GC-associated symptoms. The ocular parameters, including refraction and axial length, were measured by streak retinoscopy and A-scan ultrasonography, respectively. The levels of plasma hormones associated with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA), including free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, estradiol and testosterone, were measured by radioimmunoassay, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, the mRNA and protein expressions of retinal amphiregulin (AREG) was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively.@*RESULTS@#JKSQP effectively increased body weight and anal temperature, improved animal appearance and suppressed axial length elongation in glucocorticoid-enhanced myopic guinea pigs with normalization of 4 HPAA-associated plasma hormones (all P<0.05). The plasma level of cAMP was significantly increased, whereas the plasma level of cGMP and the mRNA and protein expressions of retinal AREG were decreased after treatment with JKSQP (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JKSQP exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on axial length elongation with decreased expression of AREG in the retina, and normalized 4 HPAA-associated plasma hormones and the expression of cAMP and cGMP in GC-enhanced myopic guinea pigs.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Guinea Pigs , Glucocorticoids , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Myopia/metabolism , Body Weight , RNA, Messenger , Disease Models, Animal
4.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210212, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507016

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the effect of using a combination of Channa Striata gel and hyperbaric oxygen therapy on pressure areas during orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: The study was conducted using the ARRIVE Essential 10 guidelines. In this study, 35 3-4 months male guinea pigs (Cavia Cobaya) weighing 300-400 grams were used and divided into 5 groups (n=7). Decalcification was performed to dissolve the dental calcium and jawbone to cut the tissue properly. The decalcification was performed for 30 days. Then preparations were made with HE (Hematoxylin Eosin), observed using a microscope, and counted the number of osteoclasts and macrophages on a light microscope with 400 times magnification. The results of the preparations were analyzed using the SPSS program. Results: The Kruskal-Wallis test of macrophage cells and the ANOVA test of osteoclast cells showed significant results between all groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: The effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy 2,4 ATA administered on days 8-14 and Channa Striata extract gel administered on days 3-14 can increase the number of macrophages in the periodontal ligament and osteoclasts in the alveolar bone in the pressure area during orthodontic tooth movement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteoclasts , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Guinea Pigs
5.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-10, nov. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436931

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To determine the expression of Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF)-2 and Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP)-2 after application of scaffold hydroxyapatite from Rajungan crab shell (Portunus pelagicus) in the tooth extraction socket of Cavia cobaya. Material and Methods: This study used a post-test only control group design with 28 Cavia cobaya separated into two groups, control and treatment group. The left mandibular incisor was extracted, and socket preservation was conducted. A hydroxyapatite graft derived from crab shells was mixed with gelatin and eventually turned into a scaffold, which was afterward put into the extraction socket. After 7 days and 14 days, each group was terminated and examined using immunohistochemical staining to observe the expression of FGF-2 and BMP-2. One-Way Anova and Tukey HSD were used to examine the research data. Results: FGF-2 and BMP-2 expressions were observed higher in the group that received hydroxyapatite scaffold at the post-extraction socket than those in the group that did not receive hydroxyapatite scaffold. Conclusion: The application of a hydroxyapatite scaffold from Rajungan crab shell (Portunus pelagicus) to the tooth extraction socket can increase FGF-2 and BMP-2 expression.


Objetivo: Determinar la expresión del factor de crecimiento de fibroblastos (FGF)-2 y la proteína morfogenética ósea (BMP)-2 después de la aplicación de hidroxiapatita de andamio de caparazón de cangrejo Rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) en el alvéolo de extracción dental de Cavia cobaya. Material y Métodos: Este estudio utilizó un diseño de grupo de control solo posterior a la prueba con 28 Cavia cobaya separados en dos grupos, grupo de control y grupo de tratamiento. Se extrajo el incisivo mandibular izquierdo y se realizó la preservación del alvéolo. Un injerto de hidroxiapatita derivado de caparazones de cangrejo se mezcló con gelatina y se convirtió en un andamio, que luego se colocó en el alvéolo de extracción. Después de 7 días y 14 días, se terminó cada grupo y se examinó mediante tinción inmunohistoquímica para observar la expresión de FGF-2 y BMP-2. Se utilizaron One-Way Anova y Tukey HSD para examinar los datos de la investigación. Resultados: Las expresiones de FGF-2 y BMP-2 se observaron más altas en el grupo que recibió la estructura de hidroxiapatita en el alvéolo posterior a la extracción que en el grupo que no recibió la estructura de hidroxiapatita. Conclusión: La aplicación de un andamio de hidroxiapatita de caparazón de cangrejo Rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) al alvéolo de extracción dental puede aumentar la expresión de FGF-2 y BMP-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Hydroxyapatites , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Socket , Tissue Scaffolds
6.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 55-64, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361186

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La leptospirosis es una zoonosis emergente, endémica en Colombia, que afecta tanto animales domésticos como silvestres. Es considerada de riesgo laboral, ya que la transmisión al ser humano está asociada a la exposición con animales o ambientes infectados. En el departamento de Nariño, la producción de cuyes para el consumo humano se realiza en sistemas de crianza tradicionales que podrían favorecer la infección por Leptospira interrogans en esta especie. Objetivo: Detectar molecularmente la infección natural por especies patógenas del género Leptospira en cuyes que son destinados para el consumo humano en el municipio de Pasto. Materiales y métodos: Se tomaron 270 muestras de tejido renal en cuyes sacrificados en dos mataderos. Las muestras fueron analizadas mediante Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa (PCR) convencional y coloración diferencial de Warthin Starry (W-S). Resultados: En la evaluación de las 270 muestras, 4 (1,5%) fueron positivas para PCR y una de las muestras demostró la presencia de Leptospira bajo tinción W-S. Conclusiones: Mediante el uso de técnicas moleculares se evidenció L. interrogans en el tejido renal de Cavia porcellus. La circulación del patógeno en esta población representa un riesgo de infección para humanos y animales domésticos en contacto con estos sistemas productivos.


Introduction: Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonosis that is endemic in Colombia and affects both domestic and wild animals. It is considered an occupational risk since human transmission is associated with exposure to infected animals or environments. In the department of Nariño, the production of guinea pigs for human consumption applies traditional rearing systems that could cause animals to get infected with Leptosipira interrogans. Objective: To molecularly identify natural infection by pathogenic species of the genus Leptospira in guinea pigs used for human consumption in the municipality of Pasto (Colombia). Materials and methods: 270 kidney tissue samples were taken from guinea pigs slaughtered in two facilities. Samples were analyzed through conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Warthin Starry (W-S) differential staining. Results: While 4 (1.5%) out of the 270 samples were categorized as positive using PCR, only 1 sample showed the presence of Leptospira through W-S staining. Conclusions: Molecular techniques were useful to identify L. interrogans in kidney tissue of Cavia porcellus. Dissemination of this pathogen within this population represents an infection risk for humans and domestic animals that are in close proximity to these productive systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Guinea Pigs , Zoonoses , Guinea Pigs , Leptospira interrogans , Leptospirosis , Animal Diseases
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 130-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927698

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain virus-like particles (VLPs) for prevention of bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 (BVDV-1), the C-Erns-E1-E2 region was cloned into a pFastBacDaul vector for generating the recombinant Bacmid-BVDV-1 in DH10Bac Escherichia coli. The recombinant baculovirus Baculo-BVDV-1 was produced by transfecting the Sf9 cells with Bacmid-BVDV-1. The expressed protein and the assembled VLPs were determined by immunofluorescence, Western blotting and electron microscopy. Guinea pigs were immunized with inactivated VLPs coupled with the Montanide ISA-201 adjuvant. The immunogenicity of VLPs was evaluated by monitoring the humoral immune response with neutralizing antibody titer determination, as well as by analyzing the cell-mediated immune response with lymphocyte proliferation assay. The protective efficacy of VLPs was evaluated by challenging with 106 TCID50 virulent BVDV-1 strain AV69. The results showed that the recombinant Baculo-BVDV-1 efficiently expressed BVDV structural protein and form VLPs in infected Sf9 cells. The immunization of guinea pigs with VLPs resulted in a high titer (1:144) of neutralizing antibody, indicating an activated cellular immunity. Significantly lower viral RNA in the blood of the post-challenged immunized guinea pigs was observed. The successful preparation of BVDV VLPs with insect cell expression system and the observation of the associated immunogenicity may facilitate further development of a VLPs-based vaccine against BVD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Diarrhea , Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral , Guinea Pigs , Mineral Oil , Viral Envelope Proteins , Viral Vaccines
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 82-85, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the relationship between water temperature and floating time of aquatic cadavers, providing a reference for more precise positioning and searching for floating corpses.@*METHODS@#The floating model of guinea pig after drowning at 17-30 ℃ was established, and the floating times of carcasses were recorded. The collected data of 32 floating corpse cases in the Pearl River were sorted out and analyzed according to the floating time of corpses corresponding to each degree of water temperature. The relationship models between water temperature and the floating time of guinea pig carcass, and between that and the floating time of real cases were established.@*RESULTS@#The floating time of the cadaver was negatively correlated with water temperature. The power function fitting equation of the relationship between floating time and water temperature of guinea pig carcass was y=1×1015x-10.530(R2=0.871, P<0.01), and the power function fitting equation of the relationship between corpse floating time and water temperature was y=3×106x-3.467(R2=0.802, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is found that average floating cadaver time has a power function with water temperature, which provides a reference for locating floating cadavers and establishing search models.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cadaver , Drowning , Guinea Pigs , Postmortem Changes , Rivers , Temperature , Water
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20241, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403696

ABSTRACT

Abstract Xingnaojing (XNJ) injection was used to treat pneumonia and stroke in clinic in China, but with poor patient compliance. Xingnaojing nanoemulsion for intranasal delivery was developed to improve it. This article tried to evaluate the mucosal irritation of Xingnaojing nanoemulsion and investigate cellular uptake mechanism of its encapsulated lipophilic drugs. The toad palate model and rat nasal mucosa model were used to study the nasal ciliotoxicity and nasal mucosal irritation of nanoemulsion to evaluate its safety intranasally. The cellular uptake mechanism was studied by Calu-3 cell model. Coumarin 6 was encapsulated in nanoemulsion and the endocytic pathways were studied by cellular uptake experiments after being treated with different inhibitors. In toad palate model, the cilia movement of Xingnaojing nanoemulsion group last for 467.40 ± 39.02 min, which was obviously longer than deoxycholate group (90.60 ± 15.40 min). Studies on rats showed that the damage caused by nanemulsion is capable of being recovered. Nanoemulsion uptake was reduced obviously when cells were treated with wortmannin, and it also decreased about 13% when the temperature reduced from 37ºC to 4ºC. Mucosal irritation caused by nanoemulsion is low and the damage is recoverable. The cellular uptake of Xingnaojing nanoemulsion is energy-dependent, and macropinocytosis was the most important pathway for cellular uptake.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Guinea Pigs , Nasal Mucosa/abnormalities , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Bufo rana/antagonists & inhibitors , Patient Compliance , Endocytosis
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(6): 1701-1708, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385518

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The role of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) in the wound repair process has been described, particularly during the stimulation of angiogenesis in the proliferative phase. Ulmo honey (Eucryphia cordifolia) has demonstrated important bactericidal, fungicidal, antioxidant and healing properties. Ulmoplus®, a honey-based medicinal product, accelerates healing time and promotes fibroblast activation and collagen fiber production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of endogenous FGF-2 in burns treated with Ulmoplus® vs. the gold standard (hydrogel-tull), and Ulmo honey as the first step to clarifying the regulatory mechanism of this therapeutic option. 15 adult guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) were used, divided into three groups: C+: positive control treated with hydrogel-tull (gold standard); E1: experimental group treated with Ulmo; and E2: experimental group treated with Ulmoplus®. A deep uniform burn was made under anesthetic that covered 1 cm2 of the skin on the back of each animal. The daily treatments were administered with hydrogel-tull, Ulmo honey or Ulmoplus®, where appropriate. On treatment day 10 the biopsies were taken and processed for histological and immunohistochemical analysis. The immunolabeling was quantified through an integrated optical density (IOD) analysis, expressed as lum/ µm2 using the Image- ProPremier 9.1 software. The endogenous expression of FGF-2 was consistent with the stage of healing presented by the study groups, varying in its localization and IOD intensity. The E2 group presented a significantly higher IOD (60053.55 ± 59877.84 lum/µm2) than the C+ (p = 0.001) and E1 (p = 0.001) groups. Our findings indicated that the medicinal Ulmoplus® honey is effective at facilitating wound closing, and the promoter effect of FGF-2 expression accelerated the healing process compared to the treatments with hydrogel-tull (gold standard) and Ulmo honey.


RESUMEN: Se ha descrito el papel del factor de crecimiento fibroblaástico (FGF) en el proceso de reparación de heridas, particularmente durante la estimulación de la angiogénesis en la fase proliferativa. La miel de Ulmo (Eucryphia cordifolia) ha demostrado importantes propiedades bactericidas, fungicidas, antioxidantes y cicatrizantes. Ulmoplus®, un medicamento a base de miel, acelera el tiempo de cicatrización y promueve la activación de fibroblastos y la producción de fibras colágenas. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la expresión inmunohistoquímica del FGF-2 endógeno en quemaduras tratadas con Ulmoplus® frente al gold standard (hidrogel-tull) y miel de Ulmo como primer paso para esclarecer el mecanismo regulador de esta opción terapéutica. Se utilizaron 15 cobayas adultos (Cavia porcellus), divididos en tres grupos: C +: control positivo tratado con hidrogel-tull (gold standard); E1: grupo experimental tratado con Ulmo; y E2: grupo experimental tratado con Ulmoplus®. Se realizó una quemadura profunda uniforme bajo anestesia que cubrió 1 cm2 de la piel del lomo de cada animal. Los tratamientos diarios se administraron con hidrogel-tull, miel de Ulmo o Ulmoplus®, en cada caso. El día 10 de tratamiento se tomaron biopsias y se procesaron para análisis histológico e inmunohistoquímico. El inmunomarcaje se cuantificó mediante análisis de densidad óptica integrado (DOI), expresado como lum/µm2 utilizando el software Image-ProPremier 9.1. La expresión endógena de FGF-2 fue consistente con la etapa de cicatrización presentada por los grupos de estudio, variando en su localización e intensidad de DOI. El grupo E2 presentó una DOI significativamente mayor (60053,55 ± 59877,84 lum/µm2) que los grupos C + (p = 0,001) y E1 (p = 0,001). Nuestros hallazgos indicaron que la miel de uso médico Ulmoplus® es eficaz para facilitar el cierre de heridas, y el efecto promotor de la expresión de FGF-2 aceleró el proceso de curación en comparación con los tratamientos con hidrogel-tull (gold standard) y miel de Ulmo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Wound Healing/physiology , Burns , Fibroblast Growth Factors/metabolism , Honey , Immunohistochemistry
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3211-3220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921418

ABSTRACT

To develop Senecavirus A (SVA) virus-like particles (VLPs), a recombinant prokaryotic expression plasmid pET28a-SVA-VP031 was constructed to co-express SVA structural proteins VP0, VP3 and VP1, according to the genomic sequence of the field isolate CH-FJ-2017 after the recombinant proteins were expressed in E .coli system, and purified by Ni+ ion chromatographic method. The SVA VLPs self-assemble with a high yield in vitro buffer. A typical VLPs with an average diameter of 25-30 nm which is similar to native virions by using TEM detection. Animals immunized by SVA VLPs shown that the VLPs induced high titers neutralizing antibodies in Guinea pigs. This study indicated that the VLPs produced with co-expressing SVA structural proteins VP0, VP3 and VP1 in prokaryotic system is a promising candidate and laid an important foundation for the development of a novel SVA VLPs vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Escherichia coli/genetics , Genomics , Guinea Pigs , Picornaviridae/genetics
12.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200297, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351560

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Iron deficiency and vitamin A deficiency are two of the main micronutrient deficiencies. Both micronutrients are essential for human life and children's development. This study aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin A deficiency on ferritin and transferrin receptors' expression and its relationship with iron deficiency. Methods Five diets with different vitamin A-to-iron ratios were given to thirty five 21-day-old male Wistar rats (separated in groups of seven animals each). The animals received the diet for six weeks before being euthanized. Serum iron and retinol levels were measured as biochemical parameters. Their duodenums, spleens, and livers were analyzed for the expression of ferritin and transferrin receptors by Western Blotting. Results Regarding biochemical parameters, the results show that when both vitamin A and iron are insufficient, the serum iron content (74.74µg/dL) is significantly lower than the control group (255.86µg/dL). The results also show that vitamin A deficiency does not influence the expression of the transferrin receptor, but only of the ferritin one. Conclusion Vitamin A deficiency regulates the expression of ferritin in young male Wistar rats.


RESUMO Objetivo A deficiência de ferro e de vitamina A são duas das principais deficiências de micronutrientes, sendo que ambos são essenciais para a vida humana e o desenvolvimento das crianças. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o efeito da deficiência de vitamina A na expressão de ferritina e o receptor de transferrina e sua relação com a deficiência de ferro. Métodos Cinco dietas com diferentes proporções de vitamina A para ferro foram administradas a 35 ratos Wistar machos de 21 dias de vida (sete animais por grupo). Os animais receberam a dieta por seis semanas antes de serem eutanasiados. Os níveis séricos de ferro e retinol foram medidos como parâmetros bioquímicos. Duodeno, baço e fígado foram analisados quanto à expressão de ferritina e o receptor de transferrina por Western Blotting. Resultados Em relação aos parâmetros bioquímicos, os resultados mostram que quando a vitamina A e o ferro são insuficientes, o teor de ferro sérico (74.74µg/dL) é significativamente menor do que no grupo controle (255.86µg/dL). Os resultados também mostram que a deficiência de vitamina A não influencia a expressão do receptor da transferrina, mas da ferritina. Conclusão A deficiência de vitamina A regula a expressão de ferritina em ratos Wistar machos jovens.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Rats , Vitamin A Deficiency , Receptors, Transferrin , Ferritins , Rats, Wistar , Diet
13.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 61(2): 275-284, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1411829

ABSTRACT

La Entomología Forense (EF) es una rama de las ciencias médico-legales (Ortloff et al. 2012), que utiliza como herramienta clave a insectos y otros artrópodos que interactúan con un cuerpo en descomposición (Gennard, 2007). El presente estudio se basó en un diseño observacional descriptivo de tipo poblacional, en el que se evaluó la diversidad de dípteros de la familia Calliphoridae y Muscidae en la parroquia rural de Posorja, Guayaquil. En el proceso experimental en los biomodelos A y B, se obtuvo que las temperaturas mínimas diarias presentaron un promedio de 21 °C (entre 20 °C y 22 °C) en lo que respecta a las temperaturas máximas diarias presentaron un promedio de 29,50 °C (entre 26 y 31 °C). En ambos biomodelos experimentales A y B, la exposición directa a los rayos solares y el espacio de liberación abierto contribuyo con el desarrollo de los cambios post mortem de descomposición cadavérica, como son el cromatismo, hinchado, licuefacción y reducción. A la par, de la ocurrencia de la sucesión de dípteros de interés criminalisticos, pertenecientes a las familias Calliphoridae y Muscidae. La importancia de de este acercamiento a la fauna de interés forense dentro de la provincia de Posorja, se muestra en el abanico de oportunidades que abre, con miras a la futura incorporación de la entomología forense en investigaciones criminalísticas en casos de homicidios y negligencias. Sin embargo, todavía eisten numerosas dificultades dificultades para este tipo de estudio en el Ecuador, por lo que se propone divulgar la escala estacional y espacial de de estas investigaciones, a través de convenios que permitan replicarlos en diversas partes del país en distintos ecosistemas y bajo distintas condiciones climáticas(AU)


Forensic Entomology (PE) is a branch of the medico-legal sciences (Ortloff et al. 2012), which uses insects and other arthropods that interact with a decomposing body as a key tool (Gennard, 2007). The present study was based on a descriptive observational design of a population type, in which the diversity of diptera of the Calliphoridae and Muscidae families in the rural parish of Posorja, Guayaquil was evaluated. In the experimental process in biomodels A and B, it was obtained that the minimum daily temperatures presented an average of 21 ° C (between 20 ° C and 22 ° C) with regard to the maximum daily temperatures presented an average of 29, 50 ° C (between 26 and 31 ° C). In both experimental biomodels A and B, direct exposure to sunlight and the open release space contributed to the development of post-mortem changes in cadaveric decomposition, such as chromaticism, swelling, liquefaction and reduction. At the same time, the occurrence of the succession of diptera of criminalistic interest, belonging to the Calliphoridae and Muscidae families. The importance of this approach to the fauna of forensic interest within the province of Posorja is shown in the range of opportunities that it opens up, with a view to the future incorporation of forensic entomology in criminal investigations in cases of homicides and negligence. However, there are still numerous difficulties for this type of study in Ecuador, so it is proposed to disclose the seasonal and spatial scale of these investigations, through agreements that allow replication in different parts of the country in different ecosystems and under different weather conditions(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Forensic Entomology
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2779-2785, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887840

ABSTRACT

To investigate whether the engineered Lactobacillus plantarum expressing the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) S1 gene can protect animals against PEDV, guinea pigs were fed with recombinant L. plantarum containing plasmid PVE5523-S1, with a dose of 2×10⁸ CFU/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Guinea pigs fed with wild type L. plantarum and the engineered L. plantarum containing empty plasmid pVE5523 were used as negative controls. For positive control, another group of guinea pigs were injected with live vaccine for porcine epidemic diarrhea and porcine infectious gastroenteritis (HB08+ZJ08) by intramuscular injection, with a dose of 0.2 mL/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Blood samples were collected from the hearts of the four groups of guinea pigs at 0 d, 7 d, 14 d, 24 d, 31 d, 41 d and 48 d, respectively, and serum samples were isolated for antibody detection and neutralization test analysis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The spleens of guinea pigs were also aseptically collected to perform spleen cells proliferation assay. The results showed that the engineered bacteria could stimulate the production of secretory antibody sIgA and specific neutralizing antibody, and stimulate the increase of IL-4 and IFN-γ, as well as the proliferation of spleen cells. These results indicated that the engineered L. plantarum containing PEDV S1 induced specific immunity toward PEDV in guinea pigs, which laid a foundation for subsequent oral vaccine development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Coronavirus Infections/veterinary , Guinea Pigs , Lactobacillus plantarum/genetics , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus/genetics , Swine , Swine Diseases , Viral Vaccines/genetics
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 744-748, May-June, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128947

ABSTRACT

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease of worldwide spread. It is caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and is transmitted to animals and humans through the bite of sand flies. In Brazil, leishmaniasis is one of the zoonoses of major importance and expansion. The objective of this work is to describe the clinical, pathological, immunohistochemical and molecular findings of cutaneous leishmaniasis by Leishmania enriettii in guinea pig (Cavia porcellus). Three animals had nodular and alopecia lesions on the muzzle, ears and ulcerated lesions on the distal extremities of the pelvic limbs. The males (2) also had diffuse thickening of the scrotal skin. Samples of the ulcerated cutaneous lesions were evaluated by cytology which were observed as amastigote forms of Leishmania. One of the animals was euthanized and necropsied. Histopathology showed abundant dermal infiltrate of macrophages, plasma cells, lymphocytes and multinucleated giant cells. Numerous macrophages contained parasitoid vacuoles with amastigote forms, evidenced by immunohistochemical examination. The molecular characterization based on the SSUrDNA gene identified the species as L. enrietti. The diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis in these cases was based on pathological findings and confirmed by immunohistochemistry, PCR and sequencing.(AU)


A leishmaniose é uma doença parasitária de distribuição mundial. É causada por protozoários do gênero Leishmania e é transmitida para animais e seres humanos por meio da picada de flebotomíneos. No Brasil, a leishmaniose é uma das zoonoses de maior importância e expansão. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever os achados clínicos, patológicos, imuno-histoquímicos e moleculares de leishmaniose cutânea por Leishmania enriettii em cobaia (Cavia porcellus). Três animais apresentavam lesões nodulares e alopécicas no focinho e orelhas, além de lesões ulceradas nas extremidades distais dos membros pélvicos. Nos machos (2), foi observado espessamento difuso da pele escrotal. Amostras das lesões cutâneas ulceradas foram avaliadas por citologia, nas quais foram observadas formas amastigotas de Leishmania. Um dos animais foi submetido à eutanásia e necropsiado. Na histopatologia, foi observado infiltrado dérmico abundante de macrófagos, plasmócitos, linfócitos e com células gigantes multinucleadas. Numerosos macrófagos continham vacúolos parasitóforos com formas amastigotas, evidenciados por meio do exame de imuno-histoquímica. A caracterização molecular baseada no gene de SSUrDNA identificou a espécie como L. enrietti. O diagnóstico de leishmaniose cutânea nesses casos foi baseado nos achados patológicos e confirmado pelas técnicas de imuno-histoquímica, PCR e sequenciamento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/veterinary , Leishmania enriettii/isolation & purification , Guinea Pigs/microbiology , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Zoonoses , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Alopecia
16.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 190-195, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131595

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate periostin and collagen I expression during a scleral remodeling in myopic eyes and to determine their role in collagen remodeling of the myopic sclera. Methods: Fifty one-week-old guinea pigs were divided into the control and form-deprivation myopia (FDM) groups. The eyes of animals in the form-deprivation myopia group were covered for 2, 4, and 8 weeks, or were covered for 4 weeks and then uncovered for 2 weeks. The diopters and axial lengths in the eyes in each group of guinea pigs were measured. Immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the relative protein and mRNA expressions of periostin and collagen I in the scleral tissues of guinea pig. Results: Before masking, guinea pigs in the control and form-deprivation myopia groups were hypermetropic and did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Hypermetropic refraction in the control group gradually decreased. In guinea pigs from the form-deprivation myopia group, the refractive power gradually changed from +2.14 ± 0.33 D to -7.22 ± 0.51 D, and the axial length gradually changed from 5.92 ± 0.37 mm to 8.05 ± 0.34 mm from before until the end of masking. Before covering, no significant difference was observed in the relative collagen I and periostin mRNA and protein expression levels in the sclera of the guinea pig control and form-deprivation myopia groups (p>0.05). The relative collagen I and periostin protein and mRNA expression levels in the sclera of guinea pigs in the form-deprivation myopia group at 2, 4, and 8 weeks, and after covering the eyes for 4 weeks followed by uncovering for 2 weeks, were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.05). The collagen I and periostin mRNA expression levels were positively correlated with protein expression levels in the sclera of guinea pigs (protein: r=0.936, p<0.05; mRNA: r=0.909, p<0.05). Conclusions: Periostin was expressed in the myopic sclera of guinea pigs, and changes in periostin and collagen I expression were highly consistent. Periostin and collagen I may be involved in the regulation of scleral remodeling in myopia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a expressão da periostina e do colágeno I durante o remodelamento escleral em olhos míopes e determinar seu papel na remodelação do colágeno da esclera miópica. Métodos: Cinquenta cobaias com uma semana de idade foram divididas em grupo controle e miopia de privação de forma. Os olhos dos animais no grupo de miopia de privação de forma foram cobertos por 2, 4 e 8 semanas, ou foram cobertos por 4 semanas e depois descobertas por 2 semanas. As dioptrias e comprimentos axiais dos olhos em cada grupo de cobaias foram medidos. A imunohistoquímica e a reação em cadeia da polimerase com transcrição reversa foram utilizadas para detectar as expressões relativas de proteína e mRNA de periostina e colágeno I em tecidos esclerais das cobaias. Resultados: Antes do mascaramento, as cobaias nos grupos controle e miopia de privação de forma eram hipermetrópicas e não diferiam significativamente (p>0,05). A refração hipermetrópica no grupo controle diminuiu gradualmente. Nas cobaias do grupo de miopia de privação de forma, a potência de refração mudou gradualmente de +2,14 ± 0,33 D para -7,22 ± 0,51 D e o comprimento axial mudou gradualmente de 5,92 ± 0,37 mm para 8,05 ± 0,34 mm desde antes até o final do mascaramento. Antes do mascaramento, nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada nos níveis de expressão de mRNA e proteína de colágeno I e periostina na esclera dos grupos controle e miopia de privação de forma (p>0,05). Os níveis relativos de expressão de colágeno I e proteína periostina e mRNA na esclera de cobaias no grupo de miopia de privação de forma em 2, 4 e 8 semanas, e após cobertura dos olhos por 4 semanas seguido de descoberta por 2 semanas, foram significativamente menores que aqueles no grupo controle (p<0,05). Os níveis de expressão de mRNA, colágeno I e proteína periostina foram positivamente correlacionados com os níveis de expressão de proteína na esclera das cobaias (proteína: r=0,936, p<0,05; mRNA: r=0,909, p<0,05). Conclusões: A periostina foi expressa na esclerótica míope de cobaias e as alterações na expressão de periostina e colágeno I foram altamente consistentes. A periostina e o colágeno I podem estar envolvidos na regulação do remodelamento escleral na miopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sclera , Myopia, Degenerative , RNA, Messenger , Collagen , Disease Models, Animal , Guinea Pigs
17.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(3): 314-320, mayo 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116301

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the potential of this formulation (P. lentiscus L. oil-based ointment) to heal wounds, experimental wounds were done on guinea pigs and efficiency was comparatively assessed against a reference ointment, Cicaderma®. Wound contraction was performed on days 5, 10 and 15. Tissue sections were also evaluated histopathological on days 7, 14 and 21. Results showed that for all days (5, 10 and 15), the highest wound contraction values were attained for the P. lentiscus oil-based ointment treated group with wound contraction values of 19.38, 55.8 and 77.11%, respectively, as compared to the reference drug Cicaderma® where contractions were 7.97%, 49.53% and 71.44%, respectively. Vehicle and negative control groups however showed no statistically significant wound healing activity on the excision wound model. These experimental studies revealed that the P. lentiscus oil-based ointment displays remarkable wound healing activity, in accordance with its use in traditional medicine.


Con el fin de evaluar el potencial de esta formulación (ungüento a base de aceite de P. lentiscus L.) para curar heridas, se realizaron heridas experimentales en cobayos y se evaluó comparativamente su eficacia respecto de un ungüento de referencia, Cicaderma®. La contracción de la herida se realizó los días 5, 10 y 15. Las secciones de tejido también se evaluaron histopatológicamente los días 7, 14 y 21. Los resultados mostraron que para todos los días (5, 10 y 15), se obtuvieron los valores más altos de contracción de la herida para el grupo tratado con ungüento a base de aceite de P. lentiscus con valores de contracción de la herida de 19.38, 55.8 y 77.11%, respectivamente, en comparación con el medicamento de referencia Cicaderma® en donde las contracciones fueron 7.97%, 49.53% y 71.44%, respectivamente. Sin embargo, los grupos de control de vehículo y negativo no mostraron actividad de curación de heridas estadísticamente significativa en el modelo de herida por escisión. Estos estudios experimentales revelaron que la pomada a base de aceite de P. lentiscus muestra una notable actividad de curación de heridas, de acuerdo con su uso en la medicina tradicional.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Guinea Pigs , Ointments/pharmacology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Pistacia/chemistry , Seeds
18.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 67(1): 17-32, ene.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1127010

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los lagomorfos y los histricomorfos, como los cuyos y las chinchillas, comparten características dentales como: dentadura elodonta e hipsodonta. Estas peculiaridades predisponen la presentación de maloclusión debido al consumo de dietas inadecuadas, poco abrasivas. El propósito de este trabajo es identificar la prevalencia de maloclusión en cada una de las especies mencionadas, de acuerdo con su sexo y grupo etario. Además, tiene como objetivo hacer una evaluación objetiva de los estudios radiográficos de los ejemplares, basada en líneas de referencia anatómica, para determinar los principales hallazgos radiográficos según el grado de maloclusión diagnosticado de forma clínica. El 30% de todos los individuos evaluados presentaron problemas de maloclusión, 42,86% de ellos conejos, 16,6% cuyos y 23% chinchillas. No se evidenciaron diferencias significativas en la presentación por sexo. En conejos fue más común el diagnóstico de ejemplares del grupo etario I y II, mientras que en cuyos lo fue en los grupos II y III. El grado I y II fueron los más diagnosticados en conejos y cuyos. En las radiografías las lesiones más comunes fueron el sobrecrecimiento de las raíces maxilares y mandibulares, elongación de incisivos, pérdida de la superficie de oclusión y deformación de las raíces mandibulares. Se propone un método de corrección para las proyecciones radiográficas LL con rotación evidente para mantener la objetividad de la evaluación radiográfica.


ABSTRACT Lagomorphs and histricomorphs, as guinea pigs and chinchillas, have common dental characteristics, such as the elodont and hypsodont teeth. These peculiarities predispose to the presentation of malocclusion due to the consumption of inadequate, non-abrasive diets. The purpose of this work is to identify the prevalence of malocclusion in each case. In addition, it aims to make an objective evaluation of the radiological studies of the specimens, based on anatomical reference lines, to determine the main radiographic findings according to the degree of malocclusion clinically diagnosed. 30% of the individuals evaluated presented malocclusion problems being 42.86% rabbits, 16.6% guinea pigs and 23% chinchillas. There is no evidence of significant differences in the presentation by sex. In rabbits, the diagnosis of the specimens from the group I and II were more common, while in guinea pigs they were II and Ill. Grade I and II were the most diagnosed in rabbits and guinea pigs. In the radiographs, the most common lesions are the overgrowth of the maxillary and mandibular roots, elongation of the incisors, loss of the occlusal surface and deformation of the mandibular roots. A method of correction for LL radiographic projections with evident rotation is proposed to maintain the objectivity of the radiographic evaluation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Chinchilla , Prevalence , Dentition , Diagnosis , Ethology , Animals, Exotic , Guinea Pigs , Malocclusion , Sex , Diagnostic Imaging , Fauna , Otoscopy , Abscess , Endoscopy , Inflammation , Jaw , Lagomorpha
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 222-227, March-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132576

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The use of electron microscopy in the study of the inner ear has allowed us to observe minute details of the hair cells, especially in ototoxicity studies; however, the preparation of this material is a difficult and delicate task. In an attempt to simplify the handling of these materials, two agents, toluidine blue and ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid were tested, in addition to the elimination of osmium tetroxide during the preparation of albino guinea pig cochleae. We also tested the applicability of these methodologies in an ototoxicity protocol. Objective: To verify the quality of the images obtained with and without the use of ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid, toluidine blue and osmium tetroxide in the preparation of cochleae of albino guinea pigs for the scanning electron microscopy. Methods: Three groups of cochleae were used. In Group 1, 10 cochleae were prepared with the usual methodology, dissecting the optical capsule without decalcification and using osmium tetroxide as a post-fixative agent. In Group 2, we prepared 10 cochleae decalcified with ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid, injecting toluidine blue in the endolymphatic space to facilitate the identification of the organ of Corti. In Group 3, we used 4 cochleae of guinea pigs that received 3 doses of cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg, D1-D5-D6), two prepared according to the methodology used in Group 1 and two with that used in Group 2. Scanning electron microscopy images were obtained from the organ of Corti region of the basal turn of each cochlea. Results: The organ of Corti was more easily identified with the use of toluidine blue. The dissection of the cochlea was more accurate in the decalcified cochleae. The quality of the images and the preservation of the organ of Corti obtained with the two methodologies were similar. Conclusion: The proposed modifications resulted in images of similar quality as those observed using the traditional methodology.


Resumo Introdução: O emprego da microscopia eletrônica no estudo da orelha interna permitiu observar detalhes minuciosos das células ciliadas especialmente em estudos de ototoxicidade. Entretanto, o preparo desse material é trabalhoso e delicado. Para simplificar a manipulação desses materiais, testou-se o uso de dois agentes, azul de toluidina e ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético, além da retirada do tetróxido de ósmio na preparação de cócleas de cobaias albinas. Testamos também a aplicabilidade dessas metodologias em um protocolo de ototoxicidade. Objetivo: Verificar a qualidade das imagens obtidas com e sem o uso de ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético, azul de toluidina e tetróxido de ósmio na preparação de cócleas de cobaias albinas para a microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Método: Foram utilizados três grupos de cócleas. No Grupo 1 preparou-se 10 cócleas com a metodologia usual, dissecando a cápsula ótica sem descalcificac¸ão e utilizando tetróxido de ósmio como pós-fixador. No Grupo 2 preparamos 10 cócleas descalcificadas com ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético, injetando azul de toluidina no espac¸o endolinfático para facilitar a identificação do órgão de Corti. No Grupo 3 utilizamos 4 cócleas de cobaias que receberam 3 doses de cisplatina (7,5 mg/kg, D1-D5-D6), duas preparadas com a metodologia do Grupo 1 e duas com a do Grupo 2. Foram obtidas imagens da microscopia eletrônica de varredura da região do órgão de Corti do giro basal de cada cóclea. Resultados: O órgão de Corti foi mais facilmente identificado com o azul de touidina. A dissecção da cóclea foi mais precisa nas cócleas descalcificadas A qualidade das imagens e a preservac¸ão do órgão de Corti obtidas com as duas metodologias foi similar. Conclusão: As modificações propostas resultaram em imagens de qualidade similar as observadas com o uso da metodologia tradicional.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cisplatin/toxicity , Cochlea/drug effects , Cochlea/ultrastructure , Organ of Corti/drug effects , Organ of Corti/ultrastructure , Osmium Tetroxide/administration & dosage , Tolonium Chloride/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Edetic Acid/administration & dosage , Guinea Pigs , Hair Cells, Auditory/drug effects , Hair Cells, Auditory/ultrastructure
20.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(1): 87-96, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089291

ABSTRACT

Abstract Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the lungs, and it causes oxidative stress. Lavandula dentata is an aromatic herb with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. This study examined the activity of L. dentata extract on a guinea pig model of asthma. Adult males were divided into five groups: First group was control, second was asthma model induced by OVA, third was treated with L. dentata extract orally (300 mg/kg) for 21 days; the fourth was an asthma model with L. dentata extract (300 mg/kg) and fifth was treated with Tween 80 for 21 days. OVA treatment increased IgE, triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose levels in serum, WBC count in blood and MDA in lungs. Also, OVA reduced SOD activity, GSH content in lungs, and GGT activity in serum (p<0.05). L. dentata extract treatment in asthma model reduced elevated IgE, triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose levels in serum, and MDA in lungs (p<0.05), while it increased GSH content in lungs (p<0.05). These results suggest the possibility that L . dentata extract can exert suppressive effects on asthma, and may provide evidence that it is a useful agent for the treatment of allergic airway disease, it also limits oxidative stress induced by OVA. L. dentata extract appears to have hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic activities.


Resumo A asma é uma doença inflamatória dos pulmões e causa estresse oxidativo. Lavandula dentata é uma erva aromática com atividades anti-oxidantes e antiinflamatórias. Este estudo examinou a atividade do extrato de L. dentata em um modelo de asma de cobaia. Os machos adultos foram divididos em cinco grupos: o primeiro grupo foi controle, o segundo modelo foi o da asma induzido pela OVA, o terceiro foi tratado com extrato de L. dentata por via oral (300 mg / kg) por 21 dias; o quarto foi um modelo de asma com extrato de L. dentata (300 mg / kg) e o quinto foi tratado com Tween 80 por 21 dias. O tratamento com OVA aumentou a IgE, os triglicerídeos, o colesterol total, os níveis de glicose no soro, a contagem de leucócitos no sangue e o MDA nos pulmões. Além disso, o OVA reduziu a atividade da SOD, o conteúdo de GSH nos pulmões e a atividade da GGT no soro (p <0,05). O tratamento com extrato de L. dentata no modelo de asma reduziu a IgE elevada, triglicérides, colesterol total, níveis séricos de glicose e MDA nos pulmões (p <0,05), enquanto aumentou o conteúdo de GSH nos pulmões (p <0,05). Estes resultados sugerem a possibilidade do extrato de L. dentata poder exercer efeitos supressores sobre a asma, e pode fornecer evidências de que é um agente útil para o tratamento de doenças alérgicas das vias aéreas, além de limitar o estresse oxidativo induzido pela OVA. O extrato de L. dentata parece ter atividades hipolipemiantes e hipoglicêmicas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Asthma , Lavandula , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Plant Extracts , Ovalbumin , Disease Models, Animal , Guinea Pigs
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL