Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 24
Filter
1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e249090, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431130

ABSTRACT

No Brasil, o trabalho doméstico remunerado é essencialmente feminino e emprega cerca de 5,9 milhões de mulheres, correspondendo a 16,8% da ocupação feminina. Desse contingente, 61 % são compostos por mulheres negras. As empregadas domésticas estiveram historicamente submetidas a uma série de aspectos excludentes, como baixa remuneração, contratações à margem da legalidade e discriminação de gênero e raça. Esta pesquisa objetivou compreender a resistência enquanto categoria fundamental para compreensão do trabalho doméstico. Ao falar sobre essa categoria, destacamos a subjetividade que constitui os fenômenos sociais, partindo de uma compreensão dialética e histórica do sujeito e da relação indivíduo-sociedade, inserida em uma historicidade. Os resultados encontrados, coletados por meio de documentos, notícias, reportagens, participações no sindicato da categoria e da realização de entrevistas com cinco domésticas apontam a existência de formas de resistência no campo do trabalho doméstico, compondo movimentos de oposição e reação ao modus operandi colonial e às hierarquias de gênero-raça-classe que formam a sociedade brasileira. A psicologia sócio-histórica foi escolhida como abordagem teórico-metodológica, pois possibilita compreender do homem como ser ativo, social e histórico. Ao investigar as formas de resistência presentes nesse tipo de trabalho, compreende-se a trabalhadora doméstica não como mera consequência da realidade social em que se insere, mas como sujeito ativo que constitui essa realidade e é simultaneamente constituído por ela. Com esta pesquisa, pretende-se contribuir com a crítica à ideologia dominante que subalterniza essas trabalhadoras e as relega à subcidadania, uma condição sem reconhecimento e direitos.(AU)


In Brazil, paid domestic work is essentially female and employs about 5.9 million women, corresponding to 16.8% of the female occupation. Of this contingent, 61% is made up of black women. Domestic workers have historically been subjected to a series of exclusionary aspects, such as low remuneration, hiring outside the legal system and gender and race discrimination. This research aimed to understand resistance as a fundamental category for understanding domestic work. When talking about this category, we highlight the subjectivity that constitutes social phenomena, starting from a dialectical and historical understanding of the subject and the individual-society relationship, inserted in a historicity. The results found, collected from documents, news, reports, participation in the category union and interviews with five domestic workers, point to the existence of forms of resistance in the field of domestic work, composing movements of opposition and reaction to the colonial modus operandi and the gender-race-class hierarchies that make up Brazilian society.Socio-historical psychology was chosen as a theoretical-methodological approach, since it provides an understanding of man as an active, social and historical being. When investigating the forms of resistance present in this type of work, the domestic worker is understood not as a mere consequence of the social reality in which she is inserted, but, as an active subject, who constitutes this reality and is simultaneously constituted by it. This research intends to contribute to the criticism of the dominant ideology that subordinates these workers and relegates them to a sub-citizenship, a condition without recognition and rights.(AU)


El trabajo doméstico remunerado en Brasil es predominantemente femenino y emplea casi 5,9 millones de mujeres, lo que corresponde al 16,8% de la ocupación femenina. El 61% de este grupo está compuesto por mujeres negras. Históricamente, las trabajadoras del hogar han sido sometidas a una serie de aspectos excluyentes, como la baja remuneración, la contratación fuera del sistema legal y la discriminación de género y raza. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo comprender la resistencia como categoría fundamental para entender el trabajo doméstico. Al hablar de esta categoría, se destaca la subjetividad que constituye los fenómenos sociales a partir de una comprensión dialéctica e histórica del sujeto y la relación individuo-sociedad, insertada en una historicidad. Los datos recogidos de documentos, noticias, participación en la categoría unión y entrevistas con cinco sirvientas permitieron concluir que existen formas de resistencia en el ámbito del trabajo doméstico, que se componen de movimientos de oposición y reacción al modus operandi colonial y a jerarquías de género-raza-clase que conforman la sociedad brasileña. La psicología sociohistórica fue el enfoque teórico-metodológico utilizado, ya que proporciona una comprensión del ser humano como ser activo, social e histórico. El análisis de las formas de resistencia presentes en este tipo de trabajo permite identificar la trabajadora doméstica no como una mera consecuencia de la realidad social en la cual se inserta, sino como sujeto activo que constituye esta realidad y, a la vez, es constituido por ella. Se espera que esta investigación pueda contribuir a la crítica de la ideología dominante que subordina a estas trabajadoras, relegándolas a una subciudadanía, una condición sin reconocimiento y sin derechos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Cultural Characteristics , Sociological Factors , History , Household Work , Poverty , Prejudice , Psychology , Public Policy , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Behavior , Social Change , Social Class , Social Conditions , Social Environment , Social Justice , Social Mobility , Social Problems , Socioeconomic Factors , Stereotyping , Women's Rights , Population Characteristics , Occupational Risks , Accidents, Occupational , Family , Poverty Areas , Population Dynamics , Hunger , Workload , Civil Rights , Safety Management , Contract Services , Censuses , Legislation , Access to Information , Death , Aggression , Human Rights Abuses , Black People , Economics , Educational Status , Employee Grievances , Employment , Job Market , Ethics , Femininity , Social Participation , Racism , Social Discrimination , Social Marginalization , Enslavement , Literacy , Moral Status , Work-Life Balance , Political Activism , Academic Failure , Cultural Rights , Socioeconomic Rights , Social Oppression , Economic Status , Respect , Right to Work , Empowerment , Emotional Abuse , Disinformation , Home Environment , Ethnic and Racial Minorities , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Working Conditions , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Hierarchy, Social , Housing , Labor Unions , Deception , Mothers
2.
Rev. argent. salud publica ; 13: 1-8, 5/02/2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, ARGMSAL, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150812

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La elevada inflación argentina puede comprometer el acceso a los medicamentos, incluso con cobertura de la seguridad social. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la evolución entre 2011 y 2019 de la cobertura del Instituto Nacional de Servicios Sociales para Jubilados y Pensionados (INSSJyP, también conocido como PAMI) y del Instituto de Obra Médico Asistencial (IOMA) para una selección de medicamentos de uso ambulatorio, fuera de patente, de consumo frecuente en patologías prevalentes, y evaluar si la evolución del ingreso de los beneficiarios acompañó el aumento del gasto de bolsillo para estos fármacos. MÉTODOS: Se registró la evolución del precio de venta al público (PVP) y de la cobertura por INSSJyP y por IOMA en los cuatrienios 2011-2015 y 2015-2019 para una selección de 10 fármacos utilizados en enfermedades crónicas de alta prevalencia. Se calculó la evolución del gasto de bolsillo para las presentaciones promedio, más barata y más cara de cada fármaco, y se comparó con la evolución de los ingresos de los beneficiarios. RESULTADOS: La cobertura promedio del INSSJyP para los fármacos estudiados subió de 63% en 2011 a 73% en 2019. La cobertura del PVP promedio por el IOMA fue de 55% en 2011 y descendió a 36% en 2019, debido a la demora en la actualización de los montos fijos. Para los beneficiarios de ambas instituciones el gasto de bolsillo creció menos que el ingreso en 2011-2015 pero lo superó ampliamente en 2015-2019. DISCUSIÓN: El sistema de cobertura por monto fijo tiene ventajas conceptuales, pero requiere una actualización oportuna de los valores con la inflación


Subject(s)
Argentina , Drug Price , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Inflation, Economic
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922196

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for progression to an end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. We investigated the association of lifestyle behaviors with the initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) among CKD patients using an employment-based health insurance claims database linked with specific health checkup (SHC) data.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study included 149,620 CKD patients aged 40-74 years who underwent a SHC between April 2008 and March 2016. CKD patients were identified using ICD-10 diagnostic codes and SHC results. We investigated lifestyle behaviors recorded at SHC. Initiation of RRT was defined by medical procedure claims. Lifestyle behaviors related to the initiation of RRT were identified using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with recency-weighted cumulative exposure as a time-dependent covariate.@*RESULTS@#During 384,042 patient-years of follow-up by the end of March 2016, 295 dialysis and no kidney transplantation cases were identified. Current smoking (hazard ratio: 1.87, 95% confidence interval, 1.04─3.36), skipping breakfast (4.80, 1.98─11.62), and taking sufficient rest along with sleep (2.09, 1.14─3.85) were associated with the initiation of RRT.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among CKD patients, the lifestyle behaviors of smoking, skipping breakfast, and sufficient rest along with sleep were independently associated with the initiation of RRT. Our study strengthens the importance of monitoring lifestyle behaviors to delay the progression of mild CKD to RRT in the Japanese working generation. A substantial portion of subjects had missing data for eGFR and drinking frequency, warranting verification of these results in prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , Databases, Factual , Disease Progression , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Japan/epidemiology , Life Style , Meals , Proportional Hazards Models , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sleep , Smoking/epidemiology
4.
Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2012; 41 (9): 1-9
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-146156

ABSTRACT

The Iranian healthcare system is primarily an insurance based system. This structure has an important influence on the efficiency and equity of the provision of healthcare in Iran. This paper reviews the history of the Iranian healthcare system and the impact of the Iranian health insurance system on healthcare performance based on the results of interviews with key opinion leaders and empirical evidence. This review uses mixed methods: a systematic literature review of electronic databases supplemented by hand searching of books and journals including Government publications and other grey literature. The issues identified were explored through a series of semi-structured interviews with key informants from within the Iranian healthcare system. The interviews were recorded transcribed, coded, classified, and analysed thematically. Empirical evidence was also sought to support or contradict the views expressed in the interviews. Sixteen interviews with key informants were conducted and presented anonymously. The interviewees raised many issues which were summarized into five main issues: increasing health expenditures, lack of systematic health technology assessment, very limited financial resources, challenging management and regulation, and uncovered population. A wide range of issues have affected the efficiency, quality and equity of the services provided by the Iranian healthcare system. The initial and most important step toward improving the efficiency, equity and quality of the health insurance system is to focus on evidence-based policy making to generate feasible, reasonable and comprehensive reforms


Subject(s)
Humans , Delivery of Health Care , Social Welfare , Public Policy , Insurance Coverage , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Health Expenditures , Health Services Accessibility , Healthcare Financing , Insurance Benefits
5.
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2010; 16 (6): 663-670
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-158482

ABSTRACT

The current health insurance system in Egypt targets the productive population through an employment-based scheme bounded by a cost ceiling and focusing on curative care. Egypt Social Contract Survey data from 2005 were used to evaluate the impact of the employment-based scheme on health system accessibility and financing. Only 22.8% of the population in the productive age range [19-59 years] benefited from any health insurance scheme. The employment-based scheme covered 39.3% of the working population and was skewed towards urban areas, older people, females and the wealthier. It did not increase service utilization, but reduced out-of-pocket expenditure. Egypt should blend all health insurance schemes and adopt an innovative approach to reach universal coverage


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Health Services/economics
6.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Oficina General de Gestión de Recursos Humanos/Oficina de Capacitación y Normas; 1 ed; Set. 2008. 51 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1181478

ABSTRACT

Brinda información sobre los procedimientos y requisitos a seguir para obtener los servicios y beneficios que brinda EsSALUD


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care, Integrated , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Health Services Accessibility , Insurance Benefits , Peru
7.
Cad. saúde pública ; 23(9): 2167-2177, set. 2007. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-458302

ABSTRACT

O artigo reconstrói a disputa travada entre os principais atores sociais interessados diretamente no processo de regulamentação da saúde suplementar no Brasil, no período imediatamente anterior à edição da Lei n°. 9.656/98, destacando convergências e divergências destes atores em relação a 28 temas centrais para a configuração do arcabouço regulatório vigente no Brasil desde 1998. O material utilizado para a descrição e sistematização das posições em disputa no processo regulatório resultou de um estudo empírico, descritivo, de natureza comparativo-contrastante, baseado em análise documental e entrevistas com atores-chave. O estudo sistematiza os principais pontos de polêmica e/ou consenso entre os vários atores, destacando, em particular, as muitas convergências das propostas das entidades médicas com aquelas defendidas pelas organizações de usuários e pelos institutos de defesa dos consumidores, apontando para a possibilidade de construção de um bloco ético-político compromissado com a defesa de uma melhor qualificação da assistência, em contraposição a uma lógica meramente de mercado.


This paper reconstructs the dispute between the main social actors with direct interests in the regulation of private health care in Brazil during the period immediately prior to the passage of Act 9.656/98, highlighting the divergences between these actors in relation to 28 central topics for shaping the regulatory framework prevailing in the country since 1998. The material used in the description and systematization of the positions in the regulatory dispute resulted from an empirical, descriptive, comparative study based on document analysis and interviews with key actors. The study systematizes the main points of controversy and consensus among the various actors, particularly highlighting the many points of agreement between proposals by medical organizations and those of users' organizations and consumer defense institutes, thereby suggesting the possibility of establishing an ethical and political bloc committed to the defense of improved health care as opposed to sheer market logic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Community Participation , Dissent and Disputes , Government Regulation , Insurance Coverage/legislation & jurisprudence , Private Sector , Prepaid Health Plans/legislation & jurisprudence , Brazil , Conflict of Interest , Health Care Sector , Health Benefit Plans, Employee/legislation & jurisprudence , Politics , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Professional Autonomy
8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 133(12): 1493-1499, dic. 2005. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-428534

ABSTRACT

Background: The costs of medical care increase along with technological advances. Therefore, highly complex and expensive procedures should be performed in a limited number of institutions. Aim: To report the initial experience on electrophysiological studies performed to beneficiaries of a public health insurance system in Chile (FONASA). Material and methods: An agreement was reached between the Electrophysiology Unit of the Clinical Hospital of the Catholic University and FONASA, to perform electrophysiological studies at a minimal cost, that only considered disposable materials and hospital stay. Thirty patients with supraventricular arrhythmias or ventricular arrhythmias without an associated cardiopathy, were attended using this agreement at the unit. Results: In all treated patients, arrhythmias disappeared. Costs remained within the assigned budget, excepting occasional complementary tests. Conclusions: This pioneering experience demonstrated that it is possible that public health insurance systems can buy complex and expensive procedures to private hospitals.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac/economics , Insurance, Health/economics , National Health Programs/economics , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/economics , Chile , Electrocoagulation , Follow-Up Studies , Health Benefit Plans, Employee/economics , Health Care Costs , Hospitals, Private , Hospitals, Public , Hospitals, University , Pilot Projects
9.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-34179

ABSTRACT

Since having health insurance cannot guarantee access to care among the insured persons, their actual health seeking behavior should be evidence reflecting true access. Therefore, the study aimed to present the patterns of health seeking behavior among the insured persons who actually were able to get free services from their registered hospitals under the Social Security Scheme. Purposive sampling was done of 1,003 insured persons who were willing to participate in the study from small, medium and large establishments in the Huai Khwang district in Bangkok. A health diary was employed as one of the data collecting tools with a follow-up period of six months. The average illness rate found was 6.44 episodes/person/year. The characteristics of illnesses reported were described in terms of symptom groups, perceived severity, duration, work or non-work related cause. No treatment or self care, seeking help from non-registered health facilities and seeking help from registered hospitals and clinics were the patterns of health seeking behaviors found in the study. The patterns of health seeking behaviors among the participants varied depending on the stage of treatment, perceived severity of illness and types of additional health benefits. Seeking care from registered hospitals and clinics was found among the illnesses with a higher level of perceived severity, among the participants with chronic diseases, and among the illnesses that were treated with higher stages. Therefore, health insurance might not be able to guarantee true access to needed care for people unless the comprehensive health care provider networks are designed to cover more types of services, be more convenient and have more accessible health care providers.


Subject(s)
Adult , Episode of Care , Female , Health Benefit Plans, Employee/statistics & numerical data , Health Care Surveys/methods , Health Services Accessibility/economics , Humans , Male , Medical Records , National Health Programs/statistics & numerical data , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Social Security/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Thailand
10.
J Health Popul Nutr ; 2003 Sep; 21(3): 223-34
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-821

ABSTRACT

Since the 1950s, China has had a very wide coverage of healthcare service at the local level. In urban areas, the employment-based healthcare-insurance schemes (Government Insurance Scheme and Labour Insurance Scheme) worked hand in hand with the full employment policy of the Government, which guaranteed basic care for almost every urban resident. However, since the economic reforms of the early 1980s, China's healthcare system has met great challenges. Some came from the reform of the labour system, and other challenges came from the introduction of market forces in the healthcare sector. The new policy of the Chinese Government on the Urban Employees' Basic Health Care Insurance is to introduce a cost-sharing plan in urban China. Like other major social policy changes, this new health policy also has a great impact on the lives of the Chinese people. Affordability has been the major concern among urban residents. Shanghai implemented the cost-sharing healthcare policy in the spring of 2001. It may be too early to assess the pros and cons of the new policy, but evidence shows that the employment-based health-insurance scheme excludes those at high risk and in most need. It is argued that the cost-sharing healthcare system will limit access by some people, especially those who are most vulnerable to the consequences of ill health and those in low-income groups, unless the deductibles vary according to income and unless low-income groups are exempt from paying premiums and deductibles.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , China , Cost Sharing/statistics & numerical data , Cost of Illness , Health Benefit Plans, Employee/economics , Health Care Reform/economics , Health Care Sector , Health Transition , Humans , Middle Aged , Socioeconomic Factors , Urban Health
11.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2003. 162 p. mapas, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-387678

ABSTRACT

A reforma do sistema de saúde tem sido marcada por intensos debates sobre os limites dos setores público e privado na provisão de assistência médica. A demanda à assistência médica tem sido um grande problema para a política da saúde no Brasil. As empresas visando amenizar essa situação buscam firmar convênios junto às operadoras de assistência médica privada, estabelecendo um processo de assistência suplementar à saúde aos seus funcionários. Este estudo, objetivando estudar a atenção médica suplementar focalizando sua atuação no Estado do Paraná, pesquisa os convênios firmados por duas indústrias de Ponta Grossa (Paraná) com a operadora de assistência médica suplementar - Unimed, visto que Ponta Grossa é a 3° Regional de Saúde do Estado e polo de atendimento de diversos municípios da região, e, portanto, se qualificando como importante amostra para o estudo em tela. Por outro lado, a Unimed como uma das operadoras de maior atuação no Estado do Paraná permite melhor compreender a complexidade da assistência suplementar. Assim, o desenvolvimento do estudo se verificou pela revisão das políticas de saúde e assistência médica suplementar, focalizando o Paraná e particularizando a cidade de Ponta Grossa. A caracterização das conjunturas e das estruturas políticas de atenção à saúde permitiu a formulação crítica dos convênios mencionados, à luz da Lei 9.656/98 e a atuação da ANS para a regulamentação desses convênios. A pesquisa, além de buscar nos referenciais teóricos subsídios para interpretar os procedimentos da operadora, realizou pesquisas de campo, através do acesso a documentos e entrevistas com os usuários e contratantes, possibilitando assim a obtenção de dados que deram sustentabilidade às críticas e sugestões estabelecidas na conclusão. Entre as conclusões principais destacam-se: o desconhecimento generalizado entre gerentes, trabalhadores e sindicatos das empresas sobre o modus operandi da Unimed tanto quanto sobre os reais custos e limites dos planos oferecidos, bem como a não adesão da operadora às normas da ANS, com os subseqüentes prejuízos para os usários. Finalmente, salienta-se que o estudo de caso mostrou ser possível introduzir mudanças nesses âmbitos desde que haja transparência nas transações e informações e sejam processadas mediante negociações e consensos entre todos os interesses envolvidos.


Subject(s)
Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Insurance, Health , Private Health Care Coverage
12.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 5(2): 105-22, jul.-dez. 1997. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-290892

ABSTRACT

Resenha parte da literatura brasileira sobre os planos e seguros privados de saúde propondo dois ciclos de estudos, limitados pela Constituição de 1988, que coincidem com diferentes padrões de intervenção estatal e desenvolvimento de sistemas de proteção social. Objetivando apreender algumas das matrizes teóricas e metodologias utilizadas pelos pesquisadores que se detiveram sobre o tema da privatização dos serviços de saúde, destaca dos trabalhos estudados, o contexto institucional, alguns dos conceitos explicativos elaborados, seus procedimentos de estudo e aspectos das teorias em que apóiam. Conclui que a utilização conjugada de aportes teóricos de ambos os ciclos elucida aspectos atuais da problemática da privatização da saúde, assim como os estudos referentes aos Estados de bem estar social podem contribuir para referenciar adequadamente o tema


Subject(s)
Private Sector , Insurance, Health/trends , Social Security , Brazil , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Medical Assistance , Social Security/trends , Privatization
14.
Säo Paulo; s.n; 1997. 221 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-198761

ABSTRACT

Investiga a distribuiçäo dos principais fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares, bem como a existência de padröes de hábitos e comportamentos, por meio da estimativa de prevalências e do estudo da ocorrência simultânea dos fatores de risco entre os funcionários ativos no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um estudo transversal, que utilizou questionário auto-preenchido no ambiente de trabalho. A populaçäo alvo foi constituída por funcionários das carreiras administrativa (bancários) e técnica (advogados, médicos e engenheiros), de onde sorteou-se amostra aleatória simples de 1183 funcionários, lotados em dois tipos de dependências do banco: Centros de Processamento de Serviços e Comunicaçöes (CESEC) e órgäos da Direçäo Geral. A populaçäo estudada apresentou alto nível de escolaridade, já que cerca de 90 por cento chegou a ingressar na universidade, e idade média de 38 anos. Os bancários reconhecem os principais fatores de risco para as doenças do coraçäo. Escolaridade e idade também discriminaram grupos de risco. Os resultados sugerem ainda a inadequaçäo do controle de hipertensäo arterial, já que o diagnóstico dessa condiçäo näo parece determinar mudanças de comportamento, nem a adoçäo de tratamento específico pelo conjunto dos hipertensos


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Alcohol Drinking , Demography , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Occupational Health Program/organization & administration , Smoking , Socioeconomic Factors , State Government
15.
Säo Paulo; s.n; 1996. 163 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-176457

ABSTRACT

Trata da assistência médica como benefício para funcionários de organizaçöes de grande porte, localizadas na cidade de Säo Paulo. Apresenta alternativas de modelos de assistência médica supletiva disponíveis e investiga os agentes, as variáveis e os critérios envolvidos no processo decisório, que leva à configuraçäo do benefício. Aborda a origem desse benefício nas empresas e tece consideraçöes sobre funçöes que pode assumir dentro da política de recursos humanos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Benefit Plans, Employee/organization & administration , Medical Assistance , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Brazil , Insurance, Health , Managed Care Programs/organization & administration , Occupational Health
20.
s.l; s.n; 8 abr. 1988. <28> p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-86245

ABSTRACT

Trabajo presentado durante el servicio social obligatorio llevado a cabo en la Clinica Infantil Colsubsidio de Bogota. La seguridad social es un derecho del hombre. Se considera como el conjunto de leyes que tiene como fin la proteccion del individuo, ejercido por entidades que garanticen las mejores condiciones de las personas. Corresponde al Ministerio de Trabajo la adopcion y ejecucion de las politicas laborales de seguridad social. Los organismos descritos son: ISS, Sena, Superintendencia de Subsidio Familiar, Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Cooperativismo y Prosocial. El subsidio familiar es una prestacion pagadera en dinero, especie o servicios a los trabajadores de bajos recursos economicos y es proporcional al numero de personas que se tengan a cargo, y tiene como objetivo aliviar cargas economicas del individuo. El subsidio familiar nacio en 1954. Las cajas de Compensacion Familiar prestan servicio de salud, mercadeo, vivienda, recreacion y cultura. En relacion con los profesionales de salud y su desempeno, es indispensable un trabajo humanizado, en equipo, para ser mas efectivo y brindar uma mejor atencion a la persona..


Subject(s)
Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Insurance Benefits , Social Security , Colombia , Humanism , Patient Care Team/standards , Prospective Payment System/standards , Social Welfare
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL