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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 96-105, 20211217. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357579

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La resección quirúrgica es el tratamiento de elección de las neoplasias primarias y secundarias del hígado. Los pacientes con hepatocarcinoma de los segmentos centrales representan un reto, siendo la hepatectomía extendida la técnica más usada, sin embargo, el riesgo postquirúrgico de falla hepática es alto, dado que la resección puede comprometer entre el 65 % y el 80 % del volumen hepático. La mesohepatectomía es una alternativa que permite dejar un volumen hepático residual suficiente. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de pacientes con hepatocarcinomas en segmentos centrales a quienes se les realizó mesohepatectomía. Serie de casos. Se presentan tres pacientes no cirróticos, con hepatocarcinoma en los segmentos 4, 5 y 8, que fueron atendidos en el Hospital San Vicente Fundación, en las sedes de Medellín y de Rionegro, entre 2018 y 2020. Resultados. La mesohepatectomía se realizó mediante ligadura selectiva de los pedículos del segmento 4 y del sector anterior derecho. Se utilizó aspirador ultrasónico y endograpadora para la transección hepática. La duración de la maniobra de Pringle varió entre 16 y 43 minutos. El sangrado promedio fue de 1000 ml. Solo un paciente presentó fuga biliar tipo B. No hubo mortalidad a 30 días. Conclusiones. La mesohepatectomía es una alternativa segura para pacientes con tumores en los segmentos centrales, que permite disminuir el riesgo de falla hepática luego de la resección.


Introduction. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for primary and secondary neoplasms of the liver. Patients with central segment hepatocarcinoma represent a challenge, with extended hepatectomy being the most widely used technique. However, the postsurgical risk of liver failure is high since resection can compromise between 65% and 80% of liver volume. Mesohepatectomy is an alternative that allows a sufficient residual liver volume to be left. The objective of this work is to present treatment of patients with central segment hepatocarcinoma.Clinical cases. Three non-cirrhotic patients are presented, with hepatocarcinoma in segments 4, 5 and 8, who were treated at the San Vicente Fundación Hospital in Medellín and Rionegro, between 2018 and 2020.Results. Mesohepatectomy was performed by selective ligation of the pedicles of segment 4 and the right anterior sector. An ultrasonic aspirator and endostapler were used for liver transection. The duration of the Pringle ma-neuver ranged from 16 to 43 minutes. The average bleeding was 1000 cc. Only one patient had type B bile leakage. There was no 30-day mortality.Conclusions. Mesohepatectomy is a safe alternative for patients with tumors in the central segments, which reduces the risk of liver failure after resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Failure , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Cirrhosis , Hepatectomy
2.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 161-166, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352984

ABSTRACT

Mujer de 54 años sometida a colecistectomía laparoscópica programada por colecistolitiasis sintomática, el procedimiento fue convertido a abordaje abierto por presencia de bilirragia perioperatoria no localizada, tratada con sutura primaria del lecho vesicular bajo sospecha de un conducto aberrante de Luschka. Al vigésimo día postoperatorio se diagnostica una fístula biliar tras la aparición de bilirragia a través de la herida quirúrgica. Una colangiografía transhepática percutánea mostró una pérdida completa de continuidad con fuga a ese nivel, confirmando la lesión del conducto hepático derecho, con un extremo cortado retraído del conducto hepático. Debido a la compleja lesión de la vía biliar proximal, a los 3 meses de la primera cirugía se realiza una hepatectomía derecha. Aunque la hepatectomía no es un procedimiento estándar para pacientes con lesiones quirúrgicas de la via biliar, debe considerarse como parte del arsenal quirúrgico para la reparación de un grupo seleccionado de pacientes en lesiones postcolecistectomía


A 54-year-old female underwent a planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to a symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, the procedure was converted to an open approach due to the presence of a not located perioperative bilirhagia, treated with a primary suture of the gallbladder bed under the suspicion of an aberrant duct of Luschka. On the 20th postoperative day, the patient is diagnosed with a biliary fistula after the appearance of bilirhagia through the surgical wound. A percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography showed a complete loss of continuity with leakage at that level, confirming the right hepatic duct injury, with a retracted cut end from the hepatic duct. Due to the complex proximal bile duct injury, 3 months after the first surgery, a right hepatectomy is performed. Although an hepatectomy is not a standard procedure for patients with IBDI, it should be considered as a part of the surgical armamentarium for the repair of a selected group of patients in postcholecystectomy injuries


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Hepatectomy , Bile Ducts
3.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(3): 1-10, 30 de diciembre del 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352456

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La resección hepática sigue siendo el método más efectivo de tratamiento de tumores hepáticos. Actualmente, el abordaje laparoscópico se considera como el estándar de oro frente al abordaje abierto; sin embargo, el surgimiento de la cirugía robótica brinda una nueva opción de abordaje mínimamente invasiva con aparentes mejores resultados. El objeti-vo de esta revisión sistemática es valorar los beneficios de la hepatectomía robótica frente a la hepatectomía laparoscópica en la resección de tumores hepáticos. Metodología: En esta revisión sistemática se incluirán estudios comparativos, de cohorte, de casos y controles, con recolección de datos prospectivos o retrospectivos. Los participantes de los estudios serán pacientes diagnosticados con tumores hepáticos benignos o malignos, in-cluidos niños y adolescentes, no cirróticos o cirróticos compensados sometidos a intervencio-nes de hepatectomía robótica y hepatectomía laparoscópica. Las medidas de resultado pri-marias son: 1. Pérdida de sangre estimada durante el acto quirúrgico, 2. Tiempo operatorio, 3. Tasa de conversión a laparotomía, 4. Tasa de mortalidad intraoperatoria, 5. Tasa de morbili-dad (complicaciones postquirúrgicas), 6. Estancia hospitalaria postquirúrgica. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizarán en PUBMED, MEDLINE, SCIENCEDIRECT (2010 hasta el presente). Se usará la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo de estudios de Cochrane. Como medidas de efecto del tratamiento se utilizarán las diferencias de medias (DM) y los intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95. La evaluación de heterogeneidad se realizará mediante la inspección visual del diagrama de embudo. La evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia y tablas de 'Resumen de hallazgos' se usará el test GRADE.


Introduction: Liver resection remains the most effective method of treating liver tumors. Currently, the laparoscopic approach is considered the gold standard compared to the open approach; however, the emergence of robotic surgery offers a new minimally invasive approach option with apparently better re-sults. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the benefits of robotic hepatectomy versus laparo-scopic hepatectomy in the resection of liver tumors. Methodology: This systematic review will include comparative, cohort, case-control studies with prospec-tive or retrospective data collection. Study participants will be patients diagnosed with benign or malignant liver tumors, including children and adolescents, noncirrhotic or compensated cirrhotic, undergoing robotic hepatectomy and laparoscopic hepatectomy procedures. The primary outcome measures are: 1. Estimated blood loss during surgery, 2. Operative time, 3. Laparotomy conversion rate, 4. Intraoperative mortality rate, 5. Morbidity rate (postoperative complications), 6. Post-surgical hospital stay. Electronic searches will be conducted on PubMed, Medline, and ScienceDirect (2010 to present). The Cochrane study risk of bias as-sessment will be used. The mean differences (MD) and the 95 confidence intervals (CI) will be used as measures of the treatment effect. The evaluation of heterogeneity will be carried out by visual inspection of the funnel diagram. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence and 'Summary of findings' tables will be used by the GRADE test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Hepatectomy , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Liver Neoplasms
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248722

ABSTRACT

La mitad de los pacientes con cáncer de origen colorrectal desarrollan metástasis hepáticas durante el curso de su enfermedad y de esas el 80% son irresecables. La resecabilidad se define no por la extensión de la hepatectomía, sino por la función del hígado remanente, por lo que para pacientes con ciertos factores favorables se pueden realizar técnicas de remodelación hepática para aumentar el volumen del hígado remanente para que este sea suficiente. La hepatectomía en dos tiempos se basa en procedimientos secuenciales que buscan tratar metástasis hepáticas colorrectales consideradas inicialmente irresecables, logrando la resección completa de las mismas dejando un remanente hepático funcionante suficiente, lo cual no sería posible en un solo acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso clínico de un paciente portador de metástasis hepáticas sincrónicas de origen colorrectal irresecables, que luego de una quimioterapia de conversión, con el fin de aumentar el futuro remanente hepático y evitar falla hepática postoperatoria y realizar una resección oncológica, fue sometido a una hepatectomía en dos tiempos, técnica utilizada con baja frecuencia en nuestro medio, destacando una evolución favorable, con marcadores tumorales en valores normales y sin evidencia imagenológica de recaída local ni sistémica.


Half of colorectal cancer patients develop liver metastases during the course of their disease, 80% of which are unresectable. Resectability is defined not by the extent of the hepatectomy, but by the function of the liver remnant. Therefore, for patients with certain factors, liver remodeling techniques can be performed to increase volume of the remaining liver so that it is sufficient. Two-stage hepatectomy is performed on colorectal liver metastases which are initially considered unresectable in one stage resection procedures, in which sequential procedures are performed in order to achieve complete resection and preserve a sufficient functioning liver remnant. The objective of this paper is to present the case of a patient with unresectable synchronous colorectal liver metastases, in which after conversion chemotherapy, in order to increase the future liver remnant, avoid postoperative liver failure and perform an oncological resection underwent a two-stage hepatectomy, a technique used with low frequency in our setting, highlighting a favorable evolution, with tumor markers in normal values and without imaging evidence of local or systemic relapse.


Metade dos pacientes com câncer colorretal desenvolve metástases hepáticas durante o curso da doença e, desses, 80% são irressecáveis. A ressecabilidade é definida não pela extensão da hepatectomia, mas pela função do fígado remanescente; portanto, para pacientes com certos fatores favoráveis, técnicas de remodelação hepática podem ser realizadas para aumentar o volume do fígado remanescente de forma que seja suficiente. A hepatectomia em dois estágios é baseada em procedimentos sequenciais que buscam tratar metástases hepáticas colorretais inicialmente consideradas irressecáveis, obtendo ressecção completa, deixando um remanescente hepático funcional suficiente, o que não seria possível em um único ato cirúrgico. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso clínico de um paciente com metástases hepáticas sincrônicas irressecáveis ​​de origem colorretal, que após quimioterapia de conversão, com o objetivo de aumentar o futuro remanescente hepático e evitar insuficiência hepática pós-operatória e realizar uma ressecção oncológica, foi submetido a dois Hepatectomia em estágio, técnica utilizada com baixa frequência em nosso meio, evidenciando evolução favorável, com marcadores tumorais em valores normais e sem evidências de imagem de recidiva local ou sistêmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Induction Chemotherapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 111-116, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288180

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El riesgo de insuficiencia hepática posoperatoria es la limitante de mayor importancia para el trata miento de pacientes con tumores hepáticos malignos primarios o secundarios. Entre las diferentes técnicas para incrementar la resecabilidad de tumores hepáticos se desarrolló una estrategia para pa cientes con tumores previamente considerados como irresecables, técnica conocida como ALPPS (as sociating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy). Informamos acerca de una cirugía ALPPS en terapia reversa en un hombre referido a nuestro centro con diagnóstico sincrónico de cáncer rectal con metástasis hepáticas múltiples consideradas irresecable al momento del diagnóstico.


ABSTRACT The risk for postoperative liver failure is the most important limitation for the treatment of patients with primary or secondary liver cancer. Among the different strategies used to increase resectability in liver tumors, a technique known as ALPPS (associating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy) was developed for patients with tumors previously considered unresectable. We report the case of a male patient referred to our center with a diagnosis of synchronous multiple liver metastases of colorectal cancer considered unresectable who underwent ALPPS using liver-first reverse approach.


Subject(s)
Rectal Neoplasms , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Patients , Therapeutics , Colorectal Neoplasms , Risk , Health Strategies , Liver Failure , Hepatic Insufficiency , Diagnosis , Research Report , Hepatectomy , Ligation , Liver
6.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1034, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La historia de la cirugía del hígado abarca 28 siglos, lo que ha permitido su evolución desde considerar al hígado como un órgano intocable hasta realizar hepatectomías complejas y trasplante hepático. Esta investigación representa el balance de 10 años en la actividad de un grupo de cirugía hepatobiliar. Objetivo: Caracterizar el tratamiento quirúrgico de los tumores hepáticos sólidos en el Centro de Investigaciones Médico-Quirúrgicas entre los años 2009 y 2019. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo en el que se analizaron 129 pacientes que fueron tributarios de tratamiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Los tumores malignos representaron el 73 por ciento del total, dentro de este grupo se destacan los metastásicos con 50 casos. La morbilidad de esta cirugía fue del 13 por ciento y la mortalidad operatoria del 2 por ciento. La causa de muerte identificada fue el shock séptico por peritonitis generalizada. Conclusiones: Los tumores malignos fueron los más frecuentes. Se presentó una baja morbilidad encontrándose el derrame pleural como la complicación más usual. Existe una mortalidad acorde a los valores reportados para este tipo de cirugía(AU)


Introduction: The history of liver surgery covers twenty-eight centuries, which has allowed its evolution from considering the liver as an untouchable organ to performing complex hepatectomies and hepatic transplantation. This research describes the ten years' balance in the activity developed by a hepatobiliary surgery team. Objective: To characterize the surgical management of solid hepatic tumors in the Center for Medical-Surgical Research between 2009 and 2019. Methods: An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out, for which 129 patients who underwent surgical treatment were analyzed. Results: Malignant tumors accounted for 73 percent of the total; within this group, metastatic tumors stand out, accounting for fifty cases. Morbidity of this surgery type was 13 percent, while operative mortality was 2 percent. The cause of death identified was septic shock due to generalized peritonitis. Conclusions: Malignant tumors were the most frequent. There was low morbidity, with pleural effusion as the most common complication. Mortality is consistent with the values reported for this type of surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/mortality , Shock, Septic/mortality , Liver Transplantation/methods , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 414-430, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877506

ABSTRACT

Hepatectomy is a major radical treatment for liver cancer. Although the hepatectomy is of great difficulty for the complicated anatomical structure and rich blood supply of liver, the operative mortality is less than 5% in most treatment centers currently along with the upgrading surgical instruments and developing surgical technology. Nevertheless, it is urgent clinical topic to furtherly reduce the incidence of complication in the wake of hepatectomy, which reaches up to 15%~50%. To standardize the peri-operative management of hepatectomy, on the basis of the standardization for diagnosis and treatment of primary hepatic carcinoma (2019), the Cancer Prevention and Treatment Expert Committee revise and update to produce the expert consensus on the peri-operative management of hepatectomy for liver cancer (2021) according to the opinions of experts in different areas. This consensus takes account of the Chinese characteristics of diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer and follows the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), which will provide reference for the peri-operative management.


Subject(s)
China , Consensus , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 155-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880972

ABSTRACT

Hepatic resection represents the first-line treatment for patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the 5-year recurrence rates of HCC after surgery have been reported to range from 50% to 70%. In this review, we evaluated the available evidence for the efficiency of adjuvant treatments to prevent HCC recurrence after curative liver resection. Antiviral therapy has potential advantages in terms of reducing the recurrence rate and improving the overall survival (OS) and/or disease-free survival of patients with hepatitis-related HCC. Postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization can significantly reduce the intrahepatic recurrence rate and improve OS, especially for patients with a high risk of recurrence. The efficacy of molecular targeted drugs as an adjuvant therapy deserves further study. Adjuvant adoptive immunotherapy can significantly improve the clinical prognosis in the early stage. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies evaluating adjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors are ongoing, and the results are highly expected. Adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy might be beneficial in patients with vascular invasion. Huaier granule, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been proved to be effective in prolonging the recurrence-free survival and reducing extrahepatic recurrence. The efficiency of other adjuvant treatments needs to be further confirmed by large RCT studies.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 301-308, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921264

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond the Milan criteria is shown to be beneficial. However, a high rate of post-operative HCC recurrence hinders the long-term survival of the patients. This study aimed to investigate and compare the impacts of tenofovir (TDF) and entecavir (ETV) on the recurrence of hepatitis B viral (HBV)-related HCC beyond the Milan criteria.@*METHODS@#Data pertaining to 1532 patients who underwent hepatectomy and received antiviral therapy between January 2014 and January 2019 were collected from five centers. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to determine prognostic factors for HCC recurrence.@*RESULTS@#The analysis incorporates 595 HBV-related HCC patients. The overall 5-year RFS was 21.3%. Among them, 533 and 62 patients received ETV and TDF treatment, respectively. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS rates were 46.3%, 27.4%, and 19.6%, respectively, in the ETV group compared with 65.1%, 41.8%, and 37.2%, respectively, in the TDF group (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that TDF treatment (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.604, P = 0.005), cirrhosis (HR: 1.557, P = 0.004), tumor size (HR: 1.037, P = 0.008), microvascular invasion (MVI) (HR: 1.403, P = 0.002), portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) (HR: 1.358, P = 0.012), capsular invasion (HR: 1.228, P = 0.040), and creatinine levels (CREA) (HR: 0.993, P = 0.031) were statistically significant prognostic factors associated with RFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with HCC beyond the Milan criteria exhibited a high rate of HCC recurrence after hepatectomy. Compared to the ETV therapy, TDF administration significantly lowered the risk of HCC recurrence.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatectomy , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tenofovir/therapeutic use
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2275-2286, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921142

ABSTRACT

Surgical resection (SR) is recommended as a radical procedure in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, postoperative recurrence negatively affects the long-term efficacy of SR, and preoperative adjuvant therapy has therefore become a research hotspot. Some clinicians adopt transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) as a preoperative adjuvant therapy in patients undergoing SR to increase the resection rate, reduce tumor recurrence, and improve the prognosis. However, the findings of the most relevant studies remain controversial. Some studies have confirmed that preoperative TACE cannot improve the long-term survival rate of patients with HCC and might even negatively affect the resection rate. Which factors influence the efficacy of preoperative TACE combined with SR is a topic worthy of investigation. In this review, existing clinical studies were analyzed with a particular focus on several topics: screening of the subgroups of patients most likely to benefit from preoperative TACE, exploration of the optimal treatment regimen of preoperative TACE, and determination of the extent of tumor necrosis as the deciding prognostic factor.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Combined Modality Therapy , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921070

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The introduction of laparoscopic surgery has changed abdominal surgery. We evaluated the evolution and changing trends associated with adoption of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) and the experience of a surgeon without prior LLR experience.@*METHODS@#A retrospective review of 310 patients who underwent LLR performed by a single surgeon from 2011 to 2020 was conducted. Exclusion criteria were patients who underwent laparoscopic liver surgeries such as excision biopsy, local ablation, drainage of abscesses and deroofing of liver cysts. There were 300 cases and the cohort was divided into 5 groups of 60 patients.@*RESULTS@#There were 288 patients who underwent a totally minimally invasive approach, including 28 robotic-assisted procedures. Open conversion occurred for 13 (4.3%) patients; the conversion rate decreased significantly from 10% in the initial period to 3.3% subsequently. There were 83 (27.7%) major resections and 131 (43.7%) resections were performed for tumours in the difficult posterosuperior location. There were 152 (50.7%) patients with previous abdominal surgery, including 52 (17.3%) repeat liver resections for recurrent tumours, and 60 patients had other concomitant operations. According to the Iwate criteria, 135 (44.7%) were graded as high/expert difficulty. Major morbidity (>grade 3a) occurred in 12 (4.0%) patients and there was no 30-day mortality. Comparison across the 5 patient groups demonstrated a significant trend towards older patients, higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, increasing frequency of LLR with previous abdominal surgery, increasing frequency of portal hypertension and huge tumours, decreasing blood loss and decreasing transfusion rate across the study period. Surgeon experience (≤60 cases) and Institut Mutualiste Montsouris (IMM) high grade resections were independent predictors of open conversion. Open conversion was associated with worse perioperative outcomes such as increased blood loss, transfusion rate, morbidity and length of stay.@*CONCLUSION@#LLR can be safely adopted for resections of all difficulty grades, including major resections and for tumours located in the difficult posterosuperior segments, with a low open conversion rate.


Subject(s)
Hepatectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Singapore/epidemiology
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(4): e1641, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360018

ABSTRACT

RESUMO - RACIONAL: As principais indicações das hepatectomias video-laparoscópicas (HVL), inicialmente, eram nas lesões hepáticas benignas. À medida que a HVL se tornou mais popular, as indicações de doenças malignas superaram as de doenças benignas. Este estudo teve como objetivo discutir as indicações e resultados da HVL para o tratamento de tumores hepáticos benignos. MÉTODOS: De 445 HVL realizadas em um único centro, 100 (22,4%) foram para tumores benignos. Os autores discutem as indicações para ressecção e apresentam seus resultados perioperatórios. RESULTADOS: No total, 100 pacientes com tumores benignos foram avaliados, a saber: 66 casos de adenomas hepatocelulares; 14 de neoplasia mucinosa biliar; 13 de hiperplasia nodular focal; 4 de angiomiolipomas; e 3 de hemangiomas. O tamanho médio das lesões foi de 7,6 cm (3,1 a 19,6 cm). A taxa de morbidade total foi de 19%, sendo 9% classificados como Clavien-Dindo 3 ou 4 e não foi observada mortalidade. CONCLUSÃO: A HVL para tumores hepáticos benignos é segura e apresenta excelentes resultados. No entanto, as indicações para cirurgia são cada vez mais restritas, não sendo recomendável indicar a ressecção somente por se tratar de procedimento minimamente invasivo.


ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: The main indications of the use of laparoscopic liver surgery (LLS), in the early days, were benign liver lesions. As LLS became more popular, indications for malignant diseases outnumbered those for benign ones. This study aims to rule out the indications and results of LLS for the treatment of benign liver tumors. METHODS: Out of 445 LLS performed in a single center, 100 (22.4%) were for benign tumors. The authors discuss the indications for resection and present their perioperative results. RESULTS: In total, 100 patients with benign tumors were evaluated. Specifically, these were as follows: 66 cases of hepatocellular adenomas; 14 cases of biliary mucinous neoplasm; 13 cases of focal nodular hyperplasia; 4 cases of angiomyolipomas; and 3 cases of hemangiomas with a mean size of 7.6 cm (ranging from 3.1 to 19.6 cm). The total morbidity rate was 19%, with 9% classified as Clavien-Dindo grades 3 or 4. No mortality was observed. CONCLUSION: LLS for benign liver tumors is safe and presents excellent results. However, indications for resection are increasingly restricted and should not be performed just because it is a minimally invasive procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Hepatectomy
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(4): e1625, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360011

ABSTRACT

RESUMO - RACIONAL: O câncer colorretal é a terceira neoplasia mais frequente e metade dos pacientes desenvolvem metástase hepática. O melhor fator prognóstico na metástase hepática de câncer colorretal (MHCCR) é a possibilidade de ressecção com margens livres, porém a maioria permanece irressecável. O racional em realizar transplante hepático (TH) em pacientes portadores de MHCCR está na ampliação do número de pacientes ressecáveis através de uma hepatectomia total. OBJETIVO: Apresentar protocolo brasileiro para realização de transplante hepático em pacientes com MHCCR irressecável. MÉTODO: O protocolo foi realizado por duas instituições com grande volume de ressecções e transplantes hepáticos no Brasil, baseado no trabalho realizado pela Universidade de Oslo. A elaboração foi dividida em 4 etapas. RESULTADO: É apresentada proposta de protocolo para esta doença a ser validada na aplicação clínica. CONCLUSÃO: Foi possível elaborar protocolo de transplante hepático para MHCCR irressecável a fim de uniformizar o tratamento e melhor avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos.


ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common neoplasm, and half of the patients with CRC develop liver metastasis. The best prognostic factor for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) is the possibility of performing a resection with free margins; however, most of them remain unresectable. The justification for performing liver transplantation (LT) in patients with CRLM regards an increase in the number of resectable patients by performing total hepatectomy. AIM: The aim of this study was to provide a Brazilian protocol for LT in patients with unresectable CRLM. METHOD: The protocol was carried out by two Brazilian institutions, which perform a large volume of resections and LTs, based on the study carried out at the University of Oslo. The elaboration of the protocol was conducted in four stages. RESULT: A protocol proposal for this disease is presented, which needs to be validated for clinical use. CONCLUSION: The development of an LT protocol for unresectable CRLM aims to standardize the treatment and to enable a better evaluation of surgical results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Transplantation , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Brazil , Hepatectomy
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1618, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355518

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Hilar cholangiocarcinoma represents more than half of all cholangiocarcinoma cases, having poor prognosis and presenting a median overall survival after diagnosis of 12-24 months. In patients who have unresectable tumors with a better prognosis, the proposal to perform liver transplantation emerged for expanding the possibility of free margins by performing total hepatectomy. Aim: To provide a Brazilian protocol for liver transplantation in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Method: The protocol was carried out by two Brazilian institutions which perform a large volume of resections and liver transplantations, based on the study carried out at the Mayo Clinic. The elaboration of the protocol was conducted in four stages. Result: A protocol proposal for this disease is presented, which needs to be validated for clinical use. Conclusion: The development of a liver transplantation protocol for cholangiocarcinoma aims not only to standardize the treatment, but also enable a better assessment of the surgical results in the future.


RESUMO Racional: O colangiocarcinoma hilar representa mais da metade de todos os casos de colangiocarcinoma; tem prognóstico reservado e sobrevida global mediana de 12- 24 meses após o diagnóstico. A proposta de realizar transplante hepático surgiu para ampliar a possibilidade de margens livres através de hepatectomia total nos portadores de tumoresirressecáveis com melhor prognóstico. Objetivo: Apresentar protocolo brasileiro para realização de transplante hepático em pacientes com colangiocarcinoma hilar. Método: O protocolo foi realizado por duas instituições com grande volume de ressecções e transplantes hepáticos no Brasil, baseado no trabalho realizado pela MayoClinic. A elaboração foi dividida em quatro etapas. Resultado: É apresentada proposta de protocolo para esta doença a ser validada na aplicação clínica. Conclusão: Foi possível elaborar protocolo de transplante hepático para colangiocarcinoma a fim de uniformizar o tratamento e melhor avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Duct Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Transplantation , Cholangiocarcinoma/surgery , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Klatskin Tumor/surgery , Hepatectomy
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1593, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345004

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The use of a successful Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) in colorectal surgery favored its application in other organs, and hepatic resections were not excluded from this tendency. Some authors suggest that the laparoscopic approach is a central element to obtain better results. Aim: To compare the laparoscopic vs. open hepatic resections within an ERAS to evaluate if there are any differences between them. Methods: In a descriptive study 80 hepatic resections that were divided into two groups, regarding to whether they were submitted to laparoscopy or open surgery. Demographic data, those referring to the hepatectomy and the ERAS was analyzed. Results: Forty-seven resections were carried out in open surgery and the rest laparoscopically; in the first group there was only one conversion to open surgery. Of the total, 17 resections were major hepatectomies and in 18 simultaneous resections. There were no differences between procedures regarding hospital stay and number of complications. There was a greater adherence to the ERAS (p=0.046) and a faster ambulation (p=0.001) in the open surgery. Conclusion: The procedure, whether open or laparoscopically done in hepatic resections, does not seem to show differences in an ERAS evaluation.


RESUMO Racional: O uso do protocolo Recuperação Otimizada Após Cirurgia (ERAS/ACERTO) com sucesso na cirurgia colorretal favoreceu a aplicação dele em outros órgãos; as ressecções hepáticas não foram excluídas dessa tendência. Alguns autores sugerem que a abordagem laparoscópica é elemento central para a obtenção de melhores resultados. Objetivo: Comparar as ressecções hepáticas laparoscópicas e abertas dentro de um ACERTO para avaliar se existem diferenças entre as duas técnicas. Métodos: Estudo descritivo comparando 80 ressecções hepáticas divididas em dois grupos, as realizadas por laparoscopia e aquelas por laparotomia. Foram analisados dados demográficos, referentes à hepatectomia e ao ACERTO. Resultados: Foram realizadas 47 ressecções por laparotomia e o restante por laparoscopia; houve apenas uma conversão para laparotomia no grupo da laparoscopia. Do total, 17 ressecções foram hepatectomias maiores e em 18 ressecções simultâneas. Não houve diferenças entre os procedimentos quanto ao tempo de internação e número de complicações. Houve maior adesão ao ACERTO (p=0,046) e deambulação mais rápida (p=0,001) na operação aberta. Conclusão: O procedimento, seja laparotômico ou laparoscópico nas ressecções hepáticas, não parece mostrar diferenças em uma avaliação ERAS/ACERTO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Hepatectomy , Length of Stay
17.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1578, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284902

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: About 50% of the patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma will present with liver metastasis and 20% are synchronic. Liver resection is associated with improvement in survival in comparison to chemotherapy alone. Aim: To analyze the overall survival in patients submitted to liver resection of colorectal cancer metastasis and prognostic factors related to the primary and secondary tumors. Methods: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database regarding demographic, primary tumor and liver metastasis characteristics. Results: There were 84 liver resections due to colorectal cancer metastasis in the period. The 5-year disease-free and overall survivals were 27.5% and 48.8% respectively. The statistically significant factors for survival were tumor grade (p=0.050), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.021), synchronous metastasis (p=0.020), as well as number (p=0.004), bilobar distribution (p=0.019) and diameter of the liver metastasis over 50 mm (p=0.027). Remained as independent negative predictive factors: lymphovascular invasion (HR=2.7; CI 95% 1.106-6.768; p=0.029), synchronous metastasis (HR=2.8; CI 95% 1.069-7.365; p=0.036) and four or more liver metastasis (HR=1.7; CI 95% 1.046-2.967; p=0.033). Conclusion: The resection of liver metastasis of colorectal adenocarcinoma leads to good survival rates. Lymphovascular invasion was the single prognostic factor related to the primary tumor. Synchronous disease and four or more metastasis were the most significant factors related to the secondary tumor.


RESUMO Racional: Cerca de metade dos pacientes com adenocarcinoma colorretal apresentará metástases hepáticas. Apesar da superioridade do tratamento cirúrgico, os pacientes com elas compõem um grupo muito heterogêneo. Objetivo: Descrever o impacto de fatores relacionados ao tumor primário e ao secundário na sobrevida após ressecção de metástases hepáticas colorretais. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva de base de dados mantida prospectivamente de pacientes operados. Resultados: Foram realizadas 84 hepatectomias para ressecção de metástases hepáticas de adenocarcinoma colorretal em 73 pacientes no período. A sobrevida global e livre de doença em cinco anos foram de 48,8 e 27,5%, respectivamente. Os principais preditores de sobrevida foram grau de diferenciação (p=0,050) e invasão angiolinfática (p=0,021) do tumor primário, metástases sincrônicas (p=0,020), número (p=0,004), distribuição bilobar (p=0,019) e diâmetro máximo maior que 50 mm (p=0,027) dos nódulos hepáticos. Foram significativos a presença de invasão angiolinfática (HR=2,7; IC 95% 1,106-6,768; p=0,029), metástases sincrônicas (HR=2,8; IC 95% 1,069-7,365; p=0,036) e número de nódulos hepáticos igual ou superior a quatro (HR=1,7; IC 95% 1,046-2,967; p=0,033). Conclusão: A ressecção de metástases hepáticas de adenocarcinoma colorretal proporciona melhora da sobrevida e os principais fatores prognósticos foram a invasão angiolinfática no tumor primário, metástases sincrônicas e quatro ou mais nódulos hepáticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Hepatectomy
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213164, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351520

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the influence of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on cell proliferation after partial hepatectomy in rats. Methods: 40 male Wistar rats were separated into four groups of ten rats each. Groups 1 and 2 (controls): undergoing 30% partial hepatectomy and, after one day (group 1) and seven days (group 2), to euthanasia; daily administration of 0.9% saline solution (1mL per 200g of body weight). Groups 3 and 4 (experimental): undergoing 30% partial hepatectomy and, after one day (group 3) and seven days (group 4), to euthanasia; daily administration of ASA (40mg/mL, 1mL per 200g of body weight). The absolute number of cells stained with PCNA was counted in photomicrographs, in five fields, and it was calculated the mean of positive cells per animal and per group. Results: the final mean of PCNA+ cells per group was: in group 1, 17.57 ± 6.77; in group 2, 19.31 ± 5.30; in group 3, 27.46 ± 11.55; and, in group 4, 12.40 ± 5.23. There was no significant difference at the two evaluation times in the control group (p=0.491), but there was in the experimental group (p=0.020), with a lower number of PCNA+ cells on the seventh day. The comparison between the two groups, on the first day, showed more PCNA+ cells in the livers of the animals that received ASA (p=0.047), and on the seventh day the number was lower in the experimental group (p=0.007). Conclusion: ASA induced greater hepatocyte proliferation.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a influência do ácido acetilsalicílico (AAS) na proliferação celular após hepatectomia parcial em ratos. Métodos: 40 ratos Wistar machos foram separados em quatro grupos com dez ratos cada. Grupos 1 e 2 (controles): submetidos à hepatectomia parcial de 30% e, após um (grupo 1) e sete dias (grupo 2), à eutanásia; administração diária de solução fisiológica 0,9% (1mL por 200g de peso). Grupos 3 e 4 (experimentos): submetidos à hepatectomia parcial de 30% e, após um (grupo 3) e sete dias (grupo 4), à eutanásia; administração diária de AAS (40mg/mL, 1mL por 200g de peso). Realizou-se a contagem do número absoluto de células coradas com PCNA em fotomicrografias, em cinco campos e cálculo da média de células positivas por animal e por grupo. Resultados: A média final de células PCNA+ por grupo foi: no grupo 1, de 17,57 ± 6,77; no grupo 2 de 19,31 ± 5,30; no grupo 3, de 27,46 ± 11,55; e, no grupo 4, de 12,40 ± 5,23. Não houve diferença significante nos dois tempos de avaliação no grupo controle (p=0,491), mas houve no grupo experimento (p=0,020), observando-se menor número de células PCNA+ no sétimo dia. A comparação entre os dois grupos, no primeiro dia, mostrou mais células PCNA+ nos fígados dos animais que receberam AAS (p=0,047), e no sétimo dia o número foi menor no grupo experimento (p=0,007). Conclusão: O AAS induziu maior proliferação hepatocitária.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aspirin , Liver Regeneration , Rats, Wistar , Hepatectomy , Liver
19.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 36(4): 455-458, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1144763

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La ligadura de una rama de la vena porta constituye un procedimiento con buenos resultados para evitar la falla hepática posoperatoria en caso de hepatectomías extremas al provocar la hipertrofia del hígado contralateral. Sin embargo, la repermeabilización de ésta ha sido demostrada por la presencia de anastomosis porto portales intrahepáticas, pudiendo determinar una disminución de la hipertrofia esperada o necesaria. Como objetivo documentamos un caso clínico de repermeabilización intrahepática de la vena porta, evento no deseado de la hepatectomía en dos tiempos para el tratamiento de metástasis hepáticas bilobares de origen colorrectal y describimos alternativas para evitar o tratar dicha repermeabilización.


Summary: Left or right portal vein ligation to prevent post-operative liver failure in the case of extreme hepatectomy constitutes a procedure with a good prognosis, as it causes contralateral liver hypertrophy. However, its revascularization has been proved by intrahepatic porto-portal anastomoses, which could result in a reduction of the expected or required hypertrophy. The study aims to record a clinical case of intrahepatic revascularization of the portal vein, an unwanted event of the two-stage hepatectomy to treat bilobar hepatic metastasis of colorectal origin, and describe alternatives to avoid or treat such revascularization.


Resumo: A ligadura de um ramo da veia porta é um procedimento com bons resultados para evitar a insuficiência hepática pós-operatória em hepatectomias extremas por causar hipertrofia do fígado contralateral. No entanto, sua repermeabilização tem sido demonstrada pela presença de anastomose porto-portal intra-hepática, que pode determinar diminuição da hipertrofia esperada ou necessária. Como objetivo, documentamos um caso clínico de repermeabilização da veia porta intra-hepática, um evento indesejado de hepatectomia em dois estágios para o tratamento de metástases hepáticas bilobares de origem colorretal, e descrevemos alternativas para evitar ou tratar essa repermeabilização.


Subject(s)
Portal Vein , Liver Failure/therapy , Ligation , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 329-332, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279747

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores fibrosos solitarios hepáticos, una neoplasia poco frecuente, son tumores benignos del tejido submesotelial, pero con un potencial maligno no definido. Suelen presentarse asintomáticos, pero pueden debutar como una masa abdominal palpable y con síntomas de plenitud. Por imágenes pueden ser confundidos con otros tumores y está indicado el tratamiento quirúrgico. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 70 años resuelto por hepatectomía lateral izquierda, y realizamos una revisión bibliográfica del tema.


ABSTRACT Solitary fibrous tumors of the liver are uncommon benign tumors originating from the submesothelial tissue with non-well-defined malignant potential. Most cases present as asymptomatic, some cases show abdominal bloating and a palpable mass. They may mimic other tumors on imaging tests and surgery is indicated. We report a case of a 70-year-old female patient treated with left lateral liver resection with literature review of the condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/surgery , Hepatectomy , Cholangiography/methods , Cholecystectomy , Tomography , Ultrasonography , Liver/diagnostic imaging
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